induced labor

Summary

Summary: Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A comparison of intermittent vaginal administration of two different doses of misoprostol suppositories with continuous dinoprostone for cervical ripening and labor induction
    A N Khoury
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, lnova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Virginia 22042-3300, USA
    J Matern Fetal Med 10:186-92. 2001
  2. ncbi Outcome after elective labor induction in nulliparous women: a matched cohort study
    Hendrik Cammu
    Department of Gynecology, Andrology, and Obstetrics, Academic Hospital Free University Brussels, Belgium
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:240-4. 2002
  3. ncbi Randomized trial in multiparous patients: investigating a single vs. two-dose regimen of intravaginal misoprostol for induction of labor
    Amali U Lokugamage
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, University College London, London, UK
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:138-42. 2003
  4. ncbi Cervical ripening and induction of labor with intravaginal misoprostol and Foley catheter cervical traction
    M Kashanian
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Akbar Abadi Teaching Hospital, Tehran, Iran
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 92:79-80. 2006
  5. ncbi Risk of cesarean delivery with elective induction of labor at term in nulliparous women
    S T Seyb
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Medical School, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 94:600-7. 1999
  6. ncbi U.S. national trends in labor induction, 1989-1998
    Jun Zhang
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, NIH Building 6100, Room 7B03, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Reprod Med 47:120-4. 2002
  7. ncbi Elective induction of labor as a risk factor for cesarean delivery among low-risk women at term
    A S Maslow
    Department of Clinical Outcomes and Quality Improvement, Franciscan Health System, Tacoma, Washington, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 95:917-22. 2000
  8. ncbi Bishop score and risk of cesarean delivery after induction of labor in nulliparous women
    Francis P J M Vrouenraets
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Atrium Medical Center, Heerlen, VieCuri Medical Center, Venlo, The Netherlands
    Obstet Gynecol 105:690-7. 2005
  9. ncbi Post-term induction of labor revisited
    L Rand
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 96:779-83. 2000
  10. ncbi The role of ultrasound and fetal fibronectin in predicting the length of induced labor when the cervix is unfavorable
    H Roman
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, General Hospital, Le Havre, France
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23:567-73. 2004

Detail Information

Publications182 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A comparison of intermittent vaginal administration of two different doses of misoprostol suppositories with continuous dinoprostone for cervical ripening and labor induction
    A N Khoury
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, lnova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Virginia 22042-3300, USA
    J Matern Fetal Med 10:186-92. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Misoprostol suppositories appeared to be as effective and safe as continuous dinoprostone in inducing cervical ripening in this sample...
  2. ncbi Outcome after elective labor induction in nulliparous women: a matched cohort study
    Hendrik Cammu
    Department of Gynecology, Andrology, and Obstetrics, Academic Hospital Free University Brussels, Belgium
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:240-4. 2002
    ..From 1996 through 1997, 7683 women with elective induced labor and 7683 women with spontaneous labor were selected according to the following criteria: nulliparity, ..
  3. ncbi Randomized trial in multiparous patients: investigating a single vs. two-dose regimen of intravaginal misoprostol for induction of labor
    Amali U Lokugamage
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, University College London, London, UK
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:138-42. 2003
    ..The minimum possible dose of uterotonic drug should be used in induction of labor for multiparous patients to avoid excessive uterine activity, which could increase both maternal and fetal risks...
  4. ncbi Cervical ripening and induction of labor with intravaginal misoprostol and Foley catheter cervical traction
    M Kashanian
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Akbar Abadi Teaching Hospital, Tehran, Iran
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 92:79-80. 2006
  5. ncbi Risk of cesarean delivery with elective induction of labor at term in nulliparous women
    S T Seyb
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Medical School, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 94:600-7. 1999
    ..To quantify the risk of cesarean delivery associated with elective induction of labor in nulliparous women at term...
  6. ncbi U.S. national trends in labor induction, 1989-1998
    Jun Zhang
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, NIH Building 6100, Room 7B03, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Reprod Med 47:120-4. 2002
    ..To examine the epidemiology of labor induction in the United States...
  7. ncbi Elective induction of labor as a risk factor for cesarean delivery among low-risk women at term
    A S Maslow
    Department of Clinical Outcomes and Quality Improvement, Franciscan Health System, Tacoma, Washington, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 95:917-22. 2000
    ..To determine the effects of elective induction on the risk of cesarean delivery in a cohort of women with low-risk term pregnancies and to evaluate the costs of elective induction services within our hospital system...
  8. ncbi Bishop score and risk of cesarean delivery after induction of labor in nulliparous women
    Francis P J M Vrouenraets
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Atrium Medical Center, Heerlen, VieCuri Medical Center, Venlo, The Netherlands
    Obstet Gynecol 105:690-7. 2005
    ..To quantify the risk and risk factors for cesarean delivery associated with medical and elective induction of labor in nulliparous women...
  9. ncbi Post-term induction of labor revisited
    L Rand
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 96:779-83. 2000
    ..Those findings provide rationale for earlier labor induction in low-risk pregnancies...
  10. ncbi The role of ultrasound and fetal fibronectin in predicting the length of induced labor when the cervix is unfavorable
    H Roman
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, General Hospital, Le Havre, France
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23:567-73. 2004
    To compare cervical clinical data, ultrasound parameters and fetal fibronectin assessment in the prediction of the duration of induced labor when the cervix is unfavorable.
  11. ncbi Spontaneous versus induced labor after a previous cesarean delivery
    Tina Delaney
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 102:39-44. 2003
    To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in spontaneous versus induced labor after one previous cesarean delivery.
  12. doi Histologic chorioamnionitis is more common after spontaneous labor than after induced labor at term
    H S Park
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dongguk University, Seoul, South Korea
    Placenta 31:792-5. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to address this question...
  13. ncbi Rising rates of labor induction: present concerns and future strategies
    William F Rayburn
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131 5286, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 100:164-7. 2002
    ..Strategies are proposed for developing evidence-based guidelines to reduce the presumed increase in health care costs, risk of cesarean delivery for nulliparas, and overscheduling in labor and delivery...
  14. ncbi Relationships among attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, induced labor, and selected physiological and demographic variables
    Cynthia D Claycomb
    Central Missouri State University, Warrensburg 64093, USA
    J Clin Psychol 60:689-93. 2004
    ..Maternal age at delivery and maternal education level emerged as the strongest predictors, with the exception of sex, of ADHD in the full model...
  15. ncbi Transvaginal ultrasound and digital examination in predicting successful labor induction
    S Chandra
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 98:2-6. 2001
    ..To compare transvaginal ultrasound and digital cervical examination in predicting successful induction in post-term pregnancy...
  16. ncbi Prolonged pregnancy: when should we intervene?
    Errol R Norwitz
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 50:547-57. 2007
    ..For these reasons, the authors favor a policy of routine induction of labor for low-risk pregnancies at 41 weeks' gestation...
  17. ncbi Intervention rates after elective induction of labor compared to labor with a spontaneous onset. A matched cohort study
    N van Gemund
    Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 56:133-8. 2003
    ..A number of studies have shown an increased incidence of operative deliveries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of interventions in our hospital, including operative delivery...
  18. ncbi Transvaginal ultrasonography for cervical assessment before induction of labor
    Soon Ha Yang
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
    J Ultrasound Med 23:375-82, quiz 384-5. 2004
    ..To evaluate the value of ultrasonographic cervical assessment in predicting the outcome of labor induction and to compare its performance against the Bishop score...
  19. ncbi Risk of uterine rupture during labor among women with a prior cesarean delivery
    M Lydon-Rochelle
    Center for Women s Health Research, Department of Family and Child Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 7262, USA
    N Engl J Med 345:3-8. 2001
    ..Concern persists that a trial of labor may increase the risk of uterine rupture, an uncommon but serious obstetrical complication...
  20. ncbi The value of ultrasound in the prediction of successful induction of labor
    S M Rane
    Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 24:538-49. 2004
    ....
  21. ncbi Acupuncture for cervical ripening and induction of labor at term--a randomized controlled trial
    M Rabl
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vienna, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 113:942-6. 2001
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate whether acupuncture at term can influence cervical ripening, induce labor and thus reduce the need for postdates induction...
  22. ncbi Labor induction with 25 microg versus 50 microg intravaginal misoprostol: a systematic review
    Luis Sanchez-Ramos
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Florida Health Science Center, Jacksonville, Florida 32209, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 99:145-51. 2002
    ..To systematically review published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare the safety and efficacy of 25 microg versus 50 microg of intravaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and labor induction...
  23. ncbi Preinduction sonographic measurement of cervical length in the prediction of successful induction of labor
    G K Pandis
    Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital Medical School, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8RX, UK
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 18:623-8. 2001
    ..The traditional method of predicting whether an induced labor will result in successful vaginal delivery is based on the preinduction "favorability" of the cervix ..
  24. ncbi A way to lend objectivity to Bishop score
    M R M Elghorori
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, Norfolk, UK
    J Obstet Gynaecol 26:311-6. 2006
    ..The sensitivity of the Bishop score in predicting the rate of vaginal delivery has been improved significantly following the modification...
  25. ncbi Dinoprostone versus misoprostol: a randomized study of nulliparous women undergoing induction of labor
    Amali U Lokugamage
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, University College London, London, UK
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:133-7. 2003
    ..The objectives of the study were to compare the efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol and intravaginal dinoprostone for induction of labor and to quantify the clinical response to suspicious cardiotocographic (CTG) readings...
  26. ncbi Obstetric intervention, stillbirth, and preterm birth
    K S Joseph
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Semin Perinatol 26:250-9. 2002
    ..Obstetric intervention at preterm gestation, when indicated, can prevent stillbirth and reduce infant morbidity and mortality despite the increasing rates of preterm delivery...
  27. ncbi Randomized controlled trial of vaginal misoprostol versus dinoprostone vaginal insert for labor induction
    D Garry
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, New York, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 13:254-9. 2003
    ..To compare the safety and efficacy of vaginal misoprostol versus dinoprostone vaginal inserts for cervical ripening and labor induction...
  28. ncbi Intrauterine growth restriction at term: induction or spontaneous labour? Disproportionate intrauterine growth intervention trial at term (DIGITAT): a pilot study
    Marjan M L van den Hove
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 125:54-8. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi Outcome of pregnancy in a woman with an increased body mass index
    T S Usha Kiran
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Wales and Llandough Hospital Trust, Cardiff, UK
    BJOG 112:768-72. 2005
    ..To show the increased risk of adverse outcomes in labour and fetomaternal morbidity in obese women (BMI > 30)...
  30. ncbi Comparison of digital and ultrasonographic examination of the cervix in predicting time interval from induction to delivery in women with a low Bishop score
    Patrick Rozenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Poissy Saint Germain Hospital, Versailles St Quentin University, France
    BJOG 112:192-6. 2005
    ..To compare pre-induction ultrasonographic cervical length and Bishop score in predicting time to delivery after labour induction with prostaglandins...
  31. ncbi Electrical impedance measurements: an objective measure of prelabor cervical change
    M P O'Connell
    Coombe Women s Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 14:389-91. 2003
    ..To investigate the use of electrical impedance measurements of the pregnant cervix as an objective measure of cervical favorability (Bishop score > or = 5)...
  32. ncbi Obstetric outcomes associated with increase in BMI category during pregnancy
    Wanjiku Kabiru
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Emory University School of Medicine at Grady Health Systems, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:928-32. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of increase in body mass index (BMI) category on obstetric outcomes...
  33. ncbi Obstetric cholestasis: outcome with active management
    Nadia Roncaglia
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Divisione di Ostetricia e Ginecologia, Ospedale San Gerardo, I S B M San Gerado, University of Milano Bicocca, Via Solferino 16, 20052, Monza, Italy
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 100:167-70. 2002
    ..Most cases of stillbirth are associated with meconium passage. We prospectively evaluated the effect of a management protocol inclusive of surveillance for presence of meconium and induction of labor at 37 weeks...
  34. ncbi Factors predicting labor induction success: a critical analysis
    Joan M G Crane
    Memorial University of Newfoundland, Eastern Health of St John s, St John s, NL, Canada
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 49:573-84. 2006
    ..Further research is needed to evaluate these potential predictors and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), another potential biochemical marker...
  35. doi Acupuncture to induce labor: a randomized controlled trial
    Caroline A Smith
    School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, the Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, and the Faculty of Health Sciences, Women s and Children s Health Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Obstet Gynecol 112:1067-74. 2008
    ..To estimate the clinical effectiveness of acupuncture to induce labor...
  36. ncbi Does acupuncture used in nulliparous women reduce time from prelabour rupture of membranes at term to active phase of labour? A randomised controlled trial
    Tone Selmer-Olsen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:1447-52. 2007
    ..To assess if acupuncture influences the onset of labour and the need for induction after prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) in nulliparous women. Further, to investigate a possible effect of acupuncture on the woman's wellbeing...
  37. ncbi Acupuncture administered after spontaneous rupture of membranes at term significantly reduces the length of birth and use of oxytocin. A randomized controlled trial
    Lise Christine Gaudernack
    Kvinneklinikken, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:1348-53. 2006
    ..The objective was to investigate whether acupuncture could be a reasonable option for augmentation in labor after spontaneous rupture of membranes at term and to look for possible effects on the progress of labor...
  38. ncbi Prolonged pregnancy: induction of labor and cesarean births
    J M Alexander
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 75235 9032 USA
    Obstet Gynecol 97:911-5. 2001
    ..To determine the effects of labor induction on cesarean delivery in post-date pregnancies...
  39. ncbi The influence of obstetric intervention on trends in twin stillbirths: United States, 1989-99
    C V Ananth
    Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 125 Paterson Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 1977, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 15:380-7. 2004
    ..Although twin stillbirth rates have declined substantially over the past two decades, the contribution of changes in obstetric interventions to reducing twin stillbirths has not been quantified...
  40. ncbi The value of the cervical score in predicting successful outcome of labor induction
    M C Williams
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Tampa 33606, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 90:784-9. 1997
    ..To compare cervical dilation and the Bishop score as correlates of successful labor induction and vaginal delivery and to determine whether the prognosis of post-ripening cervical characteristics varies with the method of ripening used...
  41. ncbi Bishop score and transvaginal ultrasound for preinduction cervical assessment: a randomized clinical trial
    J L Bartha
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Puerto Real, Puerto Real, Cadiz, Spain
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 25:155-9. 2005
    ..To compare transvaginal ultrasound with the Bishop score in assessment of cervical ripening for choice of induction agent...
  42. ncbi Oxytocin-induced labor augments IL-1beta-stimulated lung fluid absorption in fetal guinea pig lungs
    Prem K Nair
    Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Northeastern Ohio University, 4209 State Rte 44, PO Box 95, Rootstown, OH 44272 0095, USA
    Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 289:L1029-38. 2005
    We tested the hypothesis that oxytocin-induced labor augmented IL-1beta-induced/-stimulated lung fluid absorption in preterm guinea pig fetuses...
  43. ncbi A randomised trial comparing low dose vaginal misoprostol and dinoprostone for labour induction
    N van Gemund
    Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    BJOG 111:42-9. 2004
    ..To compare vaginal misoprostol with dinoprostone for induction of labour...
  44. ncbi Risk factors and outcome of failure to progress during the first stage of labor: a population-based study
    Eyal Sheiner
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 151, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 81:222-6. 2002
    ..One of the major indications for Cesarean section (CS) is failure of labor to progress. This study was aimed at defining obstetric risk factors for failure of labor to progress during the first stage, and to determine pregnancy outcome...
  45. ncbi Emergency cesarean delivery in induction of labor: an evaluation of risk factors
    Ragnhild Cnattingius
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 84:456-62. 2005
    Induction of labor has been associated with an increased risk of emergency cesarean delivery. Knowledge of factors that influence the risk of cesarean delivery in women with induced labor is limited.
  46. ncbi Does ultrasound examination when the cervix is unfavorable improve the prediction of failed labor induction?
    H Roman
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, General Hospital, Le Havre, France
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23:357-62. 2004
    ..To compare the Bishop score, ultrasound cervical parameters and fetal fibronectin assessment for predicting failed labor induction when the cervix is unfavorable...
  47. ncbi Effect of preeclampsia, magnesium sulfate prophylaxis, and maternal weight on labor induction: a retrospective analysis
    Kyo Hoon Park
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 61:40-4. 2006
    ..Our purposes were to determine the effect of preeclampsia, magnesium sulfate prophylaxis, and maternal weight on labor induction in women with preeclampsia and identify risk factors associated with its failure...
  48. ncbi Reliability of the Bishop score before labour induction at term
    Ellen F Faltin-Traub
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Geneva, Geneva 14 1211, Switzerland
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 112:178-81. 2004
    ..To evaluate the agreement within three pairs of observers regarding the Bishop score and an informal global evaluation of the cervix (favourable/unfavourable)...
  49. ncbi Oral and vaginal misoprostol compared with dinoprostone for induction of labor: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul A Le Roux
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Obstet Gynecol 99:201-5. 2002
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of oral and vaginal misoprostol compared with the standard regimen using dinoprostone for induction of labor...
  50. ncbi Synchronised calvings after withdrawal of norgestomet implants from cows treated near term with prostaglandin
    B P Janszen
    Department of Herd Health and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vet Rec 127:405-7. 1990
    ..It is concluded that calving near term can be synchronised by a progestogen in the absence of a corpus luteum...
  51. ncbi A randomised comparison of oral misoprostol and vaginal prostaglandin E2 tablets in labour induction at term
    A Shetty
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Foresterhill, UK
    BJOG 111:436-40. 2004
    ..To compare the efficacy of 100 microg of oral misoprostol with 3 mg prostaglandin E2 vaginal tablets in term labour induction...
  52. ncbi Induction policy and missed post-term pregnancies: a mathematical model
    M Mongelli
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 41:38-40. 2001
    ..Timing of elective delivery is the most important variable affecting the detection rate for post-maturity There is no advantage in using menstrual dates when ultrasound biometry is available...
  53. ncbi Temporal changes in rates and reasons for medical induction of term labor, 1980-1996
    B P Yawn
    Department of Research, Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, MN 55904, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 184:611-9. 2001
    ..the average maternal length of stay and the percentage of cesarean deliveries were higher among women with induced labor at term than among those with spontaneous labor at term...
  54. ncbi Pre-induction cervical ripening: transcervical foley catheter versus intravaginal misoprostol
    O A Adeniji
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Hospital, P M B 5116, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
    J Obstet Gynaecol 25:134-9. 2005
    ..The incidence of caesarean sections, other labour complications and the foetal outcome were similar with both methods...
  55. ncbi Oral misoprostol vs. vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and labor induction
    I Adam
    New Halfa Teaching Hospital, Sudan
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 89:142-3. 2005
  56. ncbi Concurrent oxytocin with dinoprostone pessary versus dinoprostone pessary in labour induction of nulliparas with an unfavourable cervix: a randomised placebo-controlled trial
    P C Tan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    BJOG 114:824-32. 2007
    ..To compare concurrent oxytocin with dinoprostone pessary versus dinoprostone pessary in labour induction for nulliparas with an unfavourable cervix...
  57. doi Dinoprostone vaginal slow-release system (Propess) compared to expectant management in the active treatment of premature rupture of the membranes at term: impact on maternal and fetal outcomes
    Carlos Larrañaga-Azcárate
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Virgen del Camino Hospital, Pamplona, Spain
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 87:195-200. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi A prospective randomized trial of labor induction with vaginal controlled-release dinoprostone inserts with or without oxytocin and misoprostol+oxytocin
    H M Tanir
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatology Unit, Eskisehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskisehir, Turkey
    Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 35:65-8. 2008
    ..This study was designed in an aim to compare the efficacies of three labor induction methods, dinoprostone (PGE2) vaginal insert with or without concomittant oxytocin and misoprostol (PGE1) combined with oxytocin infusion...
  59. doi Induction of labour in nulliparous and multiparous women: a UK, multicentre, open-label study of intravaginal misoprostol in comparison with dinoprostone
    A A Calder
    Simpson Centre for Reproductive Health, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    BJOG 115:1279-88. 2008
    ..To compare the efficacy and safety of a 25-microgram vaginal tablet of misoprostol (APL202) with dinoprostone (3-mg vaginal tablet) in cervical ripening and labour induction...
  60. doi Randomized trial of preinduction cervical ripening: misoprostol vs oxytocin
    Linda Fonseca
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:305.e1-5. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the vaginal delivery rate in women who undergo labor induction with preinduction misoprostol or oxytocin alone...
  61. ncbi Misoprostol for cervical ripening and labor induction in pregnancies with oligohydramnios
    F Suat Dede
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SSK Ankara Maternity and Women s Health Teaching Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 57:139-43. 2004
    ....
  62. ncbi Misoprostol 50 microg sublingually versus vaginally for labor induction at term: a randomized study
    Eray Caliskan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 59:155-61. 2005
    ..To compare the efficacy of misoprostol 50 mug vaginally and 50 mug sublingually for labor induction at term...
  63. ncbi Vaginal misoprostol in managing premature rupture of membranes
    I A A Ayad
    Prince Rashid Ibn Al Hassan Hospital, Ramtha, Jordan
    East Mediterr Health J 8:515-20. 2002
    ..It is concluded that intravaginal misoprostol is safe and more effective than prostaglandin E2 for preinduction cervical ripening in premature rupture of membranes beyond 36 weeks gestation...
  64. ncbi A comparison of oral misoprostol tablets and vaginal prostaglandin E2 pessary in induction of labour at term
    Anjum Ara Hassan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hamdard University Hospital, Karachi
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 15:284-7. 2005
    ..To compare the cost-effectiveness, mode of delivery, fetal and maternal outcome of oral Misoprostol and vaginal prostaglandin E2 pessary in induction of labour at term...
  65. ncbi Intravaginal prostaglandin-E2 for cervical priming and induction of labour
    M I Al-Taani
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Prince Rashed Ben Al Hassan Hospital, Royal Medical Services, Irbid, Jordan
    East Mediterr Health J 13:855-61. 2007
    ..Intrapartum complications, caesarean section and perinatal deaths showed no statistically significant differences between the groups...
  66. ncbi [Comparative study of the effect of intravaginal misoprostol at 50 and 100 micrograms in cervical ripening and labor induction]
    Eduardo Reyna-Villasmil
    Servicio de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Maternidad Dr Nerio Belloso, Hospital Central Dr Urquinaona, Maracaibo, Venezuela
    Invest Clin 46:179-86. 2005
    ..It can be concluded that 50 microg of misoprostol applied in the posterior vaginal fornix every 4 hours is an effective dosage for labor induction and has less adverse effects and complications than the 100 microg dose...
  67. ncbi Comparison of prostaglandin E2 tablets or Foley catheter for labour induction in grand multiparas
    M I Al-Taani
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Alia Military Hospital, Royal Medical Services, Amman, Jordan
    East Mediterr Health J 10:547-53. 2004
    ..For grand multiparas, PGE2 vaginal tablets may be preferable for ripening the cervix as well as for labour induction...
  68. ncbi Abruptio placentae associated with misoprostol use in women with preeclampsia
    M Todd Fontenot
    Florida Perinatal Associates, Tampa, USA
    J Reprod Med 50:653-8. 2005
    ..To evaluate complications associated with cervical ripening with vaginal administration of misoprostol and dinoprostone vaginal inserts in women with preeclampsia. preeclampsia...
  69. ncbi Efficacy and safety of six hourly vaginal misoprostol versus intracervical dinoprostone: a randomized controlled trial
    Walid Denguezli
    University Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba, Unit of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 276:119-24. 2007
    ..To compare the efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol versus dinoprostone cervical gel for cervical ripening and labour induction...
  70. ncbi Pharmacokinetics of a controlled-release misoprostol vaginal insert at term
    William F Rayburn
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico, School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM, USA
    J Soc Gynecol Investig 13:112-7. 2006
    ..The objective of this investigation was to report the pharmacokinetic properties of misoprostol administered intravaginally to women at term via a controlled-release hydrogel polymer insert...
  71. ncbi Is misoprostol safe for labor induction in twin gestations?
    Melissa C Bush
    Saddleback Memorial Medical Center, Laguna Hills, CA, 92653, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 19:35-8. 2006
    ..To compare the safety and efficacy of intravaginal misoprostol to oxytocin for the induction of labor in twin gestations...
  72. ncbi A prospective randomized study comparing misoprostol and oxytocin for premature rupture of membranes at term
    Sahin Zeteroglu
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 19:283-7. 2006
    ..The aim of this randomized trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of vaginal misoprostol and oxytocin for cervical ripening and labor induction in patients with premature rupture of membrane (PROM) at term...
  73. ncbi Bishop score and the outcome of labor induction with misoprostol
    Witold Szczesny
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sykehuset Innlandet Hospital Trust, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:579-82. 2006
    ..The aim of the study was to retrospectively identify possible factors for predicting the outcome of induction with misoprostol...
  74. ncbi Controlled-release misoprostol vaginal insert in parous women for labor induction: a randomized controlled trial
    Karine Ewert
    Controlled Therapeutics Scotland Ltd, East Kilbride, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 108:1130-7. 2006
    ..To assess the ability of a controlled-release misoprostol vaginal insert to induce labor using dose reservoirs of 25, 50, 100, and 200 microg...
  75. ncbi Outcome in obstetric care related to oxytocin use. A population-based study
    Maria E Oscarsson
    Centre for Reproductive Epidemiology Tornblad s Institute, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:1094-8. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the delivery outcome in relation to oxytocin use in labor...
  76. ncbi Intravaginal misoprostol versus transcervical Foley catheter in pre-induction cervical ripening
    A O Adeniji
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 92:130-2. 2006
  77. ncbi Vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening at term: comparison of outpatient vs. inpatient administration
    Daniel W Chang
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, San Juan Regional Medical Center, Farmington, New Mexico 87401 5630, USA
    J Reprod Med 50:735-9. 2005
    ..To compare outpatient with inpatient misoprostol for preinduction cervical ripening at term...
  78. ncbi Ultrasonographic measurement of cervical length in predicting mode of delivery after oxytocin induction
    Ali Yanik
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologym, Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey
    Adv Ther 24:748-56. 2007
    ..Bishop score, although a subjective measure, must be considered an important component of preinduction evaluation...
  79. ncbi Complications of labor induction among multiparous women in a community-based hospital system
    Leah Battista
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Orange, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:241.e1-7; discussion 322-3, e1-4. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine complications of labor induction compared to spontaneous labor in multiparas...
  80. ncbi Transcervical Foley catheter with and without extraamniotic saline infusion for labor induction: a randomized controlled trial
    Monique G Lin
    Center for Women s Reproductive Health, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35249 7333, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 110:558-65. 2007
    ..To compare the efficacy of transcervical Foley catheter alone (Foley) to transcervical Foley catheter with extraamniotic saline infusion for labor induction and cervical ripening in women with an unfavorable cervix...
  81. ncbi Effectiveness and safety of a new vaginal misoprostol product specifically labeled for cervical ripening and labor induction
    Jose Guilherme Cecatti
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Sciences FCM, University of Campinas, SP, Brazil
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:706-11. 2006
    ....
  82. ncbi Induction of labor in women with oligohydramnios
    Paolo Venturini
    Dipartimento Materno Infantile, Modena, Italy
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 17:129-32. 2005
    ..To prospectively evaluate the outcome of labor induction in women with oligohydramnios at term...
  83. ncbi Safety and efficacy of misoprostol for induction of labour in a semi-urban hospital setting
    O M Loto
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, OWO, Ondo State, Nigeria
    J Obstet Gynaecol 24:638-40. 2004
    ..We conclude that misoprostol can be used safely for induction of labour in less endowed hospital settings such as in developing countries, using basic clinical tools for monitoring...
  84. ncbi Low dose intravaginal misoprostol versus intracervical baloon catheter for pre-induction cervical ripening
    T O Tabowei
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Zonal General Hospital, Kwale, Delta State, Nigeria
    East Afr Med J 80:91-4. 2003
    ..The efficacy and safety of low dose misoprostol as a ripening agent compared to the widely used balloon catheter in developing countries is undetermined...
  85. ncbi Uterine rupture in a patient with an unscarred uterus: a case study
    Michael E Mazzone
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, USA
    WMJ 105:64-6. 2006
    ..Postpartum counseling regarding the risk of rerupture with subsequent pregnancies is an important piece of the management of these patients...
  86. ncbi Vaginal misoprostol administration for cervical ripening and labor induction
    Deborah A Wing
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 49:627-41. 2006
    ....
  87. ncbi [Cytotec: an effective drug for the induction of labor]
    N Milchev
    Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 42:9-11. 2003
    ..Our purpose was to compare the safety and efficacy of intravaginal Cytotec versus Oxytocin for induction of labor...
  88. ncbi Is high-dose misoprostol able to lower the incidence of cesarean section? A randomized controlled trial
    S de la Torre
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque 87131, USA
    J Matern Fetal Med 10:85-90. 2001
    ..To determine whether high-dose (100 microg) misoprostol was able to increase the rate of successful labor induction and lower the incidence of Cesarean section without adverse fetal effects...
  89. ncbi Sequential use of Prepidil and extra-amniotic saline infusion for the induction of labor in nulliparous women with very low Bishop scores
    M F Chammas
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612, USA
    J Matern Fetal Med 10:193-6. 2001
    ....
  90. ncbi Vaginal misoprostol for induction of labour: a more effective agent than prostaglandin F2 alpha gel and prostaglandin E2 pessary
    F Majoko
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Zimbabwe, Harare
    Cent Afr J Med 48:123-8. 2002
    ..To compare labour outcome in women who had labour induced with PGF2 alpha gel, PGE2 vaginal pessary or misoprostol administered intravaginally or orally...
  91. ncbi Preinduction cervical ripening. A randomized trial of intravaginal misoprostol alone vs. a combination of transcervical Foley balloon and intravaginal misoprostol
    O A Rust
    Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18105-1556, USA
    J Reprod Med 46:899-904. 2001
    ..Mechanical and pharmacologic cervical ripening agents appear to act independently rather than synergistically...
  92. ncbi Comparison of 25 and 50 microg vaginally administered misoprostol for preinduction of cervical ripening and labor induction
    Recep Has
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Istanbul, Turkey
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 53:16-21. 2002
    ..05). One patient in the 25-microg group suffered a ruptured uterus. Intravaginal administration of 25 microg of misoprostol is a clinically effective labor induction regimen and has the least adverse effects and complications...
  93. ncbi Labour induction at term--a randomised trial comparing Foley catheter plus titrated oral misoprostol solution, titrated oral misoprostol solution alone, and dinoprostone
    Baron B Matonhodze
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
    S Afr Med J 93:375-9. 2003
    ..To compare three methods of labour induction...
  94. ncbi Labor induction with vaginal misoprostol and extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha gel
    F Majoko
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Zimbabwe Medical School, PO Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 76:127-33. 2002
    ..To compare the effectiveness of vaginally administered misoprostol with extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) gel for induction of labor...
  95. ncbi Labor induction post-term with 25 micrograms vs. 50 micrograms of intravaginal misoprostol
    M M Meydanli
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turgut Ozal Medical Centre, School of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 81:249-55. 2003
    ..To compare the effectiveness of 25 microg vs. 50 microg of intravaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and labor induction beyond 41 weeks' gestation...
  96. ncbi Comparative efficacy and cost of the prostaglandin analogs dinoprostone and misoprostol as labor preinduction agents
    Patrick S Ramsey
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35249, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:560-5. 2003
    ....
  97. ncbi Cervical ripening and induction of labor with misoprostol, dinoprostone gel, and a Foley catheter: a randomized trial of 3 techniques
    P Scott Barrilleaux
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:1124-9. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of 3 different techniques of cervical ripening and induction...
  98. ncbi Preinduction cervical ripening: basis and methods of current practice
    William F Rayburn
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, 2211 Lomas Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131 5286, USA
    Obstet Gynecol Surv 57:683-92. 2002
    ..Careful consideration about the need for labor induction is recommended until prospective clinical trials can better validate marginal reasons for cervical ripening...
  99. ncbi [Current practice and results of labor induction]
    Roland Csorba
    Debreceni Egyetem, Orvos és Egézségtudományi Centrum, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szülészeti és Nőgyógyászati Klinika
    Orv Hetil 144:1977-80. 2003
    ..Success rate of vaginal delivery depends on maternal, fetal condition and cervical status...
  100. ncbi Mode of delivery in pregnancies with suspected fetal growth restriction following induction of labor with vaginal prostaglandin E2
    Avi Ben-Haroush
    Perinatal Division and WHO Collaborating Center for Perinatal Care, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tiqva 49100, Israel
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 83:52-7. 2004
    ....
  101. ncbi Oral misoprostol or vaginal dinoprostone for labor induction: a randomized controlled trial
    Patrick Dällenbach
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:162-7. 2003
    ..The objective of the study was to compare the effectiveness, safety, and side effects of low-dose oral misoprostol with vaginal dinoprostone for cervical ripening and labor induction...

Research Grants60

  1. The Molecular Pathogenesis of Health Disparities in Inf*
    Emmet Hirsch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..result of this analysis will be a "short list" of candidate genes with potentially critical roles in infection-induced labor. In the second phase of the project, we analyze human tissues (myometrium, placenta, chorion, amnion, decidua, ..
  2. From understanding to reducing health disparities: a model-based evaluation
    TITUS JOHANNES GALAMA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..job-related health stress with the richest panel data available to date;3) evaluate the contribution of health-induced labor-force withdrawal to health disparities;and 4) assess the effects of institutions and public policies on ..
  3. Toll-like receptor signaling in the pathogenesis and prevention of prematurity
    Emmet Hirsch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..first (Specific Aim #1) characterizing the roles of the MyD88-dependent and -independent pathways in pathogen-induced labor using peptidoglycan (a TLR-2 ligand derived from Gram positive bacterial cell walls) and group B beta-..
  4. Toll-like receptor signaling in the pathogenesis and prevention of prematurity
    Emmet Hirsch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..first (Specific Aim #1) characterizing the roles of the MyD88-dependent and -independent pathways in pathogen-induced labor using peptidoglycan (a TLR-2 ligand derived from Gram positive bacterial cell walls) and group B beta-..
  5. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
  6. Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated Technology
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
  7. Epidemiology of Preventable Safety Events in Prehospital EMS for Children
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of the factors contributing to safety events will inform improvements in training and implementation of safeguards to assure pediatric safety and quality in emergency care. ..
  8. Evaluating the Clinical Impact of Simulation & Team Training on OB Safety
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our current work evaluates performance in the simulated environment; this proposal focuses on the translation of simulation and team training to the clinical environment. ..
  9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Collaborative Genetics Association Study
    Daniel A Geller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of these analyses will guide future molecular strategies to identify genes involved in the pathogenesis of OCD. The clinical and genotype data from the sample will be publicly available for OCD genetics research. ..
  10. CHLORHEXIDINE IRRIGATION TO PREVENT INFECTION
    Dwight Rouse; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  11. Risk factors for medically indicated preterm birth in a Latin American population
    CLAUDIO GERARDO SOSA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The long-term goal of this research program is to develop intervention strategies that are based on the risk factors identified in the proposed study resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. ..
  12. Epidemiologic Study of Placental Abruption
    Cande Ananth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It will also add substantial new evidence for associations of several genetic thrombophilias and abruption risk. ..
  13. Risk factors for medically indicated preterm birth in a Latin American population
    Claudio Sosa; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The long-term goal of this research program is to develop intervention strategies that are based on the risk factors identified in the proposed study resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. ..
  14. University of Oklahoma Community Networks Project OUCNP
    Laura Beebe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The CNP anticipates providing evidence-based information for reducing cancer disparities to decision and policy makers at the local, state and national levels ..
  15. Prospective Investigation for Pulmonary Embolism Dx III
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. PROSPECTIVE INVESTIGATION OF PULMONARY EMBOLISM DX-II
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..4) The team of investigators is strong, and has collaborated previously in successful research in PE. ..
  17. Angiotensin (1-7) in Normal and Preeclamptic Pregnancy
    David Merrill; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In summary, the ultimate goal of this study is to understand the contribution of both vasodilator and vasoconstrictor components of the RAAS to blood pressure regulation in normal and preeclampsia pregnancy. ..
  18. JUVENILE ONSET OCD AS A MEANINGFUL DEVELOPMENT SUBTYPE
    Daniel Geller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The clinical, scientific, and public health relevance of confirming or refuting these hypotheses is discussed. ..
  19. MIDCAREER AWARD IN PATIENT ORIENTED OBSTETRIC RESEARCH
    Dwight Rouse; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the effectiveness of an intervention (how it would perform under conditions of actual clinical practice) is an attribute that, in many situations, is as important as its efficacy (how it performs under ideal conditions). ..
  20. Tobacco Industry Tactics Aimed at Native Americans
    Laura Beebe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results of this research will assist tribal, community and state agencies in their efforts to develop culturally appropriate counter-marketing strategies and tobacco abuse prevention and control interventions. ..
  21. TULANE NATIONAL PRIMATE RESEARCH CENTER
    Benjamin Sachs; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. NICHD Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network
    Dwight Rouse; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We believe that we remain well positioned for competitive renewal as an NICHD MFMU Network center for the next five years. ..
  23. Oxygen, Oxidant Stress and Wheezing in Premature Infants
    Timothy Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By evaluating the effect of oxygen exposure on oxidant stress and airway dysfunction this award will identify new therapeutic approaches to improve respiratory health of preterm infants in early childhood. ..
  24. Cranberry for Prevention of Bacteriuria in Pregnancy
    Deborah Wing; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We believe that the data to be gathered from this investigation will support a large, Phase I/ll multi-center trial and an R01 application. ..