poisson distribution


Summary: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A modified poisson regression approach to prospective studies with binary data
    Guangyong Zou
    Robarts Clinical Trials, Robarts Research Institute, London, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 159:702-6. 2004
  2. pmc Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:21. 2003
  3. ncbi Moderated statistical tests for assessing differences in tag abundance
    Mark D Robinson
    Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Bioinformatics 23:2881-7. 2007
  4. ncbi Estimating the relative risk in cohort studies and clinical trials of common outcomes
    Louise Anne McNutt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:940-3. 2003
  5. ncbi The effect of temperature on mortality in rural Bangladesh--a population-based time-series study
    Masahiro Hashizume
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, 1 12 4, Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1689-97. 2009
  6. ncbi Influenza-associated hospitalizations in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:1333-40. 2004
  7. ncbi Oscillations, phase-of-firing coding, and spike timing-dependent plasticity: an efficient learning scheme
    Timothée Masquelier
    Center for Brain and Cognition, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    J Neurosci 29:13484-93. 2009
  8. ncbi Confounding and effect modification in the short-term effects of ambient particles on total mortality: results from 29 European cities within the APHEA2 project
    K Katsouyanni
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Epidemiology 12:521-31. 2001
  9. ncbi Mortality associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Influenza Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 289:179-86. 2003
  10. ncbi The origin of bursts and heavy tails in human dynamics
    Albert Laszlo Barabasi
    Center for Complex Networks Research and Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA
    Nature 435:207-11. 2005

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A modified poisson regression approach to prospective studies with binary data
    Guangyong Zou
    Robarts Clinical Trials, Robarts Research Institute, London, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 159:702-6. 2004
    ..Results from a limited simulation study indicate that this approach is very reliable even with total sample sizes as small as 100. The method is illustrated with two data sets...
  2. pmc Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:21. 2003
    ..Also, controlling for confounding is not equivalent for the two measures. In this paper we explore alternatives for modeling data of such studies with techniques that directly estimate the prevalence ratio...
  3. ncbi Moderated statistical tests for assessing differences in tag abundance
    Mark D Robinson
    Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Bioinformatics 23:2881-7. 2007
  4. ncbi Estimating the relative risk in cohort studies and clinical trials of common outcomes
    Louise Anne McNutt
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:940-3. 2003
    ..Hypothetical data are used to illustrate statistical methods with readily accessible computer software...
  5. ncbi The effect of temperature on mortality in rural Bangladesh--a population-based time-series study
    Masahiro Hashizume
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, 1 12 4, Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1689-97. 2009
    ..However, few studies have examined temperature-mortality relationship in the rural areas of developing countries. In this study we therefore aimed to characterize the daily temperature-mortality relationships in rural Bangladesh...
  6. ncbi Influenza-associated hospitalizations in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:1333-40. 2004
    ..Respiratory viral infections are responsible for a large number of hospitalizations in the United States each year...
  7. ncbi Oscillations, phase-of-firing coding, and spike timing-dependent plasticity: an efficient learning scheme
    Timothée Masquelier
    Center for Brain and Cognition, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    J Neurosci 29:13484-93. 2009
    ..This suggests a major functional role for oscillatory brain activity that has been widely reported experimentally...
  8. ncbi Confounding and effect modification in the short-term effects of ambient particles on total mortality: results from 29 European cities within the APHEA2 project
    K Katsouyanni
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Epidemiology 12:521-31. 2001
    ..Furthermore, they show that the heterogeneity found in the effect parameters among cities reflects real effect modification, which is explained by specific city characteristics...
  9. ncbi Mortality associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Influenza Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 289:179-86. 2003
    ..Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Statistical methods used to estimate deaths in the United States attributable to influenza have not accounted for RSV circulation...
  10. ncbi The origin of bursts and heavy tails in human dynamics
    Albert Laszlo Barabasi
    Center for Complex Networks Research and Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA
    Nature 435:207-11. 2005
    ..In contrast, random or priority blind execution is well approximated by uniform inter-event statistics. These finding have important implications, ranging from resource management to service allocation, in both communications and retail...
  11. ncbi Mortality displacement of heat-related deaths: a comparison of Delhi, São Paulo, and London
    Shakoor Hajat
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 16:613-20. 2005
    ..We compare the extent to which short-term mortality displacement can explain heat deaths in Delhi, São Paulo, and London given contrasting demographic and health profiles...
  12. pmc Space-time clustering of childhood malaria at the household level: a dynamic cohort in a Mali village
    Jean Gaudart
    Medical Statistics and Informatics Research Team, LIF UMR 6166 CNRS Aix Marseille University, Faculty of Medicine, 27 Bd Jean Moulin 13385 Marseille Cedex 05, France
    BMC Public Health 6:286. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to identify, spatially and temporally, high-risk zones of malaria, at the household level (resolution of 1 to 3 m)...
  13. ncbi Real-time kinetics of gene activity in individual bacteria
    Ido Golding
    Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Cell 123:1025-36. 2005
    ..This greatly facilitates kinetic interpretations in terms of the integer-valued random processes that produce the fluctuations...
  14. pmc Time series analysis of dengue fever and weather in Guangzhou, China
    Liang Lu
    National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing, PR China
    BMC Public Health 9:395. 2009
    ..Weather variables are potential predictors of dengue incidence. This study explored the impact of weather variability on the transmission of dengue fever in the subtropical city of Guangzhou, China...
  15. pmc Robust cardiomyocyte-specific gene expression following systemic injection of AAV: in vivo gene delivery follows a Poisson distribution
    K M R Prasad
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
    Gene Ther 18:43-52. 2011
    ..measured on a cell-by-cell basis revealed that AAV-mediated gene expression in the heart can be modeled as a Poisson distribution, requiring an average of nearly two vector genomes per cell to attain an 85% transduction efficiency.
  16. pmc A Poissonian explanation for heavy tails in e-mail communication
    R Dean Malmgren
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18153-8. 2008
    ..Using standard statistical techniques, we show that our model is consistent with the empirical data. Our findings may also provide insight into the origins of heavy-tailed distributions in other complex systems...
  17. ncbi Hospital admissions for heart disease: the effects of temperature and humidity
    Joel Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 00215, USA
    Epidemiology 15:755-61. 2004
    ..S. cities with a wide range of climates. To account for possible delayed effects and harvesting, we examined the impact of weather up to 20 days before each admission...
  18. pmc Stochastic gene expression in fluctuating environments
    Mukund Thattai
    Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Genetics 167:523-30. 2004
    ..However, this heterogeneity is beneficial only if the bacterial response rate is sufficiently low. Our results could be useful in the design of artificial evolution experiments and in the optimization of fermentation processes...
  19. pmc The impact of Massachusetts' smoke-free workplace laws on acute myocardial infarction deaths
    Melanie S Dove
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2206-12. 2010
    ..We examined the rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) deaths in Massachusetts before and after the implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free workplace law in July 2004...
  20. pmc Beyond Poisson: increased spike-time regularity across primate parietal cortex
    Gaby Maimon
    Department of Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuron 62:426-40. 2009
    ..These results suggest that spiking dynamics may play different roles in different cortical areas and should not be assumed to arise from fundamentally irreducible noise sources...
  21. ncbi Hydrogen sulfide and particle matter levels associated with increased dispensing of anti-asthma drugs in Iceland's capital
    Hanne Krage Carlsen
    Centre of Public Health Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Stapi v Hringbraut, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Environ Res 113:33-9. 2012
    ..Respiratory health effects of exposure to PM and traffic pollutants are well documented, yet this is one of the first studies to investigate short-term health effects of ambient H2S exposure...
  22. ncbi A score test for overdispersion in zero-inflated poisson mixed regression model
    Liming Xiang
    Department of Management Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon
    Stat Med 26:1608-22. 2007
    ..ZIP parameter estimates can be severely biased if the non-zero counts are overdispersed in relation to the Poisson distribution. In this paper, a score test is proposed for testing the ZIP mixed regression model against the zero-..
  23. ncbi Spike-timing-dependent plasticity for neurons with recurrent connections
    A N Burkitt
    The Bionic Ear Institute, East Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Biol Cybern 96:533-46. 2007
    ..The solution of the learning equation is illustrated by the analysis of the particular case in which there is no external synaptic input. The general learning equation and the fixed-point structure of its solutions is discussed...
  24. pmc Climate variability and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome transmission in Northeastern China
    Wen Yi Zhang
    Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, China
    Environ Health Perspect 118:915-20. 2010
    ..The transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is influenced by climatic variables. However, few studies have examined the quantitative relationship between climate variation and HFRS transmission...
  25. ncbi Combination antiretroviral therapy and the risk of myocardial infarction
    Nina Friis-Møller
    N Engl J Med 349:1993-2003. 2003
    ..It remains controversial whether exposure to combination antiretroviral treatment increases the risk of myocardial infarction...
  26. pmc Ambient air pollutant measurement error: characterization and impacts in a time-series epidemiologic study in Atlanta
    Gretchen T Goldman
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:7692-8. 2010
    ..5) elemental carbon); pollutants of mixed origin (PM(10), PM(2.5), PM(2.5) organic carbon) had intermediate impacts. Quantifying impacts of measurement error on health effect estimates improves interpretation across ambient pollutants...
  27. ncbi Zero-inflated models for regression analysis of count data: a study of growth and development
    Yin Bin Cheung
    National Cancer Centre, 11 Hospital Drive, 169610 Singapore
    Stat Med 21:1461-9. 2002
    ..The usual approach of recording and analysing the milestone as a binary outcome, such as whether the child can build a tower of three cubes, may leave out important information...
  28. pmc Work factors and occupational class disparities in sickness absence: findings from the GAZEL cohort study
    Maria Melchior
    National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Saint Maurice, France
    Am J Public Health 95:1206-12. 2005
    ..To estimate the contribution of stress-related and physical work factors to occupational class disparities in sickness absence from work...
  29. pmc Determinants of incidence and clearance of high-risk human papillomavirus infections in rural Rakai, Uganda
    Mahboobeh Safaeian
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:1300-7. 2008
    ..We used self-administered vaginal swabs to assess the incidence and clearance of carcinogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in rural Rakai, Uganda...
  30. ncbi Seasonality in human salmonellosis: assessment of human activities and chicken contamination as driving factors
    André Ravel
    Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Saint Hyacinthe, QC, Canada
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:785-94. 2010
    ..Attending a barbeque or gardening during the hotter months of the year should be further assessed for their risk...
  31. ncbi Fertility rates in women with asthma, eczema, and hay fever: a general population-based cohort study
    L J Tata
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1023-30. 2007
    ..15 (95% CI: 1.13, 1.17) and 1.08 (95% CI: 1.06, 1.10), respectively. The authors found no evidence that the fertility rates of women with asthma, eczema, or hay fever are lower than those of women in the general population...
  32. ncbi Meta-analysis of pairs of survival curves under heterogeneity: a Poisson correlated gamma-frailty approach
    M Fiocco
    Department of Medical Statistics and Bioinformatics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Stat Med 28:3782-97. 2009
    ..The methodology is illustrated with an observational study on breast cancer...
  33. ncbi A spike-train probability model
    R E Kass
    Department of Statistics and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neural Comput 13:1713-20. 2001
    ..We show that this model can be fitted with standard methods and software and that it may used successfully to fit neuronal data...
  34. pmc The effect of high ambient temperature on the elderly population in three regions of Sweden
    Joacim Rocklöv
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University, 7 Umeå, Sweden
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2607-19. 2010
    ..The impact of relative humidity appears to be different in regions, and may be a more important predictor of mortality in some areas...
  35. pmc Hospital emergency department utilisation rates among the immigrant population in Barcelona, Spain
    Andrea Buron
    Health Services Evaluation and Clinical Epidemiology Department, IMIM Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:51. 2008
    ..However, utilisation rates in our environment have not yet been studied. We aimed to compare emergency department utilisation rates between Spanish-born and foreign-born residents in a public hospital of Barcelona...
  36. ncbi Urban ambient particle metrics and health: a time-series analysis
    Richard W Atkinson
    Division of Community Health Sciences and MRC HPA Centre for Environment and Health, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 21:501-11. 2010
    ..We investigated associations of a range of particle metrics with daily deaths and hospital admissions in London...
  37. pmc Time series analysis of air pollution and mortality: effects by cause, age and socioeconomic status
    N Gouveia
    Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo FMUSP, Av Dr Arnaldo 455, Sao Paulo, 01246 903 SP, Brazil
    J Epidemiol Community Health 54:750-5. 2000
    ..To investigate the association between outdoor air pollution and mortality in São Paulo, Brazil...
  38. ncbi Assessing the effects of the introduction of the New Zealand Smokefree Environment Act 2003 on acute myocardial infarction hospital admissions in Christchurch, New Zealand
    Ross Barnett
    GeoHealth Laboratory, Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Public Health 33:515-20. 2009
    ..To examine trends in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) hospital admissions in Christchurch, New Zealand before and after the implementation of the New Zealand Smokefree Environments Act 2003 in December 2004...
  39. pmc HIV dynamics with multiple infections of target cells
    Narendra M Dixit
    Theoretical Biology and Biophysics, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8198-203. 2005
    ..Inhibiting CD4 down-modulation increases the average number of infections per cell. Consequently, altering CD4 down-modulation may allow for an experimental determination of whether viral or cellular factors limit viral production...
  40. ncbi The time course of weather-related deaths
    A L Braga
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Epidemiology 12:662-7. 2001
    ..We saw no clear pattern for humidity effect. These dissimilarities indicate that analysis of the impact of any climatic change should take into account regional weather differences and harvesting...
  41. pmc STDP allows fast rate-modulated coding with Poisson-like spike trains
    Matthieu Gilson
    Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS Comput Biol 7:e1002231. 2011
    ..STDP provides an appealing mechanism to learn such rate patterns, which, beyond sensory processing, may also be involved in many cognitive tasks...
  42. ncbi Regression models for count data: illustrations using longitudinal predictors of childhood injury
    Bryan T Karazsia
    Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 33:1076-84. 2008
    ..To offer a practical demonstration of regression models recommended for count outcomes using longitudinal predictors of children's medically attended injuries...
  43. pmc Hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, and asthma after implementation of Arizona's comprehensive statewide smoking ban
    Patricia M Herman
    Evaluation, Research and Development Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0462, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:491-6. 2011
  44. pmc The role of neighborhood level socioeconomic characteristics in Salmonella infections in Michigan (1997-2007): assessment using geographic information system
    Muhammad Younus
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 6:56. 2007
    ..We investigated the association between select SES attributes at the neighborhood level and Salmonella infections in the three most populated counties in Michigan using a geographic information system...
  45. ncbi Disease extinction in the presence of random vaccination
    Mark I Dykman
    Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Phys Rev Lett 101:078101. 2008
    ..Even a comparatively weak Poisson-distributed random vaccination leads to an exponential increase in the extinction rate, with the exponent that strongly depends on the vaccination parameters...
  46. ncbi Cardiovascular events during World Cup soccer
    Ute Wilbert-Lampen
    Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, Campus Grosshadern, Germany
    N Engl J Med 358:475-83. 2008
    ..The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup, held in Germany from June 9 to July 9, 2006, provided an opportunity to examine the relation between emotional stress and the incidence of cardiovascular events...
  47. ncbi Cholera in Bangladesh: climatic components of seasonal variation
    Masahiro Hashizume
    Department of International Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine NEKKEN, The Global Center of Excellence program, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    Epidemiology 21:706-10. 2010
    ..We aimed to quantify the contribution of climatic factors to seasonal variations in cholera incidence...
  48. ncbi Causes of death among diabetic patients in Denmark
    M B Hansen
    Steno Diabetes Center A S, Niels Steensens Vej 2, DK 2820 Gentofte, Denmark
    Diabetologia 55:294-302. 2012
    ..To study the distribution of causes of death in the Danish population, and its variation by diabetes status, sex, age and calendar year as well as the years of life lost from the specific causes of death...
  49. ncbi Air pollution and hospitalization due to angina pectoris in Tehran, Iran: a time-series study
    Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Poursina Street, Keshavarz Boulevard, P O Box 14155 6446, Tehran, Iran
    Environ Res 99:126-31. 2005
  50. ncbi Effect of dust storm events on daily emergency admissions for respiratory diseases
    Wilson W S Tam
    School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
    Respirology 17:143-8. 2012
    ..The harmful effect of dust storm on lung health is controversial. This study aimed to assess any associations between dust storms and emergency hospital admissions due to respiratory disease in Hong Kong...
  51. ncbi Estimating abundance using mark-resight when sampling is with replacement or the number of marked individuals is unknown
    Brett T McClintock
    Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, Department of Statistics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Biometrics 65:237-46. 2009
  52. ncbi Theory of input spike auto- and cross-correlations and their effect on the response of spiking neurons
    Rubén Moreno-Bote
    Departamento de Física Teórica Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco 28049, Madrid, Spain
    Neural Comput 20:1651-705. 2008
    ..We expect this formalism to be useful for the study of correlations in neuronal networks and their role in neural processing and information transmission...
  53. ncbi Age-specific trends of survival in metastatic breast cancer: 26 years longitudinal data from a population-based cancer registry in Stockholm, Sweden
    Theodoros Foukakis
    Department of Oncology Pathology, Radiumhemmet, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 130:553-60. 2011
    ..Treatment advancements in MBC are not reflected by better survival for the whole MBC population. An improvement is only observed after the year 2000 and is restricted to younger patients...
  54. ncbi Estimation of T-cell repertoire diversity and clonal size distribution by Poisson abundance models
    Nuno Sepúlveda
    Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia, Portugal
    J Immunol Methods 353:124-37. 2010
    ..These models assume that each TCR variant is sampled according to a Poisson distribution with a specific sampling rate, itself varying according to some Exponential, Gamma, or Lognormal ..
  55. ncbi Excess deaths during the 2004 heatwave in Brisbane, Australia
    Shilu Tong
    School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Int J Biometeorol 54:393-400. 2010
    ..There was no apparent evidence of substantial short-term mortality displacement. The excess deaths were mainly attributed to temperature but exposure to ozone also contributed to these deaths...
  56. pmc Emergency hospital services utilization in Lleida (Spain): A cross-sectional study of immigrant and Spanish-born populations
    Montserrat Rue
    Biomedical Research Institut, Lleida IRBLLEIDA, Spain
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:81. 2008
    ..Studies show that immigrants use EHS differently than native-born individuals, and this work investigates demographics, diagnoses and utilization rates of EHS in Lleida (Spain)...
  57. ncbi Cellular telephone use and time trends in brain tumour mortality in Switzerland from 1969 to 2002
    Martin Röösli
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Eur J Cancer Prev 16:77-82. 2007
    ..Ecological analyses like this, however, are limited in their ability to reveal potentially small increases in risk for diseases with a long latency period...
  58. pmc An examination of exposure measurement error from air pollutant spatial variability in time-series studies
    Stefanie E Sarnat
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:135-46. 2010
    ..Overall, our findings lend support to the use of pollutant data from urban central sites to assess population exposures within geographically dispersed study populations in Atlanta and similar cities...
  59. ncbi Estimating the benefits of mammography screening: the impact of study design
    Anne Helene Olsen
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiology 18:487-92. 2007
    ..We report here on a cohort study of the effect of routine mammography on breast cancer mortality, and illustrate how variations in the analytic approach can affect the conclusions...
  60. ncbi Weather variability and the incidence of cryptosporidiosis: comparison of time series poisson regression and SARIMA models
    Wenbiao Hu
    Centre for Health Research, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Ann Epidemiol 17:679-88. 2007
    ..This paper examines the potential impact of weather variability on the transmission of cryptosporidiosis and explores the possibility of developing an empirical forecast system...
  61. ncbi Multi-level zero-inflated poisson regression modelling of correlated count data with excess zeros
    Andy H Lee
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia
    Stat Methods Med Res 15:47-61. 2006
    Count data with excess zeros relative to a Poisson distribution are common in many biomedical applications. A popular approach to the analysis of such data is to use a zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression model...
  62. pmc Detecting neural-state transitions using hidden Markov models for motor cortical prostheses
    Caleb Kemere
    Department of Electrical Engineering, 330 Serra Mall, CISX 319, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 4075, USA
    J Neurophysiol 100:2441-52. 2008
    ..Thus the HMM technique for automatically detecting transitions between epochs of neural activity enables prosthetic interfaces that can operate autonomously...
  63. ncbi Learning input correlations through nonlinear temporally asymmetric Hebbian plasticity
    R Gütig
    Institute of Biology III, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 23:3697-714. 2003
    ..Indeed, for a given distribution of inputs, the learning efficiency can be optimized...
  64. ncbi A score test for testing a zero-inflated Poisson regression model against zero-inflated negative binomial alternatives
    M Ridout
    Horticulture Research International, West Malling, Kent, UK
    Biometrics 57:219-23. 2001
    ..but parameter estimates may be seriously biased if the nonzero counts are overdispersed in relation to the Poisson distribution. We therefore provide a score test for testing zero-inflated Poisson regression models against zero-..
  65. ncbi Balanced neurons: analysis of leaky integrate-and-fire neurons with reversal potentials
    A N Burkitt
    The Bionic Ear Institute, East Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Biol Cybern 85:247-55. 2001
    ..0 over a wide range of realistic parameter values. The dependence of the output spike rate upon the rate, number, and amplitude of the synaptic inputs, as well as upon the value of the inhibitory reversal potential, is given...
  66. ncbi Health care utilisation and immigration in Spain
    José Ignacio Antón
    Department of Applied Economics, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
    Eur J Health Econ 11:487-98. 2010
    ..However, immigrants have a lower access to specialists and visit emergency rooms with a higher frequency than nationals...
  67. pmc Impact of exposure measurement error in air pollution epidemiology: effect of error type in time-series studies
    Gretchen T Goldman
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 311 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0512, USA
    Environ Health 10:61. 2011
    ..e. additive on the log scale) and model it over a range of error types to assess impacts on risk ratio estimates both on a per measurement unit basis and on a per interquartile range (IQR) basis in a time-series study in Atlanta...
  68. pmc Directional selection and the site-frequency spectrum
    C D Bustamante
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Genetics 159:1779-88. 2001
    ..We also find that the LRT is not robust to deviations from the assumption of independence among sites...
  69. pmc Childhood exposure due to the Chernobyl accident and thyroid cancer risk in contaminated areas of Belarus and Russia
    P Jacob
    GSF Institute of Radiation Protection, Neuherberg, Germany
    Br J Cancer 80:1461-9. 1999
    ..05 Gy the risk was statistically significantly elevated. Dependencies of risks on age-at-exposure and on gender are consistent with findings after external exposures...
  70. ncbi Winter mortality modifies the heat-mortality association the following summer
    J Rocklöv
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Eur Respir J 33:245-51. 2009
    ..It also suggests that persons for whom influenza may be fatal are often also susceptible to heat and this subgroup might, therefore, not benefit as much as expected from influenza vaccinations...
  71. ncbi Triple-goal estimates for disease mapping
    W Shen
    Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA
    Stat Med 19:2295-308. 2000
    ..We evaluate the performance of this method through a simulation study, and illustrate it using a data set of county-specific lung cancer rates in Ohio...
  72. ncbi Weather and notified Campylobacter infections in temperate and sub-tropical regions of Australia: an ecological study
    Peng Bi
    Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Infect 57:317-23. 2008
    ..This study was designed to quantify the relationship between weather variables and Campylobacter infections in two Australian cities with different local climatic conditions...
  73. pmc Quantitative transcription factor binding kinetics at the single-molecule level
    Yufang Wang
    Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    Biophys J 96:609-20. 2009
    ..Our results show that although interactions with nonoperator DNA sequences are observable, CI binding to the operator site is not dependent on the length of flanking nonoperator DNA...
  74. ncbi Re: "Estimating the relative risk in cohort studies and clinical trials of common outcomes"
    James A Deddens
    Am J Epidemiol 159:213-4; author reply 214-5. 2004
  75. ncbi Intrinsic stabilization of output rates by spike-based Hebbian learning
    R Kempter
    Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0732, U S A
    Neural Comput 13:2709-41. 2001
    ..While a negative integral over the learning window leads to intrinsic rate stabilization, the positive part of the learning window picks up spatial and temporal correlations in the input...
  76. ncbi Generalized Poisson distribution: the property of mixture of Poisson and comparison with negative binomial distribution
    Harry Joe
    Department of Statistics, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Biom J 47:219-29. 2005
    We prove that the generalized Poisson distribution GP(theta, eta) (eta > or = 0) is a mixture of Poisson distributions; this is a new property for a distribution which is the topic of the book by Consul (1989)...
  77. pmc Statistical analysis and significance testing of serial analysis of gene expression data using a Poisson mixture model
    Scott D Zuyderduyn
    Victor Ling Laboratory, Department of Cancer Genetics and Developmental Biology, BC Cancer Research Centre, 675 West 10th Ave, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Bioinformatics 8:282. 2007
    ..These profiles are count-based and are assumed to follow a Binomial or Poisson distribution. However, tag counts observed across multiple libraries (for example, one or more groups of biological ..
  78. ncbi Does hygiene intervention at day care centres reduce infectious illnesses in children? An intervention cohort study
    Thorolfur Gudnason
    Chief Epidemiologist s Office, Directorate of Health, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand J Infect Dis 45:397-403. 2013
    ..In this study, we describe the results of a hygiene intervention cohort trial at day care centres (DCCs) on the rates of febrile, respiratory, and gastrointestinal illnesses in preschool children...
  79. pmc Implications of different approaches for characterizing ambient air pollutant concentrations within the urban airshed for time-series studies and health benefits analyses
    Matthew J Strickland
    Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health 10:36. 2011
    ..In time-series studies of the health effects of urban air pollutants, decisions must be made about how to characterize pollutant levels within the airshed...
  80. pmc Modeling Sage data with a truncated gamma-Poisson model
    Helene H Thygesen
    Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Academisch Medisch Centrum, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Bioinformatics 7:157. 2006
    ..means that part of the variance in SAGE data should be understood as the sampling error in a binomial or Poisson distribution, whereas other variance sources, in particular biological variance, should be modeled using a continuous ..
  81. ncbi Stochastic epidemics in dynamic populations: quasi-stationarity and extinction
    H Anderson
    Department of Mathematics, Stockholm University, Sweden
    J Math Biol 41:559-80. 2000
    ..Effects of introducing a vaccination program are also discussed as is the notion of the critical community size, defined as the size which distinguishes between the two qualitatively different behaviours...
  82. ncbi Semiparametric analysis of zero-inflated count data
    K F Lam
    Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
    Biometrics 62:996-1003. 2006
    ..For illustration purpose, the method is applied to a data set from a public health survey conducted in Indonesia where the variable of interest is the number of days of missed primary activities due to illness in a 4-week period...
  83. pmc Future trends in mortality of French men from mesothelioma
    A Banaei
    INSERM Unité 88, Hopital National de Saint Maurice, 14 rue du Val d Osne, 94410 Saint Maurice, France
    Occup Environ Med 57:488-94. 2000
  84. ncbi [Statistical Analysis of Rates and Trends (SART): a web-based tool for statistical calculation of population indicators]
    Laura Esteban
    Pla Director d Oncologia de Catalunya, L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Espana
    Gac Sanit 25:427-31. 2011
    ..The data and the results obtained are processed and then sent by email to the user. The results are provided by sex and for each of the study variables (diseases, ethnic groups, geographic areas...) introduced into the base file...
  85. pmc Sample size calculation for differential expression analysis of RNA-seq data under Poisson distribution
    Chung I Li
    Department of Applied Mathematics, National Chiayi University, No 300, Xuefu RD, East Dist, Chiayi City, Taiwan
    Int J Comput Biol Drug Des 6:358-75. 2013
    ..methods for sample size calculation for single-gene differential expression analysis of RNA-seq data under Poisson distribution. These methods are then extended to multiple genes, with consideration for addressing the multiple testing ..
  86. ncbi Some alternatives in the statistical analysis of sickness absence
    Albert Navarro
    Grups de Recerca d America i Africa Llatines, Unitat de Bioestadistica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Ind Med 52:811-6. 2009
    ..The objective of this article is to examine the application of marginal models, comparing them to count-based models, when the outcome of interest is SA...
  87. ncbi Chromosomal biodosimetry by unfolding a mixed Poisson distribution: a generalized model
    M S Sasaki
    Radiation Biology Center, Kyoto University, Yoshida Konoecho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Int J Radiat Biol 79:83-97. 2003
    ..To circumvent this problem, a new dosimetry system was developed which was effective over a wide dose range and dose gradient...
  88. ncbi Decreasing cervical cancer mortality in Mexico: effect of Papanicolaou coverage, birthrate, and the importance of diagnostic validity of cytology
    Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce
    Center for Population Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:2808-17. 2008
    ..In Mexico, there has been a decrease in cervical cancer mortality, but it is unclear what factors have prompted this reduction...
  89. ncbi A distribution for multivariate frailty based on the compound Poisson distribution with random scale
    Tron Anders Moger
    Section of Medical Statistics, University of Oslo, P O Box 1122 Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Lifetime Data Anal 11:41-59. 2005
    ..This paper uses the compound Poisson distribution as the random factor...
  90. ncbi Examining trajectories of adolescent risk factors as predictors of subsequent high-risk driving behavior
    Jean T Shope
    Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2150, USA
    J Adolesc Health 32:214-24. 2003
    ..To examine the effects on early high-risk driving behavior of changes over time (trajectories) in adolescent alcohol use, friends' support for drinking, susceptibility to peer pressure, and tolerance of deviance...
  91. pmc Ethnic differences in appointment-keeping and implications for the patient-centered medical home--findings from the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE)
    Melissa M Parker
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Health Serv Res 47:572-93. 2012
    ..To examine ethnic differences in appointment-keeping in a managed care setting...
  92. ncbi [Application of detecting and taking overdispersion into account in Poisson regression model]
    G Bouche
    Unite d Evaluation Medicale, Pôle Pharmacie et Santé Publique, CHU de Poitiers, Universite de Poitiers, Pavillon Camille Guérin, 2 rue de la Miletrie, BP 577, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 57:285-96. 2009
  93. ncbi Is relative mortality of type 2 diabetes mellitus decreasing?
    Martin C Gulliford
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 169:455-61. 2009
    ..Relative mortality of type 2 diabetes appears to be decreasing in men and women in the United Kingdom...
  94. ncbi Bayesian inference with probabilistic population codes
    Wei Ji Ma
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Meliora Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:1432-8. 2006
    ..These results hold for arbitrary probability distributions over the stimulus, for tuning curves of arbitrary shape and for realistic neuronal variability...
  95. ncbi Statistical analysis of patients' characteristics in neonatal intensive care units
    Ali Kokangul
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey
    J Med Syst 34:471-8. 2010
    ..Important knowledge such as arrivals, transfers, gender and length of stays are analyzed. Finally, distribution functions for patients' arrivals, rejections and length of stays are obtained for each level in the unit...
  96. pmc The area-based social patterning of injuries among 10 to 19 year olds. Changes over time in the Stockholm County
    Anne Mari Reimers
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 8:131. 2008
    ..The primary aim of this study was to investigate the stability over time of the association between area characteristics and childhood injuries of various causes...
  97. pmc A flexibly shaped space-time scan statistic for disease outbreak detection and monitoring
    Kunihiko Takahashi
    Department of Technology Assessment and Biostatistics, National Institute of Public Health, Japan
    Int J Health Geogr 7:14. 2008
    ..In particular, some spatial scan statistics are aimed at detecting irregularly shaped clusters which may not be detected by the circular spatial scan statistic...
  98. ncbi Socioeconomic status and risk of car crash injury, independent of place of residence and driving exposure: results from the DRIVE Study
    H Y Chen
    The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, PO Box M201, Missenden Road, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:998-1003. 2010
    ..This aim of this study is to examine the independent effect of SES on crash risk, adjusting for such factors, and to examine the relationship between injury severity following a crash and SES...
  99. pmc Incident cervical infections with high- and low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections among mothers in the prospective Finnish Family HPV Study
    Karolina Louvanto
    MediCity Research Laboratory and Department of Oral Pathology, Institute of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Lemminkaisenkatu 2, 20520 Turku, Finland
    BMC Infect Dis 11:179. 2011
    ..The knowledge on type specificity and factors that increase or decrease the risk of incident HPV-infections is important to better understand the dynamics of HPV-infections...
  100. ncbi Impact of a national smoking ban on hospital admission for acute coronary syndromes: a longitudinal study
    Edmond M Cronin
    Department of Cardiology, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Clin Cardiol 35:205-9. 2012
    ..A ban on smoking in the workplace was introduced in Ireland on March 29, 2004. As exposure to secondhand smoke has been implicated in the development of coronary disease, this might impact the incidence of acute coronary syndromes (ACS)...

Research Grants78

  1. Mixed-Effects ZIP Models--Mental Health Service Research
    Robert Gibbons; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of, for example, zero visits, 1 visit, 2 visits, 3 visits, 4 or more visits; (3) model the counts as a Poisson distribution in a Poisson fixed-effects or mixed-effects regression model...
    TEODOR POSTOLACHE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Confirming that allergens and allergy are related to suicide epidemiologically, in conjunction with clinical research and laboratory work, is expected to improve prediction and prevention of suicide. ..
  3. Zebrafish Genetics to Identify Genes Involved in Hematopoiesis
    DHVANIT INDRAVADAN SHAH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Based on our Poisson distribution analyses, we hypothesized that the genetic screens for anemic mutants are not at saturation to study ..
  4. Low Cost Sequencing with Re-usable Magnetic Arrays and Nanoelectronic Sensors
    HESAAME ESFANDYARPOUR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The device will eliminate the variability in reaction volumes and double-Poisson distribution inherent in emulsion PCR...
  5. Assessing the impact of an intervention to prevent violence and HIV in Uganda
    JENNIFER ANN WAGMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An intention-to-treat approach will be followed using a log link and Poisson distribution to estimate the incidence rate ratios (IRR) of HIV acquisition per 100 PY, using random effects models to ..
  6. Back Disorders in Union Carpenters
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project addresses a number of areas of expressed interest to NIOSH including construction workers, back disorders, surveillance methods and health services research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Education will also be targeted to medical providers in this geographic area on work exposures and conditions, exposure response, prevention, basic epidemiology, and ergonomics. ..
  8. Effectiveness of patient lift equipment
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed work addresses several NIOSH priority areas including health care workers, back injuries, and intervention effectiveness research. ..
  9. Geostatistical software for the analysis of individual-level epidemiologic data
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants. ..
  11. Geostatistical software for the boundary analysis of cancer maps
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Geostatistical software for the space-time analysis of health disparities
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of Care
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Simulation Algorithms for Spatial Pattern Recognition
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The neutral models and methods in this proposal make possible, for the first time ever, evaluation of the sensitivity of the results of cluster or boundary analyses to specification of the null hypothesis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Geostatistical software for health and exposure analysis
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Surveillance for Hepatocellular Carcinoma among HCV-infected Veterans
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Evaluating the extent and patterns of HCC surveillance is crucial in understanding diffusion (and obstacles) of this practice and in designing interventions to improve the implementation of HCC surveillance. ..
  17. Alcohol-Related Risk Behavior: Adolescent to Young Adult
    Jean Shope; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results from this study will provide the necessary background for developing effective prevention and intervention of these personally and socially costly behaviors. ..
  18. Gene Expression in Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We present preliminary data on microarray and RT-PCRanalyses on 5 patients with BE that suggest an overactive Wnt pathway: we have also assembled the essential components of a successful study using microarrays. ..
  19. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
  20. The Impact of Comorbidity on Older Cancer Patients
    Cary Gross; Fiscal Year: 2007
  21. Antidepressant Treatment and Suicidality: Biostatistical/Methodological Solutions
    Robert Gibbons; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Collaboration with members of the VA (Cunningham, Valenstein), Kaiser Permanente (Clarke, Gullion), PHARMO (Erkens) and the Indian Health Service (Perez) is an integral part of the proposal. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Diabetes and Drug-Associated Hyperkalemia: Effect of Laboratory Monitoring
    Marsha Raebel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings will also assist in developing a framework for future studies to evaluate the effects and costs of medication-laboratory monitoring among patients with diabetes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Violence Against Home Health and Hospice Workers
    Carri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Psychiatric barriers to outpatient care in released HIV-infected offenders
    Jacques Baillargeon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Mixed Model Approach to Gene Mapping for Complex Traits
    Shizhong Xu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The number, map positions and effects of QTL responsible for ethological divergence between species will be determined by associating mating behavior with polymorphic molecular markers in interspecific backcross hybrids. ..
  26. Time-Factors in Exposure Effects Among Uranium Workers
    David Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Marguerita Lightfoot; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of this study will inform researchers and the public health community about the feasibility and acceptability of HIV interventions to be delivered in everyday settings using a computer-based delivery strategy. ..
  28. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Barriers to Enrolling the Elderly in Cancer Trials
    Cary Gross; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is our hope that this work will facilitate the development of targeted and novel approaches to overcoming these barriers. ..
  30. Cerebrovascular risk factors and late-life suicide
    SAU MAN CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The correlation between clinical and radiopathological CVRFs as well as the relationship between burden of CVRFs and impaired ECFs will be worked out by correlation statistics. ..
  31. Nursing Effort and Quality in Long-Term Care Facilities
    Robert Kane; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The database consists of 3125 residents in 98 nursing units from 62 facilities. Results should shed light on the current policy debate over nursing home staffing standards. ..
  32. Mechanistic models in occupational cancer epidemiology
    David Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Does Patient Severity Affect Variation in Hospital Use?
    Joseph Restuccia; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our underlying hypothesis is that the socioeconomic and supply factors will have a relatively weak relationship to practice style their relationship with the disease effect. ..
  34. The Relation of Hospital Workload to Patient Safety
    Joel Weissman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A second potential outcome will be to make available cost-effective screening tools for monitoring adverse events and errors. ..
    James Blumenthal; Fiscal Year: 2002
  36. Assessment of Quality of Life in Graves' Ophthalmopathy
    Elizabeth Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These efforts will serve as important preparatory steps toward Dr. Bradley's long-term goal of studying treatments of Graves' opthalmopathy through medical and surgical clinical trials. ..
  37. Mammography and High-Risk Survivors of Pediatric Cancer
    Kevin Oeffinger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Hongyu Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The ultimate goals are to understand recombination and its alterations during nondisjunction, and to provide the knowledge needed to monitor and prevent chromosome abnormalities. ..
  39. Bridging single cell and population dynamics
    Theoden Netoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Models from STR based model networks can predict the behavior of large networks. Modeling can be used to understand networks with multiple cellular components and more complex patterns of synaptic coupling. ..
    Ronald Brookmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The methods will be applied to the ALIVE study. ..
  41. Association between Mortality and Long-term Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution in
    Haidong Kan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings of this study will fill key knowledge gap of air pollution health effects in China. ..
  42. Use of Automated Phone Calls to Promote Adherence with Inhaled Corticosteroids
    William Vollmer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This method, if it helps people take their medications as prescribed, could be used with a variety of other long-term medical conditions. ..
  43. Economic evaluation of naturopathy for low back pain
    Patricia Herman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Hypothesis #2: A naturopathic package of care is more cost effective to the employer than usual care for the treatment of low back pain. ..
  44. Do Free Glucose Test Strips Increase Self-Monitoring?
    Andrew Karter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Proposal strengths also include a longitudinal design, substantial statistical power, low cost data acquisition, and an ethnically diverse population with uniform access to care. ..
  45. Cancer Clustering for Residential Histories
    Geoffrey Jacquez; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..To our knowledge the techniques and software from this project will be the first to address all of these factors within a single, comprehensive framework. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Roger Packer; Fiscal Year: 2003
  47. CBT and Modafinil for Cocaine Addiction
    Robert Malcolm; Fiscal Year: 2009
  48. Ethnic Variation in CAM Use and Health Self Management among Rural Older Adults
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2009
  49. Visualization of Multi-Resolution Reconstructions Using Interactive Stereoscopy
    Arkadiusz Sitek; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The work involves design and creation of software for reconstruction and stereoscopic display of tetrahedron based images and evaluation against human observers for the lesion detection task. ..
  50. Space-Time Technology for Reconstructing Exposure in Cancer Epidemiology Studies
    Geoffrey Jacquez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Expanded Syringe Access Program--NY Evaluation
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2004
  52. Combining Data from the NHIS and BRFSS
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This approach is particularly promising because, in contrast to other proposed techniques, it can be applied using existing publicly available data. ..
  53. Decision Analysis of Otitis Media Vaccination Strategies
    Tracy Lieu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The decision analytic model will yield information toward the optimal choices for current scientific inquiry, and will also provide a foundation for updated analyses as otitis media vaccines are further developed and tested. ..
  54. Development of a tool to measure food availability in the home
    June Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By accurately measuring what foods are in the home, we can learn how food availability influences diet. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Pirfenidone in Children with PNs in NF1
    Roger Packer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Abstract Not Provided ..
  56. Ethnic Variations In Anti-Depressant Response
    Hector Myers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    R Martin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Xun Gu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Novel Strategies to Reduce Inapprop
    JOSHUA P contact METLAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
  60. Risk factors for drug resistant pneumococcal bacteremia
    Joshua Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study will maintain our enrollment over an additional three years in order to complete six-years of active enrollment and achieve the necessary sample size for the proposed molecular and geographic analyses. ..
  61. Fluoride Varnish to Prevent Caries in Toddlers - An Expanded Immunization Program
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Keywords: fluoride varnish, dental caries, oral health, early prevention, multi-center, toddlers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Labor Market Discrimination and Substance Use Disorders
    Marjorie Baldwin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If the results suggest that the ADA has not had its intended effects, then further investigation is needed to identify why the policy change has been ineffective for this group. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Risk of Blood Borne Transmission of CJD
    Shimian Zou; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Publishanddisseminateresultsof thestudy. ..
  64. Society for Prevention Research Annual Meetings
    J Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2005
  65. Substance Use and the Consolidation of Adult Roles
    J Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed study will provide important information of use to those designing preventive and treatment interventions for substance abuse and dependence. ..
    Wendy Demark Wahnefried; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If effective, this program could be modified, easily disseminated & used in a variety of health care settings, thus having broad public health impact. ..
  67. Mood Worsening in Spring in Women with Depression and Tree-Pollen Allergy
    TEODOR POSTOLACHE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Determinants of Folding Mechanism in Small Proteins
    Ray Luo; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Noreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2001
  70. Biotech & Materials Research to Reduce Caries Disparity
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The conference will be co-sponsored by the Northwest/Alaska Center to Reduce Oral Health Disparities, the University of Washington UWeb Bioengineering Center, and the Salivary Diagnostics Project. ..
  71. School-Based Approaches to Help Pre-Teens Manage Asthma
    Noreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Asthma rates for this age group continue to rise and the problems associated with the disease are especially difficult in poor communities. This study will assess innovative interventions for low-income minority preteens with asthma. ..
    Kevin Oeffinger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will represent the first clinical trial aimed at increasing physical activity in leukemia survivors and will advance our understanding of this vulnerable population. ..