seroepidemiologic studies

Summary

Summary: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Incidence of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: a cross-sectional serological study
    Elizabeth Miller
    Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
    Lancet 375:1100-8. 2010
  2. pmc The infection attack rate and severity of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza in Hong Kong
    Joseph T Wu
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1184-91. 2010
  3. pmc Risk factors and immunity in a nationally representative population following the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic
    Don Bandaranayake
    Institute of Environmental Science and Research, National Centre for Biosecurity and Infectious Disease, Upper Hutt, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 5:e13211. 2010
  4. ncbi Assessment of baseline age-specific antibody prevalence and incidence of infection to novel influenza A/H1N1 2009
    P Hardelid
    Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
    Health Technol Assess 14:115-92. 2010
  5. pmc Estimating medium- and long-term trends in malaria transmission by using serological markers of malaria exposure
    C J Drakeley
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:5108-13. 2005
  6. pmc Seroprevalence following the second wave of Pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza in Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Shanta M Zimmer
    School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e11601. 2010
  7. pmc Seroepidemiology of human polyomaviruses
    Jaime M Kean
    Department of Microbiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000363. 2009
  8. ncbi Serology: a robust indicator of malaria transmission intensity?
    Patrick Corran
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, Keppel St, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trends Parasitol 23:575-82. 2007
  9. ncbi Seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in the United States, 1988-1994
    Stephanie A S Staras
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1143-51. 2006
  10. pmc Dried blood spots as a source of anti-malarial antibodies for epidemiological studies
    Patrick H Corran
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 7:195. 2008

Detail Information

Publications306 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Incidence of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: a cross-sectional serological study
    Elizabeth Miller
    Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
    Lancet 375:1100-8. 2010
    ....
  2. pmc The infection attack rate and severity of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza in Hong Kong
    Joseph T Wu
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1184-91. 2010
    ..Serial cross-sectional data on antibody levels to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A virus from a population can be used to estimate the infection attack rates and immunity against future infection in the community...
  3. pmc Risk factors and immunity in a nationally representative population following the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic
    Don Bandaranayake
    Institute of Environmental Science and Research, National Centre for Biosecurity and Infectious Disease, Upper Hutt, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 5:e13211. 2010
    ..Understanding immunity, incidence and risk factors of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic (2009 H1N1) through a national seroprevalence study is necessary for informing public health interventions and disease modelling...
  4. ncbi Assessment of baseline age-specific antibody prevalence and incidence of infection to novel influenza A/H1N1 2009
    P Hardelid
    Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
    Health Technol Assess 14:115-92. 2010
    ....
  5. pmc Estimating medium- and long-term trends in malaria transmission by using serological markers of malaria exposure
    C J Drakeley
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:5108-13. 2005
    ..Thus, serological tools allow us to detect variations in malaria transmission over time. Such tools will be invaluable for monitoring trends in malaria endemicity and the effectiveness of malaria control programs...
  6. pmc Seroprevalence following the second wave of Pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza in Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Shanta M Zimmer
    School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e11601. 2010
    ..The objective was to determine the seroprevalence of antibodies against the pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza strain by decade of birth among Pittsburgh-area residents...
  7. pmc Seroepidemiology of human polyomaviruses
    Jaime M Kean
    Department of Microbiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000363. 2009
    ..The seroprevalence in children under 21 years of age (n = 721) for all Pys was similar to that of the adult population, suggesting that primary exposure to these viruses likely occurs in childhood...
  8. ncbi Serology: a robust indicator of malaria transmission intensity?
    Patrick Corran
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, Keppel St, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trends Parasitol 23:575-82. 2007
    ..Here we present a suggested methodology, highlight the advantages and shortcomings of serological measurements of malaria transmission and identify areas in which further work is desirable...
  9. ncbi Seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in the United States, 1988-1994
    Stephanie A S Staras
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1143-51. 2006
    ..However, there are no nationwide estimates of CMV seroprevalence among pregnant women or the overall population of the United States...
  10. pmc Dried blood spots as a source of anti-malarial antibodies for epidemiological studies
    Patrick H Corran
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 7:195. 2008
    ..Although recommendations for the storage and analysis of small molecule analytes in blood spots exist, there are no published systematic studies of the stability of antibodies under different storage conditions...
  11. pmc Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in household and stray cats in Lanzhou, northwest China
    Song Ming Wu
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, PR China
    Parasit Vectors 4:214. 2011
    ..gondii infection in cats was available in Lanzhou, northwest China. This study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in household and stray cats in Lanzhou, northwest China...
  12. pmc Seroepidemiology of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infections in Pune, India
    Babasaheb V Tandale
    National Institute of Virology, 20 A, Dr, Ambedkar Road, Pune 411001, India
    BMC Infect Dis 10:255. 2010
    ..We undertook serosurveys among the risk groups and general population to determine the extent of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infections...
  13. ncbi A comparison of two commercially available anti-HEV IgG kits and a re-evaluation of anti-HEV IgG seroprevalence data in developed countries
    Richard Bendall
    Clinical Microbiology, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, United Kingdom
    J Med Virol 82:799-805. 2010
    ....
  14. ncbi Epidemiological serosurvey of hepatitis B in China--declining HBV prevalence due to hepatitis B vaccination
    Xiaofeng Liang
    Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Vaccine 27:6550-7. 2009
    ....
  15. pmc Age-specific incidence of A/H1N1 2009 influenza infection in England from sequential antibody prevalence data using likelihood-based estimation
    Marc Baguelin
    Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety Department, Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e17074. 2011
    ..The method provides a more accurate and continuous measure of incidence than achieved by comparing prevalence in samples grouped by time period...
  16. ncbi Effectiveness of public health measures in mitigating pandemic influenza spread: a prospective sero-epidemiological cohort study
    Vernon J Lee
    Biodefence Centre, Ministry of Defence, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore Armed Forces, Singapore
    J Infect Dis 202:1319-26. 2010
    ..Few studies have validated the effectiveness of public health interventions in reducing influenza spread in real‐life settings. We aim to validate these measures used during the 2009 pandemic...
  17. pmc Retrospective seroepidemiology indicated that human enterovirus 71 and coxsackievirus A16 circulated wildly in central and southern China before large-scale outbreaks from 2008
    Zhen Zhu
    State Key Laboratory for Molecular Virology and Genetic Engineering, Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No 155, Changbai Road, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China
    Virol J 7:300. 2010
    ..This study aims to identify the situation of natural human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) infections in children before 2008 in China...
  18. ncbi National seroprevalence and risk factors for Zoonotic Toxocara spp. infection
    Kimberly Y Won
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, CCID, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:552-7. 2008
    ..2; CI: 1.8, 2.8), poverty (OR: 1.5; CI: 1.3, 1.8), elevated blood lead concentrations (OR: 1.4; CI: 1.1, 1.9), and dog ownership (OR: 1.2; CI: 1.1, 1.4). Toxocara infection is widespread and associated with specific risk groups...
  19. ncbi Epidemic West Nile encephalitis, New York, 1999: results of a household-based seroepidemiological survey
    F Mostashari
    Communicable Disease Program, New York City Department of Health, NY 10013, USA
    Lancet 358:261-4. 2001
    ..We did a household-based seroepidemiological survey to assess more clearly the public-health impact of the epidemic, its range of illness, and risk factors associated with infection...
  20. ncbi Toxoplasmosis snapshots: global status of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence and implications for pregnancy and congenital toxoplasmosis
    Georgios Pappas
    Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Athens, Greece
    Int J Parasitol 39:1385-94. 2009
    ....
  21. pmc Epidemiology and control of neosporosis and Neospora caninum
    J P Dubey
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:323-67. 2007
    ..caninum in animals and humans are tabulated. The role of wildlife in the life cycle of N. caninum and strategies for the control of neosporosis in cattle are discussed...
  22. pmc The epidemiology of interpandemic and pandemic influenza in Vietnam, 2007-2010: the Ha Nam household cohort study I
    Peter Horby
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, National Hospital of Tropical Diseases, 78 Giai Phong Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Am J Epidemiol 175:1062-74. 2012
    ..These heterogeneities could influence the impact of school closure and childhood vaccination on influenza transmission in tropical areas, such as Vietnam...
  23. ncbi Population-based study of antibody to the human polyomaviruses BKV and JCV and the simian polyomavirus SV40
    Wendy A Knowles
    Enteric, Respiratory and Neurological Virus Laboratory, Specialist and Reference Microbiology Division, Health Protection Agency, Colindale, London, United Kingdom
    J Med Virol 71:115-23. 2003
    ..There is no serological evidence that SV40 entered the human population during the past 80 years, and the possibility of cross-reaction with BKV or JCV antibody must be considered...
  24. ncbi Human antibodies to recombinant protein constructs of Plasmodium falciparum Apical Membrane Antigen 1 (AMA1) and their associations with protection from malaria
    Spencer D Polley
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Vaccine 23:718-28. 2004
    ..Results encourage the development of an AMA1 vaccine based on the full-length ectodomain, and indicate that the function of human antibodies to allele-specific and conserved epitopes in AMA1 should be studied further...
  25. pmc Are swine workers in the United States at increased risk of infection with zoonotic influenza virus?
    Kendall P Myers
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 42:14-20. 2006
    ..Pigs have an important role in interspecies transmission of the virus. We examined multiple swine-exposed human populations in the nation's number 1 swine-producing state for evidence of previous swine influenza virus infection...
  26. ncbi Risk factors of enterovirus 71 infection and associated hand, foot, and mouth disease/herpangina in children during an epidemic in Taiwan
    Luan Yin Chang
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Children s Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Pediatrics 109:e88. 2002
    ..We measured EV71 seroprevalence rates before and after the epidemic and investigated risk factors associated with EV71 infection and illness...
  27. ncbi Hepatitis E: an emerging infection in developed countries
    Harry R Dalton
    Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:698-709. 2008
    ..The source and route of infection remain uncertain, but it might be a porcine zoonosis. Patients with unexplained hepatitis should be tested for hepatitis E, whatever their age or travel history...
  28. ncbi Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in the United States
    Jeffrey L Jones
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:878-84. 2009
    ..Toxoplasmosis can cause severe ocular and neurological disease. We sought to determine risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in the United States...
  29. pmc Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs in Lanzhou, Northwest China
    Song Ming Wu
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, CAAS, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, PR China
    Parasit Vectors 4:64. 2011
    ..However, little is known about the prevalence of T. gondii in pet dogs in Northwest China. In the present study, the prevalence of T. gondii in pet dogs in Lanzhou, China was investigated using the modified agglutination test (MAT)...
  30. pmc Historical perspective of foamy virus epidemiology and infection
    C D Meiering
    Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 14:165-76. 2001
    ..In this communication, we briefly discuss the current status of FV research and review the history of FV epidemiology, as well as the lack of pathogenicity in natural, experimental, and zoonotic infections...
  31. ncbi Seroprevalence of antibodies against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 in four continents: the International Agency for Research on Cancer HPV Prevalence Surveys
    Salvatore Vaccarella
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:2379-88. 2010
    ..Few human papillomavirus (HPV) seroprevalence studies have been carried out in women from low-resource countries...
  32. pmc Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered chickens, ducks, and geese in Shenyang, northeastern China
    Na Yang
    College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province 110866, China
    Parasit Vectors 5:237. 2012
    ..gondii infection in poultry in northeastern China. Therefore, the present study was performed to determine the prevalence of T. gondii infection in slaughtered chickens, ducks, and geese in Shenyang, northeastern China...
  33. pmc Rift Valley fever virus infection in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) herds in rural South Africa: evidence of interepidemic transmission
    A Desiree LaBeaud
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:641-6. 2011
    ..These findings highlight the potential importance of wildlife as reservoirs for RVFV and interepidemic RVFV transmission in perpetuating regional RVFV transmission risk...
  34. ncbi Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori in South Korea
    Jeong Yoon Yim
    Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Healthcare Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    Helicobacter 12:333-40. 2007
    ..The aims of this study were to investigate the interval change of seropositivity of H. pylori between 1998 and 2005 in Korean adult population and to find the factors related to H. pylori infection...
  35. pmc Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection among horses in Tunisia
    Sonia Boughattas
    Laboratoire de Recherche 05SP03, Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, 13 Place Pasteur BP74, 1002 Tunis Belvédères, Tunisia
    Parasit Vectors 4:218. 2011
    ..horses from three major regions: a neighbourhood of a city in the North (Sidi Thabet), a neighbourhood of a city on the coast (Monastir) and a neighbourhood of a city in the middle (Battan) of Tunisia (North of Africa)...
  36. ncbi Seroprevalence of human polyomavirus 9 and cross-reactivity to African green monkey-derived lymphotropic polyomavirus
    Franziska Trusch
    Division of Viral Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    J Gen Virol 93:698-705. 2012
    ....
  37. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii infection in the United States: seroprevalence and risk factors
    J L Jones
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:357-65. 2001
    ..gondii. Most women of childbearing age in the United States are susceptible to acute infection and should be educated about ways to minimize exposure to T. gondii...
  38. ncbi Hand, foot and mouth disease: seroprevalence of Coxsackie A16 and Enterovirus 71 in Germany
    Holger F Rabenau
    Institute of Medical Virology, Hospital of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
    Med Microbiol Immunol 199:45-51. 2010
    ..Obviously, the manifestation rate, i.e., distinct disease of these infections is low...
  39. ncbi Prevalence of Epstein-Barr virus in Japan: trends and future prediction
    Kengo Takeuchi
    Department of Pathology, Cancer Institute, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Koto, Japan
    Pathol Int 56:112-6. 2006
    ..This result suggests that the delay will affect the incidence of EBV-associated disorders in Japan...
  40. pmc Characterization of Nipah virus from naturally infected Pteropus vampyrus bats, Malaysia
    Sohayati A Rahman
    Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Malaysia
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1990-3. 2010
    ..This isolate is monophyletic with previous NiVs in combined analysis, and the nucleocapsid gene phylogeny species...
  41. pmc Hepatitis E virus antibodies in blood donors, France
    Jean Michel Mansuy
    Hopital Purpan, Toulouse, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2309-12. 2011
    ..5% of voluntary blood donors in southwestern France. This finding suggests HEV is highly endemic to this region. The high HEV prevalence may reflect local dietary practices, such as eating uncooked pork and game products...
  42. ncbi Seroprevalence of antibodies to pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza virus among hospital staff in a medical center in Taiwan
    Yu Jiun Chan
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    J Chin Med Assoc 73:62-6. 2010
    ....
  43. pmc Spread of vector-borne diseases and neglect of Leishmaniasis, Europe
    Jean Claude Dujardin
    Instituut voor Tropische Geneeskunde, Antwerp, Belgium
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1013-8. 2008
    ..Despite this possibility, no coordinated surveillance of the disease exists at the European level. In this review of leishmaniasis importance in Europe, we would like to bridge the gap between research and surveillance and control...
  44. pmc Substantial regional differences in human herpesvirus 8 seroprevalence in sub-Saharan Africa: insights on the origin of the "Kaposi's sarcoma belt"
    Sheila C Dollard
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J Cancer 127:2395-401. 2010
    ..These findings help to explain the high KS incidence in the "KS Belt" and underscore the importance of a uniform approach to HHV-8 antibody testing...
  45. pmc Time trend of the prevalence of hepatitis E antibodies among farmers and blood donors: a potential zoonosis in Denmark
    Peer B Christensen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 47:1026-31. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-HEV among Danish blood donors and Danish farmers. In addition, we compared the prevalence among 2 sets of serum samples obtained from blood donors 20 years apart...
  46. pmc Risk factors for herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV among women at high risk in northwestern Tanzania: preparing for an HSV-2 intervention trial
    Deborah Watson-Jones
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:631-42. 2007
    ..To determine prevalence of and risk factors for herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and HIV among women being screened for a randomized, controlled trial of HSV suppressive therapy in northwestern Tanzania...
  47. pmc Nipah virus infection in bats (order Chiroptera) in peninsular Malaysia
    J M Yob
    Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:439-41. 2001
    ..We collected 324 bats from 14 species on peninsular Malaysia. Neutralizing antibodies to Nipah virus were demonstrated in five species, suggesting widespread infection in bat populations in peninsular Malaysia...
  48. ncbi Chapter 5. Potential contribution of sero-epidemiological analysis for monitoring malaria control and elimination: historical and current perspectives
    Chris Drakeley
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Adv Parasitol 69:299-352. 2009
    ..Here we present a review of the historical data and use it to assess the serological contribution to monitoring malaria elimination...
  49. ncbi Trends in herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 seroprevalence in the United States
    Fujie Xu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 296:964-73. 2006
    ..Preexisting HSV-1 antibodies can alleviate clinical manifestations of subsequently acquired HSV-2. Furthermore, HSV-1 has become an important cause of genital herpes in some developed countries...
  50. ncbi Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in equids from Southern Spain
    I García-Bocanegra
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Córdoba Agrifood Excellence International Campus ceiA3, Cordoba, Spain
    Parasitol Int 61:421-4. 2012
    ..gondii infection in donkeys in Europe. The presence of antibodies is indication of contact with the parasite and therefore, consumption of equine meat could be a potential source of human infection in Spain...
  51. pmc Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma spp. and Leishmania infantum in apparently healthy and CVBD-suspect dogs in Portugal--a national serological study
    Luis Cardoso
    Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences, University of Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
    Parasit Vectors 5:62. 2012
    ..The present study aimed at assessing the seroprevalence of infection with or exposure to Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma spp. and Leishmania infantum in dogs in Portugal...
  52. ncbi Hyperendemic human and porcine Taenia solium infection in Perú
    Hector H Garcia
    Department of Microbiology, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:268-75. 2003
    ..Besides confirming the close relationship between taeniasis and cysticercosis cases, this large-scale field study demonstrated early age of tapeworm and cysticercosis infections in humans, and short duration of taeniasis infections...
  53. pmc First report of Toxoplasma gondii infection in market-sold adult chickens, ducks and pigeons in northwest China
    Wei Cong
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, People s Republic of China
    Parasit Vectors 5:110. 2012
    ..gondii infection in domestic birds in Lanzhou, northwest China was available. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in domestic birds in Lanzhou, northwest China...
  54. pmc Current situation of Leishmania infantum infection in shelter dogs in northern Spain
    Guadalupe Miró
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain
    Parasit Vectors 5:60. 2012
    ..Besides L. infantum infection, the epidemiological role of variables like sex, breed and age was also assessed...
  55. pmc Hepatitis E virus seroprevalence among blood donors in southwest Switzerland
    Annatina Kaufmann
    Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 6:e21150. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Hepatitis E virus (HEV) among blood donors in southwest Switzerland...
  56. ncbi A serological survey of pigs, horses, and ducks in Nepal for evidence of infection with Japanese encephalitis virus
    Ganesh R Pant
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1081:124-9. 2006
    ..92% were found positive for the presence of antibodies against JE virus infection in Nepal. Sero-prevalence of JE in pigs, ducks, and horses was 48.11%, 26.79%, and 50.0%, respectively...
  57. ncbi Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in patients with vision and hearing impairments, cancer, HIV, or undergoing hemodialysis in Durango, Mexico
    C Alvarado-Esquivel
    Faculty of Medicine, Juárez University of Durango State, 34000 Durango City, Durango, Mexico
    J Parasitol 96:505-8. 2010
    ..gondii infection than those with normal reflexes (19% vs. 9.4%, respectively: P = 0.04). Results of the present study are the first step in the design of prevention programs to avoid the sequelae of toxoplasmosis...
  58. pmc Enterovirus 71 maternal antibodies in infants, Taiwan
    Shu Ting Luo
    National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan Miaoli, Taiwan
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:581-4. 2009
    ..Approximately 50% of neonates had detectable EV71 neutralizing antibodies, which declined to almost undetectable levels by 6 months of age...
  59. ncbi High titers of hemagglutination inhibition antibodies against 2009 H1N1 influenza virus in Southern Iran
    Mohsen Moghadami
    Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    Iran J Immunol 7:39-48. 2010
    ..As of December 30, 2009, a total of 3672 confirmed cases of human infection with a novel Influenza A (2009 H1N1) virus had been reported in Iran with 140 deaths...
  60. ncbi Autochthonous hepatitis E in Southwest England: natural history, complications and seasonal variation, and hepatitis E virus IgG seroprevalence in blood donors, the elderly and patients with chronic liver disease
    Harry R Dalton
    Cornwall Gastrointestinal Unit, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, Cornwall, UK
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:784-90. 2008
    ..To report the natural history of autochthonous hepatitis E and hepatitis E virus (HEV) IgG seroprevalence in Southwest England...
  61. ncbi Serological survey of 2009 H1N1 influenza in residents of Beijing, China
    Y Deng
    Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control CDC, Capital Medical University School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Beijing, China
    Epidemiol Infect 139:52-8. 2011
    ..Our study suggests that many factors, and not just the immunological level against 2009 H1N1 influenza in the community, affected the spread of the virus within the population of Beijing...
  62. pmc Interepidemic Rift Valley fever virus seropositivity, northeastern Kenya
    A Desiree LaBeaud
    Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1240-6. 2008
    ..Rural Gumarey reported more mosquito and animal exposure than Sogan-Godud. Seropositive persons were more likely to have visual impairment and retinal lesions; other physical findings did not differ...
  63. ncbi Toxoplasmosis in sheep--the last 20 years
    J P Dubey
    United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Building 1001, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
    Vet Parasitol 163:1-14. 2009
    ..In the present paper, information on the prevalence, transmission, and control of ovine toxoplasmosis in the last 20 years is reviewed...
  64. ncbi Epidemiological aspects of canine visceral leishmaniosis in the Islamic Republic of Iran
    Mehdi Mohebali
    School of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Department of Medical Parasitology, P O Box 14155 6446, Tehran, Iran
    Vet Parasitol 129:243-51. 2005
    ..infantum and one other as L. tropica by molecular and biochemical techniques. For the first time in Iran, L. infantum and L. tropica were isolated from viscera of both a wolf and a domestic dog...
  65. pmc Canine leishmaniasis in southeastern Spain
    Joaquina Martin-Sanchez
    Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:795-8. 2009
    ..Seroprevalence had increased at the meso-Mediterranean bioclimatic level over 22 years. Risk was highest for dogs that were older, large, lived outside, and lived at the meso-Mediterranean level...
  66. pmc The seroprevalence of pandemic influenza H1N1 (2009) virus in China
    Cuiling Xu
    State Key Laboratory for Molecular Virology and Genetic Engineering, National Institute for Viral Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e17919. 2011
    ..To understand the geographic extent, risk factors, and attack rate of pH1N1 infection in China we conducted a nationwide serological survey to determine the prevalence of antibodies to pH1N1...
  67. pmc Declining hepatitis A seroprevalence: a global review and analysis
    K H Jacobsen
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 132:1005-22. 2004
    ..Because the severity of illness increases with age, populations with a high proportion of susceptible adults should consider targeted vaccination programmes...
  68. ncbi Hepatitis A virus seroprevalence by age and world region, 1990 and 2005
    Kathryn H Jacobsen
    Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive MS 5B7, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Vaccine 28:6653-7. 2010
    ..The estimation of the global burden of hepatitis A and policies for public health control are dependent on an understanding of the changing epidemiology of this viral infection...
  69. pmc The seroprevalence and seroincidence of enterovirus71 infection in infants and children in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
    Chau Bich Nguyen Tran
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
    PLoS ONE 6:e21116. 2011
    ..Taken together, these data suggest EV71 force of infection is high and highlights the need for more research into its epidemiology and pathogenesis in high disease burden countries...
  70. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in the United States
    J P Dubey
    United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
    Int J Parasitol 38:1257-78. 2008
    ..Seroprevalence of T. gondii in humans and pigs is declining. Modes of transmission, epidemiology and environmental contamination with oocysts on land and sea are discussed...
  71. ncbi Incidence of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza infection in children and pregnant women during the 2009 influenza season in Western Australia - a seroprevalence study
    Gary K Dowse
    Communicable Disease Control Directorate, WA Health, Perth, WA, Australia
    Med J Aust 194:68-72. 2011
    ..To determine antibody levels and estimate incidence of infection with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in children and pregnant women during the 2009 winter in Western Australia...
  72. ncbi Emerging trends in the seroprevalence of canine leishmaniasis in the Madrid region (central Spain)
    R Galvez
    Servicio de Parasitologia, Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Ctra Majadahonda Pozuelo s n, Majadahonda, 28220 Madrid, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 169:327-34. 2010
    ..Further studies designed to explain this trend should attempt to correlate sand fly densities and CanL seroprevalences with climate, land use and human changes...
  73. ncbi Seroprevalence and isolation of Toxoplasma gondii from free-range chickens in Ghana, Indonesia, Italy, Poland, and Vietnam
    J P Dubey
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Building 1001, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
    J Parasitol 94:68-71. 2008
    ..This is the first report of genetic characterization of T. gondii isolates from animals from these countries...
  74. ncbi Incidence and case-fatality rates resulting from the 1998 enterovirus 71 outbreak in Taiwan
    Chun Yi Lu
    Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
    J Med Virol 67:217-23. 2002
    ..The lack of a protective antibody in younger children may account for the high incidence and case-fatality rate in this age group...
  75. ncbi Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in general population in a northern Mexican city
    C Alvarado-Esquivel
    Faculty of Medicine, Juárez University of Durango State, Avenida Universidad S N esquina Fanny Anitua, 34000 Durango, Durango, Mexico
    J Parasitol 97:40-3. 2011
    ..gondii infection. This study provides a basis for the design of successful preventive measures against T. gondii infection...
  76. ncbi Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in stray and household dogs in Guangzhou, China
    Han Zhang
    College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province 510642, People s Republic of China
    J Parasitol 96:671-2. 2010
    ..gondii infection in dogs was high in Guangzhou, especially in strays. Therefore, it is essential to implement integrated strategies to prevent and control T. gondii infection in both stray and household dogs...
  77. ncbi Population seroprevalence of human papillomavirus types 6, 11, 16, and 18 in men, women, and children in Australia
    Anthony T Newall
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1647-55. 2008
    ..Seroepidemiology is a valuable tool, although the relationship between HPV infection and seropositivity is incomplete...
  78. ncbi Seroprevalence of human papillomavirus types 6, 11, 16, and 18 in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004
    Lauri E Markowitz
    Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:1059-67. 2009
    ..Human papillomavirus (HPV) seroprevalence data can help define the epidemiology of this common sexually transmitted pathogen...
  79. pmc Socioeconomic disparities in the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in the US population: NHANES III
    J B Dowd
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 137:58-65. 2009
    ....
  80. ncbi A lower than expected adult Victorian community attack rate for pandemic (H1N1) 2009
    Nathan Grills
    Victorian Public Health Training Scheme, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University corrected
    Aust N Z J Public Health 34:228-31. 2010
    ..To determine the community seropositivity of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in order to estimate immunity and the community attack rate...
  81. ncbi High prevalence of anti-hepatitis E virus antibodies in blood donors from South West France
    Jean Michel Mansuy
    Virology Laboratory, Purpan University Hospital, Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    J Med Virol 80:289-93. 2008
    ..As the risk factors for HEV infection in industrialized countries are still unknown, further studies are needed to clarify the epidemiology of HEV infection in the Midi-Pyrénées region...
  82. pmc Serological evidence for the co-circulation of multiple dengue virus serotypes in Singapore
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Epidemiol Infect 133:667-71. 2005
    ..In spite of multiple circulating types, the rate of dengue haemorrhagic fever is low in Singapore...
  83. pmc Long-term clinical protection from falciparum malaria is strongly associated with IgG3 antibodies to merozoite surface protein 3
    Christian Roussilhon
    Bio medical Parasitology Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    PLoS Med 4:e320. 2007
    ..e., induced by the parasite) to molecules that are considered as valuable vaccine candidates...
  84. pmc Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus in HIV-1 and HIV-2 infected Gambians
    Modou Jobarteh
    Medical Research Council, Fajara, P O Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia
    Virol J 7:230. 2010
    ..The prevalence of HIV/hepatitis co-infection in sub-Saharan Africa is not well documented, while both HIV and HBV are endemic in this area...
  85. ncbi Seroprevalence of hepatitis B infection during pregnancy and risk of perinatal transmission
    Manisha Dwivedi
    Department of Gastroenterology, Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad, 211 001 India
    Indian J Gastroenterol 30:66-71. 2011
    ..To investigate the seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in pregnant women and possible risk factors for perinatal hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission...
  86. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii in Switzerland: a serosurvey based on meat juice analysis of slaughtered pigs, wild boar, sheep and cattle
    A E Berger-Schoch
    Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Zoonoses Public Health 58:472-8. 2011
    ..Conclusively, the results demonstrated a high seroprevalence of T. gondii in animals slaughtered for meat production and revealed that increasing age of the animals is a more important risk factor than housing conditions in Switzerland...
  87. ncbi Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus seroprevalence in rural areas of the southwestern region of Turkey
    Fusun Zeynep Akcam
    Department of Infectious Disease and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
    Int J Infect Dis 13:274-84. 2009
    ..Few studies have been conducted in the field in rural and urban areas of Turkey. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HBV and HCV and to investigate the association with risk factors...
  88. ncbi Serological study of selected vector-borne diseases in shelter dogs in central Spain using point-of-care assays
    C Guillermo Couto
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Veterinary Teaching Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:885-8. 2010
    ..The prevalence of Aph was the highest and is in agreement with a recent report in a dog shelter in northwestern Spain. These point-of-care assays may be more valuable as epidemiologic than as clinical tools...
  89. ncbi Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered pigs and cattle in Liaoning Province, northeastern China
    Xianjun Liu
    College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, 120 Dongling Road, Shenyang 110866, People s Republic of China
    J Parasitol 98:440-1. 2012
    ..05). The results of the present study indicate that infection with T. gondii in pigs and cattle is widely spread in China including Liaoning Province, northeastern China, and is, therefore, of public health concern...
  90. ncbi Longitudinal serological and virological study on porcine torovirus (PToV) in piglets from Spanish farms
    J Pignatelli
    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, CSIC, C Darwin 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Vet Microbiol 146:260-8. 2010
    ..Sequencing results indicated that more than one PToV strains were circulating in the studied farms. Present data suggest that PToV was endemic on the studied farms, and provide new insights on the epidemiology of PToV...
  91. pmc Anatomy of bluetongue virus serotype 8 epizootic wave, France, 2007-2008
    Benoit Durand
    Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliment, Maisons Alfort, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1861-8. 2010
    ....
  92. ncbi Current status of liver diseases in Korea: hepatitis B
    Hee Bok Chae
    Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National Unviersity College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea
    Korean J Hepatol 15:S13-24. 2009
    ..Further studies are warranted for understanding factors influencing natural history, improving treatment outcomes, and overcoming vaccine non-response...
  93. ncbi Seroepidemiology of leptospirosis in livestock in Trinidad
    Sharianne M Suepaul
    School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Trinidad, West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago
    Trop Anim Health Prod 43:367-75. 2011
    ..It is imperative that the impact of leptospirosis on abortion, stillbirths, and decreased milk production in livestock in the country be assessed...
  94. ncbi The increasing prevalence of serologic markers for syphilis among Chinese blood donors in 2008 through 2010 during a syphilis epidemic
    Jing Liu
    Westat, Inc, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Transfusion 52:1741-9. 2012
    ..This study evaluated the prevalence and incidence of serologic markers for syphilis among donors at five Chinese blood centers...
  95. pmc Epizootic spread of Schmallenberg virus among wild cervids, Belgium, Fall 2011
    Annick Linden
    University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:2006-8. 2012
    ..Findings indicated rapid spread among these deer since virus emergence ≈250 km away...
  96. pmc Chikungunya virus in North-Eastern Italy: a seroprevalence survey
    Maria Luisa Moro
    Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:508-11. 2010
    ..This study provides basic parameters for modeling the transmission potential of outbreaks and planning control measures for Chikungunya infection in temperate settings...
  97. pmc Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections among blood donors at Gondar University Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: declining trends over a period of five years
    Belay Tessema
    Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 10:111. 2010
    ..This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence, risk factors and trends of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections among blood donors over a period of five years at Gondar University Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
  98. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women in China
    X J Gao
    Center for Parasitic Organisms, State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Key Laboratory for Tropical Diseases Control of the Ministry of Education, Zhongshan Medical College, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    Parasitology 139:139-47. 2012
    ....
  99. ncbi Seroepidemiological survey for Toxocara canis infection in the northwestern part of Turkey
    Nihal Dogan
    Osmangazi Universitesi Tip Fakultesi, Cocuk Sagligi ve Hastaliklari Anabilim Dali, Izmir, Turkey
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 31:288-91. 2007
    ..05). Based on these results, however total seroprevalence rate is lower than other countries, we have proposed that public health programs especially for children, may be effective for protecting from Toxocara infection...
  100. ncbi Serological evidence of continuing high Usutu virus (Flaviviridae) activity and establishment of herd immunity in wild birds in Austria
    Tanja Meister
    Institute of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Vet Microbiol 127:237-48. 2008
    ..Herd immunity is a possible explanation for the significant decrease in USUV-associated bird mortalities in Austria during the recent years...
  101. pmc Seroprevalence of pandemic influenza H1N1 in Ontario from January 2009-May 2010
    Camille Achonu
    Department of Surveillance and Epidemiology, Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e26427. 2011
    ....

Research Grants68

  1. Prenatal Factors and Risk of Schizophrenia in a Finnish National Birth Cohort
    ALAN STEWART BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Moreover, the research described in this proposal has future potential for the identification of susceptibility genes that interact with the prenatal exposures and other developmental antecedents in the etiology of schizophrenia. ..
  2. EBV Entry and Spread in the Oral Cavity
    Lindsey M Hutt-Fletcher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The role that EBV plays in tumorigenesis is complex, but seroepidemiologic studies suggest that the disturbance of the normal equilibrium and an increase in virus load precedes the ..
  3. ESTABLISHMENT OF A REPLICATION SYSTEM FOR WU POLYOMAVIRUS
    David Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..b>Seroepidemiologic studies have determined that ~90% of adults in the general population have anti-WUV antibodies and thus the vast ..
  4. MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF OROPOUCHE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..b>Seroepidemiologic studies in Brazil indicate that the prevalence of anti-ORO virus antibodies is 0-2 percent in areas where ..
  5. AZITHROMYCIN AND CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
    J Grayston; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This evidence stems from the results of seroepidemiologic studies, indicating an association between C...
  6. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PRENATAL EXPOSURES IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Alan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..23 infectious diseases in Holland, which seeks to identify candidate viruses that will be tested in the seroepidemiologic studies; and 3) an unprecedented seroepidemiologic investigation of prenatal exposure to influenza, measles, and ..
  7. Sialic Acid O-Acetylation in GBS Pathogenesis & Immunity
    Victor Nizet; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Companion analyses will be performed on GBS isolates and human sera from recent prospective seroepidemiologic studies.
  8. Under the Skin: Understanding the Role of Stress and Immune Function in Health Di
    JENNIFER DOWD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will test whether these immune and infection markers are related to psychosocial and economic stressors and whether they mediate the relationship between SES and health outcomes including mortality. ..
  9. Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
    Bradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Population-based Surveillance for Zoonotic Influenza A
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We are particularly well suited to conduct this work as we have extensive experience conducting both epidemiological and laboratory-based studies of respiratory pathogens. ..
  11. Human Metapneumovirus in High Risk Populations
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will facilitate the development of more comprehensive epidemiological studies, and guide future intervention studies in reducing HMPV morbidity. ..
  12. Risk of Blood Borne Transmission of CJD
    Shimian Zou; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Publishanddisseminateresultsof thestudy. ..
  13. Primate enteroviruses transmission in Bangladesh
    Lisa Jones Engel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultimately, this data will provide insight into the potential emergence of NHP-borne pathogens and help to deter the spread of emerging zoonotic threats. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  15. DEVELOPMENTAL INSULT AND BRAIN ANOMALY IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Alan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  16. co-Trimoxazole in Zambian Infants (TZI)
    CHRISTOPHER GILL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Prenatal factors and risk of autism in a Finnish national birth cohort
    ALAN STEWART BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  18. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  19. Microarray Analysis of Leptospiral Genomes
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Planning Grant for a Study of the Effect of Radiation o*
    Camille Ragin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  21. Cell mediated Immunity to HCV in HIV+ Persons
    Arthur Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This plan will be implemented under the supervision of Dr. Bruce Walker, and will involve bench research, data analysis, and didactic learning. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Epidemiology of Arboviral Encephalomyelitis in Houston
    Kristy Murray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Her time will be directed toward completion of the specific aims of this proposal and her PhD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Afro-Caribbean Consortium on viral and environmental risk factors for cancer
    Camille Ragin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We have already had commitments from several investigators who are interested in participating in this Consortium. In total we estimate approximately 60-100 attendees. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. International Leptospirosis Society Meeting 2007
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] Outcome of the meeting will be assessed by peer-reviewed publication and trainee publication and[unreadable] career advancement. ..
  25. National Surveillance for Emerging Adenovirus Infections
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study will guide the development and use of rapid diagnostic tests and type-specific adenovirus vaccines among US populations at high risk of adenoviral disease. ..
  26. Case-Control Study of Adenoma in Sao Paulo Japanese
    Loic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. RA Comorbidity Bone Health in Men and African Americans
    Ted Mikuls; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Mikuls' continued development as an independent clinical investigator. ..
  28. Symposium on the Landscape Ecology of Infectious Disease
    MICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Synergism Between Influenza Virus and Pneumococcus
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  30. Maternal Obesity, Fetal Genomics, and Atherosclerotic Metabolic Risk
    David Siscovick; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The long-term goals of the proposed study are to identify potential mechanistic targets for interventions to prevent the consequences of MO on the intra-uterine environment and adult AMR. ..
  31. Hawaii Colorectal Cancer Family Registry
    Loic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will also propose a CFR pilot study exploring the feasibility of assessing assorted mating as evidence for population stratification. ..
  32. Rare Antigens in Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia
    Julie Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4. Generate soluble recombinant platelet glycoproteins carrying "rare" platelet alloantigens to provide a tool for rapid detection and identification of antibodies in mothers who are immunized against these antigens ..
  33. Diet, Genetic Susceptibility and Colorectal Neoplasia
    Loic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Genotyping for random markers will permit to exclude residual confounding by ethnicity. ..
  34. THE ROLE OF MYCOBACTERIA IN CROHN'S DISEASE
    David Graham; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this study should either confirm or refute the proposed etiologic association of M. paratuberculosis and Crohn's disease as well as the identification of patients with Crohn's disease and M. paratuberculosis. ..
  35. Effect of Male Circumcision on Penile HPV Infection
    JENNIFER SUSAN SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If male circumcision is found to be effective and safe in reducing HPV infection or penile lesions in men, it could in turn reduce HPV prevalence and associated cervical neoplasia in women. ..
  36. GENES, DIET AND CARCINOGEN ACTIVATION IN SMOKERS
    Loic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The elucidation of the main enzymes responsible for carcinogen activation and of the impact of dietary factors on these enzymes would have important implications for cancer prevention. ..
  37. The Role of Pesticide Dispersion Within Texas Watershed*
    James Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is anticipated that the results produced will provide the preliminary data needed to continue definitive investigations under the auspices of subsequent R01 funding. ..
  38. Influenza-pneumococcal synergism: role of neuraminidase
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  39. Readiness for Implementation of Research to Practice
    Yih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. 2nd Orthomyxoviruses Research Conference
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to provide funds that will allow promising young investigators to interact with their peers and develop a commitment to this area of research. ..
  41. DRUG ABUSE: EPIDEMIOLOGY, TREATMENT PROCESS, & OUTCOMES
    Yih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The applicant also expects to grow professionally as Associate Director of the UCLA Drug Abuse Research Center. ..
  42. EXCITOTOXICITY IN THE HIPPOCAMPUS AFTER VIRAL INFECTION
    Bradley Pearce; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies aim to provide clues to the mechanisms by which an early viral infection could be involved in certain neurodevelopmental disorders. ..
  43. MOLECULAR TARGETS OF BLOCKING MALARIA TRANSMISSION
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  44. DNA Methylation as an Epigenetic Host Factor in HIV/AIDS
    Jianming Tang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. 3rd Orthomyxoviruses Research Conference
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to provide funds that will allow promising young investigators to interact with their peers and develop a commitment to this area of research. ..
  46. Leptospirosis Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  47. Molecular Epidemiology of N. gonorrhoeae
    Raphael Viscidi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..gonorrhea in the core. The third aim is to determine whether gender, age, or disseminated versus local infection influences the population genetic structure of N. gonorrhea. ..
  48. Retroviral Co-Infections: HIV, HTLV and Drug Abuse
    Mark Beilke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The ultimate goal of this project is to define the dynamics of HIV/HTLV co-infections as a necessary step in disease staging and devising appropriate treatments. ..
  49. TRAINING GRANT IN DERMATOLOGICAL RESEARCH
    Luis Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This competitive grant application requests funding to support the training at the UNC Dermatology Department of the next generation of dermatological investigators. ..
  50. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most valid method will then be used in the final outcomes survey for the parent trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Treatment System Impact & Outcomes of Proposition 36
    Yih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project will produce recommendations to improve treatment strategies and inform future policy and practice at the national, state, and local levels. ..
  52. Genetics of Innate Immunity in Human Leptospirosis in Brazil
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. A Long-term Follow-up Study of Drug-Dependent Mothers and Children
    Yih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The study will also lay the foundation for future in-depth investigation of the children of these mothers with histories of substance abuse. ..
  54. MOLECULAR TARGETS OF BLOCKING MALARIA TRANSMISSION
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..falciparum chitinase, PfCHTI, and provide the scientific basis for developing novel potential approaches to interrupting malaria transmission at the vertebrate host-mosquito vector interface. ..
  55. Immune Dysregulation in HIT
    Gowthami M Arepally; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is expected that these studies will lead to insights into strategies that prevent or modulate immune complications from this life-threatening thrombotic disorder. ..
  56. A 12 YEAR FOLLOW UP OF A COCAINE DEPENDENT SAMPLE
    Yih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Polyunsaturated fats & risk of primary cardiac arrest
    David Siscovick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research provides a unique opportunity to examine more fully the role of dietary intake of n-3 PUFAs, particularly ALA, in efforts to reduce PCA, a major component of coronary heart disease mortality in the community. ..
  58. The TGFbeta Pathway, Gene Variants and Colorectal Neopl*
    Loic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Cytokine-HPA Interactions During Pregnanacy
    Bradley Pearce; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Moreover, this study opens a new potential direction for therapeutics aimed at depression and obstetric complications. ..
  60. The Joint Risks of Hazadous Air Pollulants Among Childhood Cancer Histotypes
    James Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will identify the areas of high risk and the associated HAPs exposures, information essential to elucidate the role of HAPs and to guide further study. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Reducing HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse: Linking Compulsory Rehabilitation to Methadone
    Yih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If proven effective, the program can be widely applied in China and in other parts of the world to reduce heroin use and related HIV risk behaviors. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. ANTIBODIES TO HPV CAPSID PROTEINS AS IMMUNITY CORRELATES
    Raphael Viscidi; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of incident HPV infection and/or disease? (6) In HIV seropositive women, is the extent of immunodeficiency, as measured by CD4+ cell counts, inversely correlated with the degree of protection provided by pre-existing anti-VLP antibodies? ..
  63. Methamphetamine Use and HIV Risk in Homosexuals
    Michael Clatts; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  64. Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex Workers
    Chris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settings
    Jason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..