epidemiologic research design
Summary: The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
Publications180 found, 100 shown here
- Calculating measures of biological interactionTomas Andersson
Stockholm Centre for Public Health, Sweden
Eur J Epidemiol 20:575-9. 2005..Finally, we show how this output can be used as input in an Excel sheet that is set up to calculate the measures of biological interaction to be used for the assessment...
- Analysis of individual drug use as a time-varying determinant of exposure in prospective population-based cohort studiesB H Ch Stricker
Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Eur J Epidemiol 25:245-51. 2010..However, such estimates may be biased in the presence of time-dependent confounders which are themselves affected by prior exposure...
- Study of return rate and return time of undeliverable postal lettersAndrea Schmidt-Pokrzywniak
Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, Medical Faculty, University of Halle Wittenberg, Magdeburgerstr 8, 06097, Halle, Germany
Eur J Epidemiol 25:467-70. 2010..Three hundred and three letters (98.2%) were returned as undeliverable. The return rates only slightly differed by layout of the envelopes, region and deliverer...
- The Paris prospective birth cohort study: which design and who participates?B Clarisse
Laboratoire Santé Publique et Environnement, EA 4064, Faculte des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Universite Rene Descartes, 4 avenue de l Observatoire, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France
Eur J Epidemiol 22:203-10. 2007....
- Selective reporting biases in cancer prognostic factor studiesPanayiotis A Kyzas
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
J Natl Cancer Inst 97:1043-55. 2005..We recommend that meta-analyses thereof should maximize retrieval of information and standardize definitions...
- Reducing overestimation in reported mobile phone use associated with epidemiological studiesKari Tokola
Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
Bioelectromagnetics 29:559-63. 2008..The estimates obtained in our study may not be applicable in other contexts, but similar methods could be used to reduce bias in other studies...
- Sample size determination for hierarchical longitudinal designs with differential attrition ratesAnindya Roy
Center for Health Statistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 W Taylor St, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
Biometrics 63:699-707. 2007..e., power characteristics) for a test of treatment-by-time interaction(s) for designs based on either subject-level or cluster-level randomization. The general methodology is illustrated using two characteristic examples...
- The Shanghai Changfeng Study: a community-based prospective cohort study of chronic diseases among middle-aged and elderly: objectives and designXin Gao
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Zhong Shan Hospital, Fudan University, 200032 Shanghai, China
Eur J Epidemiol 25:885-93. 2010..15,000 subjects of 40 years or over are planned to be recruited. The rationale, objectives and design of this study are described in this paper...
- Reporting participation in epidemiologic studies: a survey of practiceLindsay M Morton
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD, USA
Am J Epidemiol 163:197-203. 2006..The authors conclude that epidemiologists need to address declining participation and to report participation consistently, including for biologic specimen collection...
- Poor quality of reporting confounding bias in observational intervention studies: a systematic reviewRolf H H Groenwold
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
Ann Epidemiol 18:746-51. 2008..To systematically review observational studies on medical interventions to determine the quality of reporting of confounding...
- Experience with multiple control groups in a large population-based case-control study on genetic and environmental risk factorsE R Pomp
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, C7 P, Leiden University Medical Center, P O Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands
Eur J Epidemiol 25:459-66. 2010..Our experience with the intricacies of dealing with two control groups may be useful to others when thinking about an optimal research design or the best statistical approach...
- Early life patterns of common infection: a latent class analysisSarah J Hepworth
Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Room 8 49, Paediatric Epidemiology Group, Worsley Building, Clarendon Way, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Eur J Epidemiol 25:875-83. 2010..Other children in the home had the greatest association with infectious class membership. Latent class analysis provided a flexible method of investigating the relationship between multiple symptoms and demographic and lifestyle factors...
- Can incentives undermine intrinsic motivation to participate in epidemiologic surveys?Marika Wenemark
Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine, Linkoping University, 581 83, Linkoping, Sweden
Eur J Epidemiol 25:231-5. 2010..Incentives may undermine motivation in studies in which the intrinsic motivation of the respondents is already high...
- The INTERPHONE study: design, epidemiological methods, and description of the study populationElisabeth Cardis
International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372, Lyon, Cedex 08, France
Eur J Epidemiol 22:647-64. 2007..Particular attention was paid to estimating the amount and direction of potential recall and participation biases and their impact on the study results...
- Problematic variation in local institutional review of a multicenter genetic epidemiology studyRita McWilliams
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
JAMA 290:360-6. 2003....
- The Shanghai Women's Health Study: rationale, study design, and baseline characteristicsWei Zheng
Center for Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232 8300, USA
Am J Epidemiol 162:1123-31. 2005..The resources from the cohort will be valuable in future studies of environmental exposures and biomarkers for the risk of cancer and other chronic diseases...
- From networks to populations: the development and application of respondent-driven sampling among IDUs and Latino gay menJesus Ramirez-Valles
Community Health Sciences, University of Illinois Chicago, School of Public Health, Chicago, IL 60612 4394, USA
AIDS Behav 9:387-402. 2005..Recruitment differences were observed across cities, but the samples were comparable. RDS showed broader population coverage than TLS, especially among individuals at high risk for HIV...
- Community based participatory research: a promising approach for increasing epidemiology's relevance in the 21st centuryMargaret W Leung
Division of Health and Social Behavior, University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Int J Epidemiol 33:499-506. 2004....
- Respondent-driven sampling to recruit MDMA users: a methodological assessmentJichuan Wang
Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 78:147-57. 2005..RDS has the potential to be widely employed in studies of illicit drug-using populations...
- The role of GIS: coping with space (and time) in air pollution exposure assessmentDavid Briggs
Small Area Health Statistics Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of MedicineImperial College London, London, United Kingdom
J Toxicol Environ Health A 68:1243-61. 2005....
- Users' guide to the surgical literature. Case-control studies in surgical journalsAlexandra Mihailovic
Department of Surgery, Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, Toronto, Ont
Can J Surg 48:148-51. 2005..2, CI 0.1-0.7) than other types of studies, such as those focusing on risk factors for disease. CONCLUSIONS: The term "case-control study" is frequently misused in the surgical literature...
- The case for a global human genome epidemiology initiativeMuin J Khoury
Nat Genet 36:1027-8. 2004
- Issues in the reporting of epidemiological studies: a survey of recent practiceStuart J Pocock
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
BMJ 329:883. 2004..To review current practice in the analysis and reporting of epidemiological research and to identify limitations...
- Case-crossover design in air pollution epidemiologyJ J K Jaakkola
Institute of Occupational Health, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Eur Respir J Suppl 40:81s-85s. 2003..Case-crossover design is amenable for studying the effects of varying short-term air pollution exposure on health outcomes with an abrupt onset, such as myocardial infarction or asthma attack...
- Causal effects in clinical and epidemiological studies via potential outcomes: concepts and analytical approachesR J Little
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 21:121-45. 2000....
- Valid consent for genomic epidemiology in developing countriesDave A Chokshi
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 4:e95. 2007
- Overcoming the winner's curse: estimating penetrance parameters from case-control dataSebastian Zollner
Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Am J Hum Genet 80:605-15. 2007..Finally, we show that application of the method to case-control data can improve the design of replication studies considerably...
- The effect of concurvity in generalized additive models linking mortality to ambient particulate matterTimothy O Ramsay
Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Epidemiology 14:18-23. 2003....
- Distribution of study designs in four major US journals of obstetrics and gynecologyE F Funai
Divisions of Maternal Fetal Medicine and Gynecologic Oncology and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, N Y, USA
Gynecol Obstet Invest 51:8-11. 2001..To classify and compare articles, based on the study design, in four leading US obstetrics and gynecology journals...
- The Rotterdam Study: objectives and design updateAlbert Hofman
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Eur J Epidemiol 22:819-29. 2007..epib.nl/rotterdamstudy). This article gives the reasons for the study and its design. It also presents a summary of the major findings and an update of the objectives and methods...
- Population ageing research: a family of disciplinesRonald P Stolk
Healthy Ageing Population and Society HAPS, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Eur J Epidemiol 24:715-8. 2009....
- An overview of the Canadian Study of Health and AgingI McDowell
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Int Psychogeriatr 13:7-18. 2001..The present article describes the origins and objectives of the study, provides an overview of its design, organization, and data collection methods, and offers a brief summary of the main results...
- Are comparisons the answer to understanding behavioral aspects of aging in racial and ethnic groups?Keith E Whitfield
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, 9 Flowers Drive, P O Box 90085, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 63:P301-8. 2008..Our goal is to encourage the use of multiple methodological designs in the study of issues related to racial and ethnic minorities by demonstrating some of the advantages of lesser employed approaches...
- Mobile telephones and cancer--a review of epidemiological evidenceMichael Kundi
Institute of Environmental Health, Department for Occupational and Social Hygiene, Medical Faculty, University of Vienna Kinderspitalgasse 15 A 1095 Vienna Austria
J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev 7:351-84. 2004..3 and 4.6 with highest overall risk for acoustic neuroma (3.5) and uveal melanoma (4.2), and there is evidence for enhanced cancer risk with increasing latency and duration of mobile phone use...
- Challenges in operationalizing the DSM-IV clinical significance criterionJanette Beals
American Indian and Alaska Native Programs, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora 80045 0508, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:1197-207. 2004..The American Indian Service Utilization, Psychiatric Epidemiology, Risk and Protective Factors Project (AI-SUPERPFP) offered a unique opportunity to examine the success of this effort...
- [Epidemiologic challenges in rare diseases]S Rückinger
Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 51:483-90. 2008..Challenges in risk factor research and related to therapeutic or preventive trials are presented. Examples from epidemiologic practice are given...
- On a supplemented case-control designRuth M Pfeiffer
Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS 8030, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7244, USA
Biometrics 61:584-90. 2005....
- Overcoming ecologic bias using the two-phase study designJon Wakefield
Department of Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7232, USA
Am J Epidemiol 167:908-16. 2008..This example shows that the two-phase design removes ecologic bias and produces gains in efficiency over the use of case-control data alone. The authors discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the approach...
- How to measure the prevalence of tuberculosis in a populationMarieke J van der Werf
KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, The Netherlands
Trop Med Int Health 12:475-84. 2007..Most surveys use comparable strategies. Alternatives strategies at lower cost need to be evaluated...
- The Union Carbide disaster in Bhopal: a review of health effectsV Ramana Dhara
Arch Environ Health 57:391-404. 2002....
- Determining causation of work-related upper extremity disordersRobert M Szabo
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, 4860 Y Street, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Clin Occup Environ Med 5:225-34, v. 2006..Terms such as "repetitive stress," "repetitive strain," and "cumulative trauma" should be abandoned, and we should educate our patients as to the multiple risk factors for upper extremity pain...
- Reported residential pesticide use and breast cancer risk on Long Island, New YorkSusan L Teitelbaum
Department of Community Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
Am J Epidemiol 165:643-51. 2007..This study is the first known to suggest that self-reported use of residential pesticides may increase breast cancer risk. Further investigation in other populations is necessary to confirm these findings...
- Occupation and asthma: a population-based incident case-control studyJouni J K Jaakkola
Institute of Occupational Health, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Am J Epidemiol 158:981-7. 2003..10, 8.31), cleaners (OR = 1.42, 95% CI: 0.81, 2.48), and dental workers (OR = 4.74, 95% CI: 0.48, 46.5). Results suggest an increased asthma risk both in traditional industries and forestry and in several nonindustrial occupations...
- The future of BiobankTom Meade
Lancet 362:492. 2003
- The study of group-level factors in epidemiology: rethinking variables, study designs, and analytical approachesAna V Diez Roux
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48101-2548, USA
Epidemiol Rev 26:104-11. 2004
- [Sample selection in epidemiologic studies]Andrzej Zielinski
Przegl Epidemiol 56:489-98. 2002..Some important sources of selection bias and methods of avoiding it are also addressed in this article...
- A recommended method for obtaining the age at onset of dementia from the CSHA databaseF Rouah
Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Community Studies, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Int Psychogeriatr 13:57-70. 2001..899 while the intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC(2,1), was .898. This method could prove useful for researchers using the CSHA data who need an AAO for those subjects with dementia...
- Data collected in the Canadian Study of Health and AgingI McDowell
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Int Psychogeriatr 13:29-39. 2001..This report describes the data collection and processing procedures, summarizes the content of each data set, and outlines the information collected in sufficient detail to permit its suitability for secondary analyses to be scrutinized...
- Inhaled corticosteroids and hip fracture: disease or drugs?Tjeerd P van Staa
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:128; author reply 129. 2003
- Back pain prevalence in nursing personnel: measurement issuesNancy N Menzel
College of Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
AAOHN J 52:54-65. 2004....
- Descriptive studies: what they can and cannot doDavid A Grimes
Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Lancet 359:145-9. 2002..Hypotheses about causation from descriptive studies are often tested in rigorous analytical studies...
- Classifying periodontitis among adolescents: implications for epidemiological researchRodrigo Lopez
Department of Community Oral Health and Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31:136-43. 2003..We assess the extent to which the use of different case definition systems may influence the outcome of descriptive and analytical epidemiological studies...
- Cigarette smoking and risk of breast cancer in womenIrma H Russo
Breast Cancer Research Laboratory, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
Lancet 360:1033-4. 2002
- Prevalence of lower-limb ulceration: a systematic review of prevalence studiesIan D Graham
School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Adv Skin Wound Care 16:305-16. 2003....
- Methodological aspects of epidemiological studies of periodontal diseasesAlbert Kingman
Periodontol 2000 29:11-30. 2002
- Potentials and pitfalls in analytical headache epidemiological studies--lessons to be learned from the Head-HUNT studyK Hagen
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Cephalalgia 27:403-13. 2007..Despite the limitations of the head-HUNT study, we believe that the results so far have provided clues to causes and preventive factors of headache that should be explored in other populations and in prospective studies...
- Risk of ischemic cerebrovascular disease in alpha1-antitrypsin deficiencyAlessandro Pezzini
Circulation 108:e62-3; author reply e62-3. 2003
- Calculating measures of biological interaction using RHenrik Kallberg
IMM, Institute for Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Eur J Epidemiol 21:571-3. 2006
- Design considerations in the sequential analysis of matched case-control dataM Fazil Baksh
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Stat Med 24:853-67. 2005..Design issues such as sample size evaluation and error rates are identified and addressed. The methodology is illustrated and evaluated using both real and simulated data sets...
- When to use relative risk or odds ratios in describing study resultsDan M Mayer
Ann Emerg Med 46:385-6; author reply 386. 2005
- Generalized approaches to partitioning the attributable risk of interacting risk factors can remedy existing pitfallsChristina Rabe
Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Waldstrasse 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
J Clin Epidemiol 60:461-8. 2007..To clarify the properties of different approaches to estimate the contribution of single-risk factors to the disease load in a population...
- Epidemiological studies based on small sample sizes--a statistician's point of viewAnnette Kjaer Ersbøll
Department of Animal Science and Animal Health, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Acta Vet Scand Suppl 98:127-40. 2003..Examples from veterinary epidemiological research and recommendations for each step are given together with relevant references to the literature...
- Interaction: A word with two meanings creates confusionAnders Ahlbom
Eur J Epidemiol 20:563-4. 2005
- Current guidelines on good reporting of analytical observational studies in epidemiologyL A Boden
The University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Laboratories, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK
Equine Vet J 40:84-6. 2008
- Issues in reporting epidemiological studies: study raises several concernsKarl Heinz Jöckel
BMJ 330:146; author reply 146-7. 2005
- Data suppression strategies used during surveillance data release by sexually transmitted disease prevention programsPhilip Christopher Delcher
Office of Epidemiology, Division of Disease Prevention, Virginia Department of Health, 109 Governor s St, Suite 321, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
J Public Health Manag Pract 14:E1-8. 2008..This study investigates the data suppression or statistical disclosure limitation (DL) practices used during surveillance data Release by sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention programs...
- Cumulative risk and population attributable fraction in preventionCaroline H Davis
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85283, USA
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 32:228-35. 2003..National data sets from Great Britain (the British Births Cohort Study [BCS]) and the United States (National Longitudinal Study of Youth [NLSY]) are used to explore this pattern of effects...
- Selection of important variables and determination of functional form for continuous predictors in multivariable model buildingWilli Sauerbrei
Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics, University Medical Center Freiburg, Stefan Meier Strasse 26, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Stat Med 26:5512-28. 2007..While acknowledging that further research is needed, we argue why MFP is our preferred approach for multivariable model building with continuous covariates...
- Within- and between-cohort variation in measured macronutrient intakes, taking account of measurement errors, in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition studyPietro Ferrari
Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
Am J Epidemiol 160:814-22. 2004..After calibration, the two components had a similar weight. This observation has important implications for the analysis of multicenter studies because the between-cohort component provides a large part of the overall heterogeneity...
- Epidemiology of breastfeeding: advances and multidisciplinary applicationsRafael Perez-Escamilla
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
Adv Exp Med Biol 554:45-59. 2004..This chapter also illustrates how Cox regression and logistic regression can be applied to BF research...
- Genetic association studies in stroke: methodological issues and proposed standard criteriaMartin Dichgans
Department of Neurology, Klinikum Grosshadern, Munich, Germany
Stroke 36:2027-31. 2005..A large number of candidate gene association studies have attempted to identify genes implicated in stroke, but there have been few replicable and robust associations reported...
- Imputation of missing dates of death or institutionalization for time-to-event analyses in the Canadian Study of Health and AgingM F Dubois
Gerontology and Geriatrics Research Center, Sherbrooke University Geriatric Institute, Quebec, Canada
Int Psychogeriatr 13:91-7. 2001..This constitutes a valuable addition to the CSHA data since it precludes the loss of information that results from discarding subjects with missing occurrence dates in time-to-event analyses...
- The Canadian Study of Health and Aging: organizational lessons from a national, multicenter, epidemiologic studyK Rockwood
Division of Geriatric Medicine, Dalhousie University, Canada
Int Psychogeriatr 13:233-7. 2001..In hindsight, several important features of the study would be repeated. Future studies might profitably consider a longer funding period for analysis, and a more strategic approach to in-depth, supplementary studies...
- Effect of formal statistical significance on the credibility of observational associationsJohn P A Ioannidis
Clinical and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Ioannina, Greece
Am J Epidemiol 168:374-83; discussion 384-90. 2008..Bayes factors may be used routinely to interpret "significant" associations...
- Study organization in the Canadian Study of Health and AgingI McDowell
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Int Psychogeriatr 13:41-8. 2001..The discussion proposes some guiding principles for administering multicenter studies...
- The structural equation modeling technique did not show a response shift, contrary to the results of the then test and the individualized approachesSara Ahmed
Clinical and Health Informatics Research Group, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Clin Epidemiol 58:1125-33. 2005..The purpose of the present article was to contrast three methodologic approaches for evaluating response shift to develop a proposed set of HRQL measurement recommendations under circumstances where response shift is expected to occur...
- [Epidemiological research on migrant health in Germany. An overview]H Zeeb
Weltgesundheitsorganisation, Genf, Schweiz
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49:845-52. 2006..This paper presents an overview of methods and findings of epidemiological studies related to migrants in Germany. It also describes needs and challenges for future research...
- Needlestick injuries in the United States. Epidemiologic, economic, and quality of life issuesJennifer M Lee
Abt Associates, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
AAOHN J 53:117-33. 2005..However, widespread use of safety devices might be more easily justified on economic grounds when the full clinical and economic benefits of these new technologies are considered, especially within the context of injury prevention...
- Epidemiology of sepsis: an updateD C Angus
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Crit Care Med 29:S109-16. 2001..To place new information, such as the role of genetic predisposition, in the correct context, it is essential that such studies be conducted...
- Nurse staffing level and nosocomial infections: empirical evaluation of the case-crossover and case-time-control designsStephane Hugonnet
Infection Control Program, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Geneva Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
Am J Epidemiol 165:1321-7. 2007..The case-crossover methodology in hospital epidemiology is a promising alternative to traditional approaches, but selection of the referent periods is challenging...
- Asthma and other allergic diseases in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in Urmia, Iran. [corrected]M H Rahimi Rad
Department of Internal Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, West Azerbaijan, Islamic Republic of Iran
East Mediterr Health J 13:1005-16. 2007..1%. With the video questionnaire, the prevalence of wheeze was lower; 7.4% for wheeze at rest ever and 4.6% during the past 12 months. Boys had a significantly higher prevalence for most items examined except for eczema...
- A systematic review on the application of pharmacoepidemiology in assessing prescription drug-related adverse events in pediatricsXuemei Luo
Center for Patient Safety and Clinical Quality, Duke University Health System, Durham, NC, USA
Curr Med Res Opin 23:1015-24. 2007....
- Systematic review of methods and results of studies of the genetic epidemiology of ischemic strokeEnrico Flossmann
Stroke Prevention Research Unit, Department of Clinical Neurology, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
Stroke 35:212-27. 2004..More detailed large-scale genetic epidemiology is required...
- Thrombophilias and adverse pregnancy outcome - A confounded problem!Willem J Kist
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Thromb Haemost 99:77-85. 2008..The differences we have identified reflect the differential impact of these confounders. These data emphasise the importance of more uniform research...
- The American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort: rationale, study design, and baseline characteristicsEugenia E Calle
American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
Cancer 94:500-11. 2002....
- Strep-EURO: progress in analysis and research into severe streptococcal disease in Europe, 2003-2004Aftab Jasir
Euro Surveill 10:E050203.3. 2005
- Determining and visualising at-risk groups in case-control dataR J Marshall
Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
J Epidemiol Biostat 6:343-8. 2001..They demarcate subgroups that, in the three examples, are easy to interpret and would not have been found by other methods. Scaled rectangle diagrams are a useful way to visualise the results...
- Developing clinically relevant and reproducible symptom-defined populations for cancer diagnostic research in general practice using a community surveyN Summerton
The Surgery, Manlake Avenue, Winterton, Scunthorpe DN15 9TA, UK
Fam Pract 20:340-6. 2003....
- Sample size calculations for population- and family-based case-control association studies on marker genotypesRuth M Pfeiffer
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7244, USA
Genet Epidemiol 25:136-48. 2003..The large sample-size requirements represent a formidable challenge to studies of this type...
- Biochemical epidemiology in community-based studies: practical lessons from a study of T-cell subsetsL M Brown
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892
J Clin Epidemiol 42:561-8. 1989..The difficulties encountered in this survey are examined, with suggestions for future population-based investigations involving biochemical epidemiology...
- The contribution of research to the development of a national cannabis policy in AustraliaWayne D Hall
University of Queensland, Australia
Addiction 103:712-20. 2008..To describe the formulation of a National Cannabis Strategy in Australia in 2006 and discuss the contribution that research evidence has made to its development...
- The risk of infection associated with tumor necrosis factor alpha antagonists: making sense of epidemiologic evidenceDaniel H Solomon
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Arthritis Rheum 58:919-28. 2008
- Creation of the Web-based University of Chicago Monogenic Diabetes Registry: using technology to facilitate longitudinal study of rare subtypes of diabetesSiri Atma W Greeley
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Adult and Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
J Diabetes Sci Technol 5:879-86. 2011..kovlerdiabetescenter.org/registry/) for individuals with either neonatal diabetes diagnosed before 1 year of age or with a phenotype suggestive of maturity-onset diabetes of the young...
- Treatment of non-ulcer dyspepsia: are prokinetics effective?P Bytzer
Scand J Gastroenterol 37:617-8; author reply 618-20. 2002
- [How to determine outcomes for clinical studies]M A Puhan
Horten Zentrum für praxisorientierte Forschung und Wissenstransfer, Universitatsspital Zurich
Ther Umsch 64:667-71. 2007..Finally, existing literature should also be considered in order to select outcomes that were used in previous studies. Thereby, appreciation and summary of the overall evidence is facilitated...
- Unbiased estimation of odds ratios: combining genomewide association scans with replication studiesJack Bowden
Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
Genet Epidemiol 33:406-18. 2009..We illustrate our approach on some recently completed scans and explore its efficiency by simulation...
- Work disability in rheumatic diseasesEdward Yelin
Rosalind Russell Medical Research Center for Arthritis, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0920, USA
Curr Opin Rheumatol 19:91-6. 2007..To review developments in the literature concerning work disability in the rheumatic diseases...
- Methodological issues in the study of violence against womenIsabel Ruiz-Perez
Andalusian School of Public Health, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, Cuesta del Observatorio 4, 18080 Granada, Spain
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:ii26-31. 2007....
- Instant karmaAlfredo Morabia
Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Queens College, CUNY, 163-03 Horace Harding Expressway, Flushing, NY 11365, USA
Prev Med 45:321-2. 2007
- Special feature for the Olympics: effects of exercise on the immune system: overview of the epidemiology of exercise immunologyR J Shephard
Faculty of Physical Education and Health and Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto and Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Immunol Cell Biol 78:485-95. 2000..The issue is important to both the health and the success of the international competitor, and merits definitive investigation, using optimal methods to assess both activity patterns and infection...
- Selection of control groups by using a commercial database and random digit dialingS H Olson
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
Am J Epidemiol 152:585-92. 2000..Use of a commercial database provided a control group whose socioeconomic factors were similar to those of cases at a lower cost than when random digit dialing was used but did not result in a higher response rate...
- Training Program in Sleep and Respiratory NeurobiologyAllan Pack; Fiscal Year: 2007..The training program includes structures to help with grant writing and provides career counseling. There is an active minority recruitment program with minority investigators collaborating with the Program Director in this effort. ..
- NYU Oral Epidemiology Research Training ProgramRalph Katz; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Predictors of Smoking Among Adolescents and Young AdultsLorena Siqueira; Fiscal Year: 2002..Her long term goals are to evaluate how know researchcan be applied to clinical settings, design more effective intervention strategies and conduct outcome research. ..
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) in obese teens & preteens: Neurobahavioral effectsDean Beebe; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Factors Promoting High Risk and Protective Behaviors Among African-American WomenBarbara Hanna; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., African- American women in the rural South). ..
- Quantifying the Value of Value-Based PurchasingRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Outreach and Treatment for Depression in the Labor ForceRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2005..This is an extremely important opportunity for rapid and widespread dissemination in an area of research where dissemination of positive results has traditionally been a serious problem. ..
- Epidemiology - National Comorbidity Survey ReplicationRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2007..physical disorders on family burden; and (vi) to analyze the temporal unfolding of multivariate comorbid disorder profiles over the life course. ..
- Risk Factors for Psychopathology in the WHO WMH SurveysRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006..The unprecedented size and substantive richness of the WMH database will allow important contributions to be made in each of these six areas of investigation. ..
- MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERSRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Risk Factors for Psychopathology in the WHO WMH SurveysRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2009..Third, the level of detail in the description of data analysis plans has been substantially expanded in this revised submission in response to reviewer comments. ..
- Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory GroupRonald C Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Ethnic Group Differences in Mental Health DisparitiesJames Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- National Survey of American LifeJames Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Lifetime body weight and premenopausal breast cancerKARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is also highly efficient since it borrows from questionnaire data, blood samples, and mammograms already collected for the NHS II. ..
- Structural Models to Bridge Observational and Randomized Evidence: HAART and AIDSStephen Cole; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed research has significance beyond the HIV/AIDS community, as results may be used as a framework in other biomedical fields suffering from a fracture between observational and randomized evidence. ..
- National Survey of American LifeJames Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Epigenetic Changes After Intrauterine Exposure to Endocrine Disrupting ChemicalsKARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Effects of major changes in alcohol availabilityRobin Room; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- AFRICAN AMERICAN AGING RESEARCH TRAINING NETWORKJames Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2002..The PI anticipates that if 25 students have this experience, a significant proportion may ultimately gain a funded NIA grant. ..
- Validation of Preschool and High School Diet RecallKARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2006..Lastly we will determine whether the validity of recall depends on characteristics such as time between diet record and FFQ, number of children, gender of the subject, and nutritional status. ..
- METHODOLOGIC ISSUES IN NUTRITIONAL EPIDEMIOLOGYKARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2002..We aim to provide guidance to researchers who wish to explore diet-disease relations in how to use data best to obtain most valid results and avoid pitfalls which might produce misleading associations. ..
- Family Connections Across Generations and NationsJames Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed study will help us anticipate, understand, and design support programs to cope with the challenges and problems facing individuals at all generation positions, families, and societies in the new century. ..
- Model for differences in incontinence care seekingMichael Heit; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Ecologic Stressors, PTSD, and Drug Use in DetroitSandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Evaluating industry codes governing malt liquor adsThomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Computational Statistic Approaches to Gene-Environment InteractionSEBASTIAN ZOELLNER; Fiscal Year: 2009..We intend to use this dataset as well as simulated datasets and other GWA datasets to evaluate and calibrate our methods for estimating genotype-phenotype interaction and for planning replication studies. (End of Abstract) ..
- Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food ContaminantsPhilippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
- Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in childrenPhilippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2004..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
- Novel Imaging to Predict Cardiovascular Events in DiabetesZahi A Fayad; Fiscal Year: 2010..It is our expectation that our data will be utilized to evaluate and improve existent treatment and develop effective new therapies to decrease the burden of atherosclerotic disease in diabetes. ..
- Integrating Sex & Drug Related HIV Risk & TransmissionRobert Heimer; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Osteoporosis in Women with Rheumatoid ArthritisDaniel Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2006..This epidemiologic data will inform future trials of osteoporosis treatments among patients with RA. As well, the study cohort will comprise one of the largest RA registries with an explicit plan to examine osteoporosis. ..
- Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. ..
- Evidence-Based Rheumatology: Prevalence/Impact ArthritisEdward Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2005..The conference will be one day in duration and will take place on November 12, 2005, the day preceding the formal opening of the Annual Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology. ..