- The Spectrum projection package: improvements in estimating incidence by age and sex, mother-to-child transmission, HIV progression in children and double orphans
Futures Institute, 41A New London Turnpike, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
Sex Transm Infect 86:ii16-21. 2010
..The UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Models and Projections regularly reviews new data and information needs, and recommends updates to the methodology and assumptions used in Spectrum...
- Transmission dynamics and control of severe acute respiratory syndrome
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Science 300:1966-70. 2003
..Public-health efforts to reduce transmission are expected to have a substantial impact on reducing the size of the epidemic...
- Effect of comorbidities and postoperative complications on mortality after hip fracture in elderly people: prospective observational cohort study
J J W Roche
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, University Hospital Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH
BMJ 331:1374. 2005
- A simple model for complex dynamical transitions in epidemics
D J Earn
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
Science 287:667-70. 2000
..Measles is a natural ecological system that exhibits different dynamical transitions at different times and places, yet all of these transitions can be predicted as bifurcations of a single nonlinear model...
- An elliptic spatial scan statistic
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, 133 Brookline Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Stat Med 25:3929-43. 2006
..The method is applied to breast cancer mortality data from Northeastern United States and female oral cancer mortality in the United States. Power comparisons are made with the circular scan statistic...
- The use of fractional polynomials to model continuous risk variables in epidemiology
Department of Medical Statistics and Evaluation, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 28:964-74. 1999
..The traditional method of analysing continuous or ordinal risk factors by categorization or linear models may be improved...
- AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic
Rashida A Ferrand
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
AIDS 23:2039-46. 2009
..An AIDS epidemic among older children and adolescents is clinically apparent in Southern Africa. We estimated the likely scale and time course of the epidemic in older survivors of vertical HIV infection...
- Hormonal contraception and risk of venous thromboembolism: national follow-up study
Gynaecological Clinic, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
BMJ 339:b2890. 2009
..To assess the risk of venous thrombosis in current users of different types of hormonal contraception, focusing on regimen, oestrogen dose, type of progestogen, and route of administration...
- The impact of residual and unmeasured confounding in epidemiologic studies: a simulation study
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Am J Epidemiol 166:646-55. 2007
..Patterns are more complex for correlated confounders. With plausible assumptions, effect sizes of the magnitude frequently reported in observational epidemiologic studies can be generated by residual and/or unmeasured confounding alone...
- ASDAS, a highly discriminatory ASAS-endorsed disease activity score in patients with ankylosing spondylitis
D van der Heijde
Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
Ann Rheum Dis 68:1811-8. 2009
- Drug-specific risk of tuberculosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with anti-TNF therapy: results from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register (BSRBR)
W G Dixon
ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Ann Rheum Dis 69:522-8. 2010
- Age-period-cohort models for the Lexis diagram
Steno Diabetes Center, Niels Steensens Vej 2, DK 2820 Gentofte, Denmark
Stat Med 26:3018-45. 2007
..A set of recommendations for the practitioner is given and a package for R that implements the recommendations is introduced...
- Effects of etanercept versus sulfasalazine in early axial spondyloarthritis on active inflammatory lesions as detected by whole-body MRI (ESTHER): a 48-week randomised controlled trial
I H Song
Campus Benjamin Franklin, Med Clinic I, Rheumatology, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12200 Berlin, Germany
Ann Rheum Dis 70:590-6. 2011
..To evaluate the potential of etanercept versus sulfasalazine to reduce active inflammatory lesions on whole-body MRI in active axial spondyloarthritis with a symptom duration of less than 5 years...
- FRAX and the assessment of fracture probability in men and women from the UK
J A Kanis
WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK
Osteoporos Int 19:385-97. 2008
..A fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) is developed based on the use of clinical risk factors with or without bone mineral density tests applied to the UK...
- Interim modelling analysis to validate reported increases in condom use and assess HIV infections averted among female sex workers and clients in southern India following a targeted HIV prevention programme
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, St Mary s Campus, London, UK
Sex Transm Infect 86:i33-43. 2010
- The detection of gene-environment interaction for continuous traits: should we deal with measurement error by bigger studies or better measurement?
M Y Wong
Department of Mathematics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
Int J Epidemiol 32:51-7. 2003
..We have previously described power calculations for such studies, and this paper describes the extension of those calculations to take account of measurement error...
- Epidemiology of Leishmania donovani infection in high-transmission foci in Nepal
BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Ghopa, Dharan, Nepal
Trop Med Int Health 15:21-8. 2010
..We report data on prevalence rates of Leishmania donovani infection in ten communities in East Nepal...
- Cluster-randomized, crossover trial of the efficacy of plain soap and water versus alcohol-based rub for surgical hand preparation in a rural hospital in Kenya
P M Nthumba
Africa Inland Church Kijabe Hospital, Kijabe, Kenya
Br J Surg 97:1621-8. 2010
..The aim of this cluster-randomized, crossover trial was to compare the efficacy of plain soap and water with an alcohol-based handrub for surgical hand preparation and prevention of surgical-site infection (SSI) in a Kenyan rural hospital...
- Management of visceral leishmaniasis in rural primary health care services in Bihar, India
Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Trop Med Int Health 15:55-62. 2010
..Several recent studies have signaled underreporting of VL cases in the region. Information on treatment outcomes is scanty. Our aim was to document VL case management by the primary health care services in India...
- Proof of impact and pipeline planning: directions and challenges for social audit in the health sector
Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Calle Pino, El Roble, Acapulco, Mexico
BMC Health Serv Res 11:S16. 2011
- Evaluation of several ultrasonography scoring systems for synovitis and comparison to clinical examination: results from a prospective multicentre study of rheumatoid arthritis
Medicine Faculty, Rheumatology B Department, Descartes University UPRES EA 4058 APHP, Cochin Hospital, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, 75014 Paris, France
Ann Rheum Dis 69:828-33. 2010
..To evaluate different global ultrasonographic (US) synovitis scoring systems as potential outcome measures of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) according to the Outcome Measures in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Trials (OMERACT) filter...
- High agreement of self-report and physician-diagnosed somatic conditions yields limited bias in examining mental-physical comorbidity
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
J Clin Epidemiol 63:558-65. 2010
..To quantify the misclassification bias of self-reported somatic diseases and its impact on the estimation of comorbidity with mental disorders...
- Disease mapping and spatial regression with count data
Departments of Statistics and Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7232, USA
Biostatistics 8:158-83. 2007
- Is it time to abandon the food frequency questionnaire?
Alan R Kristal
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:2826-8. 2005
- Risk of venous thromboembolism from use of oral contraceptives containing different progestogens and oestrogen doses: Danish cohort study, 2001-9
Gynaecological Clinic 4232, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
BMJ 343:d6423. 2011
..To assess the risk of venous thromboembolism from use of combined oral contraceptives according to progestogen type and oestrogen dose...
- The metabolic syndrome and associated lifestyle factors among South Korean adults
Hye Soon Park
Department of Family Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Int J Epidemiol 33:328-36. 2004
..Although South Koreans have a low prevalence of obesity, little information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its associated risk factors...
- Epidemiological inference for partially observed epidemics: the example of the 2001 foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain
Irina Chis Ster
MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
Epidemics 1:21-34. 2009
..However, for the parameter estimated obtained, preliminary simulation results indicate that had contiguous culling not been applied in 2001, the epidemic might have been substantially larger...
- Lung function impairment, COPD hospitalisations and subsequent mortality
Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
Thorax 66:585-90. 2011
..A study was undertaken to examine the associations between lung function impairment and COPD hospitalisation, and COPD hospitalisation and mortality...
- Empirical evidence of correlated biases in dietary assessment instruments and its implications
Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7354, USA
Am J Epidemiol 153:394-403. 2001
..3 times larger study than would be estimated by the standard approach. The implications of the results for the ability of FFQ-based epidemiologic studies to detect important diet-disease associations are discussed...
- Predictors of treatment response and drug continuation in 842 patients with ankylosing spondylitis treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor: results from 8 years' surveillance in the Danish nationwide DANBIO registry
Department of Rheumatology, Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
Ann Rheum Dis 69:2002-8. 2010
- Multi-state models in epidemiology
Universite de Bordeaux 2, France
Lifetime Data Anal 5:315-27. 1999
..Different inference approaches, including penalized likelihood, are considered. Finally three examples of application in epidemiology are presented and some references to other works are given...
- Sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent employees
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Psychology, Helsinki, Finland
Occup Environ Med 63:212-7. 2006
..This study examined sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent workers...
- Delirium in elderly individuals with hip fracture: causes, incidence, prevalence, and risk factors
Maria Elizabet Furlaneto
Geriatric Orthopedic Group, Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clinicas, São Paulo University Medical School São Paulo SP, Brazil
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 61:35-40. 2006
..To determine the incidence, prevalence, risk factors, and causes of delirium in elderly individuals with hip fractures, as well as the impact of delirium on mortality and length of hospital stay...
- Prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2001
H S Park
Department of Family Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Diabetes Obes Metab 9:50-8. 2007
..Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major international health problem. Limited information is available about the prevalence of MetS in Asia, especially in Korea...
- Task based exposure assessment in ergonomic epidemiology: a study of upper arm elevation in the jobs of machinists, car mechanics, and house painters
S W Svendsen
Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital of Aarhus, Noerrebrogade 44, Building 02C, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Occup Environ Med 62:18-27. 2005
..To explore the precision of task based estimates of upper arm elevation in three occupational groups, compared to direct measurements of job exposure...
- Geographic life environments and coronary heart disease: a literature review, theoretical contributions, methodological updates, and a research agenda
INSERM, U707, 75012 Paris, France
Annu Rev Public Health 30:81-105. 2009
- Gender differences in management and outcome in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome
Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Cardiology, Linkoping University Hospital, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
Heart 93:1357-62. 2007
..To study gender differences in management and outcome in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome...
- Variation of daily warm season mortality as a function of micro-urban heat islands
Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec Direction de Santé Publique de Montréal, Montreal, Québec H2L 1M3, Canada
J Epidemiol Community Health 63:659-64. 2009
..This study explored whether people located in micro-urban heat islands are at higher risk of mortality during hot summer days...
- Networks and epidemic models
Matt J Keeling
Department of Biological Sciences and Mathematics, University of Warwick, Institute Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
J R Soc Interface 2:295-307. 2005
..Finally, we look to the future to suggest how the two fields of network theory and epidemiological modelling can deliver an improved understanding of disease dynamics and better public health through effective disease control...
- Predictors of response to methotrexate in early DMARD naive rheumatoid arthritis: results from the initial open-label phase of the SWEFOT trial
Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
Ann Rheum Dis 70:469-75. 2011
..To identify predictors of response to methotrexate (MTX) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
- Appropriateness and execution challenges of three formal size estimation methods for high-risk populations in India
National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, India
AIDS 22:S137-48. 2008
..To describe formal, external to programme methods for size estimation of high-risk populations and compare execution challenges and validity of results...
- Improved HIV-1 incidence estimates using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay
John W Hargrove
ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
AIDS 22:511-8. 2008
..To validate the BED capture enzyme immunoassay for HIV-1 subtype C and to derive adjustments facilitating estimation of HIV-1 incidence from cross-sectional surveys...
- Body mass index as a predictor of fracture risk: a meta-analysis
C de Laet
Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium
Osteoporos Int 16:1330-8. 2005
..The significance of BMI as a risk factor varies according to the level of BMI. Its validation on an international basis permits the use of this risk factor in case-finding strategies...
- Risk of cancer after low doses of ionising radiation: retrospective cohort study in 15 countries
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyons, France
BMJ 331:77. 2005
..To provide direct estimates of risk of cancer after protracted low doses of ionising radiation and to strengthen the scientific basis of radiation protection standards for environmental, occupational, and medical diagnostic exposures...
- Meta-analysis: the effect of age on immunological response to hepatitis B vaccine in end-stage renal disease
Center for Liver and Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 20:1053-62. 2004
..Age-associated changes in immune status may contribute to decreased vaccine efficacy in older individuals although contradictory results have been reported in individuals with normal kidney function...
- Limitations of the odds ratio in gauging the performance of a diagnostic, prognostic, or screening marker
Margaret Sullivan Pepe
Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
Am J Epidemiol 159:882-90. 2004
..In addition, the serious pitfalls of using more traditional methods based on parameters in logistic regression models are illustrated...
- Methods for estimating prevalence ratios in cross-sectional studies
Leticia M S Coutinho
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
Rev Saude Publica 42:992-8. 2008
..To empirically compare the Cox, log-binomial, Poisson and logistic regressions to obtain estimates of prevalence ratios (PR) in cross-sectional studies...
- The performance of different propensity score methods for estimating marginal odds ratios
Peter C Austin
Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Stat Med 26:3078-94. 2007
..8 to 59.2 per cent. For both methods, relative bias was proportional to the true odds ratio. Finally, matching on the propensity score tended to result in estimators with the lowest MSE...
- Defining and detecting malaria epidemics in the highlands of western Kenya
Simon I Hay
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis 8:555-62. 2002
..The performance of these methods is discussed and comments made about their appropriateness for the highlands of western Kenya...
- Risk of hip fracture after bisphosphonate discontinuation: implications for a drug holiday
J R Curtis
Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics of Musculoskeletal Disorders, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
Osteoporos Int 19:1613-20. 2008
- Statistical analysis of correlated data using generalized estimating equations: an orientation
James A Hanley
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Am J Epidemiol 157:364-75. 2003
- Case-control studies: basic concepts
Jan P Vandenbroucke
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
Int J Epidemiol 41:1480-9. 2012
..Our focus is on case-control studies of disease incidence ('incident case-control studies'); we will not consider the situation of case-control studies of prevalent disease, which are published much less frequently...
- Association of methotrexate and tumour necrosis factor antagonists with risk of infectious outcomes including opportunistic infections in the CORRONA registry
J D Greenberg
New York University Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, USA
Ann Rheum Dis 69:380-6. 2010
..To examine the association of methotrexate (MTX) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists with the risk of infectious outcomes including opportunistic infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in Taiwan - a population-based study
Chih Cheng Lai
Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Tainan, Taiwan
Respir Med 106:1566-74. 2012
..This study took advantage of a large population-based database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) to investigate the epidemiology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in Taiwan...
- Prospective preoperative mediastinal lymph node staging by integrated positron emission tomography-computerised tomography in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, CHU Nantes, l institut du thorax, Nantes, France
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 36:731-6. 2009
..This study aims to evaluate prospectively the accuracy of preoperative integrated 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computerised tomography ((18)FDG PET-CT) for mediastinal lymph node staging...
- Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in Taiwanese high-tech industry workers
Tzung Yi Tsai
Department of Research, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taiwan
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 66:1531-5. 2011
..This study aimed to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates among Taiwanese high-tech industry workers...
- Time from HIV seroconversion to death: a collaborative analysis of eight studies in six low and middle-income countries before highly active antiretroviral therapy
MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
AIDS 21:S55-63. 2007
..To estimate survival patterns after HIV infection in adults in low and middle-income countries...
- Predictors of in-hospital mortality among older patients
Thiago J A Silva
Geriatric Service, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo SP, Brazil
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 64:613-8. 2009
..The objective of this study was to determine predictors of in-hospital mortality among older patients admitted to a geriatric care unit...
- Estimation of the multiple testing burden for genomewide association studies of nearly all common variants
Department of Computer Science, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
Genet Epidemiol 32:381-5. 2008
..We further identify the sensitivity of the testing burden to the required significance level, with implications to staged design of association studies...
- Gender differences in survival following hospitalisation for COPD
Anne V Gonzalez
Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada
Thorax 66:38-42. 2011
..Gender differences in survival and rate of rehospitalisation were investigated in a large cohort of elderly patients with chronic airflow obstruction hospitalised for COPD...
- Health, wealth, and air pollution: advancing theory and methods
Marie S O'Neill
Environmental Epidemiology Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Environ Health Perspect 111:1861-70. 2003
- The magnitude of the global problem of diarrhoeal disease: a ten-year update
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333
Bull World Health Organ 70:705-14. 1992
- Gender perspective on risk factors, coronary lesions and long-term outcome in young patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Sofia Sederholm Lawesson
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Linkoping University Hospital, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
Heart 96:453-9. 2010
..However, ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) differs from non-ST-elevation ACS in many aspects. We elucidated sex differences in risk factors, angiographic findings and outcome in consecutive STEMI patients below 46 years of age...
- Follow-up study of chrysotile textile workers: cohort mortality and exposure-response
Misty J Hein
Industrywide Studies Branch, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA
Occup Environ Med 64:616-25. 2007
..This report provides an update of the mortality experience of a cohort of South Carolina asbestos textile workers...
- Early warnings of the potential for malaria transmission in rural Africa using the hydrology, entomology and malaria transmission simulator (HYDREMATS)
Teresa K Yamana
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Malar J 9:323. 2010
..The Hydrology, Entomology and Malaria Simulator (HYDREMATS) is a mechanistic model that relates rainfall to malaria transmission, and could be used to provide early warnings of malaria epidemics...
- Retinal vein occlusion and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (correction of infraction): a 3-year follow-up study
C C Hu
College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
Br J Ophthalmol 93:717-20. 2009
..Using a nationwide population-based dataset, this study investigated the relationship between retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and subsequent acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
- Ageing, menopause, and ischaemic heart disease mortality in England, Wales, and the United States: modelling study of national mortality data
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
BMJ 343:d5170. 2011
..To use changes in heart disease mortality rates with age to investigate the plausibility of attributing women's lower heart disease mortality than men to the protective effects of premenopausal sex hormones...
- Treatment effects in the presence of unmeasured confounding: dealing with observations in the tails of the propensity score distribution--a simulation study
Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Am J Epidemiol 172:843-54. 2010
..Increasing validity based on PS trimming may be a unique advantage of PS's over conventional outcome models...
- Alcohol use and mortality in older men and women
Kieran A McCaul
Western Australian Centre for Health and Ageing, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
Addiction 105:1391-400. 2010
..To compare the effect of alcohol intake on 10-year mortality for men and women over the age of 65 years...
- Influence of preoperative serum N-terminal pro-brain type natriuretic peptide on the postoperative outcome and survival rates of coronary artery bypass patients
Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 65:1239-45. 2010
..The N-terminal fragment of pro-brain type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an established biomarker for cardiac failure...
- Mortality in small geographical areas and proximity to air polluting industries in the Basque Country (Spain)
Directorate of Public Health, Department of Health, Basque Government, C Donostia San Sebastian 1, 01010, Vitoria Gasteiz, Spain
Occup Environ Med 68:140-7. 2011
..To study the association between proximity to air polluting industrial facilities and mortality in the Basque Country (Spain) in the 1996-2003 period...
- Using time-use data to parameterize models for the spread of close-contact infectious diseases
Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 2120, USA
Am J Epidemiol 168:1082-90. 2008
..The availability of time-use data for a large number of countries and their potential to supplement contact surveys make the methods developed extremely valuable and suitable for implementation in several different contexts...
- Mendelian randomization: using genes as instruments for making causal inferences in epidemiology
Debbie A Lawlor
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, U K
Stat Med 27:1133-63. 2008
..This paper outlines Mendelian randomization, draws parallels with IV methods, provides examples of implementation of the approach and discusses limitations of the approach and some methods for dealing with these...
- Complications and features after joint surgery in rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with tumour necrosis factor-alpha blockers: perioperative interruption of tumour necrosis factor-alpha blockers decreases complications?
Institute of Rheumatology, Tokyo Women s Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
Rheumatology (Oxford) 49:341-7. 2010
..The aim of this study was to identify complications that can be attributed to the use of TNF-alpha blocker therapy...
- Combining cognitive screening tests for the evaluation of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly
Rodolfo B Ladeira
Laboratory of Neuroscience LIM 27, Institute of Psychiatry, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 64:967-73. 2009
..To determine the accuracy of the Mini-Mental State Examination combined with the Verbal Fluency Test and Clock Drawing Test for the identification of patients with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
- Early treatment with, and time receiving, first disease-modifying antirheumatic drug predicts long-term function in patients with inflammatory polyarthritis
Tracey M Farragher
ARC Epidemiology Unit, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
Ann Rheum Dis 69:689-95. 2010
- A clinical rating scale for progressive supranuclear palsy
Lawrence I Golbe
Neurology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Brunswick, NJ 08840, USA
Brain 130:1552-65. 2007
..We conclude that the PSPRS is a practical measure that is sensitive to disease progression and could be useful as a dependent variable in observational or interventional trials and as an indicator of prognosis in clinical practice...
- Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years' observations on male British doctors
Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit CTSU, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE
BMJ 328:1519. 2004
..To compare the hazards of cigarette smoking in men who formed their habits at different periods, and the extent of the reduction in risk when cigarette smoking is stopped at different ages...
- A randomised, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of etanercept in adults with refractory heel enthesitis in spondyloarthritis: the HEEL trial
Paris Descartes University, and APHP, Rheumatology B Department, Cochin Hospital, Paris, France
Ann Rheum Dis 69:1430-5. 2010
..The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of etanercept in refractory heel enthesitis related to SpA...
- The natural history of HIV-1 subtype E infection in young men in Thailand with up to 14 years of follow-up
Department of Military and Community Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, 315 Ratchavithi Road, Ratchathewee, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
AIDS 21:S39-46. 2007
..We evaluated the progression to AIDS and death among 228 men who seroconverted within a 6-month window when in the Royal Thai Army between 1991 and 1995...
- National cohort study of reproductive risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis in Denmark: a role for hyperemesis, gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia?
K T Jørgensen
Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
Ann Rheum Dis 69:358-63. 2010
..A study was undertaken to address the possible impact of live births, pregnancy losses and pregnancy complications on the subsequent risk of RA in a nationwide cohort study...
- A proposed method to adjust for selection bias in cohort studies
Department of Epidemiology, Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Tomtebodavägen 19A, 171 82 Solna, Sweden
Am J Epidemiol 171:602-8. 2010
..The novel method may have advantages compared with an interval-based method, especially in cohort studies with small numbers of events...
- Using epidemiologic methods to test hypotheses regarding causal influences on child and adolescent mental disorders
Benjamin B Lahey
Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:53-62. 2009
..b>Epidemiologic methods are increasingly being used to move developmental psychopathology from studies that catalogue correlates ..
- Implications of and perspectives on HIV surveillance using a serological method to measure recent HIV infections in newly diagnosed individuals: results from a pilot study in Berlin, Germany, in 2005-2007
Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, HIV AIDS and STI Unit, Berlin, Germany
HIV Med 10:209-18. 2009
..This cross-sectional study was designed to pilot the analysis of clinical data, knowledge about and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, and prevention and risk behaviour in persons recently infected with HIV...
- On the wrong side of the tracts? Evaluating the accuracy of geocoding in public health research
Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Public Health 91:1114-6. 2001
..This study sought to determine the accuracy of geocoding for public health databases...
- Case definitions for acute coronary heart disease in epidemiology and clinical research studies: a statement from the AHA Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; AHA Statistics Committee; World Heart Federation Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; the
Russell V Luepker
Circulation 108:2543-9. 2003
- Intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in infants: a decision-support tool for sub-Saharan Africa
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England
Bull World Health Organ 88:807-14. 2010
..To develop a decision-support tool to help policy-makers in sub-Saharan Africa assess whether intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) would be effective for local malaria control...
- Breteau Index threshold levels indicating risk for dengue transmission in areas with low Aedes infestation
Tropical Medicine Institute Pedro Kouri, Havana City, Cuba
Trop Med Int Health 15:173-5. 2010
..8% sensitivity and 73.3% specificity during the first month of the Havana 2001 dengue outbreak. This result corroborates the external validity of this threshold, at least in situations with low infestations levels...
- Metabolic syndrome and risk of cancer mortality in men
Jason R Jaggers
Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, United States
Eur J Cancer 45:1831-8. 2009
..Little research has focused on pre-cancer risk factors that may affect the outcome of treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between MetS and all-cancer mortality in men...
- Using the whole cohort in the analysis of case-cohort data
Norman E Breslow
Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7232, USA
Am J Epidemiol 169:1398-405. 2009
..Epidemiologists are encouraged to consider use of these methods to enhance the accuracy of results reported from case-cohort analyses...
- Evolution of epidemiologic methods and concepts in selected textbooks of the 20th century
Fang F Zhang
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
Soz Praventivmed 49:97-104. 2004
..It is likely that new methodological tools, able to assess the complexity of the causes of human health, will be proposed in future generations of textbooks...
- An overview of methods for monitoring social disparities in cancer with an example using trends in lung cancer incidence by area-socioeconomic position and race-ethnicity, 1992-2004
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Am J Epidemiol 167:889-99. 2008
..A suite of indicators is needed to provide a clear picture of health disparity change...
- Clinical and ultrasonographic predictors of joint replacement for knee osteoarthritis: results from a large, 3-year, prospective EULAR study
P G Conaghan
Paris Descartes University, Medicine Faculty, UPRES EA 4058 and APHP, Rheumatology B Department, Cochin Hospital, 27 rue du Faubourg St Jacques, Paris, France
Ann Rheum Dis 69:644-7. 2010
..To determine clinical and ultrasonographic predictors of joint replacement surgery across Europe in primary osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee...
- Travelling waves and spatial hierarchies in measles epidemics
B T Grenfell
Zoology Department, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
Nature 414:716-23. 2001
..Thus, the spatial hierarchy of host population structure is a prerequisite for these infection waves...
- Mathematical models of infectious disease transmission
Nicholas C Grassly
Medical Research Council Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, UK
Nat Rev Microbiol 6:477-87. 2008
- Exposure variability: concepts and applications in occupational epidemiology
Departments of Epidemiology and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
Am J Ind Med 45:113-22. 2004
..Standard approaches to assessing exposures for epidemiologic studies tend to concentrate resources on obtaining detailed data for each study participant at the expense of characterizing within-person variability...
- Models for short term malaria prediction in Sri Lanka
Olivier J T Briët
International Water Management Institute, P, O, Box 2075, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Malar J 7:76. 2008
- Respondent-driven sampling as Markov chain Monte Carlo
Yahoo Research, New York, NY 10018, U S A
Stat Med 28:2202-29. 2009
..We also show that variance is inflated by a common design feature in which the sample members are encouraged to recruit multiple future sample members. The paper concludes with suggestions for implementing and evaluating RDS studies...
- What can prevalence studies tell us about female sexual difficulty and dysfunction?
Richard D Hayes
Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
J Sex Med 3:589-95. 2006
..Many recent studies have investigated the prevalence of female sexual difficulty/dysfunction...
- New cut-off values for ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor for the assessment of iron deficiency in children in a high infection pressure area
K S Phiri
Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
J Clin Pathol 62:1103-6. 2009
..However, assessment of the iron status has proven to be difficult, especially in children living in areas with high infection pressure (including malaria)...
- Effect modification by community characteristics on the short-term effects of ozone exposure and mortality in 98 US communities
Michelle L Bell
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511
Am J Epidemiol 167:986-97. 2008
..These differences may relate to underlying health status, differences in exposure, or other factors. Results show that some segments of the population may face higher health burdens of ozone pollution...