skinfold thickness

Summary

Summary: The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Body fat measurement in adolescents: comparison of skinfold thickness equations with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
    G Rodriguez
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:1158-66. 2005
  2. doi Upper body skinfold thickness is related to race performance in male Ironman triathletes
    B Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Int J Sports Med 32:20-7. 2011
  3. ncbi Measuring abdominal adiposity in 6 to 7-year-old children
    E T Liem
    Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children s Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Room X4 301, PO Box 30 001, Hanzeplein 1, Groningen 9700 RB, The Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:835-41. 2009
  4. ncbi Validity of leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance measurement in males
    A Cable
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 41:411-4. 2001
  5. ncbi Validation of foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the assessment of body composition in young children: the EarlyBird cohort
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Br J Nutr 96:1163-8. 2006
  6. ncbi Prediction of body fat in 12-y-old African American and white children: evaluation of methods
    George A Bray
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:980-90. 2002
  7. pmc Predictors of inflammation in U.S. children aged 3-16 years
    Jennifer Beam Dowd
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hunter College, School of Public Health, City University of New York, New York, New York 10010, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:314-20. 2010
  8. ncbi Intra- and inter-judge reliabilities in measuring the skin-fold thicknesses of ultra runners under field conditions
    Beat Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Percept Mot Skills 111:105-6. 2010
  9. ncbi The prediction of body fatness by BMI and skinfold thicknesses among children and adolescents
    David S Freedman
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention K 26, Atlanta, Georgia
    Ann Hum Biol 34:183-94. 2007
  10. ncbi Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status
    S J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 82:165-77. 1999

Detail Information

Publications228 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Body fat measurement in adolescents: comparison of skinfold thickness equations with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
    G Rodriguez
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:1158-66. 2005
    To compare the most commonly used equations to predict body fatness from skinfold thickness, in male and female adolescents, with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as a reference method of fatness measurement.
  2. doi Upper body skinfold thickness is related to race performance in male Ironman triathletes
    B Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Int J Sports Med 32:20-7. 2011
    We investigated the association between skinfold thickness and race performance in male and female Ironman triathletes...
  3. ncbi Measuring abdominal adiposity in 6 to 7-year-old children
    E T Liem
    Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children s Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Room X4 301, PO Box 30 001, Hanzeplein 1, Groningen 9700 RB, The Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:835-41. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate abdominal fat using anthropometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and ultrasound, and compare these estimates with the amounts of IAAT and SAAT determined by CT in 6 to 7-year-old children...
  4. ncbi Validity of leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance measurement in males
    A Cable
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 41:411-4. 2001
    ..2+/-7.7 kg with BIA (r=0.92, p<0.001; SEE 3.5 kg). CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that the leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance system accurately assesses FFM in a heterogenous group of males when compared to underwater weighing...
  5. ncbi Validation of foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the assessment of body composition in young children: the EarlyBird cohort
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Br J Nutr 96:1163-8. 2006
    ..Therefore, BIA may be useful for large-scale studies but is not interchangeable with DEXA and should be interpreted with caution in individuals...
  6. ncbi Prediction of body fat in 12-y-old African American and white children: evaluation of methods
    George A Bray
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:980-90. 2002
    ..The prevalence of obesity is increasing in children. Validation of methods of predicting fatness in African American and white children could help to identify children at high risk...
  7. pmc Predictors of inflammation in U.S. children aged 3-16 years
    Jennifer Beam Dowd
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hunter College, School of Public Health, City University of New York, New York, New York 10010, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:314-20. 2010
    ..Little is known about the correlates of low-grade inflammation in U.S. children...
  8. ncbi Intra- and inter-judge reliabilities in measuring the skin-fold thicknesses of ultra runners under field conditions
    Beat Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Percept Mot Skills 111:105-6. 2010
    ..Inter- and intra-judge reliabilities of skinfold measures were investigated in a sample of 27 men and 11 women ultramarathon runners. Two physicians had agreement higher than 90% in field measurements before an ultramarathon race...
  9. ncbi The prediction of body fatness by BMI and skinfold thicknesses among children and adolescents
    David S Freedman
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention K 26, Atlanta, Georgia
    Ann Hum Biol 34:183-94. 2007
    ..It has been suggested that skinfold thicknesses be measured among overweight children to confirm the presence of excess adiposity...
  10. ncbi Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status
    S J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 82:165-77. 1999
    ..Anthropometry is an important tool for nutritional assessment, and the techniques reported here should allow increased precision of measurement, and improved interpretation of anthropometric data...
  11. ncbi Evaluation of the novel Tanita body-fat analyser to measure body composition by comparison with a four-compartment model
    S A Jebb
    MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK
    Br J Nutr 83:115-22. 2000
    ..3% for men and 3.1% for women. This demonstrates that the practical simplicity of the novel Tanita method is not associated with a clinically significant decrement in performance relative to a traditional impedance device...
  12. ncbi Techniques of body composition assessment: a review of laboratory and field methods
    D R Wagner
    Exercise and Sports Science Department, Vanguard University of Southern California, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 70:135-49. 1999
    ..With this knowledge, the clinician and researcher should be able to make an informed decision regarding the most appropriate measurement device for their body composition assessments...
  13. doi Cross-sectional reference values for mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness and arm fat area of Turkish children and adolescents
    Ahmet Ozturk
    Department of Biostatistics, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 60:267-81. 2009
    ..study was to establish cross-sectional reference values for the mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) and arm fat area (AFA) of Turkish children and adolescents...
  14. ncbi Comparison of methods to assess body fat in non-obese six to seven-year-old children
    Carianne L'Abée
    Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Clin Nutr 29:317-22. 2010
    ..No data are available on the estimation of total body fat in non-obese children. The aim of this study is to compare total body fat, assessed by different methods in non-obese children...
  15. doi Estimating total body fat using a skinfold prediction equation in Brazilian children
    Daniel J Hoffman
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 39:156-60. 2012
    ..The double burden of obesity and underweight is increasing in developing countries and simple methods for the assessment of fat mass in children are needed...
  16. ncbi Adolescent skinfold thickness is a better predictor of high body fatness in adults than is body mass index: the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study
    Astrid C J Nooyens
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1533-9. 2007
    Body mass index (BMI) during adolescence is predictive of BMI at adult age. However, BMI cannot distinguish between lean and fat body mass. Skinfold thickness may be a better predictor of body fatness.
  17. doi Predictive associations between alternative measures of childhood adiposity and adult cardio-metabolic health
    M D Schmidt
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:38-45. 2011
    ..To estimate associations between alternative measures of childhood adiposity and indicators of cardio-metabolic health in adulthood, both unadjusted and adjusted for changes in adiposity from childhood to adulthood...
  18. doi Dose-response associations between screen time and overweight among youth
    Clare Hume
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood Victoria, Australia
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:61-4. 2009
    ..To examine dose-response associations between screen time and overweight, independent of physical activity and dietary intake...
  19. pmc Measuring body composition
    J C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Centre, Institute of Child Health, London WC1, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:612-7. 2006
    ..Simple techniques are adequate for many purposes, and simple regional data may often be of greater value than "whole body" values obtained by more sophisticated approaches...
  20. pmc Changes in performance, skinfold thicknesses, and fat patterning after three years of intense athletic conditioning in high level runners
    A Legaz
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    Br J Sports Med 39:851-6. 2005
    ..To determine if the changes in specific skinfold sites induced by intense athletic conditioning over a three year period were associated with changes in running performance in high level athletes...
  21. ncbi Energy intake, not energy output, is a determinant of body size in infants
    A J Stunkard
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 2648, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 69:524-30. 1999
    ..It has been proposed that the primary determinants of body weight at 1 y of age are genetic background, as represented by parental obesity, and low total energy expenditure...
  22. ncbi Waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors in prepubertal children
    C Maffeis
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Verona, Polyclinic, Verona, Italy
    Obes Res 9:179-87. 2001
    ..Few data on the relationship between body-fat distribution and cardiovascular risk factors are available in children, especially before puberty...
  23. ncbi Validity and reliability of skinfold measurement in assessing body fatness of Chinese children
    Daniel Chi shing Yeung
    Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:350-7. 2010
    ..Validity and reliability of skinfold equations in estimating body fat in Chinese Children has not been documented...
  24. doi Effect of birth size and proportionality on BMI and skinfold thickness in early adolescence: prospective birth cohort study
    C L Araújo
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:634-9. 2009
    To assess the effect of birth weight, length and ponderal index at birth on body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness in early adolescence.
  25. ncbi Accuracy of anthropometric measurements in estimating fat mass in individuals with 21-hydroxylase deficiency
    Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
    Growth and Body Composition Laboratory, Center for Investigation in Pediatrics CIPED, Faculty of Medical Sciences FCM, State University of Campinas UNICAMP, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Nutrition 28:984-90. 2012
    ....
  26. ncbi Genetic and environmental determination of tracking in subcutaneous fat distribution during adolescence
    Maarten W Peeters
    Department of Biomedical Kinesiology, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences Epidemiology Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:652-60. 2007
    ..The distribution of fat and adipose tissue is an important predictor of disease risk. Variation in fat distribution during adolescence is correlated with fat distribution in adulthood...
  27. ncbi Skinfold prediction equation for athletes developed using a four-component model
    Ellen M Evans
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:2006-11. 2005
    ..Skinfold (SKF) equations exist to predict percent body fat (%BF) in athletes; however, none have been derived from multicomponent model reference measures...
  28. ncbi Agreement in body fat estimates between a hand-held bioelectrical impedance analyzer and skinfold thicknesses in African American and Caucasian adolescents
    James C Hannon
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 77:519-26. 2006
  29. ncbi Anthropometric determinants of a clustering of lipid-related metabolic risk factors in overweight and non-overweight adolescents--influence of cardiorespiratory fitness. The Avena study
    Jose L Mesa
    Department of Medical Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
    Ann Nutr Metab 50:519-27. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi Skinfold thickness and blood pressure across C-344T polymorphism of CYP11B2 gene
    Edoardo Casiglia
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Padova, and Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Thiene Schio, Thiene Schio, Italy
    J Hypertens 25:1828-33. 2007
    ..To ascertain whether body adiposity is associated with the C-344T polymorphism of the CYP11B2 gene codifying for aldosterone synthase...
  31. ncbi Do skinfold measurements provide additional information to body mass index in the assessment of body fatness among children and adolescents?
    Zuguo Mei
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K 25, 4770 Buford Hwy, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e1306-13. 2007
    ....
  32. doi The relationship between skinfold thickness and body mass index in North European Caucasian and East Asian women with anorexia nervosa: implications for diagnosis and management
    Nerissa L Soh
    Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, Northern Sydney Central Coast Area Health Service, New South Wales, Australia
    Eur Eat Disord Rev 17:31-9. 2009
    To investigate the relationship between skinfold thickness and body mass index (BMI) in North European Caucasian and East Asian young women with and without anorexia nervosa (AN) in two countries.
  33. pmc Prediction equations for body-fat percentage in Indian infants and young children using skinfold thickness and mid-arm circumference
    Bandana Sen
    Society for Applied Studies, CF 198, Salt Lake City, Sector I, Kolkata 700 064, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:221-9. 2010
    ..of the study was to develop prediction equations for fat-mass percentage in infants in India based on skinfold thickness, mid-arm circumference, and age...
  34. ncbi Comparison of bipolar and tetrapolar impedance techniques for assessing fat mass
    Manuela Dittmar
    Institute of Anthropology, Department of Biology, University of Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany
    Am J Hum Biol 16:593-7. 2004
    ..Therefore, the whole body impedance method is preferred over the HH and FF techniques due to the interactions with sex and age...
  35. doi Measuring body composition and energy expenditure in children with severe neurologic impairment and intellectual disability
    Rob Rieken
    Intellectual Disability Medicine, Department of General Practice, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:759-66. 2011
    ..Accurate prediction equations for estimating body composition and total energy expenditure (TEE) in children with severe neurologic impairment and intellectual disability are currently lacking...
  36. ncbi Predicting total fat mass from skinfold thicknesses in Japanese prepubertal children: a cross-sectional and longitudinal validation
    Taishi Midorikawa
    College of Health and Welfare, J F Oberlin University, Tokiwamachi, Machida, Tokyo, Japan
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 20:426-31. 2011
    The present study was performed to develop regression based prediction equations for fat mass from skinfold thickness in Japanese children, and to investigate the cross-sectional and longitudinal validity of these equations...
  37. doi Accuracy of prediction equations to assess percentage of body fat in children and adolescents with Down syndrome compared to air displacement plethysmography
    A González-Agüero
    GENUD Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development Research Group, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Huesca, University of Zaragoza, Spain
    Res Dev Disabil 32:1764-9. 2011
    ..Johnston et al., Brook and Slaughter et al.) from skinfold thickness compared to air displacement plethysmography (ADP) in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS)...
  38. ncbi Objectively measured physical activity correlates with indices of insulin resistance in Danish children. The European Youth Heart Study (EYHS)
    S Brage
    Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Main Campus, Odense University, Odense, Denmark
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1503-8. 2004
    ..To explore the association between measures of insulin resistance with objectively assessed physical activity...
  39. doi Sagittal abdominal diameter to triceps skinfold thickness ratio: a novel anthropometric index to predict premature coronary atherosclerosis
    Ali Vasheghani-Farahani
    Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center EMRC, Obesity and Food group set, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Atherosclerosis 227:329-33. 2013
    ..the accuracy of a novel index defined by us, as a ratio of Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) with other indices of adiposity for prediction of presence, severity and extension of premature ..
  40. ncbi Estimating body fat in African American and white adolescent girls: a comparison of skinfold-thickness equations with a 4-compartment criterion model
    W W Wong
    US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Children s Nutrition Research Center and Texas Children s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston 77030, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:348-54. 2000
    ..Although skinfold-thickness equations are widely used to estimate body fat, their accuracy in a biracial population of female adolescents has not been established...
  41. doi Motor coordination as predictor of physical activity in childhood
    V P Lopes
    Department of Sports Science, Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development CIDESD, Bragança, Portugal
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:663-9. 2011
    ..58 and 2.47 units each year, respectively, for children with low and average levels of initial MC. In conclusion MC is an important predictor of PA in children 6-10 years of age...
  42. ncbi The assessment of the amount of fat in the human body from measurements of skinfold thickness. 1967
    J V G A Durnin
    Br J Nutr 89:147-55. 2003
  43. ncbi Prevalence of overweight among Baltimore City schoolchildren and its associations with nutrition and physical activity
    Megan L Jehn
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:989-93. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of overweight and at-risk-for-overweight in schoolchildren from Baltimore City...
  44. ncbi Differences in skinfold thicknesses and fat distribution among top-class runners
    A Legaz Arrese
    Faculty of Sciences of Physical Activity and Sport, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:512-7. 2005
    ..The purpose of this research was to determine skinfolds values in male and female top-class runners who competed in different distances in order to identify the association of sex and event with fatness and distribution of subcutaneous fat...
  45. ncbi Relation of circumferences and skinfold thicknesses to lipid and insulin concentrations in children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study
    D S Freedman
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 69:308-17. 1999
    ..Although body fat patterning has been related to adverse health outcomes in adults, its importance in children and adolescents is less certain...
  46. ncbi Value of body mass index in the detection of severe malnutrition: influence of the pathology and changes in anthropometric parameters
    B Campillo
    Service de Rééducation Digestive, Hopital Albert Chenevier, 40 rue de Mesly, 94010 Creteil Cedex, France
    Clin Nutr 23:551-9. 2004
    ..We have estimated the prevalence of severe malnutrition in groups of patients hospitalized for different medical causes and assessed the sensitivity of BMI in the diagnosis of severe malnutrition...
  47. ncbi Neonatal anthropometry: the thin-fat Indian baby. The Pune Maternal Nutrition Study
    C S Yajnik
    King Edward Memorial Hospital, Rasta Peth, Pune, India
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:173-80. 2003
    ..To examine body size and fat measurements of babies born in rural India and compare them with white Caucasian babies born in an industrialised country...
  48. ncbi Rapid weight gain during infancy and obesity in young adulthood in a cohort of African Americans
    Nicolas Stettler
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 19104, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1374-8. 2003
    ..Obesity is increasing in the United States. Evidence-based prevention is a public health priority and should target well-defined risk factors and critical periods...
  49. ncbi Truncal adiposity is present at birth and in early childhood in South Indian children
    G V Krishnaveni
    C S I Holdsworth Memorial Hospital, Mandi Mohalla, Mysore 570 021, India
    Indian Pediatr 42:527-38. 2005
    ..Studies in Pune, India showed that this phenotype is present at birth. We aimed to determine if south Indian babies have a 'thin-fat' phenotype and if this persists in childhood...
  50. ncbi Skinfold thicknesses associated with distance running performance in highly trained runners
    Alejandro L Arrese
    Facultad en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    J Sports Sci 24:69-76. 2006
    ..81, P = 0.005, respectively). The results of this study indicate that skinfold thicknesses in the lower limb are positively associated with running time over several distances, and may be a useful predictor of athletic performance...
  51. ncbi Challenges of accurately measuring and using BMI and other indicators of obesity in children
    John H Himes
    University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S 2nd St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Pediatrics 124:S3-22. 2009
    ..These alternative measures of fatness remain important for research and perhaps in some specialized screening situations that include a specific focus on risk factors for cardiovascular or diabetic disease...
  52. ncbi Upper arm circumference is associated with race performance in ultra-endurance runners
    B Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Br J Sports Med 42:295-9; discussion 299. 2008
    ..To investigate the association of anthropometric parameters to race performance in ultra-endurance runners in a multistage ultra-endurance run...
  53. ncbi Growth of left ventricular mass in African American and European American youth
    Caroline Dekkers
    Georgia Prevention Institute, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta
    Hypertension 39:943-51. 2002
    ..Apart from these ethnicity and gender effects, individual differences in cardiac growth can mainly be explained by body growth and increases in general adiposity...
  54. ncbi Associations between physical activity, body fat, and insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment) in adolescents: the European Youth Heart Study
    Nico S Rizzo
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Novum, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:586-92. 2008
    ..More and better data are needed to understand the action of physical activity (PA) on insulin resistance and the concomitant relation with body fat in adolescence...
  55. ncbi Weight gain in pregnancy, triceps skinfold thickness, and blood pressure in offspring
    P M Clark
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Hampshire, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 91:103-7. 1998
    To determine whether women who are poorly nourished in early pregnancy, as determined by triceps skinfold thickness, or who have poor pregnancy weight gain have offspring with higher blood pressure (BP).
  56. pmc Comparison of methods to assess change in children's body composition
    Jane Elberg
    Unit on Growth and Obesity, Developmental Endocrinology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:64-9. 2004
    ..Little is known about how simpler and more available methods to measure change in body fatness compare with criterion methods such as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in children...
  57. doi Physical activity as a predictor of adolescent body fatness: a systematic review
    Felipe Fossati Reichert
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Sports Med 39:279-94. 2009
    ..Further studies are needed in order to generate evidence-based recommendations for the quantity and quality of adolescent physical activity required to prevent or treat adolescent obesity...
  58. ncbi Body mass index and skinfold thickness versus bioimpedance analysis: fat mass prediction in children
    P Pecoraro
    Department of Public Health, ASL Napoli 4, Via Dei Mille 1, I 80011, Acerra, Naples, Italy
    Acta Diabetol 40:S278-81. 2003
    ..Both tricep skinfold thickness (TST, mm) and body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) are indirect, simple methods and easy to perform for assessing ..
  59. doi Subcutaneous fat stores related to weight in full-term neonates
    Veronica Luque
    University Rovira i Virgili, Paediatrics Unit, C Sant Llorenç 21, Reus, 43201 Spain
    Ann Hum Biol 36:88-97. 2009
    ..Subcutaneous fat stores in newborns have been related to weight (W) and skinfolds (SK); both are influenced by gestational age (GA) and there are few studies analysing the association between them...
  60. ncbi Evaluation of body composition using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold thickness and bioelectrical impedance analysis in Japanese female college students
    T Kitano
    Department of Public Health, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Japan
    J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 47:122-5. 2001
    We compared three methods for evaluating body composition: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), skinfold thickness (Skinfolds), and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)...
  61. ncbi Validation of skinfold thickness and hand-held impedance measurements for estimation of body fat percentage among Singaporean Chinese, Malay and Indian subjects
    Paul Deurenberg
    University Tor Vergata, Rome
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 11:1-7. 2002
    ..In addition, weight, height, skinfold thickness and segmental impedance (from hand to hand) was measured...
  62. ncbi Adiposity, physical activity, and physical fitness among children from Aragón, Spain
    Ignacio Ara
    Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud y el Deporte, Departamento de Fisiatría y Enfermería, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1918-24. 2007
    ..The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between physical activity (PA) levels and adiposity. The secondary purpose was to assess the effect of physical fitness and living area on adiposity...
  63. ncbi Anthropometric and body composition indicators of Bahraini adolescents
    Aneesa M Al-Sendi
    College of Health Science, Ministry of Health, Bahrain
    Ann Hum Biol 30:367-79. 2003
    ..Childhood and adolescent obesity tends to extend into adulthood and predisposes the individual to some chronic diseases in later life. Body composition is a good indicator for assessing obesity and nutritional status of people...
  64. ncbi Improved prediction of body fat by measuring skinfold thickness, circumferences, and bone breadths
    Ada L Garcia
    German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany
    Obes Res 13:626-34. 2005
    ..To develop improved predictive regression equations for body fat content derived from common anthropometric measurements...
  65. ncbi Effects of a controlled trial of a school-based exercise program on the obesity indexes of preschool children
    L Mo-suwan
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:1006-11. 1998
    ..6 wk. Weight, height, and triceps skinfold thickness were measured 4 times...
  66. ncbi Fad diets and obesity--Part I: Measuring weight in a clinical setting
    Mark A Moyad
    University of Michigan Medical Center, Department of Urology, Section of Urology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Urol Nurs 24:114-9. 2004
    ..mass index (BMI), crude weight, densitometry, dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), lean body mass (LBM), skinfold thickness, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)...
  67. ncbi Twin study of genetic and environmental influences on adult body size, shape, and composition
    K Schousboe
    The Danish Twin Registry, Epidemiology, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:39-48. 2004
    ..To investigate the genetic and environmental influences on adult body size, shape, and composition in women and men, and to assess the impact of age...
  68. ncbi Empirically derived new equations for calculating body fat percentage based on skinfold thickness and midarm circumference in preschool Indian children
    Saijuddin Shaikh
    Society for Applied Studies, Kolkata, India
    Am J Hum Biol 16:278-88. 2004
    ..The new equations for measuring %fat based on midarm circumference and skinfold measurements are rapid and accurate for South Asian children and should be useful for prediction of body composition and nutritional survey in field studies...
  69. ncbi The relationship between physical fitness and physical activity during adolescence and cardiovascular disease risk factors at adult age. The Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study
    J W R Twisk
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Centre VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Sports Med 23:S8-14. 2002
    ..e. inversely to the sum of four skinfolds, waist circumference and to total serum cholesterol). Physical activity during adolescence was not related to a healthy CVD risk profile at the age of 32 years...
  70. pmc Assessment and correction of skinfold thickness equations in estimating body fat in children with cerebral palsy
    Matthew J Gurka
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0717, USA
    Dev Med Child Neurol 52:e35-41. 2010
    ..To assess the accuracy of skinfold equations in estimating percentage body fat in children with cerebral palsy (CP), compared with assessment of body fat from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
  71. ncbi Body fat, fitness and level of everyday physical activity in adolescents and young adults with meningomyelocele
    Hendrika J G van den Berg-Emons
    Rijndam Rehabilitation Center, Netherlands
    J Rehabil Med 35:271-5. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to assess body fat and fitness in this patient group. In addition, we explored whether the level of everyday physical activity is related to body fat and fitness...
  72. doi Reference curves for triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses in US children and adolescents
    O Yaw Addo
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:635-42. 2010
    ..Skinfold thicknesses have long been considered important and valid measurements of subcutaneous fat. Nevertheless, there are no current skinfold reference data for US children and adolescents...
  73. ncbi Anthropometry and body composition of south Indian babies at birth
    S Muthayya
    Institute of Population Health and Clinical Research, St John s National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore 560 034, India
    Public Health Nutr 9:896-903. 2006
    ..To assess the consequences on body composition of increasing birth weight in Indian babies in relation to reported values in Western babies, and to assess the relationship between maternal and neonatal anthropometry and body composition...
  74. ncbi Is restrained eating a risk factor for weight gain in a general population?
    Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain
    INSERM U258, IFR69, Villejuif, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:132-8. 2006
    ..In modern societies characterized by abundant and accessible foods, restrained eating may become an adaptive behavior to limit weight gain...
  75. ncbi Early programming of body composition and fat distribution in adolescents
    Idoya Labayen
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of the Basque Country, Vitoria, Spain
    J Nutr 136:147-52. 2006
    ..Current body composition was assessed by both skinfold thickness and dual X-ray absorptiometry in 234 adolescents born at term (140 girls and 94 boys), now aged 13-18 y and ..
  76. pmc Graded associations between cardiorespiratory fitness, fatness, and blood pressure in children and adolescents
    L Klasson-Heggebø
    Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Sports Med 40:25-9; discussion 25-9. 2006
    ..To measure the graded relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and sum of skinfolds, waist circumference, and blood pressure in children and adolescents participating in the European youth heart study...
  77. ncbi Nutritional parameters and mortality in incident hemodialysis patients
    Isabel Cristina de Araújo
    Nutrition Program, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Ren Nutr 16:27-35. 2006
    ..To evaluate the impact of nutritional parameters at the time of initiation of hemodialysis (HD) on mortality...
  78. ncbi Body mass index and agreement between bioimpedance and anthropometry estimates of body compartments in anorexia nervosa
    Antonio Piccoli
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Padua, Policlinico IV piano, Via Giustiniani 2, I 35128 Padua, Italy
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 29:148-56. 2005
    ..Both anthropometry and BIA are used for body composition assessment. We evaluated the agreement between their estimates of FFM and FM in extremely lean subjects with anorexia nervosa...
  79. ncbi [Measurement of body composition in daily practice]
    L M Gerber
    Medizinische Poliklinik, Universitatsspital Zurich
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 96:1717-25. 2007
    ..It is obvious that the use of the BIA measurement in daily practice does not help much in the assessment of obesity but more so in the assessment (quantification) of the lean body mass (LBM)...
  80. ncbi Body build classification for ordinary schoolgirls (aged 7-18 years) and volleyball girls (aged 13-16 years)
    Helje Kaarma
    Centre for Physical Anthropology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Anthropol Anz 63:77-92. 2005
    ....
  81. ncbi [Predictive accuracy of body mass index in estimating body fatness measured by bioelectrical impedance]
    Fernando Carrasco
    Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Arch Latinoam Nutr 54:280-6. 2004
    ..In this study BMI shows a low reliability as a predictor of individual body fatness, particularly in men and in subjects with a BMI below 30 kg/m2...
  82. ncbi The utility of anthropometric assessment at institutions and schools for individuals with intellectual disabilities and/or motor disabilities: a nation-wide survey in Japan
    Hiroko Ohwada
    Department of Food Sciences, Ibaraki Christian University, Hitachi, Ibaraki 319 1295, Japan
    J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 50:344-50. 2004
    ..To obtain information regarding the actual methods used for nutritional assessment at institutions and schools in order to establish a nutritional assessment method for individuals with disabilities...
  83. ncbi Fetal programming of body dimensions and percentage body fat measured in prepubertal children with a 4-component model of body composition, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, deuterium dilution, densitometry, and skinfold thicknesses
    Marinos Elia
    Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:618-24. 2007
    ..The effects on and consequences of body build (dimensions, mass, and length of body segments) are unclear...
  84. ncbi Central and total adiposity are lower in overweight and obese children with high cardiorespiratory fitness
    G P Nassis
    Department of Sport Medicine and Biology of Physical Activity, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Daphne, Greece
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:137-41. 2005
    ..To examine the influence of cardiorespiratory fitness on total and truncal fatness in children. It was hypothesised that high cardiorespiratory fitness would result in lower total and central obesity...
  85. ncbi Agreement between skinfold-predicted percent fat and percent fat from whole-body bioelectrical impedance analysis in children and adolescents
    David A Rowe
    Faculty of Health, Sport and Science, University of Glamorgan, Pontypridd, Wales CF37 1DL, UK
    Int J Pediatr Obes 1:168-75. 2006
    ....
  86. ncbi Anthropometric measures in middle age after exposure to famine during gestation: evidence from the Dutch famine
    Aryeh D Stein
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:869-76. 2007
    ..Few studies in humans have related maternal undernutrition to the size of the adult offspring...
  87. ncbi Body composition and anthropometry in Japanese and Australian Caucasian males and Japanese females
    Masaharu Kagawa
    ATN Centre for Metabolic Fitness, School of Human Movement Studies, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Avenue, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 16:31-6. 2007
    ..These findings also have implications for the development of chronic disease and further research, including studies in other Asian countries, is recommended...
  88. ncbi A new device for measuring resting energy expenditure (REE) in healthy subjects
    Marcella Malavolti
    Applied Dietetic Technical Sciences, Modena and Reggio Emilia University, Modena, Italy
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 17:338-43. 2007
    ..Accurate and easy-to-use methods for measuring REE are needed, to be applied by clinicians in daily clinical settings to assess the validity of a new instrument to estimate REE in normal weight, healthy adults...
  89. ncbi Comparison of body compositional indices assessed by underwater weighing, bioelectrical impedance and anthropometry in Indonesian adolescent girls
    Ratih I Isjwara
    c o SEAMEO TROPMED Regional Center for Community Nutrition, University of Indonesia, Salemba Raya 6, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 16:641-8. 2007
    ..To investigate the accuracy of bioelectric impedance analysis and anthropometry to assess percentage body fat (BF %) against underwater weighing (UW)...
  90. ncbi Prediction of percentage body fat in rural thai population using simple anthropometric measurements
    Chatlert Pongchaiyakul
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002 Thailand
    Obes Res 13:729-38. 2005
    ..To develop and validate sex-specific equations for predicting percentage body fat (%BF) in rural Thai population, based on BMI and anthropometric measurements...
  91. ncbi Changes in body composition between 1997 and 2002 among South Australian children: influences of socio-economic status and location of residence
    James Dollman
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, City East Campus, Adelaide, South Australia 5032
    Aust N Z J Public Health 29:166-70. 2005
    ..To compare rates of change in South Australian children's body composition between 1997 and 2002 in subsamples based on location of residence and socioeconomic status...
  92. ncbi Prediction of visceral adipose tissue using air displacement plethysmography in children
    Richard J Winsley
    Children s Health and Exercise Research Centre, University of Exeter, Devon, UK
    Obes Res 13:2048-51. 2005
    ..To determine the ability of air displacement plethysmography (ADP) to predict visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume in children...
  93. ncbi Differences in the relationship between BMI and percentage body fat between Japanese and Australian-Caucasian young men
    Masaharu Kagawa
    School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    Br J Nutr 95:1002-7. 2006
    ..Japanese men may therefore require lower BMI cut-off points to identify obese individuals compared with Australian-Caucasian men...
  94. pmc Evaluation of nutritional status in children with refractory epilepsy
    S Bertoli
    International Centre for the Assessment of Nutritional Status ICANS, University of Milan, Italy
    Nutr J 5:14. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to evaluate nutritional status, energy metabolism and food intake in children with refractory epilepsy...
  95. ncbi Anthropometric characteristics evolution in elite rhythmic gymnasts
    Alessandra di Cagno
    Unit of Sport Sciences, Department of Health Sciences, University Institute of Movement Sciences IUSM, Roma, Italy
    Ital J Anat Embryol 113:29-35. 2008
    ..Moreover, higher differences between seniors and juniors of FFM values in 2006 indicated the more intensive training of the second period for seniors...
  96. ncbi Skinfold thickness, body fat percentage and body mass index in obese and non-obese Indian boys
    Satipati Chatterjee
    Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, University College of Science and Technology, Kolkata, India
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 15:231-5. 2006
    ....
  97. pmc Associations of body size and composition with physical activity in adolescent girls
    Timothy G Lohman
    Department of Physiology and Department of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1175-81. 2006
    ..To examine whether components of body composition (size, fat mass, and fat-free mass) were related to physical activity...
  98. ncbi Anthropometric body fat composition reference values in Spanish adolescents. The AVENA Study
    L A Moreno
    EU Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:191-6. 2006
    ....
  99. doi Relationship between fat patterns, physical fitness and blood pressure of rural South African children: Ellisras Longitudinal Growth and Health Study
    K D Monyeki
    Chronic Disease of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    J Hum Hypertens 22:311-9. 2008
    ..Longitudinal studies should verify whether changes in waist girth and skinfolds will indicate changes in cardiovascular risk factors during growth...
  100. ncbi [Swimming for 12 hours leads to no reduction of adipose subcutaneous tissue--a case study]
    B Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 96:1805-10. 2007
    ..In order to confirm these results obtained in a case study regarding the decrease of skeletal muscle mass with stable fat mass during prolonged swimming exercise, a larger number of athletes would have to be analyzed...
  101. ncbi Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype differences of Greek elite female basketball, volleyball and handball players
    I A Bayios
    Department of Games and Sports, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:271-80. 2006
    ....

Research Grants73

  1. Clinical and experimental studies of obesity
    Myles Faith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By 4 years of age, high risk children had greater weight, body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness and lean body mass. By 6 years of age they also had significantly greater levels (25% vs. 19%) (6.7 kg to 4...
  2. INFLUENCE OF INSULIN ON BP CHANGE DURING ADOLESCENCE
    Michael Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..will predict changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and will be associated with changes in skinfold thickness, body mass index, waist-hip ratio and lipids; 3) changes in insulin resistance will be correlated with ..
  3. INFLUENCE OF INSULIN ON BP CHANGE DURING ADOLESCENCE
    Michael Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..will predict changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and will be associated with changes in skinfold thickness, body mass index, waist-hip ratio and lipids; 3) changes in insulin resistance will be correlated with ..
  4. INFLUENCE OF INSULIN ON BP CHANGE DURING ADOLESCENCE
    Michael Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..will predict changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and will be associated with changes in skinfold thickness, body mass index, waist-hip ratio and lipids; 3) changes in insulin resistance will be correlated with ..
  5. IINFLUENCE OF INSULIN ON BLOOD PRESSURE CHANGE DURING AD
    Alan Sinaiko; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..will predict changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and will be associated with changes in skinfold thickness, body mass index, waist/hip ratio and lipids; 3) changes in insulin resistance will be correlated with ..
  6. A New QMR-based Technique for Body Composition Analysis in infants
    GERSH TAICHER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..air-displacement plethysmography, total-body electrical conductivity, total body potassium, and skinfold thickness measurements, have been used sporadically and with limited success...
  7. Metabolic and Nutritional Effects of ART in Children
    Meera Chhagan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will measure attained growth (height and weight), body composition (skinfold thickness and bioimpedance assessment), lipodystrophy (clinical features and skinfold ratio), markers of dyslipidemia ..
  8. Metabolic and Nutritional Effects of ART in Children
    Meera Chhagan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will measure attained growth (height and weight), body composition (skinfold thickness and bioimpedance assessment), lipodystrophy (clinical features and skinfold ratio), markers of dyslipidemia ..
  9. Metabolic and Nutritional Effects of ART in Children
    Meera Chhagan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will measure attained growth (height and weight), body composition (skinfold thickness and bioimpedance assessment), lipodystrophy (clinical features and skinfold ratio), markers of dyslipidemia ..
  10. Metabolic and Nutritional Effects of ART in Children
    Meera Chhagan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will measure attained growth (height and weight), body composition (skinfold thickness and bioimpedance assessment), lipodystrophy (clinical features and skinfold ratio), markers of dyslipidemia ..
  11. Body Composition, Hormones, and Risk Factors in Middle Aged Women
    George King; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and body composition will be assessed by whole body plethysmography, bioelectrical impedance analysis, skinfold thickness measurements, body circumferences, and dual-energy x-ray absorbtiometry...
  12. Body Composition, Hormones, and Risk Factors in Middle Aged Women
    George King; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and body composition will be assessed by whole body plethysmography, bioelectrical impedance analysis, skinfold thickness measurements, body circumferences, and dual-energy x-ray absorbtiometry...
  13. OBESITY IN MEXICAN-AMERICAN CHILDREN
    JACQUELINE SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Obesity will be measured as a continuous variable using the measurements of triceps skinfold thickness and weight for height. age and sex...
  14. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..television, videotape and video game use can result in clinically significant decreases in BMI, triceps skinfold thickness and waist-to-hip ratio...
  15. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..television, videotape and video game use can result in clinically significant decreases in BMI, triceps skinfold thickness and waist-to-hip ratio...
  16. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..television, videotape and video game use can result in clinically significant decreases in BMI, triceps skinfold thickness and waist-to-hip ratio...
  17. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..television, videotape and video game use can result in clinically significant decreases in BMI, triceps skinfold thickness and waist-to-hip ratio...
  18. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..television, videotape and video game use can result in clinically significant decreases in BMI, triceps skinfold thickness and waist-to-hip ratio...
  19. RISK FACTORS FOR UNHEALTHY WEIGHT REGULATION
    C Taylor; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..as an index of nutritional status, b) determine longitudinal patterns of changes in height, weight, skinfold thickness and body mass index from ages 11 to 13 in relationship to stage of pubertal development, nutrition, activity ..
  20. NUTRITIONAL STUDIES IN CHILDREN W/ SICKLE CELL DISEASE
    Virginia Stallings; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..There was no significant difference in age, gender, skinfold thickness or age-adjusted skeletal maturation according to zinc status...
  21. Clinical and experimental studies of obesity
    Myles Faith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By 4 years of age, high risk children had greater weight, body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness and lean body mass. By 6 years of age they also had significantly greater levels (25% vs. 19%) (6.7 kg to 4...
  22. Clinical and experimental studies of obesity
    Myles Faith; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By 4 years of age, high risk children had greater weight, body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness and lean body mass. By 6 years of age they also had significantly greater levels (25% vs. 19%) (6.7 kg to 4...
  23. Clinical and experimental studies of obesity
    Myles Faith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By 4 years of age, high risk children had greater weight, body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness and lean body mass. By 6 years of age they also had significantly greater levels (25% vs. 19%) (6.7 kg to 4...
  24. BODY COMPOSITION IN IFG-I TREATED GH-RECEPTOR DEFICIENCY
    Arlan Rosenbloom; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Measures will include height, weight, body mass index, upper to lower segment ratio, span, skinfold thickness, radiographic skeletal survey, muscular strength, dietary recall, biochemical measures (IGF-I and -II, GH, ..
  25. ADIPOSE DISTRIBUTION AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    JOHN CROUSE; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..relate intra-abdominal fat to more conventional measures of fat distribution (waist/hip ratio, subscapular skinfold thickness, etc.) in an attempt to identify strong correlates of intra-abdominal fat that can be more easily measured...
  26. INFANT FEEDING, METABOLIC RATE, AND GROWTH
    Albert Stunkard; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..cohort were assessed at 3 months of age for body size and composition by measurement of length and weight, skinfold thickness, total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC) and isotope (2H and 180) dilution, energy expenditure (TEE) and ..
  27. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Anthropometry will include child weight, length, head and arm circumferences, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness, and parents' weight and height...
  28. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Anthropometry will include child weight, length, head and arm circumferences, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness, and parents' weight and height...
  29. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Anthropometry will include child weight, length, head and arm circumferences, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness, and parents' weight and height...
  30. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Anthropometry will include child weight, length, head and arm circumferences, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness, and parents' weight and height...
  31. BIOBEHAVIORAL FACTORS INFLUENCING WEIGHT IN ADOLESCENTS
    C Taylor; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Physiologic measures will include height, body weight, skinfold thickness and Tanner Self-Staging. Biologic measures will include serum cholesterol and somatomedin-C...
  32. CANCER RISK FACTOR PREVENTION FOR HIGH RISK YOUTH
    Joel Killen; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Assessments of children's height, weight, tricep skinfold thickness, waste and hip circumferences, food preferences, cardiorespiratory fitness and self-reported behavior, ..
  33. CANCER RISK FACTOR PREVENTION FOR HIGH RISK YOUTH
    Joel Killen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Assessments of children's height, weight, tricep skinfold thickness, waste and hip circumferences, food preferences, cardiorespiratory fitness and self-reported behavior, ..
  34. Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to controls, girls in the treatment group will significantly reduce their waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, resting heart rate, television, videotape/DVD and video game use, ..
  35. Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to controls, girls in the treatment group will significantly reduce their waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, resting heart rate, television, videotape/DVD and video game use, ..
  36. Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls
    Thomas N Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to controls, girls in the treatment group will significantly reduce their waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, resting heart rate, television, videotape/DVD and video game use, ..
  37. Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina Girls
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to controls, girls in the treatment group will significantly reduce their waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, resting heart rate, television, videotape/DVD and video game use, ..
  38. Diabetes Prevention Program in American Indian Youth
    BLAKELY BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of pre- to posttest changes on dietary intake, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, skinfold thickness, waist circumference, acanthosis, fasting plasma glucose, LDL-C, HDL-C, TC and triglycerides in 64 American ..
  39. PREVENTION OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN CHILDREN
    Ronald Prineas; Fiscal Year: 1990
    This longitudinal study will continue measuring blood pressure, height, weight, skinfold thickness and body girths of 1,082 children, now once annually...
  40. SEX STEROIDS, OBESITY AND LIPIDS IN ADOLESCENT FEMALES
    Anne Lucky; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..examinations with attention to pubertal staging and anthopometric measurements including weight, stature and skinfold thickness. Along with NGHS blood samples, additional blood will be obtained in years 1, 3, and 5 for measurement of ..
  41. RISK FACTORS FOR UNHEALTHY WEIGHT REGULATION
    C Taylor; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..on this original sample which will continue to be obtained includes: physiologic measures (height, weight, skinfold thickness); self-report behaviors (demographics, family weight history, knowledge, and attitudes about weight ..
  42. GENETIC & GESTATIONAL INFLUENCES ON CHILDHOOD OBESITY
    FREDDA GINSBERG FELLNER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..is monitored with bone age determinations and careful measurements of height, weight, head circumference and skinfold thickness. In vivo and in vitro insulin sensitivity is investigated with serial insulin tolerance tests performed with ..
  43. PRENATAL TOBACCO EFFECTS IN OFFSPRING OF TEENAGE MOTHERS
    MARIE CORNELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Prenatally exposed children had higher body mass indices and skinfold thickness. Passive exposure to current tobacco smoke was related to poorer receptive language abilities...
  44. PRENATAL TOBACCO EFFECTS IN OFFSPRING OF TEENAGE MOTHERS
    MARIE CORNELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Prenatally exposed children had higher body mass indices and skinfold thickness. Passive exposure to current tobacco smoke was related to poorer receptive language abilities...
  45. PRENATAL TOBACCO EFFECTS IN OFFSPRING OF TEENAGE MOTHERS
    MARIE CORNELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Prenatally exposed children had higher body mass indices and skinfold thickness. Passive exposure to current tobacco smoke was related to poorer receptive language abilities...
  46. PRENATAL TOBACCO EFFECTS IN OFFSPRING OF TEENAGE MOTHERS
    MARIE CORNELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Prenatally exposed children had higher body mass indices and skinfold thickness. Passive exposure to current tobacco smoke was related to poorer receptive language abilities...
  47. PRENATAL TOBACCO EFFECTS IN OFFSPRING OF TEENAGE MOTHERS
    MARIE CORNELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Prenatally exposed children had higher body mass indices and skinfold thickness. Passive exposure to current tobacco smoke was related to poorer receptive language abilities...
  48. OPTIMAL DIETS FOR TREATMENT OF OBESITY: METABOLIC BASIS
    THEODORE VAN ITALLIE; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..the currently more established methods such as total body potassium by whole body 40K counting, hydrostatic weighing, total body water by tritium dilution, and estimation of total body fat from skinfold thickness at various sites.
  49. Early Markers that Presage Obesity in 5-HT2cR KO Mice
    SUSAN AKANA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..is defined by BMI, bioimpedance, or anthromorphic measures of waist circumference, waist-hip ratio or skinfold thickness, it is clear that obesity is linked with diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, and ..
  50. Early Markers that Presage Obesity in 5-HT2cR KO Mice
    SUSAN AKANA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..is defined by BMI, bioimpedance, or anthromorphic measures of waist circumference, waist-hip ratio or skinfold thickness, it is clear that obesity is linked with diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, and ..
  51. CHILDHOOD NUTRITION, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, AND CV HEALTH
    Jane Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Standardized measurements of height, weight, and skinfold thickness will be taken...
  52. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to controls, girls in the treatment group will significantly reduce their waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, resting blood pressures, resting heart rate, fasting insulin, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, ..
  53. Trends in blood pressure in relation to obesity
    Rebecca Din Dzietham; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..or partially explained by obesity, as assessed by body-mass-index, the ratio of triceps over subscapular skinfold thickness, and percent body fat. 3...
  54. Trends in blood pressure in relation to obesity
    Rebecca Din Dzietham; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..or partially explained by obesity, as assessed by body-mass-index, the ratio of triceps over subscapular skinfold thickness, and percent body fat. 3...
  55. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to controls, girls in the treatment group will significantly reduce their waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, resting blood pressures, resting heart rate, fasting insulin, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, ..
  56. ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY--NUTRITION, GROWTH AND OUTCOME
    Theresa Scholl; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..circulating micronutrients and other indicators of maternal nutritional status (dietary intakes, body mass, skinfold thickness), and to assess the prognostic importance of growth by knee height and inter-pregnancy interval on ..
  57. ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY--NUTRITION, GROWTH AND OUTCOME
    Theresa Scholl; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..circulating micronutrients and other indicators of maternal nutritional status (dietary intakes, body mass, skinfold thickness), and to assess the prognostic importance of growth by knee height and inter-pregnancy interval on ..
  58. ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY--NUTRITION, GROWTH AND OUTCOME
    Theresa Scholl; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..circulating micronutrients and other indicators of maternal nutritional status (dietary intakes, body mass, skinfold thickness), and to assess the prognostic importance of growth by knee height and inter-pregnancy interval on ..
  59. Environmental Strategies & Behavior Change to Reduce Overeating in Obese Children
    Thomas N Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..group will significantly reduce their BMI over 6-months and reduce their waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, resting heart rate, meals eaten with TV, daily dietary energy ..
  60. Type 2 Diabetes Primary Prevention for At Risk Girls
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In-home/school-based measures of height, weight, waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, blood pressure, resting heart rate, and self-reports of physical activity and sedentary behaviors will be ..
  61. DIETARY CONTROL AND PREVENTION OF HYPERTENSION
    RICHARD GILLUM; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..be made during the five-month intervention period with caloric and sodium intake assessed by body weight, skinfold thickness and 24-hour urine collection and these related to random zero clinic blood pressure measurements...
  62. Family-Centered Diabetes Project
    Carla Herman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..post intervention: improved physical fitness measured by predicted VO2 peak, decreased body fat measured by skinfold thickness, decreased body weight, and decreased insulin resistance using the HOMA model...
  63. Family-Centered Diabetes Project
    Carla Herman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..post intervention: improved physical fitness measured by predicted VO2 peak, decreased body fat measured by skinfold thickness, decreased body weight, and decreased insulin resistance using the HOMA model...
  64. Family-Centered Diabetes Project
    Carla Herman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..post intervention: improved physical fitness measured by predicted VO2 peak, decreased body fat measured by skinfold thickness, decreased body weight, and decreased insulin resistance using the HOMA model...
  65. Family-Centered Diabetes Project
    Carla Herman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..post intervention: improved physical fitness measured by predicted VO2 peak, decreased body fat measured by skinfold thickness, decreased body weight, and decreased insulin resistance using the HOMA model...
  66. Family-Centered Diabetes Project
    Carla Herman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..post intervention: improved physical fitness measured by predicted VO2 peak, decreased body fat measured by skinfold thickness, decreased body weight, and decreased insulin resistance using the HOMA model...
  67. PREVENTION OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN CHILDREN
    Ronald Prineas; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Data have now been collected biannually for 2-5 years on children at school for height, weight, skinfold thickness and blood pressure...