- A modified Cockcroft-Gault formula taking into account the body surface area gives a more accurate estimation of the glomerular filtration rate
Unit of Nephrology and Dialysis, Centre Hospitalier Prive Claude Galien, Quincy sous Senart France
J Nephrol 20:576-85. 2007
We sought to validate the improvement by adjustment for body surface area (BSA) of the accuracy of the original Cockcroft-Gault equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR), in a prospective cross-sectional study of 269 European ..
- The risk of thrombo-embolic events is increased in patients with germ-cell tumours and can be predicted by serum lactate dehydrogenase and body surface area
A C Piketty
Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France
Br J Cancer 93:909-14. 2005
..In multivariate analysis, two factors had independent predictive value for TEE: a high body surface area (>1.9 m2) (RR: 5 (1.8-13.9)) and an elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (RR: 6.4 (2.3-18.2))...
- The 3D scanner for measuring body surface area: a simplified calculation in the Chinese adult
Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, National Tsing Hua University, Shinchu, Taiwan, ROC
Appl Ergon 34:273-8. 2003
..A model is presented for estimation of human body surface area (BSA), which is identical in form to the one proposed in 1916 by DuBois and DuBois is presented...
- Dose of dialysis based on body surface area is markedly less in younger children than in older adolescents
John T Daugirdas
University of Illinois at Chicago, 820 S Wood Street, N C 793, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 5:821-7. 2010
..Normalizing Kt/V to body surface area (S) has been proposed, but the implications of doing this in children have not been examined.
- Dose calculation of anticancer drugs: a review of the current practice and introduction of an alternative
Department of Medical Oncology and Palliative Care, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia
J Clin Oncol 14:2590-611. 1996
..To review the current dose-calculation practice and propose a non-body-surface area (BSA)-based dose-calculation method...
- Body-surface area-based dosing does not increase accuracy of predicting cisplatin exposure
F E de Jongh
Department of Medical Oncology, Rotterdam Cancer Institute (Daniel den Hoed Kliniek, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Oncol 19:3733-9. 2001
..30% to 32.7%). CONCLUSION: In view of the high interpatient variability in CL(free) relative to variation in observed BSA, no rationale for continuing BSA-based dosing was found. We recommend fixed-dosing regimens for cisplatin...
- How to calculate the dose of chemotherapy
Department of Medical Oncology and Palliative Care, Westmead Hospital, Westmead 2145, Australia
Br J Cancer 86:1297-302. 2002
b>Body surface area-dosing does not account for the complex processes of cytotoxic drug elimination. This leads to an unpredictable variation in effect...
- Evaluation of an alternate dosing strategy for cisplatin in patients with extreme body surface area values
Walter J Loos
Department of Medical Oncology, Erasmus MC, Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Oncol 24:1499-506. 2006
The majority of cytotoxic drugs for adults are dosed based on body surface area (BSA), aiming to reduce interpatient variability in drug exposure...
- Low birth weight and reduced renal volume in Aboriginal children
Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
Am J Kidney Dis 37:915-20. 2001
..523. Combined kidney volume, corrected for body surface area (corrKV), was independent of age and averaged 240 +/- 45 mL/1.73 m(2)...
- Body surface area as a determinant of pharmacokinetics and drug dosing
Committee on Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, and Cancer Research Center, The University of Chicago, 60637-1470, IL, USA
Invest New Drugs 19:171-7. 2001
b>Body surface area (BSA) was introduced into medical oncology in order to derive a safe starting dose for phase I studies of anticancer drugs from preclinical animal toxicology data...
- Body surface area in normal-weight, overweight, and obese adults. A comparison study
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University Hospital Antwerp, 2650 Edegem, Belgium
Metabolism 55:515-24. 2006
Values for body surface area (BSA) are commonly used in medicine, particularly to calculate doses of chemotherapeutic agents and index cardiac output. Various BSA formulas have been developed over the years...
- Anthropometric prediction of total body water in children who are on pediatric peritoneal dialysis
Bruce Z Morgenstern
Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Phoenix Children s Hospital, 1919 East Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85016, USA
J Am Soc Nephrol 17:285-93. 2006
..37 x weight; for girls, TBW = 0.14 x (HtWt)0.64 - 0.35 x weight. The height x weight parameter also predicts body surface area (BSA). These equations can be simplified, with slightly less precision, to the following: For boys, TBW = 20...
- A review of computer-aided body surface area determination: SAGE II and EPRI's 3D Burn Vision
J M Neuwalder
Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Burn Care Rehabil 23:55-9; discussion 54. 2002
Estimates of percent body surface area (%BSA) burns correlate well with fluid needs, nutritional requirements, and prognosis. Most burn centers rely on the Lund Browder chart and "rule of nines," to calculate the %BSA...
- Body surface area and body weight predict total liver volume in Western adults
Jean Nicolas Vauthey
Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Liver Transpl 8:233-40. 2002
..This study is designed to determine a formula predicting total liver volume (TLV) based on body surface area (BSA) or body weight in Western adults. TLV was measured in 292 patients from four Western centers...
- Standardization of the body surface area (BSA) formula to calculate the dose of anticancer agents in Japan
Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Jpn J Clin Oncol 33:309-13. 2003
BACKGROUND: The importance of deciding the appropriate dose of anticancer agents cannot be overemphasized. Body surface area (BSA) has been used to calculate the dose in anticancer therapy since the 1950s...
- A trial of the effectiveness of artificial dermis in the treatment of patients with burns greater than 45% total body surface area
Michael D Peck
North Carolina Jaycee Burn Center and the Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina Health Care, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, USA
J Trauma 52:971-8. 2002
- Body surface area of ST elevation and the presence of late potentials correlate to the inducibility of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in Brugada syndrome
Hospital of the Westfälischen Wilhelms University, Department of Cardiology and Angiology and Institute for Arteriosclerosis Research, Munster, Germany
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 13:742-9. 2002
..Therefore, the body surface area of ST elevation and the presence of late potentials were compared to the inducibility of VT in patients with ..
- Role of body surface area in dosing of investigational anticancer agents in adults, 1991-2001
Sharyn D Baker
Division of Experimental Therapeutics, The Sydney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD 21237, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 94:1883-8. 2002
The prescribed dose of anticancer agents is most commonly calculated using body surface area as the only independent variable, and it has been shown that this approach still results in large interpatient variability in drug exposure...
- Determination of normal gender-specific left atrial dimensions by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging
Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Marienhospital, University of Bochum, Herne, Germany
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 7:677-83. 2005
..We aimed to establish normal values for LAEDD using CMR and a fast gradient-echo sequence with steady-state free precession (SSFP)...
- Distribution of Buruli ulcer lesions over body surface area in a large case series in Ghana: uncovering clues for mode of transmission
Ilona C Hospers
Department of Internal Medicine, Groningen University Medical Centre, P.O. Box 30001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:196-201. 2005
..and lower extremities were affected equally by Buruli ulcers, if correction was made for differences in body surface area. Patients from outside the Amansie West district presented significantly more often with ulcerated lesions, ..
- The natural history of the growth of the hand: I. Hand area as a percentage of body surface area
H R Amirsheybani
Department of Surgery, the Pinnacle Health System, Department of Psychiatry, University of California at Los Angeles, USA
Plast Reconstr Surg 107:726-33. 2001
..The area of the palmar surface of one hand has been estimated to be 1 percent of the body surface area. The area of the palmar surface of the hand was measured to test the accuracy of this estimate and then ..
- Body surface area prediction in normal, hypermuscular, and obese mice
Michael C Cheung
Division of Surgical Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
J Surg Res 153:326-31. 2009
Accurate determination of body surface area (BSA) in experimental animals is essential for modeling effects of burn injury or drug metabolism...
- Aortic valve disease in Turner syndrome
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 51:1904-9. 2008
..Our goal was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of aortic valve disease in girls and women with monosomy for the X chromosome, or Turner syndrome (TS)...
- Aortic dimensions in girls and young women with turner syndrome: a magnetic resonance imaging study
Department of Paediatrics, Hillerød Hospital, 3400 Hillerød, Denmark
Pediatr Cardiol 31:497-504. 2010
..The thoracic aortic diameters of the patients were measured at nine positions. Adjustment for body surface area (BSA) was performed...
- Adequacy of peritoneal dialysis in children: consider the membrane for optimal prescription
Nephrology Dialysis and Transplantation Children s Unit, University Hospital, University Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France
Perit Dial Int 27:S167-70. 2007
..Fill volume should be scaled for body surface area (mL/m2) and, to avoid a hyperpermeable exchange, for a not-too-small amount...
- Contrast enhancement in cardiovascular MDCT: effect of body weight, height, body surface area, body mass index, and obesity
Kyongtae T Bae
Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 200 Lothrop St, Ste 4895, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 190:777-84. 2008
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of body weight, height, body surface area (BSA), body mass index (BMI), and obesity on aortic contrast enhancement in cardiac MDCT.
- Flat-fixed dosing versus body surface area based dosing of anticancer drugs: there is a difference
, , Germany
Oncologist 12:924-6. 2007
- Influence of body surface area on serum peak thyrotropin (TSH) levels after recombinant human TSH administration
Dipartimento di Endocrinologia ed Oncologia Molecolare e Clinica, , , 80127 Napoli, Italy
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:1319-22. 2003
..of several demographic and anthropometric parameters [age, body weight, height, body mass index, and body surface area (BSA)] on serum peak TSH levels after rhTSH administration...
- Systolic and diastolic time intervals measured from Doppler tissue imaging: normal values and Z-score tables, and effects of age, heart rate, and body surface area
Heart Institute for Children, Oaklawn, Oaklawn, Illinois 60453, USA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 21:361-70. 2008
..intervals measured by Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and to determine the effects of age, heart rate (HR), and body surface area on DTI-derived time intervals in children. We studied 593 children with normal echocardiogram results...
- Annular and septal Doppler tissue imaging in children: normal z-score tables and effects of age, heart rate, and body surface area
David A Roberson
Heart Institute for Children, Oaklawn, Illinois 60453, USA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 20:1276-84. 2007
..normal echocardiograms from 634 children aged 1 day to 18 years, heart rate (HR) range of 50 to 194/min, and body surface area (BSA) range of 0.1 to 2.8 m2...
- Chemotherapy dosing part I: scientific basis for current practice and use of body surface area
S A Kaestner
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5W, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 19:23-37. 2007
..In an attempt to reduce this variability, most chemotherapy doses are individualised according to patient body surface area (BSA)...
- Right ventricular Tei index in children: effect of method, age, body surface area, and heart rate
David A Roberson
Heart Institute for Children, Hope Children s Hospital, Oak Lawn, Illinois 60453, USA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 20:764-70. 2007
..the effects of the methods of Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) versus pulse wave Doppler (PWD) and age, body surface area (BSA), and heart rate on the RVTX in a population of 308 children with normal echocardiogram findings...
- Impact of body-size measures on irinotecan clearance: alternative dosing recommendations
Ron H J Mathijssen
Department of Medical Oncology, Rotterdam Cancer Institute (Daniel den Hoed Kliniek, 3008 AE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Oncol 20:81-7. 2002
..These findings provide a rationale for the conduct of a comparative phase III study between BSA-based dosing and flat or fixed dosing of CPT-11...
- Factors affecting epirubicin pharmacokinetics and toxicity: evidence against using body-surface area for dose calculation
H P Gurney
Department of Medical Oncology and Palliative Care, Westmead Hospital, Australia
J Clin Oncol 16:2299-304. 1998
..An exploratory study to test whether body-surface area (BSA) should be used for the calculation of epirubicin dose...
- Body surface area estimation in children using weight alone: application in paediatric oncology
Pharmacy Dept, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK
Br J Cancer 85:23-8. 2001
The majority of chemotherapy regimens and trials specify doses of cytotoxic drugs normalized to body surface area. Estimation of BSA in paediatric patients is particularly problematic, as conventional nomograms require accurate ..
- Relationship of body surface area with bone density and its risk of osteoporosis at various skeletal regions in women of mainland China
Xian Ping Wu
Institute of Metabolism and Endocrinology, The Second Xiang Ya Hospital, Central South University, 86 Renmin Zhong Road, 410011, Changsha, Hunan, People s Republic of China
Osteoporos Int 15:751-9. 2004
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between body surface area (BS) and bone mineral density (BMD) and the associated osteoporosis risk at various skeletal regions in women from mainland China...
- Aortic size assessment by noncontrast cardiac computed tomography: normal limits by age, gender, and body surface area
Departments of Imaging, CSMC Burns and Allen Research Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, University of California at Los Angeles, USA
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 1:200-9. 2008
..To determine normal limits for ascending and descending thoracic aorta diameters in a large population of asymptomatic, low-risk adult subjects...
- Differences in the outcomes and treatments of extensively burned patients between a Chinese hospital and a Japanese hospital
Department of Traumatology and Critical Care Medicine, National Defense Medical College, 3 2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Japan
Tohoku J Exp Med 206:283-90. 2005
..patients were transported to the respective hospitals within 3 days after suffering burns and their total body surface area of burns was greater than 20%. Fourteen of the 34 patients (41...
- [A body mass index related scale for reconstructive breast reduction]
, Asthetische und Rekonstruktive Chirurgie, Landesklinikum, Feldkirch, Osterreich, Schweiz
Wien Med Wochenschr 155:65-9. 2005
..guidelines for graded minimum resection weight recommendations, which have relied on the body weight or the body surface area, parameters that both had a much lower correlation to the resected breast tissue in the patient group than ..
- Etiology and outcome of pediatric burns in Tabriz, Iran
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Burns 31:721-5. 2005
..There were 39 deaths related to scalds. Large burn size was the strongest predictor of mortality followed by the presence of inhalation injury and the length of time to intravenous access...
- Estimation of standard liver volume for liver transplantation in the Korean population
Hee Chul Yu
Department of Surgery, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea
Liver Transpl 10:779-83. 2004
..Data of liver weight (LW), body weight (BW), body height (BH), body surface area (BSA), and age were obtained from 652 postmortem examination reports (age, 42.4 +/- 16...
- Establishing transfusion needs in burn patients
Kara K Criswell
The Burn and Shock Trauma Institute, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
Am J Surg 189:324-6. 2005
..It is difficult to predict the blood loss that will occur per operation and how many units the patient will require during surgery. This may result in high cross-match-to-transfusion ratios (CMTRs)...
- Gene expression changes with time in skeletal muscle of severely burned children
Mohan R K Dasu
Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch, and Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, TX 77550, USA
Ann Surg 241:647-53. 2005
..Patients ranged in age from 3 to 18 years, with flame or scald burns covering more than 40% of their body surface area. At 1...
- Paediatric rehabilitation in a developing country--India in relation to aetiology, consequences and outcome in a group of 459 burnt children
K Mathangi Ramakrishnan
CHILDS Trust Hospital, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
Pediatr Rehabil 7:145-9. 2004
Age, aetiology of burn, percentage body surface area burnt and post-burn sequelae have a direct relationship to the rehabilitative necessity in burnt children in a developing country--India...
- Burn care in Los Angeles, California: LAC+USC experience 1994-2004
Warren L Garner
Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, CA, USA
Burns 31:S32-5. 2005
..7 patients each year; heterotopic ossification was seen in 4 patients (0.4%); 4 patients (0.4%) developed stage II-IV pressure sores; hypothermia was present in 0.8% of patients...
- Increased liver weights in severely burned children: comparison of ultrasound and autopsy measurements
R E Barrow
Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77550, USA
Burns 30:565-8. 2004
..Ninety-five percent of the severely burned children from this institute had significant hepatomegaly identified at autopsy...
- Tall toddlers--at increased risk for scalds?
S M Murphy
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Our Lady s Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland
Burns 30:581-2. 2004
- Grease fryers: a significant danger to children
Steven R Allen
University Hospital and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
J Burn Care Rehabil 25:456-60. 2004
..These findings support the need for safer product design and more specific warnings in product labeling and instructions as to the danger of severe scald injury to minimize the occurrence of such injuries...
- Glass front of gas fire places: a clear and present danger
Booth Hall Children's Hospital, Charlestown Road, Blackley, Manchester M97AA, UK
Burns 31:72-5. 2005
..RESULTS: Thirty-five children (M: 20; F: 15; Age range: 6 months to 10 years) were identified. The total body surface area of the burn was between <1 and 5%. Hand or fingers were the commonest sites involved...
- A seven-year epidemiology study of 12,381 admitted burn patients in Taiwan--using the Internet registration system of the Childhood Burn Foundation
Childhood Burn Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Burns 31:S12-7. 2005
..First and second years of life were the peak of incidence. The mean extent of burn was 14.0% total body surface area with 950 patients (7.7%) suffering from a burn extent >/=40% TBSA. Scalds resulted in 5085 admissions (43...
- Epidemiology of burn injuries in Singapore from 1997 to 2003
Department of Plastic Burns Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore S169608, Singapore
Burns 31:S18-26. 2005
- Epidemiological and outcome characteristics of major burns in Tokyo
The Tokyo Burn Unit Association, Department of Trauma and Critical Care Center, Teikyo University School of Medicine, 2 11 1 Kaga, Itabashi ku, Tokyo 173 8606, Japan
Burns 31:S3-S11. 2005
..Gender was not a factor for high mortality in any age group. The mortality rate showed mildly decreasing tendency since 1995 for which implementation of skin bank was thought to be responsible...
- Hot beverage scalds in Australian children
D J Dewar
Stuart Pegg Paediatric Burns Centre, Royal Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
J Burn Care Rehabil 25:224-7. 2004
..Their median age was 17.5 months and median body surface area burned was 4% (range, 0.25% to 32%)...
- Simple estimation of the glomerular filtration rate in sick Thai children
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand
Nephrology (Carlton) 8:251-5. 2003
..b>Body surface area (m2; SA) was also assessed...
- The influence of age and gender on resting energy expenditure in severely burned children
Ronald P Mlcak
Shriners Hospital for Children and Department of Surgery, University Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77550, USA
Ann Surg 244:121-30. 2006
..The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of age and gender on resting energy expenditure (REE) in severely burned children from acute hospitalization through 12 months postburn...
- Sonographic assessment of the normal limits and percentile curves of liver, spleen, and kidney dimensions in healthy school-aged children
Alp Alper Safak
Department of Radiology, Duzce School of Medicine, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Konuralp 81620, Duzce, Turkey
J Ultrasound Med 24:1359-64. 2005
..purpose of this study was to determine the normal standards of liver, spleen, and kidney dimensions and the relationship of each with sex, age, body weight, height, body mass index, and body surface area in healthy school-aged children.
- Paediatric burn prevention: an epidemiological approach
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China
Burns 32:229-34. 2006
..Domestic burns accounted for 84.7% of admissions. Median burn area was 4% of the total body surface area with a range of 0.2-45%...
- Tandir burns: a severe cause of burns in rural Turkey
Mufide Nuran Akcay
Ataturk University, Medical Faculty, Department of General Surgery, Erzurum, Turkey
Burns 34:268-70. 2008
..The mean age was 17.10 years (1-60 years) and 61.50% of the patients were female. The mean total body surface area (TBSA) burned was 21.09% (6-58) and 88% of the patients had third-degree burns...
- Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia in burn patients
Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Road, Tainan 704, Taiwan
Burns 32:155-8. 2006
- Are paediatric burns more common in asylum seekers? An analysis of paediatric burn admissions
M P Dempsey
National Paediatric Burn Unit, Our Lady s Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland
Burns 32:242-5. 2006
..Scalds accounted for 13 cases, one contact burn occurred from a hot grill. The median total body surface area burned was 5.7% (range 1.5-26%). The National Census of 2002 recorded a population of 3,917,203...
- Population pharmacokinetics of liposomal amphotericin B in pediatric patients with malignant diseases
Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmacy Building (A15, Camperdown Campus, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:935-42. 2006
..The model has been evaluated and can be used in the design of rational dosing strategies for L-AmB antifungal therapy in this special population...
- Constancy in integrated cisplatin plasma concentrations among pediatric patients
Department of Chemistry, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
J Clin Pharmacol 46:443-8. 2006
..The authors conclude that the inconsistency in AUC can be reduced 10-fold with dosing proportional to the weight and the drug pharmacokinetic parameters [(weight0.7)/(Cmaxxt1/2(0.5))]...
- Body composition changes with time in pediatric burn patients
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Texas, USA
J Trauma 60:968-71; discussion 971. 2006
..METHODS: Twenty-five pediatric patients with greater than 40% total body surface area burns were studied...
- Estimation of pancreas weight from donor variables
Clinical Islet Transplant Program, University of Alberta and Capital Health Authority, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Cell Transplant 15:181-5. 2006
..from 354 cadaveric donors with respect to gender, age, body weight, body height, body mass index (BMI), and body surface area (BSA). In men, pancreas weight correlated more closely with body weight than with age, height, or BMI...
- Superior vena cava and innominate vein dimensions in growing children : an aid for interventional devices and transvenous leads
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
Pediatr Cardiol 27:414-9. 2006
..Since venous diameters are largely unknown at different ages, the purpose of this study was to correlate innominate vein (INN) and superior vena cava (SVC) diameters with body dimensions in growing children...
- Paediatric burns in Kuwait: incidence, causes and mortality
Prem N Sharma
Health Sciences Center, Kuwait University, Kuwait
Burns 32:104-11. 2006
..Gender and nationality had no influence on incidence or mortality. These findings will hopefully stimulate development of targeted and sustainable interventions for reducing burns occurrence among identified paediatric high-risk groups...
- Coronary artery diameters in infants and children with congenital heart disease as determined by computed tomography
Shyh Jye Chen
Department of Medical Imaging, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan
Am J Cardiol 100:1696-701. 2007
..between the genders, and relations of the diameters of the coronary arteries to age, height, weight, body surface area, and the diameter of the descending aorta were examined...
- Indexation criteria of ventricular mass and predictive role of blood pressure and body composition
Liberato Aldo Ferrara
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Naples, Italy
Am J Hypertens 18:1282-7. 2005
..Left ventricular mass has been adjusted to height, to height2.7(h2.7) and to body surface area (BSA)...
- Acoustic pressure wound therapy for management of mixed partial- and full-thickness burns in a rural wound center
Regional Medical Center of Orangeburg and Calhoun Counties, Orangeburg, SC, USA
Ostomy Wound Manage 54:56-9. 2008
..old) with mixed partial- and full-thickness burns involving the trunk, extremities, or both, averaging 7% of body surface area (range: 1% to 24%), were reviewed. Patients received acoustic pressure wound therapy with standard burn care...
- Deaths due to burns in Adana, Turkey
Cukurova University School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, Adana, Turkey
Burns 34:982-5. 2008
..7%) were the commonest type under 10 years of age. The present study will contribute to taking and disseminating safety measures by determining general properties and risk factors of such preventable deaths...
- Analysis of pediatric burns in Nagasaki University from 1983 to 2002
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Developmental and Reconstructive Medicine Nagasaki University, Graduate School of Biomedical and Sciences, 1 7 1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852, Japan
Burns 31:1041-4. 2005
..4+/-14.6% versus 6.6+/-13.26%, TBSA). Pediatric burns in younger children should be studied closely as to their causes and with further follow-up...
- A simplified weight-based method for pediatric drug dosing for zidovudine and didanosine in resource-limited settings
Paul J Weidle
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:59-64. 2006
..drugs used for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children with dose recommendations based on body surface area calculations...
- Burn patterns of Asian ethnic minorities living in West Yorkshire, UK
J M Rawlins
Plastic Surgery and Burns Research Unit, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, Bradford BD7 1 DP, UK
Burns 32:97-103. 2006
..Much of this is behaviour related, and it is hoped that through preventative measures a marked reduction in the number of Asian ethnic minority burns can be achieved...
- Hot beverage burns: an 11-year experience of the Yorkshire Regional Burns Centre
Christopher L Hankins
Department of Plastic Surgery, Pinderfields General Hospital, Aberford Road, Wakefield WF1 4DG, UK
Burns 32:87-91. 2006
..Changes in referral patterns over this period resulted in a decrease in the mean total body surface area of injury, an increase in the number of admissions and an increase in the time interval from injury to ..
- Preventable thermal burns associated with the ignition of paint thinner: experience of a burn care network in Turkey
Department of General Surgery, Transplantation and Burns, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Minerva Med 98:653-9. 2007
..This retrospective study evaluated the epidemiology of burn injuries, due to paint thinner ignition, in patients treated at the burn units of a university hospital network...
- Hot oil burns--a study of predisposing factors, clinical course and prevention strategies
Christopher L Hankins
Department of Plastic Surgery, Pinderfields General Hospital, Aberford Road, Wakefield, WA6, UK
Burns 32:92-6. 2006
..The total body surface area of adults and children were similar, i.e. 7.15 +/- 5.49% versus 7.23 +/- 6.87%...
- Percentile curves of normal values of echocardiographic measurements in normal children from the central-southern region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil
Rossano César Bonatto
Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual de Sao Paulo, UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brazil
Arq Bras Cardiol 87:711-21. 2006
..To asses the values of echocardiographic measurements in normal children without cardiopathy and to build percentile curves, relating them to the body surface (BS, m(2))...
- Spleen length in childhood with US: normal values based on age, sex, and somatometric parameters
Stylianos D Megremis
First Department of Radiology, Venizelio General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Radiology 231:129-34. 2004
..To investigate with ultrasonography (US) normal spleen length in healthy children...
- Epidemiology of burns presenting to an emergency department in Shiraz, South Iran
Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Burns 29:579-81. 2003
..2% occurred in workplace and domestic accidents were more frequent among women. The mean total body surface area (TBSA) burned was 7.4+/-14.3%...
- Pharmacokinetics of nelfinavir in children: influencing factors and dose implications
Alina S Bergshoeff
University Medical Centre, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Antivir Ther 8:215-22. 2003
..The study describes the pharmacokinetics (PK) of the protease inhibitor nelfinavir and its active metabolite M8 in children and evaluates the influence of patient-related factors on nelfinavir plasma levels...
- A pilot study comparing percutaneous decompression with decompressive laparotomy for acute abdominal compartment syndrome in thermal injury
Barbara A Latenser
Department of Trauma, Cook County Hospital Burn Center, 700 S Wood Street, Chicago, IL, USA
J Burn Care Rehabil 23:190-5. 2002
..Percutaneous decompression is a safe and effective method of decreasing IAH and preventing ACS in patients with less than 80% TBSA thermal injury...
- Indexing glomerular filtration rate to suit children
Nicholas J Bird
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom
J Nucl Med 44:1037-43. 2003
..able to compare individuals of differing size, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is conventionally indexed to body surface area (BSA)...
- Left atrial and ventricular dimensions in highly trained cyclists
Department of Cardiology, MMC, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 19:211-7. 2003
..This study sought to investigate the development of left ventricular remodeling during active cycling...
- A simple new formula to assess liver weight
Recanati/Miller Transplantation Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Transplant Proc 35:1415-20. 2003
..Liver weight (LW) was plotted against age, height, body weight (BW), body surface area (BSA) or body mass index (BMI); a formula was developed using simple regression: LW (g) = 772 (g/m(2)) x BSA,..
- Developmental changes in the liver weight- and body weight-normalized clearance of theophylline, phenytoin and cyclosporine in children
Postgraduate School of Clinical Pharmacy, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Tokyo, Japan
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 40:485-92. 2002
..of children were estimated using the equation constructed based upon the autopsy data in literature, and body surface area (BSA) was calculated using a standard formula...
- Mortality rates among 5321 patients with burns admitted to a burn unit in China: 1980-1998
Burns and Plastic Department, 205 Hospital, No. 9, Section 2, Chongqing Road, Guta Area, Jinzhou, 121001 Liaoning, China
Burns 29:239-45. 2003
..4% were > or =60 years old. Ninety-six percent had burns covering less than half of body surface area and 31.7% had only full thickness skin burn...
- Effects of early excision and aggressive enteral feeding on hypermetabolism, catabolism, and sepsis after severe burn
David W Hart
Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA
J Trauma 54:755-61; discussion 761-4. 2003
..Wound colonization and sepsis were diminished in the early treatment group as well. CONCLUSION: Early excision and concurrent aggressive feeding attenuate muscle catabolism and improve infectious outcomes after burn...
- Inferior vena cava diameter: a useful method for estimation of fluid status in children on haemodialysis
Nephrology Clinic and Dialysis Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Petah-Tikva 49202, Israel
Nephrol Dial Transplant 16:1203-6. 2001
..IVCD was expressed per body surface area. RESULTS: Following haemodialysis mean IVCD (average of expiration and inspiration) decreased from 1.12+/-0...
- Comparable results between standardization methods and regression analysis in predicting mortality rate among samples with burns
Burn Plastic Department, 205 Hospital, No 9, Section 2, Chongqing Road, Guta Area, Jinzhou, 121001 Liaoning, China
Burns 29:247-55. 2003
..It is necessary to specify the regression model, 95% Cl or correlation coefficient of LA(50) in probit analysis or linear regression, respectively, when LA(50) of one sample is compared with that of another...
- Impact of cardiac growth on Doppler tissue imaging velocities: a study in healthy children
Benjamin W Eidem
Lillie Frank Abercrombie Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin MC 19 345C, Houston, TX 77030, USA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 17:212-21. 2004
..In addition, the clinical effect of cardiac growth and other demographic and echocardiographic parameters on DTI velocities during childhood has not been adequately evaluated...
- Standardized uptake value in pediatric patients: an investigation to determine the optimum measurement parameter
H W Yeung
Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York City, NY 10021, USA
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 29:61-6. 2002
..The aim of the present study was to compare SUV measurements based on body weight, body surface area and lean body mass in the pediatric population and to determine a more reliable parameter across all ages...
- An analysis of 550 hospitalized pediatric burn patients in Hong Kong
S Y Ying
Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin
J Burn Care Rehabil 22:228-31. 2001
..58:1. The median age was 2.5 years and the median burn size was 5% total body surface area (TBSA). Toddlers of age < 2 years accounted for 235 (42.7%) of admission...
- Increased body weight and decreased radial cross-sectional dimensions in girls with forearm fractures
D L Skaggs
Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, California 90027, USA
J Bone Miner Res 16:1337-42. 2001
..The smaller cross-sectional area confers a biomechanical disadvantage that, coupled with the greater body weight, increases the vulnerability to fracture after a fall...
- [Evaluation of prognostic factors in the burned patient]
, , 34295 Montpellier, France
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 46:167-72. 2001
..This relation must be handled cautiously when comparing the severity score of two groups of patients, just as any other severity score that uses a linear relation with the burnt area associated or not to age...
- [Normal values in pediatric nephrology]
, 1011 Lausanne
Rev Med Suisse Romande 122:631-6. 2002
..Normal values for all these parameters vary as a function of age, body weight and body surface area. They are briefly described here.
- [Caustic injuries of the eye, skin and the gastrointestinal tract]
Toxikologische Abteilung der II Medizinischen Klinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar Technische Universität München, Munchen
Ther Umsch 66:379-86. 2009
..Perforation, evolution of a mediastinitis or peritonitis with multi-organ failure are devastating complications with extremely high mortality and warrants immediate surgical treatment...
- Direct all-cause health care costs associated with chronic kidney disease in patients with diabetes and hypertension: a managed care perspective
Groupe d Analyse, Ltee 1080 Beaver Hall Hill, Suite 1810, Montreal QC H2Z1S8, Canada
J Manag Care Pharm 15:312-22. 2009
..The rate of chronic kidney disease (CKD) secondary to diabetes and/or hypertension is on the rise, and the related health care costs represent a significant economic burden...
- Predictor of core hypothermia and the surgical intensive care unit
Department of Anesthesiology, Siriraj Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Anesth Analg 96:826-33, table of contents. 2003
..The following variables were studied: age, sex, body weight, body surface area, preoperative body temperature, ASA physical status, history of diabetic neuropathy, emergency surgery, ..
- Characteristics and outcome of children with carbon monoxide poisoning with and without smoke exposure referred for hyperbaric oxygen therapy
K J Chou
Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Jacobi Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
Pediatr Emerg Care 16:151-5. 2000
- Pharmacokinetics of dapsone gel, 5% for the treatment of acne vulgaris
Diane M Thiboutot
Department of Dermatology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033 0850, USA
Clin Pharmacokinet 46:697-712. 2007
..As dapsone is administered topically, it was expected that systemic absorption would be considerably lower than that observed with oral dapsone therapy, thereby avoiding any adverse haematological effects...
- [Effect of carbachol on intestinal mucosa blood flow and absorption rate of glucose-electrolyte solution during enteral resuscitation for 50% total body surface area full-thickness burn injury in dog]
Laboratory of Shock and Organ Dysfunction, Burns Institute, First Affiliated Hospital of PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100037, China
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 20:167-71. 2008
..To investigate the effect of carbachol (CAR) on blood flow of intestinal mucosa and absorption rate of glucose-electrolyte solution (GES) during enteral resuscitation of burn shock in dog...