cephalometry

Summary

Summary: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Head circumference as an early predictor of autism symptoms in younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder
    Lauren M Elder
    Department of Psychology, Autism Center, University of Washington, Box 357920, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1104-11. 2008
  2. ncbi When is the brain enlarged in autism? A meta-analysis of all brain size reports
    Elizabeth Redcay
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:1-9. 2005
  3. doi Standards of soft tissue Arnett analysis for surgical planning in Turkish adults
    Tancan Uysal
    Department of Orthodontics, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
    Eur J Orthod 31:449-56. 2009
  4. doi Soft-tissue cephalometric norms in a South Indian ethnic population
    Anmol S Kalha
    Department of Orthondontics, Center for Evidence Based Dentistry, and Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 133:876-81. 2008
  5. doi Early crossbite correction: a three-dimensional evaluation
    Jasmina Primozic
    Department of Dental and Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Eur J Orthod 31:352-6. 2009
  6. doi Three-dimensional treatment planning of orthognathic surgery in the era of virtual imaging
    Gwen R J Swennen
    Department of Surgery, General Hospital St Jan Bruges, Bruges, Belgium
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67:2080-92. 2009
  7. doi Accuracy and repeatability of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) measurements used in the determination of facial indices in the laboratory setup
    Bernard A M M L Moerenhout
    Division of Maxillo Facial Surgery, Department of Surgery, General Hospital St Jan, Bruges, Belgium
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 37:18-23. 2009
  8. doi A comparison between 2D and 3D cephalometry on CBCT scans of human skulls
    O J C van Vlijmen
    3 D Facial Imaging Research Group Nijmegen Bruges, The Netherlands
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 39:156-60. 2010
  9. pmc Observer reliability of three-dimensional cephalometric landmark identification on cone-beam computerized tomography
    Ana Emilia F de Oliveira
    Department of Dentistry I, Universidade Federal do Maranhao, Maranhao, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 107:256-65. 2009
  10. ncbi Spatial relationships between the mandibular central incisor and associated alveolar bone in adults with mandibular prognathism
    Chiaki Yamada
    Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Osaka University, Graduate School of Dentistry, Japan
    Angle Orthod 77:766-72. 2007

Detail Information

Publications310 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Head circumference as an early predictor of autism symptoms in younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder
    Lauren M Elder
    Department of Psychology, Autism Center, University of Washington, Box 357920, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1104-11. 2008
    ..Among infant siblings of children with autism, atypical HC growth might alert pediatricians to provide screening and/or referral for further evaluation...
  2. ncbi When is the brain enlarged in autism? A meta-analysis of all brain size reports
    Elizabeth Redcay
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:1-9. 2005
    ..These conflicting results may be due to a lack of accounting for age-related changes in brain enlargement, use of small sample sizes, or differences in data acquisition methods...
  3. doi Standards of soft tissue Arnett analysis for surgical planning in Turkish adults
    Tancan Uysal
    Department of Orthodontics, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
    Eur J Orthod 31:449-56. 2009
    ..These differences between ethnic groups should be taken into consideration when formulating orthodontic/orthognathic treatment plans for patients with dentofacial deformity...
  4. doi Soft-tissue cephalometric norms in a South Indian ethnic population
    Anmol S Kalha
    Department of Orthondontics, Center for Evidence Based Dentistry, and Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 133:876-81. 2008
    ..Variability is also characteristic of different faces and facial types, and normative data based on 1 population group do not represent all. This study was undertaken to establish norms for a South Indian ethnic population...
  5. doi Early crossbite correction: a three-dimensional evaluation
    Jasmina Primozic
    Department of Dental and Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Eur J Orthod 31:352-6. 2009
    ..The palatal volume of the CB children increased as a result of orthodontic intervention to similar levels exhibited by the NCB children...
  6. doi Three-dimensional treatment planning of orthognathic surgery in the era of virtual imaging
    Gwen R J Swennen
    Department of Surgery, General Hospital St Jan Bruges, Bruges, Belgium
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67:2080-92. 2009
    ..The aim of this report was to present an integrated 3-dimensional (3D) virtual approach toward cone-beam computed tomography-based treatment planning of orthognathic surgery in the clinical routine...
  7. doi Accuracy and repeatability of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) measurements used in the determination of facial indices in the laboratory setup
    Bernard A M M L Moerenhout
    Division of Maxillo Facial Surgery, Department of Surgery, General Hospital St Jan, Bruges, Belgium
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 37:18-23. 2009
    ..V., Mechelen, Belgium)...
  8. doi A comparison between 2D and 3D cephalometry on CBCT scans of human skulls
    O J C van Vlijmen
    3 D Facial Imaging Research Group Nijmegen Bruges, The Netherlands
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 39:156-60. 2010
    ..The authors recommend that 3D tracings for longitudinal research are not used in cases were there are only 2D records from the past...
  9. pmc Observer reliability of three-dimensional cephalometric landmark identification on cone-beam computerized tomography
    Ana Emilia F de Oliveira
    Department of Dentistry I, Universidade Federal do Maranhao, Maranhao, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 107:256-65. 2009
    ..To evaluate reliability in 3-dimensional (3D) landmark identification using cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT)...
  10. ncbi Spatial relationships between the mandibular central incisor and associated alveolar bone in adults with mandibular prognathism
    Chiaki Yamada
    Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Osaka University, Graduate School of Dentistry, Japan
    Angle Orthod 77:766-72. 2007
    ....
  11. ncbi Three-dimensional cephalometry: spiral multi-slice vs cone-beam computed tomography
    Gwen R J Swennen
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Brugmann, Brussels, Belgium
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 130:410-6. 2006
    ..This innovative 3D virtual approach is a bridge between conventional cephalometry and modern craniofacial imaging techniques and provides high-quality, accurate, and reliable quantitative 3D ..
  12. doi Revised birth centiles for weight, length and head circumference in the UK-WHO growth charts
    Tim J Cole
    Medical Statistics, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:7-11. 2011
    ..The pre-existing British 1990 reference birth centiles, used in the UK since 1995, had been biased by the inclusion of post-natal data...
  13. doi Cone-beam computed tomography for routine orthodontic treatment planning: a radiation dose evaluation
    Maria Alves Garcia Silva
    Department of Stomatologic Sciences, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Goias, Goias, Brazil
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 133:640.e1-5. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the radiation doses for conventional panoramic and cephalometric imaging with the doses for 2 different CBCT units and a multi-slice CT unit in orthodontic practice...
  14. ncbi Treatment effects produced by Fränkel appliance in patients with class II, division 1 malocclusion
    Marcio Rodrigues de Almeida
    Lins Dental School, Methodist University of Piracicaba, Lins City, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Angle Orthod 72:418-25. 2002
    ..It was concluded that the main effects of the Fränkel appliance during this time period were mostly dentoalveolar with a smaller but significant skeletal mandibular effect...
  15. ncbi A proposal for a new analysis of craniofacial morphology by 3-dimensional computed tomography
    Sun Hyung Park
    College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 129:600.e23-34. 2006
    ..Two-dimensional (2D) x-ray films are used to understand 3D structures. However, 2D images have several limitations. This article proposes a new type of cephalometric analysis by using 3D computed tomography...
  16. doi Comparison of cephalometric radiographs obtained from cone-beam computed tomography scans and conventional radiographs
    Olivier J C van Vlijmen
    3D Facial Imaging Research Group Nijmegen Bruges, Department of Orthodontics and Oral Biology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67:92-7. 2009
    ..We evaluated whether measurements on conventional cephalometric radiographs are comparable to measurements on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-constructed cephalometric radiographs taken from human skulls...
  17. ncbi 3D-CT evaluation of facial asymmetry
    Akitoshi Katsumata
    Department of Oral Radiology, Asahi University School of Dentistry, Gifu, Japan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 99:212-20. 2005
    ..The present authors have developed a 3D-CT imaging procedure for a 3-dimensional coordinate point evaluation system to assess and diagnose patients with facial asymmetry...
  18. ncbi School difficulties in 20-year-olds who were born small for gestational age at term in a regional cohort study
    B Larroque
    INSERM U149, Villejuif
    Pediatrics 108:111-5. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Being born SGA at term is associated with poorer school performance at 12 and 18 years. Fetal adaptation to conditions that retard growth during gestation may not be successful in maintaining brain development...
  19. doi Head growth in preterm infants: correlation with magnetic resonance imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome
    Jeanie L Y Cheong
    Royal Women s Hospital, Department of Neonatal Services, 132 Grattan St, Carlton 3053, Melbourne, Australia
    Pediatrics 121:e1534-40. 2008
    ..The purpose of this work was to establish the relationship between head circumference with brain MRI at term-equivalent age and to relate head circumference with neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years...
  20. ncbi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: improvements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version
    Cynthia L Ogden
    National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Maryland National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 109:45-60. 2002
    ..To present a clinical version of the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts and to compare them with the previous version, the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) growth charts...
  21. ncbi Decreased serum levels of platelet-endothelial adhesion molecule (PECAM-1) in subjects with high-functioning autism: a negative correlation with head circumference at birth
    Kenji J Tsuchiya
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan
    Biol Psychiatry 62:1056-8. 2007
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether serum levels of the adhesion molecules in subjects with high-functioning autism are altered as compared with those of normal controls...
  22. doi A comparison between two-dimensional and three-dimensional cephalometry on frontal radiographs and on cone beam computed tomography scans of human skulls
    Olivier J C van Vlijmen
    Department of Orthodontics and Oral Biology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Eur J Oral Sci 117:300-5. 2009
    ..We therefore recommend that 3D models should not be used for longitudinal research in cases where there are only two-dimensional (2D) records from the past...
  23. doi Climate-related variation of the human nasal cavity
    Marlijn L Noback
    Paleoanthropology Section, Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoecology, Eberhard Karls Universitat Tubingen, Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, 72070, Tubingen, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 145:599-614. 2011
    ....
  24. doi Asymmetry of the face in orthodontic patients
    Seiji Haraguchi
    Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
    Angle Orthod 78:421-6. 2008
    ..To investigate the laterality of the normal asymmetry of the human face, examining differences in laterality in relation to sex, growth stage, and skeletal classification...
  25. doi A case report comparing 3-D evaluation in the diagnosis and treatment planning of hemimandibular hyperplasia with conventional radiography
    Burcu Baloş Tuncer
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Gazi, 84 sok, 06510 Emek, Ankara, Turkey
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 37:312-9. 2009
    ..The purpose of this report was to present the diagnosis and treatment planning of a hemimandibular hyperplasia case by using conventional radiographs and 3-D cephalometric analysis...
  26. doi Linear accuracy of cone beam CT derived 3D images
    April A Brown
    University of Louisville School of Dentistry, Louisville, KY, USA
    Angle Orthod 79:150-7. 2009
    ....
  27. ncbi A method for correction of radiographic errors in serial three-dimensional cephalometry
    M M Rousset
    Laboratory for Cranial Development and Prevention, Faculty of Odontology, University of Lille, Lille, France
    Dentomaxillofac Radiol 32:50-9. 2003
    ..To improve the accuracy of location of anatomical structures in serial three-dimensional (3D) cephalometric radiography...
  28. ncbi Parental craniofacial morphology in cleft lip with or without cleft palate as determined by cephalometry: a meta-analysis
    S M Weinberg
    Center for Craniofacial and Dental Genetics, Division of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
    Orthod Craniofac Res 9:18-30. 2006
    ..To integrate findings from previous cephalometric studies comparing the craniofacial complex of unaffected parents with cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) children to controls with no history of the disease...
  29. ncbi Early craniofacial morphology and growth in children with bilateral complete cleft lip and palate
    N V Hermann
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Clinical Genetics, School of Dentistry, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 41:424-38. 2004
    ....
  30. doi Non-nutritive sucking habits, dental malocclusions, and facial morphology in Brazilian children: a longitudinal study
    Mônica Vilela Heimer
    Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry of Pernambuco State University, Brazil
    Eur J Orthod 30:580-5. 2008
    ..Self-correction of AOB was associated with cessation of sucking habits but facial morphology remained unaltered...
  31. doi Cranial base growth in patients with Down syndrome: a longitudinal study
    Juan J Alio
    Prophylaxis, Odonthopediatrics and Orthodontics Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 133:729-37. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the growth of the cranial base in a sample of patients diagnosed with Down syndrome (DS)...
  32. doi Divine proportions in the growing face
    Verena Ferring
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 134:472-9. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to answer this question: to what extent do facial proportions change in comparison with the divine values during growth?..
  33. doi Computer-assisted three-dimensional surgical planning: 3D virtual articulator: technical note
    S Ghanai
    University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of Maxillo and Craniofacial Surgery, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 39:75-82. 2010
    ..A hexapod was used to transfer the virtual planning to the real splints. Preliminary results showed that conventional repositioning could be replicated using the virtual articulator...
  34. doi Three-dimensional evaluation of craniofacial asymmetry: an analysis using computed tomography
    Rosa María Yañez-Vico
    School of Dentistry, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
    Clin Oral Investig 15:729-36. 2011
    ..The angulation of the mandibular ramus, on both frontal and lateral planes, determines apparent facial asymmetry, as well as conditioning the surgical treatment plan for patients with craniofacial asymmetry...
  35. doi Intraexaminer and interexaminer reliabilities of landmark identification on digitized lateral cephalograms and formatted 3-dimensional cone-beam computerized tomography images
    Manuel O Lagravere
    Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 137:598-604. 2010
    ....
  36. doi New method for analysis of facial growth in a pediatric reconstructed mandible
    Chung How Kau
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0007, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 139:e285-90. 2011
    ..The aim of this article was to present a new method of analysis for the assessment of facial growth and morphology after surgical resection of the mandible in a growing patient...
  37. doi Infant orthopedics and facial growth in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate until six years of age (Dutchcleft)
    Catharina A M Bongaarts
    Department of Orthodontics and Oral Biology, Radbound University Nijmegen Medical Center, The Netherlands
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 46:654-63. 2009
    ..To evaluate longitudinally the effect of infant orthopedics (IO) on dentofacial cephalometric variables in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients from 4 to 6 years of age...
  38. ncbi Plane orientation for standardization in 3-dimensional cephalometric analysis with computerized tomography imaging
    Manuel O Lagravere
    Orthodontic Graduate Program, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 129:601-4. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to propose certain landmarks and planes to standardize 3-dimensional image orientation...
  39. doi Augmentation of linear facial anthropometrics through modern morphometrics: a facial convexity example
    R Wei
    Melbourne Dental School, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Aust Dent J 56:141-7. 2011
    ..These are well established in dentistry, but require expertise to be used effectively. The aim of this study was to augment the utility of linear anthropometrics by applying them in conjunction with modern 3-D morphometrics...
  40. doi Accuracy and reproducibility of a 3-dimensional stereophotogrammetric imaging system
    Marcio de Menezes
    Functional Anatomy Research Center, Laboratorio di Anatomia Funzionale dell Apparato Stomatognatico, Dipartimento di Morfologia Umana e Scienze Biomediche Città Studi, Facolta di Medicina e Chirurgia, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:2129-35. 2010
    ..To test the accuracy and reproducibility of a 3-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetric imaging system for measuring the facial soft tissues of healthy subjects...
  41. ncbi Retrospective study of maxilla growth in a Spanish population sample
    Juan Alió-Sanz
    Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 16:e271-7. 2011
    ..2 mm/year. Vertical growth, as well as general maxillary growth, is greater in the prepubescent group...
  42. doi Dynamic smile analysis: changes with age
    Shyam Desai
    Department of Craniofacial Sciences, Health Center, University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT 06030 1725, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 136:310.e1-10; discussion 310-1. 2009
    ..A secondary objective was to study the perioral changes from rest to smile and compare them on the basis of age...
  43. ncbi Accelerated head growth in early development of individuals with autism
    Yulia A Dementieva
    Department of Medicine and Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Pediatr Neurol 32:102-8. 2005
    ..This study confirms the presence of abnormal acceleration in head growth during the first and second months of life in a subgroup of autistic individuals...
  44. ncbi Soft tissue profile in Anatolian Turkish adults: Part II. Comparison of different soft tissue analyses in the evaluation of beauty
    Elif F Erbay
    Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, University of Istanbul, Turkey
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 121:65-72. 2002
    ..Among the 7 esthetic lines used to evaluate the soft tissue profile, only Ricketts' norms for upper and lower lips corresponded to the values we found for attractive profiles...
  45. ncbi Facial planning for orthodontists and oral surgeons
    G William Arnett
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Loma Linda University, CA, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 126:290-5. 2004
  46. ncbi Soft tissue profile in Anatolian Turkish adults: Part I. Evaluation of horizontal lip position using different soft tissue analyses
    Elif F Erbay
    Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, University of Istanbul, Turkey
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 121:57-64. 2002
    ....
  47. ncbi Ethnic differences in the soft tissue profile of Korean and European-American adults with normal occlusions and well-balanced faces
    Hyeon Shik Hwang
    Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Kwangju, Korea
    Angle Orthod 72:72-80. 2002
    ..These differences between ethnic groups should be taken into consideration when formulating an orthodontic treatment plan for patients of varying ethnic backgrounds...
  48. ncbi Long-term skeletal changes with rapid maxillary expansion: a systematic review
    Manuel O Lagravere
    Orthodontic Graduate Program, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Angle Orthod 75:1046-52. 2005
    ..The conclusions from this systematic review should be considered with caution because only a secondary level of evidence was found. Long-term randomized clinical trials are needed...
  49. doi Validity and reliability of craniofacial anthropometric measurement of 3D digital photogrammetric images
    Julielynn Y Wong
    Craniofacial Centre, Division of Plastic Surgery, Children s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 45:232-9. 2008
    ..Before morphometry using digital photogrammetry can be applied in clinical and research practice, it must be assessed against direct anthropometry...
  50. ncbi Asymmetry of the sphenoid bone and its suitability as a reference for analyzing craniofacial asymmetry
    Yeon H Kim
    Division of Orthodontics, Department of Lifelong Oral Health Science, Graduate School of Dentistry, Tohoku University, 4 1 Seiryo machi, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8575, Japan
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 124:656-62. 2003
    ..4. The external acoustic meatus was the most suitable reference for analysis of craniofacial asymmetry...
  51. ncbi Boas and beyond: migration and craniometric variation
    John H Relethford
    Department of Anthropology, State University of New York College at Oneonta, Oneonta, New York 13820, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 16:379-86. 2004
    ..Thus, craniometric data can be used to explore questions of gene flow and genetic affinity...
  52. ncbi Three-dimensional imaging in orthognathic surgery: the clinical application of a new method
    Mohammad Y Hajeer
    University of Glasgow Dental School, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 17:318-30. 2002
    ..5 mm or less). The method is useful in studying facial soft tissue changes following orthognathic surgery and other types of facial surgery, as well as assessing facial soft tissue growth and development of the craniofacial complex...
  53. ncbi Relationship between occlusal plane determinants and craniofacial structures
    J Nissan
    Department of Oral Rehabilitation, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, University of Tel Aviv, Israel
    J Oral Rehabil 30:587-91. 2003
    ..Cephalometric analysis alone cannot determine the location of the occlusal plane in edentulous patients. Intra-oral structures should also be considered...
  54. ncbi Class II treatment effects of the Fränkel appliance
    Guilherme R P Janson
    Department of Orthodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil
    Eur J Orthod 25:301-9. 2003
    ..Therefore it was concluded that the effects of the FR in the correction of Class II malocclusions are primarily dento-alveolar, with a smaller participation of skeletal changes...
  55. ncbi Evaluation of the utility of cephalometric parameters in constructing complete denture. Part I: placement of posterior teeth
    F Bassi
    Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, University of Turin, Corso Dogliotti 14, 10126 Turin, Italy
    J Oral Rehabil 28:234-8. 2001
    ..The cephalometric parameters do not correspond to the clinical positioning of the posterior teeth in successful rehabilitation with complete denture...
  56. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging and head circumference study of brain size in autism: birth through age 2 years
    Heather Cody Hazlett
    Neurodevelopmental Disorders Research Center, University of North Carolina, Campus Box 3367, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:1366-76. 2005
    ..Inferences about the timing of brain enlargement have recently come from studies of head circumference (HC)...
  57. ncbi Relationship between cephalometric characteristics and obstructive sites in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
    Un Bong Baik
    Department of Orthodontics, Tohoku University School of Dentistry, Sendai, Japan
    Angle Orthod 72:124-34. 2002
    ..All of the groups shared the characteristic of having an inferior position of the hyoid bone. Based on the results of the current study, we conclude that many features of OSAS are specifically related to each obstructive type of OSAS...
  58. pmc In utero pesticide exposure, maternal paraoxonase activity, and head circumference
    Gertrud S Berkowitz
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Box 1172, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029 6574, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:388-91. 2004
    ..Because small head size has been found to be predictive of subsequent cognitive ability, these data suggest that chlorpyrifos may have a detrimental effect on fetal neurodevelopment among mothers who exhibit low PON1 activity...
  59. ncbi Functional regulator treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusions
    S M Chadwick
    Countess of Chester NHS Trust, Health Park, Liverpool Road, Chester, UK
    Eur J Orthod 23:495-505. 2001
    ..1 degree increase in LI-Mand. The Fränkel appliance was thus found to be effective in producing desirable occlusal and dental changes in the majority of patients treated...
  60. pmc Growth charts for Down's syndrome from birth to 18 years of age
    A Myrelid
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Arch Dis Child 87:97-103. 2002
    ..The use of DS specific growth charts is important for diagnosis of associated diseases, such as coeliac disease and hypothyroidism, which may further impair growth...
  61. ncbi Active counterpositioning or orthotic device to treat positional plagiocephaly?
    B P Loveday
    School of Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    J Craniofac Surg 12:308-13. 2001
    ..Active counterpositioning generally had a slightly better outcome than orthotic management after the management period...
  62. ncbi Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism
    Eric Courchesne
    Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA
    JAMA 290:337-44. 2003
    ..This raises the possibility that brain overgrowth begins much earlier, perhaps before the first clinically noticeable behavioral symptoms...
  63. doi Whole body magnetic resonance imaging of healthy newborn infants demonstrates increased central adiposity in Asian Indians
    Neena Modi
    Section of Neonatal Medicine, Division of Medicine, Chelsca and Westminister Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London SW10 9NH, UK
    Pediatr Res 65:584-7. 2009
    ..175 to 0.034 L, p = 0.2). We conclude that differences in adipose tissue partitioning exist at birth. Investigative, screening, and preventive measures must involve maternal health, intrauterine life, and infancy...
  64. ncbi Group distal movement of teeth using microscrew implant anchorage
    Hyo Sang Park
    Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Jung Gu, Daegu, Korea
    Angle Orthod 75:602-9. 2005
    ..The microscrew implant success rate was 90% over a mean application period of 12.3 +/- 5.7 months. The results might support the use of the microscrew implants as an anchorage for group distal movement of the teeth...
  65. ncbi Correlation of gonial angle size with cortical thickness, height of the mandibular residual body, and duration of edentulism
    Qiu Fei Xie
    Department of Prosthodontics, School of Somatology, Peking University, Beijing, China
    J Prosthet Dent 91:477-82. 2004
    ..Previous reports on widening of the gonial angle in edentulous patients are conflicting. Aside from age and loss of teeth, other factors may influence change in gonial angle...
  66. ncbi Relationship between head circumference and brain volume in healthy normal toddlers, children, and adults
    H H Bartholomeusz
    Center for Autism Research, Children s Hospital of San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuropediatrics 33:239-41. 2002
    ..To quantify the relationship between brain volume and head circumference from early childhood to adulthood, and quantify how this relationship changes with age...
  67. ncbi Accuracy of measurements and reliability of landmark identification with computed tomography (CT) techniques in the maxillofacial area: a systematic review
    Leo Lou
    Graduate Orthodontics Program, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 104:402-11. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the available published information on the reliability and accuracy of skeletal CT landmark identification and associated measurement accuracy through CT in the maxillofacial region...
  68. ncbi Critical periods of brain growth and cognitive function in children
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Brain 127:321-9. 2004
    ..These results suggest that brain growth during infancy and early childhood is more important than growth during foetal life in determining cognitive function...
  69. ncbi Reliability of a Method for Computing Facial Symmetry Plane and Degree of Asymmetry Based on 3D-data
    Jutta Hartmann
    Department of Orthodontics, Julius Maximilian University, Wurzburg, Germany
    J Orofac Orthop 68:477-90. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi A comparison of craniofacial morphology in patients with and without facial asymmetry--a three-dimensional analysis with computed tomography
    T G Kwon
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Samduck 2 Ga, Jung Gu, Daegu 700 421, South Korea
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 35:43-8. 2006
    ..It seems that the mandibular skeletal factors itself, functional or intrinsic asymmetric growth potential, compensate or aggravate the influence of cranial asymmetry during the growth period...
  71. ncbi British 1990 growth reference centiles for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference fitted by maximum penalized likelihood
    T J Cole
    MRC Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, UK
    Stat Med 17:407-29. 1998
    ..The ability to express anthropometry as SDS greatly simplifies growth assessment...
  72. ncbi A new technique for the creation of a computerized composite skull model
    Jaime Gateno
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 61:222-7. 2003
    ..The computerized composite skull model is the combination of a 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) bone model with digital dental models...
  73. doi Reproducibility of maxillofacial anatomic landmarks on 3-dimensional computed tomographic images determined with the 95% confidence ellipse method
    Atsushi Muramatsu
    Department of Orthodontics, Aichi Gakuin University School of Dentistry, Nagoya, Japan
    Angle Orthod 78:396-402. 2008
    ..To assess the plotting reproducibility of landmarks on 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) images through use of the 95% confidence ellipse in order to propose sufficiently stable coordinate systems for 3D-CT measurements...
  74. pmc Rate of head growth decelerates and symptoms worsen in the second year of life in autism
    Geraldine Dawson
    Autism Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 61:458-64. 2007
    ..Longitudinal studies of head circumference growth in infants later diagnosed with autism are needed to understand the accelerated head growth in this disorder...
  75. doi The position of the occlusal plane in natural and artificial dentitions as related to other craniofacial planes
    Firas A M Al Quran
    Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology JUST, Irbid, Jordan
    J Prosthodont 19:601-5. 2010
    ..This study aimed at determining the most reliable ala-tragus line as a guide for the orientation of the occlusal plane in complete denture patients by use of cephalometric landmarks on dentate volunteers...
  76. pmc Rate of head circumference growth as a function of autism diagnosis and history of autistic regression
    Sara Jane Webb
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington Autism Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Child Neurol 22:1182-90. 2007
    ..Findings from this study suggest that the aberrant growth is present in the first year of life and precedes the onset and diagnosis in children with autism spectrum disorder with and without a history of autistic regression...
  77. ncbi Autism and head circumference in the first year of life
    E Fuller Torrey
    Stanley Medical Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 56:892-4. 2004
    ....
  78. ncbi Head circumference and height in autism: a study by the Collaborative Program of Excellence in Autism
    Janet E Lainhart
    Department of Psychiatry, The Brain Institute at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 140:2257-74. 2006
    ..The wide distribution of head circumference in autism has major implications for genetic, neuroimaging, and other neurobiological research...
  79. ncbi Comparison between traditional 2-dimensional cephalometry and a 3-dimensional approach on human dry skulls
    Gregory L Adams
    Division of Orthodontics, Department of Growth and Development, University of California at San Francisco 94143 0438, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 126:397-409. 2004
    ..The purpose of this project was to evaluate and compare a 3D imaging system and traditional 2D cephalometry for accuracy in recording the anatomical truth as defined by physical measurements with a calibrated caliper...
  80. doi Three-dimensional analysis of changes of the malar-midfacial region after LeFort I osteotomy and maxillary advancement
    Emeka Nkenke
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Glueckstr 11, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 12:5-12. 2008
    ..It has been the objective of the present prospective study to assess visible volume changes of the facial soft tissue after LeFort I osteotomy with advancement and to determine the soft-tissue-to-hard-tissue ratios of advancement...
  81. ncbi Correlates of head circumference growth in infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders
    Krista D Mraz
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Child Neurol 22:700-13. 2007
    ..These findings support previous findings of accelerated brain growth during the first year of life in autism spectrum disorder and question whether growth factors might contribute to both accelerated brain growth and overall body growth...
  82. ncbi Three-dimensional cephalometry using helical computer tomography: measurement error caused by head inclination
    Kumiko Togashi
    Department of Orthodontics, Nagasaki University School of Dentistry, Nagasaki, Japan
    Angle Orthod 72:513-20. 2002
    ..The length between two points measured by 3-D cephalometry was compared with the actual length determined using an antenna meter and a caliper and expressed as percentage ..
  83. ncbi Stability of simultaneous maxillary and mandibular osteotomy for treatment of class III malocclusion: an analysis of three-dimensional cephalograms
    T G Kwon
    Second Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Osaka University, Japan
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 28:272-7. 2000
    ..The study also aimed to analyse the factors involved in postsurgical relapse by evaluation of changes in various parameters...
  84. ncbi Reproducibility of maxillary positioning in Le Fort I osteotomy: a 3-dimensional evaluation
    Tae Geon Kwon
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, Keimyung University, Taegu, Korea
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:287-93. 2002
    ..In the present study, we evaluated the difference between the model surgery movement and the actual surgical movement in the horizontal (X), vertical (Y), and transverse (Z) directions using the same reference coordinates...
  85. ncbi An accurate three-dimensional cephalometric system: a solution for the correction of cephalic malpositioning
    Y Mori
    2nd Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Osaka University, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
    J Orthod 28:143-9. 2001
    ..The results indicated that precise cephalometric measurement was possible with this system and it was suggested that its clinical application would be possible...
  86. ncbi Head circumference in autism, Asperger syndrome, and ADHD: a comparative study
    Christopher Gillberg
    Department of Psychiatry, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    Dev Med Child Neurol 44:296-300. 2002
    ..Autistic spectrum disorders include a subgroup with macrocephalus characterized by a relatively high level of functioning and a clinical presentation most often consistent with a diagnosis of Asperger syndrome...
  87. ncbi Human skeletal remains from Sabana de Bogotá, Colombia: a case of Paleoamerican morphology late survival in South America?
    Walter A Neves
    Laboratório de Estudos Evolutivos Humanos, Departamento de Genética e Biologia Evolutiva, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C P 11461, 05422 970 Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Phys Anthropol 133:1080-98. 2007
    ..On the other hand, they suggest the possibility of late survivals of the Paleoamerican pattern not restricted to isolated or marginal areas, as previously thought...
  88. ncbi Cephalometric comparison of pharyngeal changes in subjects with upper airway resistance syndrome or obstructive sleep apnoea in upright and supine positions
    Tuula Ingman
    Department of Pedodontics and Orthodontics, Institute of Dentistry, Biomedicum Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Orthod 26:321-6. 2004
    ..Thus, treatment of OSA and UARS patients should mainly be aimed at preventing further oropharyngeal airway narrowing as a result of supine-dependent sleep...
  89. doi The influence of craniofacial to standing height proportion on perceived attractiveness
    F B Naini
    Department of Orthodontics, St George s Hospital, United Kingdom
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 37:877-85. 2008
    ..The ideal craniofacial height to standing height proportion is in the range 1/7 to 1/8.5. This finding should be considered when planning treatment to alter craniofacial or facial height...
  90. ncbi Global patterns of isolation by distance based on genetic and morphological data
    John H Relethford
    Department of Anthropology, State University of New York College at Oneonta, Oneonta, NY 13820, USA
    Hum Biol 76:499-513. 2004
    ..An alternative explanation is that the correspondence between genetic similarity and geographic distance reflects the history of dispersal of the human species out of Africa...
  91. ncbi Do bivariate and multivariate cephalometric analyses lead to different results concerning the skeletal cause of postnormal occlusion?
    Dietmar Gesch
    Center of Oral Health, Department of Orthodontics, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Rotgerberstrasse, D 17487 Greifswald, Germany
    Funct Orthod 22:6-8, 10, 12-3. 2005
    ..Apparently standard bivariate tests and multivariate analysis methods may lead to different results which also have to be considered by the functionally treating orthodontist...
  92. ncbi Cephalometric characteristics of nonobese patients with severe OSA
    E K Pae
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Connecticut, School of Dental Medicine, Farmington 06030 1725, USA
    Angle Orthod 69:408-12. 1999
    ..Thirty-three male patients referred for overnight polysomnography and lateral cephalometry who met the selection criteria were included...
  93. ncbi Habitual daily masseter activity of subjects with different vertical craniofacial morphology
    Mauro Farella
    Department of Dental and Maxillo Facial Sciences, Section of Orthodontics and Clinical Gnathology, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
    Eur J Oral Sci 113:380-5. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that habitual activity of masseter muscle in the natural environment was not influenced by the vertical craniofacial morphology as assessed in the present study...
  94. doi The accuracy of two-dimensional planning for routine orthognathic surgery
    Jan Rustemeyer
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Klinikum Bremen Mitte, 28177 Bremen, Germany
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 48:271-5. 2010
    ..If greater shifts in the transversal dimension are necessary, exact planning should be adapted with three-dimensional planning devices to avoid significant differences...
  95. ncbi Three-dimensional laser surface imaging and geometric morphometrics resolve frontonasal dysmorphology in schizophrenia
    Robin J Hennessy
    Stanley Research Unit, Molecular and Cellular Therapeutics and RCSI Research Institute, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin
    Biol Psychiatry 61:1187-94. 2007
    ..The brain and face emerge in embryologic intimacy, such that in neurodevelopmental disorders, brain dysmorphogenesis is accompanied by facial dysmorphogenesis...
  96. ncbi Accuracy of digital and analogue cephalometric measurements assessed with the sandwich technique
    Margherita Santoro
    Division of Orthodontics, School of Dental and Oral Surgery, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 129:345-51. 2006
    ..It was used to ensure the equivalence of the digital images to the hard copy radiographs. Cephalometric measurements instead of landmarks were the focus of this investigation in order to acquire data with direct clinical applications...
  97. ncbi A comparison of scanned lateral cephalograms with corresponding original radiographs
    Lance Q Bruntz
    Craniofacial Imaging Center, School of Dental Medicine, Department of Orthodontics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 130:340-8. 2006
    ..The objectives of this study were to evaluate distortion associated with scanning lateral cephalograms and printing to hard copy, and to assess the accuracy of digital images for regular cephalometric tasks...
  98. ncbi Automated 2-D cephalometric analysis on X-ray images by a model-based approach
    Weining Yue
    School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing, China
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 53:1615-23. 2006
    ..Users are permitted to modify the results interactively in many different ways. Experimental results show the advantage and reliability of the proposed method...
  99. ncbi The effects of differences in landmark identification on the cephalometric measurements in traditional versus digitized cephalometry
    Yi Jane Chen
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Angle Orthod 74:155-61. 2004
    ..The results of our study substantiated the benefits of digital cephalometry in terms of the reliability of cephalometric analysis.
  100. pmc Self-reinforced biodegradable screw fixation compared with titanium screw fixation in mandibular advancement
    Timothy A Turvey
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 7450, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 64:40-6. 2006
    ..The study groups included patients stabilized with 2-mm self-reinforced polylactate (PLLDL 70/30), biodegradable screws (group B), and 2-mm titanium screws placed in a positional fashion (group T)...
  101. ncbi Cephalometric image analysis and measurement for orthognathic surgery
    J Yang
    Institute of Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
    Med Biol Eng Comput 39:279-84. 2001
    Automatic identification of landmarks in cephalometry is very important and useful for orthognathic surgery. A computerised automatic cephalometric analysis system (CACAS), based on image processing, is presented...

Research Grants86

  1. INFLUENCES ON STABILITY FOLLOWING ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY
    William Proffit; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  2. IMPROVING TREATMENT OUTCOMES FOR PATIENTS WITH FACIAL DEFORMITY USING 3D IMAGING
    Lucia Cevidanes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Involvement in these studies will enhance the candidate's prior training in cranio-maxillofacial problems and 3D imaging, while equipping her with tools to perform meaningful studies centered around patient oriented clinical research. ..
  3. PHENOGENETICS OF SKULL AND BRAIN INTEGRATION IN CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS
    JOAN RICHTSMEIER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. FAMILIAL AGGREGATION OF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA
    Susan Redline; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These subjects will undergo more detailed assessment of upper airway structure with cephalometry and posterior rhinometry, assessment of ventilatory control with responses to chemical and resistive loading, ..
  5. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SLEEP DISORDERED BREATHING IN CHILDREN
    Susan Redline; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..will confirm and extend the findings in the in-home assessments with comprehensive laboratory polysomnographby, cephalometry, and objective measures of sleepiness (Multiple Sleep Latency Tests) in three groups of children: definite SDB ..
  6. FAMILIAL AGGREGATION AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SLEEP APNEA
    Susan Redline; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..an in-home polysomnogram, detailed questionnaire information, pulmonary function testing, anthropometry and cephalometry, and blood pressure...
  7. INFLUENCES ON STABILITY FOLLOWING ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY
    William Proffit; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  8. INFLUENCES ON STABILITY FOLLOWING ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY
    William Proffit; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Elucidation of these relationships will provide insight into soft tissue function as a factor in the etiology of dentofacial deformity as well as a determinant of post-treatment stability...
  9. Integrins and Orthodontic Tooth Movement
    Calogero Dolce; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Aim 2 experiments will assess the rate and extent of alveolar bone turnover using histomorphometric means. These data may demonstrate the usefulness of the RGD peptide in modulating both bone formation and resorption during OTM. ..
  10. Optimize Fat Grafting for Craniofacial Soft Tissue
    Stephen Baker; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Through this research project we hope to generate data that will seed larger, interdisciplinary research in this field. ..
  11. A smart microscope for the detection of tuberculosis in ZN-stained sputum smears
    Tania Douglas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Automation of this process will enable laboratories in countries with a high TB burden to screen for the disease more effectively, thus contributing to the management and control of the disease world-wide. ..
  12. A Novel Implant-based Approach for Treating Retrognathic Hyperdivergent Patients
    Peter Buschang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In response to RFA-DE-06-007, this R21 application is submitted as a Clinical Pilot Data Grant under NIDCR's Clinical Trials Program and is intended to establish the feasibility of our novel treatment approach. ..
  13. Tongue Volume, Function and Biomechanics
    Zi Jun Liu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Application of this information will allow understanding of normal tongue functional morphology and to evaluate how tongue volume affects function and craniofacial growth. ..
  14. Biologic Mechanisms:Tooth Movement & Craniofacial Adapta
    James Mah; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The audience of approximately 300 will be comprised of basic scientists (40%), clinicians (35%), and students (25%). A proceedings book will be published 8-10 months after the conference and distributed world-wide. ..
  15. Pathways to Psychiatric & Medical Comorbidity in Adults
    Yoko Nomura; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this project will provide important information for both clinicians and policy makers in order to plan more cost-effective and time-effective early intervention. ..
  16. The Effectiveness of Treatment for Adult Periodontitis
    Philippe Hujoel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This information can help determine in what area of periodontal research definitive clinical trials may offer the greatest contribution. ..
  17. Mineral and Mechanical Properties of Bone
    Sarandeep Huja; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future interventional studies will examine the mechanisms for the initial and the long-term adaptive response in material properties of bone. ..
  18. Longitudinal study of caries in a rural WIC population
    John Warren; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data from this pilot study will be of great value and will position the study team to effectively conduct future intervention studies to reduce oral health disparities. ..
  19. AUDITORY ADAPTATION FOR SUPRATHRESHOLD STIMULI
    Dennis McFadden; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  20. AUDITORY ADAPTATION FOR SUPRATHRESHOLD STIMULI
    Dennis McFadden; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The informed consent procedure includes an educational program of required lectures, films, and readings...
  21. Osteoporosis and Bone Augmentation/Implant Outcomes: An Observational Study
    Martin A Freilich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application represents an important step in this ongoing research initiative. ..
  22. High Resolution In-Utero Mapping of Fetal Brain Development from Combined MRI
    Colin Studholme; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The ability to apply these computational techniques to in-utero data will provide an entirely new view of the developing brain, which promises to shed new light on early developmental problems both in fetuses and premature neonates. ..
  23. The Genetic Basis of Human Tooth Agenesis
    Sylvia Frazier Bowers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research is central to the career goals of the applicant, which are to perform independent and original research that is relevant to identifying genetic factors that lead to orthodontic problems. ..
  24. Evaluation of Canine Retraction Strategies
    Jie Chen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Both treatment time and side effects including root resorption will be quantified. The relevance of this project is that it will clinically identify the superior strategy and the directions for improvement. ..
  25. THE GENOTYPE AND PHENOTYPE AMELOGENESIS IMPERFECTA
    John Wright; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Knowledge of the molecular determinants of morphogenesis and tissue formation will allow novel and more effective treatments and more accurate diagnosis of the diverse hereditary conditions affecting teeth. ..
  26. MODIFYING GENE DETERMINANTS OF TOOTH AND BONE PHENOTYPES
    John Wright; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Phenotype and Gene Expression in Odontogenic Tumors
    John Wright; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Gene data will be placed on our web site in a timely fashion for data sharing. These studies will provide the first detailed mutational and gene profile studies of human odontogenic tumors. ..
  28. Development of Force Based Orthodontic Appliances
    Jie Chen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....