atomic spectrophotometry

Summary

Summary: Spectrophotometric techniques in which the samples are examined in the form of atoms based on their unique energy levels for ELECTRONS. They are used to analyze TRACE ELEMENTS, such as ALUMINUM; ARSENIC; BERYLLIUM; CALCIUM; COPPER; IRON; LEAD; and LITHIUM.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Determination of trivalent methylated arsenicals in biological matrices
    L M Del Razo
    Center for Environmental Medicine and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 174:282-93. 2001
  2. ncbi Blood lead concentrations and pregnancy outcomes
    MaryFran Sowers
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    Arch Environ Health 57:489-95. 2002
  3. ncbi Patterns and determinants of blood lead during pregnancy
    I Hertz-Picciotto
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:829-37. 2000
  4. pmc Inter-individual variations of human mercury exposure biomarkers: a cross-sectional assessment
    Marika Berglund
    Department of Metals and Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health 4:20. 2005
  5. ncbi Selenium transformation studies during broccoli (Brassica oleracea) growing process by liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS)
    Zoyne Pedrero
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University of Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Anal Chim Acta 596:251-6. 2007
  6. pmc Spatial imaging, speciation, and quantification of selenium in the hyperaccumulator plants Astragalus bisulcatus and Stanleya pinnata
    John L Freeman
    Biology Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 80523, USA
    Plant Physiol 142:124-34. 2006
  7. ncbi Study of phytochelatins and other related thiols as complexing biomolecules of As and Cd in wild type and genetically modified Brassica juncea plants
    Ana Pereira Navaza
    Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, c Julian Claveria 8, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
    J Mass Spectrom 41:323-31. 2006
  8. ncbi Studies of spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of TSP-bound trace metals in Seoul, Korea
    Ki Hyun Kim
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Sejong University, Seoul 143 747, South Korea
    Environ Pollut 127:323-33. 2004
  9. ncbi Element concentrations in Chianti Classico appellation wines
    Fabrizio Monaci
    Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali G Sarfatti, Universita degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Italy
    J Trace Elem Med Biol 17:45-50. 2003
  10. ncbi [Heavy metals in the soil of allotment gardens in industrialized post-flooded areas in the Opole region]]
    Urszula Bozek
    Zakład Higieny Srodowiska, Instytut Medycyny Wsi, 00 950 Lublin, ul Jaczewskiego 2
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 54:137-44. 2003

Research Grants

  1. EFFECT OF DIETARY FACTORS ON METALLOTHIONEIN LEVELS
    PHILIP WHANGER; Fiscal Year: 1980
  2. Effects of Natural Agents with Fluoride on Caries
    Hyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. Effects of Natural Agents with Fluoride on Caries
    Hyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2003
  4. PROSPECTIVE NEUROEPIDEMIOLOGY OF ADULT LEAD EXPOSURE
    Philip Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 1992
  5. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2001
  6. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2000
  7. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2003
  8. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2002
  9. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 1999
  10. TRACE ELEMENT NUTRITION OF THE LENS--ZINC
    J Bentley; Fiscal Year: 1990

Detail Information

Publications214 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Determination of trivalent methylated arsenicals in biological matrices
    L M Del Razo
    Center for Environmental Medicine and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 174:282-93. 2001
    ..The reliable quantitation of inorganic and methylated arsenicals that contain As(III) in biological samples will aid the study of the toxicity of these species and may provide a new biomarker of the effects of chronic exposure to As...
  2. ncbi Blood lead concentrations and pregnancy outcomes
    MaryFran Sowers
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    Arch Environ Health 57:489-95. 2002
    ..Maternal blood lead concentration and its change were not significantly associated with other reproductive outcomes. Low levels of maternal blood lead concentrations were significantly associated with HIP/toxemia...
  3. ncbi Patterns and determinants of blood lead during pregnancy
    I Hertz-Picciotto
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:829-37. 2000
    ..These findings provide further evidence that lead is mobilized from bone during the latter half of pregnancy and that calcium intake may prevent bone demineralization...
  4. pmc Inter-individual variations of human mercury exposure biomarkers: a cross-sectional assessment
    Marika Berglund
    Department of Metals and Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health 4:20. 2005
    ..We have evaluated the most frequently used biomarkers and the physiology on which they are based, to explore the inter-individual variations and their suitability for exposure assessment...
  5. ncbi Selenium transformation studies during broccoli (Brassica oleracea) growing process by liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS)
    Zoyne Pedrero
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University of Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Anal Chim Acta 596:251-6. 2007
    ..The results obtained contribute not only to a deeper understanding of Se accumulation mechanisms by plants but also to further functional food complements preparation and the effect of food processing on species stability...
  6. pmc Spatial imaging, speciation, and quantification of selenium in the hyperaccumulator plants Astragalus bisulcatus and Stanleya pinnata
    John L Freeman
    Biology Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 80523, USA
    Plant Physiol 142:124-34. 2006
    ..The high concentration of Se in the plant periphery may contribute to Se tolerance and may also serve as an elemental plant defense mechanism...
  7. ncbi Study of phytochelatins and other related thiols as complexing biomolecules of As and Cd in wild type and genetically modified Brassica juncea plants
    Ana Pereira Navaza
    Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, c Julian Claveria 8, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
    J Mass Spectrom 41:323-31. 2006
    ..However, only the GS plants exhibited the presence of As(GS)3 complex ([M + H]+, m/z 994) that was further confirmed by MS/MS. This species is reported for the first time in B. juncea plant tissues...
  8. ncbi Studies of spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of TSP-bound trace metals in Seoul, Korea
    Ki Hyun Kim
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Sejong University, Seoul 143 747, South Korea
    Environ Pollut 127:323-33. 2004
    ..The overall results of our study suggest that the distribution characteristics of metals can be regulated strongly by spatial and temporal factors and that such controls are distinguished very clearly between different metal types...
  9. ncbi Element concentrations in Chianti Classico appellation wines
    Fabrizio Monaci
    Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali G Sarfatti, Universita degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Italy
    J Trace Elem Med Biol 17:45-50. 2003
    ..However, several elements appear as important chemometric parameters for developing a specific system to protect the designation of origin of Chianti Classico wines...
  10. ncbi [Heavy metals in the soil of allotment gardens in industrialized post-flooded areas in the Opole region]]
    Urszula Bozek
    Zakład Higieny Srodowiska, Instytut Medycyny Wsi, 00 950 Lublin, ul Jaczewskiego 2
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 54:137-44. 2003
    ..This suggests that there exist local sources of contamination with the above-mentioned elements...
  11. ncbi [Metal contamination of the ground water in Mohammedia (Morocco)]
    Amal Serghini
    Institut scientifique, Laboratoire d hydrobiologie et d écotoxicologie, Charia Ibnou Batouta, BP 703, Rabat, Morocco
    Sante 13:177-82. 2003
    ....
  12. ncbi Determination of metals of toxicological significance in sewage irrigated vegetables by using atomic absorption spectrometry and anodic stripping voltammetry
    B S Lark
    Department of Chemistry, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143 005
    Indian J Environ Health 44:164-7. 2002
    ..The results and the gravity of the situation is discussed...
  13. ncbi Heavy metals in the tissues of the sea turtle Lepidochelys olivacea from a nesting site of the northwest coast of Mexico
    M G Frias-Espericueta
    Faculty of Marine Sciences, Environmental Studies Laboratory, Autonomous University of Sinaloa, Post Office Box 1132, Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 77:179-85. 2006
  14. ncbi [Determination of twelve elements in ephedrine extraction by microwave digestion-AAS]
    Xin ping Yi
    Physical and Chemical Test Center, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
    Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 23:81-3. 2003
    ..The proposed method is simple, rapid, of nonpollution and safe. It was has been applied to the determination of trace elements in ephedrine extraction and provided useful data for production in factory...
  15. ncbi Simultaneous determination of Cd(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) in citrus essential oils by derivative potentiometric stripping analysis
    Lara La Pera
    Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Biologica, University of Messina, Salita Sperone 31, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 51:1125-9. 2003
    ..00% for Cu and Cd only in lemon oil. Detection limits obtained for the four analytes, using both procedures, ranged from 0.10 to 0.98 ng g(-)(1) in lemon, mandarin, sweet orange, and bergamot essential oils...
  16. ncbi [The use of sorptive properties of bone for reducing supraoptimal concentrations of fluorides in water]
    Dariusz Klódka
    Katedra Biochemii Akademii Rolniczej w Szczecinie ul Słowackiego 17, 71 434 Szczecin
    Ann Acad Med Stetin 52:51-5. 2006
    ..Due to industrialization, the content of fluorine in the environment increases leading to many adverse effects in living organisms. Uptake of fluoride by organisms differs, but almost 100% uptake from water is observed...
  17. ncbi Relationship among placental cadmium, lead, zinc, and copper levels in smoking pregnant women
    Türkan Kutlu
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, Turkey
    Biol Trace Elem Res 114:7-17. 2006
    ..These results imply that smoking during pregnancy could be harmful for both the mother and the fetus...
  18. ncbi A preliminary investigation on boron and metal concentrations of the main drainage channel in Konya-Turkey
    M E Aydin
    Selcuk University, Environmental Engineering Department, 42031, Campus Konya, Turkey
    Environ Technol 27:1257-60. 2006
    ..However, it was found that boron concentration of wastewaters exceed the safe level for irrigation of farmland...
  19. ncbi Preconcentration of Pb(II), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cd(II) ions in environmental samples by membrane filtration prior to their flame atomic absorption spectrometric determinations
    Umit Divrikli
    Pamukkale University, Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Chemistry, 20020 Denizli, Turkey
    J Hazard Mater 145:459-64. 2007
    ..The relative standard deviations of the determinations were below 10%...
  20. ncbi [The influence of geomagnetic field on blood leukocyte radiosensitivity and gender determination in humans]
    S D Ivanov
    Central Research Institute of Roentgenology and Radiology, Russian Ministry of Health, St Petersburg, 197758 Russia
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 43:245-8. 2003
    ..Retrospective analysis showed that in case of the GMF intensity enhancement in the conception moment the girls were born mostly, and in case of the lowering--the boys were...
  21. ncbi [Water treatment systems of hemodialysis centers in Lithuania and trace metals in purified water in 2002]
    Inga Skarupskiene
    Clinic of Nephrology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania
    Medicina (Kaunas) 39:98-103. 2003
    ..There was significant decrease in the mean levels of investigated trace elements in the treated water in Lithuania in 2002 compared with examined in 1998...
  22. ncbi [Influence of hemodialysis on changes of trace metals concentrations in blood of patients with end-stage renal failure]
    Inga Skarupskiene
    Clinic of Nephrology, Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital, Kaunas, Lithuania
    Medicina (Kaunas) 39:131-8. 2003
    ..After 3 years of dialysis treatment blood lead, cadmium level (n=30) increased and plasma copper level decreased...
  23. ncbi Determination of urinary trace elements (arsenic, copper, cadmium, manganese, lead, zinc, selenium) in patients with Blackfoot disease
    Jin Lian Tsai
    Graduate Institute of Occupational Safety, College of Health Science, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Arch Environ Health 59:686-92. 2004
    ..Results indicate significantly higher amounts of urinary arsenic, copper, cadmium, manganese, and lead for BFD patients than for normal controls, also significantly lower urinary zinc and selenium...
  24. ncbi Market basket survey for some heavy metals in Egyptian fruits and vegetables
    Mohamed A Radwan
    Pesticide Chemistry Department, Residues Analysis Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alexandria, Aflatoon St El Shatby, Alexandria, Egypt
    Food Chem Toxicol 44:1273-8. 2006
    ..Summary and conclusions. In: 53rd Meeting, Rome, June 1-10, 1999] and may not constitute a health hazards for consumers...
  25. ncbi Spatial and temporal variation of heavy metals in atmospheric aerosol of Delhi
    P S Khillare
    Air Pollution Monitoring Laboratory, School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
    Environ Monit Assess 90:1-21. 2004
    ..Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed vehicular traffic and industrial emission as the major contributors of metals. The annual average concentration of Pb did not exceed the national standard of 0.75 microg m(-3)...
  26. ncbi Natural and anthropogenic geochemical signatures of floodplain and deltaic sedimentary strata, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, USA
    G B Pasternack
    Department of Land, Air and Water Resources, University of California, 211 Veihmeyer Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 8628, USA
    Environ Pollut 141:295-309. 2006
    ..Also, there is a significant risk of generating toxic, bio-available CH3Hg+ that would be hazardous to fish...
  27. ncbi A link between lead and cadmium kinetic speciation in seawater and accumulation by the green alga Ulva lactuca
    J O Muse
    Departamento de Química Analítica y Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Qulmica Analitica, 3er Piso, Junin 956 1113, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Environ Pollut 141:126-30. 2006
    ..We propose to use an enhancement ratio - on the basis of the kinetically labile metal fraction - for calculation of the metal accumulated by the alga relative to its environment...
  28. ncbi Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn levels in soils of Shika area, Nigeria
    S A Mashi
    Department of Geography, University of Abuja, P M B 117, Abuja, Nigeria
    Biomed Environ Sci 17:426-31. 2004
    ..The objective of this paper is to determine the concentrations of some trace metals (Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn) in soils under cultivation and grazing practices in Shika, a rural area of Kaduna state of Nigeria...
  29. ncbi Application of atomic absorption spectroscopy for detection of multimetal traces in low-voltage electrical marks
    Marija Jakubeniene
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Mykolas Romeris University, S Zukausko 12, Vilnius LT 08234, Lithuania
    Forensic Sci Int 161:36-40. 2006
    ..Different penetration rates for different metals contained in the wire inflicting an electrical mark were observed...
  30. ncbi Seasonal variations in hepatic Cd and Cu concentrations and in the sub-cellular distribution of these metals in juvenile yellow perch (Perca flavescens)
    Lisa D Kraemer
    Universite du Quebec, INRS Eau, Terre et Environnement, 490 de la Couronne, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1K 9A9
    Environ Pollut 142:313-25. 2006
    ..Furthermore, at the sub-cellular level, homeostatic control of metal concentrations in metal-sensitive fractions is difficult to maintain in perch with high hepatic metal concentrations...
  31. ncbi [A comparative study of cadmium, lead, mercury, arsenic, selenium, manganese, copper and zinc in brown rice and fish by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and atomic absorption spectrometry]
    Harumi Oshima
    Aichi Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Nagare, Tsuji machi, Kita ku, Nagoya, Aichi 462 8576, Japan
    Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi 45:270-6. 2004
    ..The results of this study demonstrate that quadrupole ICP-MS provides precise and accurate measurements of the elements tested in brown rice and fish samples...
  32. ncbi Study of the trace metal ion influence on the turnover of soil organic matter in cultivated contaminated soils
    C Dumat
    Laboratoire de Biogéochimie des Milieux Continentaux, UMR CNRS 7618, UPMC, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 France
    Environ Pollut 142:521-9. 2006
    ..New C4 SOM, mainly present in the labile coarser fractions and less contaminated by metals than the stabilised C3 SOM of the clay fraction, is more easily degraded by microorganisms...
  33. ncbi Metals distribution in soils around the cement factory in southern Jordan
    Omar A Al-Khashman
    Water and Environment Study Center, Mutah University, Al Karak 61710, Jordan
    Environ Pollut 140:387-94. 2006
    ..The use of factor analysis showed that anthropogenic activities seem to be the responsible source of pollution for metals in urban soils...
  34. ncbi Excretion of three heavy metals in the shed skin of exposed corn snakes (Elaphe guttata)
    D E Jones
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, 24061 0442, USA
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 64:221-5. 2006
    ..These results demonstrate that dietary metal exposure can be readily detected in shed snake skins, including at trace levels of exposure that may be consistent with, or below, environmental exposures...
  35. ncbi Trace element determination of Argentine wines using ETAAS and USN-ICP-OES
    R Lara
    Facultad de Ingenieria, Instituto de Investigaciones Mineras, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Av Libertador 1109 Oeste, 5400 San Juan, Argentina
    Food Chem Toxicol 43:293-7. 2005
    ..A significant aspect in this paper is the samples mineralization step, which allowed the direct determination of the metals. Concerning to the Cd determination, a refluxing digestion system was used for the pretreatment of the samples...
  36. ncbi A comparison of Cu, Pb, As, Cd, Zn, Fe, Ni and Mn determined by acid extraction/ICP-OES and ex situ field portable X-ray fluorescence analyses
    C Kilbride
    Forest Research, Land Regeneration and Urban Greening Group, Environmental and Human Sciences Division, Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham, Surrey, UK
    Environ Pollut 143:16-23. 2006
    ..Both the dual isotope and the X-ray tube FPXRF instruments are effective tools for rapid, quantitative assessment of soil metal contamination and for monitoring the efficacy of remediation strategies...
  37. ncbi [Heavy metals in water of the Skikda Bay]
    M Kehal
    Laboratoire de Pollution et Traitement des Eaux LPTE, Departement de Chimie, Universite Mentouri de Constantine, Algeria
    Environ Technol 25:1059-65. 2004
    ..Only small variation of the contents have been noted in a second investigation carried out one decade after the first one...
  38. ncbi Interferences removal for cadmium determination in samples with complex matrices by hydride generation coupled with non-dispersive atomic fluorescence spectrometry
    Zhongxi Li
    Northwest Geological Research Institute, No 25, Xiying Road, 710054 Xi an, China
    Anal Sci 22:123-6. 2006
    ..The results obtained were in good agreement with the certified values...
  39. ncbi Simultaneous determination of zinc, copper, lead, and cadmium in fuel ethanol by anodic stripping voltammetry using a glassy carbon-mercury-film electrode
    Marcelo Firmino de Oliveira
    Institute of Chemistry, UNESP, 14801 970 Araraquara, SP, Brazil
    Anal Bioanal Chem 380:135-40. 2004
    ..The proposed method was compared with a traditional analytical technique, flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS), for quantification of these metal species in commercial fuel ethanol samples...
  40. ncbi A chemometric approach to the comparison of different sample treatments for metals determination by atomic absorption spectroscopy in aceto Balsamico tradizionale di Modena
    Marina Cocchi
    University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Department of Chemistry, Via G Campi 183, 41100 Modena, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 52:4047-56. 2004
    ..As regards the metals concentration of the investigated samples, the experimental data reveal for some species the presence of concentration slightly over the legal limit fixed for wine and wine vinegar...
  41. ncbi Impact of effluents from a car battery manufacturing plant in Nigeria on water, soil, and food qualities
    Orish Ebere Orisakwe
    Department of Pharmacology, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria
    Arch Environ Health 59:31-6. 2004
    ....
  42. ncbi Preconcentration and solid phase extraction method for the determination of Co, Cu, Ni, Zn and Cd in environmental and biological samples using activated carbon by FAAS
    K Kiran
    Department of Environmental Sciences, S V University, Tirupati 517502, AP, India
    J Hazard Mater 147:15-20. 2007
    ..The detection limits for the metals studied were in the range of 0.75-3.82 microg ml(-1). The proposed system produced satisfactory results for the determination of Co, Cu, Ni, Zn and Cd metals in environmental and biological samples...
  43. ncbi [The pH-dependent solubility of heavy metals from sewage sludge of different compositions]
    N Rothe
    Abteilung Hygiene,
    Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 187:112-24. 1988
    ..These results show that when judging ecological effects of heavy metals from sewage sludges the physical and chemical composition of these sludges should be considered...
  44. ncbi Toxicological study of the Anam River in Otuocha, Anambra State, Nigeria
    Innocent O Igwilo
    Department of Applied Biochemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
    Arch Environ Occup Health 61:205-8. 2006
    ..00 +/- 1.73 mg/L, 14.44 +/- 3.13 mg/L, 19.33 +/- 0.67 ps cm-L, and 7.09 +/- 0.05, respectively. The World Health Organization guidelines for the parameters in soil were exceeded...
  45. ncbi Comparative assessment of two sequential chemical extraction schemes for the fractionation of cadmium, chromium, lead and zinc in surface coastal sediments
    M B Alvarez
    , Universidad Nacional del Sur, , Prov. de Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Fresenius J Anal Chem 369:81-90. 2001
    ..X-ray diffraction and petrographic observation of the surface sediments allowed qualitative correlation between the leaching results obtained and the presence of defined geochemical phases...
  46. ncbi Heavy metal hazards of sachet water in Nigeria
    Orish Ebere Orisakwe
    Toxicology Unit in the Department of Pharmacology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
    Arch Environ Occup Health 61:209-13. 2006
    ..003 to 0.050 mg/l. The biological oxygen demand of the samples ranged from 3.20 to 36.80 mg/L. Other parameters were normal. The authors found that some of the sachet waters contain heavy metals, and consumers may be exposed to hazards...
  47. ncbi Interaction between anemia and blood levels of iron, zinc, copper, cadmium and lead in children
    Sebahat Turgut
    Department of Physiology, Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey
    Indian J Pediatr 74:827-30. 2007
    ..Aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anemia and these elements...
  48. ncbi [Arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury in bay bolete Xerocomus badius and tolerance limits]
    Jerzy Falandysz
    Zakład Chemii Srodowiska i Ekotoksykologii, Uniwersytet Gdanski, 80 952 Gdansk, ul Sobieskiego 19
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:389-401. 2007
    ..In the light of available analytical data a suggested tolerance limit for cadmium in Bay Bolete should be 5 mg per kg of dried fruiting bodies, and 20 mg per kg of dried fruiting bodies for lead...
  49. doi Determination of trace elements in Jinqi, a traditional Chinese medicine
    Chunchao Han
    School of Pharmacy, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, 250355, People s Republic of China
    Biol Trace Elem Res 122:122-6. 2008
    ..The three plants used as main ingredients in the preparation of this recipe should be planted in a lead-free soil rich in zinc, manganese, chromium, magnesium, and vanadium...
  50. doi Investigation on the heavy-metal content of zinc-air button cells
    Andrea Richter
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und prüfung BAM, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Reference Materials, Richard Willstatter Strasse 11, D 12489 Berlin, Germany
    Waste Manag 28:1493-7. 2008
    ..Cd contents were found to be much lower than the permitted limits; Pb contents were also found to be below the limits. Hg contents were found to be near the limits, and in one case the limit was exceeded...
  51. doi A bioassay for metals utilizing a human cell line
    J Shea
    Department of Biology, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY 14208, USA
    Toxicol In Vitro 22:1025-31. 2008
    ..Results suggest this human bioassay and the MT biomarker of exposure may be useful for monitoring complex metal mixtures in aquatic sediments...
  52. ncbi Influence of joint application of heavy metals on level of each metal accumulated in the periwinkle Tympanotonus fuscatus (Gastropoda: Potamididae)
    A A Otitoloju
    Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria
    Rev Biol Trop 54:803-14. 2006
    ..However, Pb concentrations accumulated during the joint action studies increased nearly 2-fold (bioaccumulation ratio range 1.36 to 2.0-fold)...
  53. doi Simultaneous determination of Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn in nail samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) after tetramethylammonium hydroxide solubilization at room temperature: comparison with ETAAS
    Bruno L Batista
    Laboratorio de Toxicologia e Essencialidade de Metais, Depto de Analises Clinicas, Toxicologicas e Bromatologicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto USP, Avenida do Cafe s n, Monte Alegre 14040 903, Ribeirao Preto SP, Brazil
    Talanta 76:575-9. 2008
    ..For validation purposes, six ordinary nail samples were solubilized and then directly analyzed by ICP-MS and ETAAS, with no statistical difference between the two techniques at 95% level on applying the t-test...
  54. doi Direct sample introduction of wines in graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the simultaneous determination of arsenic, cadmium, copper and lead content
    Zsolt Ajtony
    Institute of Food Science, University of West Hungary, H 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Lucsony u 15 17, Hungary
    Talanta 76:627-34. 2008
    ..This is likely due to the gradual decrease in the Pb content of soils of vineyards by time, which certainly causes less Pb-uptake of the grape plant, thus a decrease in the Pb content of wines as well...
  55. ncbi [Contents of lead, cadmium, zinc and manganese in the follicular fluid and semen of non-professionally exposed infertile couples]
    Shu wei Zha
    Jiangsu Family Planning Research Institute, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210036, China
    Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 14:494-7. 2008
    ..To investigate the contents of lead, cadmium, zinc and manganese in the follicular fluid and semen of infertile couples that are not professionally exposed to the four heavy metallic elements...
  56. ncbi Heavy metal contents of refined and unrefined table salts from Turkey, Egypt and Greece
    Mustafa Soylak
    Faculty of Art and Science, Department of Chemistry, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
    Environ Monit Assess 143:267-72. 2008
    ..17-0.47, 0.16-1.57, 0.22-0.48, 0.26-4.68, 0.50-1.64 and 0.14-0.30 microg g(-1), respectively. The results found in the presented work were compared with literature values...
  57. ncbi [Exposure to metal compounds in occupational galvanic processes]
    Jolanta Surgiewicz
    Z Zakładu Zagrozeń Chemicznych i Pyłowych, Centralnego Instytutu Ochrony Pracy Państwowego Instytutu Badawczego w Warszawie
    Med Pr 57:123-31. 2006
    ..Workers who deal with galvanic coating are exposed to heavy metal compounds: tin, silver, copper and zinc. Some of them are carcinogenic, for example, hexavalent chromium compounds, nickel and cadmium compounds...
  58. ncbi Toxic and essential metal concentrations in four tissues of red deer (Cervus elaphus) from Baranja, Croatia
    M Lazarus
    Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, 10001 Zagreb, Croatia
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 25:270-83. 2008
    ..However, the calculated intake of Cd through deer meat consumption is small and represents no health risk when consumption is moderate...
  59. ncbi Extraction of heavy metals by mercaptans attached to silica gel by a corkscrew mechanism
    Craig A Bowe
    Institute for Environmental Studies, Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, Tampa 33620, USA
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 37:1391-8. 2002
    ..At pH = 8, the percent removal was 99 (Cd), 91.5 (Cu), 80.8 (Pb), and 97 (Ni). It was possible to acidify the metal-containing solids, and regenerate the supported chelating agents...
  60. ncbi Cadmium, lead, mercury and copper in fish from the Marmara Sea, Turkey
    Yasar Keskin
    Department of Health Education, Faculty of Health Education, Marmara University, Cevizli, Kartal, Istanbul, Turkey
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 78:258-61. 2007
  61. ncbi [The effect of the trematode invasion and accumulation of heavy metals onto the pond snail (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae)]
    G E Kirichuk
    Parazitologiia 36:295-303. 2002
    ..An intensity of differences was directly proportional to the intensity of the trematode infection...
  62. ncbi Determination of iron, manganese and zinc in water samples by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry after preconcentration with solid-phase extraction onto Ambersorb 572
    Erdal Kendüzler
    Faculty of Education, Gazi University, 40100, Kirsehir, Turkey
    Anal Sci 18:917-21. 2002
    ..The precision and the accuracy of the method is very good. The relative standard deviation and the relative error are lower than 4%...
  63. ncbi Trace metal concentration in scalp hair of occupationally exposed autodrivers
    H Vishwanathan
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
    Environ Monit Assess 77:149-54. 2002
    ..The results in general showed a positive exogenous contribution of all the analyzed industrial trace metals. The drivers who are occupationally exposed to vehicular/industrial pollution are at risk...
  64. ncbi Content and daily intake of copper, zinc, lead, cadmium, and mercury from dietary supplements in Mexico
    Leticia García-Rico
    Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo, A C Km 0 6 Carretera a la Victoria, Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
    Food Chem Toxicol 45:1599-605. 2007
    ..However, some products presented more than 10% of the tolerable daily intake of Pb, indicating that production processes should be improved...
  65. ncbi Metal contamination of vineyard soils in wet subtropics (southern Brazil)
    Nicolai Mirlean
    Fundacao Universidade do Rio Grande, Department of Geosciences, Av Italia km 08, Campus Carreiros, CEP 96201 900 Rio Grande RS, Brazil
    Environ Pollut 149:10-7. 2007
    ..When evaluating the risks of copper's toxic effects in subtropics, the soils from rhyolitic volcanic rocks are more worrisome, as the Cu extracted with ammonium acetate 1M surpasses the toxic threshold as much as 4-6 times...
  66. ncbi Effects of land use on concentrations of metals in surface soils and ecological risk around Guanting Reservoir, China
    Wei Luo
    Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P O Box 2871, Beijing 100085, PR China
    Environ Geochem Health 29:459-71. 2007
    ..Management measures for land use planners for avoiding water, soil, and sediment pollution caused by metals around the Guanting Reservoir are presented...
  67. ncbi Determination of normal concentration levels of Cd, Pb, Hg, Cu, Zn and Se in urine of the population in the Czech Republic
    B Benes
    National Institute of Public Health, Prague, Srobarova 48, 100 42 Prague 10, Czech Republic
    Cent Eur J Public Health 10:3-5. 2002
    ..Statistically significant differences between boys and girls were found only in Cu and Hg concentrations. Concentrations of the studied elements correspond to the published values concerning population not exposed professionally...
  68. ncbi Pseudomonas aeruginosa immobilized multiwalled carbon nanotubes as biosorbent for heavy metal ions
    Mustafa Tuzen
    Gaziosmanpasa University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Chemistry Department, 60250, Tokat, Turkey
    Bioresour Technol 99:1563-70. 2008
    ..The presented biosorption procedure was applied to the determination of analytes in tomato leaves, bovine liver, boiled wheat, canned fish, black tea, lichen and natural water samples...
  69. ncbi [Zinc and copper content in individual components used to prepare pediatric total nutrition mixtures]
    A M Menendez
    Instituto Argentino de Educación e Investigación en Nutrición IADEIN, Larrea 955 1122, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Nutr Hosp 22:545-51. 2007
    ..2 kg and to a child weighing 10 kg, who would receive total parenteral nutrition formulas prepared with those component solutions...
  70. ncbi Cadmium, mercury and lead in medicinal herbs in Brazil
    E D Caldas
    College of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, UnB, 70919 970 Brasilia, DF, Brazil
    Food Chem Toxicol 42:599-603. 2004
    ..Cadmium and mercury exposure through the herbal medicines does not appear to be of health concern...
  71. ncbi Antioxidative responses of duckweed (Lemna minor L.) to short-term copper exposure
    Jaka Razinger
    Institute of Physical Biology, Velika Loka 90, 1290 Grosuplje, Slovenia
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 14:194-201. 2007
    ..In addition, some other parameters were examined to evaluate the effect of copper on plants...
  72. ncbi Possible mechanisms of Cyclosporin A ameliorated the ischemic microenvironment and inhibited mitochondria stress in tree shrews' hippocampus
    Shu Qing Li
    Department of Pathophysiology, Kunming Medical College, Kunming 650031, China
    Pathophysiology 16:279-84. 2009
    ..The neuroprotection of CsA is in relation to inhibiting glutamate receptor overactivation and reducing the Ca(2+) influx, which can decrease cytochrome C release and caspase mRNA transition...
  73. doi A novel phospholipase A2 from Agkistrodon blomhoffii ussurensis venom: purification, proteomic, functional and structural characterizations
    Ming Zhong Sun
    Department of Biotechnology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, 116044, China
    Biochimie 91:558-67. 2009
    ..The systemically biochemical, proteomic, structural and functional characterization results from Akbu-PLA(2) reveal new threads and provide valuable inputs for the study of snake venom phospholipases A(2)...
  74. ncbi In vitro percutaneous absorption of metal compounds
    Francesca Larese
    UCO Medicina del Lavoro, Scienze di Medicina Pubblica, Via della Piete 19, 34129 Trieste, Italy
    Toxicol Lett 170:49-56. 2007
    ..Metallic ions can permeate the skin and the Franz cell system showed that it is possible to measure a flux of ions through the skin for cobalt and nickel but not for chromium...
  75. ncbi Iodine status and the effect of soil erosion on trace elements in Nanka and Oba towns of Anambra State, Nigeria
    Ifeyinwa C Olife
    Department of Applied Biochemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
    Ann Chim 97:895-903. 2007
    ..The results show that people living in Nanka and Oba, could be at risk of IDD...
  76. ncbi Distribution of trace elements in tissues of two shrimp species from the Persian Gulf and roles of metallothionein in their redistribution
    N Pourang
    Department of Environment and Sustainable Agriculture, Ministry of Jahad e Agriculture, 7th Floor Tehran, Iran
    Environ Int 31:325-41. 2005
    ..The only exception was observed regarding mean values of Cd, which was somewhat greater than some of the recommended levels...
  77. doi Assessment of heavy metal pollution in Republic of Macedonia using a plant assay
    Darinka Gjorgieva
    University Goce Delčev, Štip, Republic of Macedonia
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 60:233-40. 2011
    ..Summarizing the results, it can be concluded that T. officinale, U. dioica, and R. pseudoacacia were better metal accumulators and M. recutita was a metal avoider...
  78. ncbi The Tagum study I: analysis and clinical correlates of mercury in maternal and cord blood, breast milk, meconium, and infants' hair
    G B Ramirez
    Neonatology Division, Philippine Children s Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines
    Pediatrics 106:774-81. 2000
    ..To compare the indicators and levels of mercury (Hg) exposure in the mother with those in the fetal compartments, and determine its effects on the newborn...
  79. ncbi Effect of hen's egg yolk on capacitation and acrosome reaction of diluted canine spermatozoa
    T S Witte
    Centre for Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer, University of Veterinary Science Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Anim Reprod Sci 110:293-305. 2009
    ....
  80. ncbi Difference in metallic wear distribution released from commercially pure titanium compared with stainless steel plates
    G D Krischak
    Department of Traumatology, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Ulm, Steinhovelstr 9, 89075, Ulm, Germany
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 124:104-13. 2004
    ..However, it is still being controversially discussed whether there are significant differences in tissue reaction and metallic release, which should result in a recommendation for preferred use in clinical practice...
  81. ncbi Distribution of pesticides and heavy metals in trophic chain
    Irena Baranowska
    Department of Analytical and General Chemistry, Silesian Technical University, ul ks M Strzody 7, 44 100 Gliwice, Poland
    Chemosphere 60:1590-9. 2005
    ..The content of metals strongly depends on samples origin (industry area, vicinity of motorways)...
  82. doi Field turbidity method for the determination of lead in acid extracts of dried paint
    William B Studabaker
    RTI International, P O Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    J Environ Monit 12:1393-403. 2010
    ....
  83. ncbi Clinical pharmacokinetics and dose optimisation of carboplatin
    S B Duffull
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Christchurch Hospital, New Zealand
    Clin Pharmacokinet 33:161-83. 1997
    ..Paediatric formulas have also been described. More recently a number of limited sampling strategies have been proposed as well as Bayesian dose individualisation techniques...
  84. ncbi Pilot study on road traffic emissions (PAHs, heavy metals) measured by using mosses in a tunnel experiment in Vienna, Austria
    Harald G Zechmeister
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrage 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 13:398-405. 2006
    ..emissions under the extremely adverse conditions which can be found in a tunnel, and 2) Which substances can mainly be attributed to road traffic emissions and therefore be taken as efficient and reliable indicators for motor vehicles?..
  85. ncbi Maternal-fetal transport and disposition of copper, iron, molybdenum, selenium and zinc in experimentally induced diabetic rats
    Moorkath Nandakumaran
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kuwait, Kuwait
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 19:57-64. 2006
    ..Fetal-maternal ratios of the elements and Cu:Zn and Cu:Fe ratios were also computed in control and study groups...
  86. ncbi [A study of the literature on the concentrations of arsenic, lead, cadmium and mercury in body fluids and tissues to define normal values and detection of overload. 1. Description of analytical methods and arsenic]
    P Baron
    , Abt Allgemeine und Umwelthygiene
    Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 186:289-310. 1988
    ..When detected levels of a given metal are in a range held to be normal, exclusion of toxic effects and poisoning requires additional consideration of clinical findings...
  87. pmc Profile of heavy metals in some medicinal plants from Ghana commonly used as components of herbal formulations
    Kofi Annan
    Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon
    Pharmacognosy Res 2:41-4. 2010
    ....
  88. ncbi Heavy metal distribution in tissues of six fish species included in human diet, inhabiting freshwaters of the Nature Park "Hutovo Blato" (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    Elizabeta Has-Schön
    Department of Biology, J J Strossmayer University, Trg Lj Gaja 6, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 54:75-83. 2008
    ..Therefore, fish types in the freshwaters of the Park may be included in the human diet, but without inner organs and gills (or the whole head)...
  89. ncbi Liver and kidney function tests amongst paint factory workers in Nkpor, Nigeria
    O E Orisakwe
    College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P M B 5001, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
    Toxicol Ind Health 23:161-5. 2007
    ..In conclusion, it should be noted that occupational exposure to cadmium or lead among PFW, may compromise the liver and renal functions in man...
  90. ncbi [Determination of inorganic elements in five kinds of Mongolia medicines by high pressure sealed microwave digestion-ICP-AES]
    - Sagara
    College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Huhhot 010022, China
    Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 28:1645-9. 2008
    ..The content of common elements Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu are higher. These results provide theoretical basis for developing quality control, improving the potency of Mongolia medicines and developing new Mongolia medicines...
  91. ncbi [Study of the elements determination method in animal fur by microwave digestion ICP-AES]
    Tian Ping Hou
    Jilin Teachers Institute of Engineeing and Technology, Changchun 130052, China
    Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 28:1933-7. 2008
    ..81%-5.20%. The limitation of picking out, the accuracy and the accuracy each examination target is obtained in the animal fur by the actual sample analysis in the confirmation, which can satisfy the biological sample examination request...
  92. ncbi Fractionation of phosphorus and trace elements species in soybean flour and common white bean seeds by size exclusion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
    Richard Koplík
    Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 770:261-73. 2002
    ..4 kDa for soybean flour and white bean seeds, respectively. In cases of Mn, Fe, Co and Se, the element profiles of soybean flour and white bean seed extracts are significantly different...
  93. ncbi Concentration of copper, iron, zinc, cadmium, lead, and nickel in bull and ram semen and relation to the occurrence of pathological spermatozoa
    P Massanyi
    Department of Animal Physiology, Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 39:3005-14. 2004
    ..71), copper and separated tail (r=0.70), and between iron and tail torso (r=0.67). The results suggest that the studied metals have a direct effect on spermatozoa quality...
  94. ncbi [Exploration of quality control of inorganic elements in Chinese herbal medicines for stimulating blood circulation and relaxing muscles and joints by atomic absorption spectrophotometry]
    Qi feng Zhang
    Institute of Applied Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China
    Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 27:2595-7. 2007
    ..The measurement and analysis of inorganic elements in Da Huo Luo Wan will also provide evidences and references for the fingerprint establishment of Da Huo Luo Wan in the future...
  95. ncbi [Separation with ion exchange fiber column and determination of La, Nd, Eu and Gd in high purity ytterbium oxide by ICP-AES]
    Qi Gong
    College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
    Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 30:523-7. 2010
    ..2%, 107%, 97.8% and 102% for La2 O3, Nd2 O3, Eu2 O3 and Gd2 O3 respectively. The calibration curve did not need matrix matching with Yb, and the analysis period was within 4 hour...
  96. doi Comparative distribution of the scalp hair trace metal contents in the benign tumour patients and normal donors
    Q Pasha
    Department of Biochemistry, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
    Environ Monit Assess 147:377-88. 2008
    ..The study evidenced significantly different patterns of metal distribution in the hair of benign tumour patients in comparison with normal donors...
  97. ncbi Cadmium, mercury, iron, copper, manganese and zinc in the liver and kidney of the Icelandic lamb
    O Reykdal
    Centre of Food Technology at Keldonaholt, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Food Addit Contam 18:960-9. 2001
    ..The cadmium and mercury levels of organs from lambs grazing in the vicinity of Mount Hekla a few months after its eruption did not indicate a significant contamination from volcanic activity...
  98. ncbi Anopheles gambiae s.s. breeding in polluted water bodies in urban Lagos, southwestern Nigeria
    T S Awolola
    Public Health Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
    J Vector Borne Dis 44:241-4. 2007
    ..Urban malaria is on the rise in Nigeria due to rapid industrialisation and developmental activities. A study was undertaken in Lagos, Nigeria to study the Anopheles breeding in polluted water bodies...
  99. ncbi [Significance and limitation of creatinine adjustment for urinary chromium and arsenic in biological monitoring of occupational exposure to these metallic elements]
    A Antelmi
    Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Medicina Pubblica, Sezione di Medicina del Lavoro E C Vigliani, Universita di Bari
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 29:288-91. 2007
    ....
  100. ncbi Dy-EOB-DTPA: tolerance and pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers and preliminary liver imaging in patients
    W Krause
    Research Laboratories of Schering AG, Berlin, Germany
    Invest Radiol 36:431-44. 2001
    ....
  101. ncbi Effects of zinc deficiency on oral and periodontal diseases in rats
    R Orbak
    Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Medical School, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
    J Periodontal Res 42:138-43. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the alterations of oral and periodontal tissues in zinc-deficient rats compared with control rats...

Research Grants64

  1. EFFECT OF DIETARY FACTORS ON METALLOTHIONEIN LEVELS
    PHILIP WHANGER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The low MW zinc binding ligand from kidney and the copper and zinc containing proteins from choroid plexus are planned to be purified by gel filtration and ion exchange resins and characterized...
  2. Effects of Natural Agents with Fluoride on Caries
    Hyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  3. Effects of Natural Agents with Fluoride on Caries
    Hyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  4. PROSPECTIVE NEUROEPIDEMIOLOGY OF ADULT LEAD EXPOSURE
    Philip Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Never before has a biological measure of cumulative exposure to lead been related to neurologic outcomes in a prospective study of the potential effects of low-level exposure in adults...
  5. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies should provide new insights into the mechanisms of cisplatin ototoxicity and mechanisms for protection from this dose-limiting side effect arising from use of this life-saving chemotherapeutic agent. ..
  6. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These studies should provide new insights into the mechanisms of cisplatin ototoxicity and mechanisms for protection from this dose-limiting side effect arising from use of this life-saving chemotherapeutic agent. ..
  7. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies should provide new insights into the mechanisms of cisplatin ototoxicity and mechanisms for protection from this dose-limiting side effect arising from use of this life-saving chemotherapeutic agent. ..
  8. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies should provide new insights into the mechanisms of cisplatin ototoxicity and mechanisms for protection from this dose-limiting side effect arising from use of this life-saving chemotherapeutic agent. ..
  9. ENDOGENOUS MODULATION OF COCHLEAR INJURY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These studies should provide new insights into the mechanisms of cisplatin ototoxicity and mechanisms for protection from this dose-limiting side effect arising from use of this life-saving chemotherapeutic agent. ..
  10. TRACE ELEMENT NUTRITION OF THE LENS--ZINC
    J Bentley; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The levels of superoxide dismutase will be measured in lenses from rabbits in different zinc nutritional statuses; normal, deficient and excess...
  11. DISSOLUTION OF MERCURY FROM DENTAL AMALGAMS
    Miroslav Marek; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The results will provide information necessary for the development of dental amalgams, which form quickly an effective surface barrier to mercury release. ..
  12. DISSOLUTION OF MERCURY FROM DENTAL AMALGAMS
    Miroslav Marek; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The results will provide information necessary for the development of dental amalgams, which form quickly an effective surface barrier to mercury release. ..
  13. DISSOLUTION OF MERCURY FROM DENTAL AMALGAMS
    Miroslav Marek; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results will provide information necessary for the development of dental amalgams, which form quickly an effective surface barrier to mercury release. ..
  14. DRYING OF THE OCULAR SURFACE
    JEFFREY GILBARD; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Based on the data obtained from the rabbit models for KCS, parallel studies will be performed in patients with KCS to test the therapeutic efficacy in humans of agents found to be therapeutic in our rabbit models...
  15. VASCULAR ADAPTATIONS IN PREGNANCY
    SHARON NELSON; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  16. VASCULAR ADAPTATIONS IN PREGNANCY
    SHARON NELSON; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  17. HUMAN MILK PEPTIDES, METALLO-PEPTIDES AND TRACE METALS
    OWEN RENNERT; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Fractionation of milk will be accomplished by gel chromatography of ion exchange chromatography and their purity assessed by two dimensional chromatography, analytical gel filtration, electrophoresis and N-terminal analysis...
  18. REGULATORY ROLE OF CA++ & MG++ IN VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE
    V Krishnamurty; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..In addition, the data obtained in these studies may have relevance to control in other cellular systems involved in excitation contraction coupling or excitation secretion and coupling...
  19. The Lung: A Reaction Chamber for Asbestiform Minerals
    Scott Wood; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Even if this particular reaction is kinetically unfavorable, this project lays the groundwork for future studies of mineral reactions in the lungs. ..
  20. REGULATION OF LENS CATION BALANCE AND DISTRIBUTION
    CHRISTOPHER PATERSON; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Most of these studies will be performed on animal lenses, but where feasible, we will utilize human lenses obtained either from eye bank eyes or following scheduled cataract surgery...
  21. IONIC TRANSFER MECHANISMS IN AIRWAY EPITHELIUM
    William Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..g. chronic bronchitis) have been developed and will be utilized in this study. A novel aspect of the proposed investigation is the application of techniques for measuring intracellular ionic activities to isolated airway epithelium. ..
  22. CONTROL OF CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE
    CHARLES BROSTROM; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The uptake and binding of the CDR to membrane fractions prepared from brain homogenates by differential and discontinuous sucrose density gradients centrifugation will be studied. ..
  23. SITE SPECIFIC MUTAGENESIS OF H PYLORI CARBONIC ANHYDRASE
    ROGER ROWLETT; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Especially interesting mutant enzymes will be submitted for X-ray crystallographic structure determination. ..
  24. Reaction of Bulky Platinum Complexes with Proteins
    Kevin Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Model systems will be used to study the reactions in order to determine whether larger platinum compounds may have advantages in terms of target selection. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. HR-MAS-pathologic correlation of prostate tissue markers
    Mark Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This excellent research environment combined with the extensive research experience of the mentor will greatly facilitate the completion of the goals set out in this proposal. ..
  26. HR-MAS-pathologic correlation of prostate tissue markers
    Mark Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This excellent research environment combined with the extensive research experience of the mentor will greatly facilitate the completion of the goals set out in this proposal. ..
  27. HR-MAS-pathologic correlation of prostate tissue markers
    Mark Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This excellent research environment combined with the extensive research experience of the mentor will greatly facilitate the completion of the goals set out in this proposal. ..
  28. HR-MAS-pathologic correlation of prostate tissue markers
    Mark Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This excellent research environment combined with the extensive research experience of the mentor will greatly facilitate the completion of the goals set out in this proposal. ..
  29. HR-MAS-pathologic correlation of prostate tissue markers
    Mark Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This excellent research environment combined with the extensive research experience of the mentor will greatly facilitate the completion of the goals set out in this proposal. ..
  30. DISSOLUTION OF MERCURY FROM DENTAL AMALGAMS
    Miroslav Marek; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The results of the study will show at what rate the mercury release can occur, and which part of the process controls it. They will serve as a basis for a selection of measures to lower the release...
  31. DISSOLUTION OF MERCURY FROM DENTAL AMALGAMS
    Miroslav Marek; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..They will serve as a basis for a selection of measures to lower the release...
  32. DISSOLUTION OF MERCURY FROM DENTAL AMALGAMS
    Miroslav Marek; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The results of the study will show at what rate the mercury release can occur, and which part of the process controls it. They will serve as a basis for a selection of measures to lower the release...
  33. SYSTEMIC IMPLICATIONS OF TOTAL JOINT REPLACEMENT
    Jorge Galante; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The primary analytical toll is Zeeman atomic absorption spectrophotometry (ZAAS). The results of theses studies will be critical in evaluating prospective risk to patients of the use of emerging total joint replacement technologies...
  34. Evaluation of Air Samplers with Field Analysis for Lead
    Martin Harper; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  35. DETERMINATION OF INTRAMYOCARDIAL CATION DISTRIBUTIONS
    James Bassingthwaighte; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..These electron microprobe data will provide the basis for estimating intracellular concentrations in subcellular regions and promote the understanding of the role of these ions in cardiac excitation and contraction...
  36. QUANTITATIVE TRACE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF MICRO-SAMPLES
    ROGER BLEILER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..the research proposed herein is designed to investigate these issues with the objective of developing relevant applications of this new technique to problems in biological materials analysis...
  37. IN VIVO DISTRIBUTION OF LITHIUM IN RAT BRAIN
    Richard Komoroski; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These studies will serve as a prelude to future attempts to correlate Li distribution with local changes in brain biochemistry in vivo as measured by localized 31P and 1H MR spectroscopies, and similar studies in humans...
  38. ENAMEL APATITES RELATING TO CARIES SUSCEPTIBILITY
    Racquel LeGeros; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....
  39. NORMAL AND ALTERED ORAL MUCOSA
    Julia Meyer; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The size of the capillary bed in the lamina propria of regions of oral epithelium differing in width will be determined in two groups of rats aged 18 and 24 months. ..
  40. CORE--PHARMACOKINETICS
    Michael DeGregorio; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The kinetics facility direction will meet regularly with members of the Division of Hematology and Oncology and the Cancer Therapeutics Program to discuss pharmacologically relevant issues. ..
  41. OLFACTORY MECHANISMS OF CORTICOSTEROID ACTION
    Robert Kern; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..b>Atomic spectrophotometry will be used to analyze changes in olfactory mucus ion concentration associated with alterations in ..
  42. OLFACTORY MECHANISMS OF CORTICOSTEROID ACTION
    Robert Kern; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..b>Atomic spectrophotometry will be used to analyze changes in olfactory mucus ion concentration associated with alterations in ..
  43. HEPATIC IRON STORES
    Marshall Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Based on these results, HIC and HII clearly differentiate genetic hemochromatosis from other types of liver disease. ..
  44. HEPATIC IRON STORES
    Marshall Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Based on these results, HIC and HII clearly differentiate genetic hemochromatosis from other types of liver disease. ..
  45. Aluminum bioavailability from foods
    Robert Yokel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Aluminum bioavailability from foods
    Robert Yokel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. A device containing immobilized chelator to remove aluminum from TPN solutions
    Robert Yokel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Aluminum bioavailability from foods
    Robert Yokel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. AFRICAN-AMERICANS, HYPERTENSION AND LEAD EXPOSURE
    Andrew Todd; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Participants in AASK undergo extensive and comprehensive measurements of renal function; no previous study of lead exposure and renal disease has utilized such a sensitive marker of renal function ..
  50. AFRICAN-AMERICANS, HYPERTENSION AND LEAD EXPOSURE
    Andrew Todd; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Participants in AASK undergo extensive and comprehensive measurements of renal function; no previous study of lead exposure and renal disease has utilized such a sensitive marker of renal function ..
  51. Change in Bone, Arthritis, Function: Hormones & Obesity
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  52. Toxic Metal Complexation by de Novo Designed Peptides
    VINCENT PECORARO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Also, development of highly efficient and specific heavy metal sequestering peptides could, ultimately, provide a viable and biodegradable means of removing heavy metals from contaminated water. ..