filtration

Summary

Summary: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Use of filter paper for the collection and analysis of human whole blood specimens
    J V Mei
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Nutr 131:1631S-6S. 2001
  2. ncbi Flexible graphene films via the filtration of water-soluble noncovalent functionalized graphene sheets
    Yuxi Xu
    Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People s Republic of China
    J Am Chem Soc 130:5856-7. 2008
  3. pmc 3D microfilter device for viable circulating tumor cell (CTC) enrichment from blood
    Siyang Zheng
    Department of Bioengineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Biomed Microdevices 13:203-13. 2011
  4. pmc Air filters and air cleaners: rostrum by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Indoor Allergen Committee
    James L Sublett
    Department of Pediatrics, Section of Allergy and Immunology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 9800 Shelbyville Rd, Louisville, KY 40223, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 125:32-8. 2010
  5. pmc Rate of decline in serum PFOA concentrations after granular activated carbon filtration at two public water systems in Ohio and West Virginia
    Scott M Bartell
    Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 1250, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:222-8. 2010
  6. ncbi Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world
    Mark D Sobsey
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, CB 7431, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7431, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:4261-7. 2008
  7. ncbi Local drinking water filters reduce diarrheal disease in Cambodia: a randomized, controlled trial of the ceramic water purifier
    Joe Brown
    University of Alabama, Department of Biological Sciences, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 0229, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:394-400. 2008
  8. pmc Effective and cheap removal of leukocytes and platelets from Plasmodium vivax infected blood
    Kanlaya Sriprawat
    Singapore Immunology Network, Biopolis, Singapore
    Malar J 8:115. 2009
  9. ncbi Cluster randomized controlled trial of the plastic BioSand Water filter in Cambodia
    C E Stauber
    Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, P O Box 3995, Atlanta, Georgia 30302 3995, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:722-8. 2012
  10. doi Reductions of E. coli, echovirus type 12 and bacteriophages in an intermittently operated household-scale slow sand filter
    M A Elliott
    University of North Carolina, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7431, USA
    Water Res 42:2662-70. 2008

Detail Information

Publications318 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Use of filter paper for the collection and analysis of human whole blood specimens
    J V Mei
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Nutr 131:1631S-6S. 2001
    ..These activities have created a mechanism for the validation of the filter paper blood collection device and the standardization of materials and methods for the analysis of dried blood spots...
  2. ncbi Flexible graphene films via the filtration of water-soluble noncovalent functionalized graphene sheets
    Yuxi Xu
    Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People s Republic of China
    J Am Chem Soc 130:5856-7. 2008
    Flexible graphene films were prepared by the filtration of water-soluble noncovalently functionalized graphene sheets with pyrenebutyrate...
  3. pmc 3D microfilter device for viable circulating tumor cell (CTC) enrichment from blood
    Siyang Zheng
    Department of Bioengineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Biomed Microdevices 13:203-13. 2011
    ..supports captured cells and minimize the stress concentration on cell membrane and sustain cell viability during filtration. Viable cell capture on device was investigated with scanning electron microscopy, confocal microscopy, and ..
  4. pmc Air filters and air cleaners: rostrum by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Indoor Allergen Committee
    James L Sublett
    Department of Pediatrics, Section of Allergy and Immunology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 9800 Shelbyville Rd, Louisville, KY 40223, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 125:32-8. 2010
    ..This rostrum serves as a resource for the allergist and other health care professionals seeking a better understanding of air filtration.
  5. pmc Rate of decline in serum PFOA concentrations after granular activated carbon filtration at two public water systems in Ohio and West Virginia
    Scott M Bartell
    Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 1250, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:222-8. 2010
    ..Two highly contaminated water districts began granular activated carbon filtration in 2007.
  6. ncbi Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world
    Mark D Sobsey
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, CB 7431, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7431, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:4261-7. 2008
    ....
  7. ncbi Local drinking water filters reduce diarrheal disease in Cambodia: a randomized, controlled trial of the ceramic water purifier
    Joe Brown
    University of Alabama, Department of Biological Sciences, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 0229, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:394-400. 2008
    ..51 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41-0.63); CWP-Fe: 0.58 (95% CI: 0.47-0.71), an effect that was observed in all age groups and both sexes after controlling for clustering within households and within individuals over time...
  8. pmc Effective and cheap removal of leukocytes and platelets from Plasmodium vivax infected blood
    Kanlaya Sriprawat
    Singapore Immunology Network, Biopolis, Singapore
    Malar J 8:115. 2009
    ..The aims of this study were to compare the ability of CF11 cellulose filters and the commercial filter Plasmodipur at removing leukocyte and platelet, and to investigate the retention of P. vivax IRBCs by CF11 cellulose filtration.
  9. ncbi Cluster randomized controlled trial of the plastic BioSand Water filter in Cambodia
    C E Stauber
    Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, P O Box 3995, Atlanta, Georgia 30302 3995, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:722-8. 2012
    ..The study suggests the plastic BSF may play an important role in scaling up the distribution/implementation of the BSF, potentially improving water quality and health in the region...
  10. doi Reductions of E. coli, echovirus type 12 and bacteriophages in an intermittently operated household-scale slow sand filter
    M A Elliott
    University of North Carolina, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7431, USA
    Water Res 42:2662-70. 2008
    ..3 log10 (95%) with mean reductions of only 0.5 log10 (70%). These data indicate that virus reduction by BSF may differ substantially depending upon the specific viral agent...
  11. doi Application of a filtration- and isolation-by-size technique for the detection of circulating tumor cells in cutaneous melanoma
    Vincenzo de Giorgi
    Department of Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, Dermatology Unit, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Invest Dermatol 130:2440-7. 2010
    ..of epithelial tumor cells (ISET) is a direct method for CTC identification in which tumor cells are collected by filtration as a result of their large size...
  12. ncbi A new device for rapid isolation by size and characterization of rare circulating tumor cells
    Isabelle Desitter
    ScreenCell, 75012 Paris, France
    Anticancer Res 31:427-41. 2011
    ..Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) likely derive from clones in the primary tumor, suggesting that they can be used for all biological tests applying to the primary cells...
  13. ncbi Evaluation on the applied value of the dot immunogold filtration assay (DIGFA) for rapid detection of anti-Schistosoma japonicum antibody
    Li Yong Wen
    Research Laboratory of Molecular Immunoparasitology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China
    Acta Trop 96:142-7. 2005
    The dot immunogold filtration assay (DIGFA) is a rapid technique for the detection of anti-Schistosoma japonicum antibody...
  14. ncbi Microplate filtration assay for nicotinamide release from NAD using a boronic acid resin
    Thomas McDonagh
    Elixir Pharmaceuticals, One Kendall Square, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Methods 36:346-50. 2005
    ..The protocol reported here is rapid and uses commercially available materials. The use of a simple microplate filtration device allows for the simultaneous processing of 96 samples, facilitating enzyme kinetic analyses and inhibition ..
  15. pmc Cigarette filter ventilation is a defective design because of misleading taste, bigger puffs, and blocked vents
    L T Kozlowski
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Tob Control 11:I40-50. 2002
    ....
  16. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of the concrete biosand filter and its impact on diarrheal disease in Bonao, Dominican Republic
    Christine E Stauber
    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7431, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:286-93. 2009
    ..water treatment and safe storage technologies, such as chlorine disinfection, solar disinfection, and ceramic filtration, have been documented for their ability to reduce diarrheal disease and improve microbial water quality...
  17. doi Continuous scalable blood filtration device using inertial microfluidics
    Albert J Mach
    Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Biotechnol Bioeng 107:302-11. 2010
    ..size-based techniques that may avoid the costs or clogging issues associated with centrifugation and mechanical filtration. We present for the first time a massively parallel microfluidic device that passively separates pathogenic ..
  18. doi Glomerular albumin filtration through podocyte cell body in puromycin aminonucleoside nephrotic rat
    Akihiro Tojo
    Division of Nephrology and Endocrinology, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Med Mol Morphol 41:92-8. 2008
    ..effaced and the number of slit membranes is reduced in nephrotic syndrome, suggesting another pathway of albumin filtration through the foot process cell body...
  19. doi Photodynamic therapy of multiple actinic keratoses: reduced pain through use of visible light plus water-filtered infrared A compared with light from light-emitting diodes
    V von Felbert
    Department of Dermatology, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Br J Dermatol 163:607-15. 2010
    ..Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with methyl aminolaevulinate (MAL) is an effective treatment for multiple actinic keratoses (AKs). Pain, however, is a major side-effect...
  20. pmc Field assessment of a novel household-based water filtration device: a randomised, placebo-controlled trial in the Democratic Republic of Congo
    Sophie Boisson
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e12613. 2010
    ..However, current methods of treating water at home have certain shortcomings, and there is evidence of bias in the reported health impact of the intervention in open trial designs...
  21. ncbi Comparative toxicity assessment of ozone and activated carbon treated sewage effluents using an in vivo test battery
    Daniel Stalter
    Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Biological Sciences Division, Department Aquatic Ecotoxicology, Siesmayerstrasse 70, 60323 Frankfurt, Germany
    Water Res 44:2610-20. 2010
    ..after ozonation compared to conventional treatment whereas this effect was reduced following subsequent sand filtration. When ozonation was applied, a significantly increased genotoxicity was observed, detected with the comet assay ..
  22. doi Elimination of organic micropollutants in a municipal wastewater treatment plant upgraded with a full-scale post-ozonation followed by sand filtration
    Juliane Hollender
    Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Dubendorf, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 43:7862-9. 2009
    ..at the scale of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) upgraded with post-ozonation followed by sand filtration. During post-ozonation, compounds with activated aromatic moieties, amine functions, or double bonds such as ..
  23. pmc Analysis of particulate contaminations of infusion solutions in a pediatric intensive care unit
    Thomas Jack
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 36:707-11. 2010
    ....
  24. ncbi A filtration-based protocol to isolate human plasma membrane-derived vesicles and exosomes from blood plasma
    Ryan Grant
    Cellular and Molecular Immunology Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences, London Metropolitan University, London, UK
    J Immunol Methods 371:143-51. 2011
    ..This study describes a novel filtration method to isolate PMVs in plasma, which avoids high speed centrifugation, and to quantify them using a Becton ..
  25. ncbi Dot immunogold filtration assay (DIGFA) with multiple native antigens for rapid serodiagnosis of human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis
    Xiaohui Feng
    Xinjiang Hydatid Clinical Research Institute, First Teaching Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, No 1 Liyushan RD, Urumqi 830000, Xinjiang, China
    Acta Trop 113:114-20. 2010
    A new 3-min rapid dot immunogold filtration assay (DIGFA) for serodiagnosis of human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis was developed using four native antigen preparations: crude and partially purified hydatid cyst fluid extracts from ..
  26. pmc A randomized controlled trial of the plastic-housing BioSand filter and its impact on diarrheal disease in Copan, Honduras
    Anna M Fabiszewski de Aceituno
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:913-21. 2012
    ..Households with a BSF had significantly better drinking water quality regardless of water source or season...
  27. ncbi Sorption of phosphorous to Filtralite-P--the effect of different scales
    Kinga Adám
    Department of Mathematical Sciences and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P O Box 5003, 1432 As, Norway
    Water Res 40:1143-54. 2006
    ..The surface of these precipitation particles was identified by X-ray diffraction and SEM method as CaCO3 and precipitated Ca- and Mg-phosphates...
  28. pmc An assessment of continued use and health impact of the concrete biosand filter in Bonao, Dominican Republic
    Benjamin A Aiken
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:309-17. 2011
    ..39 times the odds of reported diarrheal disease in non-BSF households. These results document high levels of sustained and effective concrete BSF use and associated improvements in water quality and health...
  29. ncbi Investigation of bacterial removal during the filtration process in constructed wetlands
    Kirsten Sleytr
    Institute of Sanitary Engineering and Water Pollution Control, BOKU, University of Natural, Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 18, A 1190 Vienna, Austria
    Sci Total Environ 380:173-80. 2007
    ..Only enterococci measured in the substrate samples of the main layer of the filter could a statistically significant difference be observed...
  30. ncbi Pyrosequencing demonstrated complex microbial communities in a membrane filtration system for a drinking water treatment plant
    Soondong Kwon
    School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seongbuk gu, Seoul 136 713, South Korea
    Microbes Environ 26:149-55. 2011
    ..and species levels, suggesting that different environmental and growth conditions were generated during membrane filtration. Moreover, signatures of potential pathogens including Legionella, Pseudomonas, Aeromonas, and Chromobacterium ..
  31. ncbi Virus and prokaryote enumeration from planktonic aquatic environments by epifluorescence microscopy with SYBR Green I
    Anand Patel
    Marine Environmental Biology Section, University of Southern California, 3616 Trousdale Parkway, AHF 107, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Nat Protoc 2:269-76. 2007
    ..The method relies on simple vacuum filtration to capture viruses on a 0...
  32. pmc Biological filtration limits carbon availability and affects downstream biofilm formation and community structure
    Chee Meng Pang
    Division of Environmental Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Block E2, no 04 07, 1 Engineering Drive 2, Singapore 117576
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:5702-12. 2006
    ..g., Aquabacterium, Caulobacter, and Legionella) were preferentially selected in the BF biofilm, suggesting that carbon limitation strategies may not achieve adequate biofouling control in the long run...
  33. ncbi Use of ceramic water filtration in the prevention of diarrheal disease: a randomized controlled trial in rural South Africa and zimbabwe
    Martella Du Preez
    Natural Resources and the Environment, CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:696-701. 2008
    ..001) and for non-bloody diarrhea was 0.17 (95% CI, 0.08-0.38; P < 0.001), indicating much lower diarrhea incidence among filter users. The results suggest that ceramic filters are effective in reducing diarrheal disease incidence...
  34. doi The EPS characteristics of sludge in an aerobic granule membrane bioreactor
    Wang Xuan
    Tianjin Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Material and Membrane Process, Institute of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnical University, Tianjin 300160, China
    Bioresour Technol 101:8046-50. 2010
    ..Furthermore, application of aerobic granule can improve sludge filtering properties and delay the process of membrane fouling, as a result of better morphological structure and lower EPS content...
  35. doi Diagnostic accuracy of urine filtration and dipstick tests for Schistosoma haematobium infection in a lightly infected population of Ghanaian schoolchildren
    Karen C Kosinski
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Acta Trop 118:123-7. 2011
    Two screening methods, reagent dipsticks for hematuria and urine filtration for Schistosoma haematobium eggs, were evaluated for their sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing infection with S...
  36. pmc Visual function in patients with yellow tinted intraocular lenses compared with vision in patients with non-tinted intraocular lenses
    K Hayashi
    Hayashi Eye Hospital, 4 7 13 Hakataekimae, Hakata Ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan
    Br J Ophthalmol 90:1019-23. 2006
    ..To compare the visual function in patients with short wavelength blue light blocking yellow tinted intraocular lenses (IOLs) with that in patients with non-tinted IOLs...
  37. ncbi Infiltration of forest fire and residential wood smoke: an evaluation of air cleaner effectiveness
    Prabjit Barn
    School of Environmental Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 18:503-11. 2008
    ..001). No significant predictors of ACE were identified. Our findings show that remaining indoors combined with use of air cleaner can effectively reduce PM(2.5) exposure during forest fires and residential wood burning...
  38. ncbi Prescribed burns and wildfires in Colorado: impacts of mitigation measures on indoor air particulate matter
    David E Henderson
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0427, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 55:1516-26. 2005
    ..In the homes without the air cleaners, measured indoor concentrations were 58-100% of the concentrations measured outdoors...
  39. ncbi Household-based ceramic water filters for the prevention of diarrhea: a randomized, controlled trial of a pilot program in Colombia
    Thomas Clasen
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:790-5. 2005
    ....
  40. pmc Update on the glomerular filtration barrier
    George Jarad
    Renal Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens 18:226-32. 2009
    ..is associated with abnormalities in any one layer, suggesting that each contributes to the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB). Proteinuria can also be induced in the context of a normal glomerular capillary wall...
  41. pmc Detection of circulating microparticles by flow cytometry: influence of centrifugation, filtration of buffer, and freezing
    Emily Dey-Hazra
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Vasc Health Risk Manag 6:1125-33. 2010
    ..We also analyzed the effect of filtration of buffer and long-term freezing on microparticle quantification, as well as the role of Annexin V in the ..
  42. ncbi Effect of sampling time on the culturability of airborne fungi and bacteria sampled by filtration
    Kate T H Durand
    University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, Seattle 98195, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 46:113-8. 2002
    Air sampling of bioaerosols by filtration may be preferable for many epidemiological studies because the methods can be used to collect personal samples for a full work-shift...
  43. doi Development and application of a differential method for reliable metabolome analysis in Escherichia coli
    Hilal Taymaz-Nikerel
    Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, BC Delft, The Netherlands
    Anal Biochem 386:9-19. 2009
    ..Different methods for sampling of culture filtrate were examined, and it was found that direct filtration without cooling of the sample was the most appropriate...
  44. ncbi Performance of small-scale CHO perfusion cultures using an acoustic cell filtration device for cell retention: characterization of separation efficiency and impact of perfusion on product quality
    T Ryll
    Process Sciences, Genentech, Inc, 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080 4990, USA
    Biotechnol Bioeng 69:440-9. 2000
    ..small-scale Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) suspension cultures were grown in perfusion mode using a new acoustic filtration system...
  45. ncbi Plasmapheresis for severe lipemia: comparison of serum-lipid clearance rates for the plasma-exchange and double-filtration variants
    Jiann Horng Yeh
    Department of Neurology, Shin Kong Wu Ho Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Clin Apher 18:32-6. 2003
    ..patients who had not responded to previous therapies were selected for either the plasma-exchange (PE) or double-filtration (DF) treatment variants...
  46. ncbi Biomass development in slow sand filters
    L C Campos
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
    Water Res 36:4543-51. 2002
    ....
  47. ncbi A multi-well filtration assay for quantitation of inositol phosphates in biological samples
    M Chengalvala
    Women s Health Research Institute, Wyeth Ayerst Research, Radnor, PA 19087, USA
    J Biochem Biophys Methods 38:163-70. 1999
    ..Cell lysates containing labeled IPs were applied in 96-well plates fitted with filtration discs containing regenerated Dowex AGI-X8 resin...
  48. ncbi Contrast is enhanced by yellow lenses because of selective reduction of short-wavelength light
    J S Wolffsohn
    Clinic Research Unit, Victorian College of Optometry, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 77:73-81. 2000
    ..Although many studies have shown a subjective preference for yellow lenses, there has been little success in determining the clinical nature of this benefit...
  49. pmc Cigarettes with defective filters marketed for 40 years: what Philip Morris never told smokers
    J L Pauly
    Department of Immunology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, New York State Department of Health, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA
    Tob Control 11:I51-61. 2002
    ..Cigarettes with filters that release cellulose acetate or carbon particles during normal smoking conditions are defective...
  50. ncbi Considerations for improving the accuracy of exposure to disinfection by-products by ingestion in epidemiologic studies
    Howard S Weinberg
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, School of Public Health, Rosenau Hall, South Columbia St, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7431, USA
    Sci Total Environ 354:35-42. 2006
    ..These factors should be taken into consideration in DBP exposure characterization for epidemiologic studies...
  51. ncbi The filtration-acclimatization method for isolation of an important fraction of the not readily cultivable bacteria
    Martin W Hahn
    Institute for Limnology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Mondseestrasse 9, Mondsee A 5310, Austria
    J Microbiol Methods 57:379-90. 2004
    We developed a novel method, the filtration-acclimatization method (FAM), which enables the isolation and cultivation of an important fraction of the bacterial diversity, which is not cultivable by standard methods...
  52. pmc Filter ventilation and nicotine content of tobacco in cigarettes from Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States
    L T Kozlowski
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Tob Control 7:369-75. 1998
    ..The purpose was to determine filter ventilation and the nicotine content of tobacco and their contribution to machine-smoked yields of cigarettes from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom...
  53. ncbi Hydrodynamic filtration for on-chip particle concentration and classification utilizing microfluidics
    Masumi Yamada
    Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, 113 8656, Japan
    Lab Chip 5:1233-9. 2005
    ..method for continuous concentration and classification of particles in microfluidic devices, named hydrodynamic filtration. When a particle is flowing in a microchannel, the center position of the particle cannot be present in a ..
  54. pmc Control of asthma triggers in indoor air with air cleaners: a modeling analysis
    Theodore A Myatt
    Environmental Health and Engineering, Inc, 117 Fourth Avenue, Needham, MA 02494 2725, USA
    Environ Health 7:43. 2008
    ..The potential exposure benefits of whole house high efficiency in-duct air cleaners for sensitive subpopulations have yet to be evaluated...
  55. pmc Reduction of cholera in Bangladeshi villages by simple filtration
    Rita R Colwell
    Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:1051-5. 2003
    ..cholerae, the etiological agent of epidemic cholera, is commensal to zooplankton, notably copepods, a simple filtration procedure was developed whereby zooplankton, most phytoplankton, and particulates >20 microm were removed ..
  56. doi AcrySof Natural filter decreases blue light-induced apoptosis in human retinal pigment epithelium
    Kourous A Rezai
    Department of Ophthalmology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 246:671-6. 2008
    ..The effect of AcrySof filter (UV light-filtering chromophore; Alcon) and AcrySof Natural filter (UV- and blue light-filtering chromophores) on blue light-induced apoptosis in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells was evaluated...
  57. ncbi Cell filtration-laser scanning cytometry for the characterisation of circulating breast cancer cells
    Lila Zabaglo
    Academic Department of Biochemistry, Royal Marsden Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Cytometry A 55:102-8. 2003
    ..Additionally, biomarker analysis may allow a more rational approach to therapeutics. We have developed a new method for the detection and characterisation of these cells...
  58. pmc In-line filtration reduces severe complications and length of stay on pediatric intensive care unit: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial
    Thomas Jack
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 38:1008-16. 2012
    ..Particulate contamination due to infusion therapy carries a potential health risk for intensive care patients...
  59. ncbi Carbon-activated gas filtration during in vitro culture increased pregnancy rate following transfer of in vitro-produced bovine embryos
    J S Merton
    HG BV, Production Department, P O Box 5073, 6802 EB Arnhem, The Netherlands
    Theriogenology 67:1233-8. 2007
    ..Therefore, this study investigated the effects of an intra-incubator carbon-activated air filtration system (CODA) during in vitro culture (IVC) on embryonic development and subsequent pregnancy rate of bovine ..
  60. doi Dynamic fouling behaviors of submerged nonwoven bioreactor for filtration of activated sludge with different SRT
    Shun Hsing Chuang
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung City 413, Taiwan
    Bioresour Technol 102:7768-76. 2011
    The flux variations and resistances accumulated during filtration of activated sludge with sludge retention time (SRT) of 15, 30, and 60 days were analyzed to investigate the dynamic fouling behavior in a submerged nonwoven bioreactor...
  61. doi Reduced ozone by air filtration consistently improved grain yield in wheat
    Håkan Pleijel
    University of Gothenburg, Plant and Environmental Sciences, Goteborg, Sweden
    Environ Pollut 159:897-902. 2011
    ..26 experiments reported improved yield and 4 experiments reduced yield by filtration, a significant positive effect. Average yield improvement was 9%...
  62. doi Metabolic fingerprinting of high-fat plasma samples processed by centrifugation- and filtration-based protein precipitation delineates significant differences in metabolite information coverage
    Thaer Barri
    Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Anal Chim Acta 718:47-57. 2012
    ..were utilized for finding characteristic metabolite changes induced by two PPP procedures; centrifugation and filtration. We used 12-h fasting samples and postprandial samples collected at 2h after a standardized high-fat protein-..
  63. ncbi Development and calibration of a nitrification PDE model based on experimental data issued from biofilter treating drinking water
    I Queinnec
    Laboratoire d Analyse et d Architecture des Systèmes LAAS CNRS, 7 Avenue du Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse Cedex 04, France
    Biotechnol Bioeng 94:209-22. 2006
    ....
  64. ncbi Assessment of biosand filter performance in rural communities in southern coastal Nicaragua: an evaluation of 199 households
    M M Fiore
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Rural Remote Health 10:1483. 2010
    ..Approximately 600 filters had been installed in this area over the preceding 2 years by local workers supported by US and Canadian NGOs...
  65. ncbi Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from urban wastewater in a pilot vertical flow constructed wetland and a sand filter
    Victor Matamoros
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona 18 26, E 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Sci Technol 41:8171-7. 2007
    ..The shorter hydraulic residence time (a few hours) in VFCW compared to that in other CW configurations ranging from days to weeks makes VFCWs a very appropriate wastewater treatment option in space-limited areas...
  66. doi Experimental basis for discriminating between thermal and athermal effects of water-filtered infrared A irradiation
    Tobias Jung
    Institute of Nutrition, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1259:33-8. 2012
    ..In the following, we discuss different experimental setups and highlight some cellular responses to thermal and athermal wIRA effects, as well as the experimental problems in differentiating between them...
  67. doi Combination of ARAD microfibre filtration and LAMP methodology for simple, rapid and cost-effective detection of human pathogenic Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in drinking water
    J Plutzer
    National Institute of Environmental Health, Department of Water Hygiene, Budapest, Hungary
    Lett Appl Microbiol 50:82-8. 2010
    ..and Giardia cysts in drinking water samples, ranging from 10- to 1000-l, which combines a new ARAD microfibre filtration of the (oo)cysts from drinking water and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of a human pathogenic ..
  68. ncbi The effect of post space preparation in teeth obturated with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate evaluated using a fluid filtration system
    Seyed Mohsen Jalalzadeh
    Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
    J Oral Sci 52:567-70. 2010
    ..In group B, the canals were filled with 4 mm of white MTA. All samples were attached to a fluid filtration device...
  69. doi Effects of water-filtered infrared A irradiation on human fibroblasts
    Tobias Jung
    Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstrasse 28, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
    Free Radic Biol Med 48:153-60. 2010
    ..Further experiments revealed that the major absorbance of infrared is due to absorption of the energy by cellular water...
  70. doi Towards a novel haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier: Euro-PEG-Hb, physico-chemical properties, vasoactivity and renal filtration
    I Portöro
    Institute of Human Physiology and Clinical Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1784:1402-9. 2008
    ..was aimed at the development of a novel haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier with low vasoactivity and renal filtration properties...
  71. ncbi Evaluation of microbial contamination of air in two haematology departments equipped with ventilation systems with different filtration devices
    P Crimi
    Department of Health Sciences, San Martino Hospital, University of Genoa, Italy
    J Prev Med Hyg 50:33-6. 2009
    ..In this study, we evaluated microbial contamination of the air in two divisions with high risk patients, focusing on the validity of the air system with correlation to the presence or not of the HEPA absolute filters...
  72. ncbi Infectious prion protein in the filtrate even after 15 nm filtration
    Mikihiro Yunoki
    Research and Development Division, Benesis Corporation, Kashima, Yodogawa ku, Osaka, Japan
    Biologicals 38:311-3. 2010
    ..An antithrombin sample immediately prior to nano-filtration was spiked with prion material prepared in two different ways...
  73. doi Development of a nondestructive fluorescence-based enzymatic staining of microcolonies for enumerating bacterial contamination in filterable products
    A Baumstummler
    Millipore, BioProcess Division, Process Monitoring Tools, Applied Biology R and D Department, Molsheim, France
    J Appl Microbiol 110:69-79. 2011
    ..Develop a nondestructive fluorescence-based staining procedure to rapidly detect and enumerate bacteria in filterable samples...
  74. ncbi Detection of microbial contaminants in mammalian cell cultures using a new fluorescence-based staining method
    A Baumstummler
    Millipore, BioProcess Division, Process Monitoring Tools, Applied Biology R and D Department, Molsheim, France
    Lett Appl Microbiol 51:671-7. 2010
    ..We developed a new method combining membrane filtration to microcolonies fluorescence staining method (MFSM) and compared it to epifluorescence microscopy.
  75. doi A case report of double-filtration plasmapheresis for the resolution of refractory chronic urticaria
    Xinxin Jiang
    Departments of Nephrology and Internal Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Medical College of Zhejiang University, Zhejiang Province, People s Republic of China
    Ther Apher Dial 12:505-8. 2008
    ..The diagnosis of refractory chronic urticaria was made and double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) was performed...
  76. ncbi Membrane filtration of olive mill wastewater and exploitation of its fractions
    C A Paraskeva
    Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes Foundation for Research and Technology, Hellas FORTH ICE HT, Patras, Greece
    Water Environ Res 79:421-9. 2007
    ..The calculations of the cost of the overall process showed that fixed and operational costs could be recovered from the exploitation of OMW byproducts as water for irrigation and/or as bioherbicides...
  77. ncbi Evaluation of depth filtration to remove prion challenge from an immune globulin preparation
    R W Van Holten
    Immunohematology RhoGAM Product Support, Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, Raritan, NJ 08869, USA
    Vox Sang 85:20-4. 2003
    ..This study evaluated the effectiveness and characterized the mechanism of abnormal prion protein removal during a depth-filtration step used in the manufacture of an immunoglobulin preparation.
  78. pmc A manufacturer's role in reducing the dose of cone beam computed tomography examinations: effect of beam filtration
    J B Ludlow
    Department of Diagnostic Sciences and General Dentistry, 1008 Tarson Hall, The University of North Carolina School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7450, USA
    Dentomaxillofac Radiol 40:115-22. 2011
    The dosimetry of the Kodak 9500 cone beam CT (CBCT) unit (Carestream Health, Rochester, NY) was measured before and after installation of copper filtration.
  79. doi Evaluation of alternative strategies to MERV 16-based air filtration systems for reduction of the risk of airborne spread of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
    Scott Dee
    Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Vet Microbiol 138:106-13. 2009
    ..The application of MERV 16-based air filtration systems to swine facilities in an effort to reduce this risk has been proposed; however, due to the cost and air ..
  80. ncbi Home water treatment by direct filtration with natural coagulant
    Raveendra Babu
    Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208 016, India
    J Water Health 3:27-30. 2005
    ..In laboratory tests, direct filtration of a turbid surface water (turbidity 15-25 NTU, heterotrophic bacteria 280-500 cfu ml(-1), and fecal coliforms ..
  81. ncbi Development of dot-immunogold filtration assay to detect white spot syndrome virus of shrimp
    Xiaojie Wang
    Laboratory of Pathology and Immunology of Aquatic Animals, LMMEC, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, PR China
    J Virol Methods 132:212-5. 2006
    The dot-immunogold filtration assay (DIGFA) detects white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) by using a nitrocellulose membrane (NCM) as a support of WSSV and anti-WSSV monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) 1D5 and 6A4 labelled with red color colloidal ..
  82. ncbi The effectiveness of stand alone air cleaners for shelter-in-place
    M Ward
    Center for Energy and Environmental Resources, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78758, USA
    Indoor Air 15:127-34. 2005
    ..However, the effect of particle size was relatively small for most scenarios considered here...
  83. doi Comparing the autoantibody levels and clinical efficacy of double filtration plasmapheresis, immunoadsorption, and intravenous immunoglobulin for the treatment of late-onset myasthenia gravis
    Jun Feng Liu
    Division of Nephrology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Ther Apher Dial 14:153-60. 2010
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP), immunoadsorption (IA) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in the treatment of late-onset myasthenia gravis (MG)...
  84. ncbi Apical leakage of resin based root canal sealers with a new computerized fluid filtration meter
    Hasan Orucoglu
    Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
    J Endod 31:886-90. 2005
    ..leakage of three root-canal sealers: AH Plus, Diaket, and EndoREZ was evaluated using a new computerized fluid filtration meter. Forty-five extracted human premolar teeth with single root and canal were used...
  85. ncbi Light normalizing intraocular lenses
    James A Davison
    Wolfe Eye Clinic, 309 East Church Street, Marshalltown, IA 50158, USA
    Int Ophthalmol Clin 45:55-106. 2005
  86. ncbi [Functional results after intraocular lens implantation with or without blue light filter: an intraindividual comparison]
    S Mayer
    Klinik fur Augenheilkunde, Vivantes Klinikum Neukölln, Berlin
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 223:142-6. 2006
    ..This could have an effect on contrast sensitivity and subjective visual perception...
  87. ncbi A pilot study to investigate the effects of combined dehumidification and HEPA filtration on dew point and airborne mold spore counts in day care centers
    J A Bernstein
    Division of Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0563, USA
    Indoor Air 15:402-7. 2005
    ..was to investigate whether dehumidification in combination with high-efficiency particulate arrestance (HEPA) filtration is effective at reducing airborne mold spore levels in day care centers...
  88. ncbi An overview of prion biology and the role of blood filtration in reducing the risk of transfusion-transmitted variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    Joseph S Cervia
    Pall Medical, East Hills, NY 11548, USA
    Transfus Med Rev 20:190-206. 2006
    ..These have been successfully adapted to existing high-efficiency blood filter matrices for the reduction of prions present in blood components for transfusion...
  89. ncbi An in vitro comparison of microleakage between Resilon and gutta-percha with a fluid filtration model
    Jaron R Wedding
    Department of Endodontics, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    J Endod 33:1447-9. 2007
    ..compared microleakage of teeth obturated with gutta-percha and teeth obturated with Resilon by using a fluid filtration model. Forty-six human, single-rooted, mandibular premolars were studied...
  90. ncbi A novel air filtration delivery system improves seasonal allergic rhinitis
    Richard J Morris
    Allergy and Asthma Care, P A, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55369, USA
    Allergy Asthma Proc 27:63-7. 2006
    ..Bedrooms offer the best opportunity for allergen avoidance. Most previous studies of air filtration only measured the effect on allergen particle counts, but few have addressed the clinical efficacy...
  91. ncbi Preconcentration of Pb(II), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cd(II) ions in environmental samples by membrane filtration prior to their flame atomic absorption spectrometric determinations
    Umit Divrikli
    Pamukkale University, Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Chemistry, 20020 Denizli, Turkey
    J Hazard Mater 145:459-64. 2007
    A method for separation-preconcentration of Pb(II), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cd(II) ions by membrane filtration has been described...
  92. ncbi [Visual function with blue light filter IOLs]
    C Wohlfart
    Universitats Augenklinik, Medizinische Universitat Graz, Osterreich
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 224:23-7. 2007
    ..In this study we compared subjective and objective parameters of visual function following implantation of blue light filter (yellow) IOLs and IOLs of the same design without filter...
  93. ncbi Improved methods for modelling drinking water treatment in quantitative microbial risk assessment; a case study of Campylobacter reduction by filtration and ozonation
    P W M H Smeets
    Kiwa Water Research, P O Box 1072, 3430 BR Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    J Water Health 6:301-14. 2008
    ..The method was tested in a case study with Campylobacter monitoring data of rapid sand filtration and ozonation processes...
  94. ncbi Double filtration plasmapheresis in antibody-incompatible kidney transplantation
    Rob Higgins
    Transplant Unit, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, UK
    Ther Apher Dial 14:392-9. 2010
    Double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) was used in preference to plasma exchange in our program of antibody-incompatible transplantation, to treat higher volumes of plasma...
  95. doi Effect of exhaled moisture on breathing resistance of N95 filtering facepiece respirators
    Raymond J Roberge
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA 15236, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:671-7. 2010
    ....
  96. ncbi Efficacy of a novel air filtration pillow for avoidance of perennial allergens in symptomatic adults
    Allan Stillerman
    Clinical Research Institute Inc of Minneapolis, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55402, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 104:440-9. 2010
    ....
  97. doi Evaluation of the filtration performance of 21 N95 filtering face piece respirators after prolonged storage
    Dennis J Viscusi
    National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health CDC, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15236, USA
    Am J Infect Control 37:381-6. 2009
    ..To understand better the effects of prolonged storage, this investigation evaluated the filtration efficiency of 21 different models of National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-certified ..
  98. ncbi Simultaneous concentration of Enterococci and coliphage from marine waters using a dual layer filtration system
    A M Abdelzaher
    University of Miami, Oceans and Human Health Center, Key Biscayne, FL 33149, USA
    J Environ Qual 38:2468-73. 2009
    ..The purpose of this present study was to evaluate a newly devised dual layered filtration system, which was developed to simultaneously concentrate both viruses and bacteria in one step from marine ..
  99. doi Controlled application and removal of liposomal therapeutics: effective elimination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin by double-filtration plasmapheresis in vitro
    Gerhard Putz
    Department of Clinical Chemistry, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    J Clin Apher 25:54-62. 2010
    ..Finding a way to detoxify the predominant part of a given dose, circulating in the blood after accumulation is completed, will presumably reduce severe side effects during chemotherapy...
  100. doi Preparation of surface-modified poly(butylene terephthalate) nonwovens and their application as leukocyte removal filters
    Eun Jin Kim
    Department of Polymer Science, Kyungpook National University, Buk Gu, Daegu 702 701, Korea
    J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 90:849-56. 2009
    ..When filtration was performed with a unit of red blood cell concentrates, HA-deposited PBT-NW (PBT-HA) removed 98...
  101. doi Removal of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells from whole blood by leukoreduction filters
    Lisa J Cardo
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
    Transfusion 49:337-46. 2009
    ..Because units collected from donors with sickle trait do not filter optimally due to adherence of RBCs to the filters, the possibility that malaria-infected RBCs may also adhere to filters was investigated...

Research Grants94

  1. Fibrotic Sequelae of Childhood Renal Disease
    Agnes Fogo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A, Inagami T, Hogan BLM, Ichikawa I: Angiotensin gene null mutant mice lack homeostatic regulation of glomerular filtration and tubular reabsorption. Kidney Int 53: 617-625, 1998...
  2. STRUCTURE, BIOSYNTHESIS AND FUNCTION OF GLYCOPROTEINS
    Stuart Kornfeld; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the phosphatase in hand, the effect of phosphorylation on the conformation of GGAs 1/3 will be studied by gel filtration, sucrose density gradients and protease sensitivity...
  3. Action of Fucoidan during the Activation of Plasminogen
    Vasant Doctor; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..followed by degradation, using fucosidase or hydrochloric acid and isolation of the degradation products by gel filtration or ultra-filtration procedures...
  4. THIOETHER S-METHYLTRANSFERASE IN METABOLISM OF S AND SE
    JERALD HOFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The purification will be carried out using conventional chromatographic methods of gel filtration, chromatofocusing, and affinity chromatography...
  5. Circulatory Dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    Julian Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..redistributed peripherally and redistribution is enhanced during orthostasis producing increased microvascular filtration and dependent edema...
  6. Circulatory Dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    Julian Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..redistributed peripherally and redistribution is enhanced during orthostasis producing increased microvascular filtration and dependent edema...
  7. Circulatory Dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    Julian Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..redistributed peripherally and redistribution is enhanced during orthostasis producing increased microvascular filtration and dependent edema...
  8. Circulatory Dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    Julian Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..redistributed peripherally and redistribution is enhanced during orthostasis producing increased microvascular filtration and dependent edema...
  9. Rapid Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing for Neonatal Intensive Units
    VINCENT JEN JR GAU; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study will utilize cross-flow filtration to replace centrifugation, employ high aspect-ratio gas-permeable microchannels to obtain optimal conditions for ..
  10. Conservative Versus Dialytic Management in Stage V Chronic Kidney Disease
    Glenn Chertow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..randomizing elderly (age >70 years) subjects with stage V chronic kidney disease (CKD) (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 9 to <15 mL/min/1...
  11. Conservative Versus Dialytic Management in Stage V Chronic Kidney Disease
    GLENN MATTHEW CHERTOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..randomizing elderly (age >70 years) subjects with stage V chronic kidney disease (CKD) (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 9 to <15 mL/min/1...
  12. Angiotensin Adrenergic Interactions in the Kidney
    Roland Blantz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary/Abstract In the normal kidney glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is accompanied by parallel changes in Na reabsorption (TNa)...
  13. EFFECT OF NALOXONE ON RENAL FUNCTIONS IN LIVER CIRRHOSIS
    David Leehey; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..with cirrhosis and ascites associated with an increase in renal hemodynamics (renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate) or circulating levels of hormones known to affect renal hemodynamics or tubular functions? Can a chronic ..
  14. EFFECT OF NALOXONE ON RENAL FUNCTIONS IN LIVER CIRRHOSIS
    David Leehey; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..with cirrhosis and ascites associated with an increase in renal hemodynamics (renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate) or circulating levels of hormones known to affect renal hemodynamics or tubular functions? Can a chronic ..
  15. A multicenter clinical trial of allopurinol to prevent GFR loss in T1D
    S MICHAEL MAUER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..To study whether uric acid lowering can reduce glomerular filtration rate (GFR) loss in T1D, we have established the PERL (Preventing Early Renal Function Loss in Diabetes) ..
  16. SEROTONIN RECEPTORS: CHARACTERIZATION & ONTOGENY
    Theresa Branchek; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..proposed to study enteric 5-HT3 receptors in the murine gut by radioligand binding techniques, using both rapid filtration of enteric membranes and radioautography with 3H-granisetron and 3H-GR 65630...
  17. Randomized trial of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids for diabetic kidney disease
    Ian H De Boer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to test whether vitamin D3 and/or omega-3 fatty acids prevent progression of albuminuria and loss of glomerular filtration rate, two complementary manifestations of DKD, over 4 years of treatment...
  18. Gender Disparity in Liver Transplantation
    AYSE LEYLA MINDIKOGLU; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to men;this was likely caused by underestimating renal dysfunction in women when using Cr rather than glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to calculate Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores...
  19. AUTOCRINE/PARACRINE REGULATION OF RENAL MICROCIRCULATION
    Oscar Carretero; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Af-Art) and efferent arterioles (Ef-Art) account for most renal vascular resistance; they control glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and peritubular pressure, and consequently renal function...
  20. HEPATIC PATHWAYS OF HEME AND BILIRUBIN METABOLISM
    John Gollan; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..R. and model membranes, and an ultra-rapid filtration system...
  21. HEPATIC PATHWAYS OF HEME AND BILIRUBIN METABOLISM
    John Gollan; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..R. and model membranes, and an ultra-rapid filtration system...
  22. HYPOPROTEINEMIA AND MODULATION OF VASCULAR FILTRATION
    Bruce Harms; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..This would facilitate vascular filtration and enhance development of lung systemic edema...
  23. INFERIOR VENA CAVA FILTRATION WITH A REMOVABLE DEVICE
    Elvira Lang; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Costs of permanent filters range between $600-$1400. An efficient and practical removable filter system could represent an annual market opportunity of 60- 140 million dollars in the United States alone. ..
  24. Molecular pathogenesis of anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis
    Dorin Bogdan Borza; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is an essential part of the blood filtration barrier and the primary site of injury in aggressive forms of glomerulonephritis mediated by anti-GBM antibodies...
  25. Molecular pathogenesis of anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis
    Dorin Bogdan Borza; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is an essential part of the blood filtration barrier and the primary site of injury in aggressive forms of glomerulonephritis mediated by anti-GBM antibodies...
  26. Renal Control of Blood Pressure in Early Diabetes
    Michael Brands; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our L-NAME, ACh, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) data support this, but to better implicate NO and define the site(s) for its control of renal ..
  27. Renal Control of Blood Pressure in Early Diabetes
    Michael Brands; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our L-NAME, ACh, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) data support this, but to better implicate NO and define the site(s) for its control of renal ..
  28. Renal Control of Blood Pressure in Early Diabetes
    Michael Brands; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our L-NAME, ACh, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) data support this, but to better implicate NO and define the site(s) for its control of renal ..
  29. Renal Control of Blood Pressure in Early Diabetes
    Michael Brands; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our L-NAME, ACh, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) data support this, but to better implicate NO and define the site(s) for its control of renal ..
  30. Hispanic Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study
    James Lash; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] To improve the accuracy of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) prediction equations in Hispanics withCKD...
  31. Design of a Multicenter Clinical Trial of Allopurinol to Prevent GFR Loss in T1D
    S MICHAEL MAUER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..To study whether uric acid lowering can reduce glomerular filtration rate (GFR) loss in T1D, we have established a consortium that includes investigators from the Joslin Diabetes ..
  32. PHYSIOLOGIC RESPONSE TO THERMAL INJURY
    EDWARD PAVLIN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..g. increases in basal metabolic rate, cardiac output and glomerular filtration rate. Physiologic responses to thermal injury result in altered requirements for many different types of drugs...
  33. REGULATION OF RENAL CIRCULATION
    DONALD MARSH; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Autoregulation of renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate, and increased NaCl excretion are two of the kidney's chief responses to acute changes in blood pressure...
  34. Solar Water Disinfection: Randomized Intervention Trial
    JOHN COLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..gastroenteritis remains a major infrastructural and public health problem particularly, as effective treatment (filtration, chlorination, treatments plants) is often beyond financial means or environmental resources used for water ..
  35. Solar Water Disinfection: Randomized Intervention Trial
    JOHN COLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..gastroenteritis remains a major infrastructural and public health problem particularly, as effective treatment (filtration, chlorination, treatments plants) is often beyond financial means or environmental resources used for water ..
  36. Solar Water Disinfection: Randomized Intervention Trial
    JOHN COLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..gastroenteritis remains a major infrastructural and public health problem particularly, as effective treatment (filtration, chlorination, treatments plants) is often beyond financial means or environmental resources used for water ..
  37. Solar Water Disinfection: Randomized Intervention Trial
    JOHN COLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..gastroenteritis remains a major infrastructural and public health problem particularly, as effective treatment (filtration, chlorination, treatments plants) is often beyond financial means or environmental resources used for water ..
  38. Solar Water Disinfection: Randomized Intervention Trial
    JOHN COLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..gastroenteritis remains a major infrastructural and public health problem particularly, as effective treatment (filtration, chlorination, treatments plants) is often beyond financial means or environmental resources used for water ..
  39. Slit Diaphragm and Actin Dynamics
    Lawrence Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Glomerular visceral epithelial cells play a central role in maintaining the filtration barrier of the renal glomerulus...
  40. Slit Diaphragm and Actin Dynamics
    Lawrence B Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Glomerular visceral epithelial cells play a central role in maintaining the filtration barrier of the renal glomerulus...
  41. Slit Diaphragm and Actin Dynamics
    Lawrence B Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Glomerular visceral epithelial cells play a central role in maintaining the filtration barrier of the renal glomerulus...
  42. SIGNALS FOR RENAL ENDOTHELIAL CAPILLARY MORPHOGENESIS
    Jin Chen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, a series of chemical cross-linking studies and gel filtration electrophoresis experiments will be employed to investigate the state of oligomerization of LERK-2 following ..
  43. SIGNALS FOR RENAL ENDOTHELIAL CAPILLARY MORPHOGENESIS
    Tom Daniel; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Finally, a series of chemical cross-linking studies and gel filtration electrophoresis experiments will be employed to investigate the state of oligomerization of LERK-2 following ..
  44. SIGNALS FOR RENAL ENDOTHELIAL CAPILLARY MORPHOGENESIS
    Tom Daniel; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Finally, a series of chemical cross-linking studies and gel filtration electrophoresis experiments will be employed to investigate the state of oligomerization of LERK-2 following ..
  45. LUNG CAPILLARY PERMEABILITY WITH HIGH VASCULAR PRESSURES
    Mary Townsley; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..to address five specific problems: (1) to characterize the relationship in the lung between the capillary filtration coefficient and the osmotic reflection coefficient, which describe the capillary permeability to fluid and ..
  46. EPITHELIAL OXALATE AND CITRATE TRANSPORT
    DAVID BRUCE MOUNT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Oxalate is excreted in the urine via a combination of both glomerular filtration and proximal tubular secretion...
  47. Regulation of the Renal Microcirculation by the Connecting Tubule
    Oscar A Carretero; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..arterioles (Af-Art) and efferent arterioles account for most renal vascular resistance;they control glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and peritubular pressure, and consequently renal function...
  48. Regulation of the Renal Microcirculation by the Connecting Tubule
    Oscar Carretero; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..arterioles (Af-Art) and efferent arterioles account for most renal vascular resistance;they control glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and peritubular pressure, and consequently renal function...
  49. Development of a 3D cell culture model of the glomerular filtration barrier
    LESLIE BRUGGEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The goal of this R21 application is to develop a three-dimensional (3D) model of the glomerular filtration barrier that incorporates the key cellular components, podocytes and endothelial cells, and matrix that models the glomerular ..
  50. Development of a 3D cell culture model of the glomerular filtration barrier
    LESLIE BRUGGEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The goal of this R21 application is to develop a three-dimensional (3D) model of the glomerular filtration barrier that incorporates the key cellular components, podocytes and endothelial cells, and matrix that models the glomerular ..
  51. Integrated Cardio-Renal Risk Prediction Models in Type 1 Diabetes
    Marian J Rewers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..function estimated from serum cystatin C have changed this paradigm by demonstrating that decline in glomerular filtration may begin in the absence of microalbuminuria or continue despite remission of microalbuminuria...
  52. Charge and size based filtration by ultrathin silicon membranes
    James McGrath; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work will investigate the potential of a nanoporous silicon membrane (pnc-Si) to provide revolutionary filtration of macromolecules based on their size and charge...
  53. A Novel Device for Determination of GFR Markers
    Bikas Vaidya; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is one of the best indexes of kidney function and it is determined by measuring the disappearance of ..
  54. Oxidative Stress in Chronic Kidney Disease
    Jonathan Himmelfarb; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as a persistently reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR), is an important public health problem affecting more than 26 million Americans...
  55. Functions of VEGF-A in podocytes:implications for renal disease
    Alda Tufro; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Podocyte VEGF-A is required for the development and maintenance of the glomerular filtration barrier...
  56. Markers of Renal Damage in Renovascular Hypertension
    Juan C Romero; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..are due to the lack of important information about the changes in intrarenal hemodynamics, glomerular filtration rate and proximal and distal tubular function in the stenotic kidney (ST-KD) as well as in the contralateral ..
  57. Functions of VEGF-A in podocytes:implications for renal disease
    Alda Tufro; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Podocyte VEGF-A is required for the development and maintenance of the glomerular filtration barrier...
  58. Intercellular Signaling in Obstructive Nephropathy
    ROBERT CHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..obstruction (UUO), there is marked activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, and heterogeneity in filtration among individual nephrons...
  59. Intercellular Signaling in Obstructive Nephropathy
    ROBERT CHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..obstruction (UUO), there is marked activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, and heterogeneity in filtration among individual nephrons...
  60. Intercellular Signaling in Obstructive Nephropathy
    ROBERT CHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..obstruction (UUO), there is marked activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, and heterogeneity in filtration among individual nephrons...
  61. Intercellular Signaling in Obstructive Nephropathy
    ROBERT CHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..obstruction (UUO), there is marked activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, and heterogeneity in filtration among individual nephrons...
  62. REGULATION OF DEVELOPMENTAL RENAL HEMODYNAMICS
    Michael Solhaug; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..kidney exhibits lower renal blood flow (RBF), higher renal vascular resistance (RVR), and lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR) compared to the adult...
  63. LUNG MICROCIRCULATION IN THE NEWBORN
    Usha Raj; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..determine the factors that affect lung microvascular pressures and the hydrostatic pressure gradient for fluid filtration in lungs of the immature newborn...
  64. MATERNAL DIET AND PROGENY RENAL INJURY
    SILVIA AZAR; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..result in diverse blood pressure and renal patterns of damage. The capacity of the glomerulus to increase filtration by enlarging filtering surface area is pivotal for the maintenance of filtration without glomerular hypertension...
  65. MECHANISMS OF FLUID BALANCE IN LOWER VERTEBRATE LUNGS
    ALLAN SMITS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Rates of pulmonary fluid filtration in non-diseased amphibians and reptiles equal or exceed those of humans afflicted with pulmonary edema, ..
  66. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF AIDS GLOMERULOPATHY
    Bryan Myers; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Morphometric determinations, including glomerular filtration surface area and epithelial filtration slit density will be correlated with lowered GFR and ultrafiltration ..
  67. AUTOREGULATION OF GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE
    Roland Blantz; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..level and, evaluation of tubuloglomerular feedback activity, a process which links tubular reabsorption to the filtration process, using microperfusion techniques...
  68. MR Angiography and Renography for Renovascular Disease
    Vivian S Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a robust and quantitative low dose Gd-enhanced MR renography method for measuring single kidney glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and implemented a dual-injection method for ACE-inhibitor- enhanced MR renography to diagnose RVD...
  69. LAMININ BETA2 AND GLOMERULAR FILTRATION
    JEFFREY MINER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We are interested in understanding the makeup of the glomerular filtration barrier and how it becomes damaged and leaky to plasma proteins...
  70. LAMININ BETA2 AND GLOMERULAR FILTRATION
    JEFFREY MINER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We are interested in understanding the makeup of the glomerular filtration barrier and how it becomes damaged and leaky to plasma proteins...
  71. LAMININ BETA2 AND GLOMERULAR FILTRATION
    Jeffrey H Miner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We are interested in understanding the makeup of the glomerular filtration barrier and how it becomes damaged and leaky to plasma proteins...
  72. Insulin Resistance in Chronic Kidney Disease
    Ian H De Boer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Moderate-severe CKD (stage 3-4, defined by glomerular filtration rate 15-59 mL/min/1...
  73. REGULATION OF INDIVIDUAL NEPHRON FILTRATION RATES
    WILLIAM DANTZLER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..that function together in the concentrating mechanism, do not normally cease filtering, but may alter their filtration rates; and both arterial and portal venous blood supplies One strain of chickens has nephrogenic diabetes ..
  74. REGULATION OF INDIVIDUAL NEPHRON FILTRATION RATES
    WILLIAM DANTZLER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..that function together in the concentrating mechanism, do not normally cease filtering, but may alter their filtration rates; and both arterial and portal venous blood supplies One strain of chickens has nephrogenic diabetes ..
  75. REGULATION OF INDIVIDUAL NEPHRON FILTRATION RATES
    WILLIAM DANTZLER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..that function together in the concentrating mechanism, do not normally cease filtering, but may alter their filtration rates; and both arterial and portal venous blood supplies One strain of chickens has nephrogenic diabetes ..
  76. LOSS OF GLOMERULAR FUNCTION IN SICKLE CELL DISEASE
    Delbert Wigfall; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The primary outcome variable is change in the glomerular filtration rate. Results: We now have 5 patients at Duke who remain on the protocol...
  77. THYROXINE BINDING PROTEIN AND HORMONE UTILIZATION
    KENNETH STERLING; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Fractionation of mitochondrial membrane protein entails an initial step of Sephadex G-200 gel filtration. The large molecular weight fraction (approximately 150,000) binds T3 with association constant (KA) of 10 to ..
  78. RECEPTOR TOPOGRAPHY IN MICROVASCULAR LEUKOCYTE ADHESION
    Ulrich von Andrian; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A second function of PLN is the filtration of lymph fluid that percolates through PLN...
  79. RECEPTOR TOPOGRAPHY IN MICROVASCULAR LEUKOCYTE ADHESION
    Ulrich von Andrian; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A second function of PLN is the filtration of lymph fluid that percolates through PLN...
  80. REGULATION OF INDIVIDUAL NEPHRON FILTRATION RATES
    WILLIAM DANTZLER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..that function together in the concentrating mechanism, do not normally cease filtering, but may alter their filtration rates; and both arterial and portal venous blood supplies One strain of chickens has nephrogenic diabetes ..
  81. Cellular Physiology of Podocytes
    STUART DRYER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of cells known as podocytes plays a crucial and dynamic role in establishing and maintaining the glomerular filtration barrier...