artificial limbs

Summary

Summary: Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Powered ankle-foot prosthesis to assist level-ground and stair-descent gaits
    Samuel Au
    MIT Media Laboratory, 20 Ames Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Neural Netw 21:654-66. 2008
  2. doi Online myoelectric control of a dexterous hand prosthesis by transradial amputees
    Christian Cipriani
    The BioRobotics Institute formerly ARTS and CRIM Labs, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, 56025 Pontedera, Italy
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 19:260-70. 2011
  3. ncbi Referral of sensation to an advanced humanoid robotic hand prosthesis
    Birgitta Rosén
    Department of Hand Surgery, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 43:260-6. 2009
  4. ncbi The use of targeted muscle reinnervation for improved myoelectric prosthesis control in a bilateral shoulder disarticulation amputee
    T A Kuiken
    Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Department of PM and R at Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Prosthet Orthot Int 28:245-53. 2004
  5. ncbi Control of a powered ankle-foot prosthesis based on a neuromuscular model
    Michael F Eilenberg
    Mechanical Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 18:164-73. 2010
  6. pmc A strategy for identifying locomotion modes using surface electromyography
    He Huang
    Department of Electrical, Computer, and Biomedical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 56:65-73. 2009
  7. ncbi Residual function in peripheral nerve stumps of amputees: implications for neural control of artificial limbs
    Gurpreet S Dhillon
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 29:605-15; discussion 616-8. 2004
  8. ncbi Kinematic and kinetic comparisons of transfemoral amputee gait using C-Leg and Mauch SNS prosthetic knees
    Ava D Segal
    Center of Excellence for Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic Engineering, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, 1660 South Columbian Way, Mail Stop 151, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 43:857-70. 2006
  9. doi The effects of electrode size and orientation on the sensitivity of myoelectric pattern recognition systems to electrode shift
    Aaron J Young
    Center for Bionic Medicine, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 58:2537-44. 2011
  10. ncbi Prosthetic management of children in The Netherlands with upper limb deficiencies
    M A Kuyper
    Revalidatie Centrum De Hoogstraat, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Prosthet Orthot Int 25:228-34. 2001

Detail Information

Publications226 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Powered ankle-foot prosthesis to assist level-ground and stair-descent gaits
    Samuel Au
    MIT Media Laboratory, 20 Ames Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Neural Netw 21:654-66. 2008
    ..The results of this study highlight the potential of prosthetic leg controllers that exploit neural signals to trigger terrain-appropriate, local prosthetic leg behaviors...
  2. doi Online myoelectric control of a dexterous hand prosthesis by transradial amputees
    Christian Cipriani
    The BioRobotics Institute formerly ARTS and CRIM Labs, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, 56025 Pontedera, Italy
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 19:260-70. 2011
    ..These results are encouraging for the development of noninvasive EMG interfaces for the control of dexterous prostheses...
  3. ncbi Referral of sensation to an advanced humanoid robotic hand prosthesis
    Birgitta Rosén
    Department of Hand Surgery, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 43:260-6. 2009
    ..These observations indicate that the previously described "rubber hand illusion" is also valid for an advanced hand prosthesis, even when it has a robotic-like appearance...
  4. ncbi The use of targeted muscle reinnervation for improved myoelectric prosthesis control in a bilateral shoulder disarticulation amputee
    T A Kuiken
    Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Department of PM and R at Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Prosthet Orthot Int 28:245-53. 2004
    ..Subjectively the patient clearly preferred the new prosthesis. He reported that it was easier and faster to use, and felt more natural...
  5. ncbi Control of a powered ankle-foot prosthesis based on a neuromuscular model
    Michael F Eilenberg
    Mechanical Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 18:164-73. 2010
    ..This study highlights the importance of neuromuscular controllers for enhancing the adaptiveness of powered prosthetic devices across varied terrain surfaces...
  6. pmc A strategy for identifying locomotion modes using surface electromyography
    He Huang
    Department of Electrical, Computer, and Biomedical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 56:65-73. 2009
    ..1%, and 5.2% +/- 3.7%, respectively. Comparable results were also observed in our pilot study on the subjects with TF amputations. The outcome of this investigation could promote the future design of neural-controlled artificial legs...
  7. ncbi Residual function in peripheral nerve stumps of amputees: implications for neural control of artificial limbs
    Gurpreet S Dhillon
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 29:605-15; discussion 616-8. 2004
    ....
  8. ncbi Kinematic and kinetic comparisons of transfemoral amputee gait using C-Leg and Mauch SNS prosthetic knees
    Ava D Segal
    Center of Excellence for Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic Engineering, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, 1660 South Columbian Way, Mail Stop 151, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 43:857-70. 2006
    ..30 +/- 0.1 vs 1.21 +/- 0.1 m/s, respectively; p = 0.004). The C-Leg prosthetic limb vertical ground reaction force decreased compared with the Mauch SNS (96.3 +/- 4.7 vs 100.3 +/- 7.5 % body weight, respectively; p = 0.0092)...
  9. doi The effects of electrode size and orientation on the sensitivity of myoelectric pattern recognition systems to electrode shift
    Aaron J Young
    Center for Bionic Medicine, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 58:2537-44. 2011
    ..One clinically important result was that a combination of longitudinal and transverse electrodes yielded high controllability with and without electrode shift using only four physical electrode pole locations...
  10. ncbi Prosthetic management of children in The Netherlands with upper limb deficiencies
    M A Kuyper
    Revalidatie Centrum De Hoogstraat, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Prosthet Orthot Int 25:228-34. 2001
    ..Data on prosthesis use are encouraging, although a follow-up study is required to determine the functional outcome for prosthesis users and non-users...
  11. ncbi Psychosocial adjustment in Swedish children with upper-limb reduction deficiency and a myoelectric prosthetic hand
    L Hermansson
    Limb Deficiency and Arm Prosthesis Centre, Department of Paediatrics, Orebro University Hospital, Orebro, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 94:479-88. 2005
    ..To study psychosocial adjustment and mental health in children with upper-limb reduction deficiency and a myoelectric prosthetic hand...
  12. ncbi Adjustments in gait symmetry with walking speed in trans-femoral and trans-tibial amputees
    Lee Nolan
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Gait Posture 17:142-51. 2003
    ....
  13. pmc Development of an implantable myoelectric sensor for advanced prosthesis control
    Daniel R Merrill
    Alfred E Mann Foundation for Scientific Research, Santa Clarita, CA, USA
    Artif Organs 35:249-52. 2011
    ....
  14. doi Advances in lower-limb prosthetic technology
    Justin Z Laferrier
    Department of Research and Development, Human Engineering Research Laboratories, VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, 7108 Highland Dr, Bldg 4, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 1260, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 21:87-110. 2010
    ..What once seemed impossible is rapidly becoming reality. The future seems limitless, and the replication of anatomic function now seems possible...
  15. ncbi Physiological cost index (PCI) and walking performance in individuals with transfemoral prostheses compared to healthy controls
    K Hagberg
    Department of Orthopaedics, Göteborg University and Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Disabil Rehabil 29:643-9. 2007
    ..The aim was to obtain values for these measures for individuals walking with transfemoral prostheses and to compare the results with healthy controls...
  16. doi Selective classification for improved robustness of myoelectric control under nonideal conditions
    Erik J Scheme
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 58:1698-705. 2011
    ..Additionally, the classification scheme allows for real-time, independent adjustment of individual class-pair boundaries making it flexible and intuitive for clinical use...
  17. doi Online electromyographic control of a robotic prosthesis
    Pradeep Shenoy
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Washington, P O Box 352350, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 55:1128-35. 2008
    ..We evaluated the performance of the EMG-based real-time control system by comparing it with a keyboard-control baseline in a three-subject study for a variety of complex tasks...
  18. doi Resolving the limb position effect in myoelectric pattern recognition
    Anders Fougner
    Department of Engineering Cybernetics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 19:644-51. 2011
    ..7% and 5.0%, respectively. Our study shows how sensor fusion (using EMG and accelerometers) may be an efficient method to mitigate the effect of limb position and improve classification accuracy...
  19. ncbi Knee muscle activity during ambulation of trans-tibial amputees
    E Isakov
    Orthopedic Rehabilitation Department, Loewenstein Hospital, Ra anana, Israel
    J Rehabil Med 33:196-9. 2001
    ..05) smaller ratio (0.22) compared with the sound leg (0.83). The use of prosthesis in trans-tibial amputees requires further activity of the biceps femoris during stance period to improve support of the amputated leg knee joint...
  20. ncbi Review of secondary physical conditions associated with lower-limb amputation and long-term prosthesis use
    Robert Gailey
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Miami Leonard M Miller School of Medicine, Coral Gables, FL, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 45:15-29. 2008
    ..We review the literature on secondary complications among people with lower-limb loss who are long-term prosthesis wearers...
  21. doi Health-related quality of life in Swedish children and adolescents with limb reduction deficiency
    K Ylimäinen
    Department of Paediatrics, Orebro University Hospital, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 99:1550-5. 2010
    ..To investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young persons with limb reduction deficiency (LRD)...
  22. ncbi 3D reconstruction of the structure of a residual limb for customising the design of a prosthetic socket
    Zheng Shuxian
    Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Xi an Jiaotong University, Postcode 710049, Xi an, PR China
    Med Eng Phys 27:67-74. 2005
    ..It can moreover avoid making a positive mould by the way of manual modifications. In addition to this, it can provide a scientific basis for the individualization of prosthetic socket design...
  23. pmc Multiclass real-time intent recognition of a powered lower limb prosthesis
    Huseyin Atakan Varol
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 57:542-51. 2010
    ..Due to the intentional overlapping functionality of the middle-level controllers, the incorrect classifications neither caused problems in functionality, nor were perceived by the user...
  24. ncbi Questionnaire for Persons with a Transfemoral Amputation (Q-TFA): initial validity and reliability of a new outcome measure
    Kerstin Hagberg
    Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Bruna Stråket 11b, plan 5, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, S 413 45 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Rehabil Res Dev 41:695-706. 2004
    ..Cronbach's alpha revealed good internal consistency, with no values less than 0.7. This study shows that the Q-TFA, applied to persons using a transfemoral socket prosthesis, has adequate initial validity and reliability...
  25. pmc Targeted muscle reinnervation for real-time myoelectric control of multifunction artificial arms
    Todd A Kuiken
    Neural Engineering Center for Artificial Limbs, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 345 E Superior St, Room 1309, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    JAMA 301:619-28. 2009
    ..After reinnervation, these target muscles produce electromyogram (EMG) signals on the surface of the skin that can be measured and used to control prosthetic arms...
  26. pmc Design of a cybernetic hand for perception and action
    M C Carrozza
    ARTS Lab, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Pontedera Pi, Italy
    Biol Cybern 95:629-44. 2006
    ....
  27. ncbi The social meanings of prosthesis use
    Craig D Murray
    Department of Psychology, Manchester University, UK
    J Health Psychol 10:425-41. 2005
    The present research explores the social meanings surrounding the use of artificial limbs. Semi-structured email and face-to-face interviews were conducted with 35 prosthesis users, along with analysis of the posts made on an email ..
  28. ncbi Double nerve intraneural interface implant on a human amputee for robotic hand control
    Paolo M Rossini
    Dept of Neurology, University Campus Bio Medico, Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 121:777-83. 2010
    ..Aim of this study is to evaluate a novel peripheral intraneural multielectrode for multi-movement prosthesis control and for sensory feed-back, while assessing cortical reorganization following the re-acquired stream of data...
  29. pmc Principal components analysis based control of a multi-DoF underactuated prosthetic hand
    Giulia C Matrone
    Department of Computer Engineering and Systems Science, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 1, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 7:16. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi Functional outcome of patients with proximal upper limb deficiency--acquired and congenital
    Dipak Datta
    Mobility and Specialised Rehabilitation Centre, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK
    Clin Rehabil 18:172-7. 2004
    ..To investigate the functional outcome of patients with proximal upper limb deficiency--acquired and congenital (elbow disarticulation, transhumeral, shoulder disarticulation and forequarter level)...
  31. pmc Cognitive vision system for control of dexterous prosthetic hands: experimental evaluation
    Strahinja Dosen
    Department for Health Science and Technology, Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 7:42. 2010
    ..The current study presents and tests the operation of a new control method for dexterous prosthetic hands...
  32. ncbi Effect of prosthetic design on center of pressure excursion in partial foot prostheses
    Michael P Dillon
    National Centre for Prosthetics and Orthotics, Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Division of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086, Australia
    J Rehabil Res Dev 48:161-78. 2011
    ..When these design elements were used in concert, the persons with PFA adopted a gait pattern more consistent with nondisabled persons. Further work is required on a larger cohort to ensure the observations are generalizable...
  33. doi Improvements in hip- and pelvic motion for patients with osseointegrated trans-femoral prostheses
    R Tranberg
    Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE 413 45 Goteborg, Sweden
    Gait Posture 33:165-8. 2011
    ..Even though the changes were moderate they may, in the long-term have a positive influence on low-back biomechanics and could contribute to reducing the risk of further problems with low back pain...
  34. ncbi Direct neural sensory feedback and control of a prosthetic arm
    Gurpreet Singh Dhillon
    Michael E DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:468-72. 2005
    Evidence indicates that user acceptance of modern artificial limbs by amputees would be significantly enhanced by a system that provides appropriate, graded, distally referred sensations of touch and joint movement, and that the ..
  35. ncbi Utilization of prostheses among US veterans with traumatic amputation: a pilot survey
    R A Sherman
    Orthopedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98432 5000, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 36:100-8. 1999
    ..The first step should be a large survey of veterans with amputation to get an accurate assessment of the extent of prosthesis-related problems...
  36. ncbi Trans-femoral amputee gait: socket-pelvis constraints and compensation strategies
    M Rabuffetti
    Centro di Bioingegneria FDG, Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS, Milan, Italy
    Prosthet Orthot Int 29:183-92. 2005
    ....
  37. ncbi Gait analysis in prosthetics: opinions, ideas and conclusions
    J S Rietman
    Department of Rehabilitation, University of Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands
    Prosthet Orthot Int 26:50-7. 2002
    ..A considerable part of the studies concerned the adaptive strategies of the amputee in walking and running and the evaluation of different prosthetic feet. All aspects and outcomes were reviewed concerning the clinical relevance...
  38. ncbi Pilot study: data-capturing consistency of two trans-tibial casting concepts, using a manikin stump model: a comparison between the hands-on PTB and hands-off ICECAST compact concepts
    A W P Buis
    National Centre for Training and Education in Prosthetics and Orthotics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Prosthet Orthot Int 27:100-6. 2003
    ..This study has shown that by using the manikin model there is a clear indication that the investigated hands-off concept produces more consistent results than the hands-on concept...
  39. ncbi Consumer design priorities for upper limb prosthetics
    Elaine Biddiss
    Bloorview Research Institute, Toronto, Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2:346-57. 2007
    ..To measure consumer satisfaction with upper limb prosthetics and provide an enumerated list of design priorities for future developments...
  40. ncbi A robust, real-time control scheme for multifunction myoelectric control
    Kevin Englehart
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, 25 Dineen Drive, Fredericton, NB E3B5A3, Canada
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 50:848-54. 2003
    ..Finally, minimal storage capacity is required, which is an important factor in embedded control systems...
  41. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging technology in transtibial socket research: a pilot study
    Arjan W P Buis
    National Centre for Training and Education in Prosthetics and Orthotics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland G4 0LS
    J Rehabil Res Dev 43:883-90. 2006
    ..Results show that extracting the bone structure and using it as the reference grid to quantify the differences in volume and shape of the soft tissues of the residual limb is feasible...
  42. pmc On the viability of implantable electrodes for the natural control of artificial limbs: review and discussion
    Max Ortiz-Catalan
    Department of Signals and Systems, Biomedical Engineering Division, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden
    Biomed Eng Online 11:33. 2012
    ..paper describes several implantable electrodes and discusses them as a solution for the natural control of artificial limbs. In this context "natural" is defined as producing control over limb movement analogous to that of an intact ..
  43. ncbi Finite element modelling of a residual lower-limb in a prosthetic socket: a survey of the development in the first decade
    M Zhang
    Rehabilitation Engineering Centre, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, People s Republic of China
    Med Eng Phys 20:360-73. 1998
    ..Further research is still required in order to improve these models to obtain higher precision in the results taking into account nonlinear and dynamic effects...
  44. pmc Myoelectric hand prostheses in very young children
    Marcus Egermann
    Stiftung Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int Orthop 33:1101-5. 2009
    ..Since a correct indication and an intense training program significantly influence the acceptance rate, introduction of myoelectric prostheses to preschool children should take place at specialised centres with an interdisciplinary team...
  45. ncbi Outcome of lower extremity malignancy survivors treated with transfemoral amputation
    R Dow Hoffman
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:177-82. 2002
    ..To determine outcomes of surviving patients who underwent transfemoral amputation as part of treatment for lower extremity malignancy at a mean 15 years postoperatively, with a minimum 2-year follow-up...
  46. ncbi Issues of importance reported by persons with lower limb amputations and prostheses
    M W Legro
    University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 36:155-63. 1999
    ..Future research is recommended to adjust aspects of the fit of the prosthesis with the residual limb. Implementing periodic check-up visits could uncover problems and eliminate unnecessary suffering...
  47. doi Multiple binary classifications via linear discriminant analysis for improved controllability of a powered prosthesis
    Levi J Hargrove
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B5A3, Canada
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 18:49-57. 2010
    ..This work provides the basis for a clinically viable pattern recognition based myoelectric control system which is robust, easily configured, and highly usable...
  48. doi Repeatability of a new observational gait score for unilateral lower limb amputees
    Susan J Hillman
    Anderson Gait Analysis Laboratory, Astley Ainslie Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Gait Posture 32:39-45. 2010
    ..5-4.6). Interobserver repeatability was poor with a repeatability coefficient of 5.9. This score could be used in practice to assess amputees and is most repeatable if used by the same observer to evaluate changes in patients over time...
  49. pmc Speed adaptation in a powered transtibial prosthesis controlled with a neuromuscular model
    Jared Markowitz
    Biomechatronics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 75 Amherst Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1621-31. 2011
    ..The controller produced speed-adaptive behaviour; net ankle work increased with walking speed, highlighting the benefits of applying neuromuscular principles in the control of adaptive prosthetic limbs...
  50. doi Object discrimination with an artificial hand using electrical stimulation of peripheral tactile and proprioceptive pathways with intrafascicular electrodes
    Kenneth Horch
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 19:483-9. 2011
    ..The other subject, who received information about finger position via a proprioceptive sensation referred to his phantom hand, correctly identified the objects at a level statistically significantly above chance performance...
  51. pmc Bionic ankle-foot prosthesis normalizes walking gait for persons with leg amputation
    Hugh M Herr
    Biomechatronics Group, Media Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 75 Amherst Street E14 348U, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 279:457-64. 2012
    ..Using the bionic prosthesis resulted in metabolic energy costs, preferred walking velocities and biomechanical patterns that were not significantly different from people without an amputation...
  52. ncbi Finite element modeling of the contact interface between trans-tibial residual limb and prosthetic socket
    Winson C C Lee
    Jockey Club Rehabilitation Engineering Centre, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
    Med Eng Phys 26:655-62. 2004
    ..It was found that peak normal and shear stresses over the regions where socket undercuts were made reduced and the stress values over other regions raised in the model having the simplifying assumption...
  53. ncbi An interpretative phenomenological analysis of the embodiment of artificial limbs
    C D Murray
    Department of Psychology, Liverpool Hope University College, UK
    Disabil Rehabil 26:963-73. 2004
    ..To gain an understanding of the embodied perceptual experience of successful prosthesis...
  54. doi Compensatory mechanism involving the knee joint of the intact limb during gait in unilateral below-knee amputees
    C Beyaert
    Laboratoire d analyse du Mouvement, Institut Régional de Réadaptation de Nancy, Centre de Réadaptation Louis Pierquin, 54000 Nancy, France
    Gait Posture 28:278-84. 2008
    ..Knee kinetics of the intact limb did alter, which suggests a compensatory mechanism...
  55. doi Conditioning and sampling issues of EMG signals in motion recognition of multifunctional myoelectric prostheses
    Guanglin Li
    Key Lab for Health Informatics of Chinese Academy of Science, Shenzhen, China
    Ann Biomed Eng 39:1779-87. 2011
    ....
  56. pmc Gait symmetry and regularity in transfemoral amputees assessed by trunk accelerations
    Andrea Tura
    Department of Electronics, Computer Science and Systems, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 7:4. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate a method based on a single accelerometer for the assessment of gait symmetry and regularity in subjects wearing lower limb prostheses...
  57. ncbi Prosthetic feet: state-of-the-art review and the importance of mimicking human ankle-foot biomechanics
    Rino Versluys
    Robotics and Multibody Mechanics Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
    Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 4:65-75. 2009
    ..The importance of mimicking human ankle-foot biomechanics with prosthetic feet is briefly discussed. Prior work in both objective and subjective evaluation of prosthetic gait is reported...
  58. ncbi Comparison of gait of persons with partial foot amputation wearing prosthesis to matched control group: observational study
    Michael P Dillon
    National Centre for Prosthetics and Orthotics, Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    J Rehabil Res Dev 45:1317-34. 2008
    ..The hip joints still contributed significantly to the power generation required to walk...
  59. ncbi Measurement of the consistency of patellar-tendon-bearing cast rectification
    P Convery
    National Centre for Training and Education in Prosthetics and Orthotics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Prosthet Orthot Int 27:207-13. 2003
    ..8mm for prosthetist B. The lengths of the 5 plaster models rectified by prosthetist A indicated a SD of 0.2mm whereas the lengths of the 5 plaster models rectified by prosthetist B indicated a SD of 2.9mm...
  60. doi The effect of prosthetic ankle energy storage and return properties on muscle activity in below-knee amputee walking
    Jessica D Ventura
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Gait Posture 33:220-6. 2011
    ..These results highlight the influence of ESAR stiffness on muscle activity and the importance of prescribing appropriate prosthetic foot stiffness to improve rehabilitation outcomes...
  61. ncbi Review of research on prosthetic devices for lower extremity amputation
    Diane M Collins
    Human Engineering Research Laboratories, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, USA
    Crit Rev Biomed Eng 34:379-438. 2006
    ..Furthermore, no prosthetic device can adjust to the typical movements of the human gait. These areas provide opportunities for further research and development...
  62. ncbi Two multiarticulated hydraulic hand prostheses
    Christian Pylatiuk
    Institute for Applied Computer Sciences IAI, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
    Artif Organs 28:980-6. 2004
    ..Consumers want new prosthetic hand designs that have increased functionality, better cosmetic appearance, and lower weight...
  63. pmc Multi-subject/daily-life activity EMG-based control of mechanical hands
    Claudio Castellini
    DIST, University of Genova, viale F Causa 13, 16145 Genova, Italy
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 6:41. 2009
    ..e., training a model on a subject and testing it on another one. The use of pre-trained models could be useful in shortening the time required by the subject/patient to become proficient in using the hand...
  64. pmc Reaching with alien limbs: visual exposure to prosthetic hands in a mirror biases proprioception without accompanying illusions of ownership
    Nicholas P Holmes
    University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    Percept Psychophys 68:685-701. 2006
    ..This research suggests that proprioception is recalibrated following visual exposure to prosthetic hands and that this recalibration is independent of the rubber hand illusion...
  65. ncbi Residual motor signal in long-term human severed peripheral nerves and feasibility of neural signal-controlled artificial limb
    Xiaofeng Jia
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhong Shan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR China
    J Hand Surg Am 32:657-66. 2007
    ..We sampled potentials from peripheral nerve stumps with intrafascicular electrodes to study residual motor transmission and explore the feasibility of nerve signal-controlled artificial limbs.
  66. ncbi Myoelectric signal processing for control of powered limb prostheses
    P Parker
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Brunswick, 15 Dineen Drive, P O Box 4400, Fredericton, NB, Canada E3B 5A3
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 16:541-8. 2006
    ..The paper demonstrates that considerable progress has been made in providing clients with useful and reliable myoelectric communication channels, and that exciting work and developments are on the horizon...
  67. ncbi Decoding a new neural machine interface for control of artificial limbs
    Ping Zhou
    Neural Engineering Center for Artificial Limbs, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, IL, USA
    J Neurophysiol 98:2974-82. 2007
    ..In addition, the results demonstrate that the central motor control system is capable of eliciting complex efferent commands for a missing limb, in the absence of peripheral feedback and without retraining of the pathways involved...
  68. ncbi The i-LIMB hand and the DMC plus hand compared: a case report
    Olga Van Der Niet Otr
    Department of Rehabilitation, University Medical Center Groningen, 9700 RB Netherlands
    Prosthet Orthot Int 34:216-20. 2010
    ..Compared to the DMC plus hand, the i-LIMB was more reliable when holding objects but had a lack of power and was less robust. We concluded that the i-LIMB hand has limited additional functionality compared to the DMC plus hand...
  69. pmc Upper limb amputees can be induced to experience a rubber hand as their own
    H Henrik Ehrsson
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Brain 131:3443-52. 2008
    ..sensations from the stump to a prosthetic limb by tricking the brain, thereby making an important contribution to the field of neuroprosthetics where a major goal is to develop artificial limbs that feel like a real parts of the body.
  70. pmc Control of a six degree of freedom prosthetic arm after targeted muscle reinnervation surgery
    Laura A Miller
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:2057-65. 2008
    ..To fit and evaluate the control of a complex prosthesis for a shoulder disarticulation-level amputee with targeted muscle reinnervation...
  71. ncbi The effects of prosthetic foot design on physiologic measurements, self-selected walking velocity, and physical activity in people with transtibial amputation
    Miao Ju Hsu
    Institute and Faculty of Physical Therapy, National Yang Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:123-9. 2006
    ..To investigate the physiologic differences during multispeed treadmill walking and physical activity profiles for the Otto Bock C-Walk foot (C-Walk), Flex-Foot, and solid ankle cushion heel (SACH) foot in people with transtibial amputation...
  72. doi Visual enhancement of touch and the bodily self
    Matthew R Longo
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Conscious Cogn 17:1181-91. 2008
    ..These results demonstrate a clear functional relation between the bodily self and basic tactile perception...
  73. ncbi One hundred patients treated with osseointegrated transfemoral amputation prostheses--rehabilitation perspective
    Kerstin Hagberg
    Centre of Orthopaedic Osseointegration, Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    J Rehabil Res Dev 46:331-44. 2009
    ..The majority of treatment failures occurred in patients before we established the OPRA protocol. The implementation of graded rehabilitation is considered to be of utmost importance for improved results...
  74. ncbi Improved myoelectric prosthesis control using targeted reinnervation surgery: a case series
    Laura A Miller
    Neural Engineering Center for Artificial Limbs, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 16:46-50. 2008
    ..Performance on timed tests, including the box-and-blocks test and clothespin test, has increased two to six times. Options for new control strategies are discussed...
  75. doi Biomechanical analysis of postural control of persons with transtibial or transfemoral amputation
    P R Rougier
    Laboratoire de Physiologie de l Exercice, EA 4338, UFR CISM, Universite de Savoie, Campus Scientifique de Savoie Technolac, Le Bourget du Lac, France
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 88:896-903. 2009
    ..This study is aimed at assessing these mechanisms and the influence of the level of amputation...
  76. doi Osseointegrated trans-femoral amputation prostheses: prospective results of general and condition-specific quality of life in 18 patients at 2-year follow-up
    Kerstin Hagberg
    Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Prosthet Orthot Int 32:29-41. 2008
    ..Thus, osseointegrated prostheses represent a promising development in the rehabilitation of individuals with transfemoral amputation and increase their quality of life...
  77. pmc Quantifying pattern recognition-based myoelectric control of multifunctional transradial prostheses
    Guanglin Li
    Neural Engineering Center for Artificial Limbs, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 18:185-92. 2010
    ....
  78. doi Surface EMG in advanced hand prosthetics
    Claudio Castellini
    LIRA Lab, University of Genova, viale F Causa, 13, 16145, Genova, Italy
    Biol Cybern 100:35-47. 2009
    ....
  79. ncbi Targeted reinnervation for enhanced prosthetic arm function in a woman with a proximal amputation: a case study
    Todd A Kuiken
    Neural Engineering Center for Artificial Limbs, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Lancet 369:371-80. 2007
    ..We developed a technique that used nerve transfers to muscle to develop new electromyogram control signals and nerve transfers to skin, to provide a pathway for cutaneous sensory feedback to the missing hand...
  80. ncbi A real-time EMG pattern recognition system based on linear-nonlinear feature projection for a multifunction myoelectric hand
    Jun Uk Chu
    Korea Orthopedics and Rehabilitation Engineering Center, Incheon 403 712, Korea
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 53:2232-9. 2006
    ..Our experimental results show that all processes, including virtual hand control, are completed within 125 ms, and the proposed method is applicable to real-time myoelectric hand control without an operational time delay...
  81. ncbi Dermatologic conditions associated with use of a lower-extremity prosthesis
    Nancy L Dudek
    Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:659-63. 2005
    ..To document the frequency of skin problems among lower-limb prosthesis users and to assess for factors associated with skin problems among patients using a prosthesis...
  82. ncbi Rehabilitation of the geriatric vascular amputee patient: a population-based study
    D D Fletcher
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN 55902, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 82:776-9. 2001
    ..However, selected individuals can successfully be fitted with a prosthesis; knowledge of predictors of prosthetic fitting may facilitate setting of realistic goals during presurgical counseling in this age group...
  83. ncbi Comparison of methods for the calculation of energy storage and return in a dynamic elastic response prosthesis
    M D Geil
    Department of Health and Performance Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, 30332, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Biomech 33:1745-50. 2000
    ..This research is the first application of the new models to prosthetic feet, and suggests the need for additional research in gait analysis with energy-storing prostheses...
  84. ncbi Control of multifunctional prosthetic hands by processing the electromyographic signal
    M Zecca
    ARTS Lab, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Pontedera, Italy
    Crit Rev Biomed Eng 30:459-85. 2002
    ....
  85. ncbi Finite element analysis of bone stress and strain around a distal osseointegrated implant for prosthetic limb attachment
    W Xu
    School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Proc Inst Mech Eng H 214:595-602. 2000
    ..The significance of each implant geometry was identified for improving implant design in the light of benefit to the bone/implant osseointegration and the bone remodelling of the femur...
  86. ncbi Intelligent multifunction myoelectric control of hand prostheses
    C M Light
    Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
    J Med Eng Technol 26:139-46. 2002
    ..A digital signal processor (DSP) regulates the grip pressure of a new six-degree-of-freedom hand prosthesis thereby ensuring secure prehension without continuous visual feedback...
  87. ncbi Kinematic and kinetic gait analysis in the sagittal plane of trans-femoral amputees before and after special gait re-education
    C Sjödahl
    Department of Physical Therapy, Lund University, Sweden
    Prosthet Orthot Int 26:101-12. 2002
    ..The limp of amputees is usually observed in the frontal plane, but the authors' special focus on the sagittal plane here illustrates gait propulsion influences. The positive training results remained after six months...
  88. ncbi Mobility scales for lower limb-prosthetic patient: the locomotor capabilities index
    Franco Franchignoni
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:582-3; author reply 583. 2002
  89. ncbi Consequences of non-vascular trans-femoral amputation: a survey of quality of life, prosthetic use and problems
    K Hagberg
    Department of Orthopaedics, Goteborg University, Sahlgren University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Prosthet Orthot Int 25:186-94. 2001
    ..Efforts to improve the physical and the psychological well-being for this group, with a long life expectancy, are needed...
  90. ncbi Lower extremity prosthetic mobility: a comparison of 3 self-report scales
    W C Miller
    Faculty of Medicine, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 82:1432-40. 2001
    ....
  91. ncbi Use and satisfaction with prosthetic limb devices and related services
    Liliana E Pezzin
    Health Policy Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:723-9. 2004
    ..To examine the use and satisfaction with prosthetic limb devices and satisfaction with prosthetist services in a large and diverse sample of persons with limb loss...
  92. ncbi The bionic man: restoring mobility
    William Craelius
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08855 0909, USA
    Science 295:1018-21. 2002
    ..With crucial help from their pioneering users, they are learning how and where the residual sensorimotor system can be tapped in order to transmit its intents to replacement or reactivated body parts...
  93. ncbi Mobility outcome following unilateral lower limb amputation
    B Davies
    Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, England, UK
    Prosthet Orthot Int 27:186-90. 2003
    ..This study concludes that mobility rates one year after prosthetic provision for unilateral trans-tibial and trans-femoral amputees worsen with increasing age at amputation and a higher level of amputation...
  94. ncbi Outcome after trans-tibial amputation for vascular disease. A follow-up after eight years
    Y Hermodsson
    Department of Orthopaedics, Helsingborg Hospital, Sweden
    Scand J Caring Sci 12:73-80. 1998
    ..006) and greater ability to walk alone outdoors before the amputation (p = 0.01). There was no significant age difference in this comparison. The finding that it is more favourable to be amputated on the left leg merits further study...
  95. ncbi Rehabilitation of the trans-femoral amputee with an osseointegrated prosthesis: the United Kingdom experience
    J Sullivan
    Roehampton Rehabilitation Centre, Queen Mary s Hospital, London, UK
    Prosthet Orthot Int 27:114-20. 2003
    ..However, some aspects of this promising developmental procedure for the management of the trans-femoral amputee need to be critically evaluated before it becomes a routine clinical procedure in the United Kingdom...
  96. ncbi Sensitivity and reproducibility of accelerometry and heart rate in physical strain assessment during prosthetic gait
    Johannes B J Bussmann
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P O Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Appl Physiol 91:71-8. 2004
    ..The use of accelerometry as an indicator of the level of physical strain in persons with an amputation is not feasible. The added value of a calibration procedure has to be studied...
  97. doi Targeted reinnervation to improve prosthesis control in transhumeral amputees. A report of three cases
    Kristina D O'Shaughnessy
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 675 North St Clair Street, 19th Floor Galter, Suite 250, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 90:393-400. 2008
  98. ncbi Reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the locomotor capabilities index in adults with lower-limb amputation undergoing prosthetic training
    Franco Franchignoni
    Unit of Occupational Rehabilitation and Ergonomics, Rehabilitation Institute of Veruno, Veruno, Italy
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:743-8. 2004
    ..To assess the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of both the standard and revised Locomotor Capabilities Index (LCI) in people with lower-limb amputation who undergo prosthetic training...
  99. ncbi A wavelet-based continuous classification scheme for multifunction myoelectric control
    K Englehart
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 48:302-11. 2001
    ..Although in its preliminary stages of development, this scheme promises a more natural and efficient means of myoelectric control than one based on discrete, transient bursts of activity...
  100. doi Monitoring of the load regime applied on the osseointegrated fixation of a trans-femoral amputee: a tool for evidence-based practice
    Laurent Frossard
    School of Engineering Systems, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Prosthet Orthot Int 32:68-78. 2008
    ..This study is a stepping stone in the development of future affordable, on-board and user-friendly load recording systems that can be used in evidence-based practice...
  101. ncbi Walking and running inter-limb asymmetry for Paralympic trans-femoral amputees, a biomechanical analysis
    B Burkett
    School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia
    Prosthet Orthot Int 27:36-47. 2003
    ..This study objectively identified that when Paralympic level amputees ran on their standard running prosthesis, the inter-limb asymmetry was exacerbated...

Research Grants100

  1. NEUROMUSCULAR REORGANIZATION FOR PROSTHESIS CONTROL
    Todd Kuiken; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..board- certified physiatrist with clinical and research interests in the care of amputees and improvement of artificial limbs. Currently amputees can only control a single degree-of-freedom at a time with myoelectric prostheses, which ..
  2. Restoring upper limb movement sense to amputees;a move towards natural control o
    Paul Marasco; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Without natural and intuitive sensory feedback artificial limbs are still just insensate tools...
  3. Neural-Enabled Prosthesis with Sensorimotor Integration
    Ranu Jung; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..will require seamless integration of the intact sensory-motor living system with advanced highly capable artificial limbs. Our bioengineering research partnership proposes to develop an advanced prosthetic system that uses ..
  4. Neural-Enabled Prosthesis with Sensorimotor Integration
    Ranu Jung; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..will require seamless integration of the intact sensory-motor living system with advanced highly capable artificial limbs. Our bioengineering research partnership proposes to develop an advanced prosthetic system that uses ..
  5. Neural-Enabled Prosthesis with Sensorimotor Integration
    Ranu Jung; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will require seamless integration of the intact sensory-motor living system with advanced highly capable artificial limbs. Our bioengineering research partnership proposes to develop an advanced prosthetic system that uses ..
  6. NEUROMUSCULAR REORGANIZATION FOR PROSTHESIS CONTROL
    Todd Kuiken; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..board- certified physiatrist with clinical and research interests in the care of amputees and improvement of artificial limbs. Currently amputees can only control a single degree-of-freedom at a time with myoelectric prostheses, which ..
  7. NEUROMUSCULAR REORGANIZATION FOR PROSTHESIS CONTROL
    Todd Kuiken; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..board- certified physiatrist with clinical and research interests in the care of amputees and improvement of artificial limbs. Currently amputees can only control a single degree-of-freedom at a time with myoelectric prostheses, which ..
  8. NEUROMUSCULAR REORGANIZATION FOR PROSTHESIS CONTROL
    Todd Kuiken; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..board- certified physiatrist with clinical and research interests in the care of amputees and improvement of artificial limbs. Currently amputees can only control a single degree-of-freedom at a time with myoelectric prostheses, which ..
  9. Vibrotactile Feedback for Prosthetic Limbs
    RONALD RISO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The Specific Aim of this PHASE 1 project is to develop vibration actuators specifically for use with artificial limbs. The designed actuators will have minimal bulk and mass; consume only modest power; be inexpensive to ..
  10. CRCNS: Active Sensing and Odor Processing in the Olfactory Bulb
    DALE M WACHOWIAK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..important biomedical impact of this work is the development of improved prosthetic devices - for example, artificial limbs which use sensor-driven proprioceptive information to help control movement...
  11. THREE DIMENSIONAL VIDEO CAMERA FOR PLASTIC SURGERY
    Jason Geng; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..It would find utility in orthotics and prosthesis, where better-fitting braces and artificial limbs could be produced.
  12. A High Throughput System for Multichannel Neurophysiology
    TIMOTHY TUCKER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..interplay between large populations of neurons as well as the potential for neuroprosthetic control of artificial limbs or restoring sensory input...
  13. A High Throughput System for Multichannel Neurophysiology
    TIMOTHY TUCKER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..interplay between large populations of neurons as well as the potential for neuroprosthetic control of artificial limbs or restoring sensory input...
  14. Rigid-Thread Rotaxanes for Artificial Molecular Muscles
    JASON BELITSKY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Artificial molecular muscles might someday be core components of artificial limbs. In the near term they will be useful to power mechanical movements in nanoscale devices...
  15. Provision of Assistive Technology to Veterans Post-Stroke
    SANDRA L WINKLER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. mobility devices, artificial limbs, etc. and (2) To develop programs to evaluate the effectiveness of the guidelines...
  16. Skin Adaptation to Mechanical Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By understanding the process of skin adaptation (natural skin strengthening) at both a cellular and molecular level, therapies to encourage skin adaptation before breakdown occurs can be intelligently pursued. ..
  17. Skin Adaptation to Mechanical Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By understanding the process of skin adaptation (natural skin strengthening) at both a cellular and molecular level, therapies to encourage skin adaptation before breakdown occurs can be intelligently pursued. ..
  18. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS, AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  19. Interface Materials for Patients with Limb Amputation
    Joan E Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. NEW BIOMATERIALS TO MINIMIZE SCAR TISSUE FORMATION
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e. soft-tissue complications that require surgical repair through use of a biomaterial. The new materials will prevent scar tissue formation and reduce the occurrence of secondary complications. ..
  21. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS, AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  22. Assessment of Tissue Response to Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If effective, potentially this technology could be applied to other areas of rehabilitation, for example, shoe design for patients with insensate feet, cushion design for wheelchair users, and mattress design for bedridden patients ..
  23. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The development of methods to predict and overcome the detrimental effects of residual limb shape change and ultimately prevent soft-tissue breakdown will help to prevent secondary disability and morbidity in the amputee population. ..
  24. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The development of methods to predict and overcome the detrimental effects of residual limb shape change and ultimately prevent soft-tissue breakdown will help to prevent secondary disability and morbidity in the amputee population. ..
  25. Assessment of Tissue Response to Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If effective, potentially this technology could be applied to other areas of rehabilitation, for example, shoe design for patients with insensate feet, cushion design for wheelchair users, and mattress design for bedridden patients ..
  26. Assessment of Tissue Response to Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..this technology could be applied to other areas of rehabilitation, for example, shoe design for patients with insensate feet, cushion design for wheelchair users, and mattress design for bedridden patients [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The development of methods to predict and overcome the detrimental effects of residual limb shape change and ultimately prevent soft-tissue breakdown will help to prevent secondary disability and morbidity in the amputee population. ..
  28. Measuring In-Socket Residual Limb Volume Fluctuation
    Joan E Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thisinstrumentcouldbeextendedtowardstheimplementationand evaluationofnovelvolumecontrolstrategiesandalsoappliedtootherareasof rehabilitationwheremanagementofinterstitialfluidcontrolisclinicallyrelevant. ..
  29. Skin Adaptation to Mechanical Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By understanding the process of skin adaptation (natural skin strengthening) at both a cellular and molecular level, therapies to encourage skin adaptation before breakdown occurs can be intelligently pursued. ..
  30. Assessment of Tissue Response to Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If effective, potentially this technology could be applied to other areas of rehabilitation, for example, shoe design for patients with insensate feet, cushion design for wheelchair users, and mattress design for bedridden patients ..
  31. Skin Adaptation to Mechanical Stress
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By understanding the process of skin adaptation (natural skin strengthening) at both a cellular and molecular level, therapies to encourage skin adaptation before breakdown occurs can be intelligently pursued. ..
  32. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The development of methods to predict and overcome the detrimental effects of residual limb shape change and ultimately prevent soft-tissue breakdown will help to prevent secondary disability and morbidity in the amputee population. ..
  33. Measuring In-Socket Residual Limb Volume Fluctuation
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Thisinstrumentcouldbeextendedtowardstheimplementationand evaluationofnovelvolumecontrolstrategiesandalsoappliedtootherareasof rehabilitationwheremanagementofinterstitialfluidcontrolisclinicallyrelevant. ..
  34. NEW BIOMATERIALS TO MINIMIZE SCAR TISSUE FORMATION
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..e. soft-tissue complications that require surgical repair through use of a biomaterial. The new materials will prevent scar tissue formation and reduce the occurrence of secondary complications. ..
  35. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS, AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  36. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS, AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  37. INTERFACE MECHANICS, MATERIALS, AND TISSUE RESPONSE
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  38. NEW BIOMATERIALS TO MINIMIZE SCAR TISSUE FORMATION
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..e. soft-tissue complications that require surgical repair through use of a biomaterial. The new materials will prevent scar tissue formation and reduce the occurrence of secondary complications. ..
  39. Long Term Interfacing and Signaling of Neuronal Tissue Using Cubic Silicon Carbid
    CHRISTOPHER LEROY FREWIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to improve the lives of people suffering from many neurological disorders, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), trauma resultant from stroke or acute injury, or be to used as an interface to control mechanized artificial limbs.
  40. RoboPAL: Robotic Prosthesis Alignment
    David Boone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It will also allow the prosthesis user to directly participate in aligning the limb, will be usable as part of an auto-aligning limb and will make it possible for alignment to be accomplished remotely through a telemedicine paradigm. ..
  41. Influence of Ankle Motion on Bilateral Amputee Gait
    Steven Gard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results from this study will aid in identifying limitations in current prosthetic technology that inhibit normal patterns of walking in amputees. ..
  42. Influence of Ankle Motion on Bilateral Amputee Gait
    Steven Gard; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results from this study will aid in identifying limitations in current prosthetic technology that inhibit normal patterns of walking in amputees. ..
  43. Robotic Prosthesis Alignment System: RoboPAL
    David Boone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It will also allow the patient to directly participate in aligning the limb, and will make it possible for alignment to be accomplished remotely through a telemedicine paradigm. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Multifunction Prosthesis Control using Implanted Sensors
    Richard Weir; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A definitive design is anticipated to be ready for final testing and tweaking by the middle of year 4. The final year will be spent conducting the final systems integration. ..
  45. New Iizarov technique for pediatric critical care
    Mark Pitkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If this aim of the Phase I study is achieved, the further study (Phase II) will be conducted to verify the effectiveness of the early application of external fixation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Manufacturing technology for skin integrated composite prosthetic pylon
    Mark Pitkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Multifunction Prosthesis Control using Implanted Sensors
    Richard Weir; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A definitive design is anticipated to be ready for final testing and tweaking by the middle of year 4. The final year will be spent conducting the final systems integration. ..
  48. Responses of the Ankle to Changes in Shoe Rocker Radius
    Andrew Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Multifunction Prosthesis Control using Implanted Sensors
    Richard Weir; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A definitive design is anticipated to be ready for final testing and tweaking by the middle of year 4. The final year will be spent conducting the final systems integration. ..
  50. Responses of the Ankle to Changes in Shoe Rocker Radius
    Andrew Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Multifunction Prosthesis Control using Implanted Sensors
    Richard Weir; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A definitive design is anticipated to be ready for final testing and tweaking by the middle of year 4. The final year will be spent conducting the final systems integration. ..
  52. Multifunction Prosthesis Control using Implanted Sensors
    Richard Weir; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A definitive design is anticipated to be ready for final testing and tweaking by the middle of year 4. The final year will be spent conducting the final systems integration. ..
  53. Multifunction Prosthesis Control using Implanted Sensors
    Richard Weir; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A definitive design is anticipated to be ready for final testing and tweaking by the middle of year 4. The final year will be spent conducting the final systems integration. ..
  54. ROLLING JOINT PROSTHETIC LEG
    Mark Pitkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The RJ Leg will enhance performance of transfemoral amputees without increasing the cost, thus providing a highly competitive product in the field of prosthetic rehabilitation. ..
  55. ENDOTHELIAL CELL ADHESION TO POLYMERS STUDIED BY TIRF
    William Reichert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. STATIC AND DYNAMIC ORGANIZATION
    John Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The results of these studies may suggest new strategies for enhancing functional recovery and suppressing spasticity subsequent to injury of the peripheral and central nervous system...
  57. A Novel Waveform for Electrical Nerve Conduction Block
    Kevin L Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research will provide a significant tool in our ongoing efforts to reduce disability and improve quality of life. ..
  58. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PROCESSING IN PROPRIOCEPTION
    Lynette Jones; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  59. ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATIVE RISK ADJUSTERS
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Implantable Microsystems for Human Neuroprosthesis
    John Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  61. MOTOR CORTEX REORGANIZATION
    John Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The results may suggest pharmacological or rehabilitative strategies for enhancing or suppressing cortical responses to damage of the motor system...
  62. A Novel Waveform for Electrical Nerve Conduction Block
    Kevin Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The initial intended human application will be to alleviate pain in individuals with neuromas secondary to limb amputation. ..
  63. Aerobic Exercise Intervention for Knee Osteoarthritis
    Kenton Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Hypothesis: A effective exercise prescription for adults with degenerative joint disease is dependent on knee compartment involvement, CIA stage, BMI, and type of exercise prescribed. ..
  64. OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATION
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
  65. ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATIVE RISK ADJUSTERS
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Restoring Communication with an Intracortical Neural Interface System
    Leigh Hochberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research aims to test and develop a neural interface system that could restore the ability to type words, just imagining the movement of one's own hand. ..
  67. A Novel Waveform for Electrical Nerve Conduction Block
    Kevin Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research will provide a significant tool in our ongoing efforts to reduce disability and improve quality of life. ..
  68. Toward an Animal Model of Freely Moving Human
    KRISHNA SHENOY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..basic neuroscience investigations of motor control, applied neuroscience/neuroengineering aimed at designing robust and high-performance neural prostheses, and large patient populations whose quality of life will be dramatically improved ..
  69. A Novel Waveform for Electrical Nerve Conduction Block
    Kevin Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research will provide a significant tool in our ongoing efforts to reduce disability and improve quality of life. ..
  70. OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LIMB RECONSTRUCTION VS AMPUTATION
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, they propose to extend analysis of the 2-year data to address several important clinical and methodological issues. ..
  71. MOTOR CORTEX REORGANIZATION
    John Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The results may suggest pharmacological or rehabilitative strategies for enhancing or suppressing cortical responses to damage of the motor system...
  72. AMPUTATION VS RECONSTRUCTION FOLLOWING LIMB INJURY
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These data will be used to address the study's aims and to develop an initial set of guidelines for treating massive lower extremity trauma...
  73. MOTOR CORTEX REORGANIZATION
    John Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The results may suggest pharmacological or rehabilitative strategies for enhancing or suppressing cortical responses to damage of the motor system...
  74. CRCNS: Extracting Dynamical Structure Embedded in Motor Preparatory Activity
    KRISHNA SHENOY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research program will increase our understanding of how PMd rapidly prepares movements, and thereby help increase the speed and accuracy of prosthetic systems. ..
  75. Aerobic Exercise Intervention for Knee Osteoarthritis
    Kenton Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Hypothesis: A effective exercise prescription for adults with degenerative joint disease is dependent on knee compartment involvement, CIA stage, BMI, and type of exercise prescribed. ..
  76. A Novel Waveform for Electrical Nerve Conduction Block
    Kevin Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research will provide a significant tool in our ongoing efforts to reduce disability and improve quality of life. ..
  77. CRCNS: Extracting Dynamical Structure Embedded in Motor Preparatory Activity
    KRISHNA SHENOY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research program will increase our understanding of how PMd rapidly prepares movements, and thereby help increase the speed and accuracy of prosthetic systems. ..
  78. MICROSENSOR FOR INTRAMUSCULAR PRESSURE MEASUREMENT
    Kenton Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The ultimate goal is to use this microsensor for clinical decision making to improve the mobility of disabled individuals. ..
  79. MICROSENSOR FOR INTRAMUSCULAR PRESSURE MEASUREMENT
    Kenton Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g. motor neuron disease, peripheral neuropathy), disorders of neuromuscular transmission (e.g. myasthenia gravis, Lambert-Eaton syndrome) and myopathies (e.g. muscular dystrophies, polymyositis, metabolic myopathies). ..
  80. STATIC AND DYNAMIC ORGANIZATION OF PRIMATE MOTOR CORTEX
    John Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, the results of these experiments will be useful in designing neural prosthetic devices to restore movement in paralyzed humans. ..
  81. MICROSENSOR FOR INTRAMUSCULAR PRESSURE MEASUREMENT
    Kenton Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g. motor neuron disease, peripheral neuropathy), disorders of neuromuscular transmission (e.g. myasthenia gravis, Lambert-Eaton syndrome) and myopathies (e.g. muscular dystrophies, polymyositis, metabolic myopathies). ..
  82. CRCNS: Extracting Dynamical Structure Embedded in Motor Preparatory Activity
    KRISHNA SHENOY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research program will increase our understanding of how PMd rapidly prepares movements, and thereby help increase the speed and accuracy of prosthetic systems. ..
  83. Improving Trauma Outcomes:A Patient Centered Approach
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable]..
  84. IDENTIFICATION & TREATMENT OF OSTEONECROSIS OF THE HIP
    Roy Aaron; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If these aims were to be achieved, a new approach, i.e. early diagnosis and biological augmentation of bone repair, could be introduced for the treatment of osteonecrosis. ..
  85. 'Costs & Effectiveness of Trauma Care in the Elderly'
    Ellen Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  86. A Novel Waveform for Electrical Nerve Conduction Block
    Kevin Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research will provide a significant tool in our ongoing efforts to reduce disability and improve quality of life. ..