aids serodiagnosis

Summary

Summary: Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY; (ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoblot, etc.) that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Quantitative detection of increasing HIV type 1 antibodies after seroconversion: a simple assay for detecting recent HIV infection and estimating incidence
    Bharat S Parekh
    Division of AIDS, STD, TB Laboratory Research, and Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:295-307. 2002
  2. ncbi High HIV incidence during pregnancy: compelling reason for repeat HIV testing
    Dhayendre Moodley
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, South Africa
    AIDS 23:1255-9. 2009
  3. pmc The uptake and accuracy of oral kits for HIV self-testing in high HIV prevalence setting: a cross-sectional feasibility study in Blantyre, Malawi
    Augustine Talumba Choko
    Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi
    PLoS Med 8:e1001102. 2011
  4. pmc The clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of routine, voluntary HIV screening in South Africa
    Rochelle P Walensky
    Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:26-35. 2011
  5. ncbi Changing the paradigm for HIV testing--the end of exceptionalism
    Ronald Bayer
    Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health, Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:647-9. 2006
  6. ncbi Voluntary counselling and testing: uptake, impact on sexual behaviour, and HIV incidence in a rural Zimbabwean cohort
    Lorraine Sherr
    Royal Free Hospital, University College London, UK
    AIDS 21:851-60. 2007
  7. ncbi The costs and effectiveness of four HIV counseling and testing strategies in Uganda
    Nick Menzies
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    AIDS 23:395-401. 2009
  8. ncbi Why don't physicians test for HIV? A review of the US literature
    Ryan C Burke
    Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
    AIDS 21:1617-24. 2007
  9. ncbi A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of alternative HIV counseling and testing methods to increase knowledge of HIV status
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    AIDS 20:1597-604. 2006
  10. ncbi Risk factors for recent HIV infection in Uganda
    Jonathan Mermin
    Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
    JAMA 300:540-9. 2008

Detail Information

Publications245 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Quantitative detection of increasing HIV type 1 antibodies after seroconversion: a simple assay for detecting recent HIV infection and estimating incidence
    Bharat S Parekh
    Division of AIDS, STD, TB Laboratory Research, and Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:295-307. 2002
    ..This assay should be useful for detecting recent HIV-1 infection and for estimating incidence among diverse HIV-1 subtypes worldwide...
  2. ncbi High HIV incidence during pregnancy: compelling reason for repeat HIV testing
    Dhayendre Moodley
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, South Africa
    AIDS 23:1255-9. 2009
    ..To determine the incidence of HIV during pregnancy as defined by seroconversion using a repeat HIV rapid testing strategy during late pregnancy...
  3. pmc The uptake and accuracy of oral kits for HIV self-testing in high HIV prevalence setting: a cross-sectional feasibility study in Blantyre, Malawi
    Augustine Talumba Choko
    Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi
    PLoS Med 8:e1001102. 2011
    ..We investigated the potential of supervised oral HIV self-testing from this perspective...
  4. pmc The clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of routine, voluntary HIV screening in South Africa
    Rochelle P Walensky
    Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:26-35. 2011
    ..Although 900,000 HIV-infected South Africans receive antiretroviral therapy, the majority of South Africans with HIV remain undiagnosed...
  5. ncbi Changing the paradigm for HIV testing--the end of exceptionalism
    Ronald Bayer
    Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health, Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:647-9. 2006
  6. ncbi Voluntary counselling and testing: uptake, impact on sexual behaviour, and HIV incidence in a rural Zimbabwean cohort
    Lorraine Sherr
    Royal Free Hospital, University College London, UK
    AIDS 21:851-60. 2007
    ..To examine the determinants of uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services, to assess changes in sexual risk behaviour following VCT, and to compare HIV incidence amongst testers and non-testers...
  7. ncbi The costs and effectiveness of four HIV counseling and testing strategies in Uganda
    Nick Menzies
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    AIDS 23:395-401. 2009
    ..HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is a key intervention for HIV/AIDS control, and new strategies have been developed for expanding coverage in developing countries. We compared costs and outcomes of four HCT strategies in Uganda...
  8. ncbi Why don't physicians test for HIV? A review of the US literature
    Ryan C Burke
    Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
    AIDS 21:1617-24. 2007
    ..Given that many physicians do not routinely test for HIV, the objective of this study was to summarize our current understanding of why US physicians do not offer HIV testing...
  9. ncbi A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of alternative HIV counseling and testing methods to increase knowledge of HIV status
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    AIDS 20:1597-604. 2006
    ..Alternatives to conventional HIV counseling and testing (HIV-CT) have been used to improve receipt of HIV test results...
  10. ncbi Risk factors for recent HIV infection in Uganda
    Jonathan Mermin
    Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
    JAMA 300:540-9. 2008
    ..Studies of factors associated with acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are often based on prevalence data that might not reflect recent infections...
  11. ncbi The Rakai Project counselling programme experience
    Joseph K B Matovu
    Rakai Project Uganda Virus Research Institute, Ministry of Health, Rakai district, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 7:1064-7. 2002
    ....
  12. ncbi Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings
    Bernard M Branson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention proposed, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 55:1-17; quiz CE1-4. 2006
    ..Repeat screening in the third trimester is recommended in certain jurisdictions with elevated rates of HIV infection among pregnant women...
  13. ncbi Predictors of HIV-1 serostatus disclosure: a prospective study among HIV-infected pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    G Antelman
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS 15:1865-74. 2001
    ..Lack of disclosure may have limited their ability to engage in preventive behaviors or to obtain the necessary emotional support for coping with their serostatus or illness...
  14. ncbi Acceptability of routine HIV testing ("opt-out") in antenatal services in two rural districts of Zimbabwe
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux 2, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:514-20. 2006
    ..Issues regarding, stigma, quality of post-testing counseling and staffing must be considered, however...
  15. pmc Determinants of knowledge of HIV status in South Africa: results from a population-based HIV survey
    Karl Peltzer
    Health Promotion Research Unit, Social Aspect of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 9:174. 2009
    ..This paper seeks to describe the associations between socio-demographic, behavioural and social characteristics and knowledge of HIV status among a nationally representative population in South Africa...
  16. pmc Acceptance of and barriers to voluntary HIV counselling and testing among adults in Guizhou province, China
    Wei Ma
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS 21:S129-35. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Comparison of home and clinic-based HIV testing among household members of persons taking antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: results from a randomized trial
    Eric Lugada
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:245-52. 2010
    ..Due to high rates of undiagnosed and untreated HIV infection in Africa, we compared HIV counseling and testing (VCT) uptake among household members of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy...
  18. pmc Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006
    ..The Botswana government recently implemented a policy of routine or "opt-out" HIV testing in response to the high prevalence of HIV infection, estimated at 37% of adults...
  19. ncbi Choosing HIV Counseling and Testing Strategies for Outreach Settings: A Randomized Trial
    Freya Spielberg
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:348-55. 2005
    ..In surveys, clients have expressed preferences for alternatives to traditional HIV counseling and testing. Few data exist to document how offering such alternatives affects acceptance of HIV testing and receipt of test results...
  20. ncbi User acceptability and feasibility of self-testing with HIV rapid tests
    Vernon J Lee
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Communicable Disease Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 802 Moulmein Road, Singapore
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:449-53. 2007
    ..Because HIV rapid tests are considered for self-testing, this study aims to determine the user acceptability and feasibility of self-testing...
  21. ncbi Factors associated with self-reported HIV testing among men in Uganda
    A J Gage
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Dept of International Health and Development, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    AIDS Care 17:153-65. 2005
    ....
  22. pmc Performance of a rapid and simple HIV testing algorithm in a multicenter phase III microbicide clinical trial
    Tania Crucitti
    HIV STI Reference Laboratory, Institute of Tropical Medicine, 155 Nationalestraat, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 18:1480-5. 2011
    ..We conclude that HIV testing algorithms, including only R/S assays, are suitable for use in clinical trials, provided that adequate quality assurance procedures are in place...
  23. pmc Patterns of self-reported behaviour change associated with receiving voluntary counselling and testing in a longitudinal study from Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    Ide Cremin
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Marys Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London, W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS Behav 14:708-15. 2010
    ..This study suggests that, among women, particularly those who are infected, behavioural risk reduction does occur following VCT...
  24. pmc Dramatic and sustained increase in HIV-testing rates among antenatal attendees in Eastern Uganda after a policy change from voluntary counselling and testing to routine counselling and testing for HIV: a retrospective analysis of hospital records, 2002-20
    Robert Byamugisha
    Referral Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital, Mbale, Uganda
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:290. 2010
    ....
  25. ncbi Earlier testing for HIV--how do we prevent late presentation?
    Yazdan Yazdanpanah
    Service Universitaire des Maladies Infectieuses et du Voyageur, Centre Hospitalier de Tourcoing, Tourcoing, France
    Antivir Ther 15:17-24. 2010
    ..They should also take advantage of rapid testing technologies and be aware of barriers to HIV testing among specific groups to provide opportunities for testing that are relevant to local communities...
  26. ncbi Removing barriers to knowing HIV status: same-day mobile HIV testing in Zimbabwe
    Stephen F Morin
    AIDS Policy Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:218-24. 2006
    ....
  27. ncbi A successful workplace program for voluntary counseling and testing and treatment of HIV/AIDS at Heineken, Rwanda
    Alizanne C Collier
    Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Int J Occup Environ Health 13:99-106. 2007
    ..In November 2003 a qualitative study of awareness and health-seeking behavior of the Heineken Rwanda beneficiaries identified key principles contributing to the success of this program...
  28. pmc Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmission
    Carey Farquhar
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004
    ..004). Partner participation in VCT and couple counseling increased uptake of nevirapine and formula feeding. Antenatal couple counseling may be a useful strategy to promote HIV-1 prevention interventions...
  29. ncbi Provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling for TB patients and suspects in Nairobi, Kenya
    J Odhiambo
    United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:63-8. 2008
    ..Integrated tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services in a resource-constrained setting...
  30. pmc Patient perceptions and acceptance of routine emergency department HIV testing
    Jeremy Brown
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University Medical Center, Medical Faculty Associates, 2150 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:21-6. 2008
    ..We report on the rates of patient acceptance and their perceptions of routine emergency department (ED) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in a high-prevalence area...
  31. pmc Assessment of recent HIV-1 infection by a line immunoassay for HIV-1/2 confirmation
    Jorg Schupbach
    University of Zurich, Swiss National Center for Retroviruses, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 4:e343. 2007
    ..We have investigated whether this "recency" information can also be gained from an HIV confirmatory assay...
  32. pmc Sensitivity of five rapid HIV tests on oral fluid or finger-stick whole blood: a real-time comparison in a healthcare setting
    Juliette Pavie
    Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hopital Saint Louis, Universite Paris Diderot, Paris, France
    PLoS ONE 5:e11581. 2010
    ..Several HIV rapid tests are now licensed in Europe but their sensitivity on total blood and/or oral fluid in routine healthcare settings is not known...
  33. ncbi Improved HIV-1 incidence estimates using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay
    John W Hargrove
    ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
    AIDS 22:511-8. 2008
    ..To validate the BED capture enzyme immunoassay for HIV-1 subtype C and to derive adjustments facilitating estimation of HIV-1 incidence from cross-sectional surveys...
  34. pmc Assessing missed opportunities for HIV testing in medical settings
    Rebecca V Liddicoat
    Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:349-56. 2004
    ..Many HIV-infected persons learn about their diagnosis years after initial infection. The extent to which missed opportunities for HIV testing occur in medical evaluations prior to one's HIV diagnosis is not known...
  35. pmc HIV incidence in rural South Africa: comparison of estimates from longitudinal surveillance and cross-sectional cBED assay testing
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e3640. 2008
    ....
  36. ncbi Detecting acute human immunodeficiency virus infection using 3 different screening immunoassays and nucleic acid amplification testing for human immunodeficiency virus RNA, 2006-2008
    Pragna Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:66-74. 2010
    ..The yield of nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) after routine screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody to detect acute HIV infection (AHI) may vary with different HIV-antibody assays...
  37. pmc Improving HIV screening and receipt of results by nurse-initiated streamlined counseling and rapid testing
    Henry D Anaya
    Center for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:800-7. 2008
    ..HIV rapid testing is effective in many healthcare settings, but scant research has been done within primary care settings or within the US Department of Veteran's Affairs Healthcare System...
  38. pmc Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e238. 2006
    ..HIV counselling and testing is a key component of both HIV care and HIV prevention, but uptake is currently low. We investigated the impact of rapid HIV testing at the workplace on uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT)...
  39. ncbi Successful introduction of routine opt-out HIV testing in antenatal care in Botswana
    Tracy L Creek
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:102-7. 2007
    ..Uptake of antenatal HIV testing was low from 1999 through 2003. In 2004, Botswana's President declared that HIV testing should be "routine but not compulsory" in medical settings...
  40. ncbi Evaluation of a sensitive/less sensitive testing algorithm using the bioMérieux Vironostika-LS assay for detecting recent HIV-1 subtype B' or E infection in Thailand
    Carrie L Young
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 19:481-6. 2003
    ....
  41. pmc HIV testing men in the antenatal setting: understanding male non-disclosure
    D A Katz
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 20:765-7. 2009
    ..Couple counselling models that incorporate disclosure may yield greater HIV prevention benefits than offering individual partner HIV testing services at ANC...
  42. ncbi Factors associated with HIV testing, condom use, and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Nha Trang, Vietnam
    Jesse H Grayman
    Northrup Grumman, Harvard University, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 9:41-51. 2005
    ..Our results suggest the need for voluntary HIV counseling and testing, further promotion of condom use among FSW populations, and better use of rehabilitation sites to promote HIV prevention...
  43. ncbi The feasibility of voluntary counselling and HIV testing for pregnant women using community volunteers in Zimbabwe
    Avinash K Shetty
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 16:755-9. 2005
    ..This programme is being implemented at several urban and rural MTCT sites in Zimbabwe and can serve as a model for other resource-poor countries...
  44. ncbi Assessment of the decision support needs of women from HIV endemic countries regarding voluntary HIV testing in Canada
    Debjani Mitra
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Ottawa, Roger Guindon, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Patient Educ Couns 63:292-300. 2006
    ....
  45. pmc Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testing
    David R Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007
    ..In this paper, I estimate the costs and public health impact of opt-out HIV testing relative to testing accompanied by client-centered counseling, and relative to a more targeted counseling and testing strategy...
  46. ncbi Acceptability of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing among premarital couples in China
    Zunyou Wu
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS Educ Prev 17:12-21. 2005
    ..Acceptance of HIV testing was disappointingly low. Implementing strategies to reduce stigmatization and increase knowledge of HIV/AIDS, in addition to not charging for testing, may increase the acceptance of HIV testing...
  47. pmc Impact of round-the-clock, rapid oral fluid HIV testing of women in labor in rural India
    Nitika Pant Pai
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunodeficiency Service, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada
    PLoS Med 5:e92. 2008
    ..In this context, we investigated the impact of introducing round-the-clock, rapid, point-of-care HIV testing and counseling in a busy labor ward at a tertiary care hospital in rural India...
  48. ncbi Living with HIV: women's experience in Burkina Faso, West Africa
    S Issiaka
    Centre Muraz, OCCGE, Burkina Faso
    AIDS Care 13:123-8. 2001
    ..These community-based organizations, lead by qualified and highly motivated volunteers, could facilitate a better social integration of HIV infected women in Burkina Faso...
  49. ncbi Better but not ideal acceptance of routine inpatient HIV point-of-care testing among veterans in a high prevalence area
    Marc Siegel
    Infectious Diseases Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:205-10. 2010
    ..Inpatient HIV testing at the Vetarns Affairs Medical Center in Washington, DC has been predominantly targeted at patients with disclosed risk factors...
  50. pmc Provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling: increased uptake in two public community health centers in South Africa and implications for scale-up
    Shona Dalal
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27293. 2011
    ..We compared HIV test uptake under PITC to provider-referral to voluntary counseling and testing (VCT referral) in two primary health centers in South Africa...
  51. ncbi Opt-out testing for human immunodeficiency virus in the United States: progress and challenges
    John G Bartlett
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument St, Room 447, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 300:945-51. 2008
    ....
  52. ncbi Deciding where and how to be tested for HIV: what matters most?
    H S Skolnik
    California State University, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:292-300. 2001
    ..There was also substantial interest in home self-tests. The results suggest specific attributes of testing that may be particularly important to individuals from diverse demographic and risk backgrounds...
  53. ncbi Development of a measure of barriers to HIV testing among individuals at high risk
    Germine H Awad
    Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 62901 6502, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:115-25. 2004
    ..Three factors--Structural Barriers, Fatalism/Confidentiality Concerns, and Fear--emerged for both years. The reliabilities ranged from .75 to .87, indicating moderate to high internal consistency...
  54. ncbi HIV testing strategies across European countries
    S Mounier-Jack
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    HIV Med 9:13-9. 2008
    ..This is likely to have serious public health implications...
  55. pmc Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of voluntary HIV counseling and testing among rural migrants in Shanghai, China
    Na He
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public, Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    AIDS Educ Prev 21:570-81. 2009
    ..This study suggests that a much greater effort is needed to promote safer sex and to improve VCT knowledge and services among rural migrants particularly those who are engaging in risky behaviors...
  56. pmc Emergency provider attitudes and barriers to universal HIV testing in the emergency department
    Christian Arbelaez
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Emerg Med 42:7-14. 2012
    ..The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently published recommendations for routine, voluntary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing of adults in all health care settings, including the emergency department (ED)...
  57. ncbi Risk behaviors and HIV incidence among repeat testers at publicly funded HIV testing sites in San Francisco
    Susan E Fernyak
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, Communicable Disease Prevention Unit, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:63-70. 2002
    ..To characterize repeat testers, we 1) estimated the seroincidence of HIV infection, stratified by risk behavior, and examined the association between 2) testing rates and risk level and 3) repeat testing and tester characteristics...
  58. ncbi Emergency department HIV screening with rapid tests: a cost comparison of alternative models
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 23:58-69. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that a hybrid model should be favored over either a supplemental staff or existing staff model in terms of cost per outcome achieved...
  59. ncbi HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery services
    J M Turan
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, US
    AIDS Care 20:938-45. 2008
    ..Such interventions may improve the quality of maternity care, increase utilization and contribute to overall improvements in maternal health, while also enhancing prevention of mother-to-child-transmission and HIV care...
  60. ncbi [Changes in HIV testing in Brazil between 1998 and 2005]
    Ivan França Junior
    Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Faculdade de Saúde Públic, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:84-97. 2008
    ..To analyze changes in HIV testing, reasons reported by those who were tested or not and received counseling...
  61. ncbi Impact of counseling in voluntary counseling and testing programs for persons at risk for or living with HIV infection
    David Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1996, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S240-3. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Utilizing HIV transmission rates to assist in prioritizing HIV prevention services
    D R Holtgrave
    Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, 5th Floor, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:789-92. 2004
    ....
  63. pmc Knowledge, attitudes and practices of voluntary HIV counselling and testing among rural migrants in central China: a cross-sectional study
    Tiejun Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Eur J Public Health 22:192-7. 2012
    ..To document knowledge, attitudes and practices of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) among rural migrants in central China...
  64. ncbi Acceptance of rapid HIV testing among medical inpatients in New York City
    Charu L Jain
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10013, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:657-62. 2008
    ..In order to fully implement the new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations for routine, voluntary testing, the optimal timing to offer HIV testing to acutely ill inpatients warrants further investigation...
  65. ncbi Barriers to targeted HIV testing on an acute admissions unit: evaluation of the UK guideline
    L Peck
    Acute Admissions Unit, University College Hospital, London NW1 2BU, UK
    QJM 103:147-51. 2010
    ..There are limited seroprevalence data to support this recommendation, and acute medical settings present operational difficulties that may limit its feasibility...
  66. pmc HIV testing rates and outcomes in a South African community, 2001-2006: implications for expanded screening policies
    Michael D April
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:310-6. 2009
    ..Revised World Health Organization recommendations seek to increase HIV testing. We assessed the need for expanded testing in South Africa by examining current testing and treatment trends among a high prevalence population...
  67. ncbi Pitfalls with rapid HIV antibody testing in HIV-infected children in the Western Cape, South Africa
    M Claassen
    Discipline of Medical Virology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch and NHLS, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    J Clin Virol 37:68-71. 2006
    ..Rapid HIV antibody tests are commonly used for HIV diagnosis in the developing world. These tests are generally reported as sensitive, despite paucity of evaluations in paediatric populations...
  68. pmc Ensuring a public health impact of programs to reduce HIV transmission from mothers to infants: the place of voluntary counseling and testing
    Mary Travis Bassett
    The Rockefeller Foundation Southern Africa Office, Kopje Plaza, 1 Jason Moya Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Am J Public Health 92:347-51. 2002
    ....
  69. ncbi Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic review
    Rebecca Guy
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:747-59. 2009
    ..This conclusion is highly qualified by the apparent absence of a standardised approach to assay evaluation. There is an urgent need for an internationally agreed framework for evaluating and comparing these tests...
  70. ncbi Scale-up of voluntary HIV counseling and testing in Kenya
    Elizabeth Marum
    US Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Global AIDS Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    JAMA 296:859-62. 2006
  71. ncbi Availability of rapid human immunodeficiency virus testing in academic emergency departments
    Peter D Ehrenkranz
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 15:144-50. 2008
    ..The study objectives were to determine the accessibility of rapid HIV testing in academic EDs, to identify factors that influence an ED's adoption of testing, and to describe current HIV testing practices...
  72. ncbi The nursing implications of routine provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling in sub-Saharan Africa: a critical review of new policy guidance from WHO/UNAIDS
    Catrin Evans
    School of Nursing, Nottingham University, B Floor, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 46:723-31. 2009
    ..Nurses in this region work on the frontlines of HIV testing but have been neglected in related policy development...
  73. ncbi Legal and ethical implications of opt-out HIV testing
    Catherine Hanssens
    Center for HIV Law and Policy, New York, New York 10006, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S232-9. 2007
    ....
  74. ncbi Surveillance for HIV-1 incidence using tests for recent infection in resource-constrained countries
    J Steven McDougal
    National Center for HIV AIDS, STD, TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S25-30. 2005
    ....
  75. ncbi Refusing HIV testing in an urgent care setting: results from the "Think HIV" program
    Rebecca V Liddicoat
    Department of Medicine, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:84-92. 2006
    ..If routine HIV testing programs are to be successful, strategies must be developed to increase HIV test acceptance among patients most likely to refrain from testing...
  76. ncbi Barriers to HIV-testing among Hispanics in the United States: analysis of the National Health Interview Survey, 2000
    Catalina Lopez-Quintero
    Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah, Jerusalem, Israel
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:672-83. 2005
    ..Recognition of the HIV testing barriers identified in this study is valuable for the development and refinement of current strategies that aim to increase HIV testing practices in the heterogeneous U.S. Hispanic population...
  77. pmc Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in Africa
    S Allen
    Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco
    BMJ 304:1605-9. 1992
    ..Confidential HIV serotesting with counselling caused a large increase in condom use and was associated with a lower rate of new HIV infections. HIV testing is a promising intervention for preventing the spread of HIV in African cities...
  78. ncbi New testing strategy to detect early HIV-1 infection for use in incidence estimates and for clinical and prevention purposes
    R S Janssen
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 280:42-8. 1998
    ..Differentiating individuals with early human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection from those infected for longer periods is difficult but important for estimating HIV incidence and for purposes of clinical care and prevention...
  79. ncbi Understanding the patient's perspective on rapid and routine HIV testing in an inner-city urgent care center
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Grady Memorial Hospital, Georgia State University, and Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Public Policy, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:101-14. 2004
    ..Fear and stigma were common reasons for refusing testing and not returning for results. Distrust and misconceptions about HIV, particularly regarding the importance of testing, were very common...
  80. ncbi Do tests devised to detect recent HIV-1 infection provide reliable estimates of incidence in Africa?
    Charlotte Sakarovitch
    INSERM EMI 03 38, Institut de Santé Publique, Epidemiologie, et Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:115-22. 2007
    ..The authors conclude that none of the 4 methods could currently be used to estimate HIV-1 incidence routinely in Côte d'Ivoire but that further adaptations might enhance their accuracy...
  81. ncbi Explosive spread and high prevalence of HIV infection among injecting drug users in Togliatti City, Russia
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    AIDS 16:F25-31. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and associated risk factors among injecting drug users (IDU) in Togliatti City, Samara Oblast, Russian Federation...
  82. pmc Precision and accuracy of a procedure for detecting recent human immunodeficiency virus infections by calculating the antibody avidity index by an automated immunoassay-based method
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Ospedale S Giovanni Addolorata, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 40:4015-20. 2002
    ....
  83. ncbi A serostatus-based approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Africa
    Kevin M De Cock
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet 362:1847-9. 2003
  84. ncbi Laboratory diagnostics for HIV infection
    Stefano Butto
    Centro Nazionale AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Ann Ist Super Sanita 46:24-33. 2010
    ..In this short review, we summarize the common and new methodologies that are being used in laboratories, from the HIV antibody-based assays to the new tests for the detection of HIV nucleic acids...
  85. ncbi Unfinished business--expanding HIV testing in developing countries
    Kevin M De Cock
    CDC Kenya
    N Engl J Med 354:440-2. 2006
  86. pmc Dynamics of care, situations of choice: HIV tests in times of ART
    Anita Hardon
    Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Anthropol 30:183-201. 2011
    ..We argue that the medical context inherent in PITC provides an attractive moral space for people to undergo HIV tests...
  87. ncbi The future of HIV testing
    Bernard M Branson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S102-5. 2010
    ....
  88. pmc Factors associated with refusal of rapid HIV testing in an emergency department
    Mary L Pisculli
    Division of Infectious Disease, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:734-42. 2011
    ..Enrollment during morning hours was also associated with an increased risk of refusal. Increased educational efforts to convey the rationale and benefits of universal screening may improve testing uptake among these groups...
  89. ncbi Ethnic differences in stage of presentation of adults newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection in south London
    A E Boyd
    Department of HIV Genitourinary Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
    HIV Med 6:59-65. 2005
    ....
  90. ncbi Factors determining prenatal HIV testing for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in Mpumalanga, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 14:1115-23. 2010
    ..These findings suggest mistrust towards HCT providers should be reduced and screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems provided...
  91. ncbi HIV screening in health care settings: public health and civil liberties in conflict?
    Lawrence O Gostin
    Center for Law and the Public s Health, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    JAMA 296:2023-5. 2006
  92. ncbi Knowledge of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2006 routine HIV testing recommendations among New York City internal medicine residents
    Charu L Jain
    Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, Room 701, New York, NY 10013, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:167-76. 2009
    ..Most identified institutional and policy barriers to routine testing. Efforts should be made to improve dissemination of guidelines and address institutional and policy barriers to allow more people to learn their HIV status...
  93. pmc Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards voluntary counseling and testing among adults
    Zubairu Iliyasu
    Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1917-22. 2006
    ..This study assessed knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards VCT among adults in a rural community in northern Nigeria...
  94. ncbi HIV testing within at-risk populations in the United States and the reasons for seeking or avoiding HIV testing
    Scott E Kellerman
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, Surveillance Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:202-10. 2002
    ..We determined proportions of high-risk persons tested for HIV, the reasons for testing and not testing, and attitudes and perceptions regarding HIV testing, information that is critical for planning prevention programs...
  95. pmc The cost-effectiveness of expanded testing for primary HIV infection
    Andrew Coco
    Healthcare Research Center, Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, PA 17604 3555, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:391-9. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study are to determine whether it is cost-effective to expand testing for primary HIV infection to a larger cohort of patients, and, if so, which diagnostic assay is most cost-effective...
  96. pmc Unrecognized HIV infection among patients attending sexually transmitted disease clinics
    Hillard Weinstock
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:280-3. 2002
    ..This study examined voluntary HIV testing rates in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics...
  97. ncbi HIV testing frequency among men who have sex with men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics: implications for HIV prevention and surveillance
    Donna J Helms
    Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 50:320-6. 2009
    ....
  98. ncbi Should biomarker estimates of HIV incidence be adjusted?
    Ron Brookmeyer
    Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    AIDS 23:485-91. 2009
    ..g. BED capture enzyme immunoassay). These procedures were motivated by some reports that the biomarker BED approach overestimates incidence when compared to cohort studies...
  99. ncbi HIV testing in patients with TB
    Kevin M De Cock
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya, East Africa
    Trop Doct 36:71-3. 2006
  100. pmc Emergency department patient acceptance of opt-in, universal, rapid HIV screening
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:27-40. 2008
    ..We assessed emergency department (ED) patient acceptance of opt-in, rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening and identified demographic characteristics and HIV testing-history factors associated with acceptance of screening...
  101. pmc Population and antenatal-based HIV prevalence estimates in a high contracepting female population in rural South Africa
    Brian D Rice
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 7:160. 2007
    ..There is particular emphasis on unrepresentative selection of ANC clinics and unrepresentative testing in the population...

Research Grants68

  1. ECTOPY, HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION AND STD'S IN ADOLESCENTS
    Ligia Peralta; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..They have collaborated on the preliminary study and have experience in planning, implementing and managing successful longitudinal studies on high-risk youth. ..
  2. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  3. Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of males
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settings
    Jason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. HIV Testing as a Structural Intervention
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results could support designing a controlled clinical trial to test the efficacy of an on-site HIV testing program as a structural intervention to reduce high-risk behavior in clubs. ..
  7. Community Prevention Policy & Programs in Risk Settings
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Social Setting & HIV Risk: Opportunities for Prevention
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. A community-level RCT of expedited partner treatment for gonorrhea and chlamydia
    Matthew R Golden; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Treatment Models for Primary and Chronic HIV Infection
    Rochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Rochelle Walensky with a firm basis for career development as an independent, patient-oriented clinical researcher at the interface of these critical areas. ..
  11. Integrating Prenatal Care to Reduce HIV/STDs Among Teens: A Translational Study
    Jeannette R Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug User
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. MOTHERS LIVING WITH HIV AND THEIR ADOLESCENT CHILDREN
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. UAB-ZAMBIA-HAITI HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT
    Jeffrey Stringer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Since other research and service funding supports these cohorts, the costs to maintain them prior to trials beginning are minimal. ..
  15. Simple Test for Identifying Recent HIV Infection
    Niel Constantine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Innovative Venue-Based Strategies to Identify STI Core Transmitters
    Jonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also examine the electronic patient records of 1000 individuals, 18-35 years old, seeking GC/CT testing at the Baltimore City Health Department STI Clinic. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. NIMH Collaboration HIV/STD Intervention Trial in China
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will initiate the intervention in the control markets from 12/06-12/07. We will participate in publishing cross-site papers throughout the next three years. ..
  18. Medication Reconciliation: A Team Approach
    Jeffrey Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  20. Pediatric HIV-encephalopathy in DRC: effect of ART & role of compartmentalization
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. Mentor Mothers: A Sustainable Family Intervention in South African Townships
    Mary J Rotheram Borus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The intervention's impact will be assessed over 15 months in a design that is a blend of an efficacy and effectiveness trial. ..
  22. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    CARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  23. INTERVENTION TO REDUCE HIV/STD RISK IN TEEN PREGNANCY
    Jeannette Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. ease of technology transfer). ..
  24. Drug Use and HIV Infected Female Adolescents' Care Use
    Jonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Interviews with index participants will be conducted every six months for 18 months and with kin and peer network participants at baseline and one year. ..
  25. Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Aw
    Richard Rothman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this research will provide valuable information that can be used to guide and improve evaluation and management of the growing number of febrile IDUs. ..
  26. KNEE SURGERY: MECHANISMS OF RECOVERY AFTER SPORT INJURY
    Jeannette Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. PERCEIVED RISK FOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
    Jonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. HEALTH RELATED INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS LIVING WITH HIV
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. INTERVENTIONS FOR SUBSTANCE USING YOUTH LIVING WITH HIV
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  30. Ecological Risk for STDs in Adolescents and Young Adults
    Jonathan Ellen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will also interview locatable sex partners. In addition, we will conduct a qualitative sub-study, which will provide formative data for survey development and explanatory data to supplement survey findings. ..
  31. IMPACT OF AIDS ON ADOLESCENTS TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  32. Community-based VCT for HIV in Rural Migrants in China
    Na He; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. EVALUATION OF TREATMENT ADVOCACY IN INVOLVING PATIENTS IN HIV CARE
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S., as well as policy efforts ultimately aimed at improving the health of people with HIV. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  35. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers'health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  36. HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
  37. Organizational Factors in the Early Detection of HIV
    Oscar Grusky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  38. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Creating Digital Partnerships for Health
    Alwyn Cohall; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Additionally, Digital Partners will assist the HHPC and its community advisory board in developing, implementing, evaluating and disseminating research findings. ..
  40. Neurodevelopment and HIV/AIDS
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  41. Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Acute-Phase HIV Transmission
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will inform scientific and policy discussions on the importance of interventions to reduce acute-phase transmission. ..
  42. HIV/STD PREVENTION COST-EFFECTIVENESS: METHODS & APPLICS
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  43. Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  46. COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV PRIMARY PREVENTION
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Upon completion of the analyses we will summarize and widely disseminate the results. ..
  47. Tamsulosin and steroids for urolithiasis
    Jeremy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Development of Relationship Dynamics and STI/HIV Risk
    J Fortenberry; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Developmental trends in relationship formation, relationship quality, coital frequency and condom use will be assessed by latent growth curve analysis. ..
  49. Protective cellular immune responses in HIV-1 discordant couples
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  50. Identifying functional regulatory elements in RNA
    SCOTT TENENBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The aim of this project is to develop novel tiling array based ribonomic profiling methods including high-throughput RBP foot-printing, which will in turn, facilitate the comprehensive mapping of RNA regulatory elements. ..
  51. Alcohol Use Reduction in Methadone Individuals with HCV
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. MEDICATION ADHERENCE INTERVENTION FOR HIV+ PERSONS
    Debra Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  53. Sexuality, HIV/Drug in 3 Groups of Asian/Gay/Bi Men/MSM
    Frank Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. experience/situationm) odeland methodologicadl esign,thethree (3) SpecificAimswillbe examinedby seven(7) researchquestionsagainsta selectedset of variables. ..
  54. Community-Based Approach to Designing an AIDS Program for HIV+ Mothers in India
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These findings will lead to future funding to actually develop and test a newly designed program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Impact of GBV-C infection on perinatal HIV transmission
    Robert Remis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A positive finding would add impetus to additional basic research to elucidate the biologic mechanisms and potentially develop new modatities of prophylaxis and treatment. ..
  56. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
  57. Changing Behavior in Repeat HIV Testers
    James Dilley; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  58. Am Soc of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Annual Meeting
    George Hillyer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A critical need is to obtain financial support for graduate and postdoctoral students, our future specialists in the different areas of tropical medicine, to attend and be part of the annual meeting of this Society. ..
  59. NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial -- India
    David Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. A Test of Peer Delivered Self-Efficacy Intervention
    Mark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Outcomes of interest will be condom use, condom use self-efficacy beliefs, and the motivational and normative factors that have an impact on self-efficacy beliefs. ..
  61. Tanzania Injection Drug Use/HIV Prevention Project
    Mark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  62. HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT-THAILAND
    David Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal Exposure
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..