aids serodiagnosis

Summary

Summary: Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY; (ELISA, immunofluorescence, immunoblot, etc.) that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Why don't physicians test for HIV? A review of the US literature
    Ryan C Burke
    Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
    AIDS 21:1617-24. 2007
  2. ncbi Quantitative detection of increasing HIV type 1 antibodies after seroconversion: a simple assay for detecting recent HIV infection and estimating incidence
    Bharat S Parekh
    Division of AIDS, STD, TB Laboratory Research, and Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:295-307. 2002
  3. doi Comparison of home and clinic-based HIV testing among household members of persons taking antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: results from a randomized trial
    Eric Lugada
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:245-52. 2010
  4. pmc Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e238. 2006
  5. doi High HIV incidence during pregnancy: compelling reason for repeat HIV testing
    Dhayendre Moodley
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, South Africa
    AIDS 23:1255-9. 2009
  6. ncbi Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings
    Bernard M Branson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention proposed, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 55:1-17; quiz CE1-4. 2006
  7. pmc Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006
  8. pmc Acceptance of and barriers to voluntary HIV counselling and testing among adults in Guizhou province, China
    Wei Ma
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS 21:S129-35. 2007
  9. ncbi A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of alternative HIV counseling and testing methods to increase knowledge of HIV status
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    AIDS 20:1597-604. 2006
  10. pmc Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in Africa
    S Allen
    Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco
    BMJ 304:1605-9. 1992

Detail Information

Publications226 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Why don't physicians test for HIV? A review of the US literature
    Ryan C Burke
    Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
    AIDS 21:1617-24. 2007
    ..Given that many physicians do not routinely test for HIV, the objective of this study was to summarize our current understanding of why US physicians do not offer HIV testing...
  2. ncbi Quantitative detection of increasing HIV type 1 antibodies after seroconversion: a simple assay for detecting recent HIV infection and estimating incidence
    Bharat S Parekh
    Division of AIDS, STD, TB Laboratory Research, and Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:295-307. 2002
    ..This assay should be useful for detecting recent HIV-1 infection and for estimating incidence among diverse HIV-1 subtypes worldwide...
  3. doi Comparison of home and clinic-based HIV testing among household members of persons taking antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: results from a randomized trial
    Eric Lugada
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:245-52. 2010
    ..Due to high rates of undiagnosed and untreated HIV infection in Africa, we compared HIV counseling and testing (VCT) uptake among household members of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy...
  4. pmc Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e238. 2006
    ..HIV counselling and testing is a key component of both HIV care and HIV prevention, but uptake is currently low. We investigated the impact of rapid HIV testing at the workplace on uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT)...
  5. doi High HIV incidence during pregnancy: compelling reason for repeat HIV testing
    Dhayendre Moodley
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, South Africa
    AIDS 23:1255-9. 2009
    ..To determine the incidence of HIV during pregnancy as defined by seroconversion using a repeat HIV rapid testing strategy during late pregnancy...
  6. ncbi Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings
    Bernard M Branson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention proposed, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 55:1-17; quiz CE1-4. 2006
    ..Repeat screening in the third trimester is recommended in certain jurisdictions with elevated rates of HIV infection among pregnant women...
  7. pmc Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006
    ..The Botswana government recently implemented a policy of routine or "opt-out" HIV testing in response to the high prevalence of HIV infection, estimated at 37% of adults...
  8. pmc Acceptance of and barriers to voluntary HIV counselling and testing among adults in Guizhou province, China
    Wei Ma
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS 21:S129-35. 2007
    ....
  9. ncbi A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of alternative HIV counseling and testing methods to increase knowledge of HIV status
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    AIDS 20:1597-604. 2006
    ..Alternatives to conventional HIV counseling and testing (HIV-CT) have been used to improve receipt of HIV test results...
  10. pmc Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in Africa
    S Allen
    Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco
    BMJ 304:1605-9. 1992
    ..Confidential HIV serotesting with counselling caused a large increase in condom use and was associated with a lower rate of new HIV infections. HIV testing is a promising intervention for preventing the spread of HIV in African cities...
  11. doi Risk factors for recent HIV infection in Uganda
    Jonathan Mermin
    Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
    JAMA 300:540-9. 2008
    ..Studies of factors associated with acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are often based on prevalence data that might not reflect recent infections...
  12. ncbi The Rakai Project counselling programme experience
    Joseph K B Matovu
    Rakai Project Uganda Virus Research Institute, Ministry of Health, Rakai district, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 7:1064-7. 2002
    ....
  13. ncbi Voluntary counselling and testing: uptake, impact on sexual behaviour, and HIV incidence in a rural Zimbabwean cohort
    Lorraine Sherr
    Royal Free Hospital, University College London, UK
    AIDS 21:851-60. 2007
    ..To examine the determinants of uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services, to assess changes in sexual risk behaviour following VCT, and to compare HIV incidence amongst testers and non-testers...
  14. ncbi Choosing HIV Counseling and Testing Strategies for Outreach Settings: A Randomized Trial
    Freya Spielberg
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:348-55. 2005
    ..In surveys, clients have expressed preferences for alternatives to traditional HIV counseling and testing. Few data exist to document how offering such alternatives affects acceptance of HIV testing and receipt of test results...
  15. ncbi Acceptability of routine HIV testing ("opt-out") in antenatal services in two rural districts of Zimbabwe
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux 2, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:514-20. 2006
    ..Issues regarding, stigma, quality of post-testing counseling and staffing must be considered, however...
  16. ncbi Removing barriers to knowing HIV status: same-day mobile HIV testing in Zimbabwe
    Stephen F Morin
    AIDS Policy Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:218-24. 2006
    ....
  17. ncbi User acceptability and feasibility of self-testing with HIV rapid tests
    Vernon J Lee
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Communicable Disease Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 802 Moulmein Road, Singapore
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:449-53. 2007
    ..Because HIV rapid tests are considered for self-testing, this study aims to determine the user acceptability and feasibility of self-testing...
  18. ncbi A serostatus-based approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Africa
    Kevin M De Cock
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet 362:1847-9. 2003
  19. ncbi Factors associated with self-reported HIV testing among men in Uganda
    A J Gage
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Dept of International Health and Development, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    AIDS Care 17:153-65. 2005
    ....
  20. doi The future of HIV testing
    Bernard M Branson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S102-5. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi New testing strategy to detect early HIV-1 infection for use in incidence estimates and for clinical and prevention purposes
    R S Janssen
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 280:42-8. 1998
    ..Differentiating individuals with early human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection from those infected for longer periods is difficult but important for estimating HIV incidence and for purposes of clinical care and prevention...
  22. pmc Provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling: increased uptake in two public community health centers in South Africa and implications for scale-up
    Shona Dalal
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27293. 2011
    ..We compared HIV test uptake under PITC to provider-referral to voluntary counseling and testing (VCT referral) in two primary health centers in South Africa...
  23. pmc Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmission
    Carey Farquhar
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004
    ..004). Partner participation in VCT and couple counseling increased uptake of nevirapine and formula feeding. Antenatal couple counseling may be a useful strategy to promote HIV-1 prevention interventions...
  24. doi Better but not ideal acceptance of routine inpatient HIV point-of-care testing among veterans in a high prevalence area
    Marc Siegel
    Infectious Diseases Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:205-10. 2010
    ..Inpatient HIV testing at the Vetarns Affairs Medical Center in Washington, DC has been predominantly targeted at patients with disclosed risk factors...
  25. ncbi Provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling for TB patients and suspects in Nairobi, Kenya
    J Odhiambo
    United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:63-8. 2008
    ..Integrated tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services in a resource-constrained setting...
  26. ncbi A successful workplace program for voluntary counseling and testing and treatment of HIV/AIDS at Heineken, Rwanda
    Alizanne C Collier
    Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Int J Occup Environ Health 13:99-106. 2007
    ..In November 2003 a qualitative study of awareness and health-seeking behavior of the Heineken Rwanda beneficiaries identified key principles contributing to the success of this program...
  27. pmc Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testing
    David R Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007
    ..In this paper, I estimate the costs and public health impact of opt-out HIV testing relative to testing accompanied by client-centered counseling, and relative to a more targeted counseling and testing strategy...
  28. ncbi Unfinished business--expanding HIV testing in developing countries
    Kevin M De Cock
    CDC Kenya
    N Engl J Med 354:440-2. 2006
  29. ncbi Barriers to HIV-testing among Hispanics in the United States: analysis of the National Health Interview Survey, 2000
    Catalina Lopez-Quintero
    Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah, Jerusalem, Israel
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:672-83. 2005
    ..Recognition of the HIV testing barriers identified in this study is valuable for the development and refinement of current strategies that aim to increase HIV testing practices in the heterogeneous U.S. Hispanic population...
  30. doi Improved HIV-1 incidence estimates using the BED capture enzyme immunoassay
    John W Hargrove
    ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
    AIDS 22:511-8. 2008
    ..To validate the BED capture enzyme immunoassay for HIV-1 subtype C and to derive adjustments facilitating estimation of HIV-1 incidence from cross-sectional surveys...
  31. pmc Assessing missed opportunities for HIV testing in medical settings
    Rebecca V Liddicoat
    Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:349-56. 2004
    ..Many HIV-infected persons learn about their diagnosis years after initial infection. The extent to which missed opportunities for HIV testing occur in medical evaluations prior to one's HIV diagnosis is not known...
  32. doi Legal and ethical implications of opt-out HIV testing
    Catherine Hanssens
    Center for HIV Law and Policy, New York, New York 10006, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S232-9. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi The feasibility of voluntary counselling and HIV testing for pregnant women using community volunteers in Zimbabwe
    Avinash K Shetty
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 16:755-9. 2005
    ..This programme is being implemented at several urban and rural MTCT sites in Zimbabwe and can serve as a model for other resource-poor countries...
  34. pmc Sensitivity of five rapid HIV tests on oral fluid or finger-stick whole blood: a real-time comparison in a healthcare setting
    Juliette Pavie
    Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hopital Saint Louis, Universite Paris Diderot, Paris, France
    PLoS ONE 5:e11581. 2010
    ..Several HIV rapid tests are now licensed in Europe but their sensitivity on total blood and/or oral fluid in routine healthcare settings is not known...
  35. pmc The clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of routine, voluntary HIV screening in South Africa
    Rochelle P Walensky
    Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:26-35. 2011
    ..Although 900,000 HIV-infected South Africans receive antiretroviral therapy, the majority of South Africans with HIV remain undiagnosed...
  36. pmc HIV incidence in rural South Africa: comparison of estimates from longitudinal surveillance and cross-sectional cBED assay testing
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e3640. 2008
    ....
  37. doi Detecting acute human immunodeficiency virus infection using 3 different screening immunoassays and nucleic acid amplification testing for human immunodeficiency virus RNA, 2006-2008
    Pragna Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:66-74. 2010
    ..The yield of nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) after routine screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody to detect acute HIV infection (AHI) may vary with different HIV-antibody assays...
  38. ncbi Deciding where and how to be tested for HIV: what matters most?
    H S Skolnik
    California State University, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:292-300. 2001
    ..There was also substantial interest in home self-tests. The results suggest specific attributes of testing that may be particularly important to individuals from diverse demographic and risk backgrounds...
  39. doi Impact of counseling in voluntary counseling and testing programs for persons at risk for or living with HIV infection
    David Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1996, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S240-3. 2007
    ....
  40. doi Emergency department HIV screening with rapid tests: a cost comparison of alternative models
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 23:58-69. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that a hybrid model should be favored over either a supplemental staff or existing staff model in terms of cost per outcome achieved...
  41. pmc Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of voluntary HIV counseling and testing among rural migrants in Shanghai, China
    Na He
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public, Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    AIDS Educ Prev 21:570-81. 2009
    ..This study suggests that a much greater effort is needed to promote safer sex and to improve VCT knowledge and services among rural migrants particularly those who are engaging in risky behaviors...
  42. ncbi [Changes in HIV testing in Brazil between 1998 and 2005]
    Ivan França Junior
    Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Faculdade de Saúde Públic, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:84-97. 2008
    ..To analyze changes in HIV testing, reasons reported by those who were tested or not and received counseling...
  43. ncbi Risk behaviors and HIV incidence among repeat testers at publicly funded HIV testing sites in San Francisco
    Susan E Fernyak
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, Communicable Disease Prevention Unit, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:63-70. 2002
    ..To characterize repeat testers, we 1) estimated the seroincidence of HIV infection, stratified by risk behavior, and examined the association between 2) testing rates and risk level and 3) repeat testing and tester characteristics...
  44. pmc Emergency provider attitudes and barriers to universal HIV testing in the emergency department
    Christian Arbelaez
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Emerg Med 42:7-14. 2012
    ..The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently published recommendations for routine, voluntary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing of adults in all health care settings, including the emergency department (ED)...
  45. doi HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery services
    J M Turan
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, US
    AIDS Care 20:938-45. 2008
    ..Such interventions may improve the quality of maternity care, increase utilization and contribute to overall improvements in maternal health, while also enhancing prevention of mother-to-child-transmission and HIV care...
  46. ncbi Successful introduction of routine opt-out HIV testing in antenatal care in Botswana
    Tracy L Creek
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:102-7. 2007
    ..Uptake of antenatal HIV testing was low from 1999 through 2003. In 2004, Botswana's President declared that HIV testing should be "routine but not compulsory" in medical settings...
  47. doi Laboratory diagnostics for HIV infection
    Stefano Butto
    Centro Nazionale AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Ann Ist Super Sanita 46:24-33. 2010
    ..In this short review, we summarize the common and new methodologies that are being used in laboratories, from the HIV antibody-based assays to the new tests for the detection of HIV nucleic acids...
  48. doi Barriers to targeted HIV testing on an acute admissions unit: evaluation of the UK guideline
    L Peck
    Acute Admissions Unit, University College Hospital, London NW1 2BU, UK
    QJM 103:147-51. 2010
    ..There are limited seroprevalence data to support this recommendation, and acute medical settings present operational difficulties that may limit its feasibility...
  49. pmc HIV testing rates and outcomes in a South African community, 2001-2006: implications for expanded screening policies
    Michael D April
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:310-6. 2009
    ..Revised World Health Organization recommendations seek to increase HIV testing. We assessed the need for expanded testing in South Africa by examining current testing and treatment trends among a high prevalence population...
  50. ncbi Refusing HIV testing in an urgent care setting: results from the "Think HIV" program
    Rebecca V Liddicoat
    Department of Medicine, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:84-92. 2006
    ..If routine HIV testing programs are to be successful, strategies must be developed to increase HIV test acceptance among patients most likely to refrain from testing...
  51. pmc Knowledge, attitudes and practices of voluntary HIV counselling and testing among rural migrants in central China: a cross-sectional study
    Tiejun Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Eur J Public Health 22:192-7. 2012
    ..To document knowledge, attitudes and practices of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) among rural migrants in central China...
  52. ncbi Utilizing HIV transmission rates to assist in prioritizing HIV prevention services
    D R Holtgrave
    Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, 5th Floor, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:789-92. 2004
    ....
  53. doi Acceptance of rapid HIV testing among medical inpatients in New York City
    Charu L Jain
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10013, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:657-62. 2008
    ..In order to fully implement the new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations for routine, voluntary testing, the optimal timing to offer HIV testing to acutely ill inpatients warrants further investigation...
  54. pmc Patterns of self-reported behaviour change associated with receiving voluntary counselling and testing in a longitudinal study from Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    Ide Cremin
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Marys Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London, W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS Behav 14:708-15. 2010
    ..This study suggests that, among women, particularly those who are infected, behavioural risk reduction does occur following VCT...
  55. ncbi Pitfalls with rapid HIV antibody testing in HIV-infected children in the Western Cape, South Africa
    M Claassen
    Discipline of Medical Virology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch and NHLS, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    J Clin Virol 37:68-71. 2006
    ..Rapid HIV antibody tests are commonly used for HIV diagnosis in the developing world. These tests are generally reported as sensitive, despite paucity of evaluations in paediatric populations...
  56. ncbi Scale-up of voluntary HIV counseling and testing in Kenya
    Elizabeth Marum
    US Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Global AIDS Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    JAMA 296:859-62. 2006
  57. pmc Ensuring a public health impact of programs to reduce HIV transmission from mothers to infants: the place of voluntary counseling and testing
    Mary Travis Bassett
    The Rockefeller Foundation Southern Africa Office, Kopje Plaza, 1 Jason Moya Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Am J Public Health 92:347-51. 2002
    ....
  58. pmc HIV testing men in the antenatal setting: understanding male non-disclosure
    D A Katz
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 20:765-7. 2009
    ..Couple counselling models that incorporate disclosure may yield greater HIV prevention benefits than offering individual partner HIV testing services at ANC...
  59. pmc Assessment of recent HIV-1 infection by a line immunoassay for HIV-1/2 confirmation
    Jorg Schupbach
    University of Zurich, Swiss National Center for Retroviruses, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 4:e343. 2007
    ..We have investigated whether this "recency" information can also be gained from an HIV confirmatory assay...
  60. doi Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic review
    Rebecca Guy
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:747-59. 2009
    ..This conclusion is highly qualified by the apparent absence of a standardised approach to assay evaluation. There is an urgent need for an internationally agreed framework for evaluating and comparing these tests...
  61. doi Availability of rapid human immunodeficiency virus testing in academic emergency departments
    Peter D Ehrenkranz
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 15:144-50. 2008
    ..The study objectives were to determine the accessibility of rapid HIV testing in academic EDs, to identify factors that influence an ED's adoption of testing, and to describe current HIV testing practices...
  62. doi HIV testing strategies across European countries
    S Mounier-Jack
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    HIV Med 9:13-9. 2008
    ..This is likely to have serious public health implications...
  63. ncbi Acceptability of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing among premarital couples in China
    Zunyou Wu
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS Educ Prev 17:12-21. 2005
    ..Acceptance of HIV testing was disappointingly low. Implementing strategies to reduce stigmatization and increase knowledge of HIV/AIDS, in addition to not charging for testing, may increase the acceptance of HIV testing...
  64. ncbi Do tests devised to detect recent HIV-1 infection provide reliable estimates of incidence in Africa?
    Charlotte Sakarovitch
    INSERM EMI 03 38, Institut de Santé Publique, Epidemiologie, et Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:115-22. 2007
    ..The authors conclude that none of the 4 methods could currently be used to estimate HIV-1 incidence routinely in Côte d'Ivoire but that further adaptations might enhance their accuracy...
  65. pmc Precision and accuracy of a procedure for detecting recent human immunodeficiency virus infections by calculating the antibody avidity index by an automated immunoassay-based method
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Ospedale S Giovanni Addolorata, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 40:4015-20. 2002
    ....
  66. ncbi Explosive spread and high prevalence of HIV infection among injecting drug users in Togliatti City, Russia
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    AIDS 16:F25-31. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and associated risk factors among injecting drug users (IDU) in Togliatti City, Samara Oblast, Russian Federation...
  67. pmc Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards voluntary counseling and testing among adults
    Zubairu Iliyasu
    Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1917-22. 2006
    ..This study assessed knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards VCT among adults in a rural community in northern Nigeria...
  68. ncbi HIV testing within at-risk populations in the United States and the reasons for seeking or avoiding HIV testing
    Scott E Kellerman
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, Surveillance Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:202-10. 2002
    ..We determined proportions of high-risk persons tested for HIV, the reasons for testing and not testing, and attitudes and perceptions regarding HIV testing, information that is critical for planning prevention programs...
  69. ncbi Understanding the patient's perspective on rapid and routine HIV testing in an inner-city urgent care center
    Angela B Hutchinson
    Grady Memorial Hospital, Georgia State University, and Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Public Policy, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:101-14. 2004
    ..Fear and stigma were common reasons for refusing testing and not returning for results. Distrust and misconceptions about HIV, particularly regarding the importance of testing, were very common...
  70. doi Factors determining prenatal HIV testing for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in Mpumalanga, South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 14:1115-23. 2010
    ..These findings suggest mistrust towards HCT providers should be reduced and screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems provided...
  71. ncbi HIV screening in health care settings: public health and civil liberties in conflict?
    Lawrence O Gostin
    Center for Law and the Public s Health, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    JAMA 296:2023-5. 2006
  72. ncbi Knowledge of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2006 routine HIV testing recommendations among New York City internal medicine residents
    Charu L Jain
    Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, Room 701, New York, NY 10013, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:167-76. 2009
    ..Most identified institutional and policy barriers to routine testing. Efforts should be made to improve dissemination of guidelines and address institutional and policy barriers to allow more people to learn their HIV status...
  73. doi HIV testing frequency among men who have sex with men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics: implications for HIV prevention and surveillance
    Donna J Helms
    Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 50:320-6. 2009
    ....
  74. pmc Unrecognized HIV infection among patients attending sexually transmitted disease clinics
    Hillard Weinstock
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:280-3. 2002
    ..This study examined voluntary HIV testing rates in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics...
  75. pmc The cost-effectiveness of expanded testing for primary HIV infection
    Andrew Coco
    Healthcare Research Center, Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, PA 17604 3555, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:391-9. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study are to determine whether it is cost-effective to expand testing for primary HIV infection to a larger cohort of patients, and, if so, which diagnostic assay is most cost-effective...
  76. pmc Emergency department patient acceptance of opt-in, universal, rapid HIV screening
    Roland C Merchant
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:27-40. 2008
    ..We assessed emergency department (ED) patient acceptance of opt-in, rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening and identified demographic characteristics and HIV testing-history factors associated with acceptance of screening...
  77. ncbi Perceptions of lifetime risk and actual risk for acquiring HIV among young men who have sex with men
    Duncan A MacKellar
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, MS E 46, Atlanta, Georgia, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:263-70. 2007
    ..To increase HIV testing, prevention providers should intensify efforts to assess, and to increase when needed, perceptions of lifetime risks for acquiring HIV among young MSM...
  78. ncbi "Opt-out" testing for HIV in Africa: a caution
    Joanne Csete
    Lancet 363:493-4. 2004
  79. pmc Population and antenatal-based HIV prevalence estimates in a high contracepting female population in rural South Africa
    Brian D Rice
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 7:160. 2007
    ..There is particular emphasis on unrepresentative selection of ANC clinics and unrepresentative testing in the population...
  80. doi Should biomarker estimates of HIV incidence be adjusted?
    Ron Brookmeyer
    Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    AIDS 23:485-91. 2009
    ..g. BED capture enzyme immunoassay). These procedures were motivated by some reports that the biomarker BED approach overestimates incidence when compared to cohort studies...
  81. doi Influencing factors for seeking HIV voluntary counseling and testing among tuberculosis patients in Cambodia
    Siyan Yi
    Department of International Community Health, School of International Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    AIDS Care 21:529-34. 2009
    ..To increase VCT utilization among TB patients, we need effective strategies to reduce AIDS stigma among them. Moreover, initiation of routine HIV testing in TB facilities might be another effective solution...
  82. ncbi HIV testing in patients with TB
    Kevin M De Cock
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya, East Africa
    Trop Doct 36:71-3. 2006
  83. ncbi Detection of acute HIV infections in an urban HIV counseling and testing population in the United States
    Frances H Priddy
    Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:196-202. 2007
    ..Antibody tests alone are insufficient for public health practice in high-risk urban HIV testing settings...
  84. ncbi Surveillance for HIV-1 incidence using tests for recent infection in resource-constrained countries
    J Steven McDougal
    National Center for HIV AIDS, STD, TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S25-30. 2005
    ....
  85. ncbi Predictors of HIV-1 serostatus disclosure: a prospective study among HIV-infected pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    G Antelman
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS 15:1865-74. 2001
    ..Lack of disclosure may have limited their ability to engage in preventive behaviors or to obtain the necessary emotional support for coping with their serostatus or illness...
  86. ncbi Effectiveness of first eight methadone maintenance treatment clinics in China
    Lin Pang
    National Centre for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS 21:S103-7. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of the first phase of eight methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics in China...
  87. ncbi Living with HIV: women's experience in Burkina Faso, West Africa
    S Issiaka
    Centre Muraz, OCCGE, Burkina Faso
    AIDS Care 13:123-8. 2001
    ..These community-based organizations, lead by qualified and highly motivated volunteers, could facilitate a better social integration of HIV infected women in Burkina Faso...
  88. ncbi Real-time, universal screening for acute HIV infection in a routine HIV counseling and testing population
    Christopher D Pilcher
    Department of Medicien, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    JAMA 288:216-21. 2002
    ..However, HIV nucleic acid-based testing is widely used to screen for antibody-negative acute infection among low-risk blood donors...
  89. ncbi Voluntary rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in jails
    Robin MacGowan
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 36:S9-13. 2009
    ..To provide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) rapid testing to persons in jails, identify previously undiagnosed cases of HIV infection, and refer HIV-infected inmates to care, treatment, and prevention services...
  90. pmc Cost-effectiveness of HIV counseling and testing in US prisons
    B Varghese
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Urban Health 78:304-12. 2001
    ....
  91. ncbi Socio-demographic correlates of desire for HIV testing in Tanzania
    Maurice C Y Mbago
    Statistics Department Demographic Unit, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Sex Health 1:13-21. 2004
    ..This paper seeks to identify some socio-demographic factors that are associated with desire for HIV testing in Tanzania...
  92. pmc Health department collaboration with emergency departments as a model for public health programs among at-risk populations
    Michael S Lyons
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Public Health Rep 120:259-65. 2005
    ....
  93. ncbi National scale-up of HIV testing and provision of HIV care to tuberculosis patients in Kenya
    J M Chakaya
    Centre for Respiratory Diseases Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:424-9. 2008
    ..Kenya, one of the 22 tuberculosis (TB) high-burden countries, whose TB burden is fuelled by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  94. pmc Prevention and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in resource-limited settings
    Daniel R Hogan
    Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 83:135-43. 2005
    ..Successful integration of treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS will require a balanced approach and rigorous monitoring of the impact of programmes in terms of both individual and population outcomes...
  95. ncbi HIV testing technologies after two decades of evolution
    Niel T Constantine
    University of Maryland School of Medicine and Institute of Human Virology, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Indian J Med Res 121:519-38. 2005
    ..Technologic advances with HIV diagnostics continue to address outstanding and new issues associated with diagnosis and the monitoring of infection by providing more simplified, cost-effective, and accurate testing throughout the world...
  96. ncbi Feasibility of routine HIV testing among TB patients through a voluntary counselling and testing centre
    B E Thomas
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chetput, Chennai, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:1296-301. 2007
    ..Detection of HIV among TB patients is crucial to the holistic management of HIV-TB co-infected patients...
  97. pmc Outputs, cost and efficiency of public sector centres for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Lalit Dandona
    George Institute for International Health India, Hyderabad, India
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:26. 2008
    ..PMTCT services are mostly provided at public sector government hospitals in India. Systematic data on the cost and efficiency of providing PMTCT services in India are not available readily for further planning...
  98. ncbi A seronegative case of HIV-1 subtype C infection in Botswana
    Vladimir Novitsky
    Botswana Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative Partnership for HIV Research and Education, Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana
    Clin Infect Dis 45:e68-71. 2007
    ..The reported case indicates the importance of studying the prevalence of seronegative HIV-1 infection in southern Africa, where subtype C predominates...
  99. ncbi Rapid HIV testing of clients of a mobile STD/HIV clinic
    Thomas S Liang
    Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:253-7. 2005
    ..These data suggest that rapid HIV testing services may enhance the effectiveness of mobile STD/HIV clinics...
  100. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of voluntary HIV-1 counselling and testing in reducing sexual transmission of HIV-1 in Kenya and Tanzania
    M Sweat
    School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 356:113-21. 2000
    ..Access to HIV-1 voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) is severely limited in less-developed countries. We undertook a multisite trial of HIV-1 VCT to assess its impact, cost, and cost-effectiveness in less-developed country settings...
  101. ncbi Post-marketing surveillance of OraQuick whole blood and oral fluid rapid HIV testing
    Laura G Wesolowski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS 20:1661-6. 2006
    ..Post-marketing surveillance was conducted to monitor the performance of the OraQuick Advance rapid HIV-1/2 antibody test (OraQuick) on whole blood and oral fluid...

Research Grants150 found, 100 shown here

  1. ECTOPY, HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION AND STD'S IN ADOLESCENTS
    Ligia Peralta; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..They have collaborated on the preliminary study and have experience in planning, implementing and managing successful longitudinal studies on high-risk youth. ..
  2. Centre for Infectious Diseases Research in Zambia HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Unit
    Jeffrey Stringer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This CTU application is submitted in pursuit of this objective. ADMINISTRATIVE COMPONENT: ..
  3. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  4. PS06-003, Opt-out HIV Testing in Emergency Dept settings
    Jason Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  5. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  6. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  7. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  8. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Ted D Nirenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, the epidemiology of illicit and/or prescription drug misuse will be assessed in a random sample of ED patients. ..
  9. Brief Intervention for Drug Misuse for the Emergency Department (BIDMED)
    Roland Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SBIRT in the ED for drug misuse has the potential for reaching people during a "teachable moment" during an ED visit that might be related to drug misuse. ..
  10. Video-Based Delivery of HIV Test Information for Spanish-Speaking Latinos
    Roland C Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The ultimate aim of this project is to help reduce the transmission of HIV through streamlined yet effective HIV testing approaches. ..
  11. HIV Screening in the Emergency Department Setting
    Michael Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  12. Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  13. Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of males
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  14. Social Setting & HIV Risk: Opportunities for Prevention
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. A community-level RCT of expedited partner treatment for gonorrhea and chlamydia
    Matthew R Golden; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Treatment Models for Primary and Chronic HIV Infection
    Rochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Rochelle Walensky with a firm basis for career development as an independent, patient-oriented clinical researcher at the interface of these critical areas. ..
  17. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  18. HIV Testing as a Structural Intervention
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results could support designing a controlled clinical trial to test the efficacy of an on-site HIV testing program as a structural intervention to reduce high-risk behavior in clubs. ..
  19. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  20. Community Prevention Policy & Programs in Risk Settings
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  21. A community-level RCT of expedited partner treatment for gonorrhea and chlamydia
    Matthew Golden; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  22. Community-based VCT for HIV in Rural Migrants in China
    Na He; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. CARE Corrections: Technology for Jail HIV/HCV Testing, Linkage, and Care (TLC)
    Ann E Kurth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S in order to facilitate efficient identification, treatment, and linkage to care for HIV-infected persons. ..
  24. Integrating Prenatal Care to Reduce HIV/STDs Among Teens: A Translational Study
    Jeannette Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  25. Organizational Factors in the Early Detection of HIV
    Oscar Grusky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  26. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition to survey data, observer ratings of neighborhoods, police crime reports, and census data will be collected. Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Structural Equations Modeling will be used for data analysis. ..
  27. Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Acute-Phase HIV Transmission
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will inform scientific and policy discussions on the importance of interventions to reduce acute-phase transmission. ..
  28. NRSA Postdoctoral Training Program in HIV Prevention
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We believe that this combination of close mentorship by experienced HIV prevention researchers and multiple opportunities for "hands on" research experiences is essential to train fellows to become productive independent investigators. ..
  29. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The primary outcomes are school-age children's social, behavioral and mental health status. HIV+ parent's and family caregivers' health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  30. POL and Access Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study will be the first randomized controlled intervention trial that specifically targets stigma and access to universal precautions in medical settings, and is implemented at multiple sites (two provinces) in China. ..
  31. EVALUATION OF TREATMENT ADVOCACY IN INVOLVING PATIENTS IN HIV CARE
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S., as well as policy efforts ultimately aimed at improving the health of people with HIV. ..
  32. IMPACT OF AIDS ON ADOLESCENTS TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  33. Integrating Prenatal Care to Reduce HIV/STDs Among Teens: A Translational Study
    Jeannette R Ickovics; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  34. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  35. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers' health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  36. HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
  37. DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH CARE ATTITUDES AND HIV TREATMENT
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  38. A Network Intervention for Reducing Sexual Risk for HIV with African American MSM
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Urinalysis of gonorrhea and chlamydia at baseline and follow-up will be used as additional measures of sex risk. We will also assess potential diffusion of intervention effects to participants' social network members. ..
  39. Pediatric HIV-encephalopathy in DRC: effect of ART & role of compartmentalization
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  40. NRSA Postdoctoral Training Program in HIV Prevention
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Implementation, Effectiveness, and Cost-Effectiveness of an HIV Intervention
    STEVEN D contact PINKERTON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  42. Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Acute-Phase HIV Transmission
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will inform scientific and policy discussions on the importance of interventions to reduce acute-phase transmission. ..
  43. Impact of malnutrition on TB-IRIS and pharmacokinetics of TB and ARV co-treatment
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In these children, we will also study the use of rifabutin, a drug used in U.S. adults with TB and HIV. The results of the research have the potential to substantially improve the management of children with TB and HIV. ..
  44. Impact of malnutrition on TB-IRIS and pharmacokinetics of TB and ARV co-treatment
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In these children, we will also study the use of rifabutin, a drug used in U.S. adults with TB and HIV. The results of the research have the potential to substantially improve the management of children with TB and HIV. ..
  45. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl A Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to survey data, observer ratings of neighborhoods, police crime reports, and census data will be collected. Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Structural Equations Modeling will be used for data analysis. ..
  46. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  47. Medical Mistrust, Social Networks, and Disparities in HIV Care Among Blacks
    Laura Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..No research to date has used a social network approach to understanding the flow of HIV-related information and misconceptions among people with HIV. ..
  48. Neurodevelopment and HIV/AIDS
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  49. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  52. COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV PRIMARY PREVENTION
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Upon completion of the analyses we will summarize and widely disseminate the results. ..
  53. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..