Summary: Spirometric technique in which the volume of air breathed in the right and left lung is recorded separately.
- Effect of a very late antigen-4 receptor antagonist on allergen-induced airway responses and inflammation in asthmaZ Diamant
Erasmus University Medical Centre, Lung Function Lab, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Clin Exp Allergy 35:1080-7. 2005..Very late antigen-4 (VLA(4)) plays a key role in the recruitment of eosinophils in allergic responses in animal studies...
- [Effective control of a severe exacerbation of bronchial asthma]V I Makolkin
Ter Arkh 76:46-50. 2004..Plasm levels of hydrocortisone and its urine excretion did not lower vs initial values. CONCLUSION: The results of the study point to efficacy and safety of combined NT with broncholytics and PS in a severe exacerbation of BA...
- Bronchial hyperreactivity and spirometric impairment in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitisGiorgio Ciprandi
Dipartimento Regionale Testa Collo, Padiglione Specialità piano terzo, Ospedale San Martino, Largo R Benzi 10, Genoa 16132, Italy
Respir Med 98:826-31. 2004..Thus, the present study aimed at evaluating a group of subjects suffering from seasonal allergic rhinitis alone to investigate the presence of spirometric impairment and BHR both during and outside the pollen season...
- Expression of bronchodilator response: comparison of four indicesS K Chhabra
Department of Cardiorespiratory Physiology, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India
Respir Med 96:611-4. 2002..Although all other methods had limitations, delta FEV1 and delta FEV1% predicted appeared to be better indices...
- Are antihistamines useful in managing asthma?Andrew M Wilson
Asthma and Allergy Research Group, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY, Scotland, UK
Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2:53-9. 2002..This combination has an anti-asthmatic effect that is greater than that of either drug given alone and may be comparable to inhaled corticosteroid therapy...
- [Separation of the airways: historical aspects]K Wiedemann
Abt, für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin, Thoraxklinik Heidelberg, Germany
Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 37:8-15. 2002..Remarkably, DL-intubation in its proper sense then was performed in bronchospirometry only...
- Disturbances in airflow dynamics and tracheal sounds during forced and quiet breathing in subjects with unilateral vocal fold paralysisA Saarinen
Lohja Hospital, Lohja, Finland
Clin Physiol 21:712-7. 2001..02). According to the present study, both quiet breathing and forced inspiration are disturbed in subjects with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. A close relationship between tracheal sounds and respiratory function tests exists...
- Spontaneous pneumothorax: pragmatic management and long-term outcomeJ M Vernejoux
Service des Maladies Respiratoires, Hopital du Haut leveque, CHU Bordeaux, France
Respir Med 95:857-62. 2001..3+/-8.4 months). FHR cases were more frequent in the Pleurocatheter group (P < 0 04). Analysis of potential risk factors showed that the patient's height and a previous homolateral SP episode are independent recurrence risk factors...
- Effect of inhaled budesonide therapy on lung function in schoolchildren born pretermA S Pelkonen
Department of Allergic Diseases, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
Respir Med 95:565-70. 2001..According to the present study, inhaled budesonide for 4 months had no significant effect on basic lung function but may decrease bronchial lability in schoolchildren born preterm...
- Use of pocket-sized turbine spirometer in monitoring exercise-induced bronchospasm and bronchodilator responses in childrenS Kannisto
Department of Paediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland
Pediatr Allergy Immunol 10:266-71. 1999..However, the turbine spirometer offers the possibility to measure FEV1 repeatedly in field conditions, such as during exercise challenges outdoors...
- Comparison of incremental and bolus dose inhaled allergen challenge in asthmatic patientsD A Taylor
Royal Brompton Clinical Studies Unit, Department of Thoracic Medicine, Imperial College School of Medicine at the National Heart and Lung Institute, London, UK
Clin Exp Allergy 30:56-63. 2000..Once defined, subsequent challenges are often administered as a constant dose based on the dose from the screening challenge. Previously, constant dose challenges have been employed but never validated...
- Tidal breathing parameters in young children: comparison of measurement by respiratory inductance plethysmography to a facemask pneumotachograph systemT Manczur
Departments of Child Health and Thoracic Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
Pediatr Pulmonol 28:436-41. 1999..The results obtained using the two devices are not interchangeable...
- Immunological parameters and respiratory functions in patients suffering from atopic bronchial asthma after intravenous treatment with salmon calcitoninH Kawalski
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Silesian School of Medicine, Zabrze Rokitnica, Poland
Immunol Lett 70:15-9. 1999..Calcitonin at a dose of 100 IU/day subcutaneously for 3 days did not alter the immune parameters studied, thus rendering it safe for such and similar treatment schedules in a variety of medical conditions...
- Contribution of ipratropium bromide to the bronchodilator test in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseM Rodriguez-Carballeira
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Mutua de Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
Pulm Pharmacol Ther 12:43-8. 1999..01). We conclude that the BDT was positive with high doses of IB in more than half of COPD patients who did not respond to terbutaline alone...
- A simple "step-test" protocol for identifying suspected unrecognized exercise-induced asthma (EIA) in childrenR A Feinstein
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Allergy Asthma Proc 20:181-8. 1999..In conclusion, a simple, reproducible school-based exercise protocol can be used to identify students with suspected undiagnosed asthma...
- Associations of dairy intake with CT lung density and lung functionRui Jiang
Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 29:494-502. 2010..However, the overall associations of dairy intake with lung density and lung function have not been studied...
- Beta2-ADR haplotypes/polymorphisms associate with bronchodilator response and total IgE in grass allergyG Woszczek
Department of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
Allergy 60:1412-7. 2005..No significant associations were found in regards to asthmatic phenotype and atopy. These results indicate that depending on phenotype studied, either an individual beta2-ADR SNP or beta2-ADR haplotype might affect disease manifestation...
- [Hepato-pulmonary syndrome]Laura Bozomitu
Clinica a V a Pediatrie, Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie Gr T Popa Iaşi Facultatea de Medicină
Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 114:625-32. 2010..Combined determination of SaO2 in clino- and orthostatic position by a pulsoximeter is a simple test for HPS identification in patients with chronic liver disease or non-cirrhotic portal hypertension...
- Continuous assessment of nasal airflow resistance by adaptive modelingT Seppanen
Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Physiol Meas 30:1197-209. 2009....
- Effects of exercise training and montelukast in children with mild asthmaMaria R Bonsignore
Department of Medicine, Pneumology, Physiology and Nutrition, University of Palermo, Italy
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:405-12. 2008....
- Status of lipid peroxidation and plasma iron level in bronchial asthmatic patientsM K Narula
Department of Physiology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 51:289-92. 2007..A positive correlation between plasma MDA and iron (r = +0.3) has been found in asthmatic patients. An increased plasma iron levels in asthmatics may contribute to aggravate lipid peroxidation...
- There are no excuses for not performing spirometry in acute asthmatics in the emergency department settingGustavo J Rodrigo
Chest 131:1615. 2007
- Spirometer calibration checks: is 3.5% good enough?Meredith C McCormack
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1830 East Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Chest 131:1486-93. 2007..5% of the inserted volume but do not require evaluation of trends over time. We examined the current guidelines and candidate quality control rules to determine the best method for identifying spirometers with suboptimal performance...
- Peak expiratory flow is not a quality indicator for spirometry: peak expiratory flow variability and FEV1 are poorly correlated in an elderly populationMatthew J Hegewald
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Utah and LDS Hospital, Eighth Ave and C Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84143, USA
Chest 131:1494-9. 2007..We tested the premise that within-test variability in PEF is associated with corresponding variability in FEV(1) during a single test session...
- Sensitization to Ascaris lumbricoides and severity of childhood asthma in Costa RicaGary M Hunninghake
Channing Laboratory, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:654-61. 2007..Little is known about sensitization (defined as a positive IgE) to helminths and disease severity in patients with asthma...
- Inhaled steroids are associated with reduced lung function decline in subjects with asthma with elevated total IgERoberto de Marco
University of Verona, Department of Medicine and Public Health, Unit of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Verona, Italy
J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:611-7. 2007..Few studies have investigated the long-term association between inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) and lung function decline in asthma...
- Air trapping in mild and moderate asthma: effect of inhaled corticosteroidsJosé Manuel Tunon-de-Lara
Universite Bordeaux 2, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Medicale U885, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire CHU de Bordeaux, F 33076 Bordeaux, France
J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:583-90. 2007..Hydrofluoroalkane-beclomethasone dipropionate (HFA-BDP) is deposited across all sizes of airways, including the small ones. However, its long-term effect on air trapping remains unknown in uncontrolled asthma...
- Adiposity, asthma, and airway inflammationChristene R McLachlan
Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:634-9. 2007..One possible explanation might be that these studies have used body mass index to identify adiposity, which might be a less reliable measure of body fat in men than in women...
- Small airways response to naturalistic cat allergen exposure in subjects with asthmaMichelle R Zeidler
Division of Pulmonary, David Geffen School of Medicine and Allergy Research Foundation, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA
J Allergy Clin Immunol 118:1075-81. 2006..It is currently unclear whether the small airways (diameter <2 microm) contribute significantly to late asthmatic reactions to inhaled allergen...
- Technical and functional assessment of 10 office spirometers: A multicenter comparative studyGiuseppe Liistro
Pneumology Unit, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Avenue Hippocrate 10, 1200 Bruxelles, Belgium
Chest 130:657-65. 2006..To investigate the technical properties and user friendliness of 10 office spirometers devoted for use in general practice, and to compare the results with standard diagnostic spirometers...
- Inhalation injury after capsaicin exposureJames Jason Miller
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Louisville School of Medicine and the Frazier Rehab Institute, KY, USA
J Ky Med Assoc 104:103-5. 2006..Nationwide there have been numerous reports of pepper spray-related injuries, including officers injured in pepper spray-related training exercises. This report details one officer's experience...
- Evaluation of an electronic hand-held spirometer in patients with asthmaS Hamid
Guy s Hospital, London, U K
Respir Med 92:1177-80. 1998..2% of all recordings. Twenty-two patients performed valid tests for 80-100% of the time. We suggest that the use of an electronic meter in the home environment is practical and is likely to generate more accurate and reliable data...
- Stepwise health surveillance for bronchial irritability syndrome in workers at risk of occupational respiratory diseaseW K Post
Erasmus University, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Occup Environ Med 55:119-25. 1998..However, the diagnostic performance of these tests is often poor. Application of these tests in a stepwise manner would presumably result in a better characterisation of subjects with respiratory disease...
- Nebulized glucagon in the treatment of bronchospasm in asthmatic patientsS W Melanson
Emergency Medicine Residency of the Lehigh Valley, St Luke s Hospital, Bethelehem, PA 18015, USA
Am J Emerg Med 16:272-5. 1998..05). No adverse effects of glucagon treatment occurred. This study suggests that nebulized glucagon reduces methacholine-induced bronchospasm in asthmatic patients...
- Studies of neutrophil chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis in metabisulfite sensitivityJ D Sprenger
Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle
Ann Allergy 62:117-21. 1989..We conclude that sensitivity to aqueous metabisulfite is not associated with mast cell degranulation in metabisulfite skin test-negative patients...
- A Canadian multicenter study with Zaditen (ketotifen) in the treatment of bronchial asthma in children aged 5 to 17 yearsA Rackham
Clinical Research Department, Sandoz Canada Inc, Dorval, Quebec
J Allergy Clin Immunol 84:286-96. 1989..No unexpected side effects were observed. It is concluded that Zaditen is an effective medication for long-term control of asthma in children...
- CO2 sensitivity changes during the menstrual cycleK Dutton
Department of Human Movement and Recreation Studies, University of Western Australia, Nedlands
J Appl Physiol 67:517-22. 1989..The change between follicular and luteal phases was attributed to the effect of progesterone, which is elevated during the luteal phase. No significant change was found in the CO2 threshold level...
- [Spirographic studies and measurement of airflow resistance in evaluation of bronchial hyperreactivity in children with asthma]T Latos
Specjalistycznego Zespołu Gruźlicy i Chorób Płuc Dzieci w Karpaczu
Pneumonol Pol 58:107-11. 1990..42 kPa/l/s to 0.63 kpa/l/s. that is by 50%. Both tests spirometric and airflow resistance proved to be comparable in 70.4%. Usage of both methods allows a better chance of diagnosing bronchial hyperreactivity...
- [Analysis of respiratory parameters before and after working in manual laborers at a tobacco factory]E Kolarzyk
Katedra Medycyny Pracy, Chorób Zawodowych AM w Krakowie, Kierownik
Pneumonol Pol 58:298-306. 1990..This finding concerned mostly workers who inhaled dust of tobacco leaves prior to fermentation...
- [Peak flow measurement]P O Willroth
Bezirkslungenklinik des Bezirkskrankenhauses Schwerin DDR
Z Erkr Atmungsorgane 174:73-9. 1990..Peak flow rate measurements with a simple device are useful in detecting and objective assessment of obstructive airway disease. They are easy to perform and offer a rational basis for antiobstructive treatment...
- [Electronic spirometry]P O Willroth
Bezirkslungenklinik Schwerin, DDR
Z Erkr Atmungsorgane 174:7-17. 1990..Electronic spirometry on the basis of forced expiration and flow-volume-curve possess many advantages for the detection of ventilatory alterations in human lung...
- The biphasic spirogram: a clue to unilateral narrowing of a mainstem bronchusA D Gascoigne
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne
Thorax 45:637-8. 1990..In one patient relief of the bronchial stenosis by the insertion of a stent restored normal contours to the spirogram and flow-volume curves...
- [Potentiating effect of spirometric maneuver on bronchial responsiveness to methacholine in asthmatic subjects--the role of deep inspiration and forced expiration]Y Kamio
Central Clinical Laboratory, Kanazawa University Hospital
Rinsho Byori 38:1378-82. 1990..51) to 0.16 mg/ml (GSEM, 1.45) and 0.14 mg/ml (GSEM, 1.51) by SM and DI, respectively but it was not altered by FE. These findings indicate that potentiating effect of SM on BR which is characteristic of asthma may be due to DI effect...
- [Histamine provocation test in children]H Lindemann
Selbständiger Funktionsbereich für Pädiatrische Pneumologie und Allergologie, Universitätskinderklinik Giessen
Pneumologie 45:695-9. 1991..In school-children a bronchial hyperreactivity is established, if a bronchoconstriction occurs below a histamine concentration of less than or equal to 1000 mg/ml...
- Analysis of respiratory impedance characteristics in chronic bronchitisG J Wesseling
Department of Pulmonary Diseases, University Hospital, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Respiration 59:81-8. 1992....
- Inspiratory spirogram in emphysemaS Meenakshi
Madras Medical College
J Indian Med Assoc 90:115-6. 1992..Reduction in inspiratory airflow resistance following inhalation of bronchodilator giving the most consistent and significant changes in emphysematous patients has been demonstrated in the present study...
- [Effect of misoprostol, a synthetic equivalent of prostaglandin E1, on bronchodilation in bronchial spasm]C Marcisz
IV Katedry i Kliniki Chorób Wewnetrznych Slaskiem AM, Tychach
Pol Tyg Lek 47:733-4. 1992..However, this activity is rather weak and significantly lower than that of intravenous aminophylline infusion...
- Chronic respiratory disorders related to farming and exposure to grain dust in a rural adult communityJ Manfreda
Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Canada
Am J Ind Med 15:7-19. 1989..Lung function of former farmers might have been affected by farming, and this may reflect more involvement with livestock in the past...
- Bronchodilator therapy in cystic fibrosis: for better or worse?D Raeburn
Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans 70112 1393
Med Hypotheses 26:59-62. 1988..Repeated assessments of respiratory function are necessary and the patient's management must be frequently re-evaluated...
- Obstructive and restrictive ventilatory impairment in polyvinylchloride fabrication workersP Ernst
School of Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Am J Ind Med 14:273-9. 1988..While the specific exposures have not been identified, it appears that employment in PVC fabrication may be associated with both obstructive and restrictive ventilatory effects...
- The acute effects of inhaled salbutamol on the beat-to-beat variability of heart rate and blood pressure assessed by spectral analysisT Jartti
Department of Paediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Finland
Br J Clin Pharmacol 43:421-8. 1997..We wanted to study the effects of a 600 micrograms inhaled salbutamol dose on the cardiovascular and respiratory autonomic nervous regulation in eight children suffering from bronchial asthma...
- Significance of IL-1beta and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in patients with diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB)J Kadota
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan
Clin Exp Immunol 103:461-6. 1996....
- Changing patterns of aerosol deposition during methacholine bronchoprovocationT G O'Riordan
Department of Medicine, State University of New York, Stony Brook 11794 8172
Chest 103:1385-9. 1993..Preferential deposition in central airways occurs in all subjects during bronchoprovocation testing and does not significantly determine methacholine responsiveness...
- [Bronchial provocation tests. Comparison of 2 inhalation methods]M Badier
Laboratoire de Physiologie Respiratoire, Faculte de Medecine, Marseille
Presse Med 22:1169-74. 1993..The dosimeter method had greater efficacy, was less time consuming and appeared to be a useful method for carrying out standardised non-specific bronchoprovocation test...
- Continuous spirometry for detection of double-lumen endobronchial tube displacementG I Bardoczky
Department of Anaesthesiology and Thoracic Surgery, Erasme University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Belgium
Br J Anaesth 70:499-502. 1993..Continuous spirometric monitoring is helpful in detecting endobronchial tube displacement during intubation and surgery...
- Progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after multiple episodes of an occupational inhalation feverS N Kales
Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts
J Occup Med 36:75-8. 1994..We believe that this case provides further evidence that polymer fume fever is not always a benign, self-limited illness, especially when workers suffer multiple episodes and/or have underlying pulmonary disease...
- Respiratory health status in swine producers relates to endotoxin exposure in the presence of low dust levelsJ E Zejda
Centre for Agricultural Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
J Occup Med 36:49-56. 1994..01). These data suggest that respiratory health status relates to endotoxin levels but not to dust level exposures in the presence of low dust levels and indicates that control measures should include endotoxin as well as dust control...
- No effect of the oral neutral endopeptidase inhibitor candoxatril, on bronchomotor tone and histamine reactivity in asthmaR M Angus
Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
Eur Respir J 7:1084-9. 1994..17 (0.25-25.8) and 0.93 (0.13-32) mg.ml-1, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
- [Preoperative evaluation of the patient candidate for surgical intervention on the chest: methods of study and risk factors]M Ferrari
Universita degli Studi di Verona, Istituto di Clinica Medica Generale e Terapia Medica
Chir Ital 39:242-57. 1987..The author's experience with fractional bronchospirometry revealed that, in the high-risk patient sample, a predicted postoperative FEV1 value of only 800 ml/sec is a ..
- Inhalation challengeR R Rosenthal
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
N Engl Reg Allergy Proc 9:113-22. 1988..Other applications include the evaluation of antigen sensitivity for diagnostic and research purposes including occupational asthma, epidemiology, and investigational drug trials...
- [Does common asthma show intercritical functional anomalies?]D Charpin
Service de Pneumologie, Hopital Sainte Marguerite, Marseille
Rev Pneumol Clin 44:266-8. 1988....
- [Relation of the fall in PO2 in ventilation of the lower lung in pulmonary surgery and the preoperative distribution of respiratory function]M Fischler
Centre Medico Chirurgical Foch, Suresnes
Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 7:365-9. 1988..This study aimed to assess whether preoperative selective bronchospirometry could predict the degree of peroperative hypoxaemia...
- [Health effects of chronic exposure to tobacco smoke on a non-smoker population]A M Laurent
Hopital Cochin, Paris, France
Rev Pneumol Clin 48:65-70. 1992..In the present state of our knowledge, it is difficult to find evidence of a biological impact, notably on the concentrations of the specific indicators nicotine and cotinine, in subjects passively exposed to tobacco smoke...
- A device for sampling of human alveolar breath for the measurement of expired volatile organic compoundsJ H Raymer
Analytical and Chemical Sciences, Research Triangle Institute, North Carolina 27709
J Anal Toxicol 14:337-44. 1990..e., adsorption carryover by the device) was measured at the 50-micrograms/m3 level. The data suggest that the device can be used successfully for organic compounds with volatilities greater than that of p-dichlorobenzene...
- [Response to bronchodilators among patients with bronchial asthma]S Quadrelli
Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas Alfredo Lanari, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Medicina (B Aires) 54:311-8. 1994..twelve of which (4% of the whole) showed delta% > 15% (initial FEVI 0.81 +/- 0.171) (Table 2).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
- The local prevalence of COPD by post-bronchodilator GOLD criteria in KoreaS J Kim
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan 425 707, Republic of Korea
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:1393-8. 2006..We aimed to examine the prevalence and risk factors of COPD in Ansan, an industrialised city of Korea, by using the post-bronchodilator GOLD criteria. We then investigated the implications of brenchodilation on the prevalence of COPD...
- MECHANISM(S) OF HYPERPNEA ELICITED BY CO2 INHALATIONHUBERT FORSTER; Fiscal Year: 1980..In year 2, we will also study a second group of ponies in which, through chronic traceostomy and acute bronchospirometry, we can investigate the effect on VE and respiratory timing of altering (CO2) in selective portions of ..