Genomes and Genes
magnetic resonance imaging
Summary: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Publications276 found, 100 shown here
- Modern multimodal neuroimaging for radiosurgery: the example of PET scan integrationM Levivier
Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife Center, ULB Hopital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium
Acta Neurochir Suppl 91:1-7. 2004..The use of a standardized classification allows to assess the relative role of PET. A similar approach could be useful and may serve as a template for the evaluation of the integration of other new imaging modalities in radiosurgery...
- A default mode of brain functionM E Raichle
Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology and Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:676-82. 2001..These decreases suggest the existence of an organized, baseline default mode of brain function that is suspended during specific goal-directed behaviors...
- Complex brain networks: graph theoretical analysis of structural and functional systemsEd Bullmore
University of Cambridge, Behavioural and Clinical Neurosciences Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, CB2 2QQ, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 10:186-98. 2009..We also highlight some of the technical challenges and key questions to be addressed by future developments in this rapidly moving field...
- Automated anatomical labeling of activations in SPM using a macroscopic anatomical parcellation of the MNI MRI single-subject brainN Tzourio-Mazoyer
Groupe d'Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6095 CNRS CEA, , , France
Neuroimage 15:273-89. 2002..However, this tool does not alleviate the need for more sophisticated labeling strategies based on anatomical or cytoarchitectonic probabilistic maps...
- Unified segmentationJohn Ashburner
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, 12 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 26:839-51. 2005..A strategy for optimising the model parameters is described, along with the requisite partial derivatives of the objective function...
- Fast robust automated brain extractionStephen M Smith
Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, Oxford University, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Hum Brain Mapp 17:143-55. 2002..We describe the new method and give examples of results and the results of extensive quantitative testing against "gold-standard" hand segmentations, and two other popular automated methods...
- Advances in functional and structural MR image analysis and implementation as FSLStephen M Smith
Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
Neuroimage 23:S208-19. 2004..has focussed on the development of new methodologies for the analysis of both structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging data...
- The human brain is intrinsically organized into dynamic, anticorrelated functional networksMichael D Fox
Department of Radiology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9673-8. 2005..We suggest that both task-driven neuronal responses and behavior are reflections of this dynamic, ongoing, functional organization of the brain...
- Functional connectivity in the resting brain: a network analysis of the default mode hypothesisMichael D Greicius
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305 5719, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:253-8. 2003..Our findings also provide insight into how this network is modulated by task demands and what functions it might subserve...
- Dynamic causal modellingK J Friston
The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Neuroimage 19:1273-302. 2003..psychophysiologic interactions). However, unlike previous approaches in neuroimaging, the causal model ascribes responses to designed deterministic inputs, as opposed to treating inputs as unknown and stochastic...
- Cortical surface-based analysis. I. Segmentation and surface reconstructionA M Dale
Massachusetts General Hosp Harvard Medical School, Building 149, Charlestown, Massachusetts, 02129, USA
Neuroimage 9:179-94. 1999..Automated routines for unfolding and flattening the cortical surface are described in a companion paper. These procedures allow for the routine use of cortical surface-based analysis and visualization methods in functional brain imaging...
- Nonparametric permutation tests for functional neuroimaging: a primer with examplesThomas E Nichols
Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 15:1-25. 2002..Practical considerations are given throughout, and relevant statistical concepts are expounded in appendices...
- Spontaneous fluctuations in brain activity observed with functional magnetic resonance imagingMichael D Fox
Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4525 Scott Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 8:700-11. 2007..examining spontaneous fluctuations in the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal of functional magnetic resonance imaging as a potentially important and revealing manifestation of spontaneous neuronal activity...
- Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signalN K Logothetis
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tuebingen, Germany
Nature 412:150-7. 2001Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely used to study the operational organization of the human brain, but the exact relationship between the measured fMRI signal and the underlying neural activity is unclear...
- Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: 2005 revisions to the "McDonald Criteria"Chris H Polman
VU Medical Center Amsterdam, Free University, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ann Neurol 58:840-6. 2005..The 2005 Revisions to the McDonald Diagnostic Criteria for MS should simplify and speed diagnosis, whereas maintaining adequate sensitivity and specificity...
- A global optimisation method for robust affine registration of brain imagesM Jenkinson
University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, FMRIB Centre, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
Med Image Anal 5:143-56. 2001....
- Consistent resting-state networks across healthy subjectsJ S Damoiseaux
Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:13848-53. 2006..These findings show that the baseline activity of the brain is consistent across subjects exhibiting significant temporal dynamics, with percentage BOLD signal change comparable with the signal changes found in task-related experiments...
- A fast diffeomorphic image registration algorithmJohn Ashburner
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
Neuroimage 38:95-113. 2007....
- Default-mode network activity distinguishes Alzheimer's disease from healthy aging: evidence from functional MRIMichael D Greicius
Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5719, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:4637-42. 2004..Finally, a goodness-of-fit analysis applied at the individual subject level suggests that activity in the default-mode network may ultimately prove a sensitive and specific biomarker for incipient AD...
- Correspondence of the brain's functional architecture during activation and restStephen M Smith
Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13040-5. 2009..Independently, we extract the major covarying networks in the resting brain, as imaged with functional magnetic resonance imaging in 36 subjects at rest...
- A resilient, low-frequency, small-world human brain functional network with highly connected association cortical hubsSophie Achard
Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 26:63-72. 2006..Here, we applied the discrete wavelet transform to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) time series, acquired from healthy volunteers in the resting state, to estimate frequency-..
- Toward discovery science of human brain functionBharat B Biswal
Department of Radiology, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4734-9. 2010..To initiate discovery science of brain function, the 1000 Functional Connectomes Project dataset is freely accessible at www.nitrc.org/projects/fcon_1000/...
- An automated method for neuroanatomic and cytoarchitectonic atlas-based interrogation of fMRI data setsJoseph A Maldjian
Department of Radiology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences Center, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Neuroimage 19:1233-9. 2003..This tool represents a necessary evolution in fMRI data analysis for testing of more spatially complex hypotheses...
- The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive controlK Richard Ridderinkhof
Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, Netherlands
Science 306:443-7. 2004....
- Thresholding of statistical maps in functional neuroimaging using the false discovery rateChristopher R Genovese
Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Neuroimage 15:870-8. 2002..We demonstrate this approach using both simulations and functional magnetic resonance imaging data from two simple experiments.
- Learning the value of information in an uncertain worldTimothy E J Behrens
FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007..Furthermore, variations in this ACC signal across the population predict variations in subject learning rates. Our results provide a formal account of how we weigh our different experiences in guiding our future actions...
- Recommended diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: guidelines from the International Panel on the diagnosis of multiple sclerosisW I McDonald
Royal College of Physicians, London, United Kingdom
Ann Neurol 50:121-7. 2001..The focus remains on the objective demonstration of dissemination of lesions in both time and space. Magnetic resonance imaging is integrated with dinical and other paraclinical diagnostic methods...
- Efficiency and cost of economical brain functional networksSophie Achard
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Addenbrooke s Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS Comput Biol 3:e17. 2007..We investigated the efficiency and cost of human brain functional networks measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in a factorial design: two groups of healthy old (N = 11; mean age = 66...
- A voxel-based morphometric study of ageing in 465 normal adult human brainsC D Good
Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom
Neuroimage 14:21-36. 2001..There was no interaction of age with sex for regionally specific effects. These results corroborate previous reports and indicate that VBM is a useful technique for studying structural brain correlates of ageing through life in humans...
- Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in controlJohn G Kerns
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Science 303:1023-6. 2004....
- Dissociable intrinsic connectivity networks for salience processing and executive controlWilliam W Seeley
Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
J Neurosci 27:2349-56. 2007..Our findings suggest that task-free analysis of intrinsic connectivity networks may help elucidate the neural architectures that support fundamental aspects of human behavior...
- Default-mode brain dysfunction in mental disorders: a systematic reviewSamantha J Broyd
Institute for Disorders of Impulse and Attention, Developmental Brain Behaviour Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Southampton, UK
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:279-96. 2009..Finally, we provide an integrative overview and highlight important challenges and tasks for future research...
- Neurodegenerative diseases target large-scale human brain networksWilliam W Seeley
Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Neuron 62:42-52. 2009..Future studies may clarify how these complex systems are assembled during development and undermined by disease...
- Circular analysis in systems neuroscience: the dangers of double dippingNikolaus Kriegeskorte
Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, US National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Nat Neurosci 12:535-40. 2009..Spurious effects can appear in the context of both univariate activation analysis and multivariate pattern-information analysis. We suggest a policy for avoiding circularity...
- Dissociable roles of ventral and dorsal striatum in instrumental conditioningJohn O'Doherty
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Science 304:452-4. 2004..We scanned human participants with functional magnetic resonance imaging while they engaged in instrumental conditioning...
- The anatomy of language: a review of 100 fMRI studies published in 2009Cathy J Price
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, UK
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:62-88. 2010..Anatomical and functional connectivity studies are now required to identify the processing pathways that integrate these areas to support language...
- Investigations into resting-state connectivity using independent component analysisChristian F Beckmann
Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:1001-13. 2005Inferring resting-state connectivity patterns from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data is a challenging task for any analytical technique...
- A new SPM toolbox for combining probabilistic cytoarchitectonic maps and functional imaging dataSimon B Eickhoff
, , , Germany
Neuroimage 25:1325-35. 2005..This new toolbox provides an easy-to-use tool for the integrated analysis of functional and anatomical data in a common reference space...
- Automated Talairach atlas labels for functional brain mappingJ L Lancaster
Research Imaging Center, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78284, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 10:120-31. 2000..Additional suggested applications of the TD system include interactive labeling, anatomical grouping of activation foci, lesion-deficit analysis, and neuroanatomy education...
- Psychophysiological and modulatory interactions in neuroimagingK J Friston
Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, United Kingdom
Neuroimage 6:218-29. 1997..We illustrate these points using a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of attention to visual motion and a position emission tomography study of visual priming...
- Cortical substrates for exploratory decisions in humansNathaniel D Daw
Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London UCL, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
Nature 441:876-9. 2006..using this characterization to classify decisions as exploratory or exploitative, we employ functional magnetic resonance imaging to show that the frontopolar cortex and intraparietal sulcus are preferentially active during ..
- Predicting human resting-state functional connectivity from structural connectivityC J Honey
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2035-40. 2009....
- A default mode of brain function: a brief history of an evolving ideaMarcus E Raichle
Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Neuroimage 37:1083-90; discussion 1097-9. 2007..Most critically, this work has called attention to the importance of intrinsic functional activity in assessing brain behavior relationships...
- Small-world anatomical networks in the human brain revealed by cortical thickness from MRIYong He
McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC, Canada
Cereb Cortex 17:2407-19. 2007..To our knowledge, this study provides the first report of small-world properties and degree distribution of anatomical networks in the human brain using cortical thickness measurements...
- Beyond mind-reading: multi-voxel pattern analysis of fMRI dataKenneth A Norman
Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Green Hall, Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 10:424-30. 2006..We review how researchers are using MVPA methods to characterize neural coding and information processing in domains ranging from visual perception to memory search...
- Anterior cingulate cortex, error detection, and the online monitoring of performanceC S Carter
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Science 280:747-9. 1998..In this study, event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to examine ACC function...
- The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortexEtienne Koechlin
Institut National de la Sante et de Recherche Medicale, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 9, quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
Science 302:1181-5. 2003..The results support an unified modular model of cognitive control that describes the overall functional organization of the human lateral PFC and has basic methodological and theoretical implications...
- The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI): MRI methodsClifford R Jack
Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
J Magn Reson Imaging 27:685-91. 2008..b>Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), (18F)-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET), urine serum, and cerebrospinal ..
- The neural basis of economic decision-making in the Ultimatum GameAlan G Sanfey
Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Science 300:1755-8. 2003..We used functional magnetic resonance imaging of Ultimatum Game players to investigate neural substrates of cognitive and emotional processes involved ..
- Segmentation of brain MR images through a hidden Markov random field model and the expectation-maximization algorithmY Zhang
FMRIB Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, UK
IEEE Trans Med Imaging 20:45-57. 2001..As an example, we show how the bias field correction algorithm of Guillemaud and Brady (1997) can be incorporated into this framework to achieve a three-dimensional fully automated approach for brain MR image segmentation...
- Distributed and overlapping representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortexJ V Haxby
Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Science 293:2425-30. 2001..architecture of the object vision pathway in the human brain was investigated using functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure patterns of response in ventral temporal cortex while subjects viewed faces, cats, five ..
- Disrupted small-world networks in schizophreniaYong Liu
National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
Brain 131:945-61. 2008..the topological properties of human brain functional networks derived from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
- Neurophysiological architecture of functional magnetic resonance images of human brainRaymond Salvador
Brain Mapping Unit and Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Cereb Cortex 15:1332-42. 2005We investigated large-scale systems organization of the whole human brain using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data acquired from healthy volunteers in a no-task or 'resting' state...
- Electrophysiological signatures of resting state networks in the human brainD Mantini
Institute of Advanced Biomedical Technologies and Department of Clinical Sciences and Bio imaging, G d Annunzio University Foundation, G D Annunzio University, Chieti 66013, Italy
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:13170-5. 2007..approach that combines information from simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
- Small-world networks and functional connectivity in Alzheimer's diseaseC J Stam
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Cereb Cortex 17:92-9. 2007..Graph theoretical analysis may be a useful approach to study the complexity of patterns of interrelations between EEG channels...
- A nonparametric method for automatic correction of intensity nonuniformity in MRI dataJ G Sled
McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute and McGill University, Canada
IEEE Trans Med Imaging 17:87-97. 1998..The performance of this method is evaluated using both real and simulated MR data...
- Network modelling methods for FMRIStephen M Smith
FMRIB Oxford University Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Neuroimage 54:875-91. 2011....
- Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thoughtMalia F Mason
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
Science 315:393-5. 2007..quot; In addition, individuals' reports of the tendency of their minds to wander were correlated with activity in this network...
- Repetition and the brain: neural models of stimulus-specific effectsKalanit Grill-Spector
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 10:14-23. 2006..We also discuss future directions for distinguishing between these models, which will be important for understanding the neural consequences of repetition and for interpreting repetition-related effects in neuroimaging data...
- Hemispheric asymmetry reduction in older adults: the HAROLD modelRoberto Cabeza
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Psychol Aging 17:85-100. 2002..They may have a cognitive or neural origin, and they may reflect regional or network mechanisms. The HAROLD model is a cognitive neuroscience model that integrates ideas and findings from psychology and neuroscience of aging...
- Regional brain changes in aging healthy adults: general trends, individual differences and modifiersNaftali Raz
Department of Psychology and Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University, 87 East Ferry St, 226 Knapp Building, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Cereb Cortex 15:1676-89. 2005..No sex differences in age trends except for the caudate were observed. We found no evidence of neuroprotective effects of larger brain size or educational attainment...
- Medial prefrontal cortex and self-referential mental activity: relation to a default mode of brain functionD A Gusnard
Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology and Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:4259-64. 2001..In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, subjects made two judgments, one self-referential, the other not, in response to ..
- Spontaneous low-frequency BOLD signal fluctuations: an fMRI investigation of the resting-state default mode of brain function hypothesisPeter Fransson
MR Research Center, Cognitive Neurophysiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Hum Brain Mapp 26:15-29. 2005..the perspective of the presence of low-frequency blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signal changes (0.012-0.1 Hz) in the resting brain...
- Trial-by-trial coupling of concurrent electroencephalogram and functional magnetic resonance imaging identifies the dynamics of performance monitoringStefan Debener
Institute of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology, Center of Experimental Medicine, University Medical Center, Hamburg University, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
J Neurosci 25:11730-7. 2005..Here, we report a direct coupling between the event-related electroencephalogram (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and behavioral measures of performance monitoring in humans...
- Cortical mechanisms of human imitationM Iacoboni
Brain Mapping Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7085, USA
Science 286:2526-8. 1999..Brain activity was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging. If the direct matching hypothesis is correct, there should be areas that become active during finger ..
- Whole brain segmentation: automated labeling of neuroanatomical structures in the human brainBruce Fischl
Massachusetts General Hospital, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Rm. 2328, Building 149, 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Neuron 33:341-55. 2002..The technique is shown to be comparable in accuracy to manual labeling, and of sufficient sensitivity to robustly detect changes in the volume of noncortical structures that presage the onset of probable Alzheimer's disease...
- Longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging studies of older adults: a shrinking brainSusan M Resnick
Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 6825, USA
J Neurosci 23:3295-301. 2003..We quantified longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 92 nondemented older adults (age 59-85 years at baseline) in the Baltimore Longitudinal ..
- Top-down facilitation of visual recognitionM Bar
Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:449-54. 2006..The present study combined magnetoencephalography, which has superior temporal resolution, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and a behavioral task that yields successful recognition with stimulus repetitions...
- The processing of temporal pitch and melody information in auditory cortexRoy D Patterson
Centre for the Neural Basis of Hearing, Physiology Department, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Neuron 36:767-76. 2002..The results support the view that there is hierarchy of pitch processing in which the center of activity moves anterolaterally away from primary auditory cortex as the processing of melodic sounds proceeds...
- 5-HTTLPR polymorphism impacts human cingulate-amygdala interactions: a genetic susceptibility mechanism for depressionLukas Pezawas
Genes, Cognition and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive 4S235, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1379, USA
Nat Neurosci 8:828-34. 2005....
- New response evaluation criteria in solid tumours: revised RECIST guideline (version 1.1)E A Eisenhauer
National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group, 10 Stuart Street, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Eur J Cancer 45:228-47. 2009..As is detailed in the final paper in this special issue, the use of these promising newer approaches requires appropriate clinical validation studies...
- Generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA)Mark A Griswold
Julius Maximilians Universitat Wurzburg, Physikalisches Institut, Wurzburg, Germany
Magn Reson Med 47:1202-10. 2002..Finally, in vivo GRAPPA images are shown which demonstrate the utility of the technique...
- Role of left inferior prefrontal cortex in retrieval of semantic knowledge: a reevaluationS L Thompson-Schill
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:14792-7. 1997..Selection demands were varied across three semantic tasks in a single group of subjects. Functional magnetic resonance imaging signal in overlapping regions of left IFG was dependent on selection demands in all three tasks...
- Rethinking feelings: an FMRI study of the cognitive regulation of emotionKevin N Ochsner
Stanford University, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 14:1215-29. 2002..The present study employed functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the neural systems used to reappraise highly negative scenes in unemotional terms...
- Reliable intrinsic connectivity networks: test-retest evaluation using ICA and dual regression approachXi Nian Zuo
Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience, New York University Child Study Center, New York, NY, USA
Neuroimage 49:2163-77. 2010..In summary, TC-GICA combined with dual regression is an effective and reliable approach to exploratory analyses of resting state fMRI data...
- Cultural recycling of cortical mapsStanislas Dehaene
INSERM, Cognitive Neuro Imaging Unit, IFR 49, Gif sur Yvette, France
Neuron 56:384-98. 2007....
- The evolution of brain activation during temporal processingS M Rao
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
Nat Neurosci 4:317-23. 2001..Our results illustrate a dynamic network of cortical-subcortical activation associated with different components of temporal information processing...
- A method for making group inferences from functional MRI data using independent component analysisV D Calhoun
Division of Psychiatric Neuro Imaging, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 14:140-51. 2001....
- Temporal difference models and reward-related learning in the human brainJOHN P O'DOHERTY
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, WC1N 3BG, London, United Kingdom
Neuron 38:329-37. 2003....
- The neural bases of momentary lapses in attentionD H Weissman
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychiatry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Nat Neurosci 9:971-8. 2006..Our findings provide a new, system-wide understanding of the patterns of brain activity that are associated with brief attentional lapses, which informs both theoretical and clinical models of goal-directed behavior...
- Relating retinotopic and object-selective responses in human lateral occipital cortexRory Sayres
Neurosciences Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
J Neurophysiol 100:249-67. 2008..between retinotopy and object selectivity in human lateral occipital (LO) cortex? We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine sensitivity to retinal position and category in LO, an object-selective region ..
- Comparing dynamic causal modelsW D Penny
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
Neuroimage 22:1157-72. 2004..DCMs are used to make inferences about effective connectivity from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data...
- Small-world and scale-free organization of voxel-based resting-state functional connectivity in the human brainM P van den Heuvel
Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Psychiatry, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 43:528-39. 2008....
- An automated labeling system for subdividing the human cerebral cortex on MRI scans into gyral based regions of interestRahul S Desikan
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany Street, W701, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Neuroimage 31:968-80. 2006....
- Gray matter features of schizotypal disorder patients exhibiting the schizophrenia-related code types of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality InventoryE Yoneyama
Department of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan
Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:333-40. 2003..CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that STD patients with the schizophrenia-related code types have volume reductions in these regions as an endophenotype that overlaps with schizophrenia...
- Postoperative imaging after brain tumor resectionM Warmuth-Metz
Department of Neuroradiology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
Acta Neurochir Suppl 88:13-20. 2003..addressing the individual value, the technique, and the pitfalls of postoperative imaging with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) for the definition of a postoperative residue after the resection of ..
- Craniocervical CT and MR imaging of Schwartz-Jampel syndromeSarah S Samimi
Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital, St. Louis, MO, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:1694-6. 2003....
- Ventricular and periventricular structural volumes in first- versus multiple-episode bipolar disorderStephen M Strakowski
Bipolar and Psychotic Disorders Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0559, USA
Am J Psychiatry 159:1841-7. 2002..In addition, it is unknown whether ventriculomegaly in bipolar disorder reflects acquired volume loss or underdevelopment of periventricular structures...
- Lateralized and focal clinical, EEG, and FLAIR MRI abnormalities in Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseaseDenise M Cambier
Department of Neurology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Clin Neurophysiol 114:1724-8. 2003..in neuroimaging capabilities with diffusion-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques have shown promise in the non-invasive diagnosis of CJD...
- Regional brain glucose metabolism during morning and evening wakefulness in humans: preliminary findingsDaniel J Buysse
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania, USA
Sleep 27:1245-54. 2004..The goal of this pilot study was to examine regional relative brain glucose metabolism during morning and evening wakefulness in healthy humans...
- Cerebrospinal fluid tau levels in Alzheimer's disease are elevated when compared with vascular dementia but do not correlate with measures of cerebral atrophyPeter Schönknecht
Department of Psychiatry, Section of Geriatric Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Voss Street 4, Heidelberg D 69115, Germany
Psychiatry Res 120:231-8. 2003..clinical variables, type and dosage of psychotropic medication and cerebral changes as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
- To act or not to act. Neural correlates of executive control of learned motor behaviorFriedhelm Hummel
Cortical Physiology Research Group, Department of Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, , , Germany
Neuroimage 23:1391-401. 2004..Here we report neural correlates of these elementary aspects of behavior as identified with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
- Practice-induced changes of brain function during visual attention: a parametric fMRI study at 4 TeslaD Tomasi
Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA
Neuroimage 23:1414-21. 2004..Since short-term practice-effects in the prefrontal cortex may be similar to attentional load-effects, studies of attentional load need to take practice effects into account...
- Functional magnetic resonance imaging of verbal fluency and confrontation naming using compressed image acquisition to permit overt responsesSharon Abrahams
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, United Kingdom
Hum Brain Mapp 20:29-40. 2003..However, in the context of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), movement artefact has necessitated the use of covert paradigms, which has limited clinical ..
- Serotonin transporters in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a positron emission tomography study with [(11)C]McN 5652H Blair Simpson
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
Biol Psychiatry 54:1414-21. 2003..and 11 matched healthy control subjects underwent PET scans following injection of [(11)C]McN 5652 and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans...
- LORETA imaging of P300 in schizophrenia with individual MRI and 128-channel EEGJi Soo Pae
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 110-744, Korea
Neuroimage 20:1552-60. 2003..In conclusion, the reduced and increased areas of current density in schizophrenic patients suggest that the medial temporal and frontal areas contribute to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, the frontotemporal circuitry abnormality...
- [Supratentorial tumors in childhood]W Reith
Abt für Neuroradiologie, Radiologische Universitätsklinik Homburg Saar
Radiologe 43:986-96. 2003..Imaging studies play an important role for diagnosis and follow-up...
- [Stroke in childhood]I Grunwald
Radiologe 43:948-57. 2003..The common causes are described, as well as sinus venous occlusions. Cerebral veno occlusive disease is an elusive, often underdiagnosed cause of acute neurologic deterioration...
- Test-retest reliability of fMRI during nonverbal semantic decisions in moderate-severe nonfluent aphasia patientsJacquie Kurland
Harold Goodglass Boston University Aphasia Research Center, Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine and the Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Behav Neurol 15:87-97. 2004..This study provides fMRI reliability in chronic nonfluent aphasia, and adds to evidence supporting differences in individual cortical reorganization in aphasia recovery...
- Human precentral cortical activation patterns during saccade tasks: an fMRI comparison with activation during intentional eyeblink tasksMakoto Kato
Brain Function Group, Kansai Advanced Research Center, Communications Research Laboratory, Iwaoka 588 2, Nishi ku, Kobe, Hyogo 651 2492, Japan
Neuroimage 19:1260-72. 2003..This result provides evidence that the supPCR is the human FEF homologous to the monkey FEF and that the infPCR may be homologous to the monkey premotor area...
- Brain volumes characterisation using hierarchical neural networksSergio Di Bona
Institute of Information Science and Technologies, Italian National Research Council, Via G Moruzzi, 1 56124 Pisa, Italy
Artif Intell Med 28:307-22. 2003..The results obtained were submitted for validation to a group of physicians and they judged the system to be really effective in practical applications...
- DETECTION OF HYPOXIA IN SICKLE CELL ANEMIA BY SUSCEPTIBILITY EFFECTS IN MRINir Barzilai; Fiscal Year: 1999..Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which is blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD), we found that transgenic mice with human `- and ..
- Prognostic Impact and Arrhythmic Potential of Peri-infarct Zone by Cardiac MRIRaymond Y Kwong; Fiscal Year: 2010..Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can characterize myocardial tissue changes and ventricular function after MI...
- Prognostic Impact and Arrhythmic Potential of Peri-infarct Zone by Cardiac MRIRaymond Kwong; Fiscal Year: 2009..Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can characterize myocardial tissue changes and ventricular function after MI...
- Predicting Placebo Responses Across Disease StatesJon Kar Zubieta; Fiscal Year: 2010..Functional magnetic resonance imaging will be employed to determine the proportion of the variance in placebo effects explained by the ..
- Structural determinants of DTI observations in developing cortex and white matterChristopher D Kroenke; Fiscal Year: 2010Studies using the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique termed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have found that fractional anisotropy (FA) is reduced in cerebral white matter (WM) of mature individuals affected by disorders either of ..
- MRI of Acute Vascular Injury and Hemorrhagic Transformation in Ischemic StrokeRobert A Knight; Fiscal Year: 2010..From this work, two quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods have been identified as possible predictors of BBB injury and HT: 1) magnetization ..
- MRI of Acute Vascular Injury and Hemorrhagic Transformation in Ischemic StrokeRobert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2009..From this work, two quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods have been identified as possible predictors of BBB injury and HT: 1) magnetization ..
- HE3 MR Diffusion & Low Dose CT Quantitation of EmphysemaDavid Gierada; Fiscal Year: 2005The goal of this proposal is to develop and evaluate hyperpolarized helium-3 diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (He-3 dMRI) and low dose quantitative computed tomography (LD-QCT) indexes of emphysema as noninvasive biomarkers for the ..
- Sleep and Brain Structure in Heart FailureMary Woo; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will 1) demonstrate that the extent of gray matter damage (assessed by structural magnetic resonance imaging, including mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy) in HF depends on the presence of SDB (assessed ..
- Technical Development of Quantitative Biomarkers of Fatty Liver Disease with MRIScott B Reeder; Fiscal Year: 2010..methods for early diagnosis and quantitative grading of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
- A Platform for Cancer Biomarker Validation: Image Fusion Using NIR FluorescenceAli Kamen; Fiscal Year: 2010Clinical imaging using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), and/or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is the standard of care for the detection and staging of ..
- Advanced Magnetization Transfer Imaging in Multiple Sclerosis DiseaseAlexey Samsonov; Fiscal Year: 2010..While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an important diagnostic tool providing noninvasive evidence of MS lesions, conventional ..
- Advanced Magnetization Transfer Imaging in Multiple Sclerosis DiseaseAlexey Samsonov; Fiscal Year: 2009..While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an important diagnostic tool providing noninvasive evidence of MS lesions, conventional ..
- MRI AND MRS OF HORMONAL INDUCED CHANGES IN BREAST CANCERHadassa Degani; Fiscal Year: 2007..methods for predicting and evaluating the response of breast cancer to hormonal therapy, by means of magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy...
- Improved Targeting and Assessment of Electrophysiology InterventionHenry Halperin; Fiscal Year: 2009..We are developing ways of combining the anatomic information from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), with catheter ablation, for performing advanced real-time image ..
- High resolution functional MRI of columnar structuresRavi Menon; Fiscal Year: 2007Revised Abstract: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become the major tool for examining human brain function in sensory and cognitive neuroscience...
- Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy and Myocardial Dysfunction in Type 1 DiabetesRodica Pop Busui; Fiscal Year: 2010..Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) myocardial tagging has been used to demonstrate increased LV torsion in T1DM patients, a measure ..
- Novel Ex Vivo Gene Therapy for Spinal Cord InjuryAlpa Trivedi; Fiscal Year: 2004..Lesion development will be monitored by in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
- Chicago Healthy Aging Low Risk MRI Angiography (CHARISMA) StudyDonald Lloyd Jones; Fiscal Year: 2009..which can be combined with sensitive non-invasive assessment of myocardial structure and function using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
- MRI Signal Validation and Evaluation of Pathogenic Iron compounds as an Early BioChristopher Batich; Fiscal Year: 2007..associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), as a non-invasive early diagnostic biomarker for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)...
- Chicago Healthy Aging Low Risk MRI Angiography (CHARISMA) StudyDONALD M contact LLOYD JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010..which can be combined with sensitive non-invasive assessment of myocardial structure and function using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
- Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in the Strong Study CohortDedra S Buchwald; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has redefined CBVD in large cohort studies, such as the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and ..
- Percutaneous MR Guided Creation of a Meso-Caval ShuntAravind Arepally; Fiscal Year: 2007..an Interventional Radiologist, to combine his clinical skills and training with interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) research and become an independent clinical scientist in the field of interventional MR (iMR)...
- Functional Brain Imaging and Appetite-Related Hormones Pre and Post Obesity SurgeAllan Geliebter; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study utilizes functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and measures of appetite-related gut peptide levels pre and post bariatric surgery to investigate ..
- Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in the Strong Study CohortDedra Buchwald; Fiscal Year: 2009..b>Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has redefined CBVD in large cohort studies, such as the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and ..
- Neonatal Brain Ischemia: Neuroimaging as a Basis For Rational Stem Cell TherapyStephen Ashwal; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our goal is to use advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a standard rat pup model of unilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion with hypoxia (Rice- ..