breath tests

Summary

Summary: Any tests done on exhaled air.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Validation of nitrite and nitrate measurements in exhaled breath condensate
    Jirina Chladkova
    Department of Pediatrics, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Prague, Czech Republic
    Respiration 73:173-9. 2006
  2. pmc Noninvasive detection of lung cancer by analysis of exhaled breath
    Amel Bajtarevic
    Department of Operative Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Cancer 9:348. 2009
  3. ncbi Prediction of lung cancer using volatile biomarkers in breath
    Michael Phillips
    Menssana Research Inc, Fort Lee, NJ 07024 6510, USA
    Cancer Biomark 3:95-109. 2007
  4. doi Novel diagnostics: progress toward a breath test for invasive Aspergillus fumigatus
    Stephen T Chambers
    University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Med Mycol 49:S54-61. 2011
  5. pmc Environmental exposures, nitric oxide synthase genes, and exhaled nitric oxide in asthmatic children
    Adam J Spanier
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatr Pulmonol 44:812-9. 2009
  6. doi Manipulation of dietary short chain carbohydrates alters the pattern of gas production and genesis of symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome
    Derrick K Ong
    Department of Medicine, Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 25:1366-73. 2010
  7. ncbi Portable exhaled nitric oxide measurement: Comparison with the "gold standard" technique
    Daniel Menzies
    Asthma and Allergy Research Group, Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Chest 131:410-4. 2007
  8. ncbi 13C-breath tests: current state of the art and future directions
    B Braden
    John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, OX3 9DU Oxford, UK
    Dig Liver Dis 39:795-805. 2007
  9. doi Investigation into the production of 2-Pentylfuran by Aspergillus fumigatus and other respiratory pathogens in vitro and human breath samples
    Mona Syhre
    Otago University, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Med Mycol 46:209-15. 2008
  10. doi Choice of nasal nitric oxide technique as first-line test for primary ciliary dyskinesia
    J K Marthin
    Danish PCD Center, Paediatric Pulmonary Service, 5003, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur Respir J 37:559-65. 2011

Detail Information

Publications248 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Validation of nitrite and nitrate measurements in exhaled breath condensate
    Jirina Chladkova
    Department of Pediatrics, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Prague, Czech Republic
    Respiration 73:173-9. 2006
    ..EBC concentrations of nitrite and nitrate, the stable end products of oxidative metabolism of nitric oxide, are increased in patients with asthma, especially during acute exacerbations...
  2. pmc Noninvasive detection of lung cancer by analysis of exhaled breath
    Amel Bajtarevic
    Department of Operative Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Cancer 9:348. 2009
    ..An early non-invasive diagnosis of lung cancer would improve prognosis and enlarge treatment options. Analysis of exhaled breath would be an ideal diagnostic method, since it is non-invasive and totally painless...
  3. ncbi Prediction of lung cancer using volatile biomarkers in breath
    Michael Phillips
    Menssana Research Inc, Fort Lee, NJ 07024 6510, USA
    Cancer Biomark 3:95-109. 2007
    ..g. alkanes). In patients with lung cancer, induction of high-risk cytochrome p450 genotypes may accelerate catabolism of these VOCs, so that their altered abundance in breath may provide biomarkers of lung cancer...
  4. doi Novel diagnostics: progress toward a breath test for invasive Aspergillus fumigatus
    Stephen T Chambers
    University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Med Mycol 49:S54-61. 2011
    ..is produced by extensive lung inflammation, and whether food containing high levels of 2PF can cause false positive breath tests either from contamination in the mouth or gastrointestinal absorption and subsequent excretion in the breath.
  5. pmc Environmental exposures, nitric oxide synthase genes, and exhaled nitric oxide in asthmatic children
    Adam J Spanier
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatr Pulmonol 44:812-9. 2009
    ..We conclude that genetic differences may explain some of the conflicting results in studies of the effects of tobacco smoke exposure on FeNO levels and may make FeNO interpretation difficult for a subset of children with asthma...
  6. doi Manipulation of dietary short chain carbohydrates alters the pattern of gas production and genesis of symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome
    Derrick K Ong
    Department of Medicine, Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 25:1366-73. 2010
    ..In the present study, we aimed to compare the patterns of breath hydrogen and methane and symptoms produced in response to diets that differed only in FODMAP content...
  7. ncbi Portable exhaled nitric oxide measurement: Comparison with the "gold standard" technique
    Daniel Menzies
    Asthma and Allergy Research Group, Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Chest 131:410-4. 2007
    ..A portable nitric oxide analyzer (MINO; Aerocrine AB; Smidesvägen, Sweden) has been developed, but few data exist comparing this device with established, larger laboratory-based analyzers (NIOX; Aerocrine AB)...
  8. ncbi 13C-breath tests: current state of the art and future directions
    B Braden
    John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, OX3 9DU Oxford, UK
    Dig Liver Dis 39:795-805. 2007
    13C-breath tests provide a non-invasive diagnostic method with high patient acceptance. In vivo, human and also bacterial enzyme activities, organ functions and transport processes can be assessed semiquantitatively using breath tests...
  9. doi Investigation into the production of 2-Pentylfuran by Aspergillus fumigatus and other respiratory pathogens in vitro and human breath samples
    Mona Syhre
    Otago University, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Med Mycol 46:209-15. 2008
    ..Breath analysis has the potential of being a non-invasive diagnostic method of detecting respiratory infection including invasive aspergillosis...
  10. doi Choice of nasal nitric oxide technique as first-line test for primary ciliary dyskinesia
    J K Marthin
    Danish PCD Center, Paediatric Pulmonary Service, 5003, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur Respir J 37:559-65. 2011
    ..nNO is a helpful first-line tool in real-life PCD work-up in all age groups if the sampling method is chosen according to age. nNO can be misleading in a few patients with true PCD. Further studies are strongly needed in young children...
  11. ncbi Exhaled ethane: an in vivo biomarker of lipid peroxidation in interstitial lung diseases
    Soichiro Kanoh
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, National Defense Medical College, 3 2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359 8513, Japan
    Chest 128:2387-92. 2005
    ..Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis and progression of interstitial lung disease (ILD). Exhaled ethane is a product of lipid peroxidation that has been proposed as a biomarker of oxidative stress in vivo...
  12. doi Association of lactose sensitivity with inflammatory bowel disease--demonstrated by analysis of genetic polymorphism, breath gases and symptoms
    P Eadala
    Department of Gastroenterology, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, UK
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 34:735-46. 2011
    ..The genetic marker CC₁₃₉₁₀, on chromosome2, with measurement of breath hydrogen and methane, and gut and systemic symptoms, are now the most comprehensive tests for evaluating sensitivity to lactose...
  13. doi Determination of volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath of patients with lung cancer using solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography mass spectrometry
    Magdalena Ligor
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin Chem Lab Med 47:550-60. 2009
    ..This might lead to a future diagnostic test for lung cancer...
  14. pmc Seasonal variation and environmental predictors of exhaled nitric oxide in children with asthma
    Adam J Spanier
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Pediatr Pulmonol 43:576-83. 2008
    ..Clinicians and researchers may need to consider an individual's baseline FeNO levels to manage children with asthma...
  15. doi Fractionated exhaled breath condensate collection shows high hydrogen peroxide release in the airways
    Winfried Möller
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Clinical Cooperation Group Inflammatory Lung Diseases, Institute for Lung Biology and Disease iLBD, Gauting, Germany
    J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv 23:129-35. 2010
    ..However, there are still unresolved issues reflected by large variations in exhaled H(2)O(2) and uncertainties about the origin of H(2)O(2) release in the lung...
  16. doi Quantification of methyl thiocyanate in the headspace of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cultures and in the breath of cystic fibrosis patients by selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry
    Violetta Shestivska
    J Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 25:2459-67. 2011
    ..SIFT-MS was also used to analyze the breath of 28 children with CF and the concentrations of methyl thiocyanate were found to be in the range 2-21 ppbv (median 7 ppbv)...
  17. doi Acute and chronic effects of smoking on inflammation markers in exhaled breath condensate in current smokers
    A Rembert Koczulla
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Marburg, Germany koczulla med uni marburg de
    Respiration 79:61-7. 2010
    ..Analysis of the exhaled breath condensate (EBC) can provide noninvasive markers that might be indicative of inflammation...
  18. doi Assessment of exhaled breath condensate pH in exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A longitudinal study
    Balazs Antus
    Department of Pathophysiology, National Koranyi Institute of TB and Pulmonology, Budapest, Hungary
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:1492-7. 2010
    ..Exhaled breath condensate pH has been proposed as a noninvasive marker of airway inflammation. However, due to standardization difficulties in pH measurement techniques, different pH readings were obtained in previous studies...
  19. doi Exhaled nitric oxide thresholds associated with a sputum eosinophil count ≥3% in a cohort of unselected patients with asthma
    Florence N Schleich
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, CHU Sart Tilman, Liege, I GIGA Research Group, University of Liege, Belgium
    Thorax 65:1039-44. 2010
    ..However, the FeNO threshold value that identifies a sputum eosinophil count ≥3% in an unselected population of patients with asthma has been poorly studied...
  20. ncbi High-viscosity liquid meal accelerates gastric emptying
    Y Shimoyama
    Department of Endoscopy and Endoscopic Surgery, Gunma University Hospital, Gunma, Japan
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 19:879-86. 2007
    ..5 +/- 6.03 vs 125.8 +/- 4.69 microM mL(-1), P < 0.05). In healthy individuals, pectin increased the viscosity of enteral nutrition and accelerated gastric emptying...
  21. pmc Detection of lung, breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers from exhaled breath using a single array of nanosensors
    G Peng
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Br J Cancer 103:542-51. 2010
    ....
  22. ncbi Fructose malabsorption is associated with decreased plasma tryptophan
    M Ledochowski
    Dept of Clinical Nutrition, Institute for Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Scand J Gastroenterol 36:367-71. 2001
    ..Recently it was found that fructose malabsorption was associated with early signs of depressive disorders. Therefore, it was investigated whether fructose malabsorption is associated with abnormal tryptophan metabolism...
  23. pmc Exhaled nitric oxide levels in non-allergic and allergic mono- or polysensitised children with asthma
    M Silvestri
    Pulmonary Division, G. Gaslini Institute, Largo G Gaslini 5, 16148 Genoa, Italy
    Thorax 56:857-62. 2001
    ..45, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In children with mild asthma, a similar degree of functional disease severity may be associated with a higher inflammatory component in allergic than in non-allergic subjects...
  24. pmc Exhaled nitric oxide in a population-based study of southern California schoolchildren
    William S Linn
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Respir Res 10:28. 2009
    ..Our aim was to identify significant predictors of FeNO in an initial cross-sectional survey of southern California schoolchildren, part of a larger longitudinal study of asthma incidence...
  25. pmc Influence of atopy and asthma on exhaled nitric oxide in an unselected birth cohort study
    Martha Scott
    The David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, St Mary s Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight PO30 5TG, UK
    Thorax 65:258-62. 2010
    ..Asthma is considered to be associated with elevated levels of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). The nature of this relationship and how it is influenced by atopy are still not resolved...
  26. ncbi Breath markers and soluble lipid peroxidation markers in critically ill patients
    Joachim Scholpp
    Department of Anaesthesia, University Hospital of Freiburg, Germany
    Clin Chem Lab Med 40:587-94. 2002
    ..More detailed insights into inflammatory processes can be obtained when the volatile markers and the serum markers are considered together...
  27. doi Evidence-based dietary management of functional gastrointestinal symptoms: The FODMAP approach
    Peter R Gibson
    Monash University Department of Medicine, Box Hill Hospital, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 25:252-8. 2010
    ..The link between food intake and symptom induction is recognized. This review aims to describe the evidence base for restricting rapidly fermentable, short-chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) in controlling such symptoms...
  28. ncbi Utility of hydrogen breath tests in diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in malabsorption syndrome and its relationship with oro-cecal transit time
    Uday C Ghoshal
    Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
    Indian J Gastroenterol 25:6-10. 2006
    ..Quantitative culture of upper gut aspirate is used as a gold standard for the diagnosis of SIBO. Studies on diagnosis of SIBO using non-invasive hydrogen breath tests are contradictory.
  29. doi The effects of probiotics on PPI-triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication
    Mi Na Kim
    Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
    Helicobacter 13:261-8. 2008
    ..This study was performed to evaluate whether the addition of probiotics to proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy increases the likelihood of successful Helicobacter pylori eradication...
  30. pmc Exhaled breath condensate: an overview
    John Hunt
    Department of Pediatrics Pulmonology, Allergy and Immunology, Box 800386, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Immunol Allergy Clin North Am 27:587-96; v. 2007
    ..Conscientious assay technique will likely find in EBC any substance of substantially high enough concentration in the airway lining fluid...
  31. pmc Nitric oxide in chronic airway inflammation in children: diagnostic use and pathophysiological significance
    I Narang
    Department of Paediatrics, Royal Brompton Hospital, Imperial School of Medicine, London SW3 6NP, UK
    Thorax 57:586-9. 2002
    ..The levels of exhaled and nasal nitric oxide (eNO and nNO) in groups of patients with inflammatory lung diseases are well documented but the diagnostic use of these measurements in an individual is unknown...
  32. doi A profile of volatile organic compounds in breath discriminates COPD patients from controls
    J J B N Van Berkel
    Department of Health Risk Analysis and Toxicology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Research Institute NUTRIM, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Respir Med 104:557-63. 2010
    ..We recently developed a methodological approach able to identify profiles of VOCs in breath unique for patient groups. Here we applied this recently developed methodology regarding diagnosis of COPD patients...
  33. pmc 2-Aminoacetophenone as a potential breath biomarker for Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the cystic fibrosis lung
    Amy J Scott-Thomas
    Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Pathology, University of Otago, Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand
    BMC Pulm Med 10:56. 2010
    ..Growth of Ps. aeruginosa releases a "grape-like" odour that has been identified as the microbial volatile organic compound 2-aminoacetophenone (2-AA)...
  34. doi An electronic nose in the discrimination of patients with non-small cell lung cancer and COPD
    Silvano Dragonieri
    Department of Pulmonology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Lung Cancer 64:166-70. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that an electronic nose can discriminate patients with lung cancer from COPD patients and healthy controls by analyzing the VOC-profile in exhaled breath...
  35. ncbi Effect of proton pump inhibitors on the continuous real time (13)C-urea breath test
    Haim Shirin
    Department of Gastroenterology, The E Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Am J Gastroenterol 98:46-50. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a new, continuous real time (13)C-urea breath test, BreathID, for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori in patients taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)...
  36. doi The use of exhaled nitric oxide in the diagnosis of asthma in school children
    Yakov Sivan
    Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Dana Children s Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv, Israel
    J Pediatr 155:211-6. 2009
    ..To evaluate the yield of the fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in the diagnosis of asthma compared with spirometry and induced sputum cytologic study in school-age children...
  37. ncbi Nitric oxide in the airways
    Glenis Scadding
    Royal National TNE Hospital, London, UK
    Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 15:258-63. 2007
    ..This review briefly explains the basic facts about nitric oxide, which is entering clinical practice as a measure of lower airways inflammation and is likely also to be employed in otorhinolaryngological practice...
  38. doi Intestinal fructose transport and malabsorption in humans
    Hilary F Jones
    Mechanisms in Cell Biology and Disease Research Group, Sansom Institute for Health Research, Univ of South Australia, South Australia 5001, Australia
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 300:G202-6. 2011
    ..Understanding the relative roles of these transporters in humans will be crucial for establishing a mechanistic basis for fructose malabsorption in gastrointestinal patients...
  39. doi Independent information of nonspecific biomarkers in exhaled breath condensate
    Holger Dressel
    Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University, Ziemssenstrasse 1, Munich, Germany
    Respiration 80:401-9. 2010
    ..Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) has been used for diagnosing and monitoring respiratory disorders. For clinical purposes the assessment of easy-to-obtain nonspecific markers seems particularly interesting...
  40. doi Discrimination between COPD patients with and without alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency using an electronic nose
    Akira D M Hattesohl
    Department for Internal Medicine, Division for Pulmonary Diseases, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany
    Respirology 16:1258-64. 2011
    ..To compare the volatile organic compound patterns of patients with COPD with and without alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency using electronic nose technology...
  41. ncbi High levels of interleukin-6 in the exhaled breath condensate of patients with COPD
    Enrica Bucchioni
    Institute of Respiratory Diseases, University of Milan, Ospedale Maggiore IRCCS, Via F Sforza, 35, Milano 20125, Italy
    Respir Med 97:1299-302. 2003
    ..Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract...
  42. pmc Correlation of breath ammonia with blood urea nitrogen and creatinine during hemodialysis
    L R Narasimhan
    Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:4617-21. 2001
    ..83 for breath ammonia and creatinine correlation. These preliminary data indicate the possibility of using the real-time breath ammonia measurements for determining efficacy and endpoint of hemodialysis...
  43. pmc Non-invasive evaluation of pulmonary glutathione in the exhaled breath condensate of otherwise healthy alcoholics
    Mary Y Yeh
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Respir Med 102:248-55. 2008
    ..Non-invasive sampling in the exhaled breath condensate (EBC) to monitor alveolar GSH would facilitate research in pulmonary oxidative stress...
  44. ncbi Sugar malabsorption in functional abdominal bloating: a pilot study on the long-term effect of dietary treatment
    Fernando Fernández-Bañares
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Universitari Mutua Terrassa, Plaza Dr Robert 5, 08221 Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Nutr 25:824-31. 2006
    ..Gas-related complaints (i.e., passage of flatus), which are present in a subgroup of these patients, might be associated with carbohydrate malabsorption...
  45. doi Exhaled nitric oxide discriminates children with and without allergic sensitization in a population-based study
    T C Yao
    Community Medicine Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Keelung, Keelung, Taiwan
    Clin Exp Allergy 41:556-64. 2011
    ..Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) as a biomarker of airway inflammation in children warrants better clarification...
  46. doi Automated needle trap heart-cut GC/MS and needle trap comprehensive two-dimensional GC/TOF-MS for breath gas analysis in the clinical environment
    Maren Mieth
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18057 Rostock, Germany
    Anal Chem 82:2541-51. 2010
    ..Needle trap sampling in combination with hyphenated chromatographic techniques can thus be used to provide well-tailored solutions for complex problems occurring in clinical breath analysis...
  47. pmc Exhaled breath analysis with a colorimetric sensor array for the identification and characterization of lung cancer
    Peter J Mazzone
    Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    J Thorac Oncol 7:137-42. 2012
    ..Breath biosignature-based classification of homogeneous subgroups of lung cancer may be more accurate than a global breath signature. Combining breath biosignatures with clinical risk factors may improve the accuracy of the signature...
  48. doi Helicobacter pylori diagnostic tests in children: review of the literature from 1999 to 2009
    Jeannette Guarner
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University Hospital rm C179A, 1364 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Eur J Pediatr 169:15-25. 2010
    ..Of the serologic tests, immunoblot has the best sensitivity. The urea breath tests have >75% sensitivity for detection of H. pylori before and after treatment...
  49. doi Non-invasive phenotyping using exhaled volatile organic compounds in asthma
    Baharudin Ibrahim
    Respiratory Research Group, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK
    Thorax 66:804-9. 2011
    ..The authors aimed to identify specific patterns of breath VOCs in patients with asthma and in clinically relevant disease phenotypes...
  50. doi 13C-urea breath test for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Yelda A Leal
    Unidad de Investigación Médica Yucatán, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad de Mérida, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Merida, Yuc, Mexico
    Helicobacter 16:327-37. 2011
    ..We aimed to carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the performance of the (13) C-UBT diagnostic test for H. pylori infection in children...
  51. doi Equally elevated concentrations of exhaled nitric oxide in nonatopic and low-sensitized atopic asthmatics
    Heikki Ekroos
    Division of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Laboratory Department, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Respir Med 103:152-8. 2009
    ..Some studies show concentrations of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) in nonatopic asthma and in healthy subjects to be similar, but include asthmatics on inhaled steroids, which is likely to interfere with the results...
  52. doi Breath biomarkers of active pulmonary tuberculosis
    Michael Phillips
    Menssana Research Inc, 1 Horizon Road, Suite 1415, Fort Lee, NJ 07024 6510, USA
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 90:145-51. 2010
    ..Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in breath may contain biomarkers of active pulmonary tuberculosis derived from the infectious organism (metabolites of Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and from the infected host (products of oxidative stress)...
  53. ncbi Breath analysis: the approach towards clinical applications
    Anton Amann
    Department of Anaesthesia and General Intensive Care, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Mini Rev Med Chem 7:115-29. 2007
    ..Brief outlines are given of the research carried out to date, and prospects for the future of this potentially valuable non-invasive technique are indicated...
  54. doi Exhaled pentane as a possible marker for survival and lipid peroxidation during radiotherapy for lung cancer--a pilot study
    Marika Crohns
    Department of Oncology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Free Radic Res 43:965-74. 2009
    ..003). Elevated exhaled pentane levels before RT may be due to the lipid peroxidation burden associated with cancer. The decrease of lipid peroxidation markers during RT may be attributable to enhanced antioxidant defense mechanisms...
  55. ncbi Review article: fructose malabsorption and the bigger picture
    P R Gibson
    Department of Gastroenterology and Monash University Department of Medicine, Box Hill Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 25:349-63. 2007
    ....
  56. doi An electronic nose distinguishes exhaled breath of patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma from controls
    Silvano Dragonieri
    Department of Respiratory Diseases, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Lung Cancer 75:326-31. 2012
    ..Electronic noses capture the spectrum of exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) providing a composite biomarker profile (breathprint)...
  57. ncbi Titrating steroids on exhaled nitric oxide in children with asthma: a randomized controlled trial
    Mariëlle W Pijnenburg
    Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus University Medical Center Sophia Children s Hospital, P O Box 2060, 3000 CB Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 172:831-6. 2005
    ..Treatment guidelines are mainly symptom-driven but symptoms are not closely related to airway inflammation. The fraction of nitric oxide in exhaled air (FENO) is a marker of airway inflammation in asthma...
  58. doi Prediction of asthma in symptomatic preschool children using exhaled nitric oxide, Rint and specific IgE
    Daan Caudri
    Department of Pediatrics Respiratory Medicine, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Thorax 65:801-7. 2010
    ..For clinicians it remains very difficult to predict whether preschool children with symptoms suggestive of asthma will develop asthma in later childhood...
  59. pmc Management of asthma based on exhaled nitric oxide in addition to guideline-based treatment for inner-city adolescents and young adults: a randomised controlled trial
    Stanley J Szefler
    National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, USA
    Lancet 372:1065-72. 2008
    ....
  60. pmc Asthma outcomes: biomarkers
    Stanley J Szefler
    National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 129:S9-23. 2012
    ..Measurement of biomarkers has been incorporated within clinical research studies of asthma to characterize the population and associate the disease with environmental and therapeutic effects...
  61. doi Measurement of nasal nitric oxide by hand-held and stationary devices
    Silvia Montella
    Department of Pediatrics, Federico II University, Naples, Italy
    Eur J Clin Invest 41:1063-70. 2011
    ..Hand-held devices are used successfully for exhaled or nNO analysis. No study compared nNO during silent and humming exhalation using hand-held and stationary analysers...
  62. doi Effects of steroid therapy on inflammatory cell subtypes in asthma
    Douglas C Cowan
    Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Thorax 65:384-90. 2010
    ..ICS use led to phenotype misclassification. Steroid responsiveness was greater in EA, but the absence of eosinophilia did not indicate the absence of a steroid response. In NEA this was best predicted by baseline exhaled nitric oxide...
  63. pmc Cross-sectional measures and modelled estimates of blood alcohol levels in UK nightlife and their relationships with drinking behaviours and observed signs of inebriation
    Mark A Bellis
    Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 5th Floor Kingsway House, Hatton Garden, Liverpool, L3 2AJ, UK
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 5:5. 2010
    ..Here we assess mixed survey and modelling techniques as a methodological approach to examining these issues...
  64. doi The application of statistical methods using VOCs to identify patients with lung cancer
    Agnieszka Ulanowska
    Chair of Environmental Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarin Street 7, 87 100 Torun, Poland
    J Breath Res 5:046008. 2011
    ..DA revealed that in order to recognize healthy volunteers with different smoking habits by breath analysis, butyrolactone, carbon disulfide and dimethyl sulfide have to be considered...
  65. doi Screening for emphysema via exhaled volatile organic compounds
    S M Cristescu
    Life Science Trace Gas Facility, Molecular and Laser Physics, Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Breath Res 5:046009. 2011
    ..646 (95% CI 0.562-0.730) and 0.671 (95% CI 0.524-0.710), respectively. In the screening setting, exhaled VOCs measured by PTR-MS constitute weak markers for emphysema, pulmonary obstruction and impaired diffusion capacity...
  66. ncbi Exhaled nitric oxide and nitric oxide synthase expression in Hodgkin's disease
    G Guida
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 22:1027-34. 2009
    ..4-17.8, p=0.011). In conclusion, high FENO and NOS expression in lymph-nodes indicate that NO is a component of the inflammatory network of HD. FENO may be proposed for the assessment and follow up of bulky mediastinal HD patients...
  67. doi Nitrite in exhaled breath condensate as a marker of nitrossative stress in the airways of patients with asthma, COPD, and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
    Vladimír Rihák
    Department of Respiratory Diseases, Regional Thomas Bata Hospital, Havlíckovo nábrezí, Zlin, Czech Republic
    J Clin Lab Anal 24:317-22. 2010
    ....
  68. doi Analysis of exhaled breath condensate in respiratory medicine: methodological aspects and potential clinical applications
    Paolo Montuschi
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
    Ther Adv Respir Dis 1:5-23. 2007
    ..However, further research in this area is warranted due to the relative lack of noninvasive methods for assessing lung inflammation...
  69. ncbi Overall and peripheral inhomogeneity of ventilation in patients with stable cystic fibrosis
    A Van Muylem
    Department of Chest Medicine, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Pediatr Pulmonol 30:3-9. 2000
    ..In older CF patients, (S(SF6) - S(He)) is more often positive, suggesting that even more distal airways, such as alveolar ducts, become involved in peripheral inhomogeneity of ventilation...
  70. doi Angiogenic markers in breath condensate identify non-small cell lung cancer
    C Gessner
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 20, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Lung Cancer 68:177-84. 2010
    ..We suggest that breath based detection of angiogenic markers may help in the early detection of lung cancer...
  71. ncbi Tropical sprue is associated with contamination of small bowel with aerobic bacteria and reversible prolongation of orocecal transit time
    Uday C Ghoshal
    Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 18:540-7. 2003
    ..In tropical sprue (TS), response to antibiotics may suggest a role for bacterial contamination of the small bowel, which is known in diseases with prolonged orocecal transit time (OCTT)...
  72. doi Passive smoking is a major determinant of exhaled nitric oxide levels in allergic asthmatic children
    Y Laoudi
    Centre de l Asthme et des Allergies, Hopitaux de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris, France
    Allergy 65:491-7. 2010
    ..In children, the evidence in favour of an impact of passive smoking (PS) on FeNO values is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of chronic PS on FeNO in allergic asthmatic children...
  73. ncbi Extended exhaled NO measurement differentiates between alveolar and bronchial inflammation
    L Lehtimäki
    Immunopharmacological Research Group, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 163:1557-61. 2001
    ..In conclusion, extended exhaled NO measurement can be used to separately assess alveolar and bronchial inflammation and to assess disease activity/severity in asthma and alveolitis...
  74. doi Exhaled breath condensate biomarkers in COPD
    Z L Borrill
    Medicines Evaluation Unit, Langley Building, The University of Manchester, Wythenshawe Hospital, Southmoor Rd, Manchester M23 9QZ, UK
    Eur Respir J 32:472-86. 2008
    ....
  75. doi Metabolomics of volatile organic compounds in cystic fibrosis patients and controls
    Charlotte M H H T Robroeks
    Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Res 68:75-80. 2010
    ..This new technique was able to discriminate not only between CF patients and controls but also between CF patients with or without Pseudomonas colonization...
  76. ncbi Study of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in North Indian patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a case control study
    S V Rana
    Department of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Trop Gastroenterol 29:23-5. 2008
    ..Despite this high prevalence, the cause of irritable bowel syndrome is unknown. There is no data available concerning the prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in North Indian patients with irritable bowel syndrome...
  77. pmc Effects of cigarette smoking and abstinence on Stroop task performance
    Catherine P Domier
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 195:1-9. 2007
    ..Selective attention may be important in this regard, but earlier literature presents inconsistent findings on how smoking abstinence and resumption of smoking influence this cognitive function...
  78. ncbi Reference ranges for exhaled nitric oxide derived from a random community survey of adults
    Justin Travers
    Medical Research Institute of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 176:238-42. 2007
    ..Before the widespread use of this test, there is a need to develop reference ranges to allow clinicians to interpret Fe(NO) measurements...
  79. doi Exhaled breath condensate and airway inflammation
    Frank Hoffmeyer
    BGFA, Research Institute of Occupational Medicine, German Social Accident Insurance, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany
    Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 9:16-22. 2009
    ..This article reviews recent data concerning the ability of EBC markers to reflect alterations in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or environment and occupation-induced changes...
  80. ncbi Abnormal breath tests to lactose, fructose and sorbitol in irritable bowel syndrome may be explained by small intestinal bacterial overgrowth
    G Nucera
    Internal Medicine Department, Gemelli Hospital, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 21:1391-5. 2005
    ..The lactulose breath test is a reliable and non-invasive test for the diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The lactose, fructose and sorbitol hydrogen breath tests are widely used to detect specific sugar malabsorption.
  81. ncbi Multiple-breath washout as a marker of lung disease in preschool children with cystic fibrosis
    Paul Aurora
    Portex Respiratory Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 171:249-56. 2005
    ..Most preschool children can perform multiple-breath washout, plethysmography, and spirometry at first attempt. Multiple-breath washout detects abnormal lung function in children with CF more readily than plethysmography or spirometry...
  82. ncbi Development of a compact and simple gas chromatography for oral malodor measurement
    Takatoshi Murata
    Department of Oral Health, Nippon Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Periodontol 77:1142-7. 2006
    ..We have assessed the correlation between measurements with a GC-SCS and those with a regular GC...
  83. doi Effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in asthma after low-dose allergen challenge
    R Schubert
    Department of Pediatrics ZAFES, J W Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 148:321-9. 2009
    ..We investigated the anti-inflammatory potential of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on specific bronchial inflammation. Allergic asthmatics were challenged using a low-dose allergen provocation model...
  84. doi Metabonomic analysis of exhaled breath condensate in adults by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
    G De Laurentiis
    Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera Monaldi, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
    Eur Respir J 32:1175-83. 2008
    ..Moreover, metabonomics of exhaled breath condensate in adults can discriminate potential perturbations induced by pre-analytical variables...
  85. pmc Airway biomarkers of the oxidant burden in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: current and future perspectives
    Noora Louhelainen
    Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 3:585-603. 2008
    ..In brief, it seems that additional analyses utilizing powerful tools such as genomics, metabolomics, lipidomics, and proteomics will be required to improve the specificity and sensitivity of the next generation of biomarkers...
  86. ncbi Peripheral airway involvement in asthma assessed by single-breath SF6 and He washout
    P M Gustafsson
    Dept of Paediatrics, Central Hospital, Skovde, Sweden
    Eur Respir J 21:1033-9. 2003
    ..To conclude, airways close to the acinar entrance participate in the overall airway response to cold-air challenge in asthmatic adults with marked airway hyperresponsiveness to cold, dry air...
  87. ncbi Optimal cutoff level of breath carbon monoxide for assessing smoking status in patients with asthma and COPD
    Susumu Sato
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Chest 124:1749-54. 2003
    ..To assess the optimal cutoff level of breath CO concentration to distinguish actual smokers from nonsmokers among patients with asthma and COPD...
  88. doi Clinical oral malodor measurement with a portable sulfide monitor
    M Ueno
    Department of Oral Health Promotion, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    Oral Dis 14:264-9. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical ability of Breathtron by comparing it with other malodor measurement procedures: the organoleptic test (OT) and gas chromatography (GC)...
  89. ncbi 13C-methacetin and 13C-galactose breath tests can assess restricted liver function even in early stages of primary biliary cirrhosis
    Julia Holtmeier
    Medical Department I, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Scand J Gastroenterol 41:1336-41. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to find out whether these breath tests are sensitive parameters also in non-cirrhotic patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.
  90. ncbi Human breath odors and their use in diagnosis
    Chris L Whittle
    Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1098:252-66. 2007
    ..We present data regarding the presentation of our referred subjects as well as the analytical results from a small number of these subjects regarding their oral levels of halitosis-related malodorants and trimethylamine...
  91. ncbi Exhaled breath condensate pH: reflecting acidification of the airway at all levels
    John Hunt
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:366-7. 2006
  92. doi Detection of odorous compounds in breath
    S Van den Velde
    Department of Periodontology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Dent Res 88:285-9. 2009
    ..We concluded that hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan and, to a much lesser extent, dimethyl sulfide, di- and trisulfide can contribute to oral malodor. The role of other compounds, such as amines and organic acids, seems insignificant...
  93. ncbi Prediction of breast cancer using volatile biomarkers in the breath
    Michael Phillips
    Menssana Research Inc, 1 Horizon Road, Suite 1415, Fort Lee, NJ 07024, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 99:19-21. 2006
    ..0%) women with abnormal mammograms and no cancer on biopsy. A two-minute breath test could potentially provide a safe, accurate and painless screening test for breast cancer, but prospective validation studies are required...
  94. ncbi Exhaled breath condensate pH
    Richard M Effros
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:1047-8. 2006
  95. ncbi Breath condensate nitrite correlates with hyperinflation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Christian Gessner
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 32, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Respir Med 101:2271-8. 2007
    ..Investigations using isolated lung models and cells stretched in culture also provide insight into this relation. Exhaled breath condensate nitrite may be a biochemical indicator of pulmonary overdistension...
  96. ncbi Evaluation of oral and nasal halitosis parameters in patients with repaired cleft lip and/or palate
    Flávio Monteiro-Amado
    Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, Universidade of São Paulo, and Master of Science in Stomatology by Bauru Dental School, Universidade of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 100:682-7. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between halitosis parameters in patients with and without cleft lip and/or palate...
  97. ncbi Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection
    S M Studer
    Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Heart Lung Transplant 20:1158-66. 2001
    ..Treatment of AR may reduce the incidence of OB, although diagnosis of AR often requires bronchoscopic lung biopsy. In this study, we evaluated the utility of exhaled-breath biomarkers for the non-invasive diagnosis of AR...
  98. ncbi 13C-breath tests in the study of mitochondrial liver function
    M Candelli
    Internal Medicine Dept, Catholic University Agostino Gemelli Hospital, Rome, Italy
    Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 8:23-31. 2004
    b>Breath tests for "dynamic" liver function evaluation have been proposed several years ago...
  99. ncbi Comparison of exhaled breath condensate from nasal and oral collection
    P Latzin
    CF Ambulanz, Lindwurmstrasse 4, D 80337 Munich, Germany
    Eur J Med Res 8:505-10. 2003
    ..Here we compare this nasal suction method with the more widely used oral collection method regarding the amount of condensate collected as well as the concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), nitrite and nitrate, respectively...
  100. doi Methods and functions: Breath tests
    Barbara Braden
    John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, OX3 9DU Oxford, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 23:337-52. 2009
    b>Breath tests provide a valuable non-invasive diagnostic strategy to in vivo assess a variety of enzyme activities, organ functions or transport processes...
  101. doi Nitric oxide synthase isoenzyme expression and activity in peripheral lung tissue of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Caterina Brindicci
    National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 181:21-30. 2010
    ..However, expression of the NO synthase(s) responsible for elevated NO has not been identified in the peripheral lung tissue of patients with COPD of varying severity...

Research Grants109 found, 100 shown here

  1. A Novel Approach to Carbon-13 Breath Tests
    David Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): Stable isotope medical diagnostic breath tests enjoy the advantages of being non-invasive, highly specific to detecting an invading organism or measuring organ function, and usually lower cost than ..
  2. FAMILIAL GLUCOSE GALACTOSE MALABSORPTION
    ERNEST WRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Sugar absorption will be measured using H-breath tests to determine if carriers exhibit any symptoms of malabsorption...
  3. Measuring Alcohol Use Disorders at the Roadside
    C Furr Holden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..general, and more specifically, drivers with elevated blood alcohol concentrations as measured by standardized breath tests have current alcohol problems...
  4. Sex Differences to Effects of Nicotine on Responses Maintained by Environmental S
    BETHANY RAIFF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  5. A BREATH TEST FOR LUNG CANCER
    Michael Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..b>Breath tests will be performed in 400 anonymized subjects in order to compare cancer-free controls (with a negative spiral ..
  6. PATTERNS AND PREDICTORS IN THE ALCOHOL INTERLOCK RECORD
    Paul Marques; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In a recent analysis based on 5.5 million breath tests provided by over 2000 interlock assigned DUI offenders in Alberta, it was found that the rate of fail-level BAC ..
  7. Breath Ammonia Method for H. pylori Detection
    David Putnam; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Phase I results demonstrated 100 percent agreement with conventional 14C-labeled breath tests The research will optimize the clinical instrumentation, expand the scope of the Phase I clinical trial to a ..
  8. Breath Analyzer for Determination of Dietary Fat
    JOERG KUTZNER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..pylori infections of the digestive tract. Although an established technique, breath tests will only be widely accepted and applied if cost effective devices are available...
  9. Estimating the Prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorders among At-Risk Drivers
    C Furr Holden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in general, and more specifically drivers with elevated blood alcohol contents as measured by standardized breath tests have current alcohol problems...
  10. Estimating the Prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorders among At-Risk Drivers
    C Furr Holden; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..in general, and more specifically drivers with elevated blood alcohol contents as measured by standardized breath tests have current alcohol problems...
  11. Innovative Laser Spectroscopic Approach for Breath Isoprene Detection
    JOERG KUTZNER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    b>Breath tests are increasingly entering into medical diagnostics because of their non-invasive nature...
  12. Estimating the Prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorders among At-Risk Drivers
    C Furr Holden; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..in general, and more specifically drivers with elevated blood alcohol contents as measured by standardized breath tests have current alcohol problems...
  13. VOLATILE MARKERS OF ORAL MALODOR IN THE BREATH
    Michael Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  14. VOLATILE MARKERS OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN THE BREATH
    Michael Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Also, it could potentially reduce the mortality and morbidity caused by pulmonary TB. ..
  15. EXPERIMENTAL TESTING OF THE DESIGNATED DRIVER CONCEPT
    James Lange; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..S. to Tijuana (and back). Alcohol breath tests are administered to participants when arriving and departing...
  16. Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand example
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
  19. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..crash-involved drivers and 5,000 comparison drivers to participate in roadside interviews that will collect breath tests for BAC and oral fluid and blood samples to identify drug involvement...
  20. Six Programs for the Future of Alcohol Safety
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Voas to become involved in a broader range of programs than if he otherwise were limited by taking on the full management of individual R01 projects. For this effort we are requesting 5 years of support for 75% of Dr. Voas' time. ..
  21. Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  22. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..crash-involved drivers and 5,000 comparison drivers to participate in roadside interviews that will collect breath tests for BAC and oral fluid and blood samples to identify drug involvement...
  23. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  24. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Research to date has shown that following removal of the interlock, participants have the same recidivism rate as offenders who did not choose to install interlocks and remain fully suspended instead. ..
  25. Alcohol Interlock and Biomarker Prediction of DUI Risk
    Paul Marques; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition to scientific communication through usual channels, this project will create risk profile guidelines to aid motor vehicle authorities and the courts for using indicator evidence proactively. ..
  26. Assessment of a Teachable Moment for Smoking Cessation
    Robert Schnoll; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study could clarify the TM concept for smoking cessation, shed light on the underlying mechanisms of TMs, and guide future development and implementation of TM-based smoking cessation interventions. ..
  27. Severe Asthma From Respiratory Infections
    William Busse; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies will provide new insights into the mechanisms of asthma, particularly severe disease, and possibilities of new approaches to treatment. ..
  28. Risk Factors Accounting for Neighborhood Differences in Asthma Prevalence
    Matthew S Perzanowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Aim 3. We hypothesize that among children sensitized to at least one allergen (i.e., atopic), those who live in a HAPN will be more likely to have asthma than those who live in an LAPN. ..
  29. Assessment of a Teachable Moment for Smoking Cessation
    Robert Schnoll; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study could clarify the TM concept for smoking cessation, shed light on the underlying mechanisms of TMs, and guide future development and implementation of TM-based smoking cessation interventions. ..
  30. Regional Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction
    MICHAEL HLASTALA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results of the research will provide a more detailed understanding of the local and cellular mechanisms responsible for HPVR heterogeneity and mechanisms of development of disease in the mammalian lung. ..
  31. Nitric Oxide/Carbon Monoxide in Pulmonary Hypertention
    Raed Dweik; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The training component of this proposal will lead to the candidate's transition to a fully independent investigator. ..
  32. MECHANISMS OF RHINOVIRUS INDUCED ASTHMA
    William Busse; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed studies will provide new evidence as the mechanisms by which RV-infected epithelial cells cause granulocytic bronchial inflammation and asthma exacerbations. ..
  33. MODEL FOR SENSITIVE PERIODS IN EARLY FLAVOR LEARNING
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  34. Progesterone Treatment for Cocaine-Dependent Women
    Suzette Evans; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., women who primarily use cocaine by other routes other than smoked). ..
  35. Effects of Smoked Heroin Across the Menstrual Cycle
    Suzette Evans; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed studies will be the first to systematically evaluate these effects in female non-human primates. ..
  36. Smoking Cessation for Head and Neck Cancer Patients
    Robert Schnoll; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In turn, our findings may help guide the implementation of smoking cessation treatments for all cancer patients within Comprehensive Cancer Centers in the US. ..