- Computed tomography--an increasing source of radiation exposure
David J Brenner
Center for Radiological Research, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
N Engl J Med 357:2277-84. 2007
- Fleischner Society: glossary of terms for thoracic imaging
David M Hansell
Department of Radiology, Royal Brompton Hospital, Sydney Street, London SW3 6NP, United Kingdom
Radiology 246:697-722. 2008
..Brief descriptions of some diseases are included, and pictorial examples (chest radiographs and CT scans) are provided for the majority of terms...
- Intra-arterial prourokinase for acute ischemic stroke. The PROACT II study: a randomized controlled trial. Prolyse in Acute Cerebral Thromboembolism
Cerebrovascular Center, Department of Neurology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA
JAMA 282:2003-11. 1999
..Intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator can be beneficial to some patients when given within 3 hours of stroke onset, but many patients present later after stroke onset and alternative treatments are needed...
- The Canadian CT Head Rule for patients with minor head injury
I G Stiell
Divisions of Emergency Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Lancet 357:1391-6. 2001
..There is much controversy about the use of computed tomography (CT) for patients with minor head injury. We aimed to develop a highly sensitive clinical decision rule for use of CT in patients with minor head injuries...
- Early Lung Cancer Action Project: overall design and findings from baseline screening
C I Henschke
Weill Medical College of Cornell University and New York Presbyterian Hospital, NY 10021, USA
Lancet 354:99-105. 1999
..The Early Lung Cancer Action Project (ELCAP) is designed to evaluate baseline and annual repeat screening by low-radiation-dose computed tomography (low-dose CT) in people at high risk of lung cancer. We report the baseline experience...
- Indications for computed tomography in patients with minor head injury
M J Haydel
Section of Emergency Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Science Center at New Orleans, USA
N Engl J Med 343:100-5. 2000
..We performed a study to develop and validate a set of clinical criteria that could be used to identify patients with minor head injury who do not need to undergo CT...
- Coronary calcium as a predictor of coronary events in four racial or ethnic groups
Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
N Engl J Med 358:1336-45. 2008
..However, it is not known whether coronary-artery calcium predicts coronary heart disease in other racial or ethnic groups...
- Attenuation of skeletal muscle and strength in the elderly: The Health ABC Study
B H Goodpaster
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 90:2157-65. 2001
..These results demonstrate that the attenuation values of muscle on computed tomography in older persons can account for differences in muscle strength not attributed to muscle quantity...
- Subarachnoid haemorrhage: diagnosis, causes and management
J van Gijn
Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Brain 124:249-78. 2001
..Once ischaemia has occurred, treatment regimens such as a combination of induced hypertension and hypervolaemia, or transluminal angioplasty, are plausible, but of unproven benefit...
- MicroCT for developmental biology: a versatile tool for high-contrast 3D imaging at histological resolutions
Brian D Metscher
Department of Theoretical Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Dev Dyn 238:632-40. 2009
..These methods establish microCT imaging as a useful tool for comparative developmental studies, embryo phenotyping, and quantitative modeling of development...
- Relationship between peripheral airway dysfunction, airway obstruction, and neutrophilic inflammation in COPD
R A O'Donnell
Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, Division of Infection, Inflammation and Repair, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
Thorax 59:837-42. 2004
..A number of research tools have been combined to study smokers with a range of COPD severities classified according to the GOLD criteria...
- Diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography: a prospective, multicenter, multivendor study
W Bob Meijboom
Department of Cardiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Am Coll Cardiol 52:2135-44. 2008
..This study sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) to detect or rule out significant coronary artery disease (CAD)...
- Coronary-artery calcification in young adults with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing dialysis
W G Goodman
Department of Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
N Engl J Med 342:1478-83. 2000
- Feasibility of low-dose coronary CT angiography: first experience with prospective ECG-gating
Department of Medical Radiology and Cardiovascular Center, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistr 100, CH 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
Eur Heart J 29:191-7. 2008
..To determine the feasibility of prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-gating to achieve low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA)...
- Extraadrenal paragangliomas of the body: imaging features
Ki Yeol Lee
Department of Radiology, Korea University Anam Hospital, College of Medicine Korea University 126 1, 5 Ka, Anam Dong, Sungbuk Ku, Seoul 136 705, Korea
AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:492-504. 2006
..This article illustrates the anatomic distribution of the healthy paraganglion system and the imaging and pathologic features of various extraadrenal paragangliomas occurring in the head and neck, chest, and abdomen...
- Drug-induced lung disease: high-resolution CT and histological findings
Joanne R Cleverley
Department of Radiology, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Clin Radiol 57:292-9. 2002
..To compare the parenchymal high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) appearances with histological findings in patients with drug-induced lung disease and to determine the prognostic value of HRCT...
- Computed tomographic angiography characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques subsequently resulting in acute coronary syndrome
Department of Cardiology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Japan
J Am Coll Cardiol 54:49-57. 2009
..In a computed tomographic (CT) angiography study, we identified the characteristics of atherosclerotic lesions that were associated with subsequent development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
- The prediction of small airway dimensions using computed tomography
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga, Japan
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 171:142-6. 2005
..01). We conclude that CT measurements of airways with a Pi of 0.75 cm or more could be used to estimate the dimensions of the small conducting airways, which are the site of airway obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
- Relationship between noninvasive coronary angiography with multi-slice computed tomography and myocardial perfusion imaging
Joanne D Schuijf
Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
J Am Coll Cardiol 48:2508-14. 2006
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: radiologic features with pathologic correlation
Angela D Levy
Department of Radiologic Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 6825 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20306 6000, USA
Radiographics 23:283-304, 456; quiz 532. 2003
..Although the radiologic features of GISTs are often distinct from those of epithelial tumors, criteria to separate GISTs radiologically from other nonepithelial tumors have not yet been fully developed...
- An improved segmentation method for in vivo microCT imaging
Jan H Waarsing
Department of Orthopaedics, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Bone Miner Res 19:1640-50. 2004
..The new method can improve the results of in vivo microCT, where the need to keep radiation dose low limits scan quality...
- Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography in emergency assessment of patients with suspected acute stroke: a prospective comparison
Julio A Chalela
Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Lancet 369:293-8. 2007
..We aimed to prospectively compare CT and MRI for emergency diagnosis of acute stroke...
- Comparison of CT- and FDG-PET-defined gross tumor volume in intensity-modulated radiotherapy for head-and-neck cancer
Arnold C Paulino
Department of Radiation Oncology, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Emory Clinic and Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 61:1385-92. 2005
- Diagnostic performance of 64-multidetector row coronary computed tomographic angiography for evaluation of coronary artery stenosis in individuals without known coronary artery disease: results from the prospective multicenter ACCURACY (Assessment by Coro
Matthew J Budoff
Department of Medicine, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor UCLA, Torrance, California, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 52:1724-32. 2008
..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of electrocardiographically gated 64-multidetector row coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in individuals without known coronary artery disease (CAD)...
- Multidetector-row computed tomography in suspected pulmonary embolism
Service of General Internal Medicine, Geneva Faculty of Medicine and Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
N Engl J Med 352:1760-8. 2005
..We evaluated whether the use of D-dimer measurement and multidetector-row CT, without lower-limb ultrasonography, might safely rule out pulmonary embolism...
- Adrenal masses: characterization with combined unenhanced and delayed enhanced CT
Elaine M Caoili
Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical Center, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 9723, USA
Radiology 222:629-33. 2002
..To assess the accuracy of a dedicated adrenal computed tomographic (CT) protocol...
- Malignant tumor, of the gastrointestinal stromal tumor type, in the greater omentum
Department of Surgery, Tatsuno General Hospital, 3351 Ooaza Inatomi, Tatsunocho, Kamiina gun, 399 0426, Nagano, Japan
J Gastroenterol 38:985-8. 2003
..The patient died of hypovolemic shock. Necropsy revealed that rupture of one of the metastatic liver tumors had resulted in a massive intraperitoneal hemorrhage...
- Strategies for reducing radiation dose in CT
Cynthia H McCollough
Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Radiol Clin North Am 47:27-40. 2009
..To satisfy the ALARA principle, the dose reduction strategies described in this article must be well understood and properly used. The use of CT must also be justified for the specific diagnostic task...
- Steroid therapy for idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis: dose and duration
A H Kardar
Department of Urology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
J Urol 168:550-5. 2002
..However, there is no agreement as to the dose and duration of steroid. We adopted a regimen of long-term steroid use in this prospective study...
- Patterns of failure in patients receiving definitive and postoperative IMRT for head-and-neck cancer
K S Clifford Chao
Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, USA
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 55:312-21. 2003
..To analyze the patterns of locoregional failure in patients with head-and-neck cancer treated with inverse planning intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)...
- Medical radiation exposure in the U.S. in 2006: preliminary results
Fred A Mettler
Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Service, New Mexico VA Health Care System, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
Health Phys 95:502-7. 2008
..Nuclear medicine accounted for about 4% of all procedures but 26% of the total collective dose. Medical radiation exposure is now approximately equal to natural background radiation...
- Comparison of three different mediastinal radiotherapy techniques in female patients: Impact on heart sparing and dose to the breasts
Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitat Munchen, Munich, Germany
Radiother Oncol 82:301-7. 2007
..Especially in highly curable diseases such as lymphoma, long-term survivors might develop late cardiac damage and radiation-induced second cancer...
- Recurrences of hepatocellular carcinoma following initial remission by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
Jae Kyun Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
J Gastroenterol Hepatol 17:52-8. 2002
- Improvements in cancer staging with PET/CT: literature-based evidence as of September 2006
Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, Ahmanson Biological Imaging Clinic Nuclear Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 6948, USA
J Nucl Med 48:78S-88S. 2007
..From these data, we believe, has emerged reliable evidence in support of the notion that PET/CT offers diagnostic advantages over its individual components for the major cancers...
- Thin-section CT in obstructive pulmonary disease: discriminatory value
Susan J Copley
Department of Radiology, Hammersmith Hospital, London, England
Radiology 223:812-9. 2002
..To use thin-section computed tomography (CT) to distinguish between causes of obstructive pulmonary disease, to determine which distinctions give rise to diagnostic imprecision, and to identify the most useful CT features...
- 18F-FDG PET definition of gross tumor volume for radiotherapy of non-small cell lung cancer: is a single standardized uptake value threshold approach appropriate?
Kenneth J Biehl
Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
J Nucl Med 47:1808-12. 2006
- Accuracy of dynamic perfusion CT with deconvolution in detecting acute hemispheric stroke
Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology Section, University of California, San Francisco, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:104-12. 2005
..We determined the accuracy of these maps in patients with suspected acute hemispheric stroke...
- Vascular calcification and cardiovascular function in chronic kidney disease
Department of Renal Medicine, Derby City General Hospital, Derby, DE22 3NE, UK
Nephrol Dial Transplant 21:707-14. 2006
..Few data are currently available comparing vascular calcification and its attendant functional cardiovascular consequences between CKD stage 4 patients and both peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis (HD) (CKD stage 5) patients...
- Comparison of CT and sonography in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis: a blinded prospective study
Department of Surgery, St Elisabeth Hospital Tilburg, Hilvarenbeekseweg 60, 5000 LC Tilburg, The Netherlands
AJR Am J Roentgenol 181:1355-9. 2003
..The results, independently reported, were correlated with surgical and histopathologic findings...
- Noninvasive coronary artery imaging: magnetic resonance angiography and multidetector computed tomography angiography: a scientific statement from the american heart association committee on cardiovascular imaging and intervention of the council on cardio
David A Bluemke
Circulation 118:586-606. 2008
- Sunitinib for treatment of advanced renal cell cancer: primary tumor response
Astrid A M van der Veldt
Department of Medical Oncology, VU University Medical Center, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Clin Cancer Res 14:2431-6. 2008
..In addition, the primary tumor is known to be refractory to cytokines. Sunitinib is now approved for treatment of advanced RCC, but its effect on the primary tumor has yet to be reported...
- Bone imaging in metastatic breast cancer
Breast Cancer Research Program, Department of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 448, Houston, TX 77030, USA
J Clin Oncol 22:2942-53. 2004
- Radiographic, CT, and MR imaging features of dedifferentiated chondrosarcomas: a retrospective review of 174 de novo cases
Laurel A Littrell
Department of Radiologyy, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Radiographics 24:1397-409. 2004
..In the initial evaluation of patients with a primary bone tumor, thorough evaluation of the radiologic features of the entire tumor is critical...
- CT and diffusion-weighted MR imaging in randomized order: diffusion-weighted imaging results in higher accuracy and lower interrater variability in the diagnosis of hyperacute ischemic stroke
J B Fiebach
Department of Neuroradiology, University of Heidelberg Medical School, Heidelberg, Germany
Stroke 33:2206-10. 2002
..The value of this method as a routine procedure is still being discussed. In previous studies, CT was always performed before DWI. Therefore, infarct progression could be a reason for the better result in DWI...
- Does the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale favor left hemisphere strokes? NINDS t-PA Stroke Study Group
Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45220, USA
Stroke 30:2355-9. 1999
..Of 42 possible points, 7 points are directly related to measurement of language compared with only 2 points related to neglect...
- Noncalcified lung nodules: volumetric assessment with thoracic CT
Marios A Gavrielides
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U S Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD 20993 0002, USA
Radiology 251:26-37. 2009
- PET imaging of somatostatin receptors using [68GA]DOTA-D-Phe1-Tyr3-octreotide: first results in patients with meningiomas
Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
J Nucl Med 42:1053-6. 2001
..CONCLUSION: According to our initial experiences, [68Ga]DOTATOC seems to be a very promising new PET tracer for imaging SSTRs even in small meningiomas, offering excellent imaging properties and a very high tumor-to-background ratio...
- The Danish randomized lung cancer CT screening trial--overall design and results of the prevalence round
Jesper H Pedersen
Department of Thoracic Surgery RT, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
J Thorac Oncol 4:608-14. 2009
..Lung cancer screening with low dose computed tomography (CT) has not yet been evaluated in randomized clinical trials, although several are underway...
- Evaluation of 18F-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography for gastric cancer
Department of Surgery 1, Faculty of Medicine, Gunma University, 3 39 22 Showa machi, Maebashi, 371 8511 Gunma, Japan
World J Surg 28:247-53. 2004
..Detection of nodal metastasis also was not possible by FDG-PET. However, FDG-PET appears to provide important additional information concerning the aggressiveness of the tumor and the prognosis in patients with gastric cancer...
- CT screening for lung cancer: suspiciousness of nodules according to size on baseline scans
Claudia I Henschke
Department of Radiology and Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 525 E 68th St, New York, NY 10021, USA
Radiology 231:164-8. 2004
..0 mm in diameter identified on initial computed tomographic (CT) images at baseline screening leads to a diagnosis of malignancy prior to first annual repeat screening, compared with a possibly optimal work-up of larger nodules...
- Diagnostic CT scans: assessment of patient, physician, and radiologist awareness of radiation dose and possible risks
Christoph I Lee
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University, 333 Cedar St, TE 2, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Radiology 231:393-8. 2004
..To determine the awareness level concerning radiation dose and possible risks associated with computed tomographic (CT) scans among patients, emergency department (ED) physicians, and radiologists...
- Texture analysis of medical images
Neuroimage Laboratory, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Brazil
Clin Radiol 59:1061-9. 2004
..In this article we clarify the principles of texture analysis and give examples of its applications, reviewing studies of the technique...
- Multi-detector row CT systems and image-reconstruction techniques
Thomas G Flohr
Siemens Medical Solutions, CT Division, Forchheim, Germany
Radiology 235:756-73. 2005
..Finally, the evolutionary steps from traditional single-section spiral image-reconstruction algorithms to the most recent approaches toward multisection spiral reconstruction are traced...
- Quantitative computed tomography of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Harvey O Coxson
Department of Radiology and James Hogg iCAPTURE Centre for Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Research, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9
Acad Radiol 12:1457-63. 2005
..This review describes some of these CT techniques for quantitative assessment of lung structure...
- Interobserver variability of clinical target volume delineation of glandular breast tissue and of boost volume in tangential breast irradiation
Department of Radiotherapy, University Medical Centre, Ultrecht, The Netherlands
Radiother Oncol 76:293-9. 2005
..To determine the interobserver variability of clinical target volume delineation of glandular breast tissue and of boost volume in tangential breast irradiation...
- Perfusion-CT assessment of infarct core and penumbra: receiver operating characteristic curve analysis in 130 patients suspected of acute hemispheric stroke
Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0628, USA
Stroke 37:979-85. 2006
- Comparative overview of brain perfusion imaging techniques
Department of Radiology, University of California, 505 Parnassus Ave, San Francisco, CA 94143 0628, USA
Stroke 36:e83-99. 2005
..All of them are used to characterize the same types of pathological conditions. However, each technique has its own advantages and drawbacks...
- Lumbar interbody fusion using the Brantigan I/F cage for posterior lumbar interbody fusion and the variable pedicle screw placement system: two-year results from a Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption clinical trial
J W Brantigan
South Texas Orthopaedic and Spinal Surgery Associates, San Antonio, Texas 78240, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:1437-46. 2000
..CONCLUSIONS: The Brantigan I/F Cage for posterior lumbar interbody fusion and the Variable Screw Placement System are safe and effective for the management of degenerative disc disease...
- Small hepatocellular carcinoma: comparison of radio-frequency ablation and percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy
Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawaharacho, Shogoin, Sakyoku, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
Radiology 223:331-7. 2002
..To evaluate the effectiveness of radio-frequency (RF) ablation and percutaneous microwave coagulation (PMC) for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
- Immediate repair compared with surveillance of small abdominal aortic aneurysms
Frank A Lederle
Veterans Affairs Medical Centers in Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
N Engl J Med 346:1437-44. 2002
..Whether elective surgical repair of small abdominal aortic aneurysms improves survival remains controversial...
- PROACT: a phase II randomized trial of recombinant pro-urokinase by direct arterial delivery in acute middle cerebral artery stroke. PROACT Investigators. Prolyse in Acute Cerebral Thromboembolism
G J del Zoppo
Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, Calif 92037, USA
Stroke 29:4-11. 1998
- Local denervation atrophy of paraspinal muscles in postoperative failed back syndrome
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:575-81. 1993
..It may be possible to develop operating techniques that save back muscle innervation better than the usual ones...
- Visceral fat, waist circumference, and BMI: impact of race/ethnicity
Joan F Carroll
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:600-7. 2008
- Use of positron emission tomography for response assessment of lymphoma: consensus of the Imaging Subcommittee of International Harmonization Project in Lymphoma
Malik E Juweid
Department of Radiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Clin Oncol 25:571-8. 2007
..To develop guidelines for performing and interpreting positron emission tomography (PET) imaging for treatment assessment in patients with lymphoma both in clinical practice and in clinical trials...
- Characteristics of COPD phenotypes classified according to the findings of HRCT
Department of Internal Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto 390 8621, Japan
Respir Med 100:1742-52. 2006
..These findings suggest that the morphological phenotypes of COPD show several clinical characteristics and different responsiveness to treatment with bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids...
- Computer-assisted knee arthroplasty versus a conventional jig-based technique. A randomised, prospective trial
S K Chauhan
Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia
J Bone Joint Surg Br 86:372-7. 2004
..011) and femorotibial mismatch (p = 0.037). Standing alignment was also improved (p = 0.004) and blood loss was less (p = 0.0001). Computer-assisted surgery took longer with a mean increase of 13 minutes (p = 0.0001)...
- Leg muscle mass and composition in relation to lower extremity performance in men and women aged 70 to 79: the health, aging and body composition study
Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Am Geriatr Soc 50:897-904. 2002
..Our aim was to determine whether low leg muscle mass and greater fat infiltration in the muscle were associated with poor lower extremity performance (LEP)...
- Prediction of outcome in traumatic brain injury with computed tomographic characteristics: a comparison between the computed tomographic classification and combinations of computed tomographic predictors
Andrew I R Maas
Department of Neurological Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Neurosurgery 57:1173-82; discussion 1173-82. 2005
..This classification is increasingly used as a predictor of outcome. We aimed to examine the predictive value of the Marshall CT classification in comparison with alternative CT models...
- Mediastinal lymph node staging by FDG-PET in patients with non-small cell lung cancer: analysis of false-positive FDG-PET findings
First Department of Medicine, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
Respiration 70:500-6. 2003
..Positron emission tomography with 2-[18F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose as a tracer (FDG-PET) has recently been reported to be more effective in detecting tumor involvement in mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes than computed tomography (CT)...
- Osteoid osteoma: percutaneous treatment with radiofrequency energy
Daniel I Rosenthal
Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 199 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Radiology 229:171-5. 2003
..To report our experience with technical success, complications, and long-term clinical success of radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma...
- Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in children
Division of Neurology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada
N Engl J Med 345:417-23. 2001
..CONCLUSIONS: Sinovenous thrombosis in children affects primarily neonates and results in neurologic impairment or death in approximately half the cases. The occurrence of venous infarcts or seizures portends a poor outcome...
- Impact of positron emission tomography/computed tomography and positron emission tomography (PET) alone on expected management of patients with cancer: initial results from the National Oncologic PET Registry
Bruce E Hillner
Department of Internal Medicine and the Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1101 E Marshall St, Room 7013, Richmond, VA 23298 0170, USA
J Clin Oncol 26:2155-61. 2008
..The National Oncologic PET Registry (NOPR) was developed to meet these coverage requirements and to assess how PET affects care decisions...
- Lung nodule detection on chest CT: evaluation of a computer-aided detection (CAD) system
In Jae Lee
Department of Radiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA
Korean J Radiol 6:89-93. 2005
..To evaluate the capacity of a computer-aided detection (CAD) system to detect lung nodules in clinical chest CT...
- Stereotactic single-dose radiation therapy of liver tumors: results of a phase I/II trial
K K Herfarth
Division of Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
J Clin Oncol 19:164-70. 2001
..To investigate the feasibility and the clinical response of a stereotactic single-dose radiation treatment for liver tumors...
- Recurrent CT, cumulative radiation exposure, and associated radiation-induced cancer risks from CT of adults
Department of Radiology and Center for Evidence Based Imaging, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Radiology 251:175-84. 2009
..To estimate cumulative radiation exposure and lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of radiation-induced cancer from computed tomographic (CT) scanning of adult patients at a tertiary care academic medical center...
- Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in children: risk factors, presentation, diagnosis and outcome
Service de Neuropediatrie, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada
Brain 128:477-89. 2005
..Nutritional deficiencies may be modifiable risk factors. A paediatric anticoagulation trial may be required, after the natural history has been further established from registries of cases with and without treatment...
- Mass screening for lung cancer with mobile spiral computed tomography scanner
Department of Radiology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
Lancet 351:1242-5. 1998
..We assessed whether population-based mass screening with a spiral computed tomography scanner could contribute substantially to detection of smaller cancers, and decrease mortality...
- Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in heart-lung transplant recipients: diagnosis with expiratory CT
A A Bankier
Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Radiology 218:533-9. 2001
..To determine the test performance and longitudinal evolution of air trapping for diagnosing bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS)...
- Chest CT: automated nodule detection and assessment of change over time--preliminary experience
J P Ko
Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
Radiology 218:267-73. 2001
..Assessment of change in nodule size by the computer matched that by the thoracic radiologist (Spearman rank correlation coefficient, 0.932)...
- Spiral CT with multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstructions accurately predicts tracheobronchial pathology
Division of Thoracic Diseases, New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Ann Thorac Surg 62:811-7. 1996
- Intracardiac thrombus in Behçet's disease: a systematic review
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
Chest 118:479-87. 2000
..Intracardiac thrombus formation is a rare but serious complication of Behçet's disease. We aimed to review the clinical and pathologic correlates of cardiac thrombus formation in the context of Behçet's disease...
- The thyroid incidentaloma: an increasingly frequent consequence of radiologic imaging
Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Semin Ultrasound CT MR 26:37-46. 2005
..Additionally, the role of the radiologist as an integral part of the multidisciplinary team of surgeons, endocrinologists, and cytologists working together to identify those patients with the highest risk of malignancy will be explored...
- Coronary artery calcium score and coronary heart disease events in a large cohort of asymptomatic men and women
Michael J LaMonte
Centers for Integrated Health Research, The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
Am J Epidemiol 162:421-9. 2005
..These findings show that CAC is associated with an increased risk of CHD events in asymptomatic women and men...
- Finite element models predict in vitro vertebral body compressive strength better than quantitative computed tomography
R Paul Crawford
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1740, USA
Bone 33:744-50. 2003
- The value of PET, CT and in-line PET/CT in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumours: long-term outcome of treatment with imatinib mesylate
G W Goerres
Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 32:153-62. 2005
..The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic power of PET and ceCT and to evaluate the clinical role of PET/CT imaging...
- Chickenpox and stroke in childhood: a study of frequency and causation
Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Stroke 32:1257-62. 2001
..Varicella-associated AIS has characteristic features, including a 2-fold increase in recurrent AIS and transient ischemic attacks. Varicella is an important risk factor for childhood AIS...
- Reliable high-speed coronary computed tomography in symptomatic patients
Annick C Weustink
Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Am Coll Cardiol 50:786-94. 2007
- Assessment of the sources of error affecting the quantitative accuracy of SPECT imaging in small animals
Andrew B Hwang
Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, University of California San Francisco and University of California Berkeley, CA, USA
Phys Med Biol 53:2233-52. 2008
..e. modeling the finite collimator spatial resolution in iterative reconstruction algorithms) can significantly reduce the partial volume errors...
- Clinical spectrum of mediastinal cysts
Shin Ichi Takeda
Department of Surgery Course of Interventional Medicine E1, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
Chest 124:125-32. 2003
..The purpose of this study was to review our institutional experience with congenital cysts of the mediastinum, emphasizing the clinical spectrum of the disease...
- Prevalence of coronary artery disease and plaque morphology assessed by multi-slice computed tomography coronary angiography and calcium scoring in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes
A J H A Scholte
Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
Heart 94:290-5. 2008
..In addition, the relation between calcium score and MSCT findings was explored...
- Hybrid in vivo FMT-CT imaging of protease activity in atherosclerosis with customized nanosensors
Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 29:1444-51. 2009
- Case report: hand-assisted laparoscopic radical heminephrectomy for renal-cell carcinoma in a horseshoe kidney
Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
J Endourol 21:1485-7. 2007
..To our knowledge, this is the initial case of HAL radical heminephrectomy for renal-cell carcinoma in a horseshoe kidney. Appropriate pre-operative imaging and surgical technique for the isthmusectomy are highlighted...
- Determination and delineation of nodal target volumes for head-and-neck cancer based on patterns of failure in patients receiving definitive and postoperative IMRT
K S Clifford Chao
Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, USA
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 53:1174-84. 2002
..We present the guidelines for target volume determination and delineation of head-and-neck lymph nodes based on the analysis of the patterns of nodal failure in patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)...
- Accuracy of MDCT in predicting site of gastrointestinal tract perforation
Department of Radiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire St Pierre, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 322 rue Haute, Brussels 1000, Belgium
AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:1179-83. 2006
- Dynamic CT Evaluation of Tumor Vascularity in Renal Cell Carcinoma
Jin Hong Wang
Department of Radiology, Tong Ji Hospital, Tong Ji University, Xin Cun Rd 389, Shanghai 200065, China
AJR Am J Roentgenol 186:1423-30. 2006
- Human aortic valve calcification is associated with an osteoblast phenotype
Nalini M Rajamannan
Division of Cardiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 201 East Huron St, Galter Suite 10 240, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
Circulation 107:2181-4. 2003
..We hypothesized that the mechanism for aortic valve calcification is similar to skeletal bone formation and that this process is mediated by an osteoblast-like phenotype...
- Diagnostic and prognostic value of absence of coronary artery calcification
Cardiac PET CT MRI Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2:675-88. 2009
..In this study, we systematically assessed the diagnostic and prognostic value of absence of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in asymptomatic and symptomatic individuals...
- Evaluation of liver fibrosis: a concise review
Nezam H Afdhal
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02125, USA
Am J Gastroenterol 99:1160-74. 2004
..The limitations of utilization of these markers for both cross-sectional diagnosis of fibrosis and monitoring disease progression or regression are discussed...
- The detection of bone metastases in patients with high-risk prostate cancer: 99mTc-MDP Planar bone scintigraphy, single- and multi-field-of-view SPECT, 18F-fluoride PET, and 18F-fluoride PET/CT
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
J Nucl Med 47:287-97. 2006
..The aim of this study was to compare the detection of bone metastases by 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) planar bone scintigraphy (BS), SPECT, 18F-Fluoride PET, and 18F-Fluoride PET/CT in patients with high-risk prostate cancer...
- Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: frequency and clinical features
D S Kim
Dept of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Ulsan University, Poongnap dong, Songpa Ku, Seoul, Korea
Eur Respir J 27:143-50. 2006
..The findings of this study demonstrate that acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is rather common and this exacerbation is likely to have a spectrum of severity...
- Calcified coronary artery plaque measurement with cardiac CT in population-based studies: standardized protocol of Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study
J Jeffrey Carr
Departments of Radiology and Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Radiology 234:35-43. 2005