particulate matter


Summary: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.

Top Publications

  1. Cetta F, Dhamo A, Moltoni L, Bolzacchini E. Adverse health effects from combustion-derived nanoparticles: the relative role of intrinsic particle toxicity and host response. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117:A190 pubmed publisher
  2. Cetta F, Dhamo A, Malagnino G, Galeazzi M. Linking environmental particulate matter with genetic alterations. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117:A340; author reply A340-1 pubmed publisher
  3. Brook R, Rajagopalan S, Pope C, Brook J, Bhatnagar A, Diez Roux A, et al. Particulate matter air pollution and cardiovascular disease: An update to the scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010;121:2331-78 pubmed publisher
    ..scientific statement on "Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease" concluded that exposure to particulate matter (PM) air pollution contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
  4. Mead M. Who's at risk? Gauging susceptibility to air pollutants. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:A176 pubmed publisher
  5. Yadav I, Linthoingambi Devi N, Li J, Syed J, Zhang G, Watanabe H. Biomass burning in Indo-China peninsula and its impacts on regional air quality and global climate change-a review. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:414-427 pubmed publisher
    Although, many biomass burning (BB) emissions products (particulate matter and trace gases) are believed to be trans-boundary pollutants that originates from India and China (the two most populous countries in Asia), the information about ..
  6. Gondalia R, Avery C, Napier M, Mendez Giraldez R, Stewart J, Sitlani C, et al. Genome-wide Association Study of Susceptibility to Particulate Matter-Associated QT Prolongation. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125:067002 pubmed publisher
    Ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution exposure has been associated with increases in QT interval duration (QT). However, innate susceptibility to PM-associated QT prolongation has not been characterized.
  7. Baccini M, Mattei A, Mealli F, Bertazzi P, Carugno M. Assessing the short term impact of air pollution on mortality: a matching approach. Environ Health. 2017;16:7 pubmed publisher
    ..We considered the impact of high daily levels of particulate matter ≤10 μm in diameter (PM10) on mortality within two days from the exposure in the ..
  8. Ye Z, Li Q, Liu J, Luo S, Zhou Q, Bi C, et al. Investigation of submicron aerosol characteristics in Changzhou, China: Composition, source, and comparison with co-collected PM2.5. Chemosphere. 2017;183:176-185 pubmed publisher
    ..5 in Changzhou, which are valuable for the government to make effective policies to reduce the aerosol pollution in and near the city. ..
  9. Breheny D, Adamson J, Azzopardi D, Baxter A, Bishop E, Carr T, et al. A novel hybrid tobacco product that delivers a tobacco flavour note with vapour aerosol (Part 2): In vitro biological assessment and comparison with different tobacco-heating products. Food Chem Toxicol. 2017;106:533-546 pubmed publisher
    ..Exposure matrices used included total particulate matter (TPM), whole aerosol (WA), and aqueous aerosol extracts (AqE) obtained after machine-puffing the test ..

More Information

Publications113 found, 100 shown here

  1. Singh A, Chakrabarti S, Kumar S, Singh A. Assessment of air quality in Haora River basin using fuzzy multiple-attribute decision making techniques. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:373 pubmed publisher
    ..Six important air pollutants, namely, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, suspended particulate matter (SPM), PM10, and lead, were monitored continuously, and air quality maps were generated on the ..
  2. Potera C. Wood-burning stoves get help from HEPA filters. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:A164 pubmed publisher
  3. Franklin B, Brook R, Arden Pope C. Air pollution and cardiovascular disease. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2015;40:207-38 pubmed publisher
    An escalating body of epidemiologic and clinical research provides compelling evidence that exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution contributes to the development of cardiovascular disease and the triggering of acute cardiac ..
  4. Lee M, LeBouf R, Son Y, Koutrakis P, Christiani D. Nicotine, aerosol particles, carbonyls and volatile organic compounds in tobacco- and menthol-flavored e-cigarettes. Environ Health. 2017;16:42 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings are limited by the small number of ECs tested and the conditions of testing. More comprehensive research on EC exposure extending to more brands and flavor compounds is warranted. ..
  5. Almeida T, Sant Ana M, Cruz J, Tormen L, Frescura Bascuñan V, Azevedo P, et al. Characterisation and source identification of the total airborne particulate matter collected in an urban area of Aracaju, Northeast, Brazil. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:444-451 pubmed publisher
    ..Sergipe State, Northeast, Brazil revealed that soil dust in suspension was the main source of total airborne particulate matter (TAPM), followed by vehicular pollution...
  6. Lyu Y, Liu L, Guo L, Yang Y, Qu Z, Hu X, et al. Deposited atmospheric dust as influenced by anthropogenic emissions in northern China. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:390 pubmed publisher
    Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) from multinatural and anthropogenic sources poses serious risk to human health and contaminates soil and water resources as it settles back to ground environment and ecosystem...
  7. Wong C, Thach T, Chau P, Chan E, Chung R, Ou C, et al. Part 4. Interaction between air pollution and respiratory viruses: time-series study of daily mortality and hospital admissions in Hong Kong. Res Rep Health Eff Inst. 2010;:283-362 pubmed
    ..Daily concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 pm (PM10); and ozone (O3) were derived from eight monitoring ..
  8. Chang C, Demokritou P, Shafer M, Christiani D. Physicochemical and toxicological characteristics of welding fume derived particles generated from real time welding processes. Environ Sci Process Impacts. 2013;15:214-24 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the results also confirmed the hypothesis that smaller particles generate more ROS activity and should be evaluated carefully for risk assessment. ..
  9. Leng X, Wang J, Ji H, Wang Q, Li H, Qian X, et al. Prediction of size-fractionated airborne particle-bound metals using MLR, BP-ANN and SVM analyses. Chemosphere. 2017;180:513-522 pubmed publisher
    Size-fractionated heavy metal concentrations were observed in airborne particulate matter (PM) samples collected from 2014 to 2015 (spanning all four seasons) from suburban (Xianlin) and industrial (Pukou) areas in Nanjing, a megacity of ..
  10. Sun X, Wei H, Young D, Bein K, Smiley Jewell S, Zhang Q, et al. Differential pulmonary effects of wintertime California and China particulate matter in healthy young mice. Toxicol Lett. 2017;278:1-8 pubmed publisher
    Airborne particulate matter (PM) is associated with adverse cardiorespiratory effects. To better understand source-orientated PM toxicity, a comparative study of the biological effects of fine PM (diameter?2.5?m, PM2...
  11. Zajusz Zubek E, Radko T, Mainka A. Fractionation of trace elements and human health risk of submicron particulate matter (PM1) collected in the surroundings of coking plants. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:389 pubmed publisher
    ..index, revealed that the absorption of the examined elements contained in the most mobile fractions of particulate matter via inhalation by children and adults can be considered potentially harmless to the health of people ..
  12. Darrow L, Klein M, Flanders W, Mulholland J, Tolbert P, Strickland M. Air pollution and acute respiratory infections among children 0-4 years of age: an 18-year time-series study. Am J Epidemiol. 2014;180:968-77 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated short-term changes in ambient air pollutant concentrations, including speciated particulate matter less than 2.5 ?m in diameter (PM2...
  13. Hong Y, Kim K, Sang B, Kim H. Simple quantification method for N-nitrosamines in atmospheric particulates based on facile pretreatment and GC-MS/MS. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:324-334 pubmed publisher
    ..The proposed sample pretreatment method along with the analytical method will definitely help us perform the monitoring study. ..
  14. Chowdhury P, Kitamura G, Honda A, Sawahara T, Hayashi T, Fukushima W, et al. Synergistic effect of carbon nuclei and polyaromatic hydrocarbons on respiratory and immune responses. Environ Toxicol. 2017;32:2172-2181 pubmed publisher
    b>Particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ?2.5 ?m (PM2.5 ) is generally composed of carbon nuclei associated with various organic carbons, metals, ions and biological materials...
  15. Fu Q, Lyu D, Zhang L, Qin Z, Tang Q, Yin H, et al. Airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) triggers autophagy in human corneal epithelial cell line. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:314-322 pubmed publisher
    To investigate particulate matter (PM2.5)-induced damage to human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) and to determine the underlying mechanisms. HCECs were exposed to PM2.5 at a series of concentrations for various periods...
  16. Gharibvand L, Lawrence Beeson W, Shavlik D, Knutsen R, Ghamsary M, Soret S, et al. The association between ambient fine particulate matter and incident adenocarcinoma subtype of lung cancer. Environ Health. 2017;16:71 pubmed publisher
    ..05, 2.30). Increased risk of AC was observed for each 10 ?g/m3 increment in ambient PM2.5 concentrations. The risk was higher among those without prevalent NMSC and those who spent more than 1 h/day outdoors. ..
  17. Li W, Dorans K, Wilker E, Rice M, Ljungman P, Schwartz J, et al. Short-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Biomarkers of Systemic Inflammation: The Framingham Heart Study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2017;37:1793-1800 pubmed publisher
    ..central air pollution monitoring site in Boston, MA, and calculated the 1- to 7-day moving averages of fine particulate matter (diameter<2.5 µm), black carbon, sulfate, nitrogen oxides, and ozone before the examination visits...
  18. Duan J, Hu H, Zhang Y, Feng L, Shi Y, Miller M, et al. Multi-organ toxicity induced by fine particulate matter PM2.5 in zebrafish (Danio rerio) model. Chemosphere. 2017;180:24-32 pubmed publisher
    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in air pollution is a major public health concern and now known to contribute to severe diseases, therefore, a comprehensive understanding of PM2...
  19. Moridi P, Atabi F, Nouri J, Yarahmadi R. Selection of optimized air pollutant filtration technologies for petrochemical industries through multiple-attribute decision-making. J Environ Manage. 2017;197:456-463 pubmed publisher
    ..designability, and size) were used to rank air pollution control technologies designed to eliminate particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and ammonia (NH3)...
  20. Grana M, Toschi N, Vicentini L, Pietroiusti A, Magrini A. Exposure to ultrafine particles in different transport modes in the city of Rome. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:201-210 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data can provide relevant information for transport decision-making and increase environmental awareness in the hope that the information about inhaled pollutants can translate into a more rational approach to urban travelling. ..
  21. Beloqui A, Brayden D, Artursson P, Préat V, des Rieux A. A human intestinal M-cell-like model for investigating particle, antigen and microorganism translocation. Nat Protoc. 2017;12:1387-1399 pubmed publisher
    ..The protocol requires skills in cell culture and microscopy analysis. The model is obtained after 3 weeks, and transport experiments across the differentiated model can be carried out over periods of up to 10 h. ..
  22. Palacios N, Fitzgerald K, Hart J, Weisskopf M, Schwarzschild M, Ascherio A, et al. Air Pollution and Risk of Parkinson's Disease in a Large Prospective Study of Men. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125:087011 pubmed publisher
    Exposure to air pollution has been implicated in a number of adverse health outcomes, and the effect of particulate matter (PM) on the brain is beginning to be recognized...
  23. Holzman D. When it comes to electric vehicle emissions, location matters. Environ Health Perspect. 2012;120:A230-1 pubmed publisher
  24. Chandra S, Kulshrestha M, Singh R, Singh N. Chemical characteristics of trace metals in PM10 and their concentrated weighted trajectory analysis at Central Delhi, India. J Environ Sci (China). 2017;55:184-196 pubmed publisher
  25. Falcón Rodríguez C, De Vizcaya Ruiz A, Rosas Pérez I, Osornio Vargas A, Segura Medina P. Inhalation of concentrated PM2.5 from Mexico City acts as an adjuvant in a guinea pig model of allergic asthma. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:474-483 pubmed publisher
    Exposure to Particulate Matter (PM) could function as an adjuvant depending on the city of origin in mice allergic asthma models. Therefore, our aim was to determine whether inhalation of fine particles (PM2...
  26. Chiara Pietrogrande M, Barbaro E, Bove M, Clauser G, Colombi C, Corbella L, et al. Results of an interlaboratory comparison of analytical methods for quantification of anhydrosugars and biosugars in atmospheric aerosol. Chemosphere. 2017;184:269-277 pubmed publisher
    ..of 10 laboratories in Italy currently involved in such analyses was investigated on twenty-six PM (particulate matter) ambient filters, three synthetic PM filters and three aqueous standard solutions...
  27. Salvi S, Barnes P. Is exposure to biomass smoke the biggest risk factor for COPD globally?. Chest. 2010;138:3-6 pubmed publisher
  28. Arnold C. Air pollution and ASDs: homing in on an environmental risk factor. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123:A68 pubmed publisher
  29. Subramanian M. Can Delhi save itself from its toxic air?. Nature. 2016;534:166-9 pubmed publisher
  30. Gu X, Chu X, Zeng X, Bao H, Liu X. Effects of PM2.5 exposure on the Notch signaling pathway and immune imbalance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:163-173 pubmed publisher
    ..The immune disorder induced by fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is related to COPD. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which PM2...
  31. Mann E, Ho T, Pfeffer P, Matthews N, Chevretton E, Mudway I, et al. Vitamin D Counteracts an IL-23-Dependent IL-17A+IFN-?+ Response Driven by Urban Particulate Matter. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2017;57:355-366 pubmed publisher
    Urban particulate matter (UPM) air pollution and vitamin D deficiency are detrimentally associated with respiratory health. This is hypothesized to be due in part to regulation of IL-17A, which UPM is reported to promote...
  32. Conca E, Malandrino M, Giacomino A, Buoso S, Berto S, Verplanck P, et al. Dynamics of inorganic components in lake waters from Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica. Chemosphere. 2017;183:454-470 pubmed publisher
    ..SPM samples were also examined with a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and many diatoms belonging to different species were detected. No clear evidence of a relevant metal contamination was found in the investigated area. ..
  33. Li D, Liu J, Zhang J, Gui H, Du P, Yu T, et al. Identification of long-range transport pathways and potential sources of PM2.5 and PM10 in Beijing from 2014 to 2015. J Environ Sci (China). 2017;56:214-229 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, more effective regional emission reduction measures in Beijing's surrounding provinces should be implemented to reduce emissions of regional sources in different seasons. ..
  34. Graney J, Landis M, Puckett K, Studabaker W, Edgerton E, Legge A, et al. Differential accumulation of PAHs, elements, and Pb isotopes by five lichen species from the Athabasca Oil Sands Region in Alberta, Canada. Chemosphere. 2017;184:700-710 pubmed publisher
    ..samples and oil sands mineralogy in consort with aerosol collection indicates incorporation of more fine particulate matter (PM) into foliose than fruticose lichen biomass...
  35. Janssen L, Ettinger H, Graham S, Shaffer R, Zhuang Z. The use of respirators to reduce inhalation of airborne biological agents. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2013;10:D97-D103 pubmed publisher
  36. Barrett J. Connecting PM2.5 Exposure to Insulin Resistance: Oxidative Stress May Be an Intermediate Step. Environ Health Perspect. 2016;124:A236 pubmed
  37. Chen R, Yin P, Meng X, Liu C, Wang L, Xu X, et al. Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Daily Mortality. A Nationwide Analysis in 272 Chinese Cities. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017;196:73-81 pubmed publisher
    Evidence concerning the acute health effects of air pollution caused by fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in developing countries is quite limited.
  38. Ge E, Fan M, Qiu H, Hu H, Tian L, Wang X, et al. Ambient sulfur dioxide levels associated with reduced risk of initial outpatient visits for tuberculosis: A population based time series analysis. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:408-415 pubmed publisher
    ..The negative association became stronger when nitrogen dioxide (NO2) or particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 ?m (PM10) was adjusted in two-pollutant models...
  39. Haynes R. Particulate soup: identifying the most toxic constituents of PM(2.5). Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:A 130 pubmed publisher
  40. Müller L, Gehr P, Mayer A. Importance of particle size-fraction analysis in suspensions. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:a379-80 pubmed publisher
  41. Debia M, Weichenthal S, Dufresne A. Case study: ultrafine particles exposure in apprentice welders. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2014;11:D1-9 pubmed publisher
  42. Shen G. Mutagenicity of particle emissions from solid fuel cookstoves: A literature review and research perspective. Environ Res. 2017;156:761-769 pubmed publisher
  43. Hu H, Asweto C, Wu J, Shi Y, Feng L, Yang X, et al. Gene expression profiles and bioinformatics analysis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to PM2.5. Chemosphere. 2017;183:589-598 pubmed publisher
    ..5 exposure in HUVECs. In summary, our data can serve as fundamental research clues for further studies of PM2.5-induced toxicity in HUVECs. ..
  44. Choi S, Jang K, Park K, Kim H. Real-time measurement of fibers using an HY-differential mobility analyzer with an optical particle counter (KOFAM). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182119 pubmed publisher
    ..The preliminary results support the use of the KOFAM for constant measurement of airborne asbestos concentrations in real time. ..
  45. English P, Olmedo L, Bejarano E, Lugo H, Murillo E, Seto E, et al. The Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network: A Model for Community-based Environmental Monitoring for Public Health Action. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125:074501 pubmed publisher
    ..academic, nongovernmental, and government partners designed to fill the need for more detailed data on particulate matter in an area that often exceeds air quality standards...
  46. Kumar N. What can affect AOD-PM(2.5) association?. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:A 109-10; author reply A 110-11 pubmed publisher
  47. Hood E. Stress and the city: Measuring effects of chronic stress and air pollution. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:A258 pubmed publisher
  48. Chen G, Zhang Y, Zhang W, Li S, Williams G, Marks G, et al. Attributable risks of emergency hospital visits due to air pollutants in China: A multi-city study. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:43-49 pubmed publisher
    ..for EHVs from 33 largest hospitals in China between Oct 2013 and Dec 2014, as well as daily measurements of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5: particles with aerodynamic diameter < 10 ?m and 2...
  49. Carreón Palau L, Parrish C, Pérez España H. Urban sewage lipids in the suspended particulate matter of a coral reef under river influence in the South West Gulf of Mexico. Water Res. 2017;123:192-205 pubmed publisher
    Nutritional quality of suspended particulate matter (SPM) and the degree of human fecal pollution in the largest coral reef system in the southwest Gulf of Mexico were evaluated using lipid classes, fatty acids (FA) and sterols in the dry ..
  50. Lamb J, Romero E, Lu Z, Marcus S, Peterson H, Veranth J, et al. Activation of Human Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin-8 (TRPM8) by Calcium-Rich Particulate Materials and Effects on Human Lung Cells. Mol Pharmacol. 2017;92:653-664 pubmed publisher
  51. Averett N. Air Pollution and Birth Weight: New Clues about a Potential Critical Window of Exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123:A242 pubmed publisher
  52. Liu X, Li Y, Wang Y, Li Q, Yang Q, Weng X, et al. [Protection of Shenlian extracts to PM2.5 infected RAW 264.7 cell damage]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2015;40:1977-83 pubmed
    ..It shows that SL extracts of PM2.5 infected RAW264.7 cell damage has obvious protective effect, the effect may be related to the direct protection of cells, reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory injury. ..
  53. Li X, Huang S, Jiao A, Yang X, Yun J, Wang Y, et al. Association between ambient fine particulate matter and preterm birth or term low birth weight: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:596-605 pubmed publisher
    ..of studies have been conducted to determine a possible linkage between maternal exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and effects on the developing human fetus that can lead to adverse birth outcomes, but, the present results ..
  54. Zeng Q, Wu Z, Jiang G, Wu X, Li P, Ni Y, et al. The association between ambient inhalable particulate matter and the disease burden of respiratory disease: An ecological study based on ten-year time series data in Tianjin, China. Environ Res. 2017;157:71-77 pubmed publisher
    There is limited evidence available worldwide about the quantitative relationship between particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 10µm (PM10) and years of life lost (YLL) caused by respiratory diseases (RD)..
  55. Yassine M, Dabek Zlotorzynska E. Application of ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the characterization of organic aerosol: Searching for naphthenic acids. J Chromatogr A. 2017;1512:22-33 pubmed publisher known about the occurrence of residual oil sands derived organic material, including NAs, in atmospheric particulate matter (PM)...
  56. Hehua Z, Qing C, Shanyan G, Qijun W, Yuhong Z. The impact of prenatal exposure to air pollution on childhood wheezing and asthma: A systematic review. Environ Res. 2017;159:519-530 pubmed publisher
    ..There is insufficient evidence to show an effect of prenatal exposure to BC, CO, and O3 on childhood wheezing and asthma. Further studies are needed to examine the individual compounds' effects. ..
  57. Washam C. Micro management: understanding how diesel exhaust particles alter cellular processes. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117:A504 pubmed
  58. Solomon P. Air pollution and health: bridging the gap from sources to health outcomes. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:A156-7 pubmed publisher
  59. Adler T. Respiratory health. Measuring the health effects of crop burning. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:A475 pubmed
  60. Janssen B, Godderis L, Pieters N, Poels K, Kiciński M, Cuypers A, et al. Placental DNA hypomethylation in association with particulate air pollution in early life. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2013;10:22 pubmed publisher
    ..Future studies should elucidate genome-wide and gene-specific methylation patterns in placental tissue that could link particulate exposure during in utero life and early epigenetic modulations. ..
  61. Sinclair A, Melly S, Tolsma D, Spengler J, Perkins L, Rohr A, et al. Childhood asthma acute primary care visits, traffic, and traffic-related pollutants. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2014;64:561-7 pubmed
    ..5 [particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of < or = 10 and < or = 2...
  62. Browning C, Wise C, Wise J. Prolonged particulate chromate exposure does not inhibit homologous recombination repair in North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) lung cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2017;331:18-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Future investigation of the differences in how human and whale cells respond to chemical carcinogens may provide valuable insight into mechanisms of preventing chemical carcinogenesis. ..
  63. Zhou Q, Liu B, Chen Y, Han X, Wei X, Zhu Y, et al. Characterization of PAHs in size-fractionated submicron atmospheric particles and their association with the intracellular oxidative stress. Chemosphere. 2017;182:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, besides PM10, PM2.5 and PM1, special attentions should be given to PM0.4 as well. ..
  64. Zhou X, Zhou M, Wu X, Han Y, Geng J, Wang T, et al. Reductive solidification/stabilization of chromate in municipal solid waste incineration fly ash by ascorbic acid and blast furnace slag. Chemosphere. 2017;182:76-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The crystal structures of C-S-H and ettringite retained Zn and Cr ions. In summary, GGBFS-based cementitious material with the low addition of 2 wt% VC effectively immobilizes Cr-bearing MSWI FA. ..
  65. Chen C, Hung H, Chang K, Hsu C, Muo C, Tsai C, et al. Long-term exposure to air pollution and the incidence of Parkinson's disease: A nested case-control study. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182834 pubmed publisher
    ..SO2, O3, CO, NOx, NO, NO2, THC, CH4, or NMHC) significantly affected the incidence of PD except for particulate matter. PM10 exposure showed significant effects on the likelihood of PD development (T3 level: > 65?g/m3 versus ..
  66. Wong J, Hu W, Downward G, Seow W, Bassig B, Ji B, et al. Personal exposure to fine particulate matter and benzo[a]pyrene from indoor air pollution and leukocyte mitochondrial DNA copy number in rural China. Carcinogenesis. 2017;38:893-899 pubmed publisher
    Households in Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, possess hazardous levels of fine particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 microns (PM2.5) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from coal combustion...
  67. Weinhold B. Volcanic ash and the respiratory immune system: possible mechanisms behind reported infections. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121:A197 pubmed publisher
  68. Wang P, You D, Saravia J, Shen H, Cormier S. Maternal exposure to combustion generated PM inhibits pulmonary Th1 maturation and concomitantly enhances postnatal asthma development in offspring. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2013;10:29 pubmed publisher
    Epidemiological studies suggest that maternal exposure to environmental hazards, such as particulate matter, is associated with increased incidence of asthma in childhood...
  69. Ailshire J, Crimmins E. Fine particulate matter air pollution and cognitive function among older US adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2014;180:359-66 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the cross-sectional association between residential concentrations of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 ?m or less (PM2.5) and cognitive function in older adults...
  70. Zhao H, Yang B, Xu J, Chen D, Xiao C. PM2.5-induced alterations of cell cycle associated gene expression in lung cancer cells and rat lung tissues. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;52:77-82 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the current study was to investigate the expression of cell cycle-associated genes induced by fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in lung cancer cell line and tissues...
  71. Oyarzún G M, Sánchez R S, Dussaubat D N, Miller A M, González B S. [Effect of copper sulphate on the lung damage induced by chronic intermittent exposure to ozone]. Rev Med Chil. 2017;145:9-16 pubmed publisher
    Ozone exposure could increase lung damage induced by airborne particulate matter. Particulate matter lung toxicity has been attributed to its metallic content...
  72. Ku T, Zhang Y, Ji X, Li G, Sang N. PM2.5-bound metal metabolic distribution and coupled lipid abnormality at different developmental windows. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:354-362 pubmed publisher
    Atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a serious threat to human health. As a toxicant constituent, metal leads to significant health risks in a population, but exposure to PM2...
  73. Lee K, Nam M, Lee H, Hong C, Lee K. Protective effects of chebulic acid on alveolar epithelial damage induced by urban particulate matter. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:373 pubmed publisher
    ..Exposure to ambient urban particulate matter (UPM) considered as a risk for cardiopulmonary vascular dysfunction...
  74. Hicken M, Adar S, Diez Roux A, O Neill M, Magzamen S, Auchincloss A, et al. Do psychosocial stress and social disadvantage modify the association between air pollution and blood pressure?: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Am J Epidemiol. 2013;178:1550-62 pubmed publisher
    ..role of social and psychosocial factors on the association between exposure to air pollution comprising particulate matter less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2...
  75. Nicole W. Weeding Out Risk Factors? Study Reports No Association between Prenatal Air Pollution and Autism. Environ Health Perspect. 2016;124:A23 pubmed publisher
  76. Singh A, Kesavachandran C, Kamal R, Bihari V, Ansari A, Azeez P, et al. Indoor air pollution and its association with poor lung function, microalbuminuria and variations in blood pressure among kitchen workers in India: a cross-sectional study. Environ Health. 2017;16:33 pubmed publisher
    ..Urinary MAU was measured using a urine analyzer. Indoor air monitoring in kitchens for particulate matter (PM), total volatile organic compounds (TVOC), carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) was ..
  77. Kim S, Song I. National-scale exposure prediction for long-term concentrations of particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide in South Korea. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:21-29 pubmed publisher
  78. Fernando Costa Nascimento L, Blanco Machin A, Antonio Almeida Dos Santos D. Are there differences in birth weight according to sex and associations with maternal exposure to air pollutants? A cohort study. Sao Paulo Med J. 2017;135:347-354 pubmed publisher
    ..model on three levels was built using maternal and newborn variables and environmental concentrations of particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide in quartiles...
  79. Kile M, Fang S, Baccarelli A, Tarantini L, Cavallari J, Christiani D. A panel study of occupational exposure to fine particulate matter and changes in DNA methylation over a single workday and years worked in boilermaker welders. Environ Health. 2013;12:47 pubmed publisher
    ..Personal PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter???2.5 ?m) was measured over the work-shift...
  80. Barrett J. Assessing the health threat of outdoor air: lung cancer risk of particulate matter exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 2014;122:A252 pubmed publisher
  81. Seltenrich N. A Satellite View of Pollution on the Ground: Long-Term Changes in Global Nitrogen Dioxide. Environ Health Perspect. 2016;124:A56 pubmed publisher
  82. Liao H, Yau Y, Huang C, Chen N, Chow J, Watson J, et al. Source apportionment of urban air pollutants using constrained receptor models with a priori profile information. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:323-333 pubmed publisher
    Exposure to air pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) are associated with adverse health effects...
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    ..This study can facilitate the identification of optimized policies for alleviating population-production-emission conflict in the study region, as well as ameliorating the hazardous air pollution crisis at an urban level. ..