respiratory rate


Summary: The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.

Top Publications

  1. Bloemen M, de Groot J, Backx F, Benner J, Kruitwagen C, Takken T. Wheelchair Shuttle Test for Assessing Aerobic Fitness in Youth With Spina Bifida: Validity and Reliability. Phys Ther. 2017;97:1020-1029 pubmed publisher
    ..Testing aerobic fitness in youth is important because of expected relationships with health...
  2. Barwing J, Pedroni C, Olgemöller U, Quintel M, Moerer O. Electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) as a monitoring parameter in difficult weaning from respirator: a pilot study. Crit Care. 2013;17:R182 pubmed publisher
    ..this pilot study, we compared the EAdi with conventional parameters of weaning failure, such as the ratio of respiratory rate to tidal volume. We studied 18 mechanically ventilated patients considered difficult to wean...
  3. Lu W, Fu Q, Luo X, Fu S, Hu K. Effects of dexmedetomidine on sleep quality of patients after surgery without mechanical ventilation in ICU. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7081 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, there was no significantly difference between the changes of blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate.Dexmedetomidine is a clinically effective and safe sedative for the highly selected critically ill patients ..
  4. Paula V, Otsuki D, Auler Júnior J, Nunes T, Ambrósio A, Fantoni D. The effect of premedication with ketamine, alone or with diazepam, on anaesthesia with sevoflurane in parrots (Amazona aestiva). BMC Vet Res. 2013;9:142 pubmed publisher
    ..5% sevoflurane introduced through a facemask, the MAD was determined for each animal. The heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP), and cloacal temperature (CT) were recorded before premedication ..
  5. Wei B, He X, Zhang C, Wu X. Non-contact, synchronous dynamic measurement of respiratory rate and heart rate based on dual sensitive regions. Biomed Eng Online. 2017;16:17 pubmed publisher
    ..researches have reported non-contact measurements of physiological parameters, such as heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), etc...
  6. Yang S, Li P, Li Y, Li W, Lai W, Zhu C, et al. Clinical manifestations of severe enterovirus 71 infection and early assessment in a Southern China population. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:153 pubmed publisher
    ..Early assessment of these symptoms/signs is important for proper management. ..
  7. Kelley S, Ramsay M. Respiratory rate monitoring: characterizing performance for emerging technologies. Anesth Analg. 2014;119:1246-8 pubmed publisher
  8. Perel A, Habicher M, Sander M. Bench-to-bedside review: functional hemodynamics during surgery - should it be used for all high-risk cases?. Crit Care. 2013;17:203 pubmed publisher
    ..Within their respective limitations, functional hemodynamic parameters should be used to guide fluid therapy as part of or independently of goal-directed therapy strategies in the perioperative period. ..
  9. Hinojosa Laborde C, Fernandez J, Muniz G, Nawn C, Burns R, Le T, et al. Effect of pain and analgesia on compensatory reserve. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017;83:S92-S97 pubmed publisher
    ..As such, our findings suggest that analgesia can be safely administered on the battlefield while maintaining the maximal capacity of mechanisms to compensate for blood loss. Diagnostic study, level II. ..

More Information


  1. Pathak K, Soares M, Zhao Y, James A, Sherriff J, Newsholme P. Postprandial changes in glucose oxidation and insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome: Influence of fibroblast growth factor 21 and vitamin D status. Nutrition. 2017;37:37-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Adjusted FGF21 was similar across all comparisons before and after OGTT. Higher vitamin D status, but not FGF21, was associated with greater postprandial glucose oxidation and improved insulin sensitivity. ..
  2. Orphanidou C, Bonnici T, Charlton P, Clifton D, Vallance D, Tarassenko L. Signal-quality indices for the electrocardiogram and photoplethysmogram: derivation and applications to wireless monitoring. IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2015;19:832-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Second, we demonstrate how an SQI can be used to reduce the error in the estimation of respiratory rate (RR) from the PPG...
  3. Meule A, Kübler A. A Pilot Study on the Effects of Slow Paced Breathing on Current Food Craving. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2017;42:59-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, breathing rate did not influence specific food craving, but slow paced breathing appeared to have a delayed influence on state hunger. Future avenues are suggested for the study of HRV-BF in the context of eating behavior. ..
  4. Wu R, Liu Y, Wang L, Li B, Xu F. Activity Patterns Elicited by Airflow in the Olfactory Bulb and Their Possible Functions. J Neurosci. 2017;37:10700-10711 pubmed publisher
    ..while the pattern topography with total airflow remains almost unchanged; and (3) the heart rate, spontaneous respiratory rate, and electroencephalograph power in the ? band decreased with regular mechanical airflow in the nasal cavity...
  5. Kipps A, Poole S, Slaney C, Feehan S, Longhurst C, Sharek P, et al. Inpatient-Derived Vital Sign Parameters Implementation: An Initiative to Decrease Alarm Burden. Pediatrics. 2017;140: pubmed publisher
    ..initiative with historical controls assessing the impact of age-based, inpatient-derived heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) parameters on a 20-bed acute care ward that serves primarily pediatric cardiology patients...
  6. Marzok M, El Khodery S. Comparative antinociceptive and sedative effects of epidural romifidine and detomidine in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Vet Rec. 2017;181:20 pubmed publisher
    ..Romifidine induces a longer antinociceptive effect and a more rapid onset than detomidine. Consequently, epidural romifidine may offer better therapeutic benefits in the management of acute postoperative pain. ..
  7. Williams C, Alstrup A, Bertelsen M, Jensen H, Leite C, Wang T. When local anesthesia becomes universal: Pronounced systemic effects of subcutaneous lidocaine in bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus). Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2017;209:41-46 pubmed publisher
    ..loss of reflexes or change in heart rate in the handled group, but was associated with a reduction in gular respiratory rate (from 99±7 to 81±17breathsmin-1)...
  8. Patino M, Kalin M, Griffin A, Minhajuddin A, Ding L, Williams T, et al. Comparison of Postoperative Respiratory Monitoring by Acoustic and Transthoracic Impedance Technologies in Pediatric Patients at Risk of Respiratory Depression. Anesth Analg. 2017;124:1937-1942 pubmed publisher
    In children, postoperative respiratory rate (RR) monitoring by transthoracic impedance (TI), capnography, and manual counting has limitations...
  9. Jouvet P, Eddington A, Payen V, Bordessoule A, Emeriaud G, Gasco R, et al. A pilot prospective study on closed loop controlled ventilation and oxygenation in ventilated children during the weaning phase. Crit Care. 2012;16:R85 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on breath-by-breath analysis, the percentage of time with normal ventilation as defined by a respiratory rate between 10 and 40 breaths/minute, tidal volume > 5 ml/kg predicted body weight and end-tidal CO2 between ..
  10. Tolin D, McGrath P, Hale L, Weiner D, Gueorguieva R. A Multisite Benchmarking Trial of Capnometry Guided Respiratory Intervention for Panic Disorder in Naturalistic Treatment Settings. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2017;42:51-58 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study confirms prior clinical results and lends further support to the viability of CGRI in the treatment of PD. ..
  11. Mehta J, Williams G, Harvey B, Grewal N, George E. The relationship between minute ventilation and end tidal CO2 in intubated and spontaneously breathing patients undergoing procedural sedation. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180187 pubmed publisher
    ..Minute Ventilation (MV), tidal volume (TV), and respiratory rate (RR) were continuously collected from an impedance-based Respiratory Volume Monitor (RVM) simultaneously with ..
  12. Miller J, Zuperku E, Stuth E, Banerjee A, Hopp F, Stucke A. A Subregion of the Parabrachial Nucleus Partially Mediates Respiratory Rate Depression from Intravenous Remifentanil in Young and Adult Rabbits. Anesthesiology. 2017;127:502-514 pubmed publisher
    ..Second, respiratory rate was decreased with continuous IV infusions of remifentanil...
  13. Seely A, Bravi A, Herry C, Green G, Longtin A, Ramsay T, et al. Do heart and respiratory rate variability improve prediction of extubation outcomes in critically ill patients?. Crit Care. 2014;18:R65 pubmed publisher
    ..The added value of heart and respiratory rate variability (HRV and RRV) during spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs) to predict extubation failure remains ..
  14. Autet L, Frasca D, Pinsard M, Cancel A, Rousseau L, Debaene B, et al. Evaluation of acoustic respiration rate monitoring after extubation in intensive care unit patients. Br J Anaesth. 2014;113:195-7 pubmed publisher
  15. Gotink R, Younge J, Wery M, Utens E, Michels M, Rizopoulos D, et al. Online mindfulness as a promising method to improve exercise capacity in heart disease: 12-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175923 pubmed publisher
    ..Secondary outcomes were blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, NT-proBNP, cortisol levels (scalp hair sample), mental and physical functioning (SF-36), anxiety and ..
  16. Vickstrom K, Azizian M, Semprini L. Transformation of carbon tetrachloride and chloroform by trichloroethene respiring anaerobic mixed cultures and supernatant. Chemosphere. 2017;182:65-75 pubmed publisher
    ..A 14-day exposure to CF (CFmax = 1.4 ?M) reduced all rates of chlorinated ethene respiration by a factor of 10 or greater. ..
  17. Khalesi N, Khosravi N, Ranjbar A, Godarzi Z, Karimi A. The effectiveness of earmuffs on the physiologic and behavioral stability in preterm infants. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017;98:43-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Physiologic (body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic, diastolic pressures, arterial Oxygen Saturation) and behavioral responses (according to the ..
  18. Wang Z, Zhou X, Zhao W, Liu F, Ni H, Yu Z. Assessing the severity of sleep apnea syndrome based on ballistocardiogram. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175351 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we aim to propose an efficient approach to automatically assess the severity of sleep apnea syndrome based on the ballistocardiogram (BCG) signal, which is non-intrusive and suitable for in home environment...
  19. Rizzi M, Radovanovic D, Santus P, Airoldi A, Frassanito F, Vanni S, et al. Influence of autonomic nervous system dysfunction in the genesis of sleep disorders in fibromyalgia patients. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2017;35 Suppl 105:74-80 pubmed
  20. Domingues A, Paiva T, Sanches J. Hypnogram and sleep parameter computation from activity and cardiovascular data. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014;61:1711-9 pubmed publisher
    ..8%, 77.4%, and 80.3% in the detection of wakefulness, REM, and NREM states, respectively, and the second an estimation error of 4.3%, 9.8%, and 5.4% for the SE, REM, and NREM percentages, respectively. ..
  21. Roberts D, Djärv T. Preceding national early warnings scores among in-hospital cardiac arrests and their impact on survival. Am J Emerg Med. 2017;35:1601-1606 pubmed publisher
    ..This information can be used when discussing prognosis with patients and relatives. But even more importantly, it stresses the need for better preventive strategies in IHCAs. STRENGTHENS AND LIMITATIONS WITH THIS STUDY. ..
  22. Calegari F, Calamari L, Frazzi E. Fan cooling of the resting area in a free stalls dairy barn. Int J Biometeorol. 2014;58:1225-36 pubmed
    ..The lying time results also suggest that the benefits of providing ventilation in the resting area might be more evident in barns where there is no paddock. ..
  23. Ritz T, Rosenfield D, St Laurent C, Trueba A, Werchan C, Vogel P, et al. A novel biomarker associated with distress in humans: calcium-binding protein, spermatid-specific 1 (CABS1). Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2017;312:R1004-R1016 pubmed publisher
    ..CABS1 is readily detected in human saliva and is associated with psychological and physiological indicators of stress. The role of CABS1 in inflammatory processes, stress, and stress resilience requires careful study. ..