non prescription drugs
Summary: Drugs that can be sold legally without a prescription.
Publications240 found, 100 shown here
- Self-medication patterns in Amman, JordanAl Motassem M Yousef
Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
Pharm World Sci 30:24-30. 2008..This research aims to establish a baseline data concerning the extent of self-medication among Jordanians, and to assess possible factors associated with self-medication, so that future interventions can be documented and planned...
- Patterns of use and public perception of over-the-counter pain relievers: focus on nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugsC Mel Wilcox
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
J Rheumatol 32:2218-24. 2005..To assess the frequency and indications for over-the-counter (OTC) nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use and to what degree the public is aware of their side effects...
- What over-the-counter preparations are pregnant women taking? A literature reviewLisa McKenna
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
J Adv Nurs 56:636-45. 2006..This paper presents an overview of current literature relating to over-the-counter and herbal preparations use, with a focus on pregnancy...
- The use during pregnancy of prescription, over-the-counter, and alternative medications among Hispanic womenJennifer Bercaw
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Birth 37:211-8. 2010....
- A randomised controlled trial of ibuprofen, paracetamol or a combination tablet of ibuprofen/paracetamol in community-derived people with knee painMichael Doherty
Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, Academic Rheumatology, Nottingham City Hospital, UK
Ann Rheum Dis 70:1534-41. 2011..To compare the efficacy and safety of single versus combination non-prescription oral analgesics in community-derived people aged 40 years and older with chronic knee pain...
- Exploring consumer and pharmacist views on the professional role of the pharmacist with respect to natural health products: a study of focus groupsDella Kwan
1Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
BMC Complement Altern Med 8:40. 2008..In this paper, consumers' and practicing pharmacists' perceptions of pharmacists' professional responsibilities with respect to NHPs are examined...
- Practical prevention of vaginal and rectal transmission of HIV by adapting the oral defense: use of commercial lubricantsS Baron
University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Galveston, Texas 77555, USA
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 17:997-1002. 2001..S. FDA category, and may be used by recipient women or men, they should be tested in clinical trials to help prevent sexual transmission of HIV...
- How well informed are pharmacy customers in Estonia about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicinesDaisy Volmer
Department of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Jakobi Str 2, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
Medicina (Kaunas) 43:70-8. 2007..To determine how knowledgeable pharmacy customers are regarding their own health and information about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines...
- Over-the-counter antifungal drug misuse associated with patient-diagnosed vulvovaginal candidiasisDaron G Ferris
Department of Family Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
Obstet Gynecol 99:419-25. 2002..To estimate what proportion of symptomatic women purchasing over-the-counter antifungal products for immediate treatment of presumed vulvovaginal candidiasis have vulvovaginal candidiasis or other genitourinary conditions...
- Association of health-related quality of life with dual use of prescription and over-the-counter nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugsStacey H Kovac
Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
Arthritis Rheum 59:227-33. 2008..e., dual use) is related to patient self-reported outcomes, specifically health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We hypothesized that dual use of NSAIDs would be associated with reduced HRQOL...
- Self-care and professionally guided care in osteoarthritis: racial differences in a population-based sampleSteven M Albert
Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, A211 Crabtree, 130 DeSoto St, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
J Aging Health 20:198-216. 2008..Self-management was defined broadly to include all behaviors adopted to reduce morbidity, whether recommended by physicians or not...
- Drug interactions in oncologyJos H Beijnen
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Slotervaart Hospital, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Lancet Oncol 5:489-96. 2004..Here, we provide a comprehensive overview of drug interactions, with selected examples...
- Recent patterns of medication use in the ambulatory adult population of the United States: the Slone surveyDavid W Kaufman
Slone Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Public Health, 1010 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
JAMA 287:337-44. 2002..Data on the range of prescription and over-the-counter drug use in the United States are not available...
- Self-medication: from European regulatory directives to therapeutic strategyJean Francois Bergmann
Service de Medecine Interne, Hopital Lariboisiere, 2, rue Ambroise Pare, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France
Fundam Clin Pharmacol 17:275-80. 2003..It is important for the patient, pharmacist and public health in general to distinguish the efficient and safe self medications from the nonvalidated, nonevaluated alternative medicines...
- The use of nonprescription medicines among elderly patients with chronic illness and their need for pharmacist interventionsKyrillos Guirguis
Outreach Medication Review OMR Program, St Vincent s Hospital, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
Consult Pharm 25:433-9. 2010..This study examines the prevalence of OTC/CM products used among chronically ill elderly patients and the types of pharmacist interventions the patients need. Gender differences were also investigated...
- Differences in perceived risks and benefits of herbal, over-the-counter conventional, and prescribed conventional, medicines, and the implications of this for the safe and effective use of herbal productsNatalie Lynch
School of Psychology, University of Reading, UK
Complement Ther Med 15:84-91. 2007....
- Societal perspectives on over-the-counter (OTC) medicinesMayyada Wazaify
Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Fam Pract 22:170-6. 2005..Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are increasingly used for self-medication, but such products can be misused/abused...
- Public perception on the role of community pharmacists in self-medication and self-care in Hong KongJoyce H You
School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong
BMC Clin Pharmacol 11:19. 2011..This study was to examine Hong Kong public knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding self-medication, self-care and the role of pharmacists in self-care...
- Medicine sellers and malaria treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: what do they do and how can their practice be improved?Catherine Goodman
Health Economics and Financing Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:203-18. 2007..Interventions must be adapted to include artemisinin-based combination therapies, and their sustainability and potential to operate at a national level should be further explored...
- Progress in understanding and using over-the-counter pharmaceuticals for syndromic surveillanceSteven F Magruder
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, Maryland, 20723 6099, USA
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 53:117-22. 2004..However, fundamental uncertainties persist, including how timely such information is and how best to aggregate information about hundreds of products...
- Early statistical detection of anthrax outbreaks by tracking over-the-counter medication salesAnna Goldenberg
Center for Automated Learning and Discovery, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:5237-40. 2002..We also propose an evaluation methodology that is suitable in the absence of data on large-scale bioterrorist attacks and disease outbreaks...
- Use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements among older adults in the United StatesDima M Qato
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
JAMA 300:2867-78. 2008..Despite concerns about drug safety, current information on older adults' use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements is limited...
- Purchasing restricted medicines in New Zealand pharmacies: results from a "mystery shopper" studyPauline T Norris
School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
Pharm World Sci 24:149-53. 2002..The study described here explored whether pharmacists do fulfill this expectation...
- Disease surveillance and nonprescription medication sales can predict increases in poison exposureEdward Krenzelok
Pittsburgh Poison Center, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburg, PA, USA
J Med Toxicol 4:7-10. 2008..The purpose of this study was to determine whether peak syndromic activity and the consequential purchase of nonprescription medications could predict an increase in poisoning exposures involving NRDM-monitored medications...
- Reading about over-the-counter medicationsLaura A Nabors
Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0376, USA
Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs 27:297-305. 2004..Future research should examine whether youth take medications as directed and what factors make labels and inserts easier to read and understand...
- An in-depth study of patent medicine sellers' perspectives on malaria in a rural Nigerian communityTheodora A Okeke
Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
Malar J 5:97. 2006..This study aims to determine the medicine sellers' perspectives on malaria and the determinants that underlie their dispensing patterns of antimalarial drugs...
- Effect on smoking cessation of switching nicotine replacement therapy to over-the-counter statusAnne N Thorndike
General Medicine Division, Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Medical Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Am J Public Health 92:437-42. 2002..This study examined whether the change in nicotine replacement therapy sales from prescription to over the counter (OTC) status affected smoking cessation...
- Improving malaria home treatment by training drug retailers in rural KenyaV M Marsh
Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 9:451-60. 2004..These findings strongly support the inclusion of private drug retailers in control strategies aiming to improve prompt effective treatment of malaria...
- Factors associated with the use of over-the-counter medications in cases of acute gastroenteritis in Hamilton, OntarioGillian O Frosst
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON
Can J Public Health 97:489-93. 2006..This study assessed demographic and symptomatic factors associated with the use of OTC anti-nauseants (AN), anti-diarrheals (AD), and rehydration therapies (RT) in cases of acute gastroenteritis (GE)...
- Use of self-prescribed nonprescription medications and dietary supplements among assisted living facility residentsAnnie Lam
School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 46:574-81. 2006..Describe the prevalence of self-prescribed use and misuse as well as users' opinions concerning nonprescription medications and dietary supplements in assisted living facilities...
- Impact on contraceptive practice of making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter in Great Britain: repeated cross sectional surveysCicely Marston
Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London W6 8RP
BMJ 331:271. 2005..To examine the impact on contraceptive practice of making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter...
- Use of over-the-counter malaria medicines in children and adults in three districts in Kenya: implications for private medicine retailer interventionsTimothy O Abuya
Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
Malar J 6:57. 2007..Data on adult use of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines is limited. This study aimed to assess childhood and adult patterns of OTC medicine use to inform national medicine retailer programmes in Kenya and other similar settings...
- Syndromic surveillance of gastrointestinal illness using pharmacy over-the-counter sales. A retrospective study of waterborne outbreaks in Saskatchewan and OntarioVictoria L Edge
Health Canada, Guelph, Ontario
Can J Public Health 95:446-50. 2004..To ascertain if monitoring over-the-counter (OTC) drug sales could provide a timely syndromic surveillance method of detecting outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness...
- Self-medication with over-the-counter drugs among elderly adultsEmelia P Amoako
University of North Carolina at Greensboro, School of Nursing, P O Box 26170, Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
J Gerontol Nurs 29:10-5. 2003..This makes it necessary for all nurses and other clinicians providing health care to older adults to intensify efforts to educate and guard these patients and ensure appropriate use of OTC drugs...
- Requests for emergency contraception at an accident and emergency department--assessing the impact of a change in legislationS Mawhinney
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Antrim Area Hospital, 45 Bush Road, Antrim BT41 2RL
Ulster Med J 73:16-9. 2004..A&E departments can expect to continue to receive a significant number of requests for emergency contraception. Further measures will be required to reduce the U.K.'s high rate of unplanned pregnancies...
- Parental management of over-the-counter medicinesNicola Birchley
Academic Division of Child Health, University of Nottingham, Derbyshire Children s Hospital
Paediatr Nurs 14:24-8. 2002..The possibility of OTC medicine use must be remembered and explored by healthcare professionals when children present for treatment...
- Monitoring over-the-counter medication sales for early detection of disease outbreaks--New York CityDebjani Das
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 54:41-6. 2005..Since August 2002, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has tracked OTC medication sales to enhance detection of natural and intentional infectious disease outbreaks...
- Epidemiology of over-the-counter drug use in community dwelling elderly: United States perspectiveJ T Hanlon
College of Pharmacy, Institute for the Study of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy and Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
Drugs Aging 18:123-31. 2001..Our ability to explain or to predict OTC use and change in use is poor, and further studies, particularly on use by elderly individuals of minority races, are needed...
- "Social medication" and the control of children: a qualitative study of over-the-counter medication among Australian childrenPascale Allotey
Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, Department of Public Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Pediatrics 114:e378-83. 2004..The aim of the study was to identify the patterns of use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications among children...
- How and why are non-prescription analgesics used in Scotland?Terry Porteous
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Westburn Road, Aberdeen AB25 2AY, UK
Fam Pract 22:78-85. 2005..Analgesics constitute a quarter of UK over-the-counter medicines sales, but concerns have been expressed about their potential for inappropriate use...
- Use and misuse of benzodiazepines in Brazil: a reviewF Kapczinski
Unidade de Psicofarmacologia, Depto de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Subst Use Misuse 36:1053-69. 2001..This article aims to review the epidemiology of benzodiazepine use in Brazil, as well as to analyze how legislation, physician misinformation and economic factors might contribute to making benzodiazepine abuse a problem in the country...
- Recurrent vulvovaginitis candidiasis; an overview of traditional and alternative therapiesCandy Wilson
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA
Adv Nurse Pract 13:24-9; quiz 30. 2005..The prevalence of vulvovaginitis candiasis is expected to rise due to the growing number of non-C albicans species (which are immune to most antifungal medcationa) and as a result of more widespread antifungal resistance...
- Herbal medicine: women's views, knowledge and interaction with doctors: a qualitative studyKathryn A Vickers
Foundation Year One Doctor, Stepping Hill Hospital, Poplar Grove, Stockport, Cheshire SK2 7JE, UK
BMC Complement Altern Med 6:40. 2006..This study explores women's perspectives about the safety of herbal remedies, herb-drug interactions and communication with doctors about herbal medicines...
- Insurance coverage of smoking cessation treatment for state employeesMarguerite E Burns
Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 1930 Monroe St, Suite 200, Madison, WI 53711, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1338-40. 2004....
- Self medication with St. John's wort in depressive disorders: an observational study in community pharmaciesMichael Linden
Research Group Psychosomatic Rehabilitation at the Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany
J Affect Disord 107:205-10. 2008..g. with St. John's wort (SJW), instead of seeking professional help. The purpose of this study is to examine patients who buy SJW for the treatment of depression...
- Is emergency contraception going over-the-counter?Sue Woodson
AWHONN Lifelines 7:506-11. 2003
- Pharmacy layout: What are consumers' perceptions?Dennis Emmett
Marshall University Graduate College, South Charleston, WV 25303 1600, USA
J Hosp Mark Public Relations 17:67-77. 2006..This paper will discuss these aspects as well as the physical and professional environments of retail pharmacies that influence the perceptions of customers and how these vary whether chain, independent, or hospital pharmacies...
- What do patients in rheumatologic care know about the risks of NSAIDs?Lykke Midtbøll Ornbjerg
Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Hvidovre, Denmark
J Clin Rheumatol 14:69-73. 2008....
- Over-the-counter oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a pharmacoepidemiologic study in southern ItalyG Motola
Center of Pharmacoepidemiology, Experimental Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Second University of Naples, Italy
Adv Ther 18:216-22. 2001..5% of the users and occurred primarily with diclofenac, piroxicam, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen. Because the use and availability of OTC NSAIDs are increasing, further studies of the tolerability of this important drug class are warranted...
- New OTC drugs and devices 2003: a selective reviewGail D Newton
School of Pharmacy and Pharmacal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 44:211-25. 2004....
- Over-the-counter product line extensions: have we reached the limit yet?Sujit S Sansgiry
J Am Geriatr Soc 52:1223-4. 2004
- Bar coding: old technology to the rescueJoyce Ochs
Manag Care 12:46-7. 2003
- Hospital-based emergency contraceptionBertil K J Wagner
Am J Health Syst Pharm 61:1771-2; author reply 1772, 1774. 2004
- Selecting nonprescription analgesicsGregory M Peterson
Tasmanian School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
Am J Ther 12:67-79. 2005..Despite the possibility of hepatotoxicity in overdose, paracetamol represents a better all-round option for most patients requiring OTC analgesic therapy...
- Pattern of drug use in geriatric patients undergoing surgery under general anaesthesiaD Amanor-Boadu
Department of Anaesthesia, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Afr J Med Med Sci 31:49-51. 2002....
- [Knowledge of patients about OTC drugs as a result of pharmacist-patients consultations]B Macesková
Ustav aplikované farmacie Farmaceutické fakulty Veterinární a farmaceutické univerzity, Brno
Ceska Slov Farm 51:292-6. 2002..The standard of counselling on self-medication in the Czech Republic should thus become more effective...
- Appropriate use of nonprescription analgesics in pediatric patientsCynthia Knapp Dlugosz
College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60612, USA
J Pediatr Health Care 20:316-25; quiz 326-8. 2006
- [Medicating outside the consulting room]Csilla Major
Semmelweis Egyetem, Egyetemi Gyógyszertár, Gyógyszerügyi Szervezési Intézet, Budapest, Hungary
Orv Hetil 148:291-8. 2007..Moreover, the expenditures of the state also decrease, as patients do not visit the doctor but buy non-prescription, i.e. non-supported, medicaments...
- Influence of patient symptoms and physical findings on general practitioners' treatment of respiratory tract infections: a direct observation studyThomas Fischer
Department of General Practice, Georg August University, Goettingen, Germany
BMC Fam Pract 6:6. 2005..The influence of patient complaints and physical examination findings on GPs' prescribing behaviour was mostly investigated by indirect methods such as questionnaires...
- Medications taken by 26-year-oldsW M Thomson
Department of Oral Sciences and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, The University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Intern Med J 32:305-10. 2002..Most descriptive pharmacoepidemiological reports are from studies of older people, and little is known about medication use by younger adults...
- OTC laxative use of sodium picosulfate â results of a pharmacy-based patient survey (cohort study)U Hinkel
Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Ingelheim, Germany
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 46:89-95. 2008..The study describes how self-treatment of constipation is practiced. In addition, the characteristics of patients buying the contact laxative, sodium picosulfate, for self-treatment of constipation were analyzed...
- Caregivers' perspectives when evaluating nonprescription medication utilization in childrenLea S Eiland
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Division of Pediatrics, Auburn University Harrison School of Pharmacy
Clin Pediatr (Phila) 47:578-87. 2008..Health care professionals should be knowledgeable on the appropriate use of medication. There is a significant need to question and to educate caregivers on nonprescription medication use in children...
- Prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medicine use in a rural, obstetric populationDouglas D Glover
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, School of Pharmacy, West Virginia University, Morgantown 26506, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1039-45. 2003..The purpose of this study was to identify the medications that are consumed by a rural obstetric population during pregnancy...
- Teaching older adults to self-manage medications: preventing adverse drug reactionsLinda Cox Curry
Harris School of Nursing, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth 76129, USA
J Gerontol Nurs 31:32-42. 2005..New technologies and devices have the potential for improving the patient's self-management of medications. The role of nurses in educating older adults and their families about proper medication management is vital...
- Analgesic use: a study of treatments used by patients for migraine prior to attending the City of London Migraine ClinicE A MacGregor
City of London Migraine Clinic
Headache 30:571-4. 1990..Thirty five of the 83 (42.2%) had tried alternative treatments for their attacks...
- Has drug therapy gone to the dogs?Lene Sorensen
Age Ageing 32:460-1. 2003
- Non-prescription medication usage is common and often under-reported by rural womenGina Rollins
Rep Med Guidel Outcomes Res 15:6-8. 2004
- Medication use in a rural gynecologic population: prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medicinesDouglas D Glover
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Consortium on Reproductive and Developmental Health, Robert C Byrd Health Sciences Center of West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:351-7. 2004..The purpose of this study was to document current medication use by a rural female population...
- Experience with a clinical decision support system in community pharmacies to recommend narrow-spectrum antimicrobials, nonantimicrobial prescriptions, and OTC products to decrease broad-spectrum antimicrobial useKarl J Madaras-Kelly
ISU College of Pharmacy, c o Boise VA Medical Center, 500 W Fort St 119A, Boise, ID 83702, USA
J Manag Care Pharm 12:390-7. 2006..Overuse of antibiotics increases the incidence of bacterial resistance and contributes avoidable costs to the health care system...
- Over-the-counter medication use in older adultsLydia Rolita
Section of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Geriatric Clinic, New York, NY 10016, USA
J Gerontol Nurs 34:8-17. 2008..This article summarizes the side effects, adverse reactions, and medication interactions older adults face when using some common OTC medications...
- Reasons for the use of mild analgesics among English studentsDavid P French
Applied Research Centre in Health and Lifestyle Interventions, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Whitefriars Building, Priory Street, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
Pharm World Sci 30:79-85. 2008....
- Nonprescription analgesics and their use in solid-organ transplantation: a reviewSteven Gabardi
Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Mass, USA
Prog Transplant 14:182-90. 2004..To review the pharmacology, adverse events, drug interactions, and use of the nonprescription analgesics in solid-organ transplant recipients...
- In-home drug storage and utilization habits: a Sudanese studyM A Yousif
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan
East Mediterr Health J 8:422-31. 2002..3%) and poor compliance (71.2%). In Sudan there is still a great need to educate and to motivate the general public regarding the principles of rational drug use in order to safeguard health and avoid economic losses...
- Users and utilization patterns of over-the-counter acid inhibitors and antacids in The NetherlandsEvelyn P M van Vliet
Department of Gastroenterology, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Scand J Gastroenterol 43:662-8. 2008..We also studied factors that were associated with the substitution of OTC acid inhibitors or antacid use for consultation with a GP...
- Medicine use by Finnish female conscripts during voluntary military serviceKari Linden
Finnish Defence Forces, POB 50, 00301 Helsinki, Finland
Mil Med 171:710-6. 2006..The goal was to assess the prevalence of prescribed and nonprescribed medicine use, use predictors, and origin of medicines for Finnish female conscripts during their voluntary military service...
- Medicine-taking behaviour and drug-related problems in adolescents of a Swedish high schoolMichael Westerlund
Olympiaskolan, Helsingborg, Sweden
Pharm World Sci 30:243-50. 2008..Setting A high school in Helsingborg, Sweden...
- Herbal, prescribed, and over-the-counter drug use in older women: prevalence of drug interactionsSaunjoo L Yoon
University of Florida College of Nursing, Gainesville, USA
Geriatr Nurs 27:118-29. 2006..It is imperative that health care providers identify all prescribed, OTC, and herbal drugs taken by their patients and assess all interactions in order to avoid the possibility of adverse drug effects...
- Effect of reading additional safety information on planned use of over-the-counter analgesicsDeborah Dillon McDonald
University of Connecticut School of Nursing, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 9026, USA
Public Health Nurs 24:230-8. 2007....
- Anticholinergic medications: use among older adults with memory problemsRachel F Kemper
Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbia, Ohio, USA
J Gerontol Nurs 33:21-9; quiz 30-1. 2007..These findings demonstrate an ongoing opportunity for nurses to educate health care providers, as well as consumers, regarding the dangers of these medications...
- [Self-medication with over-the-counter (OTC) preparations in Germany]R Beitz
Klinisches Forschungszentrum Frauengesundheit, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:1043-50. 2004..Beside prescribed medication, self-medication with OTC drugs is an important part of drug usage for men and women in Germany. Health consciousness appears to be a significant factor to explain the prevalence OTC drug use...
- Prevalence and predictors of polypharmacy among older primary care patients in GermanyU Junius-Walker
Department of General Practice, Hannover Medical School, D 30623 Hannover, Germany
Fam Pract 24:14-9. 2007..Older people consume an increasing amount of medication. Polypharmacy is associated with an elevated risk of adverse health outcomes resulting in hospitalizations and sometimes death...
- Usage of antifungal drugs for therapy of genital Candida infections, purchased as over-the-counter products or by prescription: 2. Factors that may have influenced the marked changes in sales volumes during the 1990sPer Anders Mardh
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:99-108. 2004..In Sweden, all pharmacies are owned by the state and all prescriptions and over-the-counter (OTC) products, such as antifungals, are registered in a database, which offers unique possibilities to study the epidemiology of VVC/RVVC...
- Community consumption of antibacterial drugs within the Jordanian population: sources, patterns and appropriatenessAmal G Al-Bakri
Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Int J Antimicrob Agents 26:389-95. 2005....
- Polypharmacy: overdosing on good intentionsDavid M Berenbeim
Manag Care Q 10:1-5. 2002..The use of a well-designed polypharmacy intervention program can help reduce the costs associated with polypharmacy, as well as improve patients' health by helping to detect and avoid unnecessary drug use...
- Non-prescription medicines: prescribing legislationAlan Nathan
Proprietary Association of Great Britain
Nurs Stand 19:41-5. 2005..Changes in legislation towards increased availability of medicines that do not require prescription are covered and the implications for at-risk groups are discussed. A table of minor ailments and their principal treatments is provided...
- Pharmacy practitioners' views on computerized documentation of drug-related problemsL O Tommy Westerlund
The National Corporation of Swedish Pharmacies Apoteket AB, Helsingborg and Stockholm, Sweden
Ann Pharmacother 37:354-60. 2003..To evaluate the practice by community pharmacy practitioners of computerized documentation of drug-related problems (DRPs) and pharmacy interventions in nonprescription drug consumers...
- Evaluation of community pharmacists' recommendations to standardized patient scenariosPaul M Rutter
Pharmacy Practice Division, St Michael s Building, White Swan Road, Portsmouth PO1 2DT, England, UK
Ann Pharmacother 38:1080-5. 2004..This places greater responsibility on community pharmacists to ensure that patients exercise self-care appropriately. This small study examined pharmacist performance in facilitating patient self-care...
- The Internet as a research tool in complementary and alternative medicine: a pilot studyWindsor Ting
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeions, Columbia University, NY, USA
Altern Ther Health Med 8:84-6. 2002..The Internet is a potential tool to reach consumers of CAM for research purposes. The study design requires modification, and the findings need cautious interpretation for further research using the Internet as a venue...
- Nonprescription drug therapy: issues and opportunitiesTim R Covington
Managed Care Institute, Samford University, Birmingham, AL 35229, USA
Am J Pharm Educ 70:137. 2006..Consumers await expanded and differentiated pharmacy-based, pharmacist-provided medication therapy management services focused on the safe, appropriate, and effective selection, use, and monitoring of nonprescription drugs therapy...
- Nonprescription medication purchases and the role of pharmacists as healthcare workers in self-medication in IstanbulHulya Gül
Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Capa, Istanbul, Turkey
Med Sci Monit 13:PH9-14. 2007..The purpose of this study was to identify these non-prescribed drugs and to define the role of pharmacists in their sale and their use in primary healthcare...
- Consumers appropriately self-treat based on labeling for over-the-counter hydrocortisoneCharles N Ellis
Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0314, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 53:41-51. 2005..The safety and efficacy of such products are well documented, but details on patterns of use and self-treatment with HC in the OTC environment remain scarce...
- Helping patients and families avoid inadvertent acetaminophen overdoseHedy Cohen
Consulting Services, Institute for Safe Medication Practices, Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006, USA
J Emerg Nurs 33:249-51. 2007
- [Drug therapy knowledge in ambulatory cardiovascular patients]B Funk
Medizinische Poliklinik Universitätsspital Zürich
Praxis (Bern 1994) 93:1493-501. 2004..We conclude that specific questioning on self-administation of OTC preparations or formerly prescribed drugs results in an improved overview of medication and a better handling of polymedication and drug compliance...
- [Survey on drug-related problems in Lithuania's pharmacies]Loreta Kubiliene
Department of Drug Technology and Pharmacy Organization, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kaunas University of Medicine, AKaunas, Lithuania
Medicina (Kaunas) 42:424-8. 2006..to survey the most common and the most important drug-related problems in Lithuania, to explore their solution and factors influencing it, to formulate recommendations for solving drug-related problems...
- Study on consumers' preferences and habits for over-the-counter analgesics useA Lefterova
Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Cent Eur J Public Health 12:43-5. 2004..They had more confidence in medical doctors' than pharmacists' recommendations and consultation. The main conclusion is that the pharmacists do not have the main say in the choice of OTC analgesics and their rational and correct use...
- Self-selection and use patterns of over-the-counter omeprazole for frequent heartburnA Mark Fendrick
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:17-21. 2004..The Food and Drug Administration approval and subsequent launch of over-the-counter (OTC) omeprazole raises the question whether consumers would use OTC omeprazole appropriately in a "real world" setting...
- Factors related to pharmacists' over-the-counter recommendationsJerome E Kotecki
Department of Physiology and Health Science, College of Sciences and Humanities, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
J Community Health 27:291-306. 2002..Based on the findings in this study, pharmacists are making OTC product recommendations in accordance with their health care training and expertise...
- General practitioners' opinions on the intake of painkillers among patientsMaciej Latalski
Department of Public Health, Medical University of Lublin
Ann Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med 57:407-12. 2002..g., in physiotherapy, psychotherapy. Long lasting use of various types of painkillers can lead to drug addiction. This problem is observed by over a half of the GPs (67.1%)...
- Distribution of acidic and neutral drugs in surface waters near sewage treatment plants in the lower Great Lakes, CanadaChris D Metcalfe
Water Quality Centre, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada
Environ Toxicol Chem 22:2881-9. 2003..For the first time, the lipid regulating drug atorvastatin was detected in samples of STP effluent and surface water...
- Sozodont powder dentifrice and Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup: dental nostrumsA G Christen
Indiana University School of Dentistry, USA
J Hist Dent 48:99-105. 2000..However, it contained generous levels of alcohol and morphine sulfate which could cause coma, addiction or death in an infant. Although somewhat chemically altered, these two products were eventually removed from the market in the 1930s...
- Persistence of pharmaceutical compounds and other organic wastewater contaminants in a conventional drinking-water-treatment plantPaul E Stackelberg
US Geological Survey, 810 Bear Tavern Road, West Trenton, NJ 08628, USA
Sci Total Environ 329:99-113. 2004..The results of this study also indicate that improvements in water-treatment processes may benefit from consideration of the response of OWCs and other trace organic contaminants to specific physical and chemical treatments...
Research Grants119 found, 100 shown here
- A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILUREWilliam Lee; Fiscal Year: 2004..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
- CASE-CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGSLynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..CCS results have repeatedly been confirmed in other studies, indicating the success of efforts to minimize bias. CCS is a unique resource for cancer epidemiology. ..
- Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the ElderlyTIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2010..assess the value empirical Bayes correction of the PS compared with variable selection. Dissemination of our results will increase correct application of PS methods including methods to adjust for unmeasured confounding. ..
- Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the ElderlyTIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2007..These recommendations will be disseminated widely among researchers and practicing physicians. ..
- CASE CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGSLynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Reducing Adverse Self-Medication Behaviors in Older Adults with HypertensionPatricia Neafsey; Fiscal Year: 2007..Healthcare utilization will be compared between the 2 groups after 52 weeks and a cost-benefit analysis conducted. ..
- Gradual vs Abrupt Cessation Treatment for SmokingJohn Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will be the first large, systematic test of gradual vs. abrupt cessation. ..
- Natural History of Attempts to Stop SmokingJohn R Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Natural History of Attempts to Stop SmokingJohn Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXISLouis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
- Research on Tobacco and Marijuana Cessation and ReductionJohn Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007..The continuation will also include collaborating with other drug abuse researchers at UVM and elsewhere. The applicant will continue to mentor 4-6 students/yr and to be actively engaged in media and policy initiatives. ..
- HRQL Impact of Chronic Conditions and Comorbidity BurdenPatrick Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2006..s. ..
- Internal Barriers to Seeking Smoking Cessation TreatmentJohn Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our results will suggest messages for media campaigns and for clinicians to use to motivate smokers to access proven treatments. ..
- Attempts to Stop/Reduce Marijuana Among Dependent UsersJohn R Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010..Or if reducing marijuana often leads to cessation, then convincing those not interested in quitting marijuana to first try reducing may be helpful. ..
- REDUCED SMOKING TO PROMPT SMOKING CESSATIONJohn Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2002..Current public health strategies discourage reduced smoking. If we show reduced smoking prompts quit attempts, it will suggest reconsideration of reduced smoking as an intermediary step toward quitting smoking. ..
- EVALUATION OF A CIGARETTE SUBSTITUTEJohn Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2001..We believe it imperative to begin studying these substitutes so that, unlike low-tar/low nicotine cigarettes, we will know whether their introduction is good or bad for public health. ..
- The Fertility Transition in Brazil: 1960-2000JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Training Program in Population StudiesJOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..The PRC is currently characterized by a very productive and academically broad group of researchers, with the greatest concentration in the Departments of Sociology, Human Ecology, and Economics, in that order. ..
- Test-Treat strategy to prevent ulcerative colitis relapseJames Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2007..This K24 award will be essential to allow Dr. Lewis sufficient protected time from clinical activities to continue to develop his research program and mementoring activities. ..
- Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive PillsElizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2004..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..
- Randomized Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative ColitisJames Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2005..If our hypothesis is correct, this study will serve to establish that ligands for PPARg possess biological activity necessary to modulate the inflammatory response in the intact human colon. ..
- Casa A Campo: Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers' FamiliesThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON BOTANICAL DIETARY SUPPLEMENTSDiane Birt; Fiscal Year: 2007..Additionally/our findings may serve as a basis for using botanical extracts and/or constituents for new, low-cost treatments for important human viral infections. ..
- PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF NICOTINENeal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 1980..Pharmacologic response data will be used in combination with kinetic data to predict periods of maximal effect and high risk periods for adverse cardiovascular effects...
- Safety of Nicotine Reduction StrategyNeal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed research is needed to guide governmental regulators as to how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national regulation program. ..
- Community-Based Participatory Approach to Farmworker Housing, Exposures & HealthThomas A Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF NICOTINENeal L Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010..An ultimate objective is to use this knowledge to aid in the development of more effective smoking cessation interventions for African-Americans. ..
- Ethnic Variation in CAM Use and Health Self Management among Rural Older AdultsThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Treating Low-Income Smokers in the Hospital Emergency DepartmentSteven L Bernstein; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Risk Factors for Barrett's EsophagusBrian C Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2010..These questions are especially relevant given our nation's current obesity epidemic. ..
- Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico BorderJOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
- PREVENTING HARMFUL AND HAZARDOUS DRINKING IN THE ELDERLYAlison Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003..A secondary objective of the proposed research is to develop and pilot test interventions to be used by at-risk (i.e., harmful or hazardous) drinking older persons and their physicians to reduce risky drinking. ..
- LA FAMILIA REDUCING FARMWORKER PESTICIDE EXPOSUREThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004..while the results of the project are disseminated to regional and national farmworker groups, to those providing health care to farmworkers, and in the research literature. ..
- ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACHES TO PREVENTIONPaul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF NICOTINENeal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our research program will help further define the role of nicotine and metabolites in the dependence process and will aid in the development of harm reduction approaches for tobacco addiction. ..
- SAFETY OF A NICOTINE REDUCTION STRATEGYNeal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2002..The proposed research is needed to guide the FDA as how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national nicotine regulation program. ..
- Providers' perceptions of the diaphragm in Southern Afr*Cynthia Harper; Fiscal Year: 2005..As the diaphragm effectiveness results become available, data from this proposed study will position us to design counseling interventions and to address provider education and training needs. ..
- Epdemiology of Non-Medical Prescription Anagesic UseLi Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such findings will be vital to policy makers in predicting the potential burden of NMPAU-related problems. ..