non prescription drugs

Summary

Summary: Drugs that can be sold legally without a prescription.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Self-medication patterns in Amman, Jordan
    Al Motassem M Yousef
    Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
    Pharm World Sci 30:24-30. 2008
  2. doi The use during pregnancy of prescription, over-the-counter, and alternative medications among Hispanic women
    Jennifer Bercaw
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Birth 37:211-8. 2010
  3. ncbi What over-the-counter preparations are pregnant women taking? A literature review
    Lisa McKenna
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 56:636-45. 2006
  4. ncbi Patterns of use and public perception of over-the-counter pain relievers: focus on nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    C Mel Wilcox
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
    J Rheumatol 32:2218-24. 2005
  5. doi A randomised controlled trial of ibuprofen, paracetamol or a combination tablet of ibuprofen/paracetamol in community-derived people with knee pain
    Michael Doherty
    Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, Academic Rheumatology, Nottingham City Hospital, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 70:1534-41. 2011
  6. ncbi Over-the-counter antifungal drug misuse associated with patient-diagnosed vulvovaginal candidiasis
    Daron G Ferris
    Department of Family Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 99:419-25. 2002
  7. pmc Exploring consumer and pharmacist views on the professional role of the pharmacist with respect to natural health products: a study of focus groups
    Della Kwan
    1Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Complement Altern Med 8:40. 2008
  8. ncbi Practical prevention of vaginal and rectal transmission of HIV by adapting the oral defense: use of commercial lubricants
    S Baron
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Galveston, Texas 77555, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 17:997-1002. 2001
  9. ncbi How well informed are pharmacy customers in Estonia about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines
    Daisy Volmer
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Jakobi Str 2, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
    Medicina (Kaunas) 43:70-8. 2007
  10. pmc Self-care and professionally guided care in osteoarthritis: racial differences in a population-based sample
    Steven M Albert
    Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, A211 Crabtree, 130 DeSoto St, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Aging Health 20:198-216. 2008

Detail Information

Publications240 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Self-medication patterns in Amman, Jordan
    Al Motassem M Yousef
    Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
    Pharm World Sci 30:24-30. 2008
    ..This research aims to establish a baseline data concerning the extent of self-medication among Jordanians, and to assess possible factors associated with self-medication, so that future interventions can be documented and planned...
  2. doi The use during pregnancy of prescription, over-the-counter, and alternative medications among Hispanic women
    Jennifer Bercaw
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Birth 37:211-8. 2010
    ....
  3. ncbi What over-the-counter preparations are pregnant women taking? A literature review
    Lisa McKenna
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 56:636-45. 2006
    ..This paper presents an overview of current literature relating to over-the-counter and herbal preparations use, with a focus on pregnancy...
  4. ncbi Patterns of use and public perception of over-the-counter pain relievers: focus on nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    C Mel Wilcox
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
    J Rheumatol 32:2218-24. 2005
    ..To assess the frequency and indications for over-the-counter (OTC) nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use and to what degree the public is aware of their side effects...
  5. doi A randomised controlled trial of ibuprofen, paracetamol or a combination tablet of ibuprofen/paracetamol in community-derived people with knee pain
    Michael Doherty
    Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, Academic Rheumatology, Nottingham City Hospital, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 70:1534-41. 2011
    ..To compare the efficacy and safety of single versus combination non-prescription oral analgesics in community-derived people aged 40 years and older with chronic knee pain...
  6. ncbi Over-the-counter antifungal drug misuse associated with patient-diagnosed vulvovaginal candidiasis
    Daron G Ferris
    Department of Family Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 99:419-25. 2002
    ..To estimate what proportion of symptomatic women purchasing over-the-counter antifungal products for immediate treatment of presumed vulvovaginal candidiasis have vulvovaginal candidiasis or other genitourinary conditions...
  7. pmc Exploring consumer and pharmacist views on the professional role of the pharmacist with respect to natural health products: a study of focus groups
    Della Kwan
    1Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Complement Altern Med 8:40. 2008
    ..In this paper, consumers' and practicing pharmacists' perceptions of pharmacists' professional responsibilities with respect to NHPs are examined...
  8. ncbi Practical prevention of vaginal and rectal transmission of HIV by adapting the oral defense: use of commercial lubricants
    S Baron
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Galveston, Texas 77555, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 17:997-1002. 2001
    ..S. FDA category, and may be used by recipient women or men, they should be tested in clinical trials to help prevent sexual transmission of HIV...
  9. ncbi How well informed are pharmacy customers in Estonia about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines
    Daisy Volmer
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Jakobi Str 2, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
    Medicina (Kaunas) 43:70-8. 2007
    ..To determine how knowledgeable pharmacy customers are regarding their own health and information about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines...
  10. pmc Self-care and professionally guided care in osteoarthritis: racial differences in a population-based sample
    Steven M Albert
    Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, A211 Crabtree, 130 DeSoto St, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Aging Health 20:198-216. 2008
    ..Self-management was defined broadly to include all behaviors adopted to reduce morbidity, whether recommended by physicians or not...
  11. ncbi Association of health-related quality of life with dual use of prescription and over-the-counter nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    Stacey H Kovac
    Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 59:227-33. 2008
    ..e., dual use) is related to patient self-reported outcomes, specifically health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We hypothesized that dual use of NSAIDs would be associated with reduced HRQOL...
  12. ncbi Drug interactions in oncology
    Jos H Beijnen
    Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Slotervaart Hospital, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Lancet Oncol 5:489-96. 2004
    ..Here, we provide a comprehensive overview of drug interactions, with selected examples...
  13. ncbi Differences in perceived risks and benefits of herbal, over-the-counter conventional, and prescribed conventional, medicines, and the implications of this for the safe and effective use of herbal products
    Natalie Lynch
    School of Psychology, University of Reading, UK
    Complement Ther Med 15:84-91. 2007
    ....
  14. doi The use of nonprescription medicines among elderly patients with chronic illness and their need for pharmacist interventions
    Kyrillos Guirguis
    Outreach Medication Review OMR Program, St Vincent s Hospital, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
    Consult Pharm 25:433-9. 2010
    ..This study examines the prevalence of OTC/CM products used among chronically ill elderly patients and the types of pharmacist interventions the patients need. Gender differences were also investigated...
  15. ncbi Recent patterns of medication use in the ambulatory adult population of the United States: the Slone survey
    David W Kaufman
    Slone Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Public Health, 1010 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    JAMA 287:337-44. 2002
    ..Data on the range of prescription and over-the-counter drug use in the United States are not available...
  16. ncbi Societal perspectives on over-the-counter (OTC) medicines
    Mayyada Wazaify
    Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Fam Pract 22:170-6. 2005
    ..Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are increasingly used for self-medication, but such products can be misused/abused...
  17. ncbi Self-medication: from European regulatory directives to therapeutic strategy
    Jean Francois Bergmann
    Service de Medecine Interne, Hopital Lariboisiere, 2, rue Ambroise Pare, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 17:275-80. 2003
    ..It is important for the patient, pharmacist and public health in general to distinguish the efficient and safe self medications from the nonvalidated, nonevaluated alternative medicines...
  18. pmc Public perception on the role of community pharmacists in self-medication and self-care in Hong Kong
    Joyce H You
    School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong
    BMC Clin Pharmacol 11:19. 2011
    ..This study was to examine Hong Kong public knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding self-medication, self-care and the role of pharmacists in self-care...
  19. pmc Medicine sellers and malaria treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: what do they do and how can their practice be improved?
    Catherine Goodman
    Health Economics and Financing Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:203-18. 2007
    ..Interventions must be adapted to include artemisinin-based combination therapies, and their sustainability and potential to operate at a national level should be further explored...
  20. ncbi Progress in understanding and using over-the-counter pharmaceuticals for syndromic surveillance
    Steven F Magruder
    Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, Maryland, 20723 6099, USA
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 53:117-22. 2004
    ..However, fundamental uncertainties persist, including how timely such information is and how best to aggregate information about hundreds of products...
  21. pmc Impact on contraceptive practice of making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter in Great Britain: repeated cross sectional surveys
    Cicely Marston
    Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London W6 8RP
    BMJ 331:271. 2005
    ..To examine the impact on contraceptive practice of making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter...
  22. pmc Disease surveillance and nonprescription medication sales can predict increases in poison exposure
    Edward Krenzelok
    Pittsburgh Poison Center, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburg, PA, USA
    J Med Toxicol 4:7-10. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether peak syndromic activity and the consequential purchase of nonprescription medications could predict an increase in poisoning exposures involving NRDM-monitored medications...
  23. pmc Use of over-the-counter malaria medicines in children and adults in three districts in Kenya: implications for private medicine retailer interventions
    Timothy O Abuya
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
    Malar J 6:57. 2007
    ..Data on adult use of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines is limited. This study aimed to assess childhood and adult patterns of OTC medicine use to inform national medicine retailer programmes in Kenya and other similar settings...
  24. ncbi Use of self-prescribed nonprescription medications and dietary supplements among assisted living facility residents
    Annie Lam
    School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 46:574-81. 2006
    ..Describe the prevalence of self-prescribed use and misuse as well as users' opinions concerning nonprescription medications and dietary supplements in assisted living facilities...
  25. ncbi Improving malaria home treatment by training drug retailers in rural Kenya
    V M Marsh
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 9:451-60. 2004
    ..These findings strongly support the inclusion of private drug retailers in control strategies aiming to improve prompt effective treatment of malaria...
  26. ncbi Reading about over-the-counter medications
    Laura A Nabors
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0376, USA
    Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs 27:297-305. 2004
    ..Future research should examine whether youth take medications as directed and what factors make labels and inserts easier to read and understand...
  27. ncbi Syndromic surveillance of gastrointestinal illness using pharmacy over-the-counter sales. A retrospective study of waterborne outbreaks in Saskatchewan and Ontario
    Victoria L Edge
    Health Canada, Guelph, Ontario
    Can J Public Health 95:446-50. 2004
    ..To ascertain if monitoring over-the-counter (OTC) drug sales could provide a timely syndromic surveillance method of detecting outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness...
  28. ncbi Self-medication with over-the-counter drugs among elderly adults
    Emelia P Amoako
    University of North Carolina at Greensboro, School of Nursing, P O Box 26170, Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 29:10-5. 2003
    ..This makes it necessary for all nurses and other clinicians providing health care to older adults to intensify efforts to educate and guard these patients and ensure appropriate use of OTC drugs...
  29. pmc Use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements among older adults in the United States
    Dima M Qato
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    JAMA 300:2867-78. 2008
    ..Despite concerns about drug safety, current information on older adults' use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements is limited...
  30. ncbi Purchasing restricted medicines in New Zealand pharmacies: results from a "mystery shopper" study
    Pauline T Norris
    School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Pharm World Sci 24:149-53. 2002
    ..The study described here explored whether pharmacists do fulfill this expectation...
  31. pmc Early statistical detection of anthrax outbreaks by tracking over-the-counter medication sales
    Anna Goldenberg
    Center for Automated Learning and Discovery, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:5237-40. 2002
    ..We also propose an evaluation methodology that is suitable in the absence of data on large-scale bioterrorist attacks and disease outbreaks...
  32. ncbi Factors associated with the use of over-the-counter medications in cases of acute gastroenteritis in Hamilton, Ontario
    Gillian O Frosst
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:489-93. 2006
    ..This study assessed demographic and symptomatic factors associated with the use of OTC anti-nauseants (AN), anti-diarrheals (AD), and rehydration therapies (RT) in cases of acute gastroenteritis (GE)...
  33. pmc Effect on smoking cessation of switching nicotine replacement therapy to over-the-counter status
    Anne N Thorndike
    General Medicine Division, Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Medical Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:437-42. 2002
    ..This study examined whether the change in nicotine replacement therapy sales from prescription to over the counter (OTC) status affected smoking cessation...
  34. pmc An in-depth study of patent medicine sellers' perspectives on malaria in a rural Nigerian community
    Theodora A Okeke
    Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
    Malar J 5:97. 2006
    ..This study aims to determine the medicine sellers' perspectives on malaria and the determinants that underlie their dispensing patterns of antimalarial drugs...
  35. ncbi Use and misuse of benzodiazepines in Brazil: a review
    F Kapczinski
    Unidade de Psicofarmacologia, Depto de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Subst Use Misuse 36:1053-69. 2001
    ..This article aims to review the epidemiology of benzodiazepine use in Brazil, as well as to analyze how legislation, physician misinformation and economic factors might contribute to making benzodiazepine abuse a problem in the country...
  36. pmc Requests for emergency contraception at an accident and emergency department--assessing the impact of a change in legislation
    S Mawhinney
    Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Antrim Area Hospital, 45 Bush Road, Antrim BT41 2RL
    Ulster Med J 73:16-9. 2004
    ..A&E departments can expect to continue to receive a significant number of requests for emergency contraception. Further measures will be required to reduce the U.K.'s high rate of unplanned pregnancies...
  37. ncbi "Social medication" and the control of children: a qualitative study of over-the-counter medication among Australian children
    Pascale Allotey
    Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, Department of Public Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    Pediatrics 114:e378-83. 2004
    ..The aim of the study was to identify the patterns of use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications among children...
  38. ncbi Parental management of over-the-counter medicines
    Nicola Birchley
    Academic Division of Child Health, University of Nottingham, Derbyshire Children s Hospital
    Paediatr Nurs 14:24-8. 2002
    ..The possibility of OTC medicine use must be remembered and explored by healthcare professionals when children present for treatment...
  39. ncbi Epidemiology of over-the-counter drug use in community dwelling elderly: United States perspective
    J T Hanlon
    College of Pharmacy, Institute for the Study of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy and Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Drugs Aging 18:123-31. 2001
    ..Our ability to explain or to predict OTC use and change in use is poor, and further studies, particularly on use by elderly individuals of minority races, are needed...
  40. ncbi How and why are non-prescription analgesics used in Scotland?
    Terry Porteous
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Westburn Road, Aberdeen AB25 2AY, UK
    Fam Pract 22:78-85. 2005
    ..Analgesics constitute a quarter of UK over-the-counter medicines sales, but concerns have been expressed about their potential for inappropriate use...
  41. ncbi Recurrent vulvovaginitis candidiasis; an overview of traditional and alternative therapies
    Candy Wilson
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA
    Adv Nurse Pract 13:24-9; quiz 30. 2005
    ..The prevalence of vulvovaginitis candiasis is expected to rise due to the growing number of non-C albicans species (which are immune to most antifungal medcationa) and as a result of more widespread antifungal resistance...
  42. ncbi Monitoring over-the-counter medication sales for early detection of disease outbreaks--New York City
    Debjani Das
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 54:41-6. 2005
    ..Since August 2002, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has tracked OTC medication sales to enhance detection of natural and intentional infectious disease outbreaks...
  43. pmc Herbal medicine: women's views, knowledge and interaction with doctors: a qualitative study
    Kathryn A Vickers
    Foundation Year One Doctor, Stepping Hill Hospital, Poplar Grove, Stockport, Cheshire SK2 7JE, UK
    BMC Complement Altern Med 6:40. 2006
    ..This study explores women's perspectives about the safety of herbal remedies, herb-drug interactions and communication with doctors about herbal medicines...
  44. pmc Insurance coverage of smoking cessation treatment for state employees
    Marguerite E Burns
    Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 1930 Monroe St, Suite 200, Madison, WI 53711, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1338-40. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi Hospital-based emergency contraception
    Bertil K J Wagner
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 61:1771-2; author reply 1772, 1774. 2004
  46. ncbi Medicine-taking behaviour and drug-related problems in adolescents of a Swedish high school
    Michael Westerlund
    Olympiaskolan, Helsingborg, Sweden
    Pharm World Sci 30:243-50. 2008
    ..Setting A high school in Helsingborg, Sweden...
  47. ncbi Nonprescription analgesics and their use in solid-organ transplantation: a review
    Steven Gabardi
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Mass, USA
    Prog Transplant 14:182-90. 2004
    ..To review the pharmacology, adverse events, drug interactions, and use of the nonprescription analgesics in solid-organ transplant recipients...
  48. ncbi Experience with a clinical decision support system in community pharmacies to recommend narrow-spectrum antimicrobials, nonantimicrobial prescriptions, and OTC products to decrease broad-spectrum antimicrobial use
    Karl J Madaras-Kelly
    ISU College of Pharmacy, c o Boise VA Medical Center, 500 W Fort St 119A, Boise, ID 83702, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 12:390-7. 2006
    ..Overuse of antibiotics increases the incidence of bacterial resistance and contributes avoidable costs to the health care system...
  49. ncbi Helping patients and families avoid inadvertent acetaminophen overdose
    Hedy Cohen
    Consulting Services, Institute for Safe Medication Practices, Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 33:249-51. 2007
  50. ncbi Nonprescription medication purchases and the role of pharmacists as healthcare workers in self-medication in Istanbul
    Hulya Gül
    Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Capa, Istanbul, Turkey
    Med Sci Monit 13:PH9-14. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify these non-prescribed drugs and to define the role of pharmacists in their sale and their use in primary healthcare...
  51. ncbi OTC laxative use of sodium picosulfate â results of a pharmacy-based patient survey (cohort study)
    U Hinkel
    Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Ingelheim, Germany
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 46:89-95. 2008
    ..The study describes how self-treatment of constipation is practiced. In addition, the characteristics of patients buying the contact laxative, sodium picosulfate, for self-treatment of constipation were analyzed...
  52. ncbi In-home drug storage and utilization habits: a Sudanese study
    M A Yousif
    Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan
    East Mediterr Health J 8:422-31. 2002
    ..3%) and poor compliance (71.2%). In Sudan there is still a great need to educate and to motivate the general public regarding the principles of rational drug use in order to safeguard health and avoid economic losses...
  53. ncbi Pharmacy layout: What are consumers' perceptions?
    Dennis Emmett
    Marshall University Graduate College, South Charleston, WV 25303 1600, USA
    J Hosp Mark Public Relations 17:67-77. 2006
    ..This paper will discuss these aspects as well as the physical and professional environments of retail pharmacies that influence the perceptions of customers and how these vary whether chain, independent, or hospital pharmacies...
  54. ncbi Over-the-counter product line extensions: have we reached the limit yet?
    Sujit S Sansgiry
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:1223-4. 2004
  55. ncbi Medicine use by Finnish female conscripts during voluntary military service
    Kari Linden
    Finnish Defence Forces, POB 50, 00301 Helsinki, Finland
    Mil Med 171:710-6. 2006
    ..The goal was to assess the prevalence of prescribed and nonprescribed medicine use, use predictors, and origin of medicines for Finnish female conscripts during their voluntary military service...
  56. ncbi Appropriate use of nonprescription analgesics in pediatric patients
    Cynthia Knapp Dlugosz
    College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Pediatr Health Care 20:316-25; quiz 326-8. 2006
  57. ncbi [Self-medication with over-the-counter (OTC) preparations in Germany]
    R Beitz
    Klinisches Forschungszentrum Frauengesundheit, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:1043-50. 2004
    ..Beside prescribed medication, self-medication with OTC drugs is an important part of drug usage for men and women in Germany. Health consciousness appears to be a significant factor to explain the prevalence OTC drug use...
  58. ncbi Self medication with St. John's wort in depressive disorders: an observational study in community pharmacies
    Michael Linden
    Research Group Psychosomatic Rehabilitation at the Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany
    J Affect Disord 107:205-10. 2008
    ..g. with St. John's wort (SJW), instead of seeking professional help. The purpose of this study is to examine patients who buy SJW for the treatment of depression...
  59. ncbi [Medicating outside the consulting room]
    Csilla Major
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Egyetemi Gyógyszertár, Gyógyszerügyi Szervezési Intézet, Budapest, Hungary
    Orv Hetil 148:291-8. 2007
    ..Moreover, the expenditures of the state also decrease, as patients do not visit the doctor but buy non-prescription, i.e. non-supported, medicaments...
  60. ncbi Consumers appropriately self-treat based on labeling for over-the-counter hydrocortisone
    Charles N Ellis
    Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0314, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 53:41-51. 2005
    ..The safety and efficacy of such products are well documented, but details on patterns of use and self-treatment with HC in the OTC environment remain scarce...
  61. ncbi Effect of reading additional safety information on planned use of over-the-counter analgesics
    Deborah Dillon McDonald
    University of Connecticut School of Nursing, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 9026, USA
    Public Health Nurs 24:230-8. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Anticholinergic medications: use among older adults with memory problems
    Rachel F Kemper
    Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbia, Ohio, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 33:21-9; quiz 30-1. 2007
    ..These findings demonstrate an ongoing opportunity for nurses to educate health care providers, as well as consumers, regarding the dangers of these medications...
  63. ncbi [Drug therapy knowledge in ambulatory cardiovascular patients]
    B Funk
    Medizinische Poliklinik Universitätsspital Zürich
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 93:1493-501. 2004
    ..We conclude that specific questioning on self-administation of OTC preparations or formerly prescribed drugs results in an improved overview of medication and a better handling of polymedication and drug compliance...
  64. ncbi [Survey on drug-related problems in Lithuania's pharmacies]
    Loreta Kubiliene
    Department of Drug Technology and Pharmacy Organization, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kaunas University of Medicine, AKaunas, Lithuania
    Medicina (Kaunas) 42:424-8. 2006
    ..to survey the most common and the most important drug-related problems in Lithuania, to explore their solution and factors influencing it, to formulate recommendations for solving drug-related problems...
  65. ncbi Teaching older adults to self-manage medications: preventing adverse drug reactions
    Linda Cox Curry
    Harris School of Nursing, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth 76129, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 31:32-42. 2005
    ..New technologies and devices have the potential for improving the patient's self-management of medications. The role of nurses in educating older adults and their families about proper medication management is vital...
  66. pmc Usage of antifungal drugs for therapy of genital Candida infections, purchased as over-the-counter products or by prescription: 2. Factors that may have influenced the marked changes in sales volumes during the 1990s
    Per Anders Mardh
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:99-108. 2004
    ..In Sweden, all pharmacies are owned by the state and all prescriptions and over-the-counter (OTC) products, such as antifungals, are registered in a database, which offers unique possibilities to study the epidemiology of VVC/RVVC...
  67. ncbi Non-prescription medicines: prescribing legislation
    Alan Nathan
    Proprietary Association of Great Britain
    Nurs Stand 19:41-5. 2005
    ..Changes in legislation towards increased availability of medicines that do not require prescription are covered and the implications for at-risk groups are discussed. A table of minor ailments and their principal treatments is provided...
  68. pmc Influence of patient symptoms and physical findings on general practitioners' treatment of respiratory tract infections: a direct observation study
    Thomas Fischer
    Department of General Practice, Georg August University, Goettingen, Germany
    BMC Fam Pract 6:6. 2005
    ..The influence of patient complaints and physical examination findings on GPs' prescribing behaviour was mostly investigated by indirect methods such as questionnaires...
  69. ncbi Prevalence and predictors of polypharmacy among older primary care patients in Germany
    U Junius-Walker
    Department of General Practice, Hannover Medical School, D 30623 Hannover, Germany
    Fam Pract 24:14-9. 2007
    ..Older people consume an increasing amount of medication. Polypharmacy is associated with an elevated risk of adverse health outcomes resulting in hospitalizations and sometimes death...
  70. ncbi Reasons for the use of mild analgesics among English students
    David P French
    Applied Research Centre in Health and Lifestyle Interventions, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Whitefriars Building, Priory Street, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
    Pharm World Sci 30:79-85. 2008
    ....
  71. ncbi Selecting nonprescription analgesics
    Gregory M Peterson
    Tasmanian School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Am J Ther 12:67-79. 2005
    ..Despite the possibility of hepatotoxicity in overdose, paracetamol represents a better all-round option for most patients requiring OTC analgesic therapy...
  72. ncbi Herbal, prescribed, and over-the-counter drug use in older women: prevalence of drug interactions
    Saunjoo L Yoon
    University of Florida College of Nursing, Gainesville, USA
    Geriatr Nurs 27:118-29. 2006
    ..It is imperative that health care providers identify all prescribed, OTC, and herbal drugs taken by their patients and assess all interactions in order to avoid the possibility of adverse drug effects...
  73. pmc Nonprescription drug therapy: issues and opportunities
    Tim R Covington
    Managed Care Institute, Samford University, Birmingham, AL 35229, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 70:137. 2006
    ..Consumers await expanded and differentiated pharmacy-based, pharmacist-provided medication therapy management services focused on the safe, appropriate, and effective selection, use, and monitoring of nonprescription drugs therapy...
  74. doi What do patients in rheumatologic care know about the risks of NSAIDs?
    Lykke Midtbøll Ornbjerg
    Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Hvidovre, Denmark
    J Clin Rheumatol 14:69-73. 2008
    ....
  75. ncbi Medication use in a rural gynecologic population: prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medicines
    Douglas D Glover
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Consortium on Reproductive and Developmental Health, Robert C Byrd Health Sciences Center of West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:351-7. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to document current medication use by a rural female population...
  76. ncbi Polypharmacy: overdosing on good intentions
    David M Berenbeim
    Manag Care Q 10:1-5. 2002
    ..The use of a well-designed polypharmacy intervention program can help reduce the costs associated with polypharmacy, as well as improve patients' health by helping to detect and avoid unnecessary drug use...
  77. ncbi [Knowledge of patients about OTC drugs as a result of pharmacist-patients consultations]
    B Macesková
    Ustav aplikované farmacie Farmaceutické fakulty Veterinární a farmaceutické univerzity, Brno
    Ceska Slov Farm 51:292-6. 2002
    ..The standard of counselling on self-medication in the Czech Republic should thus become more effective...
  78. ncbi Is emergency contraception going over-the-counter?
    Sue Woodson
    AWHONN Lifelines 7:506-11. 2003
  79. ncbi Pharmacy practitioners' views on computerized documentation of drug-related problems
    L O Tommy Westerlund
    The National Corporation of Swedish Pharmacies Apoteket AB, Helsingborg and Stockholm, Sweden
    Ann Pharmacother 37:354-60. 2003
    ..To evaluate the practice by community pharmacy practitioners of computerized documentation of drug-related problems (DRPs) and pharmacy interventions in nonprescription drug consumers...
  80. ncbi Users and utilization patterns of over-the-counter acid inhibitors and antacids in The Netherlands
    Evelyn P M van Vliet
    Department of Gastroenterology, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Scand J Gastroenterol 43:662-8. 2008
    ..We also studied factors that were associated with the substitution of OTC acid inhibitors or antacid use for consultation with a GP...
  81. ncbi Prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medicine use in a rural, obstetric population
    Douglas D Glover
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, School of Pharmacy, West Virginia University, Morgantown 26506, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1039-45. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify the medications that are consumed by a rural obstetric population during pregnancy...
  82. ncbi Over-the-counter oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a pharmacoepidemiologic study in southern Italy
    G Motola
    Center of Pharmacoepidemiology, Experimental Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Second University of Naples, Italy
    Adv Ther 18:216-22. 2001
    ..5% of the users and occurred primarily with diclofenac, piroxicam, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen. Because the use and availability of OTC NSAIDs are increasing, further studies of the tolerability of this important drug class are warranted...
  83. ncbi Has drug therapy gone to the dogs?
    Lene Sorensen
    Age Ageing 32:460-1. 2003
  84. ncbi Caregivers' perspectives when evaluating nonprescription medication utilization in children
    Lea S Eiland
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, Division of Pediatrics, Auburn University Harrison School of Pharmacy
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 47:578-87. 2008
    ..Health care professionals should be knowledgeable on the appropriate use of medication. There is a significant need to question and to educate caregivers on nonprescription medication use in children...
  85. ncbi Bar coding: old technology to the rescue
    Joyce Ochs
    Manag Care 12:46-7. 2003
  86. ncbi Analgesic use: a study of treatments used by patients for migraine prior to attending the City of London Migraine Clinic
    E A MacGregor
    City of London Migraine Clinic
    Headache 30:571-4. 1990
    ..Thirty five of the 83 (42.2%) had tried alternative treatments for their attacks...
  87. ncbi Over-the-counter medication use in older adults
    Lydia Rolita
    Section of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Geriatric Clinic, New York, NY 10016, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 34:8-17. 2008
    ..This article summarizes the side effects, adverse reactions, and medication interactions older adults face when using some common OTC medications...
  88. ncbi Evaluation of community pharmacists' recommendations to standardized patient scenarios
    Paul M Rutter
    Pharmacy Practice Division, St Michael s Building, White Swan Road, Portsmouth PO1 2DT, England, UK
    Ann Pharmacother 38:1080-5. 2004
    ..This places greater responsibility on community pharmacists to ensure that patients exercise self-care appropriately. This small study examined pharmacist performance in facilitating patient self-care...
  89. ncbi New OTC drugs and devices 2003: a selective review
    Gail D Newton
    School of Pharmacy and Pharmacal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 44:211-25. 2004
    ....
  90. ncbi Community consumption of antibacterial drugs within the Jordanian population: sources, patterns and appropriateness
    Amal G Al-Bakri
    Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 26:389-95. 2005
    ....
  91. ncbi Study on consumers' preferences and habits for over-the-counter analgesics use
    A Lefterova
    Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Cent Eur J Public Health 12:43-5. 2004
    ..They had more confidence in medical doctors' than pharmacists' recommendations and consultation. The main conclusion is that the pharmacists do not have the main say in the choice of OTC analgesics and their rational and correct use...
  92. ncbi Non-prescription medication usage is common and often under-reported by rural women
    Gina Rollins
    Rep Med Guidel Outcomes Res 15:6-8. 2004
  93. ncbi Medications taken by 26-year-olds
    W M Thomson
    Department of Oral Sciences and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, The University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Intern Med J 32:305-10. 2002
    ..Most descriptive pharmacoepidemiological reports are from studies of older people, and little is known about medication use by younger adults...
  94. ncbi The Internet as a research tool in complementary and alternative medicine: a pilot study
    Windsor Ting
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeions, Columbia University, NY, USA
    Altern Ther Health Med 8:84-6. 2002
    ..The Internet is a potential tool to reach consumers of CAM for research purposes. The study design requires modification, and the findings need cautious interpretation for further research using the Internet as a venue...
  95. ncbi Pattern of drug use in geriatric patients undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia
    D Amanor-Boadu
    Department of Anaesthesia, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Afr J Med Med Sci 31:49-51. 2002
    ....
  96. ncbi Self-selection and use patterns of over-the-counter omeprazole for frequent heartburn
    A Mark Fendrick
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:17-21. 2004
    ..The Food and Drug Administration approval and subsequent launch of over-the-counter (OTC) omeprazole raises the question whether consumers would use OTC omeprazole appropriately in a "real world" setting...
  97. ncbi Factors related to pharmacists' over-the-counter recommendations
    Jerome E Kotecki
    Department of Physiology and Health Science, College of Sciences and Humanities, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
    J Community Health 27:291-306. 2002
    ..Based on the findings in this study, pharmacists are making OTC product recommendations in accordance with their health care training and expertise...
  98. ncbi General practitioners' opinions on the intake of painkillers among patients
    Maciej Latalski
    Department of Public Health, Medical University of Lublin
    Ann Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med 57:407-12. 2002
    ..g., in physiotherapy, psychotherapy. Long lasting use of various types of painkillers can lead to drug addiction. This problem is observed by over a half of the GPs (67.1%)...
  99. ncbi Distribution of acidic and neutral drugs in surface waters near sewage treatment plants in the lower Great Lakes, Canada
    Chris D Metcalfe
    Water Quality Centre, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 22:2881-9. 2003
    ..For the first time, the lipid regulating drug atorvastatin was detected in samples of STP effluent and surface water...
  100. ncbi Sozodont powder dentifrice and Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup: dental nostrums
    A G Christen
    Indiana University School of Dentistry, USA
    J Hist Dent 48:99-105. 2000
    ..However, it contained generous levels of alcohol and morphine sulfate which could cause coma, addiction or death in an infant. Although somewhat chemically altered, these two products were eventually removed from the market in the 1930s...
  101. ncbi Participation in pharmaceutical costs and seniors' access to medicines in the Czech Republic
    Jana Davidova
    Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
    Cent Eur J Public Health 16:26-8. 2008
    ..Analysis of participation in drug costs by seniors in the Czech Republic in connection with seniors' access to pharmacotherapy...

Research Grants119 found, 100 shown here

  1. Computer-based Prescription Opioid Abuse Prevention for Adolescents
    Lisa Marsch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This program may provide an engaging and effective tool for promoting the widespread delivery of sciencebased prevention of prescription opioid abuse among adolescents. ..
  2. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  3. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  4. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  5. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  6. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  7. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  8. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PSYCHIATRIC NEED AND PRIMARY CARE
    David Mechanic; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..A major focus of the study is the way in which management of psychological disorder and social need by the mainstream medical care system affects patterns of subsequent utilizattion of medical resources and patient outcomes...
  9. SMART PHARMACY CARDS TO AUTOMATE PATIENT RECORDS
    PETER OGNIBENE; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  10. CASE-CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..CCS results have repeatedly been confirmed in other studies, indicating the success of efforts to minimize bias. CCS is a unique resource for cancer epidemiology. ..
  11. CASE-CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..CCS results have repeatedly been confirmed in other studies, indicating the success of efforts to minimize bias. CCS is a unique resource for cancer epidemiology. ..
  12. CASE-CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..CCS results have repeatedly been confirmed in other studies, indicating the success of efforts to minimize bias. CCS is a unique resource for cancer epidemiology. ..
  13. CASE-CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..CCS results have repeatedly been confirmed in other studies, indicating the success of efforts to minimize bias. CCS is a unique resource for cancer epidemiology. ..
  14. CASE-CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..CCS results have repeatedly been confirmed in other studies, indicating the success of efforts to minimize bias. CCS is a unique resource for cancer epidemiology. ..
  15. Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the Elderly
    TIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..assess the value empirical Bayes correction of the PS compared with variable selection. Dissemination of our results will increase correct application of PS methods including methods to adjust for unmeasured confounding. ..
  16. Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the Elderly
    TIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..assess the value empirical Bayes correction of the PS compared with variable selection. Dissemination of our results will increase correct application of PS methods including methods to adjust for unmeasured confounding. ..
  17. CAFFEINE & EXPERIMENTAL MAMMARY GLAND TUMORIGENESIS
    CLIFFORD WELSCH; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  18. Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the Elderly
    TIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These recommendations will be disseminated widely among researchers and practicing physicians. ..
  19. Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the Elderly
    TIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These recommendations will be disseminated widely among researchers and practicing physicians. ..
  20. Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the Elderly
    TIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These recommendations will be disseminated widely among researchers and practicing physicians. ..
  21. CASE CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  22. CASE CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  23. CASE CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  24. Reducing Adverse Self-Medication Behaviors in Older Adults with Hypertension
    Patricia Neafsey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Healthcare utilization will be compared between the 2 groups after 52 weeks and a cost-benefit analysis conducted. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Reducing Adverse Self-Medication Behaviors in Older Adults with Hypertension
    Patricia Neafsey; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Healthcare utilization will be compared between the 2 groups after 52 weeks and a cost-benefit analysis conducted. ..
  26. Gradual vs Abrupt Cessation Treatment for Smoking
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will be the first large, systematic test of gradual vs. abrupt cessation. ..
  27. Gradual vs Abrupt Cessation Treatment for Smoking
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will be the first large, systematic test of gradual vs. abrupt cessation. ..
  28. Natural History of Attempts to Stop Smoking
    John R Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  29. Natural History of Attempts to Stop Smoking
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  30. Attempts to Stop/Reduce Marijuana Among Dependent Users
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Or if reducing marijuana often leads to cessation, then convincing those not interested in quitting marijuana to first try reducing may be helpful. ..
  31. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
  32. Attempts to Stop/Reduce Marijuana Among Dependent Users
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Or if reducing marijuana often leads to cessation, then convincing those not interested in quitting marijuana to first try reducing may be helpful. ..
  33. Internal Barriers to Seeking Smoking Cessation Treatment
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our results will suggest messages for media campaigns and for clinicians to use to motivate smokers to access proven treatments. ..
  34. Natural History of Attempts to Stop Smoking
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  35. Research on Tobacco and Marijuana Cessation and Reduction
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The continuation will also include collaborating with other drug abuse researchers at UVM and elsewhere. The applicant will continue to mentor 4-6 students/yr and to be actively engaged in media and policy initiatives. ..
  36. Gradual vs Abrupt Cessation Treatment for Smoking
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will be the first large, systematic test of gradual vs. abrupt cessation. ..
  37. Research on Tobacco and Marijuana Cessation and Reduction
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The continuation will also include collaborating with other drug abuse researchers at UVM and elsewhere. The applicant will continue to mentor 4-6 students/yr and to be actively engaged in media and policy initiatives. ..
  38. HRQL Impact of Chronic Conditions and Comorbidity Burden
    Patrick Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Internal Barriers to Seeking Smoking Cessation Treatment
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our results will suggest messages for media campaigns and for clinicians to use to motivate smokers to access proven treatments. ..
  40. Gradual vs Abrupt Cessation Treatment for Smoking
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will be the first large, systematic test of gradual vs. abrupt cessation. ..
  41. Attempts to Stop/Reduce Marijuana Among Dependent Users
    John R Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Or if reducing marijuana often leads to cessation, then convincing those not interested in quitting marijuana to first try reducing may be helpful. ..
  42. REDUCED SMOKING TO PROMPT SMOKING CESSATION
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Current public health strategies discourage reduced smoking. If we show reduced smoking prompts quit attempts, it will suggest reconsideration of reduced smoking as an intermediary step toward quitting smoking. ..
  43. EVALUATION OF A CIGARETTE SUBSTITUTE
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..We believe it imperative to begin studying these substitutes so that, unlike low-tar/low nicotine cigarettes, we will know whether their introduction is good or bad for public health. ..
  44. REDUCED SMOKING TO PROMPT SMOKING CESSATION
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Current public health strategies discourage reduced smoking. If we show reduced smoking prompts quit attempts, it will suggest reconsideration of reduced smoking as an intermediary step toward quitting smoking. ..
  45. REDUCED SMOKING TO PROMPT SMOKING CESSATION
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Current public health strategies discourage reduced smoking. If we show reduced smoking prompts quit attempts, it will suggest reconsideration of reduced smoking as an intermediary step toward quitting smoking. ..
  46. EVALUATION OF A CIGARETTE SUBSTITUTE
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We believe it imperative to begin studying these substitutes so that, unlike low-tar/low nicotine cigarettes, we will know whether their introduction is good or bad for public health. ..
  47. REDUCED SMOKING TO PROMPT SMOKING CESSATION
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Current public health strategies discourage reduced smoking. If we show reduced smoking prompts quit attempts, it will suggest reconsideration of reduced smoking as an intermediary step toward quitting smoking. ..
  48. EVALUATION OF A CIGARETTE SUBSTITUTE
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..We believe it imperative to begin studying these substitutes so that, unlike low-tar/low nicotine cigarettes, we will know whether their introduction is good or bad for public health. ..
  49. Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills
    Elizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..
  50. Randomized Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative Colitis
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..If our hypothesis is correct, this study will serve to establish that ligands for PPARg possess biological activity necessary to modulate the inflammatory response in the intact human colon. ..
  51. Association of PPAR gamma ligands & colonic neoplasia
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our results will allow us to translate the existing in vitro and in vivo observations to the intact human colon and could lead to further chemoprevention strategies. ..
  52. Randomized Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative Colitis
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If our hypothesis is correct, this study will serve to establish that ligands for PPARg possess biological activity necessary to modulate the inflammatory response in the intact human colon. ..
  53. SIGNIFICANCE OF GGT EXPRESSION IN TUMORS
    MARIE HANIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The goal of this research is to understand the molecular mechanisms by which cisplatin kills cells and the mechanism by which cells become resistant to cisplatin. ..
  54. The Fertility Transition in Brazil: 1960-2000
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Training Program in Population Studies
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The PRC is currently characterized by a very productive and academically broad group of researchers, with the greatest concentration in the Departments of Sociology, Human Ecology, and Economics, in that order. ..
  56. SIGNIFICANCE OF GGT EXPRESSION IN TUMORS
    MARIE HANIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Cisplatin resistant tumors will be isolated after several courses of treatment. mRNA will be isolated from these tumors and differentially expressed genes will be isolated by representational differential analysis. ..
  57. SIGNIFICANCE OF GGT EXPRESSION IN TUMORS
    MARIE HANIGAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Cisplatin resistant tumors will be isolated after several courses of treatment. mRNA will be isolated from these tumors and differentially expressed genes will be isolated by representational differential analysis. ..
  58. Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico Border
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
  59. Test-Treat strategy to prevent ulcerative colitis relapse
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This K24 award will be essential to allow Dr. Lewis sufficient protected time from clinical activities to continue to develop his research program and mementoring activities. ..
  60. Test-Treat strategy to prevent ulcerative colitis relapse
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This K24 award will be essential to allow Dr. Lewis sufficient protected time from clinical activities to continue to develop his research program and mementoring activities. ..
  61. Randomized Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative Colitis
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If our hypothesis is correct, this study will serve to establish that ligands for PPARg possess biological activity necessary to modulate the inflammatory response in the intact human colon. ..
  62. Association of PPAR gamma ligands & colonic neoplasia
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our results will allow us to translate the existing in vitro and in vivo observations to the intact human colon and could lead to further chemoprevention strategies. ..
  63. Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills
    Elizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..
  64. Randomized Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative Colitis
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If our hypothesis is correct, this study will serve to establish that ligands for PPARg possess biological activity necessary to modulate the inflammatory response in the intact human colon. ..
  65. Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills
    Elizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..
  66. Randomized Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative Colitis
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If our hypothesis is correct, this study will serve to establish that ligands for PPARg possess biological activity necessary to modulate the inflammatory response in the intact human colon. ..
  67. Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills
    Elizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..
  68. Casa A Campo: Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers' Families
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  69. CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON BOTANICAL DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS
    Diane Birt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Additionally/our findings may serve as a basis for using botanical extracts and/or constituents for new, low-cost treatments for important human viral infections. ..
  70. APOE QUALITY OF LIFE AND MEDICAL COSTS IN LATE LIFE
    Dan Blazer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Cox proportional hazard, discrete time survival, and hierarchical linear modeling will be used according to the metric and distribution of the dependent variable. ..
  71. Safety of Nicotine Reduction Strategy
    Neal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed research is needed to guide governmental regulators as to how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national regulation program. ..
  72. APOE QUALITY OF LIFE AND MEDICAL COSTS IN LATE LIFE
    Dan Blazer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Cox proportional hazard, discrete time survival, and hierarchical linear modeling will be used according to the metric and distribution of the dependent variable. ..
  73. PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF NICOTINE
    Neal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Pharmacologic response data will be used in combination with kinetic data to predict periods of maximal effect and high risk periods for adverse cardiovascular effects...
  74. Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico Border
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
  75. Safety of Nicotine Reduction Strategy
    Neal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research is needed to guide governmental regulators as to how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national regulation program. ..
  76. Community-Based Participatory Approach to Farmworker Housing, Exposures & Health
    Thomas A Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  77. Pharmacotherapy for Minor Depression
    Robert Howland; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this study will have profound public health implications by improving our understanding of the efficacy of SJW and standard antidepressants for the treatment of MinorD. ..
  78. PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF NICOTINE
    Neal L Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An ultimate objective is to use this knowledge to aid in the development of more effective smoking cessation interventions for African-Americans. ..
  79. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY OF METHAMPHETAMINE STEREOISOMERS
    John Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Primary outcome measures include drug and metabolite measurements in plasma and urine and subjective and cardiovascular measures, including 2D echocardiography. ..
  80. Ethnic Variation in CAM Use and Health Self Management among Rural Older Adults
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  81. Treating Low-Income Smokers in the Hospital Emergency Department
    Steven L Bernstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  82. Risk Factors for Barrett's Esophagus
    Brian C Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These questions are especially relevant given our nation's current obesity epidemic. ..
  83. MDMA Dependence and Discontinuation Syndrome
    John Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Addiction to MDMA appears to be a serious risk of use; our studies will carefttlly define important clinical features of this emerging disorder. ..
  84. Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico Border
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
  85. PREVENTING HARMFUL AND HAZARDOUS DRINKING IN THE ELDERLY
    Alison Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A secondary objective of the proposed research is to develop and pilot test interventions to be used by at-risk (i.e., harmful or hazardous) drinking older persons and their physicians to reduce risky drinking. ..
  86. LA FAMILIA REDUCING FARMWORKER PESTICIDE EXPOSURE
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..while the results of the project are disseminated to regional and national farmworker groups, to those providing health care to farmworkers, and in the research literature. ..
  87. ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACHES TO PREVENTION
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  88. Sources of Health Disparities--Minority Poultry Workers
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..while the results of the project are disseminated to regional and national farmworker groups, to those providing health care to farmworkers, and in the research literature. ..
  89. SACRAMENTO NEIGHBORHOOD ALCOHOL PREVENTION PROJECT
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Overall, the investigation represents an intervention evaluation that examines the efficacy of community-level interventions within a minority community. ..
  90. SIGNIFICANCE OF GGT EXPRESSION IN TUMORS
    MARIE HANIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The goal of this research is to understand the molecular mechanisms by which cisplatin kills cells and the mechanism by which cells become resistant to cisplatin. ..
  91. PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF NICOTINE
    Neal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our research program will help further define the role of nicotine and metabolites in the dependence process and will aid in the development of harm reduction approaches for tobacco addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  92. SAFETY OF A NICOTINE REDUCTION STRATEGY
    Neal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed research is needed to guide the FDA as how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national nicotine regulation program. ..
  93. Providers' perceptions of the diaphragm in Southern Afr*
    Cynthia Harper; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..As the diaphragm effectiveness results become available, data from this proposed study will position us to design counseling interventions and to address provider education and training needs. ..
  94. APOE QUALITY OF LIFE AND MEDICAL COSTS IN LATE LIFE
    Dan Blazer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Cox proportional hazard, discrete time survival, and hierarchical linear modeling will be used according to the metric and distribution of the dependent variable. ..
  95. Epdemiology of Non-Medical Prescription Anagesic Use
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such findings will be vital to policy makers in predicting the potential burden of NMPAU-related problems. ..