non prescription drugs

Summary

Summary: Drugs that can be sold legally without a prescription.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Self-medication patterns in Amman, Jordan
    Al Motassem M Yousef
    Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
    Pharm World Sci 30:24-30. 2008
  2. pmc Use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements among older adults in the United States
    Dima M Qato
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    JAMA 300:2867-78. 2008
  3. ncbi The use during pregnancy of prescription, over-the-counter, and alternative medications among Hispanic women
    Jennifer Bercaw
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Birth 37:211-8. 2010
  4. pmc Prediction of gastrointestinal disease with over-the-counter diarrheal remedy sales records in the San Francisco Bay Area
    Michelle L Kirian
    Department of Public Health, City and County of San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94102, USA
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 10:39. 2010
  5. ncbi What over-the-counter preparations are pregnant women taking? A literature review
    Lisa McKenna
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 56:636-45. 2006
  6. ncbi Monitoring over-the-counter medication sales for early detection of disease outbreaks--New York City
    Debjani Das
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 54:41-6. 2005
  7. ncbi The implementation of a harm minimisation model for the identification and treatment of over-the-counter drug misuse and abuse in community pharmacies in Northern Ireland
    Mayyada Wazaify
    Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Patient Educ Couns 64:136-41. 2006
  8. pmc Prescription and over-the-counter drug treatment admissions to the California public treatment system
    Rachel Gonzales
    University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 40:224-9. 2011
  9. pmc The importance of taking a history of over-the-counter medication use: a brief review and case illustration of "PRN" antihistamine dependence in a hospitalized adolescent
    BARBARA GRACIOUS
    Department of Psychiatry, Nationwide Children s Hospital The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43205, USA
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 20:521-4. 2010
  10. pmc Effect on smoking cessation of switching nicotine replacement therapy to over-the-counter status
    Anne N Thorndike
    General Medicine Division, Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Medical Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:437-42. 2002

Detail Information

Publications260 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Self-medication patterns in Amman, Jordan
    Al Motassem M Yousef
    Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
    Pharm World Sci 30:24-30. 2008
    ..This research aims to establish a baseline data concerning the extent of self-medication among Jordanians, and to assess possible factors associated with self-medication, so that future interventions can be documented and planned...
  2. pmc Use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements among older adults in the United States
    Dima M Qato
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    JAMA 300:2867-78. 2008
    ..Despite concerns about drug safety, current information on older adults' use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements is limited...
  3. ncbi The use during pregnancy of prescription, over-the-counter, and alternative medications among Hispanic women
    Jennifer Bercaw
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Birth 37:211-8. 2010
    ....
  4. pmc Prediction of gastrointestinal disease with over-the-counter diarrheal remedy sales records in the San Francisco Bay Area
    Michelle L Kirian
    Department of Public Health, City and County of San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94102, USA
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 10:39. 2010
    ..The authors evaluated the ability of sales of over-the-counter diarrheal remedies available from the National Retail Data Monitor to predict endemic and epidemic gastrointestinal disease in the San Francisco Bay Area...
  5. ncbi What over-the-counter preparations are pregnant women taking? A literature review
    Lisa McKenna
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 56:636-45. 2006
    ..This paper presents an overview of current literature relating to over-the-counter and herbal preparations use, with a focus on pregnancy...
  6. ncbi Monitoring over-the-counter medication sales for early detection of disease outbreaks--New York City
    Debjani Das
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 54:41-6. 2005
    ..Since August 2002, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has tracked OTC medication sales to enhance detection of natural and intentional infectious disease outbreaks...
  7. ncbi The implementation of a harm minimisation model for the identification and treatment of over-the-counter drug misuse and abuse in community pharmacies in Northern Ireland
    Mayyada Wazaify
    Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Patient Educ Couns 64:136-41. 2006
    ..This study tested an intervention model which sought to minimise over-the-counter (OTC) drug misuse and abuse in community pharmacies...
  8. pmc Prescription and over-the-counter drug treatment admissions to the California public treatment system
    Rachel Gonzales
    University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 40:224-9. 2011
    ..Results from this study offer useful treatment admission information about prescription and OTC drug abuse within the California public addiction treatment system...
  9. pmc The importance of taking a history of over-the-counter medication use: a brief review and case illustration of "PRN" antihistamine dependence in a hospitalized adolescent
    BARBARA GRACIOUS
    Department of Psychiatry, Nationwide Children s Hospital The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43205, USA
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 20:521-4. 2010
    ..General strategies for combating OTC and prescription abuse are given...
  10. pmc Effect on smoking cessation of switching nicotine replacement therapy to over-the-counter status
    Anne N Thorndike
    General Medicine Division, Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Medical Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:437-42. 2002
    ..This study examined whether the change in nicotine replacement therapy sales from prescription to over the counter (OTC) status affected smoking cessation...
  11. ncbi Serious morbidity associated with misuse of over-the-counter codeine-ibuprofen analgesics: a series of 27 cases
    Matthew Y Frei
    Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, Eastern Health, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 193:294-6. 2010
    ..To investigate morbidity related to misuse of over-the-counter (OTC) codeine-ibuprofen analgesics...
  12. ncbi Development of a community pharmacy-based model to identify and treat OTC drug abuse/misuse: a pilot study
    Glenda F Fleming
    Research and Development Office, Belfast BT2 8BS, Northern Ireland
    Pharm World Sci 26:282-8. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to develop and pilot a harm-minimisation model for the identification and treatment of over-the-counter (OTC) drug abuse/misuse by community pharmacists...
  13. ncbi Diphenhydramine abuse and detoxification: a brief review and case report
    A Thomas
    Community Addictions Unit, Cardiff, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 23:101-5. 2009
    ..Similarly community pharmacists and GPs should be vigilant to excessive requests for DPH, particularly in patients with a psychotic illness...
  14. ncbi Improving malaria home treatment by training drug retailers in rural Kenya
    V M Marsh
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 9:451-60. 2004
    ..These findings strongly support the inclusion of private drug retailers in control strategies aiming to improve prompt effective treatment of malaria...
  15. ncbi Evaluation of abuse and dependence on drugs used for self-medication: a pharmacoepidemiological pilot study based on community pharmacies in France
    Ludivine Orriols
    Unité de Pharmacoépidémiologie, EA 3696 Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
    Drug Saf 32:859-73. 2009
    ..Some of these drugs contain psychoactive substances with a potential for abuse and dependence. However, there is a lack of data concerning their problematic use in a wide population...
  16. pmc Exploring consumer and pharmacist views on the professional role of the pharmacist with respect to natural health products: a study of focus groups
    Della Kwan
    1Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Complement Altern Med 8:40. 2008
    ..In this paper, consumers' and practicing pharmacists' perceptions of pharmacists' professional responsibilities with respect to NHPs are examined...
  17. ncbi How well informed are pharmacy customers in Estonia about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines
    Daisy Volmer
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Jakobi Str 2, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
    Medicina (Kaunas) 43:70-8. 2007
    ..To determine how knowledgeable pharmacy customers are regarding their own health and information about minor illnesses and over-the-counter medicines...
  18. ncbi Over-the-counter antifungal drug misuse associated with patient-diagnosed vulvovaginal candidiasis
    Daron G Ferris
    Department of Family Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 99:419-25. 2002
    ..To estimate what proportion of symptomatic women purchasing over-the-counter antifungal products for immediate treatment of presumed vulvovaginal candidiasis have vulvovaginal candidiasis or other genitourinary conditions...
  19. pmc An in-depth study of patent medicine sellers' perspectives on malaria in a rural Nigerian community
    Theodora A Okeke
    Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
    Malar J 5:97. 2006
    ..This study aims to determine the medicine sellers' perspectives on malaria and the determinants that underlie their dispensing patterns of antimalarial drugs...
  20. ncbi Recent patterns of medication use in the ambulatory adult population of the United States: the Slone survey
    David W Kaufman
    Slone Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Public Health, 1010 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    JAMA 287:337-44. 2002
    ..Data on the range of prescription and over-the-counter drug use in the United States are not available...
  21. ncbi A randomised controlled trial of ibuprofen, paracetamol or a combination tablet of ibuprofen/paracetamol in community-derived people with knee pain
    Michael Doherty
    Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, Academic Rheumatology, Nottingham City Hospital, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 70:1534-41. 2011
    ..To compare the efficacy and safety of single versus combination non-prescription oral analgesics in community-derived people aged 40 years and older with chronic knee pain...
  22. pmc Use of prescription and nonprescription medications and supplements by cancer patients during chemotherapy: questionnaire validation
    Marie H Hanigan
    Department of Cell Biology, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    J Oncol Pharm Pract 14:123-30. 2008
    ..Cancer patients take medications for coexisting disease and self-medicate with over-the-counter drugs (OTCs). A complete analysis of the use of prescription drugs, OTCs, and supplements during cancer treatment has never been done...
  23. ncbi The use of prescription medicines and self-medication among children--a population-based study in Finland
    Sanna Ylinen
    School of Pharmacy Social Pharmacy, Campus of Kuopio, University of Eastern Finland, Finland
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:1000-8. 2010
    ....
  24. ncbi Drug interactions in oncology
    Jos H Beijnen
    Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Slotervaart Hospital, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Lancet Oncol 5:489-96. 2004
    ..Here, we provide a comprehensive overview of drug interactions, with selected examples...
  25. ncbi The use of nonprescription medicines among elderly patients with chronic illness and their need for pharmacist interventions
    Kyrillos Guirguis
    Outreach Medication Review OMR Program, St Vincent s Hospital, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
    Consult Pharm 25:433-9. 2010
    ..This study examines the prevalence of OTC/CM products used among chronically ill elderly patients and the types of pharmacist interventions the patients need. Gender differences were also investigated...
  26. ncbi Societal perspectives on over-the-counter (OTC) medicines
    Mayyada Wazaify
    Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Fam Pract 22:170-6. 2005
    ..Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are increasingly used for self-medication, but such products can be misused/abused...
  27. ncbi Self-medication: from European regulatory directives to therapeutic strategy
    Jean Francois Bergmann
    Service de Medecine Interne, Hopital Lariboisiere, 2, rue Ambroise Pare, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 17:275-80. 2003
    ..It is important for the patient, pharmacist and public health in general to distinguish the efficient and safe self medications from the nonvalidated, nonevaluated alternative medicines...
  28. pmc Medicine sellers and malaria treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: what do they do and how can their practice be improved?
    Catherine Goodman
    Health Economics and Financing Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:203-18. 2007
    ..Interventions must be adapted to include artemisinin-based combination therapies, and their sustainability and potential to operate at a national level should be further explored...
  29. ncbi Progress in understanding and using over-the-counter pharmaceuticals for syndromic surveillance
    Steven F Magruder
    Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, Maryland, 20723 6099, USA
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 53:117-22. 2004
    ..However, fundamental uncertainties persist, including how timely such information is and how best to aggregate information about hundreds of products...
  30. ncbi Self-medication with over-the-counter drugs among elderly adults
    Emelia P Amoako
    University of North Carolina at Greensboro, School of Nursing, P O Box 26170, Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 29:10-5. 2003
    ..This makes it necessary for all nurses and other clinicians providing health care to older adults to intensify efforts to educate and guard these patients and ensure appropriate use of OTC drugs...
  31. pmc Impact on contraceptive practice of making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter in Great Britain: repeated cross sectional surveys
    Cicely Marston
    Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London W6 8RP
    BMJ 331:271. 2005
    ..To examine the impact on contraceptive practice of making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter...
  32. pmc Early statistical detection of anthrax outbreaks by tracking over-the-counter medication sales
    Anna Goldenberg
    Center for Automated Learning and Discovery, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:5237-40. 2002
    ..We also propose an evaluation methodology that is suitable in the absence of data on large-scale bioterrorist attacks and disease outbreaks...
  33. pmc Use of over-the-counter malaria medicines in children and adults in three districts in Kenya: implications for private medicine retailer interventions
    Timothy O Abuya
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
    Malar J 6:57. 2007
    ..Data on adult use of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines is limited. This study aimed to assess childhood and adult patterns of OTC medicine use to inform national medicine retailer programmes in Kenya and other similar settings...
  34. ncbi Syndromic surveillance of gastrointestinal illness using pharmacy over-the-counter sales. A retrospective study of waterborne outbreaks in Saskatchewan and Ontario
    Victoria L Edge
    Health Canada, Guelph, Ontario
    Can J Public Health 95:446-50. 2004
    ..To ascertain if monitoring over-the-counter (OTC) drug sales could provide a timely syndromic surveillance method of detecting outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness...
  35. ncbi Use of self-prescribed nonprescription medications and dietary supplements among assisted living facility residents
    Annie Lam
    School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 46:574-81. 2006
    ..Describe the prevalence of self-prescribed use and misuse as well as users' opinions concerning nonprescription medications and dietary supplements in assisted living facilities...
  36. ncbi Persistence of NSAIDs at effect sites and rapid disappearance from side-effect compartments contributes to tolerability
    Kay Brune
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, FAU Erlangen Nuremberg, Germany
    Curr Med Res Opin 23:2985-95. 2007
    ..None has as yet reached OTC-status...
  37. pmc Public perception on the role of community pharmacists in self-medication and self-care in Hong Kong
    Joyce H You
    School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong
    BMC Clin Pharmacol 11:19. 2011
    ..This study was to examine Hong Kong public knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding self-medication, self-care and the role of pharmacists in self-care...
  38. ncbi Patterns of use and public perception of over-the-counter pain relievers: focus on nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    C Mel Wilcox
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
    J Rheumatol 32:2218-24. 2005
    ..To assess the frequency and indications for over-the-counter (OTC) nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use and to what degree the public is aware of their side effects...
  39. pmc Disease surveillance and nonprescription medication sales can predict increases in poison exposure
    Edward Krenzelok
    Pittsburgh Poison Center, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburg, PA, USA
    J Med Toxicol 4:7-10. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether peak syndromic activity and the consequential purchase of nonprescription medications could predict an increase in poisoning exposures involving NRDM-monitored medications...
  40. ncbi Safety considerations and potential interactions of vitamins: should vitamins be considered drugs?
    Alexander L Rogovik
    Pediatric Research in Emergency Therapeutics PRETx program, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Ann Pharmacother 44:311-24. 2010
    ....
  41. ncbi Reading about over-the-counter medications
    Laura A Nabors
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 0376, USA
    Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs 27:297-305. 2004
    ..Future research should examine whether youth take medications as directed and what factors make labels and inserts easier to read and understand...
  42. ncbi Association of health-related quality of life with dual use of prescription and over-the-counter nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    Stacey H Kovac
    Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 59:227-33. 2008
    ..e., dual use) is related to patient self-reported outcomes, specifically health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We hypothesized that dual use of NSAIDs would be associated with reduced HRQOL...
  43. pmc Self-care and professionally guided care in osteoarthritis: racial differences in a population-based sample
    Steven M Albert
    Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, A211 Crabtree, 130 DeSoto St, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Aging Health 20:198-216. 2008
    ..Self-management was defined broadly to include all behaviors adopted to reduce morbidity, whether recommended by physicians or not...
  44. ncbi Practical prevention of vaginal and rectal transmission of HIV by adapting the oral defense: use of commercial lubricants
    S Baron
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Galveston, Texas 77555, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 17:997-1002. 2001
    ..S. FDA category, and may be used by recipient women or men, they should be tested in clinical trials to help prevent sexual transmission of HIV...
  45. ncbi Factors associated with the use of over-the-counter medications in cases of acute gastroenteritis in Hamilton, Ontario
    Gillian O Frosst
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:489-93. 2006
    ..This study assessed demographic and symptomatic factors associated with the use of OTC anti-nauseants (AN), anti-diarrheals (AD), and rehydration therapies (RT) in cases of acute gastroenteritis (GE)...
  46. ncbi Oral nonprescription treatment for insomnia: an evaluation of products with limited evidence
    Amy Lynn Meolie
    St John s Regional Medical Center, Joplin, MO 64804, USA
    J Clin Sleep Med 1:173-87. 2005
    ..To evaluate the level of evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of nonprescription therapies used for insomnia...
  47. ncbi Differences in perceived risks and benefits of herbal, over-the-counter conventional, and prescribed conventional, medicines, and the implications of this for the safe and effective use of herbal products
    Natalie Lynch
    School of Psychology, University of Reading, UK
    Complement Ther Med 15:84-91. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi Therapeutic options for sleep-maintenance and sleep-onset insomnia
    Anna K Morin
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Worcester, Massachusetts 01608 1715, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 27:89-110. 2007
    ..All pharmacotherapy should be used with appropriate caution, at minimum effective doses, and for minimum duration of time...
  49. ncbi Purchasing restricted medicines in New Zealand pharmacies: results from a "mystery shopper" study
    Pauline T Norris
    School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Pharm World Sci 24:149-53. 2002
    ..The study described here explored whether pharmacists do fulfill this expectation...
  50. pmc Requests for emergency contraception at an accident and emergency department--assessing the impact of a change in legislation
    S Mawhinney
    Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Antrim Area Hospital, 45 Bush Road, Antrim BT41 2RL
    Ulster Med J 73:16-9. 2004
    ..A&E departments can expect to continue to receive a significant number of requests for emergency contraception. Further measures will be required to reduce the U.K.'s high rate of unplanned pregnancies...
  51. ncbi Parental management of over-the-counter medicines
    Nicola Birchley
    Academic Division of Child Health, University of Nottingham, Derbyshire Children s Hospital
    Paediatr Nurs 14:24-8. 2002
    ..The possibility of OTC medicine use must be remembered and explored by healthcare professionals when children present for treatment...
  52. ncbi Use and misuse of benzodiazepines in Brazil: a review
    F Kapczinski
    Unidade de Psicofarmacologia, Depto de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Subst Use Misuse 36:1053-69. 2001
    ..This article aims to review the epidemiology of benzodiazepine use in Brazil, as well as to analyze how legislation, physician misinformation and economic factors might contribute to making benzodiazepine abuse a problem in the country...
  53. ncbi Recurrent vulvovaginitis candidiasis; an overview of traditional and alternative therapies
    Candy Wilson
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA
    Adv Nurse Pract 13:24-9; quiz 30. 2005
    ..The prevalence of vulvovaginitis candiasis is expected to rise due to the growing number of non-C albicans species (which are immune to most antifungal medcationa) and as a result of more widespread antifungal resistance...
  54. ncbi How and why are non-prescription analgesics used in Scotland?
    Terry Porteous
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Westburn Road, Aberdeen AB25 2AY, UK
    Fam Pract 22:78-85. 2005
    ..Analgesics constitute a quarter of UK over-the-counter medicines sales, but concerns have been expressed about their potential for inappropriate use...
  55. ncbi "Social medication" and the control of children: a qualitative study of over-the-counter medication among Australian children
    Pascale Allotey
    Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, Department of Public Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    Pediatrics 114:e378-83. 2004
    ..The aim of the study was to identify the patterns of use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications among children...
  56. ncbi Epidemiology of over-the-counter drug use in community dwelling elderly: United States perspective
    J T Hanlon
    College of Pharmacy, Institute for the Study of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy and Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Drugs Aging 18:123-31. 2001
    ..Our ability to explain or to predict OTC use and change in use is poor, and further studies, particularly on use by elderly individuals of minority races, are needed...
  57. pmc Herbal medicine: women's views, knowledge and interaction with doctors: a qualitative study
    Kathryn A Vickers
    Foundation Year One Doctor, Stepping Hill Hospital, Poplar Grove, Stockport, Cheshire SK2 7JE, UK
    BMC Complement Altern Med 6:40. 2006
    ..This study explores women's perspectives about the safety of herbal remedies, herb-drug interactions and communication with doctors about herbal medicines...
  58. pmc Insurance coverage of smoking cessation treatment for state employees
    Marguerite E Burns
    Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 1930 Monroe St, Suite 200, Madison, WI 53711, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1338-40. 2004
    ....
  59. ncbi Medicine-taking behaviour and drug-related problems in adolescents of a Swedish high school
    Michael Westerlund
    Olympiaskolan, Helsingborg, Sweden
    Pharm World Sci 30:243-50. 2008
    ..Setting A high school in Helsingborg, Sweden...
  60. ncbi [Drug therapy knowledge in ambulatory cardiovascular patients]
    B Funk
    Medizinische Poliklinik Universitätsspital Zürich
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 93:1493-501. 2004
    ..We conclude that specific questioning on self-administation of OTC preparations or formerly prescribed drugs results in an improved overview of medication and a better handling of polymedication and drug compliance...
  61. pmc Usage of antifungal drugs for therapy of genital Candida infections, purchased as over-the-counter products or by prescription: 2. Factors that may have influenced the marked changes in sales volumes during the 1990s
    Per Anders Mardh
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:99-108. 2004
    ..In Sweden, all pharmacies are owned by the state and all prescriptions and over-the-counter (OTC) products, such as antifungals, are registered in a database, which offers unique possibilities to study the epidemiology of VVC/RVVC...
  62. ncbi Effect of reading additional safety information on planned use of over-the-counter analgesics
    Deborah Dillon McDonald
    University of Connecticut School of Nursing, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 9026, USA
    Public Health Nurs 24:230-8. 2007
    ....
  63. ncbi Nonprescription analgesics and their use in solid-organ transplantation: a review
    Steven Gabardi
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Mass, USA
    Prog Transplant 14:182-90. 2004
    ..To review the pharmacology, adverse events, drug interactions, and use of the nonprescription analgesics in solid-organ transplant recipients...
  64. pmc Influence of patient symptoms and physical findings on general practitioners' treatment of respiratory tract infections: a direct observation study
    Thomas Fischer
    Department of General Practice, Georg August University, Goettingen, Germany
    BMC Fam Pract 6:6. 2005
    ..The influence of patient complaints and physical examination findings on GPs' prescribing behaviour was mostly investigated by indirect methods such as questionnaires...
  65. ncbi Medication use in a rural gynecologic population: prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medicines
    Douglas D Glover
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Consortium on Reproductive and Developmental Health, Robert C Byrd Health Sciences Center of West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:351-7. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to document current medication use by a rural female population...
  66. ncbi Helping patients and families avoid inadvertent acetaminophen overdose
    Hedy Cohen
    Consulting Services, Institute for Safe Medication Practices, Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 33:249-51. 2007
  67. ncbi [Self-medication with over-the-counter (OTC) preparations in Germany]
    R Beitz
    Klinisches Forschungszentrum Frauengesundheit, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:1043-50. 2004
    ..Beside prescribed medication, self-medication with OTC drugs is an important part of drug usage for men and women in Germany. Health consciousness appears to be a significant factor to explain the prevalence OTC drug use...
  68. ncbi Selecting nonprescription analgesics
    Gregory M Peterson
    Tasmanian School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Am J Ther 12:67-79. 2005
    ..Despite the possibility of hepatotoxicity in overdose, paracetamol represents a better all-round option for most patients requiring OTC analgesic therapy...
  69. pmc Nonprescription drug therapy: issues and opportunities
    Tim R Covington
    Managed Care Institute, Samford University, Birmingham, AL 35229, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 70:137. 2006
    ..Consumers await expanded and differentiated pharmacy-based, pharmacist-provided medication therapy management services focused on the safe, appropriate, and effective selection, use, and monitoring of nonprescription drugs therapy...
  70. ncbi Self medication with St. John's wort in depressive disorders: an observational study in community pharmacies
    Michael Linden
    Research Group Psychosomatic Rehabilitation at the Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany
    J Affect Disord 107:205-10. 2008
    ..g. with St. John's wort (SJW), instead of seeking professional help. The purpose of this study is to examine patients who buy SJW for the treatment of depression...
  71. ncbi Caregivers' perspectives when evaluating nonprescription medication utilization in children
    Lea S Eiland
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, Division of Pediatrics, Auburn University Harrison School of Pharmacy
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 47:578-87. 2008
    ..Health care professionals should be knowledgeable on the appropriate use of medication. There is a significant need to question and to educate caregivers on nonprescription medication use in children...
  72. ncbi OTC laxative use of sodium picosulfate â results of a pharmacy-based patient survey (cohort study)
    U Hinkel
    Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Ingelheim, Germany
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 46:89-95. 2008
    ..The study describes how self-treatment of constipation is practiced. In addition, the characteristics of patients buying the contact laxative, sodium picosulfate, for self-treatment of constipation were analyzed...
  73. ncbi Teaching older adults to self-manage medications: preventing adverse drug reactions
    Linda Cox Curry
    Harris School of Nursing, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth 76129, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 31:32-42. 2005
    ..New technologies and devices have the potential for improving the patient's self-management of medications. The role of nurses in educating older adults and their families about proper medication management is vital...
  74. ncbi Herbal, prescribed, and over-the-counter drug use in older women: prevalence of drug interactions
    Saunjoo L Yoon
    University of Florida College of Nursing, Gainesville, USA
    Geriatr Nurs 27:118-29. 2006
    ..It is imperative that health care providers identify all prescribed, OTC, and herbal drugs taken by their patients and assess all interactions in order to avoid the possibility of adverse drug effects...
  75. ncbi [Survey on drug-related problems in Lithuania's pharmacies]
    Loreta Kubiliene
    Department of Drug Technology and Pharmacy Organization, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kaunas University of Medicine, AKaunas, Lithuania
    Medicina (Kaunas) 42:424-8. 2006
    ..to survey the most common and the most important drug-related problems in Lithuania, to explore their solution and factors influencing it, to formulate recommendations for solving drug-related problems...
  76. ncbi Experience with a clinical decision support system in community pharmacies to recommend narrow-spectrum antimicrobials, nonantimicrobial prescriptions, and OTC products to decrease broad-spectrum antimicrobial use
    Karl J Madaras-Kelly
    ISU College of Pharmacy, c o Boise VA Medical Center, 500 W Fort St 119A, Boise, ID 83702, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 12:390-7. 2006
    ..Overuse of antibiotics increases the incidence of bacterial resistance and contributes avoidable costs to the health care system...
  77. ncbi Medicine use by Finnish female conscripts during voluntary military service
    Kari Linden
    Finnish Defence Forces, POB 50, 00301 Helsinki, Finland
    Mil Med 171:710-6. 2006
    ..The goal was to assess the prevalence of prescribed and nonprescribed medicine use, use predictors, and origin of medicines for Finnish female conscripts during their voluntary military service...
  78. ncbi Appropriate use of nonprescription analgesics in pediatric patients
    Cynthia Knapp Dlugosz
    College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Pediatr Health Care 20:316-25; quiz 326-8. 2006
  79. ncbi Nonprescription medication purchases and the role of pharmacists as healthcare workers in self-medication in Istanbul
    Hulya Gül
    Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Capa, Istanbul, Turkey
    Med Sci Monit 13:PH9-14. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify these non-prescribed drugs and to define the role of pharmacists in their sale and their use in primary healthcare...
  80. ncbi Prevalence and predictors of polypharmacy among older primary care patients in Germany
    U Junius-Walker
    Department of General Practice, Hannover Medical School, D 30623 Hannover, Germany
    Fam Pract 24:14-9. 2007
    ..Older people consume an increasing amount of medication. Polypharmacy is associated with an elevated risk of adverse health outcomes resulting in hospitalizations and sometimes death...
  81. ncbi Reasons for the use of mild analgesics among English students
    David P French
    Applied Research Centre in Health and Lifestyle Interventions, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Whitefriars Building, Priory Street, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
    Pharm World Sci 30:79-85. 2008
    ....
  82. ncbi Over-the-counter medication use in older adults
    Lydia Rolita
    Section of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Geriatric Clinic, New York, NY 10016, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 34:8-17. 2008
    ..This article summarizes the side effects, adverse reactions, and medication interactions older adults face when using some common OTC medications...
  83. ncbi Pharmacy layout: What are consumers' perceptions?
    Dennis Emmett
    Marshall University Graduate College, South Charleston, WV 25303 1600, USA
    J Hosp Mark Public Relations 17:67-77. 2006
    ..This paper will discuss these aspects as well as the physical and professional environments of retail pharmacies that influence the perceptions of customers and how these vary whether chain, independent, or hospital pharmacies...
  84. ncbi [Medicating outside the consulting room]
    Csilla Major
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Egyetemi Gyógyszertár, Gyógyszerügyi Szervezési Intézet, Budapest, Hungary
    Orv Hetil 148:291-8. 2007
    ..Moreover, the expenditures of the state also decrease, as patients do not visit the doctor but buy non-prescription, i.e. non-supported, medicaments...
  85. ncbi Users and utilization patterns of over-the-counter acid inhibitors and antacids in The Netherlands
    Evelyn P M van Vliet
    Department of Gastroenterology, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Scand J Gastroenterol 43:662-8. 2008
    ..We also studied factors that were associated with the substitution of OTC acid inhibitors or antacid use for consultation with a GP...
  86. ncbi Consumers appropriately self-treat based on labeling for over-the-counter hydrocortisone
    Charles N Ellis
    Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0314, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 53:41-51. 2005
    ..The safety and efficacy of such products are well documented, but details on patterns of use and self-treatment with HC in the OTC environment remain scarce...
  87. ncbi New OTC drugs and devices 2003: a selective review
    Gail D Newton
    School of Pharmacy and Pharmacal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 44:211-25. 2004
    ....
  88. ncbi Anticholinergic medications: use among older adults with memory problems
    Rachel F Kemper
    Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbia, Ohio, USA
    J Gerontol Nurs 33:21-9; quiz 30-1. 2007
    ..These findings demonstrate an ongoing opportunity for nurses to educate health care providers, as well as consumers, regarding the dangers of these medications...
  89. ncbi Non-prescription medicines: prescribing legislation
    Alan Nathan
    Proprietary Association of Great Britain
    Nurs Stand 19:41-5. 2005
    ..Changes in legislation towards increased availability of medicines that do not require prescription are covered and the implications for at-risk groups are discussed. A table of minor ailments and their principal treatments is provided...
  90. ncbi Community consumption of antibacterial drugs within the Jordanian population: sources, patterns and appropriateness
    Amal G Al-Bakri
    Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 26:389-95. 2005
    ....
  91. ncbi What do patients in rheumatologic care know about the risks of NSAIDs?
    Lykke Midtbøll Ornbjerg
    Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Hvidovre, Denmark
    J Clin Rheumatol 14:69-73. 2008
    ....
  92. ncbi Hospital-based emergency contraception
    Bertil K J Wagner
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 61:1771-2; author reply 1772, 1774. 2004
  93. ncbi Over-the-counter oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a pharmacoepidemiologic study in southern Italy
    G Motola
    Center of Pharmacoepidemiology, Experimental Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Second University of Naples, Italy
    Adv Ther 18:216-22. 2001
    ..5% of the users and occurred primarily with diclofenac, piroxicam, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen. Because the use and availability of OTC NSAIDs are increasing, further studies of the tolerability of this important drug class are warranted...
  94. ncbi Has drug therapy gone to the dogs?
    Lene Sorensen
    Age Ageing 32:460-1. 2003
  95. ncbi Bar coding: old technology to the rescue
    Joyce Ochs
    Manag Care 12:46-7. 2003
  96. ncbi General practitioners' opinions on the intake of painkillers among patients
    Maciej Latalski
    Department of Public Health, Medical University of Lublin
    Ann Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med 57:407-12. 2002
    ..g., in physiotherapy, psychotherapy. Long lasting use of various types of painkillers can lead to drug addiction. This problem is observed by over a half of the GPs (67.1%)...
  97. ncbi Polypharmacy: overdosing on good intentions
    David M Berenbeim
    Manag Care Q 10:1-5. 2002
    ..The use of a well-designed polypharmacy intervention program can help reduce the costs associated with polypharmacy, as well as improve patients' health by helping to detect and avoid unnecessary drug use...
  98. ncbi Evaluation of community pharmacists' recommendations to standardized patient scenarios
    Paul M Rutter
    Pharmacy Practice Division, St Michael s Building, White Swan Road, Portsmouth PO1 2DT, England, UK
    Ann Pharmacother 38:1080-5. 2004
    ..This places greater responsibility on community pharmacists to ensure that patients exercise self-care appropriately. This small study examined pharmacist performance in facilitating patient self-care...
  99. ncbi Is emergency contraception going over-the-counter?
    Sue Woodson
    AWHONN Lifelines 7:506-11. 2003
  100. ncbi Study on consumers' preferences and habits for over-the-counter analgesics use
    A Lefterova
    Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Cent Eur J Public Health 12:43-5. 2004
    ..They had more confidence in medical doctors' than pharmacists' recommendations and consultation. The main conclusion is that the pharmacists do not have the main say in the choice of OTC analgesics and their rational and correct use...
  101. ncbi Self-selection and use patterns of over-the-counter omeprazole for frequent heartburn
    A Mark Fendrick
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:17-21. 2004
    ..The Food and Drug Administration approval and subsequent launch of over-the-counter (OTC) omeprazole raises the question whether consumers would use OTC omeprazole appropriately in a "real world" setting...

Research Grants69

  1. Propensity Scores and Preventive Drug Use in the Elderly
    TIL STURMER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  2. Computer-based Prescription Opioid Abuse Prevention for Adolescents
    Lisa Marsch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This program may provide an engaging and effective tool for promoting the widespread delivery of sciencebased prevention of prescription opioid abuse among adolescents. ..
  3. Assist Patients with Medication Decisions
    Qing Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  4. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  5. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PSYCHIATRIC NEED AND PRIMARY CARE
    David Mechanic; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..A major focus of the study is the way in which management of psychological disorder and social need by the mainstream medical care system affects patterns of subsequent utilizattion of medical resources and patient outcomes...
  6. CASE-CONTROL SURVEILLANCE OF SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND DRUGS
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..CCS results have repeatedly been confirmed in other studies, indicating the success of efforts to minimize bias. CCS is a unique resource for cancer epidemiology. ..
  7. CAFFEINE & EXPERIMENTAL MAMMARY GLAND TUMORIGENESIS
    CLIFFORD WELSCH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  8. Reducing Adverse Self-Medication Behaviors in Older Adults with Hypertension
    Patricia Neafsey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Healthcare utilization will be compared between the 2 groups after 52 weeks and a cost-benefit analysis conducted. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. EVALUATION OF A CIGARETTE SUBSTITUTE
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We believe it imperative to begin studying these substitutes so that, unlike low-tar/low nicotine cigarettes, we will know whether their introduction is good or bad for public health. ..
  10. HRQL Impact of Chronic Conditions and Comorbidity Burden
    Patrick Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Internal Barriers to Seeking Smoking Cessation Treatment
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our results will suggest messages for media campaigns and for clinicians to use to motivate smokers to access proven treatments. ..
  12. Gradual vs Abrupt Cessation Treatment for Smoking
    John Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will be the first large, systematic test of gradual vs. abrupt cessation. ..
  13. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
  14. Natural History of Attempts to Stop Smoking
    John R Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Racial Disparities in Diabetes in the US and the UK
    Arch Mainous; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Usage Patterns of OTC Nicotine Patches: Consumer Survey
    Chih Wen Shi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Oral Contraceptive Use along the US-Mexico Border
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, it will add substantially to the slim literature on the increasingly important area of Hispanic fertility and contraceptive practice. ..
  18. Association of PPAR gamma ligands & colonic neoplasia
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our results will allow us to translate the existing in vitro and in vivo observations to the intact human colon and could lead to further chemoprevention strategies. ..
  19. SIGNIFICANCE OF GGT EXPRESSION IN TUMORS
    MARIE HANIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The goal of this research is to understand the molecular mechanisms by which cisplatin kills cells and the mechanism by which cells become resistant to cisplatin. ..
  20. The Fertility Transition in Brazil: 1960-2000
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Randomized Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative Colitis
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If our hypothesis is correct, this study will serve to establish that ligands for PPARg possess biological activity necessary to modulate the inflammatory response in the intact human colon. ..
  22. Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills
    Elizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..
  23. Design, Analysis, & Interpretation of RCTs in Obesity
    David Allison; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The meeting will take place in December of 2006 and be attended by scientists from academia, government, and industry. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Ontogeny of Drug Bioactivation and Idiosyncratic ADRs
    JAMES LEEDER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Preventing Harm from Alcohol Use in Older Adults
    Alison Moore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If such an intervention is successful, potentially hundreds of thousands of older persons may benefit from a reduction in their risks associated with alcohol use and prevention of harm. ..
  26. Occult Hepatitis B
    Michael Torbenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Genome-wide Structured Association Testing & Regional Admixture Mapping
    David B Allison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. A SCHOOL-BASED PROGRAM TO PREVENT INHALANT USE IN ALASKA
    Knowlton Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will focus attention on reducing a drug problem that has received little attention among a high risk and underserved population. ..
  29. Body Weight, Adiposity, Energetics and Longevity
    David Allison; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This 2-day meeting will bring together expert scientists from diverse disciplines to explore unanswered questions about these interactions and to introduce novel thoughts for future research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Pharmacogenetics in Ovarian Cancer
    Kirsten Moysich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. DEPRESSION AND END OF LIFE CARE IN ALS
    Steven Albert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information will be critical for understanding the experience of patients with terminal disease as they and their families face end-of-life care decisions. ..
  32. Clinical Pharmacology of 3,4-Methylenedioxy Amphetamines
    John E Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This experiment will investigate the role of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors in the action of MDMA and will provide preliminary data on the possible use of prazosin in the treatment of acute MDMA toxicity. ..
  33. Enhanced Prescription Drug Label Design to Improve Patient Understanding and Use
    Michael S Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will advance the science related to Rx labeling practices. Findings will directly inform clinical practice and state and federal policies for improving patient medication information and safety. ..
  34. DAYTIME SLEEPINESS--PREVALENCE, CONSEQUENCES, AND RISKS
    Thomas Roth; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The important contribution of the present proposal is that it will be the first population-based study to use laboratory assessments, its consequences and risks to measure sleepiness. ..
  35. Multi-level HIV Prevention for Pregnant Drug Abusers
    ROBERT MICHAEL MALOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If successful, this research will offer a realizable HIV intervention strategy, bridging research and practice, that can be implemented for pregnant drug abusers within their communities. ..
  36. Epdemiology of Non-Medical Prescription Anagesic Use
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such findings will be vital to policy makers in predicting the potential burden of NMPAU-related problems. ..
  37. Inhalant Use/Dependence: Incidence and Comorbidity
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Gaps in our knowledge of the natural course of inhalant use will be specified for future research. ..
  38. Satin Use and the Risk of Site Specific Cancers
    Denise Boudreau; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Use of Stored Bone Marrow Samples for Pharmacogenetic S*
    Kirsten Moysich; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. ENERGY RESTRICTION, CELL SIGNALING AND CANCER PREVENTION
    Diane Birt; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The dependence of the biochemical events modified in Aims 2-4 on corticosterone will be assessed by parallel studies in sham and adrenalectomized mice. ..
  41. HIV PREVENTION IN HAITIAN YOUTH
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If successful, this research will provide important new intervention strategies that can be practically implemented with high-risk H-A adolescents. ..
  42. REDUCING HIV RISK AMONG MENTALLY ILL ALCOHOL ABUSERS
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  43. CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUM
    Thomas Pearson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..With completion of the RCRC, the trainee should have the theoretical, methodological, and practical knowledge and skills for a productive career in clinical research. ..
  44. Antidepressant Use by Older Adults
    Dan Blazer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will also test hypotheses specific to individual domains in the larger model. ..
  45. APOE QUALITY OF LIFE AND MEDICAL COSTS IN LATE LIFE
    Dan Blazer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Cox proportional hazard, discrete time survival, and hierarchical linear modeling will be used according to the metric and distribution of the dependent variable. ..
  46. ADOLESCENTS USE OF COMPLEMENTARY ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
    Jonathan Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Additionally, since alternative therapies can have potentially serious side-effects or drug interactions, insight into how and when alternative medicine use is disclosed may help clinicians provide better care to adolescents. ..
  47. Differences in CAM Use Among Minority Older Adults
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Oxalobacter Formigenes and Other Factors in Urolithiasis
    David Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Research:Genetics of complex traits(RMI)
    Stephen Kimmel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Parenting To Prevent Problem Behaviors
    John Pierce; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  51. HIV PREVENTION FOR ADOLESCENTS: RESEARCH TO PRACTICE
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If successful, this research will delineate important HIV risk factors and new intervention strategies that can be practically implemented with high-risk adolescents within their communities. ..
  52. CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON BOTANICAL DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS
    Diane Birt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This center will serve as a national resource and interact with other institutions...
  53. COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT OF HIV+ DRUG ABUSERS
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, this research will provide important new intervention strategies that can be practically implemented with HIV+ drug abusers. ..
  54. Safety of Nicotine Reduction Strategy
    Neal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research is needed to guide governmental regulators as to how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national regulation program. ..
  55. MDMA Dependence and Discontinuation Syndrome
    John Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Addiction to MDMA appears to be a serious risk of use; our studies will carefttlly define important clinical features of this emerging disorder. ..
  56. Community-Based Participatory Approach to Farmworker Housing, Exposures & Health
    Thomas A Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  57. PREVENTING HARMFUL AND HAZARDOUS DRINKING IN THE ELDERLY
    Alison Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A secondary objective of the proposed research is to develop and pilot test interventions to be used by at-risk (i.e., harmful or hazardous) drinking older persons and their physicians to reduce risky drinking. ..
  58. Ethnic Variation in CAM Use and Health Self Management among Rural Older Adults
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  59. Providers' perceptions of the diaphragm in Southern Afr*
    Cynthia Harper; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..As the diaphragm effectiveness results become available, data from this proposed study will position us to design counseling interventions and to address provider education and training needs. ..
  60. Casa A Campo: Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers' Families
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  61. African American Men Prostate & Colorectal Cancer Belief
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A preliminary framework of the intervention strategy for this R01 application will be developed and evaluated as part of this project. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. ANALYZING TOBACCO DOCUMENTS ON CIGARETTE DESIGN
    Lynn Kozlowski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Collections (with standardized abstracts controlled vocabulary terms) will be made available on the Internet. Reports will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals. ..
  63. Patient Visits to Physician Offices and/or Emergency Rooms for Dental Problems
    Leonard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These issues will grow in importance with the aging of the population, as elderly individuals, in general, are more likely to visit a physician than a dentist. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. Clinical Research Training in Geriatric Mood Disorders
    Dan Blazer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Students will be paired with a single mentor who will guide them in undertaking a focused research project. Findings will be presented at a National meeting. ..
  65. COGNITIVE AND PHYSICAL BASIS OF DISABLEMENT
    Steven Albert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., mild disabled) than others. This finding would suggest that disability may be reduced through remediation of motor and cognitive/process skills, as well as by efforts to reduce impairment. ..
  66. Farmwoker Environmental Health Research Comparable Data
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The purpose of limiting the size of the conference is to facilitate active interaction, discussion and debate among leaders in the field. ..