Summary: Potent activator of the adenylate cyclase system and the biosynthesis of cyclic AMP. From the plant Coleus forskohlii. Has antihypertensive, positive ionotropic, platelet aggregation inhibitory, and smooth muscle relaxant activities; also lowers intraocular pressure and promotes release of hormones from the pituitary gland.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Epac is a Rap1 guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor directly activated by cyclic AMP
    J de Rooij
    Laboratory for Physiological Chemistry and Centre for Biomedical Genetics, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Nature 396:474-7. 1998
  2. ncbi Forskolin-induced LTP in the CA1 hippocampal region is NMDA receptor dependent
    Nikolai Otmakhov
    Brandeis University, Volen Center for Complex Systems, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA
    J Neurophysiol 91:1955-62. 2004
  3. pmc Functional neural differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells using bFGF and forskolin
    Sujeong Jang
    Department of Physiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju 501190, Republic of Korea
    BMC Cell Biol 11:25. 2010
  4. ncbi Glial cell missing-1 transcription factor is required for the differentiation of the human trophoblast
    D Baczyk
    Research Centre for Women s and Infants Health, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cell Death Differ 16:719-27. 2009
  5. pmc Differential activation of the HCO(3)(-) conductance through the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator anion channel by genistein and forskolin in murine duodenum
    Biguang Tuo
    Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital, Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, China
    Br J Pharmacol 158:1313-21. 2009
  6. pmc Two-path impedance spectroscopy for measuring paracellular and transcellular epithelial resistance
    Susanne M Krug
    Institute of Clinical Physiology, Charite, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Freie Universität and Humboldt Universität, Berlin, Germany
    Biophys J 97:2202-11. 2009
  7. ncbi Extracellular calcium antagonizes forskolin-induced aquaporin 2 trafficking in collecting duct cells
    Giuseppe Procino
    Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Kidney Int 66:2245-55. 2004
  8. pmc A riot of rhythms: neuronal and glial circadian oscillators in the mediobasal hypothalamus
    Clare Guilding
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Mol Brain 2:28. 2009
  9. pmc Specific induction of neuronal cells from bone marrow stromal cells and application for autologous transplantation
    Mari Dezawa
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
    J Clin Invest 113:1701-10. 2004
  10. pmc cAMP-mediated inhibition of DNA replication and S phase progression: involvement of Rb, p21Cip1, and PCNA
    Soheil Naderi
    Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oslo, Oslo N 0317, Norway
    Mol Biol Cell 16:1527-42. 2005

Detail Information

Publications309 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Epac is a Rap1 guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor directly activated by cyclic AMP
    J de Rooij
    Laboratory for Physiological Chemistry and Centre for Biomedical Genetics, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Nature 396:474-7. 1998
    ..Here we report that activation of Rap1 by forskolin and cAMP occurs independently of protein kinase A (also known as cAMP-activated protein kinase)...
  2. ncbi Forskolin-induced LTP in the CA1 hippocampal region is NMDA receptor dependent
    Nikolai Otmakhov
    Brandeis University, Volen Center for Complex Systems, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA
    J Neurophysiol 91:1955-62. 2004
    ..the cLTP induced in acute slices by application of Sp-cAMPS or a combination of the adenylyl cyclase activator, forskolin, and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, rolipram...
  3. pmc Functional neural differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells using bFGF and forskolin
    Sujeong Jang
    Department of Physiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju 501190, Republic of Korea
    BMC Cell Biol 11:25. 2010
    ..We characterized the multipotent ability of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs) as MSCs and investigated the neural differentiation potential of these cells...
  4. ncbi Glial cell missing-1 transcription factor is required for the differentiation of the human trophoblast
    D Baczyk
    Research Centre for Women s and Infants Health, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cell Death Differ 16:719-27. 2009
    ..The GCM1 expression was either inhibited by siRNA and antisense oligonucleotides methods or upregulated by forskolin treatment...
  5. pmc Differential activation of the HCO(3)(-) conductance through the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator anion channel by genistein and forskolin in murine duodenum
    Biguang Tuo
    Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital, Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, China
    Br J Pharmacol 158:1313-21. 2009
    ..Targeting the CFTR HCO(3)(-) conductance, if possible, may therefore be of major therapeutic benefit. In the present study, we examined the effects of genistein and forskolin on duodenal mucosal HCO(3)(-) and Cl(-) secretion.
  6. pmc Two-path impedance spectroscopy for measuring paracellular and transcellular epithelial resistance
    Susanne M Krug
    Institute of Clinical Physiology, Charite, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Freie Universität and Humboldt Universität, Berlin, Germany
    Biophys J 97:2202-11. 2009
    ..The underlying prerequisites and the applicability as a routine method were verified on cell lines of different tightness including HT-29/B6 colon cells and Madin-Darby canine kidney tubule cells C7 and C11...
  7. ncbi Extracellular calcium antagonizes forskolin-induced aquaporin 2 trafficking in collecting duct cells
    Giuseppe Procino
    Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Kidney Int 66:2245-55. 2004
  8. pmc A riot of rhythms: neuronal and glial circadian oscillators in the mediobasal hypothalamus
    Clare Guilding
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Mol Brain 2:28. 2009
    ..Consequently we determined both clock activities and responsiveness to metabolic perturbations of cells and tissues within the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH), a site pivotal for optimal internal homeostatic regulation...
  9. pmc Specific induction of neuronal cells from bone marrow stromal cells and application for autologous transplantation
    Mari Dezawa
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
    J Clin Invest 113:1701-10. 2004
    ..human MSCs using gene transfection with Notch intracellular domain (NICD) and subsequent treatment with bFGF, forskolin, and ciliary neurotrophic factor...
  10. pmc cAMP-mediated inhibition of DNA replication and S phase progression: involvement of Rb, p21Cip1, and PCNA
    Soheil Naderi
    Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oslo, Oslo N 0317, Norway
    Mol Biol Cell 16:1527-42. 2005
    ..Taken together, these results demonstrate a novel role for cAMP in regulation of DNA synthesis and support a model in which activation of cAMP-dependent signaling protects cells from the effect of S phase-specific antitumor agents...
  11. pmc Hyposecretion of fluid from tracheal submucosal glands of CFTR-deficient pigs
    Nam Soo Joo
    Cystic Fibrosis Research Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Clin Invest 120:3161-6. 2010
    ..CFTR-/DeltaF508) were measured under 5 conditions: unstimulated (to determine basal secretion), stimulated with forskolin, stimulated with carbachol, stimulated with substance P, and, as a test for synergy, stimulated with forskolin ..
  12. pmc Expression and importance of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9 (MMP-2 and -9) in human trophoblast invasion
    Elsebeth Staun-Ram
    Laboratory for Research in Reproductive Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ha Emek Medical Center, 18101, Afula, Israel
    Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2:59. 2004
  13. ncbi Identification of cAMP-dependent kinase as a third in vivo ribosomal protein S6 kinase in pancreatic beta-cells
    Claire E J Moore
    Department of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, The Henry Wellcome Building, University Road, Leicester LE1 9HN, UK
    J Mol Biol 389:480-94. 2009
    ..6) and islets of Langerhans that agents which stimulate increases in cAMP, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 and forskolin, lead to the phosphorylation of rpS6 at Ser235/Ser236 independently of the activation of the currently known in ..
  14. pmc Cyclic AMP inhibits the proliferation of thyroid carcinoma cell lines through regulation of CDK4 phosphorylation
    Ana Sofia Rocha
    Institute of Interdisciplinary Research IRIBHM, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus Erasme, B 1070 Brussels, Belgium
    Mol Biol Cell 19:4814-25. 2008
  15. ncbi Forskolin as a tool for examining adenylyl cyclase expression, regulation, and G protein signaling
    Paul A Insel
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0636, USA
    Cell Mol Neurobiol 23:305-14. 2003
    1. As initially shown by Seamon and Daly, the diterpene forskolin directly activates adenylyl cyclase (AC) and raises cyclic AMP levels in a wide variety of cell types...
  16. ncbi Endolymphatic sodium homeostasis by Reissner's membrane
    J H Lee
    Kansas State University, Department of Anatomy and Physiology, 126 Coles Hall, 1600 Denison Ave, Manhattan, KS 66506 5802, USA
    Neuroscience 119:3-8. 2003
    ..hypotheses, no evidence was found for electrogenic secretion of Cl(-) under control of cAMP since neither forskolin nor genistein affected I(sc) when Na(+) absorption was blocked...
  17. ncbi Discrete microdomains with high concentration of cAMP in stimulated rat neonatal cardiac myocytes
    Manuela Zaccolo
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Venetian Institute for Molecular Medicine, University of Padua, Via Orus 2, 35129 Padua, Italy
    Science 295:1711-5. 2002
    ..Furthermore, we demonstrate that such gradients of cAMP specifically activate a subset of protein kinase A molecules anchored in proximity to the T tubule...
  18. ncbi Dynamic interactions of cyclic AMP transients and spontaneous Ca(2+) spikes
    Yuliya V Gorbunova
    Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Nature 418:93-6. 2002
    ..Our findings may prove useful in the investigation of the regulation of gene expression by second-messenger transients...
  19. ncbi Purmorphamine induces osteogenesis by activation of the hedgehog signaling pathway
    Xu Wu
    Department of Chemistry and The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Chem Biol 11:1229-38. 2004
    ..Moreover, the known Hh signaling antagonists, cyclopamine and forskolin, completely block the osteogenesis and Glimediated transcription induced by purmorphamine...
  20. ncbi Positive effects of Forskolin (stimulator of lipolysis) treatment on cryosurvival of in vitro matured porcine oocytes
    Xiang Wei Fu
    State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and College of Animal Science, China Agricultural University, No 2, Yuanmingyuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, People s Republic of China
    Theriogenology 75:268-75. 2011
    In order to examine its effect on oocyte lipid content and cryosurvival, Forskolin was added to the medium for in vitro maturation of porcine oocytes...
  21. ncbi Regulation of releasable vesicle pool sizes by protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation of SNAP-25
    Gabor Nagy
    Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
    Neuron 41:417-29. 2004
    ..Overexpression of the SNAP-25b isoform increased the size of both primed vesicle pools by a factor of two, and mutations in the conserved Thr-138 site had similar effects as in the a isoform...
  22. ncbi Block of spontaneous termination of paroxysmal depolarizations by forskolin (buccal ganglia, Helix pomatia)
    Atik Ure
    Institute of Experimental Epilepsy Research, University of Munster, Hüfferstrabe 68, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 392:10-5. 2006
    ..Subsequently, percentage of PDS decreased spontaneously. Adding forskolin (50 microM) to the pentylenetetrazol-containing solution increased percentage of PDS-duration...
  23. ncbi Rho-family small GTPases are involved in forskolin-induced cell-cell contact formation of renal glomerular podocytes in vitro
    Shuang Yan Gao
    Department of Anatomy and Embryology, School of Medicine, Ehime University, To on City, Ehime, Japan
    Cell Tissue Res 328:391-400. 2007
    ..We have used forskolin, an activator of adenylyl cyclase that elevates the level of intracellular cAMP, to investigate the effect of ..
  24. ncbi TIS10, a phorbol ester tumor promoter-inducible mRNA from Swiss 3T3 cells, encodes a novel prostaglandin synthase/cyclooxygenase homologue
    D A Kujubu
    Department of Biological Chemistry, UCLA School of Medicine 90024
    J Biol Chem 266:12866-72. 1991
    ..The TIS10 gene is rapidly and transiently induced by forskolin and serum, as well as by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, in Swiss 3T3 cells...
  25. pmc Control of alternative splicing by forskolin through hnRNP K during neuronal differentiation
    Wenguang Cao
    Department of Physiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0J9, Canada
    Nucleic Acids Res 40:8059-71. 2012
    ..ribonucleic acid (RNA) element from a 3' splice site of the synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (Snap25) gene for forskolin-inhibited splicing during neuronal differentiation of rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells...
  26. ncbi Activation and inhibition of adenylyl cyclase isoforms by forskolin analogs
    Cibele Pinto
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Regensburg, Universitatsstrasse 31, D 93053 Regensburg, Germany
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 325:27-36. 2008
    ..ACs 1 to 8 are activated by the diterpene, forskolin (FS). It is unfortunate that there is a paucity of AC isoform-selective activators...
  27. ncbi Characterization of the adrenoleukodystrophy-related (ALDR, ABCD2) gene promoter: inductibility by retinoic acid and forskolin
    A Pujol
    Institut de Genetique et de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch Cedex, C U de Strasbourg, 67404, France
    Genomics 70:131-9. 2000
    ..In these transfection experiments, promoter activity of both human and mouse genes could be upregulated by 9-cis-retinoic acid and forskolin, while no effect of PPARalpha could be detected.
  28. pmc Bidirectional synaptic plasticity at nociceptive afferents in the rat central amygdala
    Mikel Lopez de Armentia
    Queensland Brain Institute, University of Queensland, QLD 4072 Australia
    J Physiol 581:961-70. 2007
    ..Activation of adenylyl cyclase with forskolin potentiated these inputs with a similar reduction in paired-pulse facilitation and occluded LTP induction...
  29. ncbi Transcriptional and post-transcriptional down-regulation of cyclin D1 contributes to C6 glioma cell differentiation induced by forskolin
    Songmin He
    Department of Pharmacology, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, P R China
    J Cell Biochem 112:2241-9. 2011
    ..Here, we have elaborated that a PKA activator, forskolin, represses cell growth via cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase and induces cell differentiation characteristic ..
  30. ncbi A family of cAMP-binding proteins that directly activate Rap1
    H Kawasaki
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA
    Science 282:2275-9. 1998
    ..Our findings suggest the need to reformulate concepts of cAMP-mediated signaling to include direct coupling to Ras superfamily signaling...
  31. ncbi Effects of the cAMP-elevating agents cilostamide, cilostazol and forskolin on the phosphorylation of Akt and GSK-3beta in platelets
    Hideki Hayashi
    First Institute of New Drug Discovery, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Kawauchi cho, Tokushima, 771 0192, Japan
    Thromb Haemost 102:327-35. 2009
    ..The phosphodiesterase-3 (PDE3) inhibitors cilostamide and cilostazol, and the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin, inhibited collagen-induced Akt phosphorylation at Ser473...
  32. pmc Sleep deprivation impairs cAMP signalling in the hippocampus
    Christopher G Vecsey
    Neuroscience Graduate Group, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Nature 461:1122-5. 2009
    ..Thus, drugs that enhance cAMP signalling may provide a new therapeutic approach to counteract the cognitive effects of sleep deprivation...
  33. ncbi Impairment of adenylyl cyclase 2 function and expression in hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient rat B103 neuroblastoma cells as model for Lesch-Nyhan disease: BODIPY-forskolin as pharmacological tool
    Liz Kinast
    Institute of Pharmacology, Medical School of Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 385:671-83. 2012
    ..As most important pharmacological tool, we used 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene forskolin (BODIPY-FS) that inhibits recombinant AC2 but activates ACs 1 and 5 (Erdorf et al...
  34. ncbi Novel regulation by Rac1 of glucose- and forskolin-induced insulin secretion in INS-1 beta-cells
    Jingsong Li
    Cardiovascular Research Institute, National Univ Medical Institutes, National Institutes of Singapore, Singapore 117597, Singapore
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 286:E818-27. 2004
    ..glucose-induced translocation of Rac1 and significantly inhibited insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and forskolin. This inhibitory effect on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was more apparent in the late phase of secretion...
  35. ncbi Effects of cilostamide and forskolin on the meiotic resumption and embryonic development of immature human oocytes
    Yi min Shu
    Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, People s Republic of China
    Hum Reprod 23:504-13. 2008
    In an attempt to allow for acquisition of oocyte cytoplasmic maturation, PDE3 specific inhibitor, cilostamide and adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin were used to extend pre-maturation culture of immature human oocytes.
  36. ncbi Hormonal regulation of glycolytic enzyme gene and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase/phosphatase gene transcription
    Zhe Wang
    Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Nephrology, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Nankoku 783 8505, Japan
    Endocr J 56:1019-30. 2009
    ..In this study, we surveyed the effects of glucocorticoid, insulin, and forskolin (used as a surrogate of glucagon) on the transcriptional activity of glucokinase (GK), phosphofructokinase-1 (..
  37. ncbi Circadian rhythms in isolated brain regions
    Michikazu Abe
    National Science Foundation Center for Biological Timing and Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, USA
    J Neurosci 22:350-6. 2002
    ..The phasing of these oscillators to one another may play a critical role in coordinating brain activity and its adjustment to changes in the light cycle...
  38. ncbi Interplay of cAMP and MAPK pathways in hCG secretion and fusogenic gene expression in a trophoblast cell line
    M Delidaki
    Laboratory of GPCR Pathophysiology Research, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Mol Cell Endocrinol 332:213-20. 2011
    ..We used the forskolin-induced syncytialisation of BeWo choriocarcinoma cells as a model to characterise in detail the signalling ..
  39. ncbi Oncogenic K-ras expression is associated with derangement of the cAMP/PKA pathway and forskolin-reversible alterations of mitochondrial dynamics and respiration
    R Palorini
    Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences, University of Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy
    Oncogene 32:352-62. 2013
    ..Exogenous stimulation of PKA activity, achieved by forskolin treatment, protected K-ras-transformed cells from apoptosis induced by glucose deprivation, enhanced complex I ..
  40. ncbi Differential effects of inducers of syncytialization and apoptosis on BeWo and JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells
    S Al-Nasiry
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Hum Reprod 21:193-201. 2006
    ..The interactions of trophoblasts with the cytokine network at the fetomaternal interface determine the pathway the cell undertakes, e.g. proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis...
  41. ncbi Quantifying the syncytialisation of human placental trophoblast BeWo cells grown in vitro
    Yoshiki Kudo
    Department of Human Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QX, UK
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1640:25-31. 2003
    ..RNA and protein synthesis, or on the amounts of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) secreted after treatment with forskolin. We used fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) to monitor the extent of cell fusion (syncytialisation) ..
  42. ncbi Protein kinase A hyperphosphorylation increases basal current but decreases beta-adrenergic responsiveness of the sarcolemmal Na+-Ca2+ exchanger in failing pig myocytes
    Shao Kui Wei
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, A3060, 4301 Jones Bridge Rd, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Circ Res 92:897-903. 2003
    ..was measured in myocytes from HF and control animals in the basal state or in the presence of isoproterenol, forskolin, 8-Br-cAMP, okadaic acid, or protein phosphatase type 1...
  43. ncbi Coordinate regulation of forskolin-induced cellular proliferation in macrophages by protein kinase A/cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) and Epac1-Rap1 signaling: effects of silencing CREB gene expression on Akt activation
    Uma K Misra
    Department of Pathology, Duke University, Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Biol Chem 280:38276-89. 2005
    In this study, we have examined the role of two cAMP downstream effectors protein kinase A (PKA) and Epac, in forskolin-induced macrophage proliferation...
  44. ncbi PP2A impaired activity is a common event in acute myeloid leukemia and its activation by forskolin has a potent anti-leukemic effect
    I Cristobal
    Division of Oncology, Center for Applied Medical Research CIMA, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
    Leukemia 25:606-14. 2011
    ..event in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and that restoration of PP2A phosphatase activity by treatment with forskolin in AML cells blocks proliferation, induces caspase-dependent apoptosis and affects AKT and ERK1/2 activity...
  45. ncbi Forskolin induction of late-LTP and up-regulation of 5' TOP mRNAs translation via mTOR, ERK, and PI3K in hippocampal pyramidal cells
    Delphine Gobert
    Departement de Physiologie, Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Central, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    J Neurochem 106:1160-74. 2008
    ..b>Forskolin, an adenylate cyclase activator, induced L-LTP in organotypic slices that was mTOR-dependent...
  46. ncbi Modulation of Cl- secretion by benzimidazolones. I. Direct activation of a Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channel
    D C Devor
    Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Am J Physiol 271:L775-84. 1996
    ..In contrast, CTX failed to inhibit the 293B-sensitive forskolin-induced Isc...
  47. ncbi Nuclear receptor coregulators differentially modulate induction and glucocorticoid receptor-mediated repression of the corticotropin-releasing hormone gene
    S van der Laan
    Division of Medical Pharmacology, Leiden Amsterdam Centre for Drug Research and Leiden University Medical Centre, 2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Endocrinology 149:725-32. 2008
    ..but not SRC1e, increased both efficacy and potency of the glucocorticoid receptor-mediated repression of the forskolin-induced CRH promoter...
  48. pmc Protein kinase A anchoring via AKAP150 is essential for TRPV1 modulation by forskolin and prostaglandin E2 in mouse sensory neurons
    Katrin Schnizler
    Department of Pharmacology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    J Neurosci 28:4904-17. 2008
    ..In functional studies, PKA stimulation with forskolin markedly reduced desensitization of TRPV1...
  49. ncbi Postsynaptic mechanisms are essential for forskolin-induced potentiation of synaptic transmission
    Irina V Sokolova
    Department of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
    J Neurophysiol 95:2570-9. 2006
    ..In low-density cultures, paired recordings under the perforated patch demonstrated that 15-min forskolin treatment produced long-lasting potentiation of evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents (eEPSCs) mediated by the ..
  50. ncbi Paradoxical cAMP-induced lung endothelial hyperpermeability revealed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa ExoY
    Sarah L Sayner
    Center for Lung Biology, University of South Alabama, College of Medicine, Mobile, AL 36688, USA
    Circ Res 95:196-203. 2004
    ..These findings collectively illustrate a previously unrecognized mechanism of hyperpermeability induced by rises in cytosolic cAMP...
  51. ncbi Hyperabsorption of Na+ and raised Ca(2+)-mediated Cl- secretion in nasal epithelia of CF mice
    B R Grubb
    Division of Pulmonary Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599
    Am J Physiol 266:C1478-83. 1994
    ..We speculate that upregulation of the Ca(2+)-mediated Cl- secretory pathway buffers the severity of airway disease in the CF mouse...
  52. ncbi Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide and sonic hedgehog interact to control cerebellar granule precursor cell proliferation
    Arnaud Nicot
    Department of Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    J Neurosci 22:9244-54. 2002
    ..effect was reproduced by the specific PAC1 agonist maxadilan, as well as by the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin, suggesting that PAC1 provides a potent inhibitory signal for Shh-induced proliferation in developing cerebellum...
  53. ncbi Forskolin increases angiogenesis through the coordinated cross-talk of PKA-dependent VEGF expression and Epac-mediated PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling
    Seung Namkoong
    Vascular System Research Center, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chunchon, Kangwon Do, Republic of Korea
    Cell Signal 21:906-15. 2009
    b>Forskolin, a potent activator of adenylyl cyclases, has been implicated in modulating angiogenesis, but the underlying mechanism has not been clearly elucidated...
  54. ncbi Beta-adrenergic stimulation does not activate Na+/Ca2+ exchange current in guinea pig, mouse, and rat ventricular myocytes
    Xue Lin
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Shogoin, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, Japan
    Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 290:C601-8. 2006
    ..Five or ten millimolar Ni(2+) did not inhibit I(CFTR-Cl) activated by 10 microM forskolin, an activator of adenylate cyclase, suggesting that Ni(2+) acted upstream of adenylate cyclase in the beta-..
  55. pmc Epac1 mediates protein kinase A-independent mechanism of forskolin-activated intestinal chloride secretion
    Kazi Mirajul Hoque
    Department of Medicine, GI Division, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Gen Physiol 135:43-58. 2010
    ..Therefore, we tested whether both PKA and Epac are involved in forskolin (FSK)/cAMP-stimulated Cl- secretion...
  56. ncbi Functional analysis of F508del CFTR in native human colon
    Andrea van Barneveld
    Klinische Forschergruppe, OE 6710, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1802:1062-9. 2010
    ..The finding that some F508del CFTR escapes the ER quality control in vivo substantiates the hope that the defective processing and trafficking of F508del CFTR can be corrected by pharmacological agents...
  57. pmc Gene expression analysis of forskolin treated basilar papillae identifies microRNA181a as a mediator of proliferation
    Corey S Frucht
    Medical Scientist Training Program, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11502. 2010
  58. ncbi Down regulation of small intestinal ion transport in PDZK1- (CAP70/NHERF3) deficient mice
    Jutta Hillesheim
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Pflugers Arch 454:575-86. 2007
    ..In pdzk1 -/- jejunal mucosa, basal net Na(+) absorption as well as the inhibition of Na(+) absorption by forskolin was significantly reduced...
  59. pmc Substance P stimulates human airway submucosal gland secretion mainly via a CFTR-dependent process
    Jae Young Choi
    Stanford University, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Clin Invest 119:1189-200. 2009
    ..Secretion triggered by SubP was synergistic with vasoactive intestinal peptide and/or forskolin but not with carbachol; synergy was absent in CF glands...
  60. ncbi Zinc-mediated attenuation of hippocampal mossy fiber long-term potentiation induced by forskolin
    Masaki Ando
    Department of Medical Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Suruga ku, Shizuoka, Japan
    Neurochem Int 57:608-14. 2010
    ..the present study, the mechanism of zinc-mediated attenuation of mossy fiber LTP was examined in that induced by forskolin, an AC activator...
  61. pmc Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate responsive element binding protein phosphorylation is required but not sufficient for activation of corticotropin-releasing hormone transcription
    Ying Liu
    Section on Endocrine Physiology, Developmental Endocrinology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Endocrinology 149:3512-20. 2008
    ..binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation in neuronal cultures treated with the adenylyl cyclase stimulator, forskolin, the phorbol ester, phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), or their combination...
  62. ncbi Fat area and lipid droplet morphology of porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation with trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid and forskolin
    E G Prates
    L INIAV Santarém, Quinta da Fonte Boa, 00 048 Vale de Santarém, Portugal
    Animal 7:602-9. 2013
    ..IVM) of porcine oocytes cultured with 100 μM trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10,c12 CLA) or 10 μM forskolin at different time periods...
  63. ncbi Upregulation of TrkB by forskolin facilitated survival of MSC and functional recovery of memory deficient model rats
    Hwon Heo
    Department of Biology, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 431:796-801. 2013
    ..In this study, we found that the expression of TrkB is upregulated in human MSCs by the addition of forskolin (Fsk), an activator of adenylyl cyclase...
  64. ncbi Involvement of the anion exchanger SLC26A6 in prostaglandin E2- but not forskolin-stimulated duodenal HCO3- secretion
    Biguang Tuo
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hannover Medical School, Germany
    Gastroenterology 130:349-58. 2006
    ..The present study was designed to examine the role of SLC26A6 in prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))-, forskolin-, and carbachol-induced duodenal HCO(3)(-) secretion.
  65. ncbi Nerve growth factor and forskolin prevent H2O2-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells by glutathione independent mechanism
    H Kamata
    Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science, Himeji Institute of Technology, Hyogo, Japan
    Neurosci Lett 212:179-82. 1996
    ..low concentrations of H2O2, of which cytotoxicity was effectively suppressed by nerve growth factor (NGF), forskolin, and dbt-cAMP...
  66. ncbi Antiinflammatory effects of colforsin daropate hydrochloride, a novel water-soluble forskolin derivative
    N Hayashida
    Department of Surgery, Kurume University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Ann Thorac Surg 71:1931-8. 2001
    To evaluate the effects of colforsin daropate hydrochloride (colforsin), a water-soluble forskolin derivative, on hemodynamics and systemic inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass, we conducted a prospective randomized study.
  67. ncbi Proteomic profiling of forskolin-induced differentiated BeWo cells: an in-vitro model of cytotrophoblast differentiation
    Laxmipriya P Nampoothiri
    Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India 560012
    Reprod Biomed Online 14:477-87. 2007
    ..two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DGE)], changes in protein profile were evaluated in the control and forskolin-induced differentiated cells of trophoblastic choriocarcinoma BeWo cell line...
  68. ncbi Substance P enhances forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP production in human UC11MG astrocytoma cells
    C J Fowler
    Department of Biochemical Pharmacology, Astra Pain Control AB, Preclinical R and D, Huddinge, Sweden
    Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 16:21-8. 1994
    The effects of substance P (SP) upon basal and forskolin-stimulated cAMP production have been investigated in UC11MG cells...
  69. ncbi Forskolin induces circadian gene expression of rPer1, rPer2 and dbp in mammalian rat-1 fibroblasts
    K Yagita
    Department of Anatomy and Brain Science, Kobe University School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan
    FEBS Lett 465:79-82. 2000
    ..In the present study, we incubated rat-1 cells with forskolin and successfully induced the rhythmic expression of Per1, Per2 and dbp...
  70. ncbi Spontaneous water secretion in T84 cells: effects of STa enterotoxin, bumetanide, VIP, forskolin, and A-23187
    R Toriano
    Laboratorio de Biomembranas, , Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 1453 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 281:G816-22. 2001
    ..Conversely, serosal forskolin increased I(sc), but J(w) switched from secretory to absorptive values...
  71. ncbi Human skin model containing melanocytes: essential role of keratinocyte growth factor for constitutive pigmentation-functional response to α-melanocyte stimulating hormone and forskolin
    Christine Duval
    L Oreal Research and Innovation, Clichy, France
    Tissue Eng Part C Methods 18:947-57. 2012
    ..Furthermore, induction of pigmentation was achieved by treatment with known propigmenting molecules, αMSH and forskolin, thus demonstrating the functionality of the pigmentary system...
  72. ncbi Mechanisms responsible for forskolin-induced relaxation of rat tail artery
    C M Rembold
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville 22908, USA
    Hypertension 31:872-7. 1998
    The goal of the present study was to determine the physiologically relevant mechanisms for forskolin-induced relaxation of intact rat tail artery...
  73. ncbi Steroidogenic factor 1 gene transcription is inhibited by transforming growth factor beta
    Tomasz P Lehmann
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Medical Sciences, 6 Swiecickiego St, 60 781, Poznan, Poland
    Endocr Res 31:71-9. 2005
    ..levels were lowered by TGF-beta in Y-1 adrenocortical cells, both in untreated and adenylyl cyclase activator, forskolin-treated cells...
  74. ncbi A novel cAMP-dependent pathway activates neuronal integrin function in retinal neurons
    Jonathan K Ivins
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Neurosci 24:1212-6. 2004
    ..Surprisingly, these effects of cAMP are independent of protein kinase A and the EPAC (exchange protein directly activated by cAMP)/Rap pathway and suggest the existence of a novel cAMP-dependent mechanism...
  75. ncbi SQ22536 and W-7 inhibit forskolin-induced cAMP elevation but not relaxation in newborn ovine pulmonary veins
    Y Gao
    Department of Pediatrics, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Torrance, CA 90509, USA
    Eur J Pharmacol 418:111-6. 2001
    The role of cAMP in forskolin-induced relaxation was studied in isolated pulmonary veins of newborn lambs (7-12 days)...
  76. pmc Manipulation of CD98 expression affects both trophoblast cell fusion and amino acid transport activity during syncytialization of human placental BeWo cells
    Yoshiki Kudo
    Department of Human Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QX and Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    J Physiol 550:3-9. 2003
    ..a cell model of syncytialization (the cytotrophoblast cell line BeWo following increased intracellular cAMP by forskolin treatment) using antisense oligonucleotides...
  77. pmc Depolymerization of cortical actin inhibits UT-A1 urea transporter endocytosis but promotes forskolin-stimulated membrane trafficking
    Gang Xu
    Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 302:C1012-8. 2012
    ..In contrast, actin depolymerization facilitated forskolin-stimulated UT-A1 trafficking to the cell surface...
  78. ncbi Expression and function of estrogen receptor subtypes in granulosa cells: regulation by estradiol and forskolin
    S C Sharma
    Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Endocrinology 140:4320-34. 1999
    ..cell nuclei and that the intensity of nuclear staining was related to agonist stimulation and differentiation: forskolin increased, whereas E decreased immunostaining for ERbeta and ERalpha at 48 h...
  79. ncbi Induction of zinc transporters by forskolin in human trophoblast BeWo cells
    Nagayoshi Asano
    Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutics, Showa Pharmaceutical University, Machida shi, Tokyo 194 8543, Japan
    Reprod Toxicol 21:285-91. 2006
    ..b>Forskolin (FK) is a representative inducer of differentiation of BeWo cells cytotrophoblast into syncytiotrophoblast...
  80. ncbi Ex vivo biochemical analysis of CFTR in human rectal biopsies
    Andrea van Barneveld
    Klinische Forschergruppe, OE 6711, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, D 30623 Hannover, Germany
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1762:393-7. 2006
    ..Interestingly, maturation of CFTR increases substantially in tissue incubated at 26 degrees C. Our data provide a solid basis for future studies on the characterisation of CFTR in pathological cases...
  81. ncbi Novel regulatory properties of human type 9 adenylate cyclase
    Medhane G Cumbay
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 310:108-15. 2004
    ..These observations demonstrate the diverse regulatory features of AC9 and the ability of AC9 to integrate multiple signals...
  82. ncbi Impaired nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in transgenic sickle mouse
    D K Kaul
    Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 278:H1799-806. 2000
    ..e., ACh and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Indomethacin did not alter the responses to ACh and SNP. Forskolin, a cAMP-activating agent, caused a comparable dilation of A2 and A3 vessels ( approximately 44 and 70%) in both ..
  83. ncbi Heat shock protein 20-mediated force suppression in forskolin-relaxed swine carotid artery
    Melissa K Meeks
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908 1395, USA
    Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 288:C633-9. 2005
    ..Ser(157)-HSP20 phosphorylation values were high and did not change during contractile activation or forskolin-induced relaxation. Forskolin significantly increased Ser(16)-HSP20 phosphorylation...
  84. ncbi Modulation of cyclic AMP metabolism by glucocorticoids in PC18 cells
    J D Yingling
    Department of Physiology, University of Kentucky, College of Medicine, Lexington 40536 0084
    J Neurochem 63:1271-6. 1994
    ..cAMP accumulation in response to the adenosine analogue N6-R-phenylisopropyl adenosine (PIA), and in response to forskolin. This effect was both time- and concentration-dependent...
  85. ncbi Synergistic induction of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-linked 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase by an androgen and interleukin-6 or forskolin in human prostate cancer cells
    Min Tong
    Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0082, USA
    Endocrinology 145:2141-7. 2004
    ..15-PGDH could be induced by IL-6 and forskolin in addition to androgens in a time- and dose-dependent manner but not by other cytokines and growth factors in ..
  86. ncbi Forskolin-mediated G1 arrest in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells: phosphorylated pRB sequesters E2Fs
    Kristine Bjerve Gutzkow
    Institute of Medical Biochemistry, University of Oslo, PO Box 1112, Blindern, N 0317, Oslo, Norway
    J Cell Sci 115:1073-82. 2002
    Increased intracellular levels of cAMP, induced by forskolin, lead to permanent G1 arrest of Reh cells...
  87. pmc Cell signaling and trafficking of human melanocortin receptors in real time using two-photon fluorescence and confocal laser microscopy: differentiation of agonists and antagonists
    Minying Cai
    Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Chem Biol Drug Des 68:183-93. 2006
    ..Real time two-photon fluorescence laser scanning microscopy is a most powerful tool to study the dynamic processes in living cells and tissues, without inflicting significant and often lethal damage to the specimen...
  88. ncbi Intravitreal injections of neurotrophic factors and forskolin enhance survival and axonal regeneration of axotomized beta ganglion cells in cat retina
    M Watanabe
    Department of Physiology, Institute for Developmental Research, Kasugai, Aichi, Japan
    Neuroscience 116:733-42. 2003
    ..We tested first enhancement of the survival by one of the factors, and then one or two of them supplemented with forskolin, which increases intracellular cAMP. Single injections of 0...
  89. pmc Phospholemman does not participate in forskolin-induced swine carotid artery relaxation
    M K Meeks
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Physiol Res 57:669-75. 2008
    ..myosin regulatory light chains (MRLC) on ser19, and heat shock protein 20 (HSP20) on ser16 during a transient forskolin-induced relaxation of histamine-stimulated swine carotid artery...
  90. ncbi Transforming growth factor beta1 inhibits aldosterone and cortisol production in the human adrenocortical cell line NCI-H295R through inhibition of CYP11B1 and CYP11B2 expression
    P Liakos
    INSERM EMI 01 05, Department of Cell Regulation and Dynamics, Commissariat a l Energie Atomique Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, F 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
    J Endocrinol 176:69-82. 2003
    ..When TGFbeta1 was added simultaneously with forskolin, the production of cortisol and 11-hydroxyandrostenedione was decreased by 85% whereas that of deoxycortisol was ..
  91. ncbi Selected contribution: HSP20 phosphorylation in nitroglycerin- and forskolin-induced sustained reductions in swine carotid media tone
    C M Rembold
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 91:1460-6. 2001
    ..b>Forskolin, which increases cAMP concentration, also induced a sustained inhibitory response that was associated with ..
  92. pmc PGE(2) activation of apical membrane Cl(-) channels in A6 epithelia: impedance analysis
    T G Păunescu
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Biophys J 81:852-66. 2001
    ..5 kHz revealed that the mean 9.8% increase of capacitance caused by PGE(2) was not correlated in time with activation of chloride conductance, but rather correlated with activation of apical membrane Na(+) transport...
  93. ncbi Parathyroid hormone enhances early and suppresses late stages of osteogenic and chondrogenic development in a BMP-dependent mesenchymal differentiation system (C3H10T1/2)
    A Hollnagel
    Gessellschaft für Biotechnologische Forschung, Growth Factors and Receptors, Braunschweig, Germany
    J Bone Miner Res 12:1993-2004. 1997
    ..The analysis of PTH effects in this system demonstrates the value of recombinant mesenchymal progenitor cells in the in vitro analysis of osteo-/chondrogenic development...
  94. ncbi Activation of adenylate cyclase by forskolin increases the protein stability of RCAN1 (DSCR1 or Adapt78)
    Su Ryeon Seo
    Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200 701, Republic of Korea
    FEBS Lett 583:3140-4. 2009
    ..In this report, we find that activation of adenylate cyclase by forskolin increases the expression of RCAN1 through the increase of the protein's half-life...
  95. pmc Autocrine activation of neuronal NMDA receptors by aspartate mediates dopamine- and cAMP-induced CREB-dependent gene transcription
    Luis E F Almeida
    Department of Physiology, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Neurosci 29:12702-10. 2009
    ..This cAMP/aspartate/NMDAR signaling pathway may mediate the effects of transmitters such as dopamine on axon growth and synaptogenesis in developing neurons or on synaptic plasticity in mature neural networks...
  96. ncbi Mechanism of cicaprost-induced desensitization in rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells involves a PKA-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase
    Anastasia Sobolewski
    Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 287:L352-9. 2004
    ..exposure appeared to be due to inhibition of AC activity since the responses to the directly acting AC agonist forskolin (3 microM) and the selective AC5 activator NKH-477 were similarly reduced...
  97. ncbi Hedgehog signal inhibitor forskolin suppresses cell proliferation and tumor growth of human rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft
    Hiroaki Yamanaka
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    J Pediatr Surg 46:320-5. 2011
    ..In this study, we examined the effect of the Hh signal inhibitor forskolin on the growth of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in vivo and in vitro and thereby elucidated the possibility of ..
  98. ncbi Impact of divalent metal ions on regulation of adenylyl cyclase isoforms by forskolin analogs
    Miriam Erdorf
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Regensburg, Germany
    Biochem Pharmacol 82:1673-81. 2011
    ..b>Forskolin (FS) is an invaluable research tool, activating AC isoforms 1-8...
  99. pmc Differential effects of PKA-controlled CaMKK2 variants on neuronal differentiation
    Wenguang Cao
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    RNA Biol 8:1061-72. 2011
    ..In RNA interference assays, CaMKKβ1 was found to be essential for forskolin-induced neurite growth...
  100. ncbi Forskolin enhances in vivo bone formation by human mesenchymal stromal cells
    Joyce Doorn
    Department of Tissue Regeneration, MIRA Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical Medicine, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Tissue Eng Part A 18:558-67. 2012
    ..To test this, we selected two different PKA activators (8-bromo-cAMP (8-br-cAMP) and forskolin) and compared their effects on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation with those of db-cAMP...
  101. pmc Effect of cAMP on TGFbeta1-induced corneal keratocyte-myofibroblast transformation
    Dongmei Xing
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:626-33. 2009
    ..Elevated cAMP can reduce TGFbeta-induced fibrosis in other tissues. This study was conducted to determine whether elevated cAMP can inhibit TGFbeta1-induced rabbit corneal keratocyte-myofibroblast transformation...

Research Grants63

    Jianyi Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..receptors, increases of cyclic AMP will be produced by direct stimulation of adenylyl cyclase with forskolin or by inhibition of phosphodiesterase with milrinone in addition to catecholamine infusion...
  2. Lipid Binding Proteins in Obesity and Diabetes Syndromes
    David A Bernlohr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..results in decreased phosphorylation of Akt and attenuated glucose transport while increasing basal and forskolin-stimulated lipolysis...
  3. Coleus forskohlii extract: melanization and UV protection by a natural product
    JOHN DORAZIO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Using this novel mouse model, we study melanin induction by forskolin, a labdane diterpenoid that directly activates adenylate cyclase and promotes intracellular accumulation of cAMP...
  4. Neuron-Targeted Caveolin-1 as a Therapy for Age-Related Neurodegeneration
    Brian P Head; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mediated activation of P-Src, P-CaMKII, and P-ERK1/2;4) increases NMDAR, Dopamine 1 receptor (D1R), 5-HT6, and forskolin-mediated cAMP formation;and 5) increases dendritic sprouting and branching...
  5. Molecular Pathogenesis of Chronic Kidney Disease-Dependent Vascular Calcification
    Makoto Miyazaki; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..attenuated vascular calcification;4) serine-phosphorylation of ATF4 (p-ATF4) was induced by PKA activation by forskolin, which is known to promote vascular calcification;5) PKA and ERK inhibitors inhibited the phosphorylation of ..
  6. The role of Mc1r in melanocytic UV-induced DNA damage and repair responses
    JOHN A DORAZIO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, we will directly test the ability of forskolin, an activator of adenylyl cyclase, to bypass defective Mc1r function to enhance recovery from UV-mediated DNA ..
  7. Targeting Myofibroblast for Intestinal Epithelial Regeneration
    Hongmiao Sheng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will prove our hypothesis that AREG is a critical mediator for Forskolin- and PGE2-induced intestinal regeneration using AREG knockout mouse...
  8. HTS to identify chemical probes of the apelin receptor signaling pathway
    Layton Harris Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In preliminary studies, APJ repressed forskolin (15 mu M) stimulated EVX- 1LUC in transiently transfected HEK293T cells by 40-fold (45,910+/-7237 vs...
  9. Modulators of Fibronectin Fibrillogenesis
    ..acid peptide (FUD) that has high affinity for the N-terminal region of fibronectin, as well as inhibition with forskolin, a small molecule activator of protein kinase A...
  10. Regulation of Na absorption by NHE3 in the intestine
    CHANGHYON CHRIS YUN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our data show that NHE3 is ubiquitinated in response inhibitory agents, such as metformin, phorbol ester, and forskolin. Surprisingly, we observed a significant difference in ubiquitination of NHE3 between human and non-human...
  11. Intestinal Anion Transporters: Function and Regulation
    Pradeep K Dudeja; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Further, MCT1 function was reduced by cAMP agonists forskolin and dibutyryl cAMP and enhanced by nicotinic acid (a GPR109A agonist)...
  12. Enzymatic formation of the hydrocarbon skeletons underlying diterpenoid diversity
    REUBEN JOHN PETERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., the protein kinase C activating and tumor promoting phorbol esters, and adenylate cyclase activator forskolin)...
  13. The Role of Cyclic AMP in Alcohol Withdrawal and Mental Disease
    JULIA ANN CHESTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..R21 project is to explore the therapeutic potential of two promising drugs that raise intracellular cAMP levels, forskolin and rolipram, to reduce physical, cognitive, and emotional signs of alcohol withdrawal in mice...
  14. Neuronal-targeted caveolin-1 as a therapy for traumatic brain injury
    Brian P Head; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..activation of P-Src, P-CaMKII, and P-ERK1/2;5) increases NMDAR, Dopamine 1 receptor (D1R), 5-HT6, and forskolin-mediated cAMP formation;6) Cav-1 overexpression increases dendritic shaft and spine proteins (23-tubulin, ..
    Carl Camras; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..on the IOP response after epinephrine, timolol, pilocarpine phospholine iodide, arachidonic acid, PGF2 alpha, forskolin, vanadate, corynanthine, pergolide, salbutamol, and 6-fluoro-norepinephrine will be studied in rabbit, normal ..
  16. Cellular Mechanisms Regulating VTA Dopamine Neurons
    Arthur C Riegel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These techniques will be used to investigate preliminary data demonstrating that forskolin-activation of adenylyl cyclase (AC) enhances the mGluR-mediated activation of the sK-channel...
    John Fray; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..hypothesis, in Free Calcium and RS are obtained in response to pressure (stretch), adenosine, isoproterenol and forskolin, angiotensin II, and ADH, organic Ca-channel blockers (nitrendipine, verapamil, diltiazem, and D-600), and ANP...
    M O DORISIO; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Further experiments will examine the effect of differentiation agents, including retinoic acid, phorbol ester, forskolin, and nerve growth factor on expression of somatostatin receptors in various neuroblastoma cell lines in order to ..
    KELLY STANDIFER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Kappa3 receptors have been identified on two human neuroblastoma cell lines, SH-SYSY and BE(2)-C, and inhibit forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation through pertussis toxin sensitive G-proteins...
    David Bylund; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The third effect is the potentiation of forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP production by concurrent incubation with (a high concentration of) an alpha-2 agonist...
    Milo Wiltbank; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..3) Determine whether small luteal cells can be induced by forskolin or hCG to express FP receptors, a property indicative of the large luteal cell phenotype...
  22. Opportunistic Oral HSV-- Mechanisms of Reactivation
    Craig Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..47, beta genes: ul9 ul23, ul39 and the gamma gene ul48 and LAT) are transcriptionally induced by heat stress and forskolin treatment in the absence of other viral gene products...
    Emanuel Meller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..synthesis; in the hippocampus, 5-HT1A receptors will couple preferentially to Galphai2 to mediate inhibition of forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase...
  24. Y Receptor In and Cardiovascular Function From the PHN
    John Martin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Specific aim 4 will determine the effect of NPY and related peptides on the increase in cAMP evoked by forskolin in tissue slices derived from the PHN. The cAMP levels will be measured by enzyme immunoassay...
    Robert Moreland; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..TGF induces collagen synthesis in this model. This synthesis was suppressed by prostaglandin E1, forskolin, isoproterenol and sodium nitroprusside, agents which elevate cyclic nucleotide levels...
    Sun Sang Sung; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The role of cAMP will be examined with the cAMP synthesis inducers cholera toxin, pertussis toxin and forskolin. Dibutyryl cAMP will also be used...
    TERRY HEXUM; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..NPY binds to chromaffin cell receptors of the Y1 subtype and inhibits forskolin stimulated adenylate cyclase activity...
    E Ekblad; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..e., secretion) of protons from this storage pool by exocytosis to the external medium. Secretagogues (histamine, forskolin and cAMP), inhibitors (H2-antagonists and omeprazole) affect the formation of "acid" and cause changes in the ..
    Bridget Shafit Zagardo; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..experiments to assess relative transcription rates, indicate that cAMP, stimulated by treatment of cells with forskolin plus isobutylmethylxanthine (IMX) positively regulates GFAP mRNA at the post- transcriptional level...
    Thomas Biber; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Na transport (antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, insulin), (2) cAMP and agents that stimulate its production (forskolin) and inhibit its breakdown (phosphodiesterase inhibitors), and (3) of changes in Ca2+...
    RICHARD WILCOX; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..D2A] which selectively expresses rat D2A receptors coupled to inhibition of cAMP accumulation stimulated by forskolin. To aid in selection of appropriate agents to test and to integrate our data from the cAMP studies, we will use ..
    Dorothy Vatner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of contraction and relaxation in both endo- and epicardial layers in response to isoproterenol, norepinephrine, forskolin and calcium...
    VERGINE MADELIAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..b>Forskolin (FSK) is a diterpene that activates adenyl cyclase directly, causing an elevation in intracellular cAMP levels...
    CHARLES ULRICH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..findings, we will further test this UNIFYING HYPOTHESIS through studies (1) comparing the effects of VIP and forskolin ( a direct activator of adenylyl cyclases ) on in vitro growth of a variety of VIP-1 receptor-bearing human ..
  35. Novel Factors Promoting Retinal Ganglion Cell Growth
    Donald Zack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Identification of additional such molecules is the focus of this grant. Forskolin and BDNF are examples of molecules that that were originally found to support RGCs in culture and later ..
  36. Mechanisms of Signal Transduction of GHB Action
    Godfrey Tunnicliff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In Aim 1, we plan to use neuroblastoma hybrid NCB-20 cultures to investigate the effects of GHB on forskolin-induced cAMP production and the ability of GHB to activate pertussis toxin sensitive G-proteins...
    Wei Jen Tang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This soluble enzyme model has been used to identify the sites for catalysis and for binding of Gs-alpha forskolin, and Gi-alpha...
    MARILYN MC CAMAN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..g., high K+ concentration, exposure to forskolin. cAMP and its analogues, as well as the adrenergic agent, isoproterenol, also increase ACh release by a common ..
    David Carey; Fiscal Year: 2002 heregulin, however, requires co-stimulation with an agent that raises intracellular cAMP levels, such as forskolin. The goal of the proposed studies is to elucidate the mechanism by which heregulin and cAMP coordinately ..
    Cindy Lawler; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Both DHX and N-p-DHX cause robust inhibition of adenylate cyclase in several models (e.g., inhibition of forskolin-stimulated or D1-mediated cCAMP synthesis/efflux in striatum, pituitary lactotrophs, or D2-transfected C-6 and ..
    Richard Mailman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Both DHX and N-p-DHX cause robust inhibition of adenylate cyclase in several models (e.g., inhibition of forskolin-stimulated or D1-mediated cCAMP synthesis/efflux in striatum, pituitary lactotrophs, or D2-transfected C-6 and ..
    JACKIE WOOD; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..3) Activation of adenylate cyclase by forskolin mimics slow EPSP...
  43. High glucose and arteriolar Kv channels
    David Gutterman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..hypothesis that high glucose reduces both Kv channel activity and the associated dilation to isoproterenol and forskolin in rat coronary arterioles...
    Leona Cuttler; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Preliminary results indicate quantitative ontogenic differences in the release of GH by (Bu)2cAMP and forskolin, suggesting the possibility of maturational changes in somatotroph function distal to cAMP formation...
    Dale Pelligrino; Fiscal Year: 2004 endogenous cAMP and cGMP production will be elicited by the adenylyl and guanylyl cyclase activators, forskolin and YC-1, respectively...
    Ronald Katz; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Previous studies have shown that osteopontin gene transcription is inhibited by PTH, forskolin and cAMP analogues...
    Griffith Harsh; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..cell expression of PDGF can be specifically enhanced by thrombin, TGF-beta, and phorbol esters and decreased by forskolin. The experimental strategy proposed is to compare the regulation of PDGF expression in tumor and endothelial ..
    Patricia Wilson; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..3H-ouabain binding), histocytochemistry and determination of the effect of pertussis and cholera toxins and forskolin on adenylate cyclase activity...
    Adalbert Koestner; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..acetate, and Ca ionophore as well as effectors of second messenger production such as cholera toxin, forskolin and phosphatidic acid on growth differentiation of T9 cells...
  50. Cyclic AMP-mediated apoptosis in lymphoid malignancies
    Adam Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..even in the absence of exogenous pharmacologic agents that activate adenylate cyclase such as the diterpene forskolin. T cells or T-CLL, in contrast, are resistant to rolipram-induced apoptosis...
  51. Effects of hypoxia on the alveolar epithelium.
    JACOB SZNAJDER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will study if activation of the protein kinase A pathway by terbutaline and forskolin prevents and/or reverts the effects of hypoxia on AEC Na+ pump...
  52. Neurotoxicant Disruption of Astroglial Differentiation
    Timothy Zacharewski; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..marker expression following the induction of differentiation by co-treatment with the cAMP inducer, forskolin (fsk) and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX)...
    Richard Green; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The PI has found that lowering external Ca stimulates cAMP production in response to either ISO or forskolin. The applicant proposes to identify the AC isoforms at the protein level using isoform- specific antibodies, and ..
  54. Synthesis of Heterocyclic Natural Products
    NANCY TOTAH; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..phomactin A 3) To apply this method to the enantioselective synthesis of the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin. 4) To address issues of enantioselectivity in the dihydropyrone Diels-Alder reaction To realize these goals, ..
    William Welch; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These cells now exhibit forskolin dependent chloride transport...
    Martin LeWinter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..but less severe than that observed in dilated cardiomyopathy and mitral regurgitation and is reversible by forskolin, indicating that its proximate mechanism is likely a defect(s) in excitation-contraction coupling (ECC)...
    Theodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Molecular mechanisms of developmental neurotoxicity can be determined and linked to eventual alterations in behavioral performance. ..
    Theodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
  59. Fetal & Adolescent Nicotine Effects on CNS 5HT Systems
    Theodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Christopher Rembold; Fiscal Year: 2004
  61. P20-Mediated Suppression of Vascular Force
    Christopher Rembold; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Many current treatments target smooth muscle to reduce tone. It is possible that targeting the force suppression pathway (i.e. p20) might provide comparable benefits. ..
  62. Daily genistein injections stimulate intestinal secretion: How?
    Layla Al Nakkash; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, we aim to identify the suitability of genistein as a potential therapeutic for the most common lethal genetic disease in Caucasians, cystic fibrosis (CF). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. PKC Signaling in cAMP-Induced Pulmonary Vasodilation
    SCOTT BARMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Progress of these studies will provide important knowledge towards the development of novel therapeutic agents that will help reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with pulmonary hypertension. ..