latex

Summary

Summary: A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed) However, the term latex has been broadened in scope to include RUBBER and other synthetic polymers. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Induction of mucosal tolerance with recombinant Hev b 1 and recombinant Hev b 3 for prevention of latex allergy in BALB/c mice
    K Hufnagl
    Department of Pathophysiology, University of Vienna, Austria
    Clin Exp Immunol 133:170-6. 2003
  2. ncbi Plant defense syndromes
    Anurag A Agrawal
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Ecology 87:S132-49. 2006
  3. ncbi Insights into rubber biosynthesis from transcriptome analysis of Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Keng See Chow
    Biotechnology Unit, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, Malaysian Rubber Board, RRIM Experiment Station, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
    J Exp Bot 58:2429-40. 2007
  4. doi The sucrose transporter HbSUT3 plays an active role in sucrose loading to laticifer and rubber productivity in exploited trees of Hevea brasiliensis (para rubber tree)
    Chaorong Tang
    Key Lab of Rubber Biology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rubber Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, College of Agronomy, Hainan University, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China
    Plant Cell Environ 33:1708-20. 2010
  5. doi Plant latex and other exudates as plant defense systems: roles of various defense chemicals and proteins contained therein
    Kotaro Konno
    National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 1 2 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8634, Japan
    Phytochemistry 72:1510-30. 2011
  6. ncbi Characterization of proteins in latex of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and microsequencing
    G Decker
    Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, Analytical Protein Chemistry Group, Martinsried, Germany
    Electrophoresis 21:3500-16. 2000
  7. ncbi Differential expression pattern of rubber elongation factor (REF) mRNA transcripts from high and low yielding clones of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.)
    P Priya
    Biotechnology Division, Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam 686009, India
    Plant Cell Rep 26:1833-8. 2007
  8. pmc Involvement of HbPIP2;1 and HbTIP1;1 aquaporins in ethylene stimulation of latex yield through regulation of water exchanges between inner liber and latex cells in Hevea brasiliensis
    Kessarin Tungngoen
    Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Plant Physiol 151:843-56. 2009
  9. doi Increased vascular permeability, angiogenesis and wound healing induced by the serum of natural latex of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis
    Ricardo José Mendonça
    Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Ribeirao Preto School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto SP, Brazil
    Phytother Res 24:764-8. 2010
  10. doi Identification of a putative triacylglycerol lipase from papaya latex by functional proteomics
    R Dhouib
    CNRS, Aix Marseille Universite, Enzymologie Interfaciale et Physiologie de la Lipolyse, France
    FEBS J 278:97-110. 2011

Detail Information

Publications255 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Induction of mucosal tolerance with recombinant Hev b 1 and recombinant Hev b 3 for prevention of latex allergy in BALB/c mice
    K Hufnagl
    Department of Pathophysiology, University of Vienna, Austria
    Clin Exp Immunol 133:170-6. 2003
    The prevalence of type I allergy to Hevea brasiliensis latex is particularly high among individuals with frequent exposure to latex products, such as health-care workers (HCW) and patients with spina bifida (SB)...
  2. ncbi Plant defense syndromes
    Anurag A Agrawal
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Ecology 87:S132-49. 2006
    ..seven defensive traits, no bivariate trade-offs, and notable positive correlations between trichome density and latex production, and between C:N ratio and leaf toughness...
  3. ncbi Insights into rubber biosynthesis from transcriptome analysis of Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Keng See Chow
    Biotechnology Unit, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, Malaysian Rubber Board, RRIM Experiment Station, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
    J Exp Bot 58:2429-40. 2007
    ..In this study, 10,040 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated from the latex of the rubber tree, which represents the cytoplasmic content of a single cell type, in order to analyse the latex ..
  4. doi The sucrose transporter HbSUT3 plays an active role in sucrose loading to laticifer and rubber productivity in exploited trees of Hevea brasiliensis (para rubber tree)
    Chaorong Tang
    Key Lab of Rubber Biology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rubber Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, College of Agronomy, Hainan University, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China
    Plant Cell Environ 33:1708-20. 2010
    ..other Hevea SUT genes, HbSUT3 was found to be the predominant member expressed in the rubber-containing cytoplasm (latex) of laticifers...
  5. doi Plant latex and other exudates as plant defense systems: roles of various defense chemicals and proteins contained therein
    Kotaro Konno
    National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 1 2 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8634, Japan
    Phytochemistry 72:1510-30. 2011
    Plant latex and other exudates are saps that are exuded from the points of plant damage caused either mechanically or by insect herbivory. Although many (ca...
  6. ncbi Characterization of proteins in latex of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and microsequencing
    G Decker
    Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, Analytical Protein Chemistry Group, Martinsried, Germany
    Electrophoresis 21:3500-16. 2000
    The opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) belongs to the group of latex-containing plants. Latex is the milky-like fluid within laticifer cells...
  7. ncbi Differential expression pattern of rubber elongation factor (REF) mRNA transcripts from high and low yielding clones of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.)
    P Priya
    Biotechnology Division, Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam 686009, India
    Plant Cell Rep 26:1833-8. 2007
    ..Since the immaturity period for Hevea is 6 years, identification of molecular marker for latex yield potential will be beneficial for early selection of high yielding clones...
  8. pmc Involvement of HbPIP2;1 and HbTIP1;1 aquaporins in ethylene stimulation of latex yield through regulation of water exchanges between inner liber and latex cells in Hevea brasiliensis
    Kessarin Tungngoen
    Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Plant Physiol 151:843-56. 2009
    ..Upon bark tapping, the laticifer cytoplasm (latex) is expelled due to liber tissue turgor pressure...
  9. doi Increased vascular permeability, angiogenesis and wound healing induced by the serum of natural latex of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis
    Ricardo José Mendonça
    Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Ribeirao Preto School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto SP, Brazil
    Phytother Res 24:764-8. 2010
    ..It has been suggested that the natural latex from Hevea brasiliensis showed wound healing properties and angiogenic activity...
  10. doi Identification of a putative triacylglycerol lipase from papaya latex by functional proteomics
    R Dhouib
    CNRS, Aix Marseille Universite, Enzymologie Interfaciale et Physiologie de la Lipolyse, France
    FEBS J 278:97-110. 2011
    b>Latex from Caricaceae has been known since 1925 to contain strong lipase activity. However, attempts to purify and identify the enzyme were not successful, mainly because of the lack of solubility of the enzyme...
  11. pmc Identification and characterization of genes associated with tapping panel dryness from Hevea brasiliensis latex using suppression subtractive hybridization
    Dejun Li
    Key Laboratory of Rubber Biology, Ministry of Agriculture, Rubber Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China
    BMC Plant Biol 10:140. 2010
    ..The present study is undertaken to generate information about the genes related to TPD in rubber tree...
  12. pmc Zinc eluted from siliconized latex urinary catheters decreases OprD expression, causing carbapenem resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    M Carmen Conejo
    Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:2313-5. 2003
    The activities of carbapenems against Pseudomonas aeruginosa decreased in the presence of siliconized latex urinary catheters (SLUCs). This effect was associated with the loss of OprD...
  13. pmc Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to imipenem induced by eluates from siliconized latex urinary catheters is related to outer membrane protein alterations
    L Martinez-Martinez
    Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Seville, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 43:397-9. 1999
    ..against Pseudomonas aeruginosa HUS-3 decreased by 16 times in the presence of substances eluted from siliconized latex urinary catheters (SLUCs). SLUCs did not inactivate imipenem or increase beta-lactamase activity...
  14. pmc Sucrose importation into laticifers of Hevea brasiliensis, in relation to ethylene stimulation of latex production
    Anaïs Dusotoit-Coucaud
    UMR 547 PIAF, INRA, Universite Blaise Pascal, 24 avenue des Landais, 63177 Aubiere Cedex, France
    Ann Bot 104:635-47. 2009
    The major economic product of Hevea brasiliensis is a rubber-containing cytoplasm (latex), which flows out of laticifers (latex cells) when the bark is tapped. The latex yield is stimulated by ethylene...
  15. pmc Activation of the Epstein-Barr virus lytic cycle by the latex of the plant Euphorbia tirucalli
    A MacNeil
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Br J Cancer 88:1566-9. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of unpurified E. tirucalli latex on Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) gene expression...
  16. ncbi Biocompatibility of natural latex implanted into dental alveolus of rats
    Cláudia A C A Balabanian
    Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo USP, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil
    J Oral Sci 48:201-5. 2006
    The present study investigated the biocompatibility of a biopolymer based on vegetable latex extracted from the Hevea brasiliensis rubber tree, implanted into the bony alveolar cavity after dental extraction in rats...
  17. doi Ethylene stimulation of latex yield depends on the expression of a sucrose transporter (HbSUT1B) in rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis)
    Anaïs Dusotoit-Coucaud
    Clermont Universite, Universite Blaise Pascal, UMRA 547 PIAF, F 63177 Aubiere, France
    Tree Physiol 30:1586-98. 2010
    Hevea brasiliensis is an important industrial crop for natural rubber production. Latex biosynthesis occurs in the cytoplasm of highly specialized latex cells and requires sucrose as the unique precursor...
  18. doi Proteins from latex of Calotropis procera prevent septic shock due to lethal infection by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
    José V Lima-Filho
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Campus Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 129:327-34. 2010
    The latex of Calotropis procera has been used in traditional medicine to treat different inflammatory diseases. The anti-inflammatory activity of latex proteins (LP) has been well documented using different inflammatory models...
  19. ncbi An experimental investigation of the stability of ethylcellulose latex: correlation between zeta potential and sedimentation
    V Gallardo
    Department of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
    Eur J Pharm Sci 26:170-5. 2005
    ..at explaining the experimental observations of the stability and redispersibility of an aqueous ethylcellulose latex through the electrokinetic characterization of the particles...
  20. doi Latex allergy: a model for therapy
    J M Rolland
    Department of Immunology, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Clin Exp Allergy 38:898-912. 2008
    Allergy to natural rubber latex products emerged as an important clinical condition following an increase in the use of latex gloves for barrier protection in the early 1980s...
  21. ncbi Lipid transfer protein from Hevea brasiliensis (Hev b 12), a cross-reactive latex protein
    Donald H Beezhold
    Guthrie Research Institute, Sayre, Pennsylvania 18840, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 90:439-45. 2003
    b>Latex-allergic individuals experience clinical cross-reactivity to a large number of fruits and vegetables...
  22. pmc Latex-allergic patients sensitized to the major allergen hevein and hevein-like domains of class I chitinases show no increased frequency of latex-associated plant food allergy
    Christian Radauer
    Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Mol Immunol 48:600-9. 2011
    Allergies to certain fruits such as banana, avocado, chestnut and kiwi are described in 30-70% of latex-allergic patients...
  23. doi Molecular identification and characterization of a gene associated with the onset of tapping panel dryness (TPD) syndrome in rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell.) by mRNA differential display
    Perumal Venkatachalam
    Plant Molecular Biology Lab, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Mol Biotechnol 41:42-52. 2009
    ..tapping panel dryness (TPD) syndrome is considered as a complex physiological disorder which affects latex biosynthesis...
  24. pmc Polyphenoloxidase silencing affects latex coagulation in Taraxacum species
    Daniela Wahler
    Westphalian Wilhelms University of Munster, Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology of Plants, 48143 Muenster, Germany
    Plant Physiol 151:334-46. 2009
    b>Latex is the milky sap that is found in many different plants...
  25. doi A silver-staining cDNA-AFLP protocol suitable for transcript profiling in the latex of Hevea brasiliensis (para rubber tree)
    Xiaohu Xiao
    Key Lab of Rubber Biology, Ministry of Agriculture, Danzhou, Hainan, 571737, China
    Mol Biotechnol 42:91-9. 2009
    ..Furthermore, the usage of radioactive isotope in typical protocols excludes their application in many labs. Latex, as the cytoplasm of rubber-producing cells sees a critical role in elucidating rubber biosynthesis and its ..
  26. doi Latex use as an occlusive membrane for guided bone regeneration
    Cibele Ereno
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Biologia Oral, Universidade do Sagrado Coração, PRPPG, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Biomed Mater Res A 95:932-9. 2010
    b>Latex extracted from Hevea brasiliensis was used as an occlusive membrane for guided bone regeneration. Twenty-four rabbits were divided in two groups: treated and control group...
  27. ncbi Latex constituents from Calotropis procera (R. Br.) display toxicity upon egg hatching and larvae of Aedes aegypti (Linn.)
    Márcio Viana Ramos
    Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Campus do Pici, 60451 970 Fortaleza, CE, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 101:503-10. 2006
    ..This work deals with the fractionation of the crude latex produced by the green parts of the plant and aims to evaluate its toxic effects upon egg hatching and larval ..
  28. ncbi Anti-asthmatic potential of a D-galactose-binding lectin from Synadenium carinatum latex
    Alexandre P Rogerio
    Centro de Ciencias Biologicas, Campus Universitario Trindade, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC 88049 900, Brazil
    Glycobiology 17:795-804. 2007
    Extracts from the plant Synadenium carinatum latex are widely and indiscriminately used in popular medicine to treat a great number of inflammatory disorders and although the mechanisms underlying these effects remain undefined, the ..
  29. doi Two new cytotoxic cardenolides from the latex of Antiaris toxicaria
    Hao Fu Dai
    Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou, China
    J Asian Nat Prod Res 11:832-7. 2009
    Two new cardenolides, toxicarioside F (1) and toxicarioside G (2), were isolated from the latex of Antiaris toxicaria (Pers.) Lesch (Moraceae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral data and chemical evidence...
  30. doi Visualizing a plant defense and insect counterploy: alkaloid distribution in Lobelia leaves trenched by a plusiine caterpillar
    Craig B Oppel
    Department of Biology, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, Arkansas 72035, USA
    J Chem Ecol 35:625-34. 2009
    Insects that feed on plants protected by latex canals often sever leaf veins or cut trenches across leaves before feeding distal to the cuts...
  31. pmc Development of a rapid dipstick with latex immunochromatographic assay (DLIA) for diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica
    Li Ling Yu
    Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Zhejiang Academy of Medical Sciences, Hangzhou, 310013, China
    Parasit Vectors 4:157. 2011
    ..In this study, we developed a novel rapid dipstick with latex immunochromatographic assay (DLIA) to detect anti-Schisaosoma japonicum antibodies in human serum.
  32. doi Role of lipid rafts in innate immunity and phagocytosis of polystyrene latex microspheres
    Goshi Nagao
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba 278 8510, Japan
    Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 84:317-24. 2011
    ..Macrophage phagocytosis of polystyrene latex microspheres was examined and assayed by treatment of macrophages with the cholesterol depletor methyl-β-..
  33. doi Purification and characterization of a wound-inducible thaumatin-like protein from the latex of Carica papaya
    Yvan Looze
    Laboratoire de Chimie Générale CP 206 4, Institut de Pharmacie, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus de la Plaine, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Phytochemistry 70:970-8. 2009
    A 22.137 kDa protein constituent of fresh latex was isolated both from the latex of regularly damaged papaya trees and from a commercially available papain preparation...
  34. ncbi Anti-diarrhoeal activity of the latex of Calotropis procera
    S Kumar
    Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, 110 029, New Delhi, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 76:115-8. 2001
    The dry latex (DL) of Calotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae), a potent anti-inflammatory agent has been evaluated for anti-diarrhoeal activity...
  35. ncbi Detection of three wound-induced proteins in papaya latex
    Mohamed Azarkan
    Laboratoire de Chimie Générale I, Faculty of Medicine, University of Brussels, Campus Erasme CP 609, 808 Route de Lennik, B 1070 Brussels, Belgium
    Phytochemistry 65:525-34. 2004
    The effects of routine mechanical wounding for latex collection from unripe fruits of the tropical Carica papaya tree were investigated. For that purpose, the protein composition of three different latexes was analyzed...
  36. ncbi Management of occupational allergy to natural rubber latex in a medical center: the importance of quantitative latex allergen measurement and objective follow-up
    Loren W Hunt
    Allergic Diseases Research Laboratory and the Departments of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 110:S96-106. 2002
    ..or undetectable allergen content greatly reduced the concentration of allergen in the work site, reduced the number of new cases of occupational allergy to rubber, and allowed individuals with latex allergy to work at their usual jobs.
  37. doi Rabbit retinal neovascularization induced by latex angiogenic-derived fraction: an experimental model
    R B Sampaio
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Curr Eye Res 35:56-62. 2010
    To create a retinal neovascularization experimental model using intravitreal injection of microspheres loaded with latex-derived angiogenic fraction.
  38. ncbi Purification and biochemical characterization of asclepain c I from the latex of Asclepias curassavica L
    Constanza Liggieri
    Laboratorio de Investigacion de Proteinas Vegetales, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C C 711, B1900AVW, La Plata, Argentina
    Protein J 23:403-11. 2004
    In this work we report the isolation, purification and characterization of a new protease from latex of Asclepias curassavica L. Crude extract (CE) was obtained by gathering latex on 0...
  39. doi Intradermal cytosine-phosphate-guanosine treatment reduces lung inflammation but induces IFN-γ-mediated airway hyperreactivity in a murine model of natural rubber latex allergy
    Rita Haapakoski
    Unit of Excellence for Immunotoxicology, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 44:639-47. 2011
    ..Using natural rubber latex (NRL)-induced murine model of asthma, we demonstrated that intradermal CpG administration with allergen reduced ..
  40. doi Comparative toxicity of Euphorbia milii latex and synthetic molluscicides to Biomphalaria glabrata embryos
    Eduardo C Oliveira-Filho
    Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Department of Biological Sciences, National School of Public Health, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21040 361, Brazil
    Chemosphere 81:218-27. 2010
    ..This study was undertaken to compare the developmental toxicity of a plant molluscicide (Euphorbia milii latex, LAT) with that of three synthetic molluscicidal compounds...
  41. doi Study of blood contact in simulated surgical needlestick injuries with single or double latex gloving
    Andreas Wittmann
    Department of Safety Engineering, University of Wuppertal, and the Helios Klinikum Wuppertal, Klinik für Nuklearmedizin, Wuppertal, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:53-6. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to measure the quantity of blood transferred at the point of a percutaneous injury by using radioactively labeled blood...
  42. ncbi Puncture resistance and stiffness of nitrile and latex dental examination gloves
    H B Patel
    School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, St Chad s Queensway, Birmingham B4 6NN
    Br Dent J 196:695-700; discussion 685; quiz 707. 2004
    The aim of the current study was to assess the puncture resistance and stiffness of nitrile and latex dental examination gloves.
  43. ncbi Isolation and characterization of the early nodule-specific protein homologue (Hev b 13), an allergenic lipolytic esterase from Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Siti Arija M Arif
    Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, 50450 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    J Biol Chem 279:23933-41. 2004
    Recurring reports of a highly allergenic 42-46-kDa protein in Hevea brasiliensis latex appeared to have been resolved with the discovery of a 43-kDa allergenic latex protein that was a homologue to patatin...
  44. ncbi Philibertain g I, the most basic cysteine endopeptidase purified from the latex of Philibertia gilliesii Hook. et Arn. (Apocynaceae)
    C Sequeiros
    CENPAT CONICET Centro Nacional Patagónico, Blvd Brown s n, 9120, Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina
    Protein J 24:445-53. 2005
    A new papain-like cysteine peptidase isolated from latex of Philibertia gilliesii Hook. et Arn., Apocynaceae (formerly Asclepiadaceae) has been purified and characterized...
  45. pmc Ethylene stimulation of latex production in Hevea brasiliensis
    Jiahong Zhu
    Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Biosciences and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou, China
    Plant Signal Behav 4:1072-4. 2009
    ..Ethylene, as a stimulant of latex production in H. brasiliensis, has been widely used in commercial latex production...
  46. ncbi Structural characterization of natural rubber based on recent evidence from selective enzymatic treatments
    Jitladda Tangpakdee Sakdapipanich
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    J Biosci Bioeng 103:287-92. 2007
    ..The rubber particles of fresh latex were purified by washing, i.e...
  47. ncbi Measurement of airborne latex allergens
    Xaver Baur
    Institute of Occupational Medicine Hamburg, University of Hamburg, Adolph Schoenfelder Strasse 5, D 22083, Hamburg, Germany
    Methods 27:59-62. 2002
    ..Several studies demonstrate that the use of powdered allergenic latex gloves leads to a significant aeroallergen load which is responsible for IgE-mediated rhinitis, bronchial asthma, ..
  48. doi Osmotin from Calotropis procera latex: new insights into structure and antifungal properties
    Cléverson Diniz Teixeira de Freitas
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Piaui, Bairro Melladão, Floriano Piauí, Brazil
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1808:2501-7. 2011
    ..structural properties and mechanisms of the antifungal action of CpOsm, a purified osmotin from Calotropis procera latex. Fluorescence and CD assays revealed that the CpOsm structure is highly stable, regardless of pH levels...
  49. doi Liquid marbles prepared from pH-responsive sterically stabilized latex particles
    Syuji Fujii
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Institute of Technology, 5 16 1 Ohmiya, Osaka 535 8585, Japan
    Langmuir 27:8067-74. 2011
    Submicrometer-sized pH-responsive sterically stabilized polystyrene (PS) latex particles were synthesized by dispersion polymerization in isopropyl alcohol with a poly[2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate]- (PDEA-) based macroinitiator...
  50. pmc Laticifer-specific cis-prenyltransferase silencing affects the rubber, triterpene, and inulin content of Taraxacum brevicorniculatum
    Janina Post
    Westphalian Wilhelms University of Munster, Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, 48143 Münster, Germany
    Plant Physiol 158:1406-17. 2012
    ..Taraxacum koksaghyz and Taraxacum brevicorniculatum, produce large amounts of high-quality natural rubber in their latex, the milky cytoplasm of specialized cells known as laticifers...
  51. doi Effect of the Synadenium carinatum latex lectin (ScLL) on Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis infection in murine macrophages
    Sandra R Afonso-Cardoso
    Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Avenida Pará 1720, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil
    Exp Parasitol 128:61-7. 2011
    Antiparasitic effect of a lectin isolated from Synadenium carinatum latex (ScLL) was evaluated against Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis promastigotes/amastigotes...
  52. doi Uptake, excretion and toxicity of nano-sized latex particles on medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos and larvae
    Masahiko Manabe
    Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Aquat Toxicol 105:576-81. 2011
    ..In this study, we investigated the effect of nano-sized, fluorescent, latex particles on the freshwater fish, medaka (Oryzias latipes)...
  53. ncbi Perioperative latex allergy
    R Bernardini
    San Giuseppe Hospital, Empoli, Florence, Italy
    Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 24:S55-60. 2011
    The prevalence of latex allergy varies greatly depending on the population studied and the methods used to detect sensitization...
  54. doi Lupeol, a triterpenoid isolated from Calotropis gigantea latex ameliorates the primary and secondary complications of FCA induced adjuvant disease in experimental rats
    Venkatesan Saratha
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600025, Tamilnadu, India
    Inflammopharmacology 20:27-37. 2012
    ..Calotropis gigantea is a xerophytic, latex producing medicinal plant widely distributed in nature...
  55. doi Proteomic analysis of latex from the rubber-producing plant Taraxacum brevicorniculatum
    Daniela Wahler
    Molecular Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany
    Proteomics 12:901-5. 2012
    Many plants produce latex, a specialized, metabolically active cytoplasm. This is generally regarded as a defensive trait but latex may also possess additional functions...
  56. doi Glycolipid composition of Hevea brasiliensis latex
    Siriluck Liengprayoon
    Montpellier SupAgro, UMR 1208 IATE, 2 place Viala, F 34060 Montpellier, France
    Phytochemistry 72:1902-13. 2011
    Glycolipids of fresh latex from three clones of Hevea brasiliensis were characterized and quantified by HPLC/ESI-MS. Their fatty acyl and sterol components were further confirmed by GC/MS after saponification...
  57. ncbi Latex sensitivity: an industrial hygiene perspective
    John E Reiter
    KISCO, Inc, Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin 53051, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 110:S121-8. 2002
    As a result of the increase in latex product manufacturing and use during the last 10 to 13 years, latex sensitivity has become an important health issue...
  58. doi Diagnostic value of specific IgE analysis in latex allergy
    Mehmet Unsel
    Division of Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 158:281-7. 2012
    The precision of the methods used to diagnose latex allergy is of great importance due to false-positive results. Neither the skin prick test (SPT) nor the latex-specific IgE assay has 100% diagnostic accuracy...
  59. pmc Characterization of rubber particles and rubber chain elongation in Taraxacum koksaghyz
    Thomas Schmidt
    Fraunhofer Institut für Molekularbiologie und Angewandte Ökologie, Forckenbeckstr, 6, 52074 Aachen, Germany
    BMC Biochem 11:11. 2010
    ..However, there is very little molecular data available for either the rubber polymer itself or its biosynthesis in T. koksaghyz...
  60. pmc Time and force dependence of the rupture of glycoprotein IIb-IIIa-fibrinogen bonds between latex spheres
    H L Goldsmith
    McGill University Medical Clinic, Montreal General Hospital Research Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biophys J 78:1195-206. 2000
    We studied the shear-induced breakup of doublets of aldehyde/sulfate (A/S) latex spheres covalently linked with purified platelet GPIIb-IIIa receptor, and cross-linked by fibrinogen...
  61. doi Sub-femtomolar electrochemical detection of DNA hybridization based on latex/gold nanoparticle-assisted signal amplification
    Suttiporn Pinijsuwan
    School of Bioresources and Technology, King Mongkut s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkhuntien, Bangkok 10150, Thailand
    Anal Chem 80:6779-84. 2008
    We report a relatively simple electrostatic method for modifying submicrometer-size latex spheres with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) based on layer-by-layer modification of the latex by polyelectrolytes...
  62. doi Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using latex from few Euphorbian plants and their antimicrobial potential
    Satish V Patil
    School of Life Sciences, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon, India
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 167:776-90. 2012
    ..This study is the first report of one-step solvent-free synthesis of AgNPs using Euphorbiaceae plant latex. Among evaluated eight latex-producing plants, four (Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pedilanthus ..
  63. pmc Calotropis procera latex extract affords protection against inflammation and oxidative stress in Freund's complete adjuvant-induced monoarthritis in rats
    Vijay L Kumar
    Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India
    Mediators Inflamm 2007:47523. 2007
    In view of the well-established anti-inflammatory properties of latex of Calotropis procera (DL), the present study was carried out to evaluate the protective effect of its methanol extract (MeDL) against inflammation and oxidative ..
  64. doi A molecular and in silico characterization of Hev b 4, a glycosylated latex allergen
    Adeel Malik
    Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India
    Int J Biol Macromol 42:185-90. 2008
    Hev b 4 is a heavily glycosylated latex allergen with seven attached N-glycans, comprising of both oligomannose and complex type structures...
  65. doi Component-resolved diagnosis from latex allergy by microarray
    D G Ebo
    Department of Immunology Allergology Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
    Clin Exp Allergy 40:348-58. 2010
    A positive specific IgE (sIgE) result for latex does not always mirror the clinical situation and is frequently found in individuals without overt latex allergy.
  66. ncbi Characterization of cross-reactive bell pepper allergens involved in the latex-fruit syndrome
    S Wagner
    Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Clin Exp Allergy 34:1739-46. 2004
    Between 30% and 50% of individuals who are allergic to latex products are also allergic to specific plant foods, a fact that is well documented as the latex-fruit syndrome...
  67. ncbi Percutaneous reactivity to natural rubber latex proteins persists in health-care workers following avoidance of natural rubber latex
    A M Smith
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy Immunology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Clin Exp Allergy 37:1349-56. 2007
    Long-term avoidance of natural rubber latex [Hevea brasiliensis (Hev b)] is currently recommended for health-care workers (HCWs) with established natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy...
  68. ncbi Exercise with latex sport bands represents a risk for latex allergic patients
    Eva Untersmayr
    Department of Pathophysiology, Center of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Immunol Lett 115:98-104. 2008
    Based on two clinical observations of adverse reactions during exercise with latex sport bands, we aimed to assess the possible risk for allergic patients posed by this equipment by investigating allergen content and IgE binding ..
  69. ncbi Purification and characterization of a 34-kDa, heat stable glycoprotein from Synadenium grantii latex: action on human fibrinogen and fibrin clot
    R Rajesh
    Department of Studies in Biochemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangothri, Mysore 570006, India
    Biochimie 88:1313-22. 2006
    b>Latex glycoprotein (LGP) from Synadenium grantii latex was purified by the combination of heat precipitation and gel permeation chromatography...
  70. ncbi In vitro neuronal cytotoxicity of latex and nonlatex orthodontic elastics
    Mark Hanson
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Dentistry, Marquette University, 561 N 15th Street, Room 426, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 126:65-70. 2004
    ..We evaluated the neurotoxicity of 3 latex and 3 nonlatex orthodontic elastics in murine cerebral cortical cell cultures...
  71. ncbi Efficacy of the male latex condom and of the female polyurethane condom as barriers to semen during intercourse: a randomized clinical trial
    Maurizio Macaluso
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:88-96. 2007
    In this 2000-2001 study, the authors compared the effectiveness of the male latex condom and the female polyurethane condom by assessing frequency and types of mechanical failure and by evaluating semen exposure during use...
  72. ncbi Isolated hevein-like domains, but not 31-kd endochitinases, are responsible for IgE-mediated in vitro and in vivo reactions in latex-fruit syndrome
    Piia Karisola
    Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 115:598-605. 2005
    Individuals with natural rubber latex allergy often have immediate reactions to plant-derived foods and fresh fruits, such as avocado and banana...
  73. doi Cysteine proteases from the Asclepiadaceae plants latex exhibited thrombin and plasmin like activities
    H V Shivaprasad
    Department of Studies in Biochemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangothri, Mysore, India
    J Thromb Thrombolysis 28:304-8. 2009
    In the present study we evaluated the presence of cysteine protease from the latex of four plants Asclepias curassavica L., Calotropis gigantea R.Br., Pergularia extensa R.Br. and Cynanchum puciflorum R.Br...
  74. ncbi A comparison of dynamic and static testing of latex and nonlatex orthodontic elastics
    Michael L Kersey
    Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Angle Orthod 73:181-6. 2003
    ..Samples of American Orthodontics' 0.25 inch, 4.5 oz (6.35 mm, 127.5 g) latex and nonlatex elastics were used and a sample size of 12 elastics per group was tested...
  75. ncbi Influence of ammonia and carbon dioxide on the sorption of a basic organic pollutant to carpet and latex-painted gypsum board
    Maneerat Ongwandee
    Missouri University of Science and Technology, MO, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:5415-20. 2008
    ..In contrast, NH3 decreases the surface capacity of both carpet and latex paint. Sorption of TMA to these indoor materials is primarily caused by interactions at one or more interfaces...
  76. ncbi [Consensus Document. Update on latex exposure and use of gloves in Italian health care settings]
    Michela Crippa
    Unità di Allergologia Occupazionale, Servizio di Medicina del Lavoro, Az Spedali Civili Brescia, Universita degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia
    Med Lav 99:387-99. 2008
    ..working group including occupational health professionals involved for many years in the management of glove- and latex-related problems in health care settings...
  77. ncbi Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of sublingual immunotherapy in patients with latex-induced urticaria: a 12-month study
    E Nettis
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Immunology and Infectious Deseases, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Br J Dermatol 156:674-81. 2007
    Natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy is a worldwide problem. Although prevention is sufficient to reduce sensitization, prolonged avoidance is needed to prevent resensitization or adverse reactions on re-exposure.
  78. ncbi Transformation of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) with antisense berberine bridge enzyme gene (anti-bbe) via somatic embryogenesis results in an altered ratio of alkaloids in latex but not in roots
    Susanne Frick
    Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry, Weinberg 3, D 06120 Halle Saale, Germany
    Transgenic Res 13:607-13. 2004
    ..The transgenic plants contained one additional copy of the transgene. The alkaloid content in latex and roots was determined with HPLC and LC-MS...
  79. ncbi Latex immunoturbidimetric assay for soluble fibrin complex
    Akiei Hamano
    Central Research Laboratory of Nissui Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Ibaraki 307 0036, Japan
    Clin Chem 51:183-8. 2005
    ..Its detection and quantification are useful for obtaining information about the condition and degree of intravascular coagulation in early-stage thrombosis, but there is no rapid method to measure SFC in plasma for clinical use...
  80. doi Toxicity of aqueous extract of Euphorbia tirucalli latex on catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis
    Abhishek Kumar
    Department of Zoology, D D U Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur 273009, India
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73:1671-3. 2010
    ..renewal acute toxicity test was performed to determine the LC(50) value of aqueous extract of Euphorbia tirucalli latex for the freshwater fish, Heteropneustes fossilis...
  81. ncbi Purification of Euphorbia characias latex peroxidase by calmodulin-affinity chromatography
    Francesca Pintus
    Department of Applied Sciences in Biosystems, University of Cagliari, Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy
    Ital J Biochem 56:1-5. 2007
    A new procedure to purify to homogeneity an Euphorbia characias latex peroxidase is performed employing a calmodulin-Sepharose column as affinity chromatography...
  82. ncbi Hevein-like protein domains as a possible cause for allergen cross-reactivity between latex and banana
    J H Mikkola
    National Public Health Institute, Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 102:1005-12. 1998
    Patients allergic to natural rubber latex (NRL) frequently exhibit immediate hypersensitivity reactions to banana, but the molecular basis of these putative cross-reactions is unknown.
  83. ncbi Role of lipid rafts in phagocytic uptake of polystyrene latex microspheres by macrophages
    Goshi Nagao
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba 278 8510, Japan
    Anticancer Res 30:3167-76. 2010
    ..Micro- and nanospheres have been used as carrier materials for effective delivery of drugs into macrophages via endocytosis including phagocytosis for the treatment of cancer and infections...
  84. doi Calcium ions and a secreted peroxidase in Euphorbia characias latex are made for each other
    Francesca Pintus
    Department of Applied Sciences in Biosystems, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
    Protein J 30:115-23. 2011
    This minireview deals of a protein, a class III secreted peroxidase, present as unique isoform in the latex of the perennial Mediterranean shrub Euphorbia characias...
  85. ncbi Natural rubber latex and chestnut allergy: cross-reactivity or co-sensitization?
    M Raulf-Heimsoth
    Research Institute of Occupational Medicine of the Berufsgenossenschaften BGFA, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Allergy 62:1277-81. 2007
    Chestnut and natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy are often associated in the latex-fruit syndrome.
  86. ncbi Orthodontic latex elastics: a force relaxation study
    Christiana Gioka
    Department of Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, University of Athens, 2 Thivon Street Goudi, Athens, GR 11527, Greece
    Angle Orthod 76:475-9. 2006
    The objectives of this study were to assess the force relaxation of latex elastics occurring within 24 hours of extension and to estimate the extension required to reach the reported force...
  87. ncbi Oxidation of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole in latex gloves and its possible haptenation pathway
    Itai Chipinda
    Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505 2888, USA
    Chem Res Toxicol 20:1084-92. 2007
    ..The data suggest that the critical functional group on MBT is the thiol, and haptenation is via the formation of mixed disulfides between the thiol group on MBT and a protein sulfhydryl group...
  88. ncbi In vitro assessment of the mechanical properties of latex and non-latex orthodontic elastics
    K A Russell
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 120:36-44. 2001
    The increased incidence of latex allergies has led to the development of non-latex orthodontic products. The purpose of this study was to compare the mechanical properties of latex and non-latex orthodontic elastics...
  89. ncbi Exposure to airborne methacrylates and natural rubber latex allergens in dental clinics
    M L Henriks-Eckerman
    Turku Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Turku, Finland
    J Environ Monit 3:302-5. 2001
    The exposure of dental personnel to airborne methacrylates and natural rubber latex (NRL) allergens was studied during placing of composite resin restorations in six dental clinics in Finland...
  90. doi Wound healing properties of Carica papaya latex: in vivo evaluation in mice burn model
    Shila Gurung
    The School of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, Pokhara University, P O Box 427, Dhungepatan, Lekhnath, Nepal
    J Ethnopharmacol 121:338-41. 2009
    ..Carica papaya is traditionally used to treat various skin disorders, including wounds. It is widely used in developing countries as an effective and readily available treatment of various wounds, particularly burns...
  91. doi Latex-induced occupational asthma: time trend in incidence and relationship with hospital glove policies
    O Vandenplas
    Fonds voor de Beroepsziekten Fonds des Maladies Professionnelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Allergy 64:415-20. 2009
    Natural rubber latex (NRL) has become as a major cause of occupational asthma (OA) in workers using NRL gloves...
  92. ncbi Evaluation of force degradation characteristics of orthodontic latex elastics in vitro and in vivo
    Tong Wang
    Key Laboratory for Oral Biomedical Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Orthodontics, Hospital and School of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Angle Orthod 77:688-93. 2007
    To evaluate the characteristics of force degradation of latex elastics in clinical applications and in vitro studies.
  93. doi Allergenicity of Hev b 13, a major esterase allergen in natural rubber latex (Hevea brasiliensis) allergy, does not only depend on its carbohydrate moiety
    Pierre Rouge
    Surfaces Cellulaires et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, UMR Université Paul Sabatier CNRS 5546, 24 Chemin de Borde Rouge, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
    Mol Immunol 47:871-7. 2010
    The three-dimensional model built for the major latex allergen Hev b 13 consists of the typical organization of plant esterases made of a central bundle of five parallel beta-strands surrounded by five alpha-helices associated to two ..
  94. ncbi Hydrogen production by photoreactive nanoporous latex coatings of nongrowing Rhodopseudomonas palustris CGA009
    Jimmy L Gosse
    Biotechnology Institute, 140 Gortner Laboratory, and Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, 1479 Gortner Avenue, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Biotechnol Prog 23:124-30. 2007
    ..0 x 108 CFU/muL formulation) nongrowing Rhodopseudomonas palustris CGA009 were immobilized in thin, nanoporous, latex coatings...
  95. doi Got milk? The secret life of laticifers
    Jillian M Hagel
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada
    Trends Plant Sci 13:631-9. 2008
    ..The classification of laticifers is based on developmental patterns and overall morphology. The cytoplasmic latex exuded in response to damage often includes specialized metabolites, such as cardenolides, alkaloids and natural ..
  96. ncbi Preliminary studies of Mammea americana L. (Guttiferae) bark/latex extract point to an effective antiulcer effect on gastric ulcer models in mice
    W Toma
    Department of Pharmacology, Medical School, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Phytomedicine 12:345-50. 2005
    ..These results suggest that the antiulcerogenic compound(s) present in M. americana may be clustered in the apolar fraction, which will be investigated by our group for the probable mechanisms of action...
  97. doi Size effects of latex nanomaterials on lung inflammation in mice
    Ken ichiro Inoue
    Environmental Health Sciences Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 234:68-76. 2009
    ..This study examined the effects of pulmonary exposure to (latex) nanomaterials on lung inflammation related to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or allergen in mice, especially in terms ..
  98. doi A stable serine protease, wrightin, from the latex of the plant Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R. Br.: purification and biochemical properties
    Ritu Tomar
    Molecular Biology Unit, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
    J Agric Food Chem 56:1479-87. 2008
    Today proteases have become an integral part of the food and feed industry, and plant latex could be a potential source of novel proteases with unique substrate specificities and biochemical properties...
  99. ncbi A convenient and efficient protocol for isolating high-quality RNA from latex of Hevea brasiliensis (para rubber tree)
    Chaorong Tang
    Key Lab of Ministry of Agriculture for Tropical Crops Physiology, Rubber Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, Hainan 571737, China
    J Biochem Biophys Methods 70:749-54. 2007
    Isolating high-quality RNA from latex of H. brasiliensis is a prerequisite to elucidating the molecular mechanisms of rubber biosynthesis and its regulation...
  100. ncbi Purification and characterization of the cysteine proteinases in the latex of Vasconcellea spp
    Tina Kyndt
    Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Belgium
    FEBS J 274:451-62. 2007
    b>Latex of all Vasconcellea species analyzed to date exhibits higher proteolytic amidase activities, generally attributed to cysteine proteinases, than the latex of Carica papaya...
  101. pmc Mulberry latex rich in antidiabetic sugar-mimic alkaloids forces dieting on caterpillars
    Kotaro Konno
    National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 1 2 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8634, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:1337-41. 2006
    ..mori, because of the ingredients of the latex, a milky sap exuded from mulberry leaf veins...

Research Grants71

  1. Antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antispore paints
    YUYU contact SUN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl acrylate (Cl-TMPA), will be polymerized to produce polymeric N-halamine latex emulsions...
  2. Keratinocyte Costimulation and Th2-Cell Immune Deviation
    Anthony Gaspari; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..is highly relevant to the understanding of development of type I allergic responses to haptens, natural rubber latex (NRL)-containing medical devices, and atopic diseases in general...
  3. Keratinocyte Costimulation and Th2-Cell Immune Deviation
    Anthony Gaspari; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is highly relevant to the understanding of development of type I allergic responses to haptens, natural rubber latex (NRL)-containing medical devices, and atopic diseases in general...
  4. Novel Topical Treatment of Eczema
    Bakul Bhatt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..on the skin and deter hand washing, and also provide a route for skin sensitization to natural rubber latex proteins...
  5. The Roles of Conserved outer-membrane proteins in SFG rickettsia pathogenesis
    Juan J Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..coli, purified proteins and protein coupled latex beads...
  6. IMMUNOPROBES FOR LUBRICIN FROM HUMAN SYNOVIAL FLUID
    Gregory Jay; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An arthrotripsometer composed of latex oscillating against glass employed by the PI reproduced critical findings of previous studies using cartilage ..
  7. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF INFECTION WITH M TUBERCULOSIS
    Lee Riley; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..tuberculosis that promoted uptake of latex microspheres coated with the protein into nonphagocytic cells...
  8. Rapid Test for Monitoring Dust Mite Avoidance in Homes
    Martin Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Lateral flow technology will enable tests for food and latex allergens to be developed, as well as a new generation of rapid allergen diagnostic tests using genetically ..
  9. MOLECULAR TARGETS OF CMI IN TYPE I DIABETES
    John Hutton; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This assay may be modified by use of latex beads to immobilize antigen and enhance the sensitivity of the proliferative response...
  10. IMMUNOTHERAPY FOR LATEX RUBBER ALLERGY
    N Adkinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of the rubber tree has become a major occupational hazard of health care workers and some patients with frequent latex rubber exposures. Between 2.2 and 10...
  11. ENGINEERING INTEGRIN--MEDIATED CELL MIGRATION
    Douglas Lauffenburger; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An optical trap assay that employs integrin antibodies (anti-aIIbb3 or anti-a5) chemically conjugated to latex beads will be used to measure the front-vs-rear asymmetry in integrin/cytoskeleton linkage in CHO cells with ..
  12. A validated asthma questionnaire for healthcare workers
    George Delclos; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..exposures risk factors (RAST IgE-specific antibody panel against common environmental aeroallergens and latex)...