elastomers

Summary

Summary: A generic term for all substances having the properties of natural, reclaimed, vulcanized, or synthetic rubber, in that they stretch under tension, have a high tensile strength, retract rapidly, and recover their original dimensions fully.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A tough biodegradable elastomer
    Yadong Wang
    Department of Chemical Engineering, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 20:602-6. 2002
  2. ncbi Remotely actuated polymer nanocomposites--stress-recovery of carbon-nanotube-filled thermoplastic elastomers
    Hilmar Koerner
    Nonmetallic Materials Division, University of Dayton Research Institute, 300 College Park Ave, Dayton, Ohio 45469, USA
    Nat Mater 3:115-20. 2004
  3. doi Mechanical behavior of facial prosthetic elastomers after outdoor weathering
    P N Eleni
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, Hroon Polytexneiou 9, 15780 Athens, Greece
    Dent Mater 25:1493-502. 2009
  4. ncbi In vivo comparison of force decay between injection molded and die-cut stamped elastomers
    Jose A Bousquet
    Department of Occlusion and Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 129:384-9. 2006
  5. ncbi Fluoridated elastomers: effect on the microbiology of plaque
    Philip E Benson
    School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 126:325-30. 2004
  6. ncbi In vivo degradation behavior of photo-cross-linked star-poly(epsilon-caprolactone-co-D,L-lactide) elastomers
    Brian G Amsden
    Departments of Chemical Engineering and of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Biomacromolecules 7:365-72. 2006
  7. doi Evaluation of biocompatibility and mechanical behavior of polyurethane elastomers based on chitin/1,4-butane diol blends
    Khalid Mahmood Zia
    Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    Int J Biol Macromol 44:18-22. 2009
  8. ncbi Biomedical application of commercial polymers and novel polyisobutylene-based thermoplastic elastomers for soft tissue replacement
    Judit E Puskas
    Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B9
    Biomacromolecules 5:1141-54. 2004
  9. pmc In vivo performance of a phospholipid-coated bioerodable elastomeric graft for small-diameter vascular applications
    Lorenzo Soletti
    Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219, USA
    J Biomed Mater Res A 96:436-48. 2011
  10. doi Liquid crystalline elastomers as actuators and sensors
    Christian Ohm
    University Mainz, Germany
    Adv Mater 22:3366-87. 2010

Detail Information

Publications202 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A tough biodegradable elastomer
    Yadong Wang
    Department of Chemical Engineering, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 20:602-6. 2002
    ..In vitro and in vivo studies show that the polymer has good biocompatibility. Polymer implants under animal skin are absorbed completely within 60 days with restoration of the implantation sites to their normal architecture...
  2. ncbi Remotely actuated polymer nanocomposites--stress-recovery of carbon-nanotube-filled thermoplastic elastomers
    Hilmar Koerner
    Nonmetallic Materials Division, University of Dayton Research Institute, 300 College Park Ave, Dayton, Ohio 45469, USA
    Nat Mater 3:115-20. 2004
    ....
  3. doi Mechanical behavior of facial prosthetic elastomers after outdoor weathering
    P N Eleni
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, Hroon Polytexneiou 9, 15780 Athens, Greece
    Dent Mater 25:1493-502. 2009
    The degradation of maxillofacial prosthetic elastomers that occurs during physical weathering is usually responsible for the replacement of prostheses...
  4. ncbi In vivo comparison of force decay between injection molded and die-cut stamped elastomers
    Jose A Bousquet
    Department of Occlusion and Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 129:384-9. 2006
    ..The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to determine whether elastomeric chains made by different fabrication procedures have different force-decay levels...
  5. ncbi Fluoridated elastomers: effect on the microbiology of plaque
    Philip E Benson
    School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 126:325-30. 2004
    ..The study consisted of 2 experimental periods of 6 weeks with a washout period between. Fluoridated elastomers were randomly allocated at the first visit to be placed around brackets on tooth numbers 12, 11, 33 or 22, 21, ..
  6. ncbi In vivo degradation behavior of photo-cross-linked star-poly(epsilon-caprolactone-co-D,L-lactide) elastomers
    Brian G Amsden
    Departments of Chemical Engineering and of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Biomacromolecules 7:365-72. 2006
    We have recently reported on the preparation of biodegradable elastomers through photo-cross-linking acrylated star-poly(epsilon-caprolactone-co-D,L-lactide)...
  7. doi Evaluation of biocompatibility and mechanical behavior of polyurethane elastomers based on chitin/1,4-butane diol blends
    Khalid Mahmood Zia
    Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    Int J Biol Macromol 44:18-22. 2009
    Chitin based polyurethane elastomers with potential as biomedical implants with tunable mechanical properties were synthesized by step growth polymerization techniques using poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and 4,4'-diphenylmethane ..
  8. ncbi Biomedical application of commercial polymers and novel polyisobutylene-based thermoplastic elastomers for soft tissue replacement
    Judit E Puskas
    Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B9
    Biomacromolecules 5:1141-54. 2004
    Novel polyisobutylene-based thermoplastic elastomers are introduced as prospective implant materials for soft tissue replacement and reconstruction...
  9. pmc In vivo performance of a phospholipid-coated bioerodable elastomeric graft for small-diameter vascular applications
    Lorenzo Soletti
    Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219, USA
    J Biomed Mater Res A 96:436-48. 2011
    ..Further evaluation in vivo will be required to demonstrate complete remodeling of the graft into a native-like artery...
  10. doi Liquid crystalline elastomers as actuators and sensors
    Christian Ohm
    University Mainz, Germany
    Adv Mater 22:3366-87. 2010
    This review collects recent developments in the field of liquid crystalline elastomers (LCEs) with an emphasis on their use for actuator and sensor applications...
  11. pmc Comparative structures and properties of elastic proteins
    Arthur S Tatham
    Institute of Arable Crops Research, Long Ashton Research Station, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS41 9AF, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:229-34. 2002
    ..The mechanism of elasticity varies between the different proteins and appears to be related to the biological role of the protein...
  12. doi Biodegradable elastomers for tissue engineering and cell-biomaterial interactions
    Christopher J Bettinger
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, USA
    Macromol Biosci 11:467-82. 2011
    ..This review describes several classes of synthetic biodegradable elastomers and associated fabrication techniques that are relevant to scaffold development...
  13. pmc Amino alcohol-based degradable poly(ester amide) elastomers
    Christopher J Bettinger
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room E25 342, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Biomaterials 29:2315-25. 2008
    Currently available synthetic biodegradable elastomers are primarily composed of crosslinked aliphatic polyesters, which suffer from deficiencies including (1) high crosslink densities, which results in exceedingly high stiffness, (2) ..
  14. ncbi Long-term in vivo biostability of poly(dimethylsiloxane)/poly(hexamethylene oxide) mixed macrodiol-based polyurethane elastomers
    Anne Simmons
    Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Biomaterials 25:4887-900. 2004
    ..The results indicate that a soft, flexible PDMS-based polyurethane synthesized using 20% PHMO and 80% PDMS macrodiols has excellent long-term biostability compared with commercially available polyurethanes...
  15. doi Combined and sequential delivery of bioactive VEGF165 and HGF from poly(trimethylene carbonate) based photo-cross-linked elastomers
    R Chapanian
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Control Release 143:53-63. 2010
    The ability of trimethylene carbonate (TMC) based elastomers to release bioactive vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF(165)) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) separately and in combined and sequential fashions using an osmotic ..
  16. pmc Synthesis and characterization of photocurable elastomers from poly(glycerol-co-sebacate)
    Christiaan L E Nijst
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Harvard MIT Division of Health Science and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Biomacromolecules 8:3067-73. 2007
    ..These photocurable degradable elastomers could have potential application for the encapsulation of temperature-sensitive factors and cells for tissue ..
  17. ncbi Characterization of supported membranes on topographically patterned polymeric elastomers and their applications to microcontact printing
    Annapoorna R Sapuri-Butti
    Department of Applied Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Langmuir 23:12645-54. 2007
    ..Taken together, the study sheds light on the structuring of lipid inks on PDMS elastomers and provides clues regarding the mechanism of bilayer transfer...
  18. ncbi Lipase-catalyzed synthesis and properties of poly[(12-hydroxydodecanoate)-co-(12-hydroxystearate)] directed towards novel green and sustainable elastomers
    Hiroki Ebata
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3 14 1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku Ku, Yokohama, Japan
    Macromol Biosci 8:38-45. 2008
    Novel green and sustainable elastomers having both good biodegradability and chemical recyclability properties were designed and synthesized using potentially biobased materials and lipase as an environmentally benign catalyst...
  19. ncbi Designing biodegradable multiblock PCL/PLA thermoplastic elastomers
    D Cohn
    Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Gival Ram Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Biomaterials 26:2297-305. 2005
    ..The longer the PLA block, the slower the in vitro degradation of the material, with all copolymers degrading faster than the respective homopolymers...
  20. ncbi Elastomer implants in faecal incontinence: a blind, randomized placebo-controlled study
    L Siproudhis
    Service des Maladies de l Appareil digestif, CHU Pontchaillou, Rennes, France
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 25:1125-32. 2007
    ..To test efficacy and safety of polydimethylsiloxane elastomer implants, a silicone biomaterial, in patients with severe faecal incontinence related to an impaired internal anal sphincter...
  21. ncbi Biodegradable polyester elastomers in tissue engineering
    Antonio R Webb
    Northwestern University, Biomedical Engineering Department, 2145 Sheridan Rd, Room E310, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Expert Opin Biol Ther 4:801-12. 2004
    ..This review will cover the latest advances in the development of biodegradable polyester elastomers for use as scaffolds to engineer tissues, such as heart valves and blood vessels.
  22. doi Surface characteristics of chitin-based shape memory polyurethane elastomers
    Khalid Mahmood Zia
    Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 72:248-52. 2009
    ..The interactions of the PU films with solvents on the surface were clearly related to the contents of DMPA and chitin in the final polyurethane formulation...
  23. pmc Development of biodegradable crosslinked urethane-doped polyester elastomers
    Jagannath Dey
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    Biomaterials 29:4637-49. 2008
    Traditional crosslinked polyester elastomers are inherently weak, and the strategy of increasing crosslink density to improve their mechanical properties makes them brittle materials...
  24. doi Biodegradable and radically polymerized elastomers with enhanced processing capabilities
    Jamie L Ifkovits
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Biomed Mater 3:034104. 2008
    ..Although others have developed biodegradable elastomers, they are restricted by their processing at high temperatures and under vacuum, which limits their fabrication ..
  25. pmc Hybrid nanofibrous scaffolds from electrospinning of a synthetic biodegradable elastomer and urinary bladder matrix
    John J Stankus
    Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 1249 Benedum Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Biomater Sci Polym Ed 19:635-52. 2008
    ..Electrospun UBM/PEUU combined the attractive bioactivity and mechanical features of its individual components to result in scaffolds with considerable potential for soft tissue engineering applications...
  26. pmc Biodegradable fibrous scaffolds with tunable properties formed from photo-cross-linkable poly(glycerol sebacate)
    Jamie L Ifkovits
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 1:1878-86. 2009
    ..In summary, these diverse scaffolds with tailorable chemical, structural, mechanical, and degradation properties are potentially useful for the engineering of a wide range of soft tissues...
  27. ncbi Textured polydimethylsiloxane elastomers in the human larynx: safety and efficiency of use
    C Sittel
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cologne, Germany
    J Biomed Mater Res 53:646-50. 2000
    ..Their use is a valuable and safe alternative when a definitive one-step procedure seems advantageous. However, further studies are needed to assess voice improvement in comparison to other materials...
  28. ncbi Effect of opacifiers on color stability of pigmented maxillofacial silicone A-2186 subjected to artificial aging
    Sudarat Kiat-Amnuay
    Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials, The University of Texas, Houston Health Science Center, Dental Branch, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Prosthodont 11:109-16. 2002
    ..was designed to determine the effect of opacifiers used at different ratios on the color stability of pigmented A-2186 silicone maxillofacial elastomers and to evaluate the color spectrophotometrically before and after artificial aging.
  29. ncbi Viscoelastic and mechanical behavior of recombinant protein elastomers
    Karthik Nagapudi
    Department of Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Biomaterials 26:4695-706. 2005
    ..All told, the range of properties exhibited by this new class of protein triblock copolymer in combination with their easy processability suggests potential utility in a variety of soft prosthetic and tissue engineering applications...
  30. ncbi Synthesis and evaluation of poly(diol citrate) biodegradable elastomers
    Jian Yang
    Biomedical Engineering Department, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Biomaterials 27:1889-98. 2006
    ..The introduction of poly(diol citrates) will expand the repertoire of currently available biodegradable polymeric elastomers and should help meet the requirements of tissue engineering applications.
  31. pmc Biological liquid crystal elastomers
    David P Knight
    Zoology Department, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:155-63. 2002
    Liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs) have recently been described as a new class of matter...
  32. ncbi Biodegradable poly(ether ester urethane)urea elastomers based on poly(ether ester) triblock copolymers and putrescine: synthesis, characterization and cytocompatibility
    Jianjun Guan
    McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 100 Technology Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
    Biomaterials 25:85-96. 2004
    ..Toward this end a series of biodegradable poly(ether ester urethane)urea elastomers (PEEUUs) based on poly(ether ester) triblock copolymers were synthesized and characterized...
  33. pmc A live bioprobe for studying diatom-surface interactions
    Fernando Teran Arce
    Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
    Biophys J 87:4284-97. 2004
    ..A statistical analysis of force curves was carried out and the average values of works of detachment of a diatom from Intersleek and mica surfaces were determined...
  34. ncbi Oxidative and hydrolytic stability of a novel acrylic terpolymer for biomedical applications
    Anka N Veleva
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    J Biomed Mater Res A 74:117-23. 2005
    ..The results from this study indicate excellent biostability of HMA-MMA-MAA terpolymers and thus their potential for use in biomedical devices for long-term implantation...
  35. ncbi Alterations in physical cross-linking modulate mechanical properties of two-phase protein polymer networks
    Xiaoyi Wu
    Department of Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    Biomacromolecules 6:3037-44. 2005
    ..Thus, two-phase protein polymer networks exhibit tunable responses that extend the range of application of these materials to a variety of tissue engineering applications...
  36. ncbi Effects of prestretching on force degradation of synthetic elastomeric chains
    Kyung Ho Kim
    Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 128:477-82. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of prestretching on time-dependant force decay of synthetic elastomeric chains...
  37. ncbi Poly (ricinoleic acid) based novel thermosetting elastomer
    Hiroki Ebata
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan
    J Oleo Sci 57:315-20. 2008
    ..91 MPa and an elongation at break of 350%...
  38. ncbi Mechanical properties and remodeling of hybrid cardiac constructs made from heart cells, fibrin, and biodegradable, elastomeric knitted fabric
    Jan Boublik
    Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Center for Space Research, and Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 02139, USA
    Tissue Eng 11:1122-32. 2005
    ..Together, the data showed that hybrid cardiac constructs initially exhibited supraphysiologic UTS, epsilon(f), and E, and remodeled in response to serum and stretch in vitro and in an ectopic in vivo model...
  39. ncbi Hydrogel-elastomer composite biomaterials: 3. Effects of gelatin molecular weight and type on the preparation and physical properties of interpenetrating polymer networks
    Henry T Peng
    Defence Research and Development Canada Toronto, 1133 Sheppard Avenue West, P O Box 2000, Toronto, ON, Canada M3M 3B9
    J Mater Sci Mater Med 19:997-1007. 2008
    ....
  40. ncbi Orthodontic treatment with preadjusted appliances and low-friction ligatures: experimental evidence and clinical observations
    Tiziano Baccetti
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    World J Orthod 9:7-13. 2008
    ..To describe the features of low-friction ligatures during the leveling and aligning phase of fixed appliance therapy with preadjusted brackets...
  41. ncbi Advances in fixed appliance orthodontics
    L Currie
    Orthodontic Department, Birmingham Dental School
    Dent Update 31:463-4, 466-8, 471. 2004
    ..These have resulted in improved efficiency, convenience and simplicity in using fixed appliance orthodontics. This article is intended to be an update in these advances over the last 10 years...
  42. ncbi Multielectrode arrays with elastomeric microstructured overlays for extracellular recordings from patterned neurons
    E Claverol-Tinture
    Department of Electronics, Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain
    J Neural Eng 2:L1-7. 2005
    ..The combination of replica moulding, rapid prototyping and planar MEAs results in low-cost neurochips accessible to most neurophysiology labs. Single neuron patterning and recordings of extracellular potentials are demonstrated...
  43. ncbi On the feasibility of elastic wave visualization within polymeric solids using magnetic resonance elastography
    Anthony J Romano
    Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 116:125-32. 2004
    ..Based on these considerations, the MRE technique is modified in a straightforward manner and used to directly visualize shear wave displacements within two polymeric materials, one of which is relatively stiff...
  44. ncbi A new biodegradable polyester elastomer for cartilage tissue engineering
    Yong Kang
    Biomedical Engineering Department, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    J Biomed Mater Res A 77:331-9. 2006
    ..Histology/immunohistochemistry evaluations confirm that chondrocytes were able to attach to the pore walls within the scaffold, maintain cell phenotype, and form a cartilaginous tissue during the 28 days of culture...
  45. ncbi Experimental evaluation of latex-free orthodontic elastics' behaviour in dynamics
    Paola Gandini
    University of Pisa, Department of Orthodontics, Pisa, Italy
    Prog Orthod 8:88-99. 2007
    ..Thereafter, the nonlatex elastics lost a larger force (p < .01). The test results suggest that latex-free elastics must be replaced more frequently than conventional latex elastics...
  46. ncbi Working time of elastomeric impression materials: relevance of rheological tests
    Markus Balkenhol
    Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Am J Dent 20:347-52. 2007
    ..To study possible relationships between rheological parameters of elastomeric impression materials and their dimensional accuracy at different stages during setting within the manufacturers' recommended working time...
  47. doi Forces in the presence of ceramic versus stainless steel brackets with unconventional vs conventional ligatures
    Tiziano Baccetti
    Department of Orthodontics, The University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Angle Orthod 78:120-4. 2008
    ....
  48. doi Surface detail reproduction of elastomeric impression materials related to rheological properties
    Matthew J German
    School of Dental Sciences, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Dent Mater 24:951-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this work was to discern, for elastomeric impression materials, the important rheological properties and importance of hydrophilicity for detail reproduction...
  49. ncbi Hydrogel-elastomer composite biomaterials: 4. Experimental optimization of hydrogel-elastomer composite fibers for use as a wound dressing
    Henry T Peng
    Defence Research and Development Canada Toronto, 1133 Sheppard Avenue West, Toronto, ON, Canada M3M 3B9
    J Mater Sci Mater Med 19:1803-13. 2008
    ..These results, taken together with our previous studies, suggest that our biomaterial would provide a combination of mechanical and swelling properties suitable for wound dressing applications...
  50. ncbi Effect of disinfecting solutions on the mechanical properties of orthodontic elastomeric ligatures
    Maylani B Evangelista
    Dental Biomaterials, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1881, USA
    Angle Orthod 77:681-7. 2007
    ..To assess the effect extended exposure to disinfectant solutions has on the tensile load at failure and glass transition temperature (T(g)) of orthodontic elastomeric ligatures...
  51. ncbi Buffing dust as a filler of carboxylated butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber and butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber
    K Chronska
    Technical University of Lodz, Institute of Polymers, 90 924 Lodz, ul Stefanowskiego 12 16, Poland
    J Hazard Mater 151:348-55. 2008
    ..scientific literature rarely reports studies on dust management, especially on its utilization as a filler for elastomers. In this connection we have made an attempt to use this leather waste as a filler for rubbers such as XNBR and ..
  52. ncbi Seamless tubular poly(glycerol sebacate) scaffolds: high-yield fabrication and potential applications
    Peter M Crapo
    Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    J Biomed Mater Res A 86:354-63. 2008
    ..When seeded with smooth muscle cells in a bioreactor, the optimized scaffolds retained 74% of cells, which proliferated and formed a confluent cellular layer after 21 days of in vitro culture...
  53. ncbi The effect of ligation on the load deflection characteristics of nickel titanium orthodontic wire
    Shugo Kasuya
    Department of Orthodontic, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine, Yokohama, Japan
    Eur J Orthod 29:578-82. 2007
    ..NiTi wire exhibited the majority of its true superelasticity with SL, whereas EL may act as a restraint on its superelasticity...
  54. ncbi Preparation and bioactivity of novel multiblock thermoplastic elastomer/tricalcium phosphate composites
    M el Fray
    Szczecin University of Technology, Polymer Institute, Szczecin, Poland
    J Mater Sci Mater Med 18:501-6. 2007
    ..In vitro investigations demonstrated an increase in cytocompatibility with increasing amount of beta-TCP up to 20 vol%...
  55. ncbi Biodegradable, elastic shape-memory polymers for potential biomedical applications
    Andreas Lendlein
    mnemoScience GmbH, Pauwelsstrabetae 19, D 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Science 296:1673-6. 2002
    ..A smart degradable suture was created to illustrate the potential of these shape-memory thermoplastics in biomedical applications...
  56. ncbi Influence of surface modification on friction coefficient of the titanium-elastomer couple
    Wiesław Chladek
    Department of Process Modelling and Medical Engineering, Faculty of Materials Science and Metallurgy, Silesian University of Technology, ul Krasinskiego 8, 40 019 Katowice, Poland
    Acta Bioeng Biomech 9:17-25. 2007
    ..The study carried out allows us to identify the roughness parameters, which in turn will enable obtaining the prescribed retention force for friction/membrane couplings...
  57. doi In vitro frictional forces generated by three different ligation methods
    Paola Gandini
    Department of Orthodontics, the University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    Angle Orthod 78:917-21. 2008
    ..To test the hypothesis that there is no difference between the frictional forces produced by a passive self-ligating bracket (SLB) in vitro and a conventional bracket (CB) used with two types of elastomeric ligatures...
  58. ncbi Mechanically tunable three-dimensional elastomeric network/air structures via interference lithography
    Ji Hyun Jang
    Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nano Lett 6:740-3. 2006
    ..Brillouin light scattering (BLS) was employed to measure phononic modes of the structure as a function of mechanical strain. The results demonstrate that the phononic band diagram of such structures can be tuned mechanically...
  59. ncbi Resilient bioresorbable copolymers based on trimethylene carbonate, L-lactide, and 1,5-dioxepan-2-one
    Natalia Andronova
    Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Chemistry Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    Biomacromolecules 7:1489-95. 2006
    ..Thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) of trimethylene carbonate (TMC) with L-lactide (LLA) and 1,5-dioxepan-2-one (DXO) have been synthesized ..
  60. ncbi Confinement-induced instability and adhesive failure between dissimilar thin elastic films
    J Y Chung
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA
    Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 20:47-53. 2006
    ..Understanding the nature of this instability is important, as it affects the adhesive compliance of the system and thus the energy release rate in the debonding of soft interfaces...
  61. ncbi Maxillary arch changes during leveling and aligning with fixed appliances and low-friction ligatures
    Lorenzo Franchi
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 130:88-91. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the transverse dimension and the perimeter of the maxillary arch produced by a low-friction system during the leveling and aligning phases of fixed appliance therapy...
  62. ncbi Study of micro and nano surface structures from UV irradiated urethane/urea elastomers
    M H Godinho
    Department de Ciência dos Materiais and CENIMAT, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829 516 Caparica, Portugal
    Biomol Eng 24:97-101. 2007
    ..Between 26 and 31 h exposure time a leap in both values, peak-to-valley and Ra, was observed. The sudden increase in these values is correlated to fabrication of wrinkles by uniaxially stretching PU/PBDO elastomer films...
  63. doi Fatigue failure of as-received and retrieved NiTi orthodontic archwires
    C Bourauel
    Cendres Métaux Endowed Chair of Oral Technology, School of Dentistry, Bonn University, Germany
    Dent Mater 24:1095-101. 2008
    ..To investigate the fracture resistance of as-received and retrieved NiTi archwires...
  64. ncbi The influence of ligation on frictional resistance to sliding during repeated displacement
    Nathawut Sirisaowaluk
    School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Aust Orthod J 22:141-6. 2006
    ..To determine if the type of ligation influences the frictional resistance between stainless steel wire and brackets when the wire is subjected to repeated vertical displacements...
  65. ncbi Mimicking a Stenocara beetle's back for microcondensation using plasmachemical patterned superhydrophobic-superhydrophilic surfaces
    R P Garrod
    Department of Chemistry, Science Laboratories, Durham University, Durham, England, U K
    Langmuir 23:689-93. 2007
    ..Potential applications include fog harvesting, microfluidics, and biomolecule immobilization...
  66. ncbi Optimising medical elastomer performance
    Lecon Woo
    Baxter Healthcare, Round Lake, Illinois 60073 0490, USA
    Med Device Technol 15:12-6. 2004
    ....
  67. ncbi Analytical modelling of the elastomeric layer in soft layer hip replacements
    A Strozzi
    Dept Scienze dell Ingegneria, Faculty of Engineering, University of Modena, Italy
    Proc Inst Mech Eng H 214:69-81. 2000
    ....
  68. pmc Ultrafast excited-state dynamics of nanoscale near-infrared emissive polymersomes
    Timothy V Duncan
    Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 130:9773-84. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi Effects of ligation type and method on the resistance to sliding of novel orthodontic brackets with second-order angulation in the dry and wet states
    Glenys A Thorstenson
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Angle Orthod 73:418-30. 2003
    ..Thus, these different ligation types and methods only affected the classical frictional component of RS in the passive configuration...
  70. ncbi Synthesis and characterization of elastic PLGA/PCL/PLGA tri-block copolymers
    Seung Ho Choi
    Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon 305 701, South Korea
    J Biomater Sci Polym Ed 13:1163-73. 2002
    ..0 and 19.8 MPa) and showed controllable degradability over a 2-month period depending on the monomer composition...
  71. ncbi The effect of ligation method on friction in sliding mechanics
    Max Hain
    Orthodontic Unit, School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 123:416-22. 2003
    ..Loosely tied stainless steel ligatures were found to generate the least friction...
  72. ncbi An evaluation of elastomeric impression materials based on surface compressive strength
    K Omori
    Department of Dental Materials Science, Kagoshima University Dental School, Kagoshima, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 28:320-7. 2001
    ..At 450 s from the setting time of all materials, there was an adequate correlation (r = 0.84) between measured values and theoretical values derived using the theory of elasticity...
  73. ncbi Giant hexagonal superstructures in diblock-copolymer membranes
    Christopher K Haluska
    Max Planck Institut fur Kolloid und Grenzflachenforschung, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm, Germany
    Phys Rev Lett 89:238302. 2002
    ..Experimentally found shape classes are identified within a theoretical phase diagram based on the bending energy of the polymer membrane. Pronounced morphological changes could be induced and controlled by temperature...
  74. ncbi Strength decay of orthodontic elastomeric ligatures
    T V Lam
    University of Queensland, Australia
    J Orthod 29:37-43. 2002
    ..To evaluate, over a 12-week period, the tensile strength (TS) and extension to TS of elastomeric ligatures (both clear and coloured) obtained from two companies...
  75. ncbi Archwire seating forces produced by different ligation methods and their effect on frictional resistance
    Balvinder Khambay
    Unit of Orthodontics, Glasgow Dental School, 378 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow G2 3JZ, Scotland, UK
    Eur J Orthod 27:302-8. 2005
    ..01). The force with which the wire was seated into the bracket did not seem to be related to the subsequent amount of mean frictional force produced...
  76. ncbi Characterization of electrochemically deposited polypyrrole using magnetoelastic material transduction elements
    Arzu Ersöz
    Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0055, USA
    Anal Chem 74:4050-3. 2002
    ..Increases in pyrrole deposition correlated with a decrease in the peak resonance frequency of the magnetoelastic alloy. This technique provides a novel approach by which one can monitor electrochemical processes...
  77. ncbi Properties of elastomeric calcium phosphate cement-chitosan composites
    Shozo Takagi
    American Dental Association Health Foundation, Paffenbarger Research Center, Polymers Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 USA
    Dent Mater 19:797-804. 2003
    ..For some applications it is desirable to have CPC in a non-rigid resorbable elastomeric matrix. In the present study, chitosan was evaluated as the matrix for preparing CPC-chitosan composites...
  78. ncbi Effect of silica nanoparticles on reinforcement of poly(phenylene ether) based thermoplastic elastomer
    Samik Gupta
    GE India Technology Centre, EPIP Phase II, Whitefield Road, Bangalore 560066, India
    J Nanosci Nanotechnol 8:2114-26. 2008
    ..This extensive study also provided an in-depth conceptual understanding of the PPE based TPE behavior upon reinforcement with silica nanoparticles and silica sol-gel precursors and the effect of reinforcement on recycling behavior...
  79. doi Commentary. Tear strength of five elastomeric impression materials at two setting times and two tearing rates
    John M Powers
    Dental Consultants Inc, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Esthet Restor Dent 20:194. 2008
  80. doi An ex vivo laboratory study to determine the static frictional resistance of a variable ligation orthodontic bracket system
    Joanna E Haskova
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, London, UK
    J Orthod 35:112-8; discussion 110. 2008
    ..To determine the effects of static frictional resistance on varying the ligation technique in a Delta Force bracket system (Ortho Organizers Ltd, Hampton, UK) and using increasing degrees of bracket/archwire angulation to simulate binding...
  81. ncbi [Development of artificial disc nucleus materials (semicrystalline polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel elastomers)]
    Zhengqiu Gu
    School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
    Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi 21:347-9. 2004
    For the purpose of developing of disc nucleus replacement (semicrystalline PVA hydrogel elastomers) and explorating the possibility of clinical application, in this study,the aqueous PVA solution froze at -20 degrees C for 6-12 h, and ..
  82. ncbi Synthesis, characterization and in vitro degradation of a biodegradable elastomer
    H M Younes
    Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2N8
    Biomaterials 25:5261-9. 2004
    ..The elastomers had very low glass transitions (-32 degrees C), sol contents ranging from 17% to 37%, and were soft and weak ..
  83. doi Tear strength of five elastomeric impression materials at two setting times and two tearing rates
    Nathaniel C Lawson
    School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35295 0007, USA
    J Esthet Restor Dent 20:186-93. 2008
    ..This study measures the tear strength of six fast and regular set impression materials after different setting times and at different tearing rates...
  84. ncbi Hemocompatibilty of new ionic polyurethanes: influence of carboxylic group insertion modes
    L Poussard
    UMR 6522 Polymères Biopolymères Membranes, L2M, INSA de Rouen, Mont Saint Aignan cedex 76131, France
    Biomaterials 25:3473-83. 2004
    ..On the contrary, no platelet morphology changes were observed on the S-alpha ionic surfaces. In conclusion, insertion of carboxyl groups on the soft segments of PUs reduces their thrombogenicity...
  85. ncbi Materials-induced variation in the torque expression of preadjusted appliances
    Christiana Gioka
    Biomaterials Laboratory, Section of Basic Sciences and Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 125:323-8. 2004
    ..Based on the evidence available, it is proposed that a high-torque prescription should be selected to account for the lack of full expression of the prescribed torque that occurs clinically...
  86. ncbi From supramolecular polymersomes to stimuli-responsive nano-capsules based on poly(diene-b-peptide) diblock copolymers
    F Chécot
    Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymeres Organiques, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie et Physique de Bordeaux, Universite Bordeaux 1, 16 Avenue Pey Berland, 33607 Pessac, France
    Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 10:25-35. 2003
    ....
  87. ncbi Effects of cyclic loading on viscoelastic properties of soft lining materials
    Gaku Muraoka
    Department of Masticatory Function Rehabilitation, Advanced Biomaterials, Department of Restorative Science Division of Oral Health Science, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University 1 5 45 Yushima Bunkyo ku Tokyo 113 8549, Japan
    Dent Mater J 22:251-61. 2003
    ..The cyclic loading affected mainly delayed deformations. Therefore, cyclic loading was a useful method for evaluating the durability of soft lining material...
  88. ncbi Tensile properties of orthodontic elastomeric chains
    T Eliades
    Biomaterials Science Unit, Dental School, University of Manchester, UK
    Eur J Orthod 26:157-62. 2004
    ..Similarly, no correlation was identified between specimen treatment and the tensile strength of elastomers. The toughness results were not consistent with the group rankings for tensile strength, probably because of ..
  89. ncbi [Report on health status of residents in areas with industrial, mining or military sites in Sardinia, Italy]
    Annibale Biggeri
    Dipartimento di statistica G Parenti, Universita di Firenze
    Epidemiol Prev 30:5-95. 2006
    ..The areas have been named after the most important town, as listed below (in brackets rounded 2001 population), major activities in industrial areas are briefly described...
  90. doi Persistence of antimicrobial activity through sustained release of triclosan from pegylated silicone elastomers
    Marcella C McBride
    McClay Research Centre, School of Pharmacy, Queen s University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland, UK
    Biomaterials 30:6739-47. 2009
    ..Non-pegylated silicone elastomers provided an increased percentage release of triclosan extending over a relatively short duration (99% release by ..
  91. doi A survey of occupational exposure to 4,4'-methylene-bis (2-chloroaniline) (MbOCA) in the UK
    J Cocker
    Health and Safety Laboratory, Harpur Hill, Buxton, Derbyshire SK17 9JN, UK
    Ann Occup Hyg 53:499-507. 2009
    ..MbOCA) in a representative cross section of workplaces that use it to manufacture polyurethane elastomers. The study also aimed to investigate whether controls and guidance could be improved and to investigate exposure ..
  92. doi Bonding of maxillofacial silicone elastomers to an acrylic substrate
    Muhanad M Hatamleh
    Biomaterials Research Group, School of Dentistry, University of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester, UK
    Dent Mater 26:387-95. 2010
    To investigate the effect of three different primers on shear and peel bond strengths between three maxillofacial silicone elastomers and an acrylic resin after 360 h of accelerated daylight-aging.
  93. doi Candida albicans adherence on silicone elastomers: effect of polymerisation duration and exposure to simulated saliva and nasal secretion
    Huseyin Kurtulmus
    Ege University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Prosthodontics, Izmir, Turkey
    Dent Mater 26:76-82. 2010
    The surfaces of maxillo-facial prostheses made of silicone elastomers exposed to soft tissues may interact with saliva and nasal secretion...
  94. ncbi Novel percolation phenomena and mechanism of strengthening elastomers by nanofillers
    Zhenhua Wang
    Key Laboratory of Beijing City on Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymer Materials at Beijing University of Chemical Technology, 100029, PR China
    Phys Chem Chem Phys 12:3014-30. 2010
    Nano-strengthening by employing nanoparticles is necessary for high-efficiency strengthening of elastomers, which has already been validated by numerous researches and industrial applications, but the underlying mechanism is still an open ..
  95. ncbi Interactions of pigments and opacifiers on color stability of MDX4-4210/type A maxillofacial elastomers subjected to artificial aging
    Sudarat Kiat-Amnuay
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials, University of Texas Dental Branch at Houston, 77030, USA
    J Prosthet Dent 95:249-57. 2006
    The color instability and degradation of maxillofacial elastomers limit the function and cosmetic quality of facial prostheses.
  96. ncbi Characterization of the toxicity, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity of methacrylonitrile in F344 Rats and B6C3F1 mice
    Abraham Nyska
    Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, MD B3 06, Environmental Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIEHS, National Institutes of Health, PO Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Arch Toxicol 77:233-42. 2003
    ..It is widely used in the preparation of homopolymers and copolymers, elastomers, and plastics, and as a chemical intermediate in the preparation of acids, amides, amines, esters, and other ..
  97. doi Parylene coating hinders Candida albicans adhesion to silicone elastomers and denture bases resin
    Lin Zhou
    Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an, Shaanxi, China
    Arch Oral Biol 55:401-9. 2010
    To investigate whether parylene coatings over denture bases and silicone elastomers can effectively reduce Candida albicans adhesion and thus to decrease the incidence of denture stomatitis.
  98. pmc Cyclic olefin homopolymer-based microfluidics for protein crystallization and in situ X-ray diffraction
    Soheila Emamzadah
    Department of Molecular Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 65:913-20. 2009
    ..However, most of the existing systems utilize silicone elastomers as the chip material which, despite its many benefits, is highly permeable to water vapour...
  99. ncbi Evaluation of sample preparation methods for elastomer digestion for further halogens determination
    Diogo P Moraes
    , Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105 900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil
    Anal Bioanal Chem 397:563-70. 2010
    In this work, three sample preparation methods were evaluated for further halogen determination in elastomers containing high concentrations of carbon black...
  100. doi The effects of primers and surface bonding characteristics on the adhesion of polyurethane to two commonly used silicone elastomers
    Paul P Chang
    Department of Prosthodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229 3900, USA
    J Prosthodont 18:23-31. 2009
    ..Silicone elastomers bonded to a polyurethane liner best satisfy the functional and esthetic requirements necessary for facial ..
  101. ncbi [Isocyanates: occupational exposures and disorders]
    X Baur
    Ordinariat und Zentralinstitut für Arbeitsmedizin, Universitat Hamburg, Germany
    Pneumologie 57:526-31. 2003
    Isocyanates are extensively used for the production of different foams and elastomers. They also serve as glues, lacquer hardeners, inks, adhesives, fillers, finishes, sealants, coating and insulation materials...

Research Grants90

  1. LONG TERM BIODEGRADATION OF ELASTOMERIC BIOMATERIALS
    P Hiltner; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Accelerated in vivo and in vitro methods will be used to study biodegradation of polyurethane elastomers used in cardiovascular applications...
  2. BIOSYNTHESIS OF PHAS, BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
    JoAnne Stubbe; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These polyesters are of interest as they possess properties ranging from thermoplastics to elastomers depending on the substrate(s) and bacteria...
  3. Mechanistic studies of PHB biosynthesis
    Ping Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..They display material properties ranging from thermoplastics to elastomers. An important characteristic of PHAs is their inherent biodegradability in various environments or biosystems...
  4. LONG TERM BIODEGRADATION OF ELASTOMERIC BIOMATERIALS
    P Hiltner; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..current studies directed toward a fundamental understanding of biocompatibility and biostability of biomedical elastomers, specifically polyurethanes...
  5. LONG TERM BIODEGRADATION OF ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS
    P Hiltner; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..in this laboratory directed toward a fundamental understanding of biocompatibility and biostability of PU elastomers have led to a hypothesis for the cell/polymer feedback control of in vivo biodegradation...
  6. LONG TERM BIODEGRADATION OF ELASTOMERS MATERIALS
    P Hiltner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..in our laboratory, directed toward a fundamental understanding of biocompatibility and biostability of PU elastomers, have led to a hypothesis for the cell/polymer feedback control mechanism of in vivo biodegradation...
  7. Novel Polymers for Tissue Engineering
    ROBERT SAMUEL LANGER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this renewal grant is to use our existing biodegradable and biocompatible elastomers that can be tailored for specific soft tissue applications, to develop new approaches for treating intestinal ..
  8. Novel Polymers for Tissue Engineering
    Robert Langer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of new biomaterials, thus the purpose of this renewal grant is to develop new biodegradable and biocompatible elastomers for applications, such as tissue engineering of blood vessels of the craniofacial complex...
  9. Polyhydroxyalkanoates: A paradigm for non-template dependent polymerizations
    JoAnne Stubbe; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PHAs are of general interest as they possess properties that range from thermoplastics to elastomers (depending on the substrate) and are biodegradable...
  10. Polyhydroxyalkanoates: A paradigm for non-template dependent polymerizations
    JoAnne Stubbe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..PHAs are of general interest as they possess properties that range from thermoplastics to elastomers (depending on the substrate) and are biodegradable...
  11. LONG TERM BIODEGRADATION OF ELASTOMERIC BIOMATERIALS
    P Hiltner; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Accelerated in vivo and in vitro methods will be used to study biodegradation of polyurethane elastomers used in cardiovascular applications...
  12. Braille Display with Electroactive Polymer Actuators
    Qiming Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This combined expertise provides unique opportunity to develop these compact actuators to be directly transitioned to practical refreshable graphite Braille display and full page Braille display. ..
  13. Measuring In-Socket Residual Limb Volume Fluctuation
    Joan E Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thisinstrumentcouldbeextendedtowardstheimplementationand evaluationofnovelvolumecontrolstrategiesandalsoappliedtootherareasof rehabilitationwheremanagementofinterstitialfluidcontrolisclinicallyrelevant. ..
  14. Mussel-Inspired Protective Coatings
    JOHN WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..All films will be evaluated by macro- and nanomechanical tests, and their resistance to a diverse range of biochemical, thermal, and mechanical insults will be examined. ..
  15. Mechanisms of In-Vivo Remodeling in Tissue Engineered Heart Valves
    Michael Sacks; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Relevance to public health includes the develop of valved pulmonary conduits for the pediatric population that can grow with the patient, minimizing the need for continued re-operations to bring the patient to adulthood. ..
  16. MECHANISM(S) OF CHEMICAL LEUKEMOGENESIS
    Richard Irons; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  17. NEW BIOMATERIALS TO MINIMIZE SCAR TISSUE FORMATION
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e. soft-tissue complications that require surgical repair through use of a biomaterial. The new materials will prevent scar tissue formation and reduce the occurrence of secondary complications. ..
  18. Braille Display Using EAP
    Qiming Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. A nanostructured approach to complex tissue scaffolds and smart implants
    Jie Song; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will have paradigm-changing impact on personalized intervention of a broad range of medical conditions ranging from skeletal defects to cardiovascular diseases and stroke, benefiting millions of Americans. ..
  20. Development of vector-specific, resistance-breaking insecticides to reduce malari
    Paul R Carlier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to develop a new class of insecticide that is safe for ITN deployment, effective against current insecticide-resistant mosquitoes, and less likely to promote emergence of new resistant strains. ..
  21. Nano-aggregates Improve Contraction Stress & Toughness in Dental Composite Resins
    Valerie Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As a modification to commercially available composite resins, compliant aggregates have the potential to provide a superior composite restorative system. ..
  22. Measuring In-Socket Residual Limb Volume Fluctuation
    Joan Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES
    Shozo Takagi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  24. IMAGING CORE
    Robert Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The Core will support Projects 2 and 5 and will interact with Core C. ..
  25. Biomimetic Blades: Mincing with Less Mineral
    JOHN WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Health benefits of this research would be the formulation of a new generation of implant materials that could be designed to match the mechanical properties of the contacting tissue. ..
  26. ROBUST PROTEIN FROM MUSSEL BYSSUS
    JOHN WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The outcome of these should be of particular relevance to the design of scaffolding biomaterials with a wide range of mechanical properties. ..
  27. Biomimetic Blades: Mincing with Less Mineral
    JOHN WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The chief health benefits of this research will be insights about lightweight replacement materials with superior hardness and abrasion resistance. ..
  28. Nitric oxide eluting therapies for vascular surgery
    Melina Kibbe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The data from this study will serve as the basis for further studies of NO-mediated inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia. (End of Abstract) ..