rivers

Summary

Summary: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Global hydrological cycles and world water resources
    Taikan Oki
    Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, 4 6 1 Komaba, Meguro ku, Tokyo 153 8505, Japan
    Science 313:1068-72. 2006
  2. doi Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity
    C J Vörösmarty
    The Environmental CrossRoads Initiative, City University of New York, The City College of New York, New York, New York 10035, USA
    Nature 467:555-61. 2010
  3. ncbi The role of discharge variation in scaling of drainage area and food chain length in rivers
    John L Sabo
    Faculty of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Post Office Box 874501, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Science 330:965-7. 2010
  4. ncbi Effect of river landscape on the sediment concentrations of antibiotics and corresponding antibiotic resistance genes (ARG)
    Ruoting Pei
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 1372 Campus Mail, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 80523, USA
    Water Res 40:2427-35. 2006
  5. pmc Effects of Pleistocene glaciations and rivers on the population structure of Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus)
    Natasha Arora
    Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21376-81. 2010
  6. doi Distribution and speciation of heavy metals in sediments from the mainstream, tributaries, and lakes of the Yangtze River catchment of Wuhan, China
    Zhifeng Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, PR China
    J Hazard Mater 166:1186-94. 2009
  7. pmc Real-time PCR quantification of human adenoviruses in urban rivers indicates genome prevalence but low infectivity
    Samuel Choi
    Environmental Health, Science, and Policy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 7070, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:7426-33. 2005
  8. pmc Bioaccumulation syndrome: identifying factors that make some stream food webs prone to elevated mercury bioaccumulation
    Darren M Ward
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1195:62-83. 2010
  9. pmc The role of Pleistocene refugia and rivers in shaping gorilla genetic diversity in central Africa
    Nicola M Anthony
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20432-6. 2007
  10. doi Parameter uncertainty analysis of non-point source pollution from different land use types
    Zhen yao Shen
    State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, P R China
    Sci Total Environ 408:1971-8. 2010

Detail Information

Publications318 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Global hydrological cycles and world water resources
    Taikan Oki
    Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, 4 6 1 Komaba, Meguro ku, Tokyo 153 8505, Japan
    Science 313:1068-72. 2006
    ..Reducing current vulnerability will be the first step to prepare for such anticipated changes...
  2. doi Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity
    C J Vörösmarty
    The Environmental CrossRoads Initiative, City University of New York, The City College of New York, New York, New York 10035, USA
    Nature 467:555-61. 2010
    ....
  3. ncbi The role of discharge variation in scaling of drainage area and food chain length in rivers
    John L Sabo
    Faculty of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Post Office Box 874501, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Science 330:965-7. 2010
    ..increases with drainage area and decreases with hydrologic variability and intermittency across 36 North American rivers. Our analysis further suggests that hydrologic variability is the mechanism underlying the correlation between ..
  4. ncbi Effect of river landscape on the sediment concentrations of antibiotics and corresponding antibiotic resistance genes (ARG)
    Ruoting Pei
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 1372 Campus Mail, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 80523, USA
    Water Res 40:2427-35. 2006
    ..To the knowledge of the authors, this study is the first to demonstrate a relationship between urban and agricultural activity and microbial resistance in river sediments using quantitative molecular tools...
  5. pmc Effects of Pleistocene glaciations and rivers on the population structure of Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus)
    Natasha Arora
    Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21376-81. 2010
    ..distance tests, which show a significant correlation between mtDNA divergence and distance and a strong effect of rivers as barriers for female movement...
  6. doi Distribution and speciation of heavy metals in sediments from the mainstream, tributaries, and lakes of the Yangtze River catchment of Wuhan, China
    Zhifeng Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, PR China
    J Hazard Mater 166:1186-94. 2009
    ..0% from tributaries, and 88.9% from lakes exhibited low and moderate ecological risk of heavy metals, and the potential ecological risks in the mainstream and tributaries were higher than those in lakes...
  7. pmc Real-time PCR quantification of human adenoviruses in urban rivers indicates genome prevalence but low infectivity
    Samuel Choi
    Environmental Health, Science, and Policy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 7070, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:7426-33. 2005
    Real-time PCR was applied to quantify the abundance of human adenoviruses in two southern California urban rivers, the San Gabriel and Los Angeles...
  8. pmc Bioaccumulation syndrome: identifying factors that make some stream food webs prone to elevated mercury bioaccumulation
    Darren M Ward
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1195:62-83. 2010
    ..Finally, based on an understanding of the ecological drivers of MeHg accumulation, we identify situations when anthropogenic effects and management practices could significantly exacerbate or ameliorate MeHg accumulation in stream fish...
  9. pmc The role of Pleistocene refugia and rivers in shaping gorilla genetic diversity in central Africa
    Nicola M Anthony
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20432-6. 2007
    The role of Pleistocene forest refugia and rivers in the evolutionary diversification of tropical biota has been the subject of considerable debate...
  10. doi Parameter uncertainty analysis of non-point source pollution from different land use types
    Zhen yao Shen
    State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, P R China
    Sci Total Environ 408:1971-8. 2010
    ..Taken together, the study suggested that adjusting the structure of land use and controlling fertilizer use are helpful methods to control the NPS pollution in the Daning River Watershed...
  11. pmc Quantifying the ocean, freshwater and human effects on year-to-year variability of one-sea-winter Atlantic salmon angled in multiple Norwegian rivers
    Jaime Otero
    Department of Biology, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    PLoS ONE 6:e24005. 2011
    ..variability across 60 time series of recreational catch of one-sea-winter salmon (grilse) from Norwegian rivers over 29 years (1979-2007)...
  12. ncbi Role of the fish Astyanax aeneus (Characidae) as a keystone nutrient recycler in low-nutrient neotropical streams
    Gaston E Small
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Ecology 92:386-97. 2011
    ..Because of the high variability in P excretion rates among fish species, ecosystem-level P recycling could be particularly sensitive to changes in fish community structure in P-limited systems...
  13. ncbi Occurrence of priority hazardous PAHs in water, suspended particulate matter, sediment and common eels (Anguilla anguilla) in the urban stretch of the River Tiber (Italy)
    Luisa Patrolecco
    Water Research Institute, National Research Council, Via Salaria km 29 300, 00015 Monterotondo Scalo, Rome, Italy
    Chemosphere 81:1386-92. 2010
    ..8 to 7.0 ngg(-1) wet wt. and the calculated toxicity equivalent concentration (TEQ, 1.8 ngg(-1) wet wt.) of total PAHs fell below the recommended screening value (SV) in US EPA guidelines, suggesting no concern for human consumption...
  14. ncbi Light-mediated thresholds in stream-water nutrient composition in a river network
    Jacques C Finlay
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Ecology 92:140-50. 2011
    The elemental composition of solutes transported by rivers reflects combined influences of surrounding watersheds and transformations within stream networks, yet comparatively little is known about downstream changes in effects of ..
  15. doi Modelling the effect of directional spatial ecological processes at different scales
    F Guillaume Blanchet
    Departement de sciences biologiques, Universite de Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Oecologia 166:357-68. 2011
    ....
  16. doi Dendritic network structure constrains metacommunity properties in riverine ecosystems
    B L Brown
    Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    J Anim Ecol 79:571-80. 2010
    ....
  17. ncbi Distributions of pharmaceuticals in an urban estuary during both dry- and wet-weather conditions
    Mark J Benotti
    Marine Sciences Research Center, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5000, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:5795-802. 2007
    ..This observation is consistent with a simple model illustrating the effect of precipitation has on pharmaceutical concentration in the wastewater stream, given the balance between dilution from rain and the bypass of treatment...
  18. ncbi Predicted and measured concentrations for selected pharmaceuticals in UK rivers: implications for risk assessment
    Jonathan P Bound
    Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BP, UK
    Water Res 40:2885-92. 2006
    ..Results from one site demonstrated a considerable increase in concentrations of ibuprofen, salbutamol and paracetamol downstream from the treatment works; however, no link was established for a second works...
  19. ncbi Clinal variation in MHC diversity with temperature: evidence for the role of host-pathogen interaction on local adaptation in Atlantic salmon
    Mélanie Dionne
    Departement de Biologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, G1K 7P4, Canada
    Evolution 61:2154-64. 2007
    ..A total of 1549 Atlantic salmon from 34 rivers were sampled between 46 degrees N and 58 degrees N in Eastern Canada. The results supported our working hypothesis...
  20. ncbi Invading rainbow trout usurp a terrestrial prey subsidy from native charr and reduce their growth and abundance
    Colden V Baxter
    Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, and Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Oecologia 153:461-70. 2007
    ..Disruption of resource fluxes between habitats may be a common, but unidentified, consequence of invasions, and an additional mechanism contributing to the loss of native species...
  21. ncbi Temporal and spatial trends in the occurrence of human and veterinary antibiotics in aqueous and river sediment matrices
    Sung Chul Kim
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 1372, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:50-7. 2007
    ..Since microorganism antibiotic resistance can develop in sediments, the importance of analyzing this matrix is underscored...
  22. doi Rapid liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of a broad mixture of pharmaceuticals in surface water
    Justin M Conley
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, 615 McCallie Avenue, Chattanooga, TN 37403, USA
    J Chromatogr A 1185:206-15. 2008
    ..This study reports the first detection of lovastatin in surface water...
  23. doi Differential permeability of rivers to raccoon gene flow corresponds to rabies incidence in Ontario, Canada
    Catherine I Cullingham
    Watershed Ecosystem Graduate Program, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada
    Mol Ecol 18:43-53. 2009
    ..Lawrence (N = 802). These areas are transected by major rivers and are at the northern front of a raccoon rabies epizootic...
  24. doi Genomic signatures predict migration and spawning failure in wild Canadian salmon
    Kristina M Miller
    Molecular Genetics Section, Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N7, Canada
    Science 331:214-7. 2011
    ..At the spawning grounds, the same signature was associated with 3.7-fold greater odds of dying without spawning. Functional analysis raises the possibility that the mortality-related signature reflects a viral infection...
  25. doi Impact of changing water levels and weather on Oncomelania hupensis hupensis populations, the snail host of Schistosoma japonicum, downstream of the Three Gorges Dam
    Edmund Y W Seto
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Ecohealth 5:149-58. 2008
    ..However, additional data are needed to determine whether snail populations that are typically destroyed by seasonal floods may live longer in more stable environments created by the dam...
  26. ncbi Effect of floods on the transmission of schistosomiasis in the Yangtze River valley, People's Republic of China
    Xiao Hua Wu
    National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
    Parasitol Int 57:271-6. 2008
    ..In view of our findings, emergency responses are warranted as soon as possible after the occurrence of a flood in order to avoid or mitigate the reemergence and spread of human schistosomiasis in the People's Republic of China...
  27. pmc Correlation between anammox activity and microscale distribution of nitrite in a subtropical mangrove sediment
    Rikke Louise Meyer
    Advanced Wastewater Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:6142-9. 2005
    ..This finding suggests that denitrification, though using NO2- as a substrate, also provides a substrate for the anammox process, which has been suggested in previous studies where microscale NO2- profiles were not measured...
  28. ncbi Dissolved organic carbon trends resulting from changes in atmospheric deposition chemistry
    Donald T Monteith
    Environmental Change Research Centre, UCL, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Nature 450:537-40. 2007
    ..The increase in DOC concentrations in these regions appears unrelated to other climatic factors...
  29. pmc Prevalence of clonorchiasis in southern endemic areas of Korea in 2006
    Shin Hyeong Cho
    Department of Malaria and Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul 122 701, Korea
    Korean J Parasitol 46:133-7. 2008
    ..performed to investigate prevalence of clonorchiasis among the inhabitants living in villages along the 4 major rivers, Nakdong-gang (=river), Seomjin-gang, Youngsan-gang, and Guem-gang in southern Korea...
  30. ncbi Elevated microbial tolerance to metals and antibiotics in metal-contaminated industrial environments
    Ramunas Stepanauskas
    Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29802, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:3671-8. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi Analyzing effects of pesticides on invertebrate communities in streams
    Matthias Liess
    UFZ Centre for Environmental Research, Permoserstrasse 15, D 04318 Leipzig, Germany
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:954-65. 2005
    ..The results emphasize the importance of considering ecological traits and recolonization processes on the landscape level for ecotoxicological risk assessment...
  32. doi Does fish ecology predict dispersal across a river drainage divide?
    Christopher P Burridge
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Evolution 62:1484-99. 2008
    ..We employed two adjacent rivers in southern New Zealand to test for interdrainage dispersal while controlling for historical drainage geometry, ..
  33. doi Occurrence of antibiotic resistance and class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in Escherichia coli isolated from a densely populated estuary (Seine, France)
    Emilie Laroche
    Faculte des Sciences, Université de Rouen CNRS 6143 M2C, Groupe de Microbiologie, Mont Saint Aignan, France
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 68:118-30. 2009
    ..However, for slightly over half of the E. coli isolates exhibiting the class 1 integron, the variable region could not be amplified, because part of the 3' conserved sequence was missing...
  34. doi Detection of human viruses in rivers of a densly-populated area in Germany using a virus adsorption elution method optimized for PCR analyses
    Ibrahim Ahmed Hamza
    Department of Hygiene, Social and Environmental Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany
    Water Res 43:2657-68. 2009
    Transmission of viruses via surface water is a major public health concern. To determine the viral concentration in rivers of a densely-populated area in Germany, the virus adsorption elution (VIRADEL) method was optimized for downstream ..
  35. doi The occurrence of antibiotics in an urban watershed: from wastewater to drinking water
    A J Watkinson
    National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology, 39 Kessels Rd, Coopers Plains, Brisbane QLD 4108, Australia
    Sci Total Environ 407:2711-23. 2009
    The presence of 28 antibiotics in three hospital effluents, five wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), six rivers and a drinking water storage catchment were investigated within watersheds of South-East Queensland, Australia...
  36. ncbi Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal ocean
    James P M Syvitski
    Environmental Computation and Imaging Facility, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research INSTAAR, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0450, USA
    Science 308:376-80. 2005
    ..Humans have simultaneously increased the sediment transport by global rivers through soil erosion (by 2.3 +/- 0...
  37. pmc Assessment of vulnerability to extreme flash floods in design storms
    Eung Seok Kim
    Department of Civil Engineering, SunMoon University, 100, Kalsan ri, Tangjeong myeon, Asan Si, Chungnam Do, 336 708, Korea
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2907-22. 2011
    ....
  38. ncbi Source, occurrence and fate of antibiotics in the Italian aquatic environment
    Ettore Zuccato
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Via La Masa 19, 20156 Milan, Italy
    J Hazard Mater 179:1042-8. 2010
    ..theoretical environmental loads, then were measured in wastewater of some sewage treatment plants (STPs) and in rivers in Italy...
  39. ncbi Chemical and microbiological parameters as possible indicators for human enteric viruses in surface water
    Lars Jurzik
    Department of Hygiene, Social and Environmental Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 213:210-6. 2010
    ..adenovirus, human polyomavirus, enterovirus, group A rotavirus and norovirus was determined in Ruhr and Rhine rivers, Germany. Additionally, prevalence of different possible indicators such as somatic coliphages, E...
  40. doi Mosquitoes and West Nile virus along a river corridor from prairie to montane habitats in eastern Colorado
    Christopher M Barker
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Vector Ecol 34:276-93. 2009
    ..This suggests that major waterways in the Great Plains serve as important dispersal corridors for Cx. tarsalis but that the Continental Divide is a formidable barrier to this WNV vector...
  41. pmc Application of cation-coated filter method to detection of noroviruses, enteroviruses, adenoviruses, and torque teno viruses in the Tamagawa River in Japan
    Eiji Haramoto
    Department of Urban Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8656, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:2403-11. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi Phytoestrogens and mycotoxins in Iowa streams: an examination of underinvestigated compounds in agricultural basins
    Dana W Kolpin
    U S Geological Survey, 400 S Clinton St, Suite 269, Iowa City, IA 52244, USA
    J Environ Qual 39:2089-99. 2010
    ....
  43. pmc Mercury and other heavy metals influence bacterial community structure in contaminated Tennessee streams
    Tatiana A Vishnivetskaya
    Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 6036, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:302-11. 2011
    ..This study is the first to indicate an influence of MeHg on the in situ microbial community and suggests possible roles of these bacteria in the Hg/MeHg cycle...
  44. pmc Predicted exposures to steroid estrogens in U.K. rivers correlate with widespread sexual disruption in wild fish populations
    Susan Jobling
    Beyond The Basics Ltd, Burnham, Bucks, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 114:32-9. 2006
    ..widespread endocrine disruption in wild populations of the roach (Rutilus rutilus), a common cyprinid fish, in rivers contaminated by treated sewage effluents...
  45. pmc Population genetics of the aquatic fungus Tetracladium marchalianum over space and time
    Jennifer L Anderson
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e15908. 2011
    Aquatic hyphomycete fungi are fundamental mediators of energy flow and nutrient spiraling in rivers. These microscopic fungi are primarily dispersed in river currents, undergo substantial annual fluctuations in abundance, and reproduce ..
  46. pmc Unraveling assembly of stream biofilm communities
    Katharina Besemer
    Department of Limnology, Vienna University, Vienna, Austria
    ISME J 6:1459-68. 2012
    ..Bulk and active populations generated comparable patterns of community composition in the biofilms and the suspended communities, which suggests similar assembly controls on these populations...
  47. pmc Fish-borne zoonotic trematodes in cultured and wild-caught freshwater fish from the Red River Delta, Vietnam
    Van Thi Phan
    Centre for Environment and Disease Monitoring in Aquaculture, Research Institute for Aquaculture No 1, Tu Son, Vietnam
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:861-6. 2010
    ..These results underscore the need for greater awareness of the risk from raw fish dishes among public health agencies and consumers...
  48. doi Environmental risk assessment of pharmaceuticals in rivers: relationships between hazard indexes and aquatic macroinvertebrate diversity indexes in the Llobregat River (NE Spain)
    Antoni Ginebreda
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research IDAEA, Spanish Council for Scientific Research CSIC, c Jordi Girona, 18 26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Int 36:153-62. 2010
    Continuous input of pharmaceuticals into rivers, through wastewater treatment systems, may cause adverse effects on the aquatic ecosystems of the receiving waterbodies, due to the intrinsic biological activity of these compounds...
  49. ncbi Genetic and phenotypic population divergence on a microgeographic scale in brown trout
    Rike B Stelkens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biophore, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 21:2896-915. 2012
    Salmonid populations of many rivers are rapidly declining. One possible explanation is that habitat fragmentation increases genetic drift and reduces the populations' potential to adapt to changing environmental conditions...
  50. doi Are rapids a barrier for floodplain fishes of the Amazon basin? A demographic study of the keystone floodplain species Colossomamacropomum (Teleostei: Characiformes)
    Izeni Pires Farias
    Universidade Federal do Amazonas UFAM, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Laboratório de Evolução e Genética Animal, Mini Campus ICB, Av Gen Rodrigo Octávio Jordão Ramos, 3000 Coroado, Cep 69 077 000, Manaus, AM, Brazil
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:1129-35. 2010
    ..macropomum has been experiencing demographic growth over the last 350 thousand years, resulting in approximately one order of magnitude increase in coalescent N(e)...
  51. ncbi Hypotheses to explain the origin of species in Amazonia
    J Haffer
    Braz J Biol 68:917-47. 2008
    ..to tectonic movements or sea level fluctuations (Paleogeography hypothesis), (2) the barrier effect of Amazonian rivers (River hypothesis), (3) a combination of the barrier effect of broad rivers and vegetational changes in northern ..
  52. doi Real-time PCR detection of adenoviruses, polyomaviruses, and torque teno viruses in river water in Japan
    Eiji Haramoto
    Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, 4 3 11 Takeda, Kofu, Yamanashi 400 8511, Japan
    Water Res 44:1747-52. 2010
    ..This study is significant since it is the first study to demonstrate the prevalence of polyomaviruses in water samples in Japan and to use immunomagnetic separation qPCR to detect adenovirus particles in aquatic environments...
  53. doi Spatiotemporal distribution of pharmaceuticals in the Douro River estuary (Portugal)
    Tânia Vieira Madureira
    Health Sciences Research Center of the Superior Institute Health Sciences North, Gandra, Paredes, Portugal
    Sci Total Environ 408:5513-20. 2010
    ..Finally, the scenario supports the need for experimental studies on toxicological impacts on aquatic organisms at environmentally relevant concentrations...
  54. doi GIS-based spatial regression and prediction of water quality in river networks: a case study in Iowa
    Xiaoying Yang
    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    J Environ Manage 91:1943-51. 2010
    ..It is a promising tool for better managing and controlling nonpoint source pollution...
  55. ncbi Toxicity and pollutant impact analysis in an urban river due to combined sewer overflows loads
    A Casadio
    DISTART Università di Bologna, Bologna 40136, Italy
    Water Sci Technol 61:207-15. 2010
    ..Resulting toxicity values are fairly high in both measuring points and seem to confirm synergistic interactions between heavy metals...
  56. doi Neutral metacommunity models predict fish diversity patterns in Mississippi-Missouri basin
    Rachata Muneepeerakul
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, E Quad, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nature 453:220-2. 2008
    ..This framework offers direct linkage from large-scale forcing, such as global climate change, to biodiversity patterns...
  57. doi Mortality of centrarchid fishes in the Potomac drainage: survey results and overview of potential contributing factors
    V S Blazer
    U S Geological Survey, National Fish Health Research Laboratory, 11649 Leetown Road, Kearneysville, West Virginia 25430, USA
    J Aquat Anim Health 22:190-218. 2010
    ..Since that year morbidity and mortality have also been observed in the Shenandoah and Monocacy rivers. Despite much research, no single pathogen, parasite, or chemical cause for the lesions and mortality has been ..
  58. ncbi Light, nutrients, and herbivore growth in oligotrophic streams
    Walter R Hill
    Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P O Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 6351, USA
    Ecology 91:518-27. 2010
    ..Competition for limited food resources in habitats where herbivore densities are uncontrolled by predation or other mortality factors should strongly influence the potential for herbivores to be limited by mineral deficits in their food...
  59. doi Three Gorges Dam and its impact on the potential transmission of schistosomiasis in regions along the Yangtze River
    Huai Min Zhu
    Department of Etiologic Biology, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
    Ecohealth 5:137-48. 2008
    ....
  60. doi The combined effects of rivers and refugia generate extreme cryptic fragmentation within the common ground skink (scincella lateralis)
    Nathan D Jackson
    Museum of Natural Science and Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
    Evolution 64:409-28. 2010
    b>Rivers can act as both islands of mesic refugia for terrestrial organisms during times of aridification and barriers to gene flow, though evidence for long-term isolation by rivers is mixed...
  61. doi Biogeographical distribution of diverse anaerobic ammonium oxidizing (anammox) bacteria in Cape Fear River Estuary
    Olivia R Dale
    Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina Wilmington, NC 28403, USA
    Environ Microbiol 11:1194-207. 2009
    ..Thus, we demonstrated a biogeographical distribution of diverse anammox bacteria influenced by salinity, and provide evidence to link anammox abundance and activities in estuarine sediments...
  62. doi Class 1 and class 2 integrons and plasmid-mediated antibiotic resistance in coliforms isolated from ten rivers in northern Turkey
    Osman Birol Ozgumus
    Microbiology and Molecular Biology Research Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Rize University, 53100 Rize, Turkey
    J Microbiol 47:19-27. 2009
    We aimed to determine the molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in coliforms isolated from ten rivers in northern region of Turkey...
  63. ncbi Impacts of salmon on riparian plant diversity
    Morgan D Hocking
    Earth2Ocean Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Science 331:1609-12. 2011
    ..Predicting how salmon affect terrestrial ecosystems is central to conservation plans that aim to better integrate ecosystem values into resource management...
  64. ncbi Widespread occurrence of intersex in black basses (Micropterus spp.) from U.S. rivers, 1995-2004
    Jo Ellen Hinck
    U S Geological Survey USGS, Columbia Environmental Research Center CERC, Columbia, MO 65201, USA
    Aquat Toxicol 95:60-70. 2009
    ....
  65. doi Relating juvenile spatial distribution to breeding patterns in anadromous salmonid populations
    Anders Foldvik
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Tungasletta 2, NO 7047 Trondheim, Norway
    J Anim Ecol 79:501-9. 2010
    ....
  66. ncbi Detection of antibiotic resistance and tetracycline resistance genes in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from the Pearl rivers in South China
    Ran Tao
    State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 511 Kehua Street, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510640, China
    Environ Pollut 158:2101-9. 2010
    ..resistance profiles and tetracycline resistance genes in Enterobacteriaceae family isolates from the Pearl rivers. The Enterobacteriaceae isolates were tested for susceptibility to seven antibiotics ampicillin, chloramphenicol, ..
  67. ncbi Pyrethroid insecticide concentrations and toxicity in streambed sediments and loads in surface waters of the San Joaquin Valley, California, USA
    Joseph L Domagalski
    U S Geological Survey, 6000 J Street, Placer Hall, Sacramento, California 95819, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 29:813-23. 2010
    ....
  68. pmc Antibiotic resistance characteristics of environmental bacteria from an oxytetracycline production wastewater treatment plant and the receiving river
    Dong Li
    State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:3444-51. 2010
    ....
  69. doi Environmental fate of the antiviral drug Tamiflu in two aquatic ecosystems
    Maria Ludovica Saccà
    Department of Agro Environmental Science and Technology, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin 44, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Chemosphere 75:28-33. 2009
    ..The low affinity of OC to sediments suggests that presence of sediments would not reduce its bioavailability to microbial degradation...
  70. ncbi Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species
    Daniel E Schindler
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, Washington 98195 5020, USA
    Nature 465:609-12. 2010
    ..The reliability of ecosystem services will erode faster than indicated by species loss alone...
  71. ncbi QUAL2K model used in the water quality assessment of Qiantang River, China
    Xiaobo Fang
    College of Environment and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
    Water Environ Res 80:2125-33. 2008
    Qiantang River, a subwatershed of the Yangzi River, in China, is one of the main rivers in Zhejiang province...
  72. doi An innovative modeling approach using Qual2K and HEC-RAS integration to assess the impact of tidal effect on River Water quality simulation
    Chihhao Fan
    Department of Safety, Health, and Environmental Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, Taishan, Taipei County, Taiwan
    J Environ Manage 90:1824-32. 2009
    ..The combination is shown to provide an alternative for water quality simulation of a tidal river when available dynamic-monitoring data are insufficient to assess the tidal effect of the river...
  73. ncbi An exposure assessment for selected pharmaceuticals within a watershed in Southern Ontario
    Linda Lissemore
    Department of Environmental Biology, Bovey Building, Gordon Street, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
    Chemosphere 64:717-29. 2006
    ....
  74. ncbi The intestinal parasite Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) from barbel as a bioindicator for metal pollution in the Danube River near Budapest, Hungary
    F Thielen
    Zoologisches Institut I Okologie, Universitat Karlsruhe, Geb 07 01, D 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
    Environ Pollut 129:421-9. 2004
    ..Ratio of metal concentrations in the parasites and the host tissues provide additional information. Not including acanthocephalans in accumulation bioindication studies with fishes (as still customarily done) may lead to false results...
  75. ncbi Occurrence of steroid estrogens, endocrine-disrupting phenols, and acid pharmaceutical residues in urban riverine water of the Pearl River Delta, South China
    Xianzhi Peng
    State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
    Sci Total Environ 397:158-66. 2008
    ..PPCPs contamination in the Major Pearl River may be of a potential environmental issue, especially during the low-flow season...
  76. doi Pharmaceutical residues in wastewater treatment works effluents and their impact on receiving river water
    J L Zhou
    Department of Biology and Environmental Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK
    J Hazard Mater 166:655-61. 2009
    ..This was confirmed by the good agreement between measured concentrations and those predicted by a simple dilution model...
  77. pmc Large-river delta-front estuaries as natural "recorders" of global environmental change
    Thomas S Bianchi
    Department of Oceanography, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 3146, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8085-92. 2009
    ..of the most anthropogenically altered LDE systems in the world, the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River and the Chinese rivers that enter the Yellow Sea (e.g...
  78. ncbi Transfer of nutrients and labile metals from the continent to the sea by a small Mediterranean river
    R Nicolau
    Laboratoire des PROcessus de Transferts et d Echanges dans l Environnement, Universite du Sud Toulon Var, Avenue de l Universite Baitment, B P 20132, 83957 La Garde Cedex, France
    Chemosphere 63:469-76. 2006
    ..These contaminants were mainly found in the particulate fraction, originating from the runoff of surface waters, which represents the main process of pollution in urban areas...
  79. ncbi Fungal diversity during initial stages of leaf decomposition in a stream
    Liliya G Nikolcheva
    Department of Biology, Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick E4L 1G7, Canada
    Mycol Res 109:246-53. 2005
    ..This may be due to a few species of terrestrial fungi, later outcompeted by aquatic hyphomycetes, and to many different conidia of aquatic hyphomycetes, some of which may germinate but are unable to establish themselves and reproduce...
  80. ncbi Unprecedented restoration of a native oyster metapopulation
    David M Schulte
    Department of Fisheries Science, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
    Science 325:1124-8. 2009
    ..This reestablished metapopulation is the largest of any native oyster worldwide and validates ecological restoration of native oyster species...
  81. pmc Survival of migrating salmon smolts in large rivers with and without dams
    David W Welch
    Kintama Research, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS Biol 6:e265. 2008
    ..works in both freshwater and the ocean, it is therefore possible to extend the measurement of survival to large rivers lacking dams, such as the Fraser, and to also extend the measurement of survival to the lower Columbia River and ..
  82. ncbi Linear habitats and the nested clade analysis: an empirical evaluation of geographic versus river distances using an Ozark crayfish (Decapoda: Cambaridae)
    James W Fetzner
    Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, 675 Widtsoe Building, Provo, Utah 84602, USA
    Evolution 57:2101-18. 2003
    ....
  83. ncbi Long-term stream invertebrate community alterations induced by the insecticide thiacloprid: effect concentrations and recovery dynamics
    Mikhail A Beketov
    UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department System Ecotoxicology, Leipzig, Germany
    Sci Total Environ 405:96-108. 2008
    ..Realistic prediction of community recovery dynamics requires consideration of the species' life-cycle traits...
  84. doi Stream denitrification across biomes and its response to anthropogenic nitrate loading
    Patrick J Mulholland
    Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA
    Nature 452:202-5. 2008
    ..budgets show that an average of about 20-25 per cent of the nitrogen added to the biosphere is exported from rivers to the ocean or inland basins, indicating that substantial sinks for nitrogen must exist in the landscape...
  85. ncbi Extremely high secondary production of introduced snails in rivers
    Robert O Hall
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
    Ecol Appl 16:1121-31. 2006
    ..dominance of invertebrate secondary production by invasive New Zealand mudsnails (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) in rivers. We measured secondary production of mudsnails and native invertebrates in three rivers in the Greater Yellowstone ..
  86. ncbi Nest distribution shaping within-stream variation in Atlantic salmon juvenile abundance and competition over small spatial scales
    Sigurd Einum
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Biology, NO 7491 Trondheim, Norway
    J Anim Ecol 77:167-72. 2008
    ....
  87. ncbi Influence of natural dissolved organic carbon on the bioavailability of mercury to a freshwater alga
    P R Gorski
    Limnology and Marine Sciences Program, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    Environ Pollut 154:116-23. 2008
    ..However, variability of BCFs at low DOC indicates that DOC composition or other ligands may determine site-specific bioavailability of Hg...
  88. pmc Biphasic behavior of anammox regulated by nitrite and nitrate in an estuarine sediment
    Mark Trimmer
    School of Biological Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:1923-30. 2005
    ..Overall, anammox is likely to be regulated by the availability of NO3- and NO2- and the relative size or activity of the anammox population...
  89. pmc Comparing denitrification estimates for a Texas estuary by using acetylene inhibition and membrane inlet mass spectrometry
    Melody J Bernot
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:5950-6. 2003
    ..The C2H2 inhibition method with chloramphenicol addition, conducted over short incubation intervals, provides a cost-effective method for estimating denitrification, and rate estimates are comparable to those obtained by the MIMS method...
  90. ncbi Seasonal and substrate preferences of fungi colonizing leaves in streams: traditional versus molecular evidence
    Liliya G Nikolcheva
    63B York Street, Department of Biology, Mt Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick E4L 1G7, Canada
    Environ Microbiol 7:270-80. 2005
    ..Biomasses of the various taxa (based on DGGE band intensities) were related to substrate type...
  91. ncbi Evolutionary history and biogeographic affinities of the serranochromine cichlids in Zambian rivers
    Cyprian Katongo
    Department of Zoology, University of Graz, Universitatsplatz 2, 8010 Graz, Austria
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 45:326-38. 2007
    Zambian rivers belong to two major drainages: the Luapula-Congo and the Zambezi River system...
  92. ncbi Distribution and toxicity of sediment-associated pesticides in agriculture-dominated water bodies of California's Central Valley
    D P Weston
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, 3060 Valley Life Sciences Building, Berkeley, California 94720 3140, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 38:2752-9. 2004
    ....
  93. ncbi Bacterial tolerances to metals and antibiotics in metal-contaminated and reference streams
    Meredith S Wright
    University of Georgia, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 58:293-302. 2006
    ..Temporal dynamics were not directly correlated to a suite of physicochemical parameters, suggesting that tolerance patterns within microhabitats are linked to a complex interaction of the physicochemical characteristics of the stream...
  94. ncbi Distribution patterns of mercury in lakes and rivers of northeastern North America
    Ian F Dennis
    Environment Canada, Atlantic Region, PO Box 6227, Sackville NB E4L 1G6, Canada
    Ecotoxicology 14:113-23. 2005
    ....
  95. ncbi Determination and fate of oxytetracycline and related compounds in oxytetracycline production wastewater and the receiving river
    Dong Li
    State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Environ Toxicol Chem 27:80-6. 2008
    ..The mean concentration of beta-apo-OTC in river sediments was 20.8 +/- 7.8 mg/kg, and its ratio to OTC was approximately 0.11, nearly twice the ratio of alpha-apo-OTC and EOTC to OTC (0.058 +/- 0.014 and 0.061 +/- 0.015, respectively)...
  96. ncbi Vector bionomics and malaria transmission in the Upper Orinoco River, Southern Venezuela
    Magda Magris
    Ministerio de Salud, Maracay, Venezuela
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 102:303-11. 2007
    ..The present study was the first longitudinal entomological and epidemiological study conducted in this area and set up the basic ground for subsequent intervention with insecticide-treated nets...
  97. doi Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in sediment and human health risk assessment of heavy metals in fishes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River basin
    Yujun Yi
    State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    Environ Pollut 159:2575-85. 2011
    ..Hg may also originate from coal combustion. Significant positive correlations between TN and As were observed...
  98. pmc Oil and gas projects in the Western Amazon: threats to wilderness, biodiversity, and indigenous peoples
    Matt Finer
    Save America s Forests, Washington, DC, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e2932. 2008
    ..Underlying this landscape are large reserves of oil and gas, many yet untapped. The growing global demand is leading to unprecedented exploration and development in the region...
  99. doi Eighty-year sedimentary record of heavy metal inputs in the intertidal sediments from the Nanliu River estuary, Beibu Gulf of South China Sea
    Peng Xia
    College of Marine Geo science, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
    Environ Pollut 159:92-9. 2011
    ..The excess metal fluxes also showed a consistently increasing tread since the early 1990s, which could be associated with the intensive use of phosphate fertilizers and the combustion of fossil fuels derived from human activities...
  100. ncbi Reproductive health of bass in the Potomac, U.S.A., drainage: part 1. Exploring the effects of proximity to wastewater treatment plant discharge
    Luke R Iwanowicz
    National Fish Health Research Laboratory, U S Geological Survey, 11649 Leetown Road, Kearneysville, West Virginia 25430, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 28:1072-83. 2009
    ..It appears that proximity to effluent from WWTPs may influence the reproductive health of bass in the Potomac watershed, but inputs from other sources likely contribute to the widespread, high incidence of testicular oocytes...
  101. doi Past and future trends in nutrients export by rivers to the coastal waters of China
    Hong juan Qu
    Environmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P O Box 47, 6700, AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Sci Total Environ 408:2075-86. 2010
    ..dissolved and particulate nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and carbon (C) to the coastal waters of China, for sixteen rivers, as calculated by the Global NEWS models (Nutrient Export from WaterSheds)...

Research Grants87

  1. Riparian nutrients and food webs on a regulated river
    TERESA TIBBETS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..ecosystems has become one of the most intense areas of research as human demands for freshwater from streams and rivers increase worldwide...
  2. 2007 NIH Director's Pioneer Award Program (DP1)
    Rustem Ismagilov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These two technologies will be used together to understand protein aggregation and aging, and may lead to new hypothesis and molecules for controlling these processes. ..
  3. ECG-derived cardiopulmonary coupling biomarkers of sleep, sleep-breathing, and ca
    Robert Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We propose to show its usefulness as a monitor of sleep in health, in those with simple and complicated forms of sleep apnea, and in patients with heart failure. ..
  4. ECG-derived cardiopulmonary coupling biomarkers of sleep, sleep-breathing, and ca
    Robert J Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to show its usefulness as a monitor of sleep in health, in those with simple and complicated forms of sleep apnea, and in patients with heart failure. ..
  5. THERMAL OXIDATION OF ORGANIC CHEMICALS USING CATALYTIC CHEMICAL OXIDATION
    Philip Williams; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..At this rate, this process should require only 6-10 work days per year to completely manage this difficult aspect of operations. ..
  6. Biofilm Population Structure in the Gangetic Delta
    Gary Schoolnik; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In the rivers and estuaries that compose the Gangetic Delta, V...
  7. Biofilm Population Structure in the Gangetic Delta
    Gary Schoolnik; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In the rivers and estuaries that compose the Gangetic Delta, V...
  8. Biofilm Population Structure in the Gangetic Delta
    Gary Schoolnik; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In the rivers and estuaries that compose the Gangetic Delta, V...
  9. Molecular Insight into Toxicant Degradation by Microbial Communities
    Gerben Zylstra; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Public awareness among the people of the Kyrgyz Republic of the hazards of pollution will be raised through the interactive activities of this proposed research. ..
  10. Molecular Insight into Toxicant Degradation by Microbial Communities
    Gerben Zylstra; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Public awareness among the people of the Kyrgyz Republic of the hazards of pollution will be raised through the interactive activities of this proposed research. ..
  11. REGULATION OF C-1 METABOLISM IN METHYLOTROPHS
    Mary Lidstrom; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Using the information, mutants an gene probes generated in the Methylobacterium AM1 studies, Mox functions and their regulation will also be defined in the obligate methane-utilizer, Methylomonas albus BG8...
  12. THREE RIVERS TRIAD - PHASE III PROJECT
    JAN PITTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION (adapted from the Abstract): Three Rivers Area Health Education Center (AHEC) proposes a third phase of the TRIAD Project begun under an NLM Information Access grant...
  13. Development of vector-specific, resistance-breaking insecticides to reduce malari
    Paul R Carlier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to develop a new class of insecticide that is safe for ITN deployment, effective against current insecticide-resistant mosquitoes, and less likely to promote emergence of new resistant strains. ..
  14. DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM TO GUIDE PEDIATRIC PHARMACOTHERAPY
    JEFFREY SCOTT BARRETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The solution (PPDSS dashboards and installation guidance) will be provided to all who request as part of our data-sharing plan. ..
  15. Development of vector-specific, resistance-breaking insecticides to reduce malari
    PAUL CARLIER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We propose to develop a new class of insecticide that is safe for ITN deployment, effective against current insecticide-resistant mosquitoes, and less likely to promote emergence of new resistant strains. ..
  16. DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM TO GUIDE PEDIATRIC PHARMACOTHERAPY
    Jeffrey Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The solution (PPDSS dashboards and installation guidance) will be provided to all who request as part of our data-sharing plan. ..
  17. B.pseudomallei bioterrorism and quorum sensing
    DANIEL HASSETT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A major area of concern is the distribution and survival of pathogenic bacteria in lakes, rivers, streams, swimming pools, our water supply and soils...
  18. B.pseudomallei bioterrorism and quorum sensing
    DANIEL HASSETT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A major area of concern is the distribution and survival of pathogenic bacteria in lakes, rivers, streams, swimming pools, our water supply and soils...
  19. Portable Pesticide Monitor
    TONY RAGUCCI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Protocolized Care for Early Septic Shock (ProCESS)
    Derek C Angus; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our efforts capitalize on the findings of a recent 'proof-of-concept'trial by Rivers et al...
  21. Non-Intrusive Automated Portable Data Collection System for Aging Surveys
    Cindy Crump; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  22. Protocolized Care for Early Septic Shock (ProCESS)
    Derek C Angus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our efforts capitalize on the findings of a recent 'proof-of-concept'trial by Rivers et al...
  23. Protocolized Care for Early Septic Shock (ProCESS)
    Derek Angus; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our efforts capitalize on the findings of a recent 'proof-of-concept' trial by Rivers et al...
  24. Protocolized Care for Early Septic Shock (ProCESS)
    Derek Angus; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our efforts capitalize on the findings of a recent 'proof-of-concept'trial by Rivers et al...
  25. Protocolized Care for Early Septic Shock (ProCESS)
    Derek Angus; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our efforts capitalize on the findings of a recent 'proof-of-concept'trial by Rivers et al...
  26. Protocolized Care for Early Septic Shock (ProCESS)
    Derek Angus; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our efforts capitalize on the findings of a recent 'proof-of-concept' trial by Rivers et al...
  27. Physiological response of Escherichia coli to temperature and desiccation stress
    Susan Bornstein Forst; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Fecal pollution of public waterways, rivers, and lakes is a global problem of increasing concern, however, little is known about the survival and persistence of biological contaminants in ..
  28. ANALYSIS AND ANNOTATION OF THE E. COLI GENOME SEQUENCE
    KENNETH EDWARD RUDD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The wealth of information collected at EcoGene.org from all over the world about the life of E. coli, both friend and foe of man, should help in achieving this ..
  29. ANALYSIS AND ANNOTATION OF THE E. COLI GENOME SEQUENCE
    KENNETH RUDD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The wealth of information collected at EcoGene.org from all over the world about the life of E. coli, both friend and foe of man, should help in achieving this ..
  30. Revitalizing Tennessee's Core Environmental Health Programs: Food Safety and Wate
    RAND CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application for funding through Centers for Disease Control (CDC) will demonstrate our objectives in working with EHS-Net, our ..
  31. Novel Simulated Moving Bed Chromatography Device to Purify Recombinant Proteins
    ROBERT MIERENDORF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Integrated EEG/NIR Sensor System for Infants
    Catherine Poulsen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such early identification is vital to the development of early interventions that may mitigate or even preclude the emergence of the disorder. ..
  33. Development of a High Performance Bioprocess for Eliminating 1,4-Dioxane in Water
    Joseph Salanitro; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This proposal aims to meet this need by developing a novel high performance water technology to degrade 1,4-dioxane into harmless products, thus protecting public health. ..
  34. MECHANISMS OF METHYLMERCURY INDUCED NEURONAL TOXICITY
    Michael Aschner; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  35. Riparian nutrients and food webs on a regulated river
    TERESA TIBBETS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..ecosystems has become one of the most intense areas of research as human demands for freshwater from streams and rivers increase worldwide...
  36. Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol During Group Formation
    Michael Sayette; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol During Group Formation
    Michael Sayette; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol During Group Formation
    Michael Sayette; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol During Group Formation
    Michael Sayette; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Reinforcing Effects of Alcohol During Group Formation
    Michael Sayette; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Striatal Deep Brain Stimulation for Learning Enhancement
    Emad N Eskandar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  42. Striatal Deep Brain Stimulation for Learning Enhancement
    Emad N Eskandar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF COMMUNITY ASTHMA PROGRAM
    Edwin Fisher; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..programs; (c) Neighborhood Volunteers trained as Asthma Advocates to work with asthmatic children and their cares--rivers to encourage asthma co-management and to conduct management programs in local institutions; (d) an Asthma ..
  44. Striatal Deep Brain Stimulation for Learning Enhancement
    Emad Eskandar; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  45. Striatal Deep Brain Stimulation for Learning Enhancement
    Emad N Eskandar; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  46. FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF PRIMARY AUDITORY CORTEX
    Christoph E Schreiner; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Once the normal functions are better understood, the detrimental consequences of hearing loss on these central mechanisms can be examined and may lead to the development of new therapeutic approaches to communicative disorders. ..
  47. In Vivo Analysis of the Mechanisms of Neural Crest Migration
    Paul M Kulesa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  48. In Vivo Analysis of the Mechanisms of Neural Crest Migration
    Paul Kulesa; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  49. Neural mechanisms of perceptual learning in the human brain
    Michael A Silver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, the subjects will be administered donepezil, an Alzheimer's medication known to enhance cognition, and the effects of this drug on the perceptual and brain correlates of learning will be determined. ..
  50. Testing a Comorbid PTSD & Substance/Alcohol Use Intervention in Delinquent Girls
    Amy E Lansing; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research will serve as a model for implementing and evaluating evidence based treatments with high-risk youth who gain the attention of the Juvenile Court but are traditionally underserved in the general community. ..
  51. Integration of ascending and descending input to auditory cortex
    Matthew Banks; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed experiments will elucidate how one such cortical feedback circuit affects the processing of incoming auditory information. ..
  52. Alcohol and Condom Use Resistance in Sexually Coercive/Violent Men
    Kelly Davis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  53. Alcohol and Condom Use Resistance in Sexually Coercive/Violent Men
    Kelly Cue Davis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  54. Integration of ascending and descending input to auditory cortex
    Matthew I Banks; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed experiments will elucidate how one such cortical feedback circuit affects the processing of incoming auditory information. ..
  55. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF AUDITORY INFORMATION PROCESSING
    PAUL MANIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These experiments will ultimately generate insights for alternative stimulation strategies for the hard-of-hearing, and for cochlear implant users. ..
  56. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF AUDITORY INFORMATION PROCESSING
    Paul B Manis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These experiments will ultimately generate insights for alternative stimulation strategies for the hard-of-hearing, and for cochlear implant users. ..
  57. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF AUDITORY INFORMATION PROCESSING
    PAUL MANIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These experiments will ultimately generate insights for alternative stimulation strategies for the hard-of-hearing, and for cochlear implant users. ..
  58. Protocolized Care for Early Septic Shock (ProCESS)
    Derek C Angus; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Our efforts capitalize on the findings of a recent 'proof-of-concept'trial by Rivers et al...
  59. A Ribozyme Rescue Strategy for Autosomal Dominant RP
    John Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The significance is that efficacious knockdown Rzs generated by this work, which demonstrate both rescue from degeneration and lack of photoreceptor toxicity, could then be translated into human clinical trials for adRP. ..
  60. A Ribozyme Rescue Strategy for Autosomal Dominant RP
    John Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The significance is that efficacious knockdown Rzs generated by this work, which demonstrate both rescue from degeneration and lack of photoreceptor toxicity, could then be translated into human clinical trials for adRP. ..
  61. A Ribozyme Rescue Strategy for Autosomal Dominant RP
    John Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The significance is that efficacious knockdown Rzs generated by this work, which demonstrate both rescue from degeneration and lack of photoreceptor toxicity, could then be translated into human clinical trials for adRP. ..
  62. PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISION
    Patrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In these final studies I will test normal and neurological subjects and record brain activation using fMRI. ..
  63. High throughput behavior monitoring and screening station for zebrafish larvae
    PIERRE R MARTINEAU; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  64. PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISION
    Patrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In these final studies I will test normal and neurological subjects and record brain activation using fMRI. ..
  65. PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISION
    Patrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In these final studies I will test normal and neurological subjects and record brain activation using fMRI. ..
  66. PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISION
    Patrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In these final studies I will test normal and neurological subjects and record brain activation using fMRI. ..
  67. PROCESSING STREAMS IN EARLY VISION
    Patrick Cavanagh; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In these final studies I will test normal and neurological subjects and record brain activation using fMRI. ..
  68. Enterprise Research Data Storage for Data-Intensive Computation
    John J Hutton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Investment of NCRR funds to improve research data anagement will strengthen the Medical Center's ability to conduct the research so ecessary to fulfill its mission. ..
  69. Advanced Toxic Metal Contaminant Remediation System
    Patrick James; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The metal reclamation achieved provides an economic incentive to treat sources currently allowed to contaminate the environment. ..
  70. Low-Cost Electronic Nose for Groundwater Contaminants
    Sanjay Patel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed work will focus on detection of chlorinated hydrocarbons, which are described as among the most common pollutants in groundwater and soils at DOE sites. ..
  71. High Throughput Rare Cell Isolation System
    CAROLYN CONANT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal aims to develop a high throughput system to isolate rare cells from biological samples and provide a range of analysis options to accommodate the desired endpoints of both clinical and research applications. ..
  72. Unnatural amino acids by deracemization
    PAUL PHILLIP TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These amino acids are in great demand for the synthesis of a wide range of important pharmaceutical compounds such HIV protease inhibitors, anti-cancer agents and anti-diabetic drugs. ..
  73. Unnatural amino acids by deracemization
    Paul Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These amino acids are in great demand for the synthesis of a wide range of important pharmaceutical compounds such HIV protease inhibitors, anti-cancer agents and anti-diabetic drugs. ..
  74. Biofilm Development by Vibrio cholerae
    Paula Watnick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..As a natural inhabitant of oceans, estuaries, rivers, and lakes, V. cholerae is well adapted for survival in both fresh water and marine environments. V...
  75. Chimeric enzyme for nucleic acid autohydrolysis
    James Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This technology will be licensed to plasmid DNA manufacturers; one such commercialization channel has already been identified. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Biofilm Development by Vibrio cholerae
    Paula Watnick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..As a natural inhabitant of oceans, estuaries, rivers, and lakes, V. cholerae is well adapted for survival in both fresh water and marine environments. V...
  77. Biofilm Development by Vibrio cholerae
    Paula Watnick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..As a natural inhabitant of oceans, estuaries, rivers, and lakes, V. cholerae is well adapted for survival in both fresh water and marine environments. V...
  78. Biofilm Development by Vibrio cholerae
    Paula Watnick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..As a natural inhabitant of oceans, estuaries, rivers, and lakes, V. cholerae is well adapted for survival in both fresh water and marine environments. V...
  79. Biofilm Development by Vibrio cholerae
    Paula Watnick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..As a natural inhabitant of oceans, estuaries, rivers, and lakes, V. cholerae is well adapted for survival in both fresh water and marine environments. V...
  80. Biofilm Development by Vibrio cholerae
    Paula Watnick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..As a natural inhabitant of oceans, estuaries, rivers, and lakes, V. cholerae is well adapted for survival in both fresh water and marine environments. V...
  81. RETIREMENT AND MARITAL BARGAINING
    Shelly Lundberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....