sulfur dioxide

Summary

Summary: A highly toxic, colorless, nonflammable gas. It is used as a pharmaceutical aid and antioxidant. It is also an environmental air pollutant.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Risk of asthmatic episodes in children exposed to sulfur dioxide stack emissions from a refinery point source in Montreal, Canada
    Audrey Smargiassi
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:653-9. 2009
  2. ncbi Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention study
    Anthony Johnson Hedley
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002
  3. ncbi Air pollution and health
    Bert Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
  4. pmc Short-term effects of ozone air pollution on ischaemic stroke occurrence: a case-crossover analysis from a 10-year population-based study in Dijon, France
    J B Henrotin
    Stroke Register of Dijon, Neurology Department, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France
    Occup Environ Med 64:439-45. 2007
  5. pmc An association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality from lung cancer and respiratory diseases in Japan
    Kota Katanoda
    Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, 5 1 1 Tsukiji, Chuo Ku, Tokyo 104 0045, Japan
    J Epidemiol 21:132-43. 2011
  6. ncbi DNA damaging effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives in cells from various organs of mice
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Mutagenesis 19:465-8. 2004
  7. doi Endogenous sulfur dioxide protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and increases myocardial antioxidant capacity in rats
    Yinfang Liang
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, PR China
    Lab Invest 91:12-23. 2011
  8. ncbi Air pollution: a new risk factor in ischemic stroke mortality
    Yun Chul Hong
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    Stroke 33:2165-9. 2002
  9. ncbi Air quality measurements for the aerosol research and inhalation epidemiology study
    D Alan Hansen
    Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:1445-58. 2006
  10. doi Urban air pollution and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-related emergency department visits
    M A Arbex
    Internal Medicine Post Graduate Programme, Sao Paulo Federal University, Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:777-83. 2009

Detail Information

Publications308 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Risk of asthmatic episodes in children exposed to sulfur dioxide stack emissions from a refinery point source in Montreal, Canada
    Audrey Smargiassi
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:653-9. 2009
    ..This study is an extension of an ecologic study that found an increased rate of hospitalizations for respiratory conditions among children living near petroleum refineries in Montreal (Canada)...
  2. ncbi Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention study
    Anthony Johnson Hedley
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002
    ..5% by weight. This intervention led to an immediate fall in ambient sulphur dioxide (SO2). We assessed the effect of this intervention on mortality over the next 5 years...
  3. ncbi Air pollution and health
    Bert Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
    ..In this review, we discuss the evidence for adverse effects on health of selected air pollutants...
  4. pmc Short-term effects of ozone air pollution on ischaemic stroke occurrence: a case-crossover analysis from a 10-year population-based study in Dijon, France
    J B Henrotin
    Stroke Register of Dijon, Neurology Department, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France
    Occup Environ Med 64:439-45. 2007
    ..To evaluate the association between air pollutants and the occurrence of acute stroke from 10-year population-based study...
  5. pmc An association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality from lung cancer and respiratory diseases in Japan
    Kota Katanoda
    Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, 5 1 1 Tsukiji, Chuo Ku, Tokyo 104 0045, Japan
    J Epidemiol 21:132-43. 2011
    ..Evidence for a link between long-term exposure to air pollution and lung cancer is limited to Western populations. In this prospective cohort study, we examined this association in a Japanese population...
  6. ncbi DNA damaging effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives in cells from various organs of mice
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Mutagenesis 19:465-8. 2004
    The DNA-damaging effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) derivatives (a mixture of sodium sulfite and sodium bisulfite, 3:1 M/M) in the cells of various organs (brain, lung, heart, liver, stomach, spleen, thymus, bone marrow and kidney) of male ..
  7. doi Endogenous sulfur dioxide protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and increases myocardial antioxidant capacity in rats
    Yinfang Liang
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, PR China
    Lab Invest 91:12-23. 2011
    Recently, sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) was discovered to be produced in the cardiovascular system and to influence important biological processes...
  8. ncbi Air pollution: a new risk factor in ischemic stroke mortality
    Yun Chul Hong
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    Stroke 33:2165-9. 2002
    ..We investigated the association between acute stroke mortality and air pollution over a 7-year period (January 1991 through December 1997) in Seoul, Korea...
  9. ncbi Air quality measurements for the aerosol research and inhalation epidemiology study
    D Alan Hansen
    Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:1445-58. 2006
    ..To date, 13-, 25-, and 53-month air quality datasets have been used in epidemiologic analyses...
  10. doi Urban air pollution and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-related emergency department visits
    M A Arbex
    Internal Medicine Post Graduate Programme, Sao Paulo Federal University, Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:777-83. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the daily number of COPD emergency department visits and the daily environmental air concentrations of PM(10), SO(2), NO(2), CO and O(3) in the City of São Paulo, Brazil...
  11. ncbi Enhanced tolerance to sulfur dioxide and salt stress of transgenic Chinese cabbage plants expressing both superoxide dismutase and catalase in chloroplasts
    Menq Jiau Tseng
    Department of Horticulture, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan, ROC
    Plant Physiol Biochem 45:822-33. 2007
    ..These results suggest that the expression of SOD and CAT simultaneously is suitable for the introduction of increased multiple stress protection...
  12. doi Association of indoor and outdoor air pollutant level with respiratory problems among children in an industrial area of Delhi, India
    Raj Kumar
    Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, India
    Arch Environ Occup Health 62:75-80. 2007
    ..Results suggest that both indoor and outdoor particulate exposure may be important risk factors in the development of respiratory illness in children...
  13. pmc Air pollution and emergency department visits for otitis media: a case-crossover study in Edmonton, Canada
    Roger Zemek
    Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario and University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1631-6. 2010
    ..Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common early childhood infections, resulting in an enormous economic burden to the health care system through unscheduled doctor visits and antibiotic prescriptions...
  14. pmc Air pollution and emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases in Valencia, Spain
    F Ballester
    Unit of Epidemiology and Statistics, Valencian School of Studies for Health EVES, Conselleria de Sanitat, Generalitat Valenciana, Spain
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:57-65. 2001
    ..To estimate the short-term association between air pollution levels and emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases in Valencia, within 1994-1996 period...
  15. pmc Air pollution and emergency department visits for cardiac and respiratory conditions: a multi-city time-series analysis
    David M Stieb
    Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Postal locator 4903C, 269 Laurier Ave West Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9, Canada
    Environ Health 8:25. 2009
    ....
  16. ncbi The roles of diesel exhaust particle extracts and the promotive effects of NO2 and/or SO2 exposure on rat lung tumorigenesis
    K Ohyama
    Department of Environmental Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health, Japan
    Cancer Lett 139:189-97. 1999
    ..the roles of diesel exhaust particle (DEP) extracts and the promotive effects of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and/or sulfur dioxide (SO2) exposure on rat lung tumorigenesis...
  17. pmc Oral cleft defects and maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants in New Jersey
    Elizabeth G Marshall
    Department of Epidemiology, UMDNJ School of Public Health, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 88:205-15. 2010
    ..Evidence links exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy, particularly gaseous pollutants and particulate matter, to an increased risk of adverse reproductive outcomes though the results for birth defects have been inconsistent...
  18. pmc Impact of air pollution on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in children. Longitudinal repeated-measures study
    Benigno Linares
    Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad No, 1, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, López Mateos e Insurgentes s n Col Paraísos Z C 37320, Leon, Mexico
    BMC Pulm Med 10:62. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to determine the impact of air pollution on the frequency of pulmonary function alterations and respiratory symptoms in school-age children in a longitudinal repeated-measures study...
  19. doi Maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants and risk of congenital anomalies
    Judith Rankin
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    Environ Res 109:181-7. 2009
    ..Overall, maternal exposure to BS and SO(2) in the Northern region had limited impact on congenital anomaly risk. Studies with detailed exposure assessment are needed to further investigate this relationship...
  20. doi A framework for assessing causality and adverse effects in humans with a case study of sulfur dioxide
    Julie E Goodman
    Gradient, 20 University Road, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 58:308-22. 2010
    ..We applied the framework to a case study of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and conclude that the available evidence supports a short-term exposure threshold of 400 ppb SO(2) for ..
  21. pmc Air pollution, aeroallergens, and emergency room visits for acute respiratory diseases and gastroenteric disorders among young children in six Italian cities
    Flavia Orazzo
    Pediatric Emergency Room, Santobono s Hospital, Naples, Italy
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1780-5. 2009
    ..We conducted a multicity analysis of the relationship between air pollution and ER visits for wheezing and gastroenteric disorder in children 0-2 years of age...
  22. doi The relationship between particulate air pollution and emergency hospital visits for hypertension in Beijing, China
    Yuming Guo
    School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, Queensland 4059, Australia
    Sci Total Environ 408:4446-50. 2010
    ..However, little is known about the relationship between air pollution and the onset of hypertension...
  23. ncbi Effects of air pollution on blood pressure and heart rate variability: a panel study of vehicular traffic controllers in the city of São Paulo, Brazil
    Ubiratan de Paula Santos
    Divisão de Pneumologia, Instituto do Coração InCor, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 44, CEP 05403 000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Eur Heart J 26:193-200. 2005
    ..Evaluating the effects of air pollution on Sao Paulo city's vehicular traffic controllers by means of risk indicators for cardiovascular diseases...
  24. pmc Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in Hong Kong
    T W Wong
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong
    Occup Environ Med 56:679-83. 1999
    ..To investigate short term effects of concentrations of pollutants in ambient air on hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Hong Kong...
  25. pmc Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge
    N Bruce
    Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1078-92. 2000
    ..A more systematic approach to the development and evaluation of interventions is desirable, with clearer recognition of the interrelationships between poverty and dependence on polluting fuels...
  26. doi Sulfur dioxide inhibits excessively activated endoplasmic reticulum stress in rats with myocardial injury
    Shanshan Chen
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Xi An Men Str No 1, West District, Beijing 100034, China
    Heart Vessels 27:505-16. 2012
    ..The study was designed to explore the possible role of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) in protecting excessively activated ERS in rats with isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury...
  27. doi Effects of sulfur dioxide on hypoxic pulmonary vascular structural remodeling
    Yan Sun
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Lab Invest 90:68-82. 2010
    ..Recently, we found that sulfur dioxide could be produced endogenously by pulmonary vessels, and that it showed vascular regulatory capabilities...
  28. ncbi Ecological effects of sulfur dioxide, fluorides, and minor air pollutants: recent trends and research needs
    J Neil Cape
    Edinburgh Research Station, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate, Penicuik, EH26 0QB, Midlothian, UK
    Environ Int 29:201-11. 2003
    The regulation of the emissions of 'traditional' primary air pollutants (fluorides, sulfur dioxide) has changed the pattern of exposure of ecological systems, with greatly reduced exposure close to sources, but with a smaller effect in ..
  29. doi Volcanic sulfur dioxide and acute respiratory symptoms on Miyakejima island
    A Ishigami
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Kappel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Occup Environ Med 65:701-7. 2008
    Following a volcanic eruption in 2000, high concentrations of ambient sulfur dioxide (SO2) are still observed on Miyakejima, Japan despite the reversal 2 years ago of the ban on residents living on the island...
  30. doi Development of a gas diffusion multicommuted flow injection system for the determination of sulfur dioxide in wines, comparing malachite green and pararosaniline chemistries
    Sara M Oliveira
    CBQF Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Porto, Portugal
    J Agric Food Chem 57:3415-22. 2009
    A flow system based on the multicommutation concept was developed for the determination of free and total sulfur dioxide in table wines, exploiting gas diffusion separation and spectrophotometric detection...
  31. doi Sulfur dioxide and benzo(a)pyrene modulates CYP1A and tumor-related gene expression in rat liver
    Guohua Qin
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Environ Toxicol 25:169-79. 2010
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) are common industrial and environmental contaminants...
  32. doi Endogenous generation of sulfur dioxide in rat tissues
    Liman Luo
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 415:61-7. 2011
    While sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) has been previously known for its toxicological effects, it is now known to be produced endogenously in mammals from sulfur-containing amino acid L-cysteine...
  33. doi Regulatory effects of sulfur dioxide on the development of atherosclerotic lesions and vascular hydrogen sulfide in atherosclerotic rats
    Wei Li
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Atherosclerosis 215:323-30. 2011
    This study was designed to examine the effect of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) on atherosclerotic progression and endogenous vascular hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) in rats with atherosclerosis (AS).
  34. ncbi Effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on cytokine levels in lungs and serum of mice
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University Taiyuan China
    Inhal Toxicol 17:303-7. 2005
    In order to elucidate the immunotoxic mechanism exerted by sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), we investigated the effect of SO(2), a major air pollutant, on the cytokine levels in lungs and serum of male mice...
  35. ncbi Optical sensor for sulfur dioxide determination in wines
    Karime R B Silva
    Instituto de Quimica, UNICAMP, Caixa Postal 6154, 13084 971 Campinas, Brazil
    J Agric Food Chem 54:8697-701. 2006
    A method for the determination of free and total sulfur dioxide in wines, based on the use of an optical sensor that employs a dichlorobis(diphenylphosphino)methane dipalladium I complex [Pd(2)(dppm)(2)Cl(2)] immobilized in a PVC membrane ..
  36. doi The vasorelaxant effect and its mechanisms of sodium bisulfite as a sulfur dioxide donor
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Chemosphere 89:579-84. 2012
    ..and its underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms, to explore whether bisulfite can be used as a sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) donor in the biological experiments, the vasorelaxant effects of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite ..
  37. ncbi Inhibitory effect of sulfur dioxide and other stress compounds in wine on the ATPase activity of Oenococcus oeni
    Ramon Carreté
    Departament de Bioquimica i Biotecnologia, Unitat d Enologia del CeRTA, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Plaça Imperial Tàrraco, 1, 43005 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 211:155-9. 2002
    ..It can be concluded that ATPase is a good indicator of the physiological state of the cells and their ability to lead MLF...
  38. ncbi Sulfur dioxide restores calcium homeostasis disturbance in rat with isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury
    Shanshan Chen
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China
    Histol Histopathol 27:1219-26. 2012
    b>sulfur dioxide (SO₂) could relieve isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury, while the mechanism is unclear...
  39. doi In situ measurements of SO2, NOx, NOy, and O3 in Beijing, China during August 2008
    Yang Sun
    State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
    Sci Total Environ 409:933-40. 2011
    ..Lastly, the analysis of the wind direction and extent of SPM showed that the photochemical pollution of this region was mostly subject to the influence of southeastern air flow in the summer...
  40. doi Effects of endogenous sulfur dioxide on monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats
    Hong fang Jin
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Acta Pharmacol Sin 29:1157-66. 2008
    The present study aimed to explore the protective effect of endogenous sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the development of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) in rats.
  41. doi The negative inotropic effects of gaseous sulfur dioxide and its derivatives in the isolated perfused rat heart
    Quanxi Zhang
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Environ Toxicol 27:175-84. 2012
    Epidemiological investigations have revealed that sulfur dioxide (SO(2) ) exposure is linked to cardiovascular diseases...
  42. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide on apoptosis-related gene expressions in lungs from rats
    Juli Bai
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 43:272-9. 2005
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is an air pollutant in densely populated areas as well as in areas polluted by coal-fired power plants, smelters, and sulfuric acid factories...
  43. ncbi Effect of sulfur dioxide on active and passive avoidance in experimental diabetes mellitus: relation to oxidant stress and antioxidant enzymes
    Vural Kucukatay
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
    Int J Neurosci 117:1091-107. 2007
    The effect of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) on hippocampus antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation and learning and memory was investigated in diabetic rats...
  44. doi Microalgal biomass production and on-site bioremediation of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide from flue gas using Chlorella sp. cultures
    Sheng Yi Chiu
    Department of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
    Bioresour Technol 102:9135-42. 2011
    ..Our results demonstrate that flue gas from coke oven could be directly introduced into Chlorella sp. MTF-7 cultures to potentially produce algal biomass and efficiently capture CO₂, NO and SO₂ from flue gas...
  45. doi Stomatal index responses of Agrostis canina to CO2 and sulphur dioxide: implications for palaeo-[CO2] using the stomatal proxy
    Matthew Haworth
    School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    New Phytol 188:845-55. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi Sulfite oxidase protects plants against sulfur dioxide toxicity
    Galina Brychkova
    The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, The Albert Katz Department of Dryland Biotechnologies, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    Plant J 50:696-709. 2007
    ..The results imply that plants can utilize sulfite oxidase in a sulfite oxidative pathway to cope with sulfite overflow...
  47. ncbi Protective effects of salicylic acid and vitamin C on sulfur dioxide-induced lipid peroxidation in mice
    Huiping Zhao
    Department of Biology, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang, People s Republic of China
    Inhal Toxicol 20:865-71. 2008
    ..of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and vitamin C (Vit C) on the oxidative stress induced by 56 mg/m(3) of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in mouse livers and brains were investigated...
  48. ncbi Protective effects of seabuckthorn seed oil on mouse injury induced by sulfur dioxide inhalation
    Aidong Ruan
    College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
    Inhal Toxicol 15:1053-8. 2003
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a common but important air pollutant...
  49. ncbi Effects of NO2 and SO2 on selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammonia
    Jeong Hoi Goo
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Energy and Environment Research Center, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 305 701 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
    Chemosphere 67:718-23. 2007
    ..The denitrification (DeNO(x)) conversion decreases at lower temperatures but it increases at higher temperatures with increasing SO(2) concentration. The presence of SO(2) in the feeds inhibits N(2)O formation...
  50. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives on four asthma-related gene expressions in human bronchial epithelial cells
    Ruijin Li
    Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Toxicol Lett 175:71-81. 2007
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a common air pollutant, and inhaled SO(2) in airway epithelium easily forms its soluble derivatives in vivo (bisulfite and sulfite), which are toxic to the respiratory system and related to the exacerbation of ..
  51. ncbi Atmospheric conversion of sulfur dioxide to particulate sulfate and nitrogen dioxide to particulate nitrate and gaseous nitric acid in an urban area
    M I Khoder
    Air Pollution Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
    Chemosphere 49:675-84. 2002
    b>Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate sulfate and nitrate, gaseous nitric acid, ozone and meteorological parameters (temperature and relative humidity) were measured during the winter season (1999-2000) and summer season (2000) in ..
  52. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide on formation of fishy off-odor and undesirable taste in wine consumed with seafood
    Akiko Fujita
    National Research Institute of Brewing, Higashi Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan
    J Agric Food Chem 58:4414-20. 2010
    ..These results suggest that sulfur dioxide in wine participated in degradation of unsaturated fatty acids, causing an increase in undesirable taste and ..
  53. ncbi Sensory and pulmonary effects of acute exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO2)
    Christoph van Thriel
    Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors IfADo, Dortmund, Germany
    Toxicol Lett 196:42-50. 2010
    Exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) affects large populations worldwide. Pulmonary effects have been reported at concentrations relevant in the general (<0.5 ppm) and working environment (>0.5 ppm)...
  54. ncbi Outdoor air pollution: nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide health effects
    Tze Ming Chen
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
    Am J Med Sci 333:249-56. 2007
    Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and carbon monoxide are important ambient air pollutants. High-intensity, confined space exposure to NO2 has caused catastrophic injury to humans, including death...
  55. ncbi The effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on active avoidance learning, antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation during aging
    Piraye Yargicoglu
    Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biophysics, Arapsuyu, 07070 Antalya, Turkey
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 29:211-8. 2007
    ..Additionally, SO2 exposure impaired cognitive function only in the young rats during the acquisition phase of active avoidance learning...
  56. doi Increased thiol biosynthesis of transgenic poplar expressing a wheat O-acetylserine(thiol) lyase enhances resistance to hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide toxicity
    Michimi Nakamura
    Department of Molecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    Plant Cell Rep 28:313-23. 2009
    ..were developed in order to examine the role of this enzyme in thiol production following hydrogen sulfide or sulfur dioxide exposure and in the extent of damage induced in the plants by these pollutants...
  57. ncbi DNA damage in mice treated with sulfur dioxide by inhalation
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, China
    Environ Mol Mutagen 46:150-5. 2005
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a ubiquitous air pollutant produced by the burning of fossil fuels...
  58. doi Endogenous sulfur dioxide aggravates myocardial injury in isolated rat heart with ischemia and reperfusion
    Suqing Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China
    Transplantation 87:517-24. 2009
    Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is an important clinical problem. This article investigated the role of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the regulation of cardiac function and in the pathogenesis of cardiac I/R injury in isolated rat heart.
  59. ncbi Blood pressure of rats lowered by sulfur dioxide and its derivatives
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P R China
    Inhal Toxicol 15:951-9. 2003
    This study was designed to investigate effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and its derivatives (bisulfite and sulfite) on the rat blood pressure...
  60. pmc Association between maternal exposure to ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease: A register-based spatiotemporal analysis
    Payam Dadvand
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 173:171-82. 2011
    ..The present case-control study tested the hypothesis that maternal exposure to ambient black smoke and sulfur dioxide is a risk factor for the occurrence of congenital heart disease...
  61. doi Ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease: a register-based study
    Payam Dadvand
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK
    Environ Res 111:435-41. 2011
    ..between maternal exposure to ambient particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide (NO), ozone (O(3)), and carbon monoxide (CO) and the occurrence of ..
  62. doi Sulfur dioxide upregulates the aortic nitric oxide pathway in rats
    Junling Li
    School of Physical Education, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Eur J Pharmacol 645:143-50. 2010
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a common gaseous pollutant. It is also, however, endogenously generated from sulfur-containing amino acids...
  63. pmc Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007
    ..Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States...
  64. pmc The relationship between odour annoyance scores and modelled ambient air pollution in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley", Ontario
    Dominic Odwa Atari
    Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6G 5C2, Canada
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:2655-75. 2009
    ..However, questionnaire-based odour annoyance scores need to be validated longitudinally and across different scales if they are to be adopted for use at the national level...
  65. ncbi The vasodilator effect and its mechanism of sulfur dioxide-derivatives on isolated aortic rings of rats
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, China
    Inhal Toxicol 19:979-86. 2007
    The vasodilator effect of exogenous sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) derivatives (mixture of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite, 3:1 M/M in neutral solution) on rat vascular system was studied in order to explore the mechanism of blood pressure ..
  66. ncbi Oxidative damage of sulfur dioxide on various organs of mice: sulfur dioxide is a systemic oxidative damage agent
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Department of Life Sciences, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, People s Republic of China
    Inhal Toxicol 15:181-95. 2003
    ..The purpose of this research was to determine (1) whether sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) increases levels of lipid peroxidation and alters intracellular redox status in multiple organs of ..
  67. doi Vasodilator effect of gaseous sulfur dioxide and regulation of its level by Ach in rat vascular tissues
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Inhal Toxicol 21:1223-8. 2009
    ..These findings also demonstrate that endogenous SO(2) level in vascular tissue may be regulated by Ach and NE...
  68. ncbi Identification of carbonyl sulfide and sulfur dioxide in porcine coronary artery by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, possible relevance to EDHF
    Michael Balazy
    Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595 1612, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 311:728-34. 2003
    ..in Krebs buffer followed by GC/MS analysis of the headspace gas revealed two gases, carbonyl sulfide (COS) and sulfur dioxide (SO(2))...
  69. ncbi Ambient air pollution and risk of congenital anomalies in England, 1991-1999
    H Dolk
    Room 12L09, University of Ulster, Shore Road, Newtownabbey, Co Antrim, BT37 0QB, UK
    Occup Environ Med 67:223-7. 2010
    ..To investigate whether there is an association between risk of congenital anomaly and annual ward level exposure to air pollution in England during the 1990s...
  70. ncbi The association of daily sulfur dioxide air pollution levels with hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases in Europe (The Aphea-II study)
    Jordi Sunyer
    Unitat de Recerca Respiratoria i Ambiental, Institut Municipal Investigació Mèdica IMIM, C Dr Aiguader 80, Barcelona 08003, Spain
    Eur Heart J 24:752-60. 2003
    The objective of this study is to assess the short-term effect of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) air pollution levels on hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases...
  71. ncbi Chronic exposure to outdoor air pollution and lung function in adults
    L J L Forbes
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
    Thorax 64:657-63. 2009
    ..The extent to which chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants influences lung function in adults is unclear. The aim of this study was to measure the association between chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants and adult lung function...
  72. pmc Effect of inhaled sulphur dioxide and carbon particles on heart rate variability and markers of inflammation and coagulation in human subjects
    H C Routledge
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Heart 92:220-7. 2006
    ....
  73. ncbi Endogenously generated sulfur dioxide and its vasorelaxant effect in rats
    Shu xu Du
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Acta Pharmacol Sin 29:923-30. 2008
    The present study was designed to explore the endogenous production and localization of the sulfur dioxide (SO2)/aspartate aminotransferase pathway in vascular tissues of rats and to examine its vasorelaxant effect on isolated aortic ..
  74. ncbi Pathogenetic mechanism of olfactory cell injury after exposure to sulfur dioxide in mice
    Yang Gi Min
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon Dong, Gongno Gu, Seoul 110 744, Korea
    Laryngoscope 113:2157-62. 2003
    ..This study aimed to investigate the cellular pathogenetic mechanism involved in olfactory tissue injury and regeneration...
  75. pmc Relative performance of different exposure modeling approaches for sulfur dioxide concentrations in the air in rural western Canada
    Igor Burstyn
    Community and Occupational Medicine Program, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:43. 2008
    ..Month-long average air quality measurements were collected over a two-year period (2001-2002) at multiple locations, with some side-by-side measurements, and repeated time-series at selected locations...
  76. ncbi Exposure to air pollution during different gestational phases contributes to risks of low birth weight
    B E Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Ewha Medical Research Center, Ewha Womans University, 911 1, Mok 6 Dong, Yangcheon Gu, Seoul, Korea 158 710
    Hum Reprod 18:638-43. 2003
    ..Although there have been growing concerns about the adverse effects of air pollution on birth outcomes, little is known about which specific exposure times of specific pollutants contribute to low birth weight (LBW)...
  77. ncbi Temporal relationship between air pollution and hospital admissions for asthmatic children in Hong Kong
    G W Wong
    Department of Paediatrics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
    Clin Exp Allergy 31:565-9. 2001
    ..The results support that current levels of air pollution contribute to the respiratory morbidity in asthmatic children in Hong Kong...
  78. ncbi Long-term inhalable particles and other air pollutants related to mortality in nonsmokers
    D E Abbey
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 159:373-82. 1999
    ..less than 10 microm in diameter (PM10) (1973- 1992) and other air pollutants-total suspended sulfates, sulfur dioxide, ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide-were related to 1977-1992 mortality in a cohort of 6,338 nonsmoking ..
  79. pmc Using geographic information systems to assess individual historical exposure to air pollution from traffic and house heating in Stockholm
    T Bellander
    Department of Environmental Health, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 109:633-9. 2001
    ..1970, and 1980) using reconstructed emission data for the index pollutants nitrogen oxides (NO(x)/NO(2)) and sulfur dioxide together with dispersion modeling...
  80. ncbi Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China -- a meta-analysis
    Kristin Aunan
    Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, P O Box 1129 Blindern, Cicero, Sognsveien 68, 0318 Oslo, Norway
    Sci Total Environ 329:3-16. 2004
    ..31% (S.E. 0.01) increase per microg/m3 in adults and 0.44% (S.E. 0.02) per microg/m3 in children. With some exceptions, Chinese studies report somewhat lower exposure-response coefficients as compared to studies in Europe and USA...
  81. ncbi First two months of pregnancy--critical time for preterm delivery and low birthweight caused by adverse effects of coal combustion toxics
    Lucijan Mohorovic
    Obstetric and Gynecologic Primary Care, Labin, Rabac 52221, Croatia
    Early Hum Dev 80:115-23. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to define the most critical gestation period for adverse effects of environmental toxics in terms of preterm delivery (<37 weeks) and low birthweight (<2500 g) in humans...
  82. ncbi Association between maternal exposure to elevated ambient sulfur dioxide during pregnancy and term low birth weight
    Chih Ming Lin
    Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei Hsien, Taiwan, ROC
    Environ Res 96:41-50. 2004
    ..4 ppb of SO2 in the last trimester showed 20% higher risk (OR=1.20, 95% CI=1.01-1.41) of term LBW delivery than mothers with lower exposure (<6.8 ppb). No significant elevation ORs was observed for other air pollutants...
  83. ncbi Ambient air pollution and asthma exacerbations in children: an eight-city analysis
    Jonathan S Schildcrout
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 27232 2158, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:505-17. 2006
    ..of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter less than 10 mum in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), sulfur dioxide, and warm-season ozone were examined in both one-pollutant and two-pollutant models, using lags of up to 2 ..
  84. doi Characterization of PM2.5, gaseous pollutants, and meteorological interactions in the context of time-series health effects models
    Kazuhiko Ito
    NYU School of Medicine, Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S45-60. 2007
    ..often considered other gaseous co-pollutants also as potential confounders, including nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and carbon monoxide (CO)...
  85. pmc Relation between ambient air pollution and low birth weight in the Northeastern United States
    M Maisonet
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:351-6. 2001
    ..and ambient air levels of carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter up to 10 microm in diameter (PM(10)), and sulfur dioxide (SO(2))...
  86. ncbi Acute effect of sulphur dioxide from a power plant on pulmonary function of children, Thailand
    Wichai Aekplakorn
    Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Rama 6 Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Int J Epidemiol 32:854-61. 2003
    ..This study evaluated the association of short-term exposure to increased ambient SO2 and daily pulmonary function changes among children with and without asthma...
  87. ncbi Air pollution and daily mortality in seven major cities of Korea, 1991-1997
    J T Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul 120 752, Korea
    Environ Res 84:247-54. 2000
    ..These cities account for half of the Korean population (about 22 million). The observed concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO(2), mean=23.3 ppb), ozone (O(3), mean=23.7 ppb), and total suspended particulates (TSP, mean=77...
  88. ncbi Industrial sources influence air concentrations of hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide in rural areas of western Canada
    Igor Burstyn
    Department of Public Health Services, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 57:1241-50. 2007
    A survey of monthly average concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) at rural locations in western Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan) was conducted in 2001-2002, as part of an ..
  89. ncbi Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987-1994
    J M Samet
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    N Engl J Med 343:1742-9. 2000
    ..Although these findings have helped lead to a tightening of air-quality standards, their validity with respect to public health has been questioned...
  90. ncbi Three-axis acoustic device for levitation of droplets in an open gas stream and its application to examine sulfur dioxide absorption by water droplets
    Terrance L Stephens
    Xerox Corporation, Wilsonville, Oregon 97070, USA
    Rev Sci Instrum 78:014901. 2007
    ..Droplet pH over a central volume of the droplet was measured by planar laser induced fluorescence. The results for the decay of droplet pH versus time are in general agreement with published theory and experiments...
  91. ncbi Association of short-term ambient air pollution concentrations and ventricular arrhythmias
    David Q Rich
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:1123-32. 2005
    ..These results confirm previous findings and suggest that matching of pollution periods to arrhythmias is important in detecting such associations...
  92. ncbi Coarse particulate matter and hospitalization for respiratory infections in children younger than 15 years in Toronto: a case-crossover analysis
    Mei Lin
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 116:e235-40. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the association between ambient air pollution and hospitalization for respiratory infections among children who were younger than 15 years in Toronto during a 4-year period (1998-2001)...
  93. ncbi Effects of air pollution on asthma hospitalization rates in different age groups in Hong Kong
    F W S Ko
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Clin Exp Allergy 37:1312-9. 2007
    ..To assess the relationship between levels of ambient air pollutants and hospitalization rates for asthma in Hong Kong (HK)...
  94. ncbi Prenatal sulfur dioxide exposure induces changes in the behavior of adult male mice during agonistic encounters
    M Fiore
    Institute of Neurobiology, CNR, Rome, Italy
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 20:543-8. 1998
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is one of the most important pollutants of the western countries, responsible for several cardiopulmonary diseases in humans...
  95. pmc The EMECAM project: a multicentre study on air pollution and mortality in Spain: combined results for particulates and for sulfur dioxide
    F Ballester
    Epidemiology and Statistics Unit, Escola Valenciana d Estudis per a la Salut EVES, Conselleria de Sanitat, Generalitat Valenciana, Spain
    Occup Environ Med 59:300-8. 2002
    ..In this paper the combined results are presented for the short term effects of particulates and sulfur dioxide on both daily mortality for all and for specific causes.
  96. ncbi Improved air quality in reunified Germany and decreases in respiratory symptoms
    Joachim Heinrich
    GSF, National Research Center for Environment and Health Institute for Epidemiology, PO Box 1129, D 85758 Oberschleissheim, Germany
    Epidemiology 13:394-401. 2002
    ..Previous research on air pollution effects has found associations with chronic adverse health effects even at the relatively low levels of ambient particulates currently measured in most urban areas...
  97. pmc Respiratory effects of sulphur dioxide: a hierarchical multicity analysis in the APHEA 2 study
    J Sunyer
    Unitat de Recerca Respiratoria i Ambiental, Institut Municipal Investigació Mèdica IMIM, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Occup Environ Med 60:e2. 2003
    ..Sulphur dioxide (SO(2)) was associated with hospital admissions for asthma in children in the original APHEA study, but not with other respiratory admissions...
  98. ncbi Effect of air-pollution control on death rates in Dublin, Ireland: an intervention study
    Luke Clancy
    St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Lancet 360:1210-4. 2002
    ..We assessed the effect of air pollution controls--ie, the ban on coal sales--on particulate air pollution and death rates in Dublin...
  99. pmc Outdoor air pollution, low birth weight, and prematurity
    M Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 108:173-6. 2000
    ..Maternal exposures to sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), total suspended particles (TSP), and nitrous oxides (NO(x)) in each trimester of pregnancy were ..
  100. ncbi Comparison of two atmospheric-dispersion models to assess farm-site exposure to sour-gas processing-plant emissions
    H Morgan Scott
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2G3
    Prev Vet Med 57:15-34. 2003
    ..b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) was the surrogate measure of exposure to a complex mixture of combusted sour-gas emissions...
  101. ncbi Associations between outdoor air pollution and hospital admissions in Brisbane, Australia
    A Petroeschevsky
    School of Public Health Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    Arch Environ Health 56:37-52. 2001
    ..used the Air Pollution on Health: European Approach protocol to examine the effects of particles, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide on daily hospital admissions for asthma and respiratory, cardiovascular, and digestive ..

Research Grants71

  1. Air Pollution and Asthma in Southeast Louisiana
    BADIOLLAH ASRABADI; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The primary objectives of this project are to: 1) Monitor air quality including carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone, and Particulate Matter (PM10) in several sugarcane burning and non-..
  2. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico City
    MARIE O NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to the exact locations of participants'homes...
  3. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to the exact locations of participants'homes...
  4. Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants'homes...
  5. Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants'homes...
  6. Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico City
    MARIE O NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants'homes...
  7. Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants'homes...
  8. International Program for Mining Health and Safety
    Jefferey Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..mineral processing include exposure to metals such as arsenic, lead, and mercury, and other pollutants such as sulfur dioxide. The University of Arizona (UA) has trained 46 mining and geological engineers from Zambia...
  9. Utilization of calcite for the reduction of coal mine dust toxicity
    Xi Huang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is widely used to prevent explosions, treat acid mine drainage, and absorb acid rain components such as sulfur dioxide released during combustion...
  10. Utilization of calcite for the reduction of coal mine dust toxicity
    Xi Huang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is widely used to prevent explosions, treat acid mine drainage, and absorb acid rain components such as sulfur dioxide released during combustion...
  11. SULFUR OXIDES EFFECTS ON LUNG FUNCTION IN ASTHMATICS
    Jane Koenig; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The form of air pollution studied will be sulfur dioxide (SO2) (0.5ppm) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) (100 micrograms/cubic meters)...
  12. STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON EUKARYOTIC MOCO CONTAINING ENZYMES
    Caroline Kisker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of sulfite to sulfate and also plays an important role in detoxifying exogenously supplied sulfite and sulfur dioxide. Sulfite oxidase deficiency is a severe disease in humans, which mostly leads to death in early childhood...
  13. STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON EUKARYOTIC MOCO CONTAINING ENZYMES
    Caroline Kisker; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..of sulfite to sulfate and also plays an important role in detoxifying exogenously supplied sulfite and sulfur dioxide. Sulfite oxidase deficiency is a severe disease in humans, which mostly leads to death in early childhood...
  14. STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON EUKARYOTIC MOCO CONTAINING ENZYMES
    Caroline Kisker; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of sulfite to sulfate and also plays an important role in detoxifying exogenously supplied sulfite and sulfur dioxide. Sulfite oxidase deficiency is a severe disease in humans, which mostly leads to death in early childhood...
  15. STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON EUKARYOTIC MOCO CONTAINING ENZYMES
    Caroline Kisker; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of sulfite to sulfate and also plays an important role in detoxifying exogenously supplied sulfite and sulfur dioxide. Sulfite oxidase deficiency is a severe disease in humans, which mostly leads to death in early childhood...
  16. STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON EUKARYOTIC MOCO CONTAINING ENZYMES
    Caroline Kisker; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of sulfite to sulfate and also plays an important role in detoxifying exogenously supplied sulfite and sulfur dioxide. Sulfite oxidase deficiency is a severe disease in humans, which mostly leads to death in early childhood...
  17. Volcanic Emissions and Airway Function, Inflammation, Heart Rhythm (AIR)
    Barbara Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Kilauea's east rift has erupted continuously since 1986, each day releasing 1,000 to 2,000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), more than twice as much as the highest EPA-ranked stationary source in the nation...
  18. TOXICOLOGY OF INORGANIC COAL COMBUSTION AEROSOLS
    MARY AMDUR; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..the submicrometer size range of inorganic aerosols formed during coal combustion and their interaction with sulfur dioxide. Pure metal oxides (Zn, Cu, V, Mn, Si) are generated in high temperature furnaces to study effects of ..
  19. Volcanic Emissions and Airway Function, Inflammation, Heart Rhythm (AIR)
    Barbara Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Kilauea's east rift has erupted continuously since 1986, each day releasing 1,000 to 2,000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), more than twice as much as the highest EPA-ranked stationary source in the nation...
  20. COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY OF RESPIRATORY TRACT IRRITANTS
    William Mautz; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Investigation of the toxic effects of the prominent air pollutants, ozone (O3) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), on the respiratory tracts of amphibians will be continued...
  21. GENOTOXICITY OF BENZO[A]PYRENE DERIVATIVES AND SULFITE
    Gregory Reed; Fiscal Year: 1993
    b>Sulfur dioxide, a ubiquitous air pollutant and a component of tobacco smoke, is a cocarcinogen for benzo[a]pyrene (BP) in the respiratory tract...
  22. GENOTOXICITY OF BENZO[A]PYRENE DERIVATIVES AND SULFITE
    Gregory Reed; Fiscal Year: 1991
    b>Sulfur dioxide, a ubiquitous air pollutant and a component of tobacco smoke, is a cocarcinogen for benzo[a]pyrene (BP) in the respiratory tract...
  23. OZONE EXPOSURE AND DOSE DELIVERED TO HUMAN LUNGS
    James Ultman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..of healthy nonsmokers while these subjects are continuously exposed to clean air, ozone, nitrogen dioxide or sulfur dioxide during quite nasal breathing for two hours. 3...
  24. OZONE EXPOSURE AND DOSE DELIVERED TO HUMAN LUNGS
    James Ultman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of healthy nonsmokers while these subjects are continuously exposed to clean air, ozone, nitrogen dioxide or sulfur dioxide during quite nasal breathing for two hours. 3...
  25. Longitudinal Study of Respiratory Function in Aluminum Smelter Workers
    Mridu Gulati; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Specific Aim 6. Measure the association between other exposures-including fluoride, sulfur dioxide, oil mist and coal tar pitch volatiles-and both the diagnosis of obstructive lung disease and change over time ..
  26. Longitudinal Study of Respiratory Function in Aluminum Smelter Workers
    Mridu Gulati; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Specific Aim 6. Measure the association between other exposures-including fluoride, sulfur dioxide, oil mist and coal tar pitch volatiles-and both the diagnosis of obstructive lung disease and change over time ..
  27. PEAK EXPOSURES IN ALUMINUM SMELTING
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Prime candidates for these problems are the acid gases, hydrogen fluoride (HF) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) which are released during particular phases of the smelting operations, producing high transient peaks ..
  28. PEAK EXPOSURES IN ALUMINUM SMELTING
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Prime candidates for these problems are the acid gases, hydrogen fluoride (HF) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) which are released during particular phases of the smelting operations, producing high transient peaks ..
  29. PEAK EXPOSURES IN ALUMINUM SMELTING
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Prime candidates for these problems are the acid gases, hydrogen fluoride (HF) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) which are released during particular phases of the smelting operations, producing high transient peaks ..
  30. OZONE EXPOSURE AND DOSE DELIVERED TO HUMAN LUNGS
    James Ultman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of healthy nonsmokers while these subjects are continuously exposed to clean air, ozone, nitrogen dioxide or sulfur dioxide during quite nasal breathing for two hours. 3...
  31. OZONE EXPOSURE AND DOSE DELIVERED TO HUMAN LUNGS
    James Ultman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of healthy nonsmokers while these subjects are continuously exposed to clean air, ozone, nitrogen dioxide or sulfur dioxide during quite nasal breathing for two hours. 3...
  32. Program to Assess Health Effects Associated with Exposures to Volcanic Emissions
    Elizabeth Tam; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Kilauea's volcano's continuous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions for more than 20 years, characteristic island wind patterns, and Hawaii's towering ..
  33. AIR POLLUTION AND IMPLANTABLE CARDIOVERTER DEFIBRILLATORS
    Douglas Dockery; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Concentrations of gaseous pollutants including carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and sulfur dioxide will be measured and considered as alternative predictors of cardiac arrhythmias...
  34. Program to Assess Health Effects Associated with Exposures to Volcanic Emissions
    ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Kilauea's volcano's continuous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions for more than 20 years, characteristic island wind patterns, and Hawaii's towering ..
  35. Program to Assess Health Effects Associated with Exposures to Volcanic Emissions
    ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Kilauea's volcano's continuous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions for more than 20 years, characteristic island wind patterns, and Hawaii's towering ..
  36. REGULATION OF CILIARY BEAT
    DONOVAN YEATES; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The agents to be studied, capsaicin, sulfur dioxide, oxygen and Ascaris suum antigen, mediate their effects on the mucociliary transport system through a number ..
  37. PHOSPHATE ANALOG PROBES OF RED CELL METABOLISM
    Richard Labotka; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..neutral S02 across the membrane contributes significantly to the total flux of this compound, and whether the erythrocytic enzyme carbonic anhydrase accelerates this process by catalyzing the interconversion of sulfite and sulfur dioxide.
  38. IN VITRO TOXICITY OF AIRBORNE POLLUTANTS AND CHEMICALS
    DANIEL LUCHTEL; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..and bronchial epithelial cell cultures to low concentrations of gaseous air pollutants such as ozone (O3) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) 2) expose the same two types of epithelial cell cultures within a uniquely designed exposure chamber ..
  39. ACID AEROSOL HEALTH EFFECTS IN NORTH AMERICAN CHILDREN
    FRANK SPEIZER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..as comparable measures of size fractionated particulate concentrations (for two particle size cutoff values), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and ozone...
  40. IMPROVEMENTS IN CHLORINE DIOXIDE DISINFECTION OF WATER
    BERNARD BUBNIS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Improved analytical methodology and instrumentation 2. Reduction of ClO2- and ClO3- by using sulfur dioxide chemistry 3...
  41. Progenitor Cells in Lung Development and Repair
    Brigid Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Clara) cells in maintaining this region and in repairing it after injury by exposure to naphthalene or sulfur dioxide. This will be achieved using new K5-CreEr and Scgb1a1-CreEr alleles for fate mapping and gene manipulation...
  42. Progenitor Cells in Lung Development and Repair
    Brigid L M Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Clara) cells in maintaining this region and in repairing it after injury by exposure to naphthalene or sulfur dioxide. This will be achieved using new K5-CreEr and Scgb1a1-CreEr alleles for fate mapping and gene manipulation...
  43. DEVELOPMENT OF INSTRUMENTS TO MEASURE HUMAN EXPOSURE
    JOSEPH STETTER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..has demonstrated that cyclic voltammetry using microsensors can be used to distinguish hydrogen sulfide from sulfur dioxide as well as giving quantitative information...
  44. DISTRIBUTION OF OZONE IN INTACT HUMAN LUNGS
    James Ultman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..12 ppm O3 or to low concentrations of two copollutants, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2)...
  45. DISTRIBUTION OF OZONE IN INTACT HUMAN LUNGS
    James Ultman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..12 ppm O3 or to low concentrations of two copollutants, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2)...
  46. PATHOBIOLOGY OF CILIATED RESPIRATORY EPITHELIAL CELLS
    MICHAEL GABRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..known to induce ciliostasis and/or cytonecrosis (for example: Mycoplasma pneumoniae; toxic gases such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide; and heavy metals such as cadmium, nickel, and chromium)...
  47. DAMAGE TO NUCLEIC ACIDS BY BISULFITE (SULFUR DIOXIDE)
    Robert Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..c) Dinucleoside monophosphates, and DNA, modified by transamination with Beta-naphthyl-hydrasine and bisulfite, will be prepared. The conformational properties of these modified substrates will be explored...
  48. CORE--PARTICLE EXPOSURE CHARACTERISTICS
    Petros Koutrakis; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..carbon concentrations will be measured, as will carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O3 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and sulfur dioxide (S02). In other PM2...
  49. NEW METHODS TO SEQUENCE DNA BY MASS SPECTROMETRY
    Thomas Brennan; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..will then be determined by combustion, and mass spectrometric analysis of the resulting isotopically labeled sulfur dioxide. The experimental design aspects of the overall project will include optimization of the capillary ..
  50. ROLE OF IGF SYSTEM IN AIRWAY REPAIR AFTER VIRUS INDUCED INJURY
    Alan Stiles; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and mouse will be subjected to various airway injuries including viral infection, hyperoxia, and exposure to sulfur dioxide. Finally, we propose to examine the interaction of the IGFs, their receptors and binding proteins with ..
  51. ROLE OF IGF SYSTEM IN AIRWAY REPAIR AFTER VIRUS INDUCED INJURY
    Alan Stiles; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and mouse will be subjected to various airway injuries including viral infection, hyperoxia, and exposure to sulfur dioxide. Finally, we propose to examine the interaction of the IGFs, their receptors and binding proteins with ..
  52. ROLE OF IGF SYSTEM IN AIRWAY REPAIR AFTER VIRUS INDUCED INJURY
    Alan Stiles; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..and mouse will be subjected to various airway injuries including viral infection, hyperoxia, and exposure to sulfur dioxide. Finally, we propose to examine the interaction of the IGFs, their receptors and binding proteins with ..
  53. SCOR IN PATHOBIOLOGY OF LUNG DEVELOPMENT
    ALBERT COLLIER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition to viral infection models, non- infectious injury models such as sulfur dioxide and oxygen exposure will be used to characterize airway epithelial cell injury without the immunologic ..
  54. SCOR IN PATHOBIOLOGY OF LUNG DEVELOPMENT
    ALBERT COLLIER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In addition to viral infection models, non- infectious injury models such as sulfur dioxide and oxygen exposure will be used to characterize airway epithelial cell injury without the immunologic ..
  55. SCOR IN PATHOBIOLOGY OF LUNG DEVELOPMENT
    ALBERT COLLIER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition to viral infection models, non- infectious injury models such as sulfur dioxide and oxygen exposure will be used to characterize airway epithelial cell injury without the immunologic ..
  56. DISTRIBUTION AND FATE OF INHALED SULFUR DIOXIDE
    Albert Gunnison; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Identification of the specific molecular sites of disulfide bond sulfitolysis in aortic tissue will be attempted and the effects of this reaction on the mechanical properties of the aorta will also be investigated. ..
  57. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle Bell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  58. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle Bell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  59. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle Bell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  60. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  61. SLEEP HEART HEALTH STUDY
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. ..
  62. NOVEL SYNTHETIC APPROACHES TO ANTITUMOR COMPOUNDS
    BARRY TROST; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..A strategy to one family of tumor promoters represented by teleocidin explores the concept of chemical chameleons. In most cases, the strategy also considers the problem of absolute stereochemistry...
  63. Alcohol and Atherosclerosis Pilot Study
    Kenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..At baseline and after 6 months, we will measure several standard and novel cardiovascular risk markers in the blood and will perform magnetic resonance imaging to measure atherosclerosis of the aorta. ..