Genomes and Genes
Summary: A highly toxic, colorless, nonflammable gas. It is used as a pharmaceutical aid and antioxidant. It is also an environmental air pollutant.
Publications278 found, 100 shown here
- Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention studyAnthony Johnson Hedley
Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002..5% by weight. This intervention led to an immediate fall in ambient sulphur dioxide (SO2). We assessed the effect of this intervention on mortality over the next 5 years...
- Air pollution and healthBert Brunekreef
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002..In this review, we discuss the evidence for adverse effects on health of selected air pollutants...
- Air quality measurements for the aerosol research and inhalation epidemiology studyD Alan Hansen
Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:1445-58. 2006..To date, 13-, 25-, and 53-month air quality datasets have been used in epidemiologic analyses...
- The roles of diesel exhaust particle extracts and the promotive effects of NO2 and/or SO2 exposure on rat lung tumorigenesisK Ohyama
Department of Environmental Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health, Japan
Cancer Lett 139:189-97. 1999..the roles of diesel exhaust particle (DEP) extracts and the promotive effects of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and/or sulfur dioxide (SO2) exposure on rat lung tumorigenesis...
- Air pollution and emergency department visits for cardiac and respiratory conditions: a multi-city time-series analysisDavid M Stieb
Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Postal locator 4903C, 269 Laurier Ave West Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9, Canada
Environ Health 8:25. 2009....
- Oral cleft defects and maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants in New JerseyElizabeth G Marshall
Department of Epidemiology, UMDNJ School of Public Health, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 88:205-15. 2010..Evidence links exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy, particularly gaseous pollutants and particulate matter, to an increased risk of adverse reproductive outcomes though the results for birth defects have been inconsistent...
- Air pollution, aeroallergens, and emergency room visits for acute respiratory diseases and gastroenteric disorders among young children in six Italian citiesFlavia Orazzo
Pediatric Emergency Room, Santobono s Hospital, Naples, Italy
Environ Health Perspect 117:1780-5. 2009..We conducted a multicity analysis of the relationship between air pollution and ER visits for wheezing and gastroenteric disorder in children 0-2 years of age...
- A framework for assessing causality and adverse effects in humans with a case study of sulfur dioxideJulie E Goodman
Gradient, 20 University Road, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 58:308-22. 2010..We applied the framework to a case study of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and conclude that the available evidence supports a short-term exposure threshold of 400 ppb SO(2) for ..
- Impact of air pollution on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in children. Longitudinal repeated-measures studyBenigno Linares
Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad No, 1, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, López Mateos e Insurgentes s n Col Paraísos Z C 37320, Leon, Mexico
BMC Pulm Med 10:62. 2010..The aim of the study was to determine the impact of air pollution on the frequency of pulmonary function alterations and respiratory symptoms in school-age children in a longitudinal repeated-measures study...
- Chronic exposure to outdoor air pollution and lung function in adultsL J L Forbes
Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
Thorax 64:657-63. 2009..The extent to which chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants influences lung function in adults is unclear. The aim of this study was to measure the association between chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants and adult lung function...
- Maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants and risk of congenital anomaliesJudith Rankin
Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
Environ Res 109:181-7. 2009..Overall, maternal exposure to BS and SO(2) in the Northern region had limited impact on congenital anomaly risk. Studies with detailed exposure assessment are needed to further investigate this relationship...
- Risk of asthmatic episodes in children exposed to sulfur dioxide stack emissions from a refinery point source in Montreal, CanadaAudrey Smargiassi
Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 117:653-9. 2009..This study is an extension of an ecologic study that found an increased rate of hospitalizations for respiratory conditions among children living near petroleum refineries in Montreal (Canada)...
- Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challengeN Bruce
Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, England
Bull World Health Organ 78:1078-92. 2000..A more systematic approach to the development and evaluation of interventions is desirable, with clearer recognition of the interrelationships between poverty and dependence on polluting fuels...
- Protective effects of salicylic acid and vitamin C on sulfur dioxide-induced lipid peroxidation in miceHuiping Zhao
Department of Biology, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang, People s Republic of China
Inhal Toxicol 20:865-71. 2008..of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and vitamin C (Vit C) on the oxidative stress induced by 56 mg/m(3) of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in mouse livers and brains were investigated...
- Sulfite oxidase protects plants against sulfur dioxide toxicityGalina Brychkova
The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, The Albert Katz Department of Dryland Biotechnologies, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Plant J 50:696-709. 2007..The results imply that plants can utilize sulfite oxidase in a sulfite oxidative pathway to cope with sulfite overflow...
- Effects of NO2 and SO2 on selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammoniaJeong Hoi Goo
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Energy and Environment Research Center, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 305 701 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
Chemosphere 67:718-23. 2007..The denitrification (DeNO(x)) conversion decreases at lower temperatures but it increases at higher temperatures with increasing SO(2) concentration. The presence of SO(2) in the feeds inhibits N(2)O formation...
- Protective effects of seabuckthorn seed oil on mouse injury induced by sulfur dioxide inhalationAidong Ruan
College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Inhal Toxicol 15:1053-8. 2003b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a common but important air pollutant...
- Effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives on four asthma-related gene expressions in human bronchial epithelial cellsRuijin Li
Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
Toxicol Lett 175:71-81. 2007b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a common air pollutant, and inhaled SO(2) in airway epithelium easily forms its soluble derivatives in vivo (bisulfite and sulfite), which are toxic to the respiratory system and related to the exacerbation of ..
- Atmospheric conversion of sulfur dioxide to particulate sulfate and nitrogen dioxide to particulate nitrate and gaseous nitric acid in an urban areaM I Khoder
Air Pollution Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
Chemosphere 49:675-84. 2002b>Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate sulfate and nitrate, gaseous nitric acid, ozone and meteorological parameters (temperature and relative humidity) were measured during the winter season (1999-2000) and summer season (2000) in ..
- Effects of sulfur dioxide on formation of fishy off-odor and undesirable taste in wine consumed with seafoodAkiko Fujita
National Research Institute of Brewing, Higashi Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan
J Agric Food Chem 58:4414-20. 2010..These results suggest that sulfur dioxide in wine participated in degradation of unsaturated fatty acids, causing an increase in undesirable taste and ..
- DNA damaging effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives in cells from various organs of miceZiqiang Meng
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
Mutagenesis 19:465-8. 2004The DNA-damaging effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) derivatives (a mixture of sodium sulfite and sodium bisulfite, 3:1 M/M) in the cells of various organs (brain, lung, heart, liver, stomach, spleen, thymus, bone marrow and kidney) of male ..
- Enhanced tolerance to sulfur dioxide and salt stress of transgenic Chinese cabbage plants expressing both superoxide dismutase and catalase in chloroplastsMenq Jiau Tseng
Department of Horticulture, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan, ROC
Plant Physiol Biochem 45:822-33. 2007..These results suggest that the expression of SOD and CAT simultaneously is suitable for the introduction of increased multiple stress protection...
- An association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality from lung cancer and respiratory diseases in JapanKota Katanoda
Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, 5 1 1 Tsukiji, Chuo Ku, Tokyo 104 0045, Japan
J Epidemiol 21:132-43. 2011..Evidence for a link between long-term exposure to air pollution and lung cancer is limited to Western populations. In this prospective cohort study, we examined this association in a Japanese population...
- Sensory and pulmonary effects of acute exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO2)Christoph van Thriel
Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors IfADo, Dortmund, Germany
Toxicol Lett 196:42-50. 2010Exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) affects large populations worldwide. Pulmonary effects have been reported at concentrations relevant in the general (<0.5 ppm) and working environment (>0.5 ppm)...
- Identification of carbonyl sulfide and sulfur dioxide in porcine coronary artery by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, possible relevance to EDHFMichael Balazy
Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595 1612, USA
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 311:728-34. 2003..in Krebs buffer followed by GC/MS analysis of the headspace gas revealed two gases, carbonyl sulfide (COS) and sulfur dioxide (SO(2))...
- Endogenous sulfur dioxide aggravates myocardial injury in isolated rat heart with ischemia and reperfusionSuqing Zhang
Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China
Transplantation 87:517-24. 2009Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is an important clinical problem. This article investigated the role of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the regulation of cardiac function and in the pathogenesis of cardiac I/R injury in isolated rat heart.
- Outdoor air pollution: nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide health effectsTze Ming Chen
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
Am J Med Sci 333:249-56. 2007Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and carbon monoxide are important ambient air pollutants. High-intensity, confined space exposure to NO2 has caused catastrophic injury to humans, including death...
- Association between maternal exposure to ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease: A register-based spatiotemporal analysisPayam Dadvand
Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Am J Epidemiol 173:171-82. 2011..The present case-control study tested the hypothesis that maternal exposure to ambient black smoke and sulfur dioxide is a risk factor for the occurrence of congenital heart disease...
- Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and MassachusettsMichelle L Bell
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007..Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States...
- Blood pressure of rats lowered by sulfur dioxide and its derivativesZiqiang Meng
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P R China
Inhal Toxicol 15:951-9. 2003This study was designed to investigate effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and its derivatives (bisulfite and sulfite) on the rat blood pressure...
- Oxidative damage of sulfur dioxide on various organs of mice: sulfur dioxide is a systemic oxidative damage agentZiqiang Meng
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Department of Life Sciences, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, People s Republic of China
Inhal Toxicol 15:181-95. 2003..The purpose of this research was to determine (1) whether sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) increases levels of lipid peroxidation and alters intracellular redox status in multiple organs of ..
- Relative performance of different exposure modeling approaches for sulfur dioxide concentrations in the air in rural western CanadaIgor Burstyn
Community and Occupational Medicine Program, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
BMC Med Res Methodol 8:43. 2008..Month-long average air quality measurements were collected over a two-year period (2001-2002) at multiple locations, with some side-by-side measurements, and repeated time-series at selected locations...
- Ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease: a register-based studyPayam Dadvand
Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK
Environ Res 111:435-41. 2011..between maternal exposure to ambient particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide (NO), ozone (O(3)), and carbon monoxide (CO) and the occurrence of ..
- Increased thiol biosynthesis of transgenic poplar expressing a wheat O-acetylserine(thiol) lyase enhances resistance to hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide toxicityMichimi Nakamura
Department of Molecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
Plant Cell Rep 28:313-23. 2009..were developed in order to examine the role of this enzyme in thiol production following hydrogen sulfide or sulfur dioxide exposure and in the extent of damage induced in the plants by these pollutants...
- Endogenously generated sulfur dioxide and its vasorelaxant effect in ratsShu xu Du
Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
Acta Pharmacol Sin 29:923-30. 2008The present study was designed to explore the endogenous production and localization of the sulfur dioxide (SO2)/aspartate aminotransferase pathway in vascular tissues of rats and to examine its vasorelaxant effect on isolated aortic ..
- Pathogenetic mechanism of olfactory cell injury after exposure to sulfur dioxide in miceYang Gi Min
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon Dong, Gongno Gu, Seoul 110 744, Korea
Laryngoscope 113:2157-62. 2003..This study aimed to investigate the cellular pathogenetic mechanism involved in olfactory tissue injury and regeneration...
- The relationship between odour annoyance scores and modelled ambient air pollution in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley", OntarioDominic Odwa Atari
Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6G 5C2, Canada
Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:2655-75. 2009..However, questionnaire-based odour annoyance scores need to be validated longitudinally and across different scales if they are to be adopted for use at the national level...
- Sulfur dioxide upregulates the aortic nitric oxide pathway in ratsJunling Li
School of Physical Education, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China
Eur J Pharmacol 645:143-50. 2010b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a common gaseous pollutant. It is also, however, endogenously generated from sulfur-containing amino acids...
- The vasodilator effect and its mechanism of sulfur dioxide-derivatives on isolated aortic rings of ratsZiqiang Meng
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, China
Inhal Toxicol 19:979-86. 2007The vasodilator effect of exogenous sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) derivatives (mixture of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite, 3:1 M/M in neutral solution) on rat vascular system was studied in order to explore the mechanism of blood pressure ..
- The effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on active avoidance learning, antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation during agingPiraye Yargicoglu
Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biophysics, Arapsuyu, 07070 Antalya, Turkey
Neurotoxicol Teratol 29:211-8. 2007..Additionally, SO2 exposure impaired cognitive function only in the young rats during the acquisition phase of active avoidance learning...
- DNA damage in mice treated with sulfur dioxide by inhalationZiqiang Meng
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, China
Environ Mol Mutagen 46:150-5. 2005b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a ubiquitous air pollutant produced by the burning of fossil fuels...
- Vasodilator effect of gaseous sulfur dioxide and regulation of its level by Ach in rat vascular tissuesZiqiang Meng
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
Inhal Toxicol 21:1223-8. 2009..These findings also demonstrate that endogenous SO(2) level in vascular tissue may be regulated by Ach and NE...
- Ambient air pollution and risk of congenital anomalies in England, 1991-1999H Dolk
Room 12L09, University of Ulster, Shore Road, Newtownabbey, Co Antrim, BT37 0QB, UK
Occup Environ Med 67:223-7. 2010..To investigate whether there is an association between risk of congenital anomaly and annual ward level exposure to air pollution in England during the 1990s...
- Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in Hong KongT W Wong
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Occup Environ Med 56:679-83. 1999..To investigate short term effects of concentrations of pollutants in ambient air on hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Hong Kong...
- Effect of inhaled sulphur dioxide and carbon particles on heart rate variability and markers of inflammation and coagulation in human subjectsH C Routledge
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Heart 92:220-7. 2006..SO2 exposure does, however, reduce cardiac vagal control, a response that would be expected to increase susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmia...
- Long-term inhalable particles and other air pollutants related to mortality in nonsmokersD E Abbey
Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 159:373-82. 1999..less than 10 microm in diameter (PM10) (1973- 1992) and other air pollutants-total suspended sulfates, sulfur dioxide, ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide-were related to 1977-1992 mortality in a cohort of 6,338 nonsmoking ..
- First two months of pregnancy--critical time for preterm delivery and low birthweight caused by adverse effects of coal combustion toxicsLucijan Mohorovic
Obstetric and Gynecologic Primary Care, Labin, Rabac 52221, Croatia
Early Hum Dev 80:115-23. 2004..The objective of this study was to define the most critical gestation period for adverse effects of environmental toxics in terms of preterm delivery (<37 weeks) and low birthweight (<2500 g) in humans...
- Three-axis acoustic device for levitation of droplets in an open gas stream and its application to examine sulfur dioxide absorption by water dropletsTerrance L Stephens
Xerox Corporation, Wilsonville, Oregon 97070, USA
Rev Sci Instrum 78:014901. 2007..Droplet pH over a central volume of the droplet was measured by planar laser induced fluorescence. The results for the decay of droplet pH versus time are in general agreement with published theory and experiments...
- Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China -- a meta-analysisKristin Aunan
Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, P O Box 1129 Blindern, Cicero, Sognsveien 68, 0318 Oslo, Norway
Sci Total Environ 329:3-16. 2004..31% (S.E. 0.01) increase per microg/m3 in adults and 0.44% (S.E. 0.02) per microg/m3 in children. With some exceptions, Chinese studies report somewhat lower exposure-response coefficients as compared to studies in Europe and USA...
- Association between maternal exposure to elevated ambient sulfur dioxide during pregnancy and term low birth weightChih-Ming Lin
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei Hsien, Taiwan, ROC
Environ Res 96:41-50. 2004..4 ppb of SO2 in the last trimester showed 20% higher risk (OR=1.20, 95% CI=1.01-1.41) of term LBW delivery than mothers with lower exposure (<6.8 ppb). No significant elevation ORs was observed for other air pollutants...
- Coarse particulate matter and hospitalization for respiratory infections in children younger than 15 years in Toronto: a case-crossover analysisMei Lin
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Pediatrics 116:e235-40. 2005..5) and coarse (PM10-2.5) particulate matter, carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3), on hospitalization for respiratory infections...
- Industrial sources influence air concentrations of hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide in rural areas of western CanadaIgor Burstyn
Department of Public Health Services, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 57:1241-50. 2007A survey of monthly average concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) at rural locations in western Canada (provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan) was conducted in 2001-2002, as part of an ..
- Association of short-term ambient air pollution concentrations and ventricular arrhythmiasDavid Q Rich
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Am J Epidemiol 161:1123-32. 2005..These results confirm previous findings and suggest that matching of pollution periods to arrhythmias is important in detecting such associations...
- Effects of air pollution on asthma hospitalization rates in different age groups in Hong KongF W S Ko
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Clin Exp Allergy 37:1312-9. 2007..To assess the relationship between levels of ambient air pollutants and hospitalization rates for asthma in Hong Kong (HK)...
- Characterization of PM2.5, gaseous pollutants, and meteorological interactions in the context of time-series health effects modelsKazuhiko Ito
NYU School of Medicine, Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S45-60. 2007..often considered other gaseous co-pollutants also as potential confounders, including nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and carbon monoxide (CO)...
- Acute effect of sulphur dioxide from a power plant on pulmonary function of children, ThailandWichai Aekplakorn
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Rama 6 Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Int J Epidemiol 32:854-61. 2003..This study evaluated the association of short-term exposure to increased ambient SO2 and daily pulmonary function changes among children with and without asthma...
- The spontaneously hypertensive rat: an experimental model of sulfur dioxide-induced airways diseaseUrmila P Kodavanti
Experimental Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 27711, USA
Toxicol Sci 94:193-205. 2006..exposed SH and commonly used Sprague Dawley (SD) rats (male, 13- to 15-weeks old) to 0, 250, or 350 ppm sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), 5 h/day for 4 consecutive days to induce airway injury...
- Short-term effects of air pollution on daily asthma emergency room admissionsI Galan
Dept of Epidemiology, Institute of Public Health, Madrid, Spain
Eur Respir J 22:802-8. 2003..In conclusion, the usual air pollution levels in Madrid were associated with an increase in asthma emergency room admissions, and this association remained controlling for the presence of ambient pollen...
- Respiratory effects of sulphur dioxide: a hierarchical multicity analysis in the APHEA 2 studyJ Sunyer
Unitat de Recerca Respiratoria i Ambiental, Institut Municipal Investigació Mèdica IMIM, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Occup Environ Med 60:e2. 2003..Sulphur dioxide (SO(2)) was associated with hospital admissions for asthma in children in the original APHEA study, but not with other respiratory admissions...
- Mortality from lung cancer in workers exposed to sulfur dioxide in the pulp and paper industryWon Jin Lee
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
Environ Health Perspect 110:991-5. 2002Our objective in this study was to evaluate the mortality of workers exposed to sulfur dioxide in the pulp and paper industry. The cohort included 57,613 workers employed for at least 1 year in the pulp and paper industry in 12 countries...
- Air pollution: a new risk factor in ischemic stroke mortalityYun Chul Hong
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
Stroke 33:2165-9. 2002..We investigated the association between acute stroke mortality and air pollution over a 7-year period (January 1991 through December 1997) in Seoul, Korea...
- Improved air quality in reunified Germany and decreases in respiratory symptomsJoachim Heinrich
GSF, National Research Center for Environment and Health Institute for Epidemiology, PO Box 1129, D 85758 Oberschleissheim, Germany
Epidemiology 13:394-401. 2002..Previous research on air pollution effects has found associations with chronic adverse health effects even at the relatively low levels of ambient particulates currently measured in most urban areas...
- The EMECAM project: a multicentre study on air pollution and mortality in Spain: combined results for particulates and for sulfur dioxideF Ballester
Epidemiology and Statistics Unit, Escola Valenciana d Estudis per a la Salut EVES, Conselleria de Sanitat, Generalitat Valenciana, Spain
Occup Environ Med 59:300-8. 2002..In this paper the combined results are presented for the short term effects of particulates and sulfur dioxide on both daily mortality for all and for specific causes.
- Ambient air pollution and asthma exacerbations in children: an eight-city analysisJonathan S Schildcrout
Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 27232 2158, USA
Am J Epidemiol 164:505-17. 2006..of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter less than 10 mum in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), sulfur dioxide, and warm-season ozone were examined in both one-pollutant and two-pollutant models, using lags of up to 2 ..
- Using geographic information systems to assess individual historical exposure to air pollution from traffic and house heating in StockholmT Bellander
Department of Environmental Health, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden
Environ Health Perspect 109:633-9. 2001..1970, and 1980) using reconstructed emission data for the index pollutants nitrogen oxides (NO(x)/NO(2)) and sulfur dioxide together with dispersion modeling...
- Relation between ambient air pollution and low birth weight in the Northeastern United StatesM Maisonet
Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Environ Health Perspect 109:351-6. 2001..and ambient air levels of carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter up to 10 microm in diameter (PM(10)), and sulfur dioxide (SO(2))...
- Associations between outdoor air pollution and hospital admissions in Brisbane, AustraliaA Petroeschevsky
School of Public Health Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
Arch Environ Health 56:37-52. 2001..used the Air Pollution on Health: European Approach protocol to examine the effects of particles, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide on daily hospital admissions for asthma and respiratory, cardiovascular, and digestive ..
- Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987-1994J M Samet
Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
N Engl J Med 343:1742-9. 2000..Although these findings have helped lead to a tightening of air-quality standards, their validity with respect to public health has been questioned...
- Air pollution and daily mortality in seven major cities of Korea, 1991-1997J T Lee
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul 120 752, Korea
Environ Res 84:247-54. 2000..These cities account for half of the Korean population (about 22 million). The observed concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO(2), mean=23.3 ppb), ozone (O(3), mean=23.7 ppb), and total suspended particulates (TSP, mean=77...
- Outdoor air pollution, low birth weight, and prematurityM Bobak
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Environ Health Perspect 108:173-6. 2000..Maternal exposures to sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), total suspended particles (TSP), and nitrous oxides (NO(x)) in each trimester of pregnancy were ..
- Prenatal sulfur dioxide exposure induces changes in the behavior of adult male mice during agonistic encountersM Fiore
Institute of Neurobiology, CNR, Rome, Italy
Neurotoxicol Teratol 20:543-8. 1998b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is one of the most important pollutants of the western countries, responsible for several cardiopulmonary diseases in humans...
- Effect of air-pollution control on death rates in Dublin, Ireland: an intervention studyLuke Clancy
St James' Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Lancet 360:1210-4. 2002..The net benefit of the reduced death rate was greater than predicted from results of previous time-series studies...
- Spatial variability of ambient nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley," Ontario, CanadaDominic O Atari
Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
J Toxicol Environ Health A 71:1572-81. 2008This study aimed at developing models to predict nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) concentrations in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley", Ontario, Canada, and model the intra-urban variation of ambient NO(2) and SO(2) in ..
- Comparison of two atmospheric-dispersion models to assess farm-site exposure to sour-gas processing-plant emissionsH Morgan Scott
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2G3
Prev Vet Med 57:15-34. 2003..b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) was the surrogate measure of exposure to a complex mixture of combusted sour-gas emissions...
- Oxidative damage of sulfur dioxide inhalation on lungs and hearts of miceZiqiang Meng
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
Environ Res 93:285-92. 2003Effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) on concentrations of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) and reduced glutathione (GSH), activities of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and catalase (CAT) were ..
- Exercise and outdoor ambient air pollutionA J Carlisle
School of Sport Exercise and Leisure, University of Surrey Roehampton, London SW15 3SN, UK
Br J Sports Med 35:214-22. 2001....
- Air pollution and hospital admissions for asthma in a subtropical city: Taipei, TaiwanChun Yuh Yang
Institute of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:111-7. 2007..This study provides evidence that higher levels of ambient air pollutant concentrations increase the risk of hospital admissions for asthma...
- Development of an aggregate Air Quality Index for an urban Mediterranean agglomeration: relation to potential health effectsGeorge Kyrkilis
National Technical University of Athens, Department of Chemical Engineering, Herroon Polytechniou 9, Polytechnioupolis, GR 15784, Zografos, Athens, Greece
Environ Int 33:670-6. 2007..Towards the informing and protection of the citizens in an urban agglomeration this model advantages as a political and administrative tool for the design of abatement strategies and effective measures of intervention...
- An analysis of effects of San Diego wildfire on ambient air qualityShekar Viswanathan
School of Engineering and Technology, National University, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:56-67. 2006....
- Long-term exposure to background air pollution related to respiratory and allergic health in schoolchildrenC Pénard-Morand
INSERM U472, Epidemiology of Allergic and Respiratory Diseases, Villejuif, France
Clin Exp Allergy 35:1279-87. 2005..The impact of air pollution on asthma and allergies still remains a debate...
- A case-crossover analysis of out-of-hospital coronary deaths and air pollution in Rome, ItalyFrancesco Forastiere
Department of Epidemiology, Rome E Local Health Authority, Via Santa Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 172:1549-55. 2005..Out-of-hospital coronary heart disease death is a major public health problem, but the association with air pollution is not well understood...
- Air quality biomonitoring: assessment of air pollution genotoxicity in the Province of Novara (North Italy) by using Trifolium repens L. and molecular markersF Piraino
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza n.1, 20126 Milan, Italy
Sci Total Environ 372:350-9. 2006....
- Effects of instrument precision and spatial variability on the assessment of the temporal variation of ambient air pollution in Atlanta, GeorgiaKatherine S Wade
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0512, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:876-88. 2006..Population-weighted variation in daily ambient air pollutant levels because of both instrument imprecision and spatial variability ranged from 20% of the temporal variation for O3 to 70% of the temporal variation for SO2 and EC. Wind..
- Seasonal variation of air pollution index: Hong Kong case studyXie-Kang Wang
State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, PR China
Chemosphere 63:1261-72. 2006..The results indicate that the ARMA model can provide reliable, satisfactory predictions for the problem interested and is expecting to be an alternative tool for practical assessment and justification...
- Evaluation of the temporal variations of air quality in Taipei City, Taiwan, from 1994 to 2003Shuenn Chin Chang
Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan, ROC
J Environ Manage 86:627-35. 2008..Thus, reducing the precursor concentrations of secondary aerosols will be an effective way to lower PM(10) concentrations...
- Association of air pollution with increased incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias recorded by implanted cardioverter defibrillatorsDouglas W Dockery
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Environ Health Perspect 113:670-4. 2005..The associations with sulfate suggest a link with stationary fossil fuel combustion sources...
- Increased risk of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation episodes associated with acute increases in ambient air pollutionDavid Q Rich
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Environ Health Perspect 114:120-3. 2006..CONCLUSIONS: Increased ambient O3 pollution was associated with increased risk of episodes of rapid ventricular response due to PAF, thereby suggesting that community air pollution may be a precipitant of these events...
- Dependence of urban air pollutants on meteorologyHamdy K Elminir
National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics, El Marsad Street, Helwan, Cairo, Egypt
Sci Total Environ 350:225-37. 2005..We also found that, the highest average concentration for NO2 and O3 occurred at humidity<or=40% indicative for strong vertical mixing. For CO, SO2 and PM10 the highest average concentrations occurred at humidity above 80%...
- Spatiotemporal features of severe air pollution in northern TaiwanTai Yi Yu
Department of Risk Management and Insurance, Ming Chuan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 13:268-75. 2006..In addition to the airborne concentrations, this study simultaneous collected the surface meteorological parameters of the Taipei meteorological station, established by the Central Weather Bureau...
- Assessment of the status of urban air pollution and its impact on human health in the city of KolkataMrinal K Ghose
Centre of Mining Environment, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad 826004, India
Environ Monit Assess 108:151-67. 2005..For the mitigation of air pollution problems in the city, the different measures to be adopted to maintain the balance between sustainable development and environmental management have been discussed...
- Phytotoxic risk assessment of ambient air pollution on agricultural crops in Selangor State, MalaysiaS Ishii
Center for Sustainable Urban Regeneration, Department of Urban Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8656, Japan
Environ Pollut 150:267-79. 2007....
- Synoptic weather patterns and modification of the association between air pollution and human mortalityDaniel G C Rainham
McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, One Stewart Street, Ottawa, K1N 6N5, Canada
Int J Environ Health Res 15:347-60. 2005..Average air pollution concentrations were similar in both seasons with the exception of elevated sulfur dioxide levels in winter and elevated ozone levels in summer...
- Temporal variations of PM2.5 in the ambient air of a suburban site in Athens, GreeceCh Vassilakos
Environmental Research Laboratory INT RP, National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos, Athens, Greece
Sci Total Environ 349:223-31. 2005..Additionally, PM(2.5) mass concentrations were correlated with other inorganic gaseous pollutants (O(3), NO, NO(2), SO(2)) while weekly and seasonal PM(2.5) variations were also investigated...
- Prediction of ozone concentrations in Oporto city with statistical approachesS I V Sousa
LEPAE, , Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, R. Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
Chemosphere 64:1141-9. 2006..Better performance indexes were achieved with feedforward artificial neural network models in validation step. Concluding, feedforward artificial neural network models were more efficient to predict ozone concentrations...
- The associations between air quality and the number of hospital admissions for acute pain and sickle-cell disease in an urban environmentDeborah Yallop
Department of Haematology, King s College London School of Medicine at Guy s, UK
Br J Haematol 136:844-8. 2007..Our study suggests air quality has a significant effect on acute pain in SCD and that patients should be counselled accordingly. The potential beneficial effect of CO and NO is intriguing and requires further investigation...
- Towards establishing air quality guidelines for PakistanJ A Aziz
Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
East Mediterr Health J 12:886-93. 2006..Based on these, and available data on the existing air pollution situation in Pakistan, national air quality guidelines are proposed for 6 major pollutants...
- Effects of ambient particulate matter on peak expiratory flow rates and respiratory symptoms of asthmatics during Asian dust periods in KoreaJeong Woong Park
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon Medical School, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea
Respirology 10:470-6. 2005..The objective of this study was to investigate the possible adverse effects of Asian dust events on the respiratory functions and symptoms of subjects with bronchial asthma...
- [Air pollution and allergic airway diseases]Marcel Bonay
Inserm U700 et Service de Physiologie Explorations fonctionnelles, Université Paris 7 et Hôpital Bichat Claude Bernard, AP HP, 46, rue Henri Huchard, 75018 Paris, France
Med Sci (Paris) 23:187-92. 2007..We discuss the hypothesis that pollutants' effects on the immune system involve hierarchical oxidative stress. Susceptibility genes to air pollution inducing allergic diseases are also discussed...
- Air quality assessment in Delhi: before and after CNG as fuelAsha B Chelani
National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur, India
Environ Monit Assess 125:257-63. 2007..CO and NO(2) concentration levels in ambient air are found to be associated with the mobile sources. The temporal variation of air quality data shows the significant effect of shift to CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) in vehicles...
- Acute blood pressure responses in healthy adults during controlled air pollution exposuresBruce Urch
Gage Occupational and Environmental Health Unit, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 113:1052-5. 2005..5 carbon content. Exposure to vehicular traffic may provide a common link between our observations and previous studies in which traffic exposure was identified as a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease...
- The relative influence of the anthropogenic air pollutants on the atmospheric turbidity factors measured at an urban monitoring stationHamdy K Elminir
Department of Solar and Space Research, National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics, El Marsad Street, P O Box 11421 Helwan, Cairo, Egypt
Sci Total Environ 368:732-43. 2006....
- Air Pollution and Asthma in Southeast LouisianaBADIOLLAH ASRABADI; Fiscal Year: 2002..The primary objectives of this project are to: 1) Monitor air quality including carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone, and Particulate Matter (PM10) in several sugarcane burning and non-..
- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico CityMARIE O NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2009..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to the exact locations of participants' homes...
- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico CityMARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to the exact locations of participants'homes...
- Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico CityMARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants'homes...
- Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico CityMARIE O NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2009..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants' homes...
- Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico CityMARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants'homes...
- Utilization of calcite for the reduction of coal mine dust toxicityXi Huang; Fiscal Year: 2010..is widely used to prevent explosions, treat acid mine drainage, and absorb acid rain components such as sulfur dioxide released during combustion...
- STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON EUKARYOTIC MOCO CONTAINING ENZYMESCaroline Kisker; Fiscal Year: 2003..of sulfite to sulfate and also plays an important role in detoxifying exogenously supplied sulfite and sulfur dioxide. Sulfite oxidase deficiency is a severe disease in humans, which mostly leads to death in early childhood...
- Volcanic Emissions and Airway Function, Inflammation, Heart Rhythm (AIR)Barbara Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2007Kilauea's east rift has erupted continuously since 1986, each day releasing 1,000 to 2,000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), more than twice as much as the highest EPA-ranked stationary source in the nation...
- Volcanic Emissions and Airway Function, Inflammation, Heart Rhythm (AIR)Barbara Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2005Kilauea's east rift has erupted continuously since 1986, each day releasing 1,000 to 2,000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), more than twice as much as the highest EPA-ranked stationary source in the nation...
- OZONE EXPOSURE AND DOSE DELIVERED TO HUMAN LUNGSJames Ultman; Fiscal Year: 2002..of healthy nonsmokers while these subjects are continuously exposed to clean air, ozone, nitrogen dioxide or sulfur dioxide during quite nasal breathing for two hours. 3...
- Longitudinal Study of Respiratory Function in Aluminum Smelter WorkersMridu Gulati; Fiscal Year: 2007..Specific Aim 6. Measure the association between other exposures-including fluoride, sulfur dioxide, oil mist and coal tar pitch volatiles-and both the diagnosis of obstructive lung disease and change over time ..
- PEAK EXPOSURES IN ALUMINUM SMELTINGNoah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2001..Prime candidates for these problems are the acid gases, hydrogen fluoride (HF) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) which are released during particular phases of the smelting operations, producing high transient peaks ..
- Program to Assess Health Effects Associated with Exposures to Volcanic Emissions ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2010..Kilauea's volcano's continuous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions for more than 20 years, characteristic island wind patterns, and Hawaii's towering ..
- DISTRIBUTION OF OZONE IN INTACT HUMAN LUNGSJames Ultman; Fiscal Year: 1993..12 ppm O3 or to low concentrations of two copollutants, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2)...
- National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric OzoneMichelle Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
- SLEEP HEART HEALTH STUDYGEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. ..