sulfur dioxide

Summary

Summary: A highly toxic, colorless, nonflammable gas. It is used as a pharmaceutical aid and antioxidant. It is also an environmental air pollutant.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Air pollution and health
    Bert Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
  2. ncbi Endogenous sulfur dioxide protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and increases myocardial antioxidant capacity in rats
    Yinfang Liang
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, PR China
    Lab Invest 91:12-23. 2011
  3. pmc Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in Hong Kong
    T W Wong
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong
    Occup Environ Med 56:679-83. 1999
  4. ncbi Regulatory effects of sulfur dioxide on the development of atherosclerotic lesions and vascular hydrogen sulfide in atherosclerotic rats
    Wei Li
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Atherosclerosis 215:323-30. 2011
  5. pmc Risk of asthmatic episodes in children exposed to sulfur dioxide stack emissions from a refinery point source in Montreal, Canada
    Audrey Smargiassi
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:653-9. 2009
  6. ncbi Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention study
    Anthony Johnson Hedley
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002
  7. pmc Air pollution and emergency department visits for cardiac and respiratory conditions: a multi-city time-series analysis
    David M Stieb
    Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Postal locator 4903C, 269 Laurier Ave West Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9, Canada
    Environ Health 8:25. 2009
  8. ncbi Ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease: a register-based study
    Payam Dadvand
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK
    Environ Res 111:435-41. 2011
  9. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide on hypoxic pulmonary vascular structural remodeling
    Yan Sun
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Lab Invest 90:68-82. 2010
  10. pmc Short-term association between sulfur dioxide and daily mortality: the Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) study
    Haidong Kan
    School of Public Health, Fudan University, Box 249, 130 Dong an Road, Shanghai 200032, China
    Environ Res 110:258-64. 2010

Detail Information

Publications332 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Air pollution and health
    Bert Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
    ..In this review, we discuss the evidence for adverse effects on health of selected air pollutants...
  2. ncbi Endogenous sulfur dioxide protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and increases myocardial antioxidant capacity in rats
    Yinfang Liang
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, PR China
    Lab Invest 91:12-23. 2011
    Recently, sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) was discovered to be produced in the cardiovascular system and to influence important biological processes...
  3. pmc Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in Hong Kong
    T W Wong
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong
    Occup Environ Med 56:679-83. 1999
    ..To investigate short term effects of concentrations of pollutants in ambient air on hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Hong Kong...
  4. ncbi Regulatory effects of sulfur dioxide on the development of atherosclerotic lesions and vascular hydrogen sulfide in atherosclerotic rats
    Wei Li
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Atherosclerosis 215:323-30. 2011
    This study was designed to examine the effect of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) on atherosclerotic progression and endogenous vascular hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) in rats with atherosclerosis (AS).
  5. pmc Risk of asthmatic episodes in children exposed to sulfur dioxide stack emissions from a refinery point source in Montreal, Canada
    Audrey Smargiassi
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:653-9. 2009
    ..This study is an extension of an ecologic study that found an increased rate of hospitalizations for respiratory conditions among children living near petroleum refineries in Montreal (Canada)...
  6. ncbi Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention study
    Anthony Johnson Hedley
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002
    ..5% by weight. This intervention led to an immediate fall in ambient sulphur dioxide (SO2). We assessed the effect of this intervention on mortality over the next 5 years...
  7. pmc Air pollution and emergency department visits for cardiac and respiratory conditions: a multi-city time-series analysis
    David M Stieb
    Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Postal locator 4903C, 269 Laurier Ave West Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9, Canada
    Environ Health 8:25. 2009
    ....
  8. ncbi Ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease: a register-based study
    Payam Dadvand
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK
    Environ Res 111:435-41. 2011
    ..between maternal exposure to ambient particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide (NO), ozone (O(3)), and carbon monoxide (CO) and the occurrence of ..
  9. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide on hypoxic pulmonary vascular structural remodeling
    Yan Sun
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Lab Invest 90:68-82. 2010
    ..Recently, we found that sulfur dioxide could be produced endogenously by pulmonary vessels, and that it showed vascular regulatory capabilities...
  10. pmc Short-term association between sulfur dioxide and daily mortality: the Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) study
    Haidong Kan
    School of Public Health, Fudan University, Box 249, 130 Dong an Road, Shanghai 200032, China
    Environ Res 110:258-64. 2010
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity, but only few studies were conducted in Asian countries. Previous studies suggest that SO(2) may have adverse health effects independent of other pollutants...
  11. ncbi Effect of sulfur dioxide preconditioning on rat myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury by inducing endoplasmic reticulum stress
    Xin Bao Wang
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Basic Res Cardiol 106:865-78. 2011
    b>Sulfur dioxide has recently been found to be produced endogenously in the cardiovascular system and have important positive biological effects...
  12. pmc Effect of plasma treatment on multi-walled carbon nanotubes for the detection of H2S and SO2
    Xiaoxing Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Transmission and Distribution Equipment and Power System Safety and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
    Sensors (Basel) 12:9375-85. 2012
    ..The modified MWNTs have almost zero sensitivity to SO(2). Thus, the MWNTs modified by atmospheric pressure DBD air plasma present good selectivity to H(2)S, and have great potential in H(2)S detection...
  13. ncbi Short-term exposure to sulfur dioxide and daily mortality in 17 Chinese cities: the China air pollution and health effects study (CAPES)
    Renjie Chen
    School of Public Health, Key Lab of Public Health Safety of the Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Environ Res 118:101-6. 2012
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a major air pollutant and has significant impacts upon human health. Few multi-city studies in Asia have examined the acute health effects of SO(2)...
  14. ncbi Urban air pollution and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-related emergency department visits
    M A Arbex
    Internal Medicine Post Graduate Programme, Sao Paulo Federal University, Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:777-83. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the daily number of COPD emergency department visits and the daily environmental air concentrations of PM(10), SO(2), NO(2), CO and O(3) in the City of São Paulo, Brazil...
  15. ncbi Maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants and risk of congenital anomalies
    Judith Rankin
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    Environ Res 109:181-7. 2009
    ..Overall, maternal exposure to BS and SO(2) in the Northern region had limited impact on congenital anomaly risk. Studies with detailed exposure assessment are needed to further investigate this relationship...
  16. ncbi DNA damaging effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives in cells from various organs of mice
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Mutagenesis 19:465-8. 2004
    The DNA-damaging effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) derivatives (a mixture of sodium sulfite and sodium bisulfite, 3:1 M/M) in the cells of various organs (brain, lung, heart, liver, stomach, spleen, thymus, bone marrow and kidney) of male ..
  17. pmc An association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality from lung cancer and respiratory diseases in Japan
    Kota Katanoda
    Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, 5 1 1 Tsukiji, Chuo Ku, Tokyo 104 0045, Japan
    J Epidemiol 21:132-43. 2011
    ..Evidence for a link between long-term exposure to air pollution and lung cancer is limited to Western populations. In this prospective cohort study, we examined this association in a Japanese population...
  18. ncbi Exposures and health outcomes from outdoor air pollutants in China
    Bingheng Chen
    School of Public Health, Fudan University, Box 249, 138 Yixueyuan Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
    Toxicology 198:291-300. 2004
    ..The exposure-response relationship between air pollutants and daily mortality, morbidity, hospital admissions, and lung function has been established accordingly...
  19. ncbi Air pollution and hospital admissions for cardiovascular disease in Taipei, Taiwan
    Chih Ching Chang
    Institute of Public Health, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shin Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
    Environ Res 98:114-9. 2005
    ..On cool days, PM10 remained statistically significant in all the two-pollutant models. This study provides evidence that higher levels of ambient pollutants increase the risk of hospital admissions for CVD...
  20. ncbi Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987-1994
    J M Samet
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    N Engl J Med 343:1742-9. 2000
    ..Although these findings have helped lead to a tightening of air-quality standards, their validity with respect to public health has been questioned...
  21. ncbi Long-term inhalable particles and other air pollutants related to mortality in nonsmokers
    D E Abbey
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California 92350, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 159:373-82. 1999
    ..less than 10 microm in diameter (PM10) (1973- 1992) and other air pollutants-total suspended sulfates, sulfur dioxide, ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide-were related to 1977-1992 mortality in a cohort of 6,338 nonsmoking ..
  22. pmc Association between maternal exposure to ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease: A register-based spatiotemporal analysis
    Payam Dadvand
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 173:171-82. 2011
    ..The present case-control study tested the hypothesis that maternal exposure to ambient black smoke and sulfur dioxide is a risk factor for the occurrence of congenital heart disease...
  23. ncbi Air pollution: a new risk factor in ischemic stroke mortality
    Yun Chul Hong
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    Stroke 33:2165-9. 2002
    ..We investigated the association between acute stroke mortality and air pollution over a 7-year period (January 1991 through December 1997) in Seoul, Korea...
  24. ncbi Air quality measurements for the aerosol research and inhalation epidemiology study
    D Alan Hansen
    Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:1445-58. 2006
    ..To date, 13-, 25-, and 53-month air quality datasets have been used in epidemiologic analyses...
  25. ncbi Effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on the glutathione redox system in mice and protective role of sea buckthorn seed oil
    Dongmei Wu
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, 030006, PR China
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 45:423-8. 2003
    This study investigated the effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) inhalation and protection by sea buckthorn seed oil from oxidative damage caused by SO2 in male Kunming-strain mice...
  26. ncbi Stomatal index responses of Agrostis canina to CO2 and sulphur dioxide: implications for palaeo-[CO2] using the stomatal proxy
    Matthew Haworth
    School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    New Phytol 188:845-55. 2010
    ....
  27. ncbi Sulfite oxidase protects plants against sulfur dioxide toxicity
    Galina Brychkova
    The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, The Albert Katz Department of Dryland Biotechnologies, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    Plant J 50:696-709. 2007
    ..The results imply that plants can utilize sulfite oxidase in a sulfite oxidative pathway to cope with sulfite overflow...
  28. ncbi The negative inotropic effects of gaseous sulfur dioxide and its derivatives in the isolated perfused rat heart
    Quanxi Zhang
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Environ Toxicol 27:175-84. 2012
    Epidemiological investigations have revealed that sulfur dioxide (SO(2) ) exposure is linked to cardiovascular diseases...
  29. ncbi Analysis of the concentration-respiratory response among asthmatics following controlled short-term exposures to sulfur dioxide
    Douglas O Johns
    National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 22:1184-93. 2010
    Some of the most compelling evidence of sulfur dioxide (SO(2))-induced respiratory morbidity is derived from a large body of studies involving controlled short-term exposures among groups of asthmatic volunteers...
  30. pmc Short-term effects of ozone air pollution on ischaemic stroke occurrence: a case-crossover analysis from a 10-year population-based study in Dijon, France
    J B Henrotin
    Stroke Register of Dijon, Neurology Department, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France
    Occup Environ Med 64:439-45. 2007
    ..To evaluate the association between air pollutants and the occurrence of acute stroke from 10-year population-based study...
  31. ncbi Ozone air pollution is associated with acute myocardial infarction
    Jean Bernard Ruidavets
    INSERM U558, Faculte de Medecine, 37 Allees Jules Guesde, 31073 Toulouse Cedex, France
    Circulation 111:563-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to test the associations between air pollutants and the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  32. ncbi DABCO-bis(sulfur dioxide), DABSO, as a convenient source of sulfur dioxide for organic synthesis: utility in sulfonamide and sulfamide preparation
    Holly Woolven
    Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Chemistry Research Laboratory, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK
    Org Lett 13:4876-8. 2011
    The charge-transfer complex generated from the combination of DABCO and sulfur dioxide, DABSO, is a bench-stable colorless solid suitable for use in organic synthesis as a replacement for gaseous sulfur dioxide...
  33. ncbi The vasodilator mechanism of sulfur dioxide on isolated aortic rings of rats: Involvement of the K+ and Ca2+ channels
    Quanxi Zhang
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Wucheng Road 92, Taiyuan 030006, Shanxi Province, PR China
    Eur J Pharmacol 602:117-23. 2009
    The present study was designed to investigate vasodilator effect of endogenous gaseous sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and roles of Ca(2+) channels and K(+) channels in relaxations of SO(2) in isolated rat aortic rings...
  34. ncbi Sulfur dioxide inhibits excessively activated endoplasmic reticulum stress in rats with myocardial injury
    Shanshan Chen
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Xi An Men Str No 1, West District, Beijing 100034, China
    Heart Vessels 27:505-16. 2012
    ..The study was designed to explore the possible role of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) in protecting excessively activated ERS in rats with isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury...
  35. ncbi Endogenous generation of sulfur dioxide in rat tissues
    Liman Luo
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 415:61-7. 2011
    While sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) has been previously known for its toxicological effects, it is now known to be produced endogenously in mammals from sulfur-containing amino acid L-cysteine...
  36. ncbi Association of indoor and outdoor air pollutant level with respiratory problems among children in an industrial area of Delhi, India
    Raj Kumar
    Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, India
    Arch Environ Occup Health 62:75-80. 2007
    ..Results suggest that both indoor and outdoor particulate exposure may be important risk factors in the development of respiratory illness in children...
  37. ncbi Enhanced tolerance to sulfur dioxide and salt stress of transgenic Chinese cabbage plants expressing both superoxide dismutase and catalase in chloroplasts
    Menq Jiau Tseng
    Department of Horticulture, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan, ROC
    Plant Physiol Biochem 45:822-33. 2007
    ..These results suggest that the expression of SOD and CAT simultaneously is suitable for the introduction of increased multiple stress protection...
  38. pmc Air pollution and emergency department visits for otitis media: a case-crossover study in Edmonton, Canada
    Roger Zemek
    Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario and University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1631-6. 2010
    ..Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common early childhood infections, resulting in an enormous economic burden to the health care system through unscheduled doctor visits and antibiotic prescriptions...
  39. pmc Air pollution and emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases in Valencia, Spain
    F Ballester
    Unit of Epidemiology and Statistics, Valencian School of Studies for Health EVES, Conselleria de Sanitat, Generalitat Valenciana, Spain
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:57-65. 2001
    ..To estimate the short-term association between air pollution levels and emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases in Valencia, within 1994-1996 period...
  40. ncbi The roles of diesel exhaust particle extracts and the promotive effects of NO2 and/or SO2 exposure on rat lung tumorigenesis
    K Ohyama
    Department of Environmental Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health, Japan
    Cancer Lett 139:189-97. 1999
    ..the roles of diesel exhaust particle (DEP) extracts and the promotive effects of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and/or sulfur dioxide (SO2) exposure on rat lung tumorigenesis...
  41. pmc Air pollution, aeroallergens, and emergency room visits for acute respiratory diseases and gastroenteric disorders among young children in six Italian cities
    Flavia Orazzo
    Pediatric Emergency Room, Santobono s Hospital, Naples, Italy
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1780-5. 2009
    ..We conducted a multicity analysis of the relationship between air pollution and ER visits for wheezing and gastroenteric disorder in children 0-2 years of age...
  42. pmc Impact of air pollution on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in children. Longitudinal repeated-measures study
    Benigno Linares
    Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad No, 1, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, López Mateos e Insurgentes s n Col Paraísos Z C 37320, Leon, Mexico
    BMC Pulm Med 10:62. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to determine the impact of air pollution on the frequency of pulmonary function alterations and respiratory symptoms in school-age children in a longitudinal repeated-measures study...
  43. pmc Oral cleft defects and maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants in New Jersey
    Elizabeth G Marshall
    Department of Epidemiology, UMDNJ School of Public Health, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 88:205-15. 2010
    ..Evidence links exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy, particularly gaseous pollutants and particulate matter, to an increased risk of adverse reproductive outcomes though the results for birth defects have been inconsistent...
  44. ncbi A framework for assessing causality and adverse effects in humans with a case study of sulfur dioxide
    Julie E Goodman
    Gradient, 20 University Road, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 58:308-22. 2010
    ..We applied the framework to a case study of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and conclude that the available evidence supports a short-term exposure threshold of 400 ppb SO(2) for ..
  45. ncbi Short-term effects of nitrogen dioxide on mortality: an analysis within the APHEA project
    E Samoli
    Dept of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Eur Respir J 27:1129-38. 2006
    ..The results of this large study are consistent with an independent effect of nitrogen dioxide on mortality, but the role of nitrogen dioxide as a surrogate of other unmeasured pollutants cannot be completely ruled out...
  46. pmc A time-series analysis of air pollution and preterm birth in Pennsylvania, 1997-2001
    Sharon K Sagiv
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:602-6. 2005
    ..we investigated the effect of ambient outdoor particulate matter with diameter < or = 10 microm (PM10) and sulfur dioxide on risk for preterm delivery...
  47. ncbi Ambient air pollution and risk of congenital anomalies in England, 1991-1999
    H Dolk
    Room 12L09, University of Ulster, Shore Road, Newtownabbey, Co Antrim, BT37 0QB, UK
    Occup Environ Med 67:223-7. 2010
    ..To investigate whether there is an association between risk of congenital anomaly and annual ward level exposure to air pollution in England during the 1990s...
  48. ncbi Indoor and outdoor air quality investigation at schools in Hong Kong
    S C Lee
    Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    Chemosphere 41:109-13. 2000
    ..Other pollution parameters measured in this study complied with the standards. The two most important classroom air quality problems in Hong Kong were PM10 and CO2 levels...
  49. ncbi The association of daily sulfur dioxide air pollution levels with hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases in Europe (The Aphea-II study)
    Jordi Sunyer
    Unitat de Recerca Respiratoria i Ambiental, Institut Municipal Investigació Mèdica IMIM, C Dr Aiguader 80, Barcelona 08003, Spain
    Eur Heart J 24:752-60. 2003
    The objective of this study is to assess the short-term effect of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) air pollution levels on hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases...
  50. ncbi Endogenously generated sulfur dioxide and its vasorelaxant effect in rats
    Shu xu Du
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Acta Pharmacol Sin 29:923-30. 2008
    The present study was designed to explore the endogenous production and localization of the sulfur dioxide (SO2)/aspartate aminotransferase pathway in vascular tissues of rats and to examine its vasorelaxant effect on isolated aortic ..
  51. ncbi Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China -- a meta-analysis
    Kristin Aunan
    Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, P O Box 1129 Blindern, Cicero, Sognsveien 68, 0318 Oslo, Norway
    Sci Total Environ 329:3-16. 2004
    ..31% (S.E. 0.01) increase per microg/m3 in adults and 0.44% (S.E. 0.02) per microg/m3 in children. With some exceptions, Chinese studies report somewhat lower exposure-response coefficients as compared to studies in Europe and USA...
  52. ncbi Effects of air pollution on blood pressure and heart rate variability: a panel study of vehicular traffic controllers in the city of São Paulo, Brazil
    Ubiratan de Paula Santos
    Divisão de Pneumologia, Instituto do Coração InCor, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 44, CEP 05403 000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Eur Heart J 26:193-200. 2005
    ..Evaluating the effects of air pollution on Sao Paulo city's vehicular traffic controllers by means of risk indicators for cardiovascular diseases...
  53. ncbi The relationship between particulate air pollution and emergency hospital visits for hypertension in Beijing, China
    Yuming Guo
    School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, Queensland 4059, Australia
    Sci Total Environ 408:4446-50. 2010
    ..However, little is known about the relationship between air pollution and the onset of hypertension...
  54. ncbi Effects of air pollution on asthma hospitalization rates in different age groups in Hong Kong
    F W S Ko
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Clin Exp Allergy 37:1312-9. 2007
    ..To assess the relationship between levels of ambient air pollutants and hospitalization rates for asthma in Hong Kong (HK)...
  55. pmc Using geographic information systems to assess individual historical exposure to air pollution from traffic and house heating in Stockholm
    T Bellander
    Department of Environmental Health, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 109:633-9. 2001
    ..1970, and 1980) using reconstructed emission data for the index pollutants nitrogen oxides (NO(x)/NO(2)) and sulfur dioxide together with dispersion modeling...
  56. ncbi Air pollution and hospital admissions for congestive heart failure in a subtropical city: Taipei, Taiwan
    Chun Yuh Yang
    Faculty of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 71:1085-90. 2008
    ..This study provides evidence that higher levels of ambient air pollutants increase the risk of hospital admissions for CHF...
  57. ncbi Identification of carbonyl sulfide and sulfur dioxide in porcine coronary artery by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, possible relevance to EDHF
    Michael Balazy
    Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595 1612, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 311:728-34. 2003
    ..in Krebs buffer followed by GC/MS analysis of the headspace gas revealed two gases, carbonyl sulfide (COS) and sulfur dioxide (SO(2))...
  58. ncbi Endogenous sulfur dioxide aggravates myocardial injury in isolated rat heart with ischemia and reperfusion
    Suqing Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China
    Transplantation 87:517-24. 2009
    Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is an important clinical problem. This article investigated the role of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the regulation of cardiac function and in the pathogenesis of cardiac I/R injury in isolated rat heart.
  59. pmc The relationship between odour annoyance scores and modelled ambient air pollution in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley", Ontario
    Dominic Odwa Atari
    Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6G 5C2, Canada
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:2655-75. 2009
    ..However, questionnaire-based odour annoyance scores need to be validated longitudinally and across different scales if they are to be adopted for use at the national level...
  60. pmc Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge
    N Bruce
    Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1078-92. 2000
    ..A more systematic approach to the development and evaluation of interventions is desirable, with clearer recognition of the interrelationships between poverty and dependence on polluting fuels...
  61. ncbi New organic chemistry of sulfur dioxide
    Pierre Vogel
    Laboratoire de glycochimie et synthèse asymétrique LGSA, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne EPFL, Batochime, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Acc Chem Res 40:931-42. 2007
    ..g., Baconipyrones, Rifamycin S, Apoptolidinone) and analogues. New ene reactions of SO2 have also been discovered; they open new avenues to organic synthesis...
  62. ncbi Health risk assessment for sulfur dioxide pollution in South Durban, South Africa
    Mamopeli Matooane
    School of Environmental Sciences University of KwaZulu Natal Durban, South Africa
    Arch Environ Health 58:763-70. 2003
    Concern about health risks from sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution prompted a health risk assessment for residents of the heavily polluted industrial region of South Durban, South Africa. The U.S...
  63. ncbi The role of sulfur dioxide as an endogenous gaseous vasoactive factor in synergy with nitric oxide
    Junling Li
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Nitric Oxide 20:166-74. 2009
    To explore the physiological role of endogenous gaseous sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) on vascular contractility and its underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms, vasodilation experiment of isolated rat thoracic aortic rings by gaseous SO(2) ..
  64. pmc Temporal relationship between air pollutants and hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Hong Kong
    Fanny W S Ko
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, 30 32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
    Thorax 62:780-5. 2007
    ..To assess any relationship between the levels of ambient air pollutants and hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Hong Kong...
  65. ncbi Enhanced role of transition metal ion catalysis during in-cloud oxidation of SO2
    Eliza Harris
    Particle Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
    Science 340:727-30. 2013
    ..We found that sulfur dioxide oxidation catalyzed by natural transition metal ions is the dominant in-cloud oxidation pathway...
  66. ncbi Expression of apoptosis-related genes in livers from rats exposed to sulfur dioxide
    Juli Bai
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Toxicology 216:253-60. 2005
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a ubiquitous air pollutant that is present in low concentrations in the urban air, and in higher concentrations in the working environment...
  67. pmc Land use regression modeling to estimate historic (1962-1991) concentrations of black smoke and sulfur dioxide for Great Britain
    John Gulliver
    MRC HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 45:3526-32. 2011
    Land-use regression modeling was used to develop maps of annual average black smoke (BS) and sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) concentrations in 1962, 1971, 1981, and 1991 for Great Britain on a 1 km grid for use in epidemiological studies...
  68. ncbi Novel process of simultaneous removal of SO2 and NO2 by sodium humate solution
    Guoxin Hu
    School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China
    Environ Sci Technol 44:6712-7. 2010
    ..The SO2 absorption efficiency is above 98% and the NO2 absorption efficiency may reach above 95% in the optimal condition in this process. The chief byproduct is a compound fertilizer consisting of humic acid (HA), sulfate, and nitrate...
  69. ncbi Vasodilatation of sulfur dioxide derivatives and signal transduction
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Arch Biochem Biophys 467:291-6. 2007
    The vasodilatation of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) derivatives on the rat thoracic aortic rings and its cell signal transduction pathway were studied...
  70. pmc Outdoor air pollution, low birth weight, and prematurity
    M Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 108:173-6. 2000
    ..Maternal exposures to sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), total suspended particles (TSP), and nitrous oxides (NO(x)) in each trimester of pregnancy were ..
  71. ncbi Estimating shipping emissions in the region of the Sea of Marmara, Turkey
    Cengiz Deniz
    Department of Marine Engineering, Maritime Faculty, Istanbul Technical University, 34940 Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey
    Sci Total Environ 390:255-61. 2008
    ..The shipping emissions in the area are 46% of NO(x), 25% of PM and 1.5% of CO of road traffic emissions in Turkey data between which and correspond to a higher level than aircraft emissions and rail emissions in Turkey...
  72. ncbi Effect of sulfur dioxide on ROS production, gene expression and antioxidant enzyme activity in Arabidopsis plants
    Lihong Li
    School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Plant Physiol Biochem 58:46-53. 2012
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is one of the most common and harmful air pollutants...
  73. ncbi Ecological effects of sulfur dioxide, fluorides, and minor air pollutants: recent trends and research needs
    J Neil Cape
    Edinburgh Research Station, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate, Penicuik, EH26 0QB, Midlothian, UK
    Environ Int 29:201-11. 2003
    The regulation of the emissions of 'traditional' primary air pollutants (fluorides, sulfur dioxide) has changed the pattern of exposure of ecological systems, with greatly reduced exposure close to sources, but with a smaller effect in ..
  74. ncbi Volcanic sulfur dioxide and acute respiratory symptoms on Miyakejima island
    A Ishigami
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Kappel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Occup Environ Med 65:701-7. 2008
    Following a volcanic eruption in 2000, high concentrations of ambient sulfur dioxide (SO2) are still observed on Miyakejima, Japan despite the reversal 2 years ago of the ban on residents living on the island...
  75. ncbi Optical sensor for sulfur dioxide determination in wines
    Karime R B Silva
    Instituto de Quimica, UNICAMP, Caixa Postal 6154, 13084 971 Campinas, Brazil
    J Agric Food Chem 54:8697-701. 2006
    A method for the determination of free and total sulfur dioxide in wines, based on the use of an optical sensor that employs a dichlorobis(diphenylphosphino)methane dipalladium I complex [Pd(2)(dppm)(2)Cl(2)] immobilized in a PVC membrane ..
  76. ncbi Inhibitory effect of sulfur dioxide and other stress compounds in wine on the ATPase activity of Oenococcus oeni
    Ramon Carreté
    Departament de Bioquimica i Biotecnologia, Unitat d Enologia del CeRTA, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Plaça Imperial Tàrraco, 1, 43005 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 211:155-9. 2002
    ..It can be concluded that ATPase is a good indicator of the physiological state of the cells and their ability to lead MLF...
  77. ncbi Sulfur dioxide restores calcium homeostasis disturbance in rat with isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury
    Shanshan Chen
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China
    Histol Histopathol 27:1219-26. 2012
    b>sulfur dioxide (SO₂) could relieve isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury, while the mechanism is unclear...
  78. ncbi Sulfur dioxide and benzo(a)pyrene modulates CYP1A and tumor-related gene expression in rat liver
    Guohua Qin
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Environ Toxicol 25:169-79. 2010
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) are common industrial and environmental contaminants...
  79. ncbi Effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on cytokine levels in lungs and serum of mice
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University Taiyuan China
    Inhal Toxicol 17:303-7. 2005
    In order to elucidate the immunotoxic mechanism exerted by sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), we investigated the effect of SO(2), a major air pollutant, on the cytokine levels in lungs and serum of male mice...
  80. ncbi The vasorelaxant effect and its mechanisms of sodium bisulfite as a sulfur dioxide donor
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Chemosphere 89:579-84. 2012
    ..and its underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms, to explore whether bisulfite can be used as a sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) donor in the biological experiments, the vasorelaxant effects of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite ..
  81. ncbi Development of a gas diffusion multicommuted flow injection system for the determination of sulfur dioxide in wines, comparing malachite green and pararosaniline chemistries
    Sara M Oliveira
    CBQF Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Porto, Portugal
    J Agric Food Chem 57:3415-22. 2009
    A flow system based on the multicommutation concept was developed for the determination of free and total sulfur dioxide in table wines, exploiting gas diffusion separation and spectrophotometric detection...
  82. ncbi In situ measurements of SO2, NOx, NOy, and O3 in Beijing, China during August 2008
    Yang Sun
    State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
    Sci Total Environ 409:933-40. 2011
    ..Lastly, the analysis of the wind direction and extent of SPM showed that the photochemical pollution of this region was mostly subject to the influence of southeastern air flow in the summer...
  83. ncbi Effects of endogenous sulfur dioxide on monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats
    Hong fang Jin
    Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Acta Pharmacol Sin 29:1157-66. 2008
    The present study aimed to explore the protective effect of endogenous sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the development of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) in rats.
  84. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide on apoptosis-related gene expressions in lungs from rats
    Juli Bai
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 43:272-9. 2005
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is an air pollutant in densely populated areas as well as in areas polluted by coal-fired power plants, smelters, and sulfuric acid factories...
  85. ncbi Microalgal biomass production and on-site bioremediation of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide from flue gas using Chlorella sp. cultures
    Sheng Yi Chiu
    Department of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
    Bioresour Technol 102:9135-42. 2011
    ..Our results demonstrate that flue gas from coke oven could be directly introduced into Chlorella sp. MTF-7 cultures to potentially produce algal biomass and efficiently capture CO₂, NO and SO₂ from flue gas...
  86. ncbi Effect of sulfur dioxide on active and passive avoidance in experimental diabetes mellitus: relation to oxidant stress and antioxidant enzymes
    Vural Kucukatay
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
    Int J Neurosci 117:1091-107. 2007
    The effect of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) on hippocampus antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation and learning and memory was investigated in diabetic rats...
  87. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives on four asthma-related gene expressions in human bronchial epithelial cells
    Ruijin Li
    Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Toxicol Lett 175:71-81. 2007
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a common air pollutant, and inhaled SO(2) in airway epithelium easily forms its soluble derivatives in vivo (bisulfite and sulfite), which are toxic to the respiratory system and related to the exacerbation of ..
  88. ncbi Protective effects of seabuckthorn seed oil on mouse injury induced by sulfur dioxide inhalation
    Aidong Ruan
    College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
    Inhal Toxicol 15:1053-8. 2003
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a common but important air pollutant...
  89. ncbi Atmospheric conversion of sulfur dioxide to particulate sulfate and nitrogen dioxide to particulate nitrate and gaseous nitric acid in an urban area
    M I Khoder
    Air Pollution Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
    Chemosphere 49:675-84. 2002
    b>Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate sulfate and nitrate, gaseous nitric acid, ozone and meteorological parameters (temperature and relative humidity) were measured during the winter season (1999-2000) and summer season (2000) in ..
  90. ncbi Effects of NO2 and SO2 on selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammonia
    Jeong Hoi Goo
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Energy and Environment Research Center, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 305 701 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
    Chemosphere 67:718-23. 2007
    ..The denitrification (DeNO(x)) conversion decreases at lower temperatures but it increases at higher temperatures with increasing SO(2) concentration. The presence of SO(2) in the feeds inhibits N(2)O formation...
  91. ncbi Protective effects of salicylic acid and vitamin C on sulfur dioxide-induced lipid peroxidation in mice
    Huiping Zhao
    Department of Biology, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang, People s Republic of China
    Inhal Toxicol 20:865-71. 2008
    ..of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and vitamin C (Vit C) on the oxidative stress induced by 56 mg/m(3) of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in mouse livers and brains were investigated...
  92. ncbi Effects of sulfur dioxide on formation of fishy off-odor and undesirable taste in wine consumed with seafood
    Akiko Fujita
    National Research Institute of Brewing, Higashi Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan
    J Agric Food Chem 58:4414-20. 2010
    ..These results suggest that sulfur dioxide in wine participated in degradation of unsaturated fatty acids, causing an increase in undesirable taste and ..
  93. ncbi Sensory and pulmonary effects of acute exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO2)
    Christoph van Thriel
    Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors IfADo, Dortmund, Germany
    Toxicol Lett 196:42-50. 2010
    Exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) affects large populations worldwide. Pulmonary effects have been reported at concentrations relevant in the general (<0.5 ppm) and working environment (>0.5 ppm)...
  94. ncbi Sulfur dioxide upregulates the aortic nitric oxide pathway in rats
    Junling Li
    School of Physical Education, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Eur J Pharmacol 645:143-50. 2010
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a common gaseous pollutant. It is also, however, endogenously generated from sulfur-containing amino acids...
  95. ncbi DNA damage in mice treated with sulfur dioxide by inhalation
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, China
    Environ Mol Mutagen 46:150-5. 2005
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a ubiquitous air pollutant produced by the burning of fossil fuels...
  96. ncbi Increased thiol biosynthesis of transgenic poplar expressing a wheat O-acetylserine(thiol) lyase enhances resistance to hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide toxicity
    Michimi Nakamura
    Department of Molecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    Plant Cell Rep 28:313-23. 2009
    ..were developed in order to examine the role of this enzyme in thiol production following hydrogen sulfide or sulfur dioxide exposure and in the extent of damage induced in the plants by these pollutants...
  97. ncbi The effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on active avoidance learning, antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation during aging
    Piraye Yargicoglu
    Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biophysics, Arapsuyu, 07070 Antalya, Turkey
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 29:211-8. 2007
    ..Additionally, SO2 exposure impaired cognitive function only in the young rats during the acquisition phase of active avoidance learning...
  98. ncbi Vasodilator effect of gaseous sulfur dioxide and regulation of its level by Ach in rat vascular tissues
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    Inhal Toxicol 21:1223-8. 2009
    ..These findings also demonstrate that endogenous SO(2) level in vascular tissue may be regulated by Ach and NE...
  99. ncbi The vasodilator effect and its mechanism of sulfur dioxide-derivatives on isolated aortic rings of rats
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, China
    Inhal Toxicol 19:979-86. 2007
    The vasodilator effect of exogenous sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) derivatives (mixture of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite, 3:1 M/M in neutral solution) on rat vascular system was studied in order to explore the mechanism of blood pressure ..
  100. pmc Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007
    ..Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States...
  101. ncbi Blood pressure of rats lowered by sulfur dioxide and its derivatives
    Ziqiang Meng
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P R China
    Inhal Toxicol 15:951-9. 2003
    This study was designed to investigate effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and its derivatives (bisulfite and sulfite) on the rat blood pressure...

Research Grants56

  1. Air Pollution and Asthma in Southeast Louisiana
    BADIOLLAH ASRABADI; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The primary objectives of this project are to: 1) Monitor air quality including carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone, and Particulate Matter (PM10) in several sugarcane burning and non-..
  2. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to the exact locations of participants'homes...
  3. Comparison of Diesel and Biodiesel Emissions and Health Effects in Underground Mi
    Jefferey L Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Respirable dust, elemental carbon, black carbon, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), aldehydes, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) will be sampled from the ..
  4. Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide), matched to locations of participants'homes...
  5. Utilization of calcite for the reduction of coal mine dust toxicity
    Xi Huang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is widely used to prevent explosions, treat acid mine drainage, and absorb acid rain components such as sulfur dioxide released during combustion...
  6. Progenitor Cells in Lung Development and Repair
    Brigid L M Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Clara) cells in maintaining this region and in repairing it after injury by exposure to naphthalene or sulfur dioxide. This will be achieved using new K5-CreEr and Scgb1a1-CreEr alleles for fate mapping and gene manipulation...
  7. Hawaii Island Community Lung Assessment and Scientific Studies (HICLASS)
    ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Kilauea volcano has produced, on average, at least 1,800 tons per day of sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions since 1983...
  8. Defining the role of Hippo signaling in airway injury repair and remodeling
    Jayaraj Rajagopal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In Aim 2, we will genetically delete Yap1 from airway basal stem cells and then challenge mice with sulfur dioxide to elicit a regenerative response to determine whether Yap1 is necessary for airway epithelial injury repair...
  9. Program to Assess Health Effects Associated with Exposures to Volcanic Emissions
    ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Kilauea's volcano's continuous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions for more than 20 years, characteristic island wind patterns, and Hawaii's towering ..
  10. International Program for Mining Health and Safety
    Jefferey Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..mineral processing include exposure to metals such as arsenic, lead, and mercury, and other pollutants such as sulfur dioxide. The University of Arizona (UA) has trained 46 mining and geological engineers from Zambia...
  11. STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON EUKARYOTIC MOCO CONTAINING ENZYMES
    Caroline Kisker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of sulfite to sulfate and also plays an important role in detoxifying exogenously supplied sulfite and sulfur dioxide. Sulfite oxidase deficiency is a severe disease in humans, which mostly leads to death in early childhood...
  12. GENOTOXICITY OF BENZO[A]PYRENE DERIVATIVES AND SULFITE
    Gregory Reed; Fiscal Year: 1993
    b>Sulfur dioxide, a ubiquitous air pollutant and a component of tobacco smoke, is a cocarcinogen for benzo[a]pyrene (BP) in the respiratory tract...
  13. Volcanic Emissions and Airway Function, Inflammation, Heart Rhythm (AIR)
    Barbara Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Kilauea's east rift has erupted continuously since 1986, each day releasing 1,000 to 2,000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), more than twice as much as the highest EPA-ranked stationary source in the nation...
  14. PEAK EXPOSURES IN ALUMINUM SMELTING
    Noah Seixas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Prime candidates for these problems are the acid gases, hydrogen fluoride (HF) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) which are released during particular phases of the smelting operations, producing high transient peaks ..
  15. OZONE EXPOSURE AND DOSE DELIVERED TO HUMAN LUNGS
    James Ultman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of healthy nonsmokers while these subjects are continuously exposed to clean air, ozone, nitrogen dioxide or sulfur dioxide during quite nasal breathing for two hours. 3...
  16. IN VITRO TOXICITY OF AIRBORNE POLLUTANTS AND CHEMICALS
    DANIEL LUCHTEL; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..and bronchial epithelial cell cultures to low concentrations of gaseous air pollutants such as ozone (O3) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) 2) expose the same two types of epithelial cell cultures within a uniquely designed exposure chamber ..
  17. IMPROVEMENTS IN CHLORINE DIOXIDE DISINFECTION OF WATER
    BERNARD BUBNIS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Improved analytical methodology and instrumentation 2. Reduction of ClO2- and ClO3- by using sulfur dioxide chemistry 3...
  18. PHOSPHATE ANALOG PROBES OF RED CELL METABOLISM
    Richard Labotka; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..neutral S02 across the membrane contributes significantly to the total flux of this compound, and whether the erythrocytic enzyme carbonic anhydrase accelerates this process by catalyzing the interconversion of sulfite and sulfur dioxide.
  19. ACID AEROSOL HEALTH EFFECTS IN NORTH AMERICAN CHILDREN
    FRANK SPEIZER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..as comparable measures of size fractionated particulate concentrations (for two particle size cutoff values), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and ozone...
  20. DEVELOPMENT OF INSTRUMENTS TO MEASURE HUMAN EXPOSURE
    JOSEPH STETTER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..has demonstrated that cyclic voltammetry using microsensors can be used to distinguish hydrogen sulfide from sulfur dioxide as well as giving quantitative information...
  21. PATHOBIOLOGY OF CILIATED RESPIRATORY EPITHELIAL CELLS
    MICHAEL GABRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..known to induce ciliostasis and/or cytonecrosis (for example: Mycoplasma pneumoniae; toxic gases such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide; and heavy metals such as cadmium, nickel, and chromium)...
  22. SCOR IN PATHOBIOLOGY OF LUNG DEVELOPMENT
    ALBERT COLLIER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition to viral infection models, non- infectious injury models such as sulfur dioxide and oxygen exposure will be used to characterize airway epithelial cell injury without the immunologic ..
  23. DISTRIBUTION AND FATE OF INHALED SULFUR DIOXIDE
    Albert Gunnison; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Identification of the specific molecular sites of disulfide bond sulfitolysis in aortic tissue will be attempted and the effects of this reaction on the mechanical properties of the aorta will also be investigated. ..
  24. Heart Attacks and Traffic Pollution
    Joel Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A preliminary analysis will use retrospective data, and not obtain questionnaire data. Effect modification by diabetes, prior MI, COPD, smoking, and angina will be tested using interaction terms. ..
  25. Air Pollution and Cardiac Risk: Mechanisms & Time-course
    Duanping Liao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5 affects the cardiac system, and identify factors that lead to differential susceptibility to PM, and guide regulatory agencies in designing air pollution control standards. ..
  26. Sleep-disordered breathing, sleep stages, and heart rate variability in children
    Duanping Liao; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained from this study can potentially improve the management and treatment of childhood SDB. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Association between Mortality and Long-term Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution in
    Haidong Kan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings of this study will fill key knowledge gap of air pollution health effects in China. ..
  28. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  29. Predictors of Spatial Patterns in Urban Air Pollution
    Jonathan Levy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. BIOMATHEMATICAL APPROACHES TO CANCER
    Suresh Moolgavkar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of analyses will be used to help generate biologically relevant questions and hypotheses and to plan further experiments and studies, which, in turn, will lead to more refined models. ..
  31. Stochastic models for radiation carcinogenesis: tempora*
    Suresh Moolgavkar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The main goals of these analyses are to explore the effects of various age- and time-related factors and of protraction of exposure on the risk of radiation carcinogenesis. ..
  32. CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO PARTICULATE AIR POLLUTION
    Duanping Liao; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The baseline examination of the cohort occurred from 1987-1989, with annual recontacts and reexaminations every three years. Numerous biologic measures and health data are obtained at these visits. ..
  33. Air Pollution and Cardiorespiratory Events In Infants
    Paige Tolbert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The study is expected to provide important new information regarding health effects of ambient air pollution on high-risk infants. ..
  34. Analysis of lipids, inflammation, and pulmonary function
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. ROLE OF HEXOKINASE IN LUNG ADAPTATION TO OXIDANT STRESS
    Carl White; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together, these approaches will define the role of HK in adaptation to hyperoxia. ..
  36. ASTHMA AND EXPOSURE TO PEAKS IN PARTICULATE AIR POLLUT
    RALPH DELFINO; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This research is expected to have an impact on decisions regarding the protection of health in populations frequently exposed to higher particle excursions. ..
  37. Heavy Drinking & Coronary Disease: Acute/Chronic Effects
    Kenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results may prove to have important biological, clinical, and public health implications for the care of CHD. ..
  38. ISEA 2004 Conference
    Junfeng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Endothelial Dysfunction, Oxidative Stress and Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Kenneth Jay Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, we will examine how a derived dietary antioxidant score, based upon measured oxidative potential of specific foods using the ferric-reducing/antioxidant power method, is related to PAD. ..
  40. MASS SPECTROMETRIC IDENTIFICATION OF NEW LIPID MEDIATORS
    Michael Balazy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  41. Hypoxia-inducible factors bronchopulmonary dysplasia-BPD
    Carl White; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Therapy at the level of HIF transcription factors to improve angiogenesis and alveolar development offers promise to prevent BPD. ..
  42. Air Pollution and Birth Defects in Atlanta, 1968-2002
    Paige Tolbert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will entail close collaboration among investigators at Emory, Georgia Tech, and CDC, capitalizing on the team's experience with the MACDP and studies of air pollution in Atlanta. ..
  43. Particulate Air Pollution and Acute Ischemic Stroke
    Gregory Wellenius; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These hypotheses will be tested in patient populations with complimentary strengths. ..
  44. Biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation in COPD
    William MacNee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such information will allow the identification of novel biomarkers and the fingerprints themselves may represent a mechanism to stratify COPD patients and allow the assessment of novel therapies. ..
  45. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Improving Physician Adherence to Asthma Guidelines
    Gregory Diette; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..usual generalist care; and 3) How care should be organized for management of chronic diseases. ..
  47. Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology: Methods and Applications
    Jonathan Wakefield; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. cancer incidence and mortality data, and Washington State small-area cancer incidence data. Developed methods will be made available to researchers via implementation within freely-available software. ..
  48. Pediatric Asthma, Particulate Air Pollution and NO2
    RALPH DELFINO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Long-term goals are to improve knowledge about the independent and combined adverse effects of particulate and gaseous air pollutants by examining acute exposures and responses using ambulatory monitoring methods. ..
  49. Mechanisms of Air Pollution Health Effects in Subjects with Heart Failure
    Gregory Wellenius; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Understanding the underlying mechanisms may lead to new preventative strategies, new treatments, or improved air quality. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Multiple Pollutants and Cardiorespiratory Outcomes
    Paige Tolbert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, a thorough assessment of the role of measurement error in the epidemiologic analyses will be performed. ..
  51. Lung epithelial cell survival signaling in ozone in cystic fibrosis and normals
    Carl White; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies will increase our understanding of lung oxidant injury and repair in CF and normals, and of normal defense mechanisms of airway epithelium. ..
  52. Synthesis of Macrolides, Steroids, Cyclopentanoids, etc.
    BARRY TROST; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These new synthetic methods apply to many structural types beyond those illustrated and constitutes a significant to gain access to complex molecular targets more easily. ..
  53. SLEEP HEART HEALTH STUDY
    GEORGE O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. ..