Genomes and Genes
Summary: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight 12.011. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE.
Publications344 found, 100 shown here
- Genomic expression programs in the response of yeast cells to environmental changesA P Gasch
Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5428, USA
Mol Biol Cell 11:4241-57. 2000..Physiological themes in the genomic responses to specific environmental stresses provided insights into the effects of those stresses on the cell...
- A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forestsYude Pan
U S Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA
Science 333:988-93. 2011The terrestrial carbon sink has been large in recent decades, but its size and location remain uncertain. Using forest inventory data and long-term ecosystem carbon studies, we estimate a total forest sink of 2.4 ± 0...
- Membrane-transport systems for sucrose in relation to whole-plant carbon partitioningBrian G Ayre
University of North Texas, Department of Biological Sciences, Denton, Texas, USA
Mol Plant 4:377-94. 2011Sucrose is the principal product of photosynthesis used for the distribution of assimilated carbon in plants...
- Soil warming and carbon-cycle feedbacks to the climate systemJ M Melillo
The Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Science 298:2173-6. 2002In a decade-long soil warming experiment in a mid-latitude hardwood forest, we documented changes in soil carbon and nitrogen cycling in order to investigate the consequences of these changes for the climate system...
- Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate changeEric A Davidson
The Woods Hole Research Center, PO Box 296, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
Nature 440:165-73. 2006Significantly more carbon is stored in the world's soils--including peatlands, wetlands and permafrost--than is present in the atmosphere. Disagreement exists, however, regarding the effects of climate change on global soil carbon stocks...
- Carbon nutrition of Escherichia coli in the mouse intestineDong Eun Chang
Advanced Center for Genome Technology, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 0245, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:7427-32. 2004..Gluconate appeared to be a major carbon source used by E. coli MG1655 to colonize, having an impact on both the initiation and maintenance stages...
- Dissolved organic carbon trends resulting from changes in atmospheric deposition chemistryDonald T Monteith
Environmental Change Research Centre, UCL, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
Nature 450:537-40. 2007..Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain recent, widespread increases in concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the surface waters of glaciated landscapes across eastern North America and northern and central Europe...
- Photosynthetic overcompensation under nocturnal warming enhances grassland carbon sequestrationShiqiang Wan
State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Ecology 90:2700-10. 2009A mechanistic understanding of the carbon (C) cycle-climate change feedback is essential for projecting future states of climate and ecosystems...
- Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate changeW A Kurz
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, British Columbia, V8Z 1M5, Canada
Nature 452:987-90. 2008..During outbreaks, the resulting widespread tree mortality reduces forest carbon uptake and increases future emissions from the decay of killed trees...
- Comparative transcriptome and metabolite analysis of oil palm and date palm mesocarp that differ dramatically in carbon partitioningFabienne Bourgis
Université de Bordeaux Ségalen, Laboratoire de Biogenese Membranaire, Bordeaux, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:12527-32. 2011..To gain insight into the mechanisms that lead to such an extreme difference in carbon partitioning, the transcriptome and metabolite content of oil palm and date palm were compared during mesocarp ..
- Carbon catabolite repression in bacteria: many ways to make the most out of nutrientsBoris Görke
Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Grisebachstr 8, D 37077 Gottingen, Germany
Nat Rev Microbiol 6:613-24. 2008Most bacteria can selectively use substrates from a mixture of different carbon sources...
- Genome-scale metabolic network modeling results in minimal interventions that cooperatively force carbon flux towards malonyl-CoAPeng Xu
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA
Metab Eng 13:578-87. 2011..knockout targets (ΔfumC and ΔsucC) and overexpression targets (ACC, PGK, GAPD and PDH) can cooperatively force carbon flux towards malonyl-CoA...
- Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem propertyMichael W I Schmidt
Department of Geography, University of Zurich, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
Nature 478:49-56. 2011Globally, soil organic matter (SOM) contains more than three times as much carbon as either the atmosphere or terrestrial vegetation...
- Deletion of betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase in mice perturbs choline and 1-carbon metabolism, resulting in fatty liver and hepatocellular carcinomasYa Wen Teng
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
J Biol Chem 286:36258-67. 2011..These results indicate that BHMT has an important role in Hcy, choline, and one-carbon homeostasis. A lack of Bhmt also affects susceptibility to fatty liver and hepatocellular carcinoma...
- Energy starved Candidatus Pelagibacter ubique substitutes light-mediated ATP production for endogenous carbon respirationLaura Steindler
Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e19725. 2011..P. ubique cells that are starved for carbon, but provides little or no advantage during active growth on organic carbon substrates...
- Induction of inflammasome-dependent pyroptosis by carbon black nanoparticlesAnna C Reisetter
Department of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
J Biol Chem 286:21844-52. 2011Inhalation of nanoparticles has been implicated in respiratory morbidity and mortality. In particular, carbon black nanoparticles are found in many different environmental exposures...
- Carbon metabolism of intracellular bacterial pathogens and possible links to virulenceWolfgang Eisenreich
Lehrstuhl für Biochemie, Technische Universitat Munchen, D 85747 Garching, Germany
Nat Rev Microbiol 8:401-12. 2010..In this Review, we discuss the recent progress made in determining the major carbon sources and metabolic pathways used by model intracellular bacterial pathogens that replicate either in the ..
- Comprehensive quantitative analysis of central carbon and amino-acid metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under multiple conditions by targeted proteomicsRoeland Costenoble
Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Mol Syst Biol 7:464. 2011..monitoring (SRM) mass spectrometry to quantify abundance changes of the 228 proteins that constitute the central carbon and amino-acid metabolic network in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, at five different metabolic steady states...
- Randomized phase II study evaluating a carbon ion boost applied after combined radiochemotherapy with temozolomide versus a proton boost after radiochemotherapy with temozolomide in patients with primary glioblastoma: the CLEOPATRA trialStephanie E Combs
Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
BMC Cancer 10:478. 2010..b>Carbon ions offer physical and biological advantages...
- Microbial nitrogen limitation increases decompositionJoseph M Craine
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, 100 Ecology, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Ecology 88:2105-13. 2007..results suggest that basic stoichiometric decomposition theory needs to be revised and ecosystem models restructured accordingly in order to predict ecosystem carbon storage responses to anthropogenic changes in nutrient availability.
- Arabidopsis plants acclimate to water deficit at low cost through changes of carbon usage: an integrated perspective using growth, metabolite, enzyme, and gene expression analysisIrène Hummel
INRA, Ecophysiologie des Plantes sous Stress Environnementaux, UMR 759, Montpellier, France
Plant Physiol 154:357-72. 2010Growth and carbon (C) fluxes are severely altered in plants exposed to soil water deficit. Correspondingly, it has been suggested that plants under water deficit suffer from C shortage...
- Novel roles of cAMP receptor protein (CRP) in regulation of transport and metabolism of carbon sourcesTomohiro Shimada
Department of Frontier Bioscience, Hosei University, Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
PLoS ONE 6:e20081. 2011CRP (cAMP receptor protein), the global regulator of genes for carbon source utilization in the absence of glucose, is the best-studied prokaryotic transcription factor...
- Enzyme production by filamentous fungi: analysis of the secretome of Trichoderma reesei grown on unconventional carbon sourceHe Jun
Department of Chemistry, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
Microb Cell Fact 10:68. 2011..In this study, the secretome of Trichoderma reesei Rut C-30 grown either on a spent hydrolysate model medium (SHMM) or on a lactose-based standard medium (LBSM) was explored using proteomics...
- Hunger artists: yeast adapted to carbon limitation show trade-offs under carbon sufficiencyJared W Wenger
Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
PLoS Genet 7:e1002202. 2011..show that yeast evolved under aerobic glucose limitation show surprisingly few trade-offs when cultured in other carbon-limited environments, under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions...
- Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debtJoseph Fargione
The Nature Conservancy, 1101 West River Parkway, Suite 200, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
Science 319:1235-8. 2008Increasing energy use, climate change, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels make switching to low-carbon fuels a high priority...
- Host carbon sources modulate cell wall architecture, drug resistance and virulence in a fungal pathogenIuliana V Ene
Aberdeen Fungal Group, School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK
Cell Microbiol 14:1319-35. 2012..stress adaptation have generally been performed on glucose-grown cells, leaving the effects of alternative carbon sources upon stress resistance largely unexplored...
- DNA-assisted dispersion and separation of carbon nanotubesMing Zheng
DuPont Central Research and Development, Experimental Station, Wilmington, Delaware 19880, USA
Nat Mater 2:338-42. 2003b>Carbon nanotubes are man-made one-dimensional carbon crystals with different diameters and chiralities. Owing to their superb mechanical and electrical properties, many potential applications have been proposed for them...
- A genetic element present on megaplasmids allows Enterococcus faecium to use raffinose as carbon sourceXinglin Zhang
Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Environ Microbiol 13:518-28. 2011..Since the 1990s, it has also emerged as a nosocomial pathogen. Little is known about carbon metabolism of E...
- Contrasting soil pH effects on fungal and bacterial growth suggest functional redundancy in carbon mineralizationJohannes Rousk
Department of Microbial Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
Appl Environ Microbiol 75:1589-96. 2009..The shift in fungal and bacterial importance along the pH gradient decreased the total carbon mineralization, measured as basal respiration, by only about one-third, possibly suggesting functional redundancy...
- Fine root branch orders respond differentially to carbon source-sink manipulations in a longleaf pine forestDali L Guo
Jones Ecological Research Center, Route 2, Box 2324, Newton, GA 39870, USA
Oecologia 140:450-7. 2004Fine roots are a key component of carbon (C) flow and nitrogen (N) cycling in forest ecosystems...
- The role of the C4 pathway in carbon accumulation and fixation in a marine diatomJohn R Reinfelder
Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Plant Physiol 135:2106-11. 2004The role of a C(4) pathway in photosynthetic carbon fixation by marine diatoms is presently debated...
- Particle therapy at the Heidelberg Ion Therapy Center (HIT) - Integrated research-driven university-hospital-based radiation oncology service in Heidelberg, GermanyStephanie E Combs
Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Radiother Oncol 95:41-4. 2010..In November 2009, patient treatment has begun. The aim of the center is to provide high-end radiotherapy, and to define the role of particle therapy through clinical trials...
- Alterations in hepatic one-carbon metabolism and related pathways following a high-fat dietary interventionIsabel Rubio-Aliaga
Molecular Nutrition Unit, ZIEL Research Center for Nutrition and Food Sciences, Technische Universitat Munchen, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
Physiol Genomics 43:408-16. 2011..Nutrigenomic analysis revealed alterations of key metabolites and enzyme transcript levels of hepatic one-carbon metabolism and related pathways...
- Terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics and climate feedbacksMartin Heimann
Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans Knöll Strasse 10, D 07745 Jena, Germany
Nature 451:289-92. 2008
- Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributedDavid S LeBauer
Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92054, USA
Ecology 89:371-9. 2008..These results suggest that the global N and C cycles interact strongly and that geography can mediate ecosystem response to N within certain biome types...
- Genomic insights into marine microalgaeMicaela S Parker
School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Annu Rev Genet 42:619-45. 2008..We focus our metabolic discussion on carbon, nitrogen, and iron. We then discuss biomineralization and new evidence for programmed cell death in microalgae...
- The versatile epsilon-proteobacteria: key players in sulphidic habitatsBarbara J Campbell
College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware, Lewes, Delaware 19958, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 4:458-68. 2006..These integrated perspectives provide a framework for future culture- and genomic-based studies...
- Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food securityR Lal
Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Science 304:1623-7. 2004The carbon sink capacity of the world's agricultural and degraded soils is 50 to 66% of the historic carbon loss of 42 to 78 gigatons of carbon...
- The mechanisms of carbon catabolite repression in bacteriaJosef Deutscher
Laboratorie de Microbiologie et Génétique Moléculaire, INRA AgroParisTech CNRS, F 78850 Thiverval Grignon, France
Curr Opin Microbiol 11:87-93. 2008b>Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) is the paradigm of cellular regulation. CCR happens when bacteria are exposed to two or more carbon sources and one of them is preferentially utilised (frequently glucose)...
- Testing the functional significance of microbial community compositionMichael S Strickland
Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
Ecology 90:441-51. 2009..We find that rates of carbon dioxide production from litter decomposition were dependent upon the microbial inoculum, with differences in the ..
- Heterotrophy in tropical scleractinian coralsFanny Houlbrèque
Stanford University, Geological and Environmental Sciences, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 2115, USA
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:1-17. 2009..Heterotrophy accounts for between 0 and 66% of the fixed carbon incorporated into coral skeletons and can meet from 15 to 35% of daily metabolic requirements in healthy corals ..
- Effects of coral reef benthic primary producers on dissolved organic carbon and microbial activityAndreas F Haas
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e27973. 2011..Rates of photosynthesis, respiration, and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) release were assessed for several common benthic reef organisms from the backreef habitat...
- Autotrophic carbon fixation in archaeaIvan A Berg
Mikrobiologie, Fakultat Biologie, Universitat Freiburg, Schanzlestrasse 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Nat Rev Microbiol 8:447-60. 2010The acquisition of cellular carbon from inorganic carbon is a prerequisite for life and marked the transition from the inorganic to the organic world...
- Bacterial adaptation through distributed sensing of metabolic fluxesOliver Kotte
Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Mol Syst Biol 6:355. 2010The recognition of carbon sources and the regulatory adjustments to recognized changes are of particular importance for bacterial survival in fluctuating environments...
- Transport mechanisms for organic forms of carbon and nitrogen between source and sinkSylvie Lalonde
ZMBP Plant Physiology, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Annu Rev Plant Biol 55:341-72. 2004..Novel imaging approaches may provide the means to characterize the cellular events and elucidate whole plant control of assimilate partitioning and allocation...
- Biological characteristics of carbon-ion therapyKoichi Ando
Medicine and Biology Division, Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center, Showa machi 3 39 22, Maebashi shi, Gunma, Japan
Int J Radiat Biol 85:715-28. 2009..and/or high-linear energy transfer (LET) particles has a long history, starting with proton beams up to now carbon-ions...
- Similar response of labile and resistant soil organic matter pools to changes in temperatureChangming Fang
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
Nature 433:57-9. 2005..organic matter (SOM) and soil temperature affects our predictions of the impact of climate change on soil-stored carbon. One current opinion is that the decomposition of soil labile carbon is sensitive to temperature variation whereas ..
- Gluconeogenic carbon flow of tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates is critical for Mycobacterium tuberculosis to establish and maintain infectionJoeli Marrero
Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:9819-24. 2010..In vitro, Mtb is able to grow on a variety of carbon sources, but mounting evidence has implicated fatty acids as the major source of carbon and energy for Mtb during ..
- A stretchable carbon nanotube strain sensor for human-motion detectionTakeo Yamada
Nanotube Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology AIST, Tsukuba, 305 8565, Japan
Nat Nanotechnol 6:296-301. 2011..Here, we report a class of wearable and stretchable devices fabricated from thin films of aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes. When stretched, the nanotube films fracture into gaps and islands, and bundles bridging the gaps...
- An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamicsJames C Zachos
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95060, USA
Nature 451:279-83. 2008
- The sucrose transporter family in Populus: the importance of a tonoplast PtaSUT4 to biomass and carbon partitioningRaja S Payyavula
School of Forest Resources and Environmental Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
Plant J 65:757-70. 2011..Our findings also support the idea that PtaSUT4 modulates sucrose efflux and utilization in concert with plant N-status...
- Radiobiological evaluation and correlation with the local effect model (LEM) of carbon ion radiation therapy and temozolomide in glioblastoma cell linesStephanie E Combs
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Heidelberg
Int J Radiat Biol 85:126-37. 2009To investigate the cytotoxic effect of high linear-energy transfer (LET) carbon irradiation on glioblastoma cells lines in combination with temozolomide (TMZ).
- Stability of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by fresh carbon supplySébastien Fontaine
INRA, UR 874 Agronomie, 234 avenue du Brezet, 63100 Clermont Ferrand, France
Nature 450:277-80. 2007The world's soils store more carbon than is present in biomass and in the atmosphere...
- Inorganic carbon limitation induces transcripts encoding components of the CO(2)-concentrating mechanism in Synechococcus sp. PCC7942 through a redox-independent pathwayFiona J Woodger
Molecular Plant Physiology Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, PO Box 475, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia
Plant Physiol 133:2069-80. 2003..to proceed in CO2-limited aquatic environments, and its activity is modulated in response to inorganic carbon (Ci) availability...
- Resource limitation of bacterial production distorts the temperature dependence of oceanic carbon cyclingÁngel López-Urrutia
Centro Oceanográfico de Gijón, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Camín de L Arbeyal, S N, Xixón, Asturies, E 33212 Spain
Ecology 88:817-22. 2007Our view of the effects of temperature on bacterial carbon fluxes in the ocean has been confounded by the interplay of resource availability...
- Carbon dots for optical imaging in vivoSheng Tao Yang
Department of Chemistry and Laboratory for Emerging Materials and Technology, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 0973, USA
J Am Chem Soc 131:11308-9. 2009It was found and recently reported that small carbon nanoparticles can be surface-passivated by organic or biomolecules to become strongly fluorescent...
- The carbon and energy sources of the non-photosynthetic plastid in the malaria parasiteLiting Lim
School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
FEBS Lett 584:549-54. 2010..of the apicoplast and measured their substrate preferences using a novel cell-free assay system to explore the carbon and energy sources of the apicoplast...
- Syntrophy in anaerobic global carbon cyclesMichael J McInerney
Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, 770 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
Curr Opin Biotechnol 20:623-32. 2009..Genomic analyses reveal that multiple mechanisms exist for reverse electron transfer. Surprisingly, the flagellum functions were implicated in ensuring close physical proximity and synchronization of the syntrophic partners...
- Enzymatic and genetic characterization of carbon and energy metabolisms by deep-sea hydrothermal chemolithoautotrophic isolates of EpsilonproteobacteriaKen Takai
Subground Animalcule Retrieval Program, Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology, 2 15 Natsushima cho, Yokosuka 237 0061, Japan
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:7310-20. 2005The carbon and energy metabolisms of a variety of cultured chemolithoautotrophic Epsilonproteobacteria from deep-sea hydrothermal environments were characterized by both enzymatic and genetic analyses...
- Methanotrophic symbionts provide carbon for photosynthesis in peat bogsAshna A Raghoebarsing
Department of Microbiology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld 1, 6525 ED Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Nature 436:1153-6. 2005..Incubation with (13)C-methane showed rapid in situ oxidation by these bacteria to carbon dioxide, which was subsequently fixed by Sphagnum, as shown by incorporation of (13)C-methane into plant sterols...
- Arsenic metabolism is influenced by polymorphisms in genes involved in one-carbon metabolism and reduction reactionsKarin Schläwicke Engström
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mutat Res 667:4-14. 2009..The aim for this study was to identify genetic variants affecting arsenic metabolism...
- Enhanced biological carbon consumption in a high CO2 oceanU Riebesell
Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, IFM GEOMAR, 24105 Kiel, Germany
Nature 450:545-8. 2007The oceans have absorbed nearly half of the fossil-fuel carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted into the atmosphere since pre-industrial times, causing a measurable reduction in seawater pH and carbonate saturation...
- Carbon catabolite control of the metabolic network in Bacillus subtilisYasutaro Fujita
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Science and Biotechnology, Fukuyama University, Hiroshima, Japan
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 73:245-59. 2009..In Bacillus subtilis and close relatives, global regulation of carbon catabolite control occurs on the binding of the complex of CcpA (catabolite control protein A) and P-Ser-HPr (..
- Plant species traits are the predominant control on litter decomposition rates within biomes worldwideWilliam K Cornwell
Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Department of Systems Ecology, Institute of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ecol Lett 11:1065-71. 2008..ecological strategy within different ecosystems globally, representing a new connection between whole plant carbon strategy and biogeochemical cycling...
- Correlations between carbon metabolism and virulence in bacteriaSandrine Poncet
Laboratoire de Microbiologie et Genetique Moleculaire, CNRS AgroParisTech INRA, Thiverval Grignon, France
Contrib Microbiol 16:88-102. 2009..utilization of the most efficiently metabolizable carbohydrates when these organisms are exposed to a mixture of carbon sources...
- Small RNA as global regulator of carbon catabolite repression in Pseudomonas aeruginosaElisabeth Sonnleitner
Département de Microbiologie Fondamentale, Universite de Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21866-71. 2009..catabolite repression in vivo, whereas a crcZ mutation pleiotropically prevented the utilization of several carbon sources...
- Alterations in global patterns of gene expression in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 in response to inorganic carbon limitation and the inactivation of ndhR, a LysR family regulatorHong liang Wang
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74075, USA
J Biol Chem 279:5739-51. 2004The cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 possesses multiple inorganic carbon (Ci) uptake systems that are regulated by Ci availability...
- Respiration as the main determinant of carbon balance in European forestsR Valentini
University of Tuscia, Department of Forest Environment and Resources, Viterbo, Italy
Nature 404:861-5. 2000b>Carbon exchange between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is one of the key processes that need to be assessed in the context of the Kyoto Protocol...
- Large-scale forest girdling shows that current photosynthesis drives soil respirationP Högberg
Department of Forest Ecology, SLU, Umea, Sweden
Nature 411:789-92. 2001..and of the free-living microbial heterotrophs (decomposers) in soils are significant components of the global carbon balance, but their relative contributions remain uncertain...
- The Sinorhizobium meliloti RNA chaperone Hfq influences central carbon metabolism and the symbiotic interaction with alfalfaOmar Torres-Quesada
Grupo de Ecología Genética de la Rizosfera, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, CSIC, Profesor Albareda, 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
BMC Microbiol 10:71. 2010..Despite the predicted general involvement of Hfq in the establishment of successful bacteria-eukaryote interactions, its function in S. meliloti has remained unexplored...
- Drought sensitivity of the Amazon rainforestOliver L Phillips
Ecology and Global Change, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Science 323:1344-7. 2009Amazon forests are a key but poorly understood component of the global carbon cycle. If, as anticipated, they dry this century, they might accelerate climate change through carbon losses and changed surface energy balances...
- Rubisco without the Calvin cycle improves the carbon efficiency of developing green seedsJorg Schwender
Plant Biology Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
Nature 432:779-82. 2004Efficient storage of carbon in seeds is crucial to plant fitness and to agricultural productivity...
- Air pollution and emergency admissions in Boston, MAAntonella Zanobetti
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:890-5. 2006..5) is now the particle measure of greatest health and regulatory concern. And little has been published on associations of hospital admissions and PM components...
- The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in ChinaShilong Piao
Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Science, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Nature 458:1009-13. 2009Global terrestrial ecosystems absorbed carbon at a rate of 1-4 Pg yr(-1) during the 1980s and 1990s, offsetting 10-60 per cent of the fossil-fuel emissions...
- The CRE1 carbon catabolite repressor of the fungus Trichoderma reesei: a master regulator of carbon assimilationThomas Portnoy
Research Area Gene Technology and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of ChemicalEngineering, Technische Universitat Wien, Getreidemarkt, Vienna, Austria
BMC Genomics 12:269. 2011..One such wide-domain regulatory circuit, essential to all cells, is carbon catabolite repression (CCR): it allows the cell to prefer some carbon sources, whose assimilation is of high ..
- Southern Ocean deep-water carbon export enhanced by natural iron fertilizationRaymond T Pollard
National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Natural Environment Research Council and University of Southampton, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK
Nature 457:577-80. 2009The addition of iron to high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll regions induces phytoplankton blooms that take up carbon. Carbon export from the surface layer and, in particular, the ability of the ocean and sediments to sequester carbon for many ..
- Proteins from multiple metabolic pathways associate with starch biosynthetic enzymes in high molecular weight complexes: a model for regulation of carbon allocation in maize amyloplastsTracie A Hennen-Bierwagen
Department of Biochemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
Plant Physiol 149:1541-59. 2009..PPDK and SUS-SH1 required SSIII, SSIIa, SBEIIa, and SBEIIb for assembly into the 670-kD complex. These complexes may function in global regulation of carbon partitioning between metabolic pathways in developing seeds.
- Microbial community diversity associated with carbon and nitrogen cycling in permeable shelf sedimentsEvan M Hunter
Department of Oceanography, Florida State University, FSU Collins Research Lab, 255 Atomic Way, Bldg 42, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4470, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 72:5689-701. 2006..Our results elucidate predominant phylotypes that are likely to catalyze carbon and nitrogen cycling in marine sands...
- Metabolic and signaling aspects underpinning the regulation of plant carbon nitrogen interactionsAdriano Nunes-Nesi
Max Planck Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam Golm, Germany
Mol Plant 3:973-96. 2010..Due to its importance, much research effort has been expended to understand how carbon and nitrogen metabolism are integrated and regulated according to the rates of photosynthesis, photorespiration, ..
- Integration of metabolite with transcript and enzyme activity profiling during diurnal cycles in Arabidopsis rosettesYves Gibon
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Science Park Golm, Am Muehlenberg, D 14476 Potsdam Golm, Germany
Genome Biol 7:R76. 2006Genome-wide transcript profiling and analyses of enzyme activities from central carbon and nitrogen metabolism show that transcript levels undergo marked and rapid changes during diurnal cycles and after transfer to darkness, whereas ..
- Mitochondrial C1-tetrahydrofolate synthase (MTHFD1L) supports the flow of mitochondrial one-carbon units into the methyl cycle in embryosSchuyler T Pike
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
J Biol Chem 285:4612-20. 2010Mitochondrial folate-dependent one-carbon (1-C) metabolism converts 1-C donors such as serine and glycine to formate, which is exported and incorporated into the cytoplasmic tetrahydrofolate (THF) 1-C pool...
- Air pollution, obesity, genes and cellular adhesion moleculesJaime Madrigano
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Occup Environ Med 67:312-7. 2010..We examined the association between particulate matter and cell adhesion molecules. We also investigated the modifying effect of genotype and phenotype variation to gain insight into the relevant biological pathways for this association...
- Light-dependent roles of the G-protein alpha subunit GNA1 of Hypocrea jecorina (anamorph Trichoderma reesei)Christian Seibel
Research Area Gene Technology and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Vienna University of Technology, Wien, Austria
BMC Biol 7:58. 2009..Nevertheless, the nature and transmission of the signals initiating and modulating this machinery are largely unknown. Heterotrimeric G-protein signaling represents one of the best studied signal transduction pathways in fungi...
- Oxidative stress and proinflammatory effects of carbon black and titanium dioxide nanoparticles: role of particle surface area and internalized amountSalik Hussain
University Paris Diderot Paris 7, Unit of Functional and Adaptive Biology BFA CNRS EAC 7059, Paris, France
Toxicology 260:142-9. 2009..investigate the role of surface area and oxidative stress in the cellular effects of two chemically distinct NPs, carbon black (CB) and titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), on the bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE14o-)...
- Deep-sea vent chemoautotrophs: diversity, biochemistry and ecological significanceSatoshi Nakagawa
Subground Animalcule Retrieval Program, Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 65:1-14. 2008..Chemoautotrophs are organisms that are able to fix inorganic carbon using a chemical energy obtained through the oxidation of reduced compounds...
- Sensitive immunosensor for cancer biomarker based on dual signal amplification strategy of graphene sheets and multienzyme functionalized carbon nanospheresDan Du
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, USA
Anal Chem 82:2989-95. 2010..biomarker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is described that uses a graphene sheet sensor platform and functionalized carbon nanospheres (CNSs) labeled with horseradish peroxidase-secondary antibodies (HRP-Ab2)...
- Onset of carbon catabolite repression in Aspergillus nidulans. Parallel involvement of hexokinase and glucokinase in sugar signalingMichel Flipphi
Institut de Genetique et Microbiologie, CNRS Unité Mixte de Recherche 8621, Universite Paris Sud XI, Centre d Orsay, Batiment 409, F 91405 Orsay cedex, France
J Biol Chem 278:11849-57. 2003The role of hexose phosphorylating enzymes in the signaling of carbon catabolite repression was investigated in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans...
- Air pollution and homocysteine: more evidence that oxidative stress-related genes modify effects of particulate air pollutionCizao Ren
Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Epidemiology 21:198-206. 2010..We aimed to examine whether associations of PM2.5 and black carbon with homocysteine were modified by genotypes including HFE H63D, C282Y, CAT (rs480575, rs1001179, rs2284367, and ..
- Increasing the flow of carbon into seed oilRandall J Weselake
Agricultural Lipid Biotechnology Program Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2P5
Biotechnol Adv 27:866-78. 2009..engineering to over-express/repress specific genes encoding enzymes and other proteins involved in the flow of carbon into seed oil has led to the development of transgenic lines with significant increases in seed oil content...
- Lipid particle composition of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica depends on the carbon sourceKarin Athenstaedt
Institut fur Biochemie, Technische Universitat Graz, Graz, Austria
Proteomics 6:1450-9. 2006..Properties of LP varied depending on the carbon source...
- Mass + retention time = structure: a strategy for the analysis of N-glycans by carbon LC-ESI-MS and its application to fibrin N-glycansMartin Pabst
Biochemistry Division, Department of Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences BOKU, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria
Anal Chem 79:5051-7. 2007..Here we investigate the usefulness of porous graphitic carbon columns coupled to ESI-MS for the separation of N-glycans with two or more sialic acids...
- A genome-scale metabolic model accurately predicts fluxes in central carbon metabolism under stress conditionsThomas C R Williams
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Plant Physiol 154:311-23. 2010..Reactions of the central carbon metabolic network (glycolysis, the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway, and the tricarboxylic acid [TCA] cycle) ..
- Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: health implications of short-lived greenhouse pollutantsKirk R Smith
School of Public Health, University of alifornia, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Lancet 374:2091-103. 2009In this report we review the health effects of three short-lived greenhouse pollutants-black carbon, ozone, and sulphates...
- The effects of components of fine particulate air pollution on mortality in california: results from CALFINEBart Ostro
Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, 16th Floor, 1515 Clay St, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:13-9. 2007..5 pm in diameter (PM2.5). Little is known, however, about the relative effects of PM2.5 constituents. We examined associations between 19 PM2.5 components and daily mortality in six California counties...
- Inhalation vs. aspiration of single-walled carbon nanotubes in C57BL/6 mice: inflammation, fibrosis, oxidative stress, and mutagenesisA A Shvedova
Health Effects Laboratory Div, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 295:L552-65. 2008..Because of their unique physicochemical, electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) are finding numerous applications in electronics, aerospace devices, computers, and chemical, ..
- Dynamics of large elongated RNA by NMR carbon relaxationAlexandar L Hansen
Department of Chemistry and Biophysics, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
J Am Chem Soc 129:16072-82. 2007..TROSY-detected pulse sequences are presented for the accurate measurement of nucleobase carbon R1 and R1rho rates in large RNAs...
- Carbon catabolite repression in Bacillus subtilis: quantitative analysis of repression exerted by different carbon sourcesKalpana D Singh
Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Grisebachstr 8, D 37077 Gottingen, Germany
J Bacteriol 190:7275-84. 2008In many bacteria glucose is the preferred carbon source and represses the utilization of secondary substrates...
- Evolution of C4 photosynthesis in the genus Flaveria: how many and which genes does it take to make C4?Udo Gowik
Institute of Plant Molecular and Developmental Biology, Heinrich Heine University, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany
Plant Cell 23:2087-105. 2011..CO(2) levels 55 to 40 million years ago promoted the evolution of a novel, highly efficient mode of photosynthetic carbon assimilation known as C(4) photosynthesis...
- Contribution of Archaea to total prokaryotic production in the deep Atlantic OceanGerhard J Herndl
Department of Biological Oceanography, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, 1790 AB Den Burg, The Netherlands
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:2303-9. 2005..The fraction of Crenarchaeota taking up inorganic carbon increased with depth, while Euryarchaeota taking up inorganic carbon decreased from 200 m to 3,000 m in depth...
- Tor1/Sch9-regulated carbon source substitution is as effective as calorie restriction in life span extensionMin Wei
Andrus Gerontology Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
PLoS Genet 5:e1000467. 2009..or ethanol, did not adversely affect the life span extension induced by calorie restriction or starvation, suggesting that carbon source substitution may represent an alternative to calorie restriction as a strategy to delay aging.
- Structure validation by Calpha geometry: phi,psi and Cbeta deviationSimon C Lovell
Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Proteins 50:437-50. 2003..To run our geometrical evaluations on a user-uploaded file, see MOLPROBITY (http://kinemage.biochem.duke.edu) or RAMPAGE (http://www-cryst.bioc.cam.ac.uk/rampage)...
- Vitamin B6 Effects on One-Carbon MetabolismJesse F Gregory; Fiscal Year: 2010..its coenzyme form pyridoxal phosphate (PLP), B6 plays essential roles in the acquisition and processing of one-carbon (1C) units by the glycine cleavage system and serine hydroxymethyltransferase, inter conversion and catabolism of ..
- Dietary Methyl Score, Genomic DNA Methylation and Colorectal CancerEunyoung Cho; Fiscal Year: 2010One-carbon metabolism is a critical pathway in cancer epigenetics because it directs the methylation of DNA and RNA and is involved in DNA synthesis and repair. There is no good systemic marker of one-carbon metabolism status...
- Dietary Methyl Score, Genomic DNA Methylation and Colorectal CancerEunyoung Cho; Fiscal Year: 2009One-carbon metabolism is a critical pathway in cancer epigenetics because it directs the methylation of DNA and RNA and is involved in DNA synthesis and repair. There is no good systemic marker of one-carbon metabolism status...
- MECHANISMS OF CARBON-CARBON LYASES AND KYNURENINASERobert Phillips; Fiscal Year: 1993..These enzymes catalyze unusual elimination reactions with carbon leaving groups, and thus require chemical steps involving the leaving groups in order for the reactions to proceed...
- Biomarkers for Arsenic Toxicity: Genetics, Epigenetics and FolateMARY VELESCA GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2010..inorganic As (InAs) is methylated to methylarsonic (MMA) and dimethylarsinic (DMA) acids via folate- dependent one-carbon metabolism. A reduced capacity to fully methylate As to DMA is associated with reduced urinary elimination of As...
- BIOLOGICALLY RELATED IRON-SULFUR CHEMISTRYRICHARD HADLEY HOLM; Fiscal Year: 2010..These include the clusters found in nitrogenase and nickel-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenase, which catalyse the reduction of dinitrogen to ammonia and the interconversion of carbon ..
- Biomarkers for Arsenic Toxicity: Genetics, Epigenetics and FolateMARY VELESCA GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2011..inorganic As (InAs) is methylated to methylarsonic (MMA) and dimethylarsinic (DMA) acids via folate- dependent one-carbon metabolism. A reduced capacity to fully methylate As to DMA is associated with reduced urinary elimination of As...
- Catalytic Methods for Carbon-Carbon Bond FormationF Toste; Fiscal Year: 2009Several new gold(I) catalyzed carbon-carbon formatting reactions are proposed. In general, these reactions involve activation of alkynes or allenes by coordination to cationic gold(I) complexes...
- MOLECULAR BASIS AND ENZYMOLOGY OF MICROBIAL BIOSYNTHESISF Tabita; Fiscal Year: 1999..PRK), this pathway functions in a purely biosynthetic mode, such that organisms gain the capacity to use carbon dioxide as the sole source of carbon...
- LUNG DRUG DELIVERY WITH CARBON DIOXIDE AEROSOL INHALERSBrian Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2007..the patients that need them the most, and the global warming potential is 1300 times higher for HFA-134a than for carbon dioxide...
- Role of Physico-chemical Properties in the Reprotoxicity of Inhaled Cd NP.JUDITH TERRY ZELIKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010..Most non-carbon NP contain one or more toxicologically-active metals, including cadmium (Cd)...
- Role of Physico-chemical Properties in the Reprotoxicity of Inhaled Cd NP.Judith Zelikoff; Fiscal Year: 2009..Most non-carbon NP contain one or more toxicologically-active metals, including cadmium (Cd)...
- A Prospective Study of Colorectal Cancer: One-Carbon Metabolism and InflammationCornelia M Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2010..the role of genetic variability and biomarkers in two specific pathways - inflammation and folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism - in colorectal cancer etiology within a large cohort of women...
- A Prospective Study of Colorectal Cancer: One-Carbon Metabolism and InflammationCornelia Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2009..the role of genetic variability and biomarkers in two specific pathways - inflammation and folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism - in colorectal cancer etiology within a large cohort of women...
- Late Metal-Catalyzed Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reaction of Enolate NucleophilesJohn F Hartwig; Fiscal Year: 2010..We also plan to study the allylation processes using new classes of ligands that are isoelectronic with those in the active catalyst. ..
- Late Metal-Catalyzed Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reaction of Enolate NucleophilesJohn Hartwig; Fiscal Year: 2007..We also plan to study the allylation processes using new classes of ligands that are isoelectronic with those in the active catalyst. ..
- CARBON MONOXIDE IN NEWBORN CEREBRAL CIRCULATIONCHARLES LEFFLER; Fiscal Year: 2007The gas, carbon monoxide (CO), is produced physiologically by catabolism of heme via heme oxygenase...
- Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions Via C-H ActivationJonathan A Ellman; Fiscal Year: 2011DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Transition metal catalyzed carbon-carbon bond forming reactions such as metal-catalyzed cross-coupling and alkene metathesis have become some of the most extensively used reactions in the synthesis of ..
- Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions Via C-H ActivationJonathan A Ellman; Fiscal Year: 2010Transition metal catalyzed carbon-carbon bond forming reactions such as metal-catalyzed cross-coupling and alkene metathesis have become some of the most extensively used reactions in the synthesis of important pharmaceutical agents and ..
- Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions Via C-H ActivationJONATHAN ELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009Transition metal catalyzed carbon-carbon bond forming reactions such as metal-catalyzed cross-coupling and alkene metathesis have become some of the most extensively used reactions in the synthesis of important pharmaceutical agents and ..
- Development of methods and models for nanoparticle toxicity screening: ApplicatioAndre Nel; Fiscal Year: 2007..this study will consider fullerene-based materials, comparing them with, (i) reference standards (TiO2 and carbon black); (ii) ultrafine particles obtained from an urban airshed (well characterized by in vitro toxicology studies)..
- Carbon Nanotube Fibers as Implantable Neural ElectrodesDouglas Adamson; Fiscal Year: 2007..R01 project focuses on the design of a novel class of nanomaterials for neurobiological applications based on carbon nanotube fibers (CNF)...
- Carbon Nanotube Fibers as Implantable Neural ElectrodesDouglas Adamson; Fiscal Year: 2009..R01 project focuses on the design of a novel class of nanomaterials for neurobiological applications based on carbon nanotube fibers (CNF)...
- GENETIC EFFECTS-FOLATE-DEPENDENT ONE-CARBON METABOLISMJESSE GREGORY; Fiscal Year: 2004DESCRIPTION: One-carbon (Cl) metabolism consists of the generation of carbon units for use in cellular processes including DNA synthesis, regeneration of methionine (Met) from homocysteine (Hcy), and methylation of many biological ..
- Carbon Nanotubes as Multi-functional Spectroscopic Markers and Delivery Agents foHongjie Dai; Fiscal Year: 2009One of our long-term objectives in the nano-biotechnology area is to develop highly biocompatible carbon nanotube biological conjugates for targeted imaging, drug delivery and cancer therapy...
- SECRETION FROM INDIVIDUAL VESICLESRobert Wightman; Fiscal Year: 2009..Amperometry at a carbon-fiber microelectrode (with an applied potential sufficient to oxidize catecholamines) placed next to an isolated ..