Genomes and Genes
Summary: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight 12.011. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE.
Publications266 found, 100 shown here
- Soil carbon dioxide emission and carbon content as affected by irrigation, tillage, cropping system, and nitrogen fertilizationUpendra M Sainju
USDA ARS, Northern Plains Agricultural Research Lab, 1500 North Central Ave, Sidney, MT 59270, USA
J Environ Qual 37:98-106. 2008..Regardless of irrigation, CO(2) flux can be reduced from croplands to a level similar to that in CRP planting using no-tilled crops with or without N fertilization compared with other management practices...
- Carbon catabolite repression in bacteria: many ways to make the most out of nutrientsBoris Görke
Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Grisebachstr 8, D 37077 Gottingen, Germany
Nat Rev Microbiol 6:613-24. 2008Most bacteria can selectively use substrates from a mixture of different carbon sources...
- Autotrophic carbon fixation in archaeaIvan A Berg
Mikrobiologie, Fakultat Biologie, Universitat Freiburg, Schanzlestrasse 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Nat Rev Microbiol 8:447-60. 2010The acquisition of cellular carbon from inorganic carbon is a prerequisite for life and marked the transition from the inorganic to the organic world...
- Syntrophy in anaerobic global carbon cyclesMichael J McInerney
Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, 770 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA
Curr Opin Biotechnol 20:623-32. 2009..Genomic analyses reveal that multiple mechanisms exist for reverse electron transfer. Surprisingly, the flagellum functions were implicated in ensuring close physical proximity and synchronization of the syntrophic partners...
- Bacterial adaptation through distributed sensing of metabolic fluxesOliver Kotte
Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Mol Syst Biol 6:355. 2010The recognition of carbon sources and the regulatory adjustments to recognized changes are of particular importance for bacterial survival in fluctuating environments...
- DNA-assisted dispersion and separation of carbon nanotubesMing Zheng
DuPont Central Research and Development, Experimental Station, Wilmington, Delaware 19880, USA
Nat Mater 2:338-42. 2003b>Carbon nanotubes are man-made one-dimensional carbon crystals with different diameters and chiralities. Owing to their superb mechanical and electrical properties, many potential applications have been proposed for them...
- The carbon and energy sources of the non-photosynthetic plastid in the malaria parasiteLiting Lim
School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
FEBS Lett 584:549-54. 2010..of the apicoplast and measured their substrate preferences using a novel cell-free assay system to explore the carbon and energy sources of the apicoplast...
- Sensitive immunosensor for cancer biomarker based on dual signal amplification strategy of graphene sheets and multienzyme functionalized carbon nanospheresDan Du
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, USA
Anal Chem 82:2989-95. 2010..biomarker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is described that uses a graphene sheet sensor platform and functionalized carbon nanospheres (CNSs) labeled with horseradish peroxidase-secondary antibodies (HRP-Ab2)...
- Carbon nutrition of Escherichia coli in the mouse intestineDong-Eun Chang
Advanced Center for Genome Technology, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019-0245, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:7427-32. 2004..Gluconate appeared to be a major carbon source used by E. coli MG1655 to colonize, having an impact on both the initiation and maintenance stages...
- Air pollution and emergency admissions in Boston, MAAntonella Zanobetti
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:890-5. 2006..5) is now the particle measure of greatest health and regulatory concern. And little has been published on associations of hospital admissions and PM components...
- Enzymatic and genetic characterization of carbon and energy metabolisms by deep-sea hydrothermal chemolithoautotrophic isolates of EpsilonproteobacteriaKen Takai
Subground Animalcule Retrieval Program, Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology, 2 15 Natsushima cho, Yokosuka 237 0061, Japan
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:7310-20. 2005The carbon and energy metabolisms of a variety of cultured chemolithoautotrophic Epsilonproteobacteria from deep-sea hydrothermal environments were characterized by both enzymatic and genetic analyses...
- Arsenic metabolism is influenced by polymorphisms in genes involved in one-carbon metabolism and reduction reactionsKarin Schläwicke Engström
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mutat Res 667:4-14. 2009..The aim for this study was to identify genetic variants affecting arsenic metabolism...
- Carbon catabolite repression in Bacillus subtilis: quantitative analysis of repression exerted by different carbon sourcesKalpana D Singh
Department of General Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Grisebachstr 8, D 37077 Gottingen, Germany
J Bacteriol 190:7275-84. 2008In many bacteria glucose is the preferred carbon source and represses the utilization of secondary substrates...
- Air pollution and homocysteine: more evidence that oxidative stress-related genes modify effects of particulate air pollutionCizao Ren
Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Epidemiology 21:198-206. 2010..We aimed to examine whether associations of PM2.5 and black carbon with homocysteine were modified by genotypes including HFE H63D, C282Y, CAT (rs480575, rs1001179, rs2284367, and ..
- Systems biology approach reveals that overflow metabolism of acetate in Escherichia coli is triggered by carbon catabolite repression of acetyl-CoA synthetaseKaspar Valgepea
Tallinn University of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Akadeemia tee 15, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia
BMC Syst Biol 4:166. 2010..e. overflow metabolism which is harmful as it inhibits growth, diverts valuable carbon from biomass formation and is detrimental for target product synthesis...
- Seryl-phosphorylated HPr regulates CcpA-independent carbon catabolite repression in conjunction with PTS permeases in Streptococcus mutansLin Zeng
Department of Oral Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
Mol Microbiol 75:1145-58. 2010..Thus, in S. mutans, serine-phosphorylated HPr functions in concert with particular PTS permeases to prioritize carbohydrate utilization by modulating sugar transport and transcription of catabolic operons...
- Southern Ocean deep-water carbon export enhanced by natural iron fertilizationRaymond T Pollard
National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Natural Environment Research Council and University of Southampton, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK
Nature 457:577-80. 2009The addition of iron to high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll regions induces phytoplankton blooms that take up carbon. Carbon export from the surface layer and, in particular, the ability of the ocean and sediments to sequester carbon for many ..
- Metabolic and signaling aspects underpinning the regulation of plant carbon nitrogen interactionsAdriano Nunes-Nesi
Max Planck Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam Golm, Germany
Mol Plant 3:973-96. 2010..Due to its importance, much research effort has been expended to understand how carbon and nitrogen metabolism are integrated and regulated according to the rates of photosynthesis, photorespiration, ..
- Mitochondrial C1-tetrahydrofolate synthase (MTHFD1L) supports the flow of mitochondrial one-carbon units into the methyl cycle in embryosSchuyler T Pike
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
J Biol Chem 285:4612-20. 2010Mitochondrial folate-dependent one-carbon (1-C) metabolism converts 1-C donors such as serine and glycine to formate, which is exported and incorporated into the cytoplasmic tetrahydrofolate (THF) 1-C pool...
- Biodiversity and evolution of primary carbon metabolism in Aspergillus nidulans and other Aspergillus sppMichel Flipphi
Instituto de Agroquímica y Technologia de Alimentos, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado de Correos 73, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, Spain
Fungal Genet Biol 46:S19-S44. 2009Some of the Aspergilli are reputed for their versatile and efficient catabolism of soluble carbon sources and related metabolites as well as raw polymeric materials...
- The CRE1 carbon catabolite repressor of the fungus Trichoderma reesei: a master regulator of carbon assimilationThomas Portnoy
Research Area Gene Technology and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of ChemicalEngineering, Technische Universitat Wien, Getreidemarkt, Vienna, Austria
BMC Genomics 12:269. 2011..One such wide-domain regulatory circuit, essential to all cells, is carbon catabolite repression (CCR): it allows the cell to prefer some carbon sources, whose assimilation is of high ..
- Gluconeogenic carbon flow of tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates is critical for Mycobacterium tuberculosis to establish and maintain infectionJoeli Marrero
Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:9819-24. 2010..In vitro, Mtb is able to grow on a variety of carbon sources, but mounting evidence has implicated fatty acids as the major source of carbon and energy for Mtb during ..
- Lipid particle composition of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica depends on the carbon sourceKarin Athenstaedt
Institut fur Biochemie, Technische Universitat Graz, Graz, Austria
Proteomics 6:1450-9. 2006..Properties of LP varied depending on the carbon source...
- Air pollution, obesity, genes and cellular adhesion moleculesJaime Madrigano
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Occup Environ Med 67:312-7. 2010..We examined the association between particulate matter and cell adhesion molecules. We also investigated the modifying effect of genotype and phenotype variation to gain insight into the relevant biological pathways for this association...
- The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2Christopher L Sabine
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
Science 305:367-71. 2004Using inorganic carbon measurements from an international survey effort in the 1990s and a tracer-based separation technique, we estimate a global oceanic anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) sink for the period from 1800 to 1994 of 118 +/- ..
- Glycerol: a promising and abundant carbon source for industrial microbiologyGervásio Paulo da Silva
Department of Education, Bahia State University Uneb, BR 407, Km 127, Senhor do Bonfim, BA, 48970 000, Brazil
Biotechnol Adv 27:30-9. 2009..One of the possible applications is its use as carbon and energy source for microbial growth in industrial microbiology...
- Carbon catabolite control of the metabolic network in Bacillus subtilisYasutaro Fujita
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Science and Biotechnology, Fukuyama University, Hiroshima, Japan
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 73:245-59. 2009..In Bacillus subtilis and close relatives, global regulation of carbon catabolite control occurs on the binding of the complex of CcpA (catabolite control protein A) and P-Ser-HPr (..
- Deep-sea vent chemoautotrophs: diversity, biochemistry and ecological significanceSatoshi Nakagawa
Subground Animalcule Retrieval Program, Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 65:1-14. 2008..Chemoautotrophs are organisms that are able to fix inorganic carbon using a chemical energy obtained through the oxidation of reduced compounds...
- Enhanced biological carbon consumption in a high CO2 oceanU Riebesell
Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, IFM GEOMAR, 24105 Kiel, Germany
Nature 450:545-8. 2007The oceans have absorbed nearly half of the fossil-fuel carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted into the atmosphere since pre-industrial times, causing a measurable reduction in seawater pH and carbonate saturation...
- Mass + retention time = structure: a strategy for the analysis of N-glycans by carbon LC-ESI-MS and its application to fibrin N-glycansMartin Pabst
Biochemistry Division, Department of Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences BOKU, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria
Anal Chem 79:5051-7. 2007..Here we investigate the usefulness of porous graphitic carbon columns coupled to ESI-MS for the separation of N-glycans with two or more sialic acids...
- Physiological proteomics of the uncultured endosymbiont of Riftia pachyptilaStephanie Markert
Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Walther Rathenau Strasse 49, D 17489 Greifswald, Germany
Science 315:247-50. 2007..Unexpectedly, the symbiont uses the reductive tricarboxylic acid cycle in addition to the previously identified Calvin cycle for CO2 fixation...
- Proteins from multiple metabolic pathways associate with starch biosynthetic enzymes in high molecular weight complexes: a model for regulation of carbon allocation in maize amyloplastsTracie A Hennen-Bierwagen
Department of Biochemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
Plant Physiol 149:1541-59. 2009..PPDK and SUS-SH1 required SSIII, SSIIa, SBEIIa, and SBEIIb for assembly into the 670-kD complex. These complexes may function in global regulation of carbon partitioning between metabolic pathways in developing seeds.
- The Hypocrea jecorina (Trichoderma reesei) hypercellulolytic mutant RUT C30 lacks a 85 kb (29 gene-encoding) region of the wild-type genomeVerena Seidl
Research Area Gene Technology and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9 166 5, A 1060 Wien, Austria
BMC Genomics 9:327. 2008..This strain has been reported to contain a truncated carbon catabolite repressor gene cre1 and is consequently carbon catabolite derepressed...
- Complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1Michiel Kleerebezem
Wageningen Centre for Food Sciences, P O Box 557, 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:1990-5. 2003..These findings suggest that these genes, which provide an important part of the interaction of L. plantarum with its environment, form a lifestyle adaptation region in the chromosome...
- A global perspective on belowground carbon dynamics under nitrogen enrichmentLingli Liu
Environmental Media Assessment Group MD B243 01, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U S EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
Ecol Lett 13:819-28. 2010Nitrogen (N) effects on ecosystem carbon (C) budgets are critical to understand as C sequestration is considered as a mechanism to offset anthropogenic CO(2) emissions...
- Isolation of an autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing marine archaeonMartin Könneke
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Nature 437:543-6. 2005..Indeed, isotopic analyses of marine crenarchaeal lipids suggest that these planktonic Archaea fix inorganic carbon. Here we report the isolation of a marine crenarchaeote that grows chemolithoautotrophically by aerobically ..
- The use of heterogeneous chemistry for the characterization of functional groups at the gas/particle interface of soot and TiO2 nanoparticlesA Setyan
Institut universitaire romand de Santé au Travail IST, Université de Lausanne et Université de Genève, CH 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
Phys Chem Chem Phys 11:6205-17. 2009..and O(3)] were selected to probe the surface of seven different types of combustion aerosol samples (amorphous carbon, flame soot) and three types of TiO(2) nanoparticles using heterogeneous, i.e. gas-surface reactions...
- Carbon flux rerouting during Mycobacterium tuberculosis growth arrestLanbo Shi
Public Health Research Institute, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
Mol Microbiol 78:1199-215. 2010..tuberculosis genes involved in central and lipid metabolism revealed a re-routing of carbon flow associated with bacterial growth arrest during mouse lung infection...
- Metabolic flux analysis of the mixotrophic metabolisms in the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidumXueyang Feng
Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
J Biol Chem 285:39544-50. 2010The photosynthetic green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum assimilates CO(2) and organic carbon sources (acetate or pyruvate) during mixotrophic growth conditions through a unique carbon and energy metabolism...
- Carbon black and titanium dioxide nanoparticles elicit distinct apoptotic pathways in bronchial epithelial cellsSalik Hussain
Universite Paris Diderot Paris 7, Unit of Functional and Adaptive Biology BFA CNRS EAC 4413, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Responses to Xenobiotics, 75205 Paris, France
Part Fibre Toxicol 7:10. 2010..The present study was designed to characterize the cell death induced by carbon black (CB) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs in bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE14o- cell line and primary cells) ..
- Increasing the flow of carbon into seed oilRandall J Weselake
Agricultural Lipid Biotechnology Program Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2P5
Biotechnol Adv 27:866-78. 2009..engineering to over-express/repress specific genes encoding enzymes and other proteins involved in the flow of carbon into seed oil has led to the development of transgenic lines with significant increases in seed oil content...
- Integrative control of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and sulfur metabolism: the central role of the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycleRick Laguna
Department of Microbiology, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 1292, USA
Adv Exp Med Biol 675:265-71. 2010..Moreover, derepression of the nitrogenase complex, and the production of hydrogen gas, appears to be a common mechanism to balance the redox potential in RubisCO-compromised strains of NSP photosynthetic bacteria...
- A systematic investigation of Escherichia coli central carbon metabolism in response to superoxide stressBin Rui
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
BMC Syst Biol 4:122. 2010..together with measurement of gene expression and activity of key enzymes, to investigate changes in central carbon metabolism that occur in Escherichia coli in response to paraquat-induced superoxide stress...
- Carbon starved anther encodes a MYB domain protein that regulates sugar partitioning required for rice pollen developmentHui Zhang
School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Plant Cell 22:672-89. 2010..We have isolated and characterized a rice (Oryza sativa) mutant, carbon starved anther (csa), that showed increased sugar contents in leaves and stems and reduced levels of sugars and ..
- Redirecting reductant flux into hydrogen production via metabolic engineering of fermentative carbon metabolism in a cyanobacteriumKelsey McNeely
Waksman Institute and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 76:5032-8. 2010Some aquatic microbial oxygenic photoautotrophs (AMOPs) make hydrogen (H(2)), a carbon-neutral, renewable product derived from water, in low yields during autofermentation (anaerobic metabolism) of intracellular carbohydrates previously ..
- A novel carbon source-dependent genetic transformation system for the versatile cell factory Hypocrea jecorina (anamorph Trichoderma reesei)Zhang Guangtao
State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan Shandong, China
FEMS Microbiol Lett 303:26-32. 2010..hexokinase) as selectable marker, a hexokinase-negative strain and D-mannitol, which is used as selective carbon source and osmotic stabilizer...
- One-carbon metabolism and CpG island methylator phenotype status in incident colorectal cancer: a nested case-referent studyBethany Van Guelpen
Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology, Umea University, Building 6M, 2nd Floor, 90185 Umea, Sweden
Cancer Causes Control 21:557-66. 2010..We related prediagnostic plasma folate, vitamin B12, and total homocysteine concentrations, and the MTHFR 677C>T and 1298A>C polymorphisms, to the risk of colorectal cancer with and without the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP)...
- Light limitation of nutrient-poor lake ecosystemsJan Karlsson
Climate Impacts Research Centre, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umea University, Box 62, SE 981 07 Abisko, Sweden
Nature 460:506-9. 2009..and we propose that a large share of the world's unproductive lakes, within natural variations of organic carbon and nutrient input, are limited by light and not by nutrients...
- Both forward and reverse TCA cycles operate in green sulfur bacteriaKuo Hsiang Tang
Department of Biology and Chemistry, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
J Biol Chem 285:35848-54. 2010..Some organic carbon sources, such as acetate and pyruvate, can be assimilated during the phototrophic growth of the GSBs, in the ..
- Comparative proteomics and pulmonary toxicity of instilled single-walled carbon nanotubes, crocidolite asbestos, and ultrafine carbon black in miceJustin G Teeguarden
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, USA
Toxicol Sci 120:123-35. 2011Reflecting their exceptional potential to advance a range of biomedical, aeronautic, and other industrial products, carbon nanotube (CNT) production and the potential for human exposure to aerosolized CNTs are increasing...
- The intra- and extracellular proteome of Aspergillus niger growing on defined medium with xylose or maltose as carbon substrateXin Lu
Helmholtz Center for Infection Research, Inhoffenstr, Braunschweig, Germany
Microb Cell Fact 9:23. 2010..13 growing on defined medium with xylose or maltose as carbon substrate was carried out using 2-D gel electrophoresis/Maldi-ToF and nano-HPLC MS/MS.
- Strategies of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) synthesis by Haloarcula sp. IRU1 utilizing glucose as carbon source: Optimization of culture conditions by Taguchi methodologyMojtaba Taran
Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, P O Box 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
Int J Biol Macromol 47:632-4. 2010..IRU1 in a batch culture system. Various batch experiments were carried out at different carbon source concentrations [glucose, at 1-8% (w/v)], phosphorus source concentrations [K(2)HPO(4), KH(2)PO(4), Na(3)PO(..
- Evolution of photosynthesisMartin F Hohmann-Marriott
Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
Annu Rev Plant Biol 62:515-48. 2011..and the modification of electron carriers, pigments, and existing and alternative modes of photosynthetic carbon fixation...
- Multi-omics approach to study the growth efficiency and amino acid metabolism in Lactococcus lactis at various specific growth ratesPetri Jaan Lahtvee
Tallinn University of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Akadeemia tee 15, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia
Microb Cell Fact 10:12. 2011..As it is fastidious for several amino acids, optimization of processes which involve this organism requires a thorough understanding of its metabolic regulations during multisubstrate growth...
- Metabolic fluxes in the central carbon metabolism of Dinoroseobacter shibae and Phaeobacter gallaeciensis, two members of the marine Roseobacter cladeTobias Fürch
Institute of Biochemical Engineering, Technische Universitat Braunschweig, Gaussstrasse 17, D 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
BMC Microbiol 9:209. 2009In the present work the central carbon metabolism of Dinoroseobacter shibae and Phaeobacter gallaeciensis was studied at the level of metabolic fluxes...
- Evidence that intracellular stages of Leishmania major utilize amino sugars as a major carbon sourceThomas Naderer
The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Melbourne, Bio21 Institute of Molecular Science and Biotechnology, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
PLoS Pathog 6:e1001245. 2010Intracellular parasites, such as Leishmania spp, must acquire suitable carbon sources from the host cell in order to replicate...
- Enhanced root exudation induces microbial feedbacks to N cycling in a pine forest under long-term CO2 fumigationRichard P Phillips
Department of Biology, 1001 East Third St, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
Ecol Lett 14:187-94. 2011The degree to which rising atmospheric CO(2) will be offset by carbon (C) sequestration in forests depends in part on the capacity of trees and soil microbes to make physiological adjustments that can alleviate resource limitation...
- The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in ChinaShilong Piao
Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Science, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Nature 458:1009-13. 2009Global terrestrial ecosystems absorbed carbon at a rate of 1-4 Pg yr(-1) during the 1980s and 1990s, offsetting 10-60 per cent of the fossil-fuel emissions...
- Carbon-covered magnetic nanomaterials and their application for the thermolysis of cancer cellsYang Xu
Nanotechnology Center and Applied Science Department, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, AR, USA
Int J Nanomedicine 5:167-76. 2010..X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed that the cores inside the carbon shells of these NPs were preserved in their metallic states...
- Oxidative stress and proinflammatory effects of carbon black and titanium dioxide nanoparticles: role of particle surface area and internalized amountSalik Hussain
University Paris Diderot Paris 7, Unit of Functional and Adaptive Biology BFA CNRS EAC 7059, Paris, France
Toxicology 260:142-9. 2009..investigate the role of surface area and oxidative stress in the cellular effects of two chemically distinct NPs, carbon black (CB) and titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), on the bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE14o-)...
- Higher diversity of deposit-feeding macrofauna enhances phytodetritus processingAgnes M L Karlson
Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Ecology 91:1414-23. 2010..species, two amphipods and a bivalve, had different rates of incorporation and burial and different needs for carbon (C) and nitrogen (N)...
- The alternative respiratory pathway allows sink to cope with changes in carbon availability in the sink-limited plant Erythronium americanumAnthony Gandin
Département de biologie et Centre d étude de la forêt, Universite Laval, Quebec QC, Canada
J Exp Bot 60:4235-48. 2009Mechanisms that allow plants to cope with a recurrent surplus of carbon in conditions of imbalance between source and sink activity has not received much attention...
- Nutrient control of eukaryote cell growth: a systems biology study in yeastAlex Gutteridge
Cambridge Systems Biology Centre and Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UK
BMC Biol 8:68. 2010....
- Groundwater nitrogen composition and transformation within a moorland catchment, mid-WalesD J Lapworth
British Geological Survey, Maclean Building, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxon, OX10 8BB, UK
Sci Total Environ 390:241-54. 2008....
- Carbon turnover and ammonia emissions during composting of biowaste at different temperaturesYlva Eklind
Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7014, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
J Environ Qual 36:1512-20. 2007..The overall decomposition measured as carbon mineralization, decomposition of different carbon constituents, and the dynamics of nitrogen mineralization and ..
- Arundo donax cane as a precursor for activated carbons preparation by phosphoric acid activationT Vernersson
, Departamento de Industrias, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Intendente Guiraldes, Ciudad Universitaria, Argentina
Bioresour Technol 83:95-104. 2002Canes from Arundo donax, a herbaceous rapid-growing plant, were used as precursor for activated carbon preparation by phosphoric acid activation under a self-generated atmosphere...
- Effect of activated carbons modification on porosity, surface structure and phenol adsorptionG G Stavropoulos
Chemical Engineering Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, TEI campus, P O Box 1520, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
J Hazard Mater 151:414-21. 2008..Modification of an activated carbon was performed using partial oxygen gasification, nitric acid treatment, urea impregnation followed by pyrolysis ..
- Biogeochemical responses to the removal of maricultural structures from an eutrophic lagoon (Tapong Bay) in TaiwanJia Jang Hung
Institute of Marine Geology and Chemistry, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Mar Environ Res 65:1-17. 2008..The change in environmental conditions has therefore influenced profoundly the carbon and nutrient biogeochemical processes and budgets in the semi-enclosed ecosystem.
- Preparation and gas storage of high surface area microporous carbon derived from biomass source cornstalksFeng Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, PR China
Bioresour Technol 99:4803-8. 2008Microporous carbon (MC) with a high surface area has been prepared from cornstalks through carbonization and KOH activation...
- Mesofaunal biodiversity and its importance in Thar desertG Tripathi
Department of Zoology, J N V University, Jodhpur 342 001, India
J Environ Biol 28:503-15. 2007..The soil temperature, moisture, organic carbon, total nitrogen and carbon/nitrogen ratio varied significantly throughout the year The fluctuations in ..
- Utilization of both benthic macroinvertebrates and physicochemical parameters for evaluating water quality of the stream Cekerek (Tokat, Turkey)Mustafa Duran
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Pamukkale, Denizli 20017, Turkey
J Environ Biol 28:231-6. 2007..The high concentrations of these chemicals probably result from agricultural runoff and urban sewage. In total, 55 taxa of benthic macroinvertebrates were identified from the Cekerek stream during this study period...
- Production of fungal biomass protein using microfungi from winery wastewater treatmentZhan Ying Zhang
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
Bioresour Technol 99:3871-6. 2008..viride and 48 h for A. oryzae and A. niger. Current results indicated that it could be feasible to develop a biotechnological treatment process integrated with FBP production from the winery waste streams...
- Carboxyl group functionalization of mesoporous carbon nanocage through reaction with ammonium persulfatePavuluri Srinivasu
Nano ionics Materials Group, National Institute for Materials Science, 1 1 Namiki, Tsukuba, 305 0044, Japan
J Nanosci Nanotechnol 7:3250-6. 2007b>Carbon nanocage, a three dimensional cage type mesoporous carbon with very high surface area and pore volume, has been functionalized with carboxyl groups for the first time via a simple oxidation using ammonium persulfate solution (APS)...
- Bioflocculant production by culture of Serratia ficaria and its application in wastewater treatmentWen Xin Gong
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, China
Bioresour Technol 99:4668-74. 2008..The bioflocculant was also used to treat pulp effluent, and the removal rate of color and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were up to 99.9% and 72.1%, respectively, which were better than traditional chemical flocculants...
- Investigation of organic, inorganic and synthetic adsorbents for the pretreatment of landfill leachateH Shahriari
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, 161 Louis Pasteur St, P O Box 450, Stn A, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada
Environ Technol 29:543-52. 2008..Peat moss, compost, clinoptilolite, basalt and two types of activated carbon (DSR-A and F400) were investigated to determine the adsorption capacity for contaminants from leachate...
- Fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during composting of oily sludgeM Kriipsalu
Environmental Engineering Group, Department of Pure and Applied Natural Science, University of Kalmar, Norravägen 47, 39182, Kalmar, Sweden
Environ Technol 29:43-53. 2008..This could be achieved by adding new easily biodegradable organic amendments to the contaminated masses after some months of composting, remixing and composting again for a minimum additional period of 2 months...
- Achieving the nitrite pathway using aeration phase length control and step-feed in an SBR removing nutrients from abattoir wastewaterRomain Lemaire
Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Biotechnol Bioeng 100:1228-36. 2008..demonstrated that the nitrite pathway could be repeatedly and reliably achieved, which significantly reduced the carbon requirement for nutrient removal...
- Physicochemical properties related to long-term phosphorus retention by drinking-water treatment residualsKonstantinos C Makris
Environmental Geochemistry Laboratory, Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Texas, San Antonio, 6900 North Loop 1604, San Antonio, Texas 78249 0663, USA
Environ Sci Technol 39:4280-9. 2005..Prediction of long-term P sorption capacities for different WTRs may be achieved by taking into account the three proposed variables...
- Seasonal and spatial characteristics of seawater and sediment at Youngil Bay, southeast coast of KoreaMikyung Lee
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Republic of Korea
Mar Pollut Bull 57:325-34. 2008..showed that the major controlling factors for the distribution pattern of each metal are grain size and organic carbon (C(org)) content...
- Savings with upgraded performance through improved activated sludge denitrification in the combined activated sludge-biofilter system of the Southpest Wastewater Treatment PlantA Jobbagy
Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Szt Gellert ter 4, H 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Water Sci Technol 57:1287-93. 2008....
- Co-composting of distillery wastes with animal manures: carbon and nitrogen transformations in the evaluation of compost stabilityM A Bustamante
Department of Agrochemistry and Environment, Miguel Hernandez University, EPS Orihuela, ctra Beniel Km 3 2, 03312 Orihuela Alicante, Spain
Chemosphere 72:551-7. 2008..process, a number of parameters were monitored, such as pH, electrical conductivity, organic matter, water-soluble carbon, water-soluble polyphenols, different forms of nitrogen (organic nitrogen, ammonium and nitrate) and humification ..
- [Adsorption characteristics of soluble organic carbon and nitrogen in two cultivated soils]Man xing Zhao
College of Resource and Environment Sciences, Northwest A and F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 19:76-80. 2008In this paper, soluble organic carbon (SOC) and nitrogen (SON) were extracted from manure, and their adsorption characteristics in Argosols and Anthrosols in Guanzhong region of Shaanxi Province were investigated...
- A negative-pressure aeration system for composting food wastesChitsan Lin
Department of Marine Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung Marine University, 142 Haijhuan Road, Nan Tzu District, Kaohsiung 81157, Taiwan, ROC
Bioresour Technol 99:7651-6. 2008..6% phosphate, and 1.4% potassium with total coliforms below 3 MPN/100mL. Using the biological filter to remove NH3, the emission contains less than 1 ppm of NH3. This system proves to be effective and environmental friendly...
- Removal of endosulfan and methoxychlor from water on carbon slurryVinod K Gupta
Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, India
Environ Sci Technol 42:766-70. 2008A carbon slurry, produced in generators of fuel-oil-based industrial generators was converted into an effective and efficient adsorbent for the removal of endosulfan and methoxychlor from aqueous solution...
- Biogeochemical toxicity and phytotoxicity of nitrogenous compounds in a variety of arctic soilsAlison Anaka
Department of Soil Science, 51 Campus Drive, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5A8, Canada
Environ Toxicol Chem 27:1809-16. 2008..Soil was exposed to a range of ammonium nitrate concentrations over a 90-d period. Dose responses of carbon mineralization, nitrification, and phytotoxicity endpoints were estimated...
- Soil microbial responses to temporal variations of moisture and temperature in a chihuahuan desert grasslandColin Bell
Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
Microb Ecol 56:153-67. 2008..Bacterial and fungal carbon usage (quantified using Biolog 96-well micro-plates) was related to soil moisture patterns (ranging between 3...
- Reactivity of the plant growth regulator paclobutrazol (cultar) with two tropical soils of the northeast semiarid region of BrazilMônica Lúcia Milfont
Departamento de Energia Nuclear, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av Prof Luiz Freire 1000, Cid Universitária, CEP 54740 540, Recife, PE, Brazil
J Environ Qual 37:90-7. 2008..e., moderately to not mobile, in contradiction with the actual groundwater situation in Brazil. This work stresses the need to evaluate and predict the risk associated with aquifer contamination by this widely used plant growth regulator...
- Approaches to mitigate the impact of dissolved organic matter on the adsorption of synthetic organic contaminants by porous carbonaceous sorbentsYanping Guo
Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, Clemson University, 342 Computer Court, Anderson, South Carolina 29625, USA
Environ Sci Technol 41:7888-94. 2007..contaminants (SOCs) having different optimum adsorption pore regions, by four activated carbons and an activated carbon fiber (ACF) was examined...
- Effects of compositions on food waste compostingJames I Chang
Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, 1, University Blvd, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC
Bioresour Technol 99:8068-74. 2008..Quadratic equations obtained by the multi-regression analysis were also developed for quick estimation. The models were tested for real kitchen waste and the agreements between experimental and predicted results were fair...
- Long-term nitrate increases in two oligotrophic lakes, due to the leaching of atmospherically-deposited N from moorland ranker soilsE Tipping
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
Environ Pollut 152:41-9. 2008..Although some nitrate leaching is occurring, total N losses are appreciably smaller than atmospheric inputs, so the catchment soils are currently accumulating between 3 and 4 g N m(-2) a(-1)...
- Factors influencing 2,4-D sorption and mineralization in soilPaula Picton
Department of Soil Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
J Environ Sci Health B 39:367-79. 2004..Herbicide sorption generally increased with increasing soil organic carbon content, but the extent of 2,4-D sorption per unit organic carbon varied among the soils due to differences in ..
- Biological activation of carbon filtersBożena Seredyńska-Sobecka
Department of Water Technology and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Szczecin University of Technology, ul Pułaskiego 10, 70 322 Szczecin, Poland
Water Res 40:355-63. 2006To prepare biological activated carbon (BAC), raw surface water was circulated through granular activated carbon (GAC) beds...
- Impact of nitrogen deposition on the species richness of grasslandsCarly J Stevens
Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
Science 303:1876-9. 2004..At the mean chronic nitrogen deposition rate of central Europe (17 kg Nha-1 year-1), there is a 23% species reduction compared with grasslands receiving the lowest levels of nitrogen deposition...
- Composting of high moisture content swine manure with corncob in a pilot-scale aerated static bin systemNengwu Zhu
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, PR China
Bioresour Technol 97:1870-5. 2006..003), and germination index (P(23) = 0.040) between 70% and 80%. Therefore, the optimum initial moisture content was less than 80% with the composting of swine manure and corncob by using the composting system...
- Extensive sorption of organic compounds to black carbon, coal, and kerogen in sediments and soils: mechanisms and consequences for distribution, bioaccumulation, and biodegradationGerard Cornelissen
Department of Applied Environmental Sciences (ITM, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Environ Sci Technol 39:6881-95. 2005..absorption in amorphous organic matter (AOM) and adsorption to carbonaceous materials such as black carbon (BC), coal, and kerogen, collectively termed "carbonaceous geosorbents" (CG)...
- Combined effects of the fungicide propiconazole and agricultural runoff sediments on the aquatic bryophyte Vesicularia dubyanaQinglan Wu
Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P O Box 5003, 1432 As, Norway
Environ Toxicol Chem 24:2285-90. 2005..An increase in sediment concentration decreases the bioavailable concentration of propiconazole; however, at the same time, this increases the turbidity, thereby inhibiting plant photosynthesis...
- Microbial responses to zinc in soil microcosms with and without a natural assemblage of enchytraeidsStefan A E Kools
Vrije Universiteit, Department of Animal Ecology, Institute of Ecological Science, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Environ Toxicol Chem 24:2178-84. 2005..Zinc decreased bacterial carbon biomass and caused a dose-response decrease of the respiration, but this was not observed in the presence of ..
- Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes on activated carbons with different surface chemistriesP C C Faria
, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
Water Res 38:2043-52. 2004The influence of the surface chemical groups of an activated carbon on the removal of different classes of dyes is evaluated...
- Pretreatment of municipal solid waste prior to landfillingTenzin Norbu
Department of Environmental Engineering and Management Program, SERD, Asian Institute of Technology, PO Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
Waste Manag 25:997-1003. 2005..A 1-m(3) cage was used to study pile settlement and volume reduction. The results indicate that pretreatment by bulk composting could reduce by approximately 40% the total mass of waste hauled to landfill sites in developing countries...
- Comparison between thermal and ozone regenerations of spent activated carbon exhausted with phenolP M Alvarez
Departamento de Ingenieria Quimica y Energetica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Extremadura, Avda Elvas s n, Badajoz 06071, Spain
Water Res 38:2155-65. 2004..Thermal regeneration was carried out at 1123K using nitrogen (pyrolysis alone) or nitrogen and carbon dioxide (pyrolysis plus oxidation)...
- Favorable chitosan/cellulose film combinations for copper removal from aqueous solutionsIlauro S Lima
, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 6154, 13084-971 Campinas, , Brazil
Int J Biol Macromol 36:79-83. 2005..The complete thermodynamic data showed that the system is favored by exothermic enthalpies, negative Gibbs free energies and positive entropies...
- Vitamin B6 Effects on One-Carbon MetabolismJesse F Gregory; Fiscal Year: 2010..its coenzyme form pyridoxal phosphate (PLP), B6 plays essential roles in the acquisition and processing of one-carbon (1C) units by the glycine cleavage system and serine hydroxymethyltransferase, inter conversion and catabolism of ..
- Dietary Methyl Score, Genomic DNA Methylation and Colorectal CancerEunyoung Cho; Fiscal Year: 2010One-carbon metabolism is a critical pathway in cancer epigenetics because it directs the methylation of DNA and RNA and is involved in DNA synthesis and repair. There is no good systemic marker of one-carbon metabolism status...
- Dietary Methyl Score, Genomic DNA Methylation and Colorectal CancerEunyoung Cho; Fiscal Year: 2009One-carbon metabolism is a critical pathway in cancer epigenetics because it directs the methylation of DNA and RNA and is involved in DNA synthesis and repair. There is no good systemic marker of one-carbon metabolism status...
- MECHANISMS OF CARBON-CARBON LYASES AND KYNURENINASERobert Phillips; Fiscal Year: 1993..These enzymes catalyze unusual elimination reactions with carbon leaving groups, and thus require chemical steps involving the leaving groups in order for the reactions to proceed...
- Biomarkers for Arsenic Toxicity: Genetics, Epigenetics and FolateMARY VELESCA GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2011..inorganic As (InAs) is methylated to methylarsonic (MMA) and dimethylarsinic (DMA) acids via folate- dependent one-carbon metabolism. A reduced capacity to fully methylate As to DMA is associated with reduced urinary elimination of As...
- BIOLOGICALLY RELATED IRON-SULFUR CHEMISTRYRICHARD HADLEY HOLM; Fiscal Year: 2010..These include the clusters found in nitrogenase and nickel-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenase, which catalyse the reduction of dinitrogen to ammonia and the interconversion of carbon ..
- Catalytic Methods for Carbon-Carbon Bond FormationF Toste; Fiscal Year: 2009Several new gold(I) catalyzed carbon-carbon formatting reactions are proposed. In general, these reactions involve activation of alkynes or allenes by coordination to cationic gold(I) complexes...
- Biomarkers for Arsenic Toxicity: Genetics, Epigenetics and FolateMARY VELESCA GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2010..inorganic As (InAs) is methylated to methylarsonic (MMA) and dimethylarsinic (DMA) acids via folate- dependent one-carbon metabolism. A reduced capacity to fully methylate As to DMA is associated with reduced urinary elimination of As...
- MOLECULAR BASIS AND ENZYMOLOGY OF MICROBIAL BIOSYNTHESISF Tabita; Fiscal Year: 1999..PRK), this pathway functions in a purely biosynthetic mode, such that organisms gain the capacity to use carbon dioxide as the sole source of carbon...
- Late Metal-Catalyzed Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reaction of Enolate NucleophilesJohn F Hartwig; Fiscal Year: 2010..We also plan to study the allylation processes using new classes of ligands that are isoelectronic with those in the active catalyst. ..
- Late Metal-Catalyzed Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reaction of Enolate NucleophilesJohn Hartwig; Fiscal Year: 2007..We also plan to study the allylation processes using new classes of ligands that are isoelectronic with those in the active catalyst. ..
- LUNG DRUG DELIVERY WITH CARBON DIOXIDE AEROSOL INHALERSBrian Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2007..the patients that need them the most, and the global warming potential is 1300 times higher for HFA-134a than for carbon dioxide...
- Role of Physico-chemical Properties in the Reprotoxicity of Inhaled Cd NP.JUDITH TERRY ZELIKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010..Most non-carbon NP contain one or more toxicologically-active metals, including cadmium (Cd)...
- Role of Physico-chemical Properties in the Reprotoxicity of Inhaled Cd NP.Judith Zelikoff; Fiscal Year: 2009..Most non-carbon NP contain one or more toxicologically-active metals, including cadmium (Cd)...
- A Prospective Study of Colorectal Cancer: One-Carbon Metabolism and InflammationCornelia M Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2010..the role of genetic variability and biomarkers in two specific pathways - inflammation and folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism - in colorectal cancer etiology within a large cohort of women...
- A Prospective Study of Colorectal Cancer: One-Carbon Metabolism and InflammationCornelia Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2009..the role of genetic variability and biomarkers in two specific pathways - inflammation and folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism - in colorectal cancer etiology within a large cohort of women...
- CARBON MONOXIDE IN NEWBORN CEREBRAL CIRCULATIONCHARLES LEFFLER; Fiscal Year: 2007The gas, carbon monoxide (CO), is produced physiologically by catabolism of heme via heme oxygenase...
- Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions Via C-H ActivationJonathan A Ellman; Fiscal Year: 2011DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Transition metal catalyzed carbon-carbon bond forming reactions such as metal-catalyzed cross-coupling and alkene metathesis have become some of the most extensively used reactions in the synthesis of ..
- Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions Via C-H ActivationJonathan A Ellman; Fiscal Year: 2010Transition metal catalyzed carbon-carbon bond forming reactions such as metal-catalyzed cross-coupling and alkene metathesis have become some of the most extensively used reactions in the synthesis of important pharmaceutical agents and ..
- Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions Via C-H ActivationJONATHAN ELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009Transition metal catalyzed carbon-carbon bond forming reactions such as metal-catalyzed cross-coupling and alkene metathesis have become some of the most extensively used reactions in the synthesis of important pharmaceutical agents and ..
- Development of methods and models for nanoparticle toxicity screening: ApplicatioAndre Nel; Fiscal Year: 2007..this study will consider fullerene-based materials, comparing them with, (i) reference standards (TiO2 and carbon black); (ii) ultrafine particles obtained from an urban airshed (well characterized by in vitro toxicology studies)..
- Carbon Nanotube Fibers as Implantable Neural ElectrodesDouglas Adamson; Fiscal Year: 2009..R01 project focuses on the design of a novel class of nanomaterials for neurobiological applications based on carbon nanotube fibers (CNF)...
- Carbon Nanotube Fibers as Implantable Neural ElectrodesDouglas Adamson; Fiscal Year: 2007..R01 project focuses on the design of a novel class of nanomaterials for neurobiological applications based on carbon nanotube fibers (CNF)...
- GENETIC EFFECTS-FOLATE-DEPENDENT ONE-CARBON METABOLISMJESSE GREGORY; Fiscal Year: 2004DESCRIPTION: One-carbon (Cl) metabolism consists of the generation of carbon units for use in cellular processes including DNA synthesis, regeneration of methionine (Met) from homocysteine (Hcy), and methylation of many biological ..
- Carbon Nanotubes as Multi-functional Spectroscopic Markers and Delivery Agents foHongjie Dai; Fiscal Year: 2009One of our long-term objectives in the nano-biotechnology area is to develop highly biocompatible carbon nanotube biological conjugates for targeted imaging, drug delivery and cancer therapy...
- SECRETION FROM INDIVIDUAL VESICLESRobert Wightman; Fiscal Year: 2009..Amperometry at a carbon-fiber microelectrode (with an applied potential sufficient to oxidize catecholamines) placed next to an isolated ..