sewage

Summary

Summary: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers. (Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Detection of genogroup IV noroviruses in environmental and clinical samples and partial sequencing through rapid amplification of cDNA ends
    G La Rosa
    Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy
    Arch Virol 153:2077-83. 2008
  2. pmc 454 pyrosequencing reveals bacterial diversity of activated sludge from 14 sewage treatment plants
    Tong Zhang
    Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    ISME J 6:1137-47. 2012
  3. pmc Frequent detection of highly diverse variants of cardiovirus, cosavirus, bocavirus, and circovirus in sewage samples collected in the United States
    O Blinkova
    Blood Systems Research Institute, 270 Masonic Ave, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3507-13. 2009
  4. pmc A Nitrospira metagenome illuminates the physiology and evolution of globally important nitrite-oxidizing bacteria
    Sebastian Lücker
    Department of Microbial Ecology, Ecology Centre, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13479-84. 2010
  5. pmc Lachnospiraceae and Bacteroidales alternative fecal indicators reveal chronic human sewage contamination in an urban harbor
    Ryan J Newton
    Great Lakes WATER Institute, School of Freshwater Sciences, 600 E Greenfield Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53204, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:6972-81. 2011
  6. pmc High variety of known and new RNA and DNA viruses of diverse origins in untreated sewage
    Terry Fei Fan Ng
    Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Virol 86:12161-75. 2012
  7. pmc Use of subgenic 18S ribosomal DNA PCR and sequencing for genus and genotype identification of acanthamoebae from humans with keratitis and from sewage sludge
    J M Schroeder
    Department of Molecular Genetics, The Ohio State University, 484 W. 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 39:1903-11. 2001
  8. ncbi Role of environmental poliovirus surveillance in global polio eradication and beyond
    T Hovi
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, Helsinki, Finland
    Epidemiol Infect 140:1-13. 2012
  9. ncbi Fine-scale bacterial community dynamics and the taxa-time relationship within a full-scale activated sludge bioreactor
    George F Wells
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Water Res 45:5476-88. 2011
  10. pmc Combined niche and neutral effects in a microbial wastewater treatment community
    Irina Dana Ofiteru
    School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15345-50. 2010

Detail Information

Publications340 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Detection of genogroup IV noroviruses in environmental and clinical samples and partial sequencing through rapid amplification of cDNA ends
    G La Rosa
    Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy
    Arch Virol 153:2077-83. 2008
    ..In order to investigate the distribution of GIV strains in the environment, we analyzed sewage samples collected from five treatment plants, by using newly designed nested RT-PCR assays...
  2. pmc 454 pyrosequencing reveals bacterial diversity of activated sludge from 14 sewage treatment plants
    Tong Zhang
    Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    ISME J 6:1137-47. 2012
    ..study, PCR-based 454 pyrosequencing was applied to investigate the bacterial communities of AS samples from 14 sewage treatment plants of Asia (mainland China, Hong Kong, and Singapore), and North America (Canada and the United ..
  3. pmc Frequent detection of highly diverse variants of cardiovirus, cosavirus, bocavirus, and circovirus in sewage samples collected in the United States
    O Blinkova
    Blood Systems Research Institute, 270 Masonic Ave, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3507-13. 2009
    Untreated sewage samples from 12 cities in the United States were screened for the presence of recently characterized RNA and DNA viruses found at high prevalence in the stool specimens of South Asian children...
  4. pmc A Nitrospira metagenome illuminates the physiology and evolution of globally important nitrite-oxidizing bacteria
    Sebastian Lücker
    Department of Microbial Ecology, Ecology Centre, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13479-84. 2010
    ....
  5. pmc Lachnospiraceae and Bacteroidales alternative fecal indicators reveal chronic human sewage contamination in an urban harbor
    Ryan J Newton
    Great Lakes WATER Institute, School of Freshwater Sciences, 600 E Greenfield Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53204, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:6972-81. 2011
    ..Sequence analysis of 37 sewage samples and comparison with database sequences revealed a human-associated phylotype within the Lachnospiraceae ..
  6. pmc High variety of known and new RNA and DNA viruses of diverse origins in untreated sewage
    Terry Fei Fan Ng
    Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Virol 86:12161-75. 2012
    Deep sequencing of untreated sewage provides an opportunity to monitor enteric infections in large populations and for high-throughput viral discovery...
  7. pmc Use of subgenic 18S ribosomal DNA PCR and sequencing for genus and genotype identification of acanthamoebae from humans with keratitis and from sewage sludge
    J M Schroeder
    Department of Molecular Genetics, The Ohio State University, 484 W. 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 39:1903-11. 2001
    ..B1 sequences identified nine South African AK-associated isolates as genotype T4 and three isolates from sewage sludge as genotype T5. Our results demonstrate the usefulness of 18S ribosomal DNA PCR amplimers ASA.S1 and GTSA...
  8. ncbi Role of environmental poliovirus surveillance in global polio eradication and beyond
    T Hovi
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, Helsinki, Finland
    Epidemiol Infect 140:1-13. 2012
    ..In this paper we review the feasibility of using ENV to monitor wild PV and vaccine-derived PV circulation in human populations, based on global experiences in defined epidemiological situations...
  9. ncbi Fine-scale bacterial community dynamics and the taxa-time relationship within a full-scale activated sludge bioreactor
    George F Wells
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Water Res 45:5476-88. 2011
    ....
  10. pmc Combined niche and neutral effects in a microbial wastewater treatment community
    Irina Dana Ofiteru
    School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15345-50. 2010
    ..Consequently we suggest that neutral community models should be the foundation of any description of an open biological system...
  11. ncbi Antibiotic resistance of E. coli in sewage and sludge
    F F Reinthaler
    Institute of Hygiene, University of Graz, Universitatsplatz 4, Austria
    Water Res 37:1685-90. 2003
    ..Investigations have been done in sewage, sludge and receiving waters from three different sewage treatment plants in southern Austria. A total of 767 E...
  12. pmc Combined molecular and conventional analyses of nitrifying bacterium diversity in activated sludge: Nitrosococcus mobilis and Nitrospira-like bacteria as dominant populations
    S Juretschko
    Lehrstuhl fur Mikrobiologie, Technische Universitat Munchen, D 80290 Munich, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 64:3042-51. 1998
    ..populations occurring in the nitrifying activated sludge of an industrial wastewater treatment plant receiving sewage with high ammonia concentrations were studied by use of a polyphasic approach...
  13. pmc Community level physiological profiles (CLPP), characterization and microbial activity of soil amended with dairy sewage sludge
    Magdalena Frac
    Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lublin 27, Poland
    Sensors (Basel) 12:3253-68. 2012
    ..Two doses of both dairy sewage sludge (20 Mg·ha(-1) and 26 Mg·ha(-1)) and of mineral fertilizers containing the same amount of nutrients were ..
  14. ncbi Methanogenic pathway and community structure in a thermophilic anaerobic digestion process of organic solid waste
    Daisuke Sasaki
    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi 1 1 1, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    J Biosci Bioeng 111:41-6. 2011
    ..These results imply that the microbial community in the thermophilic degrading process of organic solid waste consists exclusively of unidentified bacteria, which efficiently remove acetate through a non-aceticlastic oxidative pathway...
  15. ncbi Pathogenic bacteria in sewage treatment plants as revealed by 454 pyrosequencing
    Lin Ye
    Environmental Biotechnology Lab, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7173-9. 2011
    ..The approach demonstrated in this study could examine most of the potentially pathogenic bacteria simultaneously instead of one-by-one detection by other methods...
  16. ncbi Diversity of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria in a granular sludge anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) reactor
    Zhe Xue Quan
    Department of Microbiology and Microbial Engineering, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Environ Microbiol 10:3130-9. 2008
    ..The partial sequence of hydrazine-oxidizing enzyme (hzo) of dominant AnAOB was also identified using new designed primers. Based on this analysis, we propose to tentatively name this new AnAOB Candidatus'Jettenia asiatica'...
  17. ncbi Bacterial community structure in geographically distributed biological wastewater treatment reactors
    Siqing Xia
    State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, PR China
    Environ Sci Technol 44:7391-6. 2010
    ..Typically, these organisms ranked somewhat lower in terms of abundance but a few were present is much higher proportions...
  18. ncbi Fate and distribution of pharmaceuticals in wastewater and sewage sludge of the conventional activated sludge (CAS) and advanced membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment
    Jelena Radjenovic
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IDAEA CSIC, C Jordi Girona 18 26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Water Res 43:831-41. 2009
    ..The most ubiquitous contaminants in the sewage water were analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen (14.6-31.3 microg/L) and acetaminophen (7.1-11...
  19. ncbi Altered sexual maturation and gamete production in wild roach (Rutilus rutilus) living in rivers that receive treated sewage effluents
    S Jobling
    Department of Biological Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, United Kingdom
    Biol Reprod 66:272-81. 2002
    Disruption in gonadal development of wild roach living in U.K. rivers receiving large volumes of treated sewage effluent is manifest in a variety of ways, ranging from malformation of the germ cells and/or reproductive ducts to altered ..
  20. ncbi Occurrence, abundance, and diversity of tetracycline resistance genes in 15 sewage treatment plants across China and other global locations
    Xu Xiang Zhang
    Environmental Biotechnology Lab, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Environ Sci Technol 45:2598-604. 2011
    Activated sludge was sampled from 15 sewage treatment plants (STPs) across China and other global locations to investigate the occurrence, abundance and diversity of tetracycline resistance genes (tet) in the STPs...
  21. ncbi Foetal hypothalamic and pituitary expression of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone and galanin systems is disturbed by exposure to sewage sludge chemicals via maternal ingestion
    M Bellingham
    Division of Cell Sciences, Institute of Comparative Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, UK
    J Neuroendocrinol 22:527-33. 2010
    ..systems, were affected by maternal exposure to a complex mixture of chemicals, applied to pasture, in the form of sewage sludge...
  22. pmc Maternal and fetal tissue accumulation of selected endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) following exposure to sewage sludge-treated pastures before or after conception
    S M Rhind
    Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, AB15 8QH, UK
    J Environ Monit 12:1582-93. 2010
    ..their breeding lives and after mating, to pasture treated with either inorganic fertiliser (control, CC) or with sewage sludge (treated, TT)...
  23. ncbi Impacts of sewage irrigation on heavy metal distribution and contamination in Beijing, China
    Wen hua Liu
    Research Center for Eco environment Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Environ Int 31:805-12. 2005
    A potential hazard to Beijing was revealed due to the accumulation trend of heavy metals in agricultural soils with sewage irrigation, which results in metal contamination and human exposure risk...
  24. pmc A metagenome of a full-scale microbial community carrying out enhanced biological phosphorus removal
    Mads Albertsen
    Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
    ISME J 6:1094-106. 2012
    ..The differences in gene complement between the Accumulibacter clades were limited to genes for extracellular polymeric substances and phage-related genes, suggesting a selective pressure from phages on the Accumulibacter diversity...
  25. ncbi Analysis of the bacterial community in a laboratory-scale nitrification reactor and a wastewater treatment plant by 454-pyrosequencing
    Lin Ye
    Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Genome Research Center, The Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Water Res 45:4390-8. 2011
    ..In this paper the reasons for this mistakenly assignment were analyzed and correction methods were proposed...
  26. ncbi Filamentous bulking sludge--a critical review
    António M P Martins
    Department of Biochemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan, The Netherlands
    Water Res 38:793-817. 2004
    ..Several theories for bulking sludge are discussed. Based on these theories the application and associated problems with the use of biological selectors are critically evaluated. Finally, a set of open research questions is identified...
  27. ncbi Effect of sludge age on the bacterial diversity of bench scale sequencing batch reactors
    Alper Tunga Akarsubasi
    Molecular Biology and Genetics Department, Istanbul Technical University, 34469 Istanbul, Turkey
    Environ Sci Technol 43:2950-6. 2009
    ..However, we postulate that sludge age may be more evident in the taxa occurring below the detection limit of DGGE. New sequencing technology may help us address this hypothesis...
  28. ncbi Aerobic granular sludge: recent advances
    Sunil S Adav
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Biotechnol Adv 26:411-23. 2008
    ..The review attempts to shed light on the fundamental understanding in aerobic granulation by newly employed confocal laser scanning microscopic techniques and microscopic observations of granules...
  29. pmc Predicted exposures to steroid estrogens in U.K. rivers correlate with widespread sexual disruption in wild fish populations
    Susan Jobling
    Beyond The Basics Ltd, Burnham, Bucks, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 114:32-9. 2006
    ..in wild populations of the roach (Rutilus rutilus), a common cyprinid fish, in rivers contaminated by treated sewage effluents...
  30. pmc Erythromycin resistance-conferring plasmid pRSB105, isolated from a sewage treatment plant, harbors a new macrolide resistance determinant, an integron-containing Tn402-like element, and a large region of unknown function
    A Schluter
    Fakultat fur Biologie, Lehrstuhl fur Genetik, Universitat Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, D 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:1952-60. 2007
    ..Comparative genomics of pRSB105 and related plasmids elucidated that pRSB105 evolved by integration of distinct modules from different plasmid sources, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa plasmids, and thus represents a mosaic plasmid...
  31. pmc Occurrence of ammonia-oxidizing archaea in wastewater treatment plant bioreactors
    Hee Deung Park
    Environmental Engineering and Sciences Program, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2115, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:5643-7. 2006
    ....
  32. pmc Molecular diversity of a North Carolina wastewater treatment plant as revealed by pyrosequencing
    Nina Sanapareddy
    Bioinformatics Research Center, UNC Charlotte, 9201 University City Blvd, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:1688-96. 2009
    ..Taken together, these data document the substantial levels of microbial diversity within activated sludge and further establish the great utility of pyrosequencing for investigating diversity in complex ecosystems...
  33. ncbi Quantification of human astroviruses in sewage using real-time RT-PCR
    Pierre Le Cann
    Laboratoire de Microbiologie, IFREMER, BP 21105, 44311 Nantes Cedex 3, France
    Res Microbiol 155:11-5. 2004
    ..Despite the recent development of real-time quantitative PCR, quantification of astroviruses in sewage had not been available up to now. We have developed a method to quantify astroviruses in sewage...
  34. ncbi Bacterial community composition and diversity of a full-scale integrated fixed-film activated sludge system as investigated by pyrosequencing
    Soondong Kwon
    School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136 701, Korea
    J Microbiol Biotechnol 20:1717-23. 2010
    ..Taken together, the information obtained in this study will be a base for further studies relating to the microbial community structure and function of the IFAS system...
  35. ncbi Integrated conversion of food waste diluted with sewage into volatile fatty acids through fermentation and electricity through a fuel cell
    Deepak Pant
    Separation and Conversion Technology, VITO Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
    Environ Technol 34:1935-45. 2013
    ..Ag/AgCl. Thus, the overall aim of converting chemical energy into electrical energy was achieved with a columbic efficiency of 46% generating 65.33 mA/m2 at a specific cell potential of 148 mV...
  36. ncbi Determination of alkylphenol polyethoxylates, bisphenol-A, 17α-ethynylestradiol and 17β-estradiol and its metabolites in sewage samples by SPE and LC/MS/MS
    T Vega-Morales
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Marine Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    J Hazard Mater 183:701-11. 2010
    ..model the behaviour of some endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and to establish the level of contamination in sewage samples, a quantitative method for the simultaneous determination of nonylphenol, octylphenol and corresponding ..
  37. ncbi Reproducible (1)H NMR-based metabolomic responses in fish exposed to different sewage effluents in two separate studies
    Linda M Samuelsson
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Goteborg, Sweden
    Environ Sci Technol 45:1703-10. 2011
    Treated sewage effluents contain complex mixtures of micropollutants, raising concerns about effects on aquatic organisms. The addition of advanced treatment steps has therefore been suggested...
  38. pmc Water and sewage systems, socio-demographics, and duration of residence associated with endemic intestinal infectious diseases: a cohort study
    Kay Teschke
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:767. 2010
    ..Few have examined endemic illness or compared rates across different water supply and sewage disposal systems...
  39. pmc Diversity and population structure of sewage-derived microorganisms in wastewater treatment plant influent
    S L McLellan
    Great Lakes WATER Institute, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 600 E Greenfield Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53204, USA
    Environ Microbiol 12:378-92. 2010
    The release of untreated sewage introduces non-indigenous microbial populations of uncertain composition into surface waters...
  40. ncbi Effluent from drug manufactures contains extremely high levels of pharmaceuticals
    D G Joakim Larsson
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, Box 434, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Hazard Mater 148:751-5. 2007
    It is generally accepted that the main route for human pharmaceuticals to the aquatic environment is via sewage treatment plants receiving wastewater from households and hospitals...
  41. pmc Identification of diverse antimicrobial resistance determinants carried on bacterial, plasmid, or viral metagenomes from an activated sludge microbial assemblage
    Larissa C Parsley
    Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, 120 W Samford Ave, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:3753-7. 2010
    ....
  42. ncbi Combined sewage overflow enhances oviposition of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in urban areas
    Luis Fernando Chaves
    Department of Environmental Studies, Emory University, 400 Dowman Drive, Suite E510, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Med Entomol 46:220-6. 2009
    ..Here, we study the effects of combined sewage overflows (CSOs) from urban streams in Atlanta, GA, on oviposition site selection by Culex quinquefasciatus under ..
  43. ncbi Detection of enteric viruses in sewage sludge and treated wastewater effluent
    A D Schlindwein
    Laboratorio de Virologia Aplicada, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil
    Water Sci Technol 61:537-44. 2010
    b>Sewage sludge and treated wastewater when contaminated with enteric virus and discharged into the environment, could pose a human health risk...
  44. ncbi Discovery and characterization of silver sulfide nanoparticles in final sewage sludge products
    Bojeong Kim
    The Center for NanoBioEarth, Department of Geosciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:7509-14. 2010
    Nanosized silver sulfide (α-Ag(2)S) particles were identified in the final stage sewage sludge materials of a full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plant using analytical high-resolution transmission electron microscopy...
  45. ncbi Tetracycline resistance genes in activated sludge wastewater treatment plants
    Eric A Auerbach
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin Madison, 3204 Engineering Hall, 1415 Engineering Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Water Res 41:1143-51. 2007
    ..Investigation of the effects of UV disinfection on wastewater effluent showed no reduction in the number of detectable tet(R) gene types...
  46. ncbi Occurrence of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in sewage and receiving waters at Spitsbergen and in Norway
    Terje Vasskog
    Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    J Chromatogr A 1185:194-205. 2008
    ..metabolites (desmethylcitalopram, didesmethylcitalopram, norfluoxetine and desmethylsertraline) in seawater and sewage influents and effluents, has been developed and validated...
  47. pmc In situ characterization of Nitrospira-like nitrite-oxidizing bacteria active in wastewater treatment plants
    H Daims
    , , 85350 Freising, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 67:5273-84. 2001
    ..In contrast, no uptake by the Nitrospira-like bacteria of any of the carbon sources tested was observed under anoxic or anaerobic conditions...
  48. ncbi Environmental release of oseltamivir from a Norwegian sewage treatment plant during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic
    Henriette Leknes
    NILU, Norwegian Institute for Air Research, PO Box 100, N 2027 Kjeller, Norway
    Sci Total Environ 414:632-8. 2012
    ..that the pharmaceutically active metabolite of OP, oseltamivir carboxylate (OC), is not readily degraded in sewage treatment plants (STPs) and therefore will be released into receiving waters in elevated concentrations during a ..
  49. ncbi Abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea in industrial and domestic wastewater treatment systems
    Yaohui Bai
    State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 80:323-30. 2012
    ..In addition, the dominant groups of AOB in the industrial WTSs were Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira; the composition of AOA in the domestic WTSs was very similar, possibly due to the same source of raw sewage.
  50. ncbi Phylogenetic diversity and metabolic potential of activated sludge microbial communities in full-scale wastewater treatment plants
    Chao Yang
    Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Technology for Ministry of Education, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7408-15. 2011
    ..All samples utilized the vast majority of 31 carbon sources of an EcoPlate (Biolog), suggesting that activated sludge microbial communities possess high metabolic potential and equivalent functions required for wastewater treatment...
  51. ncbi Monitoring the hepatitis A virus in urban wastewater from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Tatiana Prado
    Laboratory of Technological Development in Virology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:104-9. 2012
    ..Improvements in sewage services could prevent hepatitis A virus (HAV) dissemination into the environment and minimize the risk of ..
  52. ncbi Biodegradation of sulfamethoxazole by individual and mixed bacteria
    Simone Larcher
    Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, 3610 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 91:211-8. 2011
    ....
  53. ncbi Determination of benzotriazole and benzophenone UV filters in sediment and sewage sludge
    Zifeng Zhang
    International Joint Research Center for Persistent Toxic Substances IJRC PTS, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology HIT, Harbin 150090, People s Republic of China
    Environ Sci Technol 45:3909-16. 2011
    ..4OH-BP), 1H-benzotriazole (1H-BT), and 5-methyl-1H-benzotriazole (5Me-1H-BT), in sediment and sewage sludge samples, using liquid-liquid extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
  54. ncbi Seasonal weather, nutrients, and conspecific presence impacts on the southern house mosquito oviposition dynamics in combined sewage overflows
    An T Nguyen
    Department of Environmental Studies, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Med Entomol 49:1328-38. 2012
    Combined sewage overflows have created favorable conditions for the establishment of the southern house mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae), larvae in natural creeks that would otherwise be unsuitable for the ..
  55. ncbi Microbial community composition and function in wastewater treatment plants
    Michael Wagner
    Microbial Ecology Group, Lehrstuhl fur Mikrobiologie, Technische Universitat Munchen, Freising, Germany
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 81:665-80. 2002
    ..Here we provide an overview of what is currently known about the identity and physiology of some of the microbial key players in activated sludge and biofilm systems...
  56. ncbi Input/output balance of estrogenic active compounds in a major municipal sewage plant in Germany
    W Korner
    Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Tubingen, Germany
    Chemosphere 40:1131-42. 2000
    24 h samples of untreated and treated wastewater were taken in parallel from a modern municipal sewage plant in southern Germany in March and June 1998...
  57. pmc Sewage reflects the distribution of human faecal Lachnospiraceae
    Sandra L McLellan
    Great Lakes WATER Institute, School of Freshwater Sciences, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 600 E Greenfield Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53204, USA
    Environ Microbiol 15:2213-27. 2013
    ..MPS) of the 16S rRNA gene to characterize microbial communities from wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) influent sewage from 12 cities geographically distributed across the USA...
  58. ncbi Novosphingobium tardaugens sp. nov., an oestradiol-degrading bacterium isolated from activated sludge of a sewage treatment plant in Tokyo
    Katsuhiko Fujii
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Muroran Institute of Technology, Mizumoto, Muroran 050 8585, Japan
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 53:47-52. 2003
    An oestradiol-degrading bacterium isolated at a sewage treatment plant in Tokyo was studied phenotypically, genotypically and phylogenetically...
  59. ncbi Determination of fluoroquinolone antibacterial agents in sewage sludge and sludge-treated soil using accelerated solvent extraction followed by solid-phase extraction
    Eva M Golet
    Swiss Federal Institute for Environmental Science and Technology EA WAG, Dubendorf
    Anal Chem 74:5455-62. 2002
    ..quantitative determination of humanuse fluoroquinolone antibacterial agents (FQs) ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin in sewage sludge and sludge-treated soil samples was developed...
  60. ncbi Design and development of the ANAEROCHIP microarray for investigation of methanogenic communities
    Ingrid H Franke-Whittle
    Leopold Franzens University, Institute of Microbiology, Technikerstrasse 25 d, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Microbiol Methods 79:279-88. 2009
    ..7%), Methanosarcina (2.1%), Methanosphaera (1.6%), an uncultured archaeon (1.6%) and Methanothermobacter (1%) were also detected. These results showed the microarray to be a suitable tool for studying methanogenic communities in sludge...
  61. ncbi Focused-Pulsed sludge pre-treatment increases the bacterial diversity and relative abundance of acetoclastic methanogens in a full-scale anaerobic digester
    Husen Zhang
    Center for Environmental Biotechnology, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, 1001 McAlister Ave, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Water Res 43:4517-26. 2009
    ....
  62. ncbi Comparison of molecular markers to detect fresh sewage in environmental waters
    W Ahmed
    Department of Natural Resources and Water, 80 Meiers Road, Indooroopilly, Brisbane 4068, Australia
    Water Res 43:4908-17. 2009
    ..polyomaviruses (HS-PVs) assays were evaluated in freshwater, seawater and distilled water to detect fresh sewage. The sewage spiked water samples were also tested for the concentrations of traditional fecal indicators (i.e...
  63. pmc Environmental microbiota represents a natural reservoir for dissemination of clinically relevant metallo-beta-lactamases
    Claudia Scotta
    Area de Microbiologia, Universidad de las Islas Baleares, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:5376-9. 2011
    ..aeruginosa (n = 2), Ochrobactrum anthropi (n = 1), and Enterobacter ludwigii (n = 1), were detected in the sewage water of a hospital...
  64. ncbi Contribution of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) to the sludge aggregation
    Xiao Meng Liu
    Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026 China
    Environ Sci Technol 44:4355-60. 2010
    ..On the other hand, the interaction energy of TB-EPS is not always negative, depending on the separation distance between sludge cells. These results imply that the LB-EPS and TB-EPS have different contributions to the sludge aggregation...
  65. ncbi Sampling for PPCPs in wastewater systems: comparison of different sampling modes and optimization strategies
    Christoph Ort
    The University of Queensland, Advanced Water Management Centre, QLD 4072, Australia
    Environ Sci Technol 44:6289-96. 2010
    ..modes when evaluating loads of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in sewers and influents to sewage treatment plants (STPs)...
  66. ncbi Bacterial community analysis of activated sludge: an evaluation of four commonly used DNA extraction methods
    Louise Vanysacker
    Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, P O Box 2461, 3001, Heverlee, Belgium
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 88:299-307. 2010
    ..Taking into account our results, we recommend Fast as the most suitable DNA extraction method for activated sludge samples used for bacterial community studies...
  67. ncbi Highly divergent neurovirulent vaccine-derived polioviruses of all three serotypes are recurrently detected in Finnish sewage
    M Roivainen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Euro Surveill 15:pii/19566. 2010
    ..e. search for infectious poliovirus in sewage samples...
  68. pmc Molecular detection of hepatitis E virus in sewage samples
    Giuseppina La Rosa
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:5870-3. 2010
    ..In Italy, the true burden of HEV infection is unknown. Molecular HEV screening of raw sewage samples from 11 wastewater treatment plants yielded 19 positives (16%; 18 genotype I, 1 genotype III) evenly ..
  69. ncbi Simultaneous COD, nitrogen, and phosphate removal by aerobic granular sludge
    M K de Kreuk
    Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628BC Delft, The Netherlands
    Biotechnol Bioeng 90:761-9. 2005
    ..Monitoring the laboratory scale reactors for a long period showed that N-removal efficiency highly depends on the diameter of the granules...
  70. ncbi Co-conditioning and dewatering of chemical sludge and waste activated sludge
    G R Chang
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 43 Keelung Road, Section 4, Taipei 106, Taiwan
    Water Res 35:786-94. 2001
    ..Advantages and disadvantages of co-conditioning and dewatering chemical sludge and waste activated sludge were discussed...
  71. pmc Molecular and antigenic characterization of a highly evolved derivative of the type 2 oral poliovaccine strain isolated from sewage in Israel
    L M Shulman
    Central Virology Laboratory, Public Health Laboratories, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
    J Clin Microbiol 38:3729-34. 2000
    ....
  72. pmc Inadequately treated wastewater as a source of human enteric viruses in the environment
    Anthony I Okoh
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2620-37. 2010
    ..The discharge of inadequately treated sewage effluents is the most common source of enteric viral pathogens in aquatic environments...
  73. ncbi The 120 592 bp IncF plasmid pRSB107 isolated from a sewage-treatment plant encodes nine different antibiotic-resistance determinants, two iron-acquisition systems and other putative virulence-associated functions
    R Szczepanowski
    Fakultat fur Biologie, Lehrstuhl fur Genetik, Universitat Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, D 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
    Microbiology 151:1095-111. 2005
    ..All the accessory modules are framed by insertion sequences, indicating that pRSB107 was gradually assembled by integration of different horizontally acquired DNA segments via transposition or homologous recombination...
  74. ncbi Kinetics and metabolic versatility of highly tolerant phenol degrading Alcaligenes strain TW1
    Tamer Essam
    Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P O Box 124, S 22100 Lund, Sweden
    J Hazard Mater 173:783-8. 2010
    ..55 to 0.64 mg dry cell mass/mg phenol. Due to its high tolerance to phenol and high metabolic versatility, Alcaligenes sp. TW1 is considered an excellent candidate for the biotreatment of high strength phenol-laden industrial wastewaters...
  75. ncbi Effects of oxygen concentration on N-removal in an aerobic granular sludge reactor
    A Mosquera-Corral
    Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, Avda Lope Gómez de Marzoa s n E 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain
    Water Res 39:2676-86. 2005
    ..A solution to obtain stable aerobic granular sludge at low oxygen concentrations is needed in order to make aerobic granular sludge reactors feasible in practice...
  76. pmc Identification of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria with monoclonal antibodies recognizing the nitrite oxidoreductase
    S Bartosch
    , , D 22609 Hamburg, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 65:4126-33. 1999
    ..Permeated cells of pure cultures of members of the four genera were suitable for immunofluorescence labeling; these cells exhibited fluorescence signals that were consistent with the location of the NOS...
  77. ncbi The influence of key chemical constituents in activated sludge on surface and flocculating properties
    Britt Marie Wilén
    Advanced Wastewater Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
    Water Res 37:2127-39. 2003
    ..This confirms that the surface properties of the sludge flocs play an important role in the bioflocculation process but that also other interactions like polymer entanglement are important...
  78. ncbi Pharmaceutical compounds in the wastewater process stream in Northwest Ohio
    Alison L Spongberg
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Mail Stop 604, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
    Sci Total Environ 397:148-57. 2008
    ..These data are presented here for comparison with this emerging set of environmental compounds of concern...
  79. ncbi Microbial population dynamics during start-up and overload conditions of anaerobic digesters treating municipal solid waste and sewage sludge
    Katherine D McMahon
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 3221 Newmark Civil Engineering Laboratory, 205 North Mathews Avenue, 61801, USA
    Biotechnol Bioeng 87:823-34. 2004
    ..start-up and during periods of overload conditions in anaerobic co-digesters treating municipal solid waste and sewage sludge...
  80. ncbi Pharmaceutical chemicals and endocrine disrupters in municipal wastewater in Tokyo and their removal during activated sludge treatment
    Norihide Nakada
    Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry LOG, Institute of Symbiotic Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Tokyo 183 8509, Japan
    Water Res 40:3297-303. 2006
    ..estriol) in 24-h composite samples of influents and secondary effluents collected seasonally from five municipal sewage treatment plants in Tokyo...
  81. ncbi Drugs in the environment: emission of drugs, diagnostic aids and disinfectants into wastewater by hospitals in relation to other sources--a review
    K Kümmerer
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg, Germany
    Chemosphere 45:957-69. 2001
    ..enter the aquatic environment and eventually reach drinking water if they are not biodegraded or eliminated during sewage treatment...
  82. ncbi Communities of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in activated sludge of various sewage treatment plants in Tokyo
    Tawan Limpiyakorn
    Department of Urban Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Tokyo 113 8656, Japan
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 54:205-17. 2005
    We investigated ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in activated sludge collected from 12 sewage treatment systems, whose ammonia removal and treatment processes differed, during three different seasons...
  83. pmc Population dynamics of phenol-degrading bacteria in activated sludge determined by gyrB-targeted quantitative PCR
    K Watanabe
    Corporate Research and Development Laboratories, Tonen Corporation, Saitama, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 64:1203-9. 1998
    ..The behavior of both of these strains in the activated sludge reflected the growth kinetics of the strains determined in laboratory axenic cultures...
  84. ncbi Comparing steroid estrogen, and nonylphenol content across a range of European sewage plants with different treatment and management practices
    A C Johnson
    CEH Wallingford, Maclean Building, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB, UK
    Water Res 39:47-58. 2005
    The effluent of 17 sewage treatment works (STW) across Norway, Sweden, Finland, The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, France and Switzerland was studied for the presence of estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), ethinylestradiol (EE2) and nonylphenol ..
  85. ncbi Conversion of sewage sludge into lipids by Lipomyces starkeyi for biodiesel production
    C Angerbauer
    Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 12, 8010 Graz, Austria
    Bioresour Technol 99:3051-6. 2008
    The potential of accumulation of lipids by Lipomyces starkeyi when grown on sewage sludge was assessed. On a synthetic medium, accumulation of lipids strongly depended on the C/N ratio...
  86. pmc Production of volatile derivatives of metal(loid)s by microflora involved in anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge
    K Michalke
    Department of Microbiology, University of Essen, D 45117 Essen, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 66:2791-6. 2000
    ..could be shown to be produced by pure cultures of microorganisms which are representatives of the anaerobic sewage sludge microflora, i.e...
  87. ncbi Antibiotic resistance of enterococci and related bacteria in an urban wastewater treatment plant
    Miguel Ferreira da Silva
    Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Porto, Portugal
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 55:322-9. 2006
    ..A positive selection of ciprofloxacin-resistant enterococci was indicated by a significant increase in resistance prevalence (alpha<0.02) in treated wastewater compared with the raw wastewater...
  88. ncbi daime, a novel image analysis program for microbial ecology and biofilm research
    Holger Daims
    Department für Mikrobielle Okologie, Universitat Wien, Vienna, Austria
    Environ Microbiol 8:200-13. 2006
    ..This image analysis method complements recent molecular techniques for analysing structure-function relationships in microbial communities and will help to characterize symbiotic interactions among microorganisms...
  89. ncbi Real-time PCR detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in clinical and municipal wastewater and genotyping of the ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates
    Thomas Schwartz
    Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Department of Environmental Microbiology Water Technology and Geotechnology Division, Institute of Technical Chemistry, Karlsruhe, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 57:158-67. 2006
    ..aeruginosa infections. The results were in agreement with data from clinical analyses, with the exception that no gyrA 87 and no gyrB mutations were found in ciprofloxacin-resistant P. aeruginosa wastewater isolates...
  90. pmc In utero exposure to low doses of environmental pollutants disrupts fetal ovarian development in sheep
    Paul A Fowler
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Medical Sciences, CLSM, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    Mol Hum Reprod 14:269-80. 2008
    ..Exposure of treated ewes (n = 7) to pollutants was maximized by surface application of processed sewage sludge to pasture. Control ewes (n = 10) were reared on pasture treated with inorganic fertilizer...
  91. ncbi Arcobacter defluvii sp. nov., isolated from sewage samples
    Luis Collado
    Unitat de Microbiologia, Departament de Ciencies Mediques Basiques, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut IISPV Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 61:2155-61. 2011
    ..employing a polyphasic taxonomic approach was undertaken to clarify the position of 12 isolates recovered from sewage samples...
  92. ncbi Community analysis of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in activated sludge of eight wastewater treatment systems
    Xiaohui Wang
    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    J Environ Sci (China) 22:627-34. 2010
    ..not to Nitrosospira spp. Members of the Nitrosomonas oligotropha and Nitrosomonas communis clusters were found in all samples, while members of Nitrosomonas europaea cluster occurred in some systems...
  93. ncbi New concepts for dynamic plant uptake models
    A Rein
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
    SAR QSAR Environ Res 22:191-215. 2011
    ..Examples are pesticide spraying, or the application of manure and sewage sludge on agricultural fields...
  94. ncbi Anaerobic phototrophic nitrite oxidation by Thiocapsa sp. strain KS1 and Rhodopseudomonas sp. strain LQ17
    Joachim Schott
    Microbial Ecology, Department of Biology, Universitat Konstanz, D 78465 Konstanz, Germany
    Microbiology 156:2428-37. 2010
    ..Slightly higher numbers (about 10(4) cm(-3)) were found in activated sewage sludge...
  95. ncbi Comparative toxicity assessment of ozone and activated carbon treated sewage effluents using an in vivo test battery
    Daniel Stalter
    Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Biological Sciences Division, Department Aquatic Ecotoxicology, Siesmayerstrasse 70, 60323 Frankfurt, Germany
    Water Res 44:2610-20. 2010
    ..Adverse effects after the ozone reactor are possibly a result of the formation of toxic oxidation byproducts. Biologically active sand filtration obviously is an effective barrier to such compounds...
  96. pmc Foetal and post-natal exposure of sheep to sewage sludge chemicals disrupts sperm production in adulthood in a subset of animals
    M Bellingham
    Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK
    Int J Androl 35:317-29. 2012
    ..was to evaluate the effects of in utero and post-natal exposure to environmentally relevant levels of ECs, via sewage sludge application to pasture, on the adult male sheep testis...
  97. pmc Detection of novel sequences related to african Swine Fever virus in human serum and sewage
    Joy Loh
    Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Box 8118, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Virol 83:13019-25. 2009
    ..We report here the discovery of novel viral sequences in human serum and sewage which are clearly related to the asfarvirus family but highly divergent from ASFV...
  98. ncbi Distribution, fate and risk assessment of antibiotics in sewage treatment plants in Hong Kong, South China
    H W Leung
    State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
    Environ Int 42:1-9. 2012
    Occurrence, removal, consumption and environmental risks of sixteen antibiotics were investigated in several sewage treatment plants (STPs) featuring different treatment levels in Hong Kong, China...
  99. ncbi Uptake of pharmaceutical and personal care products by soybean plants from soils applied with biosolids and irrigated with contaminated water
    ChenXi Wu
    Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:6157-61. 2010
    ..Data from two different harvests suggest that the uptake from soil to root and translocation from root to leaf may be rate limited for triclosan and triclocarban and metabolism may occur within the plant for carbamazepine...
  100. ncbi The EPS characteristics of sludge in an aerobic granule membrane bioreactor
    Wang Xuan
    Tianjin Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Material and Membrane Process, Institute of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnical University, Tianjin 300160, China
    Bioresour Technol 101:8046-50. 2010
    ..Furthermore, application of aerobic granule can improve sludge filtering properties and delay the process of membrane fouling, as a result of better morphological structure and lower EPS content...
  101. ncbi Pregnant ewes exposed to multiple endocrine disrupting pollutants through sewage sludge-fertilized pasture show an anti-estrogenic effect in their trabecular bone
    P Monica Lind
    Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Ulleråkersvägen 40, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Sci Total Environ 408:2340-6. 2010
    Pregnant ewes were maintained on pastures fertilized, twice yearly, with either sewage sludge (2...

Research Grants41

  1. Detection of Pathogens in Avian Fecal Pollution
    SANDRA MCLELLAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..many times are not a reflection of serious contamination events that present a known health risk, such as human sewage overflows...
  2. Oral Polio Vaccine Circulation in Mexico
    Stephanie B Troy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I plan to conduct a longitudinal study in Orizaba, Mexico, collecting stool and sewage samples monthly over one year to determine exactly how long OPV stays in circulation, to establish if the duration ..
  3. Natural History of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to hypothesize that effective prevention of urban leptospirosis requires providing slum communities with adequate sewage and drainage systems...
  4. Identifying components of Toxoplasma oocysts that confer environmental resistance
    HEATHER MICHELLE FRITZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..chlorination, UV irradiation and ozonation at levels well in excess of those used to treat both waste-water and sewage. The robustness of the oocyst is thought to come from the biochemical and structural properties of its bilayered ..
  5. Urinary cadmium and risk of breast cancer
    Jaymie R Meliker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to the natural levels in soil, increased application of phosphate fertilizers and sewage sludge to cropland beginning in the latter half of the late 20th century resulted in increased cadmium in ..
  6. Microbial community profiling of sewage contamination in the Great Lakes
    Sandra L McLellan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    b>Sewage contamination in the Great Lakes is a major environmental and human health threat. The five Laurentian Great Lakes have over 1000 recreation beaches and serve as a drinking water source to 40 million people...
  7. MULTIDISCIPLINARY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH TRAINING
    David Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of drinking water and food that is not contaminated with either infectious or toxic substances, safe disposal of sewage, solid and hazardous wastes and air pollution...
  8. Revitalizing Tennessee's Core Environmental Health Programs: Food Safety and Wate
    John R Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..During 2008-2009, we conducted multi-agency outbreak investigations, including a household sewage outlet cross connected to the water main supplying a small community, a source water contamination in a small ..
  9. Microbial community profiles identify new indicators of waterborne pathogens
    Sandra L McLellan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sewage overflows introduce complex microbial populations containing both commensal and pathogenic organisms into rivers and nearshore waters of the Great Lakes, which have more than 500 recreational ..
  10. Local Health Impacts of Land Application of Sewage Sludge
    Steven B Wing; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..internet to seek assistance in conducting research into health problems that may be caused by land application of sewage sludge, and to educate citizens and government officials...
  11. Developing a state-level health impact assessment of climate change in Wisconsin
    Henry A Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..precipitation and other variables at three hour intervals from 1979-2007;b) examine the correlation between sewage virus presence in surface water and climate-related parameters in the Menomonee River Watershed;and c) explore the ..
  12. Novel accelerated in vitro breeding for phytoremediation
    MIHALY CZAKO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of TCP at Southern Sun (8a), and to demonstrate biomass production and remediation of a select pollutant in city sewage sludge at BioTech, Inc., Cayce SC (8b), and potentially in hog lagoons in Clinton, NC...
  13. HEPATITIS A AND GASTROENTERITIS VIRUSES IN MARINE LIFE
    Charles Gerba; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..hepatitis virus type A (HAV) and human rotavirus (infantile gastroenteritis virus) from potable water, sewage and shellfish...
  14. Mexico: Maquila, Environmental Vulnerability and Health
    Sioban Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..failure of the border communities to build sufficient housing, to expand urban infrastructure and water and sewage systems, or to develop infrastructure for processing the industrial and toxic wastes generated by the MEI, has ..
  15. Methyl Mercury Evaluation in Dental Waste Water
    James Drummond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Hypothesis: Bacterial species in the Dental sewage pipe biofilms include those from the oral biofilms (e.g...
  16. NEW VITAMIN COENZYME RELATIONSHIPS
    RALPH WOLFE; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..year from anaerobic habitats such as the rumen caecum, intestine (including humans), rice paddies, sediments, and sewage sludge...
  17. The metalloenzymes of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria
    A Pacheco; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Mixtures of Nm. europaea, and complementary bacteria that reduce nitrite to nitrogen, are used in sewage treatment plants to eliminate excess ammonia from waste water...
  18. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF ADAPTATION TO OSMOTIC STRESS
    Merna Villarejo; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..of the growth medium; the ability to adapt is relevant to the bacterium's survival in the human bladder and colon, sewage systems, and seawater...
  19. ISEB-2004-Chicago International Conference
    Ananda Chakrabarty; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..are waste water treatments, clean energy, remediation of toxic dump sites or oil spill, municipal or industrial sewage or effluent treatments, are the major areas of concern or study...
  20. Microbial Communities: Multicellular Cooperation
    EVERETT GREENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Others promote plant growth and carry out the controlled degradative processes that treat sewage and remediate pollutants in our ecosystems...
  21. SEROLOGICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE
    CALVIN LINNEMANN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Disease will be evaluated in two groups with intimate soil and water contact: highway maintenance and wastewater (sewage) workers, respectively...
  22. ZOONOTIC AND XENOZOONOTIC RISKS OF HEPATITIS E VIRUS
    Xiang Jin Meng; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Global Burden of Infectious Disease Through the GI Tract
    Pierre Payment; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The report will be broadly announced and made available through many popular and scientific media. ..
  24. Nutritional Copper Signaling and Homeostasis
    Sabeeha Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cu cells and err I vs. wild-type cells, in parallel with sub-proteomic gel- and multi-dimensional chromatography-based analyses of copper-replete vs. copper-deficient cells. ..
  25. MATURATION OF CHLOROPLAST CYTOCHROMES
    Sabeeha Merchant; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  26. BACTERIAL LIVE VECTOR-BASED VACCINE AGAINST MALARIA
    Myron Levine; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..falciparum, and by these effects working in concert, we will ultimately be able to prevent disease completely in some subjects and to markedly ameliorate disease severity in others. ..
  27. Novel Approaches to Studying the Situ Bioremediation of Complex Mixtures
    ROLF HALDEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Aptamer-based Microarray for the Detection of Environmental Allergens
    Jordan Peccia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. PROSTATE CELL PROLIFERATION IN CANCER AND AGING
    ANA SOTO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We expect that this research will lead to the development of markers to identify this phenotype, and to the development of specific therapeutic strategies. ..
  30. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  31. RECEPTER BINDING PROPERTIES OF CANNABINOID METABOLITES
    Guangdi Wang; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  32. Enzootic Transmission of West Nile Virus
    LISA PATRICAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Stringent response and bmp expression in B. burgdorferi
    Felipe Cabello; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..burgdorferi from a descriptive paradigm to a paradigm framed by mechanistic and causal interpretations. ..
  34. GORDON CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS
    ANA SOTO; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Prenatal xenoestrogen exposure and mammary cancer
    ANA SOTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It may even influence public policy about prevention. ..
  36. Perinatal xenoestrogen exposure: epigenesis and neoplasia
    ANA SOTO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will also have a great impact on the way we study risk factors and conduct epidemiological studies; it may even influence public policy about breast cancer prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. RECOMBINANT & LIVE ORAL SALMONELLA TYPHI HYBRID VACCINES
    Myron Levine; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Regulated expression of B. burgdorferi virulence genes
    FELIPE CARDENAS CABELLO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..burgdorferi. These tools will be used to identify genes that are potentially responsible for this organism's virulence and which could be targets for new vaccines and antibiotics against Lyme disease. ..