Genomes and Genes
Summary: The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Publications177 found, 100 shown here
- Evidence of the radioactive fallout in the center of Asia (Russia) following the Fukushima Nuclear AccidentA Bolsunovsky
Radioecology Laboratory, Institute of Biophysics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, 50 50, 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation
J Environ Radioact 102:1062-4. 2011It was recently reported that radioactive fallout due to the Fukushima Nuclear Accident was detected in environmental samples collected in the USA and Greece, which are very far away from Japan...
- Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean and biota off JapanKen O Buesseler
Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:5984-8. 2012....
- Chernobyl fallout and outcome of pregnancy in FinlandA Auvinen
STUK Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki, Finland
Environ Health Perspect 109:179-85. 2001..Further, there is little support in the epidemiologic literature on effects of very low doses of radiation on pregnancy outcome...
- Effects of time of administration and dietary iodine levels on potassium iodide (KI) blockade of thyroid irradiation by 131I from radioactive falloutP B Zanzonico
Nuclear Medicine Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
Health Phys 78:660-7. 2000....
- Estimates of the cancer burden in Europe from radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl accidentElisabeth Cardis
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
Int J Cancer 119:1224-35. 2006..The objective of the present study was to evaluate the human cancer burden in Europe as a whole from radioactive fallout from the accident...
- Movement of radionuclides in terrestrial ecosystems by physical processesLynn R Anspaugh
Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84108, USA
Health Phys 82:669-79. 2002..Chernobyl-related results on the movement of radionuclides into the soil column are presented, as is a revised model for this process based upon recent results from Ukraine...
- Thyroid disease associated with exposure to the Nevada nuclear weapons test site radiation: a reevaluation based on corrected dosimetry and examination dataJoseph L Lyon
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
Epidemiology 17:604-14. 2006..In 1993, we reported that among those examined in 1985 to 1986 (Phase II) there was an association between radiation from the Nevada Test Site and thyroid neoplasms...
- Measurement of resuspended aerosol in the Chernobyl area. Part II. Size distribution of radioactive particlesE K Garger
Institute of Radioecology UAAS, Kiev, Ukraine
Radiat Environ Biophys 36:275-83. 1998..Apparently, the radioactive aerosol was of fuel origin. During a forest fire at a distance of 17 km, the majority of the radioactivity was associated with submicrometer particles with median diameters in the range 0.28-0.50 micron...
- Thyroid disease 60 years after Hiroshima and 20 years after ChernobylJohn D Boice
JAMA 295:1060-2. 2006
- [Blocking of the thyroid against I-131 following a nuclear disaster]Einat Kroizman-Sheiner
Nuclear Research Center, South Israel
Harefuah 144:497-501, 526, 525. 2005..When this treatment is contraindicated, iodine free thionamides or potassium perchlorate are suggested...
- Reconstruction of individual radiation doses for a case-control study of thyroid cancer in French PolynesiaVladimir Drozdovitch
International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150, cours Albert Thomas, Lyon, Cedex 08, F 69372, France
Health Phys 94:418-33. 2008..A thorough compilation of the results of all radiation monitoring that was performed in French Polynesia in 1966-1974 would be likely to greatly improve the reliability and the precision of the dose estimates...
- Around Semipalatinsk nuclear test site: progress of dose estimations relevant to the consequences of nuclear tests (a summary of 3rd Dosimetry Workshop on the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site area, RIRBM, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, 9-11 of March, 200Valeriy F Stepanenko
Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine RIRBM, Hiroshima University, Japan
J Radiat Res 47:A1-13. 2006..The results of investigation of psychological consequences of nuclear tests, which are expressed in the form of verbal behaviour, were presented at this session as well...
- Non-cancer diseases of Korean atomic bomb survivors in residence at Hapcheon, Republic of KoreaYoung Su Ju
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Anyang, Korea
J Korean Med Sci 21:385-90. 2006..24; 1.06-1.44), chronic liver disease (2.07; 1.51-2.84), and hypercholesterolemia (1.79; 1.11-2.90) than controls. This study suggests that A-bomb exposure is associated with a higher prevalence of non-cancer diseases in Korean survivors...
- The effects of aging and radiation exposure on blood pressure levels of atomic bomb survivorsHideo Sasaki
Department of Clinical Studies and Statistics, Radiation Effect Research Foundation, 5 2 Hijiyama Park, Minami Ku, Hiroshima, Japan
J Clin Epidemiol 55:974-81. 2002..This phenomenon is compatible with the degenerative effect of ionizing radiation on blood vessels...
- Thyroid cancer in French Polynesia between 1985 and 1995: influence of atmospheric nuclear bomb tests performed at Mururoa and Fangataufa between 1966 and 1974F de Vathaire
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Villejuif, Institut Gustave Roussy, France
Cancer Causes Control 11:59-63. 2000..Between 1966 and 1974, France performed 41 atmospheric nuclear weapon tests in the Mururoa and Fangataufa atolls in French Polynesia...
- Retrospective evaluation of 131I deposition density and thyroid dose in Poland after the Chernobyl accidentZofia Pietrzak-Flis
Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Department of Radiation Hygiene, Ul Kowaliowa 7, 03 194 Warsaw, Poland
Health Phys 84:698-708. 2003..The highest thyroid doses from inhalation and ingestion without countermeasures were 178 mSv, 120 mSv, and 45 mSv for 5-y-old children, 10-y-old children, and adults, respectively. The countermeasures reduced these doses by about 30%...
- Ultrasound-detected thyroid nodule prevalence and radiation dose from falloutC E Land
National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Bthesda, MD 20892 7238, USA
Radiat Res 169:373-83. 2008Settlements near the Semipalatinsk Test Site (SNTS) in northeastern Kazakhstan were exposed to radioactive fallout during 1949-1962...
- Elevated exposure rates under inclined birch trees indicate the occurrence of rainfall during radioactive fallout from ChernobylV F Stepanenko
Medical Radiological Research Center of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Obninsk
Health Phys 82:240-3. 2002..01+/-0.02 for similarly inclined trees. Because birch trees are a common feature in the contaminated territories, this effect has a wide potential for use in determining whether the fallout in many areas was due to wet or dry deposition...
- Prevalence of thyroid autoantibodies in children and adolescents from Belarus exposed to the Chernobyl radioactive falloutF Pacini
Institute of Endocrinology, University of Pisa, Italy
Lancet 352:763-6. 1998..We compared thyroid immunity and function in two groups of children from Belarus, one of whom was exposed to the radioactive fallout of Chernobyl.
- Genetic consequences of radioactive contamination by the Chernobyl fallout to agricultural cropsS A Geraskin
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, 249020, Obninsk, Kaluga Region, Russia
J Environ Radioact 66:155-69. 2003..Analysis of genetic variability in three sequential generations of rye and wheat revealed increased cytogenetic damage in plants exposed to chronic irradiation during the 2nd and 3rd years...
- Deposition and distribution of Chernobyl fallout fission products and actinides in a Russian soil profileP Carbol
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, PO Box 2340, D 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
J Environ Radioact 68:27-46. 2003..The results presented in this article are valid for this single soil profile and should not be generalised unless validated in a more rigorous study of a larger number of soil profiles...
- Chernobyl-related ionising radiation exposure and cancer risk: an epidemiological reviewKirsten B Moysich
Department of Cancer Prevention, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14226, USA
Lancet Oncol 3:269-79. 2002..Among adult populations, there is no strong evidence to suggest that risk of thyroid cancer, leukaemia, or other malignant disease has increased as a result of the Chernobyl accident...
- Fallout strontium and caesium transfer from vegetation to cow milk at two lowland and two Alpine pasturesM Gastberger
Institute of Physics and Biophysics, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstr 34, A 5020 Salzburg, Austria
J Environ Radioact 54:267-73. 2001..0005 to 0.0012 dl-1 and correlated with the stable strontium transfer coefficient (0.0006-0.0013 dl-1) with the lower values found on the intensively managed pastures. The 137Cs transfer coefficient ranged from 0.0009-0.0045 dl-1...
- A new generic sub-model for radionuclide fixation in large catchments from continuous and single-pulse fallouts, as used in a river modelLars Håkanson
Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villav 16, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
J Environ Radioact 77:247-73. 2004..2 for 90Sr in river water. The obtained characteristic uncertainty factors for 137Cs from the Chernobyl fallout is 2.4, for 137Cs from the NWT fallout it is 1.3 and for the 90Sr results from the NWT fallout it is 3 using the new model...
- Migration of fallout radiocaesium in a grassland soil from 1986 to 2001. Part I: activity-depth profiles of (134)Cs and (137)CsW Schimmack
GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Sci Total Environ 368:853-62. 2006..Migration of fallout radiocaesium in a grassland soil from 1986 to 2001. Part II: Evaluation of the activity-depth profiles by transport models. Sci Total Environ 2006-this issue]...
- 137Cs concentration in meat of wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Croatia a decade and half after the Chernobyl accidentM Vilic
Department of Physiology and Radiobiology, The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
J Environ Radioact 81:55-62. 2005....
- [Meteorological data and risk assessment in France after the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1986). Historical update]Pierre Galle
Laboratoire de physique et chimie de l Ecole nationale vétérinaire d Alfort, 7, Av du général De Gaulle, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
C R Biol 326:699-715. 2003....
- Reduction of crop contamination by soil resuspension within the 30-km zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plantTeresa Sauras-Yera
Departament Biologia Vegetal, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, E 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Environ Sci Technol 37:4592-6. 2003..Results obtained in these experiments suggest that soil resuspension was a significant mechanism for plant contamination and that mulching was effective in reducing that contamination...
- Soil-fungi transfer coefficients: Importance of the location of mycelium in soil and of the differential availability of radionuclides in soil fractionsA Baeza
Department of Physics, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Extremadura, Avda Universidad s n, Caceres 10071, Spain
J Environ Radioact 81:89-106. 2005..With these modifications, we were able to analyze Cs-K competition in several species of mycorrhizal and saprophytic fungi...
- 238Pu, 239,240Pu, 241Am, 90Sr and 137Cs in soils around nuclear research centre Rez, near PragueZ Hölgye
National Radiation Protection Institute, Srobarova 48, 100 00 Prague 10, Czech Republic
J Environ Radioact 71:115-25. 2004..The additional source might be the deposition following the Chernobyl accident...
- Assessment of the suitability of soil amendments to reduce 137Cs and 90Sr root uptake in meadowsMarta Camps
Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 647, 3a Planta, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Environ Sci Technol 37:2820-8. 2003..This methodology was first proposed for the correct selection of the suitable materials to be used to decrease radionuclide root uptake in future remediation actions and then validated with data of the previous field experiments...
- Reduction of external dose in a wet-contaminated housing area in the Bryansk Region, RussiaJ Roed
Riso National Laboratory, Nuclear Safety Department, P O Box 49, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
J Environ Radioact 85:265-79. 2006..The replacement of a roof was found to reduce the dose rate considerably inside the house. A cost analysis of the operation is presented...
- Processes, dynamics and modelling of radiocaesium cycling in a chronosequence of Chernobyl-contaminated Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) plantationsFrancois Goor
Radiation Protection Research Unit, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK CEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
Sci Total Environ 325:163-80. 2004In a large forested area affected by the Chernobyl radioactive fallout, especially in CIS, the lasting recycling of radiocaesium (137Cs) by the trees is a source of long-term contamination of woody products...
- Mapping of 137Cs deposition over eastern France 16 years after the Chernobyl accidentPhilippe Renaud
Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire Health Physics and Nuclear Safety Institute, CE Cadarache, Bat 153, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
Sci Total Environ 309:257-64. 2003..Hence, only the relationship between 137Cs deposition and the rainfall of the first week of May 1986 can be used to construct a map depicting the Chernobyl fallout over eastern France...
- Formation of radioactivity enriched soils in mountain areasLaurent Pourcelot
Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire IRSN, CEA Cadarache Bat 153, 13108, St Paul Lez Durance, France
J Environ Radioact 68:215-33. 2003..The transfer of beryllium occurs rapidly to the grass and litter, where the strongest pollutant accumulations were measured. However, (7)Be transport to the soil required more than 8 months...
- Long-term flux of Chernobyl-derived 137Cs from soil to French rivers: a study on sediment and biological indicatorsF Vray
Nuclear Safety and Radioprotection Institute IRSN Continental and Mediterranean Radioecological Research Laboratory, Bat 153, BP 3, 13115 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
J Environ Radioact 68:93-114. 2003..Comparing our results with similar ones published by other authors, it appeared possible that this kinetic varies with the time period over which the study is conducted, the longer the period the lower is the kinetic...
- [Analysis of the epidemiological data concerning radiation carcinogenic effects and approaches to the low doses' upper limits determination in the aspect of a threshold of the unhealthy influences of ionizing radiation]L M Rozhdestvenskiĭ
State Research Center Institute of Biophysics, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, 123182 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 43:227-36. 2003..65 mGy. It can serve for evaluation of the dose rate threshold regarding the safe chronic radiation levels in the environment...
- Soil redistribution model for undisturbed and cultivated sites based on Chernobyl-derived cesium-137 falloutMarkus Hrachowitz
Univ of Natural Resources and Applied Life Science BOKU, Dep für Wald und Bodenwissenschaften, Institut für Bodenforschung, Peter Jordanstrasse 92, 1190 Vienna, Austria
J Environ Qual 34:1302-10. 2005..Additionally, the model allows to quantify soil redistribution in good correspondence with already existing models...
- Estimation of doses received in a dry-contaminated residential area in the Bryansk region, Russia, since the Chernobyl accidentK G Andersson
Risø National Laboratory, Nuclear Safety Department, P O Box 49, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
J Environ Radioact 85:228-40. 2006..g., from contaminated roofs and inhalation of contaminants during the passage of the contaminated plume, were of the same order of magnitude...
- 137Cs soil-to-plant transfer for individual species in a semi-natural grassland. Influence of potassium soil contentLiliana Ciuffo
Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Instituto de Matemática Aplicada San Luis IMASL, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Argentina
J Radiat Res 44:277-83. 2003..For most of the species analyzed, we observed a gradual decrease in the individual (137)Cs TF(sp) when the (40)K soil activity concentration was increased, with the exception of Taraxacum officinale at one of the sampling sites...
- Conversion factors for a mobile survey method by car in the Chernobyl areaR Sakamoto
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Shirakata, Tokai, Naka, 319 1195 Ibaraki, Japan
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 106:165-75. 2003..Further, basic data, needed for composing conversion factors appropriate to other contaminated regions with different depth distributions from the Chernobyl area, are also indicated...
- High levels of fluctuating asymmetry in populations of Apodemus flavicollis from the most contaminated areas in ChornobylTaras K Oleksyk
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory of the University of Georgia, Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
J Environ Radioact 73:1-20. 2004..Detectable effects of radiation on developmental stability probably start to occur between 0.132 and 0.297 microGy/h...
- Lake fish as the main contributor of internal dose to lakeshore residents in the Chernobyl contaminated areaI G Travnikova
Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
J Environ Radioact 77:63-75. 2004..Kozhany village inhabitants Simple countermeasures, such as Prussian blue doses for dairy cows and pre-boiling mushrooms and fish before cooking, halved the 137Cs internal dose to inhabitants, even 10 years after the radioactive fallout.
- Investigation of food contamination since the Chernobyl fallout in AustriaM Schwaiger
Radiation Protection, Austrian Research Centers Seibersdorf, A 2444, Austria
Appl Radiat Isot 61:357-60. 2004..24 microSv (adult), or 0.88 microSv (5-year infant) respectively, which is less than 0.5% of the ingestion dose of the first year and amounts to 0.7% of the ingestion dose from natural radionuclides...
- Monitoring of radionuclides contamination of soils in Shatsk National Natural Park (Volyn region, Ukraine) during 1994-2001V Hrabovskyy
Department of Physics, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, 19 Dragomanov Str, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine
J Environ Radioact 72:25-33. 2004....
- Width and center-axis location of the radioactive plume that passed over Dolon and nearby villages on the occasion of the first USSR A-bomb test in 1949Tetsuji Imanaka
Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Osaka, Japan
J Radiat Res 46:395-9. 2005..5 km. Additional soil contamination data around Dolon and other villages are necessary for more detailed discussion...
- Transuranic and fission product contamination in lake sediments from an alpine wetland, Boréon (France)M Schertz
Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Sciences Analytiques et Environnement, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 28 Avenue Valrose, 06108 Nice, France
J Environ Radioact 85:380-8. 2006..As the selected study area is in a recreational area used by urban populations, a rough estimate was made of the mean external dose from 137Cs for comparison with the French regulation...
- Radiological situation in the vicinity of Semipalatinsk nuclear test site: Dolon, Mostik, Cheremushka and Budene settlementsAya Sakaguchi
Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, K INET, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan
J Radiat Res 47:A101-16. 2006..The obtained data will be helpful for evaluating the current and future radiation risks to the people living around there...
- External radiation in Dolon village due to local fallout from the first USSR atomic bomb test in 1949Tetsuji Imanaka
Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Osaka, Japan
J Radiat Res 47:A121-7. 2006..Finally, 0.50 Gy of absorbed dose in air was derived as our tentative estimate for 1-year cumulative external dose in Dolon due to local fallout from the first USSR test in 1949...
- A gradient of radioactive contamination in Dolon village near the SNTS and comparison of computed dose values with instrumental estimates for the 29 August, 1949 nuclear testValeriy F Stepanenko
Medical Radiological Research Center MRRC of RAMS, Obninsk, Russia
J Radiat Res 47:A149-58. 2006..28+/-0.068...
- Resolving Chernobyl vs. global fallout contributions in soils from Poland using Plutonium atom ratios measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometryMichael E Ketterer
Department of Chemistry, Northern Arizona University, Box 5698, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 5698, USA
J Environ Radioact 73:183-201. 2004..The Bór za Lasem peat bog (49.42 degrees N, 19.75 degrees E), located in the Orawsko-Nowotarska valley of southern Poland, consists of global fallout Pu...
- Evaluation of 137Cs fallout from the Chernobyl accident in a forest soil and its impact on Alpine Lake sediments, Mercantour Massif, S.E. FranceS Rezzoug
Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Sciences Analytiques et Environnement, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 28, avenue Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 02, France
J Environ Radioact 85:369-79. 2006..Thus the 137Cs external exposure impact was evaluated at 2 mSvy(-1) for 2002 in the most contaminated point...
- A new method to account for the depth distribution of 137Cs in soils in the calculation of external radiation dose-rateD N Timms
SEES, Burnaby Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3QL, UK
J Environ Radioact 72:323-34. 2004....
- Global analysis of the riverine transport of 90Sr and 37CsJim T Smith
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset, DT2 8ZD, UK
Environ Sci Technol 38:850-7. 2004..This can be used to predict the long-term riverine transport of these radiologically important radionuclides following any large-scale nuclear incident in North America, Europe, or (European and Asian) Russia...
- Gamma-dose rates from terrestrial and Chernobyl radionuclides inside and outside settlements in the Bryansk Region, Russia in 1996-2003Valery Ramzaev
Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street, 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
J Environ Radioact 85:205-27. 2006..39-1.34 mSvy(-1) in 2001. The average external effective doses from natural radionuclides appeared to be lower than those from the Chernobyl fallout ranging from 0.15 to 0.27 mSvy(-1)...
- Long-term stability of decontamination effect in recreational areas near the town Novozybkov, Bryansk Region, RussiaV Ramzaev
St Petersburg Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
J Environ Radioact 85:280-98. 2006..There are two main reasons for the sustainment of the effects: careful implementation of adequate clean-up procedures and natural strong fixation of radiocaesium in soil-associated matrices of the ecosystems...
- Evaluation of radioactive exposure from 137Cs in contaminated areas of Northern UkraineJ Handl
Zentrum für Strahlenschutz und Radioökologie, Universitat Hannover, Herrenhaeuser Str 2, D 30419 Hannover, Germany
Health Phys 84:502-17. 2003..2 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 2.6. Excluding extreme habits, the geometric mean of the total exposure was 1.0 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 1.3...
- Laboratory experiments to predict changes in radiocaesium root uptake after flooding eventsMarta Camps
Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona UB, Av Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
J Environ Radioact 67:247-59. 2003..Therefore, the changes in the root uptake would depend on the resulting situation from changes in RIP, K+ and NH(4)(+) values in the soil solution...
- Influence of radionuclides distributed in the whole body on the thyroid dose estimates obtained from direct thyroid measurements made in Belarus after the Chernobyl accidentA Ulanovsky
GSF National Research Centre, Institute for Radiation Protection, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:405-18. 2004..Using this information when processing the thyroid measurements made in May 1986 would improve the accuracy of the thyroid dose estimates, and may make it possible to use a larger proportion of the thyroid measurements made in June 1986...
- The influence of the sorptive properties of organic soils on the migration rate of 137CsS Chibowski
Department of Radiochemistry and Colloid Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland
J Environ Radioact 61:213-23. 2002..The experimental results indicate that there is a clear relationship between Kd values and OM. The investigation was widened by microcalorimetric measurements which confirmed that the adsorption of 137Cs on the organic soils is low...
- [Radiation effects of the Chernobyl accident on the Hungarian population]Bela Kanyár
Veszprémi Egyetem, Mérnöki Kar, Radiokémia Tanszék, Veszprem
Orv Hetil 143:1007-12. 2002..10 mSv and the external radiation provided 0.19 mSv. The contributions of the external exposure from the contaminated air and inhalation are less than 5% of the total one...
- Activity ratios of 137Cs, 90Sr and 239+240Pu in environmental samplesP Bossew
European Commission DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability IES, I 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
J Environ Radioact 97:5-19. 2007..Results are given for Sr:Cs, Sr:Pu and Cs:Pu ratios. Comparison with fallout data shows a strong depletion of Sr against Cs and Pu...
- Artificial radionuclides in sediments of the Don River Estuary and Azov SeaGenady G Matishov
Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Russia
J Environ Radioact 59:309-27. 2002....
- Use of 129I and 137Cs in soils for the estimation of 131I deposition in Belarus as a result of the Chernobyl accidentV Mironov
Institute of Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk
J Environ Radioact 59:293-307. 2002..For sites having 137Cs > 300 Bq/kg, 129I can potentially give more reliable retroactive estimates of Chernobyl 131I deposition. However, our results suggest that 137Cs can also give reasonably good (+/-50%) estimates for 131I in Belarus...
- Distribution of nuclear bomb Pu in Nishiyama area, Nagasaki, estimated by accurate and precise determination of 240Pu/239Pu ratio in soilsS Yoshida
National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4 9 1, Inage Ku, Chiba shi 263 8555, Japan
J Environ Radioact 96:85-93. 2007..Since the area is contaminated also by global fallout, the (240)Pu/(239)Pu atom ratio can be more sensitive indicator of bomb-derived Pu than Pu activity concentration...
- Chernobyl accident: retrospective and prospective estimates of external dose of the population of UkraineIlya A Likhtarev
Radiation Protection Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Technological Sciences, Kyiv
Health Phys 82:290-303. 2002..A critical group of 22,500 persons who received individual doses of >20 mSv is identified for consideration of increased social and medical attention...
- A comparison of 90Sr and 137Cs uptake in plants via three pathways at two Chernobyl-contaminated sitesM A Malek
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
J Environ Radioact 58:129-41. 2002..3 mSv from 137Cs), while at Polesskoye the dose from 137Cs (66 mSv) was 30 times greater than from 90Sr (2 mSv)...
- 137Cs in French soils: deposition patterns and 15-year evolutionSylvie Roussel-Debel
Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety, France
Sci Total Environ 374:388-98. 2007..Although the differences between sites tend to diminish with time, surface specific activity in agricultural and meadow soil varies on average from a few Bq to several tens of Bq per kg of dry matter...
- Doses to members of the general public and observed effects on biota: Chernobyl Forum updateLynn R Anspaugh
Division of Radiobiology, Department of Radiology, University of Utah, 729 Arapeen Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
J Environ Radioact 96:13-9. 2007..Effects on non-human biota were observed that ranged from minor to lethal; the current increase in the number and diversity of species in the most contaminated area is due to absence of human pressure...
- Determination of irradiated reactor uranium in soil samples in Belarus using 236U as irradiated uranium tracerVladislav P Mironov
Institute of Radiobiology, 220141 Minsk, Belarus
J Environ Monit 4:997-1002. 2002....
- Cesium-137 concentrations in marine macroalgae from different biotopes in the Aegean Sea (Greece)Thomas Sawidis
Department of Botany, Faculty of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, P O Box 109, GR 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 54:249-54. 2003..Levels decrease to the south and east, but increase again to the west of Crete where the Black Sea water mass can be periodically traced...
- Testing of a foodchain model using Chernobyl 137Cs fallout data and considering the effect of countermeasuresZitouni Ould-Dada
Food Standards Agency, Radiological Protection and Research Management Division, Room 715B, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH, UK
Sci Total Environ 301:225-37. 2003..The lessons learned from this exercise will be valuable in making future dose assessments/reconstructions involving countermeasures with improved results...
- [The assessment of 137Cs accumulation by pine tree plantations in the closest radioactive fallouts originated from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant]A N Perevolotskiĭ
Radiats Biol Radioecol 47:746-52. 2007..Maximum of 137Cs specific activity in wany wood was in the midst of 1990s, with subsequent decrease in activity and half-time up to 22 to 25 years...
- Assessment of spatial variation of cesium-137 in small catchmentsMarcel van der Perk
Utrecht Centre for Environment and Landscape Dynamics UCEL, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80115, 2508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Environ Qual 31:1930-9. 2002..Besides erosion and deposition processes, the initial pattern of 137Cs deposition, floodplain sedimentation, and short-range spatial variation were identified as the major sources of spatial variation of the 137Cs inventory...
- Monte-Carlo prediction of changes in areas of west Cumbria requiring restrictions on sheep following the Chernobyl accidentS M Wright
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Merlewood, Windermere Road, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, LA11 6JU, United Kingdom
Radiat Environ Biophys 42:41-7. 2003..This work represents a novel implementation of a spatial radioecological model using a Monte-Carlo approach...
- [Reconstruction of I-131 in milk and exposure doses to the thyroid gland of cattle after the Chernobyl AES]E V Spirin
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 42:564-8. 2002..8 and 0.2. The calculations showed, that the average absorbed doses to the thyroid varied between 10 and 40 Gy...
- Application of the Weibull distribution to describe the vertical distribution of cesium-137 on a slope under permanent pasture in LuxembourgH Dahm
University of Trier, Department of Soil Sciences, Germany
J Environ Radioact 63:207-19. 2002..Reliable estimates of the total 137Cs inventory can help to explain the lateral distribution. This equation was used to analyse the 137Cs-activities of Chernobyl fall-out measured on a slope under permanent pasture in Luxembourg...
- Measurement of 129 I and 137 Cs in soils from Belarus and reconstruction of 131I deposition from the Chernobyl accidentT Straume
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
Health Phys 91:7-19. 2006..It was also noted that total iodine concentrations in topsoil from Belarus are low compared with other regions of the world where radiogenic thyroid cancer has been studied...
- Reconstruction of local fallout composition and gamma-ray exposure in a village contaminated by the first USSR nuclear test in the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in KazakhstanTetsuji Imanaka
Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Sennan gun, Osaka, Japan
Radiat Environ Biophys 49:673-84. 2010..Areas of strong contamination were found along the trajectories of radioactive fallout, information on which was declassified after the collapse of the USSR...
- Thyroid consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear accidentF Pacini
Department of Endocrinology, University of Pisa, Italy
Acta Paediatr Suppl 88:23-7. 1999..More recently, exposure to radioactive fallout as a result of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident has clearly caused an enormous increase in the ..
- The fate of 137Cs in coniferous forests following the application of wood-ashL Högbom
Skogforsk, The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, Uppsala
Sci Total Environ 280:133-41. 2001..As a consequence of the Chernobyl radioactive fallout in 1986, large areas of central Sweden were contaminated...
- Statistical data evaluation in mobile gamma spectrometry: an optimization of on-line search strategies in the scenario of lost point sourcesT Hjerpe
Department of Radiation Physics, The Jubileum Institute, Lund University, University Hospital, Sweden
Health Phys 80:563-70. 2001..The methods could also be used to locate hot spots after radioactive fallout. Carborne and airborne gamma spectrometry systems are suitable for the task...
- Studies on the current 137Cs body burden of children in Belarus--can the dose be further reduced?P Hill
Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, D 52425 Julich, Germany
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 125:523-6. 2007After the Chernobyl reactor accident wide areas of Belarus were contaminated with radioactive fallout. The verification and documentation of the long-term development of radiation doses is still going on...
- Thyroid cancer in infants and adolescents after ChernobylC Reiners
Clinic and Policlinic of Nuclear Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany
Minerva Endocrinol 33:381-95. 2008..Chernobyl accident, children from Belarus living in highly exposed regions received mean thyroid doses by radioactive fallout higher by a factor of approximately 2 as compared to the survivors of the atomic bomb explosions...
- Twinning in the offspring of parents with chronic radiation exposure from nuclear testing in KazakhstanNadejda Y Mudie
Section of Epidemiology, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, United Kingdom
Radiat Res 173:829-36. 2010The population of the Semipalatinsk region of Kazakhstan was chronically exposed to radioactive fallout from above-ground nuclear tests conducted during 1949-1956 by the Soviet Union...
- Prevalence of hyperthyroidism after exposure during childhood or adolescence to radioiodines from the chornobyl nuclear accident: dose-response results from the Ukrainian-American Cohort StudyM Hatch
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, NCI NIH DHHS, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
Radiat Res 174:763-72. 2010..the Chornobyl (Chernobyl) nuclear plant in Ukraine on April 26, 1986 exposed large numbers of residents to radioactive fallout, principally to iodine-131 ((131)I) (mean and median doses = 0.6 Gy and 0.2 Gy)...
- Chernobyl-related thyroid cancer: what evidence for role of short-lived iodines?J P Bleuer
WHO Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology of Radiation and Thyroid Disease, University of Bern, Switzerland
Environ Health Perspect 105:1483-6. 1997..distribution of Chernobyl-associated thyroid cancer incidence rates by districts with contamination maps of radioactive fallout shows a better fit for estimated 131I contamination than for 137Cs...
- Aquatic mosses as a monitoring tool for 137Cs contamination in streams and rivers-a field study from central southern NorwayD Hongve
National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
J Environ Radioact 60:139-47. 2002..streams and rivers in the Norwegian Jotunheimen Mountains and neighbouring lowland areas that had received radioactive fallout after the Chernobyl accident...
- Thyroid cancer following exposure to radioactive iodineJ Robbins
National Institutes of Health, NIDDK, Genetics and Biochemistry Branch, Bldg 10, Rm 6C 201A, 10 Center Drive MSC 1587, Bethesda, MD 20892 1587, USA
Rev Endocr Metab Disord 1:197-203. 2000..derived from the follow-up of patients receiving diagnostic or therapeutic 131I and populations exposed to radioactive fallout. The latter includes the nuclear power station accident at Chernobyl and the results of atomic bomb ..
- 210Pb and stable lead content in fungi: its transfer from soilJ Guillen
LARUEX, Dpt Applied Physics, C U M University of Extremadura, c Sta Teresa de Jornet 38, Merida, Badajoz, Spain
Sci Total Environ 407:4320-6. 2009..But the contribution of (210)Pb in areas unaffected by any recent radioactive fallout has been found to be significant, up to 35% of the annual dose commitment in Spain...
- 'What to do if it happens': planners, pamphlets and propaganda in the age of the H-bombMelissa Smith
Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Endeavour 33:60-4. 2009..But Government advice to the public told a different story, offering cheerful advice about vacuuming up radioactive fallout and building shelters from books and furniture...
- High incidence of micronuclei in lymphocytes from residents of the area near the Semipalatinsk nuclear explosion test siteK Tanaka
Department of Cancer Cytogenetics, Hiroshima University, Japan
J Radiat Res 41:45-54. 2000The Semipalatinsk area is highly contaminated with radioactive fallout from 40 years of continuous nuclear testing. The biological effects on human health in this area have not been studied...
- Descriptive epidemiology of thyroid carcinoma in Carinthia, Austria: 1984-2001. Histopathologic features and tumor classification of 734 cases under elevated general iodination of table salt since 1990: population-based age-stratified analysis on thyroid I Gomez Segovia
Department of Nuclear Medicine and Special Endocrinology PET Center, General State Hospital, Klagenfurt, Austria
Thyroid 14:277-86. 2004..the TC incidence under the impact of two regional risk factors: the contamination of Austrian soils by the radioactive fallout in from Chernobyl 1986 and the increased iodination of table salt in a general program of goiter ..
- Low-dose extrapolation of radiation health risks: some implications of uncertainty for radiation protection at low dosesCharles E Land
National Cancer Institute National Institutes of Health, Radiation Epidemiology Branch EPS 7046, 6120 Executive Boulevard, MS7238, Bethesda, MD 20892 7238, USA
Health Phys 97:407-15. 2009..cancer among American patients receiving multiple computed tomography scans, persons affected by radioactive fallout, or persons whose livelihoods involve some radiation exposure, such as x-ray technicians, interventional ..
- Historical overview of the project "Sunshine" in BelgiumR J Kirchmann
Radiats Biol Radioecol 38:624-30. 1998The project "Sunshine" was originally focused on the study of strontium 90 from the world-wide radioactive fallout and its effects on man. It was one of the most important projects the USAEC had ever had...
- Radioactive fallout in Norway from atmospheric nuclear weapons testsTone D Bergan
Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Osteras
J Environ Radioact 60:189-208. 2002..b>Radioactive fallout correlated strongly with annual precipitation which varies from 280 to 4200mm per year in Norway...
- Unstable-type chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes from individuals living near Semipalatinsk nuclear test siteKimio Tanaka
Department of Radiobiology, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Aomori, Japan
J Radiat Res 47:A159-64. 2006The Semipalatinsk nuclear test site area is considered to have been highly contaminated with radioactive fallout during 40 years of continuous nuclear testing...
- Concentration of (137)Cs in soil across NebraskaAlexandra Palensky Weesner
Department of Physics, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, NE 68504 2794, USA
Health Phys 94:574-80. 2008Atmospheric nuclear weapons testing from 1945 through 1980 produced radioactive fallout that was transported by stratospheric winds and deposited unevenly around the world...
- Subjective health legacy of the Chornobyl accident: a comparative study of 19-year olds in KyivEvelyn J Bromet
Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
BMC Public Health 9:417. 2009..This study examines health perceptions of Ukrainian adolescents exposed to radioactive fallout in utero or as infants, and the epidemiologic and Chornobyl-related influences on self-reported health.
- A time trend analysis of papillary and follicular cancers as a function of tumour size: a study of data from six cancer registries in France (1983-2000)M Colonna
FRANCIM, French Cancer Registries Network, Faculte de Medecine, 37 allée Jules Guesdes, 31073 Toulouse Cedex, France
Eur J Cancer 43:891-900. 2007..Some studies mention the effects of radioactive fallout, particularly after the accident in Chernobyl...
- 2. Chernobyl's public health consequencesAlexey V Yablokov
Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect 33, Office 319, 119071 Moscow, Russia
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1181:32-41. 2009..underestimates of the number of fatalities and the extent and degree of sickness among those exposed to radioactive fallout from Chernobyl...
- The Chernobyl Tissue BankGeraldine Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2006..This data may have direct relevance to both prognosis and assessment of risk from exposure to radioactive fallout from a nuclear accident...
- The Chernobyl Tissue BankGeraldine Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2007..This data may have direct relevance to both prognosisand assessment of riskfrom exposure to radioactive fallout from a nuclear accident...
- KIDNEY RESPONSE TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPYJOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 2001..7) To determine the conditions under which pulsed low dose rate (LDR) and continuous LDR produce clinically equivalent normal tissue injury. ..
- KIDNEY RESPONSE TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPYJOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 2006..4) Complete the randomized, prospective, trial of the use of ACE inhibitors to prevent the development of radiation nephropathy in BMT patients. ..
- KIDNEY RESPONSE TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPYJOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 1991..b) How does treatment with nephrotoxic chemotherapeutic agents affect tolerance to subsequent renal radiation? c) How does treatment with nephrotoxic agents affect the development of nephritis from previous renal irradiation?..
- KIDNEY RESPONSE TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPYJOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 1993..Complete the on-going study of whether nephrotoxic drugs used in conjunction with BMT enhance or accelerate the development of radiation nephritis...
- KIDNEY RESPONSE TO FRACTIONED RADIATIONJOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 1980..Some of the animals surviving the first course of treatment will be given a second fractionated treatment 6 to 18 months later...
- Genetic Consequences of Therapies for CancerJohn Boice; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Genetic Consequences of Therapies for CancerJohn Boice; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Phenomic analysis of the murine hippocampusRICHARD NOWAKOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2007..This "moderate throughput" approach, in effect, provides a genetic dissection of hippocampal structure, function, and development ..
- Night Shift Work and Hormone Levels in MenScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007..Results will provide important new information regarding the underlying biological basis of the emerging evidence linking night shift work with cancer risk. ..
- Neuronogenesis in the Non-pigmented RetinaRICHARD NOWAKOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such detailed information is important for understanding how the lack of retinal pigment produces abnormalities and for the rationale development of treatments and therapies. ..
- Occupational exposures and brain cancerElisabeth Cardis; Fiscal Year: 2007..Further analyses of possible interactions between EMF and specific chemicals will also be conducted. ..
- Breast Cancer Risk and Molecular Change After ChernobylScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Occupational exposures and brain cancerElisabeth Cardis; Fiscal Year: 2010..Further analyses of possible interactions between EMF and specific chemicals will also be conducted. ..
- Night Shift Work and Hormone Levels in MenScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2009..Results will provide important new information regarding the underlying biological basis of the emerging evidence linking night shift work with cancer risk. ..
- Breast Cancer Risk and Molecular Change After ChernobylScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Breast Cancer Risk and Molecular Change After ChernobylScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS AND HORMONE LEVELS IN WOMENScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..Urine samples will be assayed for the primary urinary metabolite of melatonin, 6-sulphatoxymelatonin, and levels of LH, FSH, and estradiol. ..
- SHORT-TERM TRAINING ON EPIDEMIOLOGIC METHODSJOSEPH LYON; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Thyroid Disease in People Exposed to Radioactive FalloutJOSEPH LYON; Fiscal Year: 2004..Abstract not provided ..
- Molecular Change and Thyroid Cancer Risk After ChernobylScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..g. recurrence) and individual thyroid radiation dose, patient characteristics, and molecular markers of genetic change. ..
- Enhanced GVHD Prophylaxis in Allogeneic Stem Cell TransplantationDaniel Weisdorf; Fiscal Year: 2007..End of abstract.) ..
- Night Shift Work and Hormone Levels in MenScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2010..Results will provide important new information regarding the underlying biological basis of the emerging evidence linking night shift work with cancer risk. ..