chemical water pollutants

Summary

Summary: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency
    A H Smith
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1093-103. 2000
  2. ncbi Urinary arsenic concentration adjustment factors and malnutrition
    Barbro Nermell
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:212-8. 2008
  3. ncbi Gender and age differences in the metabolism of inorganic arsenic in a highly exposed population in Bangladesh
    Anna Lena Lindberg
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:110-20. 2008
  4. ncbi Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: a national reconnaissance
    Dana W Kolpin
    US Geological Survey, Iowa City, Iowa 52244, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1202-11. 2002
  5. pmc Cancer burden from arsenic in drinking water in Bangladesh
    Yu Chen
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:741-4. 2004
  6. ncbi Ecotoxicology of human pharmaceuticals
    Karl Fent
    University of Applied Sciences Basel, Institute of Environmental Technology, Muttenz, Switzerland
    Aquat Toxicol 76:122-59. 2006
  7. pmc Prevalence of chronic diseases in adults exposed to arsenic-contaminated drinking water
    Kristina M Zierold
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, 800 Sumter St, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1936-7. 2004
  8. ncbi Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS): description of a multidisciplinary epidemiologic investigation
    Habibul Ahsan
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 16:191-205. 2006
  9. ncbi Inorganic arsenic exposure and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mexico
    José Antonio Coronado-González
    Clinical Epidemiologic Research Unit, General Regional Hospital 1 Gabriel Mancera, Mexican Institute of the Social Security, Mexico, D F, Mexico
    Environ Res 104:383-9. 2007
  10. ncbi Public health. Worldwide occurrences of arsenic in ground water
    D Kirk Nordstrom
    Water Resources Division, U S Geological Survey, Boulder, CO 80303, USA
    Science 296:2143-5. 2002

Detail Information

Publications288 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency
    A H Smith
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1093-103. 2000
    ..Taken together with the discovery of arsenic in groundwater in other countries, the experience in Bangladesh shows that groundwater sources throughout the world that are used for drinking-water should be tested for arsenic...
  2. ncbi Urinary arsenic concentration adjustment factors and malnutrition
    Barbro Nermell
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:212-8. 2008
    ..Furthermore, urinary creatinine was found to be significantly associated with urinary arsenic, which further disqualifies the creatinine adjustment...
  3. ncbi Gender and age differences in the metabolism of inorganic arsenic in a highly exposed population in Bangladesh
    Anna Lena Lindberg
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:110-20. 2008
    ..Overall, exposure level of arsenic, gender and age explained at most 30% of the variation in the present study, indicating that genetic polymorphisms are the most important factor influencing the metabolism of inorganic arsenic...
  4. ncbi Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: a national reconnaissance
    Dana W Kolpin
    US Geological Survey, Iowa City, Iowa 52244, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1202-11. 2002
    ....
  5. pmc Cancer burden from arsenic in drinking water in Bangladesh
    Yu Chen
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:741-4. 2004
    ..Results indicated at least a doubling of lifetime mortality risk from liver, bladder, and lung cancers (229.6 vs 103.5 per 100 000 population) in Bangladesh owing to arsenic in drinking water...
  6. ncbi Ecotoxicology of human pharmaceuticals
    Karl Fent
    University of Applied Sciences Basel, Institute of Environmental Technology, Muttenz, Switzerland
    Aquat Toxicol 76:122-59. 2006
    ..This will allow better and comprehensive risk assessments of pharmaceuticals in the future...
  7. pmc Prevalence of chronic diseases in adults exposed to arsenic-contaminated drinking water
    Kristina M Zierold
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, 800 Sumter St, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1936-7. 2004
    ....
  8. ncbi Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS): description of a multidisciplinary epidemiologic investigation
    Habibul Ahsan
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 16:191-205. 2006
    ..HEALS is a valuable resource for examining novel research questions on the health effects of As exposure...
  9. ncbi Inorganic arsenic exposure and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mexico
    José Antonio Coronado-González
    Clinical Epidemiologic Research Unit, General Regional Hospital 1 Gabriel Mancera, Mexican Institute of the Social Security, Mexico, D F, Mexico
    Environ Res 104:383-9. 2007
    ..84; 95% confidence interval: 1.64, 4.92). This data provides additional evidence that inorganic arsenic exposure may be diabetogenic...
  10. ncbi Public health. Worldwide occurrences of arsenic in ground water
    D Kirk Nordstrom
    Water Resources Division, U S Geological Survey, Boulder, CO 80303, USA
    Science 296:2143-5. 2002
  11. ncbi Sodium arsenite impairs insulin secretion and transcription in pancreatic beta-cells
    Andrea Díaz-Villaseñor
    Department of Genomic Medicine and Environmental Toxicology, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 214:30-4. 2006
    ..Our data suggest that arsenic may contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus by impairing pancreatic beta-cell functions, particularly insulin synthesis and secretion...
  12. ncbi Relationships between polychlorinated biphenyls and health status in harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) stranded in the United Kingdom
    Paul D Jepson
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, United Kingdom
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:238-48. 2005
    ....
  13. ncbi Reproductive effects of long-term exposure to Bisphenol A in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas)
    P Sohoni
    Department of Biological Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UB8 3PH
    Environ Sci Technol 35:2917-25. 2001
    ..The results demonstrate that BPA acts as a weak estrogen to fish when administered via the water, with effects on breeding at and above 640 micrograms/L...
  14. ncbi Effect of chronic intake of arsenic-contaminated water on liver
    D N Guha Mazumder
    Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata 700 020, India
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 206:169-75. 2005
    ..Our studies show that prolong drinking of arsenic-contaminated water is associated with hepatomegaly. Predominant lesion of hepatic fibrosis appears to be caused by arsenic induced oxystress...
  15. doi The occurrence of antibiotics in an urban watershed: from wastewater to drinking water
    A J Watkinson
    National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology, 39 Kessels Rd, Coopers Plains, Brisbane QLD 4108, Australia
    Sci Total Environ 407:2711-23. 2009
    ..Despite the presence of antibiotics in surface waters used for drinking water extraction, no targeted antibiotics were detected in any drinking water samples...
  16. doi Contamination of surface, ground, and drinking water from pharmaceutical production
    Jerker Fick
    Department of Chemistry, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Environ Toxicol Chem 28:2522-7. 2009
    ..This raises serious concerns regarding the development of antibiotic resistance, and it creates a major challenge for producers and regulatory agencies to improve the situation...
  17. ncbi Arsenic-induced alteration in the expression of genes related to type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Andrea Díaz-Villaseñor
    Department of Genomic Medicine and Environmental Toxicology, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito Escolar, Cd Universitaria, Coyoacan 04510 Mexico, DF Mexico
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 225:123-33. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi Occurrence of antibiotics in the aquatic environment
    R Hirsch
    ESWE Institute for Water Research and Water Technology, Wiesbaden, Germany
    Sci Total Environ 225:109-18. 1999
    ..This indicates that intake from veterinary applications to the aquatic environment is of minor importance...
  19. ncbi Arsenic contamination awareness among the rural residents in Bangladesh
    Bimal Kanti Paul
    Department of Geography, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:1741-55. 2004
    ..The findings of this study will aid in making existing health education programs more effective and in reducing the risk of developing arsenic-related illnesses...
  20. ncbi Occurrence, fate, and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment: a review of recent research data
    Thomas Heberer
    Institute of Food Chemistry, Technical University of Berlin, Sekr TIB 4 3 1, Gustav Meyer Allee 25, 13355 Berlin, Germany
    Toxicol Lett 131:5-17. 2002
    ..To date, only in a few cases PhACs have also been detected at trace-levels in drinking water samples...
  21. ncbi Sources, fate and transport of perfluorocarboxylates
    Konstantinos Prevedouros
    Department of Applied Environmental Science ITM, Stockholm University, SE 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Sci Technol 40:32-44. 2006
    ..It was estimated that 2-12 tonnes/ year of PFO are transported to the Artic by oceanic transport, which is greater than the amount estimated to result from atmospheric transport/degradation of precursors...
  22. ncbi Arsenic drinking water exposure and urinary excretion among adults in the Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico
    Maria Mercedes Meza
    Department of Natural Resources, ITSON, Cd Obregón, Sonora 85000, Mexico
    Environ Res 96:119-26. 2004
    ..The difference in the proportion of urinary arsenic metabolites in those towns may be due to genetic polymorphisms in the As methylating enzymes of these populations...
  23. ncbi Arsenic contamination in groundwater: a global perspective with emphasis on the Asian scenario
    Amitava Mukherjee
    School of Environmental Studies, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700 032, West Bengal, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:142-63. 2006
    ..Along with the present situation in severely-affected countries in Asia, such as Bangladesh, India, and China, recent instances from Pakistan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Cambodia, etc. are presented...
  24. ncbi Acetylcholinesterase inhibition as a biomarker of adverse effect. A study of Mytilus edulis exposed to the priority pollutant chlorfenvinphos
    Carrie J Rickwood
    University of Saskatchewan, National Water Research Institute, 11 Innovation Blvd, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 3H5
    Aquat Toxicol 67:45-56. 2004
    ..007 mg/l (P = 0.0003). Thus the immune function and well being of the mussels was significantly impacted in the absence of measurable inhibition of haemolymph AChE...
  25. ncbi The solids retention time-a suitable design parameter to evaluate the capacity of wastewater treatment plants to remove micropollutants
    M Clara
    Institute for Water Quality and Waste Management, Vienna University of Technology, A 1040 Vienna, Karlsplatz 13 226, Austria
    Water Res 39:97-106. 2005
    ..This corresponds to the requirements for WWTPs situated in sensitive areas according to the urban wastewater directive of the European Community (91/271/EEC) in moderate climatic zones...
  26. pmc The relationship between birth weight, gestational age and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)-contaminated public drinking water
    Lynda A Nolan
    Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Reprod Toxicol 27:231-8. 2009
    ..Residents drinking PFOA-contaminated water from the Little Hocking Water Association (LHWA) in Washington County, Ohio have serum PFOA levels approximately 80 times those in the general U.S. population...
  27. ncbi Environmental fate of alkylphenols and alkylphenol ethoxylates--a review
    Guang Guo Ying
    CSIRO Land and Water, Adelaide Laboratory, SA, Australia
    Environ Int 28:215-26. 2002
    ..8 microg/kg NP in muscle tissue. APEs degraded faster in the water column than in sediment. Aerobic conditions facilitate easier further biotransformation of APE metabolites than anaerobic conditions...
  28. ncbi The power of size. 1. Rate constants and equilibrium ratios for accumulation of organic substances related to octanol-water partition ratio and species weight
    A J Hendriks
    Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Treatment, P O Box 17, 8200 AA Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Environ Toxicol Chem 20:1399-420. 2001
    ..The model is believed to facilitate various types of scientific interpretation as well as environmental risk assessment...
  29. ncbi Intersexes in Mississippi River shovelnose sturgeon sampled below Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
    J C Harshbarger
    Department of Pathology, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Mar Environ Res 50:247-50. 2000
    ..These findings, however, need to be corroborated by expanded studies with a higher sample size...
  30. pmc Exposure to the herbicide acetochlor alters thyroid hormone-dependent gene expression and metamorphosis in Xenopus Laevis
    Doug Crump
    Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 110:1199-205. 2002
    ..The morphologic changes observed are preceded by alterations in gene expression profiles detected in the tadpole tail, and the nature of these profiles suggest a novel mechanism of action for acetochlor...
  31. ncbi Aquatic environmental assessment of the top 25 English prescription pharmaceuticals
    O A H Jones
    Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
    Water Res 36:5013-22. 2002
    ..No toxicity data was available for the terrestrial environment and no assessment was made...
  32. ncbi Sexual disruption in a second species of wild cyprinid fish (the gudgeon, Gobio gobio) in United Kingdom freshwaters
    R van Aerle
    Environmental and Molecular Fish Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Environ Toxicol Chem 20:2841-7. 2001
    ..Together with the findings in the roach, these data on the gudgeon confirm that sexual disruption in fish in UK rivers is not species specific...
  33. ncbi Pregnancy outcomes, infant mortality, and arsenic in drinking water in West Bengal, India
    O S von Ehrenstein
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:662-9. 2006
    ..However, there was no indication of the increased rates of spontaneous abortion and overall infant mortality that have been reported in some studies...
  34. doi Antiviral drugs in wastewater and surface waters: a new pharmaceutical class of environmental relevance?
    Carsten Prasse
    Federal Institute of Hydrology BfG, Koblenz, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 44:1728-35. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi Exposure to heavy metals and infectious disease mortality in harbour porpoises from England and Wales
    P M Bennett
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Environ Pollut 112:33-40. 2001
    ..Further work is required to evaluate whether chronic exposure to Hg may have presented a toxic challenge to the porpoises that succumbed to infectious disease...
  36. ncbi The use of a non-lethal tool for evaluating toxicological hazard of organochlorine contaminants in Mediterranean cetaceans: new data 10 years after the first paper published in MPB
    M Cristina Fossi
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Siena University, Via delle Cerchia 3, Via Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena, Italy
    Mar Pollut Bull 46:972-82. 2003
    ..delphis. These results suggest that BPMO induction may be an early sign of exposure to organochlorine EDCs and can be used for periodic monitoring of Mediterranean marine mammal toxicological status...
  37. doi Environmental fate of the antiviral drug Tamiflu in two aquatic ecosystems
    Maria Ludovica Saccà
    Department of Agro Environmental Science and Technology, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin 44, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Chemosphere 75:28-33. 2009
    ..The low affinity of OC to sediments suggests that presence of sediments would not reduce its bioavailability to microbial degradation...
  38. ncbi Association between trihalomethane concentrations in drinking water and adverse pregnancy outcome in Taiwan
    Chun Yuh Yang
    Institute of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shih Chuan 1st Rd, Kaohsiung City, 80708, Taiwan
    Environ Res 104:390-5. 2007
    ..The study results provide no evidence of an increased risk of TLBW, SGA, and preterm delivery at the relatively low concentrations of TTHMs in Taiwan's drinking water...
  39. pmc The environmental side effects of medication
    Alistair B A Boxall
    EcoChemistry at the Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York, UK
    EMBO Rep 5:1110-6. 2004
  40. doi A national reconnaissance for pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the United States--II) untreated drinking water sources
    Michael J Focazio
    US Geological Survey, Office of Water Quality, MS 412, 12201 Sunrise Valley Dr, Reston, Virginia 20192, United States
    Sci Total Environ 402:201-16. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents--A critical review
    Dinesh Mohan
    Department of Chemistry, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    J Hazard Mater 142:1-53. 2007
    ..Strong acids and bases seem to be the best desorbing agents to produce arsenic concentrates. Arsenic concentrate treatment and disposal obtained is briefly addressed. This issue is very important but much less discussed...
  42. ncbi Epidemiology. Ensuring safe drinking water in Bangladesh
    M F Ahmed
    Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    Science 314:1687-8. 2006
  43. ncbi Genomic methylation of peripheral blood leukocyte DNA: influences of arsenic and folate in Bangladeshi adults
    J Richard Pilsner
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 60 Haven Avenue, B1, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1179-86. 2007
    ..It is not known whether arsenic exposure influences genomic DNA methylation in human populations chronically exposed to arsenic-contaminated drinking water...
  44. pmc Chronic arsenic exposure and cardiac repolarization abnormalities with QT interval prolongation in a population-based study
    Judy L Mumford
    US Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:690-4. 2007
    ..This acquired form of long QT syndrome can result in life-threatening arrhythmias...
  45. ncbi Removal of antibiotics in conventional and advanced wastewater treatment: implications for environmental discharge and wastewater recycling
    A J Watkinson
    National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology, University of Queensland, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plains, Brisbane, QLD 4108, Australia
    Water Res 41:4164-76. 2007
    ..018, r=0.7). There is currently a lack of information concerning the effects of these chemicals to critically assess potential risks for environmental discharge and water recycling...
  46. ncbi Relative potencies and combination effects of steroidal estrogens in fish
    Karen L Thorpe
    School of Biological Sciences, The Hatherly Laboratory, Exeter University, The Prince of Wales Road, Exeter, Devon, EX4 4PS, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 37:1142-9. 2003
    ....
  47. pmc Maternal concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls and dichlorodiphenyl dichlorethylene and birth weight in Michigan fish eaters: a cohort study
    Wilfried Karmaus
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, 4660 S, Hagadorn Rd, Suite 600, East Lansing, MI 48823, USA
    Environ Health 3:1. 2004
    ..Additionally maternal exposures, such as dichlorodiphenyl-dichloroethylene (DDE), which are related to PCB exposure and may interfere with the PCB effect, were rarely taken into account...
  48. doi Lung cancer and exposure to arsenic in rural Bangladesh
    M G Mostafa
    National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Occup Environ Med 65:765-8. 2008
    ..Arsenic is a known carcinogen but the risk of lung cancer from the widespread contamination of drinking water in rural Bangladesh has not been estimated...
  49. ncbi Histopathological biomarkers in estuarine fish species for the assessment of biological effects of contaminants
    G D Stentiford
    CEFAS Weymouth Laboratory, Barrack Road, The Nothe, Weymouth, Dorset DT4 8UB, UK
    Mar Environ Res 55:137-59. 2003
    ..As such, it provides a powerful integrative tool for the assessment of biological effects of contaminants in these environments...
  50. ncbi Toxic effects of endocrine disrupters on freshwater sponges: common developmental abnormalities
    Malcolm Hill
    Biology Department, Fairfield University, CT 06430, USA
    Environ Pollut 117:295-300. 2002
    ..The utility of freshwater sponge bioassays is discussed as it relates to understanding possible mechanisms of action of endocrine disrupters on aquatic invertebrates...
  51. pmc Drinking-water nitrate, methemoglobinemia, and global burden of disease: a discussion
    Lorna Fewtrell
    Centre for Research into Environment and Health, 5 Quakers Coppice, Crewe Gates Farm, Crewe, Cheshire CW1 6FA, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1371-4. 2004
    ....
  52. ncbi Arsenic metabolism, genetic susceptibility, and risk of premalignant skin lesions in Bangladesh
    Habibul Ahsan
    Departments of Epidemiology, Columbia University, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1270-8. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi Kenneth Mellanby Review Award. Trace metal concentrations in aquatic invertebrates: why and so what?
    Philip S Rainbow
    Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, London, UK
    Environ Pollut 120:497-507. 2002
    ....
  54. ncbi Occurrence and fate of hormone steroids in the environment
    Guang Guo Yin
    CSIRO Land and Water, Adelaide Laboratory, PMB 2, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
    Environ Int 28:545-51. 2002
    ..Consequently, the exposure and risk associated with these chemicals are not adequately understood...
  55. ncbi Arsenic in groundwater in eastern New England: occurrence, controls, and human health implications
    Joseph D Ayotte
    U S Geological Survey, 361 Commerce Way, Pembroke, New Hampshire 03275, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 37:2075-83. 2003
    ..89; r-squared = 0.97). On the basis of water-use information for the aquifers studied, about 103,000 people with private wells could have water supplies with arsenic at levels of concern (greater than 10 microg/L) for human health...
  56. doi Pharmaceutical contamination in residential, industrial, and agricultural waste streams: risk to aqueous environments in Taiwan
    Angela Yu Chen Lin
    National Taiwan University, Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, Taipei, Taiwan
    Chemosphere 74:131-41. 2008
    ..The information provided here will also be useful for development of strategies for regulation and remediation...
  57. ncbi A model for energetics and bioaccumulation in marine mammals with applications to the right whale
    Tin Klanjscek
    Biology Department, MS 34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:2233-50. 2007
    ..Our model provides a platform for further analyses of both individual and population responses of marine mammals to pollution, and to changes in energy availability, including those likely to arise through climate change...
  58. ncbi Behavior and occurrence of estrogens in municipal sewage treatment plants--I. Investigations in Germany, Canada and Brazil
    T A Ternes
    ESWE Institute for Water Research and Water Technology, Wiesbaden, Germany
    Sci Total Environ 225:81-90. 1999
    ..A maximum concentration was found for estrone with 70 ng/l. In 15 investigated German rivers and streams only estrone was present with a maximum concentration of 1.6 ng/l...
  59. ncbi Pathways and metabolites of microbial degradation of selected acidic pharmaceutical and their occurrence in municipal wastewater treated by a membrane bioreactor
    José Benito Quintana
    Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutrición e Bromatoloxía, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Water Res 39:2654-64. 2005
    ..A LC-MS method for the trace analysis of these metabolites in water was developed and applied to municipal wastewater. Municipal wastewater treatment by a membrane bioreactor may gradually improve the removal of these pharmaceuticals...
  60. ncbi Determination and fate of oxytetracycline and related compounds in oxytetracycline production wastewater and the receiving river
    Dong Li
    State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Environ Toxicol Chem 27:80-6. 2008
    ..The mean concentration of beta-apo-OTC in river sediments was 20.8 +/- 7.8 mg/kg, and its ratio to OTC was approximately 0.11, nearly twice the ratio of alpha-apo-OTC and EOTC to OTC (0.058 +/- 0.014 and 0.061 +/- 0.015, respectively)...
  61. ncbi Potencies of estrogenic compounds in in vitro screening assays and in life cycle tests with zebrafish in vivo
    H Segner
    Department of Chemical Ecotoxicology, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research, Permoserstrasse 15, D 04318 Leipzig, Germany
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 54:315-22. 2003
    ..e. the ratio between the activity of the reference compound, EE2, and that of the test compound. The best prediction of the in vivo fish test results was obtained from the recombinant yeast assay...
  62. ncbi Responses of 6500 households to arsenic mitigation in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Alisa Opar
    Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY, USA
    Health Place 13:164-72. 2007
    ..The geo-referenced data indicate that distance to the nearest safe well also influenced household responses...
  63. ncbi Children's intellectual function in relation to arsenic exposure
    Ondine S von Ehrenstein
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Epidemiology 18:44-51. 2007
    ..Very little evidence exists concerning the possible impairment of children's intellectual function in relation to arsenic exposure in utero and during childhood...
  64. ncbi Mercury in the Amazon
    M Lodenius
    Department of Limnology and Environmental Protection, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 157:25-52. 1998
    ..Methylmercury concentrations in hair are often at levels that may cause clinical symptoms of Minamata disease. The greatest health hazard index values have been estimated for people eating contaminated fish...
  65. ncbi Joint algal toxicity of phenylurea herbicides is equally predictable by concentration addition and independent action
    Thomas Backhaus
    Department of Biology and Chemistry, University of Bremen, P O Box 330440, D 28334 Bremen, Germany
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:258-64. 2004
    ..This exceptional case has previously been derived from theoretical considerations. Now, the tested phenylurea mixtures serve as an example for the practical relevance of this situation for multicomponent mixtures...
  66. ncbi Toxicological profile of pollutants in surface water from an area in Taihu Lake, Yangtze Delta
    J H Shen
    Sino-German Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 225 Chongqing Road(s, Shanghai 200025, China
    Toxicology 166:71-8. 2001
    ..The values obtained correlated with the biologically determined estradiol equivalents, indicating that the estrogenic activity is mainly due to natural and synthetic hormones rather than xenoestrogens...
  67. ncbi Comparison between donor substrates for biologically enhanced tetrachloroethene DNAPL dissolution
    Yanru Yang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, California 94305 4020, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:3400-4. 2002
    ..These results suggest potential DNAPL remediation strategies to enhance dehalogenation while controlling competitive methanogenic utilization of donor substrates...
  68. ncbi Removal of pharmaceuticals and fragrances in biological wastewater treatment
    Adriano Joss
    Eawag, Ueberlandstr 133, 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
    Water Res 39:3139-52. 2005
    ..e. removal by sorption and biological transformation)...
  69. ncbi Carbamazepine in water: persistence in the environment, ozonation treatment and preliminary assessment on algal toxicity
    Roberto Andreozzi
    Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Facolta di Ingegneria Chimica, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Italy
    Water Res 36:2869-77. 2002
    ..The possibility of removing CBZ from STP effluents is studied by characterizing its ozonation process through the assessment of kinetics and the distribution of oxidation products...
  70. ncbi Geographical and temporal variation in levels of organochlorine contaminants in marine mammals
    A Aguilar
    Department of Animal Biology and GRUMM, Parc Cientific de Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Mar Environ Res 53:425-52. 2002
    ....
  71. ncbi Association between contaminant tissue residues and effects in aquatic organisms
    Mace G Barron
    P E A K Research, 1134 Avon Lane, Longmont, CO 80501, USA
    Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 173:1-37. 2002
    ....
  72. pmc 16S rRNA gene-based detection of tetrachloroethene-dechlorinating Desulfuromonas and Dehalococcoides species
    F E Löffler
    Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1325, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 66:1369-74. 2000
    ..Microcosm studies confirmed the presence of PCE-dechlorinating, acetate-oxidizing Desulfuromonas and hydrogenotrophic Dehalococcoides species in samples yielding positive PCR signals with the specific primers...
  73. ncbi Occurrence of bisphenol A in surface water and uptake in fish: evaluation of field measurements
    Angelique Belfroid
    Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Chemosphere 49:97-103. 2002
    ..Based on present measured concentrations in surface water and on literature derived toxicity data it was concluded that ecotoxicological effects nor estrogenic effects are likely to occur in the field situation...
  74. ncbi An integrated assessment of estrogenic contamination and biological effects in the aquatic environment of The Netherlands
    A Dick Vethaak
    Institute for Coastal and Marine Management, P O Box 20907, 2500 EX The Hague, The Netherlands
    Chemosphere 59:511-24. 2005
    ....
  75. pmc Endocrine-disrupting effects of cattle feedlot effluent on an aquatic sentinel species, the fathead minnow
    Edward F Orlando
    Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:353-8. 2004
    ..Future studies are needed to further investigate the effects of agricultural runoff and to identify the biologically active agents, whether natural or pharmaceutical in origin...
  76. ncbi Surveys of plasma vitellogenin and intersex in male flounder (Platichthys flesus) as measures of endocrine disruption by estrogenic contamination in United Kingdom estuaries: temporal trends, 1996 to 2001
    Mark F Kirby
    Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Burnham Laboratory, Remembrance Avenue, Burnham on Crouch, Essex CM0 8HA, United Kingdom
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:748-58. 2004
    ..The significance of the findings and possible mitigating influences are discussed in terms of the impacts on wild fish and the role of effluent treatment in reducing these...
  77. ncbi Speciation of arsenic in biological samples
    Badal Kumar Mandal
    Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, Chiba 260 8675, Japan
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 198:307-18. 2004
    ..Therefore, total As concentrations of nails could be considered as biomarker to As exposure in the endemic areas...
  78. ncbi Organochlorine contaminant exposure and associations with hematological and humoral immune functional assays with dam age as a factor in free-ranging northern fur seal pups (Callorhinus ursinus)
    Kimberlee B Beckmen
    Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, P O Box 757000, Fairbanks, AK 99775 7000, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 46:594-606. 2003
    ..Higher OC exposure and poor immune responses in first-born pups may indicate a higher risk of secondary morbidity and mortality than pups of multiparous dams...
  79. ncbi Pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment--a comparison of risk assessment strategies
    J P Bound
    Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BP, UK
    Chemosphere 56:1143-55. 2004
    ..Results demonstrate room for improvement in areas such as the use of threshold values to trigger investigations, chronic and mechanism specific toxicity screening and mixture toxicity for which possible solutions are proposed...
  80. doi Removal of pharmaceuticals during wastewater treatment and environmental risk assessment using hazard indexes
    Meritxell Gros
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IDAEA CSIC, C Jordi Girona 18 26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Int 36:15-26. 2010
    ....
  81. doi PCDD/F source apportionment in the Baltic Sea using positive matrix factorization
    K L Sundqvist
    Department of Chemistry, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Environ Sci Technol 44:1690-7. 2010
    ....
  82. doi Characterizing sources of nitrate leaching from an irrigated dairy farm in Merced County, California
    Martin L van der Schans
    Grontmij, Houten, The Netherlands
    J Contam Hydrol 110:9-21. 2009
    ..Calibrated leaching rates compare favorably to field and farm scale nitrogen mass balances. These data and interpretations provide a basis for developing improved management strategies...
  83. ncbi Assessment of lymphocyte subpopulations and cytokine secretion in children exposed to arsenic
    Gerson A Soto-Peña
    Sección Externa de Toxicología, CINVESTAV, San Pedro Zacatenco, Mexico City, Mexico
    FASEB J 20:779-81. 2006
    ....
  84. pmc Arsenic concentrations in well water and risk of bladder and kidney cancer in Finland
    P Kurttio
    National Public Health Institute, Unit of Environmental Epidemiology, Kuopio, Finland
    Environ Health Perspect 107:705-10. 1999
    ..More studies are needed to confirm the possible association between arsenic and bladder cancer risk at such low exposure levels...
  85. pmc Isotopic variability of mercury in ore, mine-waste calcine, and leachates of mine-waste calcine from areas mined for mercury
    Sarah J Stetson
    Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, 1500 Illinois St, Golden, Colorado 80401, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:7331-6. 2009
    ..Measurement of the Hg isotopic composition of calcine is necessary when using Hg isotopes for tracing Hg sources from areas mined for Hg, especially mine water runoff...
  86. pmc Convergence and divergence in gene expression among natural populations exposed to pollution
    Marla A Fisher
    Department of Biology, University of Hawai i, Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
    BMC Genomics 8:108. 2007
    ..These natural populations provide a foundation to discover critical gene pathways that have evolved in a complex natural environment in response to environmental stressors...
  87. ncbi Effluent from drug manufactures contains extremely high levels of pharmaceuticals
    D G Joakim Larsson
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, Box 434, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Hazard Mater 148:751-5. 2007
    ..The results from the present study call for an increased focus on the potential release of active pharmaceutical ingredients from production facilities in different regions...
  88. ncbi Contamination by arsenic and other trace elements in tube-well water and its risk assessment to humans in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Tetsuro Agusa
    Center for Marine Environmental Studies, CMES, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790 8577, Japan
    Environ Pollut 139:95-106. 2006
    ..To our knowledge, this study revealed for the first time that the residents are exposed not only to As but also Mn and Ba from groundwater in the Red River Delta, Vietnam...
  89. ncbi Long-term arsenic exposure and ischemic heart disease in arseniasis-hyperendemic villages in Taiwan
    Chin Hsiao Tseng
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, No 7, Chung Shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Toxicol Lett 137:15-21. 2003
    ..0 mg/l-years, when compared with those lacking drinking water exposure to arsenic after multivariate adjustment. It is concluded that IHD in the arseniasis-hyperendemic villages in Taiwan was associated with long-term arsenic exposure...
  90. pmc Predictors of PFOA levels in a community surrounding a chemical plant
    Kyle Steenland
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1083-8. 2009
    ..S. Environmental Protection Agency. It does not exist in nature but has been used widely since World War II. It is present in the serum of most Americans at about 4-5 ng/mL, although the routes of exposure remain unknown...
  91. ncbi Effects of atrazine on fish, amphibians, and aquatic reptiles: a critical review
    Keith R Solomon
    Department of Environmental Biology and Centre for Toxicology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Crit Rev Toxicol 38:721-72. 2008
    ..For other responses, such as immune function, stress endocrinology, parasitism, or population-level effects, there are no indications of effects or there is such a paucity of good data that definitive conclusions cannot be made...
  92. pmc Community exposure to perfluorooctanoate: relationships between serum concentrations and exposure sources
    Edward Anthony Emmett
    University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4284, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 48:759-70. 2006
    ....
  93. ncbi Sources of variability in levels and exposure to trihalomethanes
    Cristina M Villanueva
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology CREAL, Institut Municipal d Investigacio Medica IMIM, Doctor Aiguader, 88, Barcelona 08003, Spain
    Environ Res 103:211-20. 2007
    ..In a population that mainly drinks bottled water (e.g., pregnant women), individual THM uptakes are dominated by inhalation and dermal absorption during, showering, swimming in pools, and bathing...
  94. doi Sexually disrupting effects of nonylphenol and diethylstilbestrol on male silver carp (Carassius auratus) in aquatic microcosms
    Lihua Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:400-11. 2008
    ..NP and DES might have different metabolic mechanisms, the estrogenic effects of DES were more significant than those of NP...
  95. pmc Folate and arsenic metabolism: a double-blind, placebo-controlled folic acid-supplementation trial in Bangladesh
    Mary V Gamble
    Departments of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1093-101. 2006
    ..Consequently, folate nutritional status may influence arsenic methylation and toxicity...
  96. ncbi Sulfadimethoxine degradation kinetics in manure as affected by initial concentration, moisture, and temperature
    Q Q Wang
    USDA ARS, U S Salinity Lab, 450 W Big Springs Rd, Riverside, CA 92507, USA
    J Environ Qual 35:2162-9. 2006
    ..During treatment, keeping the manure moist and storing in a moderately warm place under aerobic conditions may also help to diminish sulfadimethoxine contamination...
  97. ncbi Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:1885-99. 2006
    ..Fish (finfish or shellfish) may have health benefits and also contain contaminants, resulting in confusion over the role of fish consumption in a healthy diet...
  98. ncbi Aerobic biodegradation studies of nonylphenol ethoxylates in river water using liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry
    N Jonkers
    Department of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Environ Sci Technol 35:335-40. 2001
    ..In the aerobic degradation pathway, A9PEO2 is formed only to a minor extent and is even further degraded in several days. The endocrine disruptor nonylphenol was not found as a metabolite in this study...
  99. ncbi Biological degradation of pharmaceuticals in municipal wastewater treatment: proposing a classification scheme
    Adriano Joss
    Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag, 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
    Water Res 40:1686-96. 2006
    ....
  100. ncbi Environmental levels of atrazine and its degradation products impair survival skills and growth of red drum larvae
    Maria Del Carmen Alvarez
    University of Texas at Austin, Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas, TX 78373, USA
    Aquat Toxicol 74:229-41. 2005
    ..We conclude that environmentally realistic levels of atrazine induce behavioral and physiological effects on fish larvae that would compromise their survival expectations...
  101. ncbi Disinfectant decay and disinfection by-products formation model development: chlorination and ozonation by-products
    Jinsik Sohn
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kookmin University, Songbuk Gu, Seoul, 136 702, South Korea
    Water Res 38:2461-78. 2004
    ..Additional efforts were performed to reduce the gaps between specific models and their actual application. For instance, temperature effects and configuration of ozone contactors were considered in actual application...

Research Grants62

  1. The Role of Pesticide Dispersion Within Texas Watershed*
    James Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is anticipated that the results produced will provide the preliminary data needed to continue definitive investigations under the auspices of subsequent R01 funding. ..
  2. Mortality and Renal Disease in a Cohort Study of Lead-Exposed Workers in a Survei
    NELSON K STEENLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study would be the far larger than any prior cohort study of lead- exposed subjects, and will provide a model of collaboration across state-based surveillance systems. ..
  3. Mortality and Renal Disease in a Cohort Study of Lead-Exposed Workers in a Survei
    NELSON STEENLAND; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study would be the far larger than any prior cohort study of lead- exposed subjects, and will provide a model of collaboration across state-based surveillance systems. ..
  4. PBDEs, DDT and Neurodevelopment in School-Aged Mexican-American Children
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  5. Health Effects of PCB Exposure from Contaminated Fish
    Susan Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Description (Provided by Applicant) ..
  6. Health Outcomes and Dioxin Exposure of Women and Children in Seveso
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study has the benefit of being a large cohort study with a wide range of TCDD exposure, documented by individual-level TCDD measured in sera collected soon after the explosion. ..
  7. Female Reproductive Outcomes and TCDD Exposure in Seveso
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study has the benefit of being a large cohort study with a wide range of TCDD exposure, documented by individual-level TCDD measured in sera collected soon after the explosion. ..
  8. Nutrition, Exercise, and Weight Management Lifestyle Intervention (NEW Lifestyle)
    John Spangler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..1a. Pilot test the NEW Lifestyle curriculum skills in an internal medicine residency. 2. Evaluate the NEW Lifestyle intervention curriculum. 3. Disseminate the NEW Lifestyle curriculum to other medical schools. ..
  9. PCBs, PBDEs, Hearing Loss & Attention/Impulsivity: Mechanistic Studies in Animals
    Susan Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As in the past, findings from these animal studies will guide the selection of outcome measures for use in the birth cohort. ..
  10. The Joint Risks of Hazadous Air Pollulants Among Childhood Cancer Histotypes
    James Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will identify the areas of high risk and the associated HAPs exposures, information essential to elucidate the role of HAPs and to guide further study. ..
  11. Prescription Opioid Misuse in a Large HMO
    Caleb Banta Green; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Models to identify predictors of opioid misuse will be developed with half of the sample and validated with the other half. De-identified data on non- respondents will be utilized to adjust analyses for any non-response bias. ..
  12. PHASE III TRIAL OF TETRATHIOMOLYBDATE IN PRIMARY BILIAR*
    George Brewer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Abstract Not Provided ..
  13. Health Outcomes and Dioxin Exposure of Women and Children in Seveso
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study has the benefit of being a large cohort study with a wide range of TCDD exposure, documented by individual-level TCDD measured in sera collected soon after the explosion. ..
  14. DDT & PBDE exposure, puberty onset and neurodevelopment in Mexican-American girls
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Health Effects of PCB Exposure from Contaminated Fish
    Susan L Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Adolescence is a period of rapid brain growth and development, yet very little is known about the impact of exposure to chemical contaminants during this period on cognitive and behavioral function. ..
  16. PBDEs, DDT and Neurodevelopment in School-Aged Mexican-American Children
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  17. Characteristics of a putative steroid membrane receptor
    Peter Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, it is important to establish these points for the mPR. In addition, the studies should provide indications of important regulatory events that might occur in human cells. ..
  18. Center for Children's Environmental Health Research
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..ultimate goal: to translate research findings into sustainable strategies to reduce pesticide and other environmental exposures to children, and thus reduce the incidence of environmentally-related childhood disease ..
  19. Development of a Web Based Tobacco Cessation Curriculum
    John Spangler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The ultimate goal will be to develop a highly portable tobacco cessation curriculum that can be used a variety of educational settings. ..
  20. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE OUTCOMES AND TCDD EXPOSURE
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  21. MECHANISMS OF REPRODUCTIVE NEUROENDOCRINE TOXICITY
    Peter Thomas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In addition this teleost model should be valuable as a sentinel of pollution damage to aquatic ecosystems and the potential reproductive hazards of environmental contamination to human populations. ..
  22. Genetic damage in the sperm and blood of workers exposed to benzene
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Lastly, this study is one of the first to investigate the relative sensitivities of sperm and blood cells to chromosomal defects induced by benzene. ..
  23. Reducing pesticide exposures to farmworker children.
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  24. MECHANISMS OF REPRODUCTIVE NEUROENDOCRINE TOXICITY
    Peter Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed study will investigate a novel mechanism of PCB neurotoxicity and neuroendocrine toxicity which may also have significance for other neural functions such as those associated with mental health. ..
  25. Endocrine Disruptors and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide the first data on exposure and health effects of ED pesticides in a highly exposed population, complete the exposure profile of CHAMACOS children, and target interventions to reduce child exposures. ..