occupational air pollutants

Summary

Summary: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Performance of personal inhalable aerosol samplers in very slowly moving air when facing the aerosol source
    O Witschger
    Institut National de Recherche et de Securite, INRS, Laboratoire de Metrologie des Aerosols, BP 27, 54501 Vandoeuvre Cedex, France
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:351-68. 2004
  2. ncbi Indoor air quality and health in offices and other non-industrial working environments
    G Abbritti
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational Medicine and Toxicology Unit, University of Perugia
    Med Lav 97:410-7. 2006
  3. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
  4. pmc Agricultural seed dust as a potential cause of organic dust toxic syndrome
    L A M Smit
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 63:59-67. 2006
  5. pmc Exposure-response relations for self reported asthma and rhinitis in bakers
    J Brisman
    Occupational Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Occup Environ Med 57:335-40. 2000
  6. ncbi Determination of an occupational exposure guideline for manganese using the benchmark method
    Harvey J Clewell
    ENVIRON Int l Corp, Ruston, LA 71270, USA
    Risk Anal 23:1031-46. 2003
  7. ncbi Determination of bisphenol A concentrations in human biological fluids reveals significant early prenatal exposure
    Yumiko Ikezuki
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8655, Japan
    Hum Reprod 17:2839-41. 2002
  8. ncbi Occupational exposure to inhalable wood dust in the member states of the European Union
    Timo Kauppinen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:549-61. 2006
  9. pmc Hematotoxicity in workers exposed to low levels of benzene
    Qing Lan
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NCI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 306:1774-6. 2004
  10. ncbi Exaggerated bronchoconstriction due to inhalation challenges with occupational agents
    J L Malo
    Dept of Chest Medicine, Sacre Coeur Hospital, Montreal, Canada
    Eur Respir J 23:300-3. 2004

Research Grants

  1. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Steven R Patierno; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Stephanie Constant; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Steven R Patierno; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. INHALED POLLUTANTS - MECHANISMS OF INJURY AND ADAPTATION
    Terry Gordon; Fiscal Year: 1993
  5. Retrospective Assessment of Mixed Chemical Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. Mouse Allergen and Inner-City Asthma
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRI
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2001
  8. Mouse Allergen and Inner-City Asthma
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. Expert Decision-making in Exposure Assessment
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. Silica Exposure & Silicosis: Effect of Mixed Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications214 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Performance of personal inhalable aerosol samplers in very slowly moving air when facing the aerosol source
    O Witschger
    Institut National de Recherche et de Securite, INRS, Laboratoire de Metrologie des Aerosols, BP 27, 54501 Vandoeuvre Cedex, France
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:351-68. 2004
    ....
  2. ncbi Indoor air quality and health in offices and other non-industrial working environments
    G Abbritti
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational Medicine and Toxicology Unit, University of Perugia
    Med Lav 97:410-7. 2006
    ..g. Legionnaire disease, asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonia) or non-specific (e.g. the Sick Building Syndrome)...
  3. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
    ....
  4. pmc Agricultural seed dust as a potential cause of organic dust toxic syndrome
    L A M Smit
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 63:59-67. 2006
    ..In addition, microbial and inflammatory characteristics of agricultural seeds were studied...
  5. pmc Exposure-response relations for self reported asthma and rhinitis in bakers
    J Brisman
    Occupational Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Occup Environ Med 57:335-40. 2000
    ..To explore relations between two estimates of exposure to inhalable flour dust, and the incidence rates (IRs) of asthma and rhinitis in bakers...
  6. ncbi Determination of an occupational exposure guideline for manganese using the benchmark method
    Harvey J Clewell
    ENVIRON Int l Corp, Ruston, LA 71270, USA
    Risk Anal 23:1031-46. 2003
    ..1 to 0.3 mg Mn/m3, based on the respirable particulate fraction only, and expressed as an 8-hour time-weighted average...
  7. ncbi Determination of bisphenol A concentrations in human biological fluids reveals significant early prenatal exposure
    Yumiko Ikezuki
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8655, Japan
    Hum Reprod 17:2839-41. 2002
    ..We measured contamination of BPA in various kinds of human biological fluids by a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
  8. ncbi Occupational exposure to inhalable wood dust in the member states of the European Union
    Timo Kauppinen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:549-61. 2006
    ..This kind of assessment procedure integrating measurement data, company data, country-specific data and expert judgement could also serve as one model for the assessment of other occupational exposures...
  9. pmc Hematotoxicity in workers exposed to low levels of benzene
    Qing Lan
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute NCI, National Institutes of Health NIH, Department of Health and Human Services DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 306:1774-6. 2004
    ..Thus, hematotoxicity from exposure to benzene occurred at air levels of 1 ppm or less and may be particularly evident among genetically susceptible subpopulations...
  10. ncbi Exaggerated bronchoconstriction due to inhalation challenges with occupational agents
    J L Malo
    Dept of Chest Medicine, Sacre Coeur Hospital, Montreal, Canada
    Eur Respir J 23:300-3. 2004
    ....
  11. ncbi Passive sampler used for simultaneous measurement of breathing zone size distribution, inhalable dust concentration and other size fractions involving large particles
    T Schneider
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lersoe Parkalle, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 46:187-95. 2002
    ..The results of this study demonstrate the validity of the passive dust sampling principle in environments involving even large (>100 microm) particles and the potential to predict the concentration of several size fractions...
  12. ncbi Identification of human lung and skin proteins conjugated with hexamethylene diisocyanate in vitro and in vivo
    A V Wisnewski
    Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 162:2330-6. 2000
    ..The data from this study identify keratin and other proteins as potential "carriers" for diisocyanates in vivo, and suggest that HDI conjugation of these proteins may play a role in the pathogenesis of diisocyanate-induced asthma...
  13. ncbi Exposure to inhalable dust and endotoxins in agricultural industries
    Suzanne Spaan
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, University of Utrecht, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Environ Monit 8:63-72. 2006
    ..Overall, exposure to endotoxins over the whole range of agricultural industries is high. A 10-1,000 fold reduction in exposure is needed to reduce endotoxin related health risks...
  14. pmc Dermal, inhalation, and internal exposure to 1,6-HDI and its oligomers in car body repair shop workers and industrial spray painters
    A Pronk
    Risk Assessment in the Work Environment, Food and Chemical Risk Analysis, TNO Quality of Life and IRAS, Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 63:624-31. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi Air nicotine and saliva cotinine as indicators of workplace passive smoking exposure and risk
    J L Repace
    Office of Air and Radiation, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Risk Anal 18:71-83. 1998
    ....
  16. ncbi Occupation, chronic bronchitis, and lung function in young adults. An international study
    J P Zock
    Respiratory and Environmental Health Research Unit, Institut Municipal d Investigacio Medica, and Department of Experimental and Health Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 163:1572-7. 2001
    ..In conclusion, occupational exposures contributed to the occurrence of chronic (industrial) bronchitis in young adults. Fixed airflow limitation was not evident, probably due to the relatively young age of this population...
  17. ncbi Worker exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls in elastic polysulphide sealant renovation
    Helena Kontsas
    Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 aA, FIN 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:51-5. 2004
    ..1 microg/m3. The concentrations of PCB 28 and 52 in sera were positively correlated with the concentrations in air samples taken from the breathing zone of six workers (r=0.70 and 0.80)...
  18. pmc Exposures and health effects from inorganic agricultural dusts
    M Schenker
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of California Agricultural Health and Safety Center at Davis, Davis, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 108:661-4. 2000
    ....
  19. pmc Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish pubs: the effect of smoke-free legislation
    Sean Semple
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZP, UK
    Tob Control 16:127-32. 2007
    ..To compare levels of particulate matter, as a marker of secondhand smoke (SHS) levels, in pubs before and 2 months after the implementation of Scottish legislation to prohibit smoking in substantially enclosed public places...
  20. ncbi Monitoring multiwalled carbon nanotube exposure in carbon nanotube research facility
    Jeong Hee Han
    Chemical Safety and Health Research Center, Daejeon, and College of Veterinary, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    Inhal Toxicol 20:741-9. 2008
    ..Therefore, the present study suggests that the conventional industrial hygiene measures can significantly reduce exposure to airborne MWCNTs and other particulate materials in a nano research facility...
  21. ncbi Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure among asphalt paving workers
    M D McClean
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:565-78. 2004
    ....
  22. ncbi Determinants of microbial exposure in grain farming
    A S Halstensen
    Department of Chemical and Biological Working Environment, National Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 8149 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Ann Occup Hyg 51:581-92. 2007
    ..We investigated the influence of weather and production practices on personal microbial exposure during grain work...
  23. ncbi Results from a community-based occupational health survey of Vietnamese-American nail salon workers
    Cora Roelofs
    Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Kitson 200H, 1 University Ave, Lowell, MA 01854, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 10:353-61. 2008
    ..Work-related health effects may be common in nail salon work. Chemical and musculoskeletal hazards should be reduced through product and equipment redesign...
  24. ncbi Determination of isocyanates in air using 1-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine-impregnated filters: long-term sampling performance and field comparison with impingers with dibutylamine
    Carl J Sennbro
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:415-24. 2004
    ..For long-term monitoring the 2MP method can be applied for TDI but, since the method underestimates the concentrations, a correction factor is needed which needs to be corroborated further...
  25. pmc Evidence based guidelines for the prevention, identification, and management of occupational asthma
    P J Nicholson
    Procter and Gamble, Whitehall Lane, Egham, Surrey, UK
    Occup Environ Med 62:290-9. 2005
    ..This work was commissioned by the British Occupational Health Research Foundation to assist the Health and Safety Executive in achieving its target of reducing the incidence of occupational asthma in Great Britain by 30% by 2010...
  26. ncbi Effects of voltage and wire feed speed on weld fume characteristics
    Catherine A Hovde
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 4:903-12. 2007
    ..5 V. Manganese concentration was 1.7 mg/m(3) at 16 V vs. 6.4 mg/m(3) at 23.5 V. The data suggest that welders should use lower voltage levels whenever possible...
  27. doi Human exposure to bisphenol A by biomonitoring: methods, results and assessment of environmental exposures
    Wolfgang Dekant
    Department of Toxicology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 228:114-34. 2008
    ..1 microg/kg bw/day) for the majority of the population...
  28. ncbi [Determination of fumes and their elements from flux cored arc welding]
    Wanda Matczak
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Chemicznych, Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera w Lodzi
    Med Pr 55:481-9. 2004
    ..The aim of this work was to assay the concentration levels and composition of welding fumes, released during flux cored arc welding, to assess exposure of welders...
  29. ncbi Polyisocyanates in occupational environments: a critical review of exposure limits and metrics
    Dhimiter Bello
    University of Massachusetts Lowell, Work Environment Department, KI 200, One University Avenue, Lowell, MA 01854, USA
    Am J Ind Med 46:480-91. 2004
    ..However, with multiple different measurement metrics in use, comparison of isocyanate exposure data between studies and development of occupational exposure limits (OELs) for polyisocyanates is difficult...
  30. ncbi Exposure to airborne microorganisms, dust and endotoxin during processing of valerian roots on farms
    Czesława Skórska
    Department of Occupational Biohazards, Institute of Agricultural Medicine, Jaczewskiego 2, 20 090 Lublin, Poland
    Ann Agric Environ Med 12:119-26. 2005
    ..48 microg/m (3)). In conclusion, farmers cultivating valerian could be exposed during processing of valerian roots to large concentrations of airborne microorganisms, dust and endotoxin posing a risk of work-related respiratory disease...
  31. ncbi Plasma malondialdehyde and erythrocyte glutathione levels in workers with cement dust-exposure [corrected]
    Ayse Orman
    Department of Pulmonary Diseases, The School of Medicine, Kocatepe University, Afyon 03200, Turkey
    Toxicology 207:15-20. 2005
    ..This study was designed to investigate the plasma oxidant and antioxidant status in cement plant workers...
  32. ncbi Process-related risk of beryllium sensitization and disease in a copper-beryllium alloy facility
    Christine R Schuler
    Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Am J Ind Med 47:195-205. 2005
    ..At a copper-beryllium alloy strip and wire finishing facility we performed a cross-sectional survey to examine prevalences of beryllium sensitization and CBD, and relationships between sensitization and CBD and work areas/processes...
  33. pmc Exposure of bakery and pastry apprentices to airborne flour dust using PM2.5 and PM10 personal samplers
    Estelle Mounier-Geyssant
    INSERM National Institute of Health and Medical Research Research unit ERI no 11, 9 Avenue de la Forêt de Haye, BP 184, 54505 Vandoeuvre les Nancy, Cedex, France
    BMC Public Health 7:311. 2007
    ..This study describes exposure levels of bakery and pastry apprentices to flour dust, a known risk factor of occupational asthma...
  34. ncbi Occupational asthma due to manual metal-arc welding of special stainless steels
    T Hannu
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, and Laboratory of Engineering Materials, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    Eur Respir J 26:736-9. 2005
    ..Welding SSS with a special electrode caused a delayed 31% drop in FEV1. In conclusion, exposure to manual metal-arc welding fumes of special stainless steel should be considered as a new cause of occupational asthma...
  35. ncbi Pulmonary fibrosis in a patient with exposure to glass wool fibers
    Alexander Guber
    Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel
    Am J Ind Med 49:1066-9. 2006
    ..Because of this observation, we find it of importance to present a case of interstitial fibrosis, which implies a direct association between long-term exposure to glass wool and the clinical outcome...
  36. ncbi Beryllium: a modern industrial hazard
    Kathleen Kreiss
    Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 28:259-77. 2007
    ..Beryllium sensitization and disease prevention are paradigms for much broader public health action in both occupational and general population settings...
  37. ncbi Exposure to diesel and gasoline engine emissions and the risk of lung cancer
    Marie Elise Parent
    INRS Institut Armand Frappier, University of Quebec, Laval, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 165:53-62. 2007
    ..These results provide some limited support for the hypothesis of an excess lung cancer risk due to diesel exhaust but no support for an increase in risk due to gasoline exhaust...
  38. ncbi Monte Carlo simulation to reconstruct formaldehyde exposure levels from summary parameters reported in the literature
    J Lavoue
    Groupe de recherche interdisciplinaire en sante GRIS, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Faculte de Medecine, Université de Montréal PO Box 6128, Main Station, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
    Ann Occup Hyg 51:161-72. 2007
    ..The procedure was applied to literature regarding formaldehyde exposure in the reconstituted wood panels industry, including oriented-strand board (OSB), medium density fibre board (MDF) and particle board (PB)...
  39. pmc Exposure of hairdressing apprentices to airborne hazardous substances
    Estelle Mounier-Geyssant
    INSERM Research unit ERI n degrees 11, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
    Environ Health 5:23. 2006
    ..Few studies have investigated exposure of hairdressing apprentices to airborne irritants. This study describes exposure levels of apprentices to chemical products used in hairdressing salons in relation with their activity...
  40. ncbi Exposure to airborne microbial components in autumn and spring during work at Danish biofuel plants
    A M Madsen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Denmark Lersø Parkallé 105 DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:821-31. 2006
    ..Differences in exposure levels were seen between the plants and this may partly be due to differences of the process equipment, tasks and the biofuel handled...
  41. pmc Description of industrial pollution in Spain
    Javier Garcia-Perez
    Cancer and Environmental Epidemiology Area, National Centre for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, C Sinesio Delgado, 6, 28029 Madrid, Spain
    BMC Public Health 7:40. 2007
    ..The aim of this paper is to describe industrial air and water pollution in Spain in 2001, broken down by activity group and specific pollutant, and to plot maps depicting emissions of carcinogenic substances...
  42. ncbi Farming and the prevalence of non-reversible airways obstruction: results from a population-based study
    B Lamprecht
    Department of Pneumology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria
    Am J Ind Med 50:421-6. 2007
    ..Occupational exposure to noxious dusts, gases, and fumes most likely contributes to obstructive lung disease. We studied whether self-reported farming work is associated with non-reversible airways obstruction...
  43. ncbi Determination of airborne isocyanates generated during the thermal degradation of car paint in body repair shops
    Michel Boutin
    McGill University, 3450 University Street, FDA Building, Room 31, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2A7
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:385-93. 2006
    ..However, a rapid decrease of the isocyanate concentration was observed while moving away from the emission source. Among the isocyanates detected the most abundant were the monomers (MDI, HDI, TDI and IPDI) and Me-i...
  44. ncbi Airways inflammation among workers in poultry houses
    Ragnar Rylander
    Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Box 414, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 79:487-90. 2006
    ..A study was undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of airway responsiveness measurements to diagnose the presence of airways inflammation and relate this to the workplace exposure...
  45. pmc Early evidence on the effectiveness of clean indoor air legislation in New York State
    Sara M Abrams
    Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:296-8. 2006
    ..The New York State CIAA yielded measurable reductions in ETS exposure for hospitality workers...
  46. ncbi [Environmental and biological monitoring of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in workers of an electric steel foundry]
    E Bergamaschi
    Dipartimento di Clinica Medica, Nefrologia e Scienze della Prevenzione, Sezione di Medicina del Lavoro e Tossicologia Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Parma
    Med Lav 96:390-402. 2005
    ..To assess and classify exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in some specific working areas of a steel foundry operating with a continuous casting process and evaluate biomonitoring data in different job tasks...
  47. pmc Changes induced by exposure of the human lung to glass fiber-reinforced plastic
    Carmelo Abbate
    Department of Social Medicine, Section of Occupational Medicine, Messina University, Messina, Italy
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1725-9. 2006
    ..Inhalation of GRP, independent of environmental concentration, causes alterations of the cellular and humoral components of pulmonary interstitium; these alterations are identified microscopically as acute alveolitis...
  48. ncbi Biological monitoring of bidi industry workers occupationally exposed to tobacco
    R A Bhisey
    Carcinogenesis Division, Cancer Research Institute, Mumbai, India
    Toxicol Lett 108:259-65. 1999
    ..In view of the association between tobacco use and several non-communicable diseases, the findings of the present study indicate an urgent need to minimize tobacco exposure among the processors...
  49. ncbi Characterization of chemical exposures in hairdressing salons
    France Labrèche
    Montreal Department of Public Health, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 18:1014-21. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi Variations in exposure to inhalable wood dust in the Danish furniture industry. Within- and between-worker and factory components estimated from passive dust sampling
    P S Vinzents
    Department of Indoor Air, National Institute of Occupational Health, , , Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 45:603-8. 2001
    ..Grouping by factory showed very poor exposure contrast, as the contrast in exposure level among factories was as low as 0.15...
  51. pmc Association of HSP70 and genotoxic damage in lymphocytes of workers exposed to coke-oven emission
    Chengfeng Xiao
    Institute of Occupational Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, People s Republic of China
    Cell Stress Chaperones 7:396-402. 2002
    ..05). Our results show that individuals who had high Hsp70 levels generally showed lower genotoxic damage than others. These results suggest a role of Hsp70 in the protection of DNA from genotoxic damage induced by coke-oven emission...
  52. ncbi Pulmonary effects of welding fumes: review of worker and experimental animal studies
    James M Antonini
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Am J Ind Med 43:350-60. 2003
    ..Approximately one million workers worldwide perform welding as part of their work duties. Electric arc welding processes produce metal fumes and gases which may be harmful to exposed workers...
  53. ncbi Inflammation but no DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) damage in mice exposed to airborne dust from a biofuel plant
    Anne Mette Madsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 34:278-7. 2008
    ..This study investigated whether exposure to dust from biofuel plants induces DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) damage and inflammation in exposed mice...
  54. ncbi Health effects of welding
    James M Antonini
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road M S 2015, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Crit Rev Toxicol 33:61-103. 2003
    ..Therefore, an understanding of possible adverse health effects of exposure to welding fumes is essential to risk assessment and the development of prevention strategies and will impact a large population of workers...
  55. ncbi Exposure to iron and welding fumes and the risk of lung cancer
    Sie Sie Siew
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, FI 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 34:444-50. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to identify associations between exposure to iron and welding fumes and the incidence of lung cancer among Finnish men...
  56. ncbi Asbestos bodies in the sputum of asbestos workers: correlation with occupational exposure
    C Paris
    Occupational Disease Dept, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France
    Eur Respir J 20:1167-73. 2002
    ..Owing to the new perspectives in lung cancer screening, it might contribute to the identification of high-risk subjects...
  57. ncbi Determinants of wood dust exposure in the Danish furniture industry
    Anders B Mikkelsen
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Skive Hospital, Resenvej 25, DK 7800 Skive, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 46:673-85. 2002
    ..The implications of the results for the prevention of wood dust exposure are discussed...
  58. ncbi Two-zone model application to breathing zone and area welding fume concentration data
    Fred W Boelter
    ENVIRON International, Chicago, Illinois 60068 5772, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 6:298-306. 2009
    ....
  59. doi Manganese, iron, and total particulate exposures to welders
    Michael R Flynn
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina27599 7431, USA Mike
    J Occup Environ Hyg 7:115-26. 2010
    ..There were strong correlations among manganese, iron, and total particulate mass exposures, suggesting simple equations to estimate one fume component from any of the others...
  60. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors of occupational asthma among hairdressers in Turkey
    Muge Akpinar-Elci
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Izmir Chest Diseases and Surgery Training Hospital, Turkey
    J Occup Environ Med 44:585-90. 2002
    ..Occupational asthma did not differ among subgroups of hairdressers. We observed an important risk of occupational asthma among hairdressers. The most prominent risk factors were work intensity and atopy...
  61. ncbi Neurocognitive sequelae of exposure to organic solvents and (meth)acrylates among nail-studio technicians
    Gina L LoSasso
    Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA
    Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 15:44-55. 2002
    ..To evaluate neuropsychologic performance among women occupationally exposed to products commonly used in nail studios...
  62. ncbi Is total mass or mass of alveolar-deposited airborne particles of beryllium a better predictor of the prevalence of disease? A preliminary study of a beryllium processing facility
    M S Kent
    Brush Wellman Inc, Elmore, Ohio, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 16:539-58. 2001
    ..5 microm may be a more relevant exposure metric for predicting the incidence of CBD or sensitization than the total mass concentration of airborne Be...
  63. ncbi Beryllium sensitization and disease among long-term and short-term workers in a beryllium ceramics plant
    P K Henneberger
    Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Road, M S H 2800, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 74:167-76. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Effects of personal exposures on pulmonary function and work-related symptoms among sawmill workers
    J Mandryk
    Epidemiology Unit, National Occupational Health and Safety Commission, GPO Box 58, 2001, Sydney, Australia
    Ann Occup Hyg 44:281-9. 2000
    ..The management and employees of the sawmilling industry should be educated on the potential health effects of wood dust. Wood dust should be controlled at the source...
  65. ncbi Neuropsychological sequelae of exposure to welding fumes in a group of occupationally exposed men
    Rosemarie M Bowler
    Department of Psychology, San Francisco State University, California, USA
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 206:517-29. 2003
    ..Within the group of welders, the number of hours welding was negatively related to scores on verbal learning, auditory span, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and motor efficiency...
  66. ncbi Determination of unreacted 2,4-toluene diisocyanate (2,4TDI) and 2,6-toluene diisocyanate (2,6TDI) in foams at ultratrace level by using HPLC-CIS-MS-MS
    Sebastien Gagne
    Institut de Recherche Robert Sauve en Sante et en Securite du Travail, 505 West De Maisonneuve Blvd, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 3C2
    Analyst 128:1447-51. 2003
    ..The use of HPLC-UVF conventional method failed to detect unreacted isocyanates in foam samples, but TDI monomers were quantified by HPLC-CIS-MS-MS...
  67. pmc Hazardous off-gassing of carbon monoxide and oxygen depletion during ocean transportation of wood pellets
    Urban Svedberg
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 52:259-66. 2008
    ..Redesign, locking and labeling of access doors and the establishment of rigorous entry procedures and training of onboard crew as well as personnel boarding ocean vessels are also important...
  68. ncbi Determinants of isocyanate exposures in auto body repair and refinishing shops
    S R Woskie
    Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, One University Avenue, 01854, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:393-403. 2004
    ..Identification of these key exposure determinants will be useful in targeting exposure evaluation and control efforts to reduce isocyanate exposures...
  69. ncbi Microbial dustiness and particle release of different biofuels
    A M Madsen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lerso Parkalle 104, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:327-38. 2004
    ....
  70. ncbi Emission of hexanal and carbon monoxide from storage of wood pellets, a potential occupational and domestic health hazard
    Urban R A Svedberg
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, SE 851 86 Sundsvall, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:339-49. 2004
    ..The objective of the present study was to investigate and describe the emissions of volatile compounds, particularly hexanal and carbon monoxide, from large- and small-scale storage of wood pellets...
  71. pmc Occupational exposure to welding fume among welders: alterations of manganese, iron, zinc, copper, and lead in body fluids and the oxidative stress status
    Guojun Jane Li
    School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing, PRC
    J Occup Environ Med 46:241-8. 2004
    ..These findings suggest that occupational exposure to welding fumes among welders disturbs the homeostasis of trace elements in systemic circulation and induces oxidative stress...
  72. ncbi Occupational asthma in greenhouse workers
    Eduard Monso
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Catalonia, Spain
    Curr Opin Pulm Med 10:147-50. 2004
    ..Bronchial challenge tests in the workplace have demonstrated occupational asthma in more than 20% of the sensitized greenhouse growers...
  73. ncbi Detailed exposure assessment for a molecular epidemiology study of benzene in two shoe factories in China
    Roel Vermeulen
    Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:105-16. 2004
    ..Our goal was to identify workers with a broad range of benzene exposures, for an epidemiologic study relating exposure to early biologic effects...
  74. ncbi A survey of airborne isocyanate exposure in 13 Swedish polyurethane industries
    Carl J Sennbro
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:405-14. 2004
    ..Isocyanic acid, which could not be sampled by the 2MP method used for personal monitoring, was found by short-term stationary monitoring in levels up to 38 p.p.b. in the flame lamination plants...
  75. doi Airborne exposure to chemical substances in hairdresser salons
    Elena Ronda
    Public Health Department, University of Alicante, Ap de Correos, 99 03080 Alicante, Spain
    Environ Monit Assess 153:83-93. 2009
    ..Hairdressers were exposed to low air levels of a large number of chemical substances mostly related to work related to hair dying. There were no differences between exposure levels in salons in central and suburban areas...
  76. ncbi Occupational exposure levels to wood dust in Italy, 1996-2006
    A Scarselli
    Italian Institute for Occupational Safety And Prevention ISPESL, Occupational Medicine Department, 00198 Rome, Italy
    Occup Environ Med 65:567-74. 2008
    ..Wood dust has been classified as carcinogenic to humans and the association with nasal cancer risk has been observed in a large number of epidemiological studies...
  77. ncbi Biomonitoring spatial and temporal impact of atmospheric dust from a cement industry
    Cristina Branquinho
    Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciencias, Centro de Ecologia e Biologia Vegetal, Campo Grande, Edificio C2, Piso 4, Lisboa, Portugal
    Environ Pollut 151:292-9. 2008
    ..The dust pollution was found to be deposited locally and dependent on: the nature of dust particles and the volume and frequency of precipitation...
  78. ncbi Does air conditioning impact on hygienic quality of indoor air on seagoing vessels?
    Gabriele Meyer
    See Berufsgenossenschaft, Hamburg, Germany
    Int Marit Health 58:71-7. 2007
    ..According to observations by occupational health physicians, nearly 50 % of the seamen on German vessels will get diseases of the upper respiratory tract. An impact of the air-conditioning systems on these diseases has been suggested...
  79. ncbi [Exposure to silica dust in the Polish construction industry]
    Irena Szadkowska-Stanczyk
    Instytut Medycyny Pracy, Zakład Srodowiskowych Zagrozeń Zdrowia, Lodzi
    Med Pr 57:405-13. 2006
    ..e. safety limits for workers' health. The aim of this study was to assess dust exposure of workers employed at selected workposts in the construction industry in Poland...
  80. ncbi Assessment of exposure in epidemiological studies: the example of silica dust
    Dirk Dahmann
    Institut für Gefahrstoff Forschung IGF, Institut an der Ruhr Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 18:452-61. 2008
    ..The impressive number of silica dust measurements and the evaluation of methodological uncertainties allow recommendations for a best practice of exposure assessment for epidemiological studies...
  81. ncbi Assessment of occupational exposures in foundries
    Adel Zakaria
    Occupational Health Department, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University
    J Egypt Public Health Assoc 78:245-64. 2003
    ..The present work is a massive survey, which highlights the occupational hazards in Egyptian foundries...
  82. ncbi Relationships between inhalable, thoracic, and respirable aerosols of metalworking fluids
    Dave K Verma
    Program in Occupational Health and Environmental Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Occup Environ Hyg 4:266-71. 2007
    ..38, 1.51, and 1.13, respectively. These ratios would be useful in assessing metalworking fluid airborne exposure data based on different aerosol fractions and for interpreting occupational exposure standards based on different fractions...
  83. doi Variability in endotoxin exposure levels and consequences for exposure assessment
    Suzanne Spaan
    Division of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80178, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 52:303-16. 2008
    ..Therefore, variance components and determinants of exposure were studied in a large database with >2000 endotoxin measurements...
  84. pmc Determinants of wood dust exposure in the Danish furniture industry--results from two cross-sectional studies 6 years apart
    Vivi Schlunssen
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Institute of Public Health, Aarhus University, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 52:227-38. 2008
    ..This paper investigates determinants of wood dust exposure and trends in dust level in the furniture industry of Viborg County, Denmark, using data from two cross-sectional studies 6 years apart...
  85. ncbi Occupational risks for adenocarcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in the German wood industry
    B Pesch
    BGFA Forschungsinstitut für Arbeitsmedizin der Deutschen Gesetzlichen Unfallversicherung, Burkle de la Camp Platz 1, 44789 Bochum, Germany
    Occup Environ Med 65:191-6. 2008
    ..To examine the risk of wood dust and chemical exposures for adenocarcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses (ADCN) among German wood workers...
  86. ncbi An epidemiological study of reproductive function biomarkers in male welders
    Dag G Ellingsen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway
    Biomarkers 12:497-509. 2007
    ..Lower inhibin B concentrations in the patients could point to a functional impairment of the testicular Sertoli cells, that may be caused by a welding fume component or other factors in their work environment...
  87. ncbi Beryllium surface levels in a military ammunition plant
    Wayne T Sanderson
    University of Iowa, Occupational and Environmental Health, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 5:475-81. 2008
    ....
  88. ncbi Determining the spatial variability of personal sampler inlet locations
    Robert Vinson
    NIOSH, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 4:708-14. 2007
    ..0001). This finding is important because the lapel has always been the sampling location for coal mine dust samples. But these results suggest that the cap location is slightly more indicative of what is breathed through the nose area...
  89. pmc Cross-sectional silica exposure measurements at two Zambian copper mines of Nkana and Mufulira
    Patrick Hayumbu
    University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, 1420 Washington Heights Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 5:86-90. 2008
    ....
  90. ncbi Characteristics of dusts encountered during the production of cemented tungsten carbides
    Aleksandr B Stefaniak
    Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ind Health 45:793-803. 2007
    ..Variability in aerosol respirability and chemical heterogeneity could translate into differences in toxicity and support detailed characterization of physicochemical properties during exposure assessments...
  91. ncbi Redesign of a static horizontal elutriator to perform according to the ISO 7708 respirable convention
    Toshihiko Myojo
    Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Iseigaoka 1 1, Kitakyushu 807 8555, Japan
    Ann Occup Hyg 51:371-8. 2007
    ..The calculated bias of sampled masses with respect to the ISO respirable mass was almost zero for the workplace aerosols...
  92. ncbi Bioallergens in the air of selected areas in Visakhapatnam
    Tanuku Srinivas
    Dept of Biotechnology, College of Engineering GITAM, Visakhapatnam
    J Environ Sci Eng 49:287-92. 2007
    ..The threshold limit value (TLV) and biological exposure indices values should be liaised for each area in the city which will serve as a guide to control health hazards...
  93. ncbi Serum Clara cell protein as an indicator of pulmonary impairment in occupational exposure at aluminum foundry
    Tadeusz Hałatek
    Department of Toxicology and Carcinogenesis, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 19:211-23. 2006
    ..The measurement of serum anti-inflammatory Clara cell protein (CC16) was employed as a peripheral marker of the lung epithelium function...
  94. ncbi Longitudinal lung function decline and wood dust exposure in the furniture industry
    G Jacobsen
    Dept of Occupational Medicine, Region Hospital Skive, Denmark
    Eur Respir J 31:334-42. 2008
    ..In conclusion, in the present low-exposed cohort, female woodworkers had an accelerated decline in lung function, which may be clinically relevant...
  95. ncbi Laboratory and field testing of sampling methods for inhalable and respirable dust
    Markku Linnainmaa
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Kuopio, Finland
    J Occup Environ Hyg 5:28-35. 2008
    ..The results also showed that the Grimm monitor enables real-time dust concentration determinations that are accurate enough for routine monitoring of occupational exposure and for testing efficiency of control measures in workplaces...
  96. ncbi Size distribution of airborne mist and endotoxin-containing particles in metalworking fluid environments
    Hongxia Wang
    University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267 2263, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 4:157-65. 2007
    ..The results call for the size-selective measurement of particles and endotoxin for more comprehensive exposure assessment in MWF facilities...
  97. pmc Effectiveness of a worksite intervention to reduce an occupational exposure: the Minnesota wood dust study
    DeAnn Lazovich
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1498-505. 2002
    ..This study assessed the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce wood dust, a carcinogen, by approximately 26% in small woodworking businesses...
  98. ncbi Total versus inhalable sampler comparison study for the determination of asphalt fume exposures within the road paving industry
    Anthony J Kriech
    Heritage Research Group, 7901 West Morris Street, Indianapolis, IN 46231, USA
    J Environ Monit 6:827-33. 2004
    ..The ratio of IOM/Total was 1.37 for milling asphalt sites, 1.41 for asphalt paving over granular base, and 1.02 for asphalt over asphalt pavements...
  99. ncbi [Preliminary study on monitoring the time weighted average permissible concentration of dust in the air by quartz crystal microbalances]
    Xue qian Li
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 22:227-8. 2004
  100. ncbi Determinants of exposure to metalworking fluid aerosol in small machine shops
    Andrew S Ross
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:383-91. 2004
    ..Factors associated with reduced aerosol exposure included machining aluminum, milling, the height (and shape) of the shop roof (for both sample types) and the presence of mechanical shop ventilation (for the 37 mm cassette samples)...
  101. ncbi Personal exposure to ultrafine particles in the workplace: exploring sampling techniques and strategies
    Derk H Brouwer
    TNO Chemistry, Department of Food and Chemical Risk Analysis, PO Box 360, 3700 AJ Zeist, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:439-53. 2004
    ..For evaluation of workplace exposure to ultrafine particles it is recommended that all relevant characteristics of such exposure are measured as part of a well-designed sampling strategy...

Research Grants128 found, 100 shown here

  1. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Steven R Patierno; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One reason is that workers in the chromium industry are co-exposed to many occupational air pollutants, making it difficult to conclude which specific pollutant(s) is responsible for promoting asthma ..
  2. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Stephanie Constant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..One reason is that workers in the chromium industry are co-exposed to many occupational air pollutants, making it difficult to conclude which specific pollutant(s) is responsible for promoting asthma ..
  3. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Steven R Patierno; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One reason is that workers in the chromium industry are co-exposed to many occupational air pollutants, making it difficult to conclude which specific pollutant(s) is responsible for promoting asthma ..
  4. INHALED POLLUTANTS - MECHANISMS OF INJURY AND ADAPTATION
    Terry Gordon; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..examination of mechanisms responsible for the adverse respiratory effects of common environmental and occupational air pollutants. The project will take place at NYU's Institute of Environmental Medicine which is committed to the ..
  5. Retrospective Assessment of Mixed Chemical Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..However, the methods will be applicable to other industry based epidemiologic studies where the available data are sparse and exposures to chemical mixtures are the norm. ..
  6. Mouse Allergen and Inner-City Asthma
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  7. HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRI
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This information is critical for the development of interventions to prevent and/or ameliorate the adverse consequences of NSBRI. ..
  8. Mouse Allergen and Inner-City Asthma
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  9. Expert Decision-making in Exposure Assessment
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The methodology will be developed using a large occupational exposure dataset from 3M Company, and probabilistic professional judgments obtained from occupational hygienists employed at 3M Company. ..
  10. Silica Exposure & Silicosis: Effect of Mixed Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  11. Silica Exposure & Silicosis: Effect of Mixed Exposures
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  12. Program for Patient-Oriented Environment Health Research and Training
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Importantly, this new project will also serve to advance Dr. Redlich's research skills in new areas and provide a unique opportunity to mentor junior. ..
  13. Mouse Allergen and Asthma Intervention Trial
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRI
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information is critical for the development of interventions to prevent and/or ameliorate the adverse consequences of NSBRI. ..
  15. Mouse Allergen and Inner-City Asthma
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  16. Program for Patient-Oriented Environment Health Research and Training
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Importantly, this new project will also serve to advance Dr. Redlich's research skills in new areas and provide a unique opportunity to mentor junior. ..
  17. HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRI
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This information is critical for the development of interventions to prevent and/or ameliorate the adverse consequences of NSBRI. ..
  18. Isocyanate Skin and Air Exposure: Assessment and Control
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings should be relevant to the millions of workers who produce and use polyurethane products. ..
  19. Mouse Allergen and Inner-City Asthma
    Elizabeth C Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Mouse Allergen Exposure & Mouse Allergic Sensitization
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, improvements in the prediction of allergic sensitization would allow interventions to be targeted in a more practical and efficient manner to those at highest risk. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Mouse Allergen and Inner-City Asthma
    Elizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  22. Isocyanate Skin and Air Exposure: Assessment and Control
    Carrie A Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings should be relevant to the millions of workers who produce and use polyurethane products. ..
  23. Expert Decision-making in Exposure Assessment
    Gurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The methodology will be developed using a large occupational exposure dataset from 3M Company, and probabilistic professional judgments obtained from occupational hygienists employed at 3M Company. ..
  24. OLFACTION IN EPILEPSY
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition to providing a better understanding of the influences of TLE and TLR on human olfactory function, this work may lead to the development of a simple and inexpensive non-invasive means for better establishing TLE seizure loci. ..
  25. Personal Exposure to Engineering Nanoparticles
    Thomas Peters; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is envisioned that the multidisciplinary team of sponsors will play an active roll in both the research and career development component of this award. ..
  26. POSTMENOPAUSAL ESTROGEN INFLUENCES ON OLFACTION
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Third, it would lead to testable hypotheses regarding the role of reproductive hormones, and their underlying mechanisms, in the maintenance of normal olfactory function. ..
  27. Indoor Environment and Symptoms in Office Building
    MARK MENDELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Study of Genetics, Endotoxin and Allergen (SAGE)
    Karin Pacheco; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  29. Indoor Environment and Symptoms in Office Building
    MARK MENDELL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. OLFACTION IN EPILEPSY
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition to providing a better understanding of the influences of TLE and TLR on human olfactory function, this work may lead to the development of a simple and inexpensive non-invasive means for better establishing TLE seizure loci. ..
  31. Workplace Aerosol Sampling at Realistic Low Windspeeds
    James Vincent; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The new research will fill these gaps and place occupational aerosol exposure assessment on a still firmer footing. ..
  32. SURVEILLANCE METHODS FOR HEALTH CARE AND RELATED WORKERS
    John Dement; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Results of the case-based surveillance effort also will have broad application to health care workers. ..
  33. Indoor Environment and Symptoms in Office Building
    MARK MENDELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. POSTMENOPAUSAL ESTROGEN INFLUENCES ON OLFACTION
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Third, it would lead to testable hypotheses regarding the role of reproductive hormones, and their underlying mechanisms, in the maintenance of normal olfactory function. ..
  35. SURVEILLANCE METHODS FOR HEALTH CARE AND RELATED WORKERS
    John Dement; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results of the case-based surveillance effort also will have broad application to health care workers. ..
  36. POSTMENOPAUSAL ESTROGEN INFLUENCES ON OLFACTION
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Third, it would lead to testable hypotheses regarding the role of reproductive hormones, and their underlying mechanisms, in the maintenance of normal olfactory function. ..
  37. SURVEILLANCE METHODS FOR HEALTH CARE AND RELATED WORKERS
    John Dement; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the case-based surveillance effort also will have broad application to health care workers. ..
  38. EVAPORATIVE LOSSES FROM SEMI-VOLATILE MIST SAMPLES
    Peter Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Reevaluated data may be able to be used more effectively in epidemiological studies on the health effects of metalworking fluid mists. ..
  39. OLFACTION IN EPILEPSY
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition to providing a better understanding of the influences of TLE and TLR on human olfactory function, this work may lead to the development of a simple and inexpensive non-invasive means for better establishing TLE seizure loci. ..
  40. METHODS FOR DEVELOPING AND TESTING AEROSOL SAMPLERS
    James Vincent; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..There is currently considerable interest in the international community (including both NIOSH and the EC) in achieving such improvements in new sampler testing and development methodologies. ..
  41. SURVEILLANCE METHODS FOR HEALTH CARE AND RELATED WORKERS
    John Dement; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results of the case-based surveillance effort also will have broad application to health care workers. ..
  42. POSTMENOPAUSAL ESTROGEN INFLUENCES ON OLFACTION
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Third, it would lead to testable hypotheses regarding the role of reproductive hormones, and their underlying mechanisms, in the maintenance of normal olfactory function. ..
  43. OLFACTION IN MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  44. Effects of Spray Surfactant and Particle Charge on Respirable Dust Control
    Peter Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The data generated in this study will help mine operators make informed decisions about the type of surfactant to use in spray systems to maximize dust capture depending on the characteristics of the coal they are mining. ..
  45. OLFACTION IN EPILEPSY
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition to providing a better understanding of the influences of TLE and TLR on human olfactory function, this work may lead to the development of a simple and inexpensive non-invasive means for better establishing TLE seizure loci. ..
  46. METHODS FOR DEVELOPING AND TESTING AEROSOL SAMPLERS
    James Vincent; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..There is currently considerable interest in the international community (including both NIOSH and the EC) in achieving such improvements in new sampler testing and development methodologies. ..
  47. Effects of Spray Surfactant and Particle Charge on Respirable Dust Control
    Peter C Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The data generated in this study will help mine operators make informed decisions about the type of surfactant to use in spray systems to maximize dust capture depending on the characteristics of the coal they are mining. ..
  48. OLFACTION IN MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  49. Personal Exposure to Engineering Nanoparticles
    Thomas Peters; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is envisioned that the multidisciplinary team of sponsors will play an active roll in both the research and career development component of this award. ..
  50. Bisphenol A and Phthalate Exposure in Relation to Fetal Growth and Preterm Birth
    John D Meeker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  51. OLFACTION IN MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  52. Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Orange County, Florida
    Jonathan Samet; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results will be discussed in terms of implications for future use of antidepressants. ..
  53. POSTMENOPAUSAL ESTROGEN INFLUENCES ON OLFACTION
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Third, it would lead to testable hypotheses regarding the role of reproductive hormones, and their underlying mechanisms, in the maintenance of normal olfactory function. ..
  54. MULTIDISCIPLINARY METHODS FOR CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH
    Rosemarie Bowler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. OLFACTION IN EPILEPSY
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition to providing a better understanding of the influences of TLE and TLR on human olfactory function, this work may lead to the development of a simple and inexpensive non-invasive means for better establishing TLE seizure loci. ..
  56. A Cohort Study of Active and Passive Smoking in Korea
    Jonathan Samet; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. METHODS FOR DEVELOPING AND TESTING AEROSOL SAMPLERS
    James Vincent; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..There is currently considerable interest in the international community (including both NIOSH and the EC) in achieving such improvements in new sampler testing and development methodologies. ..
  58. Prolactin as a Growth Factor in Breast Cancer
    Nira Ben Jonathan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The long term goal is to establish FDA-approved, long acting dopamine agonists as suppressor or PRL secretion, resulting in increased efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents in breast cancer patients. ..
  59. Subjective and Behavioral Responses to PREP Design and Marketing
    GREGORY NILES CONNOLLY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Multiple dimensions of PREP design and marketing will be investigated, with particular focus on behavioral and sensory response to PREPs as compared with conventional cigarettes. ..
  60. Longitudinal Study of Isocyanate Asthma in Body Shops
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Endothelial Dysfunction, Oxidative Stress and Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Kenneth Jay Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, we will examine how a derived dietary antioxidant score, based upon measured oxidative potential of specific foods using the ferric-reducing/antioxidant power method, is related to PAD. ..
  62. Prolactin as a Growth Factor in Breast Cancer
    Nira Ben Jonathan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Long Term Goal: To establish PRL as a mitogen/anti-apoptotic factor in breast cancer, serving as the foundation for the design of future breast cancer therapy. ..
  63. Endothelial Dysfunction, Oxidative Stress and Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Kenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, we will examine how a derived dietary antioxidant score, based upon measured oxidative potential of specific foods using the ferric-reducing/antioxidant power method, is related to PAD. ..
  64. Design and Characterization on Cigarettes
    Gregory Connolly; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Findings from this project may have significant implications for treatment efforts as well as development of effective policy and strategies for product regulation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. TIME RELATED FACTORS IN CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Bryan Langholz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The impact of these projects is to expand the design and analysis "tools"' available to epidemiologic research in a way that will improve validity and cost-efficiency. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. Alcohol and Atherosclerosis Pilot Study
    Kenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..At baseline and after 6 months, we will measure several standard and novel cardiovascular risk markers in the blood and will perform magnetic resonance imaging to measure atherosclerosis of the aorta. ..
  67. Determinants and Cardiovascular Consequences of Diabetes in Older Adults
    Kenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  68. Subjective and Behavioral Responses to PREP Design and Marketing
    Gregory Connolly; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Multiple dimensions of PREP design and marketing will be investigated, with particular focus on behavioral and sensory response to PREPs as compared with conventional cigarettes. ..
  69. Disease, Disability and Death in an Aging Workforce
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Organizational characteristics comprise a set of potent contextual factors which modify the relationships between individual and job related risk factors and health outcomes. ..
  70. Disease, Disability and Death in an Aging Workforce
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Organizational characteristics comprise a set of potent contextual factors which modify the relationships between individual and job related risk factors and health outcomes. ..
  71. Chronic Innate Immune Adaptation to Organic Dust
    JILL POOLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..She is a well-supported candidate with a long-standing interest in becoming a physician scientist who will benefit highly from a Clinical Scientist Development Award. ..
  72. Sunshine Education and Research Center
    Stuart Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Design and Characterization on Cigarettes
    Gregory Connolly; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings from this project may have significant implications for treatment efforts as well as development of effective policy and strategies for product regulation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. DESIGN AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CIGARETTES
    Gregory Connolly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Documents will be analyzed and scientific reports will be written on tobacco product design, regulation and characterization. ..
  75. NEONATAL EFFECTS AND METABOLISM OF XENOESTROGENS
    Nira Ben Jonathan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results should provide a much needed experimental foundation for assessing the vulnerability of the neuroendocrine system to insults by environmental factors. ..
  76. Prolactin and Estrogens as Mitogens in Prostate Cancer
    Nira Ben Jonathan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The findings on BPA may reveal the potential risk associated with human exposure to environmental estrogens. ..
  77. DESIGN AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CIGARETTES
    Gregory Connolly; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Documents will be analyzed and scientific reports will be written on tobacco product design, regulation and characterization. ..
  78. Longitudinal Study of Isocyanate Asthma in Body Shops
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  79. Male Reproductive Effects from Exposure to Boron
    Wendie Robbins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  80. INJURY AND MUSCULO-SKELETAL DISORDERS AMONG AGING WORKER
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of these analyses will be used to develop strategies for subsequent intervention trials in this organization and industrial workforces generally. ..
  81. INJURY AND MUSCULO-SKELETAL DISORDERS AMONG AGING WORKER
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The results of these analyses will be used to develop strategies for subsequent intervention trials in this organization and industrial workforces generally. ..
  82. TIME RELATED FACTORS IN CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Bryan Langholz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..During this grant cycle, we intend to develop flexible, descriptive methods for visualizing time-modifying effects and develop methods to test the "additivity of risk" assumption commonly made in models for latency. ..
  83. DESIGN AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CIGARETTES
    Gregory Connolly; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Documents will be analyzed and scientific reports will be written on tobacco product design, regulation and characterization. ..
  84. ISOCYANATE ASTHMA IN AUTOBODY SHOPS
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..When clinical, environmental, and host-modifying factors are fully evaluated, this project should result in the highly practical knowledge needed to diagnose and prevent this important occupational disease. ..
  85. TIME RELATED FACTORS IN CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Bryan Langholz; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..During this grant cycle, we intend to develop flexible, descriptive methods for visualizing time-modifying effects and develop methods to test the "additivity of risk" assumption commonly made in models for latency. ..
  86. NEONATAL EFFECTS AND METABOLISM OF XENOESTROGENS
    Nira Ben Jonathan; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The results should provide a much needed experimental foundation for assessing the vulnerability of the neuroendocrine system to insults by environmental factors. ..
  87. Longitudinal Study of Isocyanate Asthma in Body Shops
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  88. Longitudinal Study of Isocyanate Asthma in Body Shops
    Mark Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  89. Prolactin as a Growth Factor in Breast Cancer
    Nira Ben Jonathan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Long Term Goal: To establish PRL as a mitogen/anti-apoptotic factor in breast cancer, serving as the foundation for the design of future breast cancer therapy. ..
  90. Design and Characterization on Cigarettes
    Gregory Connolly; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings from this project may have significant implications for treatment efforts as well as development of effective policy and strategies for product regulation. ..
  91. Male Reproductive Effects from Exposure to Boron
    Wendie Robbins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  92. Heavy Drinking & Coronary Disease: Acute/Chronic Effects
    Kenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results may prove to have important biological, clinical, and public health implications for the care of CHD. ..