air pollutants

Summary

Summary: Substances which pollute the air.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Diabetes incidence and long-term exposure to air pollution: a cohort study
    Zorana J Andersen
    1Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Diabetes Care 35:92-8. 2012
  2. pmc Relation of DNA methylation of 5'-CpG island of ACSL3 to transplacental exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and childhood asthma
    Frederica Perera
    The Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4488. 2009
  3. pmc Airborne particulate matter and mitochondrial damage: a cross-sectional study
    Lifang Hou
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Environ Health 9:48. 2010
  4. doi High temperature and hospitalizations for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in 12 European cities
    Paola Michelozzi
    Department of Epidemiology Local Health Authority Rome E, Rome, Italy
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:383-9. 2009
  5. doi Estimating the national public health burden associated with exposure to ambient PM2.5 and ozone
    Neal Fann
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    Risk Anal 32:81-95. 2012
  6. pmc Time-series analysis of mortality effects of fine particulate matter components in Detroit and Seattle
    Jiang Zhou
    New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:461-6. 2011
  7. pmc Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of coronary heart disease hospitalization and mortality
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:501-7. 2011
  8. pmc Ambient air pollution and risk for ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack
    Lynda D Lisabeth
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Ann Neurol 64:53-9. 2008
  9. doi Long-term air pollution exposure is associated with neuroinflammation, an altered innate immune response, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, ultrafine particulate deposition, and accumulation of amyloid beta-42 and alpha-synuclein in children and youn
    LILIAN CALDERON-GARCIDUENAS
    Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico City, Mexico
    Toxicol Pathol 36:289-310. 2008
  10. ncbi Translocation of inhaled ultrafine particles to the brain
    G Oberdorster
    Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 16:437-45. 2004

Detail Information

Publications325 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Diabetes incidence and long-term exposure to air pollution: a cohort study
    Zorana J Andersen
    1Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Diabetes Care 35:92-8. 2012
    ..We studied the association between long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and incidence of diabetes...
  2. pmc Relation of DNA methylation of 5'-CpG island of ACSL3 to transplacental exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and childhood asthma
    Frederica Perera
    The Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4488. 2009
    ..The results support the emerging theory of early origins of later life disease development...
  3. pmc Airborne particulate matter and mitochondrial damage: a cross-sectional study
    Lifang Hou
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Environ Health 9:48. 2010
    ..Although mitochondria are both the major intracellular source and target of oxidative stress, the effect of PM on mitochondria has never been evaluated in exposed individuals...
  4. doi High temperature and hospitalizations for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in 12 European cities
    Paola Michelozzi
    Department of Epidemiology Local Health Authority Rome E, Rome, Italy
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:383-9. 2009
    ..Episode analyses of heat waves have documented a comparatively higher impact on mortality than on morbidity (hospital admissions) in European cities. The evidence from daily time series studies is scarce and inconsistent...
  5. doi Estimating the national public health burden associated with exposure to ambient PM2.5 and ozone
    Neal Fann
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    Risk Anal 32:81-95. 2012
    ..5) and ozone ranges from 3.5% in San Jose to 10% in Los Angeles. These results show that despite significant improvements in air quality in recent decades, recent levels of PM(2.5) and ozone still pose a nontrivial risk to public health...
  6. pmc Time-series analysis of mortality effects of fine particulate matter components in Detroit and Seattle
    Jiang Zhou
    New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:461-6. 2011
    ..Recent toxicological and epidemiological studies have shown associations between particulate matter (PM) and adverse health effects, but which PM components are most influential is less well known...
  7. pmc Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of coronary heart disease hospitalization and mortality
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:501-7. 2011
    ..Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that exposure to road traffic is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes...
  8. pmc Ambient air pollution and risk for ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack
    Lynda D Lisabeth
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Ann Neurol 64:53-9. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the association between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and risk for ischemic cerebrovascular events in a US community...
  9. doi Long-term air pollution exposure is associated with neuroinflammation, an altered innate immune response, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, ultrafine particulate deposition, and accumulation of amyloid beta-42 and alpha-synuclein in children and youn
    LILIAN CALDERON-GARCIDUENAS
    Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico City, Mexico
    Toxicol Pathol 36:289-310. 2008
    ..Exposure to air pollution should be considered a risk factor for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, and carriers of the APOE 4 allele could have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease if they reside in a polluted environment...
  10. ncbi Translocation of inhaled ultrafine particles to the brain
    G Oberdorster
    Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 16:437-45. 2004
    ..It could provide a portal of entry into the CNS for solid UFP, circumventing the tight blood-brain barrier. Whether this translocation of inhaled UFP can cause CNS effects needs to be determined in future studies...
  11. pmc Fine particulate matter constituents associated with cardiovascular hospitalizations and mortality in New York City
    Kazuhiko Ito
    New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:467-73. 2011
    ..We investigated this issue in New York City (NYC), where PM originates from regional and local combustion sources...
  12. pmc The role of oxidative stress in ambient particulate matter-induced lung diseases and its implications in the toxicity of engineered nanoparticles
    Ning Li
    Division of NanoMedicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Free Radic Biol Med 44:1689-99. 2008
    ..The importance of cellular antioxidant and detoxification pathways in protecting against particle-induced lung damage will also be discussed...
  13. pmc Fine particle sources and cardiorespiratory morbidity: an application of chemical mass balance and factor analytical source-apportionment methods
    Jeremy A Sarnat
    Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, 1518 Clifton Rd, Room 260, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:459-66. 2008
    ..We analyzed a time-series of chemically speciated PM measurements in Atlanta, Georgia, and conducted an epidemiologic analysis using data from three distinct source-apportionment methods...
  14. pmc Distributed lag analyses of daily hospital admissions and source-apportioned fine particle air pollution
    Ramona Lall
    New York University, School of Medicine, Department of Environmental Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:455-60. 2011
    ..5 µm (PM2.5)] have used chemically nonspecific PM2.5 mass. However, PM2.5 is known to vary in chemical composition with source, and health impacts may vary accordingly...
  15. pmc Insights into the mechanisms and mediators of the effects of air pollution exposure on blood pressure and vascular function in healthy humans
    Robert D Brook
    University of Michigan, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Hypertension 54:659-67. 2009
    ..Our findings demonstrate credible mechanisms whereby fine particulate matter could trigger acute cardiovascular events and that aspects of exposure location may be an important determinant of the health consequences...
  16. doi Extreme air pollution events from bushfires and dust storms and their association with mortality in Sydney, Australia 1994-2007
    Fay Johnston
    Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 23, Hobart 7001, Tasmania, Australia
    Environ Res 111:811-6. 2011
    ..We examined the association between air pollution events and mortality in Sydney from 1997 to 2004...
  17. pmc Prenatal exposure to residential air pollution and infant mental development: modulation by antioxidants and detoxification factors
    Monica Guxens
    Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Carrer Dr Aiguader 88, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Environ Health Perspect 120:144-9. 2012
    ..Air pollution effects on children's neurodevelopment have recently been suggested to occur most likely through the oxidative stress pathway...
  18. doi Local determinants of road traffic noise levels versus determinants of air pollution levels in a Mediterranean city
    Maria Foraster
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona Biomedical Research Park, Dr Aiguader, 88 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Res 111:177-83. 2011
    ..Few studies have investigated their correlation - none in Spain - and results differ among cities...
  19. pmc Risk of nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in relation to long-term exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter: a Canadian national-level cohort study
    Dan L Crouse
    Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 120:708-14. 2012
    ..5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5))]. This is the first national-level cohort study to investigate these risks in Canada...
  20. pmc Spatial and temporal variation in PM(2.5) chemical composition in the United States for health effects studies
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:989-95. 2007
    ..Although numerous studies have demonstrated links between particulate matter (PM) and adverse health effects, the chemical components of the PM mixture that cause injury are unknown...
  21. doi Stability of measured and modelled spatial contrasts in NO(2) over time
    Marloes Eeftens
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Utrecht University, PO Box 80178, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 68:765-70. 2011
    ..We tested the stability of measured and modelled spatial contrasts in outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) pollution across the Netherlands over 8 years...
  22. ncbi Regulation of cytokine production in human alveolar macrophages and airway epithelial cells in response to ambient air pollution particles: further mechanistic studies
    Susanne Becker
    US Environmental Protection Agency, Human Studies Facility, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, 104 Mason Farm Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 207:269-75. 2005
    ..Exposure to coarse and fine PM decreased the expression of TLR4 in the macrophages. Particle-induced decrease in TLR4 and hyporesponsiveness to LPS may be related to LPS tolerance induced by low levels of LPS...
  23. doi Air pollution and birth outcomes: a systematic review
    Prakesh S Shah
    Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Int 37:498-516. 2011
    Several mechanisms are suspected to underlie adverse birth outcomes among mothers exposed to air pollutants, including inflammation, direct toxic effects on fetuses and the placenta, displacement of the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation ..
  24. pmc Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Santiago, Chile and Mexico City, Mexico
    Michelle L Bell
    EnvironmentalHealth, Yale University, New Haven, CT06511, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:796-804. 2008
    ..Factors affecting vulnerability to heat-related mortality are not well understood. Identifying susceptible populations is of particular importance given anticipated rising temperatures from climatic change...
  25. pmc Philip Morris toxicological experiments with fresh sidestream smoke: more toxic than mainstream smoke
    S Schick
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Tob Control 14:396-404. 2005
    ..Exposure to secondhand smoke causes lung cancer; however, there are little data in the open literature on the in vivo toxicology of fresh sidestream cigarette smoke to guide the debate about smoke-free workplaces and public places...
  26. pmc Autism spectrum disorders in relation to distribution of hazardous air pollutants in the san francisco bay area
    Gayle C Windham
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Disease Control, California Department of Health Services, Richmond, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1438-44. 2006
    ..S. Environmental Protection Agency...
  27. pmc Exposures to airborne particulate matter and adverse perinatal outcomes: a biologically plausible mechanistic framework for exploring potential effect modification by nutrition
    Srimathi Kannan
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Human Nutrition Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arboe, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1636-42. 2006
    ....
  28. doi The relationship of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions to the southern California wildfires of 2003
    R J Delfino
    Epidemiology Department, School of Medicine, University of California Irvine, 100 Theory Drive, Irvine, CA 92617 7555, USA
    Occup Environ Med 66:189-97. 2009
    ..The relationship of cardiorespiratory hospital admissions (n = 40 856) to wildfire-related particulate matter (PM(2.5)) during catastrophic wildfires in southern California in October 2003 was evaluated...
  29. ncbi Referent selection in case-crossover analyses of acute health effects of air pollution
    D Levy
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195-7232, USA
    Epidemiology 12:186-92. 2001
    ..In addition, conditional logistic regression analysis is not strictly valid for some case-crossover designs, introducing further bias...
  30. ncbi Air pollution and hospital admissions for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke among medicare beneficiaries
    Gregory A Wellenius
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Stroke 36:2549-53. 2005
    ..The association between short-term elevations in ambient air particles and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is well documented. Ambient particles may similarly increase the risk of stroke...
  31. doi Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution: a cohort study
    Zorana J Andersen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183:455-61. 2011
    ..Short-term exposure to air pollution has been associated with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas the role of long-term exposures on the development of COPD is not yet fully understood...
  32. pmc Oxidative damage to DNA and lipids as biomarkers of exposure to air pollution
    Peter Møller
    Department of Public Health, Section of Environment Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1126-36. 2010
    ..Air pollution is thought to exert health effects through oxidative stress, which causes damage to DNA and lipids...
  33. pmc Prenatal exposure to fine particulate matter and birth weight: variations by particulate constituents and sources
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Epidemiology 21:884-91. 2010
    ..Exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) during pregnancy has been linked to lower birth weight; however, the chemical composition of PM2.5 varies widely. The health effects of PM2.5 constituents are unknown...
  34. pmc Are particulate matter exposures associated with risk of type 2 diabetes?
    ROBIN C PUETT
    South Carolina Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 29208, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:384-9. 2011
    ..Although studies have found that diabetes mellitus (DM) modifies the impact of exposures from air pollution on cardiovascular outcomes, information is limited regarding DM as an air pollution-associated outcome...
  35. doi Traffic-related air pollution, preterm birth and term birth weight in the PIAMA birth cohort study
    Ulrike Gehring
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80178, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Environ Res 111:125-35. 2011
    ..Maternal exposure to air pollution has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Few studies took into account the spatial and temporal variation of air pollution levels...
  36. pmc Traffic-related air toxics and term low birth weight in Los Angeles County, California
    Michelle Wilhelm
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles, 650 Charles E Young Dr, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:132-8. 2012
    Numerous studies have linked criteria air pollutants with adverse birth outcomes, but there is less information on the importance of specific emission sources, such as traffic, and air toxics.
  37. pmc Air pollution exposure during pregnancy, ultrasound measures of fetal growth, and adverse birth outcomes: a prospective cohort study
    Edith H van den Hooven
    Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 120:150-6. 2012
    ..Air pollution exposure during pregnancy might have trimester-specific effects on fetal growth...
  38. pmc Perinatal exposure to hazardous air pollutants and autism spectrum disorders at age 8
    Amy E Kalkbrenner
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Epidemiology 21:631-41. 2010
    Hazardous air pollutants are plausible candidate exposures for autism spectrum disorders. They have been explored in recent studies for their role in the development of these disorders.
  39. pmc Reduction in fine particulate air pollution and mortality: Extended follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities study
    Francine Laden
    Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:667-72. 2006
    ..A large body of epidemiologic literature has found an association of increased fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) with acute and chronic mortality. The effect of improvements in particle exposure is less clear...
  40. doi Lifestyle and environmental factors associated with inflammation, oxidative stress and insulin resistance in children
    Roya Kelishadi
    Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    Atherosclerosis 203:311-9. 2009
    ..Reaching a better understanding of the modifiable factors associated with inflammatory and oxidative biomarkers in children would be relevant to the design of further investigation and prevention strategies...
  41. pmc Maternal personal exposure to airborne benzene and intrauterine growth
    Remy Slama
    INSERM, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, University J Fourier Grenoble, Avenir Team Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Fecundity and Reproduction, U823, Institut Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1313-21. 2009
    Studies relying on outdoor pollutants measures have reported associations between air pollutants and birth weight.
  42. pmc Air pollution and emergency admissions in Boston, MA
    Antonella Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:890-5. 2006
    ..5) is now the particle measure of greatest health and regulatory concern. And little has been published on associations of hospital admissions and PM components...
  43. ncbi Ambient air pollution and cardiovascular emergency department visits
    Kristi Busico Metzger
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 15:46-56. 2004
    Despite evidence supporting an association between ambient air pollutants and cardiovascular disease (CVD), the roles of the physicochemical components of particulate matter (PM) and copollutants are not fully understood...
  44. pmc Short-term associations between ambient air pollutants and pediatric asthma emergency department visits
    Matthew J Strickland
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:307-16. 2010
    Certain outdoor air pollutants cause asthma exacerbations in children...
  45. pmc Childhood lymphohematopoietic cancer incidence and hazardous air pollutants in southeast Texas, 1995-2004
    Kristina W Whitworth
    Division of Epidemiology and Disease Control, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1576-80. 2008
    Cancer is the second leading cause of death among U.S. children with few known risk factors. There is increasing interest in the role of air pollutants, including benzene and 1,3-butadiene, in the etiology of childhood cancers.
  46. pmc Case-crossover analysis of air pollution health effects: a systematic review of methodology and application
    Eduardo Carracedo-Martínez
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1173-82. 2010
    ..Case-crossover is one of the most used designs for analyzing the health-related effects of air pollution. Nevertheless, no one has reviewed its application and methodology in this context...
  47. pmc A cohort study of traffic-related air pollution and mortality in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Michael Jerrett
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:772-7. 2009
    ..Chronic exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) may contribute to premature mortality, but few studies to date have addressed this topic...
  48. ncbi Cytokines involved in the systemic inflammatory response induced by exposure to particulate matter air pollutants (PM(10))
    S F Van Eeden
    McDonald Research Laboratory and iCAPTURE Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:826-30. 2001
    ..Identified cytokines were also measured in the circulation of healthy young subjects exposed to air pollutants during the 1997 Southeast Asian forest fires...
  49. doi Evaluation of the direct systemic and cardiopulmonary effects of diesel particles in spontaneously hypertensive rats
    Abderrahim Nemmar
    Department of Physiology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Toxicology 262:50-6. 2009
    ..We conclude that, in SHR, the presence of DEP in the systemic circulation leads not only to cardiac and systemic changes, but also triggers pulmonary inflammatory reaction involving IL-6, LTB4 and oxidative stress...
  50. pmc Acute effects of ambient particulate matter on mortality in Europe and North America: results from the APHENA study
    Evangelia Samoli
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1480-6. 2008
    ..S. NMMAPS (National Morbidity, Mortality and Air Pollution Study) projects, along with Canadian data...
  51. pmc Association of traffic-related air pollution with children's neurobehavioral functions in Quanzhou, China
    Shunqin Wang
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health Science, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1612-8. 2009
    ..However, few data have been reported on the effects on neurobehavioral function in children...
  52. pmc Association between local traffic-generated air pollution and preeclampsia and preterm delivery in the south coast air basin of California
    Jun Wu
    Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 7555, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1773-9. 2009
    ..Increasing evidence suggests that air pollution adversely affects pregnancy outcomes. Yet few studies have examined how local traffic-generated emissions affect preeclampsia in addition to preterm birth...
  53. pmc Prenatal exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and children's intelligence at 5 years of age in a prospective cohort study in Poland
    Susan Claire Edwards
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1326-31. 2010
    In this prospective cohort study of Caucasian mothers and children in Krakow, Poland, we evaluated the role of prenatal exposure to urban air pollutants in the pathogenesis of neurobehavioral disorders.
  54. ncbi Inflammatory lung injury after bronchial instillation of air pollution particles
    A J Ghio
    Clinical Research Branch, Human Studies Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27599 7315, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:704-8. 2001
    ..Findings suggest that mass may not be the most appropriate metric to use in assessing health effects after PM exposure but rather specific components must be identified and assessed...
  55. ncbi Inhaled particles and lung cancer, part B: paradigms and risk assessment
    Paul J A Borm
    Particle Research, Institut fur Umweltmedizinische Forschung, Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf, Auf m Hennekamp 50, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Int J Cancer 110:3-14. 2004
    ..Apart from such bridging studies, further focus is also needed on surface chemistry and modifications in relation to their adverse biologic effects...
  56. pmc Factors influencing the spatial extent of mobile source air pollution impacts: a meta-analysis
    Ying Zhou
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:89. 2007
    ..in the concept of "hot spots", or more broadly, the "spatial extent" of impacts from traffic-related air pollutants. This review attempts to quantitatively synthesize findings about the spatial extent under various ..
  57. pmc Lung cancer incidence and long-term exposure to air pollution from traffic
    Ole Raaschou-Nielsen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Environ Health Perspect 119:860-5. 2011
    ..Previous studies have shown associations between air pollution and risk for lung cancer...
  58. ncbi Systemic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and activation in clinically healthy children exposed to air pollutants
    L Calderon-Garciduenas
    Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico City, Mexico
    Inhal Toxicol 20:499-506. 2008
    Mexico City children are chronically exposed to significant concentrations of air pollutants and exhibit chronic respiratory-tract inflammation...
  59. pmc Air pollution: mechanisms of neuroinflammation and CNS disease
    Michelle L Block
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Campus, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Trends Neurosci 32:506-16. 2009
    ....
  60. pmc Childhood incident asthma and traffic-related air pollution at home and school
    Rob McConnell
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1021-6. 2010
    ..Traffic-related air pollution has been associated with adverse cardiorespiratory effects, including increased asthma prevalence. However, there has been little study of effects of traffic exposure at school on new-onset asthma...
  61. pmc The impact of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and fine particles on pregnancy outcome
    J Dejmek
    Laboratory of Genetic Ecotoxicology, Regional Institute of Hygiene of Central Bohemia and Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
    Environ Health Perspect 108:1159-64. 2000
    ..The results prove that exposure to c-PAHs in early gestation may influence fetal growth. The particulate matter-IUGR association observed earlier may be at least partly explained by the presence of c-PAHs on particle surfaces...
  62. pmc The effect of dose and timing of dose on the association between airborne particles and survival
    Joel Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Dr, Suite 415 W, P O Box 15698, Boston, MA 02215 USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:64-9. 2008
    ..Similarly, the delay between changes in exposure and changes in health is also important in public health decision making. We addressed these issues using an extended follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities Study...
  63. pmc Endothelial dysfunction: associations with exposure to ambient fine particles in diabetic individuals
    Alexandra Schneider
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, Neuherberg, Germany
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1666-74. 2008
    ..5))] has been associated with cardiovascular and hematologic effects, especially in older people with cardiovascular disease. Some epidemiologic studies suggest that adults with diabetes also may be a particularly susceptible population...
  64. pmc Prenatal airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure and child IQ at age 5 years
    Frederica P Perera
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Healt, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Pediatrics 124:e195-202. 2009
    ..This study evaluated the relationship between prenatal exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and child intelligence...
  65. pmc Genetic and epigenetic variations in inducible nitric oxide synthase promoter, particulate pollution, and exhaled nitric oxide levels in children
    Muhammad T Salam
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, Calif 90089, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 129:232-9.e1-7. 2012
    ..Short-term exposure to air pollution, haplotypes, and DNA methylation in the NOS2 promoter has been associated independently with iNOS expression, Feno levels, or both...
  66. pmc Residential exposure to outdoor air pollution during pregnancy and anthropometric measures at birth in a multicenter cohort in Spain
    Marisa Estarlich
    Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health CIBERESP, Spain
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1333-8. 2011
    ..We assessed the association between exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and anthropometric measures at birth in four areas within the Spanish Children's Health and Environment (INMA) mother and child cohort study...
  67. doi Effects of nitrogen dioxide on human health: systematic review of experimental and epidemiological studies conducted between 2002 and 2006
    Ute Latza
    Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine ZfAM, University of Hamburg, Hamburg State Department for Social Affairs, Family, Health, and Consumer Protection, Hamburg, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 212:271-87. 2009
    ..The effect remained after adjusting for other air pollutants. There was moderate evidence that short-term exposure below a 24-h mean value of 50 microg NO(2)/m(3) at ..
  68. doi Particle traps prevent adverse vascular and prothrombotic effects of diesel engine exhaust inhalation in men
    Andrew J Lucking
    University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary, 49 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, UK
    Circulation 123:1721-8. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to establish whether an exhaust particle trap could prevent these adverse cardiovascular effects in men...
  69. pmc Assessing the influence of traffic-related air pollution on risk of term low birth weight on the basis of land-use-based regression models and measures of air toxics
    Jo Kay C Ghosh
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:1262-74. 2012
    Few studies have examined associations of birth outcomes with toxic air pollutants (air toxics) in traffic exhaust...
  70. doi Particulate air pollution exposure and C-reactive protein during early pregnancy
    Pei Chen Lee
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Epidemiology 22:524-31. 2011
    ..We examined whether air pollution influences serum concentrations of C-reactive protein in early pregnancy...
  71. pmc Risk of asthmatic episodes in children exposed to sulfur dioxide stack emissions from a refinery point source in Montreal, Canada
    Audrey Smargiassi
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:653-9. 2009
    ..This study is an extension of an ecologic study that found an increased rate of hospitalizations for respiratory conditions among children living near petroleum refineries in Montreal (Canada)...
  72. doi Cancer incidence in a petrochemical industry area in Sweden
    Gosta Axelsson
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
    Sci Total Environ 408:4482-7. 2010
    ..50 (0.82-2.53). VOC levels were low. Taking estimated exposure and demographic factors into account, our assessment is that occurrence of cancer was not affected by industrial emissions in any of the studied sites...
  73. pmc Comparative airway inflammatory response of normal volunteers to ozone and lipopolysaccharide challenge
    Michelle L Hernandez
    Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7310, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 22:648-56. 2010
    ..in healthy volunteers induce similar neutrophil responses in the airways; however, downstream activation of innate immune responses differ, suggesting that oxidant versus bacterial air pollutants may be mediated by different mechanisms.
  74. doi Estimation of personal NO2 exposure in a cohort of pregnant women
    Carmen Iñiguez
    Centre Superior d Investigació en Salut Pública, Conselleria de Sanidad, Avenida Cataluña 21, Valencia, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 407:6093-9. 2009
    ..Considering periods shorter than the entire pregnancy will provide us the opportunity to identify specific windows of susceptibility...
  75. doi Associations of primary and secondary organic aerosols with airway and systemic inflammation in an elderly panel cohort
    Ralph J Delfino
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92617 7555, USA
    Epidemiology 21:892-902. 2010
    ....
  76. pmc Ambient air pollutant measurement error: characterization and impacts in a time-series epidemiologic study in Atlanta
    Gretchen T Goldman
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:7692-8. 2010
    ..In this paper, we characterize these errors for selected air pollutants and estimate their impacts on epidemiologic results from an ongoing study of air pollution and emergency ..
  77. doi How much, how long, what, and where: air pollution exposure assessment for epidemiologic studies of respiratory disease
    Michael Brauer
    Sc D, University of British Columbia School of Environmental Health, 3rd Floor, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z3 Canada
    Proc Am Thorac Soc 7:111-5. 2010
    ....
  78. doi Endotoxin and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient fine particulate matter from Fresno, California initiate human monocyte inflammatory responses mediated by reactive oxygen species
    L J den Hartigh
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, Division of Pathology, Microbiology, and Inflammation, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Toxicol In Vitro 24:1993-2002. 2010
    ....
  79. doi Differences in exposure assignment between conception and delivery: the impact of maternal mobility
    Philip J Lupo
    Division of Epidemiology and Disease Control, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Herman Pressler Drive, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:200-8. 2010
    ....
  80. doi Ambient air pollution exposure, residential mobility and term birth weight in Oslo, Norway
    Christian Madsen
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404, Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Environ Res 110:363-71. 2010
    ..However, mobility patterns could introduce possible confounding when examining small-scale variations in exposure by using addresses. This could be of importance in future studies...
  81. pmc Direct impairment of vascular function by diesel exhaust particulate through reduced bioavailability of endothelium-derived nitric oxide induced by superoxide free radicals
    Mark R Miller
    Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 117:611-6. 2009
    ..Diesel exhaust particulate (DEP) is a key arbiter of the adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution...
  82. doi Coarse particles and mortality: evidence from a multi-city study in California
    B J Malig
    California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    Occup Environ Med 66:832-9. 2009
    ....
  83. ncbi Combining regional- and local-scale air quality models with exposure models for use in environmental health studies
    Vlad Isakov
    Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 59:461-72. 2009
    ....
  84. doi Immunotoxicity and environment: immunodysregulation and systemic inflammation in children
    LILIAN CALDERON-GARCIDUENAS
    Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico City, Mexico
    Toxicol Pathol 37:161-9. 2009
    ..Mexico City (MC) children exposed to significant concentrations of air pollutants exhibit chronic respiratory inflammation, systemic inflammation, neuroinflammation, and cognitive deficits...
  85. doi Mapping of background air pollution at a fine spatial scale across the European Union
    Rob Beelen
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Division Environmental Epidemiology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Sci Total Environ 407:1852-67. 2009
    There is a need to understand much more about the geographic variation of air pollutants. This requires the ability to extrapolate from monitoring stations to unsampled locations...
  86. pmc Exposure to traffic-related particles and endotoxin during infancy is associated with wheezing at age 3 years
    Patrick H Ryan
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:1068-75. 2009
    ..Murine models demonstrate a synergistic production of reactive oxygen species on coexposure to diesel exhaust particles and endotoxin...
  87. doi Residential mobility during pregnancy and the potential for ambient air pollution exposure misclassification
    Lei Chen
    University at Albany, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, State University of New York, One University Place, Rensselaer, NY 12144 3456, USA
    Environ Res 110:162-8. 2010
    ..However, the level of observed agreement may decrease for studies that require smaller geographic zones for exposure assignments or with more mobile study populations...
  88. pmc Chronic fine and coarse particulate exposure, mortality, and coronary heart disease in the Nurses' Health Study
    ROBIN C PUETT
    South Carolina Cancer Prevention and Control Program and Department of Epidemiology, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29201, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1697-701. 2009
    ..5 and 10 microm (PM(10-2.5)), may also be important. With respect to mortality and cardiovascular events, questions remain regarding the relative strength of effect sizes for chronic exposure to fine and coarse particles...
  89. pmc Chronic exposure to ambient levels of urban particles affects mouse lung development
    Thais Mauad
    Department of Pathology, Sao Paulo University Medical School, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 178:721-8. 2008
    ..Chronic exposure to air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on children's lung growth...
  90. pmc Ultrafine particles from diesel vehicle emissions at different driving cycles induce differential vascular pro-inflammatory responses: implication of chemical components and NF-kappaB signaling
    Rongsong Li
    Biomedical Engineering and Cardiovascular Medicine, USC, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Part Fibre Toxicol 7:6. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that UFP1 and UFP2 with distinct chemical compositions induce differential pro-inflammatory responses in endothelial cells...
  91. pmc Living near major traffic roads and risk of deep vein thrombosis
    Andrea Baccarelli
    EPOCA Research Center for Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Via San Barnaba 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Circulation 119:3118-24. 2009
    ..We investigated whether living near major traffic roads increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), using distance from roads as a proxy for traffic exposure...
  92. ncbi Outdoor exposure to airborne polycyclic organic matter and adverse reproductive outcomes: a pilot study
    Z P Vassilev
    Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, 170 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    Am J Ind Med 40:255-62. 2001
    ....
  93. pmc Association between GIS-based exposure to urban air pollution during pregnancy and birth weight in the INMA Sabadell Cohort
    Inmaculada Aguilera
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1322-7. 2009
    ..There is growing evidence that traffic-related air pollution reduces birth weight. Improving exposure assessment is a key issue to advance in this research area...
  94. doi Effects of indoor, outdoor, and personal exposure to particulate air pollution on cardiovascular physiology and systemic mediators in seniors
    Ling Liu
    Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0K9
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1088-98. 2009
    ..To investigate the associations between exposure to particulate air pollution and changes in cardiovascular function and plasma mediators in seniors...
  95. pmc Deposition and biokinetics of inhaled nanoparticles
    Marianne Geiser
    Institute of Anatomy, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 2, CH 3000 Bern 9, Switzerland
    Part Fibre Toxicol 7:2. 2010
    ..We emphasize the importance for quantitative analyses and the use of particle doses derived from real world exposures...
  96. pmc Evaluating efficiency-equality tradeoffs for mobile source control strategies in an urban area
    Jonathan I Levy
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Risk Anal 29:34-47. 2009
    ..Our analysis demonstrates the viability of formal analytical approaches to jointly address both efficiency and equality in risk assessment, providing a tool for decisionmakers who wish to consider both issues...
  97. pmc Acute effects of air pollution on pulmonary function, airway inflammation, and oxidative stress in asthmatic children
    Ling Liu
    Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:668-74. 2009
    ..Air pollution is associated with respiratory symptoms, lung function decrements, and hospitalizations. However, there is little information about the influence of air pollution on lung injury...
  98. ncbi An investigation of the relationship between air emissions of volatile organic compounds and the incidence of cancer in Indiana counties
    Michael L Boeglin
    Environmental Science Research Center, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, 1315 E Tenth Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Environ Res 100:242-54. 2006
    ..Our results indicate a relationship between emissions of VOCs and the incidence of some types of cancers. Most notable were strong correlations between VOC emissions and cancers of the brain, nervous system, endocrine system, and skin...
  99. pmc Cause-specific mortality and the extended effects of particulate pollution and temperature exposure
    Patrick G Goodman
    School of Physics, Dublin Institute of Technology, and St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Environ Health Perspect 112:179-85. 2004
    ..This analysis suggests that studies on the acute effects of air pollution have underestimated the total effects of temperature and particulate air pollution on mortality...
  100. doi Role of oxidative stress in ultrafine particle-induced exacerbation of allergic lung inflammation
    Francesca Alessandrini
    Division of Environmental Dermatology and Allergy, Helmholtz Zentrum Technische Universität München, ZAUM Center for Allergy and Environment, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Neuherberg, Germany
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:984-91. 2009
    ..The effects of ultrafine particle inhalation on allergic airway inflammation are of growing interest. The mechanisms underlying these effects are currently under investigation...
  101. pmc Acute adverse effects of fine particulate air pollution on ventricular repolarization
    Duanping Liao
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1010-5. 2010
    ..The mechanisms for the relationship between particulate pollution and cardiac disease are not fully understood...

Research Grants94

  1. Effect of Air Pollution and Traffic on Birth Outcomes
    Kathleen Belanger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Since all exposure assessments have some limitations, we propose four methods to measure exposure to air pollutants: central site monitors; a GIS/traffic model; land use regression to measure NO2 exposure; and satellite ..
  2. Environmental Determinants of Sleep Disturbance: Role of Ambient Air Pollution
    Jiu Chiuan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Although these toxicological data support the role of ambient air pollutants in sleep disturbance, no epidemiologic investigation has been conducted for this pathophysiologically ..
  3. VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..about adverse developmental effects in infants and young children from prenatal exposure to environmental air pollutants, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), particulate matter (PM2...
  4. Environmental Effects on Lung Function in Cystic Fibrosis Patients
    Christopher Goss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our objective is to assess and clarify the association between air pollutants and CF lung health and mortality among U.S. CF patients...
  5. ASTHMA SEVERITY IN CHILDREN AND ENVIRONMENTAL AGENTS
    Brian Leaderer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An Ambient Air Quality Standard for acidic aerosol is being considered. we will examine these two air pollutants, which are of major interest to outdoor air quality, in an indoor environment where multiple and potentially ..
  6. Hazardous Air Pollutants and Lymphohematopoietic Cancer Incidence in Houston 1995
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Small Grants Program for Cancer Epidemiology PI: Symanski, Elaine 1 R03 CA128106-01 Title: Hazardous Air Pollutants and Lymphohematopoietic Cancer Incidence in Houston 1995-2005 Research and Related attachment #6: Project ..
  7. Diesel-Induced Alterations of Influenza Infectivity
    Terry L Noah; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Exposure to air pollutants, such as diesel exhaust (DE), is associated with airway inflammation, increased susceptibility to viral infection, and exacerbation of underlying respiratory disorders including allergic asthma...
  8. Air Pollution and Asthma in Southeast Louisiana
    BADIOLLAH ASRABADI; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..provider in Southeast Louisiana, proposes this project for a comprehensive study to identify asthma-triggering air pollutants in Southeast Louisiana...
  9. Mutagenesis of p53 by reactive PAH and ROS
    JEFFREY M FIELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous environmental air pollutants that result from fossil fuel combustion and cigarette smoking. PAH exposure is a major risk factor in human lung carcinogenesis...
  10. Mutagenesis of p53 by reactive PAH and ROS
    JEFFREY M FIELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous environmental air pollutants that result from fossil fuel combustion and cigarette smoking. PAH exposure is a major risk factor in human lung carcinogenesis...
  11. Mutagenesis of p53 by reactive PAH and ROS
    Jeffrey Field; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous environmental air pollutants that result from fossil fuel combustion and cigarette smoking. PAH exposure is a major risk factor in human lung carcinogenesis...
  12. Shared Mechanisms of Pulmonary Lymphocyte Activation by Bacteria and Toxicants
    Michael Borchers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Environmental exposure to fundamentally diverse agonists such as bacteria and air pollutants can signal through shared mechanisms to activate the innate immune system...
  13. Pediatric Asthma, Particulate Air Pollution and NO2
    RALPH DELFINO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    The pro-inflammatory role of air pollutants and their modifying influence on allergic inflammation may partly explain the increase in asthma prevalence, morbidity, and mortality...
  14. ENHANCEMENT OF CORONARY CONSTRICTION BY COMBUSTION-SOURCE AIR TOXICS
    Matthew Campen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Clinical and experimental research suggests that air pollutants can acutely induce a vasoconstrictive mechanism, though a clear connection between such studies and the ..
  15. ENHANCEMENT OF CORONARY CONSTRICTION BY COMBUSTION-SOURCE AIR TOXICS
    Matthew J Campen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Clinical and experimental research suggests that air pollutants can acutely induce a vasoconstrictive mechanism, though a clear connection between such studies and the ..
  16. ENHANCEMENT OF CORONARY CONSTRICTION BY COMBUSTION-SOURCE AIR TOXICS
    Matthew J Campen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Clinical and experimental research suggests that air pollutants can acutely induce a vasoconstrictive mechanism, though a clear connection between such studies and the ..
  17. EFFECTS OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTANTS ON ANNUAL MORTALITY
    George Thurston; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of the mortality experience of the ACS prospective cohort population in relation to ambient concentrations of air pollutants in the communities in which they reside. In addition to the PM2...
  18. AIRWAY DISEASE AND COCKROACH EXPOSURE IN PUBLIC HOUSING
    Kathleen Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..asthma morbidity with focus on cockroach and other allergen exposure, endotoxin exposure, exposure to indoor air pollutants (PM2.5 and PM10) and obesity...
  19. Exposure to Indoor Air Pollutants and Birth Outcomes
    Amna Siddiqui; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Since use of wood is prevalent and risk of LBW is high, this study will explain a large proportion of LBW. Results will have significant implications of preventing this outcome. ..