Summary: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Publications216 found, 100 shown here
- Categorization framework to aid exposure assessment of nanomaterials in consumer productsSteffen Foss Hansen
Department of Environmental Engineering, NanoDTU Environment and Health, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Building 113, Kgs Lyngby 2800, Denmark
Ecotoxicology 17:438-47. 2008..The application of sun lotion containing 2% nanoparticles result in an exposure of 56.7 mg kg(-1) bw d(-1) for a 2-year-old child, if the amounts applied correspond to the European Commission recommendations on use of sunscreen...
- Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredientsGerhard J Nohynek
L Oreal R and D, Global Safety Evaluation, 92600 Asnières, France
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 243:239-59. 2010..In the interest of all stakeholders, consumers, regulatory bodies and producers, there is an urgent need for an international harmonization on the status and safety requirements of these products and their ingredients...
- Alternative (non-animal) methods for cosmetics testing: current status and future prospects-2010Sarah Adler
Centre for Documentation and Evaluation of Alternatives to Animal Experiments ZEBET, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment BfR, Berlin, Germany
Arch Toxicol 85:367-485. 2011The 7th amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive prohibits to put animal-tested cosmetics on the market in Europe after 2013...
- Lip colour affects perceived sex typicality and attractiveness of human facesIan D Stephen
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK
Perception 39:1104-10. 2010..The association between lip colour contrast and attractiveness in women's faces may be attributable to its association with oxygenated blood perfusion indicating oestrogen levels, sexual arousal, and cardiac and respiratory health...
- Engineered inorganic nanoparticles and cosmetics: facts, issues, knowledge gaps and challengesJohann W Wiechers
Independent Consultant for Cosmetic Science, JW Solutions, Gasthuispolderweg 30, 2807 LL Gouda, The Netherlands
J Biomed Nanotechnol 6:408-31. 2010..concerning the safety and environmental impact of ENPs used in cosmetics. This review paper seeks to address the twin concerns of the safety of cosmetics and the potential environmental ..
- Ultrasound-assisted emulsification of cosmetic samples prior to elemental analysis by different atomic spectrometric techniquesI Lavilla
Departamento de Quimica Analitica y Alimentaria, Area de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Vigo, As Lagoas Marcosende s n, 36310 Vigo, Spain
Talanta 80:109-16. 2009..Microwave-assisted digestion and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry were used for comparison purposes. Relative standard deviations from analysis of five independent emulsions were less than 9% in all cases...
- A sex difference in facial contrast and its exaggeration by cosmeticsRichard Russell
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Perception 38:1211-9. 2009..Application of cosmetics was found to consistently increase facial contrast...
- Simultaneous analysis of antioxidants and preservatives in cosmetics by supercritical fluid extraction combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometryMaw Rong Lee
Department of Chemistry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
J Chromatogr A 1120:244-51. 2006..Detection limits are achieved at the level of 4.7-142 ng/g. It was successfully applied to the determination of paraben preservatives and antioxidants in cosmetics without tedious pretreatment.
- Mercury poisoning associated with a Mexican beauty creamM M Weldon
Epidemic Intelligence Service EIS Epidemiology Program Office, CDC Atlanta, GA, USA
West J Med 173:15-8; discussion 19. 2000....
- Validation of HPLC method for the simultaneous and quantitative determination of 12 UV-filters in cosmeticsM Nyeborg
Laboratoire COTY LANCASTER, Recherche et développement analytique, 6, avenue Albert II, 98000 Monaco, France
Int J Cosmet Sci 32:47-53. 2010..UV measurements were carried out at multi-wavelengths, according to the absorption of the analytes...
- Allergic contact dermatitis from cosmetics. Retrospective analysis of 819 patch-tested patientsL Kohl
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital St Pierre, Brussels, Belgium
Dermatology 204:334-7. 2002b>Cosmetics have been used since the oldest known civilisations, and nowadays almost everybody resorts to beauty products.
- Testing strategies in mutagenicity and genetic toxicology: an appraisal of the guidelines of the European Scientific Committee for Cosmetics and Non-Food Products for the evaluation of hair dyesD J Kirkland
Covance Laboratories Limited, Otley Road, Harrogate HG3 1PY, UK
Mutat Res 588:88-105. 2005The European Scientific Committee on Cosmetics and Non-Food Products (SCCNFP) guideline for testing of hair dyes for genotoxic/mutagenic/carcinogenic potential has been reviewed...
- Ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics among the tribal communities of North-West Frontier Province, PakistanArshad Mehmood Abbasi
Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
J Ethnopharmacol 128:322-35. 2010The present investigation is an attempt to find out ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics.
- A gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method to determine skin-whitening agents in cosmetic productsAlberto Chisvert
Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Valencia, Doctor Moliner Street, 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
Talanta 81:530-6. 2010..kojic acid, azelaic acid and arbutin) and two forbidden (resorcinol and hydroquinone) skin-whitening agents in cosmetics. The method is based on gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric detection, which allows the two ..
- ECVAM's response to the changing political environment for alternatives: consequences of the European Union chemicals and cosmetics policiesThomas Hartung
ECVAM, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, European Commission Joint Research Centre, 21020 Ispra (VA, Italy
Altern Lab Anim 31:473-81. 2003..In essence, steering groups formed by ECVAM senior staff, and complemented with external experts, will carry out the project management and will coordinate the various inputs...
- Decorative cosmetics improve the quality of life in patients with disfiguring skin diseasesWolf Henning Boehncke
Department of Dermatology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Theodor Stern Kai 7, D 60590, Frankfurt Main, Germany
Eur J Dermatol 12:577-80. 2002..We therefore asked whether the application of decorative cosmetics might increase their quality of life...
- A tiered approach to the use of alternatives to animal testing for the safety assessment of cosmetics: genotoxicity. A COLIPA analysisStefan Pfuhler
Procter and Gamble, Miami Valley Laboratories, Cincinnati, OH 45253, USA
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 57:315-24. 2010..Due to the 7th amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive ban on in vivo genotoxicity testing for cosmetics that was enacted March 2009, it is no longer ..
- Complications of chronic use of skin lightening cosmeticsYetunde M Olumide
Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria
Int J Dermatol 47:344-53. 2008Skin lightening (bleaching) cosmetics and toiletries are widely used in most African countries. The active ingredients in these cosmetic products are hydroquinone, mercury and corticosteroids...
- Database search for safety information on cosmetic ingredientsMarleen Pauwels
Department of Toxicology, Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 49:208-16. 2007..It should be mentioned that the search strategies described are equally useful as a starting point for any quest for safety data on chemicals or chemical-related substances in general...
- Safety evaluation of cosmetics in the EU. Reality and challenges for the toxicologistMarleen Pauwels
Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Department of Toxicology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Toxicol Lett 151:7-17. 2004..i) The full responsibility for the safety of cosmetics for human health is placed on the manufacturer, first importer in the EU or marketer...
- Rapid detection of ricin in cosmetics and elimination of artifacts associated with wheat lectinJacqueline Dayan-Kenigsberg
Unité Biotechnologie, Biochimie des Protéines et Macromolécules, agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé, 143 boulevard Anatole France, 93285 Saint Denis Cedex, France
J Immunol Methods 336:251-4. 2008Ricin can be detected in cosmetics at 0.005 microg/mL in the analytical sample using lateral flow devices (LFDs). Wheat germ, an ingredient used in skin care products is also a potential source of wheat lectin...
- [Allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics containing Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil)]T M Fritz
Dermatologische Klinik, , Suisse
Ann Dermatol Venereol 128:123-6. 2001..DISCUSSION: The allergic potential of low concentrations of Melaleuca alternifolia is presumed to be low on healthy skin. Photoaged Melaleuca alternifolia must be considered to be a stronger sensitizer...
- Human health safety evaluation of cosmetics in the EU: a legally imposed challenge to scienceM Pauwels
Department of Toxicology, Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 243:260-74. 2010..substances, biocides, plant protection products, food additives, medicinal products, and of course also cosmetics. Horizontal legislative texts, on the contrary, cover more general fields such as protection of experimental ..
- Allergic contact dermatitis to copolymers in cosmetics--case report and review of the literatureSarah Quartier
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Catholic University Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium
Contact Dermatitis 55:257-67. 2006..Allergic contact dermatitis to 6 copolymers in cosmetics and 1 in a medical dressing has been described; however, the nature of the hapten is still unknown...
- Glucosides as unexpected allergens in cosmeticsA Goossens
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Contact Dermatitis 48:164-6. 2003
- Silver nanoparticles as a safe preservative for use in cosmeticsSatoshi Kokura
Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
Nanomedicine 6:570-4. 2010..These results suggest that Ag nanoparticles may have potential for use as a preservative in cosmetics. From the clinical editor: In this study, the effects of recently synthesized Ag nanoparticles were investigated ..
- A rapid and reliable size-exclusion chromatographic method for determination of kojic dipalmitate in skin-whitening cosmetic productsAngel Balaguer
Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Valencia, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
Talanta 75:407-11. 2008..The chromatographic run takes less than 8 min to complete. All these features make the method easy to apply to quality control in the cosmetic industry...
- Cosmetics in the treatment of acne vulgarisElla L Toombs
Aesthetic Dermatology of Dupont Circle, Washington, DC 20009, USA
Dermatol Clin 23:575-81, viii. 2005This article describes scenarios of patients who have acne vulgaris have tried over-the-counter products and cosmetics and are disheartened by the persistence of their disease and the resulting scars...
- Methylisothiazolinone, an emerging allergen in cosmetics?Juan García-Gavín
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, University of Santiago de Compostela, University Hospital Complex, Spain
Contact Dermatitis 63:96-101. 2010..In cosmetics, methylisothiazoline (MI) is permitted in a concentration of 100 p.p.m., while 15 p.p.m...
- Possible relation of Tunisian pemphigus with traditional cosmetics: a multicenter case-control studySylvie Bastuji-Garin
Department of Public Health, Hôpital Henri Mondor AP HP, Universite Paris XII, Creteil, France
Am J Epidemiol 155:249-56. 2002..factors were significantly associated with pemphigus in multivariate logistic regression analyses: traditional cosmetics (odds ratio (OR) = 4.0, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1, 14.8); Turkish baths (OR = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.4, 7...
- Novel approaches in herbal cosmeticsDeep Chanchal
Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Institute, Kumhari, Chattisgarh, India
J Cosmet Dermatol 7:89-95. 2008..that combine the benefits of nutracosmetical ingredients with the elegance, skin feel, and delivery systems of cosmetics. Herbs and spices have been used in maintaining and enhancing human beauty because herbs have many beneficial ..
- Safety of ingredients used in cosmeticsWilma F Bergfeld
Dermatology Department, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 52:125-32. 2005The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) program was established in 1976 by the Cosmetics, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, with the support of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Consumer Federation of America (CFA)...
- Composition of eye cosmetics (kohls) used in CairoAndrew Hardy
ITMS Section, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi campus, United Arab Emirates
Int J Environ Health Res 14:83-91. 2004..For the last two samples the main component of each was an unknown amorphous organic compound...
- Plants used in cosmeticsTalal Aburjai
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
Phytother Res 17:987-1000. 2003..Essential oils when incorporated into finished products impart many benefits such as a pleasant aroma in perfumery, shine or conditioning effects in hair care products, emolliency and improving the elasticity of the skin...
- Natural surfactants used in cosmetics: glycolipidsN Lourith
School of Cosmetic Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiangrai, Thailand
Int J Cosmet Sci 31:255-61. 2009..Sophorolipids, rhamnolipids and mannosylerythritol lipids are the most widely used glycolipids biosurfactant in cosmetics. Literatures and patents relevant to these three glycolipids reviewed were emphasizing on the cosmetic ..
- Ethnopharmacognostic survey on the natural ingredients used in folk cosmetics, cosmeceuticals and remedies for healing skin diseases in the inland Marches, Central-Eastern ItalyAndrea Pieroni
Department of Pharmacy, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, UK
J Ethnopharmacol 91:331-44. 2004An ethnopharmaceutical study focused on domestic cosmetics, cosmeceuticals, and remedies to heal skin diseases traditionally used in the inland part of the Marches region (Central-Eastern Italy) has been conducted...
- Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used by Assamese people for various skin ailments and cosmeticsAbinash Pratim Saikia
Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, North Guwahati-781039, Assam, India
J Ethnopharmacol 106:149-57. 2006..paper deals with the medicinal plants used by the people of Assam for curing different skin ailments and for cosmetics. A total of 85 plants belonging to 49 families have been documented for their therapeutic use against skin ..
- Endocrine disrupters and human health: could oestrogenic chemicals in body care cosmetics adversely affect breast cancer incidence in women?Philip W Harvey
Department of Toxicology, Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK
J Appl Toxicol 24:167-76. 2004..However, the hypothesis that chemicals applied in body care cosmetics (including moisturizers, creams, sprays or lotions applied to axilla or chest or breast areas) may be affecting ..
- Q fever outbreak at a cosmetics supply factoryAmanda J Wade
Department of Infectious Diseases, Geelong Hospital, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
Clin Infect Dis 42:e50-2. 2006..We describe an outbreak of 4 cases occurring in a factory that processes ovine fetal products for the cosmetics industry...
- Analysis of consumer cosmetic products for phthalate estersJean C Hubinger
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD 20740, USA
J Cosmet Sci 57:127-37. 2006..Based on the available exposure and toxicity data, the FDA has concluded that there is insufficient data to conclude that a human health hazard exists from exposure to phthalate esters from cosmetic products...
- Prevalence of sunless tanning product use and related behaviors among adults in the United States: results from a national surveyJo Ellen Stryker
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 56:387-90. 2007....
- Estimated exposure to phthaiates in cosmetics and risk assessmentHyun Jung Koo
College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Kyonggi-do, South Korea
J Toxicol Environ Health A 67:1901-14. 2004..To predict possible human exposure to phthalates in cosmetics, the levels of DEHP, diethyl phthalate (DEP), DBP, and butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP) were determined by high-..
- Cosmetic formulations containing Lithospermum erythrorhizon root extract show moisturizing effects on human skinMan Jau Chang
Graduate Institute of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC
Arch Dermatol Res 300:317-23. 2008..68 +/- 0.79% for emulsion LES5.00. Taken together, our data demonstrate that LES is more effective in increasing skin humidity and decreasing the TEWL values, indicating the potential skin care effects of LES...
- Triacylglycerols profiling in plant oils important in food industry, dietetics and cosmetics using high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometryMiroslav Lísa
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, nam Cs Legii 565, 53210 Pardubice, Czech Republic
J Chromatogr A 1198:115-30. 2008..cm has been applied for the high resolution separation of plant oils important in food industry, dietetics and cosmetics. Positive-ion atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry is used for the unambiguous ..
- From miso, sakÃ© and shoyu to cosmetics: a century of science for kojic acidRonald Bentley
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Nat Prod Rep 23:1046-62. 2006..It was one of the first secondary metabolites to have its biosynthetic pathway studied by the isotope tracer technique, and, more recently, has been of interest as a skin lightening agent. There are 112 references...
- Environmental oestrogens, cosmetics and breast cancerP D Darbre
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Reading, P O Box 228, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 20:121-43. 2006..However, it is emerging that the breast is also exposed to a range of oestrogenic chemicals applied as cosmetics to the underarm and breast area...
- Contact sensitization from Compositae-containing herbal remedies and cosmeticsEvy Paulsen
National Allergy Research Center for Consumer Products, Gentofte, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 47:189-98. 2002..some of the oldest and most valued medicinal plants, and the increasing popularity of herbal medicine and cosmetics may theoretically result in a growing number of Compositae sensitizations from these sources...
- Contact dermatitis: epidemiology and frequent sensitizers to cosmeticsT L Diepgen
Department of Social Medicine, Center of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 21:9-13. 2007..Fragrances and preservatives used in cosmetics are among the most common allergens in contact allergic dermatitis, although the frequency of contact allergy in ..
- An epidemiological survey of the use of cosmetic skin lightening cosmetics among traders in Lagos, NigeriaS B Adebajo
Department of Community Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
West Afr J Med 21:51-5. 2002..to ascertain the extent of this practice and what socio-cultural and economic factors determine the use of these cosmetics. Prevalence of use of skin lightening cosmetics was 77.3% comprising ninety-six males (27...
- Toxicological profile of diethyl phthalate: a vehicle for fragrance and cosmetic ingredientsA M Api
Research Institute for Fragrance Materials Inc, Two University Plaza, Suite 406, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA
Food Chem Toxicol 39:97-108. 2001..75 mg/kg/day oral exposure) indicates no significant toxic liability for the use of DEP in fragrances and cosmetic products...
- Predictive ability of reconstructed human epidermis equivalents for the assessment of skin irritation of cosmeticsC Faller
Cosmital SA Research Company of Wella AG, Germany, Rte de Chesalles 21, CH 1723 Marly, Switzerland
Toxicol In Vitro 16:557-72. 2002..These models allow the measurement of quantifiable and objective endpoints relevant to in vivo irritative phenomena...
- Analysis of ceramides in cosmetics by reversed-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with collision-induced dissociationMyoung Hee Lee
Department of Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejon 305-764, Korea
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 17:64-75. 2003..electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) was employed for determination of commercial ceramides in cosmetics for quality control of the product formulation...
- Environmentally friendly LC for the simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and its derivatives in skin-whitening cosmeticsAngel Balaguer
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
J Sep Sci 31:229-36. 2008Ascorbic acid (AA), also known as vitamin C, is a very popular skin-whitening agent used in cosmetics. However, the use of AA (and also its sodium or magnesium salts) in cosmetic products is limited owing to its labile oxidative ..
- Assessment of principal parabens used in cosmetics after their passage through human epidermis-dermis layers (ex-vivo study)Sawsan El Hussein
Cutaneous Engineering and Biology Laboratory EA 3183, IFR 133, University of Franche Comte, Besancon, France
Exp Dermatol 16:830-6. 2007..This situation provokes the accumulation of these molecules which were considered by some authors as the cause of skin toxicities and carcinogenicity...
- Repair of photoaged dermal matrix by topical application of a cosmetic 'antiageing' productR E B Watson
Dermatological Sciences Research Group, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Br J Dermatol 158:472-7. 2008..To date, little is known regarding the ability of over-the-counter 'antiageing' products to repair photoaged skin...
- Is the application of cosmetics containing protein-derived products safe?Catherine Pecquet
Centre d Allergologie, Hopital Tenon, Paris, France
Contact Dermatitis 46:123. 2002
- Recovery of DNA for forensic analysis from lip cosmeticsL G Webb
Forensic Biology Laboratory, Forensic Services, PathCentre, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
J Forensic Sci 46:1474-9. 2001..a reference DNA profile from a missing person, we analyzed a variety of personal effects, including two lip cosmetics, both of which gave full DNA profiles...
- Naturally occurring tyrosinase inhibitors: mechanism and applications in skin health, cosmetics and agriculture industriesShoukat Parvez
National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering NIBGE, P O 577, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Phytother Res 21:805-16. 2007..to prevent tyrosinase action encourages researchers to seek new potent tyrosinase inhibitors for food and cosmetics. This article presents a study on the importance of tyrosinase, biochemical characteristics, type of inhibitions,..
- Optical characteristics of titanium oxide interference film and the film laminated with oxides and their applications for cosmeticsTakahiro Kaida
Nihon Koken Kogyo Company, Ltd, Tachikawa-shi, Japan
J Cosmet Sci 55:219-20. 2004
- Sex, beauty, and the relative luminance of facial featuresRichard Russell
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 45 Carleton Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
Perception 32:1093-107. 2003..One of the more consistent uses of cosmetics to make the female face more attractive is to darken the eyes and mouth relative to the surrounding skin...
- Behavior of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and hormones in a sewage treatment plantMarta Carballa
Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Water Res 38:2918-26. 2004..However, the concentration of estrone increased along the treatment due to the partial oxidation of 17beta-estradiol in the aeration tank...
- A study of the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and YemenAndrew D Hardy
Centre for Medical History, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, Devon, UK
J Cosmet Sci 59:399-418. 2008This study looks at the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen. Of especial interest was how many samples in each country contain the toxic element lead...
- Underarm cosmetics and breast cancerP D Darbre
Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
J Appl Toxicol 23:89-95. 2003..It has been suggested recently that underarm cosmetics might be a cause of breast cancer, because these cosmetics contain a variety of chemicals that are applied ..
- Determination of genetic toxicity and potential carcinogenicity in vitro--challenges post the Seventh Amendment to the European Cosmetics DirectiveD J Tweats
The Medical School, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, UK
Mutagenesis 22:5-13. 2007..and replacement are the basis for EU and national animal protection laws the Seventh Amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive will ban the marketing of cosmetic/personal care products that contain ingredients that have been ..
- Positive patch-test reactions to gold: patients' perception of relevance and the role of titanium dioxide in cosmeticsSusan Nedorost
Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals of Cleveland Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
Dermatitis 16:67-70; quiz 55-6. 2005..We speculate that titanium dioxide in cosmetics and sunscreens may adsorb gold particles in jewelry that occasionally contacts facial skin and cause contact ..
- Preservatives and skin sensitization quantitative risk assessmentDavid A Basketter
Unilever, Colworth House, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire, UK
Dermatitis 19:20-7. 2008..Often, this is in association with exposure to cosmetics or medicaments...
- Systemic contact dermatitis from propylene glycolAbigail Lowther
University Hospitals Department of Dermatology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
Dermatitis 19:105-8. 2008..Avoidance of dietary PG includes attention to labels on food and medication and the avoidance of certain foods in restaurants when ingredients cannot be verified...
- The value of patch testing patients with a scattered generalized distribution of dermatitis: retrospective cross-sectional analyses of North American Contact Dermatitis Group data, 2001 to 2004Kathryn A Zug
Section of Dermatology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03755, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 59:426-31. 2008..A scattered generalized distribution (SGD) of dermatitis is a challenging problem; patch testing is a strategy for evaluating allergic contact dermatitis as a relevant factor...
- Can the reporting of adverse skin reactions to cosmetics be improved? A prospective clinical study using a structured protocolBerit Berne
Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Dermatology and Venereology, University Hospital, S 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
Contact Dermatitis 58:223-7. 2008The use of cosmetics is rising, and adverse reactions to these products are increasing. In Sweden, the Medical Products Agency (MPA) keeps a voluntary reporting system for such adverse reactions...
- Allergic contact dermatitis to hydroxydecyl ubiquinone: a newly described contact allergen in cosmeticsJ D Fleming
Core Medical Training, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 OHS, UK
Contact Dermatitis 58:245. 2008
- Cosmetic dermatitis in Chinese eczema patients patch tested with a modified European standard series of allergensWen-Hui Wang
Department of Dermatology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
Contact Dermatitis 53:314-9. 2005..These results suggested that CACD is very common in CEP patch tested. PPD and FM are the leading allergens identified. CACD should be strongly considered in CEP with positive PT reactions to PPD, FM and imidazolidinylurea...
- Allergic contact dermatitis to idebenone in an over-the-counter anti-ageing creamJ Natkunarajah
Department of Dermatology, St George's Hospital, Blackshaw Road, London SW17 OQT, UK
Contact Dermatitis 58:239. 2008
- Parabens: a review of epidemiology, structure, allergenicity, and hormonal propertiesAllison L Cashman
University of Minnesota, School of Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, and the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Dermatitis 16:57-66; quiz 55-6. 2005..The epidemiology, structural properties, allergenicity, hormonal properties, and hypotheses regarding the "paraben paradox" are addressed in this review...
- Concepts in skin care maintenanceZoe Diana Draelos
Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
Cutis 76:19-25. 2005....
- Decreasing trends in methyldibromo glutaronitrile contact allergy--following regulatory interventionJeanne D Johansen
National Allergy Research Centre, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 59:48-51. 2008The preservative methyldibromo glutaronitrile (MDBGN) has been banned, first from stay-on, and later from rinse-off cosmetics, in the EU countries because of increasing rates of contact allergy.
- Prolonged paresthesia due to sculptured acrylic nailsDan Slodownik
Occupational Dermatology Research and Education Centre, Melbourne, Skin and Cancer Foundation Inc, VIC 3053, Australia
Contact Dermatitis 56:298-9. 2007..Allergic reactions to acrylates in sculptured nails are common. However, there are few reports of paresthesia as a consequence of acrylic exposure, and such paresthesia does not necessarily accompany the evolution of the dermatitis...
- Improving post-patch-test education with the contact allergen replacement databaseCaroline Caperton
Dermatitis 18:101-2. 2007
- A rare nail polish allergen: phthalic anhydride, trimellitic anhydride and glycols copolymerAude S Nassif
Institut Pasteur, Centre Medical, Service d'Allergologie, 25, rue du Dr Roux 75015 Paris, France
Contact Dermatitis 56:172-3. 2007
- Benzophenone 4: an emerging allergen in cosmetics and toiletries?T Merion Hughes
Department of Occupational Dermatology, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, Gwent NP20 2UB, UK
Contact Dermatitis 56:153-6. 2007..over the last few decades, been increasingly used not only in conventional sunscreen products but also in many cosmetics and toiletries...
- Patients with vulval pruritus: patch test resultsSerap Utas
Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
Contact Dermatitis 58:296-8. 2008..Allergic contact sensitivity is an important factor in such patients but may also occur as a secondary event in women with vulval dermatoses...
- Allergic contact dermatitis due to hydrophilized ceramideJun Yajima
Kasukabe Dermatology Clinic, Saitama, Japan
Contact Dermatitis 47:245. 2002
- Allergic contact dermatitis to hydrolyzed wheat protein in a cosmetic creamSamantha Hann
Department of Occupational Dermatology, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, Wales, UK
Contact Dermatitis 56:119-20. 2007..Hydrolyzed wheat protein is used as an additive in several cosmetic products. We present a case of contact allergy to hydrolyzed wheat protein found in a cosmetic cream and highlight this additive is a potential allergen...
- Chelitis from contact allergy to citral in lip salveE Hindle
Hope Hospital, Stott Lane, Salford, UK
Contact Dermatitis 57:125-6. 2007
- Role of contact sensitization in chronic urticariaLaura Guerra
Allergy and Respiratory Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa, Italy
J Am Acad Dermatol 56:88-90. 2007..In all patients, avoidance measures led to a complete remission within 1 month. We suggest that testing for contact sensitization can be helpful in the management of chronic urticaria...
- Allergic contact dermatitis to panthenol and cocamidopropyl PG dimonium chloride phosphate in a facial hydrating lotionHugh Roberts
Occupational Dermatology Research and Education Centre, Skin and Cancer Foundation, Melbourne, Victoria, VIC 3053, Australia
Contact Dermatitis 55:369-70. 2006..Although it is a common ingredient in many pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, contact allergy is relatively uncommon...
- Contact allergy to methyldibromo glutaronitrile--data from a 'front line' networkJeanne D Johansen
National Allergy Research Centre, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 52:138-41. 2005....
- Allergy to tea tree oil: retrospective review of 41 cases with positive patch tests over 4.5 yearsTim Rutherford
The Skin and Cancer Foundation, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Australas J Dermatol 48:83-7. 2007..Given tea tree oil from freshly opened tea tree oil products elicits no or weak reactions, oxidized tea tree oil should be used for patch testing...
- Allergic contact dermatitis from ethylcyanoacrylate in an office worker with artificial nails led to months of sick leaveM Isaksson
Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, , Lund University, SE 20502 Malm, Sweden
Contact Dermatitis 57:346-7. 2007
- Tetrahydracurcumin-related allergic contact dermatitisDonna A Thompson
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NSH Trust, Stoke-on-Trent, UK
Contact Dermatitis 55:254-5. 2006
- [Contact allergy to fragrances]Marta Kiec-Swierczynska
Przychodnia Chorób Zawodowych, Instytut Medycyny Pracy, Lodzi
Med Pr 57:431-7. 2006..The aim of the study was to assess whether the fragrance mix is suitable for detecting allergy to aromas in persons with suspected occupational allergy and also to analyze types of allergy to separate fragrances...
- Allergic contact dermatitis from 3-iodo-2-propynyl-butylcarbamate (IPBC) - an updateL E Bryld
Department of Dermatology, Gentofte University Hospital, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 44:276-8. 2001..In 2 cases, sensitization could be attributed to cosmetics, and in a further 2 cases cosmetics were the most likely cause of sensitisation...
- Iodopropynylbutyl carbamate 0.2% is suggested for patch testing of patients with eczema possibly related to preservativesJ Brasch
Department of Dermatology, University of Schleswig Holstein, Kiel, Germany
Br J Dermatol 151:608-15. 2004..Although cases of allergic contact dermatitis to IPBC have been reported, it is not known whether the usual test concentration of 0.1% is appropriate for screening tests with IPBC...
- Are adverse skin reactions to cosmetics underestimated in the clinical assessment of contact dermatitis? A prospective study among 1075 patients attending Swedish patch test clinicsMagnus Lindberg
Department of Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Derm Venereol 84:291-5. 2004It is known that cosmetics and skin care products can cause adverse skin reactions. However, the frequency of adverse reactions reported to the Medical Product Agency (MPA) in Sweden is low...
- Patch test for the detection of contact allergensN Akhtar
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, BSMMU
Mymensingh Med J 13:181-4. 2004..6%), Nickel Sulphate (15.2%) and PPD (11.2%) were found to be the common allergen and in CSS--Octyl Gallate (27.69%), Getrimide (18.92%), Balsum of Peru (15.38%), Thiomersal (12.31%) were found to be the common allergens...
- Allergic contact cheilitis in the United Kingdom: a retrospective studyRoland M Strauss
Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Unit, Amersham Hospital, Whielden Street, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, HP7 0JD, United Kingdom
Am J Contact Dermat 14:75-7. 2003..To date, only a few cohorts of patients with allergic cheilitis have been described, most of them from Australia and Asia...
- Allergic contact dermatitis from medium-chain triglycerides in a moisturizing lotionS Laube
Birmingham Skin Centre, City Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham B18 7QH, UK
Contact Dermatitis 47:171. 2002
- Sensitive skin products: 2003Andrew J Scheman
Department of Dermatology, Northwestern University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
Skinmed 2:374-5. 2003
- Allergic contact dermatitis from propylene glycol ricinoleate in a lipstickJunko Sowa
Department of Dermatology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Daido Hospital, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan
Contact Dermatitis 48:228-9. 2003
- The role of 3-dimethylaminopropylamine and amidoamine in contact allergy to cocamidopropylbetaineCaterina Foti
Department of Internal Medicine, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Bari, Italy
Contact Dermatitis 48:194-8. 2003..In addition, we advise that testing of CAPB be suspended, because, as suggested by chemico-structural analyses and demonstrated in vivo, when thoroughly purified, it no longer has a sensitizing action...
- Fragrance allergy and hand eczema - a reviewS Heydorn
Department of Dermatology, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 48:59-66. 2003..As exposures to fragrances on the hands are often simultaneous exposures to irritants, this combined exposure approach needs to be considered...
- [Contact sensitization to external agents]S M Erdmann
Hautklinik, Universitätsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Aachen
Hautarzt 54:331-7. 2003..Especially fragrances and preservatives in cosmetics play an important global role in eliciting contact allergies...
- Developmental Neurotoxicity of Phthalate EstersBernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental contaminants found in cosmetics, household furnishings, medical devices, toys, and numerous other products. Human exposures are universal...
- METABOLISM AND TOXICITY OF HYDROQUINONE THIOETHERSSerrine Lau; Fiscal Year: 1993..Pigments prepared from henna and madder were used as cosmetics and dyes and contained derivatives of 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) and anthraquinone respectively...
- NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESISMARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
- Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Breast Cancer and*Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2005..to EDCs and mammary carcinogens is common from sources such as air and water pollution, detergents, pesticides, cosmetics, plastics, building materials, and furnishings...
- An Integrated Approach Toward Understanding the Toxicity of Inhaled NanomaterialsVICKI GRASSIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) Manufactured nanomaterials are found in cosmetics, lotions, coatings, and used in environmental remediation applications...
- An In Vitro Robotic Assay for Anti-Estrogenic ActivityCATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2007Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc., are endocrine disruptors (EDs)...
- Nursing & Environmental Health Conference: Methymercury and Human Health EffectsJeanne Hewitt; Fiscal Year: 2006..communication by Hmong; a poster presentation session that illustrates traditional medicines, herbs, candies, cosmetics, and other products that can be sources of exposure to mercury, lead, and other toxins; a science experiment ..
- Phototoxicity Screening Assay in Reconstituted SkinGEORGE DEGEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2006..The phototoxic potential of chemicals, cosmetics, dietary supplements and Pharmaceuticals are a major and growing concern in the consumer products industry, but ..
- Mechanism of Thimerosal Induced NeurotoxicityKINSLEY KININGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2003..is a widely used ethyl mercury containing preservative used in over-the-counter medications, cleaners and cosmetics. Recent concern has been raised on the use of thimerosal in over 30 vaccines licensed in the United States...
- A Rapid Label-free Sensor for Immune Markers of Environmental ExposureChristopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2007..The explosive growth of nanotechnology in research and consumer products (sunscreens, cosmetics, paint) is also creating an array of ultrafine materials with largely unknown health effects...
- Neurotoxic Interactions of Different Forms of MercuryBernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..health risks are methylmercury, found in fish and marine mammals, and metallic mercury vapor, found in industry, cosmetics, and dental amalgams...
- Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memorySteven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006..in the synthesis of fatty acid condensates that are present in many consumer products, including shampoos and cosmetics. DEA is structurally similar to choline, a methyl donor and an important endogenous precursor in the synthesis ..
- In Vitro Robotic Assay for Estrogenic ActivityCATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2005Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, )esticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc. are endocrine disruptors (EDs)...
- Pre-validation of Tissue Specific Micronucleus Assay for Genotoxicity TestingYulia Kaluzhny; Fiscal Year: 2006..are also used; however, beginning in 2009, legislation in Europe will prevent manufacturers from marketing cosmetics products that have been tested using animals...
- Remote Microvascular Dysfunction After Particulate Matter ExposureTimothy R Nurkiewicz; Fiscal Year: 2010..Ultrafine titanium dioxide is a commonly used nanoparticle found in cosmetics, paints and various protective coatings...
- Remote Microvascular Dysfunction After Particulate Matter ExposureTIMOTHY NURKIEWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2007..Ultrafine titanium dioxide is a commonly used nanoparticle found in cosmetics, paints and various protective coatings...
- NITROSAMINE CARCINOGENESISJAMES FISHBEIN; Fiscal Year: 2000..They are widely dispersed in the environment and human exposure occurs through foods, cosmetics, pollutants, alcohol and tobacco products, and industrial processes...
- BIOSENSOR STUDIES OF ESTROGENIC COMPOUNDS WITH HER-A & BJUDITH ERB; Fiscal Year: 2002..Also diethyl phthalate, a compound widely used in colognes and cosmetics, selectively activates formation of stable complex between ERE and hER-alpha but not hER-beta...