Summary: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Publications246 found, 100 shown here
- A gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method to determine skin-whitening agents in cosmetic productsAlberto Chisvert
Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Valencia, Doctor Moliner Street, 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
Talanta 81:530-6. 2010..kojic acid, azelaic acid and arbutin) and two forbidden (resorcinol and hydroquinone) skin-whitening agents in cosmetics. The method is based on gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric detection, which allows the two ..
- Optical characteristics of titanium oxide interference film and the film laminated with oxides and their applications for cosmeticsTakahiro Kaida
Nihon Koken Kogyo Company, Ltd, Tachikawa shi, Japan
J Cosmet Sci 55:219-20. 2004
- Categorization framework to aid exposure assessment of nanomaterials in consumer productsSteffen Foss Hansen
Department of Environmental Engineering, NanoDTU Environment and Health, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Building 113, Kgs Lyngby 2800, Denmark
Ecotoxicology 17:438-47. 2008..The application of sun lotion containing 2% nanoparticles result in an exposure of 56.7 mg kg(-1) bw d(-1) for a 2-year-old child, if the amounts applied correspond to the European Commission recommendations on use of sunscreen...
- Exposure data for cosmetic products: lipstick, body lotion, and face creamL J Loretz
Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, 1101 17th Street NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Food Chem Toxicol 43:279-91. 2005..The effect of product preference on use practices was also investigated. This study provides current cosmetic exposure information for commonly used products which will be useful for risk assessment purposes...
- Endocrine disruptors and asthma-associated chemicals in consumer productsRobin E Dodson
Silent Spring Institute, Newton, Massachusetts 02458, USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:935-43. 2012..Laboratory and human studies raise concerns about endocrine disruption and asthma resulting from exposure to chemicals in consumer products. Limited labeling or testing information is available to evaluate products as exposure sources...
- Structural degradation at the surface of a TiO(2)-based nanomaterial used in cosmeticsMelanie Auffan
CEREGE UMR 6635 CNRS Aix Marseille Universite, Europole de l Arbois, Aix en Provence, France
Environ Sci Technol 44:2689-94. 2010..We focused here on a hydrophobic TiO(2) nanoparticle-based formulation used in cosmetics: T-Lite SF...
- Alternative (non-animal) methods for cosmetics testing: current status and future prospects-2010Sarah Adler
Centre for Documentation and Evaluation of Alternatives to Animal Experiments ZEBET, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment BfR, Berlin, Germany
Arch Toxicol 85:367-485. 2011The 7th amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive prohibits to put animal-tested cosmetics on the market in Europe after 2013...
- Engineered inorganic nanoparticles and cosmetics: facts, issues, knowledge gaps and challengesJohann W Wiechers
Independent Consultant for Cosmetic Science, JW Solutions, Gasthuispolderweg 30, 2807 LL Gouda, The Netherlands
J Biomed Nanotechnol 6:408-31. 2010..concerning the safety and environmental impact of ENPs used in cosmetics. This review paper seeks to address the twin concerns of the safety of cosmetics and the potential environmental ..
- Ultrasound-assisted emulsification of cosmetic samples prior to elemental analysis by different atomic spectrometric techniquesI Lavilla
Departamento de Quimica Analitica y Alimentaria, Area de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Vigo, As Lagoas Marcosende s n, 36310 Vigo, Spain
Talanta 80:109-16. 2009..Microwave-assisted digestion and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry were used for comparison purposes. Relative standard deviations from analysis of five independent emulsions were less than 9% in all cases...
- Lip colour affects perceived sex typicality and attractiveness of human facesIan D Stephen
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK
Perception 39:1104-10. 2010..The association between lip colour contrast and attractiveness in women's faces may be attributable to its association with oxygenated blood perfusion indicating oestrogen levels, sexual arousal, and cardiac and respiratory health...
- Ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics among the tribal communities of North-West Frontier Province, PakistanArshad Mehmood Abbasi
Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
J Ethnopharmacol 128:322-35. 2010The present investigation is an attempt to find out ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics.
- Lead and traditional Moroccan pharmacopoeiaN Lekouch
University Cadi Ayyad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Marrakech, Morocco
Sci Total Environ 280:39-43. 2001The use of traditional cosmetics and remedies such as kohl and henna is very common in Morocco, especially among women, children and babies. Kohl is a dangerous eye cosmetic...
- Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredientsGerhard J Nohynek
L Oreal R and D, Global Safety Evaluation, 92600 Asnières, France
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 243:239-59. 2010..In the interest of all stakeholders, consumers, regulatory bodies and producers, there is an urgent need for an international harmonization on the status and safety requirements of these products and their ingredients...
- Decorative cosmetics improve the quality of life in patients with disfiguring skin diseasesWolf Henning Boehncke
Department of Dermatology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Theodor Stern Kai 7, D 60590, Frankfurt Main, Germany
Eur J Dermatol 12:577-80. 2002..We therefore asked whether the application of decorative cosmetics might increase their quality of life...
- Mercury poisoning associated with a Mexican beauty creamM M Weldon
Epidemic Intelligence Service EIS Epidemiology Program Office, CDC Atlanta, GA, USA
West J Med 173:15-8; discussion 19. 2000....
- Investigation of lead contents in lipsticks by solid sampling high resolution continuum source electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometrySema Gunduz
Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Chemistry, 34469 Maslak Istanbul, Turkey
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 65:34-7. 2013..The lead in 25 lipstick samples with different properties were 0.11-4.48 ng mg(-1) which were not significantly different from those (<0.026-7.19 ng mg(-1)) reported by FDA for around 400 samples...
- Cosmetics as a feature of the extended human phenotype: modulation of the perception of biologically important facial signalsNancy L Etcoff
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e25656. 2011..Here, we investigate one tool, the use of color cosmetics. In two studies, we asked viewers to rate the same female faces with or without color cosmetics, and we varied ..
- Spectroscopic detection of health hazardous contaminants in lipstick using Laser Induced Breakdown SpectroscopyM A Gondal
Physics Department and Center of Excellence in Nanotechnology, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
J Hazard Mater 175:726-32. 2010..For this purpose, special treatment of the lipstick samples was necessary to analyze with our LIBS method...
- Contact allergy to the 26 specific fragrance ingredients to be declared on cosmetic products in accordance with the EU cosmetics directiveMaria V Heisterberg
Department of Dermato Allergology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, University of Copenhagen, National Allergy Research Centre, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 65:266-75. 2011Fragrance ingredients are a frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis. The EU Cosmetics Directive states that 26 specific fragrance ingredients, known to cause allergic contact dermatitis, must be declared on the ingredient lists of ..
- Volatile pollutants emitted from selected liquid household productsKi Dong Kwon
Department of Indoor Environment, National Institute of Environment Research, Incheon, South Korea
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 15:521-6. 2008..Consequently, the current study evaluated the emission composition for 42 liquid household products sold in Korea, focusing on five product classes (deodorizers, household cleaners, color removers, pesticides, and polishes)...
- Exposure patterns of UV filters, fragrances, parabens, phthalates, organochlor pesticides, PBDEs, and PCBs in human milk: correlation of UV filters with use of cosmeticsMargret Schlumpf
GREEN Tox and Institute of Anatomy, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, Zurich, Switzerland
Chemosphere 81:1171-83. 2010..Our data emphasize the need for analyses of complex mixtures to obtain more information on inter-individual and temporal variability of human exposure to different types of chemicals...
- Marinosomes, marine lipid-based liposomes: physical characterization and potential application in cosmeticsN Moussaoui
Laboratoire de Nutrition et Signalisation Cellulaire, ISTAB, Universite Bordeaux I, Avenue des Facultes, F 33405 Cedex, Talence, France
Int J Pharm 242:361-5. 2002..At low pH (pH 4) or in presence of high calcium concentrations (9 mM), complex structural rearrangements, such as aggregation and size reduction, occurred which were kinetically dependant...
- Accumulation of mercury in ovaries of mice after the application of skin-lightening creamsIman Al-Saleh
Biological and Medical Research Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Biol Trace Elem Res 131:43-54. 2009..Alternatively, public health authorities should encourage more reliance on prescribed creams for the treatment of skin pigmentation problems...
- Assessment of lead in cosmetic productsIman Al-Saleh
Environmental Health Section, Biological and Medical Research Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, P O Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 54:105-13. 2009..This has drawn our attention to assess the safety of various cheap brands of cosmetics sold at 2-riyals stores in Saudi market that are imported from countries where safety regulations are poorly ..
- Determination of total lead in lipstick: development and validation of a microwave-assisted digestion, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometric methodNancy M Hepp
Office of Cosmetics and Colors, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, US Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD 20740, USA
J Cosmet Sci 60:405-14. 2009..This method will be useful for the FDA and industry in helping to ensure the safety of cosmetic products...
- Low molecular weight cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes in cosmetic products sold in Canada: implication for dermal exposureRong Wang
Exposure and Biomonitoring Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Environ Int 35:900-4. 2009Low molecular weight cyclic volatile methylsiloxane (cVMS) compounds have been used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products and many other consumer products...
- Use of topical herbal remedies and cosmetics: a questionnaire-based investigation in dermatology out-patientsM Corazza
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Dermatology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 23:1298-303. 2009Although topical remedies and cosmetics based on herbal ingredients are becoming increasingly popular with the public due to the perception that botanical compounds are safer and healthier than their synthetic counterparts, a large ..
- Mercury levels in locally manufactured Mexican skin-lightening creamsClaudia P Peregrino
Environmental Department, Advanced Material Research Center, Miguel de Cervantes 120, Chihuahua, Chih 31109, Mexico
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2516-23. 2011..Skin creams containing mercury are still available and commonly used in Mexico and many developing countries, and their contents are poorly controlled...
- Are adverse skin reactions to cosmetics underestimated in the clinical assessment of contact dermatitis? A prospective study among 1075 patients attending Swedish patch test clinicsMagnus Lindberg
Department of Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Derm Venereol 84:291-5. 2004It is known that cosmetics and skin care products can cause adverse skin reactions. However, the frequency of adverse reactions reported to the Medical Product Agency (MPA) in Sweden is low...
- Use of fullerenes in cosmeticsMarko Lens
King s College, Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas s Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, London, UK
Recent Pat Biotechnol 3:118-23. 2009..In the last few years application of fullerene C(60) and its derivates in cosmetics has been intensively tested. Fullerenes display a wide range of biological activities...
- Novel technologies and an overall strategy to allow hazard assessment and risk prediction of chemicals, cosmetics, and drugs with animal-free methodsMarcel Leist
Centre for Alternatives to Animal Testing, CAAT Europe, University of Konstanz, Germany
ALTEX 29:373-88. 2012..The overall hazard and risk assessment strategy integrating these different examples has been compiled in a graphical work flow...
- Consumer inhalation exposure to formaldehyde from the use of personal care products/cosmeticsMarc André Lefebvre
L Oreal, Research and Innovation, 25 29 quai Aulagnier, 92665 Asnières, France
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 63:171-6. 2012..4-87 μg/m³). Overall, our data yielded evidence that inhalation of FA from the use of PCP containing FA-releasers poses no risk to human health...
- Final report of the safety assessment of Kojic acid as used in cosmeticsChristina L Burnett
Cosmetic Ingredient Review, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Int J Toxicol 29:244S-73. 2010..available human sensitization data supported the safety of kojic acid at a use concentration of 2% in leave-on cosmetics. Kojic acid depigmented black guinea pig skin at a concentration of 4%, but this effect was not seen at 1%...
- Potential exposure of German consumers to engineered nanoparticles in cosmetics and personal care productsChristiane Lorenz
Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Nanotoxicology 5:12-29. 2011..Along with toxicological data, exposure estimates are essential for assessing risk. Currently, cosmetics and personal care products (C&PCP) represent the largest ENP-containing consumer product class on the market...
- Molecularly imprinted layer-coated silica nanoparticles for selective solid-phase extraction of bisphenol A from chemical cleansing and cosmetics samplesRong Zhu
School of Pharmacy, Nanjing Medical University, Hanzhong Road 140, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, PR China
Anal Chim Acta 658:209-16. 2010..The BPA-imprinted silica nanoparticles were successfully used in SPE to selectively enrich and determine BPA from shampoo, bath lotion and cosmetic cream samples...
- Colored facial cosmeticsZ D Draelos
Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
Dermatol Clin 18:621-31. 2000Colored cosmetics are an important part of the dermatologic armamentarium...
- Carotenoids and polyphenols in nutricosmetics, nutraceuticals, and cosmeceuticalsTalita Pizza Anunciato
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
J Cosmet Dermatol 11:51-4. 2012..As a recent result of convergence phenomenon between cosmetics and food industries, nutricosmetics is a blurry area unfamiliar to many consumers and sometimes even to foods ..
- Clinical evaluation of fullerene-C60 dissolved in squalane for anti-wrinkle cosmeticsShinya Kato
Laboratory of Cell Death Control BioTechnology, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 562, Nanatsuka, Shobara, Hiroshima 727 0023, Japan
J Nanosci Nanotechnol 10:6769-74. 2010..We suggest that LF-SQ could be used as an active ingredient for wrinkle-care cosmetics.
- Changes in European legislation make it timely to introduce a transparent market surveillance system for cosmeticsMarie Lodén
Research and Development, ACO HUD NORDIC AB, Upplands Vasby, Sweden
Acta Derm Venereol 87:485-92. 2007Marketing of cosmetics often makes strong claims linked to active ingredients...
- Validation of HPLC method for the simultaneous and quantitative determination of 12 UV-filters in cosmeticsM Nyeborg
Laboratoire COTY LANCASTER, Recherche et développement analytique, 6, avenue Albert II, 98000 Monaco, France
Int J Cosmet Sci 32:47-53. 2010..UV measurements were carried out at multi-wavelengths, according to the absorption of the analytes...
- Testing strategies in mutagenicity and genetic toxicology: an appraisal of the guidelines of the European Scientific Committee for Cosmetics and Non-Food Products for the evaluation of hair dyesD J Kirkland
Covance Laboratories Limited, Otley Road, Harrogate HG3 1PY, UK
Mutat Res 588:88-105. 2005The European Scientific Committee on Cosmetics and Non-Food Products (SCCNFP) guideline for testing of hair dyes for genotoxic/mutagenic/carcinogenic potential has been reviewed...
- Allergic contact dermatitis from cosmetics. Retrospective analysis of 819 patch-tested patientsL Kohl
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital St Pierre, Brussels, Belgium
Dermatology 204:334-7. 2002b>Cosmetics have been used since the oldest known civilisations, and nowadays almost everybody resorts to beauty products.
- Database search for safety information on cosmetic ingredientsMarleen Pauwels
Department of Toxicology, Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 49:208-16. 2007..It should be mentioned that the search strategies described are equally useful as a starting point for any quest for safety data on chemicals or chemical-related substances in general...
- ECVAM's response to the changing political environment for alternatives: consequences of the European Union chemicals and cosmetics policiesThomas Hartung
ECVAM, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, European Commission Joint Research Centre, 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
Altern Lab Anim 31:473-81. 2003..In essence, steering groups formed by ECVAM senior staff, and complemented with external experts, will carry out the project management and will coordinate the various inputs...
- A tiered approach to the use of alternatives to animal testing for the safety assessment of cosmetics: genotoxicity. A COLIPA analysisStefan Pfuhler
Procter and Gamble, Miami Valley Laboratories, Cincinnati, OH 45253, USA
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 57:315-24. 2010..Due to the 7th amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive ban on in vivo genotoxicity testing for cosmetics that was enacted March 2009, it is no longer ..
- Rapid detection of ricin in cosmetics and elimination of artifacts associated with wheat lectinJacqueline Dayan-Kenigsberg
Unité Biotechnologie, Biochimie des Protéines et Macromolécules, agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé, 143 boulevard Anatole France, 93285 Saint Denis Cedex, France
J Immunol Methods 336:251-4. 2008Ricin can be detected in cosmetics at 0.005 microg/mL in the analytical sample using lateral flow devices (LFDs). Wheat germ, an ingredient used in skin care products is also a potential source of wheat lectin...
- Safety evaluation of cosmetics in the EU. Reality and challenges for the toxicologistMarleen Pauwels
Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Department of Toxicology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Toxicol Lett 151:7-17. 2004..i) The full responsibility for the safety of cosmetics for human health is placed on the manufacturer, first importer in the EU or marketer...
- Silver nanoparticles as a safe preservative for use in cosmeticsSatoshi Kokura
Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
Nanomedicine 6:570-4. 2010..These results suggest that Ag nanoparticles may have potential for use as a preservative in cosmetics. From the clinical editor: In this study, the effects of recently synthesized Ag nanoparticles were investigated ..
- Methylisothiazolinone, an emerging allergen in cosmetics?Juan García-Gavín
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, University of Santiago de Compostela, University Hospital Complex, Spain
Contact Dermatitis 63:96-101. 2010..In cosmetics, methylisothiazoline (MI) is permitted in a concentration of 100 p.p.m., while 15 p.p.m...
- Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used by Assamese people for various skin ailments and cosmeticsAbinash Pratim Saikia
Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, North Guwahati 781039, Assam, India
J Ethnopharmacol 106:149-57. 2006..paper deals with the medicinal plants used by the people of Assam for curing different skin ailments and for cosmetics. A total of 85 plants belonging to 49 families have been documented for their therapeutic use against skin ..
- Retinoids in cosmeceuticalsOlivier Sorg
Clinique de Dermatologie, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
Dermatol Ther 19:289-96. 2006....
- [Allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics containing Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil)]T M Fritz
Dermatologische Klinik, , Suisse
Ann Dermatol Venereol 128:123-6. 2001..DISCUSSION: The allergic potential of low concentrations of Melaleuca alternifolia is presumed to be low on healthy skin. Photoaged Melaleuca alternifolia must be considered to be a stronger sensitizer...
- Applications of microemulsions in cosmeticsPrapaporn Boonme
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand
J Cosmet Dermatol 6:223-8. 2007..microemulsions were discovered approximately six decades ago, their applications in several fields, including cosmetics, have been increased due to their good appearance, thermodynamic stability, high solubilization power, and ease ..
- Glucosides as unexpected allergens in cosmeticsA Goossens
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Contact Dermatitis 48:164-6. 2003
- A sex difference in facial contrast and its exaggeration by cosmeticsRichard Russell
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Perception 38:1211-9. 2009..Application of cosmetics was found to consistently increase facial contrast...
- Complications of chronic use of skin lightening cosmeticsYetunde M Olumide
Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria
Int J Dermatol 47:344-53. 2008Skin lightening (bleaching) cosmetics and toiletries are widely used in most African countries. The active ingredients in these cosmetic products are hydroquinone, mercury and corticosteroids...
- Simultaneous analysis of antioxidants and preservatives in cosmetics by supercritical fluid extraction combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometryMaw Rong Lee
Department of Chemistry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
J Chromatogr A 1120:244-51. 2006..Detection limits are achieved at the level of 4.7-142 ng/g. It was successfully applied to the determination of paraben preservatives and antioxidants in cosmetics without tedious pretreatment.
- A rapid and reliable size-exclusion chromatographic method for determination of kojic dipalmitate in skin-whitening cosmetic productsAngel Balaguer
Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Valencia, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
Talanta 75:407-11. 2008..The chromatographic run takes less than 8 min to complete. All these features make the method easy to apply to quality control in the cosmetic industry...
- Cosmetics in the treatment of acne vulgarisElla L Toombs
Aesthetic Dermatology of Dupont Circle, Washington, DC 20009, USA
Dermatol Clin 23:575-81, viii. 2005This article describes scenarios of patients who have acne vulgaris have tried over-the-counter products and cosmetics and are disheartened by the persistence of their disease and the resulting scars...
- Human health safety evaluation of cosmetics in the EU: a legally imposed challenge to scienceM Pauwels
Department of Toxicology, Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 243:260-74. 2010..substances, biocides, plant protection products, food additives, medicinal products, and of course also cosmetics. Horizontal legislative texts, on the contrary, cover more general fields such as protection of experimental ..
- Simultaneous determination of seven phthalates and four parabens in cosmetic products using HPLC-DAD and GC-MS methodsHao Yu Shen
Analysis and Testing Center, Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, Ningbo, Zhejiang, PR China
J Sep Sci 30:48-54. 2007..The residue level is at 1.22-5289 mg/kg...
- Allergic contact dermatitis to copolymers in cosmetics--case report and review of the literatureSarah Quartier
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Catholic University Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Contact Dermatitis 55:257-67. 2006..Allergic contact dermatitis to 6 copolymers in cosmetics and 1 in a medical dressing has been described; however, the nature of the hapten is still unknown...
- Possible relation of Tunisian pemphigus with traditional cosmetics: a multicenter case-control studySylvie Bastuji-Garin
Department of Public Health, Hôpital Henri Mondor AP HP, Universite Paris XII, Creteil, France
Am J Epidemiol 155:249-56. 2002..factors were significantly associated with pemphigus in multivariate logistic regression analyses: traditional cosmetics (odds ratio (OR) = 4.0, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1, 14.8); Turkish baths (OR = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.4, 7...
- Prevalence of sunless tanning product use and related behaviors among adults in the United States: results from a national surveyJo Ellen Stryker
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 56:387-90. 2007....
- Estimated exposure to phthalates in cosmetics and risk assessmentHyun Jung Koo
College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Kyonggi Do, South Korea
J Toxicol Environ Health A 67:1901-14. 2004..To predict possible human exposure to phthalates in cosmetics, the levels of DEHP, diethyl phthalate (DEP), DBP, and butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP) were determined by high-..
- Safety of ingredients used in cosmeticsWilma F Bergfeld
Dermatology Department, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 52:125-32. 2005The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) program was established in 1976 by the Cosmetics, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, with the support of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Consumer Federation of America (CFA)...
- Analysis of consumer cosmetic products for phthalate estersJean C Hubinger
U S Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD 20740, USA
J Cosmet Sci 57:127-37. 2006..Based on the available exposure and toxicity data, the FDA has concluded that there is insufficient data to conclude that a human health hazard exists from exposure to phthalate esters from cosmetic products...
- Environmental oestrogens, cosmetics and breast cancerP D Darbre
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Reading, P O Box 228, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 20:121-43. 2006..However, it is emerging that the breast is also exposed to a range of oestrogenic chemicals applied as cosmetics to the underarm and breast area...
- Q fever outbreak at a cosmetics supply factoryAmanda J Wade
Department of Infectious Diseases, Geelong Hospital, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
Clin Infect Dis 42:e50-2. 2006..We describe an outbreak of 4 cases occurring in a factory that processes ovine fetal products for the cosmetics industry...
- From miso, saké and shoyu to cosmetics: a century of science for kojic acidRonald Bentley
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Nat Prod Rep 23:1046-62. 2006..It was one of the first secondary metabolites to have its biosynthetic pathway studied by the isotope tracer technique, and, more recently, has been of interest as a skin lightening agent. There are 112 references...
- Cosmetic formulations containing Lithospermum erythrorhizon root extract show moisturizing effects on human skinMan Jau Chang
Graduate Institute of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC
Arch Dermatol Res 300:317-23. 2008..68 +/- 0.79% for emulsion LES5.00. Taken together, our data demonstrate that LES is more effective in increasing skin humidity and decreasing the TEWL values, indicating the potential skin care effects of LES...
- Contact sensitization from Compositae-containing herbal remedies and cosmeticsEvy Paulsen
National Allergy Research Center for Consumer Products, Gentofte, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 47:189-98. 2002..some of the oldest and most valued medicinal plants, and the increasing popularity of herbal medicine and cosmetics may theoretically result in a growing number of Compositae sensitizations from these sources...
- Analysis of ceramides in cosmetics by reversed-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with collision-induced dissociationMyoung Hee Lee
Department of Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejon 305 764, Korea
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 17:64-75. 2003..electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) was employed for determination of commercial ceramides in cosmetics for quality control of the product formulation...
- Predictive ability of reconstructed human epidermis equivalents for the assessment of skin irritation of cosmeticsC Faller
Cosmital SA Research Company of Wella AG, Germany, Rte de Chesalles 21, CH 1723 Marly, Switzerland
Toxicol In Vitro 16:557-72. 2002..These models allow the measurement of quantifiable and objective endpoints relevant to in vivo irritative phenomena...
- An epidemiological survey of the use of cosmetic skin lightening cosmetics among traders in Lagos, NigeriaS B Adebajo
Department of Community Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
West Afr J Med 21:51-5. 2002..to ascertain the extent of this practice and what socio-cultural and economic factors determine the use of these cosmetics. Prevalence of use of skin lightening cosmetics was 77.3% comprising ninety-six males (27...
- Is the application of cosmetics containing protein-derived products safe?Catherine Pecquet
Centre d Allergologie, Hopital Tenon, Paris, France
Contact Dermatitis 46:123. 2002
- Toxicological profile of diethyl phthalate: a vehicle for fragrance and cosmetic ingredientsA M Api
Research Institute for Fragrance Materials Inc, Two University Plaza, Suite 406, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA
Food Chem Toxicol 39:97-108. 2001..75 mg/kg/day oral exposure) indicates no significant toxic liability for the use of DEP in fragrances and cosmetic products...
- Ethnopharmacognostic survey on the natural ingredients used in folk cosmetics, cosmeceuticals and remedies for healing skin diseases in the inland Marches, Central-Eastern ItalyAndrea Pieroni
Department of Pharmacy, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, UK
J Ethnopharmacol 91:331-44. 2004An ethnopharmaceutical study focused on domestic cosmetics, cosmeceuticals, and remedies to heal skin diseases traditionally used in the inland part of the Marches region (Central-Eastern Italy) has been conducted...
- Novel approaches in herbal cosmeticsDeep Chanchal
Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Institute, Kumhari, Chattisgarh, India
J Cosmet Dermatol 7:89-95. 2008..that combine the benefits of nutracosmetical ingredients with the elegance, skin feel, and delivery systems of cosmetics. Herbs and spices have been used in maintaining and enhancing human beauty because herbs have many beneficial ..
- Recovery of DNA for forensic analysis from lip cosmeticsL G Webb
Forensic Biology Laboratory, Forensic Services, PathCentre, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
J Forensic Sci 46:1474-9. 2001..a reference DNA profile from a missing person, we analyzed a variety of personal effects, including two lip cosmetics, both of which gave full DNA profiles...
- Repair of photoaged dermal matrix by topical application of a cosmetic 'antiageing' productR E B Watson
Dermatological Sciences Research Group, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Br J Dermatol 158:472-7. 2008..To date, little is known regarding the ability of over-the-counter 'antiageing' products to repair photoaged skin...
- Assessment of principal parabens used in cosmetics after their passage through human epidermis-dermis layers (ex-vivo study)Sawsan El Hussein
Cutaneous Engineering and Biology Laboratory EA 3183, IFR 133, University of Franche Comte, Besancon, France
Exp Dermatol 16:830-6. 2007..This situation provokes the accumulation of these molecules which were considered by some authors as the cause of skin toxicities and carcinogenicity...
- Natural surfactants used in cosmetics: glycolipidsN Lourith
School of Cosmetic Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiangrai, Thailand
Int J Cosmet Sci 31:255-61. 2009..Sophorolipids, rhamnolipids and mannosylerythritol lipids are the most widely used glycolipids biosurfactant in cosmetics. Literatures and patents relevant to these three glycolipids reviewed were emphasizing on the cosmetic ..
- Endocrine disrupters and human health: could oestrogenic chemicals in body care cosmetics adversely affect breast cancer incidence in women?Philip W Harvey
Department of Toxicology, Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK
J Appl Toxicol 24:167-76. 2004..However, the hypothesis that chemicals applied in body care cosmetics (including moisturizers, creams, sprays or lotions applied to axilla or chest or breast areas) may be affecting ..
- Environmentally friendly LC for the simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and its derivatives in skin-whitening cosmeticsAngel Balaguer
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
J Sep Sci 31:229-36. 2008Ascorbic acid (AA), also known as vitamin C, is a very popular skin-whitening agent used in cosmetics. However, the use of AA (and also its sodium or magnesium salts) in cosmetic products is limited owing to its labile oxidative ..
- Composition of eye cosmetics (kohls) used in CairoAndrew Hardy
ITMS Section, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi campus, United Arab Emirates
Int J Environ Health Res 14:83-91. 2004..For the last two samples the main component of each was an unknown amorphous organic compound...
- Plants used in cosmeticsTalal Aburjai
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
Phytother Res 17:987-1000. 2003..Essential oils when incorporated into finished products impart many benefits such as a pleasant aroma in perfumery, shine or conditioning effects in hair care products, emolliency and improving the elasticity of the skin...
- Naturally occurring tyrosinase inhibitors: mechanism and applications in skin health, cosmetics and agriculture industriesShoukat Parvez
National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering NIBGE, P O 577, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Phytother Res 21:805-16. 2007..to prevent tyrosinase action encourages researchers to seek new potent tyrosinase inhibitors for food and cosmetics. This article presents a study on the importance of tyrosinase, biochemical characteristics, type of inhibitions,..
- Contact dermatitis: epidemiology and frequent sensitizers to cosmeticsT L Diepgen
Department of Social Medicine, Center of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 21:9-13. 2007..Fragrances and preservatives used in cosmetics are among the most common allergens in contact allergic dermatitis, although the frequency of contact allergy in ..
- Triacylglycerols profiling in plant oils important in food industry, dietetics and cosmetics using high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometryMiroslav Lísa
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, nam Cs Legii 565, 53210 Pardubice, Czech Republic
J Chromatogr A 1198:115-30. 2008..cm has been applied for the high resolution separation of plant oils important in food industry, dietetics and cosmetics. Positive-ion atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry is used for the unambiguous ..
- Sex, beauty, and the relative luminance of facial featuresRichard Russell
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 45 Carleton Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
Perception 32:1093-107. 2003..One of the more consistent uses of cosmetics to make the female face more attractive is to darken the eyes and mouth relative to the surrounding skin...
- A study of the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and YemenAndrew D Hardy
Centre for Medical History, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, Devon, UK
J Cosmet Sci 59:399-418. 2008This study looks at the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen. Of especial interest was how many samples in each country contain the toxic element lead...
- Determination of genetic toxicity and potential carcinogenicity in vitro--challenges post the Seventh Amendment to the European Cosmetics DirectiveD J Tweats
The Medical School, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, UK
Mutagenesis 22:5-13. 2007..and replacement are the basis for EU and national animal protection laws the Seventh Amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive will ban the marketing of cosmetic/personal care products that contain ingredients that have been ..
- Behavior of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and hormones in a sewage treatment plantMarta Carballa
Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Santiago de Compostela, E 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Water Res 38:2918-26. 2004..However, the concentration of estrone increased along the treatment due to the partial oxidation of 17beta-estradiol in the aeration tank...
- Underarm cosmetics and breast cancerP D Darbre
Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
J Appl Toxicol 23:89-95. 2003..It has been suggested recently that underarm cosmetics might be a cause of breast cancer, because these cosmetics contain a variety of chemicals that are applied ..
- Allergic contact dermatitis due to hydrophilized ceramideJun Yajima
Kasukabe Dermatology Clinic, Saitama, Japan
Contact Dermatitis 47:245. 2002
- Allergic contact dermatitis from ethylhexylglycerinG Linsen
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Contact Dermatitis 47:169. 2002
- Contact dermatitis from a dry stick deodorantS A Devos
Department of Dermatology, Ghent University Hospital, Belgium
Contact Dermatitis 47:170-1. 2002
- Allergic contact dermatitis from medium-chain triglycerides in a moisturizing lotionS Laube
Birmingham Skin Centre, City Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham B18 7QH, UK
Contact Dermatitis 47:171. 2002
- Allergic contact dermatitis from ethylcyanoacrylate in an office worker with artificial nails led to months of sick leaveM Isaksson
Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, SE 20502 Malmo, Sweden
Contact Dermatitis 57:346-7. 2007
- Fragrance allergy and hand eczema - a reviewS Heydorn
Department of Dermatology, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Contact Dermatitis 48:59-66. 2003..As exposures to fragrances on the hands are often simultaneous exposures to irritants, this combined exposure approach needs to be considered...
- Developmental Neurotoxicity of Phthalate EstersBernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental contaminants found in cosmetics, household furnishings, medical devices, toys, and numerous other products. Human exposures are universal...
- METABOLISM AND TOXICITY OF HYDROQUINONE THIOETHERSSerrine Lau; Fiscal Year: 1993..Pigments prepared from henna and madder were used as cosmetics and dyes and contained derivatives of 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) and anthraquinone respectively...
- NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESISMARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
- Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Breast Cancer and*Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2005..to EDCs and mammary carcinogens is common from sources such as air and water pollution, detergents, pesticides, cosmetics, plastics, building materials, and furnishings...
- An Integrated Approach Toward Understanding the Toxicity of Inhaled NanomaterialsVICKI GRASSIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) Manufactured nanomaterials are found in cosmetics, lotions, coatings, and used in environmental remediation applications...
- An In Vitro Robotic Assay for Anti-Estrogenic ActivityCATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2007Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc., are endocrine disruptors (EDs)...
- Nursing & Environmental Health Conference: Methymercury and Human Health EffectsJeanne Hewitt; Fiscal Year: 2006..communication by Hmong; a poster presentation session that illustrates traditional medicines, herbs, candies, cosmetics, and other products that can be sources of exposure to mercury, lead, and other toxins; a science experiment ..
- Phototoxicity Screening Assay in Reconstituted SkinGEORGE DEGEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2006..The phototoxic potential of chemicals, cosmetics, dietary supplements and Pharmaceuticals are a major and growing concern in the consumer products industry, but ..
- Mechanism of Thimerosal Induced NeurotoxicityKINSLEY KININGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2003..is a widely used ethyl mercury containing preservative used in over-the-counter medications, cleaners and cosmetics. Recent concern has been raised on the use of thimerosal in over 30 vaccines licensed in the United States...
- A Rapid Label-free Sensor for Immune Markers of Environmental ExposureChristopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2007..The explosive growth of nanotechnology in research and consumer products (sunscreens, cosmetics, paint) is also creating an array of ultrafine materials with largely unknown health effects...
- Neurotoxic Interactions of Different Forms of MercuryBernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..health risks are methylmercury, found in fish and marine mammals, and metallic mercury vapor, found in industry, cosmetics, and dental amalgams...
- Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memorySteven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006..in the synthesis of fatty acid condensates that are present in many consumer products, including shampoos and cosmetics. DEA is structurally similar to choline, a methyl donor and an important endogenous precursor in the synthesis ..
- In Vitro Robotic Assay for Estrogenic ActivityCATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2005Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, )esticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc. are endocrine disruptors (EDs)...
- Pre-validation of Tissue Specific Micronucleus Assay for Genotoxicity TestingYulia Kaluzhny; Fiscal Year: 2006..are also used; however, beginning in 2009, legislation in Europe will prevent manufacturers from marketing cosmetics products that have been tested using animals...
- Remote Microvascular Dysfunction After Particulate Matter ExposureTimothy R Nurkiewicz; Fiscal Year: 2010..Ultrafine titanium dioxide is a commonly used nanoparticle found in cosmetics, paints and various protective coatings...
- Remote Microvascular Dysfunction After Particulate Matter ExposureTIMOTHY NURKIEWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2007..Ultrafine titanium dioxide is a commonly used nanoparticle found in cosmetics, paints and various protective coatings...
- NITROSAMINE CARCINOGENESISJAMES FISHBEIN; Fiscal Year: 2000..They are widely dispersed in the environment and human exposure occurs through foods, cosmetics, pollutants, alcohol and tobacco products, and industrial processes...
- BIOSENSOR STUDIES OF ESTROGENIC COMPOUNDS WITH HER-A & BJUDITH ERB; Fiscal Year: 2002..Also diethyl phthalate, a compound widely used in colognes and cosmetics, selectively activates formation of stable complex between ERE and hER-alpha but not hER-beta...