cosmetics

Summary

Summary: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)

Top Publications

  1. doi A gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method to determine skin-whitening agents in cosmetic products
    Alberto Chisvert
    Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Valencia, Doctor Moliner Street, 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Talanta 81:530-6. 2010
  2. ncbi Optical characteristics of titanium oxide interference film and the film laminated with oxides and their applications for cosmetics
    Takahiro Kaida
    Nihon Koken Kogyo Company, Ltd, Tachikawa shi, Japan
    J Cosmet Sci 55:219-20. 2004
  3. doi Categorization framework to aid exposure assessment of nanomaterials in consumer products
    Steffen Foss Hansen
    Department of Environmental Engineering, NanoDTU Environment and Health, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Building 113, Kgs Lyngby 2800, Denmark
    Ecotoxicology 17:438-47. 2008
  4. ncbi Exposure data for cosmetic products: lipstick, body lotion, and face cream
    L J Loretz
    Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, 1101 17th Street NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Food Chem Toxicol 43:279-91. 2005
  5. pmc Endocrine disruptors and asthma-associated chemicals in consumer products
    Robin E Dodson
    Silent Spring Institute, Newton, Massachusetts 02458, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:935-43. 2012
  6. ncbi Structural degradation at the surface of a TiO(2)-based nanomaterial used in cosmetics
    Melanie Auffan
    CEREGE UMR 6635 CNRS Aix Marseille Universite, Europole de l Arbois, Aix en Provence, France
    Environ Sci Technol 44:2689-94. 2010
  7. doi Alternative (non-animal) methods for cosmetics testing: current status and future prospects-2010
    Sarah Adler
    Centre for Documentation and Evaluation of Alternatives to Animal Experiments ZEBET, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment BfR, Berlin, Germany
    Arch Toxicol 85:367-485. 2011
  8. ncbi Engineered inorganic nanoparticles and cosmetics: facts, issues, knowledge gaps and challenges
    Johann W Wiechers
    Independent Consultant for Cosmetic Science, JW Solutions, Gasthuispolderweg 30, 2807 LL Gouda, The Netherlands
    J Biomed Nanotechnol 6:408-31. 2010
  9. doi Ultrasound-assisted emulsification of cosmetic samples prior to elemental analysis by different atomic spectrometric techniques
    I Lavilla
    Departamento de Quimica Analitica y Alimentaria, Area de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Vigo, As Lagoas Marcosende s n, 36310 Vigo, Spain
    Talanta 80:109-16. 2009
  10. ncbi Lip colour affects perceived sex typicality and attractiveness of human faces
    Ian D Stephen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK
    Perception 39:1104-10. 2010

Detail Information

Publications246 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi A gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method to determine skin-whitening agents in cosmetic products
    Alberto Chisvert
    Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Valencia, Doctor Moliner Street, 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Talanta 81:530-6. 2010
    ..kojic acid, azelaic acid and arbutin) and two forbidden (resorcinol and hydroquinone) skin-whitening agents in cosmetics. The method is based on gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric detection, which allows the two ..
  2. ncbi Optical characteristics of titanium oxide interference film and the film laminated with oxides and their applications for cosmetics
    Takahiro Kaida
    Nihon Koken Kogyo Company, Ltd, Tachikawa shi, Japan
    J Cosmet Sci 55:219-20. 2004
  3. doi Categorization framework to aid exposure assessment of nanomaterials in consumer products
    Steffen Foss Hansen
    Department of Environmental Engineering, NanoDTU Environment and Health, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Building 113, Kgs Lyngby 2800, Denmark
    Ecotoxicology 17:438-47. 2008
    ..The application of sun lotion containing 2% nanoparticles result in an exposure of 56.7 mg kg(-1) bw d(-1) for a 2-year-old child, if the amounts applied correspond to the European Commission recommendations on use of sunscreen...
  4. ncbi Exposure data for cosmetic products: lipstick, body lotion, and face cream
    L J Loretz
    Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, 1101 17th Street NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Food Chem Toxicol 43:279-91. 2005
    ..The effect of product preference on use practices was also investigated. This study provides current cosmetic exposure information for commonly used products which will be useful for risk assessment purposes...
  5. pmc Endocrine disruptors and asthma-associated chemicals in consumer products
    Robin E Dodson
    Silent Spring Institute, Newton, Massachusetts 02458, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:935-43. 2012
    ..Laboratory and human studies raise concerns about endocrine disruption and asthma resulting from exposure to chemicals in consumer products. Limited labeling or testing information is available to evaluate products as exposure sources...
  6. ncbi Structural degradation at the surface of a TiO(2)-based nanomaterial used in cosmetics
    Melanie Auffan
    CEREGE UMR 6635 CNRS Aix Marseille Universite, Europole de l Arbois, Aix en Provence, France
    Environ Sci Technol 44:2689-94. 2010
    ..We focused here on a hydrophobic TiO(2) nanoparticle-based formulation used in cosmetics: T-Lite SF...
  7. doi Alternative (non-animal) methods for cosmetics testing: current status and future prospects-2010
    Sarah Adler
    Centre for Documentation and Evaluation of Alternatives to Animal Experiments ZEBET, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment BfR, Berlin, Germany
    Arch Toxicol 85:367-485. 2011
    The 7th amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive prohibits to put animal-tested cosmetics on the market in Europe after 2013...
  8. ncbi Engineered inorganic nanoparticles and cosmetics: facts, issues, knowledge gaps and challenges
    Johann W Wiechers
    Independent Consultant for Cosmetic Science, JW Solutions, Gasthuispolderweg 30, 2807 LL Gouda, The Netherlands
    J Biomed Nanotechnol 6:408-31. 2010
    ..concerning the safety and environmental impact of ENPs used in cosmetics. This review paper seeks to address the twin concerns of the safety of cosmetics and the potential environmental ..
  9. doi Ultrasound-assisted emulsification of cosmetic samples prior to elemental analysis by different atomic spectrometric techniques
    I Lavilla
    Departamento de Quimica Analitica y Alimentaria, Area de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Vigo, As Lagoas Marcosende s n, 36310 Vigo, Spain
    Talanta 80:109-16. 2009
    ..Microwave-assisted digestion and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry were used for comparison purposes. Relative standard deviations from analysis of five independent emulsions were less than 9% in all cases...
  10. ncbi Lip colour affects perceived sex typicality and attractiveness of human faces
    Ian D Stephen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK
    Perception 39:1104-10. 2010
    ..The association between lip colour contrast and attractiveness in women's faces may be attributable to its association with oxygenated blood perfusion indicating oestrogen levels, sexual arousal, and cardiac and respiratory health...
  11. doi Ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics among the tribal communities of North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan
    Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
    Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 128:322-35. 2010
    The present investigation is an attempt to find out ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics.
  12. ncbi Lead and traditional Moroccan pharmacopoeia
    N Lekouch
    University Cadi Ayyad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Marrakech, Morocco
    Sci Total Environ 280:39-43. 2001
    The use of traditional cosmetics and remedies such as kohl and henna is very common in Morocco, especially among women, children and babies. Kohl is a dangerous eye cosmetic...
  13. doi Safety assessment of personal care products/cosmetics and their ingredients
    Gerhard J Nohynek
    L Oreal R and D, Global Safety Evaluation, 92600 Asnières, France
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 243:239-59. 2010
    ..In the interest of all stakeholders, consumers, regulatory bodies and producers, there is an urgent need for an international harmonization on the status and safety requirements of these products and their ingredients...
  14. ncbi Decorative cosmetics improve the quality of life in patients with disfiguring skin diseases
    Wolf Henning Boehncke
    Department of Dermatology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Theodor Stern Kai 7, D 60590, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Eur J Dermatol 12:577-80. 2002
    ..We therefore asked whether the application of decorative cosmetics might increase their quality of life...
  15. pmc Mercury poisoning associated with a Mexican beauty cream
    M M Weldon
    Epidemic Intelligence Service EIS Epidemiology Program Office, CDC Atlanta, GA, USA
    West J Med 173:15-8; discussion 19. 2000
    ....
  16. doi Investigation of lead contents in lipsticks by solid sampling high resolution continuum source electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry
    Sema Gunduz
    Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Chemistry, 34469 Maslak Istanbul, Turkey
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 65:34-7. 2013
    ..The lead in 25 lipstick samples with different properties were 0.11-4.48 ng mg(-1) which were not significantly different from those (<0.026-7.19 ng mg(-1)) reported by FDA for around 400 samples...
  17. pmc Cosmetics as a feature of the extended human phenotype: modulation of the perception of biologically important facial signals
    Nancy L Etcoff
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e25656. 2011
    ..Here, we investigate one tool, the use of color cosmetics. In two studies, we asked viewers to rate the same female faces with or without color cosmetics, and we varied ..
  18. doi Spectroscopic detection of health hazardous contaminants in lipstick using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
    M A Gondal
    Physics Department and Center of Excellence in Nanotechnology, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
    J Hazard Mater 175:726-32. 2010
    ..For this purpose, special treatment of the lipstick samples was necessary to analyze with our LIBS method...
  19. doi Contact allergy to the 26 specific fragrance ingredients to be declared on cosmetic products in accordance with the EU cosmetics directive
    Maria V Heisterberg
    Department of Dermato Allergology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, University of Copenhagen, National Allergy Research Centre, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark
    Contact Dermatitis 65:266-75. 2011
    Fragrance ingredients are a frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis. The EU Cosmetics Directive states that 26 specific fragrance ingredients, known to cause allergic contact dermatitis, must be declared on the ingredient lists of ..
  20. ncbi Volatile pollutants emitted from selected liquid household products
    Ki Dong Kwon
    Department of Indoor Environment, National Institute of Environment Research, Incheon, South Korea
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 15:521-6. 2008
    ..Consequently, the current study evaluated the emission composition for 42 liquid household products sold in Korea, focusing on five product classes (deodorizers, household cleaners, color removers, pesticides, and polishes)...
  21. doi Exposure patterns of UV filters, fragrances, parabens, phthalates, organochlor pesticides, PBDEs, and PCBs in human milk: correlation of UV filters with use of cosmetics
    Margret Schlumpf
    GREEN Tox and Institute of Anatomy, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, Zurich, Switzerland
    Chemosphere 81:1171-83. 2010
    ..Our data emphasize the need for analyses of complex mixtures to obtain more information on inter-individual and temporal variability of human exposure to different types of chemicals...
  22. ncbi Marinosomes, marine lipid-based liposomes: physical characterization and potential application in cosmetics
    N Moussaoui
    Laboratoire de Nutrition et Signalisation Cellulaire, ISTAB, Universite Bordeaux I, Avenue des Facultes, F 33405 Cedex, Talence, France
    Int J Pharm 242:361-5. 2002
    ..At low pH (pH 4) or in presence of high calcium concentrations (9 mM), complex structural rearrangements, such as aggregation and size reduction, occurred which were kinetically dependant...
  23. ncbi Accumulation of mercury in ovaries of mice after the application of skin-lightening creams
    Iman Al-Saleh
    Biological and Medical Research Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Biol Trace Elem Res 131:43-54. 2009
    ..Alternatively, public health authorities should encourage more reliance on prescribed creams for the treatment of skin pigmentation problems...
  24. doi Assessment of lead in cosmetic products
    Iman Al-Saleh
    Environmental Health Section, Biological and Medical Research Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, P O Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 54:105-13. 2009
    ..This has drawn our attention to assess the safety of various cheap brands of cosmetics sold at 2-riyals stores in Saudi market that are imported from countries where safety regulations are poorly ..
  25. ncbi Determination of total lead in lipstick: development and validation of a microwave-assisted digestion, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometric method
    Nancy M Hepp
    Office of Cosmetics and Colors, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, US Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD 20740, USA
    J Cosmet Sci 60:405-14. 2009
    ..This method will be useful for the FDA and industry in helping to ensure the safety of cosmetic products...
  26. doi Low molecular weight cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes in cosmetic products sold in Canada: implication for dermal exposure
    Rong Wang
    Exposure and Biomonitoring Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Environ Int 35:900-4. 2009
    Low molecular weight cyclic volatile methylsiloxane (cVMS) compounds have been used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products and many other consumer products...
  27. ncbi Use of topical herbal remedies and cosmetics: a questionnaire-based investigation in dermatology out-patients
    M Corazza
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Dermatology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 23:1298-303. 2009
    Although topical remedies and cosmetics based on herbal ingredients are becoming increasingly popular with the public due to the perception that botanical compounds are safer and healthier than their synthetic counterparts, a large ..
  28. pmc Mercury levels in locally manufactured Mexican skin-lightening creams
    Claudia P Peregrino
    Environmental Department, Advanced Material Research Center, Miguel de Cervantes 120, Chihuahua, Chih 31109, Mexico
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2516-23. 2011
    ..Skin creams containing mercury are still available and commonly used in Mexico and many developing countries, and their contents are poorly controlled...
  29. ncbi Are adverse skin reactions to cosmetics underestimated in the clinical assessment of contact dermatitis? A prospective study among 1075 patients attending Swedish patch test clinics
    Magnus Lindberg
    Department of Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Derm Venereol 84:291-5. 2004
    It is known that cosmetics and skin care products can cause adverse skin reactions. However, the frequency of adverse reactions reported to the Medical Product Agency (MPA) in Sweden is low...
  30. ncbi Use of fullerenes in cosmetics
    Marko Lens
    King s College, Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas s Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, London, UK
    Recent Pat Biotechnol 3:118-23. 2009
    ..In the last few years application of fullerene C(60) and its derivates in cosmetics has been intensively tested. Fullerenes display a wide range of biological activities...
  31. ncbi Novel technologies and an overall strategy to allow hazard assessment and risk prediction of chemicals, cosmetics, and drugs with animal-free methods
    Marcel Leist
    Centre for Alternatives to Animal Testing, CAAT Europe, University of Konstanz, Germany
    ALTEX 29:373-88. 2012
    ..The overall hazard and risk assessment strategy integrating these different examples has been compiled in a graphical work flow...
  32. doi Consumer inhalation exposure to formaldehyde from the use of personal care products/cosmetics
    Marc André Lefebvre
    L Oreal, Research and Innovation, 25 29 quai Aulagnier, 92665 Asnières, France
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 63:171-6. 2012
    ..4-87 μg/m³). Overall, our data yielded evidence that inhalation of FA from the use of PCP containing FA-releasers poses no risk to human health...
  33. doi Final report of the safety assessment of Kojic acid as used in cosmetics
    Christina L Burnett
    Cosmetic Ingredient Review, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Int J Toxicol 29:244S-73. 2010
    ..available human sensitization data supported the safety of kojic acid at a use concentration of 2% in leave-on cosmetics. Kojic acid depigmented black guinea pig skin at a concentration of 4%, but this effect was not seen at 1%...
  34. doi Potential exposure of German consumers to engineered nanoparticles in cosmetics and personal care products
    Christiane Lorenz
    Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Nanotoxicology 5:12-29. 2011
    ..Along with toxicological data, exposure estimates are essential for assessing risk. Currently, cosmetics and personal care products (C&PCP) represent the largest ENP-containing consumer product class on the market...
  35. ncbi Molecularly imprinted layer-coated silica nanoparticles for selective solid-phase extraction of bisphenol A from chemical cleansing and cosmetics samples
    Rong Zhu
    School of Pharmacy, Nanjing Medical University, Hanzhong Road 140, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, PR China
    Anal Chim Acta 658:209-16. 2010
    ..The BPA-imprinted silica nanoparticles were successfully used in SPE to selectively enrich and determine BPA from shampoo, bath lotion and cosmetic cream samples...
  36. ncbi Colored facial cosmetics
    Z D Draelos
    Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Dermatol Clin 18:621-31. 2000
    Colored cosmetics are an important part of the dermatologic armamentarium...
  37. doi Carotenoids and polyphenols in nutricosmetics, nutraceuticals, and cosmeceuticals
    Talita Pizza Anunciato
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    J Cosmet Dermatol 11:51-4. 2012
    ..As a recent result of convergence phenomenon between cosmetics and food industries, nutricosmetics is a blurry area unfamiliar to many consumers and sometimes even to foods ..
  38. ncbi Clinical evaluation of fullerene-C60 dissolved in squalane for anti-wrinkle cosmetics
    Shinya Kato
    Laboratory of Cell Death Control BioTechnology, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 562, Nanatsuka, Shobara, Hiroshima 727 0023, Japan
    J Nanosci Nanotechnol 10:6769-74. 2010
    ..We suggest that LF-SQ could be used as an active ingredient for wrinkle-care cosmetics.
  39. ncbi Changes in European legislation make it timely to introduce a transparent market surveillance system for cosmetics
    Marie Lodén
    Research and Development, ACO HUD NORDIC AB, Upplands Vasby, Sweden
    Acta Derm Venereol 87:485-92. 2007
    Marketing of cosmetics often makes strong claims linked to active ingredients...
  40. doi Validation of HPLC method for the simultaneous and quantitative determination of 12 UV-filters in cosmetics
    M Nyeborg
    Laboratoire COTY LANCASTER, Recherche et développement analytique, 6, avenue Albert II, 98000 Monaco, France
    Int J Cosmet Sci 32:47-53. 2010
    ..UV measurements were carried out at multi-wavelengths, according to the absorption of the analytes...
  41. ncbi Testing strategies in mutagenicity and genetic toxicology: an appraisal of the guidelines of the European Scientific Committee for Cosmetics and Non-Food Products for the evaluation of hair dyes
    D J Kirkland
    Covance Laboratories Limited, Otley Road, Harrogate HG3 1PY, UK
    Mutat Res 588:88-105. 2005
    The European Scientific Committee on Cosmetics and Non-Food Products (SCCNFP) guideline for testing of hair dyes for genotoxic/mutagenic/carcinogenic potential has been reviewed...
  42. ncbi Allergic contact dermatitis from cosmetics. Retrospective analysis of 819 patch-tested patients
    L Kohl
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital St Pierre, Brussels, Belgium
    Dermatology 204:334-7. 2002
    b>Cosmetics have been used since the oldest known civilisations, and nowadays almost everybody resorts to beauty products.
  43. ncbi Database search for safety information on cosmetic ingredients
    Marleen Pauwels
    Department of Toxicology, Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 49:208-16. 2007
    ..It should be mentioned that the search strategies described are equally useful as a starting point for any quest for safety data on chemicals or chemical-related substances in general...
  44. ncbi ECVAM's response to the changing political environment for alternatives: consequences of the European Union chemicals and cosmetics policies
    Thomas Hartung
    ECVAM, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, European Commission Joint Research Centre, 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
    Altern Lab Anim 31:473-81. 2003
    ..In essence, steering groups formed by ECVAM senior staff, and complemented with external experts, will carry out the project management and will coordinate the various inputs...
  45. ncbi A tiered approach to the use of alternatives to animal testing for the safety assessment of cosmetics: genotoxicity. A COLIPA analysis
    Stefan Pfuhler
    Procter and Gamble, Miami Valley Laboratories, Cincinnati, OH 45253, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 57:315-24. 2010
    ..Due to the 7th amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive ban on in vivo genotoxicity testing for cosmetics that was enacted March 2009, it is no longer ..
  46. doi Rapid detection of ricin in cosmetics and elimination of artifacts associated with wheat lectin
    Jacqueline Dayan-Kenigsberg
    Unité Biotechnologie, Biochimie des Protéines et Macromolécules, agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé, 143 boulevard Anatole France, 93285 Saint Denis Cedex, France
    J Immunol Methods 336:251-4. 2008
    Ricin can be detected in cosmetics at 0.005 microg/mL in the analytical sample using lateral flow devices (LFDs). Wheat germ, an ingredient used in skin care products is also a potential source of wheat lectin...
  47. ncbi Safety evaluation of cosmetics in the EU. Reality and challenges for the toxicologist
    Marleen Pauwels
    Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Department of Toxicology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
    Toxicol Lett 151:7-17. 2004
    ..i) The full responsibility for the safety of cosmetics for human health is placed on the manufacturer, first importer in the EU or marketer...
  48. doi Silver nanoparticles as a safe preservative for use in cosmetics
    Satoshi Kokura
    Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
    Nanomedicine 6:570-4. 2010
    ..These results suggest that Ag nanoparticles may have potential for use as a preservative in cosmetics. From the clinical editor: In this study, the effects of recently synthesized Ag nanoparticles were investigated ..
  49. doi Methylisothiazolinone, an emerging allergen in cosmetics?
    Juan García-Gavín
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, University of Santiago de Compostela, University Hospital Complex, Spain
    Contact Dermatitis 63:96-101. 2010
    ..In cosmetics, methylisothiazoline (MI) is permitted in a concentration of 100 p.p.m., while 15 p.p.m...
  50. ncbi Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used by Assamese people for various skin ailments and cosmetics
    Abinash Pratim Saikia
    Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, North Guwahati 781039, Assam, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 106:149-57. 2006
    ..paper deals with the medicinal plants used by the people of Assam for curing different skin ailments and for cosmetics. A total of 85 plants belonging to 49 families have been documented for their therapeutic use against skin ..
  51. ncbi Retinoids in cosmeceuticals
    Olivier Sorg
    Clinique de Dermatologie, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
    Dermatol Ther 19:289-96. 2006
    ....
  52. ncbi [Allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics containing Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil)]
    T M Fritz
    Dermatologische Klinik, , Suisse
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 128:123-6. 2001
    ..DISCUSSION: The allergic potential of low concentrations of Melaleuca alternifolia is presumed to be low on healthy skin. Photoaged Melaleuca alternifolia must be considered to be a stronger sensitizer...
  53. ncbi Applications of microemulsions in cosmetics
    Prapaporn Boonme
    Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand
    J Cosmet Dermatol 6:223-8. 2007
    ..microemulsions were discovered approximately six decades ago, their applications in several fields, including cosmetics, have been increased due to their good appearance, thermodynamic stability, high solubilization power, and ease ..
  54. ncbi Glucosides as unexpected allergens in cosmetics
    A Goossens
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Contact Dermatitis 48:164-6. 2003
  55. ncbi A sex difference in facial contrast and its exaggeration by cosmetics
    Richard Russell
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Perception 38:1211-9. 2009
    ..Application of cosmetics was found to consistently increase facial contrast...
  56. doi Complications of chronic use of skin lightening cosmetics
    Yetunde M Olumide
    Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria
    Int J Dermatol 47:344-53. 2008
    Skin lightening (bleaching) cosmetics and toiletries are widely used in most African countries. The active ingredients in these cosmetic products are hydroquinone, mercury and corticosteroids...
  57. ncbi Simultaneous analysis of antioxidants and preservatives in cosmetics by supercritical fluid extraction combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
    Maw Rong Lee
    Department of Chemistry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
    J Chromatogr A 1120:244-51. 2006
    ..Detection limits are achieved at the level of 4.7-142 ng/g. It was successfully applied to the determination of paraben preservatives and antioxidants in cosmetics without tedious pretreatment.
  58. doi A rapid and reliable size-exclusion chromatographic method for determination of kojic dipalmitate in skin-whitening cosmetic products
    Angel Balaguer
    Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad de Valencia, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    Talanta 75:407-11. 2008
    ..The chromatographic run takes less than 8 min to complete. All these features make the method easy to apply to quality control in the cosmetic industry...
  59. ncbi Cosmetics in the treatment of acne vulgaris
    Ella L Toombs
    Aesthetic Dermatology of Dupont Circle, Washington, DC 20009, USA
    Dermatol Clin 23:575-81, viii. 2005
    This article describes scenarios of patients who have acne vulgaris have tried over-the-counter products and cosmetics and are disheartened by the persistence of their disease and the resulting scars...
  60. doi Human health safety evaluation of cosmetics in the EU: a legally imposed challenge to science
    M Pauwels
    Department of Toxicology, Dermato Cosmetology and Pharmacognosy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Laarbeeklaan 103, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 243:260-74. 2010
    ..substances, biocides, plant protection products, food additives, medicinal products, and of course also cosmetics. Horizontal legislative texts, on the contrary, cover more general fields such as protection of experimental ..
  61. ncbi Simultaneous determination of seven phthalates and four parabens in cosmetic products using HPLC-DAD and GC-MS methods
    Hao Yu Shen
    Analysis and Testing Center, Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, Ningbo, Zhejiang, PR China
    J Sep Sci 30:48-54. 2007
    ..The residue level is at 1.22-5289 mg/kg...
  62. ncbi Allergic contact dermatitis to copolymers in cosmetics--case report and review of the literature
    Sarah Quartier
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Catholic University Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Contact Dermatitis 55:257-67. 2006
    ..Allergic contact dermatitis to 6 copolymers in cosmetics and 1 in a medical dressing has been described; however, the nature of the hapten is still unknown...
  63. ncbi Possible relation of Tunisian pemphigus with traditional cosmetics: a multicenter case-control study
    Sylvie Bastuji-Garin
    Department of Public Health, Hôpital Henri Mondor AP HP, Universite Paris XII, Creteil, France
    Am J Epidemiol 155:249-56. 2002
    ..factors were significantly associated with pemphigus in multivariate logistic regression analyses: traditional cosmetics (odds ratio (OR) = 4.0, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1, 14.8); Turkish baths (OR = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.4, 7...
  64. ncbi Prevalence of sunless tanning product use and related behaviors among adults in the United States: results from a national survey
    Jo Ellen Stryker
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 56:387-90. 2007
    ....
  65. ncbi Estimated exposure to phthalates in cosmetics and risk assessment
    Hyun Jung Koo
    College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Kyonggi Do, South Korea
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 67:1901-14. 2004
    ..To predict possible human exposure to phthalates in cosmetics, the levels of DEHP, diethyl phthalate (DEP), DBP, and butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP) were determined by high-..
  66. ncbi Safety of ingredients used in cosmetics
    Wilma F Bergfeld
    Dermatology Department, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 52:125-32. 2005
    The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) program was established in 1976 by the Cosmetics, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, with the support of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Consumer Federation of America (CFA)...
  67. ncbi Analysis of consumer cosmetic products for phthalate esters
    Jean C Hubinger
    U S Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD 20740, USA
    J Cosmet Sci 57:127-37. 2006
    ..Based on the available exposure and toxicity data, the FDA has concluded that there is insufficient data to conclude that a human health hazard exists from exposure to phthalate esters from cosmetic products...
  68. ncbi Environmental oestrogens, cosmetics and breast cancer
    P D Darbre
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Reading, P O Box 228, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 20:121-43. 2006
    ..However, it is emerging that the breast is also exposed to a range of oestrogenic chemicals applied as cosmetics to the underarm and breast area...
  69. ncbi Q fever outbreak at a cosmetics supply factory
    Amanda J Wade
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Geelong Hospital, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 42:e50-2. 2006
    ..We describe an outbreak of 4 cases occurring in a factory that processes ovine fetal products for the cosmetics industry...
  70. ncbi From miso, saké and shoyu to cosmetics: a century of science for kojic acid
    Ronald Bentley
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Nat Prod Rep 23:1046-62. 2006
    ..It was one of the first secondary metabolites to have its biosynthetic pathway studied by the isotope tracer technique, and, more recently, has been of interest as a skin lightening agent. There are 112 references...
  71. doi Cosmetic formulations containing Lithospermum erythrorhizon root extract show moisturizing effects on human skin
    Man Jau Chang
    Graduate Institute of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC
    Arch Dermatol Res 300:317-23. 2008
    ..68 +/- 0.79% for emulsion LES5.00. Taken together, our data demonstrate that LES is more effective in increasing skin humidity and decreasing the TEWL values, indicating the potential skin care effects of LES...
  72. ncbi Contact sensitization from Compositae-containing herbal remedies and cosmetics
    Evy Paulsen
    National Allergy Research Center for Consumer Products, Gentofte, Denmark
    Contact Dermatitis 47:189-98. 2002
    ..some of the oldest and most valued medicinal plants, and the increasing popularity of herbal medicine and cosmetics may theoretically result in a growing number of Compositae sensitizations from these sources...
  73. ncbi Analysis of ceramides in cosmetics by reversed-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with collision-induced dissociation
    Myoung Hee Lee
    Department of Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejon 305 764, Korea
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 17:64-75. 2003
    ..electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) was employed for determination of commercial ceramides in cosmetics for quality control of the product formulation...
  74. ncbi Predictive ability of reconstructed human epidermis equivalents for the assessment of skin irritation of cosmetics
    C Faller
    Cosmital SA Research Company of Wella AG, Germany, Rte de Chesalles 21, CH 1723 Marly, Switzerland
    Toxicol In Vitro 16:557-72. 2002
    ..These models allow the measurement of quantifiable and objective endpoints relevant to in vivo irritative phenomena...
  75. ncbi An epidemiological survey of the use of cosmetic skin lightening cosmetics among traders in Lagos, Nigeria
    S B Adebajo
    Department of Community Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    West Afr J Med 21:51-5. 2002
    ..to ascertain the extent of this practice and what socio-cultural and economic factors determine the use of these cosmetics. Prevalence of use of skin lightening cosmetics was 77.3% comprising ninety-six males (27...
  76. ncbi Is the application of cosmetics containing protein-derived products safe?
    Catherine Pecquet
    Centre d Allergologie, Hopital Tenon, Paris, France
    Contact Dermatitis 46:123. 2002
  77. ncbi Toxicological profile of diethyl phthalate: a vehicle for fragrance and cosmetic ingredients
    A M Api
    Research Institute for Fragrance Materials Inc, Two University Plaza, Suite 406, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA
    Food Chem Toxicol 39:97-108. 2001
    ..75 mg/kg/day oral exposure) indicates no significant toxic liability for the use of DEP in fragrances and cosmetic products...
  78. ncbi Ethnopharmacognostic survey on the natural ingredients used in folk cosmetics, cosmeceuticals and remedies for healing skin diseases in the inland Marches, Central-Eastern Italy
    Andrea Pieroni
    Department of Pharmacy, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, UK
    J Ethnopharmacol 91:331-44. 2004
    An ethnopharmaceutical study focused on domestic cosmetics, cosmeceuticals, and remedies to heal skin diseases traditionally used in the inland part of the Marches region (Central-Eastern Italy) has been conducted...
  79. doi Novel approaches in herbal cosmetics
    Deep Chanchal
    Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Institute, Kumhari, Chattisgarh, India
    J Cosmet Dermatol 7:89-95. 2008
    ..that combine the benefits of nutracosmetical ingredients with the elegance, skin feel, and delivery systems of cosmetics. Herbs and spices have been used in maintaining and enhancing human beauty because herbs have many beneficial ..
  80. ncbi Recovery of DNA for forensic analysis from lip cosmetics
    L G Webb
    Forensic Biology Laboratory, Forensic Services, PathCentre, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 46:1474-9. 2001
    ..a reference DNA profile from a missing person, we analyzed a variety of personal effects, including two lip cosmetics, both of which gave full DNA profiles...
  81. ncbi Repair of photoaged dermal matrix by topical application of a cosmetic 'antiageing' product
    R E B Watson
    Dermatological Sciences Research Group, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Br J Dermatol 158:472-7. 2008
    ..To date, little is known regarding the ability of over-the-counter 'antiageing' products to repair photoaged skin...
  82. ncbi Assessment of principal parabens used in cosmetics after their passage through human epidermis-dermis layers (ex-vivo study)
    Sawsan El Hussein
    Cutaneous Engineering and Biology Laboratory EA 3183, IFR 133, University of Franche Comte, Besancon, France
    Exp Dermatol 16:830-6. 2007
    ..This situation provokes the accumulation of these molecules which were considered by some authors as the cause of skin toxicities and carcinogenicity...
  83. doi Natural surfactants used in cosmetics: glycolipids
    N Lourith
    School of Cosmetic Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiangrai, Thailand
    Int J Cosmet Sci 31:255-61. 2009
    ..Sophorolipids, rhamnolipids and mannosylerythritol lipids are the most widely used glycolipids biosurfactant in cosmetics. Literatures and patents relevant to these three glycolipids reviewed were emphasizing on the cosmetic ..
  84. ncbi Endocrine disrupters and human health: could oestrogenic chemicals in body care cosmetics adversely affect breast cancer incidence in women?
    Philip W Harvey
    Department of Toxicology, Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK
    J Appl Toxicol 24:167-76. 2004
    ..However, the hypothesis that chemicals applied in body care cosmetics (including moisturizers, creams, sprays or lotions applied to axilla or chest or breast areas) may be affecting ..
  85. doi Environmentally friendly LC for the simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and its derivatives in skin-whitening cosmetics
    Angel Balaguer
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    J Sep Sci 31:229-36. 2008
    Ascorbic acid (AA), also known as vitamin C, is a very popular skin-whitening agent used in cosmetics. However, the use of AA (and also its sodium or magnesium salts) in cosmetic products is limited owing to its labile oxidative ..
  86. ncbi Composition of eye cosmetics (kohls) used in Cairo
    Andrew Hardy
    ITMS Section, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi campus, United Arab Emirates
    Int J Environ Health Res 14:83-91. 2004
    ..For the last two samples the main component of each was an unknown amorphous organic compound...
  87. ncbi Plants used in cosmetics
    Talal Aburjai
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
    Phytother Res 17:987-1000. 2003
    ..Essential oils when incorporated into finished products impart many benefits such as a pleasant aroma in perfumery, shine or conditioning effects in hair care products, emolliency and improving the elasticity of the skin...
  88. ncbi Naturally occurring tyrosinase inhibitors: mechanism and applications in skin health, cosmetics and agriculture industries
    Shoukat Parvez
    National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering NIBGE, P O 577, Faisalabad, Pakistan
    Phytother Res 21:805-16. 2007
    ..to prevent tyrosinase action encourages researchers to seek new potent tyrosinase inhibitors for food and cosmetics. This article presents a study on the importance of tyrosinase, biochemical characteristics, type of inhibitions,..
  89. ncbi Contact dermatitis: epidemiology and frequent sensitizers to cosmetics
    T L Diepgen
    Department of Social Medicine, Center of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 21:9-13. 2007
    ..Fragrances and preservatives used in cosmetics are among the most common allergens in contact allergic dermatitis, although the frequency of contact allergy in ..
  90. ncbi Triacylglycerols profiling in plant oils important in food industry, dietetics and cosmetics using high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry
    Miroslav Lísa
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, nam Cs Legii 565, 53210 Pardubice, Czech Republic
    J Chromatogr A 1198:115-30. 2008
    ..cm has been applied for the high resolution separation of plant oils important in food industry, dietetics and cosmetics. Positive-ion atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry is used for the unambiguous ..
  91. ncbi Sex, beauty, and the relative luminance of facial features
    Richard Russell
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 45 Carleton Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Perception 32:1093-107. 2003
    ..One of the more consistent uses of cosmetics to make the female face more attractive is to darken the eyes and mouth relative to the surrounding skin...
  92. ncbi A study of the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen
    Andrew D Hardy
    Centre for Medical History, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, Devon, UK
    J Cosmet Sci 59:399-418. 2008
    This study looks at the chemical composition of traditional eye cosmetics ("kohls") used in Qatar and Yemen. Of especial interest was how many samples in each country contain the toxic element lead...
  93. ncbi Determination of genetic toxicity and potential carcinogenicity in vitro--challenges post the Seventh Amendment to the European Cosmetics Directive
    D J Tweats
    The Medical School, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, SA2 8PP, UK
    Mutagenesis 22:5-13. 2007
    ..and replacement are the basis for EU and national animal protection laws the Seventh Amendment to the EU Cosmetics Directive will ban the marketing of cosmetic/personal care products that contain ingredients that have been ..
  94. ncbi Behavior of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and hormones in a sewage treatment plant
    Marta Carballa
    Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Santiago de Compostela, E 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Water Res 38:2918-26. 2004
    ..However, the concentration of estrone increased along the treatment due to the partial oxidation of 17beta-estradiol in the aeration tank...
  95. ncbi Underarm cosmetics and breast cancer
    P D Darbre
    Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
    J Appl Toxicol 23:89-95. 2003
    ..It has been suggested recently that underarm cosmetics might be a cause of breast cancer, because these cosmetics contain a variety of chemicals that are applied ..
  96. ncbi Allergic contact dermatitis due to hydrophilized ceramide
    Jun Yajima
    Kasukabe Dermatology Clinic, Saitama, Japan
    Contact Dermatitis 47:245. 2002
  97. ncbi Allergic contact dermatitis from ethylhexylglycerin
    G Linsen
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Contact Dermatitis 47:169. 2002
  98. ncbi Contact dermatitis from a dry stick deodorant
    S A Devos
    Department of Dermatology, Ghent University Hospital, Belgium
    Contact Dermatitis 47:170-1. 2002
  99. ncbi Allergic contact dermatitis from medium-chain triglycerides in a moisturizing lotion
    S Laube
    Birmingham Skin Centre, City Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham B18 7QH, UK
    Contact Dermatitis 47:171. 2002
  100. ncbi Allergic contact dermatitis from ethylcyanoacrylate in an office worker with artificial nails led to months of sick leave
    M Isaksson
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, SE 20502 Malmo, Sweden
    Contact Dermatitis 57:346-7. 2007
  101. ncbi Fragrance allergy and hand eczema - a review
    S Heydorn
    Department of Dermatology, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Contact Dermatitis 48:59-66. 2003
    ..As exposures to fragrances on the hands are often simultaneous exposures to irritants, this combined exposure approach needs to be considered...

Research Grants71

  1. Developmental Neurotoxicity of Phthalate Esters
    Bernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental contaminants found in cosmetics, household furnishings, medical devices, toys, and numerous other products. Human exposures are universal...
  2. Project 1: In vitro Studies: Correlate the physical and chemical characteristics
    David L Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..many different products, including paints and inks, electroluminescent displays, solar panels, antimicrobials, cosmetics and sporting equipment...
  3. Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) of chemicals in mammals
    Rochelle W Tyl; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..acid (butylparaben, BPB) is widely used as an antioxidant and preservative in foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. Human exposure can occur via inhalation, ingestion, or dermal contact...
  4. Analyzer for Monitoring Personal Environmental Exposure to Fluids and Materials
    MATTHEW CUSACK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..wine, coffee beer, tea) and all materials placed on the subject/patient's skin such as: lotions, perfumes, cosmetics (lipstick, makeup), soaps, shampoos, deodorant, etc...
  5. Analyzer for Monitoring Personal Environmental Exposure to Fluids and Materials
    MATTHEW CUSACK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..wine, coffee beer, tea) and all materials placed on the subject/patient's skin such as: lotions, perfumes, cosmetics (lipstick, makeup), soaps, shampoos, deodorant, etc...
  6. METABOLISM AND TOXICITY OF HYDROQUINONE THIOETHERS
    Serrine Lau; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Pigments prepared from henna and madder were used as cosmetics and dyes and contained derivatives of 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) and anthraquinone respectively...
  7. NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESIS
    MARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
  8. Ear Canal Optical Coherent Tomography System
    PAUL SHNITSER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..hearing aid candidates actually use these devices, owing to concerns about inconvenience, discomfort, stigma, cosmetics, sound quality, and affordability...
  9. NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESIS
    MARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
  10. NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESIS
    MARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
  11. NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESIS
    MARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
  12. NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESIS
    MARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
  13. CARCINOGENESIS--NITROSAMINE FORMATION AND INHIBITION
    RICHARD LOEPPKY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..It is not know, for example, how nitrosamines are formed in cosmetics, shampoos, other toiletry items, metalworking fluids, and tobacco...
  14. CARCINOGENESIS: NITROSAMINE FORMATION AND INHIBITION
    RICHARD LOEPPKY; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..It is not know, for example, how nitrosamines are formed in cosmetics, shampoos, other toiletry items, metalworking fluids, and tobacco...
  15. CARCINOGENESIS: NITROSAMINE FORMATION AND INHIBITION
    RICHARD LOEPPKY; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..It is not know, for example, how nitrosamines are formed in cosmetics, shampoos, other toiletry items, metalworking fluids, and tobacco...
  16. Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Breast Cancer and*
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..to EDCs and mammary carcinogens is common from sources such as air and water pollution, detergents, pesticides, cosmetics, plastics, building materials, and furnishings...
  17. Ultrase MT12 for steatorrhea in cystic fibrosis
    Robert Stern; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These enzymes were introduced into medical practice before the passage of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act...
  18. An Integrated Approach Toward Understanding the Toxicity of Inhaled Nanomaterials
    VICKI GRASSIAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) Manufactured nanomaterials are found in cosmetics, lotions, coatings, and used in environmental remediation applications...
  19. A rapid label-free sensor for immune markers of environmental exposure for applic
    Christopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The explosive growth of nanotechnology in research and consumer products (sunscreens, cosmetics, paint) is also creating an array of ultrafine materials with largely unknown health effects...
  20. A rapid label-free sensor for immune markers of environmental exposure for applic
    Christopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The explosive growth of nanotechnology in research and consumer products (sunscreens, cosmetics, paint) is also creating an array of ultrafine materials with largely unknown health effects...
  21. NITRIC OXIDE INHIBITOR AND LEISHMANIA PATHOGENESIS
    MARION CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Rural populations in India use turmeric abundantly in their daily life: as a spice, as a component of cosmetics, as an anti-inflammatory agent and other medications, and as a household topical remedy for minor injuries ..
  22. An Integrated Approach Toward Understanding the Toxicity of Inhaled Nanomaterials
    VICKI GRASSIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) Manufactured nanomaterials are found in cosmetics, lotions, coatings, and used in environmental remediation applications...
  23. A rapid label-free sensor for immune markers of environmental exposure for applic
    Christopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The explosive growth of nanotechnology in research and consumer products (sunscreens, cosmetics, paint) is also creating an array of ultrafine materials with largely unknown health effects...
  24. Enhanced Phototoxicity Assay in Reconstituted Skin
    GEORGE DEGEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The phototoxic potential of chemicals, cosmetics, dietary supplements and pharmaceuticals are a growing major concern in the consumer products industry...
  25. RIBONUCLEOSIDES FOR PREDICTION OF SKIN IRRITATION
    WILLIAM REIFENRATH; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION Development of new materials that contact the skin (e.g. topical drugs, cosmetics) usually requires an assessment of skin irritation potential in an animal model...
  26. An In Vitro Robotic Assay for Anti-Estrogenic Activity
    CATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc., are endocrine disruptors (EDs)...
  27. Nursing & Environmental Health Conference: Methymercury and Human Health Effects
    Jeanne Hewitt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..communication by Hmong; a poster presentation session that illustrates traditional medicines, herbs, candies, cosmetics, and other products that can be sources of exposure to mercury, lead, and other toxins; a science experiment ..
  28. Tooth Phone Auditory Device TPAD
    BARRY MERSKY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to the precedent device, the TPAD has many important advantages such as cost, safety, longevity, fidelity, and cosmetics. In the TPAD system, ambient speech and sound is picked-up by a microphone and radio transmitted to a removable ..
  29. Nanoparticles and Arterial Disease
    VIRGINIA MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Nanoparticles are being developed for such diverse industrial applications as data processing and cosmetics, and in medicine for targeted drug delivery, surface coatings to improve implantable devices and biosensors...
  30. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    SHONDELLE WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..photo-oxidation of methane, oxidation of hydrocarbons released from plants and by numerous industrial products (cosmetics, cigarette smoke, automotive emissions, etc.); that contain this chemical as an ingredient...
  31. Phototoxicity Screening Assay in Reconstituted Skin
    GEORGE DEGEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The phototoxic potential of chemicals, cosmetics, dietary supplements and Pharmaceuticals are a major and growing concern in the consumer products industry, but ..
  32. Phototoxicity Screening Assay in Reconstituted Skin
    GEORGE DEGEORGE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The phototoxic potential of chemicals, cosmetics, dietary supplements and Pharmaceuticals are a major and growing concern in the consumer products industry, but ..
  33. Mechanism of Thimerosal Induced Neurotoxicity
    KINSLEY KININGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..is a widely used ethyl mercury containing preservative used in over-the-counter medications, cleaners and cosmetics. Recent concern has been raised on the use of thimerosal in over 30 vaccines licensed in the United States...
  34. A Rapid Label-free Sensor for Immune Markers of Environmental Exposure
    Christopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The explosive growth of nanotechnology in research and consumer products (sunscreens, cosmetics, paint) is also creating an array of ultrafine materials with largely unknown health effects...
  35. A Rapid Label-free Sensor for Immune Markers of Environmental Exposure
    Christopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The explosive growth of nanotechnology in research and consumer products (sunscreens, cosmetics, paint) is also creating an array of ultrafine materials with largely unknown health effects...
  36. NOVEL OLIGOPEPTIDES AS TOPICAL SKIN LIGHTENING AGENTS
    JAMES LEYDA; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Additionally, the desire for skin whitening cosmetics is common in various cultures around the world...
  37. CHILDHOOD BRAIN TUMORS AND N-NITROSO EXPOSURES
    Susan Preston Martin; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The questionnaire asks about sources of NOC exposure such as diet, drinking water, drugs, cosmetics, rubber products and parental occupational exposures...
  38. CHILDHOOD BRAIN TUMORS AND N-NITROSO EXPOSURES
    Susan Preston Martin; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The questionnaire asks about sources of NOC exposure such as diet, drinking water, drugs, cosmetics, rubber products and parental occupational exposures...
  39. CHILDHOOD BRAIN TUMORS AND N-NITROSO EXPOSURES
    Susan Preston Martin; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The questionnaire asks about sources of NOC exposure such as diet, drinking water, drugs, cosmetics, rubber products and parental occupational exposures...
  40. CHILDHOOD BRAIN TUMORS AND N-NITROSO EXPOSURES
    Susan Preston Martin; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The questionnaire asks about sources of NOC exposure such as diet, drinking water, drugs, cosmetics, rubber products and parental occupational exposures...
  41. Neurotoxic Interactions of Different Forms of Mercury
    Bernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..health risks are methylmercury, found in fish and marine mammals, and metallic mercury vapor, found in industry, cosmetics, and dental amalgams...
  42. Neurotoxic Interactions of Different Forms of Mercury
    Bernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..health risks are methylmercury, found in fish and marine mammals, and metallic mercury vapor, found in industry, cosmetics, and dental amalgams...
  43. Neurotoxic Interactions of Different Forms of Mercury
    Bernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..health risks are methylmercury, found in fish and marine mammals, and metallic mercury vapor, found in industry, cosmetics, and dental amalgams...
  44. Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memory
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..in the synthesis of fatty acid condensates that are present in many consumer products, including shampoos and cosmetics. DEA is structurally similar to choline, a methyl donor and an important endogenous precursor in the synthesis ..
  45. Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memory
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in the synthesis of fatty acid condensates that are present in many consumer products, including shampoos and cosmetics. DEA is structurally similar to choline, a methyl donor and an important endogenous precursor in the synthesis ..
  46. Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memory
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..in the synthesis of fatty acid condensates that are present in many consumer products, including shampoos and cosmetics. DEA is structurally similar to choline, a methyl donor and an important endogenous precursor in the synthesis ..
  47. In Vitro Robotic Assay for Estrogenic Activity
    CATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, )esticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc. are endocrine disruptors (EDs)...
  48. An In Vitro Robotic Assay for Estrogenic Activity
    CATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc...
  49. Project 1: Interactions of ENMs with Lung Lining Fluid and Immune Effector Cells
    TERRY TETLEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..used in engineering, medicine, sports goods and the leisure industry, and for domestic use such as in cosmetics, clothing, and food...
  50. In Vitro Robotic Assay for Estrogenic Activity
    CATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, pharmaceuticals, )esticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc. are endocrine disruptors (EDs)...
  51. An In Vitro Robotic Assay for Anti-Estrogenic Activity
    CATHY YANG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Recent scientific investigations have shown that many chemicals used in plastics, Pharmaceuticals, pesticides, cosmetics, food additives, etc., are endocrine disrupters (EDs)...
  52. Pre-validation of Tissue Specific Micronucleus Assay for Genotoxicity Testing
    Yulia Kaluzhny; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..are also used; however, beginning in 2009, legislation in Europe will prevent manufacturers from marketing cosmetics products that have been tested using animals...
  53. BRAIN TUMORS AND N-NITROSO EXPOSURES
    Baruch Modan; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The questionnaire asks about sources of NOC exposure such as diet, drugs, cosmetics, rubber products and parental occupational exposures...
  54. BRAIN TUMORS AND N-NITROSO EXPOSURES
    Baruch Modan; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The questionnaire asks about sources of NOC exposure such as diet, drugs, cosmetics, rubber products and parental occupational exposures...
  55. BIOSTATISTICAL METHODS FOR CARCINOGENICITY EXPERIMENTS
    Stephen Lagakos; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..problems arising in laboratory experiments designed to assess the potential hazards of food additives, drugs, cosmetics, and other chemicals...
  56. Development of a New High-Throughout Mammalian DEL Assay
    Richard Brennan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..by applicant) Molecular toxicology is playing an increasing role in the early development of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, chemicals, and food additives...
  57. Remote Microvascular Dysfunction After Particulate Matter Exposure
    Timothy R Nurkiewicz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultrafine titanium dioxide is a commonly used nanoparticle found in cosmetics, paints and various protective coatings...
  58. A Catalytic Conformational Prion Sensor
    Cindy Orser; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Beef and beef-by-products are omnipresent in foods, drugs, vaccines, and cosmetics, and the subclinical presence of an undiagnosed epidemic of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) could ..
  59. Remote Microvascular Dysfunction After Particulate Matter Exposure
    TIMOTHY NURKIEWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultrafine titanium dioxide is a commonly used nanoparticle found in cosmetics, paints and various protective coatings...
  60. Remote Microvascular Dysfunction After Particulate Matter Exposure
    TIMOTHY NURKIEWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Ultrafine titanium dioxide is a commonly used nanoparticle found in cosmetics, paints and various protective coatings...
  61. BARRIER FUNCTION IN NORMAL IMMORTALIZED KERATINOCYTE
    ALLEN COMER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Such tests are needed to prevent the inclusion of ingredients in consumer products, cosmetics or topically applied pharmaceuticals that would damage this critical function of skin...
  62. Reporter gene assays for skin irritation assessment
    ALLEN COMER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Such tests are needed to prevent the inclusion of irritating ingredients in consumer products, cosmetics, or topically applied pharmaceuticals...
  63. NITROSAMINE CARCINOGENESIS
    JAMES FISHBEIN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..They are widely dispersed in the environment and human exposure occurs through foods, cosmetics, pollutants, alcohol and tobacco products, and industrial processes...
  64. NITROSAMINE CARCINOGENESIS
    JAMES FISHBEIN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..They are widely dispersed in the environment and human exposure occurs through foods, cosmetics, pollutants, alcohol and tobacco products, and industrial processes...
  65. NITROSAMINE CARCINOGENESIS
    JAMES FISHBEIN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..They are widely dispersed in the environment and human exposure occurs through foods, cosmetics, pollutants, alcohol and tobacco products, and industrial processes...
  66. NITROSAMINE CARCINOGENESIS
    JAMES FISHBEIN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..They are widely dispersed in the environment and human exposure occurs through foods, cosmetics, pollutants, alcohol and tobacco products, and industrial processes...
  67. NITROSAMINE CARCINOGENESIS
    JAMES FISHBEIN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..They are widely dispersed in the environment and human exposure occurs through foods, cosmetics, pollutants, alcohol and tobacco products, and industrial processes...
  68. ARRAYS FOR BINAURAL ADAPTIVE DIRECTIONAL HEARING AID
    Scott Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: The primary commercial application of the research is to improve both the cosmetics and the speech-in-noise performance of directional hearing devices, such as hearing aids or cochlear implants...
  69. BIOSENSOR STUDIES OF ESTROGENIC COMPOUNDS WITH HER-A & B
    JUDITH ERB; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Also diethyl phthalate, a compound widely used in colognes and cosmetics, selectively activates formation of stable complex between ERE and hER-alpha but not hER-beta...