anesthesia adjuvants

Summary

Summary: Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Anesthetic management of a patient with stiff person syndrome
    Nabil Elkassabany
    Department of General Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195, USA
    J Clin Anesth 18:218-20. 2006
  2. ncbi Propofol attenuates ovalbumin-induced smooth muscle contraction of the sensitized rat trachea: inhibition of serotonergic and cholinergic signaling
    Masakazu Yamaguchi
    Department of Anesthesiology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan
    Anesth Analg 103:594-600. 2006
  3. ncbi [Anesthesia for a patient with mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III deficiency]
    J R Ortiz-Gómez
    Servicio de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion, Hospital Garcia Orcoyen, C Santa Soria, 22, 31200 Estella, Navarra
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 53:575-9. 2006
  4. ncbi [Anesthesia in a patient with acute strangulation of a massive diaphragmatic hernia]
    E M Pastor Tomás
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 50:210-2. 2003
  5. ncbi A randomized comparison of levobupivacaine, bupivacaine and ropivacaine with fentanyl, for labor analgesia
    M C Atienzar
    Department of Anesthesia, Hospital General Castellon, Castellon, Spain
    Int J Obstet Anesth 17:106-11. 2008
  6. ncbi Bispectral index guided timing of intubation without neuromuscular blockade during sevoflurane induction of anaesthesia in adults
    R M van Twest
    Anaesthetics Department, Gold Coast Hospital, Southport, Queensland, Australia
    Anaesth Intensive Care 34:606-12. 2006
  7. ncbi Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal anesthesia
    Yunus Nadi Yuksek
    4th Department of Surgery, Ankara Numune Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Am J Surg 195:533-6. 2008
  8. ncbi The effect of intrathecal epinephrine on epidural infused analgesics during labor
    Toshiyuki Okutomi
    Departments of Anesthesiology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 28:108-12. 2003
  9. ncbi Propofol alone titrated to deep sedation versus propofol in combination with opioids and/or benzodiazepines and titrated to moderate sedation for colonoscopy
    Megan E VanNatta
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis Indiana 46202, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:2209-17. 2006
  10. ncbi Comparison of four strategies to reduce the pain associated with intravenous administration of rocuronium
    A B Chiarella
    Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, 3B2 32 Walter C Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, University of Alberta Hospitals, 8440 112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2B7
    Br J Anaesth 90:377-9. 2003

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications202 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Anesthetic management of a patient with stiff person syndrome
    Nabil Elkassabany
    Department of General Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195, USA
    J Clin Anesth 18:218-20. 2006
    ..The use of general anesthesia in patients with SPS carries the risk of postoperative hypotonia due to enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid action on synaptic transmission by drugs that have a gamma-aminobutyric acid agonistic action...
  2. ncbi Propofol attenuates ovalbumin-induced smooth muscle contraction of the sensitized rat trachea: inhibition of serotonergic and cholinergic signaling
    Masakazu Yamaguchi
    Department of Anesthesiology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan
    Anesth Analg 103:594-600. 2006
    ..These results suggest that the mechanism involved in the attenuation by propofol of OA-induced contraction is inhibition of the actions of 5-HT. Propofol should be a useful anesthetic in patients with immunoglobulin E-related asthma...
  3. ncbi [Anesthesia for a patient with mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III deficiency]
    J R Ortiz-Gómez
    Servicio de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion, Hospital Garcia Orcoyen, C Santa Soria, 22, 31200 Estella, Navarra
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 53:575-9. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi [Anesthesia in a patient with acute strangulation of a massive diaphragmatic hernia]
    E M Pastor Tomás
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 50:210-2. 2003
  5. ncbi A randomized comparison of levobupivacaine, bupivacaine and ropivacaine with fentanyl, for labor analgesia
    M C Atienzar
    Department of Anesthesia, Hospital General Castellon, Castellon, Spain
    Int J Obstet Anesth 17:106-11. 2008
    ..To compare the analgesic efficacy of epidural infusions of levobupivacaine, bupivacaine and ropivacaine in labor...
  6. ncbi Bispectral index guided timing of intubation without neuromuscular blockade during sevoflurane induction of anaesthesia in adults
    R M van Twest
    Anaesthetics Department, Gold Coast Hospital, Southport, Queensland, Australia
    Anaesth Intensive Care 34:606-12. 2006
    ..A target BIS value of 25 provides good to excellent intubating conditions and better intubating conditions than a target BIS of 40 during sevoflurane induction of anaesthesia without the use of neuromuscular blocking agents...
  7. ncbi Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal anesthesia
    Yunus Nadi Yuksek
    4th Department of Surgery, Ankara Numune Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Am J Surg 195:533-6. 2008
    ..There are limited data about LC under spinal anesthesia. This study was designed to evaluate LC under spinal anesthesia...
  8. ncbi The effect of intrathecal epinephrine on epidural infused analgesics during labor
    Toshiyuki Okutomi
    Departments of Anesthesiology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 28:108-12. 2003
    ..In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the addition of intrathecal epinephrine would lessen the requirement for a rescue dose of epidural analgesia during labor...
  9. ncbi Propofol alone titrated to deep sedation versus propofol in combination with opioids and/or benzodiazepines and titrated to moderate sedation for colonoscopy
    Megan E VanNatta
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis Indiana 46202, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:2209-17. 2006
    ..Propofol in combination with opioids and/or benzodiazepines can be titrated to moderate sedation, which might be safer...
  10. ncbi Comparison of four strategies to reduce the pain associated with intravenous administration of rocuronium
    A B Chiarella
    Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, 3B2 32 Walter C Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, University of Alberta Hospitals, 8440 112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2B7
    Br J Anaesth 90:377-9. 2003
    ..I.V. rocuronium produces intense discomfort at the site of injection in conscious patients. Four strategies to reduce or prevent this discomfort were studied...
  11. ncbi Is depth of anesthesia, as assessed by the Bispectral Index, related to postoperative cognitive dysfunction and recovery?
    Ehab Farag
    Department of General Anesthesiology and Outcomes Research, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western University, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Anesth Analg 103:633-40. 2006
    ..Somewhat deeper levels of anesthesia were therefore associated with better cognitive function 4-6 wk postoperatively, particularly with respect to the ability to process information...
  12. ncbi Comparison of fentanyl-bupivacaine or midazolam-bupivacaine mixtures with plain bupivacaine for caudal anaesthesia in children
    Sibel Baris
    Departments of Anaesthesiology and Paediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Kurupelit, Samsun, Turkey
    Paediatr Anaesth 13:126-31. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the intensity and effectiveness of 0.75 ml.kg-1 bupivacaine 0.25% with the addition of fentanyl or midazolam for caudal block in children undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy...
  13. ncbi Patient-controlled sedation for colonoscopy: a randomized trial comparing patient-controlled administration of propofol and alfentanil with physician-administered midazolam and pethidine
    E Bright
    Dept of Anaesthetics, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Endoscopy 35:683-7. 2003
    ..This study compares the efficacy of sedation and recovery times between PCS and a combination of midazolam and pethidine...
  14. ncbi Combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia in elderly patients
    N Tahtaci
    Department of Anaesthesia, Gaziantep University, School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey
    Int J Clin Pract 56:655-8. 2002
    ..In conclusion, simultaneous combination of subarachnoid and epidural blockade may provide sufficient anaesthesia with fewer complications...
  15. ncbi The effect of Pencan needle orientation on spinal anesthesia outcomes
    Kenneth Wofford
    Naval Hospital, Okinawa, Japan
    AANA J 73:121-7. 2005
    ..Patients in whom the lateral needle side port orientation was used for injection were discharged earlier and had fewer side effects. This could translate into significant savings, financially and in terms of staff requirements...
  16. ncbi In vitro effects of intravenous anesthetics on the sphincter of Oddi strips of sheep
    Mustafa Turan
    Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
    Pancreatology 5:215-9. 2005
    ..This study was designed to investigate the direct effects of some intravenous anesthetics on SO in sheep...
  17. doi Combined monitored anesthesia care and femoral nerve block for muscle biopsy in children with myopathies
    Manikandan Sethuraman
    Paediatr Anaesth 18:691. 2008
  18. ncbi Comparison of the effects of two intrathecal anaesthetic techniques for transurethral prostatectomy on haemodynamic and pulmonary function
    K H Walsh
    Cork University Hospital, Department of Anaesthesia, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 20:560-4. 2003
    ....
  19. ncbi Comparison of adjuvant anesthetics for propofol induction
    Hideaki Tsuchida
    Department of Anesthesiology, Kanazawa Medical University, 1 1 Daigaku, Uchinada, Ishikawa 920 0293, Japan
    J Anesth 17:154-60. 2003
    ..Fentanyl was compared with nitrous oxide/sevoflurane as an adjuvant anesthesia to propofol during induction...
  20. ncbi An anaesthetic protocol in the young domestic pig allowing neuromuscular blockade for studies of cardiac function following cardioplegic arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass
    T Fanneløp
    Surgical Research Laboratory, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48:1144-54. 2004
    ..Documentation is difficult to obtain from the scientific literature. When focusing on cardiac function over time, in particular, the ideal anaesthetic protocol should cause no or minor alterations in cardiac variables...
  21. ncbi How deep should "deep sedation" be?
    Leonard B Weinstock
    Am J Gastroenterol 102:906-7; author reply 907-8. 2007
  22. pmc Safety and efficacy of analgesia-based sedation with remifentanil versus standard hypnotic-based regimens in intensive care unit patients with brain injuries: a randomised, controlled trial [ISRCTN50308308]
    Andreas Karabinis
    Genimatas General Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Crit Care 8:R268-80. 2004
    ..This randomised, open-label, observational, multicentre, parallel group study assessed the safety and efficacy of analgesia-based sedation using remifentanil in the neuro-intensive care unit...
  23. ncbi [Comparison between fentanyl and ketamine as adjuvants of bupivacaine in spinal anaesthesia]
    R Atangana
    Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 26:815-6. 2007
  24. ncbi [Fentanyl or remifentanil to potentiate a single dose of rocuronium in patients anesthetized with propofol with evaluation by accelerometry]
    T A Ferreira
    Servicio de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Juan Canalejo, A Coruna
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 51:190-4. 2004
    ..To compare the increase in potency of a single dose of rocuronium during anesthesia with propofol combined with either fentanyl or remifentanil...
  25. ncbi Peribulbar anesthesia for blepharoplasty
    Sergio Lessa
    Oculo Plastic Surgery, 1st Infirmary of Santa Casa da Misericórdia do Rio de Janeiro, Oculo Plastic Surgery, 38th Infirmary of Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Rio de Janeiro Catholic, University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 31:463-6; discussion 467. 2007
    ..Peribulbar anesthesia for inferior blepharoplasty was used successfully in 788 selected cases over the past 9 years. This technique is largely accepted for ophthalmologic procedures, but is not yet specifically used for blepharoplasty...
  26. ncbi Developing and establishing an ideal method of continuous-infusion epidural analgesia for delivery using the double-catheter method
    Hidehiro Makino
    Makino Clinic, Japan
    Tokai J Exp Clin Med 29:79-90. 2004
    ..The mean number of additional drug doses injected via the lower catheter was 0.37+/-0.57(range: 0-2). The number of additional doses in the 49 women averaged 0.16 per hour and 1.04 per delivery. Thus, good results were obtained...
  27. ncbi Propofol for procedural sedation in children in the emergency department
    Kathlene E Bassett
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Primary Children s Medical Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84102, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:773-82. 2003
    ..We determine the safety and efficacy of propofol sedation for painful procedures in the emergency department (ED)...
  28. ncbi The effect of right versus left lateral decubitus positions on induction of spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery
    Alice C S Law
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Anesth Analg 97:1795-9. 2003
    ..We conclude that the two positions can be used equally well when hyperbaric bupivacaine and fentanyl are used in cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia...
  29. ncbi Midazolam and pethidine versus propofol and fentanyl patient controlled sedation/analgesia for upper gastrointestinal tract ultrasound endoscopy: a prospective randomized controlled trial
    M Agostoni
    Department of Anaesthesiology, IRCCS H San Raffaele, Vita Salute University of Milano, Milan, Italy
    Dig Liver Dis 39:1024-9. 2007
    ..Our primary end-points were patient satisfaction and patient cooperation assessed by endoscopist...
  30. ncbi Preprocedural fasting state and adverse events in children undergoing procedural sedation and analgesia in a pediatric emergency department
    Dewesh Agrawal
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:636-46. 2003
    ..We characterize the fasting status of patients receiving procedural sedation and analgesia in a pediatric ED and assess the relationship between fasting status and adverse events...
  31. ncbi When is a patient safe for discharge after procedural sedation? The timing of adverse effect events in 1367 pediatric procedural sedations
    David H Newman
    Department of Emergency Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, City, NY 10025, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:627-35. 2003
    ..Because concern about delayed adverse effects commonly delays discharge after sedation, we attempted to establish the timing of adverse effects in our cohort of procedural sedations...
  32. ncbi Influence of pain treatment by epidural fentanyl and bupivacaine on homing of opioid-containing leukocytes to surgical wounds
    Martin Heurich
    Klinik fur Anaesthesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, D 12200 Berlin, Germany
    Brain Behav Immun 21:544-52. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that nociceptive but not sympathetic neurons are primarily involved in the attraction of opioid-containing leukocytes during early stages of inflammation...
  33. ncbi Intrathecal sufentanil (1.5 microg) added to hyperbaric bupivacaine (0.5%) for elective cesarean section provides adequate analgesia without need for pruritus therapy
    Yavuz Demiraran
    Department of Anaesthesia, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Duzce School of Medicine, Duzce, Turkey
    J Anesth 20:274-8. 2006
    ..We compared the effects of different doses of intrathecal sufentanil when administered together with hyperbaric bupivacaine for elective caesarean section...
  34. ncbi Unintended subdural injection: a complication of epidural anesthesia--a case report
    Adrian Kalil
    Kaiser Foundation Hospitals, Portland, Ore, USA
    AANA J 74:207-11. 2006
    ..The following case and discussion may help illustrate the mechanism behind this complication and how it can be detected, treated, and, possibly, avoided...
  35. ncbi The effects of general anesthetics on norepinephrine release from isolated rat cortical nerve terminals
    Victor N Pashkov
    Departments of Anesthesiology and Pharmacology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 525 East 68th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Anesth Analg 95:1274-81, table of contents. 2002
    ..Given the contrasting effects of general anesthetics on the release of other CNS transmitters, the presynaptic actions of general anesthetics are both drug- and transmitter-specific...
  36. ncbi Anesthesia for an adult with mucopolysaccharidosis I
    John L Ard
    Department of Anesthesiology, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
    J Clin Anesth 17:624-6. 2005
    ..We describe the anesthetic management difficulties of a man with mucopolysaccharidosis I. We also briefly review the anesthesia literature related to this disease...
  37. ncbi Intrathecal fentanyl as adjunct to hyperbaric bupivacaine in spinal anesthesia for caesarean section
    Fauzia Bano
    Department of Anesthesiology, Surgical I C U and Pain Management, Dow University of Health Sciences and Civil Hospital, Karachi
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 16:87-90. 2006
    ..To compare the effect of adding fentanyl to intrathecal bupivacaine on the onset, duration and quality of spinal anesthesia and its effect of mother and neonate...
  38. ncbi The persisting analgesic effect of low-dose intravenous ketamine after spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section
    S Sen
    Adnan Menderes University, Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Aydin, Turkey
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 22:518-23. 2005
    ..To compare the analgesic effects of intrathecal fentanyl and low-dose intravenous ketamine as adjuvants to intrathecal bupivacaine for Caesarean section...
  39. ncbi [Patients with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. Anaesthesiological and intensive care management]
    J Schmidt
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie, FAU, Erlangen Nurnberg, Krankenhausstrasse 12, 91054 Erlangen
    Anaesthesist 54:1201-8. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi Levobupivacaine and fentanyl for spinal anaesthesia: a randomized trial
    Y Y Lee
    Kwong Wah Hospital, Department of Anaesthesiology and Operating Theatre Services, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 22:899-903. 2005
    ..Fentanyl has been used as an adjunct to racemic bupivacaine in spinal anaesthesia. At the time this study was designed, there was no published study on the intrathecal use of 0.5% levobupivacaine with fentanyl...
  41. ncbi Midazolam reduces the dose of propofol required for induction of anaesthesia and laryngeal mask airway insertion
    P S Gill
    Department of Anaesthesia, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester LE5 4PW, UK
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 18:166-70. 2001
    ..002 (chi(2)). CONCLUSIONS: Midazolam reduces the dose of propofol required for induction of anaesthesia and successful insertion of the laryngeal mask airway. There was no clinical benefit to be gained from the addition of lidocaine...
  42. ncbi [Spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean section: dose injection speed have an effect on the incidence of hypotension?]
    M Bouchnak
    Service d Anesthesie Reanimation, centre de maternité et de néonatologie de Tunis, rue Jabel Lakhdar, 1007 La Rabta, Tunis, Tunisie
    Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 25:17-9. 2006
    ..To study effect of injection rate on spinal blockade and haemodynamic of spinal bupivacaine for Caesarean section...
  43. ncbi Comparative analysis of costs of total intravenous anaesthesia with propofol and remifentanil vs. balanced anaesthesia with isoflurane and fentanyl
    J Epple
    Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 18:20-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: We conclude that propofol and remifentanil is more cost-effective than isoflurane/fentanyl due to its better recovery profile, reduced total direct costs and higher patient satisfaction...
  44. ncbi What is the driving performance of ambulatory surgical patients after general anesthesia?
    Frances Chung
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Anesthesiology 103:951-6. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether impaired driver alertness had been restored to normal by 2 and 24 h after general anesthesia in patients who underwent ambulatory surgery...
  45. ncbi Propofol versus midazolam/fentanyl for outpatient colonoscopy: administration by nurses supervised by endoscopists
    Brian J Ulmer
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University Hospital, Indianapolis 46202, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 1:425-32. 2003
    ..Propofol is under evaluation as a sedative for endoscopic procedures. We compared nurse-administered propofol to midazolam plus fentanyl for outpatient colonoscopy...
  46. ncbi Intrathecal fentanyl added to intrathecal bupivacaine for day case surgery: a randomized study
    S Goel
    Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Chandigarh, India
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 20:294-7. 2003
    ..The aim of our study was to identify the minimum effective dose of intrathecal fentanyl that in combination with low-dose intrathecal bupivacaine would provide adequate surgical conditions without prolonging recovery...
  47. ncbi Total intravenous anaesthesia in horses using medetomidine and propofol
    Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger
    Equine Clinic, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Anaesth Analg 32:348-54. 2005
    ..To examine the clinical suitability of medetomidine-propofol infusions for total intravenous anaesthesia in horses...
  48. ncbi Does the use of fentanyl in epidural solutions for postthoracotomy pain management in neonates affect surgical outcome?
    Phillip D Bailey
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 40:1118-21. 2005
    ..1% and bupivacaine 0.1% with fentanyl 2 to 5 microg/mL...
  49. ncbi [Caudal anesthesia in pediatric surgery]
    G S Aprodu
    Universitatea de Medicină si Farmacie Gr T Popa Iaşi, Facultatea de Medicina, Spitalul clinic Sf Maria Iaşi, Clinica de Chirurgie şi Ortopedie Pediatrică
    Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 112:142-7. 2008
    ..The study analyses the efficacy and the safety of caudal anesthesia for the intra and postoperative pain management in children...
  50. ncbi Effects of adding midazolam on the postoperative epidural analgesia with two different doses of bupivacaine
    Tomoki Nishiyama
    Surgical Center, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Japan
    J Clin Anesth 14:92-7. 2002
    ..To investigate the interaction of midazolam with different doses of bupivacaine, by comparing the analgesic, sedative, and amnesic effects of continuous epidural midazolam with two different doses of bupivacaine...
  51. ncbi The effects of two different anaesthesia techniques on bispectral index values and awareness during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting
    Azize Bestas
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey
    J Clin Monit Comput 18:347-51. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate Bispectral Index values and awareness during two different anaesthesia regimens (fentanyl-propofol and fentanyl-midazolam) in patients undergoing off-pump CABG surgery...
  52. ncbi Airway management in spontaneously breathing anaesthetized children: comparison of the Laryngeal Mask Airway with the cuffed oropharyngeal airway
    Biruta Mamaya
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimatology, Latvian Medical Academy, Riga, Latvia
    Paediatr Anaesth 12:411-5. 2002
    ..The efficacy and safety of the smallest size of the cuffed oropharyngeal airway (COPA) for school age, spontaneously breathing children was investigated and compared with the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA)...
  53. ncbi Anesthesiologist-controlled versus patient-controlled propofol sedation for shockwave lithotripsy
    Jamal A Alhashemi
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, P O Box 31648, Jeddah 21418, Saudi Arabia
    Can J Anaesth 53:449-55. 2006
    ..To compare anesthesiologist-controlled sedation (ACS) with patient-controlled sedation (PCS), with respect to propofol requirements, sedation, and recovery, in patients undergoing extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for urinary calculi...
  54. ncbi Technique in question
    J Kelley Avery
    State Volunteer Mutual Insurance Company, Brentwood, TN, USA
    J Ark Med Soc 102:238-9. 2006
  55. ncbi Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory effects of ellagic acid
    Stephanie Corbett
    VA San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Perianesth Nurs 25:214-20. 2010
    ..01). Our findings suggest that ellagic acid may be effective against inflammation, may have a prolonged onset and duration of action, and may interact with known cyclooxygenase inhibitors...
  56. ncbi Intrathecal clonidine decreases propofol sedation requirements during spinal anesthesia in infants
    Yatindra K Batra
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Paediatr Anaesth 20:625-32. 2010
    ..We studied the propofol requirement after intrathecal administration of clonidine or fentanyl in infants undergoing lower abdominal surgeries...
  57. ncbi The hypnotic and analgesic effects of 2-bromomelatonin
    Mohamed Naguib
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Anesth Analg 97:763-8. 2003
    ..This study provides evidence that 2-bromomelatonin has properties that are desirable in anesthetics or anesthetic adjuvants...
  58. ncbi Low-dose clonidine and neostigmine prolong the duration of intrathecal bupivacaine-fentanyl for labor analgesia
    M D Owen
    Wake Forest University Department of Anesthesiology, Section on Obstetric Anesthesia, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Anesthesiology 92:361-6. 2000
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether the addition of clonidine and neostigmine to IT bupivacaine-fentanyl would increase the duration of analgesia without increasing side effects for patients in labor...
  59. ncbi Reduced palmitate turnover in brain phospholipids of pentobarbital-anesthetized rats
    M A Contreras
    Laboratory of Neurosciences, NIA, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neurochem Res 24:833-41. 1999
    ..Thus, pentobarbital decreases, in a dose-dependent manner, the turnover of palmitate in brain phospholipids. This suggests that palmitate turnover is closely coupled to brain functional activity...
  60. ncbi Some clinical effects of midazolam premedication in propofol-induced and isoflurane-maintained anaesthesia in dogs during ovariohysterectomy
    G F Stegmann
    Department of Companion Animal Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 72:214-6. 2001
    ..Compared to the control group, the dose required to obtain loss of the pedal reflex was significantly reduced by 37%, and the end-tidal isoflurane concentration during maintenance, reduced by 23%...
  61. ncbi Procedural pain of an ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block: a comparison of axillary and infraclavicular approaches
    B S Frederiksen
    Department of Anaesthesia, Rigshospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 54:408-13. 2010
    ..Therefore, limiting procedural pain may help to choose a standard approach. The primary aims of this randomized study were to assess patient's pain during the block and to recognize its cause...
  62. ncbi Detection of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in striatal microdialysates following peripheral 1,4-butanediol administration in rats
    Roopa Kapadia
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Life Sci 80:1046-50. 2007
    ..Sleep times in animals were similarly correlated with GHB concentrations in the microdialysates...
  63. pmc Modification of cardiopulmonary and intestinal motility effects of xylazine with glycopyrrolate in horses
    S Singh
    Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Canada
    Can J Vet Res 61:99-107. 1997
    ..No significant difference was observed in the other variables. The study shows that 2.5 micrograms/kg GLY premedication reduces the cardiovascular depression caused by 1 mg/kg XYL, without adversely affecting GI motility...
  64. ncbi [Combined subarachnoid-epidural technique for obstetric analgesia]
    J Fernández-Guisasola
    Unidad de Anestesia Reanimación, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Madrid
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 47:207-15. 2000
    ..Because opioids are injected into the intrathecal space and because the technique is more invasive than standard epidural analgesia, the potential risk to mother and fetus increases...
  65. ncbi Efficacy and safety of ERCP in patients 90 years of age and older
    Giulio Cariani
    Gastrointest Endosc 64:471-2. 2006
  66. ncbi A randomized, clinical trial of oral midazolam plus placebo versus oral midazolam plus oral transmucosal fentanyl for sedation during laceration repair
    Eileen J Klein
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington and Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98105 0371, USA
    Pediatrics 109:894-7. 2002
    ....
  67. ncbi Axillary block by "selective" injections at the nerves involved in surgery using a peripheral nerve stimulator: a comparison with a "standard" triple-injection technique
    Salvatore Sia
    Department of Anesthesiology, Centro Traumatologico Ortopedico, Azienda Ospedaliera Careggi, Italy
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 35:22-7. 2010
    ..The aim of this prospective randomized study was to test the effectiveness of surgical anesthesia of a "selective" approach in which only the nerves involved in surgery were electrically located and injected...
  68. ncbi Effects of epidural morphine and transdermal fentanyl analgesia on physiology and behaviour after abdominal surgery in pigs
    L M Malavasi
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    Lab Anim 40:16-27. 2006
    ..37 +/- 0.3 ng/mL) was measured 24 h postoperatively. Preoperative epidural morphine in combination with postoperative transdermal fentanyl resulted in earlier return to normal activity levels and an immediate weight gain after surgery...
  69. ncbi Does using the bispectral index (BIS) during craniotomy affect the quality of recovery?
    Neval Boztug
    Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation and Neurosurgery, Akdeniz University Medical Faculty, Antalya, Turkey
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 18:1-4. 2006
    ..In conclusion, BIS monitoring by supratentorial craniotomy under general anesthesia reduced the maintenance anesthetic concentration and narcotic drug usage and lowered the recovery times from general anesthesia...
  70. ncbi Efficacy of sufentanil addition to ropivacaine epidural anaesthesia for Caesarean section
    B Bachmann-Mennenga
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Klinikum Minden, Minden, St Vincentius Kliniken, Karlsruhe and Klinikum Bamberg, Germany
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 49:532-7. 2005
    ..This prospective double-blind trial evaluated the effect of sufentanil addition to epidural ropivacaine for elective Caesarean section...
  71. ncbi Bispectral index monitoring of unihemispheric effects in dolphins
    Red S Howard
    Department of Anesthesiology, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, California 92134 5000, USA
    Anesth Analg 103:626-32. 2006
    ..Unihemispheric effects may be inducible pharmacologically in dolphins. The dolphin, with its human-sized brain, may provide an animal model for study of unihemispheric effects in humans...
  72. ncbi Romifidine-ketamine anaesthesia in atropine and triflupromazine pre-medicated buffalo calves
    A K Sharma
    Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 51:420-4. 2004
    ..8 min. In group II, the triflupromazine-romifidine-ketamine combination induced anaesthesia for 14 +/- 2.3 min. Hypothermia, significant bradycardia and respiratory depression was noticed in both groups at different time intervals...
  73. ncbi [Effects of ketamine-midazolam anesthesia on focal cerebral ischemic injury in rats]
    Peng Bo Zhang
    Research Center for Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Xi an Jiaotong University, Xi an 710061, China
    Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao 24:1337-41. 2004
    ..To compare the effects of anesthesia with ketamine and ketamine-midazolam on focal cerebral ischemic injury in rats and evaluate the neuroprotective effect of ketamine-midazolam anesthesia during surgical procedures...
  74. ncbi N2O-free low-flow anesthesia technique for children
    P Bozkurt
    Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 49:1330-3. 2005
    ..An alternative technique, which uses a mixture of oxygen and air and a morphine infusion to replace N2O, has been evaluated in children during LFA, and the clinical effects and composition of gases in the system are presented here...
  75. ncbi Comparison of butorphanol and thiopentone vs fentanyl and thiopentone for laryngeal mask airway insertion
    Pramila Chari
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh 160012, India
    J Clin Anesth 18:8-11. 2006
    ..To compare laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion conditions using a combination of butorphanol and thiopentone vs fentanyl and thiopentone...
  76. ncbi A prospective safety study of a low-dose propofol sedation protocol for colonoscopy
    Brian W Sipe
    Department of Gastroenterology, St Vincent s Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 5:563-6. 2007
    ..Propofol has been shown to be an effective method for endoscopic sedation but there are few studies of low-dose propofol protocols for gastrointestinal endoscopy...
  77. ncbi Intrathecal fentanyl/meperidine combined with low-dose epidural bupivacaine for Cesarean section in a patient with advanced Krukenberg tumors
    T Okutomi
    Departments of Anesthesiology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 46:1272-5. 2002
    ....
  78. ncbi A comparison of metoclopramide and lidocaine for preventing pain on injection of diazepam
    Hossein Majedi
    Department of Anesthesiology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
    Anesth Analg 95:1297-9, table of contents. 2002
    ..012). The intensity of diazepam injection pain was intense with placebo as compared with other groups (P < 0.000). Metoclopramide, rather than lidocaine pretreatment, may be a reasonable analgesic alternative for painful injections...
  79. ncbi Use of ketamine, xylazine, and diazepam anesthesia with retrobulbar block for phacoemulsification in dogs
    Sarbani Hazra
    Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata, India
    Vet Ophthalmol 11:255-9. 2008
    ..Animals Ten clinically healthy mixed-breed dogs of either sex, weighing between 10 and 15 kg...
  80. ncbi Bilateral frontal haemorrhages associated with continuous spinal analgesia
    T R Crofts
    Department of Anaesthesia, Dandenong Hospital, Victoria
    Anaesth Intensive Care 29:51-3. 2001
    ..Although several confounding variables exist, the most likely explanation for the intracerebral event appears to be an association with the dural puncture and intrathecal catheter Possible mechanisms and risk factors are discussed...
  81. ncbi [Effects of epidural clonidine pretreatment in epidural patient-controlled analgesia using sufentanil combined with levobupivacaine]
    Xiang cai Ruan
    Department of Anesthesia, First Municipal Hospital of Guangzhou Affliated to Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510180, China
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 88:583-6. 2008
    ..To investigate the clinical effects of epidural clonidine pretreatment in epidural patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) using sufentanil combined with levobupivacaine...
  82. ncbi [Intrathecal but not systemic sufentanil reduces the consumption of propofol for bispectral index-guided sedation]
    V Contreras-Dominguez
    Hospital Clinico Regional de Concepción, Departamento de Cirugia, Universidad de Concepcion, Chile
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 55:282-8. 2008
    ..We evaluate the effect of adding different doses of intrathecal and subcutaneous sufentanil on propofol requirements for sedation during spinal anesthesia...
  83. ncbi Addition of meperidine to bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean section
    S C Yu
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sha Tin, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    Br J Anaesth 88:379-83. 2002
    ....
  84. ncbi Anesthetic management of a pituitary tumor resection with dexmedetomidine
    Tim Brady
    University of Kansas Medical Center Program of Nurse Anesthesia Education, Kansas City, Kansas, USA
    AANA J 78:125-8. 2010
    ..The dexmedetomidine infusion not only provided the patient with added sedation but also decreased the need for narcotics and volatile agents while providing hemodynamic stability...
  85. ncbi Reversible analgesia, atonia, and loss of consciousness on bilateral intracerebral microinjection of pentobarbital
    M Devor
    Department of Cell and Animal Biology, Institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Pain 94:101-12. 2001
    ..The very existence of the MPTA locus has implications for an understanding of the neural circuits that control motor functions and pain sensation, and for the cerebral representation of consciousness...
  86. ncbi Does pethidine affect the cardiovascular and sedative effects of dexmedetomidine in dogs?
    N J Grint
    Division of Veterinary Anaesthesia and Division of Equine Studies, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral, CH64 7TE, UK
    J Small Anim Pract 50:62-6. 2009
    ..To investigate pethidine's effects on sedation and cardiovascular variables in dogs premedicated with dexmedetomidine...
  87. ncbi Cardiovascular beneficial effects of electroacupuncture at Neiguan (PC-6) acupoint in anesthetized open-chest dog
    Y Syuu
    Oriental Medicine Laboratory, School of Social Welfare, Kyushu University of Health and Welfare, Nobeoka, 882 8508 Japan
    Jpn J Physiol 51:231-8. 2001
    ..After Neiguan EA was stopped at 1 h, these facilitated cardiovascular variables decreased below the pre-EA level. This beneficial effect of electroacupuncture may contribute to the effectiveness of the acupuncture in Chinese medicine...
  88. ncbi Determination of midazolam and 1'-hydroxymidazolam by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in plasma of patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment
    M R Shiran
    Molecular Pharmacology and Pharmacogenetics, Division of Clinical Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 783:303-7. 2003
    ..7) (52:48, v/v) at a flow-rate of 1 ml/min. The limit of detection was 0.65 and 0.68 (ng/ml) for MDZ and 1'-OHMDZ, respectively. Within-day relative standard deviations were less than 8%...
  89. ncbi Changes in hepatic and renal enzyme concentrations and heart and respiratory rates in new zealand white rabbits after anesthetic treatments
    Alfredo González Gil
    Departamento Fisiolog a Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avenida Puerta de Hierro s n 28040, Spain
    Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 41:30-2. 2002
    ..Therefore, these changes should be taken into account during the interpretation of experimental results obtained from animals under general anesthesia because the effect of anesthetics may lead to erroneous conclusions...
  90. ncbi Effects of anesthetics on systemic hemodynamics in mice
    Ben J A Janssen
    Dept of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, Universiteit Maastricht, PO Box 616, Maastricht 6200 MD, The Netherlands
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 287:H1618-24. 2004
    ..These results indicate that the anesthetic Iso has fewer systemic hemodynamic effects in mice than the nonvolatile anesthetics...
  91. ncbi Anesthesia for ambulatory anorectal surgery
    Jurate Gudaityte
    Clinic of Anaesthesiology, Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital, Eiveniu 2, 3007 Kaunas, Lithuania
    Medicina (Kaunas) 40:101-11. 2004
    ..In conclusion, novel general anesthetics are recommended for ambulatory anorectal surgery. Further studies to determine an optimal dose and method are needed in the group of regional anesthesia...
  92. ncbi A comparison of anesthetic and cardiorespiratory effects of tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol and tiletamine-zolazepam-butorphanol- medetomidine in cats
    Jeff C Ko
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Vet Ther 8:164-76. 2007
    ..TTD provided significantly better analgesia with a longer duration than did TT. Atipamezole administration shortened the duration of analgesia and decreased blood pressure but did not shorten total recovery time...
  93. ncbi Investigation of specificity of auricular acupuncture points in regulation of autonomic function in anesthetized rats
    Xin Yan Gao
    School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, 7 Baptist University Road, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
    Auton Neurosci 138:50-6. 2008
    ..Rather, there is a similar pattern of autonomic changes in response to auricular acupuncture, with variable intensity depending on the area of stimulation...
  94. ncbi Intrathecal meperidine for prevention of shivering during transurethral resection of prostate
    Maryam Davoudi
    Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
    Urol J 4:212-6. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate low-dose intrathecal meperidine for prevention or alleviation of shivering after induction of spinal anesthesia for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)...
  95. ncbi Prevalence of Barrett's esophagus in individuals without typical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease
    Mauro Carneiro de Freitas
    Alfa Institute of Gastroenterology, University Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais
    Arq Gastroenterol 45:46-9. 2008
    ..Prevalence studies of Barretts esophagus in individuals without typical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease have reported rates ranging from 0.6% to 25%...
  96. ncbi The effects of anesthesia and physical restraint on intra- and extracellular tumor pH, tumor temperature and bioenergetics in murine RIF-1 tumors
    R Jayasundar
    Herchel Smith Laboratory for Medicinal Chemistry, Cambridge University School of Clinical Medicine, University Forvie Site, UK
    Magn Reson Imaging 15:847-55. 1997
    ..In light of these findings, wherever possible, physical restraint in a suitably designed holder is suggested for immobilizing animals for magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies...
  97. ncbi Gamma-hydroxybutyrate poisoning from toy beads. Comment
    Vicki Kotsirilos
    Med J Aust 188:316. 2008
  98. ncbi Parental presence during induction of anesthesia versus sedative premedication: which intervention is more effective?
    Z N Kain
    Department of Anesthesiology, and Child Study Center and the Children s Clinical Research Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
    Anesthesiology 89:1147-56; discussion 9A-10A. 1998
    ..Both midazolam and parental presence during induction of anesthesia are routinely used to treat preoperative anxiety in children. The purpose of this investigation was to determine which of these two interventions is more effective...
  99. ncbi [Comparison of propofol and pentazocine combined with thiamylal for laryngeal mask insertion]
    M Okuyama
    Department of Anesthesiology, Kounan Hospital, Sapporo
    Masui 47:1315-9. 1998
    ..Doses of 0.3 mg.kg-1 seem to be desirable for LMA insertion...
  100. ncbi Time course of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block after pre-treatment with magnesium sulphate: a randomised study
    C Czarnetzki
    Division of Anaesthesiology, University Hospitals of Geneva, CH 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 54:299-306. 2010
    ..A previously published study suggested that pre-treatment with magnesium sulphate (MgSO(4)) had no impact on the speed of onset of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block. We set out to verify this assumption...
  101. ncbi Effect of labor epidural analgesia with and without fentanyl on infant breast-feeding: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study
    Yaakov Beilin
    Department of Anesthesiology, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University, Box 1010, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029 6574, USA
    Anesthesiology 103:1211-7. 2005
    ..The influence of labor epidural fentanyl on the neonate is controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine whether epidural fentanyl has an impact on breast-feeding...

Research Grants11

  1. ACTION OF INHALED ANESTHETICS ON SYNAPTIC RECEPTORS
    Howard Wang; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  2. Gender Influence in Mice with Myocardial Infarction
    Xiao Ping Yang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  3. Gastric Tube Placement in Young Children
    Marsha Ellett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results from this study will increase the safety of using gastric tubes in young children. ..
  4. Missed Opportunities for Diagnosis of Child Maltreatment
    ELISABETH GUENTHER SKOKAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Microarray analysis of neuronal ischemic preconditioning
    Piyush Patel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A substantial benefit of the research will be the identification of novel therapeutic targets upon which future drug development can be based. ..
  6. Impact of CPAP on Functional Outcomes in Milder OSA
    Terri Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Secondary aims of the study are: 1) to examine whether CPAP also improves daytime sleepiness; 2) to determine whether CPAP can reduce nocturnal blood pressure to lower the risk for stroke and hypertension linked to OSA. ..
  7. "Post-partum steroid withdrawal-induced depression"
    REBECCA CRAFT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Findings from the proposed model will enhance our understanding of the etiology of PPD and possibly lead to improved treatment options. ..
  8. TRAINING IN FUNCTIONAL IMAGING AND ALCOHOL WITHDRAWAL
    DONALD MYRICK; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  9. Cerebal Ischemia During Anesthesia and Surgery
    Piyush Patel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The long term goals of the research are to prevent the occurrence of isehemic brain injury in patients undergoing anesthesia and surgery. ..
  10. ANESHETIC MODULATION OF NATIVE NICOTINIC RECEPTORS
    Pamela Flood; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The resulting information will provide understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying one of the anesthetic effects that limit anesthetic safety. ..
  11. VOLATILE ANESTHETICS AND RESPIRATORY NEUROTRANSMISSION
    Eckehard Stuth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....