dietary sucrose

Summary

Summary: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006
  2. pmc Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese humans
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, UCD, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Clin Invest 119:1322-34. 2009
  3. doi Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004
    Sara N Bleich
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009
  4. ncbi Chronic intake of high-fat and high-sucrose diets differentially affects glucose intolerance in mice
    Maho Sumiyoshi
    Division of Functional Histology, Department of Integrated Basic Medical Science, Ehime University, Shitsukawa, Toon City, Japan
    J Nutr 136:582-7. 2006
  5. doi Role of fructose-containing sugars in the epidemics of obesity and metabolic syndrome
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Annu Rev Med 63:329-43. 2012
  6. doi The diet of adolescents can be improved by school intervention
    Ulla Hoppu
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 13:973-9. 2010
  7. ncbi Prevalence of caries among preschool-aged children in a northern Manitoba community
    Robert J Schroth
    Department of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
    J Can Dent Assoc 71:27. 2005
  8. ncbi Effects of sugar intake on body weight: a review
    S H F Vermunt
    TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Department of Nutritional Physiology, Zeist, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 4:91-9. 2003
  9. ncbi Socio-demographic correlates of early childhood caries prevalence and severity in a developing country--South Africa
    Thomas C Postma
    Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
    Int Dent J 58:91-7. 2008
  10. pmc Endocrine and metabolic effects of consuming beverages sweetened with fructose, glucose, sucrose, or high-fructose corn syrup
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1733S-1737S. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications228 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006
    ..Although more research is needed, sufficient evidence exists for public health strategies to discourage consumption of sugary drinks as part of a healthy lifestyle...
  2. pmc Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese humans
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, UCD, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Clin Invest 119:1322-34. 2009
    ..These data suggest that dietary fructose specifically increases DNL, promotes dyslipidemia, decreases insulin sensitivity, and increases visceral adiposity in overweight/obese adults...
  3. doi Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004
    Sara N Bleich
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009
    ..Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes...
  4. ncbi Chronic intake of high-fat and high-sucrose diets differentially affects glucose intolerance in mice
    Maho Sumiyoshi
    Division of Functional Histology, Department of Integrated Basic Medical Science, Ehime University, Shitsukawa, Toon City, Japan
    J Nutr 136:582-7. 2006
    ..It is important to consider the effects of macronutrients in lean as well as obese mice to clarify the pathogenesis of the metabolic disorders...
  5. doi Role of fructose-containing sugars in the epidemics of obesity and metabolic syndrome
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Annu Rev Med 63:329-43. 2012
    ....
  6. doi The diet of adolescents can be improved by school intervention
    Ulla Hoppu
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 13:973-9. 2010
    ..To decrease the intake of sucrose, increase the intake of fibre and the consumption of fruit and vegetables among secondary-school pupils...
  7. ncbi Prevalence of caries among preschool-aged children in a northern Manitoba community
    Robert J Schroth
    Department of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
    J Can Dent Assoc 71:27. 2005
    ..ECC is multifactorial in origin, and the notion that the principal etiology is inappropriate feeding modalities is no longer tenable...
  8. ncbi Effects of sugar intake on body weight: a review
    S H F Vermunt
    TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Department of Nutritional Physiology, Zeist, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 4:91-9. 2003
    ..In the long term, this might be beneficial for weight maintenance. However, the number of studies is small and overall conclusions, in particular for the long term, cannot be drawn...
  9. ncbi Socio-demographic correlates of early childhood caries prevalence and severity in a developing country--South Africa
    Thomas C Postma
    Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
    Int Dent J 58:91-7. 2008
    ..To describe Early Childhood Caries (ECC) severity in South Africa and examine the association between ECC and socio-demographic factors, area-based measures of sugar consumption and water fluoride levels...
  10. pmc Endocrine and metabolic effects of consuming beverages sweetened with fructose, glucose, sucrose, or high-fructose corn syrup
    Kimber L Stanhope
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1733S-1737S. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Vasanti S Malik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:2477-83. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi Oral health status and oral health behaviour of urban and rural schoolchildren in Southern Thailand
    P E Petersen
    University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department for Community Dentistry, Denmark
    Int Dent J 51:95-102. 2001
    ....
  13. pmc Sugar-added beverages consumption among kindergarten children of Crete: effects on nutritional status and risk of obesity
    Manolis Linardakis
    Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Greece
    BMC Public Health 8:279. 2008
    ..To assess the intake of sugar-added beverages such as soft drinks and commercially available fruit juices in kindergarten children, and to examine its association with obesity indices, physical activity levels and dietary habits...
  14. pmc Young adults and eating away from home: associations with dietary intake patterns and weight status differ by choice of restaurant
    Nicole Larson
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 111:1696-703. 2011
    ..Young adults report frequent away-from-home eating; however, little is known regarding what types of restaurants are patronized or whether associations with dietary intake and weight status differ according to restaurant type...
  15. ncbi Caries and its association with infant feeding and oral health-related behaviours in 3-4-year-old Brazilian children
    E L Dini
    Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:241-8. 2000
    ..To investigate the relationships between socio-demographic factors, infant feeding habits, oral hygiene and the prevalence and patterns of caries in Brazilian 3-4-year-olds...
  16. doi Determinants and patterns of soft drink consumption in young adults: a qualitative analysis
    Libby Hattersley
    NSW Centre for Overweight and Obesity, University of Sydney K25, New South Wales 2006, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 12:1816-22. 2009
    ..To explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding caloric soft drinks in a group of young adults attending university and to identify opportunities for a health promotion intervention aimed at reducing consumption...
  17. doi Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studies
    Lisa Te Morenga
    Departments of Human Nutrition and Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    BMJ 346:e7492. 2013
    ..To summarise evidence on the association between intake of dietary sugars and body weight in adults and children...
  18. doi Associations between added sugars and micronutrient intakes and status: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years
    Sigrid Gibson
    Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
    Br J Nutr 101:100-7. 2009
    ..Further work is needed to explore the impact of different sources of added sugars and to refine assessments of inadequate intakes and status...
  19. ncbi Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, obesity, and type 2 diabetes
    Caroline M Apovian
    JAMA 292:978-9. 2004
  20. doi Consumption of added sugars and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk among US adolescents
    Jean A Welsh
    Nutrition and Health Science Program, Children s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Circulation 123:249-57. 2011
    ..Whereas increased carbohydrate and sugar consumption has been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among adults, little is known about the impact of high consumption of added sugars (caloric sweeteners) among US adolescents...
  21. ncbi A critical examination of the evidence relating high fructose corn syrup and weight gain
    Richard A Forshee
    Center for Food, Nutrition, and Agriculture Policy, University of Maryland College Park, 1122 Patapsco Building, College Park, MD, USA
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 47:561-82. 2007
    ..Research recommendations were made to improve our understanding of the association of HFCS and weight gain...
  22. ncbi Early childhood caries lesions in preschool children in Kerala, India
    Babu Jose
    Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
    Pediatr Dent 25:594-600. 2003
    ..Therefore, the aims of this study were: (1) to gather data on caries lesion frequency and distribution; (2) to determine any possible associations with feeding habits and oral health care practices...
  23. doi Impact of school district sugar-sweetened beverage policies on student beverage exposure and consumption in middle schools
    Donna B Johnson
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 3410, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:S30-7. 2009
    ..To determine the associations between 1) exposure to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in middle schools and student consumption of SSB during the school day; and 2) school district policies about SSB and exposure to SSB in schools...
  24. pmc Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United States
    Jill Reedy
    Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010
    ..The objective of this research was to identify top dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among 2- to 18-year-olds in the United States...
  25. doi Sugary drinks in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseases
    C M Brown
    Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S28-34. 2008
    ..This review focuses on the potential role of sugar drinks, particularly the fructose component, in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseases...
  26. pmc Soft drink and juice consumption and risk of physician-diagnosed incident type 2 diabetes: the Singapore Chinese Health Study
    Andrew O Odegaard
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:701-8. 2010
    ..34, 2.16) compared with those who gained less weight (RR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.41). Relatively frequent intake of soft drinks and juice is associated with an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in Chinese men and women...
  27. ncbi School vending machine use and fast-food restaurant use are associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake in youth
    Jean L Wiecha
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1624-30. 2006
    ..To examine associations between use of school vending machines and fast-food restaurants and youth intake of sugar-sweetened beverages...
  28. doi Increasing caloric contribution from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices among US children and adolescents, 1988-2004
    Y Claire Wang
    Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, 600 West 168th St, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1604-14. 2008
    ..We sought to document increases in caloric contributions from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juice among US youth during 1988-2004...
  29. pmc Diet soda intake and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
    Jennifer A Nettleton
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:688-94. 2009
    ..We determined associations between diet soda consumption and risk of incident metabolic syndrome, its components, and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
  30. doi Intake of added sugars and selected nutrients in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006
    Bernadette P Marriott
    Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA Bernadette
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:228-58. 2010
    ..With over 80% of the population at risk for select nutrient inadequacy, guidance may need to focus on targeted healthful diet communication to reach the highest risk demographic groups for specific life stage nutrient inadequacies...
  31. pmc Not enough fruit and vegetables or too many cookies, candies, salty snacks, and soft drinks?
    Deborah A Cohen
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:88-95. 2010
    ..This study contrasted physical activity, fruit/vegetable consumption, and discretionary calorie consumption from selected foods relative to the 2005 dietary guidelines...
  32. ncbi Are the low protein requirements of nectarivorous birds the consequence of their sugary and watery diet? A test with an omnivore
    Ella Tsahar
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    Physiol Biochem Zool 78:239-45. 2005
    ..We hypothesize that ureteral ammonia was reabsorbed in the lower intestine, indicating a postrenal modification of the urine...
  33. pmc Evidence to support a food-based dietary guideline on sugar consumption in South Africa
    N P Steyn
    Chronic Disease of Lifestyle Unit, WHO Collaborating Centre for Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 81:599-608. 2003
    ..This paper summarizes the evidence available for such a guideline and the nature of that evidence. Other low- and middle-income countries, particularly those in Africa, may face a similar dilemma and might learn from our experience...
  34. ncbi Moderate increase in dietary sucrose does not influence fasting or postprandial serum lipids regardless of the presence of apolipoprotein E2 allele in healthy subjects
    A T Erkkilä
    School of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1094-101. 2007
    To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in normolipidemic subjects with the epsilon 2 allele compared with subjects without the epsilon 2 allele.
  35. ncbi Dietary determinants of dental caries and dietary recommendations for preschool children
    Norman Tinanoff
    Dept of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School, University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA
    Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim 20:8-23, 78. 2003
    ....
  36. ncbi Dietary intakes and caries experience in children in Limpopo Province, South Africa
    U E MacIntyre
    Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus
    SADJ 61:058-63. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi Associations between dietary added sugar intake and micronutrient intake: a systematic review
    Kirsten L Rennie
    Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine BT52 ISA, UK
    Br J Nutr 97:832-41. 2007
    ..Analyses should take into account the magnitude of any observed associations to determine their true biological significance...
  38. ncbi Prevalence of salivary Streptococcus mutans in mothers and in their preschool children
    I Thorild
    Public Dental Clinic, Varberg, Sweden
    Int J Paediatr Dent 12:2-7. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence and possible relationship of oral Streptococcus mutans colonization in mother-child pairs...
  39. ncbi Diurnal metabolic profiles after 14 d of an ad libitum high-starch, high-sucrose, or high-fat diet in normal-weight never-obese and postobese women
    A Raben
    Research Department of Human Nutrition, Center for Food Research, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, and the Department of Medical Physiology, The Panum Institute, The University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:177-89. 2001
    ..The influence of the amount and type of carbohydrates in the diet on risk factors for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease remains unclear...
  40. doi The impact of added sugar consumption on overall dietary quality in Irish children and teenagers
    T Joyce
    UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    J Hum Nutr Diet 21:438-50. 2008
    ..There is concern that added sugar may dilute micronutrients and displace nutrient dense foods from the diet...
  41. ncbi Metabolic and behavioral effects of a high-sucrose diet during weight loss
    R S Surwit
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 65:908-15. 1997
    ..01). Results showed that a high sucrose content in a hypoenergetic, low-fat diet did not adversely affect weight loss, metabolism, plasma lipids, or emotional affect...
  42. doi Consumption of sugars and body weight
    M A van Baak
    NUTRIM, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 10:9-23. 2009
    ..There is currently no convincing evidence for a role of GI independent of GL...
  43. doi Does tracking of dietary behaviours differ by parental education in children during the transition into adolescence?
    Torunn H Totland
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Public Health Nutr 16:673-82. 2013
    ..The present study investigates the changes and tracking of dietary behaviours in Norwegian 11-year-olds and examines the association between parental education and dietary tracking over a time period of 20 months...
  44. ncbi Changes in caries prevalence in Japan
    H Miyazaki
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Nligata University, Japan
    Eur J Oral Sci 104:452-8. 1996
    ..An excellent correlation (r = 0.91; P < 0.01) is observed between the DMFT in 12-year-olds and per capita sugar consumption per year between 1957 and 1987 in Japan...
  45. doi The role of added sugars in pediatric obesity
    Jean A Welsh
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, 2015 Uppergate Drive, Northeast, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 58:1455-66, xi. 2011
    ..Primary health care providers play an important role in assessing the added sugar intake of their patients and in providing nutrition and behavior change counselling to high-risk children and their families...
  46. doi Caries prevalence and its association with brushing habits, water availability, and the intake of sugared beverages
    Joseph A Guido
    Private Practice, Ft Collins, CO, USA
    Int J Paediatr Dent 21:432-40. 2011
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Drinking sugared beverages, poor oral hygiene habits, and lack of access to tap water were identified as risk factor for caries in this sample of residents of rural Mexico...
  47. ncbi Acute effects on insulin sensitivity and diurnal metabolic profiles of a high-sucrose compared with a high-starch diet
    M E Daly
    Human Nutrition Research Centre, the Department of Biological and Nutritional Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 67:1186-96. 1998
    ..001). Plasma fatty acid concentrations showed a late postprandial rise with the sucrose-rich diet relative to the starch-rich diet, which was mirrored with a fractionally later peak in triacylglycerol concentrations...
  48. pmc Taste-independent detection of the caloric content of sugar in Drosophila
    Monica Dus
    Molecular Neurobiology Program, Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11644-9. 2011
    ..Thus, the need to replenish depleted energy stores during periods of starvation may be met through the activity of a taste-independent metabolic sensing pathway...
  49. doi Direction of associations between added sugar intake in early childhood and body mass index at age 7 years may depend on intake levels
    Antje Herbst
    Hospital of Leverkusen, Department of Pediatrics, 51375 Leverkusen, Germany
    J Nutr 141:1348-54. 2011
    ..However, detrimental effects on BMI development may emerge when added sugar intakes are increased to higher levels...
  50. ncbi Effects of short-term low- and high-carbohydrate diets on postprandial metabolism in non-diabetic and diabetic subjects
    K S Culling
    Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19:345-51. 2009
    ..To test whether the nature of the carbohydrate affects metabolic responses, we conducted a randomized cross-over study using a short-term, intensive dietary modification...
  51. doi A high-sucrose isocaloric pair-fed model induces obesity and impairs NDUFB6 gene function in rat adipose tissue
    A Lomba
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Physiology and Toxicology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics 2:267-72. 2009
    ....
  52. ncbi Adolescent screen-viewing behaviour is associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages: the role of habit strength and perceived parental norms
    Stef P J Kremers
    Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Universiteit Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Appetite 48:345-50. 2007
    ..Consequences of the identified role of habit and parental norms in the interplay between sedentary behaviour and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among adolescents are discussed...
  53. doi Evidence-based review on the effect of normal dietary consumption of fructose on development of hyperlipidemia and obesity in healthy, normal weight individuals
    Laurie C Dolan
    Burdock Group, Orlando, FL 32801, USA
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:53-84. 2010
    ..The results of the analysis indicate that fructose does not cause biologically relevant changes in TG or body weight when consumed at levels approaching 95th percentile estimates of intake...
  54. pmc Food selection associated with sense of coherence in adults
    Ulrika Lindmark
    Department of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine, University of Jönköping, Jonkoping, Sweden
    Nutr J 4:9. 2005
    ..However, understanding what determines an individual's dietary preferences and how to change his/her behavior remains limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between dietary intake and SOC in adults...
  55. doi Diabetes, insulin resistance and sugars
    M Laville
    Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône Alpes, Univ de lyon, Lyon, France
    Obes Rev 10:24-33. 2009
    ..But its effect on lipogenesis and triglyceridemia has to be taken into account, considering the growing use of fructose in food industry and sugar-sweetened drinks...
  56. ncbi The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition and Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:160-71. 2007
    ..Examining past studies of the contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity rates through the prism of food prices and diet costs is the purpose of this review...
  57. ncbi Food away from home, sugar-sweetened drink consumption and juvenile obesity
    Linda J Gillis
    Children s Exercise and Nutrition Centre, Evel 4, Room 464A, Chedoke Division, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    J Am Coll Nutr 22:539-45. 2003
    ..To identify if particular foods or food groups may be associated with obesity in children and adolescents and to determine if consuming food away from home (FAFH) has an effect on the nutritional quality of their diets...
  58. pmc The interplay of public health law and industry self-regulation: the case of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools
    Michelle M Mello
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:595-604. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Regular sugar-sweetened beverage consumption between meals increases risk of overweight among preschool-aged children
    Lise Dubois
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:924-34; discussion 934-5. 2007
    ..To examine the relationship between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (eg, nondiet carbonated drinks and fruit drinks) and the prevalence of overweight among preschool-aged children living in Canada...
  60. doi Is sugar consumption detrimental to health? A review of the evidence 1995-2006
    C H S Ruxton
    Nutrition Communications, Front Lebanon, Cupar KY15 4EA, UK
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:1-19. 2010
    ..Overall, the available evidence did not support a single quantitative sugar guideline covering all health issues...
  61. doi Sugar-sweetened soft drinks and obesity: a systematic review of the evidence from observational studies and interventions
    Sigrid Gibson
    Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
    Nutr Res Rev 21:134-47. 2008
    ..Of the six reviews, two concluded that the evidence was strong, one that an association was probable, while three described it as inconclusive, equivocal or near zero. Reasons for some discrepancies are presented...
  62. ncbi Consumption of sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a prospective study
    Susanna C Larsson
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1171-6. 2006
    ..Frequent consumption of sugar and high-sugar foods may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by inducing frequent postprandial hyperglycemia, increasing insulin demand, and decreasing insulin sensitivity...
  63. ncbi Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjects
    Anne Raben
    Research Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:721-9. 2002
    ..The role of artificial sweeteners in body-weight regulation is still unclear...
  64. ncbi Sugar and cardiovascular disease: A statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Nutrition of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the American Heart Association
    Barbara V Howard
    Circulation 106:523-7. 2002
  65. doi On the role and fate of sugars in human nutrition and health. Introduction
    A Palou
    Molecular Biology, Nutrition and Biotechnology Nutrigenomics, University of the Balearic Islands UIB, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
    Obes Rev 10:1-8. 2009
    ....
  66. doi Sugar and fat intake among children in Scotland: what is needed to reach the dietary targets?
    Geraldine McNeill
    Population Health Section, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    Public Health Nutr 13:1286-94. 2010
    ..To assess the intake and sources of non-milk extrinsic sugars (NMES) and fat among children in Scotland in relation to socio-economic status, and to estimate the changes in diet required to achieve recommended levels of intake...
  67. pmc Sugar receptors in Drosophila
    Jesse Slone
    Duke University Medical Center, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Curr Biol 17:1809-16. 2007
    ..Finally, we present evidence that some members of the Gr64 gene family are transcribed as a polycistronic mRNA, providing a mechanism for the coexpression of multiple sugar receptors in the same taste neurons...
  68. pmc Caloric sweetener consumption and dyslipidemia among US adults
    Jean A Welsh
    Nutrition and Health Science Program, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    JAMA 303:1490-7. 2010
    ..No known studies have examined the association between the consumption of added sugars and lipid measures...
  69. ncbi Macronutrient disposal during controlled overfeeding with glucose, fructose, sucrose, or fat in lean and obese women
    R M McDevitt
    Medical Research Council Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:369-77. 2000
    ..Previous short-term studies (< or =6 h) showed differences in energy expenditure (EE) and macronutrient oxidation in response to overfeeding with different types of dietary carbohydrate. This finding could have implications for obesity...
  70. doi The effect of soft drink availability in elementary schools on consumption
    Meenakshi M Fernandes
    RAND Corporation, 1775 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90403, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1445-52. 2008
    ..To quantify the association among soft drink availability, school-based purchases, and overall consumption for elementary school children in the United States...
  71. ncbi Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot study
    Cara B Ebbeling
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 117:673-80. 2006
    ..We conducted a pilot study to examine the effect of decreasing SSB consumption on body weight...
  72. ncbi Advertising and obesity: a behavioral perspective
    Janet Hoek
    Department of Marketing, College of Business, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    J Health Commun 11:409-23. 2006
    ..We also review the New Zealand government's response to obesity and suggest policy interventions that would foster healthier eating behaviors...
  73. ncbi Feed intolerance in critical illness is associated with increased basal and nutrient-stimulated plasma cholecystokinin concentrations
    Nam Q Nguyen
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and General Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Crit Care Med 35:82-8. 2007
    ..Cholecystokinin (CCK) slows gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to determine plasma CCK concentrations during fasting and in response to small-intestine nutrient infusion in critically ill patients...
  74. ncbi Prevalence of dental caries in obese and normal-weight Brazilian adolescents attending state and private schools
    Patrícia Vasconcelos Leitão Moreira
    Departamento Nutrição, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Brazil
    Community Dent Health 23:251-3. 2006
    ..To measure the association between dental caries and obesity in adolescents aged 12 to 15 years attending state and private schools...
  75. pmc High-fructose corn syrup: is this what's for dinner?
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1722S-1732S. 2008
    ..Research on trends in consumption of added sugar and high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) in the United States has largely focused on calorically sweetened beverages and ignored other sources...
  76. ncbi Increasing fruit and vegetable intake and decreasing fat and sugar intake in families at risk for childhood obesity
    L H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Obes Res 9:171-8. 2001
    ....
  77. pmc Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1037-42. 2009
    ..Previous studies have linked full-calorie sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with greater weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes...
  78. ncbi L-arabinose feeding prevents increases due to dietary sucrose in lipogenic enzymes and triacylglycerol levels in rats
    S Osaki
    Faculty of Human and Cultural Studies, Tezukayama Gakuin University Sakai, Osaka 590-0113, Japan
    J Nutr 131:796-9. 2001
    ..Lipogenic enzyme activities and triacylglycerol concentrations in the liver were significantly increased by dietary sucrose, and arabinose significantly prevented these increases...
  79. pmc Glucose absorption and gastric emptying in critical illness
    Marianne J Chapman
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Crit Care 13:R140. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify glucose absorption and the relationships between GE, glucose absorption and glycaemia in critically ill patients...
  80. ncbi The reduction of dietary sucrose improves dyslipidemia, adiposity, and insulin secretion in an insulin-resistant rat model
    María A Fortino
    Department of Biochemistry, School of Biochemistry, University of Litoral, Ciudad Universitaria, Santa Fe, Argentina
    Nutrition 23:489-97. 2007
    ....
  81. doi Food presentation modifies longevity and the beneficial action of dietary restriction in Drosophila
    Paul Vigne
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 6543, Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose Nice, France
    Exp Gerontol 45:113-8. 2010
    ..We conclude that flies sense and respond to specific nutrients and that food presentation is a major factor which determines the sensitivity of flies to dietary restriction...
  82. ncbi Caries and associated factors in a group of Swedish children 2- 3 years of age
    Marie Bankel
    Public Dental Service Clinic in Majorna, Goteborg, Sweden
    Swed Dent J 30:137-46. 2006
    ..The study provided insight into various factors, useful for monitoring children at risk of developing early childhood caries...
  83. ncbi Prevalence of dental caries and sugar consumption among 6-12-y-old schoolchildren in La Trinidad, Benguet, Philippines
    R N Yabao
    Department of International Public Health Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Japan
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:1429-38. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of dental caries and the level of sugar consumption among 6-12-y-old schoolchildren in La Trinidad, Benguet, Philippines...
  84. ncbi Eucalyptus leaf extract inhibits intestinal fructose absorption, and suppresses adiposity due to dietary sucrose in rats
    Keiichiro Sugimoto
    Center for Research and Develpment of Bioresources, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Japan
    Br J Nutr 93:957-63. 2005
    ..was to examine the effect of the eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) leaf extract (ELE) on adiposity due to dietary sucrose in rats. In addition, in this study, the effect of ELE on intestinal fructose absorption was also examined...
  85. ncbi Consumption of bakery products, sweetened soft drinks and yogurt among children aged 6-7 years: association with nutrient intake and overall diet quality
    Fernando Rodriguez-Artalejo
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Br J Nutr 89:419-29. 2003
    ..Therefore, consumption of bakery products and sweetened soft drinks should be moderated, and priority given to consumption of low-fat, low-sugar yogurt...
  86. ncbi Behavioural and demographic factors during early childhood and poor dental health at 10 years of age
    M L Mattila
    Public Health Centre, Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Caries Res 39:85-91. 2005
    ..In preventive work, dental health care staff could offer support to those parents with risk factors in their child rearing tasks...
  87. pmc Sugar-sweetened beverages and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in African American women
    Julie R Palmer
    Slone Epidemiology Center, BostonUniversity, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1487-92. 2008
    ..Our objective was to examine the association between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in African American women...
  88. ncbi Dietary habits and dental health over the first 18 months of life
    M Habibian
    Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences, London, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 29:239-46. 2001
    ..The partial correlation showed that positive relation between mean daily eating/drinking episodes and plaque was not influenced by tooth brushing...
  89. ncbi Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women
    Matthias B Schulze
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 292:927-34. 2004
    ....
  90. ncbi The relationship between bottle usage/content, age, and number of teeth with mutans streptococci colonization in 6-24-month-old children
    A Mohan
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington 06030-1610, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 26:12-20. 1998
    ..Additionally, the risk of MS colonization appears lower among infants who consume milk rather than sweetened beverages in the bottle...
  91. ncbi Metabolic effects of dietary sucrose and fructose in type II diabetic subjects
    D A Malerbi
    Endocrine and Nutrition Services, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Brazil
    Diabetes Care 19:1249-56. 1996
    ..To investigate the metabolic effects of dietary fructose and sucrose in type II diabetic patients...
  92. ncbi Diet, nutrition and the prevention of dental diseases
    Paula Moynihan
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:201-26. 2004
    ..It is the responsibility of national authorities to ensure implementation of feasible fluoride programmes for their country...
  93. ncbi Renal function in Palestine sunbirds: elimination of excess water does not constrain energy intake
    Todd J McWhorter
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:3391-8. 2004
    ....
  94. ncbi Marketing fat and sugar to children on New Zealand television
    Nick Wilson
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Otago University, Mein St, Newtown, New Zealand
    Prev Med 42:96-101. 2006
    ..We aimed to determine the frequency and content of television food advertisements during children's viewing times on various New Zealand television channels...
  95. ncbi [Sugar intake and public health]
    Hege Berg Henriksen
    Avdeling for ernaeringsvitenskap, Universitetet i Oslo, Postboks 1046 Blindern, 0316 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 127:2259-62. 2007
    ..We have reviewed the effects of sugars on overweight, diabetes Type 2 and caries, and the intake of carbohydrates in simple and complex forms in the Norwegian population...
  96. ncbi Frequency of consumption of products with varying energy value by patients of a sanatorium in Ciechocinek
    Danuta Górecka
    Department of Human Nutrition Technology, August Cieszkowski Agricultural University of Poznan, 60 624 Poznan, Wojska Polskiego 31, Poland
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:223-8. 2007
    ..Obese patients, from among women constituted 80%, paid attention to fat content in their daily diet...
  97. ncbi The world is fat
    Barry M Popkin
    Center for Obesity, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Sci Am 297:88-95. 2007
  98. ncbi Low glycemic index breakfasts and reduced food intake in preadolescent children
    Janet M Warren
    Nutrition and Food Science Group, School of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane Campus, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 112:e414. 2003
    ....
  99. ncbi The sweetening of the world's diet
    Barry M Popkin
    Carolina Population Center, and Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8120 University Square, 123 W Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Obes Res 11:1325-32. 2003
    ..S. dietary data, we explored trends in caloric sweetener intake, the role of urbanization and income changes in explaining these trends, and the contribution of specific foods to these changes...
  100. ncbi Caries prevalence and severity in urban Fijian school children
    L M Jamieson
    Department of Oral Sciences, University of Otago School of Medicine, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J Paediatr Dent 14:34-40. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries in a sample of urban Fijian school children...
  101. ncbi Sucrose intake since infancy and dental health in 10-year-old children
    S Ruottinen
    Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Caries Res 38:142-8. 2004
    ..9 +/- 3.9 and 1.9 +/- 2.5, respectively; p = 0.032). We conclude that a persistently high sucrose intake increases the risk of dental caries in children...

Research Grants122 found, 100 shown here

  1. MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS
    ARNOLD BLEIWEIS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..by a number of virulence factors including an adhesin (P1), which promotes colonization in the absence of dietary sucrose and the ability of this species to withstand the effects of low pH caused by the homofermentation of sugars...
  2. MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS
    L Jeannine Brady; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..by a number of virulence factors including an adhesin (P1), which promotes colonization in the absence of dietary sucrose and the ability of this species to withstand the effects of low pH caused by the homofermentation of sugars...
  3. Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in Children
    Noel Childers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition to the natural history of infection and availability of colonization sites as well as dietary sucrose intake, there is data to indicate that the development of the host's immunity to MS is also involved in ..
  4. Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in Children
    Noel Childers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition to the natural history of infection and availability of colonization sites as well as dietary sucrose intake, there is data to indicate that the development of the host's immunity to MS is also involved in MS ..
  5. Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in Children
    Noel K Childers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to the natural history of infection and availability of colonization sites as well as dietary sucrose intake, there is data to indicate that the development of the host's immunity to MS is also involved in ..
  6. Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in Children
    Noel Childers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition to the natural history of infection and availability of colonization sites as well as dietary sucrose intake, there is data to indicate that the development of the host's immunity to MS is also involved in ..
  7. AMYLASE BINDING STREPTOCOCCI, DENTAL PLAQUE AND CARIES
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..suggest that these organisms are cariogenic in a well-characterized rat model, especially in the presence of dietary sucrose. The long term goals of our research are therefore to define the structural basis for streptococcal amylase-..
  8. Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutans
    Steven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..to inflict damage is strongly linked to the production of long chain glucose polymers (glucans) derived from dietary sucrose which allow the bacteria possesses a family of genes that express enzymes called glucosyltransferases (GTF)...
  9. Dietary factors in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitis
    JACQUELYN MAHER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In this application, we test the hypothesis that dietary sucrose provokes lipoapoptosis in susceptible mice and leads to steatohepatitis...
  10. Dietary factors in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitis
    Jacquelyn J Maher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In this application, we test the hypothesis that dietary sucrose provokes lipoapoptosis in susceptible mice and leads to steatohepatitis...
  11. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. ..
  12. Food environment, diet quality, and disparities in obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Spatial analyses and multilevel regression models will be used to test the hypothesis that physical and economic access to foods sources may predict dietary energy density and obesity rates. ..
  13. Food environment, diet quality, and disparities in obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Spatial analyses and multilevel regression models will be used to test the hypothesis that physical and economic access to foods sources may predict dietary energy density and obesity rates. ..
  14. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
  15. Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
  16. Primordial Prevention of Overweight in AI Children
    Njeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The primary outcome is BMI Z scores at ages 24-30 months. (End of Abstract) ..
  17. Aspartame Intake and the Risk of Cancer
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. ..
  18. Metabolic Consequences of Low & High Carbohydrate Diets
    Njeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The primary outcome is a change in weight between the beginning of the study and the end of 30 months of follow-up. ..
  19. Away From Home and Out of School
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
  20. Circuit Training and Motivational Interviewing to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes in Youth
    Jaimie Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings from this study will help create more wide scale, multi-component, and sustaining interventions in community settings targeting obesity and metabolic disease reduction in high-risk minority communities. ..
  21. GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMES
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
  22. Minimizing Cancer Risk in Shift Workers
    Eva S Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  23. The Interplay Between Sleep, Melatonin, and Mortality in Older Men
    Eva S Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will use existing resources from 2,846 participants of the ongoing MrOS Sleep Study. If successful, our study could lay the groundwork for a melatonin trial for healthy aging in the elderly. ..
  24. PARKS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN DIVERSE COMMUNITIES
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  25. ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISK
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  26. VALIDATION OF SOPARC AND USE IN DIVERSE POPULATIONS
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SOPARC can potentially be used for assessing future community level interventions as well as for population level surveillance of PA. ..
  27. VALIDATION OF SOPARC AND USE IN DIVERSE POPULATIONS
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SOPARC can potentially be used for assessing future community level interventions as well as for population level surveillance of PA. ..
  28. Antidepressant Therapy for Functional Dyspepsia
    Nicholas Talley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description, ..
  29. Longitudinal study of caries in a rural WIC population
    John Warren; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data from this pilot study will be of great value and will position the study team to effectively conduct future intervention studies to reduce oral health disparities. ..
  30. CB1 Receptors: Cocaine Reinforcement and Relapse
    Sara Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The second goal is to employ this set of procedures to assess the role of the CB1 receptor system in cocaine's reinforcing effects and relapse to cocaine seeking. ..
  31. Antidepressant Therapy for Functional Dyspepsia
    Nicholas Talley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Postprandial glycemic response to 4-week low and high glycemic load diets
    Marian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Volunteers enrolled in a randomized cross-over feeding study will be asked to eat two additional meals; we will monitor the postprandial responses by measuring biomarkers in the blood for eight hours after the meals. ..
  33. Evaluation of a Novel Anti-Caries Approach to Modulate Virulence of S. mutans
    Hyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our approach uses natural compounds, is highly effective without suppressing the resident oral flora (non-microbiocidal) and may decrease exposure to fluoride. ..
  34. The Stress of Chronic Disease: Mineralocorticoid Mediation of Mood
    Alan Kim Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The proposed experiments will investigate the role of heart failure-induced aldosterone release as a depressivogenic hormonal mechanism. ..
  35. Erythrocytes, immuno-modulation and G6PD deficiency
    Zoltan Spolarics; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Elucidation of macrophage and T-cell cytokine responses to infection in G6PD deficiency may also be important in providing a mechanism of malaria protection alternative to currently accepted notions. ..
  36. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF FLUORIDE EXPOSURES & FLUORIDE
    Steven Levy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  37. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
  38. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  39. Causes and Interventions for Childhood Obesity:Innovative Systems Analysis
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also project the impacts of several childhood obesity intervention strategies. ..
  40. Evaluation of a Novel Anti-Caries Approach to Modulate Virulence of S. mutans
    Hyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our approach uses natural compounds, is highly effective without suppressing the resident oral flora (non-microbiocidal) and may decrease exposure to fluoride. ..
  41. Neurobehavioral Control of Body Fluid Balance in Mouse
    Alan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..heat) challenges. These studies will be especially important for understanding mechanisms underlying pathological conditions such as hypertension and congestive heart failure where excess thirst and sodium intake have been documented. ..