Genomes and Genes
Summary: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
Publications228 found, 100 shown here
- Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic reviewVasanti S Malik
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006..Although more research is needed, sufficient evidence exists for public health strategies to discourage consumption of sugary drinks as part of a healthy lifestyle...
- Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened, beverages increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese humansKimber L Stanhope
Department of Molecular Biosciences, UCD, Davis, California 95616, USA
J Clin Invest 119:1322-34. 2009..These data suggest that dietary fructose specifically increases DNL, promotes dyslipidemia, decreases insulin sensitivity, and increases visceral adiposity in overweight/obese adults...
- Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004Sara N Bleich
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009..Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes...
- Chronic intake of high-fat and high-sucrose diets differentially affects glucose intolerance in miceMaho Sumiyoshi
Division of Functional Histology, Department of Integrated Basic Medical Science, Ehime University, Shitsukawa, Toon City, Japan
J Nutr 136:582-7. 2006..It is important to consider the effects of macronutrients in lean as well as obese mice to clarify the pathogenesis of the metabolic disorders...
- Role of fructose-containing sugars in the epidemics of obesity and metabolic syndromeKimber L Stanhope
Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
Annu Rev Med 63:329-43. 2012....
- The diet of adolescents can be improved by school interventionUlla Hoppu
National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI 00271 Helsinki, Finland
Public Health Nutr 13:973-9. 2010..To decrease the intake of sucrose, increase the intake of fibre and the consumption of fruit and vegetables among secondary-school pupils...
- Prevalence of caries among preschool-aged children in a northern Manitoba communityRobert J Schroth
Department of Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
J Can Dent Assoc 71:27. 2005..ECC is multifactorial in origin, and the notion that the principal etiology is inappropriate feeding modalities is no longer tenable...
- Effects of sugar intake on body weight: a reviewS H F Vermunt
TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Department of Nutritional Physiology, Zeist, The Netherlands
Obes Rev 4:91-9. 2003..In the long term, this might be beneficial for weight maintenance. However, the number of studies is small and overall conclusions, in particular for the long term, cannot be drawn...
- Socio-demographic correlates of early childhood caries prevalence and severity in a developing country--South AfricaThomas C Postma
Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
Int Dent J 58:91-7. 2008..To describe Early Childhood Caries (ECC) severity in South Africa and examine the association between ECC and socio-demographic factors, area-based measures of sugar consumption and water fluoride levels...
- Endocrine and metabolic effects of consuming beverages sweetened with fructose, glucose, sucrose, or high-fructose corn syrupKimber L Stanhope
Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 88:1733S-1737S. 2008....
- Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysisVasanti S Malik
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Diabetes Care 33:2477-83. 2010....
- Oral health status and oral health behaviour of urban and rural schoolchildren in Southern ThailandP E Petersen
University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department for Community Dentistry, Denmark
Int Dent J 51:95-102. 2001....
- Sugar-added beverages consumption among kindergarten children of Crete: effects on nutritional status and risk of obesityManolis Linardakis
Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Greece
BMC Public Health 8:279. 2008..To assess the intake of sugar-added beverages such as soft drinks and commercially available fruit juices in kindergarten children, and to examine its association with obesity indices, physical activity levels and dietary habits...
- Young adults and eating away from home: associations with dietary intake patterns and weight status differ by choice of restaurantNicole Larson
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 111:1696-703. 2011..Young adults report frequent away-from-home eating; however, little is known regarding what types of restaurants are patronized or whether associations with dietary intake and weight status differ according to restaurant type...
- Caries and its association with infant feeding and oral health-related behaviours in 3-4-year-old Brazilian childrenE L Dini
Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:241-8. 2000..To investigate the relationships between socio-demographic factors, infant feeding habits, oral hygiene and the prevalence and patterns of caries in Brazilian 3-4-year-olds...
- Determinants and patterns of soft drink consumption in young adults: a qualitative analysisLibby Hattersley
NSW Centre for Overweight and Obesity, University of Sydney K25, New South Wales 2006, Australia
Public Health Nutr 12:1816-22. 2009..To explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding caloric soft drinks in a group of young adults attending university and to identify opportunities for a health promotion intervention aimed at reducing consumption...
- Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studiesLisa Te Morenga
Departments of Human Nutrition and Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
BMJ 346:e7492. 2013..To summarise evidence on the association between intake of dietary sugars and body weight in adults and children...
- Associations between added sugars and micronutrient intakes and status: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 yearsSigrid Gibson
Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
Br J Nutr 101:100-7. 2009..Further work is needed to explore the impact of different sources of added sugars and to refine assessments of inadequate intakes and status...
- Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, obesity, and type 2 diabetesCaroline M Apovian
JAMA 292:978-9. 2004
- Consumption of added sugars and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk among US adolescentsJean A Welsh
Nutrition and Health Science Program, Children s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA
Circulation 123:249-57. 2011..Whereas increased carbohydrate and sugar consumption has been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among adults, little is known about the impact of high consumption of added sugars (caloric sweeteners) among US adolescents...
- A critical examination of the evidence relating high fructose corn syrup and weight gainRichard A Forshee
Center for Food, Nutrition, and Agriculture Policy, University of Maryland College Park, 1122 Patapsco Building, College Park, MD, USA
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 47:561-82. 2007..Research recommendations were made to improve our understanding of the association of HFCS and weight gain...
- Early childhood caries lesions in preschool children in Kerala, IndiaBabu Jose
Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
Pediatr Dent 25:594-600. 2003..Therefore, the aims of this study were: (1) to gather data on caries lesion frequency and distribution; (2) to determine any possible associations with feeding habits and oral health care practices...
- Impact of school district sugar-sweetened beverage policies on student beverage exposure and consumption in middle schoolsDonna B Johnson
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 3410, USA
J Adolesc Health 45:S30-7. 2009..To determine the associations between 1) exposure to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in middle schools and student consumption of SSB during the school day; and 2) school district policies about SSB and exposure to SSB in schools...
- Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United StatesJill Reedy
Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010..The objective of this research was to identify top dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among 2- to 18-year-olds in the United States...
- Sugary drinks in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseasesC M Brown
Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S28-34. 2008..This review focuses on the potential role of sugar drinks, particularly the fructose component, in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular diseases...
- Soft drink and juice consumption and risk of physician-diagnosed incident type 2 diabetes: the Singapore Chinese Health StudyAndrew O Odegaard
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
Am J Epidemiol 171:701-8. 2010..34, 2.16) compared with those who gained less weight (RR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.41). Relatively frequent intake of soft drinks and juice is associated with an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in Chinese men and women...
- School vending machine use and fast-food restaurant use are associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake in youthJean L Wiecha
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 106:1624-30. 2006..To examine associations between use of school vending machines and fast-food restaurants and youth intake of sugar-sweetened beverages...
- Increasing caloric contribution from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices among US children and adolescents, 1988-2004Y Claire Wang
Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, 600 West 168th St, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
Pediatrics 121:e1604-14. 2008..We sought to document increases in caloric contributions from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juice among US youth during 1988-2004...
- Diet soda intake and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)Jennifer A Nettleton
Division of Epidemiology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, Texas, USA
Diabetes Care 32:688-94. 2009..We determined associations between diet soda consumption and risk of incident metabolic syndrome, its components, and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
- Intake of added sugars and selected nutrients in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006Bernadette P Marriott
Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA Bernadette
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:228-58. 2010..With over 80% of the population at risk for select nutrient inadequacy, guidance may need to focus on targeted healthful diet communication to reach the highest risk demographic groups for specific life stage nutrient inadequacies...
- Not enough fruit and vegetables or too many cookies, candies, salty snacks, and soft drinks?Deborah A Cohen
RAND Corporation, 1776 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
Public Health Rep 125:88-95. 2010..This study contrasted physical activity, fruit/vegetable consumption, and discretionary calorie consumption from selected foods relative to the 2005 dietary guidelines...
- Are the low protein requirements of nectarivorous birds the consequence of their sugary and watery diet? A test with an omnivoreElla Tsahar
Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
Physiol Biochem Zool 78:239-45. 2005..We hypothesize that ureteral ammonia was reabsorbed in the lower intestine, indicating a postrenal modification of the urine...
- Evidence to support a food-based dietary guideline on sugar consumption in South AfricaN P Steyn
Chronic Disease of Lifestyle Unit, WHO Collaborating Centre for Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
Bull World Health Organ 81:599-608. 2003..This paper summarizes the evidence available for such a guideline and the nature of that evidence. Other low- and middle-income countries, particularly those in Africa, may face a similar dilemma and might learn from our experience...
- Moderate increase in dietary sucrose does not influence fasting or postprandial serum lipids regardless of the presence of apolipoprotein E2 allele in healthy subjectsA T Erkkilä
School of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1094-101. 2007To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in normolipidemic subjects with the epsilon 2 allele compared with subjects without the epsilon 2 allele.
- Dietary determinants of dental caries and dietary recommendations for preschool childrenNorman Tinanoff
Dept of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School, University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA
Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim 20:8-23, 78. 2003....
- Dietary intakes and caries experience in children in Limpopo Province, South AfricaU E MacIntyre
Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus
SADJ 61:058-63. 2006....
- Associations between dietary added sugar intake and micronutrient intake: a systematic reviewKirsten L Rennie
Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine BT52 ISA, UK
Br J Nutr 97:832-41. 2007..Analyses should take into account the magnitude of any observed associations to determine their true biological significance...
- Prevalence of salivary Streptococcus mutans in mothers and in their preschool childrenI Thorild
Public Dental Clinic, Varberg, Sweden
Int J Paediatr Dent 12:2-7. 2002..To establish the prevalence and possible relationship of oral Streptococcus mutans colonization in mother-child pairs...
- Diurnal metabolic profiles after 14 d of an ad libitum high-starch, high-sucrose, or high-fat diet in normal-weight never-obese and postobese womenA Raben
Research Department of Human Nutrition, Center for Food Research, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, and the Department of Medical Physiology, The Panum Institute, The University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Clin Nutr 73:177-89. 2001..The influence of the amount and type of carbohydrates in the diet on risk factors for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease remains unclear...
- The impact of added sugar consumption on overall dietary quality in Irish children and teenagersT Joyce
UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
J Hum Nutr Diet 21:438-50. 2008..There is concern that added sugar may dilute micronutrients and displace nutrient dense foods from the diet...
- Metabolic and behavioral effects of a high-sucrose diet during weight lossR S Surwit
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 65:908-15. 1997..01). Results showed that a high sucrose content in a hypoenergetic, low-fat diet did not adversely affect weight loss, metabolism, plasma lipids, or emotional affect...
- Consumption of sugars and body weightM A van Baak
NUTRIM, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Obes Rev 10:9-23. 2009..There is currently no convincing evidence for a role of GI independent of GL...
- Does tracking of dietary behaviours differ by parental education in children during the transition into adolescence?Torunn H Totland
Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
Public Health Nutr 16:673-82. 2013..The present study investigates the changes and tracking of dietary behaviours in Norwegian 11-year-olds and examines the association between parental education and dietary tracking over a time period of 20 months...
- Changes in caries prevalence in JapanH Miyazaki
Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Nligata University, Japan
Eur J Oral Sci 104:452-8. 1996..An excellent correlation (r = 0.91; P < 0.01) is observed between the DMFT in 12-year-olds and per capita sugar consumption per year between 1957 and 1987 in Japan...
- The role of added sugars in pediatric obesityJean A Welsh
Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, 2015 Uppergate Drive, Northeast, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Pediatr Clin North Am 58:1455-66, xi. 2011..Primary health care providers play an important role in assessing the added sugar intake of their patients and in providing nutrition and behavior change counselling to high-risk children and their families...
- Caries prevalence and its association with brushing habits, water availability, and the intake of sugared beveragesJoseph A Guido
Private Practice, Ft Collins, CO, USA
Int J Paediatr Dent 21:432-40. 2011..CONCLUSIONS. Drinking sugared beverages, poor oral hygiene habits, and lack of access to tap water were identified as risk factor for caries in this sample of residents of rural Mexico...
- Acute effects on insulin sensitivity and diurnal metabolic profiles of a high-sucrose compared with a high-starch dietM E Daly
Human Nutrition Research Centre, the Department of Biological and Nutritional Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 67:1186-96. 1998..001). Plasma fatty acid concentrations showed a late postprandial rise with the sucrose-rich diet relative to the starch-rich diet, which was mirrored with a fractionally later peak in triacylglycerol concentrations...
- Taste-independent detection of the caloric content of sugar in DrosophilaMonica Dus
Molecular Neurobiology Program, Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11644-9. 2011..Thus, the need to replenish depleted energy stores during periods of starvation may be met through the activity of a taste-independent metabolic sensing pathway...
- Direction of associations between added sugar intake in early childhood and body mass index at age 7 years may depend on intake levelsAntje Herbst
Hospital of Leverkusen, Department of Pediatrics, 51375 Leverkusen, Germany
J Nutr 141:1348-54. 2011..However, detrimental effects on BMI development may emerge when added sugar intakes are increased to higher levels...
- Effects of short-term low- and high-carbohydrate diets on postprandial metabolism in non-diabetic and diabetic subjectsK S Culling
Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19:345-51. 2009..To test whether the nature of the carbohydrate affects metabolic responses, we conducted a randomized cross-over study using a short-term, intensive dietary modification...
- A high-sucrose isocaloric pair-fed model induces obesity and impairs NDUFB6 gene function in rat adipose tissueA Lomba
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Physiology and Toxicology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics 2:267-72. 2009....
- Adolescent screen-viewing behaviour is associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages: the role of habit strength and perceived parental normsStef P J Kremers
Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Universiteit Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Appetite 48:345-50. 2007..Consequences of the identified role of habit and parental norms in the interplay between sedentary behaviour and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among adolescents are discussed...
- Evidence-based review on the effect of normal dietary consumption of fructose on development of hyperlipidemia and obesity in healthy, normal weight individualsLaurie C Dolan
Burdock Group, Orlando, FL 32801, USA
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:53-84. 2010..The results of the analysis indicate that fructose does not cause biologically relevant changes in TG or body weight when consumed at levels approaching 95th percentile estimates of intake...
- Food selection associated with sense of coherence in adultsUlrika Lindmark
Department of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine, University of Jönköping, Jonkoping, Sweden
Nutr J 4:9. 2005..However, understanding what determines an individual's dietary preferences and how to change his/her behavior remains limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between dietary intake and SOC in adults...
- Diabetes, insulin resistance and sugarsM Laville
Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône Alpes, Univ de lyon, Lyon, France
Obes Rev 10:24-33. 2009..But its effect on lipogenesis and triglyceridemia has to be taken into account, considering the growing use of fructose in food industry and sugar-sweetened drinks...
- The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesityAdam Drewnowski
Center for Public Health Nutrition and Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Epidemiol Rev 29:160-71. 2007..Examining past studies of the contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity rates through the prism of food prices and diet costs is the purpose of this review...
- Food away from home, sugar-sweetened drink consumption and juvenile obesityLinda J Gillis
Children s Exercise and Nutrition Centre, Evel 4, Room 464A, Chedoke Division, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
J Am Coll Nutr 22:539-45. 2003..To identify if particular foods or food groups may be associated with obesity in children and adolescents and to determine if consuming food away from home (FAFH) has an effect on the nutritional quality of their diets...
- The interplay of public health law and industry self-regulation: the case of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schoolsMichelle M Mello
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Public Health 98:595-604. 2008....
- Regular sugar-sweetened beverage consumption between meals increases risk of overweight among preschool-aged childrenLise Dubois
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Am Diet Assoc 107:924-34; discussion 934-5. 2007..To examine the relationship between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (eg, nondiet carbonated drinks and fruit drinks) and the prevalence of overweight among preschool-aged children living in Canada...
- Is sugar consumption detrimental to health? A review of the evidence 1995-2006C H S Ruxton
Nutrition Communications, Front Lebanon, Cupar KY15 4EA, UK
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50:1-19. 2010..Overall, the available evidence did not support a single quantitative sugar guideline covering all health issues...
- Sugar-sweetened soft drinks and obesity: a systematic review of the evidence from observational studies and interventionsSigrid Gibson
Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
Nutr Res Rev 21:134-47. 2008..Of the six reviews, two concluded that the evidence was strong, one that an association was probable, while three described it as inconclusive, equivocal or near zero. Reasons for some discrepancies are presented...
- Consumption of sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a prospective studySusanna C Larsson
Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Am J Clin Nutr 84:1171-6. 2006..Frequent consumption of sugar and high-sugar foods may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by inducing frequent postprandial hyperglycemia, increasing insulin demand, and decreasing insulin sensitivity...
- Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjectsAnne Raben
Research Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Am J Clin Nutr 76:721-9. 2002..The role of artificial sweeteners in body-weight regulation is still unclear...
- Sugar and cardiovascular disease: A statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Nutrition of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the American Heart AssociationBarbara V Howard
Circulation 106:523-7. 2002
- On the role and fate of sugars in human nutrition and health. IntroductionA Palou
Molecular Biology, Nutrition and Biotechnology Nutrigenomics, University of the Balearic Islands UIB, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Obes Rev 10:1-8. 2009....
- Sugar and fat intake among children in Scotland: what is needed to reach the dietary targets?Geraldine McNeill
Population Health Section, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Public Health Nutr 13:1286-94. 2010..To assess the intake and sources of non-milk extrinsic sugars (NMES) and fat among children in Scotland in relation to socio-economic status, and to estimate the changes in diet required to achieve recommended levels of intake...
- Sugar receptors in DrosophilaJesse Slone
Duke University Medical Center, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Curr Biol 17:1809-16. 2007..Finally, we present evidence that some members of the Gr64 gene family are transcribed as a polycistronic mRNA, providing a mechanism for the coexpression of multiple sugar receptors in the same taste neurons...
- Caloric sweetener consumption and dyslipidemia among US adultsJean A Welsh
Nutrition and Health Science Program, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
JAMA 303:1490-7. 2010..No known studies have examined the association between the consumption of added sugars and lipid measures...
- Macronutrient disposal during controlled overfeeding with glucose, fructose, sucrose, or fat in lean and obese womenR M McDevitt
Medical Research Council Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 72:369-77. 2000..Previous short-term studies (< or =6 h) showed differences in energy expenditure (EE) and macronutrient oxidation in response to overfeeding with different types of dietary carbohydrate. This finding could have implications for obesity...
- The effect of soft drink availability in elementary schools on consumptionMeenakshi M Fernandes
RAND Corporation, 1775 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90403, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:1445-52. 2008..To quantify the association among soft drink availability, school-based purchases, and overall consumption for elementary school children in the United States...
- Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot studyCara B Ebbeling
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Pediatrics 117:673-80. 2006..We conducted a pilot study to examine the effect of decreasing SSB consumption on body weight...
- Advertising and obesity: a behavioral perspectiveJanet Hoek
Department of Marketing, College of Business, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
J Health Commun 11:409-23. 2006..We also review the New Zealand government's response to obesity and suggest policy interventions that would foster healthier eating behaviors...
- Feed intolerance in critical illness is associated with increased basal and nutrient-stimulated plasma cholecystokinin concentrationsNam Q Nguyen
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and General Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Crit Care Med 35:82-8. 2007..Cholecystokinin (CCK) slows gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to determine plasma CCK concentrations during fasting and in response to small-intestine nutrient infusion in critically ill patients...
- Prevalence of dental caries in obese and normal-weight Brazilian adolescents attending state and private schoolsPatrícia Vasconcelos Leitão Moreira
Departamento Nutrição, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Brazil
Community Dent Health 23:251-3. 2006..To measure the association between dental caries and obesity in adolescents aged 12 to 15 years attending state and private schools...
- High-fructose corn syrup: is this what's for dinner?Kiyah J Duffey
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 88:1722S-1732S. 2008..Research on trends in consumption of added sugar and high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) in the United States has largely focused on calorically sweetened beverages and ignored other sources...
- Increasing fruit and vegetable intake and decreasing fat and sugar intake in families at risk for childhood obesityL H Epstein
Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
Obes Res 9:171-8. 2001....
- Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in womenTeresa T Fung
Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1037-42. 2009..Previous studies have linked full-calorie sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with greater weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes...
- L-arabinose feeding prevents increases due to dietary sucrose in lipogenic enzymes and triacylglycerol levels in ratsS Osaki
Faculty of Human and Cultural Studies, Tezukayama Gakuin University Sakai, Osaka 590-0113, Japan
J Nutr 131:796-9. 2001..Lipogenic enzyme activities and triacylglycerol concentrations in the liver were significantly increased by dietary sucrose, and arabinose significantly prevented these increases...
- Glucose absorption and gastric emptying in critical illnessMarianne J Chapman
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
Crit Care 13:R140. 2009..The aim of this study was to quantify glucose absorption and the relationships between GE, glucose absorption and glycaemia in critically ill patients...
- The reduction of dietary sucrose improves dyslipidemia, adiposity, and insulin secretion in an insulin-resistant rat modelMaría A Fortino
Department of Biochemistry, School of Biochemistry, University of Litoral, Ciudad Universitaria, Santa Fe, Argentina
Nutrition 23:489-97. 2007....
- Food presentation modifies longevity and the beneficial action of dietary restriction in DrosophilaPaul Vigne
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 6543, Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose Nice, France
Exp Gerontol 45:113-8. 2010..We conclude that flies sense and respond to specific nutrients and that food presentation is a major factor which determines the sensitivity of flies to dietary restriction...
- Caries and associated factors in a group of Swedish children 2- 3 years of ageMarie Bankel
Public Dental Service Clinic in Majorna, Goteborg, Sweden
Swed Dent J 30:137-46. 2006..The study provided insight into various factors, useful for monitoring children at risk of developing early childhood caries...
- Prevalence of dental caries and sugar consumption among 6-12-y-old schoolchildren in La Trinidad, Benguet, PhilippinesR N Yabao
Department of International Public Health Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima, Japan
Eur J Clin Nutr 59:1429-38. 2005..To determine the prevalence of dental caries and the level of sugar consumption among 6-12-y-old schoolchildren in La Trinidad, Benguet, Philippines...
- Eucalyptus leaf extract inhibits intestinal fructose absorption, and suppresses adiposity due to dietary sucrose in ratsKeiichiro Sugimoto
Center for Research and Develpment of Bioresources, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Japan
Br J Nutr 93:957-63. 2005..was to examine the effect of the eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) leaf extract (ELE) on adiposity due to dietary sucrose in rats. In addition, in this study, the effect of ELE on intestinal fructose absorption was also examined...
- Consumption of bakery products, sweetened soft drinks and yogurt among children aged 6-7 years: association with nutrient intake and overall diet qualityFernando Rodriguez-Artalejo
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Br J Nutr 89:419-29. 2003..Therefore, consumption of bakery products and sweetened soft drinks should be moderated, and priority given to consumption of low-fat, low-sugar yogurt...
- Behavioural and demographic factors during early childhood and poor dental health at 10 years of ageM L Mattila
Public Health Centre, Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Caries Res 39:85-91. 2005..In preventive work, dental health care staff could offer support to those parents with risk factors in their child rearing tasks...
- Sugar-sweetened beverages and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in African American womenJulie R Palmer
Slone Epidemiology Center, BostonUniversity, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Arch Intern Med 168:1487-92. 2008..Our objective was to examine the association between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in African American women...
- Dietary habits and dental health over the first 18 months of lifeM Habibian
Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences, London, UK
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 29:239-46. 2001..The partial correlation showed that positive relation between mean daily eating/drinking episodes and plaque was not influenced by tooth brushing...
- Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged womenMatthias B Schulze
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
JAMA 292:927-34. 2004....
- The relationship between bottle usage/content, age, and number of teeth with mutans streptococci colonization in 6-24-month-old childrenA Mohan
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington 06030-1610, USA
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 26:12-20. 1998..Additionally, the risk of MS colonization appears lower among infants who consume milk rather than sweetened beverages in the bottle...
- Metabolic effects of dietary sucrose and fructose in type II diabetic subjectsD A Malerbi
Endocrine and Nutrition Services, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Brazil
Diabetes Care 19:1249-56. 1996..To investigate the metabolic effects of dietary fructose and sucrose in type II diabetic patients...
- Diet, nutrition and the prevention of dental diseasesPaula Moynihan
WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Public Health Nutr 7:201-26. 2004..It is the responsibility of national authorities to ensure implementation of feasible fluoride programmes for their country...
- Renal function in Palestine sunbirds: elimination of excess water does not constrain energy intakeTodd J McWhorter
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
J Exp Biol 207:3391-8. 2004....
- Marketing fat and sugar to children on New Zealand televisionNick Wilson
Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Otago University, Mein St, Newtown, New Zealand
Prev Med 42:96-101. 2006..We aimed to determine the frequency and content of television food advertisements during children's viewing times on various New Zealand television channels...
- [Sugar intake and public health]Hege Berg Henriksen
Avdeling for ernaeringsvitenskap, Universitetet i Oslo, Postboks 1046 Blindern, 0316 Oslo
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 127:2259-62. 2007..We have reviewed the effects of sugars on overweight, diabetes Type 2 and caries, and the intake of carbohydrates in simple and complex forms in the Norwegian population...
- Frequency of consumption of products with varying energy value by patients of a sanatorium in CiechocinekDanuta Górecka
Department of Human Nutrition Technology, August Cieszkowski Agricultural University of Poznan, 60 624 Poznan, Wojska Polskiego 31, Poland
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:223-8. 2007..Obese patients, from among women constituted 80%, paid attention to fat content in their daily diet...
- The world is fatBarry M Popkin
Center for Obesity, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
Sci Am 297:88-95. 2007
- Low glycemic index breakfasts and reduced food intake in preadolescent childrenJanet M Warren
Nutrition and Food Science Group, School of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane Campus, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Pediatrics 112:e414. 2003....
- The sweetening of the world's dietBarry M Popkin
Carolina Population Center, and Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8120 University Square, 123 W Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
Obes Res 11:1325-32. 2003..S. dietary data, we explored trends in caloric sweetener intake, the role of urbanization and income changes in explaining these trends, and the contribution of specific foods to these changes...
- Caries prevalence and severity in urban Fijian school childrenL M Jamieson
Department of Oral Sciences, University of Otago School of Medicine, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
Int J Paediatr Dent 14:34-40. 2004..To determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries in a sample of urban Fijian school children...
- Sucrose intake since infancy and dental health in 10-year-old childrenS Ruottinen
Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Caries Res 38:142-8. 2004..9 +/- 3.9 and 1.9 +/- 2.5, respectively; p = 0.032). We conclude that a persistently high sucrose intake increases the risk of dental caries in children...
Research Grants122 found, 100 shown here
- ORAL STREPTOCOCCAL VIRULENCE--NEW MOLECULAR APPROACHESDONALD LEBLANC; Fiscal Year: 1990..A thorough investigation of these pathways ins imperative because of the role of dietary sucrose in the development of dental caries...
- NUTRITIONAL EFFECTS OF SUGARS ON LIVER LIPIDSCHARLES SPARKS; Fiscal Year: 1990..We propose to study effects of dietary sucrose or constituent monosaccharides, fructose or glucose on plasma lipoproteins over a twenty week period ..
- MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANSARNOLD BLEIWEIS; Fiscal Year: 2001..by a number of virulence factors including an adhesin (P1), which promotes colonization in the absence of dietary sucrose and the ability of this species to withstand the effects of low pH caused by the homofermentation of sugars...
- MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANSARNOLD BLEIWEIS; Fiscal Year: 2000..by a number of virulence factors including an adhesin (P1), which promotes colonization in the absence of dietary sucrose and the ability of this species to withstand the effects of low pH caused by the homofermentation of sugars...
- MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANSL Jeannine Brady; Fiscal Year: 2002..by a number of virulence factors including an adhesin (P1), which promotes colonization in the absence of dietary sucrose and the ability of this species to withstand the effects of low pH caused by the homofermentation of sugars...
- MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANSARNOLD BLEIWEIS; Fiscal Year: 1999
- Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in ChildrenNoel Childers; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition to the natural history of infection and availability of colonization sites as well as dietary sucrose intake, there is data to indicate that the development of the host's immunity to MS is also involved in ..
- Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in ChildrenNoel Childers; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition to the natural history of infection and availability of colonization sites as well as dietary sucrose intake, there is data to indicate that the development of the host's immunity to MS is also involved in ..
- Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in ChildrenNoel Childers; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition to the natural history of infection and availability of colonization sites as well as dietary sucrose intake, there is data to indicate that the development of the host's immunity to MS is also involved in ..
- Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in ChildrenNoel K Childers; Fiscal Year: 2010
- Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Immunity in ChildrenNoel Childers; Fiscal Year: 2009
- STUDIES ON THE GENETICS OF ORAL MICROFLORAFRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 1991..mutans is the principal etiologic agent of this disease and the unique ability of this organism to metabolize dietary sucrose is known to be crucial to virulence...
- AMYLASE BINDING STREPTOCOCCI, DENTAL PLAQUE AND CARIESFrank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 1999..suggest that these organisms are cariogenic in a well-characterized rat model, especially in the presence of dietary sucrose. The long term goals of our research are therefore to define the structural basis for streptococcal amylase-..
- AMYLASE BINDING STREPTOCOCCI, DENTAL PLAQUE AND CARIESFrank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2000..suggest that these organisms are cariogenic in a well-characterized rat model, especially in the presence of dietary sucrose. The long term goals of our research are therefore to define the structural basis for streptococcal amylase-..
- AMYLASE BINDING STREPTOCOCCI, DENTAL PLAQUE AND CARIESFrank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2001..suggest that these organisms are cariogenic in a well-characterized rat model, especially in the presence of dietary sucrose. The long term goals of our research are therefore to define the structural basis for streptococcal amylase-..
- MOLECULAR GENETICS OF POLYSACCHARIDE DEGRADATIONROBERT BURNE; Fiscal Year: 1992..Fructans accumulate rapidly in plaque following a dietary sucrose intake, functioning as a temporary store of carbohydrate outside the cell...
- Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutansSteven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2002..to inflict damage is strongly linked to the production of long chain glucose polymers (glucans) derived from dietary sucrose which allow the bacteria possesses a family of genes that express enzymes called glucosyltransferases (GTF)...
- Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutansSteven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2003..to inflict damage is strongly linked to the production of long chain glucose polymers (glucans) derived from dietary sucrose which allow the bacteria possesses a family of genes that express enzymes called glucosyltransferases (GTF)...
- Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutansSteven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2001..to inflict damage is strongly linked to the production of long chain glucose polymers (glucans) derived from dietary sucrose which allow the bacteria possesses a family of genes that express enzymes called glucosyltransferases (GTF)...
- Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutansSteven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2005
- Regulation of gtf Gene Expression in S mutansSteven Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2004
- EFFECTS OF SUCROSE ON THE DISPOSITION OF DIETARY FATDaniel Bessesen; Fiscal Year: 2000The study aims to: (1) determine whether acute changes in the amount of dietary sucrose influence the amount of dietary lipid that is deposited in adipose tissue or oxidized, (2) determine postprandial lipolysis in response to changes in ..
- Dietary factors in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitisJACQUELYN MAHER; Fiscal Year: 2007..In this application, we test the hypothesis that dietary sucrose provokes lipoapoptosis in susceptible mice and leads to steatohepatitis...
- Dietary factors in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitisJACQUELYN MAHER; Fiscal Year: 2006..In this application, we test the hypothesis that dietary sucrose provokes lipoapoptosis in susceptible mice and leads to steatohepatitis...
- Dietary factors in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitisJACQUELYN MAHER; Fiscal Year: 2005..In this application, we test the hypothesis that dietary sucrose provokes lipoapoptosis in susceptible mice and leads to steatohepatitis...
- Dietary factors in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitisJacquelyn J Maher; Fiscal Year: 2010
- Dietary factors in the pathogenesis of steatohepatitisJACQUELYN MAHER; Fiscal Year: 2004
- Food environment, diet quality, and disparities in obesityAdam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2008..Spatial analyses and multilevel regression models will be used to test the hypothesis that physical and economic access to foods sources may predict dietary energy density and obesity rates. ..
- An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Food environment, diet quality, and disparities in obesityAdam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2010..Spatial analyses and multilevel regression models will be used to test the hypothesis that physical and economic access to foods sources may predict dietary energy density and obesity rates. ..
- Food environment, diet quality, and disparities in obesityAdam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2009..Spatial analyses and multilevel regression models will be used to test the hypothesis that physical and economic access to foods sources may predict dietary energy density and obesity rates. ..
- Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and ObesityBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..We will also consider issues related to sample selectivity, within race heterogeneity and acculturation. ..
- BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITYBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2001..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
- CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGEBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
- BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITYBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
- Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, AgingBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003..The instruments include data collection at the community as well as individual and household levels through a monitoring of prices, a wide range of services, and infrastructure. ..
- UNC Interdisciplinary Obesity Training (IDOT)(RMI)Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
- Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
- Primordial Prevention of Overweight in AI ChildrenNjeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2007..The primary outcome is BMI Z scores at ages 24-30 months. (End of Abstract) ..
- Aspartame Intake and the Risk of CancerEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Metabolic Consequences of Low & High Carbohydrate DietsNjeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2005..The primary outcome is a change in weight between the beginning of the study and the end of 30 months of follow-up. ..
- Metabolic Consequences of Low & High Carbohydrate DietsNjeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2007..The primary outcome is a change in weight between the beginning of the study and the end of 30 months of follow-up. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PARKS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN DIVERSE COMMUNITIESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Clock Genes, Night Work, and Breast Cancer RiskEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results from this study could help identify individuals who are more susceptible to night work than others, based on their genetic profile. ..
- Away From Home and Out of SchoolDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
- Circuit Training and Motivational Interviewing to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes in YouthJaimie Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings from this study will help create more wide scale, multi-component, and sustaining interventions in community settings targeting obesity and metabolic disease reduction in high-risk minority communities. ..
- GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- Metabolic Consequences of Low & High Carbohydrate DietsNjeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2008..The primary outcome is a change in weight between the beginning of the study and the end of 30 months of follow-up. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Minimizing Cancer Risk in Shift WorkersEva S Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- The Interplay Between Sleep, Melatonin, and Mortality in Older MenEva S Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will use existing resources from 2,846 participants of the ongoing MrOS Sleep Study. If successful, our study could lay the groundwork for a melatonin trial for healthy aging in the elderly. ..
- PARKS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN DIVERSE COMMUNITIESDeborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISKDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
- VALIDATION OF SOPARC AND USE IN DIVERSE POPULATIONSDeborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..SOPARC can potentially be used for assessing future community level interventions as well as for population level surveillance of PA. ..
- GIS ALCOHOL MARKETING AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- VALIDATION OF SOPARC AND USE IN DIVERSE POPULATIONSDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2009..SOPARC can potentially be used for assessing future community level interventions as well as for population level surveillance of PA. ..
- The Interplay Between Sleep, Melatonin, and Mortality in Older MenEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will use existing resources from 2,846 participants of the ongoing MrOS Sleep Study. If successful, our study could lay the groundwork for a melatonin trial for healthy aging in the elderly. ..
- Aspartame Intake and the Risk of CancerEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Primordial Prevention of Overweight in AI ChildrenNjeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2008..The primary outcome is BMI Z scores at ages 24-30 months. (End of Abstract) ..
- Antidepressant Therapy for Functional DyspepsiaNicholas Talley; Fiscal Year: 2007..at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description, ..
- Antidepressant Therapy for Functional DyspepsiaNicholas Talley; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Longitudinal study of caries in a rural WIC populationJohn Warren; Fiscal Year: 2004..Data from this pilot study will be of great value and will position the study team to effectively conduct future intervention studies to reduce oral health disparities. ..
- CB1 Receptors: Cocaine Reinforcement and RelapseSara Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007..The second goal is to employ this set of procedures to assess the role of the CB1 receptor system in cocaine's reinforcing effects and relapse to cocaine seeking. ..
- Antidepressant Therapy for Functional DyspepsiaNicholas Talley; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Postprandial glycemic response to 4-week low and high glycemic load dietsMarian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Evaluation of a Novel Anti-Caries Approach to Modulate Virulence of S. mutansHyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our approach uses natural compounds, is highly effective without suppressing the resident oral flora (non-microbiocidal) and may decrease exposure to fluoride. ..
- Examining Racial and Cardiovascular Paradoxes in Chronic Kidney DiseaseKamyar Kalantar Zadeh; Fiscal Year: 2008..to developing new treatment targets beyond traditional (Framingham) CV risk factors to improve poor outcomes in these 2 patient populations and maybe in geriatric populations or those with chronic disease states and similar paradoxes ..
- The Stress of Chronic Disease: Mineralocorticoid Mediation of MoodAlan Kim Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2011..The proposed experiments will investigate the role of heart failure-induced aldosterone release as a depressivogenic hormonal mechanism. ..
- Erythrocytes, immuno-modulation and G6PD deficiencyZoltan Spolarics; Fiscal Year: 2007..Elucidation of macrophage and T-cell cytokine responses to infection in G6PD deficiency may also be important in providing a mechanism of malaria protection alternative to currently accepted notions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neuropharmacology of Learned Food PreferencesAnthony Sclafani; Fiscal Year: 2005..It will advance our understanding of the basic mechanisms involved in the development of food preferences and may provide insights into the clinical treatment of overeating and obesity. ..
- LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF FLUORIDE EXPOSURES & FLUORIDESteven Levy; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- NEUROBIOLOGY OF BINGE-TYPE BEHAVIORREBECCA CORWIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..These studies are the first to examine the contribution of GABA-B receptors to bingeing and will provide new insight into the neurobiology of bingeing-related disorders ..
- International Caries Detection and Assessement SystemAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
- IV COCAINE ABUSE TREATMENT: A LABORATORY MODELRICHARD FOLTIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- MODEL FOR SENSITIVE PERIODS IN EARLY FLAVOR LEARNINGJULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2000....
- DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOXPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- DETERMINANTS OF CHOICEGeorge Collier; Fiscal Year: 2000..Knowledge of the fundamental processes by which environmental and physiological factors interact to affect behavioral choice is prerequisite for a complete analysis of human feeding and regulation and their associated disorders. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- OPIOID SYSTEMS IN VENTRAL STRIATUM AND FOOD REWARDAnn Kelley; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR, OBESITY & INSULIN RESISTANCEJames Young; Fiscal Year: 1999..A principal tenet of this proposal is that early life events which predispose animals to become obese differ from those which promote subsequent development in insulin resistance. ..
- Causes and Interventions for Childhood Obesity:Innovative Systems AnalysisYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will also project the impacts of several childhood obesity intervention strategies. ..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:..Phase IIMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Evaluation of a Novel Anti-Caries Approach to Modulate Virulence of S. mutansHyun Koo; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our approach uses natural compounds, is highly effective without suppressing the resident oral flora (non-microbiocidal) and may decrease exposure to fluoride. ..
- Neurobehavioral Control of Body Fluid Balance in MouseAlan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009..heat) challenges. These studies will be especially important for understanding mechanisms underlying pathological conditions such as hypertension and congestive heart failure where excess thirst and sodium intake have been documented. ..
- Obesity Prevention in African American SchoolchildrenYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003..If the intervention proves effective, a full-scale study will be developed. Findings from this study will provide insights into the prevention of obesity among Iow-SES and minority students. ..
- Diet and Genetic Risks for Prostate CancerMarian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2003..To date, there are 718 confirmed cases of primary prostatic carcinoma. This proposed study will provide important information about prostate cancer etiology and suggest new strategies for prevention and control. ..
- PSYCHOPHYSICAL EVALUATION OF TASTE FUNCTIONALAN SPECTOR; Fiscal Year: 2009..These experiments will psychophysically define the contribution of an important class of taste receptors to normal gustatory function in the mouse model, which is becoming widely adopted for study of mammalian chemosensory processes. ..
- Gene Polymorphisms in Relation to Cancer in Black WomenJulie Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2003..The BWHS will provide the largest source of data on gene-environment interactions in black women, and will contribute substantially to the data available on young women of any race. ..