dietary carbohydrates

Summary

Summary: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002
    Kaye Foster-Powell
    Human Nutrition Unit, School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:5-56. 2002
  2. ncbi Fructose, weight gain, and the insulin resistance syndrome
    Sharon S Elliott
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:911-22. 2002
  3. ncbi The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    David S Ludwig
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 287:2414-23. 2002
  4. pmc International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008
    Fiona S Atkinson
    Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Diabetes Care 31:2281-3. 2008
  5. ncbi Comparison of 4 diets of varying glycemic load on weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction in overweight and obese young adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Joanna McMillan-Price
    Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Arch Intern Med 166:1466-75. 2006
  6. ncbi Optimal diets for prevention of coronary heart disease
    Frank B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 288:2569-78. 2002
  7. doi High-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular remodeling in rats
    Sunil K Panchal
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
    J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 57:611-24. 2011
  8. ncbi Evidence-based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus
    J I Mann
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 14:373-94. 2004
  9. ncbi Insulin-sensitizing effects of dietary resistant starch and effects on skeletal muscle and adipose tissue metabolism
    M Denise Robertson
    Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:559-67. 2005
  10. pmc Dietary glycemic load and glycemic index and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in Dutch men and women: the EPIC-MORGEN study
    Koert N J Burger
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 6:e25955. 2011

Detail Information

Publications240 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002
    Kaye Foster-Powell
    Human Nutrition Unit, School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:5-56. 2002
    ..The revised table also lists the glycemic load associated with the consumption of specified serving sizes of different foods...
  2. ncbi Fructose, weight gain, and the insulin resistance syndrome
    Sharon S Elliott
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:911-22. 2002
    ....
  3. ncbi The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    David S Ludwig
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 287:2414-23. 2002
    ..The purpose of this review is to examine the physiological effects of the glycemic index and the relevance of these effects in preventing and treating obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease...
  4. pmc International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008
    Fiona S Atkinson
    Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Diabetes Care 31:2281-3. 2008
    ..To systematically tabulate published and unpublished sources of reliable glycemic index (GI) values...
  5. ncbi Comparison of 4 diets of varying glycemic load on weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction in overweight and obese young adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Joanna McMillan-Price
    Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Arch Intern Med 166:1466-75. 2006
    ..Despite the popularity of low-glycemic index (GI) and high-protein diets, to our knowledge no randomized, controlled trials have systematically compared their relative effects on weight loss and cardiovascular risk...
  6. ncbi Optimal diets for prevention of coronary heart disease
    Frank B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 288:2569-78. 2002
    ..Thus, identification of the dietary changes that most effectively prevent CHD is critical...
  7. doi High-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular remodeling in rats
    Sunil K Panchal
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
    J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 57:611-24. 2011
    ..In comparison with other models of diabetes and obesity, this diet-induced model more closely mimics the changes observed in human metabolic syndrome...
  8. ncbi Evidence-based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus
    J I Mann
    Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 14:373-94. 2004
  9. ncbi Insulin-sensitizing effects of dietary resistant starch and effects on skeletal muscle and adipose tissue metabolism
    M Denise Robertson
    Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:559-67. 2005
    ..Resistant starch may modulate insulin sensitivity, although the precise mechanism of this action is unknown...
  10. pmc Dietary glycemic load and glycemic index and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in Dutch men and women: the EPIC-MORGEN study
    Koert N J Burger
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 6:e25955. 2011
    ..The associations of glycemic load (GL) and glycemic index (GI) with the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are not well-established, particularly in men, and may be modified by gender...
  11. doi Dietary glycemic load and index and risk of coronary heart disease in a large italian cohort: the EPICOR study
    Sabina Sieri
    Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy
    Arch Intern Med 170:640-7. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women
    S Liu
    Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, The Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 71:1455-61. 2000
    ..Little is known about the effects of the amount and type of carbohydrates on risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  13. ncbi Effect of glycemic carbohydrates on short-term satiety and food intake
    G Harvey Anderson
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Fitzgerald Building, 150 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3E2
    Nutr Rev 61:S17-26. 2003
    ..Many other preabsorptive and postabsorptive signals for satiety exist and may be the determining factors. Further studies are needed to delineate the role of glycemic carbohydrates and their mechanisms of action in determining satiety...
  14. doi Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and intake of carbohydrate and rice in relation to risk of mortality from stroke and its subtypes in Japanese men and women
    Shino Oba
    Department of Prevention for Lifestyle Related Diseases, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
    Metabolism 59:1574-82. 2010
    ..05). The current study implies that diets with a high dietary GI increase the risk of mortality from stroke among Japanese women...
  15. ncbi High-glycemic index carbohydrate increases nuclear factor-kappaB activation in mononuclear cells of young, lean healthy subjects
    Scott Dickinson
    Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1188-93. 2008
    ..Postprandial glycemia within the normal range may promote oxidative stress and inflammatory processes underlying the development of disease...
  16. ncbi Glycemic index and obesity
    Janette C Brand-Miller
    Human Nutrition Unit, School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:281S-5S. 2002
    ..These findings provide the scientific rationale to justify randomized, controlled, multicenter intervention studies comparing the effects of conventional and low-GI diets on weight control...
  17. doi Meta-analysis of dietary glycemic load and glycemic index in relation to risk of coronary heart disease
    Jia Yi Dong
    Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Soochow University, Suzhou, China
    Am J Cardiol 109:1608-13. 2012
    ..Further studies are needed to verify these findings and elucidate the underlying mechanisms...
  18. doi National estimates of dietary fructose intake increased from 1977 to 2004 in the United States
    Bernadette P Marriott
    Abt Associates Inc, Durham, NC 27703, USA
    J Nutr 139:1228S-1235S. 2009
    ..Although comparison of estimates of fructose intakes between data from the 1977-1978 NFCS and the NHANES 1999-2004 showed an increase, this increase was dwarfed by greater increases in total daily energy and carbohydrate intakes...
  19. ncbi High dietary glycemic load and glycemic index increase risk of cardiovascular disease among middle-aged women: a population-based follow-up study
    Joline W J Beulens
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Am Coll Cardiol 50:14-21. 2007
    ..The goal of this work was to assess whether high dietary glycemic load and glycemic index are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  20. ncbi Physiological validation of the concept of glycemic load in lean young adults
    J C Brand-Miller
    Human Nutrition Unit, School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    J Nutr 133:2728-32. 2003
    ..001) and insulinemia (P < 0.001). These findings support the concept of dietary glycemic load as a measure of overall glycemic response and insulin demand...
  21. ncbi The Canadian Trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD), a 1-y controlled trial of low-glycemic-index dietary carbohydrate in type 2 diabetes: no effect on glycated hemoglobin but reduction in C-reactive protein
    Thomas M S Wolever
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, and the Department of Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:114-25. 2008
    ..The optimal source and amount of dietary carbohydrate for managing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are unknown...
  22. ncbi Increased consumption of refined carbohydrates and the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in the United States: an ecologic assessment
    Lee S Gross
    Inter Medic Medical Group, 2630 Bobcat Village Center Road, North Port, FL 34288, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:774-9. 2004
    ....
  23. doi Carbohydrate quantity and quality and risk of type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands (EPIC-NL) study
    Ivonne Sluijs
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:905-11. 2010
    ..Carbohydrate quantity and quality may play an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes...
  24. ncbi Effects of dietary glycaemic index on adiposity, glucose homoeostasis, and plasma lipids in animals
    Dorota B Pawlak
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 364:778-85. 2004
    ..This study examined the independent effects of GI in animals...
  25. ncbi Carbohydrate intake, glycemic index, glycemic load, and dietary fiber in relation to risk of stroke in women
    Kyungwon Oh
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:161-9. 2005
    ..In addition, high consumption of cereal fiber was associated with lower risk of total and hemorrhagic stroke...
  26. ncbi Carbohydrate ingestion influences skeletal muscle cytokine mRNA and plasma cytokine levels after a 3-h run
    D C Nieman
    Department of Health, Fischer Hamilton Nycom Biochemistry Laboratory, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina 28608, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 94:1917-25. 2003
    ..063). CHO compared with Pla beverage ingestion attenuates the increase in plasma IL-6, IL-10, and IL-1ra and gene expression for IL-6 and IL-8 in athletes running 3 h at 70% Vo(2 max) despite no differences in muscle glycogen content...
  27. pmc Food intake of individuals with and without diabetes across different countries and ethnic groups
    U Nöthlings
    Epidemiology Section, Institute for Experimental Medicine, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:635-41. 2011
    ..We investigated this hypothesis in two large prospective studies including different countries and ethnic groups...
  28. ncbi The effect of carbohydrate ingestion on the interleukin-6 response to a 90-minute run time trial
    Paula Robson-Ansley
    School of Psychology and Sport Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 4:186-94. 2009
    ..3+/-1.9 pg.mL(-1) and 6.6+/-3.0 pg.mL(-1), respectively; p=.0313), this difference was considered physiologically too small to mediate the improvement in time trial performance...
  29. ncbi Prior short-term consumption of resistant starch enhances postprandial insulin sensitivity in healthy subjects
    M D Robertson
    Oxford Lipid Metabolism Group, OCDEM, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Diabetologia 46:659-65. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to assess whether acute changes in the insoluble-fibre (resistant starch) content of the diet would have effects on postprandial carbohydrate and lipid handling...
  30. doi Coingestion of protein with carbohydrate during recovery from endurance exercise stimulates skeletal muscle protein synthesis in humans
    Krista R Howarth
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:1394-402. 2009
    ..However, adding protein or additional CHO to a feeding strategy that provided 1.2 g CHO x kg(-1) x h(-1) did not further enhance glycogen resynthesis during recovery...
  31. doi Rutin attenuates metabolic changes, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and cardiovascular remodeling in high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-fed rats
    Sunil K Panchal
    Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
    J Nutr 141:1062-9. 2011
    ..These results suggest a non-nutritive role for rutin to attenuate chronic changes in metabolic syndrome...
  32. doi Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of breast cancer: meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies
    Jia Yi Dong
    Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Radiation Medicine and Public Health, Soochow University, Suzhou, People s Republic of China
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 126:287-94. 2011
    ..However, there is no significant association between dietary GL and breast cancer risk...
  33. ncbi Certain dietary carbohydrates promote Listeria infection in a guinea pig model, while others prevent it
    Tine Ebersbach
    National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, 2860 Soeborg, Denmark
    Int J Food Microbiol 140:218-24. 2010
    ..In conclusion, this study shows for the first time that different non-digestible carbohydrates can have entirely different effects on the intestinal colonisation and translocation of a pathogenic bacterium...
  34. doi Overall glycaemic index and glycaemic load of habitual diet and risk of heart disease
    Katrine Grau
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Public Health Nutr 14:109-18. 2011
    ..To test the hypothesis that diets with high glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) increase the risk of heart disease...
  35. ncbi Seasonal variation in amount of unabsorbed dietary carbohydrate from the intestine after breakfast in young female Thai subjects: comparison with that of Japanese subjects
    Yuki Tsumura
    Department of Food and Nutrition Studies, Junshin Junior College, Thailand
    J Physiol Anthropol 29:141-7. 2010
    ..These results suggest that differences in seasonal change in a living environment have different effects on seasonal variations in the efficiency of carbohydrate absorption in the intestine after breakfast...
  36. ncbi Reduced glycemic index and glycemic load diets do not increase the effects of energy restriction on weight loss and insulin sensitivity in obese men and women
    Susan K Raatz
    General Clinical Research Center, Department of Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Nutr 135:2387-91. 2005
    ..In summary, lowering the glycemic load and glycemic index of weight reduction diets does not provide any added benefit to energy restriction in promoting weight loss in obese subjects...
  37. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of the effects of oral preoperative carbohydrates on postoperative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy
    J Hausel
    Centre of Gastrointestinal Disease, Ersta Hospital and Karolinska Institutet, SE 116 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Br J Surg 92:415-21. 2005
    ..A carbohydrate-rich drink (CHO) has been shown to reduce preoperative discomfort. It was hypothesized that it may also reduce postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV)...
  38. ncbi Intake of refined carbohydrates and whole grain foods in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease
    Simin Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:298-306. 2002
    ..It seems prudent, therefore, to distinguish whole-grain rather than refined-grain cereal products for the prevention of chronic diseases...
  39. ncbi No difference in body weight decrease between a low-glycemic-index and a high-glycemic-index diet but reduced LDL cholesterol after 10-wk ad libitum intake of the low-glycemic-index diet
    Birgitte Sloth
    Department of Human Nutrition, Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, 30 Rolighedsvej, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:337-47. 2004
    ..The role of glycemic index (GI) in appetite and body-weight regulation is still not clear...
  40. ncbi The Diet, Obesity and Genes (Diogenes) Dietary Study in eight European countries - a comprehensive design for long-term intervention
    T M Larsen
    Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obes Rev 11:76-91. 2010
    ..Despite major cultural and dietary regional differences in Europe, interventions addressing effects of dietary factors are feasible with a reasonable attrition...
  41. ncbi The influence of the glycaemic index of breakfast and lunch on substrate utilisation during the postprandial periods and subsequent exercise
    Emma Stevenson
    Sport and Exercise Nutrition Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK
    Br J Nutr 93:885-93. 2005
    ..Furthermore, during subsequent exercise, plasma glucose concentrations were better maintained following the LGI CHO meals...
  42. ncbi A high-protein, high-fat, carbohydrate-free diet reduces energy intake, hepatic lipogenesis, and adiposity in rats
    Lisa Pichon
    UMR INRA 914 Physiologie de la Nutrition et du Comportement Alimentaire, Institut National Agronomique Paris Grignon, F75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    J Nutr 136:1256-60. 2006
    ..These reductions in adipose tissue development with decreases in the C:L ratio of the diet seemed to be due primarily to reduced hepatic lipogenesis...
  43. doi Carbohydrate for weight and metabolic control: where do we stand?
    Kevin J Acheson
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Nestle Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Nutrition 26:141-5. 2010
    ..Hopefully, future studies will indicate whether diets with a more equilibrated macronutrient composition than presently recommended are more appropriate for body weight and metabolic control...
  44. ncbi Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damage
    Michael J Saunders
    School of Kinesiology and Recreation Studies, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1233-8. 2004
    ..3% and 1.8% concentrations) versus a carbohydrate-only (CHO; 7.3%) beverage...
  45. ncbi Prospective study of major dietary patterns and stroke risk in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Stroke 35:2014-9. 2004
    ..Many foods have been suggested to influence the risk of stroke. However, no previous studies have examined the relationship between overall dietary patterns and risk of stroke...
  46. ncbi Intake of carbohydrates compared with intake of saturated fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction: importance of the glycemic index
    Marianne U Jakobsen
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1764-8. 2010
    ..The effect of carbohydrates, however, may depend on the type consumed...
  47. doi Acute ingestion of resistant starch reduces food intake in healthy adults
    Caroline L Bodinham
    Diabetes and Endocrinology, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7WG, UK
    Br J Nutr 103:917-22. 2010
    ..059). These results suggest that consumption of 48 g RS, over a 24-h period, may be useful in the management of the metabolic syndrome and appetite. Further studies are required to determine the exact mechanisms...
  48. ncbi Perceived stress, depression and food consumption frequency in the college students of China Seven Cities
    Chunhong Liu
    College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University, 510642 Guangzhou, China
    Physiol Behav 92:748-54. 2007
    ..The link between food consumption frequency, perceived stress and depression suggests that diet intervention may be considered a mediate strategy integrated in psychology prevention program among normal population of the college...
  49. ncbi Low-carbohydrate-diet score and the risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Thomas L Halton
    Departments of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:1991-2002. 2006
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets have been advocated for weight loss and to prevent obesity, but the long-term safety of these diets has not been determined...
  50. ncbi Prenatal exposure to a maternal low-protein diet programmes a preference for high-fat foods in the young adult rat
    Leanne Bellinger
    Centre for Reproduction and Early Life, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK
    Br J Nutr 92:513-20. 2004
    ..Maternal nutrition may thus promote changes in systems that are involved in control of appetite or the perception of palatability...
  51. ncbi Failure of protein to improve time trial performance when added to a sports drink
    Martin van Essen
    Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1476-83. 2006
    ..e., a race in which a fixed distance or set amount of work is performed as quickly as possible)...
  52. ncbi Did fat intake in the United States really decline between 1989-1991 and 1994-1996?
    Prithiva Chanmugam
    School of Human Ecology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:867-72. 2003
    ..These preliminary findings should be interpreted cautiously until they are confirmed by formal secular trend analyses...
  53. ncbi The effect of a high-protein, low glycemic-load diet versus a conventional, high glycemic-load diet on biochemical parameters associated with acne vulgaris: a randomized, investigator-masked, controlled trial
    Robyn N Smith
    School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Am Acad Dermatol 57:247-56. 2007
    ..No previous study has sought to examine the influence of dietary composition on acne vulgaris...
  54. ncbi Total dietary carbohydrate, sugar, starch and fibre intakes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    A E Cust
    Dietary Exposure Assessment Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:S37-60. 2009
    ..To describe dietary carbohydrate intakes and their food sources among 27 centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study...
  55. pmc Sugar and fat bingeing have notable differences in addictive-like behavior
    Nicole M Avena
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    J Nutr 139:623-8. 2009
    ....
  56. ncbi Low-carbohydrate diets: nutritional and physiological aspects
    A Adam-Perrot
    Cerestar R and D Vilvoorde Center, Havenstraat 84, 1800 Vilvoorde, Belgium
    Obes Rev 7:49-58. 2006
    ..The latter findings support the need to do more research on this type of hypocaloric low-carbohydrate diet...
  57. ncbi Prospective study of dietary carbohydrates, glycemic index, glycemic load, and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in middle-aged Chinese women
    Raquel Villegas
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2525 West End Ave, Ste 600, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:2310-6. 2007
    ..Much uncertainty exists about the role of dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, especially in populations that traditionally subsist on a diet high in carbohydrates...
  58. ncbi High dietary fructose induces a hepatic stress response resulting in cholesterol and lipid dysregulation
    Glen L Kelley
    Insmed Incorporated, 4851 Lake Brook Drive, Glen Allen, VA 23058, USA
    Endocrinology 145:548-55. 2004
    ....
  59. ncbi Improved glycemic control and lipid profile and normalized fibrinolytic activity on a low-glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetic patients
    A E Järvi
    Clinical Nutrition Research Unit, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Diabetes Care 22:10-8. 1999
    ..To evaluate the effects of varying the glycemic index (GI) of carbohydrate-rich foods on metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients...
  60. ncbi Early postexercise muscle glycogen recovery is enhanced with a carbohydrate-protein supplement
    John L Ivy
    Exercise Physiology and Metabolism Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    J Appl Physiol 93:1337-44. 2002
    ..These results suggest that a CHO-Pro supplement is more effective for the rapid replenishment of muscle glycogen after exercise than a CHO supplement of equal CHO or caloric content...
  61. ncbi Improved plasma glucose control, whole-body glucose utilization, and lipid profile on a low-glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetic men: a randomized controlled trial
    Salwa W Rizkalla
    Department of Diabetes, INSERM U465, Hotel Dieu Hospital, 1 Place du Parvis Notre Dame, 75004 Paris, France
    Diabetes Care 27:1866-72. 2004
    ....
  62. ncbi Dose-dependent reduction of dietary protein-induced colonocyte DNA damage by resistant starch in rats correlates more highly with caecal butyrate than with other short chain fatty acids
    Shusuke Toden
    CSIRO Human Nutrition and CSIRO Food Futures National Research Flagship, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Cancer Biol Ther 6:253-8. 2007
    ..These data show that HAMS prevents protein-induced colonic DNA damage in a dose-dependent manner. Inclusion of 10% HAMS was found to be sufficient to oppose colonocyte DNA damage, and to increase caecal and fecal SCFA pools...
  63. ncbi Phylotypes related to Ruminococcus bromii are abundant in the large bowel of humans and increase in response to a diet high in resistant starch
    Guy C J Abell
    Preventative Health National Research Flagship, CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 66:505-15. 2008
    ..05) with the RS, but not the NSP, dietary intervention. This study indicates that R. bromii-related bacteria are abundant in humans and may be significant in the fermentation of complex carbohydrates in the large bowel...
  64. ncbi The sweetening of the world's diet
    Barry M Popkin
    Carolina Population Center, and Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8120 University Square, 123 W Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Obes Res 11:1325-32. 2003
    ..S. dietary data, we explored trends in caloric sweetener intake, the role of urbanization and income changes in explaining these trends, and the contribution of specific foods to these changes...
  65. ncbi Effect of a low-glycemic index or a high-cereal fiber diet on type 2 diabetes: a randomized trial
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 300:2742-53. 2008
    ..Low-glycemic index diets may improve both glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors for patients with type 2 diabetes but debate over their effectiveness continues due to trial limitations...
  66. ncbi A Mediterranean and a high-carbohydrate diet improve glucose metabolism in healthy young persons
    F Perez-Jimenez
    Lipid and Arteriosclerosis Research Unit and the Biochemistry Laboratory, Reina Sofia University Hospital and Medical School, University of Cordoba, Spain
    Diabetologia 44:2038-43. 2001
    ..We investigated the effects of a diet enriched in monounsaturated fatty acids (Mediterranean diet) and a low fat, high-carbohydrate diet on in vivo and in vitro glucose metabolism in 59 young subjects (30 men and 29 women)...
  67. doi Dietary carbohydrates, glycaemic load, food groups and newly detected type 2 diabetes among urban Asian Indian population in Chennai, India (Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study 59)
    Viswanathan Mohan
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Non Communicable diseases, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India
    Br J Nutr 102:1498-506. 2009
    The aim of the study was to examine the association of dietary carbohydrates and glycaemic load with the risk of type 2 diabetes among an urban adult Asian Indian population...
  68. ncbi Carbohydrate-electrolyte feedings and 1 h time trial cycling performance
    Ben Desbrow
    School of Health Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 9726, Australia
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 14:541-9. 2004
    ....
  69. ncbi Cognitive performance is associated with glucose regulation in healthy elderly persons and can be enhanced with glucose and dietary carbohydrates
    R J Kaplan
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:825-36. 2000
    ..A glucose drink has been shown to improve memory in persons with poor glucose regulation and poor cognition...
  70. ncbi Prolonged reactive oxygen species generation and nuclear factor-kappaB activation after a high-fat, high-carbohydrate meal in the obese
    Chinmay Patel
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, State University of New York at Buffalo and Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York 14209, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:4476-9. 2007
    ....
  71. ncbi The effects of low- and high-glycemic index foods on high-intensity intermittent exercise
    Jonathan P Little
    College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 4:367-80. 2009
    ..The glycemic index (GI) of a preexercise meal may affect substrate utilization and performance during continuous exercise...
  72. ncbi Effects of protein vs. carbohydrate-rich diets on fuel utilisation in obese women during weight loss
    Idoia Labayen
    Department of Physiology and Nutrition, University Clinic University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Forum Nutr 56:168-70. 2003
    ..Energy restriction is a common therapeutic approach for weight reduction, but the most effective macronutrient distribution of the hypoenergetic diet as well as the role of the metabolic processes involved require further investigations...
  73. ncbi Dietary carbohydrates, fiber, and breast cancer risk
    Michelle D Holmes
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:732-9. 2004
    ..In this cohort of middle-aged women, no overall association was found for dietary carbohydrates, glycemic index and glycemic load, and breast cancer risk...
  74. ncbi Dietary glycemic load and atherothrombotic risk
    Simin Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, 900 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 4:454-61. 2002
    ....
  75. ncbi Stress control and human nutrition
    Eiji Takeda
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan
    J Med Invest 51:139-45. 2004
    ..Therefore, it is concluded that the establishment of functional foods that correctly regulate stress response must be firmly based upon scientific knowledge and legal regulation...
  76. ncbi Liver-specific inhibition of ChREBP improves hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in ob/ob mice
    Renaud Dentin
    Departement d Endocrinologie, Institut Cochin, Métabolisme et Cancer, 24 rue du Faubourg St Jacques, Paris 75014, France
    Diabetes 55:2159-70. 2006
    ..Taken together, our results demonstrate that ChREBP is central for the regulation of lipogenesis in vivo and plays a determinant role in the development of the hepatic steatosis and of insulin resistance in ob/ob mice...
  77. pmc Changes in weight loss, body composition and cardiovascular disease risk after altering macronutrient distributions during a regular exercise program in obese women
    Chad M Kerksick
    Applied Biochemistry and Molecular Physiology Laboratory, Health and Exercise Science Department, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 6081, USA
    Nutr J 9:59. 2010
    ..This study's purpose investigated the impact of different macronutrient distributions and varying caloric intakes along with regular exercise for metabolic and physiological changes related to weight loss...
  78. pmc Dietary carbohydrates, fiber, and breast cancer risk in Chinese women
    Wanqing Wen
    Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:283-9. 2009
    ..Few studies have investigated the association of dietary carbohydrate and fiber intake with breast cancer risk in women in China, where carbohydrate intake is traditionally high...
  79. ncbi Four-week low-glycemic index breakfast with a modest amount of soluble fibers in type 2 diabetic men
    Morvarid Kabir
    INSERM U341 Department of Diabetes, A P Hôtel Dieu Hospital, EA 3502 University Paris, VI, Paris, France
    Metabolism 51:819-26. 2002
    ..The decrease in plasma cholesterol associated with low-GI breakfast intake may reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular complications in subjects with type 2 diabetes...
  80. ncbi The pediatric obesity epidemic: causes and controversies
    Arnold H Slyper
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2540-7. 2004
    ..It seems likely that diets restricted in sweetened sodas and noncitrus juices and containing ample whole grains, vegetables, and fruit could have a major impact on the prevalence of pediatric obesity...
  81. ncbi The reduced energy intake of rats fed a high-protein low-carbohydrate diet explains the lower fat deposition, but macronutrient substitution accounts for the improved glycemic control
    Clemence Blouet
    UMR 914 INRA INA P G Physiologie de la Nutrition et du Comportement Alimentaire, Institut National Agronomique Paris Grignon, Paris, France
    J Nutr 136:1849-54. 2006
    ..These data suggest that the reduced energy intake of rats fed a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet explains the lower fat deposition but an increased P:C per se improves glucose homeostasis...
  82. ncbi The influence of high-carbohydrate meals with different glycaemic indices on substrate utilisation during subsequent exercise
    Ching Lin Wu
    Sports and Exercise Nutrition Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicester, UK
    Br J Nutr 90:1049-56. 2003
    ..However, the LGI resulted in a higher rate of fat oxidation during exercise than following the consumption of the HGI...
  83. ncbi Energy intake, ghrelin, and cholecystokinin after different carbohydrate and protein preloads in overweight men
    Jane Bowen
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Human Nutrition, P O Box 10041 BC, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1477-83. 2006
    ..Dietary proteins appear to be more satiating than carbohydrate. The mechanism and effect of protein and carbohydrate type are unclear...
  84. ncbi CHO feeding before prolonged exercise: effect of glycemic index on muscle glycogenolysis and exercise performance
    M A Febbraio
    Department of Human Movement Science, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Bundoora, Australia
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 81:1115-20. 1996
    ..These results demonstrate that preexercise CHO ingestion has no effect on muscle glycogen utilization or exercise performance, irrespective of the glycemic or insulinemic responses to the ingested meals...
  85. ncbi A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity
    Frederick F Samaha
    Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:2074-81. 2003
    ..The effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on weight loss and risk factors for atherosclerosis have been incompletely assessed...
  86. ncbi Beneficial effect of low carbohydrate in low calorie diets on visceral fat reduction in type 2 diabetic patients with obesity
    Yoh Miyashita
    Center of Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism, Sakura Hospital, School of Medicine, Toho University, 564 1 Shimoshizu, Sakura City, Chiba 285 0841, Japan
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 65:235-41. 2004
    ....
  87. ncbi Fructose, glycemic load, and quantity and quality of carbohydrate in relation to plasma C-peptide concentrations in US women
    Tianying Wu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1043-9. 2004
    ..However, associations between fructose and the quantity and quality of total carbohydrate intake in relation to C-peptide concentrations have not been adequately examined...
  88. ncbi A reduced carbohydrate, increased protein diet stabilizes glycemic control and minimizes adipose tissue glucose disposal in rats
    Jamie I Baum
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 136:1855-61. 2006
    ....
  89. ncbi Effect of soybean protein on blood pressure: a randomized, controlled trial
    Jiang He
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue, SL 18, New Orleans, LA 70112 2699, USA
    Ann Intern Med 143:1-9. 2005
    ..Epidemiologic studies suggest that vegetable protein intake is inversely related to blood pressure...
  90. pmc Dietary carbohydrates and glycaemic load and the incidence of symptomatic gall stone disease in men
    C J Tsai
    Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Kentucky Medical Center, 800 Rose St, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0298, USA
    Gut 54:823-8. 2005
    ..Diets with a high glycaemic response exacerbate the metabolic consequences of the insulin resistance syndrome. Their effects on the incidence of gall stone disease are not clear, particularly in men...
  91. ncbi Dietary glycemic index in relation to metabolic risk factors and incidence of coronary heart disease: the Zutphen Elderly Study
    R M van Dam
    Department of Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Nutr 54:726-31. 2000
    ..To examine whether a high dietary glycemic index is associated with hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in elderly men...
  92. ncbi Dissociation of obesity and insulin resistance in transgenic mice with skeletal muscle expression of uncoupling protein 1
    Yvonne Katterle
    German Institute of Human Nutrition in Potsdam Rehbruecke, Group of Energy Metabolism, Nuthetal, Germany
    Physiol Genomics 32:352-9. 2008
    ..Rather it can lead to a "healthy" obese phenotype by preserving insulin sensitivity and a high metabolic flexibility, thus protecting from the development of obesity associated disturbances of glucose homeostasis...
  93. ncbi Carbohydrate supplementation and exercise-induced changes in T-lymphocyte function
    Katherine J Green
    School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove 4057, Australia
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 95:1216-23. 2003
    ..CHO ingestion during exercise acted to reduce the impairment of T-lymphocyte function by decreasing cell death within mitogen-stimulated cell cultures; however, the mechanism of action appears to be independent of cortisol...
  94. pmc Saturated fat, carbohydrate, and cardiovascular disease
    Patty W Siri-Tarino
    Department of Atherosclerosis Research Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute Oakland, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:502-9. 2010
    ....
  95. ncbi Effects of dietary fatty acids and carbohydrates on the ratio of serum total to HDL cholesterol and on serum lipids and apolipoproteins: a meta-analysis of 60 controlled trials
    Ronald P Mensink
    Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1146-55. 2003
    ..Fats, however, also affect HDL cholesterol, and the ratio of total to HDL cholesterol is a more specific marker of CAD than is LDL cholesterol...
  96. ncbi Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cereal fiber intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in US black women
    Supriya Krishnan
    Slone Epidemiology Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:2304-9. 2007
    ..Previous studies of carbohydrate quality and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus have yielded inconsistent findings. Because diet is in part culturally determined, a study of dietary factors in US black women is of interest...
  97. ncbi Nutritional characterization and measurement of dietary carbohydrates
    K N Englyst
    Englyst Carbohydrates, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:S19-39. 2007
    ..This structured approach to the characterization of nutritionally relevant features of dietary carbohydrates provides the basis for establishing population reference intakes, nutrition claims and food labelling that ..
  98. doi Influence of protein- versus carbohydrate-enriched feedings on physiological responses during an ultraendurance climbing race
    C Bourrilhon
    Department of Physiology, IMASSA, 91223 Brétigny sur Orge, France
    Horm Metab Res 42:31-7. 2010
    ..The ghrelin response was additionally indicative of macronutrient intake during the race...
  99. ncbi Dietary carbohydrates and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Framingham offspring cohort
    Nicola M McKeown
    Jean Mayer U S Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 28:150-8. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between carbohydrate intake and dietary glycemic index and several cardiovascular disease risk factors...
  100. ncbi The influence of the subjects' training state on the glycemic index
    S Mettler
    Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:19-24. 2007
    ..To determine the glycemic index (GI) dependence on the training state of healthy adult males...
  101. ncbi Time-course changes in macronutrient metabolism induced by a nutritionally balanced low-calorie diet in obese women
    I Labayen
    Department of Physiology and Nutrition, C Irunlarrea, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 55:27-35. 2004
    ..In summary, the weight and fat mass losses were associated with a lower carbohydrate oxidation, which were probably compensated by an increase in lipid oxidation without major changes in protein mobilization...

Research Grants131 found, 100 shown here

  1. MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS
    L Jeannine Brady; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A major virulence factor is demineralization of teeth by generation of lactic acid from dietary carbohydrates and bacterial tolerance of the acid products...
  2. MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS
    L Jeannine Brady; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A major virulence factor is demineralization of teeth by generation of lactic acid from dietary carbohydrates and bacterial tolerance of the acid products...
  3. MEMBRANES OF THE DENTAL PATHOGEN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS
    L Jeannine Brady; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A major virulence factor is demineralization of teeth by generation of lactic acid from dietary carbohydrates and bacterial tolerance of the acid products...
  4. EFFECT OF CHRONIC AMYLOSE FEEDING IN ADIPOSITY
    DANIEL BESSESSEN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..b>Dietary carbohydrates consist of simple carbohydrates, or sugars, and complex carbohydrates, or starches...
  5. EFFECT OF CHRONIC AMYLOSE FEEDING IN ADIPOSITY
    DANIEL BESSESSEN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..b>Dietary carbohydrates consist of simple carbohydrates, or sugars, and complex carbohydrates, or starches...
  6. EFFECT OF CHRONIC AMYLOSE FEEDING IN ADIPOSITY
    DANIEL BESSESSEN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..b>Dietary carbohydrates consist of simple carbohydrates, or sugars, and complex carbohydrates, or starches...
  7. Liver Glycogen in Control of Plasma Glucose
    Katarina Borer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..aim 3);and lower and increase the level of hepatic glycogen repletion by, respectively, limiting evening dietary carbohydrates to 20 g, or providing a high carbohydrate evening meal and overnight intravenous glucose infusion that ..
  8. Pediatric Type 1 diabetes: Intervention Trials With Glucagon Suppressors
    Rubina Heptulla; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is currently managed using modulation of dietary carbohydrates and insulin. Paradoxical post-meal hyperglucagonemia is associated with post-prandial hyperglycemia in T1DM...
  9. Pediatric Type 1 diabetes: Intervention Trials With Glucagon Suppressors
    Rubina Heptulla; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is currently managed using modulation of dietary carbohydrates and insulin. Paradoxical post-meal hyperglucagonemia is associated with post-prandial hyperglycemia in T1DM...
  10. Pediatric Type 1 diabetes: Intervention Trials With Glucagon Suppressors
    Rubina Heptulla; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is currently managed using modulation of dietary carbohydrates and insulin. Paradoxical post-meal hyperglucagonemia is associated with post-prandial hyperglycemia in T1DM...
  11. Pediatric Type 1 diabetes: Intervention Trials With Glucagon Suppressors
    Rubina A Heptulla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is currently managed using modulation of dietary carbohydrates and insulin. Paradoxical post-meal hyperglucagonemia is associated with post-prandial hyperglycemia in T1DM...
  12. Pediatric Type 1 diabetes: Intervention Trials With Glucagon Suppressors
    Rubina A Heptulla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is currently managed using modulation of dietary carbohydrates and insulin. Paradoxical post-meal hyperglucagonemia is associated with post-prandial hyperglycemia in T1DM...
  13. Pediatric Type 1 diabetes: Intervention Trials With Glucagon Suppressors
    Rubina A Heptulla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is currently managed using modulation of dietary carbohydrates and insulin. Paradoxical post-meal hyperglucagonemia is associated with post-prandial hyperglycemia in T1DM...
  14. CARBOHYDRATE AND KETONE BODY METABOLISM
    EMMETT BERGMAN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Adult ruminants normally absorb little or no glucose since the rumen ferments the dietary carbohydrates to volatile fatty acids. Further, ketone bodies are produced by the rumen epithelium...
  15. NUTRITIONAL AND HORMONAL REGULATION OF HEPATIC GENES
    HOWARD TOWLE; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..organ dealing with ingested carbohydrates in mammals and, as such, t is responsible for converting excess dietary carbohydrates to triglycerides...
  16. NUTRITIONAL AND HORMONAL REGULATION OF HEPATIC GENES
    HOWARD TOWLE; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..organ dealing with ingested carbohydrates in mammals and, as such, t is responsible for converting excess dietary carbohydrates to triglycerides...
  17. Making a quantum leap in plaque research with modern sciences
    WENYUAN contact SHI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These methods are based on the knowledge that oral plaque bacteria ferment dietary carbohydrates to produce pH-reducing organic acids...
  18. S MUTANTS GLG GENE EXPRESSION
    Grace Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..mutans-induced caries formation is the metabolism of exogenous dietary carbohydrates; this results in the production of lactic acid in the oral cavity which leads to the demineralization of ..
  19. S MUTANTS GLG GENE EXPRESSION
    Grace Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..mutans-induced caries formation is the metabolism of exogenous dietary carbohydrates; this results in the production of lactic acid in the oral cavity which leads to the demineralization of ..
  20. S MUTANTS GLG GENE EXPRESSION
    Grace Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..mutans-induced caries formation is the metabolism of exogenous dietary carbohydrates; this results in the production of lactic acid in the oral cavity which leads to the demineralization of ..
  21. S MUTANTS GLG GENE EXPRESSION
    Grace Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..mutans-induced caries formation is the metabolism of exogenous dietary carbohydrates; this results in the production of lactic acid in the oral cavity which leads to the demineralization of ..
  22. From Sugar to Fat: How the Transcription Factor XBP1 Regulates Hepatic Lipogenesi
    LAURIE HOLLIS GLIMCHER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): From sugar to fat: How the transcription factor XBP1 regulates hepatic lipogenesis Abstract Dietary carbohydrates regulate hepatic lipogenesis by controlling the expression of critical enzymes in glycolytic and lipogenic ..
  23. Fatty Acid Synthase Phosphorylation as a Cancer Biomarker
    SUSAN MEDGHALCHI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..FAS is the enzyme which catalyzes the de novo synthesis of fatty acids predominantly from dietary carbohydrates. In addition to its expression in human cancers, our collaborators have found that FAS circulates at high ..
  24. Gut microbiota and obesity: studies in gnotobiotic mice
    Jeffrey Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Aim 1- Use wt B6 mice to determine the role of dietary carbohydrates and microbial ecology on microbiota-induced fat storage...
  25. Gut microbiota and obesity: studies in gnotobiotic mice
    Jeffrey Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 1- Use wt B6 mice to determine the role of dietary carbohydrates and microbial ecology on microbiota-induced fat storage...
  26. Gut microbiota and obesity: studies in gnotobiotic mice
    Jeffrey Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Aim 1- Use wt B6 mice to determine the role of dietary carbohydrates and microbial ecology on microbiota-induced fat storage...
  27. GQ/11-RGS Mediated Signaling
    THOMAS WILKIE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our hypothesis is that Gq/11 signaling promotes fatty acid oxidation during fasting, and that dietary carbohydrates inhibit fatty acid oxidation by inducing RGS gene expression, mRNA stability, protein translation, and Gq-..
  28. GQ/11-RGS Mediated Signaling
    THOMAS WILKIE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our hypothesis is that Gq/11 signaling promotes fatty acid oxidation during fasting, and that dietary carbohydrates inhibit fatty acid oxidation by inducing RGS gene expression, mRNA stability, protein translation, and Gq-..
  29. METABOLIC REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION
    CARY MARIASH; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..To explore the mechanism of the synergistic interaction between thyroid hormone and dietary carbohydrates we will create constructs containing a thyroid response element and a carbohydrate response element of the ..
  30. Gut microbiota and obesity: studies in gnotobiotic mice
    Jeffrey Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Aim 1- Use wt B6 mice to determine the role of dietary carbohydrates and microbial ecology on microbiota-induced fat storage...
  31. GQ/11-RGS Mediated Signaling
    THOMAS WILKIE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our hypothesis is that Gq/11 signaling promotes fatty acid oxidation during fasting, and that dietary carbohydrates inhibit fatty acid oxidation by inducing RGS gene expression, mRNA stability, protein translation, and Gq-..
  32. Nuclear-mitochondrial fitness interactions in Drosophila
    ZHIJIN JEAN WU; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Aim will indentify genetic interactions between the two genomes that are sensitive to different levels of dietary carbohydrates and proteins, and to hypoxic stress, and the second Aim will identify genes whose expression are altered ..
  33. METABOLIC MECHANISMS & POSTNATAL DEVELOPMENT
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..is to determine the interaction between two common environmental factors (physical activity and type of dietary carbohydrates) and placental growth rate, morphometric indices of placental functional capacity, size at birth and post-..
  34. METABOLIC MECHANISMS & POSTNATAL DEVELOPMENT
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..is to determine the interaction between two common environmental factors (physical activity and type of dietary carbohydrates) and placental growth rate, morphometric indices of placental functional capacity, size at birth and post-..
  35. METABOLIC MECHANISMS & POSTNATAL DEVELOPMENT
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..is to determine the interaction between two common environmental factors (physical activity and type of dietary carbohydrates) and placental growth rate, morphometric indices of placental functional capacity, size at birth and post-..
  36. METABOLIC MECHANISMS & POSTNATAL DEVELOPMENT
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..is to determine the interaction between two common environmental factors (physical activity and type of dietary carbohydrates) and placental growth rate, morphometric indices of placental functional capacity, size at birth and post-..
  37. A simple dietary message to improve dietary quality for metabolic syndrome
    Yunsheng Ma; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We hypothesize that a message promoting high fiber intake may be the simple message that has potential to produce broad impact. ..
  38. Dietary Glycemic Load, Body Weight, and Blood Lipids
    Yunsheng Ma; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. GLYCEMIC INDEX/GLYCEMIC LOAD AND BLOOD LIPIDS IN THE WHI
    James Shikany; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Glycemic load (GL) is a measure that incorporates both the high dietary carbohydrates. There is mounting evidence from observational studies that high dietary GI and may adversely affect blood ..
  40. A simple dietary message to improve dietary quality for metabolic syndrome
    Yunsheng Ma; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We hypothesize that a message promoting high fiber intake may be the simple message that has potential to produce broad impact. ..
  41. GLYCEMIC INDEX/GLYCEMIC LOAD AND BLOOD LIPIDS IN THE WHI
    James Shikany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Glycemic load (GL) is a measure that incorporates both the high dietary carbohydrates. There is mounting evidence from observational studies that high dietary GI and may adversely affect blood ..
  42. REGULATION OF MAMMALIAN DIHYDROLIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. REGULATION OF MAMMALIAN DIHYDROLIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCY
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
  45. Alcohol-Induced Bone Resorption: The Role of Oxidative Stress
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Molecular studies of alcohol actions on ROS signaling cascades in bone are expected to provide fundamental insights into common pathways underlying bone resorption. ..
  46. Mercury, Selenium, and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Women and Men
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  47. ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIET
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  48. ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIET
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  49. Regulation of Glucose Metabolism in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) Infants
    Agneta Sunehag; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A clear understanding of the mechanisms that control glucose homeostasis in the extremely low birth weight infant will permit us to develop evidence based strategies to maintain euglycemia while providing appropriate energy intake. ..
  50. Fatty Acids and Major Cardiovascular Outcomes
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  51. The significance of an antenatal nuchal cord
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The question is should the ancillary finding of an antenatal nuchal cord on ultrasound exam be a cause for clinical concern. This proposal will provide data that should answer the question. ..
  52. The significance of an antenatal nuchal cord
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The question is should the ancillary finding of an antenatal nuchal cord on ultrasound exam be a cause for clinical concern. This proposal will provide data that should answer the question. ..
  53. Fatty Acids and Major Cardiovascular Outcomes
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  54. Mercury, Selenium, and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Women and Men
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  55. Walnuts vs. Walnut-Oil, Glucose Homeostasis, PCOS
    Sidika Kasim Karakas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. REGULATION OF MAMMALIAN DIHYDROLIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Maternal Hyperinsulinemia and Fetal Programming
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Experimental procedures include: artificial rearing of newborn rats, reciprocal embryo transfer, insulin secretion by isolated islets radioimmunoassays, semiquantitative RT-PCR assay, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. ..
  58. Vitamin D Status and Incident Type 2 Diabetes
    ANASTASSIOS PITTAS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. BIOBEHAVIORAL MECHANISMS OF HIGH-FAT DIET HYPERPHAGIA
    Zoe Warwick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An increased understanding of the underlying determinants of high-fat diet hyperphagia has the potential to inform and positively impact clinical and public health strategies aimed at promoting a healthier level of fat intake. ..
  60. EXERCISE AND PREGNANCY
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Evaluations (mothers and offspring) will include a lifestyle and medical questionnaire, a physical examination, a lipid profile, and assessment of body composition, fitness, cardiovascular function and insulin resistance. ..
  61. Fatty Acids and Major Cardiovascular Outcomes
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  62. The significance of an antenatal nuchal cord
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The question is should the ancillary finding of an antenatal nuchal cord on ultrasound exam be a cause for clinical concern. This proposal will provide data that should answer the question. ..
  63. Glycemic Index and Metabolic Syndrome
    ANASTASSIOS PITTAS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. GLUCONEOGENESIS IN VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS
    Agneta Sunehag; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. The significance of an antenatal nuchal cord
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The question is should the ancillary finding of an antenatal nuchal cord on ultrasound exam be a cause for clinical concern. This proposal will provide data that should answer the question. ..
  66. EXERCISE AND PREGNANCY
    JAMES CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Evaluations (mothers and offspring) will include a lifestyle and medical questionnaire, a physical examination, a lipid profile, and assessment of body composition, fitness, cardiovascular function and insulin resistance. ..
  67. Changing Cafeteria Portion Sizes to Prevent Weight Gain
    Stella Volpe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Thus, our next step would be to work with larger communities to focus on altering portion sizes in cafeterias, and even restaurants that do not offer "all you can eat" options. ..
  68. Maternal Hyperinsulinemia and Fetal Programming
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Intervention measures proposed for the prevention of the malprogramming effects may lead to development of effective treatment options for curbing the human obesity epidemic. ..
  69. Maternal Hyperinsulinemia and Fetal Programming
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Intervention measures proposed for the prevention of the malprogramming effects may lead to development of effective treatment options for curbing the human obesity epidemic. ..
  70. Circuit Training and Motivational Interviewing to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes in Youth
    Jaimie Davis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings from this study will help create more wide scale, multi-component, and sustaining interventions in community settings targeting obesity and metabolic disease reduction in high-risk minority communities. ..
  71. Prevention of Obesity at Universities:A Randomized Trial
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  72. A NUTRITIONAL APPROACH TO WEIGHT LOSS MAINTENANCE
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Data will be collected at pretreatment, posttreatment, and at 6- and 18-month follow-ups. ..
  73. SOUTH DAKOTA BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE NETWORK
    Barbara Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  74. Cardiovascular Disease in Pima Indians
    Barbara Howard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..SHS is valuable because it provides information on how diabetes leads to diseases of the heart and blood vessels that will be useful in many populations who now have high rates of diabetes. ..
  75. A Cafeteria-Based Study of Weight Gain Prevention
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  76. SOUTH DAKOTA BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE NETWORK
    Barbara Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Faculty and students throughout SD are supported in planning and conducting biomedical research. ..
  77. Maternal Overweight: Consequences for Insulin Signaling in the Offspring
    Kartik Shankar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will elucidate mechanisms that are altered in the offspring due to maternal OW and provide novel opportunities for intervention and prevention of obesity. ..
  78. SOUTH DAKOTA BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE NETWORK
    Barbara Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  79. Fatty Acids and Major Cardiovascular Outcomes
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  80. ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON FOOD INTAKE AND OBESITY
    Barbara Rolls; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These data are critical for the development of effective strategies for weight management that incorporate the influence of portion size on energy intake. ..
  81. ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON FOOD INTAKE AND OBESITY
    Barbara Rolls; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data are critical for the development of effective strategies for weight management that incorporate the influence of portion size on energy intake. ..
  82. Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Treatment of Major Depression
    David Mischoulon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e. integrates biological findings with treatment in order to have a direct impact on the clinical practice of psychiatry. ..
  83. Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Treatment of Major Depression
    David Mischoulon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e. integrates biological findings with treatment in order to have a direct impact on the clinical practice of psychiatry. ..
  84. Mercury, Selenium and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Women and Men
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  85. Patient Oriented Research in Pediatric Nutrition
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  86. Dietary Polyphenols, Urinary Biomarkers & Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
    Qi Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings of the proposed application can be used to develop more effective dietary advice and to make changes in food composition to contribute to the prevention of type 2 diabetes. ..
  87. Adaptation of a CBT Intervention for Eating Disorders
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  88. GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PARKINSONS DISEASE
    Karen Marder; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The investigators will use segregation analysis to determine the most likely mode of inheritance of these clinical phenotypes in order to determine the optimal strategy for a future genetic linkage study. ..
  89. GASTROINTESTINAL INTEGRATION AND FEEDING
    Timothy Moran; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  90. AGE, EXERCISE, DIET--EFFECTS ON GLUCOSE FATTY ACID CYCLE
    John Kirwan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..7) Improvements in glucose and fat metabolism at rest and during a HEC after exercise training and dietart intervention are related to changes in body composition and a reduction in abdominal fat. ..
  91. GASTROINTESTINAL INTEGRATION AND FEEDING
    Timothy Moran; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Together these experiments will increase our knowledge of basic physiology of the gastrointestinal unit, identify the contribution of CCK to this physiology and illuminate the mechanisms by which CCK modulates food intake...
  92. Plant-Based Dietry Intervention in Type 2 Diabetes
    Neal Barnard; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Glycosylated hemoglobin, insulin concentrations, 24-hour urinary albumin, body weight, blood pressure, serum lipids, and related cardiovascular risk factors will be measured at baseline, 22 weeks, and 74 weeks. ..