Genomes and Genes
Summary: Glycoprotein members of the immunoglobulin superfamily which participate in T-cell adhesion and activation. They are expressed on most peripheral T-lymphocytes, natural killer cells, and thymocytes, and function as co-receptors or accessory molecules in the T-cell receptor complex.
Publications175 found, 100 shown here
- Regulation of the interferon-inducible p53 target gene TRIM22 (Staf50) in human T lymphocyte activationSusanna Obad
Department of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Lund University, S 221 84 Lund, Sweden
J Interferon Cytokine Res 27:857-64. 2007..TRIM22 probably has an activation stage-specific role connected to the paracrine crosstalk during T lymphocyte activation...
- Analysis of the immune response to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in experimentally infected calvesHye Cheong Koo
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Infect Immun 72:6870-83. 2004..The studies clearly show multicolor FC offers a consistent reliable way to monitor the evolution and changes in the immune response to M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis that occur during disease progression...
- DNA triplet repeats mediate heterochromatin-protein-1-sensitive variegated gene silencingAlexander Saveliev
CSC Gene Control Mechanisms and Disease Group, Experimental Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College School of Medicine, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK
Nature 422:909-13. 2003....
- Single-molecule microscopy reveals plasma membrane microdomains created by protein-protein networks that exclude or trap signaling molecules in T cellsAdam D Douglass
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94107, USA
Cell 121:937-50. 2005..Our data suggest that diffusional trapping through protein-protein interactions creates microdomains that concentrate or exclude cell surface proteins to facilitate T cell signaling...
- A novel adaptor protein orchestrates receptor patterning and cytoskeletal polarity in T-cell contactsM L Dustin
Department of Pathology and Center for Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Cell 94:667-77. 1998..This novel protein, called CD2AP, is likely to facilitate receptor patterning in the contact area by linking specific adhesion receptors to the cytoskeleton...
- The mature activating natural killer cell immunologic synapse is formed in distinct stagesJordan S Orange
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, 7 Divinity Avenue, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:14151-6. 2003..Thus the process of CD2, CD11a, CD11b, and F-actin accumulation in the pSMAC and perforin accumulation in the central SMAC of the NKIS are sequential processes with distinct cytoskeletal requirements...
- The role of the CD58 locus in multiple sclerosisPhilip L De Jager
Division of Molecular Immunology, Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:5264-9. 2009....
- Molecular interactions mediating T cell antigen recognitionP Anton van der Merwe
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK
Annu Rev Immunol 21:659-84. 2003..These studies provide the necessary framework for exploring how these molecular interactions initiate T cell activation...
- Immunological synapses are versatile structures enabling selective T cell polarizationDavid Depoil
INSERM U563, Lymphocyte Interaction Group, Institut Claude de Preval, 31059 Toulouse
Immunity 22:185-94. 2005..The combination of sustained signaling with preferential and rapid polarization provides a mechanism for the high sensitivity and selectivity of T cell responses...
- CD48 is a counter-receptor for mouse CD2 and is involved in T cell activationK Kato
Department of Immunology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
J Exp Med 176:1241-9. 1992..These results indicate that CD48 is a ligand for mouse CD2 and is involved in regulating T cell activation...
- Development and function of T cells in mice with a disrupted CD2 geneN Killeen
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0414
EMBO J 11:4329-36. 1992..Within the context of other targetted mutations, these mice should be useful in defining the precise roles of various cell surface molecules involved in T cell responses...
- Inhibition of Rho at different stages of thymocyte development gives different perspectives on Rho functionS Cleverley
Lymphocyte Activation Laboratory, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, 44 Lincoln s Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3PX, UK
Curr Biol 9:657-60. 1999....
- Protein recognition by cell surface receptors: physiological receptors versus virus interactionsJia huai Wang
Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Dept Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Room SM 1036B, 44 Binney St, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Trends Biochem Sci 27:122-6. 2002..Viruses might take advantage of this low affinity to invade a host cell by evolving a stronger binding affinity to the surface receptors than that associated with physiological ligands. Structural data appear to support this notion...
- Association of CD2 and CD45 on human T lymphocytesB Schraven
Abteilung Angewandte Immunologie, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, FRG
Nature 345:71-4. 1990..Using chemical crosslinking techniques, we now show that CD45 is linked to CD2 on the surface of human T lymphocytes...
- The SH3 domain of p56lck binds to proline-rich sequences in the cytoplasmic domain of CD2G M Bell
Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA
J Exp Med 183:169-78. 1996..Thus, proline-rich sequences in the cytoplasmic domain of CD2 allow this transmembrane receptor to bind to the SH3 domain of p56lck...
- A genomics approach to the detection of positive selection in cattle: adaptive evolution of the T-cell and natural killer cell-surface protein CD2David J Lynn
Department of Genetics, Smurfit Institute, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
Genetics 170:1189-96. 2005..Moreover, we show that selection has operated primarily on the extracellular domain of CD2 and discuss the implications of this for an important regulator of the adaptive immune response...
- Bovine CD2-/NKp46+ cells are fully functional natural killer cells with a high activation statusPreben Boysen
Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, P, O, Box 8146 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
BMC Immunol 7:10. 2006..NK cells are known as a heterogeneous cell group, and we here report the first functional study of bovine NK cell subsets, based on the expression of CD2...
- Comparative microarray analysis of gene expression during activation of human peripheral blood T cells and leukemic Jurkat T cellsZhaosheng Lin
Department of Pathology, ARUP Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
Lab Invest 83:765-76. 2003....
- CD2 and the nature of protein interactions mediating cell-cell recognitionS J Davis
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
Immunol Rev 163:217-36. 1998..The crystallographic analysis of the CD2-binding domain of CD58 strongly supports this concept...
- Identification of a proline-binding motif regulating CD2-triggered T lymphocyte activationK Nishizawa
Laboratory of Immunobiology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:14897-902. 1998..Hence, a proline-binding module distinct from SH3 and WW domains regulates protein-protein interactions...
- Structure of a heterophilic adhesion complex between the human CD2 and CD58 (LFA-3) counterreceptorsJ H Wang
Laboratory of Immunobiology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Cell 97:791-803. 1999..These features explain CD2-CD58 dynamic binding, offering insights into interactions of related immunoglobulin superfamily receptors...
- Signaling via LAT (linker for T-cell activation) and Syk/ZAP70 is required for ERK activation and NFAT transcriptional activation following CD2 stimulationM P Martelli
Laboratory of Lymphocyte Biology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
Blood 96:2181-90. 2000..These data suggest that LAT is an adapter protein important for the regulation of CD2-mediated T-cell activation...
- CD2 sets quantitative thresholds in T cell activationM F Bachmann
Basel Institute for Immunology, CH 4005 Basel, Switzerland
J Exp Med 190:1383-92. 1999..Thus, CD2 sets quantitative thresholds and fine-tunes T cell activation both in vitro and in vivo...
- CD2 regulates the positive selection and function of antigen-specific CD4- CD8+ T cellsS J Teh
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Blood 89:1308-18. 1997..Furthermore, the results highlight the potential for a differential role for CD2 in thymocyte selection and T-cell immune responses...
- A novel, rapid and sensitive heterotypic cell adhesion assay for CD2-CD58 interaction, and its application for testing inhibitory peptidesJining Liu
Department of Pharmacy, 18 Science Drive 4, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore
J Immunol Methods 291:39-49. 2004..This method was successfully applied for testing inhibitory peptides to CD2-CD58 interaction...
- Linking the T cell surface protein CD2 to the actin-capping protein CAPZ via CMS and CIN85Nicholas J Hutchings
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, United Kingdom
J Biol Chem 278:22396-403. 2003..These adaptor proteins are important in T cell signaling consistent with a role for CD2 in regulating pathways initiated by CMS/CIN85 and CAPZ...
- A feline CD2 homologue interacts with human red blood cellsMasayuki Shimojima
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Immunology 105:360-6. 2002..These results are indicative of the similarity of feline and human CD2 structures. fCD2 was found to be expressed in feline peripheral blood T lymphocytes, monocytes and cultured lymphoid cells...
- The structure of the human CD2 gene and its expression in transgenic miceG Lang
Laboratory of Gene Structure and Expression, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, UK
EMBO J 7:1675-82. 1988....
- Human natural killer cell adhesion molecules. Differential expression after activation and participation in cytolysisM J Robertson
Division of Tumor Immunology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115
J Immunol 145:3194-201. 1990..These studies suggest that CAM play a central role in the regulation of NK cytolysis, and that changes in CAM expression may alter the target cell specificity of activated NK effectors...
- The CD2 family of natural killer cell receptorsM E McNerney
Department of Pathology, Committee on Immunology, University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Ave, S 315 MC3083, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 298:91-120. 2006..This review discusses these multiple roles for CD2 family members, focusing specifically on the regulation of NK cells...
- Adhesive bond dynamics in contacts between T lymphocytes and glass-supported planar bilayers reconstituted with the immunoglobulin-related adhesion molecule CD58M L Dustin
Center for Immunology and the Department of Pathology, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8118, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Biol Chem 272:15782-8. 1997..These findings have implications for the mechanism of signaling by CD2 and the mechanism of cell detachment from large numbers of transient interactions...
- Coordinate regulation of T cell activation by CD2 and CD28J M Green
Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Immunol 164:3591-5. 2000..This suggests that CD2 and CD28 may function together to facilitate interactions of the T cell and APC, allowing for efficient signal transduction through the TCR...
- Porcine CD58: cDNA cloning and molecular dissection of the porcine CD58-human CD2 interfaceAngélique Brossay
EA 3249 Cellules Hématopoïétiques, Hémostase et Greffe, Universite Francois Rabelais, Tours, France
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 309:992-8. 2003..These structural data will help us to develop poCD58 blocking agents for xenotransplantation...
- Overlapping but nonidentical binding sites on CD2 for CD58 and a second ligand CD59W C Hahn
Division of Pediatric Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
Science 256:1805-7. 1992..These observations suggest that direct interactions between CD2 and both CD58 and CD59 contribute to T cell activation and adhesion...
- CD2-deficient mice generate virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes upon infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virusC F Evans
Department of Neuropharmacology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037
J Immunol 151:6259-64. 1993..Our results indicate that CD2 is not required for the generation of an LCMV-specific CTL response in vivo, nor is CD2 required for the maintenance or activation of memory CTL...
- Activation marker expression on bovine peripheral blood gammadelta T cells during post-natal development and following vaccination with a commercial polyvalent viral vaccineB Vesosky
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
Dev Comp Immunol 27:439-47. 2003....
- Genomewide trapping of genes that encode secreted and transmembrane proteins repressed by oncogenic signalingM Gebauer
ASTA Medica AG, Department of Cancer Research, University of Frankfurt Medical School, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Genome Res 11:1871-7. 2001..Molecular analysis of six randomly chosen integrations revealed that, in each case, U3Ceo captured a signal sequence from proteins involved in oncogenic transformation and metastatic spread...
- Analysis of human and primate CD2 molecules by protein sequence and epitope mapping with anti-human CD2 antibodiesMelissa M Damschroder
Protein Engineering Department, MedImmune Inc, One MedImmune Way, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA
Mol Immunol 41:985-1000. 2004....
- A critical role for CD2 in both thymic selection events and mature T cell functionT Sasada
Laboratory of Immunobiology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Immunol 166:2394-403. 2001..Collectively, these findings show that CD2 plays a role in pre-TCR function in double-negative thymocytes, TCR selection events during thymocyte development, and TCR-stimulated cytokine production in mature T cells...
- Human peripheral CD2-/lo T cells: an extrathymic population of early differentiated, developing T cellsMatthew J Loza
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, BLSB 750, 233 South, 10th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
Int Immunol 17:1213-25. 2005....
- Sheep form of leucocyte function antigen-3 (T11TS) exerts immunostimulatory and anti-tumor activity against experimental brain tumor. A new approach to biological response modifier therapyS Sarkar
Dept of Physiology, University College of Medicine, Kolkata, India
J Exp Clin Cancer Res 21:95-106. 2002....
- Alefacept, an immunomodulatory recombinant LFA-3/IgG1 fusion protein, induces CD16 signaling and CD2/CD16-dependent apoptosis of CD2(+) cellsAntonio J da Silva
Biogen, Inc, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
J Immunol 168:4462-71. 2002..Thus alefacept acts as an effector molecule, mediating cognate interactions to activate Fc gamma R(+) cells (e.g., NK cells) to induce apoptosis of sensitive CD2(+) target cells...
- Impaired interleukin-2 synthesis and T cell proliferation following antibody-mediated CD3 and CD2 or CD28 cross-linking in trans: evidence that T cell activation requires the engagement of costimulatory molecules within the immunological synapseCarrie L Watson
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Immunol Invest 37:63-78. 2008....
- CD2 molecules redistribute to the uropod during T cell scanning: implications for cellular activation and immune surveillanceElena V Tibaldi
Laboratory of Immunobiology, Lowe Center for Thoracic Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:7582-7. 2002..This "presynapse" formation on primed T cells will likely facilitate the antigen-dependent recognition capability required for efficient immune surveillance...
- High levels of the onco-protein Gfi-1 accelerate T-cell proliferation and inhibit activation induced T-cell death in Jurkat T-cellsHolger Karsunky
Institut für Zellbiologie Tumorforschung, IFZ, Universitatsklinikum Essen, Virchowstrasse 173, D 45122 Essen, Germany
Oncogene 21:1571-9. 2002..These findings suggest that Gfi-1 contributes to T-cell lymphomagenesis by overriding a late G1 cell cycle checkpoint which controls activation induced death and S phase entry of T-cells...
- Study of the physical meaning of the binding parameters involved in effector-target conjugation using monoclonal antibodies against adhesion molecules and cholera toxinPilar García-Peñarrubia
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology B and Immunology, School of Medicine, 30100 Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
Cell Immunol 215:141-50. 2002....
- Regulation of the association between PSTPIP and CD2 in murine T cellsY Bai
Institute for Gene Therapy and Molecular Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029-6574, USA
Exp Mol Pathol 71:115-24. 2001..PSTPIP likely has additional broader effects through interactions with CD4, CD8, CD54, and CD62L, and this may influence T cell responses to antigen...
- Increased incidence of EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders after allogeneic stem cell transplantation from matched unrelated donors due to a change of T cell depletion techniqueE Meijer
Department of Hematology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Bone Marrow Transplant 29:335-9. 2002..Without B cell depletion (CD2/3) this occurred in five out of seven patients (71%) (P < 0.05). A T/B cell ratio in the graft of > or = 0.25 seems sufficient to significantly reduce the incidence of EBV-LPD after BMT from MUDs...
- IL-2-activated CD8+CD44high cells express both adaptive and innate immune system receptors and demonstrate specificity for syngeneic tumor cellsSalim Dhanji
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Immunol 171:3442-50. 2003....
- Superantigen presentation by human retinal pigment epithelial cells to T cells is dependent on CD2-CD58 and CD18-CD54 molecule interactionsA Jørgensen
Institute of Medical Anatomy, The Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Exp Eye Res 73:723-33. 2001..The findings thus suggest that also presentation of peptides to resting T cells by RPE cells may be dependent upon these interactions...
- Immunophenotypic analysis of peripheral T-cell neoplasms. A multiparameter flow cytometric approachS Jamal
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390-9073, USA
Am J Clin Pathol 116:512-26. 2001..These data indicate that most PTCNs are aberrant by multiparameter flow analysis. However, results must be interpreted within the context of thorough knowledge of the immunophenotypic spectrum of nonneoplastic T cells...
- Blockade of CD11a by efalizumab in psoriasis patients induces a unique state of T-cell hyporesponsivenessEmma Guttman-Yassky
Laboratory for Investigative Dermatology, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, USA
J Invest Dermatol 128:1182-91. 2008..The nature of this T-cell hyporesponsiveness suggests that T-cell responses may be reduced during efalizumab therapy, but are reversible after ceasing efalizumab treatment...
- Quantification and modeling of tripartite CD2-, CD58FC chimera (alefacept)-, and CD16-mediated cell adhesionMichael L Dustin
Department of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine and Helen L and Martin S Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine of Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
J Biol Chem 282:34748-57. 2007..These results suggest that additional information is needed to correctly predict Alefacept-mediated bridge formation...
- Dynamic recruitment of human CD2 into lipid rafts. Linkage to T cell signal transductionH Yang
Laboratory of Immunobiology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and the Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Biol Chem 276:18775-85. 2001....
- Adenosine inhibits activation-induced T cell expression of CD2 and CD28 co-stimulatory molecules: role of interleukin-2 and cyclic AMP signaling pathwaysJared J Butler
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Sir Charles Tupper Medical Building, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 1X5, Canada
J Cell Biochem 89:975-91. 2003..We conclude that adenosine interferes with IL-2-dependent T cell expression of co-stimulatory molecules via a mechanism that does not involve the accumulation of intracellular cAMP...
- Intrinsic defects explain altered proliferative responses of T lymphocytes and HVS-derived T-cell lines in gastric adenocarcinomaA P Valeri
Inmunologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Pabellon 5, 4 feminine planta, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Cancer Immunol Immunother 52:708-14. 2003....
- [Lymphocyte populations and subpopulations in peripheral blood of pregnant women with pre-eclampsia]E Dimitrakova-Dzhambazova
Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 44:40-4. 2005..To investigate the changes of lymphocyte populations and subpopulations in peripheral blood of pregnant women suffering preeclampsia...
- CD2-CD48 interactions promote cytotoxic T lymphocyte induction and function: anti-CD2 and anti-CD48 antibodies impair cytokine synthesis, proliferation, target recognition/adhesion, and cytotoxicityBruce L Musgrave
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4H7, Canada
J Interferon Cytokine Res 23:67-81. 2003..We conclude that CD2-CD48 interactions during T cell activation are critical for the synthesis of sufficient IL-2 and IFN-gamma to drive CD8(+) T cells to differentiate into functional cytotoxic effector cells...
- A large T cell invagination with CD2 enrichment resets receptor engagement in the immunological synapseKentner Singleton
Center for Immunology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
J Immunol 177:4402-13. 2006..Based on this characterization, we speculate that the T cell invagination, aided by CD2 enrichment, internalizes parts of the TCR signaling machinery to reset T cell signaling upon agonist-mediated, stable APC contact...
- NTB-A receptor crystal structure: insights into homophilic interactions in the signaling lymphocytic activation molecule receptor familyErhu Cao
Department of Cell Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
Immunity 25:559-70. 2006....
- Mechanisms of Cellular Avidity Regulation in CD2-CD58-Mediated T Cell AdhesionDe Min Zhu
Departments of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Surgery, and Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
ACS Chem Biol 1:649-58. 2006..Subsequently, T cell activation causes the CD58-bound CD2 to be recognized and immobilized at sites of cell-cell contact, thereby strengthening T cell-APC adhesion...
- Induction of granzyme B and T cell cytotoxic capacity by IL-2 or IL-15 without antigens: multiclonal responses that are extremely lytic if triggered and short-lived after cytokine withdrawalDavid L Tamang
Department of Microbiology and Immunology 320, University of Nevada, Reno, 1664 N Virginia St Reno, NV 89557, USA
Cytokine 36:148-59. 2006..Our results suggest that high concentrations of either IL-2 or IL-15 will activate the lytic capacity and granzyme B expression of many T cells and that antigen recognition is not required...
- CD2 and TCR synergize for the activation of phospholipase Cgamma1/calcium pathway at the immunological synapseNicolas Espagnolle
INSERM U563, Lymphocyte Interaction Group, Institut Claude de Preval, CHU Purpan, 31059 Toulouse, France
Int Immunol 19:239-48. 2007..Our results indicate that TCR- and CD2-derived signals converge for the recruitment and activation of PLCgamma1 at the IS and shed new light on the accessory function of CD2 in T cell activation by specific antigen...
- The contribution of conformational adjustments and long-range electrostatic forces to the CD2/CD58 interactionAlice Kearney
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RE, United Kingdom
J Biol Chem 282:13160-6. 2007....
- The nature of molecular recognition by T cellsSimon J Davis
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, The University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, OX3 9DU, UK
Nat Immunol 4:217-24. 2003..Here we review these developments and highlight the major challenges remaining as the field moves toward formulating quantitative models of T cell recognition...
- The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein acts downstream of CD2 and the CD2AP and PSTPIP1 adaptors to promote formation of the immunological synapseKaren Badour
Department of Medical Genetics and Microbiology, University of Toronto, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, M5G 1X5 Ontario, Canada
Immunity 18:141-54. 2003....
- In the immune synapse, ZAP-70 controls T cell polarization and recruitment of signaling proteins but not formation of the synaptic patternNicolas Blanchard
INSERM U520, Institut Curie, 12 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France
Immunity 17:389-99. 2002..In contrast, ZAP-70 is not required for clustering of zeta-GFP and CD2 or exclusion of CD45 and CD43 from the synapse. These data show that ZAP-70-dependent signaling is required for formation of a functional immune synapse...
- NK cells stimulate proliferation of T and NK cells through 2B4/CD48 interactionsErika Assarsson
Center for Infectious Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, SE 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
J Immunol 173:174-80. 2004....
- Expression and function of lymphocyte function associated antigen-3 (LFA-3) at the blood-brain barrierK I Omari
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Vancouver General Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 45:25-35. 1999..The ability of the cerebral endothelium to express LFA-3 and provide secondary signals for T-cell proliferation suggests that cerebral EC may be important in the initiation of inflammatory responses in the human central nervous system...
- The involvement of the proto-oncogene p120 c-Cbl and ZAP-70 in CD2-mediated T cell activationH Lin
Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Int Immunol 13:13-22. 2001..Nevertheless, ZAP-70 kinase was required for CD2-mediated NF-AT transcriptional activity. Thus, CD2-mediated NF-AT transcriptional activity appears to depend upon ZAP-70/Syk kinases and to be negatively regulated by c-Cbl...
- Expression of human NKRP1A by CD34+ immature thymocytes: NKRP1A-mediated regulation of proliferation and cytolytic activityA Poggi
Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro e Centro Biotecnologie Avanzate, Genova, Italy
Eur J Immunol 26:1266-72. 1996..Thus, we propose that NKRP1A molecules, which are expressed in highly immature thymocytes, may play a regulatory role in their growth and function...
- Signalling in human tumour infiltrating lymphocytes: the CD28 molecule is functional and is physically associated with the CD45R0 moleculeM R Zocchi
Lab Immunoterapia Adottiva, Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, Milano, Italy
Eur J Cancer 28:749-54. 1992..Thus CD28 can substitute for CD3 in TIL leading to the expansion of functional lymphocytes and to the amplification of antitumour immune response...
- Ethanol-induced CD3 and CD2 hyporesponsiveness of peripheral blood T lymphocytesF Spinozzi
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Perugia, Italy
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 14:939-53. 1992..These data clearly indicate that a membrane-specific ethanol interaction both modifies surface glycoproteic and/or glycolipidic structures and alters transmembrane transduction of the activation signals...
- HIV inhibits the early steps of lymphocyte activation, including initiation of inositol phospholipid metabolismB Hofmann
Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Immunology and Disease CIRID, UCLA School of Medicine
J Immunol 145:3699-705. 1990..Reduced availability of DAG presumably interferes with pkC activation and leads to decreased expression of receptors for IL-2 and transferrin and impaired proliferation...
- A subtle role for CD2 in T cell antigen recognitionP A van der Merwe
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RE, United Kingdom
J Exp Med 190:1371-4. 1999
- CD2 and CD3 associate independently with CD5 and differentially regulate signaling through CD5 in Jurkat T cellsA M Carmo
Laboratório de Imunologia Molecular, Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Portugal
J Immunol 163:4238-45. 1999..The modulation of CD5 phosphorylation may thus represent a level of regulation controlled by CD2 in signal transduction mechanisms in human T lymphocytes...
- Activation of tyrosine phosphorylation in human T cells via the CD2 pathway. Regulation by the CD45 tyrosine phosphataseL E Samelson
Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892
J Immunol 145:2448-54. 1990....
- 1F7 (CD26): a marker of thymic maturation involved in the differential regulation of the CD3 and CD2 pathways of human thymocyte activationN H Dang
Division of Tumor Immunology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115
J Immunol 147:2825-32. 1991....
- The distribution of the CDW52 molecule on blood cells and characterization of its involvement in T cell activationH Valentin
INSERM U343, Hopital de l Archet, Nice, France
Transplantation 54:97-104. 1992..This is similar to the effects obtained with the CD45R (2H4) mAb, 2H4 and CAMPATH-1M mAb having additive effects on T cell activation via CD2...
- Mechanism of HIV-1 Tat induced inhibition of antigen-specific T cell responsivenessM Subramanyam
Department of Pathology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111
J Immunol 150:2544-53. 1993..These results suggest that DP IV is necessary for amplification of signals generated by the engagement of the TCR-CD3 complex by nominal Ag...
- The high mobility group transcription factor, SOX4, transactivates the human CD2 enhancerD Wotton
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, United Kingdom
J Biol Chem 270:7515-22. 1995..Consistent with this result, we show that the observed increase in expression of CD2 protein on the cell surface following T cell activation is a post-transcriptional event...
- An HIV p24 heptapeptide down-regulates antigen-specific responses in vitro interfering at the level of the T3-Ti complexA L Luzzati
Department of Immunology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
Cell Immunol 156:286-95. 1994....
- Tyrosine phosphorylation of CD6 by stimulation of CD3: augmentation by the CD4 and CD2 coreceptorsS Wee
Bristol Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Seattle, Washington 98121
J Exp Med 177:219-23. 1993....
- Regulation of CD2-mediated heterotypic interactions of murine T lymphocytesD Abraham
Cell Enzymology Unit, Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Bute Gardens, London, United Kingdom
Cell Immunol 156:342-56. 1994....
- Association of CD2 with tubulin. Evidence for a role of the cytoskeleton in T cell activationR Offringa
Division of Pediatric Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts
J Biol Chem 268:4979-88. 1993....
- The OX-44 molecule couples to signaling pathways and is associated with CD2 on rat T lymphocytes and a natural killer cell lineG M Bell
Arthritis Immunology Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California
J Exp Med 175:527-36. 1992..Peptide mapping and reprecipitation studies indicate that the coprecipitating molecule is CD2. Thus, the OX-44 molecule can couple to multiple signaling pathways and associates with CD2 on both RNK-16 and rat T cells...
- Aberrant expression of T-cell-associated antigens on B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomasZ Kaleem
Lauren V. Ackerman Laboratory of Surgical Pathology, Barnes-Jewish Hospital/Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO, USA
Am J Clin Pathol 115:396-403. 2001..Unless aggressive behavior is noted consistently, no aggressive treatment is justified...
- Multiple binding sites for melatonin on Kv1.3Z Varga
Department of Biophysics and Cell Biology, University Medical School of Debrecen, Debrecen H-4012, Hungary
Biophys J 80:1280-97. 2001..However, binding of tetraethylammonium to its receptor decreases the melatonin affinity, and vice versa. Thus, the occupancy of the two separate receptor sites allosterically modulates each other...
- T cell hypofunctions and glomerular sclerotic and angiogenic changes found both in rats received unilateral nephrectomy plus transplantation of syngeneic mesenteric lymph nodes and in rats received unilateral nephrectomy plus splenectomyT Nakatsuji
Department of Transfusion, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan
Tohoku J Exp Med 186:1-11. 1998..Glomerular angiogenesis and accompanying endothelial cell apoptosis were demonstrated without mesangial cell proliferation in the males with unilateral nephrectomy plus splenectomy...
- Morphologic and immunophenotypic properties of neoplastic cells in a case of mast cell sarcomaAndreas Chott
Department of Pathology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Am J Surg Pathol 27:1013-9. 2003..Together, neoplastic mast cells in a case of mast cell sarcoma were found to exhibit unique morphologic, phenotypical, and molecular features when compared with mast cells in indolent mastocytosis or normal tissue mast cells...
- Regulatory effect of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on the expression and function of lymphocyte adhesion receptors involved in IL-2-induced cell aggregationF A Vyth Dreese
Division of Immunology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis, Amsterdam
Immunology 78:244-51. 1993..Therefore, rIL-4 appears to inhibit the early phase of rIL-2-induced aggregation by preventing the up-regulation of CD54 and CD2 antigens and by inhibiting the generation of the activated state of the CD11a/CD18 receptor.
- Immunophenotypic analysis of mast cells in mastocytosis: When and how to do it. Proposals of the Spanish Network on Mastocytosis (REMA)Luis Escribano
Unidad de Mastocitosis, Servicio de Hematología and Laboratorio K Frank Austen, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
Cytometry B Clin Cytom 58:1-8. 2004....
- Etiologic and immunologic characteristics of thoroughbred horses with bacterial infectious upper respiratory disease at the Seoul Race ParkSeung Ho Ryu
Korea Racing Authority, Gwacheon, Gyeonggi 427 711, Korea
J Microbiol Biotechnol 19:1041-50. 2009..equi subsp. equi) by preventing the access of infected horses with a respiratory pathogen-free certification system prior to Park entry...
- Identification of novel proteins induced by estradiol, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and acolbifene in T47D breast cancer cellsMariam H Al-Dhaheri
Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, Medical University of Ohio, Toledo, OH, USA
Steroids 71:966-78. 2006..These novel SERM-regulated proteins may participate in new or existing pathways for sensitivity or resistance to SERMs...
- Blood and milk cellular immune responses of mastitic non-periparturient cows inoculated with Staphylococcus aureusA L Rivas
Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Can J Vet Res 66:125-31. 2002....
- Lymphocyte development in fetal piglets: facts and surprisesMarek Sinkora
Department of Immunology and Gnotobiology, Institute of Microbiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Doly 183, 549 22 Novy Hradek, Czech Republic
Vet Immunol Immunopathol 108:177-84. 2005..Therefore, swine present an example of two highly related receptor systems that have diverged in the same species...
- Monoclonal antibody and ligand binding sites of the T cell erythrocyte receptor (CD2)A Peterson
Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114
Nature 329:842-6. 1987..CD2 sequences that participate in LFA-3 binding correspond to immunoglobulin variable region hypervariable sequences when the homologous domains are aligned...
- Identification, by protein sequencing and gene transfection, of sgp-60 as the murine homologue of CD48J G Cabrero
Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 90:3418-22. 1993..The results of the present report, together with our previous functional studies, may have implications for the role of CD2 and CD48 in murine T-cell activation...
- The human LFA-3 gene is located at the same chromosome band as the gene for its receptor CD2W A Sewell
Imperial Cancer Research Fund Laboratories, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, UK
Immunogenetics 28:278-82. 1988..These genes therefore represent a further instance in which related members of the immunoglobulin superfamily are located in adjacent regions of the genome...
- The MRC OX-45 antigen of rat leukocytes and endothelium is in a subset of the immunoglobulin superfamily with CD2, LFA-3 and carcinoembryonic antigensN Killeen
MRC Cellular Immunology Unit, Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford, UK
EMBO J 7:3087-91. 1988..The sequence matches particularly well with the extracellular parts of LFA-3 and CD2 antigens and the first two domains of carcinoembryonic antigen and non-specific, cross-reacting antigen.
- CD2 is a dominant target for allogeneic responsesYalai Bai
Carl C Icahn Institute for Gene Therapy and Molecular Medicine, and the Recanati Miller Transplantation Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 6574, USA
Am J Transplant 2:618-26. 2002..Blocking the 2B4-CD48 receptor-ligand pair does not inhibit T-cell responses and alloreactivity to the same degree as CD2-CD48 blockade...
- Gamma Delta T Cells--Immunotherapy for MelanomaRichard Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2004..These findings may provide the basis for the rational design of future immunotherapy trials for the treatment of melanoma or other malignancies. ..
- MHCL RESTRICTED TCR RECOGNITION--STRUCTURAL BASISJia huai Wang; Fiscal Year: 2002..This should establish whether the docking mode is fixed or variable and whether there are restricted interactions between specific CDRs and MHC versus peptide residues. ..
- ImmunoreceptorsMichael Dustin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ROLE OF CATHEPSINS S, L AND B IN THE TYPE 1 DIABETESAlexander Rudensky; Fiscal Year: 2003..This work will contribute to our understanding of the role of cathepsins in MHC class II antigen presentation, and provide new targets for downmodulating the immune responses leading to Type 1 diabetes. ..
- A Novel Technique of Imposing Femtonewton ForcesJin Yu Shao; Fiscal Year: 2004..Therefore, the EMAT should have great potential to make an impact in the field of single molecule and single bond biophysics. ..
- Inverted two photon laser scanning microscope for host defenseMichael Dustin; Fiscal Year: 2008..The impact on public health will be to develop better strategies to fight infections and reduce the incidence of pathogen triggered autoimmunity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Chemokine Receptor Chimeras by Synthetic Gene LibraryMichael Dustin; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Novel Technique of Imposing Femtonewton ForcesJin Yu Shao; Fiscal Year: 2007..Therefore, the EMAT should have great potential to make an impact in the field of single molecule and single bond biophysics. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CD4(-) and CD8(-) T Cells in Autoimmune & Normal MiceSamuel Strober; Fiscal Year: 2006..The latter cells will be transferred to non-transgenic NZB/NZW hosts to determine their contribution to IgG autoantibody secretion. ..
- Biomechanics on Neutrophil Rolling on the EndotheliumJin Yu Shao; Fiscal Year: 2006..The microvillus mechanics will be studied with the optical tweezers, combined with the micropipette manipulation system. ..
- Rational Design and Analysis of Calcium Binding ProteinJenny Yang; Fiscal Year: 2005..A comparison of the calcium binding sites in proteins determined by high-resolution methods with those of the originally designed target will be carried out to optimize our methods for design of calcium ..
- Broad Spectrum MDR Modulation in AMLMaria Baer; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study is expected to provide essential information for the design of future clinical trials of broad-spectrum MDR modulation in AML and other malignancies. ..
- MOBILIZED BLOOD STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION WITHOUT GVHDSamuel Strober; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Lymphoma Therapy Using Mixed Progenitor TransplantsSamuel Strober; Fiscal Year: 2004..GVHD will be monitored by clinical signs, survival, and histopathology. ..
- BIOLOGY OF HUMAN INTRAEPITHELIAL LYMPHOCYTESEllen Ebert; Fiscal Year: 2002..These studies will determine the mechanism of IEL chemotaxis toward secreted products of ECs, why IL-15 is more potent than IL-2 in inducing LAK activity by IELs, and how IL-10 and IL-12 augment this activity. ..