adp ribosylation factor 1

Summary

Summary: ADP-RIBOSYLATION FACTOR 1 is involved in regulating intracellular transport by modulating the interaction of coat proteins with organelle membranes in the early secretory pathway. It is a component of COAT PROTEIN COMPLEX I. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.6.1.47.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Crystal structure of ARF1*Sec7 complexed with Brefeldin A and its implications for the guanine nucleotide exchange mechanism
    Elena Mossessova
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Mol Cell 12:1403-11. 2003
  2. pmc Poliovirus proteins induce membrane association of GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor
    George A Belov
    Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, NIAID, NIH, Building 50, Room 6120, Bethesda, MD 20892 8011, USA
    J Virol 79:7207-16. 2005
  3. ncbi Specificities for the small G proteins ARF1 and ARF6 of the guanine nucleotide exchange factors ARNO and EFA6
    E Macia
    , CNRS-UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne Sophia-Antipolis, France
    J Biol Chem 276:24925-30. 2001
  4. ncbi Structure of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Sec7 domain of human arno and analysis of the interaction with ARF GTPase
    E Mossessova
    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Sloan Kettering Division, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Cell 92:415-23. 1998
  5. ncbi Activation of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 GTPase-activating protein by phosphatidylcholine-derived diacylglycerols
    B Antonny
    CNRS, Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne, France
    J Biol Chem 272:30848-51. 1997
  6. ncbi A human exchange factor for ARF contains Sec7- and pleckstrin-homology domains
    P Chardin
    Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire du CNRS, Valbonne, France
    Nature 384:481-4. 1996
  7. ncbi Arfs, phosphoinositides and membrane traffic
    J G Donaldson
    Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Building 50, Rm 2503, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Biochem Soc Trans 33:1276-8. 2005
  8. pmc ArfGAP1 dynamics and its role in COPI coat assembly on Golgi membranes of living cells
    Wei Liu
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cell Biol 168:1053-63. 2005
  9. ncbi The structural basis of Arfaptin-mediated cross-talk between Rac and Arf signalling pathways
    C Tarricone
    Division of Protein Structure, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London NW7 IAA, UK
    Nature 411:215-9. 2001
  10. ncbi The amino terminus of ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) is a critical determinant of ARF activities and is a potent and specific inhibitor of protein transport
    R A Kahn
    Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892
    J Biol Chem 267:13039-46. 1992

Research Grants

  1. NMR Approaches to Membrane Associated ARF Complexes
    James H Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. Regulation of Arf GTPase activation at the trans-Golgi network
    J Christopher Fromme; Fiscal Year: 2013
  3. Bacterial avoidance of innate immune detection
    Lovett Evan Reddick; Fiscal Year: 2013
  4. COPI Transport
    Victor W Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. STRUCTURAL KINETIC STUDIES BY NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
    Alfred Redfield; Fiscal Year: 1999
  6. Structural Study of ARF-GTPase Regulators and Effectors
    Jonathan Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Host proteins in Vaccinia viral membrane biogenesis
    Victor Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2004
  8. Frontiers of NMR in Molecular Biology VIII
    James Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2003
  9. NMR INVESTIGATIONS OF CELL SURFACE OLIGOSACCHARIDES
    James Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2008
  10. Southeast Collaboratory for High-Field Biomolecular NMR
    James Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications189 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Crystal structure of ARF1*Sec7 complexed with Brefeldin A and its implications for the guanine nucleotide exchange mechanism
    Elena Mossessova
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Mol Cell 12:1403-11. 2003
    ..Thus, the Sec7 domain may act as a dual catalyst, facilitating both nucleotide release and conformational switching on ARF proteins...
  2. pmc Poliovirus proteins induce membrane association of GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor
    George A Belov
    Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, NIAID, NIH, Building 50, Room 6120, Bethesda, MD 20892 8011, USA
    J Virol 79:7207-16. 2005
    ..Taken together, the data suggest an involvement of ARF in poliovirus RNA replication...
  3. ncbi Specificities for the small G proteins ARF1 and ARF6 of the guanine nucleotide exchange factors ARNO and EFA6
    E Macia
    , CNRS-UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne Sophia-Antipolis, France
    J Biol Chem 276:24925-30. 2001
    ..Thus selectivity for ARF1 or ARF6 must depend on subtle folding differences between the ARFs switch regions that interact with the Sec7 domains...
  4. ncbi Structure of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Sec7 domain of human arno and analysis of the interaction with ARF GTPase
    E Mossessova
    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Sloan Kettering Division, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Cell 92:415-23. 1998
    ....
  5. ncbi Activation of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 GTPase-activating protein by phosphatidylcholine-derived diacylglycerols
    B Antonny
    CNRS, Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne, France
    J Biol Chem 272:30848-51. 1997
    ..Thus, the phospholipase D pathway may provide a feedback mechanism that promotes GTP hydrolysis on ARF1 and the consequent uncoating of vesicles...
  6. ncbi A human exchange factor for ARF contains Sec7- and pleckstrin-homology domains
    P Chardin
    Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire du CNRS, Valbonne, France
    Nature 384:481-4. 1996
    ..We propose that other proteins with a Sec7 domain regulate different members of the ARF family...
  7. ncbi Arfs, phosphoinositides and membrane traffic
    J G Donaldson
    Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Building 50, Rm 2503, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Biochem Soc Trans 33:1276-8. 2005
    ..Arf1 can also stimulate the activity of phosphatidylinositol kinases and recruit coat proteins and actin cytoskeletal elements to the Golgi complex...
  8. pmc ArfGAP1 dynamics and its role in COPI coat assembly on Golgi membranes of living cells
    Wei Liu
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cell Biol 168:1053-63. 2005
    ..These data suggest that ArfGAP1, coatomer and Arf1 play interdependent roles in the assembly-disassembly cycle of the COPI coat in vivo...
  9. ncbi The structural basis of Arfaptin-mediated cross-talk between Rac and Arf signalling pathways
    C Tarricone
    Division of Protein Structure, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London NW7 IAA, UK
    Nature 411:215-9. 2001
    ..Our data highlight fundamental differences between the molecular mechanisms of Rho and Ras family signalling, and suggest a model of Arfaptin-mediated synergy between the Arf and Rho family signalling pathways...
  10. ncbi The amino terminus of ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) is a critical determinant of ARF activities and is a potent and specific inhibitor of protein transport
    R A Kahn
    Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892
    J Biol Chem 267:13039-46. 1992
    ..We conclude that ARF is required for the budding of coated vesicles from the Golgi stacks and serves a regulatory role in protein secretion through the Golgi in eukaryotic cells...
  11. ncbi Large Arf1 guanine nucleotide exchange factors: evolution, domain structure, and roles in membrane trafficking and human disease
    Quynh Trang Bui
    Laboratoire d Enzymologie et Biochimie Structurales, Bat 34, CNRS, 1, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Mol Genet Genomics 282:329-50. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi Arfaptin 1, a putative cytosolic target protein of ADP-ribosylation factor, is recruited to Golgi membranes
    H Kanoh
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics and Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    J Biol Chem 272:5421-9. 1997
    ..These results suggest that arfaptins 1 and 2 may be direct target proteins of class 1 ARFs. Arfaptin 1 may be involved in Golgi function along with ARF1...
  13. pmc Binding of cargo sorting signals to AP-1 enhances its association with ADP ribosylation factor 1-GTP
    Intaek Lee
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Cell Biol 180:467-72. 2008
    ....
  14. ncbi Overexpression of an ADP-ribosylation factor-guanine nucleotide exchange factor, BIG2, uncouples brefeldin A-induced adaptor protein-1 coat dissociation and membrane tubulation
    Chisa Shinotsuka
    Institute of Biological Sciences and Gene Research Center, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennohdai, Tsukuba Science City, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    J Biol Chem 277:9468-73. 2002
    ..These observations indicate that BFA-induced AP-1 dissociation from TGN membranes and tubulation of TGN membranes are not coupled events and suggest that a BFA target other than ARF-GEFs exists in the cell...
  15. ncbi Arf and its many interactors
    Zhongzhen Nie
    Laboratory of Cellular Oncology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Building 37, Room 4118, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Curr Opin Cell Biol 15:396-404. 2003
    ..Recent work examining the functional relationships among the diverse Arf interactors has led to reconsideration of the prevailing paradigms for Arf action...
  16. pmc Dynamics of GBF1, a Brefeldin A-sensitive Arf1 exchange factor at the Golgi
    Ting Kuang Niu
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Mol Biol Cell 16:1213-22. 2005
    ..These results suggest that an Arf1-GBF1-BFA complex is formed and has a longer residence time on Golgi membranes than GBF1 or Arf1 alone...
  17. pmc Arf1p, Chs5p and the ChAPs are required for export of specialized cargo from the Golgi
    Mark Trautwein
    Friedrich Miescher Laboratorium, Max Planck Gesellschaft, Tubingen, Germany
    EMBO J 25:943-54. 2006
    ..In addition, they are all at least partially localized to the TGN in a Chs5p-dependent manner. Most importantly, several ChAPs can interact physically with Chs3p. We propose that the ChAPs facilitate export of cargo out of the Golgi...
  18. pmc Active Arf6 recruits ARNO/cytohesin GEFs to the PM by binding their PH domains
    Lee Ann Cohen
    Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and Endocrinology and Reproduction Research Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Mol Biol Cell 18:2244-53. 2007
    ..This interaction was direct and required both inositol phospholipids and GTP. We propose a model of sequential Arf activation at the PM whereby Arf6-GTP recruits ARNO family GEFs for further activation of other Arf isoforms...
  19. pmc ADP-Ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) regulates recruitment of the AP-3 adaptor complex to membranes
    C E Ooi
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Cell Biol 142:391-402. 1998
    ..This finding suggests that ARF1 is not a regulator of specific coat proteins, but rather is a ubiquitous molecular switch that acts as a transducer of diverse signals influencing coat assembly...
  20. pmc Continual production of phosphatidic acid by phospholipase D is essential for antigen-stimulated membrane ruffling in cultured mast cells
    Niamh O'Luanaigh
    Department of Physiology, University College London, London WC1E 6JJ, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Cell 13:3730-46. 2002
    ..We conclude that both activation of ARF6 by antigen and a continual PLD2 activity are essential for local phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate generation that regulates dynamic actin cytoskeletal rearrangements...
  21. ncbi ARNO is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for ADP-ribosylation factor 6
    S Frank
    Combined Program in Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Massachusetts General Hospital East, Charlestown, Masschusetts 02129, USA
    J Biol Chem 273:23-7. 1998
    ..These findings are consistent with the previous observation that cytohesin-1 regulates the adhesiveness of alphaLbeta2 integrins at the plasma membrane of lymphocytes...
  22. ncbi Dissection of COPI and Arf1 dynamics in vivo and role in Golgi membrane transport
    John F Presley
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Nature 417:187-93. 2002
    ..This role for Arf1/coatomer might provide a model for investigating the behaviour of other coat protein systems within cells...
  23. pmc Reversible dissociation of coatomer: functional characterization of a beta/delta-coat protein subcomplex
    J Pavel
    Biochemie Zentrum Heidelberg Ruprecht Karls Universität, Im Neuenheimer Feld 328, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:2140-5. 1998
    ..Herein we describe isolation of a subcomplex of coatomer consisting of beta- and delta-COPs that is able to bind to Golgi membranes in an ARF1- and GTP-dependent manner...
  24. pmc Functional reconstitution of COPI coat assembly and disassembly using chemically defined components
    Constanze Reinhard
    Biochemie Zentrum Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 328, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:8253-7. 2003
    ..Bourgoin, S., Randazzo, P. A., et al. (2002) J. Cell Biol. 159, 69-78]. Thus, a complete round of COPI coat assembly and disassembly has been reconstituted with purified components defining the core machinery of COPI vesicle biogenesis...
  25. ncbi COPI vesicles accumulating in the presence of a GTP restricted arf1 mutant are depleted of anterograde and retrograde cargo
    R Pepperkok
    Cell Biophysics and Cell Biology Program, EMBL Heidelberg, Meyerhofstr 1, Germany
    J Cell Sci 113:135-44. 2000
    ....
  26. pmc ARF1.GTP, tyrosine-based signals, and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate constitute a minimal machinery to recruit the AP-1 clathrin adaptor to membranes
    Pascal Crottet
    Biozentrum, University of Basel, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    Mol Biol Cell 13:3672-82. 2002
    ..The results thus indicate that cargo proteins are involved in coat recruitment and that the local lipid composition contributes to specifying the site of vesicle formation...
  27. ncbi Building a secretory apparatus: role of ARF1/COPI in Golgi biogenesis and maintenance
    J Lippincott-Schwartz
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, NICHD, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 5430, USA
    Histochem Cell Biol 109:449-62. 1998
    ....
  28. ncbi Conformational changes in human Arf1 on nucleotide exchange and deletion of membrane-binding elements
    Ronald D Seidel
    Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 4712, USA
    J Biol Chem 279:48307-18. 2004
    ..Results from NMR experiments presented here on Arf1.GDP and Delta17Arf1.GDP in solution reveal substantial structural differences that can only be associated with N-terminal truncation...
  29. pmc GGAs: a family of ADP ribosylation factor-binding proteins related to adaptors and associated with the Golgi complex
    E C Dell'Angelica
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cell Biol 149:81-94. 2000
    ..Treatment with brefeldin A or overexpression of dominant-negative ADP ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) caused dissociation of GGAs from membranes...
  30. pmc Cytohesin-1, a cytosolic guanine nucleotide-exchange protein for ADP-ribosylation factor
    E Meacci
    Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1590, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:1745-8. 1997
    ..In this regard, it differs from a recently reported BFA-sensitive ARF-GEP that contains a Sec7 domain...
  31. ncbi Arf1 GTPase plays roles in the protein traffic between the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus in tobacco and Arabidopsis cultured cells
    Masaki Takeuchi
    Molecular Membrane Biology Laboratory, Plant Science Center, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Plant J 31:499-515. 2002
    ..These results indicate that AtArf1 play roles in the vesicular transport between the ER and the Golgi and in the maintenance of the normal Golgi organization in plant cells...
  32. ncbi Targeting of Golgi-specific pleckstrin homology domains involves both PtdIns 4-kinase-dependent and -independent components
    Timothy P Levine
    Division of Cell Biology, Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, Bath Street, London EC1V 9EL, UK
    Curr Biol 12:695-704. 2002
    ....
  33. pmc Maintenance of Golgi structure and function depends on the integrity of ER export
    T H Ward
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cell Biol 155:557-70. 2001
    ..Instead, they suggest that the Golgi complex is a dynamic, steady-state system, whose membranes can be nucleated and are maintained by the activities of the Sar1-COPII and Arf1-coatomer systems...
  34. pmc ADP-ribosylation factor 1 controls the activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway to regulate epidermal growth factor-dependent growth and migration of breast cancer cells
    Pierre Luc Boulay
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    J Biol Chem 283:36425-34. 2008
    ..These results uncover a novel molecular mechanism by which ARF1 regulates breast cancer cell growth and invasion during cancer progression...
  35. pmc Sorting of Golgi resident proteins into different subpopulations of COPI vesicles: a role for ArfGAP1
    J Lanoix
    Cell Biology and Biophysics Programme, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, D 69017 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Cell Biol 155:1199-212. 2001
    ..We propose a two-stage reaction to explain how GTP hydrolysis constitutes a prerequisite for sorting of resident proteins, yet becomes inhibited in their presence...
  36. ncbi The GGAs promote ARF-dependent recruitment of clathrin to the TGN
    R Puertollano
    Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cell 105:93-102. 2001
    ..These observations suggest that the GGAs could function to link clathrin to membrane-bound ARF.GTP...
  37. pmc Distinct roles for the yeast phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases, Stt4p and Pik1p, in secretion, cell growth, and organelle membrane dynamics
    A Audhya
    Division of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego 92093 0668, USA
    Mol Biol Cell 11:2673-89. 2000
    ....
  38. pmc Sequential coupling between COPII and COPI vesicle coats in endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi transport
    M Aridor
    Scripps Research Institute, Department of Cell Biology, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Cell Biol 131:875-93. 1995
    ..We propose that sequential coupling between COPII and COPI coats is essential to coordinate and direct bi-directional vesicular traffic between the ER and pre-Golgi intermediates involved in transport of protein to the Golgi complex...
  39. pmc Conserved functions of membrane active GTPases in coated vesicle formation
    Thomas J Pucadyil
    Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute TSRI, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Science 325:1217-20. 2009
    ....
  40. pmc Structure and membrane interaction of myristoylated ARF1
    Yizhou Liu
    Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602 4712, USA
    Structure 17:79-87. 2009
    ..GDP and ARF1.GTP with lipid bilayers. A model in which myristoylation contributes to both the regulation of guanine nucleotide exchange and stable membrane association is supported...
  41. ncbi KDEL-cargo regulates interactions between proteins involved in COPI vesicle traffic: measurements in living cells using FRET
    I Majoul
    Department of Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysical Chemistry, Gottingen, Germany
    Dev Cell 1:139-53. 2001
    ..Both p24a and p23 interact with ARF1, but only p24 interacts with ARFGAP. These findings suggest a model for how cargo-induced oligomerization of ERD2 regulates its sorting into COPI-coated buds...
  42. pmc Structure-based discovery of an inhibitor of Arf activation by Sec7 domains through targeting of protein-protein complexes
    Julien Viaud
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, U554, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5048, Centre de Biochimie Structurale, 34090 Montpellier, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:10370-5. 2007
    ..Our design method shows that flexible regions in protein-protein complexes provide drugable sites with the potential to develop novel tools for investigating and inhibiting signaling pathways...
  43. ncbi ADP-ribosylation factor 6 as a target of guanine nucleotide exchange factor GRP1
    S E Langille
    Program in Molecular Medicine, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA
    J Biol Chem 274:27099-104. 1999
    ..Further, co-localization of GRP1 with ARF6, combined with its demonstrated ability to activate ARF6, suggests a physiological role for GRP1 in regulating ARF6 functions...
  44. ncbi Signalling role for ARF and phospholipase D in mast cell exocytosis stimulated by crosslinking of the high affinity FcepsilonR1 receptor
    Shamshad Cockcroft
    Department of Physiology, Rockefeller Building, 21 University Street, University College London, WC1E 6JJ, London, UK
    Mol Immunol 38:1277-82. 2002
    ..It is suggested that ARF, by activating PLD and PIP 5-kinase activities regulate PA and PI(4,5)P(2) levels, and both are critical components of the exocytosis machinery in mast cells...
  45. ncbi Structure of the human ADP-ribosylation factor 1 complexed with GDP
    J C Amor
    Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02254
    Nature 372:704-8. 1994
    ..These features provide a structural basis for the GTP-dependent modulation of membrane affinity, the lack of intrinsic GTPase activity, and the nature of effector binding surfaces...
  46. ncbi Binding and functions of ADP-ribosylation factor on mammalian and yeast peroxisomes
    Dorothee Lay
    Biochemie Zentrum der Universitat Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 328, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Biol Chem 280:34489-99. 2005
    ..ScARF1 regulated this process in a positive manner, and ScARF3 regulated it in a negative manner...
  47. ncbi Dominant inhibitory mutants of ARF1 block endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi transport and trigger disassembly of the Golgi apparatus
    C Dascher
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037
    J Biol Chem 269:1437-48. 1994
    ..These results are discussed in the context of the GDP and GTP-bound forms of ARF in controlling both membrane structure and vesicular traffic through the early secretory pathway...
  48. ncbi Structural perturbations in human ADP ribosylation factor-1 accompanying the binding of phosphatidylinositides
    Ronald D Seidel
    Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, Georgia 30602 4712, USA
    Biochemistry 43:15393-403. 2004
    ..The identified binding site and the resultant structural changes are discussed in terms of a possible influence of phosphatidylinositides on the binding of Arf1 to Arf1-GEF and subsequent nucleotide release...
  49. pmc ArfGAP1 generates an Arf1 gradient on continuous lipid membranes displaying flat and curved regions
    Ernesto Ambroggio
    Laboratoire Mécanismes moléculaires du transport intracellulaire, Institut Curie, CNRS UMR 144, Paris, France
    EMBO J 29:292-303. 2010
    ....
  50. pmc Direct measurement of dipole-dipole/CSA cross-correlated relaxation by a constant-time experiment
    Yizhou Liu
    Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, The University of Georgia, 220 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30603, USA
    J Magn Reson 193:23-31. 2008
    ..The performances of the two methods are also quantitatively evaluated by simulation. The analysis shows that the shared constant-time CCR (SCT-CCR) method significantly improves sensitivity...
  51. ncbi Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase alpha is a downstream effector of the small G protein ARF6 in membrane ruffle formation
    A Honda
    Department of Biological Information, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan
    Cell 99:521-32. 1999
    ....
  52. pmc ADP-ribosylation factor is functionally and physically associated with the Golgi complex
    T Stearns
    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 87:1238-42. 1990
    ..Together, these results indicate that ARF functions in intracellular protein transport to or within the Golgi apparatus, a role not predicted by the previous in vitro biochemical studies...
  53. ncbi A bacterial guanine nucleotide exchange factor activates ARF on Legionella phagosomes
    Hiroki Nagai
    Section of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale University School of Medicine, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, 295 Congress Avenue, New Haven, CT 06536, USA
    Science 295:679-82. 2002
    ..pneumophila. Translocation of RalF protein through the phagosomal membrane is a dot/icm-dependent process. Thus, RalF is a substrate of the Dot/Icm secretion apparatus...
  54. ncbi Type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase directly interacts with ADP-ribosylation factor 1 and is responsible for phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate synthesis in the golgi compartment
    D H Jones
    Department of Physiology, University College London, London WC1E 6JJ, United Kingdom
    J Biol Chem 275:13962-6. 2000
    ..ARF1 increased Type I PIP 5-kinase activity in a guanine nucleotide-dependent manner, identifying this enzyme as a direct effector for ARF1...
  55. pmc The KDEL receptor, ERD2, regulates intracellular traffic by recruiting a GTPase-activating protein for ARF1
    T Aoe
    Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    EMBO J 16:7305-16. 1997
    ..Because ERD2 overexpression enhances the recruitment of GAP to membranes and results in a phenotype that reflects ARF1 inactivation, our findings suggest that ERD2 regulates ARF1 GAP, and thus regulates ARF1-mediated transport...
  56. pmc Membrane curvature induced by Arf1-GTP is essential for vesicle formation
    Rainer Beck
    Biochemistry Center, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 328, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11731-6. 2008
    ..Strikingly, this mutant was not able to deform membranes, suggesting that GTP-induced dimerization of Arf1 is a critical step inducing membrane curvature during the formation of coated vesicles...
  57. pmc Measurement of one and two bond N-C couplings in large proteins by TROSY-based J-modulation experiments
    Yizhou Liu
    Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Magn Reson 200:109-18. 2009
    ..GTPgammas protein bound to small lipid bicelles, a system with an effective molecule weight of approximately 70kDa...
  58. pmc Recruitment to Golgi membranes of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 is mediated by the cytoplasmic domain of p23
    D U Gommel
    Biochemie Zentrum Heidelberg, Ruprecht Karls Universitat, Im Neuenheimer Feld 328, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    EMBO J 20:6751-60. 2001
    Binding to Golgi membranes of ADP ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) is the first event in the initiation of COPI coat assembly. Based on binding studies, a proteinaceous receptor has been proposed to be critical for this process...
  59. ncbi Membrane curvature and the control of GTP hydrolysis in Arf1 during COPI vesicle formation
    B Antonny
    Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS et Université de Nice, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne Sophia Antipolis, France
    Biochem Soc Trans 33:619-22. 2005
    ..As a result, the coat should be stable as long as the bud remains attached and should disassemble as soon as membrane fission occurs...
  60. ncbi DEF-1/ASAP1 is a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for ARF1 that enhances cell motility through a GAP-dependent mechanism
    Craig Furman
    Department of Cancer Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Biol Chem 277:7962-9. 2002
    ..In contrast, the inhibition of cell spreading by DEF-1 was not dependent on GAP activity, indicating that spreading and motility are altered by DEF-1 through different pathways...
  61. ncbi Regulation of GTP hydrolysis on ADP-ribosylation factor-1 at the Golgi membrane
    E Szafer
    Department of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
    J Biol Chem 276:47834-9. 2001
    ....
  62. ncbi ARF1 regulatory factors and COPI vesicle formation
    Anne Spang
    Friedrich Miescher Laboratorium, Max Planck Gesellschaft, Spemannstrasse 39 D 72076 Tübingen, Germany
    Curr Opin Cell Biol 14:423-7. 2002
    ....
  63. ncbi Specific regulation of the adaptor protein complex AP-3 by the Arf GAP AGAP1
    Zhongzhen Nie
    Laboratory of Cellular Oncology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Building 37, Room 4118, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Dev Cell 5:513-21. 2003
    ..Cells overexpressing AGAP1 also exhibit increased LAMP1 trafficking via the plasma membrane. Taken together, these results support the hypothesis that AGAP1 directly and specifically regulates AP-3-dependent trafficking...
  64. pmc Retrograde transport from the yeast Golgi is mediated by two ARF GAP proteins with overlapping function
    P P Poon
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4H7
    EMBO J 18:555-64. 1999
    ..An in vitro assay indicates that efficient retrieval from the Golgi to the ER requires these two proteins. These findings suggest that Glo3 and Gcs1 ARF GAPs mediate retrograde vesicular transport from the Golgi to the ER...
  65. ncbi Real-time assays for the assembly-disassembly cycle of COP coats on liposomes of defined size
    Joëlle Bigay
    Institut de Pharmacologie, Moleculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS, Valbonne, France
    Methods Enzymol 404:95-107. 2005
    ..A flotation assay to assess the effect of membrane curvature on protein adsorption to liposomes is also presented...
  66. pmc Targeting of Arf-1 to the early Golgi by membrin, an ER-Golgi SNARE
    Akira Honda
    Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Cell Biol 168:1039-51. 2005
    ..These studies suggest that membrin recruits Arf-1 to the early Golgi and reveal distinct kinetic cycles for Arf-1 at early and late Golgi determined by different sets of Arf regulators and effectors...
  67. ncbi Role of ADP ribosylation factor 1 in the assembly and secretion of ApoB-100-containing lipoproteins
    Lennart Asp
    Department of Medical Biochemistry, Wallenberg Laboratory for Cardiovascular Research, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:566-70. 2005
    We investigated the role of ADP ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) in the assembly of very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs).
  68. ncbi Molecular mechanism of membrane recruitment of GGA by ARF in lysosomal protein transport
    Tomoo Shiba
    Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0801, Japan
    Nat Struct Biol 10:386-93. 2003
    ..These data reveal a molecular mechanism underlying membrane recruitment of adaptor proteins by ARF-GTP...
  69. pmc The GTPase Arf1p and the ER to Golgi cargo receptor Erv14p cooperate to recruit the golgin Rud3p to the cis-Golgi
    Alison K Gillingham
    Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 2QH, England, UK
    J Cell Biol 167:281-92. 2004
    ..Tassin, C. Fedriani, and M. Bornens. 2004. Cell. 118:323-335). In contrast, we find that this region binds to the Golgi in a GRAB domain-dependent manner, suggesting that GMAP-210 may not link the Golgi to gamma-tubulin and centrosomes...
  70. ncbi Membrane recruitment of effector proteins by Arf and Rab GTPases
    Masato Kawasaki
    Structural Biology Research Center, Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0801, Japan
    Curr Opin Struct Biol 15:681-9. 2005
    ....
  71. pmc ARF-GAP-mediated interaction between the ER-Golgi v-SNAREs and the COPI coat
    Ulrike Rein
    Friedrich Miescher Laboratory, Max Planck Society, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    J Cell Biol 157:395-404. 2002
    ..The mechanisms by which v-SNAREs interact with COPI and COPII coat proteins seem to be different and may play a key role in determining specificity in vesicle budding...
  72. ncbi ARF1 regulates Nef-induced CD4 degradation
    Julien Faure
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Curr Biol 14:1056-64. 2004
    ..The HIV Nef protein downregulates CD4 through sequential connection with clathrin-coated pits and the COP1 coatomer, resulting in accelerated endocytosis and lysosomal targeting...
  73. ncbi Multiple activities for Arf1 at the Golgi complex
    Julie G Donaldson
    Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Building 50, Room 2503, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1744:364-73. 2005
    ..This spatial distribution of Arf regulators may facilitate the recruitment of the coat proteins and other Arf effectors to different regions of the Golgi complex...
  74. ncbi ARF1 is directly involved in dynamin-independent endocytosis
    Sudha Kumari
    National Centre for Biological Science TIFR, Bellary Road, Bangalore 560 065, India
    Nat Cell Biol 10:30-41. 2008
    ..These findings provide a molecular basis for a crosstalk of endocytosis with secretion by the sharing of a key regulator of secretory traffic, ARF1...
  75. pmc Saccharomyces cerevisiae Gcs1 is an ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating protein
    P P Poon
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93:10074-7. 1996
    ..Thus by both in vitro and in vivo criteria, Gcs1 is a yeast ARF GAP...
  76. pmc p619, a giant protein related to the chromosome condensation regulator RCC1, stimulates guanine nucleotide exchange on ARF1 and Rab proteins
    J L Rosa
    Department of Molecular Oncology, Bristol Myers Squibb, Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA
    EMBO J 15:4262-73. 1996
    ..These observations suggest that p619 is a Brefeldin A-sensitive Golgi protein that functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for ARF1 and, possibly, for members of the Rab family of proteins...
  77. pmc Reconstitution of retrograde transport from the Golgi to the ER in vitro
    A Spang
    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    J Cell Biol 143:589-99. 1998
    ..Putative retrograde carriers (COPI vesicles) generated from Golgi-enriched membranes contain v-SNAREs as well as Emp47p as cargo...
  78. ncbi Structural basis for activation of ARF GTPase: mechanisms of guanine nucleotide exchange and GTP-myristoyl switching
    J Goldberg
    Cellular Biochemistry and Biophysics Program Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Cell 95:237-48. 1998
    ..The transition controls the exposure of the myristoylated N terminus, explaining how ARF GTPases couple the GDP-GTP conformational switch to membrane binding...
  79. pmc An arf1Delta synthetic lethal screen identifies a new clathrin heavy chain conditional allele that perturbs vacuolar protein transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    C Y Chen
    Department of Molecular Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA
    Genetics 150:577-89. 1998
    ....
  80. ncbi Human ADP-ribosylation factors. A functionally conserved family of GTP-binding proteins
    R A Kahn
    Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892
    J Biol Chem 266:2606-14. 1991
    ....
  81. pmc Coatomer, Arf1p, and nucleotide are required to bud coat protein complex I-coated vesicles from large synthetic liposomes
    A Spang
    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:11199-204. 1998
    ..We conclude that Arf1p-GTP and coatomer comprise the minimum apparatus necessary to create a COPI-coated vesicle...
  82. ncbi Comparative activity of ADP-ribosylation factor family members in the early steps of coated vesicle formation on rat liver Golgi membranes
    J O Liang
    Department of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Biol Chem 272:4141-8. 1997
    ..These data indicate that the specificity for ARF action on the Golgi membranes is primarily determined by the Golgi guanine nucleotide exchange factor, which has a strong preference for myristoylated mammalian ARF1...
  83. ncbi A family of Arf effectors defined as suppressors of the loss of Arf function in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    C j Zhang
    Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 3050, USA
    J Biol Chem 273:19792-6. 1998
    ....
  84. ncbi Asymmetric tethering of flat and curved lipid membranes by a golgin
    Guillaume Drin
    Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis and CNRS, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne, France
    Science 320:670-3. 2008
    ..Because membrane curvature constantly changes during vesicular trafficking, this mode of tethering suggests a way to maintain the Golgi architecture without compromising membrane flow...
  85. ncbi Structure of the Sec7 domain of the Arf exchange factor ARNO
    J Cherfils
    Laboratoire d Enzymologie et Biochimie Structurales, CNRS UPR 9063, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Nature 392:101-5. 1998
    ..Here we report the crystal structure of the Sec7 domain of human ARNO at 2 A resolution and the identification of the site of interaction of ARNO with Arf...
  86. ncbi Evidence for a COP-I-independent transport route from the Golgi complex to the endoplasmic reticulum
    A Girod
    Cell Biology and Biophysics Programme, EMBL Heidelberg, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
    Nat Cell Biol 1:423-30. 1999
    ..The COP-I-independent pathway is specifically regulated by Rab6 and is used by Golgi glycosylation enzymes and Shiga toxin/Shiga-like toxin-1...
  87. ncbi Integrating three views of Arf1 activation dynamics
    Charles H Robert
    Modélisation et Ingénierie des Protéines, CNRS UMR 8619, Bat 430, Université de Paris Sud 91405 Orsay, France
    J Mol Biol 337:969-83. 2004
    ..Large-scale collective movements in the Arf1-Sec7d complex appear to participate in the insertion of the Sec7d Glu finger into the GDP binding site to promote actual nucleotide release...
  88. ncbi A regulatory role for ARF6 in receptor-mediated endocytosis
    C D'SOUZA-SCHOREY
    Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110
    Science 267:1175-8. 1995
    ..In contrast, overexpression of ARF1 had little or no effect on these parameters of endocytosis...
  89. pmc The structural GDP/GTP cycle of human Arf6
    S Pasqualato
    Laboratoire d Enzymologie et Biochimie Structurales, CNRS, 1, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif sur Yvette cedex and Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne, France
    EMBO Rep 2:234-8. 2001
    ..The structure also allows further insight into the lack of spontaneous GTPase activity of Arf proteins...
  90. pmc Trypanosoma brucei ARF1 plays a central role in endocytosis and golgi-lysosome trafficking
    Helen P Price
    Immunology and Infection Unit, Department of Biology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5YW, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Cell 18:864-73. 2007
    ..We conclude that the essential Golgi-localizing T. brucei ARF1 has a primary role in the maintenance of both post-Golgi transport and endocytosis and that it is significantly divergent from other characterized ARFs...
  91. ncbi Mutational analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ARF1
    R A Kahn
    Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, NCI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892
    J Biol Chem 270:143-50. 1995
    ..Two high-copy suppressors of this conditional phenotype were cloned and sequenced. One of these suppressors, SFS4, was found to be identical to PBS2/HOG4, recently shown to encode a microtubule-associated protein kinase kinase in yeast...
  92. ncbi The ARF1 GTPase-activating protein: zinc finger motif and Golgi complex localization
    E Cukierman
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    Science 270:1999-2002. 1995
    ..Thus, the GAP is likely to be recruited to the Golgi by an ARF1-dependent mechanism...
  93. ncbi Decoding of sorting signals by coatomer through a GTPase switch in the COPI coat complex
    J Goldberg
    Cellular Biochemistry and Biophysics Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Cell 100:671-9. 2000
    ....
  94. pmc ADP ribosylation factor is an essential protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is encoded by two genes
    T Stearns
    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139
    Mol Cell Biol 10:6690-9. 1990
    ..Among revertants of the fluoride sensitivity of an arf1 null mutation were ARF1-ARF2 fusion genes created by a gene conversion event in which the deleted ARF1 sequences were repaired by recombination with ARF2...
  95. ncbi Turning on ARF: the Sec7 family of guanine-nucleotide-exchange factors
    C L Jackson
    Service de Biochimie et Génétique Moléculaire, CEA Saclay, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Trends Cell Biol 10:60-7. 2000
    ..A separate subclass of Sec7-domain proteins is involved in signal transduction and possess a domain that mediates membrane binding in response to extracellular signals...
  96. pmc Bap31 is an itinerant protein that moves between the peripheral endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and a juxtanuclear compartment related to ER-associated Degradation
    Yuichi Wakana
    School of Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan
    Mol Biol Cell 19:1825-36. 2008
    ..Overexpression of Sar1p and Arf1 mutants affected Bap31 cycling, suggesting that this cycling pathway is related to the conventional vesicular transport pathways...
  97. ncbi Growth factors mobilize multiple pools of KCa channels in developing parasympathetic neurons: role of ADP-ribosylation factors and related proteins
    Kwon Seok Chae
    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5513, USA
    J Neurophysiol 94:1597-605. 2005
    ....
  98. ncbi The role of ARF1 and rab GTPases in polarization of the Golgi stack
    Serguei I Bannykh
    Department of Pathology, Yale University Medical School, 310 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Traffic 6:803-19. 2005
    ....
  99. pmc Spatiotemporal dynamics of the COPI vesicle machinery
    Markus Elsner
    Cell Biology and Cell Biophysics Programme, EMBL, Meyerhofstrasse 1, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
    EMBO Rep 4:1000-4. 2003
    Assembly of the coat protein I (COPI) vesicle coat is controlled by the small GTPase ADP ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) and its GTPase-activating protein, ARFGAP1...
  100. ncbi Differential expression and targeting of endogenous Arf1 and Arf6 small GTPases in kidney epithelial cells in situ
    Jaafar El-Annan
    Program in Membrane Biology and Renal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02129 2020, USA
    Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 286:C768-78. 2004
    ..The results provide a framework on which to base and interpret future studies on the role of Arf GTPases in the multitude of cellular trafficking events that occur in renal tubular epithelial cells...
  101. ncbi Uncoupling of brefeldin a-mediated coatomer protein complex-I dissociation from Golgi redistribution
    Eran Barzilay
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel
    Traffic 6:794-802. 2005
    ..Taken together, we propose that monensin inhibits membrane fusion processes in the presence or absence of BFA...

Research Grants15

  1. NMR Approaches to Membrane Associated ARF Complexes
    James H Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Regulation of Arf GTPase activation at the trans-Golgi network
    J Christopher Fromme; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We expect that our research will lead to a clear model for how activation of Arf GTPases at the Golgi is regulated spatiotemporally. ..
  3. Bacterial avoidance of innate immune detection
    Lovett Evan Reddick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Biochemical and crystallographic evidence revealed that EspG interacted specifically with GTP-bound ADP Ribosylation Factor 1 and 6 (Arf1 and Arf6)...
  4. COPI Transport
    Victor W Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, because this basic process is critical for many cellular events, our results may also suggest new molecular insights into how multiple human diseases occur. ..
  5. STRUCTURAL KINETIC STUDIES BY NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
    Alfred Redfield; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION: The conformations of human ADP ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) are to be studied by solution state NMR...
  6. Structural Study of ARF-GTPase Regulators and Effectors
    Jonathan Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..8 Angstroms resolution in-house, which we are working to improve. These studies will provide insight to the processes of GTP-dependent assembly of vesicular coat complexes and coat-controlled GTP hydrolysis triggering disassembly. ..
  7. Host proteins in Vaccinia viral membrane biogenesis
    Victor Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Frontiers of NMR in Molecular Biology VIII
    James Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Discussion of more practical aspects will be promoted by the organization of afternoon workshops having a less formal structure. ..
  9. NMR INVESTIGATIONS OF CELL SURFACE OLIGOSACCHARIDES
    James Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Abnormal function of both systems relate to current health concerns. ..
  10. Southeast Collaboratory for High-Field Biomolecular NMR
    James Prestegard; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Target areas for future expansion include carbohydrates and metallo-proteins. ..
  11. AIRWAY SMOOTH MUSCLE IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
    RONALD COBURN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In particular, all of these diseases cause physiological alterations that influence the length at which smooth muscle cells contract and relax. ..
  12. A non-surgical method for producing gene-modified mice
    Brett Spear; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We believe that this is a dramatic improvement over current methods, and would become adopted as the method of choice for transgenic researchers if it is truly as successful as our preliminary data suggests. ..
  13. ENHANCERS AND LIVER-SPECIFIC TRANSCRIPTION
    Brett Spear; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, the information derived from these studies may improve strategies to express foreign genes within the liver, a goal of many gene therapy trials. ..
  14. Afri 1: Gene Cloning and its Role in Liver Regulation
    Brett Spear; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We can then understand how Afr1 regulates AFP and we are likely to learn more about the transcription/post/transcriptional connections as well as how this may be developmentally regulated to control gene expression. ..
  15. Oxidative stress and IkBalpha modification
    Brett Spear; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Overall, these studies may help elucidate additional mechanisms that control NFkB activity in organisms. ..