carbon monoxide poisoning

Summary

Summary: Toxic asphyxiation due to the displacement of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin by carbon monoxide.

Top Publications

  1. Ku H, Yang K, Lee Y, Lee M, Chou Y. Predictors of carbon monoxide poisoning-induced delayed neuropsychological sequelae. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2010;32:310-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) commonly results in delayed neuropsychological sequelae (DNS). The aim of the article is to demonstrate the clinical characteristics and potential predictors of COP-induced DNS later.
  2. Law C, Yip P, Caine E. The contribution of charcoal burning to the rise and decline of suicides in Hong Kong from 1997-2007. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011;46:797-803 pubmed publisher
    ..The recent emergence and growth of suicide using carbon monoxide poisoning resulting from burning charcoal in an enclosed space (hereafter, "charcoal burning") was ..
  3. Cukor J, Restuccia M. Carbon monoxide poisoning during natural disasters: the Hurricane Rita experience. J Emerg Med. 2007;33:261-4 pubmed
    ..Portable generator use after disasters represents a predictable risk to the public. Proper ventilation requirements for generators are not adequately appreciated and engineered safeties should be explored to mitigate illness...
  4. Shen M, He J, Cai J, Sun Q, Sun X, Huo Z. Hydrogen as a novel and effective treatment of acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Med Hypotheses. 2010;75:235-7 pubmed publisher
    ..It has been known that the mechanisms underlying the brain injury after acute carbon monoxide poisoning are interwoven with multiple factors including oxidative stress, free radicals, and neuronal nitric ..
  5. Lin W, Lu C, Lee Y, Wang H, Lui C, Cheng Y, et al. White matter damage in carbon monoxide intoxication assessed in vivo using diffusion tensor MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009;30:1248-55 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine if microstructural changes in WM are responsible for the delayed onset of cognitive symptoms, we performed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in patients with CO intoxication...
  6. Kealey G. Carbon monoxide toxicity. J Burn Care Res. 2009;30:146-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Understanding the varying effects of the toxic gases at the scene of injury may facilitate the development of specific treatment regimens for inhalation injury...
  7. La Fauci G, Weiser G, Steiner I, Shavit I. Carbon monoxide poisoning in narghile (water pipe) tobacco smokers. CJEM. 2012;14:57-9 pubmed
  8. Guzman J. Carbon monoxide poisoning. Crit Care Clin. 2012;28:537-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment consists of the patient's removal from the source of exposure and the immediate administration of 100% supplemental oxygen in addition to aggressive supportive measures. The use of hyperbaric oxygen is controversial...
  9. Hampson N, Piantadosi C, Thom S, Weaver L. Practice recommendations in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012;186:1095-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Over the past two decades, sufficient information has been published about carbon monoxide poisoning in the medical literature to draw firm conclusions about many aspects of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Cavus U, Rehber Z, Ozeke O, Ilkay E. Carbon monoxide poisoning associated with narghile use. Emerg Med J. 2010;27:406 pubmed publisher
    ..of a healthy 25-year-old man who was admitted to hospital after two syncopal episodes caused by carbon monoxide poisoning after smoking narghile...
  2. Garrabou G, Inoriza J, Moren C, Oliu G, Miro O, Marti M, et al. Mitochondrial injury in human acute carbon monoxide poisoning: the effect of oxygen treatment. J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev. 2011;29:32-51 pubmed publisher
    The best oxygen therapy for acute carbon monoxide poisoning (ACOP) remains unestablished...
  3. Chambers C, Hopkins R, Weaver L, Key C. Cognitive and affective outcomes of more severe compared to less severe carbon monoxide poisoning. Brain Inj. 2008;22:387-95 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess cognitive sequelae, depression and anxiety following carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning...
  4. Huh G, Jo G, Kim K, Ahn Y, Lee S. Imitative suicide by burning charcoal in the southeastern region of Korea: the influence of mass media reporting. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2009;11 Suppl 1:S563-4 pubmed publisher
  5. Hampson N, Rudd R, Hauff N. Increased long-term mortality among survivors of acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Crit Care Med. 2009;37:1941-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze long-term mortality of a large population of CO-poisoned patients treated at one medical center over three decades...
  6. Yu Y, Li Z, Wang D, Zhan X, Shao J. Hydrogen sulfide as an effective and specific novel therapy for acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011;404:6-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Studies have shown that free radical scavengers can display neuroprotective properties. Therefore, we hypothesize that H(2)S might be an interesting potential strategy for curing acute CO poisoning...
  7. Tucciarone M, Dileo P, Castro E, Guerrero M. Myocardial infarction secondary to carbon monoxide poisoning: an uncommon presentation of a common condition. Case report and review of the literature. Am J Ther. 2009;16:462-5 pubmed publisher
    Acute carbon monoxide poisoning is the most common cause of death from poisoning in the United States. It causes a spectrum of myocardial injury irrespective of carboxyhemoglobin levels and coronary anatomy...
  8. Wang X, Wang X, Wen T, Guan L, Zhang Y, Zhu M, et al. Hemorheological changes in cerebral circulation of rabbits with acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2009;43:271-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that the changes in hemorheology participate in the development of acute CO poisoning, which may play a role in delayed encephalopathy after acute CO poisoning...
  9. Turedi S, Cinar O, Kaldirim U, Mentese A, Tatli O, Cevik E, et al. Ischemia-modified albumin levels in carbon monoxide poisoning. Am J Emerg Med. 2011;29:675-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was conducted to investigate whether there is a change in IMA levels in carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and, if so, the clinical relevance of IMA levels...
  10. Annane D, Chadda K, Gajdos P, Jars Guincestre M, Chevret S, Raphael J. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute domestic carbon monoxide poisoning: two randomized controlled trials. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37:486-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Although hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) is broadly used for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, its efficacy and practical modalities remain controversial...
  11. Chen N, Huang C, Lui C, Lee C, Chang W, Huang S, et al. Diffusion-weighted imaging improves prediction in cognitive outcome and clinical phases in patients with carbon monoxide intoxication. Neuroradiology. 2013;55:107-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values often reflect tissue injury. Use of ADC as a surrogate marker to assess clinical phases has not been systemically applied in patients with carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication...
  12. Turkmen S, Eryigit U, Sahin A, Yeniocak S, Turedi S. Carbon monoxide poisoning associated with water pipe smoking. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2011;49:697-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This rare form of poisoning should be borne in mind by emergency physicians as a differential diagnosis in water pipe smokers. Water pipes should be used where there is adequate ventilation...
  13. Beppu T, Fujiwara S, Nishimoto H, Koeda A, Narumi S, Mori K, et al. Fractional anisotropy in the centrum semiovale as a quantitative indicator of cerebral white matter damage in the subacute phase in patients with carbon monoxide poisoning: correlation with the concentration of myelin basic protein in cerebrospinal f. J Neurol. 2012;259:1698-705 pubmed publisher
    ..The present results suggest that FA in the centrum semiovale offers a quantitative indicator of the extent of demyelination in damaged CWM during the subacute phase in CO-poisoned patients...
  14. Liang C, Chou M, Yang F. Delayed-onset diurnal bruxism, psychic akinesia and depression after carbon monoxide poisoning: a case report. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011;33:82.e9-10 pubmed publisher
    ..2001;16(5):810-4; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1984;47(4):377-85]. We present a patient with diurnal bruxism, psychic akinesia and depression that were delayed manifestations of CO poisoning...
  15. Lo C, Chen S, Lee K, Chen W, Chen C, Hsueh C, et al. Brain injury after acute carbon monoxide poisoning: early and late complications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007;189:W205-11 pubmed
    ..The purposes of this article are to illustrate the variable CT and MRI features of carbon monoxide-induced brain injury and to discuss the underlying pathogenesis...
  16. Bens B, ter Maaten J, Ligtenberg J. [Carbon monoxide poisoning after smoking from a water pipe]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2013;157:A6201 pubmed
    ..Smoking from a water pipe has become increasingly popular, but this is not as innocent as it seems...
  17. Teksam O, Gumus P, Bayrakci B, Erdogan I, Kale G. Acute cardiac effects of carbon monoxide poisoning in children. Eur J Emerg Med. 2010;17:192-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aims were to describe acute cardiac effects and associated factors with myocardial injury in children with CO poisoning...
  18. Keles A, Demircan A, Kurtoglu G. Carbon monoxide poisoning: how many patients do we miss?. Eur J Emerg Med. 2008;15:154-7 pubmed publisher
    ..After the late diagnosis of some CO-poisoned patients, we undertook a chart review to identify characteristics of patients with CO poisoning to help with management of future patients...
  19. Chang C, Chang W, Lui C, Wang J, Chen C, Lee Y, et al. Longitudinal study of carbon monoxide intoxication by diffusion tensor imaging with neuropsychiatric correlation. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2010;35:115-25 pubmed
    ..Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) can quantify diffusion parameters and volumetric changes in white matter that can be correlated with neuropsychological performances in longitudinal studies...
  20. Muscatiello N, Babcock G, Jones R, Horn E, Hwang S. Hospital emergency department visits for carbon monoxide poisoning following an October 2006 snowstorm in western New York. J Environ Health. 2010;72:43-8 pubmed
    ..Improvements in the combustion efficiency of portable generators should be a long-term goal...
  21. Cho C, Chiu N, Ho C, Peng C. Carbon monoxide poisoning in children. Pediatr neonatol. 2008;49:121-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Carbon monoxide (CO) is an important source of poisoning in children. We performed this study in order to clarify the clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with CO poisoning...
  22. Weaver L. Clinical practice. Carbon monoxide poisoning. N Engl J Med. 2009;360:1217-25 pubmed publisher
  23. He J. [Analysis on therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygenation on delayed encephalopathy in the patient of acute carbon monoxide poisoning]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2008;28:30-2 pubmed
    To compare therapeutic effects of acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygenation and simple hyperbaric oxygenation on delayed encephalopathy in the patient of acute carbon monoxide poisoning.
  24. Ruth Sahd L, Zulkosky K, Fetter M. Carbon monoxide poisoning: case studies and review. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2011;30:303-14 pubmed publisher
    This article describes carbon monoxide poisoning. Using a case study approach, the article covers pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, and complications...
  25. Brooks D, Levine M, O Connor A, French R, Curry S. Toxicology in the ICU: Part 2: specific toxins. Chest. 2011;140:1072-1085 pubmed publisher
    ..The first article discussed the general approach to the toxicology patient, including laboratory testing; the third article will cover natural toxins...
  26. Henry T, Lesser J, Satran D. Myocardial fibrosis from severe carbon monoxide poisoning detected by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation. 2008;118:792 pubmed publisher
  27. Pepe G, Castelli M, Nazerian P, Vanni S, Del Panta M, Gambassi F, et al. Delayed neuropsychological sequelae after carbon monoxide poisoning: predictive risk factors in the Emergency Department. A retrospective study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2011;19:16 pubmed publisher
    ..Early identification of patients at risk in the Emergency Department might permit an improvement in quality of care. We conducted a retrospective study to identify predictive risk factors for DNS development in the Emergency Department...
  28. Yelken B, Tanriverdi B, Cetinbas F, Memis D, Sut N. The assessment of QT intervals in acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2009;9:397-400 pubmed
    ..purpose of the study was to investigate whether the carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) level may be related to the changes of QT, corrected QT (QTc), QT dispersion (QTd), corrected Qtd (QTdc) and cardiac enzymes during carbon monoxide poisoning.
  29. Lawson Smith P, Jansen E, Hilsted L, Hyldegaard O. Effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on whole blood cyanide concentrations in carbon monoxide intoxicated patients from fire accidents. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2010;18:32 pubmed publisher
  30. Lee W, Yu Z, Lee C. Delayed neurological sequelae after carbon monoxide poisoning. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2008;42:430 pubmed publisher
  31. Wang W, Tian L, Li Y, Wang X, Xia F, Li L, et al. Effects of hydrogen-rich saline on rats with acute carbon monoxide poisoning. J Emerg Med. 2013;44:107-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The neuronal damage caused by acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is partly free radical mediated. We hypothesize that hydrogen may prevent neurological damage from CO poisoning...
  32. Hara S, Mizukami H, Kuriiwa F, Mukai T. cAMP production mediated through P2Y(11)-like receptors in rat striatum due to severe, but not moderate, carbon monoxide poisoning. Toxicology. 2011;288:49-55 pubmed publisher
    ..It is also likely that the threshold is related to the generation of (•)OH, contributing to the toxicity of CO in the brain...
  33. Fisher D, Bowskill S, Saliba L, Flanagan R. Unintentional domestic non-fire related carbon monoxide poisoning: data from media reports, UK/Republic of Ireland 1986-2011. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2013;51:409-16 pubmed publisher
    Gathering information on the circumstances that give rise to unintentional domestic non-fire related carbon monoxide poisoning and the associated morbidity and mortality is not straightforward because the diagnosis is so often missed in ..
  34. Li S, Li W, Wang J, Zhang H, Li W, Zhang P, et al. Association of the genes for tumor necrosis factor-? and myelin basic protein with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:4479-86 pubmed publisher
    ..DEACMP may be the result of interaction of environmental and genetic factors...
  35. Chen N, Chang W, Lui C, Huang S, Lee C, Huang C, et al. Detection of gray matter damage using brain MRI and SPECT in carbon monoxide intoxication: a comparison study with neuropsychological correlation. Clin Nucl Med. 2013;38:e53-9 pubmed publisher
  36. Sen S, Peltz C, Beard J, Zeno B. Recurrent carbon monoxide poisoning from cigarette smoking. Am J Med Sci. 2010;340:427-8 pubmed publisher
    ..1998;339:1603-8). The authors report a 48-year-old woman with significant tobacco abuse who presented with COHb levels as high as 24.2% in the face of tobacco use...
  37. Rissanen E, Paavilainen T, Virta J, Marttila R, Rinne J, Airas L. Carbon monoxide poisoning-induced nigrostriatal dopaminergic dysfunction detected using positron emission tomography (PET). Neurotoxicology. 2010;31:403-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results emphasize that CO intoxication can lead to striatal dopaminergic hypofunction, and that PET is a sensitive tool in evaluating extrapyramidal system after sudden neurotoxic insult...
  38. Hampson N, Hauff N. Carboxyhemoglobin levels in carbon monoxide poisoning: do they correlate with the clinical picture?. Am J Emerg Med. 2008;26:665-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the evidence supporting this concept is scanty. The present study was performed to analyze COHb measurements in a large population of patients with CO poisoning to determine whether clinically significant correlates exist...
  39. Yardan T, Cevik Y, Donderici O, Kavalci C, Yilmaz F, Yilmaz G, et al. Elevated serum S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase levels in carbon monoxide poisoning. Am J Emerg Med. 2009;27:838-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to assess the possible use of serum glial marker S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) as biochemical markers of hypoxic brain damage in acute CO poisoning...
  40. Hou X, Ma L, Wu L, Zhang Y, Ge H, Li Z, et al. Diffusion tensor imaging for predicting the clinical outcome of delayed encephalopathy of acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Eur Neurol. 2013;69:275-80 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between neuropsychiatric outcomes and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in patients with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP).
  41. Pang L, Bian M, Zang X, Wu Y, Xu D, Dong N, et al. Neuroprotective effects of erythropoietin in patients with carbon monoxide poisoning. J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2013;27:266-71 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrated that early administration of EPO to patients with CO poisoning improved neurological outcomes and reduced the incidence of DNS...
  42. Dileo P, Tucciarone M, Castro E, Guerrero M. Late stent thrombosis secondary to carbon monoxide poisoning. Cardiovasc Revasc Med. 2011;12:56-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon monoxide poisoning has a variety of deleterious cardiac effects including arrhythmias, coronary spasm and myocardial infarction...
  43. Hanci V, Ayoglu H, Yurtlu S, Yildirim N, Okyay D, Erdogan G, et al. Effects of acute carbon monoxide poisoning on the P-wave and QT interval dispersions. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2011;11:48-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of our study was to investigate atrial conduction and ventricular repolarization inhomogeneities using P-wave dispersion (Pwd) and QT dispersion (QTd) analyses in acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning...
  44. Wang P, Zhang X, Zhai Z, Li P. MRI findings of otic and sinus barotrauma in patients with carbon monoxide poisoning during hyperbaric oxygen therapy. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e65672 pubmed publisher
  45. Wolf S, Lavonas E, Sloan E, Jagoda A. Clinical policy: Critical issues in the management of adult patients presenting to the emergency department with acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Ann Emerg Med. 2008;51:138-52 pubmed publisher
    ..This clinical policy is intended for physicians working in hospital-based EDs...
  46. Iqbal S, Clower J, Hernandez S, Damon S, Yip F. A review of disaster-related carbon monoxide poisoning: surveillance, epidemiology, and opportunities for prevention. Am J Public Health. 2012;102:1957-63 pubmed
    ..We conducted a systematic literature review to better understand aspects of disaster-related carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning surveillance and determine potentially effective prevention strategies...
  47. Lippi G, Rastelli G, Meschi T, Borghi L, Cervellin G. Pathophysiology, clinics, diagnosis and treatment of heart involvement in carbon monoxide poisoning. Clin Biochem. 2012;45:1278-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Myocardial involvement is commonplace in moderate to severe carbon monoxide poisoning and is associated with a substantially higher risk of mortality...
  48. Hampson N, Hauff N. Risk factors for short-term mortality from carbon monoxide poisoning treated with hyperbaric oxygen. Crit Care Med. 2008;36:2523-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was conducted to 1) determine the short-term mortality risk for patients treated with hyperbaric oxygen for CO poisoning, and 2) determine whether any factors related to the poisoning episode are predictive of mortality...
  49. Cetin M, Ornek E, Murat S, Cetin Z, Oksuz F, Gokcen E. A case of carbon monoxide poisoning presenting with supraventricular tachycardia. Intern Med. 2011;50:2607-9 pubmed
    ..Echocardiographic examination demonstrated normal cardiac function. To the best of our knowledge, this case report is the first carbon monoxide intoxication case in the literature presenting with supraventricular tachycardia attack...
  50. Fujiwara S, Beppu T, Nishimoto H, Sanjo K, Koeda A, Mori K, et al. Detecting damaged regions of cerebral white matter in the subacute phase after carbon monoxide poisoning using voxel-based analysis with diffusion tensor imaging. Neuroradiology. 2012;54:681-9 pubmed publisher
  51. Tapeantong T, Poungvarin N. Delayed encephalopathy and cognitive sequelae after acute carbon monoxide poisoning: report of a case and review of the literature. J Med Assoc Thai. 2009;92:1374-9 pubmed
    ..A case of delayed encephalopathy and cognitive sequelae after acute carbon monoxide poisoning is presented...
  52. Hu H, Pan X, Wan Y, Zhang Q, Liang W. Factors affecting the prognosis of patients with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Am J Emerg Med. 2011;29:261-4 pubmed publisher
    Delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP) is a disease with poor prognosis. The present study was conducted to determine the factors that affect the prognosis of DEACMP patients.
  53. Hsu P, Lin T, Su H, Lee H, Huang C, Lai W, et al. Acute carbon monoxide poisoning resulting in ST elevation myocardial infarction: a rare case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2010;26:271-5 pubmed publisher