gas poisoning

Summary

Summary: Poisoning that results from exposure to gases such as CARBON MONOXIDE; NOBLE GASES; OXYGEN; or NATURAL GAS.

Top Publications

  1. Doyle C, Akhtar J, Mrvos R, Krenzelok E. Mass sociogenic illness--real and imaginary. Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004;46:93-5 pubmed
    ..When clusters of unexplained illness occur, a sociogenic etiology should be considered in the differential diagnosis. As fears about bioterrorism increase, the frequency of such incidents and the anxiety generated may increase...
  2. Thomas K, Gunnell D. Suicide in England and Wales 1861-2007: a time-trends analysis. Int J Epidemiol. 2010;39:1464-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Few studies have assessed long-term trends or sex differences in its incidence over time. We have investigated the age-, sex- and method-specific trends in suicide in England and Wales from 1861 to 2007...
  3. Kumar S. Victims of gas leak in Bhopal seek redress on compensation. BMJ. 2004;329:366 pubmed
  4. Kassa J, Bajgar J. Therapeutic efficacy of obidoxime or HI-6 with atropine against intoxication with some nerve agents in mice. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove). 1996;39:27-30 pubmed
    ..4 Higher doses of both oximes showed significantly more effective therapeutic efficacy against all nerve agents studied...
  5. Pascuzzi T, Storrow A. Mass casualties from acute inhalation of chloramine gas. Mil Med. 1998;163:102-4 pubmed
    ..This treatment made no significant statistical or clinical difference in outcome. We present the largest case series of patients presenting to an emergency department for treatment of acute inhalation of chloramine gas...
  6. Hessel P, Melenka L, Michaelchuk D, Herbert F, Cowie R. Lung health among plumbers and pipefitters in Edmonton, Alberta. Occup Environ Med. 1998;55:678-83 pubmed
    ..Respiratory symptoms, lung function, and radiographic changes among 99 actively employed plumbers and pipefitters with > or = 20 years of union membership were compared with 100 telephone workers...
  7. Ozmen S, Seckin N, Turhan N, Dilmen G, Dilmen U. Fetal methemoglobinemia: a cause of nonimmune hydrops fetalis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995;173:232-3 pubmed
    ..Although the mother totally recovered, the fetus showed signs of nonimmune hydrops fetalis at follow-up. Fetal methemoglobin levels were very high...
  8. Landesman L, Leonard R. SARA three years later. Emergency physician's knowledge, beliefs, and actions. Prehosp Disaster Med. 1993;8:39-44 pubmed
  9. Liu Z, Huang D, Wang Z, Wang Z, Chang S, Wu Z. [Radiographic and computed tomographic manifestations of chest in patients with acute chlorine gas poisoning]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2010;90:2740-4 pubmed
    ..To investigate the radiographic and computerized tomographic features of chest in patients with acute chlorine poisoning and its diagnostic value...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Rowlinson J. The wartime work of Hinshelwood and his colleagues. Notes Rec R Soc Lond. 2004;58:161-75 pubmed
    ..The surviving reports and correspondence give a detailed picture of what they accomplished and on the way in which extramural research contracts were then handled...
  2. Choudhry V, Jalali A, Haider G, Qureshi M. Spectrum of accidental poisonings among children in Afghanistan. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1987;7:278-81 pubmed
    ..2% while maximum deaths were seen following organophosphorus poisoning in 21.4%. Organophosphorus poisoning alone was responsible for 50% of the total deaths. Possible measures for prevention of poisoning have been discussed...
  3. Kobrick J, Johnson R, McMenemy D. Effects of atropine/2-PAM chloride, heat, and chemical protective clothing on visual performance. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1990;61:622-30 pubmed
    ..Acuity was significantly impaired by drug even during the first 2 h of heat exposure in MOPP-IV. Contrast sensitivity was impaired mainly by continued heat exposure in MOPP-IV...
  4. Kim C, Park J, Park C, Na J. Operational atmospheric modeling system CARIS for effective emergency response associated with hazardous chemical releases in Korea. Environ Manage. 2004;33:345-54 pubmed
    ..Some examples of the operational modeling system and its use for emergency preparedness are presented and discussed. Finally, this article evaluates the current numerical weather prediction model for Korea...
  5. Goodman L, Wintrobe M. Nitrogen mustard therapy; use of methyl-bis (beta-chloroethyl) amine hydrochloride and tris (beta-chloroethyl) amine hydrochloride for Hodgkin's disease, lymphosarcoma, leukemia and certain allied and miscellaneous disorders. J Am Med Assoc. 1946;132:126-32 pubmed
  6. Brugge D, deLemos J, Bui C. The Sequoyah corporation fuels release and the Church Rock spill: unpublicized nuclear releases in American Indian communities. Am J Public Health. 2007;97:1595-600 pubmed
    ..More attention should be given to the early stages of the nuclear cycle and their impacts on health and the environment...
  7. Durstenfeld B. High-stakes helpers. Occup Health Saf. 2007;76:66, 76 pubmed
  8. Sardas S, Omurtag G, Tozan A, Gül H, Beyoglu D. Evaluation of DNA damage in construction-site workers occupationally exposed to welding fumes and solvent-based paints in Turkey. Toxicol Ind Health. 2010;26:601-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, to ensure maximum occupational safety, biomonitoring is of great value for assessing the risk for construction workers...
  9. Kose A, Kose B, Acikalin A, Gunay N, Yildirim C. Myocardial infarction, acute ischemic stroke, and hyperglycemia triggered by acute chlorine gas inhalation. Am J Emerg Med. 2009;27:1022.e1-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Physicians should know that in elderly patients with a systemic disease who apply with chlorine gas inhalation, more serious complications along with damage in respiratory tract might be observed...
  10. Mohamed Ali H. [Late lesions due to poison gas in survivors of the Iraqi poison warfare against the Kurdish people]. Wien Med Wochenschr. 1992;142:8-15 pubmed
    ..It is to be hoped however, that this horrible weapon never be delivered to persons who make use of it unscrupulously, as is already happened with the Kurdish people in Iraq...
  11. Wong A, Greene S, Robinson J. Metal fume fever - a case review of calls made to the Victorian Poisons Information Centre. Aust Fam Physician. 2012;41:141-3 pubmed
    ..To determine the epidemiology of metal fume fever over an extended period in Victoria, Australia...
  12. Knezevic D, Tadic V. [Decontamination with clay or alcoholate of pigs percutaneously poisoned with VX and soman]. Vojnosanit Pregl. 1994;51:488-91 pubmed
    ..No significant difference between decontaminants could be noticed throughout the observation of 24 hr. The values were kept between 80 and 100%, with the trend of rising after 120 min...
  13. Lester D, Abe K. The effect of restricting access to lethal methods for suicide: a study of suicide by domestic gas in Japan. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1989;80:180-2 pubmed
    ..The results were interpreted as support for a recent suggestion that preventing access to lethal methods for suicide may prevent suicide...
  14. Schweisfurth H, Schöttes C. Acute intoxication of a hydrazine-like gas by 19 workers in a garbage dump. Zentralbl Hyg Umweltmed. 1993;195:46-54 pubmed
    ..03). These investigations show that workers of a garbage dump had an alarming decrease of oxygen after inhalation of nitrogenous gases released by the trash...
  15. Rhoads C. Nitrogen mustards in the treatment of neoplastic disease; official statement. J Am Med Assoc. 1946;131:656-8 pubmed
  16. Garcia R, Peralta J. [Hypothermia: a non renal indication for peritoneal dialysis]. Rev Med Chil. 1994;122:803-6 pubmed
    ..Peritoneal dialysis with solutions at 27 degrees C was used as a quick and safe means to revert hypothermia and avoid its complications...
  17. Ahsan S, Lackovic M, Katner A, Palermo C. Metal fume fever: a review of the literature and cases reported to the Louisiana Poison Control Center. J La State Med Soc. 2009;161:348-51 pubmed
    ..This review is followed by a description of MFF cases reported by the Louisiana Poison Control Center to the Louisiana Office of Public Health's Section of Environmental Epidemiology and Toxicology during a two-year period...
  18. Harris J. Gassed. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62:15-8 pubmed
  19. Suzuki S, Sakamoto S, Maniwa K, Saitoh A, Hirayama Y, Kobayashi H, et al. Fatal pulmonary arterial thrombosis associated with chlorine gas poisoning. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2001;7:356-8 pubmed
    We present a patient with accidental chlorine gas poisoning who died from pulmonary thrombosis due to a marked increase in hemostatic factors such as von Willebrand factor after recovering from the acute poisoning.
  20. Hayes W. Putting the squeeze on methylene chloride emissions. Occup Health Saf. 2008;77:57-8 pubmed
  21. Wessely S, Wardle C. Mass sociogenic illness by proxy: parentally reported epidemic in an elementary school. Br J Psychiatry. 1990;157:421-4 pubmed
    ..The term 'mass sociogenic illness by proxy' is proposed to describe this incident, in which transmission in one group (the parents) resulted in reports of an epidemic in another group (students)."..
  22. Haikonen K, Lunetta P, Lillsunde P, Sund R. Methodological challenges in using the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register for studying fire-related injuries leading to inpatient care. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2013;13:36 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective was to examine feasibility of using hospital discharge register data for studying fire-related injuries...
  23. Hierl T, Nowak D. [What therapy options are reliable in smoke inhalation?]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2005;130:2912-3 pubmed
  24. Smith B. Hygiene in the workspace. Occup Health Saf. 2005;74:46, 48, 50 pubmed
  25. Bender A, Parker D, Johnson R, Scharber W, Williams A, Marbury M, et al. Minnesota Highway Maintenance Worker Study: cancer mortality. Am J Ind Med. 1989;15:545-56 pubmed
    ..The extent to which these and other findings were directly related to work exposures is unknown. Further investigations to resolve the significance of the risks associated with the HMW occupation are currently underway...
  26. Nelson K, Robinson D. A case review: near fatal residential hydrogen sulfide exposure. Air Med J. 2002;21:46-8 pubmed
  27. Magos L. Three cases of methylmercury intoxication which eluded correct diagnosis. Arch Toxicol. 1998;72:701-5 pubmed
    ..2, 5.4 and 2.4 while this ratio is below 0.5 in mercury vapour intoxication or in workers exposed to mercury vapour...
  28. Handley S, Flanagan R. Drugs and other chemicals involved in fatal poisoning in England and Wales during 2000 – 2011. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2014;52:1-12 pubmed publisher
  29. Gill J, Ely S, Hua Z. Environmental gas displacement: three accidental deaths in the workplace. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2002;23:26-30 pubmed
    ..The autopsy findings, scene investigations, and certifications of these deaths, as related to the mechanisms of death, are discussed...
  30. Mihaltan F, Marcu C, Ciprut T, Nemes R, Serbescu A, Halic E, et al. [Chemical obliterans bronchiolitis after azotic acid exposure]. Pneumologia. 2001;50:39-43 pubmed
    ..Oral corticoids in dose of 60 mg/day determined a substantial clinical, radiological and functional improvement. The authors make some comments on the need of early diagnosis and efficient treatment...
  31. Schnurr P, Ford J, Friedman M, Green B, Dain B, Sengupta A. Predictors and outcomes of posttraumatic stress disorder in World War II veterans exposed to mustard gas. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000;68:258-68 pubmed
    ..There is discussion of the traumatic elements of experimental mustard gas exposure, vulnerability to PTSD, and the relevance of these findings to understanding the broad range of outcomes associated with PTSD...
  32. Bartholomew R, Wessely S. Epidemic hysteria in Virginia: the case of the phantom gasser of 1933-1934. South Med J. 1999;92:762-9 pubmed
    ..quot; The description presented is that of a previously unrecorded case of epidemic hysteria in the state of Virginia during 1933-1934...
  33. Batchinsky A, Martini D, Jordan B, Dick E, Fudge J, Baird C, et al. Acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to inhalation of chlorine gas in sheep. J Trauma. 2006;60:944-56; discussion 956-7 pubmed
    ..This study aims to characterize the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by chlorine gas (Cl2) inhalation in a large-animal model...
  34. Jones E, Palmer I, Wessely S. Enduring beliefs about effects of gassing in war: qualitative study. BMJ. 2007;335:1313-5 pubmed
    ..To discover the content of enduring beliefs held by first world war veterans about their experience of having been gassed...
  35. Langley R. Fume fever and reactive airways dysfunction syndrome in a welder. South Med J. 1991;84:1034-6 pubmed
    ..I have reported a case of fume fever and concurrent reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) after welding. The RADS should be added to the list of potential hazards associated with welding...
  36. Wagner D. Improving safety through behavior and gas exposure tracking. Occup Health Saf. 2008;77:43-4, 46-7 pubmed
  37. Matthews G. Toxic gases. Postgrad Med J. 1989;65:224-32 pubmed
    ..While acute poisonings constitute the greater part of the paper, some indication of chronic disorders arising from repeated or prolonged exposure is also given...
  38. Vinsel P. Treatment of acute chlorine gas inhalation with nebulized sodium bicarbonate. J Emerg Med. 1990;8:327-9 pubmed
    ..This therapy appears to be useful in treating chlorine gas inhalation; however, it cannot be routinely recommended without prospective clinical studies evaluating its efficacy and safety...
  39. Crabb C. Revisiting the Bhopal tragedy. Science. 2004;306:1670-1 pubmed
  40. Coupland R. Incapacitating chemical weapons: a year after the Moscow theatre siege. Lancet. 2003;362:1346 pubmed
  41. Hung G, Lin W, Wang S. Increased pulmonary clearance of Tc DTPA aerosol. Semin Nucl Med. 2002;32:214-6 pubmed
  42. Boucher M, Ehmler T, Bermudez A. Polytetrafluoroethylene gas intoxication in broiler chickens. Avian Dis. 2000;44:449-53 pubmed
    ..The new heat lamp bulbs were polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coated. PTFE gas intoxication has been reported in several exotic avian species, but this intoxication has not been previously reported in a poultry flock...
  43. Lu Y, Chen C, Liang B. [The changes of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in patients with acute hydrogen chloride gas poisoning]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:375-6 pubmed
    To explore the changes of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in patients with acute hydrogen chloride gas poisoning.
  44. Rorison D, McPherson S. Acute toxic inhalations. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 1992;10:409-35 pubmed
  45. Weissman B, Raveh L. Therapy against organophosphate poisoning: the importance of anticholinergic drugs with antiglutamatergic properties. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2008;232:351-8 pubmed publisher
  46. Austin A. Preventing chlorine gas accidents. Occup Health Saf. 2005;74:48, 50, 52 passim pubmed
  47. Weill H. Disaster at Bhopal: the accident, early findings and respiratory health outlook in those injured. Bull Eur Physiopathol Respir. 1987;23:587-90 pubmed
    ..Definition of the follow-up population is uncertain, and exposure information is lacking. Dose-response relationships are not likely to emerge from follow-up studies...
  48. Wilke N, Landsleitner B. [Monitoring of an acute compartment syndrome of unusual etiology using MRI (magnetic resonance tomography) and MRS (magnetic resonance spectroscopy)]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 1990;22:255-60 pubmed
    ..The results correlate with the clinical and histological findings and indicate a bioenergetic regeneration of the ischemic skeletal muscle's cells...
  49. Du X, Zhang M, Wang H, Li T, Wang H, Chen S, et al. [Characterization of severe acute occupational poisoning accidents related to irritating gases in China between 1989 and 2003]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2006;24:716-9 pubmed
  50. Guidotti T. Hydrogen sulfide: advances in understanding human toxicity. Int J Toxicol. 2010;29:569-81 pubmed publisher
  51. Wehner F, Benz D, Wehner H. [Fatal inhalation of butane-propane gas]. Arch Kriminol. 2002;209:164-8 pubmed
  52. Lester D. Effects of detoxification of domestic gas on suicide in The Netherlands. Psychol Rep. 1991;68:202 pubmed
    ..Suicide by all other methods rose more sharply during the latter part of this period, suggesting that people may have switched methods for suicide...
  53. Eckert W. Mass deaths by gas or chemical poisoning. A historical perspective. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1991;12:119-25 pubmed
    ..It also considers approaches to the investigation of such cases from the medicolegal as well as general standpoints...