foodborne diseases


Summary: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.

Top Publications

  1. Sanaei Zadeh H. Can Bacillus cereus food poisoning cause sudden death?. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:3816; author reply 3817 pubmed publisher
  2. Prieto M, Colin P, Fernández Escámez P, Alvarez Ordóñez A. Epidemiology, Detection, and Control of Foodborne Microbial Pathogens. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:617417 pubmed publisher
  3. Lajhar S, Brownlie J, Barlow R. Survival capabilities of Escherichia coli O26 isolated from cattle and clinical sources in Australia to disinfectants, acids and antimicrobials. BMC Microbiol. 2017;17:47 pubmed publisher
    ..coli O26 pathotypes examined in this study may contribute to bacterial colonization on food contact surfaces and subsequent foodborne illness caused by this pathogen. ..
  4. Folster J, Pecic G, Rickert R, Taylor J, Zhao S, Fedorka Cray P, et al. Characterization of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar heidelberg from a ground turkey-associated outbreak in the United States in 2011. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012;56:3465-6 pubmed publisher
  5. Takeuchi D, Kerdsin A, Akeda Y, Chiranairadul P, Loetthong P, Tanburawong N, et al. Impact of a Food Safety Campaign on Streptococcus suis Infection in Humans in Thailand. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;96:1370-1377 pubmed publisher
    ..suis infection, and we present a role model public health intervention for prevalent areas affected by S. suis infection in humans. ..
  6. Oliver J. The Biology of Vibrio vulnificus. Microbiol Spectr. 2015;3: pubmed publisher
    ..This article includes some of our findings as presented at the "Vibrios in the Environment 2010" conference held in Biloxi, MS. ..
  7. Jones A, Cross P, Burton M, Millman C, O Brien S, Rigby D. Estimating the prevalence of food risk increasing behaviours in UK kitchens. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175816 pubmed publisher
    ..We found no correlation between the price of a meal in an establishment, nor its Food Hygiene Rating Score, and the likelihood of any of the food malpractices occurring. ..
  8. Verhoef L, Hewitt J, Barclay L, Ahmed S, Lake R, Hall A, et al. Norovirus genotype profiles associated with foodborne transmission, 1999-2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:592-9 pubmed publisher
    ..4 and other noroviruses. When these profiles are applied to global outbreak surveillance data, results indicate that ?14% of all norovirus outbreaks are attributed to food. ..
  9. Park J. Analysis of Kudoa septempunctata as a cause of foodborne illness and its associated differential diagnosis. Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017037 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Li J, Feng J, Ma L, de la Fuente Nunez C, Gölz G, Lu X. Effects of meat juice on biofilm formation of Campylobacter and Salmonella. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;253:20-28 pubmed publisher
  2. den Besten H, Berendsen E, Wells Bennik M, Straatsma H, Zwietering M. Two complementary approaches to quantify variability in heat resistance of spores of Bacillus subtilis. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;253:48-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Strain variability affected heat resistance of spores most, and therefore integration of this variability factor in modelling of spore heat resistance will make predictions more realistic. ..
  3. Potera C. Phage renaissance: new hope against antibiotic resistance. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121:a48-53 pubmed publisher
  4. Wang X, Ying S, Wei X, Yuan J. Development of a gold nanoparticle-based universal oligonucleotide microarray for multiplex and low-cost detection of foodborne pathogens. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;253:66-74 pubmed publisher
    Bacterial foodborne diseases remain major threats to food safety and public health, especially in developing countries...
  5. . Heavy metal poisoning: mercury and lead. Ann Intern Med. 1972;76:779-92 pubmed
  6. Glashower D, Snyder J, Welch D, McCarthy S. Notes from the Field: Outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni Associated with Consuming Undercooked Chicken Liver Mousse - Clark County, Washington, 2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66:1027 pubmed publisher
    ..CCPH ordered closure of the restaurant kitchen on July 13, 2016, and began an investigation to identify the source of diarrheal illness and implement additional control measures. ..
  7. Llarena A, Taboada E, Rossi M. Whole-Genome Sequencing in Epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni Infections. J Clin Microbiol. 2017;55:1269-1275 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite these challenges, we think that ample evidence is available to support the benefits of integrating WGS into the routine monitoring of C. jejuni infections and outbreak investigations. ..
  8. Crim S, Iwamoto M, Huang J, Griffin P, Gilliss D, Cronquist A, et al. Incidence and trends of infection with pathogens transmitted commonly through food--Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network, 10 U.S. sites, 2006-2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63:328-32 pubmed
    ..Most illnesses are preventable. To evaluate progress toward prevention, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) monitors the incidence of laboratory-confirmed infections caused by ..
  9. Helmond M, Nierop Groot M, van Bokhorst van de Veen H. Characterization of four Paenibacillus species isolated from pasteurized, chilled ready-to-eat meals. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;252:35-41 pubmed publisher
  10. Debbink K, Lindesmith L, Donaldson E, Baric R. Norovirus immunity and the great escape. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002921 pubmed publisher
  11. Yde M, Naranjo M, Mattheus W, Stragier P, Pochet B, Beulens K, et al. Usefulness of the European Epidemic Intelligence Information System in the management of an outbreak of listeriosis, Belgium, 2011. Euro Surveill. 2012;17: pubmed
    ..Food investigation of this outbreak was facilitated by the European Epidemic Intelligence Information System and data exchanged between French and Belgium listeriosis surveillance systems...
  12. Zhu Q, Yang L, Ma H, Xie W, Cong L, Xu L. [Screening on key techniques used for surveillance and disposal of public health emergencies]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017;38:789-793 pubmed publisher
  13. . Outbreak of invasive listeriosis associated with the consumption of hog head cheese--Louisiana, 2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60:401-5 pubmed
    ..monocytogenes contamination of RTE food products, requesting recall of such products at any detectable level of L. monocytogenes contamination. LDAF imposes and enforces equivalent requirements in state-inspected establishments. ..
  14. Seys S, Sampedro F, Hedberg C. Assessment of Meat and Poultry Product Recalls Due to Salmonella Contamination: Product Recovery and Illness Prevention. J Food Prot. 2017;80:1288-1292 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, additional training resources dedicated to public health agencies for enhancing foodborne illness detection, investigations, and rapid response and reporting would further prevent illnesses. ..
  15. Lee J, Kim S, Kim D, Yun N, Kim C, Lee S. Clinical Usefulness of Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Diagnosis of Vibrio vulnificus Infection Using Skin and Soft Tissues. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;97:443-446 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, skin lesions were more useful than blood samples as specimens for PCR analysis in patients administered antibiotics for V. vulnificus infection before admission. ..
  16. Delannoy S, Beutin L, Mariani Kurkdjian P, Fleiss A, Bonacorsi S, Fach P. The Escherichia coli Serogroup O1 and O2 Lipopolysaccharides Are Encoded by Multiple O-antigen Gene Clusters. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2017;7:30 pubmed publisher
    ..coli (STEC) strains. ..
  17. Baffoni L, Gaggia F, Garofolo G, Di Serafino G, Buglione E, Di Giannatale E, et al. Evidence of Campylobacter jejuni reduction in broilers with early synbiotic administration. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;251:41-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Experimental results demonstrate that the synbiotic approach at farm level can be an effective strategy, combined with biosecurity measures, to improve the safety of poultry meat. ..
  18. Nomura C, Masayama A, Yamaguchi M, Sakuma D, Kajimura K. PCR-Based Method for the Detection of Toxic Mushrooms Causing Food-Poisoning Incidents. Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2017;58:132-142 pubmed publisher
    ..Our method using one-step extraction of mushrooms allows rapid detection within 2.5 hr. It could be utilized for rapid identification or screening of toxic mushrooms. ..
  19. Noya B, Pérez Chacón G, Díaz Bello Z, Dickson S, Muñoz Calderón A, Hernandez C, et al. Description of an oral Chagas disease outbreak in Venezuela, including a vertically transmitted case. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2017;112:569-571 pubmed publisher
    ..Acute orally transmitted Chagas disease can be life threatening or even fatal for pregnant women and unborn fetuses owing to vertical transmission. There is therefore an urgent need to improve national epidemiologic control measures. ..
  20. Janecko N, Martz S, Avery B, Daignault D, Desruisseau A, Boyd D, et al. Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacter spp. in Retail Seafood Imported from Southeast Asia to Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:1675-7 pubmed publisher
  21. Osterholm M. Foodborne disease in 2011--the rest of the story. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:889-91 pubmed publisher
  22. . Surveillance for foodborne disease outbreaks--United States, 2009-2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013;62:41-7 pubmed
    ..This information also supports efforts to promote safe food-handling practices among food workers and the public. ..
  23. . The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2011 has been published. Euro Surveill. 2013;18:20449 pubmed
  24. Basaraba R, Oehme F, Vorhies M, Stokka G. Toxicosis in cattle from concurrent feeding of monensin and dried distiller's grains contaminated with macrolide antibiotics. J Vet Diagn Invest. 1999;11:79-86 pubmed
    ..The presence of macrolide antibiotic residues in the contaminated feed appeared to affect the biotransformation of otherwise nontoxic levels of monensin, leading to clinical ionophore toxicosis. ..
  25. Cai Y, Huang T, Xu Y, Zhou G, Zou P, Zeng G, et al. Genetic and genomic diversity of NheABC locus from Bacillus strains. Arch Microbiol. 2017;199:775-785 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that nheA, B and C genes do not affect the diversity of housekeeping genes, and this specific NHE protein does not participate in the diarrheic syndrome. ..
  26. DuPont H. Clinical practice. Bacterial diarrhea. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:1560-9 pubmed publisher
  27. Brown L, Hoover E, Selman C, Coleman E, Schurz Rogers H. Outbreak characteristics associated with identification of contributing factors to foodborne illness outbreaks. Epidemiol Infect. 2017;145:2254-2262 pubmed publisher
    ..They also highlight the need for strong environmental health and food safety programs that have the capacity to complete such environmental assessments during outbreak investigations...
  28. Sadarangani S, Lim P, Vasoo S. Infectious diseases and migrant worker health in Singapore: a receiving country's perspective. J Travel Med. 2017;24: pubmed publisher
    ..Receiving countries need improved surveillance, expansion of preventive measures and decreased barriers to healthcare access for migrant workers. ..
  29. Crowe S, Mahon B, Vieira A, Gould L. Vital Signs: Multistate Foodborne Outbreaks - United States, 2010-2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015;64:1221-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Lessons learned during outbreak investigations can help improve food safety practices and regulations, and might prevent future outbreaks. ..
  30. . Incidence and trends of infection with pathogens transmitted commonly through food - foodborne diseases active surveillance network, 10 U.S. sites, 1996-2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013;62:283-7 pubmed
    b>Foodborne diseases are an important public health problem in the United States. The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network* (FoodNet) conducts surveillance in 10 U.S...
  31. . Updated norovirus outbreak management and disease prevention guidelines. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2011;60:1-18 pubmed
    ..These recommendations are intended for use by public health professionals investigating outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis, including state and local health authorities, as well as academic and research institutions. ..
  32. Kerdsin A, Dejsirilert S, Sawanpanyalert P, Boonnark A, Noithachang W, Sriyakum D, et al. Sepsis and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in Thailand. Lancet. 2011;378:960 pubmed publisher
  33. Torok V, Hodgson K, McLeod C, Tan J, Malhi N, Turnbull A. National survey of foodborne viruses in Australian oysters at production. Food Microbiol. 2018;69:196-203 pubmed publisher
    ..The low estimated prevalence of foodborne viruses in Australian oysters was consistent with epidemiological evidence, with no oyster-related foodborne viral illness reported during the survey period. ..
  34. . Preliminary FoodNet data on the incidence of infection with pathogens transmitted commonly through food - 10 states, 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010;59:418-22 pubmed
    The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) of CDC's Emerging Infections Program conducts active, population-based surveillance in 10 U.S...
  35. Doyle M. Escherichia coli O157:H7 and its significance in foods. Int J Food Microbiol. 1991;12:289-301 pubmed
    ..The use of proper hygienic practices in handling foods of animal origin and proper heating of such foods before consumption are important control measures for the prevention of E. coli O157:H7 infections. ..
  36. . Vital signs: Listeria illnesses, deaths, and outbreaks--United States, 2009-2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013;62:448-52 pubmed
    ..Initiative and PulseNet conduct nationwide surveillance to rapidly detect and respond to outbreaks, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducts active, sentinel population-based surveillance to track ..
  37. Lee S. Analysis of Kudoa septempunctata as a cause of foodborne illness and its associated differential diagnosis. Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017014 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests the possibilities of misdiagnosis in the investigations of food poisoning by Staphylococcus aureus and bacillus cereus with kudoa septempuctata. ..
  38. Kawamura A. Wanted Alive: Finding Bacteria in Your Food. Cell Chem Biol. 2017;24:922-923 pubmed publisher
    ..The method may also find many other applications because it can be used to recover live cells, pathogens and non-pathogens, from various biomedical and environmental samples. ..
  39. dos Santos M, de Albuquerque B, Pinto R, Aguiar G, Lescano A, Santos J, et al. Outbreak of Haff disease in the Brazilian Amazon. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2009;26:469-70 pubmed
  40. Reimschuessel R, Grabenstein M, Guag J, Nemser S, Song K, Qiu J, et al. Multilaboratory Survey To Evaluate Salmonella Prevalence in Diarrheic and Nondiarrheic Dogs and Cats in the United States between 2012 and 2014. J Clin Microbiol. 2017;55:1350-1368 pubmed publisher
    ..Of note is that almost half of the Salmonella-positive animals were clinically nondiarrheic. ..
  41. Barceloux D. Potatoes, tomatoes, and solanine toxicity (Solanum tuberosum L., Solanum lycopersicum L.). Dis Mon. 2009;55:391-402 pubmed publisher
  42. Awofisayo Okuyelu A, Hall I, Adak G, Hawker J, Abbott S, McCarthy N. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the incubation period of Campylobacteriosis. Epidemiol Infect. 2017;145:2241-2253 pubmed publisher
    ..A significant association between the mean incubation period and age distribution was observed with outbreaks involving only children reporting an incubation of 1·29 days longer when compared with outbreaks involving other age groups. ..
  43. Chuma T, Hashimoto S, Okamoto K. Detection of thermophilic Campylobacter from sparrows by multiplex PCR: the role of sparrows as a source of contamination of broilers with Campylobacter. J Vet Med Sci. 2000;62:1291-5 pubmed
    ..jejuni were considered to have contacted with industrial animals or thier feed. It may be presumed, on the contrary, that C. jejuni in sparrows could be a potential source of contamination of broilers. ..
  44. Sitali D, Mumba C, Skjerve E, Mweemba O, Kabonesa C, Mwinyi M, et al. Awareness and attitudes towards anthrax and meat consumption practices among affected communities in Zambia: A mixed methods approach. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005580 pubmed publisher
    ..It is also important to involve the affected communities and collaborate with other disciplines in order to effectively tackle poverty, improve veterinary services and address inherent meat consumption practices within the communities. ..
  45. Ohshima C, Takahashi H, Iwakawa A, Kuda T, Kimura B. A novel typing method for Listeria monocytogenes using high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) of tandem repeat regions. Int J Food Microbiol. 2017;253:36-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The result of MLVA-HRMA method is able to be shared between different laboratories. There are high expectations that this method will be adopted for regular inspections at food processing facilities in the near future. ..
  46. Choi M, Jackson K, Medus C, Beal J, Rigdon C, Cloyd T, et al. Notes from the field: multistate outbreak of listeriosis linked to soft-ripened cheese--United States, 2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63:294-5 pubmed
    ..Median age of the five patients was 58 years (range: 31-67 years). Four patients were female, including one who was pregnant at the time of infection. All five were hospitalized. One death and one miscarriage were reported. ..
  47. Thegerström J. Pinpointing the source of infection of Mycobacterium avium hominissuis in children. Infect Dis (Lond). 2017;49:617-624 pubmed publisher
    ..An analysis of the seasonal variation of M. avium lymphadenitis in children leads to a new hypothesis regarding the probable source of infection of M. avium hominissuis, where global trade of alimentary products might be involved. ..
  48. Reusken C, Farag E, Jonges M, Godeke G, El Sayed A, Pas S, et al. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) RNA and neutralising antibodies in milk collected according to local customs from dromedary camels, Qatar, April 2014. Euro Surveill. 2014;19: pubmed
    ..The presence of MERS-CoV RNA in milk of camels actively shedding the virus warrants measures to prevent putative food-borne transmission of MERS-CoV. ..
  49. Mair Jenkins J, Borges Stewart R, Harbour C, Cox Rogers J, Dallman T, Ashton P, et al. Investigation using whole genome sequencing of a prolonged restaurant outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium linked to the building drainage system, England, February 2015 to March 2016. Euro Surveill. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that routine swabbing of sink drain points and inspection of drainage systems should be considered in future outbreak scenarios...
  50. Asiimwe B, Baldan R, Trovato A, Cirillo D. Prevalence and molecular characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin resistant strains, isolated from bulk can milk and raw milk products in pastoral communities of South-West Uganda. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:422 pubmed publisher
    ..The fact that over 90% of the isolates carried at least one gene encoding enterotoxins shows a high risk of spread of foodborne diseases through milk in this setting.
  51. Miller P, Marshall J, French N, Jewell C. sourceR: Classification and source attribution of infectious agents among heterogeneous populations. PLoS Comput Biol. 2017;13:e1005564 pubmed publisher
    ..sourceR enables straightforward attribution of cases of zoonotic infection to putative sources of infection. As sourceR develops, we intend it to become an important and flexible resource for food-borne disease attribution studies. ..
  52. Beyi A, Fite A, Tora E, Tafese A, Genu T, Kaba T, et al. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli O157 in beef at butcher shops and restaurants in central Ethiopia. BMC Microbiol. 2017;17:49 pubmed publisher
    Ethiopia bears the largest burden of foodborne diseases in Africa, and diarrheal diseases are the second leading causes of premature deaths...
  53. Gossner C. New version of the Epidemic Intelligence Information System for food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses (EPIS-FWD) launched. Euro Surveill. 2016;21: pubmed publisher