bites and stings

Summary

Summary: Injuries inflicted by the TEETH or poisoning caused by VENOMS of animals.

Top Publications

  1. Tønseth K, Andersen T, Andresen T, Pripp A, Karlsen H. Prophylactic treatment of jellyfish stings--a randomised trial. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2012;132:1446-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Contact with jellyfish can cause skin irritation and manifestations. We wanted to investigate the prophylactic effect of a sun cream containing an inhibitor against jellyfish stings...
  2. Deshmukh D, Damle A, Bajaj J, Bhakre J, Patil N. Fatal rabies despite post-exposure prophylaxis. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2011;29:178-80 pubmed publisher
  3. Susilawathi N, Darwinata A, Dwija I, Budayanti N, Wirasandhi G, Subrata K, et al. Epidemiological and clinical features of human rabies cases in Bali 2008-2010. BMC Infect Dis. 2012;12:81 pubmed publisher
    ..Previously thought to be rabies free, Bali experienced an outbreak of animal and human rabies cases in November 2008. We describe the epidemiological and clinical data of human rabies cases occurring in the first two years of the outbreak...
  4. Stefani A, Hanf M, Nacher M, Girod R, Carme B. Environmental, entomological, socioeconomic and behavioural risk factors for malaria attacks in Amerindian children of Camopi, French Guiana. Malar J. 2011;10:246 pubmed publisher
    ..However, all parameters involved in the transmission were not clearly identified. A new survey was conducted in order to clarify the risk factors for the presence of malaria cases in Camopi...
  5. Ping J, Onizuka N. Epidemiology of jellyfish stings presented to an American urban emergency department. Hawaii Med J. 2011;70:217-9 pubmed
    ..There are limited studies examining cnidarian stings in the United States. The team investigated the epidemiology and treatments for jellyfish stings presenting to an urban emergency department (ED) in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
  6. Putra A, Hampson K, Girardi J, Hiby E, Knobel D, Mardiana I, et al. Response to a rabies epidemic, Bali, Indonesia, 2008-2011. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19:648-51 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the incidence of dog bites remains high, and repeat campaigns are necessary to eliminate rabies in Bali. ..
  7. Yeh C, Liao C, Muo C, Chang S, Hsieh C, Chen F, et al. Mental disorder as a risk factor for dog bites and post-bite cellulitis. Injury. 2012;43:1903-7 pubmed publisher
    ..No study has evaluated the association between mental disorders and the injury of dog bite. We conducted case-control studies to investigate whether people with mental disorders are at elevated risks of dog bite and post-bite cellulitis...
  8. Lippmann J, Fenner P, Winkel K, Gershwin L. Fatal and severe box jellyfish stings, including Irukandji stings, in Malaysia, 2000-2010. J Travel Med. 2011;18:275-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The internet is a recent innovation to gain information on real-time health issues of travel destinations, including Southeast Asia...
  9. . Animal bites, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, 2001-2010. MSMR. 2011;18:12-5 pubmed
    ..Animal bite avoidance and rabies education should be reinforced before members travel or deploy to areas highly endemic for rabies...

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Mills D, Lau C, Weinstein P. Animal bites and rabies exposure in Australian travellers. Med J Aust. 2011;195:673-5 pubmed
    ..To examine the circumstances of animal exposure in a case series of Australian travellers who required rabies postexposure prophylaxis, and to assess the appropriateness of current guidelines for rabies pre-exposure vaccination...
  2. Zia N, Khan U, Razzak J, Puvanachandra P, Hyder A. Understanding unintentional childhood home injuries: pilot surveillance data from Karachi, Pakistan. BMC Res Notes. 2012;5:37 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of childhood unintentional injuries in Karachi, Pakistan with a specific focus on those occurring within the home environment...
  3. Tibballs J, Li R, Tibballs H, Gershwin L, Winkel K. Australian carybdeid jellyfish causing "Irukandji syndrome". Toxicon. 2012;59:617-25 pubmed publisher
    ..No effective first-aid is known. Large knowledge gaps exist in biology of the jellyfish, their distribution, their toxins and mode of actions and in treatment of the Irukandji syndrome...
  4. Bregman B, Slavinski S. Using emergency department data to conduct dog and animal bite surveillance in New York City, 2003-2006. Public Health Rep. 2012;127:195-201 pubmed
  5. Ward N, Darracq M, Tomaszewski C, Clark R. Evidence-based treatment of jellyfish stings in North America and Hawaii. Ann Emerg Med. 2012;60:399-414 pubmed publisher
    ..In these instances, removing the nematocysts and washing the area with saltwater may be considered. If the envenomation is thought to be due to the bluebottle (Physalia), vinegar may be beneficial...
  6. Zhang Y, Xiong C, Xiao D, Jiang R, Wang Z, Zhang L, et al. Human rabies in China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1983-4 pubmed
  7. Kilic B, Unal B, Semin S, Konakci S. An important public health problem: rabies suspected bites and post-exposure prophylaxis in a health district in Turkey. Int J Infect Dis. 2006;10:248-54 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to describe rabies suspected animal bites and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) practices in Narlidere District in Turkey between 1999 and 2001...
  8. Ostanello F, Gherardi A, Caprioli A, La Placa L, Passini A, Prosperi S. Incidence of injuries caused by dogs and cats treated in emergency departments in a major Italian city. Emerg Med J. 2005;22:260-2 pubmed
    ..This study aimed to estimate the incidence and characteristics of injuries caused by dogs and cats in the population of a major Italian city...
  9. Shaw M, O Brien B, Leggat P. Rabies postexposure management of travelers presenting to travel health clinics in Auckland and Hamilton, New Zealand. J Travel Med. 2009;16:13-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Rabies is a fatal disease, and travelers going to endemic areas need to take precautions. Little is known about the rabies postexposure management of travelers from New Zealand...
  10. Chin H, Ahmad N, Lim L, Jeffery J, Hadi A, Othman H, et al. Infestation with the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) among students in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2010;41:1331-4 pubmed
    ..Six cat fleas were collected at the hostel and identified as C. felis felis. Most of the students were not aware of this infestation and did not seek medical treatment...
  11. Whitman T, Richards A, Paddock C, Tamminga C, Sniezek P, Jiang J, et al. Rickettsia parkeri infection after tick bite, Virginia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:334-6 pubmed
    ..Rickettsia parkeri was detected and isolated from the eschar. This report represents the second documented case of R. parkeri rickettsiosis in a US serviceman in eastern Virginia...
  12. De Keuster T, Lamoureux J, Kahn A. Epidemiology of dog bites: a Belgian experience of canine behaviour and public health concerns. Vet J. 2006;172:482-7 pubmed
    ..Based on these local studies, several initiatives have been undertaken to favour both primary and secondary prevention measures. An appropriate psychological preventive intervention should be offered to all victims of dog bites...
  13. Ledger R, Orihel J, Clarke N, Murphy S, Sedlbauer M. Breed specific legislation: considerations for evaluating its effectiveness and recommandations for alternatives. Can Vet J. 2005;46:735-43 pubmed
  14. Caljon G, Van den Abbeele J, Sternberg J, Coosemans M, De Baetselier P, Magez S. Tsetse fly saliva biases the immune response to Th2 and induces anti-vector antibodies that are a useful tool for exposure assessment. Int J Parasitol. 2006;36:1025-35 pubmed
    ..We propose that anti-saliva as well as anti-Tsal1/2 antibody responses can be used in epidemiological studies as a tool to analyze human exposure to tsetse flies...
  15. Tenzin -, Dhand N, Ward M. Human rabies post exposure prophylaxis in Bhutan, 2005-2008: trends and risk factors. Vaccine. 2011;29:4094-101 pubmed publisher
    ..A thorough assessment of each individual case based on the WHO guidelines would reduce unnecessary PEP (and therefore costs) in Bhutan...
  16. Thomas N, Brook I. Animal bite-associated infections: microbiology and treatment. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2011;9:215-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we discuss the common animal bite associated infections, and provide the most up to date information regarding their management...
  17. Villalbí J, Cleries M, Bouis S, Peracho V, Duran J, Casas C. Decline in hospitalisations due to dog bite injuries in Catalonia, 1997-2008. An effect of government regulation?. Inj Prev. 2010;16:408-10 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyse population-based data on hospitalisation caused by dog bite injuries after changes in legal regulations on dog ownership, including breed-specific regulations...
  18. Schalamon J, Ainoedhofer H, Singer G, Petnehazy T, Mayr J, Kiss K, et al. Analysis of dog bites in children who are younger than 17 years. Pediatrics. 2006;117:e374-9 pubmed
    ..This study focuses on the pattern of incidence, mechanisms, and circumstances of accident and injury in a series of pediatric patients who sustained dog bites...
  19. Mahande A, Mosha F, Mahande J, Kweka E. Feeding and resting behaviour of malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis with reference to zooprophylaxis. Malar J. 2007;6:100 pubmed
    ..The feeding preference behaviour of Anopheline mosquitoes was evaluated in odour-baited entry trap (OBET)...
  20. Li R, Wright C, Winkel K, Gershwin L, Angus J. The pharmacology of Malo maxima jellyfish venom extract in isolated cardiovascular tissues: A probable cause of the Irukandji syndrome in Western Australia. Toxicol Lett. 2011;201:221-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These effects are consistent with the catecholamine excess thought to cause Irukandji syndrome, with additional actions of CGRP release...
  21. Palacio J, León Artozqui M, Pastor Villalba E, Carrera Martín F, García Belenguer S. Incidence of and risk factors for cat bites: a first step in prevention and treatment of feline aggression. J Feline Med Surg. 2007;9:188-95 pubmed
    ..The cats involved in incidents were mostly Siamese, female and owned; these cats mainly attacked their owners. Most occurrences were a defensive response by the cat...
  22. Morgan M, Palmer J. Dog bites. BMJ. 2007;334:413-7 pubmed
  23. Birsa L, Verity P, Lee R. Evaluation of the effects of various chemicals on discharge of and pain caused by jellyfish nematocysts. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2010;151:426-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus lidocaine in addition to acting as an anesthetic on skin in contact with jellyfish tentacles inhibited nematocyst discharge possibly by blocking sodium and/or calcium channels of the nematocytes...
  24. Burnett J. Treatment of Atlantic cnidarian envenomations. Toxicon. 2009;54:1201-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The instances when verapamil might be employed are very rare. The reasons for the increasing case load of these injuries are discussed and the need to discover more effective therapeutic agents is emphasized...
  25. Wilde H. Failures of post-exposure rabies prophylaxis. Vaccine. 2007;25:7605-9 pubmed
    ..True failures, where all was done according to WHO recommendations, are fortunately extremely rare. Presented are seven such deaths. Other examples of common management deviations that resulted in deaths are also shown...
  26. Taylor J. Treatment of jellyfish stings. Med J Aust. 2007;186:43 pubmed
  27. Brazuna J, Teixeira M, van Onselen V. An epidemiological description of human-hazardous incidents caused by nonhematophagous bats in Brazil, 2002-2003. Prev Vet Med. 2006;77:137-44 pubmed
    ..The results revealed the need for improving the current human rabies control program in order to reduce noncompliance rates and to decrease the occurrence of flaws in patients' records and in the provision of health care...
  28. O Neil M, Mack K, Gilchrist J. Epidemiology of non-canine bite and sting injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments, 2001-2004. Public Health Rep. 2007;122:764-75 pubmed
    ..This study was conducted to estimate the burden of non-canine-related bite and sting injuries in the U.S.; describe the affected population, injury severity, and bite or sting source; and provide considerations for prevention strategies...
  29. Rohousova I, Hostomska J, Vlková M, Kobets T, Lipoldová M, Volf P. The protective effect against Leishmania infection conferred by sand fly bites is limited to short-term exposure. Int J Parasitol. 2011;41:481-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results may explain the persistence of leishmaniasis in endemic areas and should be taken into account when designing anti-Leishmania vaccines based on sand fly saliva...
  30. MacBean C, Taylor D, Ashby K. Animal and human bite injuries in Victoria, 1998-2004. Med J Aust. 2007;186:38-40 pubmed
    ..To describe the epidemiology of mammal (human and non-human) bite injuries in Victoria...
  31. Lawson P, Malnick H, Collins M, Shah J, Chattaway M, Bendall R, et al. Description of Kingella potus sp. nov., an organism isolated from a wound caused by an animal bite. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:3526-9 pubmed
    ..Based on both phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown organism be classified as a new species, Kingella potus sp. nov...
  32. Hampson K, Dobson A, Kaare M, Dushoff J, Magoto M, Sindoya E, et al. Rabies exposures, post-exposure prophylaxis and deaths in a region of endemic canine rabies. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008;2:e339 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aim was to assess risk factors associated with exposure and to determine why human deaths from endemic canine rabies still occur...
  33. Tiong K. Irukandji syndrome, catecholamines, and mid-ventricular stress cardiomyopathy. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2009;10:334-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The author believes that this case is important because it highlights the possible association between the sudden release in catecholamines and stress cardiomyopathy...
  34. Gautret P, Lim P, Shaw M, Leder K. Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis in travellers returning from Bali, Indonesia, November 2008 to March 2010. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011;17:445-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The data demonstrate that the majority of animal-related injuries in travellers returning from Bali are associated with exposure to monkeys, and not dog bites/scratches. The clinical implications of this are discussed...
  35. Breitschwerdt E, Maggi R, Sigmon B, Nicholson W. Isolation of Bartonella quintana from a woman and a cat following putative bite transmission. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:270-2 pubmed
    ..Prospective molecular epidemiological studies are necessary to characterize the risk of human Bartonella quintana infection following cat bites...
  36. O Rourke G, Rothwell R. Capnocytophaga canimorsis a cause of septicaemia following a dog bite: a case review. Aust Crit Care. 2011;24:93-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This case also raised significant practice issues for the treating hospital...
  37. O Bell S, McQuiston J, Bell L, Ferguson S, Williams L. Human rabies exposures and postexposure prophylaxis in South Carolina, 1993-2002. Public Health Rep. 2006;121:197-202 pubmed
  38. Tang X, Luo M, Zhang S, Fooks A, Hu R, Tu C. Pivotal role of dogs in rabies transmission, China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1970-2 pubmed
    ..We review the incidence of rabies in China based on data from 1950 and 2004, obtained mainly from epidemiologic bulletins published by the Chinese Ministry of Health...
  39. Uri S, Marina G, Liubov G. Severe delayed cutaneous reaction due to Mediterranean jellyfish (Rhopilema nomadica) envenomation. Contact Dermatitis. 2005;52:282-3 pubmed
    ..We report a lady with a severe delayed reaction due to jellyfish envenomation that developed 2 days after contact with jellyfish tentacles...
  40. Cornelissen J, Hopster H. Dog bites in The Netherlands: a study of victims, injuries, circumstances and aggressors to support evaluation of breed specific legislation. Vet J. 2010;186:292-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Preventative measures must focus on a better understanding of how to handle dogs...
  41. Bingham G, Budke C, Slater M. Knowledge and perceptions of dog-associated zoonoses: Brazos County, Texas, USA. Prev Vet Med. 2010;93:211-21 pubmed publisher
    ..It is important to find a method of getting information out to the public in order to correct this deficiency...
  42. Hon K, Fu C, Chor C, Tang P, Leung T, Man C, et al. Issues associated with dog bite injuries in children and adolescents assessed at the emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007;23:445-9 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of dog bites seen at the emergency department of a university hospital. The information will be used to plan prevention and enhance management strategies...
  43. Gautret P, Schwartz E, Shaw M, Soula G, Gazin P, Delmont J, et al. Animal-associated injuries and related diseases among returned travellers: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Vaccine. 2007;25:2656-63 pubmed
    ..Increased travel to exotic destinations around the world is escalating the risk of exposure to animal-associated injuries with a risk of acquiring rabies...
  44. Hossain M, Bulbul T, Ahmed K, Ahmed Z, Salimuzzaman M, Haque M, et al. Five-year (January 2004-December 2008) surveillance on animal bite and rabies vaccine utilization in the Infectious Disease Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Vaccine. 2011;29:1036-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Only a negligible number of patients received rabies immunoglobulin (RIG). To prevent further human deaths and economic losses intra-dermal TCV regime and equine RIG should be immediately introduced in Bangladesh...
  45. Drame P, Poinsignon A, Besnard P, Le Mire J, Dos Santos M, Sow C, et al. Human antibody response to Anopheles gambiae saliva: an immuno-epidemiological biomarker to evaluate the efficacy of insecticide-treated nets in malaria vector control. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;83:115-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This study represents the first stage in the development of a new indicator to evaluate the efficacy of malaria vector-control strategies, which could apply in other arthropod vector-borne diseases...
  46. Tibballs J. Australian venomous jellyfish, envenomation syndromes, toxins and therapy. Toxicon. 2006;48:830-59 pubmed
    ..Two species of Physalia are present and although one is potentially lethal, has not caused death in Australian waters. Other significant genera of jellyfish include Tamoya, Pelagia, Cyanea, Aurelia and Chyrosaora...
  47. Jacups S. Warmer waters in the Northern Territory--herald an earlier onset to the annual Chironex fleckeri Stinger season. Ecohealth. 2010;7:14-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This short report presents data to support this hypothesis, facilitating policy makers with an environmental cue upon which changes to current stinger season can be based--prior to painful and potentially life-threatening presentations...
  48. Wake A, Stafford K, Minot E. The experience of dog bites: a survey of veterinary science and veterinary nursing students. N Z Vet J. 2006;54:141-6 pubmed
    ..To investigate the circumstances of dogs biting people in New Zealand...
  49. Taylor N, Main D, Mendl M, Edwards S. Tail-biting: a new perspective. Vet J. 2010;186:137-47 pubmed publisher
  50. Castrodale L. Hospitalizations resulting from dog bite injuries -- Alaska, 1991-2002. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2007;66:320-7 pubmed
    ..While these data are skewed in severity, describing the epidemiology of dog bite injuries that resulted in hospitalization can suggest the overall community burden of these injuries...
  51. Blanton J, Bowden N, Eidson M, Wyatt J, Hanlon C. Rabies postexposure prophylaxis, New York, 1995-2000. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1921-7 pubmed
    ..Bats accounted for 30% of exposures, more than any other group of animals; consequently, bats have replaced raccoons as the leading rabies exposure source to humans in this area...
  52. Ichhpujani R, Chhabra M, Mittal V, Bhattacharya D, Singh J, Lal S. Knowledge, attitude and practices about animal bites and rabies in general community--a multi-centric study. J Commun Dis. 2006;38:355-61 pubmed
    ..KAP study suggests that there is need to create awareness amongst the masses regarding epidemiology of the disease and merits of prompt and appropriate post exposure treatment through enhanced IEC activities...
  53. Philipsen T, Molderez C, Gys T. Cat and dog bites. What to do? Guidelines for the treatment of cat and dog bites in humans. Acta Chir Belg. 2006;106:692-5 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study is to define the complications resulting from cat and dog bites that lead to hospital admission. This analysis led to updated guidelines for the treatment of dog and cat bites in humans...