Summary: The use of light to convert ADP to ATP without the concomitant reduction of dioxygen to water as occurs during OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION in MITOCHONDRIA.

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  1. Takahashi S, Yamasaki H. Reversible inhibition of photophosphorylation in chloroplasts by nitric oxide. FEBS Lett. 2002;512:145-8 pubmed
    ..Here we demonstrate that NO is capable of regulating the activity of photophosphorylation in chloroplasts...
  2. Allen J. Cyclic, pseudocyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation: new links in the chain. Trends Plant Sci. 2003;8:15-9 pubmed
    ..Recent results from structural biology and genomics suggest that the answer is 'All of them'. The interplay between the pathways might explain the flexibility of photosynthesis in meeting different metabolic demands for ATP. ..
  3. Veiga T, Silva S, Francisco A, Filho E, Vieira P, Fernandes J, et al. Inhibition of photophosphorylation and electron transport chain in thylakoids by lasiodiplodin, a natural product from Botryosphaeria rhodina. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:4217-21 pubmed
    ..Electron transport chain inhibition by 1 was corroborated by fluorescence induction kinetics studies. ..
  4. Rovers W, Giersch C. Photosynthetic oscillations and the interdependence of photophosphorylation and electron transport as studied by a mathematical model. Biosystems. 1995;35:63-73 pubmed
    ..of 3-phosphoglycerate to triosephosphate in the Clavin cycle is limited by ATP, not by NADPH, and (ii) photophosphorylation is affected by the availability of both ADP and NADP, while electron transport is limited by NADP only...
  5. Pinet E, Cavelier F, Verducci J, Girault G, Dubart L, Haraux F, et al. Synthesis, structure, and properties of MeSer1-tentoxin, a new cyclic tetrapeptide which interacts specifically with chloroplast F1 H(+)-ATPase differentiation of inhibitory and stimulating effects. Biochemistry. 1996;35:12804-11 pubmed
    ..These results show that it is possible, using tentoxin analogues, to separate inhibitory and activating effects on the chloroplast ATPase, despite the limited chemical difference between the two toxins. ..
  6. Daiker V, Hader D, Richter P, Lebert M. The involvement of a protein kinase in phototaxis and gravitaxis of Euglena gracilis. Planta. 2011;233:1055-62 pubmed publisher
    ..It is assumed that cAMP directly activates this protein kinase A which may in turn phosphorylate a protein involved in the flagellar beating mechanism. ..
  7. Morales Flores F, Aguilar M, King Diaz B, de Santiago Gómez J, Lotina Hennsen B. Natural diterpenes from Croton ciliatoglanduliferus as photosystem II and photosystem I inhibitors in spinach chloroplasts. Photosynth Res. 2007;91:71-80 pubmed
    ..They inhibited photophosphorylation, electron transport (basal, phosphorylating and uncoupled) and the partial reactions of both photosystems ..
  8. van der Weij De Wit C, Doust A, van Stokkum I, Dekker J, Wilk K, Curmi P, et al. Phycocyanin sensitizes both photosystem I and photosystem II in cryptophyte Chroomonas CCMP270 cells. Biophys J. 2008;94:2423-33 pubmed
  9. Bakels R, Van Wielink J, Krab K, van Walraven H. The effect of sulfite on the ATP hydrolysis and synthesis activities in chloroplasts and cyanobacterial membrane vesicles can be explained by competition with phosphate. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1996;332:170-4 pubmed
    ..Sulfite inhibits phenazine methosulfate-mediated cyclic photophosphorylation both in thiol-modulated chloroplasts and in cyanobacterial membranes with HSO3- (bisulfite) as the active ..

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  1. Tiefert M, Shavit N. Evaluation by steady-state enzyme kinetics of the role of tightly bound nucleotides during photophosphorylation. J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1983;15:257-76 pubmed
    ..We developed steady-state rate equations for both these models for photophosphorylation and tested them with experiments where two alternative substrates, ADP and GDP, were phosphorylated ..
  2. Miles C. Manganese stimulation of oxygen consumption in chloroplasts with dibromothymoquinone. FEBS Lett. 1976;61:251-4 pubmed
  3. van Gorkom H, Pulles M, Wessels J. Light-induced changes of absorbance and electron spin resonance in small photosystem II particles. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1975;408:331-9 pubmed
    ..In addition an ESR signal with 15 to 20 gauss linewidth and a slower dark decay was observed, which may have been caused by a secondary donor. ..
  4. Arnon D, Chain R. Regulation of ferredoxin-catalyzed photosynthetic phosphorylations. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1975;72:4961-5 pubmed
    ..that are likely to prevail in chloroplasts in vivo, the optimal concentration of ferredoxin for cyclic photophosphorylation was found to be equal to that required for NADP reduction and about one-tenth of that needed for cyclic ..
  5. Liang C, Zhang G, Zhou Q. Effect of cerium on photosynthetic pigments and photochemical reaction activity in soybean seedling under ultraviolet-B radiation stress. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011;142:796-806 pubmed publisher
    ..UV-B radiation caused the decrease in chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate, Hill reaction activity, photophosphorylation rate and Mg(2+)-ATPase activity...
  6. Hong F, Zhou J, Liu C, Yang F, Wu C, Zheng L, et al. Effect of nano-TiO2 on photochemical reaction of chloroplasts of spinach. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2005;105:269-79 pubmed
    ..the reduction rate of FeCy, and the rate of evolution oxygen of chloroplasts was accelerated and noncyclic photophosphorylation (nc-PSP) activity of chloroplasts was higher than cyclic photophosphorylation (c-PSP) activity, the ..
  7. Dong H, Ni Z, Wei J. Substitutions of the conserved Gly47 affect the CF1 inhibitor and proton gate functions of the chloroplast ATP synthase epsilon subunit. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2005;37:453-62 pubmed
  8. Jia H, Liggins J, Chow W. Acclimation of leaves to low light produces large grana: the origin of the predominant attractive force at work. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2012;367:3494-502 pubmed publisher
    ..In the light, which drives the chloroplast far away from equilibrium, granal stacking accelerates non-cyclic photophosphorylation, possibly enhancing the rate at which entropy is produced.
  9. Ren L, Zhang D, Jiang X, Gai Y, Wang W, Reed B, et al. Peroxidation due to cryoprotectant treatment is a vital factor for cell survival in Arabidopsis cryopreservation. Plant Sci. 2013;212:37-47 pubmed publisher
    ..A comprehensive analysis indicated that peroxidation injured membrane systems leading to photophosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation damage...
  10. Zolotareva E, Onoiko E, Sytnik S, Podorvanov V. The effect of microgravity on proton permeability of thylakoid membranes and contribution of II and I photosystems in photosynthetic electron transport in pea chloroplasts. J Gravit Physiol. 1999;6:P147-8 pubmed
  11. Longworth J, Noirel J, Pandhal J, Wright P, Vaidyanathan S. HILIC- and SCX-based quantitative proteomics of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii during nitrogen starvation induced lipid and carbohydrate accumulation. J Proteome Res. 2012;11:5959-71 pubmed publisher
  12. Gutiérrez Lugo M, Lotina Hennsen B, Farres A, Sanchez S, Mata R. Phytotoxic and photosynthetic activities of maduramicin and maduramicin methyl ester. Z Naturforsch C. 1999;54:325-32 pubmed
    The polyether antibiotic maduramicin and its methyl ester derivative inhibited photophosphorylation and proton uptake in isolated spinach chloroplasts...
  13. Liang C, Huang X, Zhou Q. Effect of cerium on photosynthetic characteristics of soybean seedling exposed to supplementary ultraviolet-B radiation. J Environ Sci (China). 2006;18:1147-51 pubmed
    ..the photosynthesis of plants by increasing Hill reaction activity, accelerating electron transport and photophosphorylation, and enhancing carboxylation efficiency...
  14. Brakemann T, Schlörmann W, Marquardt J, Nolte M, Rhiel E. Association of fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c-binding polypeptides with photosystems and phosphorylation in the centric diatom Cyclotella cryptica. Protist. 2006;157:463-75 pubmed
    ..In vivo experiments using antibodies against phosphothreonine residues and in vitro studies using [gamma-32P]ATP showed that fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c binding-proteins of 22 kDa became phosphorylated. ..
  15. Engelbrecht S, Althoff G, Junge W. Reconstitution of photophosphorylation in EDTA-treated thylakoids by added chloroplast coupling factor 1 (ATPase) and chloroplast coupling factor 1 lacking the delta subunit. Structural or functional?. Eur J Biochem. 1990;189:193-7 pubmed
    ..CF1 lacking the delta subunit to block proton leakage and thereby to reconstitute structurally some photophosphorylation activity of the remaining CF0CF1 molecules and (b) their ability to form functional enzymes (functional ..
  16. Lemaire C, Wollman F. The chloroplast ATP synthase in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. II. Biochemical studies on its biogenesis using mutants defective in photophosphorylation. J Biol Chem. 1989;264:10235-42 pubmed
    ..alpha, beta, epsilon, I, III, and IV) in several mutants of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii defective in photophosphorylation. These data gave some insight on the putative genetic lesion in each mutant and allowed some ..
  17. Schwerdtfeger C, Linden H. Localization and light-dependent phosphorylation of white collar 1 and 2, the two central components of blue light signaling in Neurospora crassa. Eur J Biochem. 2000;267:414-22 pubmed
    ..The analysis of the light-dependent phosphorylation of WC1 and WC2 in wc-2 and wc-1 mutants revealed an epistatic relationship for WC1 and WC2 with WC2 acting downstream of WC1 in the signal transduction pathway of blue light. ..
  18. Zhou J, Boyer P. MgADP and free Pi as the substrates and the Mg2+ requirement for photophosphorylation. Biochemistry. 1992;31:3166-71 pubmed
    ..definitive information about whether ADP or Pi or their complexes with Mg2+ serve as substrates for photophosphorylation and whether free Mg2+ or ADP is required. Results presented show MgADP, MgGDP, or MgUDP are substrates...
  19. Qu C, Gong X, Liu C, Hong M, Wang L, Hong F. Effects of manganese deficiency and added cerium on photochemical efficiency of maize chloroplasts. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012;146:94-100 pubmed publisher
    ..The electron flow between the two photosystems, activities of Mg(2+)-ATPase and Ca(2+)-ATPase, and rate of photophosphorylation on the thylakoid membrane of maize chloroplasts were reduced significantly by exposure to manganese ..
  20. Liu B, Nie X, Liu W, Snoeijs P, Guan C, Tsui M. Toxic effects of erythromycin, ciprofloxacin and sulfamethoxazole on photosynthetic apparatus in Selenastrum capricornutum. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2011;74:1027-35 pubmed publisher
    ..significantly inhibit the physiological progress including primary photochemistry, electron transport, photophosphorylation and carbon assimilation. Erythromycin could induce acute toxic effects at the concentration of 0...
  21. Engelbrecht S, Deckers Hebestreit G, Altendorf K, Junge W. Cross-reconstitution of the F0F1-ATP synthases of chloroplasts and Escherichia coli with special emphasis on subunit delta. Eur J Biochem. 1989;181:485-91 pubmed
    ..or reconstitution was measured in thylakoids via the rate of phenazinemethosulfate-mediated cyclic photophosphorylation and in E. coli everted vesicles via the degree of 9-amino-6-chloro-2-methoxyacridine fluorescence quenching...
  22. Baltscheffsky M, Nyren P, Strid A, Pramanik A. Some characteristics of cyclic photophosphorylation in maize bundle sheath chloroplasts. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1988;151:878-82 pubmed
    PMS-dependent photophosphorylation in bundle sheath chloroplasts isolated from Zea mays was monitored by using a continuous method...
  23. Strotmann H, Thelen R, Muller W, Baum W. A delta pH clamp method for analysis of steady-state kinetics of photophosphorylation. Eur J Biochem. 1990;193:879-86 pubmed
    An instrumental device is described which allows steady-state kinetic measurements of photophosphorylation at a desired proton gradient which can be maintained throughout the course of the experiment ('delta pH clamp')...
  24. Kreslavski V, Tatarinzev N, Shabnova N, Semenova G, Kosobryukhov A. Characterization of the nature of photosynthetic recovery of wheat seedlings from short-term dark heat exposures and analysis of the mode of acclimation to different light intensities. J Plant Physiol. 2008;165:1592-600 pubmed publisher
    ..ratios F(v)/F(m) were evaluated in intact primary leaves and the rates of cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation were measured in the isolated thylakoids...
  25. Hay J, Schwender J. Metabolic network reconstruction and flux variability analysis of storage synthesis in developing oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) embryos. Plant J. 2011;67:526-41 pubmed publisher
    ..This predictive modeling framework allows analysis and quantitative exploration of storage metabolism of a developing B. napus oilseed. ..
  26. Ly T, Julian R. Ultraviolet photodissociation: developments towards applications for mass-spectrometry-based proteomics. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2009;48:7130-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Novel techniques made possible by this technology are poised to make substantial contributions to the field of proteomics. ..
  27. Rodriguez E, Azevedo R, Remedios C, Almeida T, Fernandes P, Santos C. Exposure to Cr(VI) induces organ dependent MSI in two loci related with photophosphorylation and with glutamine metabolism. J Plant Physiol. 2013;170:534-8 pubmed publisher
    ..dose and organ dependent (roots are more sensitive); (b) two Cr-sensitive loci are related with thylakoid photophosphorylation and with glutamine synthetase, respectively; (c) despite MSI is induced by Cr(VI), it only occurs in plants ..
  28. Nyren P, Strid A. The effect of equisetin on energy-linked reactions in Rhodospirillum rubrum chromatophores. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1989;268:659-66 pubmed
    Light-induced proton uptake, light-induced carotenoid absorbance shift, photophosphorylation, and hydrolysis of Mg-ATP, Ca-ATP, and PPi in Rhodospirillum rubrum chromatophores are shown to be inhibited by the antibiotic equisetin...
  29. Bradeen D, Winget G. Site-specific inhibition of photophosphorylation in isolated spinach chloroplasts by HgCL2. II. Evidence for three sites of energy conservation associated with non-cyclic electron transport. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1974;333:331-42 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, these sites are in parallel with each other, in series with the site closely associated with Photosystem II and are shared between non-cyclic and cyclic electron transport. ..
  30. Fleischmann M, Ravanel S, Delosme R, Olive J, Zito F, Wollman F, et al. Isolation and characterization of photoautotrophic mutants of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii deficient in state transition. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:30987-94 pubmed
    ..Mutant stt3-4b is partially deficient in state transition but is still able to phosphorylate LHCII. Potential factors affected in these mutant strains and the function of state transition in C. reinhardtii are discussed. ..
  31. Hu C, Chen W, Frasch W. Metal ligation by Walker homology B aspartate betaD262 at site 3 of the latent but not activated form of the chloroplast F(1)-ATPase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:30481-6 pubmed
    ..Photoautotrophic growth and photophosphorylation rates were 3-14% of wild type as were ATPase activities of purified chloroplast F(1) indicating that ..
  32. Zolotareva E, Gasparyan M, Yaguzhinsky L. Transfer of tightly-bound tritium from the chloroplast membranes to CF1 is activated by the photophosphorylation process. FEBS Lett. 1990;272:184-6 pubmed
    ..Such effect was observed only if photophosphorylation substrates (ADP and phosphate or arsenate) were added to the medium during illumination...
  33. Xiao W, Chao L, Chunxiang Q, Hao H, Xiaoqing L, Liang C, et al. Effects of lead on activities of photochemical reaction and key enzymes of carbon assimilation in spinach chloroplast. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2008;126:269-79 pubmed publisher
    ..that Pb2+ treatment could significantly inhibit the Hill reaction activity of spinach chloroplast and photophosphorylation, and it had a more conspicuous effect on cyclic photophosphorylation than non-cyclic photophosphorylation...
  34. Feng X, Jia Y, Cai P, Fei J, Li J. Coassembly of Photosystem II and ATPase as Artificial Chloroplast for Light-Driven ATP Synthesis. ACS Nano. 2016;10:556-61 pubmed publisher
    ..In nature, photophosphorylation occurring in chloroplasts is an ideal prototype of ATP production...
  35. Huang H, Liu X, Qu C, Liu C, Chen L, Hong F. Influences of calcium deficiency and cerium on the conversion efficiency of light energy of spinach. Biometals. 2008;21:553-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The results illuminated that the Hill reaction activity, electron flow both photosystems and photophosphorylation rate of spinach chloroplasts reduced significantly under Ca(2+)-deficient condition, and activities of Mg(2+..
  36. Pan R, Sauna Z, Dilley R, Sitaramam V. Influence of osmolality of the medium on photosynthetic electron transport, proton fluxes and photophosphorylation in isolated thylakoids. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 1995;32:1-10 pubmed
    ..The ATPase activity, the nature of coupling and the rate constant of proton efflux were not influenced by osmotic pressure, while the rate constant and the extent of proton influx were inhibited by osmotic pressure. ..
  37. Liu X, Ma W, Shen Y. [State transition of the photosynthetic apparatus in plant]. Zhi Wu Sheng Li Yu Fen Zi Sheng Wu Xue Xue Bao. 2006;32:127-32 pubmed
    ..The preliminary results got in the studies of green algae reveal that state transition can also balance the ATP supply and demand. ..
  38. Richter M, Daufenbach J, Drebing S, Vucetic V, Nguyen D. Light-induced proton slip and proton leak at the thylakoid membrane. J Plant Physiol. 2004;161:1325-37 pubmed
    ..Measurements of the ratio ATP/2e indicated that only the uncoupling related to less efficient proton pumping led to a decrease in the ATP yield. ..
  39. Champine J, Uffen R. Membrane topography of anaerobic carbon monoxide oxidation in Rhodocyclus gelatinosus. J Bacteriol. 1987;169:4784-9 pubmed
    ..With CO as the sole energy-yielding substrate, cells grew with a low growth yield coefficient of 3.7 g (dry weight) of cells per mg of CO oxidized. ..
  40. Senior A, Nadanaciva S, Weber J. The molecular mechanism of ATP synthesis by F1F0-ATP synthase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002;1553:188-211 pubmed
    ATP synthesis by oxidative phosphorylation and photophosphorylation, catalyzed by F1F0-ATP synthase, is the fundamental means of cell energy production. Earlier mutagenesis studies had gone some way to describing the mechanism...
  41. Farquhar G. Models relating subcellular effects of temperature to whole plant responses. Symp Soc Exp Biol. 1988;42:395-409 pubmed
    ..RubP regeneration capacity has been modelled in terms of photosynthetic electron transport and photophosphorylation capacity and the rate of supply of inorganic phosphate...
  42. Carmeli C, Lifshitz Y, Friedberg I. Spheroplast-derived membrane vesicles from Rhodobacter capsulatus cells catalyzing nucleotide transport. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1991;288:516-24 pubmed
    ..This activity was indirectly monitored by measurement of photophosphorylation or hydrolysis of externally added diphospho- and triphosphonucleosides...
  43. Sersen F, Král ová K. Mechanism of inhibitory action of the local anaesthetic trimecaine on the growth of algae (Chlorella vulgaris). Gen Physiol Biophys. 1994;13:329-35 pubmed
  44. Schole J, Schole C. "Radical theory" of oxidative phosphorylation and photophosphorylation. J Theor Biol. 1994;169:197-207 pubmed
    ..theories--"Chemical Coupling", "Chemiosmosis", and "Cooperativity", including the "Collision Hypothesis"--into the "Radical Theory of Oxidative Phosphorylation and Photophosphorylation".
  45. Onoiko E, Podorvanov V, Zolotareva E. Adenilate pool and thylakoid ATP-synthase content in pea leaves under clinorotation. J Gravit Physiol. 2001;8:P41-2 pubmed
    ..The energy stored in the process of photophosphorylation in the form of ATP is used then to support respiration, transpiration, organic compound synthesis, growth ..
  46. Rachmilevitch S, Cousins A, Bloom A. Nitrate assimilation in plant shoots depends on photorespiration. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:11506-10 pubmed
  47. Moumouh A, Barentin L, Tranquart F, Serrierre S, Bonnaud I, Tasu J. Fibrinolytic effects of transparietal ultrasound associated with intravenous infusion of an ultrasound contrast agent: study of a rat model of acute cerebral stroke. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010;36:51-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To conclude, treatment with intravenous fibrinolytic infusion and treatment with focused ultrasound in combination with UCA seems to be equally effective in treating acute cerebral ischemia in rats. (E-mail: ..
  48. Engelbrecht S, Schurmann K, Junge W. Chloroplast ATP synthase contains one single copy of subunit delta that is indispensable for photophosphorylation. Eur J Biochem. 1989;179:117-22 pubmed
    ..chloroplast delta, when added to thylakoids partially depleted of the coupling factor CF1, can reconstitute photophosphorylation by inhibiting proton leakage through exposed coupling factor CF0...
  49. Lei Z, Mingyu S, Chao L, Liang C, Hao H, Xiao W, et al. Effects of Nanoanatase TiO2 on photosynthesis of spinach chloroplasts under different light illumination. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2007;119:68-76 pubmed
    ..In this study, we report that the electron transfer, oxygen evolution, and photophosphorylation of chloroplast (Chl) from nanoanatase-TiO2-treated spinach were greatly increased under visible light and ..
  50. Pick U, Weiss M, Rottenberg H. Anomalous uncoupling of photophosphorylation by palmitic acid and by gramicidin D. Biochemistry. 1987;26:8295-302 pubmed
    Palmitic acid and gramicidin D at low concentrations uncouple photophosphorylation in a mechanism that is inconsistent with classical uncoupling in the following properties: (1) delta pH, H+ uptake, or the transmembrane electric potential ..
  51. Koblizek M, Mlcousková J, Kolber Z, Kopecky J. On the photosynthetic properties of marine bacterium COL2P belonging to Roseobacter clade. Arch Microbiol. 2010;192:41-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The contribution of oxidative phosphorylation and photophosphorylation was analysed by respiration and fluorometric measurements...
  52. Cespedes C, Calderón J, Salazar J, Lotina Hennsen B, Segura R. Plant-growth inhibitory activity of cedrelanolide from Cedrela salvadorensis. J Chem Ecol. 2001;27:137-49 pubmed
    ..In addition, the compound inhibits photophosphorylation, H+ uptake, and noncyclic electron flow...
  53. Lancaster C, Michel H. Refined crystal structures of reaction centres from Rhodopseudomonas viridis in complexes with the herbicide atrazine and two chiral atrazine derivatives also lead to a new model of the bound carotenoid. J Mol Biol. 1999;286:883-98 pubmed
    ..A carotenoid model with a cis double bond at the 15,15' position fits the electron density better than the original model with a 13,14-cis double bond. ..