salinity

Summary

Summary: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.

Top Publications

  1. Shabala S. Salinity and programmed cell death: unravelling mechanisms for ion specific signalling. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:709-12 pubmed publisher
  2. Lind U, Järvå M, Alm Rosenblad M, Pingitore P, Karlsson E, Wrange A, et al. Analysis of aquaporins from the euryhaline barnacle Balanus improvisus reveals differential expression in response to changes in salinity. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181192 pubmed publisher
    ..expression difference was seen for AQP1 with a substantial (>100-fold) decrease in the mantle tissue in low salinity (3 PSU) compared to high salinity (33 PSU)...
  3. Oliver J. The Biology of Vibrio vulnificus. Microbiol Spectr. 2015;3: pubmed publisher
    ..requirements and the role of iron in disease, association with oysters, geographic distribution, importance of salinity and water temperature, increasing incidence associated with global warming...
  4. Puram V, Ontoy J, Linscombe S, Subudhi P. Genetic Dissection of Seedling Stage Salinity Tolerance in Rice Using Introgression Lines of a Salt Tolerant Landrace Nona Bokra. J Hered. 2017;108:658-670 pubmed publisher
    b>Salinity is an important abiotic stress affecting rice production worldwide. Development of salt tolerant varieties is the most feasible approach for improving rice productivity in salt affected soils...
  5. Pradhan S, Kant C, Verma S, Bhatia S. Genome-wide analysis of the CCCH zinc finger family identifies tissue specific and stress responsive candidates in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180469 pubmed publisher
    ..that expressed preferentially in specific chickpea tissues as well as during abiotic stresses (desiccation, cold, salinity). Moreover, molecular characterization of an important member CarC3H45 was carried out...
  6. De Leon T, Linscombe S, Subudhi P. Identification and validation of QTLs for seedling salinity tolerance in introgression lines of a salt tolerant rice landrace 'Pokkali'. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175361 pubmed publisher
    b>Salinity is a major threat to rice production worldwide. Several studies have been conducted to elucidate the molecular basis of salinity tolerance in rice...
  7. Sorokin D, Khijniak T, Galinski E, Kublanov I. Natronotalea proteinilytica gen. nov., sp. nov. and Longimonas haloalkaliphila sp. nov., extremely haloalkaliphilic members of the phylum Rhodothermaeota from hypersaline alkaline lakes. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:4161-4167 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., sp. nov., and strain BSker3T (=JCM 31343T=UNIQEM U1010T) as a representative of a novel species, Longimonas haloalkaliphila sp. nov. ..
  8. Robertson L, Galbraith H, Iwanowicz D, Blakeslee C, Cornman R. RNA sequencing analysis of transcriptional change in the freshwater mussel Elliptio complanata after environmentally relevant sodium chloride exposure. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017;36:2352-2366 pubmed publisher
    ..Environ Toxicol Chem 2017;36:2352-2366. © Published 2017 Wiley Periodicals Inc. on behalf of SETAC. This article is a US government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America...
  9. Gibbons T, Metzger D, Healy T, Schulte P. Gene expression plasticity in response to salinity acclimation in threespine stickleback ecotypes from different salinity habitats. Mol Ecol. 2017;26:2711-2725 pubmed publisher
    ..The response of the gill transcriptome to environmental salinity had a large shared component common to both ecotypes (2159 genes) with significant enrichment of genes involved ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Capparelli M, McNamara J, Grosell M. Effects of waterborne copper delivered under two different exposure and salinity regimes on osmotic and ionic regulation in the mudflat fiddler crab, Minuca rapax (Ocypodidae, Brachyura). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;143:201-209 pubmed publisher
    ..Waterborne copper was delivered to the crabs at one of three salinities (seawater at 25‰ salinity [S] = isosmotic control; distilled water [<0...
  2. Heard G, Scroggie M, Clemann N, Ramsey D. Wetland characteristics influence disease risk for a threatened amphibian. Ecol Appl. 2014;24:650-62 pubmed
    ..Water temperature and salinity had negative effects on both the probability and intensity of chytrid infections...
  3. Xu L, Sun J, Wang L, Gao Z, Sun L, Wu X. Sphingobacterium alkalisoli sp. nov., isolated from a saline-alkaline soil. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:1943-1948 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed; the type strain is Y3L14T (=CGMCC 1.15782T=KCTC 52379T)...
  4. Wendelberger K, Richards J. Halophytes can salinize soil when competing with glycophytes, intensifying effects of sea level rise in coastal communities. Oecologia. 2017;184:729-737 pubmed publisher
    ..Along Florida's coast, SLR and large-scale drying are increasing groundwater salinity, resulting in halophytic (salt-tolerant) species colonizing glycophytic (salt-intolerant) communities...
  5. Wang X, Yang T, Lin B, Tang Y. Effects of salinity on the performance, microbial community, and functional proteins in an aerobic granular sludge system. Chemosphere. 2017;184:1241-1249 pubmed publisher
    The response mechanism of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) systems to salt stress in high-salinity wastewater treatment processes has not been fully elucidated in current studies...
  6. Zhou J, Cui L, Pan X, Li W, Zhang M, Kang X. Does salt stress affect the interspecific interaction between regionally dominant Suaeda salsa and Scirpus planiculumis?. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177497 pubmed publisher
    ..planiculumis in saline-alkali estuary soil. Whether the interactions between these two species along salinity gradients are affected by the level of salt stress and mixed planting density ratio remains unclear...
  7. Vidal T, Calado A, Moita M, Cunha M. Phytoplankton dynamics in relation to seasonal variability and upwelling and relaxation patterns at the mouth of Ria de Aveiro (West Iberian Margin) over a four-year period. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177237 pubmed publisher
    ..Sea-surface temperature, salinity and maximum upwelling index were retrieved as the main driver of seasonal change...
  8. Canfora L, Salvati L, Benedetti A, Francaviglia R. Is soil microbial diversity affected by soil and groundwater salinity? Evidences from a coastal system in central Italy. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:319 pubmed publisher
    ..The main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of lagoon salinity, soil type, and land-use on inland soil and groundwater quality, and soil microbial community structure, ..
  9. Conley D, Paerl H, Howarth R, Boesch D, Seitzinger S, Havens K, et al. Ecology. Controlling eutrophication: nitrogen and phosphorus. Science. 2009;323:1014-5 pubmed publisher
  10. Gajbhiye D, Khandeparker L. Immune response of the short neck clam Paphia malabarica to salinity stress using flow cytometry. Mar Environ Res. 2017;129:14-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Paphia malabarica is a predominant and commercially important bivalve in India, persistently challenged by wavering salinity in a monsoon-influenced estuary...
  11. Lu D, Xia J, Dunlap C, Rooney A, Du Z. Gracilimonas halophila sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:3251-3255 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is WDS2C40T (=KCTC 52042T=MCCC 1H00135T). ..
  12. Chen Y, Zhou J, Cheng L, Zheng Y, Xu J. Sediment and salinity effects on the bioaccumulation of sulfamethoxazole in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Chemosphere. 2017;180:467-475 pubmed publisher
    ..The effect became more severe with increasing salinity in water due to the salting out of sulfamethoxazole, resulting in 24-33% reduction in bioaccumulation...
  13. Beier E, Bernal G, Ruiz Ochoa M, Barton E. Freshwater exchanges and surface salinity in the Colombian basin, Caribbean Sea. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182116 pubmed publisher
    ..Basin, there have been few detailed studies about the dilution of Caribbean Surface Water and the variability of salinity in the southwestern Caribbean...
  14. Noto A, Shurin J. Population variation affects interactions between two California salt marsh plant species more than precipitation. Oecologia. 2016;180:499-506 pubmed
    ..Geographic intraspecific variation may therefore play an important role in determining the strength of interactions in communities...
  15. Guo R, Shi L, Yan C, Zhong X, Gu F, Liu Q, et al. Ionomic and metabolic responses to neutral salt or alkaline salt stresses in maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. BMC Plant Biol. 2017;17:41 pubmed publisher
    Soil salinity and alkalinity present a serious threat to global agriculture. However, most of the studies have focused on neutral salt stress, and the information on the metabolic responses of plants to alkaline salt stress is limited...
  16. Singh D, Singh C, Kumari S, Singh Tomar R, Karwa S, Singh R, et al. Discerning morpho-anatomical, physiological and molecular multiformity in cultivated and wild genotypes of lentil with reconciliation to salinity stress. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177465 pubmed publisher
    One hundred and sixty two genotypes of different Lens species were screened for salinity tolerance in hydroponics at 40, 80 and 120 mM sodium chloride (NaCl) for 30 d...
  17. Canepa A, Fuentes V, Bosch Belmar M, Acevedo M, Toledo Guedes K, Ortiz A, et al. Environmental factors influencing the spatio-temporal distribution of Carybdea marsupialis (Lineo, 1978, Cubozoa) in South-Western Mediterranean coasts. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181611 pubmed publisher
    ..g. wind and current) affected mostly small and medium size classes. Sea surface temperature, salinity and proxies of primary production (chl a, phosphates, nitrates) were related to the abundances of small and large ..
  18. Saghaï A, Gutiérrez Preciado A, Deschamps P, Moreira D, Bertolino P, Ragon M, et al. Unveiling microbial interactions in stratified mat communities from a warm saline shallow pond. Environ Microbiol. 2017;19:2405-2421 pubmed publisher
    ..of archaea, bacteria and protist communities from microbial mats collected along strong physicochemical (oxygen, salinity, temperature, depth) gradients in a shallow pond at the salar de Llamara (Chile)...
  19. Dash S, Behera R, Mohapatra P, Sarangi R, Raut D, Pati A, et al. Species composition of microzooplankton Tintinnid from the coastal waters of Digha, Bay of Bengal. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:258 pubmed publisher
    ..phytoplankton concentration (total chlorophyll) and abundance, sea surface temperature (SST), pH, transparency, salinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), total phosphate, silicate and nitrate were analysed...
  20. Srivastava G, Nishchal -, Goud V. Salinity induced lipid production in microalgae and cluster analysis (ICCB 16-BR_047). Bioresour Technol. 2017;242:244-252 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the outcomes of the present study, it is hypothesized that Ca2+ plays a decisive role in the cell signaling under salt stress conditions and subsequently enhances the synthesis of lipid molecules. ..
  21. Chuah C, Tan E, Sermswan R, Ziegler A. Hydrological connectivity and Burkholderia pseudomallei prevalence in wetland environments: investigating rice-farming community's risk of exposure to melioidosis in North-East Thailand. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:287 pubmed publisher
    ..Positive samples were found in water ranging in pH from 5.9 to 8.7, salinity ranging from 0.04 to 1.58 ppt, nitrate ranging from 0 to 10.8 ppm, and iron ranging from 0.003 to 1.519 ppm...
  22. Mansour M, Ali E. Evaluation of proline functions in saline conditions. Phytochemistry. 2017;140:52-68 pubmed publisher
    More than one third of the world's irrigated lands are affected by salinity, which has great impact on plant growth and yield worldwide. Proline accumulation under salt stress has been indicated to correlate with salt tolerance...
  23. Fu J, Liu Z, Li Z, Wang Y, Yang K. Alleviation of the effects of saline-alkaline stress on maize seedlings by regulation of active oxygen metabolism by Trichoderma asperellum. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179617 pubmed publisher
    ..The application of T. asperellum overcame the inhibitory effect of saline-alkaline soil stress on the growth of maize seedlings. In the present experiment, application with 1 × 109 spores/L gave the optimal results. ..
  24. Qin Y, Tian Y, Han L, Yang X. Constitutive expression of a salinity-induced wheat WRKY transcription factor enhances salinity and ionic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013;441:476-81 pubmed
    ..The inference was that TaWRKY79 enhanced the level of tolerance to both salinity and ionic stress, while reducing the level of sensitivity to ABA...
  25. Rasooli M, Naghoni A, Amoozegar M, Mirfeizi L, Moshtaghi Nikou M, Shahzadeh Fazeli S, et al. Natrinema soli sp. nov., a novel halophilic archaeon isolated from a hypersaline wetland. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:2142-2147 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, and phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, a novel species of the family Natrialbaceae, Natrinema soli sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is 5-3T (=IBRC-M 11063T=LMG 29247T). ..
  26. Song W, You H, Li Z, Liu F, Qi P, Wang F, et al. Membrane fouling mitigation in a moving bed membrane bioreactor combined with anoxic biofilter for treatment of saline wastewater from mariculture. Bioresour Technol. 2017;243:1051-1058 pubmed publisher
    ..in a novel AF-MBMBR system (moving bed membrane bioreactor (10L) coupled with anoxic biofilter (4L)) under high salinity condition (35‰) was systematically investigated...
  27. Lee J, Srimuk P, Aristizabal K, Kim C, Choudhury S, Nah Y, et al. Pseudocapacitive Desalination of Brackish Water and Seawater with Vanadium-Pentoxide-Decorated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes. ChemSusChem. 2017;10:3611-3623 pubmed publisher
    ..7±3.3?mg?g-1 normalized to the mass of the MWCNT-hV2 O5 electrode. Additionally, we propose a normalization method for the electrode material with faradaic reactions based on sodium uptake capacities. ..
  28. Cho G, Lee J, Whang K. Aliifodinibius salicampi sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a grey saltern. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:2598-2603 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is KHM44T (=KACC 19060T=NBRC 112531T). ..
  29. Yang Z, Yan A, Lu R, Dai Z, Tang Q, Cheng C, et al. De novo transcriptome sequencing of two cultivated jute species under salinity stress. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185863 pubmed publisher
    Soil salinity, a major environmental stress, reduces agricultural productivity by restricting plant development and growth. Jute (Corchorus spp...
  30. Boestfleisch C, Papenbrock J. Changes in secondary metabolites in the halophytic putative crop species Crithmum maritimum L., Triglochin maritima L. and Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen as reaction to mild salinity. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176303 pubmed publisher
    It is assumed that salinity enhances the concentration of valuable metabolites in halophytes. The objective was to find a salt concentration and a point in time at which the yield for the valuable metabolites was maximal...
  31. Haferburg G, Gröning J, Schmidt N, Kummer N, Erquicia J, Schlömann M. Microbial diversity of the hypersaline and lithium-rich Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia. Microbiol Res. 2017;199:19-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The brine is characterized by salinity values between 132 and 177 PSU, slightly acidic to near-neutral pH and lithium and boron concentrations of up to ..
  32. Bosker T, Santoro G, Melvin S. Salinity and sensitivity to endocrine disrupting chemicals: A comparison of reproductive endpoints in small-bodied fish exposed under different salinities. Chemosphere. 2017;183:186-196 pubmed publisher
    The influence of salinity on toxicity outcomes has been demonstrated for various contaminants, but has received limited attention for endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs)...
  33. Williams T, Froelich B, Phippen B, Fowler P, Noble R, Oliver J. Different abundance and correlational patterns exist between total and presumed pathogenic Vibrio vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus in shellfish and waters along the North Carolina coast. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2017;93: pubmed publisher
    ..Vibrio vulnificus clinical (C-) genotypes correlated with total V. vulnificus; however, salinity, water depth and total suspended solids influenced C- and E-genotypes differently...
  34. Chui A, Ang P. High tolerance to temperature and salinity change should enable scleractinian coral Platygyra acuta from marginal environments to persist under future climate change. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179423 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the lowering of salinity could become a more common phenomenon and its impact on corals could be significant as extreme precipitation ..
  35. Leon M, Aldeguer Riquelme B, Antón J, Sánchez Porro C, Ventosa A. Spiribacter aquaticus sp. nov., a novel member of the genus Spiribacter isolated from a saltern. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:2947-2952 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. The type strain is SP30T (=CECT 9238T=LMG 30005T)...
  36. Kim Y, Hong S, Song Y, Lee H, Kim H, Ryu J, et al. Seasonal variability of estuarine dynamics due to freshwater discharge and its influence on biological productivity in Yeongsan River Estuary, Korea. Chemosphere. 2017;181:390-399 pubmed publisher
    ..During this discharge event, lower salinity and higher suspended solids, nutrients, and OM are observed in surface layer of the estuarine section...
  37. Lycett K, Pitula J. Disease ecology of Hematodinium perezi in a high salinity estuary: investigating seasonal trends in environmental detection. Dis Aquat Organ. 2017;124:169-179 pubmed publisher
    ..and the sand shrimp Crangon septemspinosa, as well as the mud crab Dyspanopeus sayi. Improved knowledge of this disease system will allow for better management of this important fishery. ..
  38. Gagliano M, Ismail S, Stams A, Plugge C, Temmink H, van Lier J. Biofilm formation and granule properties in anaerobic digestion at high salinity. Water Res. 2017;121:61-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Anaerobic consortia and especially methanogenic archaea are very sensitive to fluctuations in salinity. When working with Upflow Sludge Blanket Reactor (UASB) technology, in which the microorganisms are aggregated ..
  39. Kelleway J, Cavanaugh K, Rogers K, Feller I, Ens E, Doughty C, et al. Review of the ecosystem service implications of mangrove encroachment into salt marshes. Glob Chang Biol. 2017;23:3967-3983 pubmed publisher
  40. Zhang Z, Guo L, Li Q, Zhao Y, Gao M, She Z. Study on substrate metabolism process of saline waste sludge and its biological hydrogen production potential. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:16383-16395 pubmed publisher
    ..The substrate metabolism process at different salinity condition was analyzed by the changes of soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), carbohydrate and protein in ..
  41. Chini A, Ben Romdhane W, Hassairi A, Aboul Soud M. Identification of TIFY/JAZ family genes in Solanum lycopersicum and their regulation in response to abiotic stresses. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177381 pubmed publisher
    ..Most SlJAZ are JA-induced and responsive to one or more abiotic stresses, providing clues for functional analysis of JAZ genes in abiotic responses in tomato. ..
  42. Yan Z, He H, Yang C, Zeng G, Luo L, Jiao P, et al. Biodegradation of 3,5-dimethyl-2,4-dichlorophenol in saline wastewater by newly isolated Penicillium sp. yz11-22N2. J Environ Sci (China). 2017;57:211-220 pubmed publisher
    ..Under different salinity conditions, the highest growth rate and removal efficiency for DCMX were obtained at pH6.0...
  43. Scheelbeek P, Chowdhury M, Haines A, Alam D, Hoque M, Butler A, et al. Drinking Water Salinity and Raised Blood Pressure: Evidence from a Cohort Study in Coastal Bangladesh. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125:057007 pubmed publisher
    ..However, MAR did not consistently lower sodium levels. DWS is an important source of daily sodium intake in salinity-affected areas and is a risk factor for hypertension...
  44. Guan Z, Feng Y, Song A, Shi X, Mao Y, Chen S, et al. Expression profiling of Chrysanthemum crassum under salinity stress and the initiation of morphological changes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175972 pubmed publisher
    ..Chrysanthemum crassum is a decaploid species of Chrysanthemum with high stress tolerance that allows survival under salinity stress while maintaining a relatively ideal growth rate...
  45. Tian L, Liu L, Yin Y, Huang M, Chen Y, Xu X, et al. Heterogeneity in the expression and subcellular localization of POLYOL/MONOSACCHARIDE TRANSPORTER genes in Lotus japonicus. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185269 pubmed publisher
    ..Three genes (LjPLT1, 3, and 9) responded when salinity and/or osmotic stresses were applied to L. japonicus...
  46. Liang T, Wu C, Cheng W, Chen Y, Wang C, Wang I, et al. Exopolysaccharides and antimicrobial biosurfactants produced by Paenibacillus macerans TKU029. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2014;172:933-50 pubmed
    ..3 to 44.3 % hydration after being treated with TKU029 EPSs for 180 min. These results imply that EPSs and the biosurfactant from this strain have potential in cosmetics, for removal of oil contamination, and as antimicrobial agents. ..
  47. Willey J, Powell J, Avery G, Kieber R, Mead R. Use of experimentally determined Henry's Law and salting-out constants for ethanol in seawater for determination of the saturation state of ethanol in coastal waters. Chemosphere. 2017;182:426-432 pubmed publisher
  48. Lu X, Shu N, Wang J, Chen X, Wang D, Wang S, et al. Genome-wide analysis of salinity-stress induced DNA methylation alterations in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) using the Me-DIP sequencing technology. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    ..Although the reference genomes of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) have been publically available, the salinity-stress-induced DNA methylome alterations in cotton are not well understood...
  49. Blewett T, Simon R, Turko A, Wright P. Copper alters hypoxia sensitivity and the behavioural emersion response in the amphibious fish Kryptolebias marmoratus. Aquat Toxicol. 2017;189:25-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these data indicate that Cu induces hypoxia-like changes to gill morphology and increases the sensitivity of the hypoxia emersion response. ..
  50. Crüsemann M, O Neill E, Larson C, Melnik A, Floros D, da Silva R, et al. Prioritizing Natural Product Diversity in a Collection of 146 Bacterial Strains Based on Growth and Extraction Protocols. J Nat Prod. 2017;80:588-597 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach allows us to quickly identify patterns in metabolite production that can be linked to taxonomy, culture conditions, and extraction methods, as well as informing the most valuable growth and extraction conditions. ..
  51. Guo L, Wang N, Wang X, Chen G, Du Z. Lentibacillus sediminis sp. nov., isolated from a marine saltern. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:3946-3950 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is 0W14T (=KCTC 33835T=MCCC 1H00171T). ..
  52. Yaish M, Patankar H, Assaha D, Zheng Y, Al Yahyai R, Sunkar R. Genome-wide expression profiling in leaves and roots of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) exposed to salinity. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:246 pubmed publisher
    ..fruit crops in North African and West Asian countries including Oman, is facing serious growth problems due to salinity, arising from persistent use of saline water for irrigation...
  53. Chen Y, Zhou X, Chang S, Chu Z, Wang H, Han S, et al. Calcium-dependent protein kinase 21 phosphorylates 14-3-3 proteins in response to ABA signaling and salt stress in rice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017;493:1450-1456 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that OsCPK21 phosphorylates OsGF14e to facilitate the response to ABA and salt stress...