molecular weight


Summary: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.

Top Publications

  1. Blank S, Seismann H, McIntyre M, Ollert M, Wolf S, Bantleon F, et al. Vitellogenins are new high molecular weight components and allergens (Api m 12 and Ves v 6) of Apis mellifera and Vespula vulgaris venom. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62009 pubmed publisher
    ..Due to their allergenic properties the honeybee and the yellow jacket venom vitellogenin were designated as allergens Api m 12 and Ves v 6, respectively. ..
  2. Thondre P, Shafat A, Clegg M. Molecular weight of barley ?-glucan influences energy expenditure, gastric emptying and glycaemic response in human subjects. Br J Nutr. 2013;110:2173-9 pubmed publisher
    ..There were differences in total DIT between the three test meals with the HBG meal having the lowest DIT. The present study indicates that HBG has the ability to delay GE due to increased viscosity, resulting in a decreased GR and DIT. ..
  3. Li Y, Wang Q, Li X, Xiao X, Sun F, Wang C, et al. Coexpression of the high molecular weight glutenin subunit 1Ax1 and puroindoline improves dough mixing properties in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e50057 pubmed publisher
    ..One group of gluten proteins, high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS), plays an important role in dough functional properties...
  4. Cooper I, Sasson K, Teichberg V, Schnaider Beeri M, Fridkin M, Shechter Y. Peptide derived from HIV-1 TAT protein destabilizes a monolayer of endothelial cells in an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier and allows permeation of high molecular weight proteins. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:44676-83 pubmed publisher
    ..endothelial cell monolayer and introduces the ability of impermeant therapeutic agents including high molecular weight proteins to penetrate it substantially...
  5. Srivastava S, Ratha B. Unusual hepatic mitochondrial arginase in an Indian air-breathing teleost, Heteropneustes fossilis: purification and characterization. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2013;164:133-41 pubmed publisher
    ..fossilis hepatic ARG II showed cross reactivity with a 96 kDa band on native PAGE and a 48 kDa band on SDS-PAGE. The molecular, immunological and kinetic properties suggest uniqueness of the hepatic mitochondrial ARG II in H. fossilis...
  6. Achour O, Bridiau N, Godhbani A, Le Joubioux F, Bordenave Juchereau S, Sannier F, et al. Ultrasonic-assisted preparation of a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) with anticoagulant activity. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;97:684-9 pubmed publisher
    Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is currently used as an anticoagulant agent and constitutes an alternative to unfractionated heparin, which is the cause of serious adverse drug reaction such as heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)...
  7. Teo P, Yang C, Hedrick J, Engler A, Coady D, Ghaem Maghami S, et al. Hydrophobic modification of low molecular weight polyethylenimine for improved gene transfection. Biomaterials. 2013;34:7971-9 pubmed publisher
    Hydrophobic modification of low molecular weight (LMW) polyethylenimine (PEI) is known to increase gene transfection efficiency of LMW PEI...
  8. Imran ul haq M, Lai B, Chapanian R, Kizhakkedathu J. Influence of architecture of high molecular weight linear and branched polyglycerols on their biocompatibility and biodistribution. Biomaterials. 2012;33:9135-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein, we report the unusual compact nature of high molecular weight (HMW) linear polyglycerols (LPGs) (LPG - 100; M(n) - 104 kg mol(-1), M(w)/M(n) - 1...
  9. Chen J, Wang W, Zhang Q, Li F, Lei T, Luo D, et al. Low molecular weight fucoidan against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury via inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathway. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56224 pubmed publisher
    ..Our in vivo and in vitro studies show that LMWF ameliorates acute renal IRI via inhibiting MAPK signaling pathways. The data provide evidence that LMWF may serve as a potential therapeutic agent for acute renal IRI. ..

More Information


  1. Fennouri A, Daniel R, Pastoriza Gallego M, Auvray L, Pelta J, Bacri L. Kinetics of enzymatic degradation of high molecular weight polysaccharides through a nanopore: experiments and data-modeling. Anal Chem. 2013;85:8488-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We measure the corresponding kinetic constants at the single molecule level. The simulation results of the degradation process allowed one to account for the oligosaccharide size distribution detected by a nanopore. ..
  2. Ferreira P, Ruela de Sousa R, Queiroz K, Souza A, Milani R, Pilli R, et al. Knocking down low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase (LMW-PTP) reverts chemoresistance through inactivation of Src and Bcr-Abl proteins. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44312 pubmed publisher
    ..Low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase (LMW-PTP) is up-regulated in several cancers and has been associated to poor ..
  3. Souii A, M hadheb Gharbi M, Aouni M, Gharbi J. In vitro molecular characterization of RNA-proteins interactions during initiation of translation of a wild-type and a mutant Coxsackievirus B3 RNAs. Mol Biotechnol. 2013;54:515-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the reduction efficiency of the mutant RNA to bind to cellular proteins involved in the translation initiation could be the reason behind inefficient IRES function. ..
  4. Mohammed M, Seleim M, Abdalla M, Sharada H, Abdel Wahab A. Urinary high molecular weight matrix metalloproteinases as non-invasive biomarker for detection of bladder cancer. BMC Urol. 2013;13:25 pubmed publisher
    ..It is also demonstrate that the detection of these urinary HMW gelatinases could not differentiate between bilharzial and non bilharzial bladder cancer subtypes. ..
  5. Wu N, Ye X, Guo X, Liao N, Yin X, Hu Y, et al. Depolymerization of fucosylated chondroitin sulfate from sea cucumber, Pearsonothuria graeffei, via 60Co irradiation. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;93:604-14 pubmed publisher
    ..The anticoagulant activities of the low molecular weight fragments were additionally evaluated...
  6. Solorio L, Olear A, Hamilton J, Patel R, Beiswenger A, Wallace J, et al. Noninvasive characterization of the effect of varying PLGA molecular weight blends on in situ forming implant behavior using ultrasound imaging. Theranostics. 2012;2:1064-77 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the effect of varying the molar ratio of different molecular weight (Mw) poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymers within a single implant on the release of a small Mw ..
  7. Gérard A, Soler N, Segeral E, Belshan M, Emiliani S. Identification of low molecular weight nuclear complexes containing integrase during the early stages of HIV-1 infection. Retrovirology. 2013;10:13 pubmed publisher
    ..While at 2?h post-infection the majority of IN eluted within a high molecular weight complex competent for integration (IN complex I), IN was also detected in a low molecular weight complex ..
  8. van Koppen C, Verbost P, van de Lagemaat R, Karstens W, Loozen H, Van Achterberg T, et al. Signaling of an allosteric, nanomolar potent, low molecular weight agonist for the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor. Biochem Pharmacol. 2013;85:1162-70 pubmed publisher
    ..To increase patient convenience and compliance, compound homogeneity and composition, low molecular weight (LMW), orally bioavailable, FSHR agonists are now being developed to replace FSH...
  9. Pilolli R, Ditaranto N, Di Franco C, Palmisano F, Cioffi N. Thermally annealed gold nanoparticles for surface-assisted laser desorption ionisation-mass spectrometry of low molecular weight analytes. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2012;404:1703-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The AuNP films were applied to the detection of three different classes of low molecular weight (LMW) analytes, i.e...
  10. Bocanegra J, da Cruz Pradella J, da Silva L, Taciro M, Gomez J. Influence of pH on the molecular weight of poly-3-hydroxybutyric acid (P3HB) produced by recombinant Escherichia coli. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2013;170:1336-47 pubmed publisher
    The production of ultrahigh molecular weight poly-3-hydroxybutyric acid (P3HB) from carbohydrates by recombinant Escherichia coli harboring genes from Ralstonia eutropha was evaluated. In shaken-flask experiments, E...
  11. Tokarz P, Kaarniranta K, Blasiak J. Role of antioxidant enzymes and small molecular weight antioxidants in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Biogerontology. 2013;14:461-82 pubmed publisher cellular antioxidant defence, with its main components-antioxidant enzymes, DNA repair and small molecular weight antioxidants...
  12. Chen L, Song L, Li T, Zhu J, Xu J, Zheng Q, et al. A new antiproliferative and antioxidant peptide isolated from Arca subcrenata. Mar Drugs. 2013;11:1800-14 pubmed publisher
    ..The purity of H3 was over 99.3% in reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and the molecular weight was determined to be 20,491.0 Da by electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS)...
  13. Kim T, Jiang H, Lim S, Youn Y, Choi K, Lee S, et al. Site-specific PEGylated Exendin-4 modified with a high molecular weight trimeric PEG reduces steric hindrance and increases type 2 antidiabetic therapeutic effects. Bioconjug Chem. 2012;23:2214-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study show that C-terminal specific PEGylation using trimeric PEG is effective when applied to Ex4-Cys and suggest that C40-tPEG(50K)-Ex4-Cys has considerable potential as a type 2 antidiabetic agent. ..
  14. Liu C, Zhu Q, Wu W, Xu X, Wang X, Gao S, et al. Degradable copolymer based on amphiphilic N-octyl-N-quatenary chitosan and low-molecular weight polyethylenimine for gene delivery. Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:5339-50 pubmed publisher
    ..high transfection efficiency and low cytotoxicity, amphiphilic chitosan was synthesized and linked with low-molecular weight polyethylenimine (PEI)...
  15. Mudryj M, Tepper C. On the origins of the androgen receptor low molecular weight species. Horm Cancer. 2013;4:259-69 pubmed publisher
    ..This review focuses on a more recently described mechanism: the expression of low molecular weight AR species that are missing the ligand-binding domain and function independently of ligand to drive ..
  16. Lin A, Lee B, Nichols B, Quezada Calvillo R, Rose D, Naim H, et al. Starch source influences dietary glucose generation at the mucosal ?-glucosidase level. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:36917-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Strategies to control the rate of glucogenesis at the mucosal level could lead to regulation of the glycemic response and improved glucose management in the human body...
  17. Neirynck N, Eloot S, Glorieux G, Barreto D, Barreto F, Liabeuf S, et al. Estimated glomerular filtration rate is a poor predictor of the concentration of middle molecular weight uremic solutes in chronic kidney disease. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44201 pubmed publisher
    ..Since also middle molecular weight proteins have been associated with mortality and cardiovascular damage in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), we ..
  18. Alho I, Costa L, Bicho M, Coelho C. Characterization of low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase isoforms in human breast cancer epithelial cell lines. Anticancer Res. 2013;33:1983-7 pubmed
    Low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase (LMW-PTP) is a polymorphic protein with two major isoforms whose role in tumorigenesis is currently controversial...
  19. Cho Y, Allen R, Earley C. Lower molecular weight intravenous iron dextran for restless legs syndrome. Sleep Med. 2013;14:274-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Only one of these studies assessed iron therapy response to changes in brain iron status. The current study was designed to assess the effect of iron therapy on RLS symptoms and on CSF measures of brain iron status...
  20. Lagrain B, Brunnbauer M, Rombouts I, Koehler P. Identification of intact high molecular weight glutenin subunits from the wheat proteome using combined liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e58682 pubmed publisher
    The present paper describes a method for the identification of intact high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS), the quality determining proteins from the wheat storage proteome...
  21. Manning J, Perkins S, Sinclair E, Gao X, Zhang Y, Newman G, et al. Low molecular weight fibroblast growth factor-2 signals via protein kinase C and myofibrillar proteins to protect against postischemic cardiac dysfunction. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013;304:H1382-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Our laboratory has demonstrated that this is due to the activity of the low molecular weight (LMW) isoform of FGF2 and that FGF2-mediated cardioprotection relies on the activity of protein kinase C (PKC)..
  22. Pokrovsky V, Treshalina H, Lukasheva E, Sedakova L, Medentzev A, Arinbasarova A, et al. Enzymatic properties and anticancer activity of L-lysine ?-oxidase from Trichoderma cf. aureoviride Rifai BKMF-4268D. Anticancer Drugs. 2013;24:846-51 pubmed publisher
    ..0, high stability) and significant antiproliferative activity both in vitro and in vivo. The molecular weight of LO was determined to be 115-116 kDa; the active dimer consists of two identical 57-58 kDa subunits...
  23. Olsen P, Borke T, Odelius K, Albertsson A. ?-Decalactone: a thermoresilient and toughening comonomer to poly(L-lactide). Biomacromolecules. 2013;14:2883-90 pubmed publisher
    ..4.0]dec-5-ene into both an amorphous homopolymer and copolymers with high molecular weight, low dispersity, and predicted macromolecular architecture...
  24. Fuchs K, Hippe A, Schmaus A, Homey B, Sleeman J, Orian Rousseau V. Opposing effects of high- and low-molecular weight hyaluronan on CXCL12-induced CXCR4 signaling depend on CD44. Cell Death Dis. 2013;4:e819 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings provide novel insights into how microenvironmental components interact with cell surface receptors in multi-component complexes to regulate key aspects of tumor growth and progression. ..
  25. He X, Yuan Z, Wu X, Xu C, Li W. Low molecular weight hydroxyethyl chitosan-prednisolone conjugate for renal targeting therapy: synthesis, characterization and in vivo studies. Theranostics. 2012;2:1054-63 pubmed publisher
    To further evaluate the potential renal targeting profile of low molecular weight hydroxyethyl chitosan (LMWHC) we developed before, prednisolone (Pre) was conjugated with LMWHC by EDC/NHS chemistry to improve the therapeutic effect of ..
  26. Gu G, Xia H, Hu Q, Liu Z, Jiang M, Kang T, et al. PEG-co-PCL nanoparticles modified with MMP-2/9 activatable low molecular weight protamine for enhanced targeted glioblastoma therapy. Biomaterials. 2013;34:196-208 pubmed publisher
    ..of matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9 in glioblastomas and the powerful transport ability of low molecular weight protamine (LMWP), we constructed an activatable low molecular weight protamine (ALMWP) and conjugated it to ..
  27. Yang C, Cao M, Liu H, He Y, Xu J, Du Y, et al. The high and low molecular weight forms of hyaluronan have distinct effects on CD44 clustering. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:43094-107 pubmed publisher
    CD44 is a major cell surface receptor for the glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA). Native high molecular weight hyaluronan (nHA) and oligosaccharides of hyaluronan (oHA) provoke distinct biological effects upon binding to CD44...
  28. Chen Y, Pullambhatla M, Banerjee S, Byun Y, Stathis M, Rojas C, et al. Synthesis and biological evaluation of low molecular weight fluorescent imaging agents for the prostate-specific membrane antigen. Bioconjug Chem. 2012;23:2377-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 2 and 3 provide useful scaffolds for targeting of PSMA+ tissues in vivo and should be useful for preparing NIR dye conjugates designed specifically for clinical intraoperative optical imaging devices. ..
  29. Garofalo M, Ward A, Farese A, Bennett A, Taylor Howell C, Cui W, et al. A pilot study in rhesus macaques to assess the treatment efficacy of a small molecular weight catalytic metalloporphyrin antioxidant (AEOL 10150) in mitigating radiation-induced lung damage. Health Phys. 2014;106:73-83 pubmed publisher
  30. Kuriyama I, Nakajima Y, Nishida H, Konishi T, Takeuchi T, Sugawara F, et al. Inhibitory effects of low molecular weight polyphenolics from Inonotus obliquus on human DNA topoisomerase activity and cancer cell proliferation. Mol Med Rep. 2013;8:535-42 pubmed publisher
    Low molecular weight (LMW) polyphenolics containing a polyhydroxylated benzyl moiety are abundant in medicinal plants...
  31. Du L, Jung M, Damoiseaux R, Completo G, Fike F, Ku J, et al. A new series of small molecular weight compounds induce read through of all three types of nonsense mutations in the ATM gene. Mol Ther. 2013;21:1653-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In an effort to find new RTCs, we screened an additional ~36,000 small molecular weight compounds using a high-throughput screening (HTS) assay that we had previously developed and identified two ..
  32. Chen S, Chen L, Wang J, Hou J, He Q, Liu J, et al. 2,3,4,5-Tetrakis(3',4'-dihydroxylphenyl)thiophene: a new matrix for the selective analysis of low molecular weight amines and direct determination of creatinine in urine by MALDI-TOF MS. Anal Chem. 2012;84:10291-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, due to the matrix interference in the low mass region, the direct analysis of low molecular weight amines in complex surroundings with conventional organic matrixes remains a challenge...
  33. Li C, Leverence R, Trombley J, Xu S, Yang J, Tian Y, et al. High molecular weight persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) proanthocyanidin: a highly galloylated, A-linked tannin with an unusual flavonol terminal unit, myricetin. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:9033-42 pubmed publisher
    MALDI-TOF MS suggested that the high molecular weight proanthocyanidin (condensed tannin) from persimmon (Diospyros kaki L...
  34. Guo X, Wu B, Hu X, Bi Z, Wang Z, Liu D, et al. Molecular characterization of two y-type high molecular weight glutenin subunit alleles 1Ay12 and 1Ay8 from cultivated einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum ssp. monococcum). Gene. 2013;516:1-7 pubmed publisher
    Two y-type high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GSs) 1Ay12 and 1Ay8 from the two accessions PI560720 and PI345186 of cultivated einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum ssp...
  35. Ghazi K, Deng Pichon U, Warnet J, Rat P. Hyaluronan fragments improve wound healing on in vitro cutaneous model through P2X7 purinoreceptor basal activation: role of molecular weight. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e48351 pubmed publisher
    hyaluronan biopolymer is used in dermatology but the underlying mechanism and the impact of its molecular weight have not yet been investigated in skin wound healing...
  36. Milic I, Hoffmann R, Fedorova M. Simultaneous detection of low and high molecular weight carbonylated compounds derived from lipid peroxidation by electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2013;85:156-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report a novel technique to specifically derivatize both low molecular and high molecular weight carbonylated LPP with 7-(diethylamino)coumarin-3-carbohydrazide (CHH) and analyze all compounds by ..
  37. Haak C, Bhayana B, Farinelli W, Anderson R, Haedersdal M. The impact of treatment density and molecular weight for fractional laser-assisted drug delivery. J Control Release. 2012;163:335-41 pubmed publisher
    ..of this study was to investigate the impact of laser treatment density (% of skin occupied by channels) and molecular weight (MW) for fractional CO(2) laser-assisted drug delivery...
  38. Zhang X, Jin H, Zhang Y, Liu D, Li G, Xia X, et al. Composition and functional analysis of low-molecular-weight glutenin alleles with Aroona near-isogenic lines of bread wheat. BMC Plant Biol. 2012;12:243 pubmed publisher
    ..Glu-D3 alleles played minor roles in determining quality variation in bread wheat. Thus, LMW-GS alleles not only affect dough extensibility but greatly contribute to the dough resistance, glutenin macro-polymers and bread quality. ..
  39. Bernardes C, Menaldo D, Camacho E, Rosa J, Escalante T, Rucavado A, et al. Proteomic analysis of Bothrops pirajai snake venom and characterization of BpirMP, a new P-I metalloproteinase. J Proteomics. 2013;80:250-67 pubmed publisher
  40. Liu J, Wang X, Zhao Z. Effect of whey protein hydrolysates with different molecular weight on fatigue induced by swimming exercise in mice. J Sci Food Agric. 2014;94:126-30 pubmed publisher
    ..4.21.1) to produce whey protein hydrolysate (WPH). Fractions of WPH with different molecular weight (MW) were separated by ultrafiltration. Kunming mice in various treatment groups were orally administered (1...
  41. Luna Ramírez K, Quintero Hernández V, Vargas Jaimes L, Batista C, Winkel K, Possani L. Characterization of the venom from the Australian scorpion Urodacus yaschenkoi: Molecular mass analysis of components, cDNA sequences and peptides with antimicrobial activity. Toxicon. 2013;63:44-54 pubmed publisher
  42. Rudmann D, Alston J, Hanson J, Heidel S. High molecular weight polyethylene glycol cellular distribution and PEG-associated cytoplasmic vacuolation is molecular weight dependent and does not require conjugation to proteins. Toxicol Pathol. 2013;41:970-83 pubmed publisher
    Conjugation of therapeutic proteins with high molecular weight polyethylene glycols (HMW PEGs) is used to extend the half-life of biologics...
  43. Yang W, Yu X, Zhang Q, Lu Q, Wang J, Cui W, et al. Attenuation of streptozotocin-induced diabetic retinopathy with low molecular weight fucoidan via inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor. Exp Eye Res. 2013;115:96-105 pubmed publisher
    ..Low molecular weight fucoidan (LMWF), extract from brown algae, has been shown to possess multiple biological activities like anti-..
  44. Lin H, Kitova E, Klassen J. Quantifying protein-ligand interactions by direct electrospray ionization-MS analysis: evidence of nonuniform response factors induced by high molecular weight molecules and complexes. Anal Chem. 2013;85:8919-22 pubmed publisher
    The deleterious effects of high molecular weight (MW) solute (polymers and noncovalent assemblies) on protein-ligand (PL) affinity measurements carried out using the direct electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) assay are ..
  45. Amer H, Lieske J, Rule A, Kremers W, Larson T, Franco Palacios C, et al. Urine high and low molecular weight proteins one-year post-kidney transplant: relationship to histology and graft survival. Am J Transplant. 2013;13:676-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Increased urinary excretion of the low molecular weight protein RBP was a sensitive marker of allografts at risk, predicting long-term graft loss independent of ..
  46. Flores C, Moreno S, Espín G, Pena C, Galindo E. Expression of alginases and alginate polymerase genes in response to oxygen, and their relationship with the alginate molecular weight in Azotobacter vinelandii. Enzyme Microb Technol. 2013;53:85-91 pubmed publisher
    ..In cultures at low DOT (1%), in which a high molecular weight alginate (1200 kDa) was synthesized, the transcription levels of alg8 and alg44 (genes encoding alginate ..
  47. Wadhwa S, Mumper R. D-penicillamine and other low molecular weight thiols: review of anticancer effects and related mechanisms. Cancer Lett. 2013;337:8-21 pubmed publisher
    Low molecular weight thiols (LMWTs) like N-acetyl cysteine, D-penicillamine, captopril, Disulfiram and Amifostine, etc. have been used as chemo-preventive agents...
  48. Ahmed S, Sheraz M, Rehman I. Studies on tolfenamic acid-chitosan intermolecular interactions: effect of pH, polymer concentration and molecular weight. AAPS PharmSciTech. 2013;14:870-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Effect of medium pH, molecular weight of polymer and its different concentrations on these TA-CT complexes were studied in detail...
  49. Kmoníčková E, Kverka M, Tlaskalova Hogenova H, Kostecká P, Zidek Z. Stimulation of nitric oxide, cytokine and prostaglandin production by low-molecular weight fractions of probiotic Lactobacillus casei lysate. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2012;33 Suppl 3:166-72 pubmed
    ..The Lactobacillus casei probiotic strain DN-114001 contains low molecular mass (?3 kDa) molecules possessing immunostimulatory properties. Their chemical nature remains to be identified. ..
  50. Steele B, Alvarez Veronesi M, Schmidt T. Molecular weight characterization of PRG4 proteins using multi-angle laser light scattering (MALLS). Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2013;21:498-504 pubmed publisher
    ..Further study of these species will provide insight into the PRG4 molecular structure and function relationship...
  51. Kopecek J. Polymer-drug conjugates: origins, progress to date and future directions. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2013;65:49-59 pubmed publisher
    This overview focuses on bioconjugates of water-soluble polymers with low molecular weight drugs and proteins. After a short discussion of the origins of the field, the state-of-the-art is reviewed...
  52. Baar A, Pahr S, Constantin C, Scheiblhofer S, Thalhamer J, Giavi S, et al. Molecular and immunological characterization of Tri a 36, a low molecular weight glutenin, as a novel major wheat food allergen. J Immunol. 2012;189:3018-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, recombinant Tri a 36 is a major wheat food allergen that can be used for the molecular diagnosis of, and for the development of specific immunotherapy strategies against, wheat food allergy...
  53. Chang C, Hsieh M, Liao S, Chen Y, Cheng C, Huang P, et al. Hyaluronan regulates PPAR? and inflammatory responses in IL-1?-stimulated human chondrosarcoma cells, a model for osteoarthritis. Carbohydr Polym. 2012;90:1168-75 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, the cells had overall opposite responses to oligo-HA. In conclusion, HMW-HA and oligo-HA exerted differential inflammatory responses via PPAR? in IL-1?-treated chondrosarcoma cells...