superior mesenteric artery

Summary

Summary: A large vessel supplying the whole length of the small intestine except the superior part of the duodenum. It also supplies the cecum and the ascending part of the colon and about half the transverse part of the colon. It arises from the anterior surface of the aorta below the celiac artery at the level of the first lumbar vertebra.

Top Publications

  1. Sjekavica I, Barbarić Babić V, Krznaric Z, Molnar M, Cukovic Cavka S, Stern Padovan R. Assessment of Crohn's disease activity by doppler ultrasound of superior mesenteric artery and mural arteries in thickened bowel wall: cross-sectional study. Croat Med J. 2007;48:822-30 pubmed
    To define sensitive and reliable Doppler parameters for measurements in the superior mesenteric artery and mural arteries of affected bowel loops used in the assessment of Crohn disease activity.
  2. Jae H, Chung J, Kim H, So Y, Lim H, Lee W, et al. Experimental study on acute ischemic small bowel changes induced by superselective embolization of superior mesenteric artery branches with N-butyl cyanoacrylate. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2008;19:755-63 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the degree of ischemic changes of the small bowel after superselective embolization of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) branches at the vasa recta level with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in dogs.
  3. Gatt M, MacFie J, Anderson A, Howell G, Reddy B, Suppiah A, et al. Changes in superior mesenteric artery blood flow after oral, enteral, and parenteral feeding in humans. Crit Care Med. 2009;37:171-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Increases in superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow occur follow the oral ingestion of food, but the effects of enteral nutrition (EN) on ..
  4. Smith B, Hakim Zargar M, Thomson J. Low body mass index: a risk factor for superior mesenteric artery syndrome in adolescents undergoing spinal fusion for scoliosis. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2009;22:144-8 pubmed publisher
    Five cases of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome occurred at our institution over a 4-year period in adolescents undergoing spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis. All patients had in common a very slender body habitus...
  5. Agrawal G, Johnson P, Fishman E. Multidetector row CT of superior mesenteric artery syndrome. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2007;41:62-5 pubmed
    The purpose of this case series is to illustrate the diagnostic criteria of superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) using 16-slice multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) angiography with multiplanar and 3-dimensional ..
  6. Safieddine N, Mamazza J, Common A, Prabhudesai V. Splenic and superior mesenteric artery thrombolytic infusion therapy for acute portal and mesenteric vein thrombosis. Can J Surg. 2007;50:68-9 pubmed
  7. Fitoz S, Ekim M, Ozcakar Z, Elhan A, Yalcinkaya F. Nutcracker syndrome in children: the role of upright position examination and superior mesenteric artery angle measurement in the diagnosis. J Ultrasound Med. 2007;26:573-80 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pathophysiologic characteristics of nutcracker syndrome (NS) and to assess the role of upright position imaging and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) angle measurement in the diagnosis.
  8. Pourhassan S, Grotemeyer D, Fürst G, Rudolph J, Sandmann W. Infrarenal transposition of the superior mesenteric artery: a new approach in the surgical therapy for Wilkie syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2008;47:201-4 pubmed
    The superior mesenteric artery syndrome, also known as Wilkie syndrome or as arteriomesenteric obstruction of the duodenum, is a rare condition of upper intestinal obstruction in which the third part of the duodenum is compressed by the ..
  9. Iimura A, Oguchi T, Shibata M, Takahashi T. An anomalous case of the hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 2007;84:61-5 pubmed
    ..Kanagawa Dental College in 2006, we found an extremely rare case of the hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery of a 78-year-old Japanese male cadaver...
  10. Cademartiri F, Palumbo A, Maffei E, Martini C, Malago R, Belgrano M, et al. Noninvasive evaluation of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery with multislice CT in patients with chronic mesenteric ischaemia. Radiol Med. 2008;113:1135-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This study sought to assess the role of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) in patients with suspected chronic mesenteric ischaemia (CMI)...

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Sjekavica I, Barbarić Babić V, Krznaric Z, Molnar M, Cukovic Cavka S, Stern Padovan R. Assessment of Crohn's disease activity by doppler ultrasound of superior mesenteric artery and mural arteries in thickened bowel wall: cross-sectional study. Croat Med J. 2007;48:822-30 pubmed
    To define sensitive and reliable Doppler parameters for measurements in the superior mesenteric artery and mural arteries of affected bowel loops used in the assessment of Crohn disease activity.
  2. Jae H, Chung J, Kim H, So Y, Lim H, Lee W, et al. Experimental study on acute ischemic small bowel changes induced by superselective embolization of superior mesenteric artery branches with N-butyl cyanoacrylate. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2008;19:755-63 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the degree of ischemic changes of the small bowel after superselective embolization of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) branches at the vasa recta level with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in dogs.
  3. Gatt M, MacFie J, Anderson A, Howell G, Reddy B, Suppiah A, et al. Changes in superior mesenteric artery blood flow after oral, enteral, and parenteral feeding in humans. Crit Care Med. 2009;37:171-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Increases in superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow occur follow the oral ingestion of food, but the effects of enteral nutrition (EN) on ..
  4. Smith B, Hakim Zargar M, Thomson J. Low body mass index: a risk factor for superior mesenteric artery syndrome in adolescents undergoing spinal fusion for scoliosis. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2009;22:144-8 pubmed publisher
    Five cases of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome occurred at our institution over a 4-year period in adolescents undergoing spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis. All patients had in common a very slender body habitus...
  5. Agrawal G, Johnson P, Fishman E. Multidetector row CT of superior mesenteric artery syndrome. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2007;41:62-5 pubmed
    The purpose of this case series is to illustrate the diagnostic criteria of superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) using 16-slice multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) angiography with multiplanar and 3-dimensional ..
  6. Safieddine N, Mamazza J, Common A, Prabhudesai V. Splenic and superior mesenteric artery thrombolytic infusion therapy for acute portal and mesenteric vein thrombosis. Can J Surg. 2007;50:68-9 pubmed
  7. Fitoz S, Ekim M, Ozcakar Z, Elhan A, Yalcinkaya F. Nutcracker syndrome in children: the role of upright position examination and superior mesenteric artery angle measurement in the diagnosis. J Ultrasound Med. 2007;26:573-80 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pathophysiologic characteristics of nutcracker syndrome (NS) and to assess the role of upright position imaging and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) angle measurement in the diagnosis.
  8. Pourhassan S, Grotemeyer D, Fürst G, Rudolph J, Sandmann W. Infrarenal transposition of the superior mesenteric artery: a new approach in the surgical therapy for Wilkie syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2008;47:201-4 pubmed
    The superior mesenteric artery syndrome, also known as Wilkie syndrome or as arteriomesenteric obstruction of the duodenum, is a rare condition of upper intestinal obstruction in which the third part of the duodenum is compressed by the ..
  9. Iimura A, Oguchi T, Shibata M, Takahashi T. An anomalous case of the hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 2007;84:61-5 pubmed
    ..Kanagawa Dental College in 2006, we found an extremely rare case of the hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery of a 78-year-old Japanese male cadaver...
  10. Cademartiri F, Palumbo A, Maffei E, Martini C, Malago R, Belgrano M, et al. Noninvasive evaluation of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery with multislice CT in patients with chronic mesenteric ischaemia. Radiol Med. 2008;113:1135-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This study sought to assess the role of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) in patients with suspected chronic mesenteric ischaemia (CMI)...
  11. Yun W, Kim Y, Park K, Cho S, Do Y, Lee K, et al. Clinical and angiographic follow-up of spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;37:572-7 pubmed publisher
    To observe the clinical features and angiographic findings in patients with a spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD) and to identify any correlation between them.
  12. Block T, Acosta S, Björck M. Endovascular and open surgery for acute occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery. J Vasc Surg. 2010;52:959-66 pubmed publisher
    Acute thromboembolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is associated with high mortality. Recent advances in diagnostics and surgical techniques may affect outcome.
  13. Mendonça C, Weingärtner J, de Carvalho C, Costa D. Endovascular treatment of contained rupture of a superior mesenteric artery aneurysm resulting from neurofibromatosis type I. J Vasc Surg. 2010;51:461-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A computed tomography (CT) scan showed blood in the retroperitoneum and two saccular aneurysms in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The largest measured 2.5 cm in diameter...
  14. Ozbulbul N, Yurdakul M, Dedeoglu H, Tola M, Olcer T. Evaluation of the effect of visceral fat area on the distance and angle between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. Surg Radiol Anat. 2009;31:545-9 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the effect of visceral fat area on the distance and angle between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the aorta.
  15. Sakamoto I, Ogawa Y, Sueyoshi E, Fukui K, Murakami T, Uetani M. Imaging appearances and management of isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. Eur J Radiol. 2007;64:103-10 pubmed
    The objective of our study was to report the clinical and imaging features of isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and describe our imaging classification of this disease entity.
  16. Yi S, Li J, Terayama H, Naito M, Iimura A, Itoh M. A rare case of inferior mesenteric artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery, with a review of the review of the literature. Surg Radiol Anat. 2008;30:159-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe here an extremely rare case in which the IMA arose from the superior mesenteric artery. The findings were made during routine dissection of the cadaver of a 79-year-old Japanese man...
  17. Gobble R, Brill E, Rockman C, Hecht E, Lamparello P, Jacobowitz G, et al. Endovascular treatment of spontaneous dissections of the superior mesenteric artery. J Vasc Surg. 2009;50:1326-32 pubmed publisher
    Spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is exceedingly rare. Treatment options range from observation to anticoagulation to open surgery or endovascular repair...
  18. Ding W, Wu X, Pascual J, Zhao K, Ji W, Li N, et al. Temporary intravascular shunting improves survival in a hypothermic traumatic shock swine model with superior mesenteric artery injuries. Surgery. 2010;147:79-88 pubmed publisher
    Repairs of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) injuries are difficult and often result in high mortality...
  19. Acosta S, Sonesson B, Resch T. Endovascular therapeutic approaches for acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009;32:896-905 pubmed publisher
    ..the outcome of attempted endovascular intervention in patients with acute embolic or thrombotic superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion...
  20. Sonoda A, Nitta N, Seko A, Ohta S, Takemura S, Miyagawa Y, et al. Edaravone prevents bowel infarction after acute superior mesenteric artery thromboembolism using autologous fibrin clots in a rabbit model. Br J Radiol. 2009;82:711-5 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intra-arterial administration of edaravone after superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thromboembolism in a rabbit model...
  21. Casella I, Bosch M, Sousa W. Isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery treated by percutaneous stent placement: case report. J Vasc Surg. 2008;47:197-200 pubmed publisher
    Acute ischemia due to spontaneous dissections of the superior mesenteric artery are uncommon events, with sporadic reports...
  22. Sonoda K, Ikeda S, Koga S, Fukui J, Ishino T, Kohno S. Successful treatment of acute occlusion in superior mesenteric artery of an elderly man by thrombus aspiration. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2007;41:933-4 pubmed
  23. Takayama S, Seki T, Watanabe M, Monma Y, Sugita N, Konno S, et al. The herbal medicine Daikenchuto increases blood flow in the superior mesenteric artery. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2009;219:319-30 pubmed
    ..intended to clarify the influence of Daikenchuto and Orengedokuto on CO and blood flow volume in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA)...
  24. Patel T, Kuladhipati I, Shah S. Successful percutaneous endovascular management of acute post-traumatic superior mesenteric artery dissection using a transradial approach. J Invasive Cardiol. 2010;22:E61-4 pubmed
    Acute aortic dissection extending into the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) following a blunt trauma is an extremely rare complication. We report a case of acute post-traumatic SMA dissection presented with an acute abdominal syndrome...
  25. Acosta S, Nilsson T, Malina J, Malina M. L-lactate after embolization of the superior mesenteric artery. J Surg Res. 2007;143:320-8 pubmed
    ..The aim was to create an endovascular model for acute superior mesenteric artery thromboembolism, and then to study L-lactate and lactate dehydrogenase (LD) activity in plasma and ..
  26. Ozkurt H, Cenker M, Bas N, Erturk S, Basak M. Measurement of the distance and angle between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery: normal values in different BMI categories. Surg Radiol Anat. 2007;29:595-9 pubmed
    The purpose of the study was to reveal the values of the distance and angle between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and aorta according to body mass index in normal population.
  27. Serck L, Cogbill T. Aortic, celiac axis, and superior mesenteric artery thrombosis associated with sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma and hypercoagulable state. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2009;43:284-5 pubmed publisher
    ..developed acute visceral ischemia secondary to thrombus involving the suprarenal aorta, celiac axis and superior mesenteric artery. A large, laminated fibrin thrombus was removed via supraceliac aortotomy...
  28. Sastre E, Márquez Rodas I, Blanco Rivero J, Balfagon G. [Perivascular innervation of the superior mesenteric artery: pathophysiological implications]. Rev Neurol. 2010;50:727-37 pubmed
    ..This tone is regulated by several local, metabolic, endocrine and nervous factors, the most notable of these latter being the mesenteric perivascular innervation...
  29. Stankevicius E, López Valverde V, Rivera L, Hughes A, Mulvany M, Simonsen U. Combination of Ca2+ -activated K+ channel blockers inhibits acetylcholine-evoked nitric oxide release in rat superior mesenteric artery. Br J Pharmacol. 2006;149:560-72 pubmed
    ..The present study investigated whether calcium-activated K+ channels are involved in acetylcholine-evoked nitric oxide (NO) release and relaxation...
  30. Tsai H, Yang T, Wann S, Yen M, Chang H. Successful angiographic stent-graft treatment for spontaneously dissecting broad-base pseudoaneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery. J Chin Med Assoc. 2005;68:397-400 pubmed
    ..b>Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) aneurysms are especially rare, comprising only 5-8% of all visceral arterial aneurysms...
  31. Kozar R, Holcomb J, Hassoun H, Macaitis J, DeSoignie R, Moore F. Superior mesenteric artery occlusion models shock-induced gut ischemia-reperfusion. J Surg Res. 2004;116:145-50 pubmed
    b>Superior mesenteric artery occlusion (SMAO) is a simple and reproducible model of shock-induced gut ischemia/reperfusion, but some argue that it is not clinically relevant...
  32. Nagai T, Torishima R, Uchida A, Nakashima H, Takahashi K, Okawara H, et al. Spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery in four cases treated with anticoagulation therapy. Intern Med. 2004;43:473-8 pubmed
    Reports of spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery are rare. Diagnosis in the acute stage has been considered difficult, but we encountered four cases from November 1998 to November 2001...
  33. Hamar J, Racz I, Ciz M, Lojek A, Pallinger E, Furesz J. Time course of leukocyte response and free radical release in an early reperfusion injury of the superior mesenteric artery. Physiol Res. 2003;52:417-23 pubmed
    ..Rat small intestine ischemia/reperfusion was induced by a 45 min superior mesenteric artery occlusion followed by a 4-hour reperfusion...
  34. Rajan D, Ginzburg V. Hepatocellular carcinoma supplied by the ileocolic branch of the superior mesenteric artery. Clin Radiol. 2005;60:723-6 pubmed
  35. Roy A, Gisel J, Roy V, Bouras E. Superior mesenteric artery (Wilkie's) syndrome as a result of cardiac cachexia. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20:C3-4 pubmed
    b>Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare acquired disorder in which acute angulation of SMA causes compression of the third part of the duodenum between the SMA and the aorta, leading to obstruction...
  36. Fang S, Kempley S, Gamsu H. Prediction of early tolerance to enteral feeding in preterm infants by measurement of superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocity. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2001;85:F42-5 pubmed
    To evaluate whether serial Doppler measurements of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow velocity after the first enteral feed could predict early tolerance to enteral feeding in preterm infants.
  37. Kimura M, Matsuda T, Fukase K, Okumoto K, Mabe K, Suzuki K, et al. [Clinical study of dissection of the superior mesenteric artery]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi. 2002;99:145-51 pubmed
    Six patients with dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) who were treated at our hospital between 1993 and 1999 were studied. Hypertension was considered significant as a risk factor...
  38. Barakate M, Cappe I, Curtin A, Engel K, Li Kim Moy J, Poon M, et al. Management of acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion. ANZ J Surg. 2002;72:25-9 pubmed
    This review examines the surgical management of acute superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion and the impact of interventional radiology techniques.
  39. Sheldon P, Esther J, Sheldon E, Sparks S, Brophy D, Oglevie S. Spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2001;24:329-31 pubmed
    Spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is a rare occurrence, especially when not associated with aortic dissection [1]. Currently, only 28 cases appear to have been reported...
  40. McNulty J, Hickey N, Khosa F, O BRIEN P, O Callaghan J. Surgical and radiological significance of variants of Bühler's anastomotic artery: a report of three cases. Surg Radiol Anat. 2001;23:277-80 pubmed
    Arterial anastomoses between the celiac trunk (CT) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) include three variants...
  41. Kim M, Liang G, Kim J, Park S, Hah J, Suh S. Contribution of Na+-K+ pump and KIR currents to extracellular pH-dependent changes of contractility in rat superior mesenteric artery. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005;289:H792-800 pubmed
    We compared the branches and trunk of rat superior mesenteric artery (SMA) with respect to extracellular pH (pHo)-dependent changes in vascular contractility. Decreases in pHo from 7.8 to 6...
  42. Acosta S, Nilsson T, Bjorck M. D-dimer testing in patients with suspected acute thromboembolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery. Br J Surg. 2004;91:991-4 pubmed
    ..is no accurate non-invasive method available for the diagnosis of acute thromboembolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic properties of the fibrinolytic marker D-dimer.
  43. Tan M, Di Carlo A, Stein L, Cantarovich M, Tchervenkov J, Metrakos P. Pseudoaneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery after pancreas transplantation treated by endovascular stenting. Transplantation. 2001;72:336-8 pubmed
    ..We describe a 38-year-old patient who presented with a pseudoaneurysm of the donor superior mesenteric artery 1 month after pancreas transplantation...
  44. Kim J, Roh B, Lee Y, Choi S, So B. Isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery: percutaneous stent placement in two patients. Korean J Radiol. 2004;5:134-8 pubmed
    Isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is a rare cause of acute mesenteric ischemia. Two patients were successfully treated by percutaneous stent placement within the main trunk of the SMA...
  45. Perko M. Duplex ultrasound for assessment of superior mesenteric artery blood flow. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2001;21:106-17 pubmed
    ..The application of this technique to the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) has increased rapidly throughout the last decade...
  46. Bjorck M, Acosta S, Lindberg F, Troeng T, Bergqvist D. Revascularization of the superior mesenteric artery after acute thromboembolic occlusion. Br J Surg. 2002;89:923-7 pubmed
    The outcome and prognostic factors after revascularization of acute thromboembolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) are poorly documented.
  47. Ghisdal P, Morel N. Cellular target of voltage and calcium-dependent K(+) channel blockers involved in EDHF-mediated responses in rat superior mesenteric artery. Br J Pharmacol. 2001;134:1021-8 pubmed
    ..The abolition of SMCs hyperpolarization to ACh by ChTX/Apa is not related to an interaction with the [Ca(2+)](endo)...
  48. Henao E, Bohannon W, Silva M. Treatment of portal venous thrombosis with selective superior mesenteric artery infusion of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. J Vasc Surg. 2003;38:1411-5 pubmed
    ..Catheter-directed thrombolysis via the superior mesenteric artery may be a viable adjunct to treatment of this potentially morbid condition...
  49. Facy O, Naouri A, Dugas B, Kadji M, Bernard P, Gabrielle F. [Aneurysm of the splenic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery: therapeutic management]. Ann Chir. 2006;131:401-4 pubmed
    ..male patient presented with a 3 cm aneurysm of the proximal splenic artery, which originated from the superior mesenteric artery. A surgical management was decided...
  50. Murdoch E, Sinha A, Shanmugalingam S, Smith G, Kempley S. Doppler flow velocimetry in the superior mesenteric artery on the first day of life in preterm infants and the risk of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatrics. 2006;118:1999-2003 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this work was to relate Doppler indices of splanchnic perfusion and vascular resistance to the risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis...
  51. Wallace M, Choi E, McRae S, Madoff D, Ahrar K, Pisters P. Superior mesenteric artery pseudoaneurysm following pancreaticoduodenectomy: management by endovascular stent-graft placement and transluminal thrombin injection. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2007;30:518-22 pubmed
    b>Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare and potentially fatal postoperative complication...
  52. Ohigashi H, Ishikawa O, Sasaki Y, Yamada T, Furukawa H, Imaoka S, et al. K-ras point mutation in the nerve plexuses around the superior mesenteric artery in resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head: distribution pattern and related factors. Arch Surg. 2000;135:1450-5 pubmed
    Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas is likely to spread into the nerve plexuses around the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) at a microscopic level...
  53. Ozveren E, Korkmaz B, Buharalioglu C, Tunctan B. Involvement of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II to endotoxin-induced vascular hyporeactivity in rat superior mesenteric artery. Pharmacol Res. 2006;54:208-18 pubmed
    ..vascular hyporeactivity by activating of iNOS and/or cPLA(2alpha)/COX-2 enzymes in rat isolated superior mesenteric artery with endothelium...
  54. Tsai M, Iwakiri Y, Cadelina G, Sessa W, Groszmann R. Mesenteric vasoconstriction triggers nitric oxide overproduction in the superior mesenteric artery of portal hypertensive rats. Gastroenterology. 2003;125:1452-61 pubmed
    Vasoconstriction of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is the earliest hemodynamic event occurring after partial portal vein ligation (PVL)...
  55. Osawa T, Feng X, Sasaki N, Nagato S, Matsumoto Y, Onodera M, et al. Rare case of the inferior mesenteric artery and the common hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery. Clin Anat. 2004;17:518-21 pubmed
    We found a case in which inferior mesenteric artery and the common hepatic artery arose from the superior mesenteric artery, forming the common hepatomesenteric trunk, during a routine dissection carried out at Iwate Medical University in ..
  56. Stone W, Abbas M, Cherry K, Fowl R, Gloviczki P. Superior mesenteric artery aneurysms: is presence an indication for intervention?. J Vasc Surg. 2002;36:234-7; discussion 237 pubmed
    Although rare, superior mesenteric artery (SMA) aneurysms have a definite rupture risk. Past reports have suggested that this risk is low, yet most investigators recommend repair in selected patients...
  57. Schoots I, Levi M, Reekers J, Lameris J, van Gulik T. Thrombolytic therapy for acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005;16:317-29 pubmed
    The aim of this review is to evaluate thrombolytic therapy for acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion as an alternative or adjunctive treatment modality to surgical therapy and to provide current knowledge for timely and informed ..
  58. Jin G, Sugiyama M, Tuo H, Oki A, Abe N, Mori T, et al. Distribution of lymphatic vessels in the neural plexuses surrounding the superior mesenteric artery. Pancreas. 2006;32:62-6 pubmed
    To investigate whether lymphatic vessels exist in the neural plexuses surrounding the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the ultrastructural relationship between neural plexuses and lymphatic vessels.
  59. Lindner T, Bail H, Heise M, Schmidt S, Jacob D, Haas N, et al. [Traumatic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery associated with a burst- fracture of the second lumbar spine -- unforeseen sequelae of a fall from a ladder!]. Unfallchirurg. 2006;109:160-4 pubmed
    Traumatic aneurysms of the superior mesenteric artery, although uncommon, are nevertheless life-threatening because of their high risk of rupture...
  60. Byrne M, Farrell M, Abass S, Fitzgerald A, Varghese J, Thornton F, et al. Assessment of Crohn's disease activity by Doppler sonography of the superior mesenteric artery, clinical evaluation and the Crohn's disease activity index: a prospective study. Clin Radiol. 2001;56:973-8 pubmed
    Recent data have shown that superior mesenteric artery (SMA) flow rates are significantly increased in active Crohn's disease, suggesting that SMA flow may be a useful, non-invasive index of disease activity...
  61. Akcakaya A, Alimoglu O, Sahin M, Abbasoglu S. Ischemia-reperfusion injury following superior mesenteric artery occlusion and strangulation obstruction. J Surg Res. 2002;108:39-43 pubmed
    ..Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a serious and common clinical entity resulting in severe tissue injury. This study was designed to compare IRI in superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion and strangulation obstruction (SO).
  62. Pessaux P, Varma D, Arnaud J. Pancreaticoduodenectomy: superior mesenteric artery first approach. J Gastrointest Surg. 2006;10:607-11 pubmed