maxillary artery

Summary

Summary: A branch of the external carotid artery which distributes to the deep structures of the face (internal maxillary) and to the side of the face and nose (external maxillary).

Top Publications

  1. Guss J, Cohen M, Mirza N. Hard palate necrosis after bilateral internal maxillary artery embolization for epistaxis. Laryngoscope. 2007;117:1683-4 pubmed
    ..who developed unilateral necrosis of the mucosa overlying the hard palate after undergoing bilateral internal maxillary artery embolization...
  2. Weisse C, Nicholson M, Rollings C, Hammer K, Hurst R, Solomon J. Use of percutaneous arterial embolization for treatment of intractable epistaxis in three dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;224:1307-11, 1281 pubmed
    ..associated with surgery and has a lower recurrence rate than that associated with ligation of the internal maxillary artery. In 3 dogs with intractable epistaxis, embolization of the terminal portion of the maxillary artery was ..
  3. Goffinet L, Laure B, Tayeb T, Amado D, Herbreteau D, Arbeille P, et al. An arteriovenous fistula of the maxillary artery as a complication of Le Fort I osteotomy. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2010;38:251-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The Le Fort I osteotomy, one of the most common techniques used to correct dento-midfacial deformities, is generally considered to be operatively safe. However, sometimes this procedure can lead to fatal vascular complications...
  4. Miller T, Stevens E, Orlandi R. Economic analysis of the treatment of posterior epistaxis. Am J Rhinol. 2005;19:79-82 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the economic impact of controlling posterior epistaxis by transnasal endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation (TESPAL) and endovascular embolization...
  5. Hussain A, Binahmed A, Karim A, Sandor G. Relationship of the maxillary artery and lateral pterygoid muscle in a caucasian sample. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008;105:32-6 pubmed
    Several studies have investigated the relationship between the maxillary artery and the lateral pterygoid muscle, yet controversy still exists regarding this relationship...
  6. Luo C, Teng M, Chang F, Chang C. Role of CT and endovascular embolization in managing pseudoaneurysms of the internal maxillary artery. J Chin Med Assoc. 2006;69:310-6 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of computed tomography (CT) and endovascular embolization in managing 10 patients with 11 internal maxillary arterial pseudoaneurysms (IMPAs) with acute oronasal hemorrhage...
  7. Shires C, Boughter J, Sebelik M. Sphenopalatine artery ligation: a cadaver anatomic study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;145:494-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To clarify endoscopic anatomy of the sphenopalatine artery (SPA) in relation to intranasal endoscopic landmarks using a human cadaver model and to simplify the surgical approach to SPA ligation...
  8. Elton V, Turnbull I, Foster M. An overview of the management of pseudoaneurysm of the maxillary artery: a report of a case following mandibular subcondylar osteotomy. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2007;35:52-6 pubmed
    Aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms, and arteriovenous malformations of the maxillary artery are rare. This is why this case report and current opinions regarding therapy are presented.
  9. Nishioka H, Ohno S, Ikeda Y, Ohashi T, Haraoka J. Delayed massive epistaxis following endonasal transsphenoidal surgery. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2007;149:523-6; discussion 526-7 pubmed
    ..To describe delayed massive epistaxis, a rare but serious complication after transsphenoidal surgery...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Chepla K, Totonchi A, Hsu D, Gosain A. Maxillary artery pseudoaneurysm after Le Fort I osteotomy: treatment using transcatheter arterial embolization. J Craniofac Surg. 2010;21:1079-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Emergent angiographic evaluation demonstrated an internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysm with fistulous drainage via the cavernous sinus...
  2. Bozkurt M, Kapi E, Karakol P, Yorgancilar E. Sudden rupture of the internal maxillary artery causing pseudoaneurysm (mandibular part) secondary to subcondylar mandible fracture. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:1430-2 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we report an uncommon case of life-threatening pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery secondary to subcondylar fracture...
  3. Seno S, Arikata M, Sakurai H, Owaki S, Fukui J, Suzuki M, et al. Endoscopic ligation of the sphenopalatine artery and the maxillary artery for the treatment of intractable posterior epistaxis. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2009;23:197-9 pubmed publisher
    Intractable posterior epistaxis sometimes requires intensive treatment, such as surgery or embolization. Maxillary artery ligation has been widely used for the treatment of intractable posterior epistaxis...
  4. Silva A, O Ryan F, Beckley M, Young H, Poor D. Pseudoaneurysm of a branch of the maxillary artery following mandibular sagittal split ramus osteotomy: case report and review of the literature. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:1807-16 pubmed
  5. Abdulrauf S, Sweeney J, Mohan Y, Palejwala S. Short segment internal maxillary artery to middle cerebral artery bypass: a novel technique for extracranial-to-intracranial bypass. Neurosurgery. 2011;68:804-8; discussion 808-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This technical note describes a less invasive, EC-IC bypass technique using a short-segment (8-10 cm) of the radial artery to anastomose the internal maxillary artery (IMAX) to the middle cerebral artery.
  6. Mardinger O, Abba M, Hirshberg A, Schwartz Arad D. Prevalence, diameter and course of the maxillary intraosseous vascular canal with relation to sinus augmentation procedure: a radiographic study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;36:735-8 pubmed
  7. Ahn J, Chung Y, Chung S, Yoon P. Traumatic dissection of the internal maxillary artery associated with isolated glossopharyngeal nerve palsy: case report. Neurosurgery. 2004;55:710 pubmed
    ..However, dissection of the external carotid artery with lower cranial palsies has not been reported previously...
  8. Rosano G, Taschieri S, Gaudy J, Del Fabbro M. Maxillary sinus vascularization: a cadaveric study. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:940-3 pubmed publisher
    ..A sound knowledge of the maxillary sinus vascularization is essential to prevent vascular complications during surgical operations involving this region...
  9. Claire P, Gibbs K, Hwang S, Hill R. Divided and reunited maxillary artery: developmental and clinical considerations. Anat Sci Int. 2011;86:232-6 pubmed publisher
    We describe an anatomical variation of the right maxillary artery, discovered during dissection of a male human cadaver. The right maxillary artery bifurcates into unequal superficial (larger) and deep (smaller) divisions...
  10. Sadri M, Midwinter K, Ahmed A, Parker A. Assessment of safety and efficacy of arterial embolisation in the management of intractable epistaxis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;263:560-6 pubmed
    ..It is also important to discuss the risks of ischaemic damage to the face and oral cavity. In our experience, these complications have been minor and the benefits still outweigh the complications...
  11. Kumar S, Shetty A, Rockey J, Nilssen E. Contemporary surgical treatment of epistaxis. What is the evidence for sphenopalatine artery ligation?. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2003;28:360-3 pubmed
    ..If this is the case, then endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation may indeed be the surgical answer to intractable posterior epistaxis...
  12. Kim J, Ryu J, Kim K, Hwang S, Moon H. A radiographic study of the posterior superior alveolar artery. Implant Dent. 2011;20:306-10 pubmed publisher
  13. Elian N, Wallace S, Cho S, Jalbout Z, Froum S. Distribution of the maxillary artery as it relates to sinus floor augmentation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2005;20:784-7 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of the endosseous branches of the maxillary artery in the area of the proposed lateral window.
  14. Avelar R, Goelzer J, Becker O, de Oliveira R, Raupp E, de Magalhães P. Embolization of pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery after orthognathic surgery. J Craniofac Surg. 2010;21:1764-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A clinical case is described of late development of pseudoaneurysm in one of the branches of the maxillary artery in a 20-year-old patient who had undergone Le Fort I osteotomy, bilateral sagittal osteotomy of mandibular ..
  15. Christensen N, Smith D, Barnwell S, Wax M. Arterial embolization in the management of posterior epistaxis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:748-53 pubmed
    ..Morbidity among treatment groups varies. Angiographic embolization is one such method that has a very low complication rate. Over the last 10 years, it has become the preferred treatment at our institution...
  16. Yonenaga K, Tohnai I, Mitsudo K, Mori Y, Saijo H, Iwai T, et al. Anatomical study of the external carotid artery and its branches for administration of superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy via the superficial temporal artery. Int J Clin Oncol. 2011;16:654-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to evaluate the anatomy of the external carotid artery and its surrounding nerves for safe and accurate administration of superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy via the superficial temporal artery...
  17. Mikulewicz W, Drelichowski S, Abelak Y. [Intractable epistaxis in a 3,5-year-old child]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2006;60:965-7 pubmed
    ..The authors present the case of a 3,5 year old child with a history of nasal bleeding lasting 3 years which was successfully managed by superselective embolisation of the internal maxillary artery.
  18. Shi X, Qian H, K C K, Zhang Y, Zhou Z, Sun Y. Bypass of the maxillary to proximal middle cerebral artery or proximal posterior cerebral artery with radial artery graft. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2011;153:1649-55; discussion 1655 pubmed publisher
    The authors report three cases of radial artery (RA) graft bypass from the maxillary artery (MA) to either the middle cerebral artery (MCA) or the posterior cerebral artery (PCA)...
  19. Kademani D, Costello B, Ditty D, Quinn P. An alternative approach to maxillofacial arteriovenous malformations with transosseous direct puncture embolization. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;97:701-6 pubmed
  20. Lee K, Ikeo S, Iwasaki T, Yamada K. Comparison of varying injection rates of saline chasers on intravascular contrast enhancement for dynamic CT in cattle. Vet Rec. 2011;168:327 pubmed publisher
    ..The duration of the enhancement plateau was longer in group C than in groups B and D (P<0.05)...
  21. Shah Q, Friedman J, Mamourian A. Spontaneous resolution of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005;26:2530-2 pubmed
  22. Kwak H, Hu K, Hur M, Won S, Kim G, Park B, et al. Clinical implications of the topography of the arteries supplying the medial pterygoid muscle. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:795-9 pubmed publisher
    ..was supplied by the following 5 branches of the external carotid artery: (1) the pterygoid artery of the maxillary artery, (2) a direct muscular branch of the facial artery, (3) the ascending palatine artery, (4) an anterior ..
  23. Parker N, Eisler L, Dresner H, Walsh W. Orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer: anatomical considerations. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2012;14:39-44 pubmed publisher
    ..To define (1) at-risk structures during the orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer and (2) achievable tendon length without temporal releasing incisions or perioral lengthening materials...
  24. Ganc D, Prestigiacomo C, Baredes S. Intraparotid arterial aneurysm treated with embolization followed by surgical resection. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012;91:E4-6 pubmed
    ..In this case, performing embolization prior to surgical resection appeared to be a prudent and efficacious strategy. The preoperative embolization greatly reduced the risk of damage to the facial nerve...
  25. Klemm E, Stösslein F, Mürbe B. [Arteriovenous fistula of the maxillary artery, eustachian tube dysfunction and tinnitus after Le Fort I osteotomy]. HNO. 2001;49:216-9 pubmed
    ..Carotid arteriography revealed an arteriovenous fistula of the left maxillary artery; in addition, a persistent eustachian tube dysfunction with left middle ear effusion was noticed...
  26. Jorissen M, Eloy P, Rombaux P, Bachert C, Daele J. Endoscopic sinus surgery for juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 2000;54:201-19 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the endoscopic approach is an acceptable alternative in small to middle sized juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma...
  27. Mathews S, Kumar R, Rupa V. Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm: a rare complication of sinonasal surgery. Am J Otolaryngol. 2011;32:607-10 pubmed publisher
    ..We report 2 patients with iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms, which developed following sinus surgery...
  28. Hwang K, Choi H. Bleeding from posterior superior alveolar artery in Le Fort I fracture. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:1610-2 pubmed publisher
    ..in whom significant oronasal bleeding developed after an injury to posterior superior alveolar artery of the maxillary artery in Le Fort I fracture.A 34-year-old man had a facial injury after an explosion of a furnace...
  29. Cohen J, Moscovici S, Gomori J, Eliashar R, Weinberger J, Itshayek E. Selective endovascular embolization for refractory idiopathic epistaxis is a safe and effective therapeutic option: technique, complications, and outcomes. J Clin Neurosci. 2012;19:687-90 pubmed publisher
    ..2±3.4 days after embolization. Average follow-up after discharge was 21.3±25.7 months. Superselective endovascular embolization proved safe and effective in controlling idiopathic epistaxis, refractory to other maneuvers...
  30. Ella B, Lanotte A, Sédarat C, Fricain J. Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the maxilla complicated by a local pathogen infection. BMJ Case Rep. 2013;2013: pubmed publisher
    ..Improved knowledge of the development of these lesions and collaboration between dentists, radiologists and surgeons are necessary to improve the diagnosis and treatment of vascular malformations...
  31. Massarelli O, Gobbi R, Raho M, Tullio A. Three-dimensional primary reconstruction of anterior mouth floor and ventral tongue using the 'trilobed' buccinator myomucosal island flap. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;37:917-22 pubmed publisher
    ..and formed in a trilobed shape in order to capture the adjacent buccal mucosal angiosome from the internal maxillary artery. The flap provided the correct anatomical oral reconstruction for the anterior mouth floor and ventral tongue...
  32. Hur M, Kim J, Hu K, Bae H, Park H, Kim H. Clinical implications of the topography and distribution of the posterior superior alveolar artery. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:551-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The IObr ran at the lowest level from the maxillary sinus floor at the first premolar region. These anatomic findings in the current study could represent useful information for the various surgical procedures of the maxilla...
  33. Morita S, Shibata M, Nakagawa Y, Yamamoto I, Inokuchi S. Successful hemostasis of intractable nasal bleeding with a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;134:1053-4 pubmed
  34. Sugahara M, Pleschka K. Nutrient and shunt flow responses to vidian nerve stimulation in nasal and facial tissues of the dog. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 1992;249:79-84 pubmed
    ..in controlling blood flow of the face and nose was indicated by the following features attributed to the maxillary artery and their vascular compartments in dogs...
  35. Brodsky C, Dower J. Middle ear problems after a Gow-Gates injection. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001;132:1420-4 pubmed
    ..Knowledge of the potential adverse reactions to mandibular block anesthesia is important in the practice of dentistry. This article presents a complication in the middle ear not previously reported...
  36. Politis C. Life-threatening haemorrhage after 750 Le Fort I osteotomies and 376 SARPE procedures. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012;41:702-8 pubmed publisher
  37. Bradley J, Elahi M, Kawamoto H. Delayed presentation of pseudoaneurysm after Le Fort I osteotomy. J Craniofac Surg. 2002;13:746-50 pubmed
    Although the osteotome is positioned in close vicinity to the maxillary artery and its branches during ptergomaxillary separation in a Le Fort I osteotomy, postoperative complications from vascular injuries are rare...
  38. Pernas F, Coughlin A, Hughes S, Riascos R, Maeso P. A novel use of a landmark to avoid injury of the anterior ethmoidal artery during endoscopic sinus surgery. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2011;25:54-7 pubmed publisher
  39. Apinhasmit W, Methathrathip D, Ploytubtim S, Chompoopong S, Ariyawatkul T, Lertsirithong A. Anatomical study of the maxillary artery at the pterygomaxillary fissure in a Thai population: its relationship to maxillary osteotomy. J Med Assoc Thai. 2004;87:1212-7 pubmed
    The maxillary artery (MA) and its terminal branches are commonly damaged in the maxillary osteotomy, especially during separation of the pterygomaxillary junction (PMJ).
  40. Chen C, Jeng S, Tsai H, Liliang P, Hsieh C. Life-threatening bleeding of bilateral maxillary arteries in maxillofacial trauma: report of two cases. J Trauma. 2007;63:933-7 pubmed
  41. Jacobs R, Lambrichts I, Liang X, Martens W, Mraiwa N, Adriaensens P, et al. Neurovascularization of the anterior jaw bones revisited using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103:683-93 pubmed
    ..All of these canal structures contain a neurovascular bundle, whose diameter may be large enough to cause clinically significant trauma. A careful presurgical radiographic analysis of the anterior jaw bones is therefore advised...
  42. Wysocki J, Reymond J, Krasucki K. Vascularization of the mandibular condylar head with respect to intracapsular fractures of mandible. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012;40:112-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Causes of mandibular condylar (condylar) head necrosis as a consequence of intracapsular mandibular fractures are still a subject of controversy...
  43. Lesley W. Endosurgical repair of an iatrogenic facial arteriovenous fistula due to percutaneous trigeminal balloon rhizotomy. J Neurosurg Sci. 2007;51:177-80 pubmed
    ..A transarterial approach was used to explore the AVF which arose from a laceration of the right internal maxillary artery and which fistulized directly with the pterygoid venous plexus...
  44. Mendonça Caridad J, Juiz Lopez P, Francos L, Rodriguez M. Swordfish bill injury involving the pterygomaxillary fossae: surgical management and case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:1739-43 pubmed publisher
  45. Zhang C, Xie X, You C, Mao B, Wang C, He M, et al. Endovascular treatment of traumatic pseudoaneurysm presenting as intractable epistaxis. Korean J Radiol. 2010;11:603-11 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the clinical efficacy of individual endovascular management for the treatment of different traumatic pseudoaneurysms presenting as intractable epistaxis...
  46. Rydzewski B, Juszkat R, Matusiak M, Zarzecka M. [Endovascular and surgical associated treatment of post-traumatic epistaxis]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2008;62:311-5 pubmed
    We report on two cases of patients, in whom endovascular embolization of the maxillary artery and next surgical ligation of the anterior ethmoidal artery was performed due to posttraumatic intracrable epistaxis...
  47. Marx C, Kumar P, Reddy S, Vollala V. Bilateral variation of facial artery: a case report. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2008;49:399-401 pubmed
    ..The venous drainage of the face was normal on both sides. This case may provide useful information for clinical applications in different fields of oral and maxillofacial surgery...
  48. El Hakim I, Metwalli S. Imaging of temporomandibular joint ankylosis. A new radiographic classification. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2002;31:19-23 pubmed
    ..To compare the pre-operative clinical and radiographic findings of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis with those found at operation and propose new classification...
  49. Lee K, Kishimoto M, Shimizu J, Iwasaki T, Miyake Y, Yamada K. Effect of a saline chaser for contrast enhancement of computed tomographic angiography in cattle. Vet Rec. 2010;166:137-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Addition of the saline chaser to the contrast material resulted in a higher peak attenuation in the maxillary artery (244.45 +/- 36.19 v 202.20 +/- 27.07, P<0.05) and dorsal sagittal sinus (241.2 +/- 31.51 v 198.88 +/- 21...
  50. Maturo S, Mair E. Endoscopic image-guided removal of metallic intravascular foreign body of the skull base. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;136:128-9 pubmed
  51. Murai A, Sugiu K, Kariya S, Nishizaki K. Transcatheter arterial embolisation for paediatric inflammatory pseudotumour of the maxillary sinus. J Laryngol Otol. 2011;125:1189-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The latter option is required because wide surgical resection may be difficult for head and neck lesions, especially in children. However, clinicians should be aware of the risk of late-onset side effects of radiotherapy in children...
  52. Loureiro C, Falchet P, Gavranich J, Lobo Leandro L. Embolization as the treatment for a life-threatening mandibular arteriovenous malformation. J Craniofac Surg. 2010;21:380-2 pubmed publisher
  53. Ntomouchtsis A, Venetis G, Zouloumis L, Lazaridis N. Ischemic necrosis of nose and palate after embolization for epistaxis. A case report. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;14:123-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Postembolization necrosis is a rare complication of the area, and there are very few similar reports in the literature...