posterior cerebral artery

Summary

Summary: Artery formed by the bifurcation of the BASILAR ARTERY. Branches of the posterior cerebral artery supply portions of the OCCIPITAL LOBE; PARIETAL LOBE; inferior temporal gyrus, brainstem, and CHOROID PLEXUS.

Top Publications

  1. Chang S, Abla A, Kakarla U, Sauvageau E, Dashti S, Nakaji P, et al. Treatment of distal posterior cerebral artery aneurysms: a critical appraisal of the occipital artery-to-posterior cerebral artery bypass. Neurosurgery. 2010;67:16-25; discussion 25-6 pubmed publisher
    This is the largest contemporary series of distal posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysms treated by use of endovascular coiling and stenting as well as surgical clipping, clip wrapping, and bypass techniques...
  2. Yang J, Choi H, Nam H, Kim S, Han S, Heo J. Mechanism of infarction involving ipsilateral carotid and posterior cerebral artery territories. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2007;24:445-51 pubmed
    We investigated the potential mechanism of infarction involving the territories of both the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the ipsilateral posterior cerebral artery (PCA).
  3. Rosengarten B, Kaps M. Cerebral autoregulation in middle cerebral artery territory precedes that of posterior cerebral artery in human cortex. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2002;13:21-5 pubmed
    ..To investigate this hypothesis, we compared cerebral autoregulation in the vascular territory of the carotic and vertebrobasilar vessel system using a leg cuff test to induce a drop in cerebral perfusion pressure...
  4. Capitani E, Laiacona M, Pagani R, Capasso R, Zampetti P, Miceli G. Posterior cerebral artery infarcts and semantic category dissociations: a study of 28 patients. Brain. 2009;132:965-81 pubmed publisher
    In this study we analysed the relationship between damage in the territory of the posterior cerebral artery and semantic knowledge, with special reference to category dissociations...
  5. van der Lugt A, Buter T, Govaere F, Siepman D, Tanghe H, Dippel D. Accuracy of CT angiography in the assessment of a fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery. Eur Radiol. 2004;14:1627-33 pubmed
    An uncommon cause of cerebral ischemia in the territory of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) is the combination of a fetal origin of the PCA and atherosclerotic disease in the internal carotid artery...
  6. Hamada J, Morioka M, Yano S, Todaka T, Kai Y, Kuratsu J. Clinical features of aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery: a 15-year experience with 21 cases. Neurosurgery. 2005;56:662-70; discussion 662-70 pubmed
    To investigate the characteristic clinical behavior and develop guidelines for the clinical management of posterior cerebral artery aneurysms, we reviewed 21 cases treated during a 15-year period.
  7. de Monye C, Dippel D, Siepman T, Dijkshoorn M, Tanghe H, van der Lugt A. Is a fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery a risk factor for TIA or ischemic stroke? A study with 16-multidetector-row CT angiography. J Neurol. 2008;255:239-45 pubmed publisher
    Fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) is not uncommon. Whether patients with this anomaly have a higher risk of ischemic stroke in the territory of the PCA is not known...
  8. Perez Arjona E, Fessler R. Basilar artery to bilateral posterior cerebral artery 'Y stenting' for endovascular reconstruction of wide-necked basilar apex aneurysms: report of three cases. Neurol Res. 2004;26:276-81 pubmed
    ..Oral clopidogrel (75 mg by mouth) and aspirin (325 mg by mouth) were continued daily for 4 weeks. The 'Y' stent configuration for reconstruction of the BA apex is a safe effective technique in patients with wide-necked BA aneurysms...
  9. Haubrich C, Wendt A, Diehl R, Klotzsch C. Dynamic autoregulation testing in the posterior cerebral artery. Stroke. 2004;35:848-52 pubmed
    ..encephalopathy, suggest a higher vulnerability of autoregulation within posterior parts of the brain, we investigated whether the cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) is modulated differently within the posterior cerebral artery (PCA).

More Information

Publications62

  1. Ulku C, Ustun M, Buyukmumcu M, Cicekcibasi A, Ziylan T. Radial artery graft for bypass of the maxillary to proximal posterior cerebral artery: an anatomical and technical study. Acta Otolaryngol. 2004;124:858-62 pubmed
    To examine the use of a radial artery graft for bypass of the maxillary artery (MA) to proximal posterior cerebral artery (PCA) as an alternative to the external carotid artery (ECA) to PCA anastomosis used in posterior circulation ..
  2. Jongen J, Franke C, Ramos L, Wilmink J, van Gijn J. Direction of flow in posterior communicating artery on magnetic resonance angiography in patients with occipital lobe infarcts. Stroke. 2004;35:104-8 pubmed
    In some people the blood supply to the posterior cerebral artery occurs partly or even exclusively via the carotid system. This anatomic configuration may influence the risk of occipital lobe infarction...
  3. Narisawa A, Takahashi T, Saito R, Sato K, Endo H, Noshita N, et al. [A case of repeated intracerebral hemorrhage due to a ruptured aneurysm of collateral circulation from the posterior cerebral artery to the middle cerebral artery]. No Shinkei Geka. 2009;37:787-92 pubmed
    ..Moreover, cerebral angiograms disclosed an aneurysm on the leptomeningeal anastomosis from the left posterior cerebral artery to the middle cerebral artery...
  4. Nistri M, Perrini P, Di Lorenzo N, Cellerini M, Villari N, Mascalchi M. Third-nerve palsy heralding dissecting aneurysm of posterior cerebral artery: digital subtraction angiography and magnetic resonance appearance. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007;78:197-8 pubmed
  5. Inoue T, Nishimura S, Hayashi N, Numagami Y, Takazawa H, Nishijima M. Postpartum dissecting aneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery. J Clin Neurosci. 2007;14:576-81 pubmed
    ..A 30-year-old 6 days postpartum woman presented with posterior cerebral artery (PCA) dissection evolving dramatically over a short period...
  6. Brandt T, Steinke W, Thie A, Pessin M, Caplan L. Posterior cerebral artery territory infarcts: clinical features, infarct topography, causes and outcome. Multicenter results and a review of the literature. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2000;10:170-82 pubmed
    Only a few large series of posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stroke exist, and clinical features and causes have not been studied as extensively as in other vascular territories...
  7. Párraga R, Ribas G, Andrade S, de Oliveira E. Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior cerebral artery in three-dimensional images. World Neurosurg. 2011;75:233-57 pubmed publisher
    To describe the microsurgical anatomy, branches, and anatomic relationships of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) represented in three-dimensional images.
  8. Morón F, Benndorf G, Akpek S, Dempsy R, Strother C. Spontaneous thrombosis of a traumatic posterior cerebral artery aneurysm in a child. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005;26:58-60 pubmed
    ..We report the spontaneous and complete thrombosis of a large posterior cerebral artery aneurysm in a child who presented after minor head trauma...
  9. Krings T, Noelchen D, Mull M, Willmes K, Meister I, Reinacher P, et al. The hyperdense posterior cerebral artery sign: a computed tomography marker of acute ischemia in the posterior cerebral artery territory. Stroke. 2006;37:399-403 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to define the hyperdense posterior cerebral artery (PCA) sign and determine its incidence, diagnostic value, and reliability as a marker for ischemia in ..
  10. Wentland A, Rowley H, Vigen K, Field A. Fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery produces left-right asymmetry on perfusion imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010;31:448-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship between a fetal-type PCA and asymmetry of hemodynamic parameters derived from MR perfusion imaging...
  11. Bird C, Malhotra P, Parton A, Coulthard E, Rushworth M, Husain M. Visual neglect after right posterior cerebral artery infarction. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2006;77:1008-12 pubmed
    To investigate the characteristics and neuroanatomical correlates of visual neglect after right-sided posterior cerebral artery (PCA) infarction.
  12. Bedekovic M, Lovrencic Huzjan A, Puretić M, Demarin V. Prolonged mean reaction time in posterior cerebral artery during visual stimulation in patients with severe carotid stenosis. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2011;31:282-7 pubmed publisher
    While the mean increase in flow velocities in posterior cerebral artery (PCA) as a response to visual stimuli is well documented, the data on the reaction time as a measurement of the vasomotor response of the posterior part of the ..
  13. Kumral E, Bayulkem G, Atac C, Alper Y. Spectrum of superficial posterior cerebral artery territory infarcts. Eur J Neurol. 2004;11:237-46 pubmed
    b>Posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory infarction is not uncommon. Published series were concentrated either on isolated deep PCA territory infarcts or on incomplete calcarine artery territory infarcts...
  14. Jongen J, Franke C, Soeterboek A, Versteege C, Ramos L, van Gijn J. Blood supply of the posterior cerebral artery by the carotid system on angiograms. J Neurol. 2002;249:455-60 pubmed
    ..However, anatomical studies indicate that in some people the supply of the posterior cerebral artery is via the carotid system...
  15. Cals N, Devuyst G, Afsar N, Karapanayiotides T, Bogousslavsky J. Pure superficial posterior cerebral artery territory infarction in The Lausanne Stroke Registry. J Neurol. 2002;249:855-61 pubmed
    To determine the patterns of clinical presentation, lesion topography, and etiology in patients with ischemic stroke limited to the superficial territory of the posterior cerebral artery (s-PCA).
  16. Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Yang X, Wu Z. Parent vessel occlusion for P2 dissecting aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery. Surg Neurol. 2009;71:319-25, discussion 325 pubmed publisher
    ..Dissecting aneurysms of the PCA are difficult to treat with preservation of the parent arteries. We report the clinical and angiographic outcome for 8 patients with dissecting aneurysms located at the P2 segment of the PCA...
  17. Chuang Y, Liu C, Pan P, Lin C. Posterior communicating artery hypoplasia as a risk factor for acute ischemic stroke in the absence of carotid artery occlusion. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:1376-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on our results, PCoA hypoplasia appears to be a contributor to the risk of ischemic stroke, even in the absence of ICA occlusion. This risk is especially pronounced for strokes involving arteries that penetrate the thalamus...
  18. Urbach H, Klemm E, Linke D, Behrends K, Biersack H, Schramm J, et al. Posterior cerebral artery Wada test: sodium amytal distribution and functional deficits. Neuroradiology. 2001;43:290-4 pubmed
    ..Our purpose was to show the sodium amytal distribution in the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) Wada test and to relate it to functional deficits during the test...
  19. Phan T, Fong A, Donnan G, Reutens D. Digital map of posterior cerebral artery infarcts associated with posterior cerebral artery trunk and branch occlusion. Stroke. 2007;38:1805-11 pubmed
    Knowledge of the extent and distribution of infarcts of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) may give insight into the limits of the arterial territory and infarct mechanism...
  20. Lee E, Kang D, Kwon S, Kim J. Posterior cerebral artery infarction: diffusion-weighted MRI analysis of 205 patients. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009;28:298-305 pubmed publisher
    Although cardiac embolism has been shown to be the leading stroke mechanism of posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory infarction, intrinsic PCA atherosclerotic disease may play a more important role in regions where intracranial ..
  21. Arat A, Islak C, Saatci I, Kocer N, Cekirge S. Endovascular parent artery occlusion in large-giant or fusiform distal posterior cerebral artery aneurysms. Neuroradiology. 2002;44:700-5 pubmed
    b>Posterior cerebral artery aneurysms are amenable to deconstructive surgical treatment because of the rich collateral supply of the distal posterior cerebral artery...
  22. Schlamann M, Doerfler A, Schoch B, Forsting M, Wanke I. Balloon-assisted coil embolization of a posterior cerebral artery aneurysm via a persistent primitive trigeminal artery: technical note. Neuroradiology. 2006;48:931-4 pubmed
    We present a patient with an acutely ruptured, wide-necked aneurysm of the left posterior cerebral artery (PCA) treated with Guglielmi detachable coils using the remodeling technique.
  23. Gabrovsky N. Microanatomical bases for intraoperative division of the posterior communicating artery. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2002;144:1205-11 pubmed
    ..Based on the results obtained, the safest place is proposed for PCoA division during basilar tip aneurysm surgery via the pterional route...
  24. Zhou Y, Yang P, Zhang Y, Liu J. Posterior cerebral artery-posterior communicating artery (PCA-PComA) aneurysms: report of five cases and literature review. Neurol India. 2012;60:228-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Posterior cerebral artery-posterior communicating artery aneurysms are rare and not well documented...
  25. Park K, Lee B, Kim E, Shin M, Choi K, Yoon S, et al. Deafferentation-disconnection neglect induced by posterior cerebral artery infarction. Neurology. 2006;66:56-61 pubmed
    To investigate patients with posterior cerebral artery (PCA) infarctions to learn whether hemispatial neglect is more frequent and severe after right than left PCA infarction; whether visual field defects (VFDs) influence the presence or ..
  26. Ulm A, Tanriover N, Kawashima M, Campero A, Bova F, Rhoton A. Microsurgical approaches to the perimesencephalic cisterns and related segments of the posterior cerebral artery: comparison using a novel application of image guidance. Neurosurgery. 2004;54:1313-27; discussion 1327-8 pubmed
    To describe the exposure obtained through six approaches to the perimesencephalic cisterns with an emphasis on exposure of the posterior cerebral artery and its branches.
  27. Otani Y, Sugiu K, Tokunaga K, Hishikawa T, Itami H, Hiramatsu M, et al. [Endovascular coiling of thrombosed basilar tip aneurysm using double stents in a y-configuration]. No Shinkei Geka. 2012;40:1005-12 pubmed
    ..This result continues to provide highly encouraging support of this novel technique to treat a subset of complex, wide-necked aneurysms that until recently were considered poor candidates for endovascular therapies...
  28. Kalita J, Prasad S, Maurya P, Kumar S, Misra U. MR angiography in tuberculous meningitis. Acta Radiol. 2012;53:324-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Infarctions in tuberculous meningitis (TBM) are common but there is a paucity of studies on MR angiography (MRA)...
  29. Muzii V, Dashti R, Toninelli S, Hernesniemi J. Complete loop of the posterior cerebral artery with ruptured aneurysm at the origin of the medial posterior choroidal artery. A case report. Surg Neurol. 2009;72:403-5 pubmed publisher
    Anatomical anomalies of the PCA are unusual and their association with an aneurysm is exceptional. A unique case of a complete loop of the posterior cerebral artery associated with a ruptured aneurysm is presented.
  30. Iihara K, Murao K, Yamada N, Takahashi J, Nakajima N, Satow T, et al. Growth potential and response to multimodality treatment of partially thrombosed large or giant aneurysms in the posterior circulation. Neurosurgery. 2008;63:832-42; discussion 842-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This study examined the growth potential and response to multimodality treatment of partially thrombosed large or giant aneurysms in the posterior circulation...
  31. Mugikura S, Higano S, Fujimura M, Shimizu H, Takahashi S. Unilateral moyamoya syndrome involving the ipsilateral anterior and posterior circulation associated with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Jpn J Radiol. 2010;28:243-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Recent evidence shows that stenoocclusive lesions tend to involve the ipsilateral ICA system and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) predominantly in moyamoya disease...
  32. Tuan Huynh N, Hiroyoshi A, Shozo N, Takashi T, Hideo T, Akira M. Reversible focal radiological changes due to non-convulsive status epilepticus of the right parietooccipital lobe. Turk Neurosurg. 2013;23:278-81 pubmed publisher
    ..MRA indicated localized dilation of the right posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and parietal branch of the right middle cerebral artery (MCA), corresponding to the epileptic area ..
  33. Yuan F, Tang Y, Lin X, Xi Y, Guan Y, Xiao T, et al. Optimizing suture middle cerebral artery occlusion model in C57BL/6 mice circumvents posterior communicating artery dysplasia. J Neurotrauma. 2012;29:1499-505 pubmed publisher
    ..Optimizing the silicone coating on an 8-0 suture tip, we were able to reduce the model mortality to zero after permanent occlusion in C57BL/6 and produce stable brain infarct volume independent of the patency of PcomAs...
  34. Uemura J, Shibazaki K, Inoue T, Iguchi Y, Kimura K. [A cardioembolic stroke case involving both the posterior cerebral artery and anterior choroidal artery territories]. Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2007;47:237-9 pubmed
    We reported a rare case of cardioembolic stroke involving the territories of both the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and the anterior choroidal artery...
  35. Tanaka S, Sagiuchi T, Kobayashi I. Ruptured pediatric posterior cerebral artery aneurysm 9 years after the onset of Kawasaki disease: a case report. Childs Nerv Syst. 2007;23:701-6 pubmed
    ..had a history of Kawasaki disease 9 years ago experienced a subarachnoid hemorrhage by ruptured right posterior cerebral artery aneurysm...
  36. Ringelstein E, Knecht S. Cerebral small vessel diseases: manifestations in young women. Curr Opin Neurol. 2006;19:55-62 pubmed
    ..Less known than the manifestations in old age are those in young women comprising posterior encephalopathy and Susac's syndrome...
  37. Straube T, Stingele R, Jansen O. Primary stenting of intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2005;28:289-95 pubmed
    ..To determine the feasibility and safety of stenting intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses...
  38. Kulenovic A, Dilberovic F. Changes in blood vessels in fetuses 4 to 9 months intrauterine life old by postmortem angiography method. Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2004;4:50-4 pubmed
    ..We can conclude with great certainty that the changes occur in position, caliber and relationship among vessels in fetus during the period of brain sulci and gyri formation...
  39. Ng P, Yeo T. Petrosal approach for a large right posterior cerebral artery (P2) aneurysm. J Clin Neurosci. 2000;7:445-6 pubmed
    ..magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography showed a 2 cm aneurysm at the P2 segment of the right posterior cerebral artery. The aneurysm was trapped successfully by a petrosal approach...
  40. Lemole G, Henn J, Javedan S, Deshmukh V, Spetzler R. Cerebral revascularization performed using posterior inferior cerebellar artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery bypass. Report of four cases and literature review. J Neurosurg. 2002;97:219-23 pubmed
    ..Although technically challenging, this technique can be successful and should be considered for appropriate candidates...
  41. Rosner A. Spontaneous cervical artery dissections and implications for homocysteine. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2004;27:124-32 pubmed
  42. Keswani S. Central pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis owing to disequilibrium syndrome. J Child Neurol. 2004;19:79-80; author reply 80-1 pubmed
  43. Zaletel M, Strucl M, Rodi Z, Zvan B. The relationship between visually evoked cerebral blood flow velocity responses and visual-evoked potentials. Neuroimage. 2004;22:1784-9 pubmed
    ..The VEFR were measured in the posterior cerebral artery using transcranial Doppler, and the VEP were recoded from the scalp from occipital leads...
  44. Kwon J, Kwon S, Kang D, Suh D, Kim J. Isolated lateral thalamic infarction: the role of posterior cerebral artery disease. Eur J Neurol. 2012;19:265-70 pubmed publisher
    ..e., occlusion of the deep perforator. However, focal atherosclerotic posterior cerebral artery disease (PCAD) may produce LTI via thrombotic occlusion of the perforator...
  45. Cerrato P, Grasso M, Azzaro C, Baima C, Lentini A, Giraudo M, et al. Palatal myoclonus in a patient with a lateral thalamic infarction. Neurology. 2005;64:924-5 pubmed
  46. Shimoyama T, Kimura K, Iguchi Y, Shibazaki K, Watanabe M, Sakai K, et al. Spontaneous intra-cranial arterial dissection frequently causes anterior cerebral artery infarction. J Neurol Sci. 2011;304:40-3 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the frequency of SICAD involving the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territories remains unclear. This study therefore investigated the distribution of SICAD.
  47. Haubrich C, Pies K, Dafotakis M, Block F, Kloetzsch C, Diehl R. Transcranial Doppler monitoring in Parkinson's disease: cerebrovascular compensation of orthostatic hypotension. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010;36:1581-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Whether in PD patients, OH becomes symptomatic rather seems to depend on blood pressure falling below the autoregulated range...
  48. Cross D, Moran C, Derdeyn C, Mazumdar A, Rivet D, Chicoine M. Neuroform stent deployment for treatment of a basilar tip aneurysm via a posterior communicating artery route. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005;26:2578-81 pubmed
  49. Tontisirin N, Muangman S, Suz P, Pihoker C, Fisk D, Moore A, et al. Early childhood gender differences in anterior and posterior cerebral blood flow velocity and autoregulation. Pediatrics. 2007;119:e610-5 pubmed
    ..We aimed to describe gender differences in blood flow velocity and autoregulation of the anterior and posterior cerebral circulations in prepubertal children...
  50. Trillenberg P, Eggers J, Steffen J, Seidel G. Reliability of modeling evoked flow responses. Ultraschall Med. 2008;29:611-7 pubmed
    Visually evoked flow characterises the relative changes of blood flow velocity in the posterior cerebral artery in response to visual stimulation...
  51. Horiuchi T, Nakagawa F, Tanaka Y, Miyama H, Hongo K. Anterior subtemporal approach for posteriorly projecting posterior communicating artery aneurysms. Neurosurg Rev. 2007;30:203-7; discussion 207 pubmed
    ..3) A previously placed clip for a middle cerebral artery or internal carotid artery aneurysm through the pterional route does not interfere with the clipping surgery for regrown or de novo posterior communicating artery aneurysms...
  52. Raghuram K, Hou B, Roberts T, Carpenter J. CT perfusion imaging pitfall related to fetal posterior cerebral artery. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012;199:1371-4 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this article is to discuss how a unilateral fetal posterior cerebral artery (PCA) causes perfusion map asymmetry due to anteroposterior bolus arrival discrepancy...
  53. Kocak A, Sarac K, Ates O, Cayli S, Kutlu R. Isolated internal auditory artery aneurysm. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:1420-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss some of the clinical features, therapeutic difficulties, and pitfalls in the management of internal auditory artery aneurysm complicated by deep vein thrombosis...