bronchial arteries


Summary: Left bronchial arteries arise from the thoracic aorta, the right from the first aortic intercostal or the upper left bronchial artery; they supply the bronchi and the lower trachea.

Top Publications

  1. Maxeiner H. Lethal hemoptysis caused by biopsy injury of an abnormal bronchial artery. Chest. 2001;119:1612-5 pubmed
    ..Several other abnormal intrabronchial arteries were found peripherally in this lung...
  2. Kuzucu A, Gurses I, Soysal O, Kutlu R, Ozgel M. Dieulafoy's disease: a cause of massive hemoptysis that is probably underdiagnosed. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80:1126-8 pubmed
    ..Herein, we report 2 patients with massive hemoptysis who were treated with surgical resection and later diagnosed with bronchial Dieulafoy's disease...
  3. Green F, Butt J, James A, Carroll N. Abnormalities of the bronchial arteries in asthma. Chest. 2006;130:1025-33 pubmed
    The bronchial arteries supply systemic blood to the airways, tracheobronchial lymph nodes, and nerves. Their structure has not been studied in patients with asthma.
  4. Savale L, Parrot A, Khalil A, Antoine M, Théodore J, Carette M, et al. Cryptogenic hemoptysis: from a benign to a life-threatening pathologic vascular condition. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007;175:1181-5 pubmed
    ..Data on hemoptysis of unknown origin (i.e., "cryptogenic") are scarce and the outcome of patients affected is controversial...
  5. Sriram K, Taylor D, Holmes M. Systemic multifocal infarction following bronchial artery embolization with microsphere particles. Intern Med J. 2007;37:734-5 pubmed
  6. Battal B, Akgun V, Karaman B, Bozlar U, Tasar M. Normal anatomical features and variations of bronchial arteries: an analysis with 64-detector-row computed tomographic angiography. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2011;35:253-9 pubmed publisher
    ..features and variations of the bronchial arterial system and to determine the relationship among ectopic bronchial arteries, location (right-left) of the bronchial arteries, and variations of the aortic arch in patients as well as ..
  7. Swanson K, Johnson C, Prakash U, McKusick M, Andrews J, Stanson A. Bronchial artery embolization : experience with 54 patients. Chest. 2002;121:789-95 pubmed
    ..To report our experience with bronchial arteriography and bronchial artery embolization (BAE)...
  8. Vinaya K, White R, Sloan J. Reassessing bronchial artery embolotherapy with newer spherical embolic materials. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004;15:304-5 pubmed
  9. Corr P. Bronchial artery embolization for life-threatening hemoptysis using tris-acryl microspheres: short-term result. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2005;28:439-41 pubmed
    ..Bronchial artery embolization using microspheres is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for patients with life-threatening hemoptysis who are not surgical candidates...

More Information

Publications108 found, 100 shown here

  1. Fitzgerald D, Suran E, Sargent J. Posterior circulation infarct after bronchial artery embolization and coiling. Neurology. 2005;65:1312 pubmed
  2. Hartmann I, Remy Jardin M, Menchini L, Teisseire A, Khalil C, Remy J. Ectopic origin of bronchial arteries: assessment with multidetector helical CT angiography. Eur Radiol. 2007;17:1943-53 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to determine non-invasively the frequency of ectopic bronchial arteries (BA) (i.e...
  3. Fartoukh M, Khalil A, Louis L, Carette M, Bazelly B, Cadranel J, et al. An integrated approach to diagnosis and management of severe haemoptysis in patients admitted to the intensive care unit: a case series from a referral centre. Respir Res. 2007;8:11 pubmed
    ..We reviewed a large series of patients managed in a uniform way to describe the clinical spectrum and outcome of haemoptysis in this setting, and better define the indications for bronchial artery embolisation (BAE)...
  4. Razavi M, Murphy K. Embolization of bronchial arteries with N-butyl cyanoacrylate for management of massive hemoptysis: a technical review. Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2007;10:276-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Conversely, there were only 2 of the 12 patients who were treated by NBCA who experienced rebleed (16.6%). In this article, we describe the technical nuances of NBCA embolization of bronchial arteries and review potential pitfalls.
  5. Yoon W, Kim J, Kim Y, Chung T, Kang H. Bronchial and nonbronchial systemic artery embolization for life-threatening hemoptysis: a comprehensive review. Radiographics. 2002;22:1395-409 pubmed
    ..In addition, interventional radiologists should be familiar with the techniques, results, and possible complications of BAE and with the characteristics of the various embolic agents used in the procedure...
  6. Yanagihara K, Ueno Y, Kobayashi T, Isobe J, Itoh M. Bronchial artery aneurysm. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999;67:854-5 pubmed
    ..Both of them had been given a diagnosis of bronchiectasis and found with hemoptysis. One was a 64-year-old woman treated with transcatheter arterial embolization, and the other was a 64-year-old woman treated with surgical ligation. ..
  7. Heinrich M, Uder M, Tscholl D, Grgic A, Kramann B, Schäfers H. CT scan findings in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: predictors of hemodynamic improvement after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy. Chest. 2005;127:1606-13 pubmed
    ..36; p = 0.007) and dilated bronchial arteries (p = 0.03) seen on preoperative CT scans...
  8. Chun J, Morgan R, Belli A. Radiological management of hemoptysis: a comprehensive review of diagnostic imaging and bronchial arterial embolization. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2010;33:240-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This article reviews the pathophysiology and causes of hemoptysis, diagnostic imaging and therapeutic options, and technique and outcomes of BAE. ..
  9. Tsunezuka Y, Tanaka N, Fujimori H. Intraoperative rupture of an interlobar bronchial artery aneurysm: a case report. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2015;10:129 pubmed publisher
    ..An asymptomatic 52-year-old woman was found to have bilateral, multiple dilated bronchial arteries feeding the BAA that was further connected to the pulmonary artery on computed tomography and angiography...
  10. Salamonsen M, Tazi Mezalek R, López Lisbona R, Cubero N, Baixeras N, Dominguez J, et al. Combined Bronchial Artery Embolization and Endobronchial Resection for Bronchial Carcinoid: A Safety and Feasibility Pilot Study. Respiration. 2016;91:63-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The reduction in bleeding may facilitate and simplify the procedure. The possible application of this combined therapy to the management of atypical carcinoids warrants the design of a larger prospective clinical trial. ..
  11. Charan N, Johnson S, Lakshminarayan S, Thompson W, Carvalho P. Nitric oxide and beta-adrenergic agonist-induced bronchial arterial vasodilation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1997;82:686-92 pubmed
    ..Thus in the bronchial circulation, there seems to be a close interaction between adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate- and guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate-mediated vasodilation...
  12. Kawaguchi T, Tanaka M, Itano S, Ono N, Shimauchi Y, Nagamatsu H, et al. Successful treatment for bronchial bleeding from invasive pulmonary metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report. Hepatogastroenterology. 2001;48:851-3 pubmed
    ..Transcatheter arterial embolization may be one of therapeutics for hemoptysis from invasive pulmonary metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma. ..
  13. Ishikawa H, Kimura T, Oya A, Kamitani A, Inoue Y, Suzuki K, et al. [Application of interlocking detachable coil (IDC) in superselective bronchial artery embolization]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi. 2004;42:730-6 pubmed
    ..4 +/- 1.4 hours vs. 4.4 +/- 2.5 hours, p = 0.040 unpaired t-test). IDC is a useful device for BAE. This is the first-ever report documenting the usefulness of IDC for BAE. ..
  14. Katsuda R, Mochizuki Y, Nakahara Y, Kawamura T, Sasaki S, Mayumi T. [A case of ruptured bronchial artery aneurysm with hemothorax and mediastinal hematoma]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi. 2009;47:895-9 pubmed
    ..Since a rupture of the bronchial artery could be life-threatening, a ruptured bronchial artery aneurysm should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses of hemothorax. ..
  15. Góes Junior A, Koury Junior A, Paschoal E, Jeha S. Three Extremely Rare Findings in the Same Patient: Harlequin Syndrome, Thyrocervical Trunk Aneurysm, and Systemic-Pulmonary Arterio-Arterial Fistula. Ann Vasc Surg. 2017;45:267.e7-267.e12 pubmed publisher
    ..Endovascular treatment was scheduled. Angiographies revealed bronchial arteries arising from a common trunk at the right thyrocervical trunk and the left bronchial artery was feeding an ..
  16. Hosoda H, Yano M, Izumi H, Akamatsu H, Sunamori M. [Castleman's disease of left interloblar lymph node; report of a case]. Kyobu Geka. 2003;56:1065-7 pubmed
    ..We showed that a tumor of Castleman's disease may be resected without lobectomy of the lung or further procedures. ..
  17. Won J, Park S, Park K, Oh Y, Hwang S. Microcatheter placement through a side hole created in a 5-F catheter into proximal subclavian arterial branches causing hemoptysis. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004;15:881-4 pubmed
    ..Polyvinyl alcohol particles were used as the embolic material. The technical success rate was 100%, and immediate control of hemoptysis was achieved in all patients without complication. ..
  18. Miyoshi K, Moriyama S, Nawa S. Bronchial arteriovenous malformation with large aneurysm, resected by video-assisted thoracic surgery. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;57:162-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Preoperative angiography showed tortuous, enlarged right bronchial arteries with an aneurysm connecting to the pulmonary artery, which could not be totally embolized via the ..
  19. Pettersson G, Karam K, Thuita L, Johnston D, McCurry K, Kapadia S, et al. Comparative study of bronchial artery revascularization in lung transplantation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013;146:894-900.e3 pubmed publisher
    ..BAR is safe, with comparable early outcomes. Benefits of BAR include reduced airway ischemia and complications, lower biopsy tissue grades, fewer infections, and delay of BOS. A multicenter study is needed to establish these benefits. ..
  20. Hayasaka K, Ishida H, Kimura R, Nishimaki T. A new anatomical classification of the bronchial arteries based on the spatial relationships to the esophagus and the tracheobronchus. Surg Today. 2017;47:883-890 pubmed publisher
    To reveal the patterns of the mediastinal course of the bronchial arteries (BAs)...
  21. Lopes A, Liberato M, Brentani M, Aiello V, Riso A, Ebaid M. Lung beta-adrenoceptors in pulmonary hypertension. A study of biopsy specimens in children with congenital heart disease. Chest. 1991;99:637-41 pubmed
    ..Thus, the increase in receptor density in these patients may be related to adaptative changes in cells other than vascular smooth muscle...
  22. Kuiper S, Zhang M, Almquist S, Doyle T. What arteries are detectable in the precarinal space on contrast-enhanced CT?. Clin Anat. 2003;16:114-8 pubmed
    ..Based on the variation in the location and size of the bronchial arteries observed in this study, we suggest that vascular structures are detectable in the precarinal space with ..
  23. Ishibashi H, Izumi H, Akamatsu H, Sunamori M. [Successful transection of racemose hemangioma of bronchial artery; report of a case]. Kyobu Geka. 2003;56:243-6 pubmed
    ..Chest computed tomography (CT) on admission showed bronchoectasia with dilated bronchial arteries in the left lower lung field...
  24. Ogunrombi A, Onakpoya U, Adewole O, Adesunkanmi A. Challenges in the management of massive haemoptysis in a resource-scarce facility. Trop Doct. 2011;41:8-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Prognosis is poor when salvage surgery is offered during active bleeding. ..
  25. Otto D, von Falkenhausen U, Schellong S, Klein H, Welte T. [Unilateral pulmonary vein atresia in early adulthood]. Pneumologie. 1998;52:135-9 pubmed
    ..with aortography revealed the diagnosis of unilateral pulmonary vein atresia with abnormal branches of bronchial arteries. There is a considerably left-to-right shunt with return of flow from the bronchial arteries to the right ..
  26. Wagner E, Foster W. The role of the bronchial vasculature in soluble particle clearance. Environ Health Perspect. 2001;109 Suppl 4:563-5 pubmed
    ..These results emphasize the importance of normal perfusion of the airway vasculature for uptake of therapeutic agents delivered specifically to the conducting airways. ..
  27. Suen H, Dumontier C, Boeren J, Charland W, Daily B. Ruptured bronchial artery aneurysm associated with sarcoidosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003;125:1153-4 pubmed
  28. Nørgaard M, Alphonso N, Cochrane A, Menahem S, Brizard C, D Udekem Y. Major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries of patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect are dilated bronchial arteries. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2006;29:653-8 pubmed
    To test the hypothesis that major aorto-pulmonary collaterals (MAPCAs) have the same anatomy as bronchial arteries. Two hundred and thirty-eight angiographies performed on 61 patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect (VSD)..
  29. Kalva S. Bronchial artery embolization. Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009;12:130-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Immediate cessation of bleeding occurs in more than 75% of patients; however, long-term recurrences are common in patients with progressive lung disease. Complications are infrequent except for a rare occurrence of spinal cord ischemia. ..
  30. Iga N, Miyoshi K, Takata K, Hirano Y, Konishi Y, Otani S, et al. Visualization of bronchial circulation at bronchial anastomotic site using bronchial fluorescein angiography technique. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2016;23:716-721 pubmed
    ..After transection of the left main bronchus and bronchial arteries and re-anastomosis of the bronchus, the pigs were randomly divided into two groups: the PA- group (n = 5), ..
  31. Nørgaard M, Andersen C, Pettersson G. Does bronchial artery revascularization influence results concerning bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and/or obliterative bronchiolitis after lung transplantation?. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1998;14:311-8 pubmed
    ..The positive trend motivates further use of direct bronchial artery revascularization in lung transplantation. ..
  32. Furnari M, Salerno S, Rabiolo A, Caravello V, Pardo F. Bronchial to subclavian shunt in a CF patient. A potential pitfall for embolization. J Cyst Fibros. 2003;2:217-9 pubmed
    ..We report a case of complex vascular anatomy of the left bronchial artery with multiple anastomoses with the ipsilateral subclavian artery as cause of non-attempted embolization. ..
  33. Syrkina O, Hales C. Role of bronchial artery systemic lymph flow after smoke burn injury. Arch Physiol Biochem. 2003;111:301-3 pubmed
  34. White S, McIlveen S, Parsons G, Quail A, Cottee D, Gunther R, et al. Neural control of the bronchial circulation. Arch Physiol Biochem. 2003;111:305-8 pubmed
  35. De Dominicis F, Leborgne L, Raymond A, Berna P. Right pulmonary artery agenesis and coronary-to-bronchial artery aneurysm. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2011;12:507-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this case, the surgery was indicated because of the pathological lung and the risk of postembolization ischaemia. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was doing well six months later. ..
  36. Nugent Z, Oliveira V, Maclusky I, Amaral J, Connolly B, Yang C. Bronchial artery-pulmonary artery malformation as a cause of cryptogenic hemoptysis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2013;48:930-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first pediatric case of this type of anomaly and it illustrates the importance of angiography in the investigation of cryptogenic hemoptysis. ..
  37. Janssen L, Lu Chao H, Netherton S. Responsiveness of canine bronchial vasculature to excitatory stimuli and to cooling. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2001;280:L930-7 pubmed
    ..We conclude that cooling of the airway wall dramatically interferes with adrenergic control of bronchial perfusion but has little effect on thromboxane-mediated vasoconstriction...
  38. Kalva S, Wicky S. Mediastinal bronchial artery aneurysms: endovascular therapy in two patients. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2006;68:858-61 pubmed
    ..In the second case, the aneurysm was near the origin of the bronchial artery from the aorta. We used detachable coils to occlude this aneurysm for more precise embolization. ..
  39. Bin Sarwar Zubairi A, Tanveer ul Haq -, Fatima K, Azeemuddin M, Zubairi M, Irfan M. Bronchial artery embolization in the treatment of massive hemoptysis. Saudi Med J. 2007;28:1076-9 pubmed
    ..Bronchial artery embolization is an effective method for management of massive hemoptysis in developing countries and has a low complication rate. ..
  40. Parrot A, Antoine M, Khalil A, Théodore J, Mangiapan G, Bazelly B, et al. Approach to diagnosis and pathological examination in bronchial Dieulafoy disease: a case series. Respir Res. 2008;9:58 pubmed publisher
    ..Dieulafoy disease should be suspected in patients with massive and unexplained episodes of recurrent hemoptysis, in order to avoid hazardous endoscopic biopsies and to alert the pathologist if surgery is performed. ..
  41. Bölükbas S, Eberlein M. [Pulmonary Aspergilloma: Indications for Surgery and Surgical Techniques]. Zentralbl Chir. 2015;140 Suppl 1:S43-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of perioperative antifungal therapy in immunocompetent patients remains controversial. Antimycotic treatment and embolisation of bronchial arteries may be useful treatment options for inoperable patients.
  42. Kocbek L, Rakuša M. The right intercostobronchial trunk: anatomical study in respect of posterior intercostal artery origin and its clinical application. Surg Radiol Anat. 2018;40:67-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Posterior intercostal arteries and the right bronchial arteries were dissected in 43 human cadavers, preserved after Thiel's embalming method with intraarterial infusion of ..
  43. McLean R, Parandian B, Nam M. Pericardial tamponade: an unusual complication of lobectomy for lung cancer. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999;67:545-6 pubmed
    ..This vessel retracted into the pericardial sac where it bled causing a pericardial tamponade. ..
  44. Hanley F. MAPCAs, bronchials, monkeys, and men. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2006;29:643-4 pubmed
  45. Manghat N. Thickening of the peribronchovascular interstitium secondary to acute thoracic aortic dissection--ECG-gated imaging should be considered. Clin Radiol. 2008;63:1069-70 pubmed publisher
  46. Shimizu H, Tanabe N, Tatsumi K. [Racemose hemangioma of the bronchial artery]. Nihon Rinsho. 2009;67:1038-41 pubmed
    Racemose hemangioma of the bronchial arteries is a rare abnormality and is characterized by enlarged and convoluted bronchial arteries arranged segmentally along the longitudinal axis of bronchus...
  47. van Doorn C, De Boo D, Weersink E, van Delden O, Reekers J, van Lienden K. Permanent cortical blindness after bronchial artery embolization. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2013;36:1686-1689 pubmed publisher
    ..Cessation of outflow in the bronchial circulation reversed the flow through the anastomosis and allowed for spill of embolization material into the posterior circulation. Unfortunately the cortical blindness presented was permanent. ..
  48. Sizarov A, Raimondi F, Bonnet D, Boudjemline Y. Vascular anatomy in children with pulmonary hypertension regarding the transcatheter Potts shunt. Heart. 2016;102:1735-1741 pubmed publisher
    ..The difference of prevalence of the bronchial arteries between two vessels in patients with either infrasystemic PAH or isosystemic/suprasystemic PAH did not reach ..
  49. Damiani G, Mariani P, Arborio G, Alineri S, Cornalba G. [High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) versus bronchoscopy in predicting the need for bronchial embolization in hemoptysis]. Radiol Med. 1995;90:232-7 pubmed
    ..Confirming literature data, our study proves CT and HRCT to play a basic role in the diagnosis of the inflammatory conditions causing hemoptysis. ..
  50. Yıldız A, Arıyürek O, Akpinar E, Peynircioglu B, Cil B. Multidetector CT of bronchial and non-bronchial systemic arteries. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2011;17:10-7 pubmed publisher
    ..maximum intensity projections, and volume-rendered images to evaluate the origin and course of the abnormal bronchial arteries and enlarged NBSAs that may be the cause of hemoptysis...
  51. Noë G, Jaffe S, Molan M. CT and CT angiography in massive haemoptysis with emphasis on pre-embolization assessment. Clin Radiol. 2011;66:869-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Failure to assess the imaging appropriately prior to endovascular treatment may result in early recurrent massive haemoptysis or patient death. ..
  52. Jiang S, Sun X, Jie B, Yu D. Endovascular embolization of an aberrant bronchial artery originating from the vertebral artery in a patient with massive hemoptysis. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2014;37:1099-102 pubmed publisher
    ..systemic and pulmonary arteries are possible sources of bleeding, and the major sources of bleeding are the bronchial arteries (BAs)...
  53. Yamada T, Ushiki T. Cytoarchitecture of the bronchiolar wall in the rat lung: scanning electron microscopic studies. Ital J Anat Embryol. 2001;106:387-93 pubmed
    ..Lymphatic vessels were sometimes found at the bifurcation of bronchioles. These findings provide important basic data on the structure and functions of the bronchiolar wall...
  54. Judson M, Stevens D. The treatment of pulmonary aspergilloma. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2001;2:1375-7 pubmed
    ..Surgical treatment is definitive but many patients are ineligible. Percutaneous therapy and bronchial artery embolization is appropriate for some patients and itraconazole has produced favorable results in several studies...
  55. Inou H, Sasabayashi M, Tsushima K, Yamazaki Y, Hanaoka M, Yamaguchi S, et al. [A case of bronchial arterial aneurysm associated with recurrent massive hemoptysis]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi. 2003;41:813-6 pubmed
    ..Histopathologically, the resected tissue showed a bronchial arterial aneurysm without any inflammatory changes. We concluded that the aneurysm had developed in a malformed vessel...
  56. Kitai T, Nomura A, Miki A, Ukikusa M, Kojima N, Nishikawa S, et al. [Clinical benefit of bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy to pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer--report of two cases]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2003;30:2125-8 pubmed
    ..Bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy for pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer is clinically beneficial, especially for patients with life-threatening respiratory symptoms like airway obstruction or intraluminal bleeding...
  57. Castañer E, Gallardo X, Pallardó Y, Branera J, Cabezuelo M, Mata J. Diseases affecting the peribronchovascular interstitium: CT findings and pathologic correlation. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2005;34:63-75 pubmed
    ..We illustrate the CT findings and pathologic correlation for a number of different disorders that mainly affect the peribronchovascular interstitium...
  58. Paul S, Raja S, Su S, Fontaine J, Zellos L, Sugarbaker D. Unusual case of hemoptysis 13 years after bilobectomy. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007;83:1188-90 pubmed
    ..Successful treatment required percutaneous embolization of the dominant bronchial collaterals, followed by completion pneumonectomy...
  59. Matsushima H, Oda T, Sato A, Yamamoto M, Hasejima N, Kadoyama C, et al. [A case of sarcoidosis complicated with repeated hemoptysis]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi. 2009;47:61-5 pubmed
    ..We decided that the etiology of her hemoptysis was from micro-aneurysms in the left bronchial artery. We concluded that hemorrhage from vascular lesions, including the bronchial artery, could be complications in cases of sarcoidosis...
  60. Carette M, Parrot A, Fartoukh M, Tassart M, Khalil A. [Normal and abnormal systemic pulmonary circulation: CT imaging features]. J Radiol. 2009;90:1789-800 pubmed
  61. Hamahata A, Enkhbaatar P, Sakurai H, Nozaki M, Traber D. Sclerosis therapy of bronchial artery attenuates acute lung injury induced by burn and smoke inhalation injury in ovine model. Burns. 2010;36:1042-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesized that sclerosis of the bronchial artery after insult attenuates smoke/burn-induced acute lung injury...
  62. Orriols R, Núñez V, Hernando R, Drobnic E, Moreiras M. [Life-threatening hemoptysis: study of 154 patients]. Med Clin (Barc). 2012;139:255-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The natural history of life-threatening hemoptysis (LTH), a medical emergency, is ill defined. The objective of the study was to evaluate, in a university teaching hospital setting, the etiology, methods used, and evolution of LTH...
  63. Kaseda S, Shimizu K, Yamane T, Sugiura H. Bronchial arterial infusion with cisplatin followed by irradiation successfully treats recurrent stage IVb thymic large cell carcinoma. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1999;16:471-4 pubmed
    ..This is the first reported case of survival from recurrence of thymic large cell carcinoma. BAI combined with irradiation should be considered as one of the treatments of choice in a recurrence like we present herein...
  64. Wagner E, Brown R. Blood flow distribution within the airway wall. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2002;92:1964-9 pubmed
    ..During challenge, there was greater MCh delivery to larger airways during increased flow and less delivery to smaller airways during control flow. The results demonstrate the effects of axial perfusion distribution on Raw...
  65. Gallagher S, Shank J, Bochner B, Wagner E. Methods to track leukocyte and erythrocyte transit through the bronchial vasculature in sheep. J Immunol Methods. 2002;271:89-97 pubmed
    ..These methods offer an approach for examining leukocyte kinetics in situ in the airways of a relevant animal model...
  66. Yoon W, Kim Y, Kim J, Kim Y, Park J, Kang H. Massive hemoptysis: prediction of nonbronchial systemic arterial supply with chest CT. Radiology. 2003;227:232-8 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of chest computed tomography (CT) in the prediction of a nonbronchial systemic arterial supply in patients with massive hemoptysis...
  67. Yoon W. Embolic agents used for bronchial artery embolisation in massive haemoptysis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004;5:361-7 pubmed
    ..Clinical trials and experimental studies should be performed to explore the safety and efficacy of microspheres for bronchial artery embolisation...
  68. Schmidt B, Liebers U, Kroncke T, Enzweiler C, Witt C. [Treatment of pulmonary bleeding]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2005;130:453-6 pubmed
  69. Savai R, Wolf J, Greschus S, Eul B, Schermuly R, Hänze J, et al. Analysis of tumor vessel supply in Lewis lung carcinoma in mice by fluorescent microsphere distribution and imaging with micro- and flat-panel computed tomography. Am J Pathol. 2005;167:937-46 pubmed
    ..In this model of peripheral parenchymal malignancy, new imaging techniques allowed effective visualization of lung tumor growth and vascularization in living mice, demonstrating a pulmonary blood supply for lung tumors...
  70. Tan L, Han M, Li Y, Jiang J, Li S, Zhou S. [Role of 16 slices spiral CT angiography with 3-dimensional CT and CT virtual endoscopy in detecting blood supply of lung carcinoma]. Ai Zheng. 2007;26:73-7 pubmed
  71. Muthu S, Copley S. Case report: thickening of the peribronchovascular interstitium secondary to acute thoracic aortic dissection--chest radiograph and CT appearances. Clin Radiol. 2008;63:236-8 pubmed publisher
  72. Pettersson G, Yun J, Nørgaard M. Bronchial artery revascularization in lung transplantation: techniques, experience, and outcomes. Curr Opin Organ Transplant. 2010;15:572-7 pubmed publisher
    Lung transplantation (LTX) is routinely performed ignoring the bronchial arteries. In this article, we review the published world experience, including our own, of LTX with direct bronchial artery revascularization (BAR) and describe the ..
  73. Duan F, Wang M, Liu F, Wang Z, Song P, Wang Y. Sorafenib in combination with transarterial chemoembolization and bronchial arterial chemoinfusion in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with pulmonary metastasis. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. 2012;8:156-63 pubmed publisher
  74. Hsiao E, Kirsch C, Kagawa F, Wehner J, Jensen W, Baxter R. Utility of fiberoptic bronchoscopy before bronchial artery embolization for massive hemoptysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001;177:861-7 pubmed
    ..We wanted to investigate the utility of performing fiberoptic bronchoscopy before bronchial artery embolization in patients with massive hemoptysis...
  75. Janssen L, Tazzeo T, Miller J. Mechanical and electrophysiological effects of isoprostanes on bronchial arterial smooth muscle. Arch Physiol Biochem. 2003;111:337-9 pubmed
    ..The patch clamp technique was used to characterize the K+ and Ca2+ currents in these tissues, and to show that isoprostanes caused a brief enhancement of K+ currents followed by prolonged and marked suppression of the same...
  76. Parsons G, Bommer W, Siefkin A, Brock J, Lantz B. Drainage routes of bronchial blood flow in anaesthetized sheep. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2007;20:109-11 pubmed
    ..Pulmonary venous hypertension would be expected to have a direct effect on the bronchial circulation...
  77. Ravnic D, Konerding M, Pratt J, Wolloscheck T, Huss H, Mentzer S. The murine bronchopulmonary microcirculation in hapten-induced inflammation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;133:97-103 pubmed
    ..The clinical observation of central bronchial artery hypertrophy in chronic lung inflammation suggests the possibility that the bronchial circulation may also participate in adaptive responses in peripheral lung inflammation...
  78. Inci I, Weder W. Airway complications after lung transplantation can be avoided without bronchial artery revascularization. Curr Opin Organ Transplant. 2010;15:578-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This review focuses on the incidence of airway anastomotic complications after lung transplantation and delineates potential risk factors...
  79. McLeod D, Parsons G, Gunther R, Quail A, Cottee D, White S. Differential effects of inhaled methacholine on circumferential wall and vascular smooth muscle of third-generation airways in awake sheep. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2012;113:1233-42 pubmed publisher
  80. Wada T, Takeuchi H, Kawakubo H, Nakamura R, Oyama T, Takahashi T, et al. Clinical utility of preoperative evaluation of bronchial arteries by three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography for esophageal cancer surgery. Dis Esophagus. 2013;26:616-22 pubmed publisher
    An identification of bronchial arteries (BAs) is critical in esophageal cancer surgery to avoid tracheobronchial ischemia and unexpected massive bleeding during surgical procedure particularly in thoracoscopic video-assisted esophagectomy...
  81. Schlensak C, Doenst T, Preusser S, Wunderlich M, Kleinschmidt M, Beyersdorf F. Bronchial artery perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass does not prevent ischemia of the lung in piglets: assessment of bronchial artery blood flow with fluorescent microspheres. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2001;19:326-31; disciussion 331-2 pubmed
    Blood supply of the lungs during total cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is limited to flow through the bronchial arteries. This study was undertaken to assess the bronchial artery blood flow during CPB with fluorescent microspheres in a ..
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    ..She underwent ligation and transaction of the left bronchial artery, and had no further hemoptysis. Measurement of the bronchial arterial pressure is important for determining how to treat racemose hemangioma...
  85. Labbe V, Roques S, Boughdène F, Razazi K, Khalil A, Parrot A, et al. Shock complicating successful bronchial artery embolization for severe hemoptysis. Chest. 2009;135:215-217 pubmed publisher
    ..Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) complications are uncommon. We describe three patients who had a shock related to splenic infarction after a successful BAE...
  86. Hamahata A, Enkhbaatar P, Sakurai H, Nozaki M, Traber D. Effect of ablated bronchial blood flow on survival rate and pulmonary function after burn and smoke inhalation in sheep. Burns. 2009;35:802-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Ablated bronchial circulation attenuated these pathophysiological changes...
  87. Bai Z, Deng X. [Effect of oleum fructus brucease injection via bronchial arterial infusion in treating advanced lung cancer]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2010;30:838-40 pubmed
    ..To explore the clinical effects of bronchial arterial infusion (BAI) with oleum fructus bruceae (OFB) Injection and chemotherapeutic agents (CTA) in treating advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
  88. Lee Y, Park S, Kim S, Lee J, Koo H, Yoon H. A case of systemic polyarteritis nodosa involving bronchial artery. Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis. 2010;27:164-8 pubmed
    ..These findings were compatible with the diagnosis of PAN. The patient was started on steroid and cyclophosphamide...
  89. Jiang S, Sun X, Yu D, Jie B. Aberrant left inferior bronchial artery originating from the left gastric artery in a patient with acute massive hemoptysis. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2013;36:1420-3 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the sites of origin of the bronchial arteries (BAs) have numerous anatomical variations, which can result in a technical challenge to identify a bleeding ..
  90. Pisarri T, Giesbrecht G. Reflex tracheal smooth muscle contraction and bronchial vasodilation evoked by airway cooling in dogs. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1997;82:1566-72 pubmed
    ..The results suggested that alteration of airway mechanoreceptor discharge by cooling can initiate reflexes that contribute to airway obstruction...
  91. Wagner E, Blosser S, Mitzner W. Bronchial vascular contribution to lung lymph flow. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1998;85:2190-5 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that lymph vessels clear excess fluid from the airway wall and should be considered when evaluating the effect of vascular leak in airway obstruction...
  92. Yu Tang Goh P, Lin M, Teo N, En Shen Wong D. Embolization for hemoptysis: a six -year review. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2002;25:17-25 pubmed
    ..To review our method of embolization for hemoptysis...