brachial artery

Summary

Summary: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.

Top Publications

  1. Pierce G, Eskurza I, Walker A, Fay T, Seals D. Sex-specific effects of habitual aerobic exercise on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation in middle-aged and older adults. Clin Sci (Lond). 2011;120:13-23 pubmed publisher
    b>Brachial artery FMD (flow-mediated dilation) is impaired with aging and is associated with an increased risk of CVD (cardiovascular disease)...
  2. Dengel D, Jacobs D, Steinberger J, MORAN A, Sinaiko A. Gender differences in vascular function and insulin sensitivity in young adults. Clin Sci (Lond). 2011;120:153-60 pubmed publisher
    ..dilation) was determined by flow-mediated dilation using high-resolution ultrasound imaging of the brachial artery. EID (endothelium-independent dilation) was determined by NTG (nitroglycerine)-mediated dilation...
  3. Green D, Dawson E, Groenewoud H, Jones H, Thijssen D. Is flow-mediated dilation nitric oxide mediated?: A meta-analysis. Hypertension. 2014;63:376-82 pubmed publisher
    ..9% [95% CI, 6.0%-7.8%]; FMD(L-NMMA), 2.4% [95% CI, 1.1%-3.7%]; P<0.001). This comprehensive analysis demonstrates that FMD of conduit arteries in humans is, at least in part, mediated by NO...
  4. Johnson B, Mather K, Newcomer S, Mickleborough T, Wallace J. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation following exercise with augmented oscillatory and retrograde shear rate. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2012;10:34 pubmed publisher
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that (1) increased doses of retrograde SR in the brachial artery during lower body supine cycle ergometer exercise would attenuate post-exercise flow-mediated dilation (FMD) ..
  5. Veselinovic M, Zivkovic V, Toncev S, Tasic N, Bogdanovic V, Djuric D, et al. Carotid artery intima-media thickness and brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Vasa. 2012;41:343-51 pubmed publisher
  6. Credeur D, Mariappan N, Francis J, Thomas D, Moraes D, Welsch M. Vasoreactivity before and after handgrip training in chronic heart failure patients. Atherosclerosis. 2012;225:154-9 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the vasodilatory and vasoconstrictor responses of the brachial artery in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and controls (CON) before and after a period of training and detraining.
  7. Rakobowchuk M, Parsloe E, Gibbins S, Harris E, Birch K. Prolonged low flow reduces reactive hyperemia and augments low flow mediated constriction in the brachial artery independent of the menstrual cycle. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55385 pubmed publisher
    ..After 30 minutes of rest, brachial artery vascular function was assessed by ultrasound measurements of diameter changes during 5 minutes of forearm ..
  8. Naka K, Papathanassiou K, Bechlioulis A, Kazakos N, Pappas K, Tigas S, et al. Determinants of vascular function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2012;11:127 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of our study was to investigate the predictors of vascular dysfunction in T2DM patients...
  9. Tomiyama H, Kohro T, Higashi Y, Takase B, Suzuki T, Ishizu T, et al. A multicenter study design to assess the clinical usefulness of semi-automatic measurement of flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery. Int Heart J. 2012;53:170-5 pubmed
    Flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery (FMD) is a marker which is related to endothelial nitric oxide bioavailability...
  10. Lin A, Lowe A, Sidhu K, Harrison W, Ruygrok P, Stewart R. Evaluation of a novel sphygmomanometer, which estimates central aortic blood pressure from analysis of brachial artery suprasystolic pressure waves. J Hypertens. 2012;30:1743-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Central arterial pressure is a better predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes than brachial blood pressure, but noninvasive measurement by applanation tonometry is technically demanding...

Detail Information

Publications79

  1. Pierce G, Eskurza I, Walker A, Fay T, Seals D. Sex-specific effects of habitual aerobic exercise on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation in middle-aged and older adults. Clin Sci (Lond). 2011;120:13-23 pubmed publisher
    b>Brachial artery FMD (flow-mediated dilation) is impaired with aging and is associated with an increased risk of CVD (cardiovascular disease)...
  2. Dengel D, Jacobs D, Steinberger J, MORAN A, Sinaiko A. Gender differences in vascular function and insulin sensitivity in young adults. Clin Sci (Lond). 2011;120:153-60 pubmed publisher
    ..dilation) was determined by flow-mediated dilation using high-resolution ultrasound imaging of the brachial artery. EID (endothelium-independent dilation) was determined by NTG (nitroglycerine)-mediated dilation...
  3. Green D, Dawson E, Groenewoud H, Jones H, Thijssen D. Is flow-mediated dilation nitric oxide mediated?: A meta-analysis. Hypertension. 2014;63:376-82 pubmed publisher
    ..9% [95% CI, 6.0%-7.8%]; FMD(L-NMMA), 2.4% [95% CI, 1.1%-3.7%]; P<0.001). This comprehensive analysis demonstrates that FMD of conduit arteries in humans is, at least in part, mediated by NO...
  4. Johnson B, Mather K, Newcomer S, Mickleborough T, Wallace J. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation following exercise with augmented oscillatory and retrograde shear rate. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2012;10:34 pubmed publisher
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that (1) increased doses of retrograde SR in the brachial artery during lower body supine cycle ergometer exercise would attenuate post-exercise flow-mediated dilation (FMD) ..
  5. Veselinovic M, Zivkovic V, Toncev S, Tasic N, Bogdanovic V, Djuric D, et al. Carotid artery intima-media thickness and brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Vasa. 2012;41:343-51 pubmed publisher
  6. Credeur D, Mariappan N, Francis J, Thomas D, Moraes D, Welsch M. Vasoreactivity before and after handgrip training in chronic heart failure patients. Atherosclerosis. 2012;225:154-9 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the vasodilatory and vasoconstrictor responses of the brachial artery in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and controls (CON) before and after a period of training and detraining.
  7. Rakobowchuk M, Parsloe E, Gibbins S, Harris E, Birch K. Prolonged low flow reduces reactive hyperemia and augments low flow mediated constriction in the brachial artery independent of the menstrual cycle. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55385 pubmed publisher
    ..After 30 minutes of rest, brachial artery vascular function was assessed by ultrasound measurements of diameter changes during 5 minutes of forearm ..
  8. Naka K, Papathanassiou K, Bechlioulis A, Kazakos N, Pappas K, Tigas S, et al. Determinants of vascular function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2012;11:127 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of our study was to investigate the predictors of vascular dysfunction in T2DM patients...
  9. Tomiyama H, Kohro T, Higashi Y, Takase B, Suzuki T, Ishizu T, et al. A multicenter study design to assess the clinical usefulness of semi-automatic measurement of flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery. Int Heart J. 2012;53:170-5 pubmed
    Flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery (FMD) is a marker which is related to endothelial nitric oxide bioavailability...
  10. Lin A, Lowe A, Sidhu K, Harrison W, Ruygrok P, Stewart R. Evaluation of a novel sphygmomanometer, which estimates central aortic blood pressure from analysis of brachial artery suprasystolic pressure waves. J Hypertens. 2012;30:1743-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Central arterial pressure is a better predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes than brachial blood pressure, but noninvasive measurement by applanation tonometry is technically demanding...
  11. Nagai K, Shibata S, Akishita M, Sudoh N, Obara T, Toba K, et al. Efficacy of combined use of three non-invasive atherosclerosis tests to predict vascular events in the elderly; carotid intima-media thickness, flow-mediated dilation of brachial artery and pulse wave velocity. Atherosclerosis. 2013;231:365-70 pubmed publisher
    Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, and pulse wave velocity of the central artery (PWV) have been widely used to evaluate progression of atherosclerosis...
  12. Currie K, Dubberley J, McKelvie R, MacDonald M. Low-volume, high-intensity interval training in patients with CAD. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013;45:1436-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This study compared the effects of 12-wk of HIT and higher-volume moderate-intensity endurance exercise (END) on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2 peak) in patients with CAD.
  13. Rollando D, Bezante G, Sulli A, Balbi M, Panico N, Pizzorni C, et al. Brachial artery endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilation identifies early-stage endothelial dysfunction in systemic sclerosis and correlates with nailfold microvascular impairment. J Rheumatol. 2010;37:1168-73 pubmed publisher
    To assess possible correlations between endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)...
  14. Miyano I, Nishinaga M, Takata J, Shimizu Y, Okumiya K, Matsubayashi K, et al. Association between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and 3-year mortality in community-dwelling older adults. Hypertens Res. 2010;33:678-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Large longitudinal studies for extended periods of time are necessary to confirm the association. ..
  15. Gyedu A, Arslan E, Koksoy C. Hand ischemia caused by solitary humeral exostosis irritating the brachial artery. Vasa. 2011;40:320-2 pubmed publisher
    ..CT angiography revealed an exostosis on the distal humerus close to the brachial artery which we believe was the cause of repetitive minor trauma to the brachial artery leading to embolic occlusion ..
  16. Haarala A, Kahonen M, Lehtimaki T, Aittoniemi J, Jylhävä J, Hutri Kähönen N, et al. Relation of high cytomegalovirus antibody titres to blood pressure and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation in young men: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Clin Exp Immunol. 2012;167:309-16 pubmed publisher
    ..are associated with early vascular changes (carotid intima-media thickness, carotid artery distensibility and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation), blood pressure elevation or other traditional cardiovascular risk factors...
  17. Reigstad O, Thorkildsen R, Grimsgaard C, Reigstad A, Røkkum M. Supracondylar fractures with circulatory failure after reduction, pinning, and entrapment of the brachial artery: excellent results more than 1 year after open exploration and revascularization. J Orthop Trauma. 2011;25:26-30 pubmed publisher
    ..All were reoperated on with open exploration and release of the entrapped brachial artery. Vascular reconstruction was performed in four patients (vasodilating agent was sufficient in one patient) ..
  18. Rafnsson A, Bohm F, Settergren M, Gonon A, Brismar K, Pernow J. The endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan improves peripheral endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria: a randomised trial. Diabetologia. 2012;55:600-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The secondary endpoint was change in brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation. Reactive hyperaemia index increased from 1.73 ± 0...
  19. DeVan A, Umpierre D, Harrison M, Lin H, Tarumi T, Renzi C, et al. Endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury in humans: association with age and habitual exercise. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011;300:H813-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Using the brachial artery as a surrogate model of the coronary arteries, endothelial function, assessed by brachial artery flow-..
  20. Kollias A, Xilomenos A, Protogerou A, Dimakakos E, Stergiou G. Automated determination of the ankle-brachial index using an oscillometric blood pressure monitor: validation vs. Doppler measurement and cardiovascular risk factor profile. Hypertens Res. 2011;34:825-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Automated ABI measurement using a professional BP monitor allowing simultaneous arm-leg BP measurements appears to be a reliable and faster alternative to Doppler measurement. ..
  21. Akamatsu D, Sato A, Goto H, Watanabe T, Hashimoto M, Shimizu T, et al. Nitroglycerin-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery may predict long-term cardiovascular events irrespective of the presence of atherosclerotic disease. J Atheroscler Thromb. 2010;17:1266-74 pubmed
    ..It is plausible that in dysfunctional smooth muscle cells, the response to nitroglycerin may become blunted. The relationship between impaired brachial artery NMD and subsequent cardiovascular events is not well established.
  22. Santos Garcia D, Blanco M, Serena J, Rodríguez Yáñez M, Leira R, Castillo J. Impaired brachial flow-mediated dilation is a predictor of a new-onset vascular event after stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2011;32:155-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aim was to investigate the relationship between FMD measured in the acute phase of ischemic stroke and a new major adverse vascular event in a consecutive cohort of patients followed up for 48 months after an acute first-ever stroke...
  23. Al Mheid I, Patel R, Murrow J, Morris A, Rahman A, Fike L, et al. Vitamin D status is associated with arterial stiffness and vascular dysfunction in healthy humans. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;58:186-92 pubmed publisher
  24. Juonala M, Magnussen C, Venn A, Gall S, Kahonen M, Laitinen T, et al. Parental smoking in childhood and brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation in young adults: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study and the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012;32:1024-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Passive smoking has been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. The present study aimed to examine the long-term effects of childhood exposure to tobacco smoke on endothelium-dependent vasodilation in adults...
  25. Zhang T, Peng F, Chai D, Lin J. Effects of combined glucose and fat load on endothelium-dependent brachial artery vasodilatation in hypertensive patients. Am J Med Sci. 2012;344:447-51 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the effects of combined glucose and fat load on glucose and lipid metabolism, as well as on vascular endothelial function, in hypertensive patients...
  26. Koivistoinen T, Virtanen M, Hutri Kähönen N, Lehtimaki T, Jula A, Juonala M, et al. Arterial pulse wave velocity in relation to carotid intima-media thickness, brachial flow-mediated dilation and carotid artery distensibility: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study and the Health 2000 Survey. Atherosclerosis. 2012;220:387-93 pubmed publisher
  27. Chen S, Chang J, Liu W, Tsai J, Chen L, Lin M, et al. Significant correlation between ratio of brachial pre-ejection period to ejection time and left ventricular ejection fraction and mass index in patients with chronic kidney disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2011;26:1895-902 pubmed publisher
    ..The aims of this study were to assess whether bPEP/bET is a useful parameter in evaluation of LVMI and LVEF in patients with CKD and to evaluate the diagnostic value of bPEP/bET in the prediction of LVEF <?50%...
  28. Okorie M, Bhavsar D, Ridout D, Charakida M, Deanfield J, Loukogeorgakis S, et al. Postconditioning protects against human endothelial ischaemia-reperfusion injury via subtype-specific KATP channel activation and is mimicked by inhibition of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Eur Heart J. 2011;32:1266-74 pubmed publisher
  29. Bailey T, Birk G, Cable N, Atkinson G, Green D, Jones H, et al. Remote ischemic preconditioning prevents reduction in brachial artery flow-mediated dilation after strenuous exercise. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2012;303:H533-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Participants performed a graded maximal treadmill running test, followed by a 5-km time trial (TT). Brachial artery endothelial function was examined before and after RIPC or sham, as well as after the 5-km TT...
  30. Kizhakekuttu T, Gutterman D, Phillips S, Jurva J, Arthur E, Das E, et al. Measuring FMD in the brachial artery: how important is QRS gating?. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010;109:959-65 pubmed publisher
    ..type 2 diabetes mellitus and in 31 older adults and 12 young adults without diabetes, yielding a range of brachial artery distensibility...
  31. Päivä H, Kahonen M, Lehtimaki T, Alfthan G, Viikari J, Laaksonen R, et al. Levels of asymmetrical dimethylarginine are predictive of brachial artery flow-mediated dilation 6 years later. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Atherosclerosis. 2010;212:512-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study our aim was to investigate whether plasma ADMA levels are predictive of brachial artery endothelial function in a prospective setting.
  32. Hamburg N, Mott M, Bigornia S, Duess M, Kluge M, Hess D, et al. Maladaptive enlargement of the brachial artery in severe obesity is reversed with weight loss. Vasc Med. 2010;15:215-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Higher BMI was associated with larger brachial artery diameter (p = 0.01) and lower shear stress (p = 0.008), indicating maladaptive remodeling...
  33. Kato T, Inoue T, Node K. Postprandial endothelial dysfunction in subjects with new-onset type 2 diabetes: an acarbose and nateglinide comparative study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2010;9:12 pubmed publisher
    ..Postprandial hyperglycemia is believed to affect vascular endothelial function. The aim of our study was to compare the effects of acarbose and nateglinide on postprandial endothelial dysfunction...
  34. Stalc M, Tomsic M, Jezovnik M, Poredos P. Endothelium-dependent and independent dilation capability of peripheral arteries in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2011;29:616-23 pubmed
    The study evaluated the systemic inflammatory response and endothelium-dependent and independent function of the brachial artery (BA) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with and without antiphospholipid syndrome (APS).
  35. Simmons G, Padilla J, Young C, Wong B, Lang J, Davis M, et al. Increased brachial artery retrograde shear rate at exercise onset is abolished during prolonged cycling: role of thermoregulatory vasodilation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011;110:389-97 pubmed publisher
    Acute leg exercise increases brachial artery retrograde shear rate (SR), while chronic exercise improves vasomotor function...
  36. Abla A, Uschold T, Preul M, Zabramski J. Comparative use of turkey and chicken wing brachial artery models for microvascular anastomosis training. J Neurosurg. 2011;115:1231-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to describe a turkey wing model for microvascular anastomosis training and compare it to the previously outlined chicken wing model...
  37. Zhang M, Bai Y, Ye P, Luo L, Xiao W, Wu H, et al. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased pulse wave velocity measured at different sites of the arterial system but not augmentation index in a Chinese population. Clin Cardiol. 2011;34:622-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the association between pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) in diabetes is poorly understood...
  38. Lee C, Bass A, Ellis K, Tran B, Steele S, Caughey M, et al. Relation between digital peripheral arterial tonometry and brachial artery ultrasound measures of vascular function in patients with coronary artery disease and in healthy volunteers. Am J Cardiol. 2012;109:651-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we evaluated the relation between digital PAT and established brachial artery ultrasound measures of vascular function under basal conditions and after reactive hyperemia...
  39. Monahan K. Effect of cocoa/chocolate ingestion on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation and its relevance to cardiovascular health and disease in humans. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2012;527:90-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) technique has emerged as a robust method to quantify endothelial function in ..
  40. Su H, Lin T, Hsu P, Chu C, Lee W, Chen S, et al. Impact of systolic time intervals on the relationship between arterial stiffness and left ventricular hypertrophy. Atherosclerosis. 2012;223:171-6 pubmed publisher
  41. Johnson H, Gossett L, Piper M, Aeschlimann S, Korcarz C, Baker T, et al. Effects of smoking and smoking cessation on endothelial function: 1-year outcomes from a randomized clinical trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;55:1988-95 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to determine whether smoking cessation improves flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery.
  42. Shimada K, Fukuda S, Maeda K, Kawasaki T, Kono Y, Jissho S, et al. Aromatherapy alleviates endothelial dysfunction of medical staff after night-shift work: preliminary observations. Hypertens Res. 2011;34:264-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery was measured three times in each subject: on a regular workday, and after night-shift work before and ..
  43. Masoura C, Pitsavos C, Aznaouridis K, Skoumas I, Vlachopoulos C, Stefanadis C. Arterial endothelial function and wall thickness in familial hypercholesterolemia and familial combined hyperlipidemia and the effect of statins. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Atherosclerosis. 2011;214:129-38 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the impact of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) on arterial properties and the effects of statins...
  44. Hamburg N, Palmisano J, Larson M, Sullivan L, Lehman B, Vasan R, et al. Relation of brachial and digital measures of vascular function in the community: the Framingham heart study. Hypertension. 2011;57:390-6 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that FMD and PAT provide distinct information regarding vascular function in conduit versus smaller digital vessels...
  45. Jiang B, Seddon M, Fok H, Donald A, Chowienczyk P. Flow-mediated dilation of the radial artery is offset by flow-induced reduction in transmural pressure. Hypertension. 2011;57:1145-50 pubmed publisher
    ..measured in the radial artery using a standard protocol and after flow interruption at peak hyperemia during brachial artery infusion of saline and the NO synthase inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (8 ?mol/min)...
  46. Xu J, Wu S, Yan Y, Xie Y, Ren Y, Yin Z, et al. Left atrial diameter, flow-mediated dilation of brachial artery and target organ damage in Chinese patients with hypertension. J Hum Hypertens. 2012;26:41-7 pubmed publisher
    ..function was assessed by endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (flow-mediated dilation, FMD) of the brachial artery. We also assessed serum creatinine, the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR), the intima-media thickness (..
  47. Diaz K, Veerabhadrappa P, Kashem M, Feairheller D, Sturgeon K, Williamson S, et al. Relationship of visit-to-visit and ambulatory blood pressure variability to vascular function in African Americans. Hypertens Res. 2012;35:55-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Right brachial artery diameter was assessed at rest, during reactive hyperemia (flow-mediated vasodilation: FMD), and after ..
  48. Hunt J, Walton L, Ferguson R. Brachial artery modifications to blood flow-restricted handgrip training and detraining. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2012;112:956-61 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of low-load dynamic handgrip training with and without BFR, and detraining, on measures of brachial artery function and structure...
  49. Montalcini T, Gorgone G, Gazzaruso C, Romeo S, Bosco D, Pujia A. Brachial artery diameter measurement: a tool to simplify non-invasive vascular assessment. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2012;22:8-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We would like to examine studies that contributed to clarify the remodeling mechanisms, to explore the different faces of atherosclerosis process...
  50. Chemla E, Nortley M, Morsy M. Brachial artery aneurysms associated with arteriovenous access for hemodialysis. Semin Dial. 2010;23:440-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Brachial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare condition. We describe a series of cases of BAA with arteriovenous access. Thirteen patients were retrospectively identified between January 2006 and July 2009 using a patient database...
  51. Anderson J, Nettleton J, Herrington D, Johnson W, Tsai M, Siscovick D. Relation of omega-3 fatty acid and dietary fish intake with brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92:1204-13 pubmed publisher
    The relation between dietary fish intake and brachial artery measures, including brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), has not been well established across sex and racial-ethnic groups.
  52. Fan C, Zhang Z, Mei Y, Wu C, Shen B. Impaired brachial artery flow-mediated dilation and increased carotid intima-media thickness in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Chin Med J (Engl). 2012;125:832-7 pubmed
    Carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation percentage (FMD%) are common parameters used for detecting subclinical atherosclerosis...
  53. Llewellyn T, Chaffin M, Berg K, Meendering J. The relationship between shear rate and flow-mediated dilation is altered by acute exercise. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2012;205:394-402 pubmed publisher
    ..The aims of this study were to compare brachial artery endothelial function at rest and post-exercise in and to compare the data expressed as a percent change and ..
  54. Rodriguez Rodriguez L, Gonzalez Juanatey C, Palomino Morales R, Vazquez Rodriguez T, Miranda Filloy J, Fernandez Gutierrez B, et al. TNFA -308 (rs1800629) polymorphism is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Atherosclerosis. 2011;216:125-30 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the influence of the TNFA rs1800629 (G > A) polymorphism in the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  55. Potier L, Abi Khalil C, Mohammedi K, Roussel R. Use and utility of ankle brachial index in patients with diabetes. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2011;41:110-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In this case, other methods should be applied, toe pressure, in particular. Thus, the ABI could be used in patients with diabetes, but values should be interpreted with precision, according to the clinical situation...
  56. Padilla J, Newcomer S, Simmons G, Kreutzer K, Laughlin M. Long-term exercise training does not alter brachial and femoral artery vasomotor function and endothelial phenotype in healthy pigs. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2010;299:H379-85 pubmed publisher
  57. Birk G, Dawson E, Atkinson C, Haynes A, Cable N, Thijssen D, et al. Brachial artery adaptation to lower limb exercise training: role of shear stress. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2012;112:1653-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Initially, five male subjects underwent bilateral brachial artery duplex ultrasound to measure blood flow and shear responses to 30-min cycling exercise at 80% of maximal ..
  58. Luk T, Dai Y, Siu C, Yiu K, Chan H, Lee S, et al. Effect of exercise training on vascular endothelial function in patients with stable coronary artery disease: a randomized controlled trial. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2012;19:830-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We aim to investigate the effect of exercise training on endothelial function and exercise capacity in patients with coronary artery disease...
  59. Pacifico L, Anania C, Martino F, Cantisani V, Pascone R, Marcantonio A, et al. Functional and morphological vascular changes in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology. 2010;52:1643-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We assessed both flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery (FMD) and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), along with lipid profile, glucose, insulin, insulin ..
  60. Nakamura M, Yamashita T, Yajima J, Oikawa Y, Sagara K, Koike A, et al. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity as a risk stratification index for the short-term prognosis of type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease. Hypertens Res. 2010;33:1018-24 pubmed publisher
  61. Weber T, Wassertheurer S, Rammer M, Maurer E, Hametner B, Mayer C, et al. Validation of a brachial cuff-based method for estimating central systolic blood pressure. Hypertension. 2011;58:825-32 pubmed publisher
    ..5 mm Hg (SD: 4.7 mm Hg). In conclusion, a novel transfer function-like algorithm, using brachial cuff-based waveform recordings, is suited to provide a realistic estimation of central systolic pressure...
  62. Hafner F, Seinost G, Gary T, Froehlich H, Pilger E, Brodmann M. Are flow-mediated vasodilatation and intima-media thickness of the brachial artery associated with restenosis after endovascular treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease?. Eur Radiol. 2010;20:2533-40 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluates the influence of FMD and brachial intima-media thickness (B-IMT) on restenosis after angioplasty of peripheral arteries...
  63. Jablonski K, Chonchol M, Pierce G, Walker A, Seals D. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D deficiency is associated with inflammation-linked vascular endothelial dysfunction in middle-aged and older adults. Hypertension. 2011;57:63-9 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation, a measure of endothelium-dependent dilation, was lower (P<0...
  64. Inaba Y, Chen J, Bergmann S. Prediction of future cardiovascular outcomes by flow-mediated vasodilatation of brachial artery: a meta-analysis. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010;26:631-40 pubmed publisher
    We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies which examined the association between flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of brachial artery, a noninvasive measure of endothelial function, and future cardiovascular events.
  65. Johnson B, Padilla J, Wallace J. The exercise dose affects oxidative stress and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation in trained men. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012;112:33-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were measured as an index of oxidative stress and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was assessed as an index of endothelial function...
  66. Averbeck M, Colares C, de Lira G, Selbach T, Rhoden E. Evaluation of endothelial function with brachial artery ultrasound in men with or without erectile dysfunction and classified as intermediate risk according to the Framingham Score. J Sex Med. 2012;9:849-56 pubmed publisher
    Flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) of the brachial artery is a noninvasive tool used for endothelial function evaluation...
  67. Ciccone M, Favale S, Scicchitano P, Mangini F, Mitacchione G, Gadaleta F, et al. Reversibility of the endothelial dysfunction after CPAP therapy in OSAS patients. Int J Cardiol. 2012;158:383-6 pubmed publisher
  68. Rakobowchuk M, Harris E, Taylor A, Baliga V, Cubbon R, Rossiter H, et al. Heavy and moderate interval exercise training alters low-flow-mediated constriction but does not increase circulating progenitor cells in healthy humans. Exp Physiol. 2012;97:375-85 pubmed publisher
    ..flow-mediated dilatation, low-flow-mediated constriction and total vessel reactivity were measured at the brachial artery using Doppler ultrasound...
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    ..A direct comparison of the different methods and their relation to classical cardiovascular risk factors in a large cohort is missing...
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    ..Brachial flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) measured by B-mode ultrasound represents endothelial function and is a validated marker for early atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease risk...
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    b>Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is associated with risk factors providing information on cardiovascular prognosis...
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    We evaluated the relationship of the severity of hyperuricemia and the flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery (FMD) in patients with and without the metabolic syndrome (MetS).