blood vessels


Summary: Any of the tubular vessels conveying the blood (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins).

Top Publications

  1. Wiedemann D, Schachner T, Bonaros N, Dorn M, Andreas M, Kocher A, et al. Impact of cold ischemia on mitochondrial function in porcine hearts and blood vessels. Int J Mol Sci. 2013;14:22042-51 pubmed publisher
    ..HTK) or isotonic saline solution on mitochondrial function in hearts (left and rights ventricles) and various blood vessels of pigs were investigated...
  2. Gurjarpadhye A, Whited B, Sampson A, Niu G, Sharma K, Vogt W, et al. Imaging and characterization of bioengineered blood vessels within a bioreactor using free-space and catheter-based OCT. Lasers Surg Med. 2013;45:391-400 pubmed publisher
    ..Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has recently emerged as a key modality for structural assessment of native blood vessels as well as engineered vessel mimics...
  3. Jeong H, Ji K, Kim J, Jou I, Joe E. Repair of astrocytes, blood vessels, and myelin in the injured brain: possible roles of blood monocytes. Mol Brain. 2013;6:28 pubmed publisher
    ..We further found that monocytes in culture attracted astrocytes by releasing soluble factor(s). Together, these results suggest that brain inflammation mediated by monocytes functions to repair the microenvironment of the injured brain...
  4. Terry S, Abiraj K, Frielink C, van Dijk L, Bussink J, Oyen W, et al. Imaging integrin ?v?3 on blood vessels with 111In-RGD2 in head and neck tumor xenografts. J Nucl Med. 2014;55:281-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In the studies presented here, the use of (111)In-RGD2 as a tracer to image only integrin ?v?3 expression on blood vessels in the tumor was determined using tumor xenografts in which tumor cells were integrin ?v?3-negative.
  5. Burnstock G, Ralevic V. Purinergic signaling and blood vessels in health and disease. Pharmacol Rev. 2014;66:102-92 pubmed publisher
    ..ATP is also released from sensory-motor nerves during antidromic reflex activity to produce relaxation of some blood vessels. In this review, we stress the differences in neural and endothelial factors in purinergic control of ..
  6. Kastrup C, Nahrendorf M, Figueiredo J, Lee H, Kambhampati S, Lee T, et al. Painting blood vessels and atherosclerotic plaques with an adhesive drug depot. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:21444-9 pubmed publisher
    ..we develop a drug-eluting bioadhesive gel that can be locally and durably glued onto the inside surface of blood vessels. In a mouse model of atherosclerosis, inflamed plaques treated with steroid-eluting adhesive gels had reduced ..
  7. Cuper N, Klaessens J, Jaspers J, de Roode R, Noordmans H, de Graaff J, et al. The use of near-infrared light for safe and effective visualization of subsurface blood vessels to facilitate blood withdrawal in children. Med Eng Phys. 2013;35:433-40 pubmed publisher
    Obtaining access to blood vessels can be difficult, especially in children. Visualization of subsurface blood vessels might be a solution. Ultrasound and visible light have been used to this purpose, but have some drawbacks...
  8. Stylianopoulos T, Martin J, Chauhan V, Jain S, Diop Frimpong B, Bardeesy N, et al. Causes, consequences, and remedies for growth-induced solid stress in murine and human tumors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:15101-8 pubmed
    ..Solid stresses can deform the surrounding tissues and compress intratumoral lymphatic and blood vessels. Compression of lymphatic vessels elevates interstitial fluid pressure, whereas compression of blood vessels ..
  9. Fantin A, Vieira J, Plein A, Denti L, Fruttiger M, Pollard J, et al. NRP1 acts cell autonomously in endothelium to promote tip cell function during sprouting angiogenesis. Blood. 2013;121:2352-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these findings demonstrate that NRP1 promotes endothelial tip cell function during angiogenesis. ..

More Information


  1. Susa K, Kita S, Iwamoto T, Yang S, Lin S, Ohta A, et al. Effect of heterozygous deletion of WNK1 on the WNK-OSR1/ SPAK-NCC/NKCC1/NKCC2 signal cascade in the kidney and blood vessels. Clin Exp Nephrol. 2012;16:530-8 pubmed
    ..Although WNK1(+/-) mice have been reported to have hypotension, detailed analyses of the WNK signal cascade in the kidney and other organs of WNK1(+/-) mice have not been performed...
  2. Claesson Welsh L. Blood vessels as targets in tumor therapy. Ups J Med Sci. 2012;117:178-86 pubmed publisher
    ..This review describes the hallmarks of tumor vessels, how different angiogenic growth factors exert their function, and the perspectives for future development of anti-angiogenic therapy...
  3. Clapp C, Martínez de la Escalera L, Martinez de la Escalera G. Prolactin and blood vessels: a comparative endocrinology perspective. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2012;176:336-40 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Blood vessels are surfacing as important PRL targets, contributing to these hormonal functions...
  4. He S, Xia T, Wang H, Wei L, Luo X, Li X. Multiple release of polyplexes of plasmids VEGF and bFGF from electrospun fibrous scaffolds towards regeneration of mature blood vessels. Acta Biomater. 2012;8:2659-69 pubmed publisher
    ..vascular endothelial growth factor-encoding plasmid (pVEGF) were evaluated to promote the generation of mature blood vessels. In vitro release indicated a sustained release of pDNA for ?4 weeks with as low as ?10% initial burst release,..
  5. Villasenor A, Cleaver O. Crosstalk between the developing pancreas and its blood vessels: an evolving dialog. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2012;23:685-92 pubmed publisher
    Growth and development of embryonic organs goes hand in hand with development of the vascular system. Blood vessels have been known for centuries to supply nutrients and oxygen to all cell types in an organism, however, they have more ..
  6. Wu J, Chen Q, Liu W, Zhang Y, Lin J. Cytotoxicity of quantum dots assay on a microfluidic 3D-culture device based on modeling diffusion process between blood vessels and tissues. Lab Chip. 2012;12:3474-80 pubmed publisher
    ..platform on a microfluidic three-dimensional (3D) culture device via imitating the diffusion process between blood vessels and tissues was developed. The device is composed of a main channel and two sets of cell culture chambers...
  7. Rajkowska G, Hughes J, Stockmeier C, Javier Miguel Hidalgo J, Maciag D. Coverage of blood vessels by astrocytic endfeet is reduced in major depressive disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2013;73:613-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Astrocytic processes are a crucial interface between blood vessels and neurons, and astrocyte density is reduced in MDD...
  8. Boyd N, Nunes S, Krishnan L, Jokinen J, Ramakrishnan V, Bugg A, et al. Dissecting the role of human embryonic stem cell-derived mesenchymal cells in human umbilical vein endothelial cell network stabilization in three-dimensional environments. Tissue Eng Part A. 2013;19:211-23 pubmed publisher
    ..g., in vivo). Therefore, hES-MC can function as microvascular MCs and may be a useful cell source for testing EC-MC interactions...
  9. Ordonez N. Immunohistochemical endothelial markers: a review. Adv Anat Pathol. 2012;19:281-95 pubmed publisher
    ..A selection of markers that have potential diagnostic utility or are of current interest among pathologists are reviewed and compared with some of the more traditional markers that have been employed in diagnostic pathology...
  10. Ponticos M. Connective tissue growth factor (CCN2) in blood vessels. Vascul Pharmacol. 2013;58:189-93 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, many roles have been described for CCN family members in the cardiovascular system (Table 1). The focus of this review is the role of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2, CTGF) in blood vessels and in vascular pathology.
  11. Markelc B, Sersa G, Cemazar M. Differential mechanisms associated with vascular disrupting action of electrochemotherapy: intravital microscopy on the level of single normal and tumor blood vessels. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59557 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of EP and ECT with bleomycin on the HT-29 human colon carcinoma tumor model and its surrounding blood vessels. The response of blood vessels to EP and ECT was monitored in real time, directly at the single blood vessel ..
  12. Gu P, Xu A. Interplay between adipose tissue and blood vessels in obesity and vascular dysfunction. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2013;14:49-58 pubmed publisher
    There is a close anatomical and functional relationship between adipose tissue and blood vessels. The crosstalk between these two organs is vital to both metabolic and vascular homeostasis...
  13. Naito H, Kidoya H, Sakimoto S, Wakabayashi T, Takakura N. Identification and characterization of a resident vascular stem/progenitor cell population in preexisting blood vessels. EMBO J. 2012;31:842-55 pubmed publisher
    ..However, EPCs are scattered throughout newly developed blood vessels and cannot be solely responsible for vascularization...
  14. Sawada J, Urakami T, Li F, Urakami A, Zhu W, Fukuda M, et al. Small GTPase R-Ras regulates integrity and functionality of tumor blood vessels. Cancer Cell. 2012;22:235-49 pubmed publisher
    We show that R-Ras, a small GTPase of the Ras family, is essential for the establishment of mature, functional blood vessels in tumors. The genetic disruption of R-Ras severely impaired the maturation processes of tumor vessels in mice...
  15. Liao L, Lin C, Shih Y, Lai H, Zhao W, Duong T, et al. Investigation of the cerebral hemodynamic response function in single blood vessels by functional photoacoustic microscopy. J Biomed Opt. 2012;17:061210 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we used functional photoacoustic microscopy (fPAM) to investigate single cerebral blood vessels of rats after left forepaw stimulation...
  16. Pandey D, Patel A, Patel V, Chen F, Qian J, Wang Y, et al. Expression and functional significance of NADPH oxidase 5 (Nox5) and its splice variants in human blood vessels. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2012;302:H1919-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this study was to determine whether Nox5-?, -?, -?, -?, and -? (short) are expressed in human blood vessels and evaluate their respective functions...
  17. Zhou Z, Yee D, Guchhait P. Molecular link between intravascular hemolysis and vascular occlusion in sickle cell disease. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2012;10:756-61 pubmed
    ..These results suggest a possible role for plasma ECHb in the accumulation of hyperactive VWF multimers in vivo that may mediate thrombotic and vasoocclusive complications in SCD patients...
  18. Sengillo J, Winkler E, Walker C, Sullivan J, Johnson M, Zlokovic B. Deficiency in mural vascular cells coincides with blood-brain barrier disruption in Alzheimer's disease. Brain Pathol. 2013;23:303-10 pubmed publisher
    ..86 (P?<?0.01) and -0.98 (P?<?0.01) in the hippocampus, respectively. Thus, deficiency in mural vascular cells may contribute to disrupted vascular barrier properties and resultant neuronal dysfunction during AD pathogenesis...
  19. Bautch V. VEGF-directed blood vessel patterning: from cells to organism. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2012;2:a006452 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of VEGF-A in patterning vessels relative to tissues and organs is also reviewed, with emphasis on neurovascular patterning and patterning at the embryonic midline...
  20. Sekine H, Shimizu T, Sakaguchi K, Dobashi I, Wada M, Yamato M, et al. In vitro fabrication of functional three-dimensional tissues with perfusable blood vessels. Nat Commun. 2013;4:1399 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report a technique to engineer cardiac tissues with perfusable blood vessels in vitro...
  21. Van der Velden J, Barker D, Barcham G, Koumoundouros E, Snibson K. Increased vascular density is a persistent feature of airway remodeling in a sheep model of chronic asthma. Exp Lung Res. 2012;38:307-15 pubmed publisher
  22. Muramatsu F, Kidoya H, Naito H, Sakimoto S, Takakura N. microRNA-125b inhibits tube formation of blood vessels through translational suppression of VE-cadherin. Oncogene. 2013;32:414-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, miR-125b may be useful in cancer therapy by causing the collapse of the lumen of ECs...
  23. Yen W, Cai B, Zeng M, Tarbell J, Fu B. Quantification of the endothelial surface glycocalyx on rat and mouse blood vessels. Microvasc Res. 2012;83:337-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The SGL thickness is 2.5±0.1 ?m and 2.1±0.2 ?m respectively, on rat and mouse aorta. In addition, we observed that the SGL is continuously and evenly distributed on the aorta wall but not on the microvessel wall...
  24. Foulquier S, Daskalopoulos E, Lluri G, Hermans K, Deb A, Blankesteijn W. WNT Signaling in Cardiac and Vascular Disease. Pharmacol Rev. 2018;70:68-141 pubmed publisher
    ..system of healthy adults, but reactivation of the pathway is observed in many pathologies of heart and blood vessels. The high prevalence of these pathologies and their significant contribution to human disease burden has ..
  25. Capel E, Barnier J, Zomer A, Bole Feysot C, Nussbaumer T, Jamet A, et al. Peripheral blood vessels are a niche for blood-borne meningococci. Virulence. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Host specificity has hampered studies on the role of blood vessels colonization in N. meningitidis associated pathogenesis...
  26. Carnevale D, Perrotta M, Lembo G, Trimarco B. Pathophysiological Links Among Hypertension and Alzheimer's Disease. High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev. 2016;23:3-7 pubmed publisher
    ..or mechanically, leading in the long time to plaque formation in the brain parenchyma and around blood vessels. The major findings obtained till now in this particular experimental setting allow us to suggest that this ..
  27. Ruarus A, Vroomen L, Puijk R, Scheffer H, Zonderhuis B, Kazemier G, et al. Irreversible Electroporation in Hepatopancreaticobiliary Tumours. Can Assoc Radiol J. 2018;69:38-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This article reviews current data and discusses future trends of IRE for hepatopancreaticobiliary tumours. ..
  28. Wooderchak Donahue W, McDonald J, O Fallon B, Upton P, Li W, Roman B, et al. BMP9 mutations cause a vascular-anomaly syndrome with phenotypic overlap with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Am J Hum Genet. 2013;93:530-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These data confirm a genetic cause of a vascular-anomaly syndrome that has phenotypic overlap with HHT...
  29. Uludag K, Blinder P. Linking brain vascular physiology to hemodynamic response in ultra-high field MRI. Neuroimage. 2018;168:279-295 pubmed publisher
    ..Venous CBV changes are only relevant for longer stimuli, and oxygenation changes are largest in post-capillary blood vessels. f) The balloon effect (i.e...
  30. Akbarzadeh P. Pulsatile magneto-hydrodynamic blood flows through porous blood vessels using a third grade non-Newtonian fluids model. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2016;126:3-19 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, by increasing the pressure gradient, the mean value of the velocity profile increases and the amplitude of the velocity remains constant. Also, when non-Newtonian effect increases, the amplitude of the velocity profile. ..
  31. Thurmond P, Yang J, Azadzoi K. LUTS in pelvic ischemia: a new concept in voiding dysfunction. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2016;310:F738-F743 pubmed publisher
    ..the elderly do not necessarily relate to BOO and may result from local changes in bladder muscle, nerves, and blood vessels. However, aging factors predisposing to bladder dysfunction and LUTS remain unknown...
  32. Khan M, Lustrino D, Silveira W, Wild F, Straka T, Issop Y, et al. Sympathetic innervation controls homeostasis of neuromuscular junctions in health and disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113:746-50 pubmed publisher
    ..junctions and form a network in skeletal muscle that may functionally couple different targets including blood vessels, motor neurons, and muscle fibers...
  33. Nelson A, Mould A, Bikoff E, Robertson E. Single-cell RNA-seq reveals cell type-specific transcriptional signatures at the maternal-foetal interface during pregnancy. Nat Commun. 2016;7:11414 pubmed publisher
    ..for specification of spiral artery trophoblast giant cells (SpA-TGCs) that invade and remodel maternal blood vessels. To learn more about functional contributions made by Blimp1+ cell lineages here we perform the first single-..
  34. Lu Y, Zhang Z, Luo Y, Tang Z, Xu Z. [Anatomic structure of "Shaoze" (SI 1), "Qiangu" (SI 2), "Houxi" (SI 3), "Yanggu" (SI 5) and Xiaohai" (SI 8) regions of Hand-Taiyang Meridian in the rabbit's forelimb]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2013;38:473-7 pubmed
  35. Landau S, Szklanny A, Yeo G, Shandalov Y, Kosobrodova E, Weiss A, et al. Tropoelastin coated PLLA-PLGA scaffolds promote vascular network formation. Biomaterials. 2017;122:72-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Without this vasculature, oxygen and nutrients cannot reach the cells located far from host blood vessels. To make viable constructs, tissue engineering takes advantage of the mechanical properties of synthetic ..
  36. Moraru A, GheorghiŢă L, Dascălu I, Bătăiosu M, Manolea H, Agop Forna D, et al. Histological and immunohistochemical study on the dental pulp of patients with diabetes mellitus. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2017;58:493-499 pubmed
    Diabetes mellitus is a disease that brings numerous alterations in the human body, mainly on the blood vessels and nervous system, its complications being difficult to treat most of the time...
  37. Alptekin M, Eroglu S, Tutar E, Sencan S, Geyik M, Ulasli M, et al. Gene expressions of TRP channels in glioblastoma multiforme and relation with survival. Tumour Biol. 2015;36:9209-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Glioblastoma is highly malignant since the cells are supported by a great number of blood vessels. Although new treatments have been developed by increasing knowledge of molecular nature of the disease, ..
  38. Yamamoto Y, Atoji Y, Suzuki Y. Neurochemical markers in the nervous plexus of the canine glottis. J Auton Nerv Syst. 1998;71:111-9 pubmed
    ..Many TH- and neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactive fibers were arranged around the blood vessels. In the epithelia, free nerve endings with immunoreactivity for substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related ..
  39. Kimm S, Tarin T, Monette S, Srimathveeravalli G, Gerber D, Durack J, et al. Nonthermal Ablation by Using Intravascular Oxygen Radical Generation with WST11: Dynamic Tissue Effects and Implications for Focal Therapy. Radiology. 2016;281:109-18 pubmed publisher
    ..can be used to ablate target tissues in a non-tumor-bearing large-animal model while selectively sparing blood vessels and collagen...
  40. Saunders N, Dziegielewska K, Unsicker K, Ek C. Delayed astrocytic contact with cerebral blood vessels in FGF-2 deficient mice does not compromise permeability properties at the developing blood-brain barrier. Dev Neurobiol. 2016;76:1201-1212 pubmed publisher
    ..of the neurovascular unit in the adult is the astroglial foot processes that tightly surround cerebral blood vessels. However their role in barrier formation is still unclear...
  41. Endres B, Staruschenko A, Schulte M, Geurts A, Palygin O. Two-photon Imaging of Intracellular Ca2+ Handling and Nitric Oxide Production in Endothelial and Smooth Muscle Cells of an Isolated Rat Aorta. J Vis Exp. 2015;:e52734 pubmed publisher
    ..or NO-labeling) dyes with two photon microscopy to measure calcium handling (or NO production) in isolated blood vessels. Described here is a detailed step-by-step procedure that demonstrates how to isolate an aorta from a rat, ..
  42. Ye K, Lin J, Sun Y, Wu Y, Xu J, He S. Variation and treatment of vessels in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Surg Endosc. 2018;32:1583-1584 pubmed publisher
    ..With the SMV and pancreas as anatomic landmarks, it is more feasible to locate the blood vessels in the neck of the pancreas...
  43. Yorsin S, Kanokwiroon K, Radenahmad N, Jansakul C. Increased vascular eNOS and cystathionine-?-lyase protein after 6 weeks oral administration of 3, 5, 7, 3', 4'-pentamethoxyflavone to middle-aged male rats. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2016;389:1183-1194 pubmed
    ..Overall, PMF treatment of middle aged rats appeared to increase production of NO and H2S from the blood vessels by upregulating the expression of eNOS and CSE...
  44. Shemesh D, Raikhinstein Y, Orkin D, Goldin I, Olsha O. Anesthesia for vascular access surgery. J Vasc Access. 2014;15 Suppl 7:S38-44 pubmed publisher
    ..block is superior to local anesthesia and enables the use of a tourniquet to minimize potential damage to the blood vessels during anastomosis using microsurgery techniques, and does not lead to the vasospasm that may be seen with ..
  45. Liu Y, Zhu J, Lai J, Sun X, Hou J, Zhou Z, et al. Reports of three cases with the initial presentation of mesenteric vasculitis in children with system lupus erythematous. Clin Rheumatol. 2018;37:277-283 pubmed publisher
    ..thickened intestinal wall and blurry mesentery in case 2, and the 'comb sign' of the margin mesenteric blood vessels in case 3. (5) All three patients responded promptly to steroid therapy...
  46. Brito M, Pereira P, Barroso C, Aronica E, Brites D. New autopsy findings in different brain regions of a preterm neonate with kernicterus: neurovascular alterations and up-regulation of efflux transporters. Pediatr Neurol. 2013;49:431-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Increased density of blood vessels and microvascular permeability, together with parenchymal albumin, may have contributed to increasing the ..
  47. Lakdawala N, Fedeles F. Vasculitis: Kids are not just little people. Clin Dermatol. 2017;35:530-540 pubmed publisher
    Cutaneous vasculitis, inflammatory destruction of blood vessels, can present with a wide range of clinical and pathologic findings across a number of heterogeneous conditions...
  48. Lima Z, Bonamin F, Calvo T, Vilegas W, Santos L, Rozza A, et al. Effects of the Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Alchornea triplinervia on Healing Gastric Ulcer in Rats. Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 2011;4:1423-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The EAF induced angiogenesis on gastric mucosa, observed as an increase of the number of blood vessels supplying the stomach in rats treated with EAF...
  49. Christoffersson G, Lomei J, O Callaghan P, Kreuger J, Engblom S, Phillipson M. Vascular sprouts induce local attraction of proangiogenic neutrophils. J Leukoc Biol. 2017;102:741-751 pubmed publisher
    Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels, is a complex process requiring the orchestration of numerous different cell types, growth factors, and chemokines. Some of the recently acknowledged actors in this process are immune cells...
  50. Yang R, Zhang Y, Huang D, Luo X, Zhang L, Zhu X, et al. Miconazole protects blood vessels from MMP9-dependent rupture and hemorrhage. Dis Model Mech. 2017;10:337-348 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, our findings demonstrate that miconazole protects blood vessels from hemorrhages by downregulating the pERK-MMP9 axis from zebrafish to mammals and shed light on the ..
  51. Al Amry M, Al Ghadeer H. Ocular acne rosacea in tertiary eye center in Saudi Arabia. Int Ophthalmol. 2018;38:59-65 pubmed publisher
    ..recurrent blepharitis; meibomianitis; recurrent chalazia; facial skin change such as papules, telangiectatic blood vessels, and/or rhinophyma were included...
  52. Suaifan G, Alhogail S, Zourob M. Rapid and low-cost biosensor for the detection of Staphylococcus aureus. Biosens Bioelectron. 2017;90:230-237 pubmed publisher
    ..S. aureus toxins and virulence proteases often circulate in host blood vessels leading to life-threatening diseases...
  53. Yergoz F, Hastar N, Cimenci C, Ozkan A, Tekinay T, Guler M, et al. Heparin mimetic peptide nanofiber gel promotes regeneration of full thickness burn injury. Biomaterials. 2017;134:117-127 pubmed publisher
    ..formed well-organized and collagen-rich granulation tissue layers, produced a greater density of newly formed blood vessels, and exhibited increased re-epithelialization and skin appendage development with minimal crust formation, ..
  54. Higashiyama H, Sumitomo H, Ozawa A, Igarashi H, Tsunekawa N, Kurohmaru M, et al. Anatomy of the Murine Hepatobiliary System: A Whole-Organ-Level Analysis Using a Transparency Method. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2016;299:161-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Its function is maintained by complex constructions of blood vessels, nerves, and smooth muscles, the so-called hepatobiliary system...
  55. Leszczyńska A, O Doherty A, Farrell E, Pindjáková J, O Brien F, O BRIEN T, et al. Differentiation of Vascular Stem Cells Contributes to Ectopic Calcification of Atherosclerotic Plaque. Stem Cells. 2016;34:913-23 pubmed publisher
    ..IL-6 may have a role in aberrant differentiation of VSCs contributing to vascular calcification in atherosclerosis. ..
  56. Kuduban O, Mazlumoglu M, Kuduban S, Erhan E, Cetin N, Kukula O, et al. The effect of hippophae rhamnoides extract on oral mucositis induced in rats with methotrexate. J Appl Oral Sci. 2016;24:423-430 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effect of HRE (Hippophae rhamnoides extract) on oral mucositis induced in rats with MTX...
  57. McCarthy M. Autism diagnoses in the US rise by 30%, CDC reports. BMJ. 2014;348:g2520 pubmed publisher
  58. Itkin T, Gur Cohen S, Spencer J, Schajnovitz A, Ramasamy S, Kusumbe A, et al. Distinct bone marrow blood vessels differentially regulate haematopoiesis. Nature. 2016;532:323-8 pubmed publisher
    Bone marrow endothelial cells (BMECs) form a network of blood vessels that regulate both leukocyte trafficking and haematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) maintenance...
  59. Hassanzadeh A, Pourmahmoud N, Dadvand A. Numerical simulation of motion and deformation of healthy and sick red blood cell through a constricted vessel using hybrid lattice Boltzmann-immersed boundary method. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2017;20:737-749 pubmed publisher
    ..The present results have been compared with the available experimental and numerical results which show good agreements...
  60. Ueda Consolvo T, Hayashi A, Ozaki M, Nakamura T, Yagou T, Abe S. The relationship between vascular endothelial dysfunction and treatment frequency in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2017;61:347-353 pubmed publisher
    ..Endothelial dysfunction may affect the efficacy of anti-VEGF therapy. Neovascular subtypes may also predict a larger number of injections. ..
  61. Ruggeri Z, Mendolicchio G. Interaction of von Willebrand factor with platelets and the vessel wall. Hamostaseologie. 2015;35:211-24 pubmed publisher
    ..This brief review will highlight knowledge acquired and key problems that remain to be solved to elucidate fully the role of VWF in normal haemostasis and pathological thrombosis. ..
  62. Tengood J, Alferiev I, Zhang K, Fishbein I, Levy R, Chorny M. Real-time analysis of composite magnetic nanoparticle disassembly in vascular cells and biomimetic media. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:4245-50 pubmed publisher vascular cells. The FRET-based analytical strategy and experimental results reported herein may facilitate the development and inform optimization of biodegradable nanocarriers for cell and drug delivery applications. ..
  63. Monahan Earley R, Dvorak A, Aird W. Evolutionary origins of the blood vascular system and endothelium. J Thromb Haemost. 2013;11 Suppl 1:46-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we emphasize that endothelial heterogeneity evolved as a core feature of the endothelium from the outset, reflecting its role in meeting the diverse needs of body tissues...
  64. Irani Y, Scotney P, Klebe S, Mortimer L, Nash A, Williams K. An Anti-VEGF-B Antibody Fragment Induces Regression of Pre-Existing Blood Vessels in the Rat Cornea. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:3404-3413 pubmed publisher
    We tested the ability of an antibody fragment with specificity for vascular endothelial growth factor-B (VEGF-B) to regress nascent and established corneal blood vessels in the rat.
  65. Rohban R, Reinisch A, Etchart N, Schallmoser K, Hofmann N, Szoke K, et al. Identification of an effective early signaling signature during neo-vasculogenesis in vivo by ex vivo proteomic profiling. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e66909 pubmed publisher
    ..Proteomic profiling ex vivo thus unraveled a signaling signature which can be used for target selection to modulate neo-vasculogenesis in vivo. ..
  66. Duong T, Koltowska K, Pichol Thievend C, Le Guen L, Fontaine F, Smith K, et al. VEGFD regulates blood vascular development by modulating SOX18 activity. Blood. 2014;123:1102-12 pubmed publisher
    ..This work suggests that VEGFD-mediated pathologies include or involve an underlying dysregulation of SOXF-mediated transcriptional networks. ..
  67. Lv Y, Liu G, Ji X, Yuan C, Wang B, Ren M, et al. Qindan capsule changes adventitial collagen synthesis in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Chin J Integr Med. 2013;19:689-95 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effect of Qindan capsule (QC) on collagen synthesis and the mechanism underlying the process in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs)...
  68. Wang S, Zhang A, Liu Y, Zeng D. Numerical simulation of bubble dynamics in an elastic vessel. Eur Phys J E Soft Matter. 2013;36:119 pubmed publisher
    ..The bubble dynamic behavior with different elastic parameters and vessel inner radius is further discussed. ..
  69. Zhang Y, Xu X, Sun B. [Interactions between endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells of blood vessels in sepsis]. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2016;28:180-3 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the detailed and specific mechanisms remain to be disclosed. ..
  70. Akita T, Kumada T, Yoshihara S, Egea J, Yamagishi S. Ion channels, guidance molecules, intracellular signaling and transcription factors regulating nervous and vascular system development. J Physiol Sci. 2016;66:175-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this review is to open up new vistas for understanding the intricacy of nervous and vascular system development. ..
  71. Bergmeier W, Stefanini L. Platelet ITAM signaling. Curr Opin Hematol. 2013;20:445-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This review summarizes recent developments on the physiological importance of platelet ITAM signaling as well as the molecular mechanisms facilitating this signaling pathway...
  72. Ramasamy S, Kusumbe A, Wang L, Adams R. Endothelial Notch activity promotes angiogenesis and osteogenesis in bone. Nature. 2014;507:376-380 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings establish a molecular framework coupling angiogenesis, angiocrine signals and osteogenesis, which may prove significant for the development of future therapeutic applications. ..
  73. Reinert R, Cai Q, Hong J, Plank J, Aamodt K, Prasad N, et al. Vascular endothelial growth factor coordinates islet innervation via vascular scaffolding. Development. 2014;141:1480-91 pubmed publisher
  74. Holmen S, Galappaththi Arachchige H, Kleppa E, Pillay P, Naicker T, Taylor M, et al. Characteristics of Blood Vessels in Female Genital Schistosomiasis: Paving the Way for Objective Diagnostics at the Point of Care. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016;10:e0004628 pubmed publisher
    The mucosal changes associated with female genital schistosomiasis (FGS) encompass abnormal blood vessels. These have been described as circular, reticular, branched, convoluted and having uneven calibre...
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