Summary: An N-acetylglycosamine containing antiviral antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces lysosuperificus. It is also active against some bacteria and fungi, because it inhibits the glucosylation of proteins. Tunicamycin is used as tool in the study of microbial biosynthetic mechanisms.

Top Publications

  1. Yang H, Tatebayashi K, Yamamoto K, Saito H. Glycosylation defects activate filamentous growth Kss1 MAPK and inhibit osmoregulatory Hog1 MAPK. EMBO J. 2009;28:1380-91 pubmed publisher
    ..of the gene encoding the protein O-mannosyltransferase Pmt4, and an N-glycosylation defect induced by tunicamycin. The O-glycosylated membrane proteins Msb2 and Opy2 are both essential for activating the FG MAPK pathway, but ..
  2. Singh M, Fowlkes V, Handy I, Patel C, Patel R. Essential role of PACT-mediated PKR activation in tunicamycin-induced apoptosis. J Mol Biol. 2009;385:457-68 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Tunicamycin, which is an inhibitor of protein glycosylation, induces ER stress and apoptosis...
  3. Ozcan L, Ergin A, Lu A, Chung J, Sarkar S, Nie D, et al. Endoplasmic reticulum stress plays a central role in development of leptin resistance. Cell Metab. 2009;9:35-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our results may provide the basis for a novel treatment of obesity...
  4. Luga V, McLean S, Le Roy C, O Connor McCourt M, Wrana J, Di Guglielmo G. The extracellular domain of the TGFbeta type II receptor regulates membrane raft partitioning. Biochem J. 2009;421:119-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Pharmacological perturbation of glycosylation using tunicamycin or the mutation of Mgat5 [mannosyl(alpha-1,6)-glycoprotein beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V] activity ..
  5. Bull V, Thiede B. Proteome analysis of tunicamycin-induced ER stress. Electrophoresis. 2012;33:1814-23 pubmed publisher
    ..endoplasmin, hypoxia upregulated protein 1, protein disulfide isomerase and protein disulfide isomerase A4 upon tunicamycin-induced ER stress...
  6. Li B, Yi P, Zhang B, Xu C, Liu Q, Pi Z, et al. Differences in endoplasmic reticulum stress signalling kinetics determine cell survival outcome through activation of MKP-1. Cell Signal. 2011;23:35-45 pubmed publisher
    ..2 mouse neural stem cells (NSCs). Two well characterized ER stress inducers, tunicamycin (TM) and dithiothreitol (DTT), were used to induce "slow motion" and "fast motion" stresses,..
  7. Wiley J, Meabon J, Frankowski H, Smith E, Schecterson L, Bothwell M, et al. Phenylbutyric acid rescues endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced suppression of APP proteolysis and prevents apoptosis in neuronal cells. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9135 pubmed publisher
    ..Three unrelated pharmacological agents (tunicamycin, thapsigargin and brefeldin A) all repressed APP proteolysis in parallel with activation of unfolded protein ..
  8. Hirasawa H, Jiang C, Zhang P, Yang F, Yokota H. Mechanical stimulation suppresses phosphorylation of eIF2alpha and PERK-mediated responses to stress to the endoplasmic reticulum. FEBS Lett. 2010;584:745-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our observations suggest a pro-survival role of mechanical stimulation in Perk-mediated stress responses. ..
  9. Tanaka M, Yamazaki M, Chiba K. Neuroprotective action of genipin on tunicamycin-induced cytotoxicity in neuro2a cells. Biol Pharm Bull. 2009;32:1220-3 pubmed
    ..the protective effects of genipin on cytotoxicity induced in Neuro2a cells by the specific ER stress inducer tunicamycin (TM). TM treatment significantly reduced cell viability in a dose-dependent manner...

More Information


  1. Xu D, Perez R, Rezaiekhaligh M, Bourdi M, Truog W. Knockdown of ERp57 increases BiP/GRP78 induction and protects against hyperoxia and tunicamycin-induced apoptosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009;297:L44-51 pubmed publisher
    ..of ERp57 small interfering RNA significantly knocked down ERp57 expression and reduced hyperoxia- or tunicamycin-induced apoptosis in human endothelial cells. Apoptosis was decreased from 26.8 to 9...
  2. Pierce C, Thomas D, Lopez Ribot J. Effect of tunicamycin on Candida albicans biofilm formation and maintenance. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2009;63:473-9 pubmed publisher
    ..albicans biofilm formation to study the inhibitory effect of tunicamycin, a nucleoside antibiotic that inhibits N-linked glycosylation affecting cell wall and secreted proteins, on C...
  3. Li J, Wang J, Yu Q, Wang M, Zhang S. Endoplasmic reticulum stress is implicated in retinal inflammation and diabetic retinopathy. FEBS Lett. 2009;583:1521-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Induction of ER stress by tunicamycin resulted in significantly increased expression of inflammatory molecules in the retina...
  4. Matsui H, Ito H, Taniguchi Y, Takeda S, Takahashi R. Ammonium chloride and tunicamycin are novel toxins for dopaminergic neurons and induce Parkinson's disease-like phenotypes in medaka fish. J Neurochem. 2010;115:1150-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, ammonium chloride, tunicamycin, and lactacystin were tested for their ability to disturb lysosomal proteolysis, N-glycosylation in the ..
  5. He L, Kim S, Kwon O, Jeong S, Kim M, Lee H, et al. ATM blocks tunicamycin-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress. FEBS Lett. 2009;583:903-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We present here conclusive data showing that ATM blocks ER-stress induced by tunicamycin or ionizing radiation (IR)...
  6. Boslem E, Macintosh G, Preston A, Bartley C, Busch A, Fuller M, et al. A lipidomic screen of palmitate-treated MIN6 ?-cells links sphingolipid metabolites with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and impaired protein trafficking. Biochem J. 2011;435:267-76 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, alterations in sphingolipid, rather than phospholipid, metabolism are more likely to be implicated in the defective protein trafficking and enhanced ER stress and apoptosis of lipotoxic ?-cells. ..
  7. Tan S, Teo M, Lam Y, Dawes I, Perrone G. Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase and NADP(H) homeostasis are required for tolerance of endoplasmic reticulum stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Biol Cell. 2009;20:1493-508 pubmed publisher
    Genome-wide screening for sensitivity to chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by dithiothreitol and tunicamycin (TM) identified mutants deleted for Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) function (SOD1, CCS1) or affected in NADPH ..
  8. Martinon F, Chen X, Lee A, Glimcher L. TLR activation of the transcription factor XBP1 regulates innate immune responses in macrophages. Nat Immunol. 2010;11:411-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings identify an unsuspected critical function for XBP1 in mammalian host defenses. ..
  9. Torres Quiroz F, García Marqués S, Coria R, Randez Gil F, Prieto J. The activity of yeast Hog1 MAPK is required during endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by tunicamycin exposure. J Biol Chem. 2010;285:20088-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Strains lacking the MAPK Hog1p displayed sensitivity to tunicamycin or beta-mercaptoethanol, whereas hyperactivation of the pathway enhanced their resistance...
  10. Kim I, Shu C, Xu W, Shiau C, Grant D, Vasile S, et al. Chemical biology investigation of cell death pathways activated by endoplasmic reticulum stress reveals cytoprotective modulators of ASK1. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:1593-603 pubmed publisher
    ..benzodiazepinones that selectively inhibit cell death caused by inducers of ER stress (thapsigargin and tunicamycin) but not by inducers of extrinsic (tumor necrosis factor) or intrinsic (mitochondrial) cell death pathways...
  11. Kim S, Hwang J, Han I. Tunicamycin inhibits Toll-like receptor-activated inflammation in RAW264.7 cells by suppression of NF-?B and c-Jun activity via a mechanism that is independent of ER-stress and N-glycosylation. Eur J Pharmacol. 2013;721:294-300 pubmed publisher
    In this study, we investigated the effect of tunicamycin on the production of pro-inflammatory molecules in RAW264.7 macrophage cells in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists...
  12. Ono Y, Shimazawa M, Ishisaka M, Oyagi A, Tsuruma K, Hara H. Imipramine protects mouse hippocampus against tunicamycin-induced cell death. Eur J Pharmacol. 2012;696:83-8 pubmed publisher
    ..used antidepressant, and investigated whether it might protect against the neuronal cell death induced by tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer...
  13. Deng J, Liu S, Zou L, Xu C, Geng B, Xu G. Lipolysis response to endoplasmic reticulum stress in adipose cells. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:6240-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to investigate the lipolysis response to ER stress in rat adipocytes. Thapsigargin, tunicamycin, and brefeldin A, which induce ER stress through different pathways, efficiently activated a time-dependent ..
  14. Mimori S, Okuma Y, Kaneko M, Kawada K, Hosoi T, Ozawa K, et al. Protective effects of 4-phenylbutyrate derivatives on the neuronal cell death and endoplasmic reticulum stress. Biol Pharm Bull. 2012;35:84-90 pubmed
    ..Similarly, cell viability decreased on treatment with tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer, and was dependent on the number of carbons in the fatty acids...
  15. Fu H, Minamino T, Tsukamoto O, Sawada T, Asai M, Kato H, et al. Overexpression of endoplasmic reticulum-resident chaperone attenuates cardiomyocyte death induced by proteasome inhibition. Cardiovasc Res. 2008;79:600-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Supplement and/or pharmacological induction of GRP78 can attenuate cardiac damage by proteasome inhibition. ..
  16. Bogaert S, De Vos M, Olievier K, Peeters H, Elewaut D, Lambrecht B, et al. Involvement of endoplasmic reticulum stress in inflammatory bowel disease: a different implication for colonic and ileal disease?. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25589 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Tunicamycin stimulation of colonic and ileal samples of healthy individuals revealed that although the ileal mucosa is ..
  17. Lu D, Christopher D. Endoplasmic reticulum stress activates the expression of a sub-group of protein disulfide isomerase genes and AtbZIP60 modulates the response in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Genet Genomics. 2008;280:199-210 pubmed publisher
    ..We proposed that additional UPR signaling factors complement AtbZIP60 in the activation of AtPDI gene expression during ER stress in plants. ..
  18. Jang W, Kim E, Koh J. Tunicamycin negatively regulates BMP2-induced osteoblast differentiation through CREBH expression in MC3T3E1 cells. BMB Rep. 2011;44:735-40 pubmed publisher
    b>Tunicamycin, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer, specifically inhibits N-glycosylation...
  19. Doroghazi J, Ju K, Brown D, Labeda D, Deng Z, Metcalf W, et al. Genome sequences of three tunicamycin-producing Streptomyces Strains, S. chartreusis NRRL 12338, S. chartreusis NRRL 3882, and S. lysosuperificus ATCC 31396. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:7021-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The announced genomes, together with the published Streptomyces clavuligerus genome, will facilitate data mining of these secondary metabolites. ..
  20. Cybulsky A, Takano T, Papillon J, Kitzler T, Bijian K. Endoplasmic reticulum stress in glomerular epithelial cell injury. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2011;301:F496-508 pubmed publisher
    ..Activation of these ER stress pathways counteracted apoptosis. However, tunicamycin (a potent stimulator of ER stress) changed the ER stress response from protective to cytotoxic, as tunicamycin ..
  21. Hao X, Yao A, Gong J, Zhu W, Li N, Li J. Berberine ameliorates pro-inflammatory cytokine-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in human intestinal epithelial cells in vitro. Inflammation. 2012;35:841-9 pubmed publisher
    ..ER stress in cultured Caco-2 cells was induced by IFN-?/TNF-? and tunicamycin, respectively. The experimental groups were pretreated with BBR. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay...
  22. Chen W, Qu D, Zhai L, Tao M, Wang Y, Lin S, et al. Characterization of the tunicamycin gene cluster unveiling unique steps involved in its biosynthesis. Protein Cell. 2010;1:1093-105 pubmed publisher
    b>Tunicamycin, a potent reversible translocase I inhibitor, is produced by several Actinomycetes species. The tunicamycin structure is highly unusual, and contains an 11-carbon dialdose sugar and an ?, ?-1?,11'-glycosidic linkage...
  23. Banerjee A, Lang J, Hung M, Sengupta K, Banerjee S, Baksi K, et al. Unfolded protein response is required in nu/nu mice microvasculature for treating breast tumor with tunicamycin. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:29127-38 pubmed publisher
    ..The dynamic relationship between these two processes is now evaluated with tunicamycin. Capillary endothelial cells treated with tunicamycin were growth inhibited and could not be reversed with ..
  24. de Freitas Junior J, Silva B, de Souza W, de Araujo W, Abdelhay E, Morgado Diaz J. Inhibition of N-linked glycosylation by tunicamycin induces E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and inhibits cell proliferation in undifferentiated human colon cancer cells. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011;68:227-38 pubmed publisher
    ..E-cadherin-mediated AJ assembly, we examined the effects of swainsonine, an inhibitor of ?-mannosidase II, and tunicamycin, a drug that inhibits the biosynthesis of N-glycans, via western blot, immunofluorescence, differential ..
  25. Jung Y, Lim E, Heo J, Kwon T, Kim Y. Tunicamycin sensitizes human prostate cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by upregulation of TRAIL receptors and downregulation of cIAP2. Int J Oncol. 2012;40:1941-8 pubmed publisher
    The addition of tunicamycin to prostate cancer cells enhances cell death mediated by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)...
  26. Wyszynski F, Lee S, Yabe T, Wang H, Gomez Escribano J, Bibb M, et al. Biosynthesis of the tunicamycin antibiotics proceeds via unique exo-glycal intermediates. Nat Chem. 2012;4:539-46 pubmed publisher
    ..They suggest that construction of the aminodialdose core of tunicamycin exploits their enol ether motif in a mode of C-C bond formation not previously observed in nature, to create an ..
  27. Agouni A, Mody N, Owen C, Czopek A, Zimmer D, Bentires Alj M, et al. Liver-specific deletion of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) 1B improves obesity- and pharmacologically induced endoplasmic reticulum stress. Biochem J. 2011;438:369-78 pubmed publisher
    ..the role of L-PTP1B (liver-specific PTP1B) in chronically HFD (high-fat diet) and pharmacologically induced (tunicamycin and thapsigargin) ER-stress response signalling in vitro and in vivo...
  28. Hou H, Sun H, Lu P, Ge C, Zhang L, Li H, et al. Tunicamycin potentiates cisplatin anticancer efficacy through the DPAGT1/Akt/ABCG2 pathway in mouse Xenograft models of human hepatocellular carcinoma. Mol Cancer Ther. 2013;12:2874-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The N-linked glycosylation (NLG) inhibitor tunicamycin dramatically reduced ABCG2 expression, altered its subcellular localization, and reversed its drug efflux ..
  29. Winnay J, Boucher J, Mori M, Ueki K, Kahn C. A regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase increases the nuclear accumulation of X-box-binding protein-1 to modulate the unfolded protein response. Nat Med. 2010;16:438-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice with deletion of p85alpha in liver (L-Pik3r1(-/-)) show a similar attenuated UPR after tunicamycin administration, leading to an increased inflammatory response...
  30. Wu Z, Li Y, Huang A, Li M, Zhang X, Wang J, et al. Endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by tunicamycin and antagonistic effect of Tiantai No.1 (1) on mesenchymal stem cells. Chin J Integr Med. 2010;16:41-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Primarily cultured marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) of rats were treated by tunicamycin (TM) in order to induce ERS...
  31. Hsu J, Chiang P, Guh J. Tunicamycin induces resistance to camptothecin and etoposide in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells: role of cell-cycle arrest and GRP78. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2009;380:373-82 pubmed publisher
    Hepatocellular carcinoma is chemoresistant to many anticancer drugs. Tunicamycin, an N-glycosylation inhibitor, causes unfolded protein response and is widely used as pharmacological inducer of endoplasmic reticulum stress...
  32. Nakayama H, Zhao J, Ei Fakhrany A, Isosaki M, Satoh H, Kyotani Y, et al. Neuroprotective effects of pramipexole against tunicamycin-induced cell death in PC12 cells. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2009;36:1183-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we demonstrate that PPX reduces the toxicity of tunicamycin, a typical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stressor, in PC12h cells, a subline of PC12 cells. 2...
  33. Czyz A, Brutkowski W, Fronk J, Duszynski J, Zabłocki K. Tunicamycin desensitizes store-operated Ca2+ entry to ATP and mitochondrial potential. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009;381:176-80 pubmed publisher
    b>Tunicamycin effect on thapsigargin-induced store-operated calcium entry was investigated. Ca2+ influx was stimulated by 50% upon exposure of Jurkat cells to tunicamycin...
  34. Ling Y, Li T, Perez Soler R, Haigentz M. Activation of ER stress and inhibition of EGFR N-glycosylation by tunicamycin enhances susceptibility of human non-small cell lung cancer cells to erlotinib. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2009;64:539-48 pubmed publisher
    ..we examined whether inhibition of EGFR N-glycosylation and stimulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by tunicamycin enhances erlotinib-induced growth inhibition in NSCLC cell lines...
  35. Gladysheva I, King S, Houng A. N-glycosylation modulates the cell-surface expression and catalytic activity of corin. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008;373:130-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In HEK293-corin cells, the inhibition of N-glycosylation, with tunicamycin, reduced the cell-surface expression of murine corin, but did not alter the total expression...
  36. Inokuchi Y, Nakajima Y, Shimazawa M, Kurita T, Kubo M, Saito A, et al. Effect of an inducer of BiP, a molecular chaperone, on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced retinal cell death. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009;50:334-44 pubmed publisher
    ..glucose-regulated protein (GRP78)/immunoglobulin heavy-chain binding protein (BiP; BiP inducer X, BIX) against tunicamycin-induced cell death in RGC-5 (a rat ganglion cell line), and also against tunicamycin- or N-methyl-D-aspartate (..
  37. Tajima H, Iwata Y, Iwano M, Takayama S, Koizumi N. Identification of an Arabidopsis transmembrane bZIP transcription factor involved in the endoplasmic reticulum stress response. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008;374:242-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Under non-stress conditions, GFP fluorescence localization almost overlapped with an ER marker; however, tunicamycin and dithiothreitol treatment clearly increased GFP fluorescence in the nucleus suggesting that the N-terminal ..
  38. Han C, Nam M, Park H, Seong Y, Kang S, Rhim H. Tunicamycin-induced ER stress upregulates the expression of mitochondrial HtrA2 and promotes apoptosis through the cytosolic release of HtrA2. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008;18:1197-202 pubmed
    ..the HtrA2 protein level was gradually and significantly increased by up to 10-fold in the mitochondria under tunicamycin (Tm)-induced ER stress, which eventually promoted cell death through the release of HtrA2 into the cytoplasm...
  39. Kogel D, Concannon C, Müller T, König H, Bonner C, Poeschel S, et al. The APP intracellular domain (AICD) potentiates ER stress-induced apoptosis. Neurobiol Aging. 2012;33:2200-9 pubmed publisher
    ..an increased sensitivity to apoptosis induced by the 2 endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stressors thapsigargin and tunicamycin, but not by staurosporine (STS)...
  40. Contessa J, Bhojani M, Freeze H, Ross B, Rehemtulla A, Lawrence T. Molecular imaging of N-linked glycosylation suggests glycan biosynthesis is a novel target for cancer therapy. Clin Cancer Res. 2010;16:3205-14 pubmed publisher
    ..imaging studies to determine safe and efficacious in vivo dosing of the GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase inhibitor tunicamycin, which blocks N-glycan precursor biosynthesis...
  41. Adachi T, Yasuda H, Nakamura S, Kamiya T, Hara H, Hara H, et al. Endoplasmic reticulum stress induces retinal endothelial permeability of extracellular-superoxide dismutase. Free Radic Res. 2011;45:1083-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Intravitreous injection of tunicamycin in mice increased the permeability of tracer dye across retinal blood vessels while the retinal EC-SOD mRNA ..
  42. Reiling J, Clish C, Carette J, Varadarajan M, Brummelkamp T, Sabatini D. A haploid genetic screen identifies the major facilitator domain containing 2A (MFSD2A) transporter as a key mediator in the response to tunicamycin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:11756-65 pubmed publisher
    b>Tunicamycin (TM) inhibits eukaryotic asparagine-linked glycosylation, protein palmitoylation, ganglioside production, proteoglycan synthesis, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme-A reductase activity, and cell wall biosynthesis in ..
  43. Chang Y, Tsai C, Huangfu C, Huang W, Lei H, Lin C, et al. ACSL3 and GSK-3? are essential for lipid upregulation induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress in liver cells. J Cell Biochem. 2011;112:881-93 pubmed publisher
    ..We first tested the effects of several inhibitors on lipid dysregulation induced by tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer...
  44. Contessa J, Bhojani M, Freeze H, Rehemtulla A, Lawrence T. Inhibition of N-linked glycosylation disrupts receptor tyrosine kinase signaling in tumor cells. Cancer Res. 2008;68:3803-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Using the N-linked glycosylation inhibitor, tunicamycin, we show that expression levels of several RTKS (EGFR, ErbB2, ErbB3, and IGF-IR) are exquisitely sensitive to ..
  45. Inagi R, Kumagai T, Nishi H, Kawakami T, Miyata T, Fujita T, et al. Preconditioning with endoplasmic reticulum stress ameliorates mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008;19:915-22 pubmed publisher
    ..ameliorates the severity of disease, rats were pretreated with a subnephritogenic dose of the ER stress inducer tunicamycin or thapsigargin for 4 d before disease was induced...
  46. Liu J, Srivastava R, Che P, Howell S. An endoplasmic reticulum stress response in Arabidopsis is mediated by proteolytic processing and nuclear relocation of a membrane-associated transcription factor, bZIP28. Plant Cell. 2007;19:4111-9 pubmed
    ..One of these factors, bZIP28, an ER-resident transcription factor, is activated in response to treatment by tunicamycin (TM), an agent that blocks N-linked protein glycosylation...
  47. Wu J, Rutkowski D, Dubois M, Swathirajan J, Saunders T, Wang J, et al. ATF6alpha optimizes long-term endoplasmic reticulum function to protect cells from chronic stress. Dev Cell. 2007;13:351-64 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that the vertebrate ATF6alpha pathway evolved to maintain ER function when cells are challenged with chronic stress and provide a rationale for the overlap among the three UPR pathways. ..
  48. Jiang C, Chen L, Gillespie S, Kiejda K, Mhaidat N, Wang Y, et al. Tunicamycin sensitizes human melanoma cells to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-induced apoptosis by up-regulation of TRAIL-R2 via the unfolded protein response. Cancer Res. 2007;67:5880-8 pubmed
    ..We show in this study that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer, tunicamycin, selectively up-regulated the cell surface expression of TRAIL-R2, but not other members of the TNF receptor ..
  49. Antenos M, Stemler M, Boime I, Woodruff T. N-linked oligosaccharides direct the differential assembly and secretion of inhibin alpha- and betaA-subunit dimers. Mol Endocrinol. 2007;21:1670-84 pubmed
    ..Inhibition of subunit glycosylation by tunicamycin treatment of alpha- and beta(A)-expressing CHO cell lines reduced inhibin but not activin secretion...
  50. Tashiro J, Kikuchi S, Shinpo K, Kishimoto R, Tsuji S, Sasaki H. Role of p53 in neurotoxicity induced by the endoplasmic reticulum stress agent tunicamycin in organotypic slice cultures of rat spinal cord. J Neurosci Res. 2007;85:395-401 pubmed
    ..We conducted this study using tunicamycin (Tm) as an ER stress inducer for rat spinal cord in organotypic slice culture, a system that we have recently ..
  51. Steele K, Seth P, Catlin Lebaron K, Schoneboom B, Husain M, Grieder F, et al. Tunicamycin enhances neuroinvasion and encephalitis in mice infected with Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Vet Pathol. 2006;43:904-13 pubmed
    ..The effect of tunicamycin on the course of the disease in mice with VEE was investigated, and the combined effects of these agents was ..
  52. Oda Y, Okada T, Yoshida H, Kaufman R, Nagata K, Mori K. Derlin-2 and Derlin-3 are regulated by the mammalian unfolded protein response and are required for ER-associated degradation. J Cell Biol. 2006;172:383-93 pubmed
    ..These findings indicate that Derlin-2 and -3 provide the missing link between EDEM and p97 in the process of degrading misfolded glycoproteins. ..
  53. Nawrocki S, Carew J, Pino M, Highshaw R, Dunner K, Huang P, et al. Bortezomib sensitizes pancreatic cancer cells to endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis. Cancer Res. 2005;65:11658-66 pubmed
    ..Here, we show that bortezomib promotes apoptosis triggered by classic ER stress inducers (tunicamycin and thapsigargin) via a c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK)-dependent mechanism...